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1.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 16(2): 193-197, Junio 2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1556266

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La tuberculosis (TB) extrapulmonar es la afectación de cualquier órgano, sin compromiso pulmonar demostrado, como consecuencia de la diseminación hematógena/linfática del bacilo de Koch. Presentación de caso: Paciente en puerperio inmediato cursando cuadro clínico de gonalgia que se estudió con resonancia magnética que mostró lesión endomedular en región distal del fémur izquierdo. Se estudió con tomografía de tórax, abdomen y pelvis que evidenciaron otras lesiones a nivel esplénico, sin compromiso hepático ni pulmonar. Se realizó punción diagnóstica femoral con evidencia de granulomas con necrosis central. Se interpretó tuberculosis extrapulmonar y se inició tratamiento antifímico con mejora sintomática. Discusión: La TB extrapulmonar puede impactar a nivel de pleura, ganglios linfáticos, vías urinarias, sistema osteoarticular, sistema nervioso central y abdomen. En el embarazo, la prevalencia de TB extrapulmonar es baja. Conclusión: La TB femoral y esplénica concomitante en pacientes embarazadas es un hallazgo infrecuente por lo que su análisis resulta de gran importancia. Arribar al diagnóstico requiere un elevado índice de sospecha. El retraso diagnóstico conlleva a un aumento de la morbimortalidad


Introduction: Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is the involvement of any organ, without demonstrated pulmonary involvement, as a consequence of the hematogenous/lymphatic dissemination of the Koch bacillus. Case presentation: Patient in the immediate postpartum period with clinical symptoms of gonalgia that was studied with magnetic resonance imaging showing intramedullary lesion in the distal region of the left femur. A CT scan of the chest, abdomen and pelvis showed other lesions at the splenic level, without liver or lung involvement. A femoral diagnostic puncture was performed with evidence of granulomas with central necrosis. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis was interpreted and antifimic treatment was started with symptomatic improvement. Discussion: Extrapulmonary TB can impact the pleura, lymph nodes, urinary tract, osteoarticular system, central nervous system and abdomen. During pregnancy, the prevalence of extrapulmonary TB is low. Conclusion: Concomitant femoral and splenic TB in pregnant patients is a rare finding, which is why its analysis is of great importance. Arriving at a diagnosis requires a high index of suspicion. Delayed diagnosis leads to an increase in morbidity and mortalit


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pregnancy , Tuberculosis, Extrapulmonary/diagnosis , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Argentina , Pleura , Splenomegaly , Biopsy , Diagnostic Imaging , Arthralgia , Diagnosis, Differential , Knee Joint/pathology
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1437502

ABSTRACT

La vitamina C o ácido ascórbico es imprescindible para el correcto funcionamiento del organismo. Los seres humanos no pueden sintetizarla; en consecuencia, dependen estrictamente de su aporte exógeno. Su déficit causa escorbuto, un cuadro que se manifiesta con fatiga, mialgias y poliartralgias, hemorragias en la piel y sangrado de las encías. Es una enfermedad infrecuente. La mayoría de los casos publicados corresponden a niños con restricciones alimentarias por trastornos del neurodesarrollo. La respuesta satisfactoria al aporte de ácido ascórbico confirma el diagnóstico. La sospecha de esta enfermedad evitaría exámenes complementarios innecesarios y el tratamiento temprano ayudaría a revertir los síntomas y prevenir complicaciones. Se presenta el caso de un varón de 13 años que consulta por dolor en ambas caderas con progresión hacia las rodillas, sumado a pérdida de la fuerza y hematomas en los miembros inferiores. El objetivo de esta presentación es resaltar la importancia de la anamnesis alimentaria completa y evitar un abordaje tardío con múltiples intervenciones. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Vitamin C or ascorbic acid is essential for the correct functioning of the organism. As it cannot be synthesized by humans, it is obtained from external food sources. Deficiency of ascorbic acid produces scurvy, which includes symptoms as fatigue, myalgia and polyarthralgia, associated with skin hemorrhage and bleeding gums. Scurvy is a rare entity. Most of the reported cases involve children with food restrictions due to neurodevelopmental disorders. The early detection of the clinical signs of this condition would avoid unnecessary complementary tests, and early treatment would help reverse symptoms and prevent complications. Case Report: a 13-year-old male patient presented with pain in both hips radiating to the knees associated with loss of strength and hematomas in the lower limbs. Objective: to highlight the importance of a complete nutritional assessment to avoid a late approach with multiple interventions. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Child , Scurvy , Arthralgia , Gait Analysis
3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 766-770, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980793

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the immediate analgesic effect of electroacupuncture (EA) combined with diclofenac sodium on acute gouty arthritis (AGA).@*METHODS@#A total of 90 patients with AGA were randomly divided into a low-dose medication (LM) group (30 cases, 1 case was eliminated, 1 case dropped off), a conventional medication (CM) group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a combination of acupuncture and medication (AM) group (30 cases ). The LM group was given oral administration of 50 mg diclofenac sodium sustained-release capsule; the CM group was given oral administration of 100 mg diclofenac sodium sustained-release capsule; on the basis of the treatment of LM group, the AM group was treated with electroacupuncture at ashi points, Dadu (SP 2), Taichong (LR 3), Taibai (SP 3), Neiting (ST 44), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Zusanli (ST 36) and Yinlingquan (SP 9) on the affected side, and Taichong (LR 3) and Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Yinlingquan (SP 9) were connected to electroacupuncture respectively, continuous wave, 2 Hz in frequency. The visual analogue scale (VAS) scores of pain before treatment and after 10 min, 2 h, 4 h and 6 h of treatment completion, joint tenderness and swelling scores before treatment and after 10 min and 6 h of treatment completion were compared, and the rate of diclofenac sodium addition within 24 h after treatment completion was recorded among the three groups.@*RESULTS@#After 10 min of treatment completion, the scores of VAS, joint tenderness and joint swelling in the AM group were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), and the VAS score in the AM group was lower than that in the other two groups (P<0.05). After 2, 4 and 6 h of treatment completion, the VAS scores of the three groups were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), and the scores in the AM group were lower than those in the LM group (P<0.05). After 6 h of treatment completion, the joint tenderness scores of the three groups and the joint swelling scores of the AM group and the CM group were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), and the joint tenderness and swelling scores of the AM group were lower than those of the LM group (P<0.05). The rate of diclofenac sodium addition was 3.3 % (1/30) and 3.4 % (1/29) in the AM group and the CM group, respectively, which were lower than 17.9% (5/28) in the LM group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture combined with diclofenac sodium have a good immediate analgesic effect in the treatment of AGA, and have the advantages of small dosage of analgesic drugs and less adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diclofenac , Electroacupuncture , Arthritis, Gouty/drug therapy , Delayed-Action Preparations , Acupuncture Therapy , Arthralgia
4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1384-1389, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007498

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To observe the clinical efficacy of moxibustion as an adjunctive treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) based on conventional medication and its effects on serum sclerostin (SOST) and β-catenin levels, exploring the potential mechanisms by which moxibustion may protect joint bones in RA patients.@*METHODS@#Seventy-six RA patients were randomly divided into an observation group (38 cases, 3 cases dropped out) and a control group (38 cases, 4 cases were eliminated, 2 cases dropped out). The patients in the control group were treated with conventional oral medication; based on the treatment of the control group, the patients in the observation group were treated with moxibustion. The direct moxibustion was applied at Zusanli (ST 36) on both sides and ashi points around small joints, and indirect moxibustion was applied at Shenshu (BL 23) on both sides and ashi points around large joints. The treatment was given three times a week for a total of 5 weeks. The count of pain and swollen joint, morning stiffness score, disease activity score of 28 joints (DAS28), visual analogue scale (VAS) score, health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) score, and serum levels of SOST, β-catenin, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were evaluated before and after treatment in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared those before treatment, after treatment, both groups showed a reduction in pain and swollen joint count (P<0.01, P<0.05), morning stiffness, DAS28, VAS, and HAQ scores (P<0.01, P<0.05), with the observation group having lower scores than the control group (P<0.01). Serum levels of SOST, β-catenin, and TNF-α after treatment in the observation group were lower than those in both before treatment and the control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). There was a positive correlation between the difference in serum β-catenin levels before and after treatment and the difference in serum SOST (r=0.578, P<0.001) and TNF-α (r=0.403, P<0.05) levels in the observation group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In addition to medication, moxibustion as an adjunctive treatment could significantly alleviate joint pain and reduce disease activity in RA patients, suggesting a potential role in joint protection. This mechanism may be related to the inhibition of the inflammatory factor TNF-α, regulation of β-catenin levels, and reduction in the production of the endogenous negative regulator protein SOST within the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , beta Catenin , Acupuncture Points , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/therapy , Arthralgia , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing
5.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 815-820, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981673

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of distal radius core decompression in the treatment of chronic wrist pain caused by various etiologies.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 10 patients with chronic wrist pain treated with distal radial core decompression between January 2018 and December 2021. There were 6 males and 4 females with an average age of 37.4 years (range, 21-55 years). The disease duration ranged from 7 to 72 months, with an average of 26.5 months. Preoperative MRI examination showed that 10 cases had bone marrow edema at the distal radius on the affected side, and 8 cases had bone marrow edema in the carpal bones such as scaphoid and lunate bone. Among them, 3 patients had a history of wrist fracture, and 2 patients had Kienböck diseases (1 case each in stage ⅡB and stage ⅢA). Three cases were combined with triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) type 1A injury. Two cases were combined with osteoarthritis, 1 of them was complicated with severe traumatic arthritis, the wrist arthroscopy showed that the TFCC was completely lost and could not be repaired, and the cartilage of the lunate bone and the ulnar head were severely worn.Visual analogue scale (VAS) score was used to evaluate the relief of wrist pain before operation, at 6 months after operation, and at last follow-up, and the range of motion of the affected wrist in dorsiflexion, palmar flexion, ulnar deviation, and radial deviation was measured. The degree of bone marrow edema was evaluated according to T1WI, T2WI, and STIR sequences of MRI.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up 12-22 months, with an average of 16.4 months. Except for 1 patient who experienced persistent wrist joint pain and limited mobility after operation, the remaining 9 patients showed significant improvement in pain symptoms and wrist joint mobility. The VAS score and range of motion of wrist dorsiflexion, palmar flexion, ulnar deviation, and radial deviation at 6 months after operation and at last follow-up were significantly improved when compared with those before operation, the VAS score and the range of motion of wrist ulnar deviation and radial deviation at last follow-up were further improved when compared with those at 6 months after operation, all showing significant differences ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in wrist dorsiflexion and palmar flexion between at 6 months after operation and at last follow-up ( P>0.05). Bone marrow edema was improved in 6 patients on MRI at 6 months after operation, and was also improved in other patients at last follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#For chronic wrist pain caused by a variety of causes, distal radius core decompression can directly reduce the pressure of the medullary cavity of the distal radius, improve the blood supply of the corresponding distal structure, significantly alleviate chronic wrist pain, and provide an option for clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Radius/surgery , Wrist , Retrospective Studies , Radius Fractures/surgery , Wrist Joint/surgery , Scaphoid Bone/surgery , Pain , Arthralgia/complications , Arthroscopy , Decompression , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome
6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 525-531, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981727

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between bone marrow edema and pathological changes, symptoms and signs of severe knee osteoarthritis.@*METHODS@#From January 2020 to March 2021, 160 patients with severe knee osteoarthritis who underwrent MRI of the knee at the Department of Bone and Joint, Wangjing Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences were included. Eighty patients with bone marrow edema were selected as the case group, including 12 males and 68 females, aged from 51 to 80 years old with an average of (66.58±8.10) years old, the duration of disease 5 to 40 months with an average of (15.61±9.25) months. Eighty patients without bone marrow edema were selected as the control group, including 15 males and 65 females, aged from 50 to 80 years old with an average of (67.82±8.05) years old, the duration of disease 6 to 37 months with an average of (15.75±8.18) months, BMI was (28.26±3.13) kg·m-2 ranged from 21.39 to 34.46 kg·m-2. The degree of bone marrow edema was evaluated by knee whole oragan magnetic resonance imaging score (WORMS). The degree of knee osteoarthritis was evaluated by Kellgren- Lawrence(K-L) grade and Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). The degree of joint pain was evaluated by visual analogue scale(VAS) and WOMAC pain score, the joint signs were evaluated by tenderness, percussion pain, joint swelling and joint range of motion. To explore the relationship between bone marrow edema and knee osteoarthritis, the prevalence of bone marrow edema and K-L grade were compared between the two groups. Furthermore the WORMS score and WOMAC index, pain-related score, and sign-related score correlation coefficient were analyzed to further explore the relationship between bone marrow edema and knee osteoarthritis index, joint pain symptoms and signs.@*RESULTS@#There was 68.75% (55/80) of the patients in the case group were in K-L grade Ⅳ, and 52.5% (42/80) in the control group, indicating a higher proportion of patients with grade Ⅳ in the case group than the control group (χ2=4.425, P<0.05). In the case group, there was a strong correlation between bone marrow edema WORMS score and knee osteoarthritis WOMAC index. (r=0.873>0.8, P<0.001), a moderate correlation between WORMS score and VAS score and WOMAC pain score(r=0.752, 0.650>0.5, P<0.001), a moderate correlation between WORMS score and percussion pain score (r=0.784>0.5, P<0.001), and a weak correlation between WORMS score and VAS and tenderness score, joint swelling score and joint range of motion score (r=0.194, 0.259, 0.296<0.3, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Our study suggests that severe knee osteoarthritis is associated with an increased risk of bone marrow edema. Bone marrow edema can also lead to knee osteoarthritis joint pain, with percussion pain being a positive sign, but tenderness, joint swelling and limitation of activity are not significantly related to bone marrow edema.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Osteoarthritis, Knee/pathology , Bone Marrow/pathology , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Bone Marrow Diseases/etiology , Pain/pathology , Arthralgia , Edema/pathology
7.
Vive (El Alto) ; 5(15): 909-917, dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424739

ABSTRACT

Los Trastornos musculoesqueléticos (TME) abarcan más de 150 patologías que pueden afectar al sistema locomotor, siendo considerado por la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) en el año 2021 como el principal factor para la incapacidad laboral y de requerir rehabilitación. Estas lesiones se presentan de forma repentina y pueden llegar a ser enfermedades crónicas, las cuales pueden afectar de una manera social, económica y laboral. Objetivo. Establecer la prevalencia de las alteraciones musculoesqueléticas más frecuentes, asociadas a incapacidad laboral en pacientes que asisten al Centro de Salud en la provincia del Guayas. Materiales y métodos. Este trabajo de investigación tiene un alcance descriptivo observacional, de enfoque cuantitativo con un diseño no experimental de corte transversal, el mismo que se apoyó en una base de datos de tipo numérico. Resultados. Obteniendo como resultado una mayor prevalencia en el dolor articular con un 32,49%, seguido de lumbalgia 14,13%, patologías artrósicas 13.73% y dorsalgia 2,62%. Conclusiones. Al realizar la comparación entre varios estudios se pudo determinar que la edad más frecuente para presentar alteraciones musculoesqueléticas es de los 30 a 70 años de edad dentro de la población laboral, siendo a mayor edad, mayor prevalencia a incapacidad laboral.


Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) encompass more than 150 pathologies that can affect the locomotor system, being considered by the World Health Organization (WHO) in the year 2021 as the main factor for work incapacity and requiring rehabilitation. These injuries occur suddenly and can become chronic diseases, which can affect socially, economically and occupationally. Objective. To establish the prevalence of the most frequent musculoskeletal alterations associated with incapacity for work in patients attending the Health Center in the province of Guayas. Materials and methods. This research work has a descriptive observational scope, with a quantitative approach and a non-experimental cross-sectional design, which was supported by a numerical database. Results. Obtaining as a result a higher prevalence of joint pain with 32.49%, followed by low back pain 14.13%, osteoarthritic pathologies 13.73% and dorsalgia 2.62%. Conclusions. When comparing several studies, it was possible to determine that the most frequent age for presenting musculoskeletal alterations is between 30 and 70 years of age within the working population, the older the age, the higher the prevalence of incapacity for work.


As doenças musculoesqueléticas (MSDs) abrangem mais de 150 patologias que podem afetar o sistema locomotor, sendo consideradas pela Organização Mundial da Saúde (OMS) no ano 2021 como o principal fator de incapacidade de trabalho e que necessitam de reabilitação. Essas lesões ocorrem repentinamente e podem se tornar doenças crônicas, que podem afetar social, econômica e profissionalmente. Objetivo. Estabelecer a prevalência dos distúrbios musculoesqueléticos mais frequentes associados à incapacidade de trabalho em pacientes que frequentam o Centro de Saúde na província de Guayas. Materiais e métodos. Este trabalho de pesquisa tem um escopo observacional descritivo, com uma abordagem quantitativa e um projeto transversal não-experimental, que foi apoiado por um banco de dados numérico. Resultados. Obtendo como resultado uma maior prevalência de dores articulares com 32,49%, seguida de dores lombares baixas 14,13%, patologias artríticas 13,73% e dores nas costas 2,62%. Conclusões. Uma comparação entre vários estudos mostrou que a idade mais frequente para apresentar distúrbios musculoesqueléticos é entre 30 e 70 anos de idade na população trabalhadora, sendo que quanto maior a idade, maior a prevalência de incapacidade para o trabalho.


Subject(s)
Arthralgia , Prevalence
9.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 568-574, fev 11, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359326

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o Brasil é o quarto país em casos de Hemofilia A. O tratamento é infundir o fator de coagulação ausente. Reações ao uso do fator podem incluir manifestações alérgicas, doenças virais transfusionais e aloanticorpos. Objetivo: analisar o perfil epidemiológico de pacientes com Hemofilia A, e as doenças associadas ao uso do fator VIII e fator VIII recombinante. Metodologia: estudo transversal descritivo e retrospectivo. A coleta de dados foi realizada nos prontuários de pacientes com diagnóstico de hemofilia A, preenchidos com mais de 70% das informações, na Fundação Hospitalar de Hematologia e Hemoterapia do Amazonas, Brasil. Resultados: o Ministério da Saúde identificou no Estado do Amazonas, o registro de 276 indivíduos com diagnóstico de Hemofilia A. Incluídos para análise neste estudo 164 prontuários. Características sociodemográficas: homens 99,4%, adolescentes (28%) e jovens (26,8%); de cor parda 67,1%, ensino fundamental incompleto 28,6% e, exercendo a ocupação de estudante 42,7%. Condição clínica: 36,6% classificados com hemofilia A grave. Todos os pacientes tiveram diagnóstico clínico e laboratorial. O parentesco mais comum é o de irmãos com 35,3%. Sintomas predominantes: hemartrose 45,4%; dor 31,9%; edema 24% e artropatia 8,5%. O fator VIII recombinante, administrado em 34,8% dos pacientes, enquanto o fator VIII plasmático em 28,0%. Administrados doses de 2000UI a 2999UI. As complicações: artralgia 77,4% e hemorragia 77,4%. Conclusão: cuidados qualificados dos profissionais de saúde auxiliam na prevenção de complicações sérias, resultando em qualidade de vida ao hemofílico.


Introduction: Brazil is the fourth country in cases of Hemophilia A. The treatment is to infuse the missing clotting factor. Reactions to the use of the factor can include, allergic manifestations, transfusion viral diseases and alloantibodies. Objective: analyze the epidemiological profile of patients with Hemophilia A, and the diseases associated with the use of factor VIII and recombinant factor VIII. Methodology: descriptive and retrospective cross-sectional study. Data collection was carried out in the medical records of patients diagnosed with hemophilia A, filled with more than 70% of the information, at the Fundação Hospitalar de Hematologia e Hemoterapia do Amazonas, Brazil. Results: in the Ministry of Health of Brazil, it was identified, for the State from Amazonas, the registry of 276 individuals diagnosed with Hemophilia A. Included in the analysis for this study, 164 medical records. Sociodemographic characteristics: male, 99.4%, adolescents (28%) and young people (26.8%), brown skin color, 67.1%, incomplete elementary school, 28.6%, and working as a student, 42.7%. Clinical condition: 36.6% classified with severe hemophilia A. All patients had a clinical and laboratory diagnosis. The most common kinship is that of brothers, 35.3%. Predominant symptoms: hemarthrosis 45.4%, pain 31.9%, edema 24% and arthropathy 8.5%. Recombinant factor VIII, administered in 34.8% of patients, while plasma factor VIII in 28.0%. Doses of 2000 IU to 2999 IU were administered. Complications: arthralgia 77.4% and hemorrhage 77.4%. Conclusion: qualified care by health professionals helps to prevent serious complications, resulting in quality of life for the hemophiliac.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Health Profile , Factor VIII , Arthralgia , Edema , Hemarthrosis , Hemophilia A , Hemorrhage , Joint Diseases , Medical Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
10.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 183-193, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by chronic inflammation and joint destruction. Both inflammatory response and oxidative stress contribute to the pathogenesis of RA. Oxidative damage can induce and aggravate the imbalance of immune inflammation and promote cell and tissue damage. In this study, the expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) LINC00638 in peripheral blood of patients with RA damp-heat arthralgia syndrome was observed, and the correlation between LINC00638 and disease activity, immune inflammation and oxidative stress indicator was investigated. Subsequently, the mechanisms for LINC00638 in regulating the inflammatory response and oxidative stress in RA fibroblast-like synoviocyte (FLS) under the condition of overexpression and interference were further explored.@*METHODS@#In this study, 48 RA patients with damp-heat arthralgia syndrome and 27 normal healthy subjects, who came from Department of Rheumatology, First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui University of Chinese Medicine, were included; and they were divided into a RA group and a control group. The expression of LINC00638 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from the subjects was detected by real-time PCR. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect serum interleukin (IL)-10, IL-17, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), malondialdehyde (MDA), heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2) expression. Spearman method was used to study the relationship between LINC00638 and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), rheumatoid factor (RF), anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (anti-CCP), and to observe the relation between LINC00638 and the Disease Activity Score of 28 Joint (DAS28), Quantitative Score of Damp Heat Syndrome, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS). RA-FLS was induced by RA-PBMC, and the RA in vitro cell experimental model was established. LINC00638 overexpression plasmid and small interfering RNA (siRNA) were constructed and transfected into RA-FLS. The cell experiments were divided into 4 groups: a pcDNA3. 1- control group, a pcDNA3.1-LINC00638 group, a siRNA-control group, and a siRNA-LINC00638 group. The transfection efficiency of overexpression plasmid and siRNA was detected by real-time PCR, the expression of TNF-α and IL-10 was detected by ELISA, and the expression of antioxidant proteins HO-1 and SOD2 was detected by immunofluorescence.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the expression of LINC00638 in the RA group was lower (P<0.01). The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of LINC00638 was 0.9271. The DAS28 in RA group was 5.70 (5.40-6.50), the Quantitative Score of Damp-heat Syndrome was 20.0 (17.0-23.0), and the VAS score was 7.0 (6.3-8.0). Compared with the control group, the ESR, CRP, RF, anti-CCP, SAS and SDS scores in the RA group were significantly increased (all P<0.01). Spearman correlation analysis showed that: LINC00638 was negatively correlated with ESR (r=-0.532, P<0.01), CRP (r=-0.367, P<0.05), TNF-α (r=-0.375, P<0.01), MDA (r= -0.295, P<0.05), DAS28 (r=-0.450, P<0.01), and which was positively correlated with SOD2 (r=0.370, P<0.05). After the induction of RA-FLS, the expression level of LINC00638 was significantly decreased (P<0.01), indicating that the stimulation of PBMC could effectively reduce the expression of LINC00638 in RA-FLS, so the experimental model of RA-FLS-induced by PBMC was utilized. Compared with the pcDNA3.1-control group, the expressions of LINC00638, IL-10, SOD2, and HO-1 in the pcDNA3.1-LINC00638 group were significantly increased (all P<0.01), and the expression of TNF-α was decreased (P<0.01). Compared with siRNA-control group, LINC00638, IL-10, SOD2 and HO-1 in the siRNA-LINC00638 group were significantly decreased (all P<0.01), and TNF-α was significantly increased (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#LINC00638 is down-regulated in the peripheral blood of RA patients with damp-heat arthralgia syndrome, which is correlated with disease activity, immune inflammation and oxidative stress. Overexpression of LINC00638 can down-regulate pro-inflammatory factors, up-regulate anti-inflammatory factors, and increase antioxidant enzyme activity, thereby improving inflammation and oxidative stress in RA. LINC00638 is the differential lncRNA obtained by the research group's previous high-throughput sequencing of the whole transcriptome of peripheral blood PBMCs in RA patients and validation of clinical samples. In order to deepen the molecular biology research of this gene, the microRNA and mRNA targeted by LINC00638 can be further studied from the perspective of competing endogenous RNAs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Citrullinated Protein Antibodies/metabolism , Antioxidants , Arthralgia/metabolism , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , C-Reactive Protein , Hot Temperature , Inflammation/genetics , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Oxidative Stress , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
11.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1378015

ABSTRACT

Comunicamos el caso de un niño con sinovitis de cadera como manifestación inicial atípica de una infección por SARS-CoV-2. Varón de 7 años que consultó por dificultad en la marcha e impotencia funcional con dolor localizado en la cadera derecha. El diagnóstico presuntivo fue sinovitis transitoria de cadera, por lo que recibió tratamiento conservador. A los 12 días, continuaba con impotencia funcional y presentó decaimiento y fiebre. Ante la evolución atípica del cuadro, se decidió su internación para punción articular/drenaje. Se obtuvo un líquido articular claro de aspecto inflamatorio que no presentó desarrollo en los cultivos bacterianos. Durante la internación, se confirmó el resultado positivo de la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa para SARS-CoV-2. El paciente evolucionó favorablemente una vez resuelto el cuadro viral. En el último seguimiento, no tenía síntomas y el rango de movilidad era completo. La sinovitis transitoria de cadera puede ser una manifestación clínica inicial atípica de COVID-19. En el contexto de la pandemia, es indispensable sospechar una posible artropatía reactiva como consecuencia del virus, principalmente cuando la presentación es atípica, hay contactos familiares estrechos, fiebre u otros síntomas respiratorios asociados. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


We report the case of a pediatric patient with transient synovitis of the hip as an initial atypical manifestation of a COVID-19 infection. A 7-year-old boy presented with gait disturbance, limping, and pain in his right hip. After 12 days, the patient continued with functional limitations and had associated symptoms such as fatigue and fever. Because of the atypical course, he was admitted to the hospital for joint aspiration. Due to institutional protocols, the preoperative evaluation included a COVID-19 PCR test. The joint aspiration sample showed clear synovial fluid with inflammatory characteristics and negative bacterial culture. COVID-19 PCR test results came out positive during the patient's hospital stay. Clinical symptoms improved after the viral condition resolved. In the last follow-up, he was asymptomatic with a full hip range of motion. Transient synovitis of the hip could be an atypical initial symptom of a COVID-19 infection. Given the pandemic context of this disease, it is important to consider reactive arthritis as a consequence of this infection, especially in cases of atypical presentation, close family contact, fever, or other associated respiratory symptoms. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Child , Synovitis , Arthralgia , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Hip Joint
12.
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 32(4): 449-456, jul - ago. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1519485

ABSTRACT

El dolor articular es un motivo de consulta frecuente en la práctica clínica. La distinción del tipo de dolor, su distribución, los síntomas acompañantes, el examen físico y la evaluación de algunos exámenes de laboratorio ayudan a orientar acerca de las posibles causas y a pesquisar enfermedades graves que pueden causar destrucción articular o compromiso de otros órganos, con el fin de dar tratamiento oportuno y eficaz. En este artículo se dan algunas pautas que se pueden realizar en la consulta de Atención Primaria para distinguir cuadros de poliartralgias y poliartritis agudas y crónicas. Además, se dan nociones de algunas de las enfermedades reumatológicas más frecuentes.


Joint pain is a frequent reason for consultation in clinical practice. The distinction of the type of pain, its distribution, the accompanying symptoms, the physical examination and the evaluation of some laboratory test help to guide about the possible causes and to investigate serious diseases that can cause joint destruction or involvement other organs, in order to provide timely and effective treatment. This article gives some guidelines that can be carried out in the Primary Care consultation to distinguish acute and chronic polyarthralgia and polyarthritis. In addition, notions of some of the most frequent rheumatological diseases are given.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis/diagnosis , Arthralgia/diagnosis , Arthralgia/etiology , Physical Examination , Arthritis/etiology , Arthralgia/classification
13.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 19(2): 110-115, abr.-jun. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1379280

ABSTRACT

A síndrome DRESS é uma entidade rara e distinta, caracterizada por acometimento cutâneo e envolvimento de órgãos internos, com risco potencial de morte. O diagnóstico e o tratamento pre- coces são de vital importância. Relatos de DRESS por paraceta- mol são raros na literatura, razão pela qual apresentamos este caso. Paciente do sexo masculino, 56 anos, com surgimento de rash maculopapular, febre, linfadenopatia e hipereosinofilia 3 semanas após suspensão de paracetamol, associados ao ante- cedente familiar de reação a fármaco. Evoluiu bem após pulso- terapia com metilprednisolona.


DRESS syndrome is a rare and distinct entity characterized by cutaneous manifestations and internal organs involvement with a potential risk of death. Early diagnosis and treatment are vi- tally important. Reported cases of DRESS syndrome due to ace- taminophen are rare in the literature, and that is the reason for this case report. A 56-year-old male patient with maculopapular rash, fever, lymphadenopathy, and hypereosinophilia three we- eks after suspension of acetaminophen, associated with a family history of drug reaction. It progressed well after pulse therapy with methylprednisolone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antipyretics/adverse effects , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome/diagnosis , Acetaminophen/adverse effects , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Loratadine/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Arthralgia/etiology , Histamine H1 Antagonists, Non-Sedating/therapeutic use , Exanthema/etiology , Fever/etiology , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome/drug therapy , Lymphadenopathy/etiology
14.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1158-1164, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921942

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy of focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy with centrifugal exercise in the treatment of greater trochanteric pain syndrome.@*METHODS@#From September 2017 to June 2019, 53 eligible cases of greater trochanteric pain syndrome were randomly divided into observation group (29 cases) and control group (24 cases). In observation group, there were 8 males and 21 females, aged from 38 to 62 years old with an average of (49.96±6.39) years old; the course of disease ranged from 6 to 13 months with an average of (8.58±1.99) months;treated with focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy with centrifugal exercise. In control group, there were 5 males and 19 females, aged from 39 to 62 years old with an average of (52.79±5.86) years old;the course of disease ranged from 6 to 14 months with an average of (9.04±2.51) months;treated with centrifugal exercise alone. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and hip Harris score were measured before ESWT treatment and at 1, 2, and 6 months to evaluate relieve degree of pain and functional recovery of hip joint, respectively.@*RESULTS@#At 1 month after treatment, there were no significant differences in VAS, hip Harris score and treatment success rate (all @*CONCLUSION@#In treatment of greater trochanteric pain syndrome, focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy with centrifugal exercise could significantly relieve symptoms of lateral hip pain, improve functional recovery of hip joint with good safety. This treatment strategy is worthy of application and promotion in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthralgia , Bursitis , Extracorporeal Shockwave Therapy , Hip , Hip Joint , Treatment Outcome
15.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e091, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1285726

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate if individuals with dentofacial deformities (DFD) who require orthognathic surgery are affected more by depression and pain. A case-control study was performed with 195 individuals. In the DFD group, 145 individuals with Class II and III malocclusion requiring orthognathic surgery were selected. The control group was composed of 50 individuals with no DFD. All patients were diagnosed according to the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD). Data were analyzed with a significance level of 0.05. The DFD group more often presented severe depression (p = 0.020) and chronic pain (p = 0.017). They also presented higher prevalence of Nonspecific Physical Symptoms Including Pain (P = 0.002) and Nonspecific Physical Symptoms Excluding Pain (p = 0.002). Concerning TMD symptoms, the DFD group had more myofascial (p = 0.002) and articular pain (p = 0.041). Therefore, the results of this study suggest that depression and pain are more common in individuals with DFD requiring orthognathic surgery compared with individuals without DFD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/surgery , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/epidemiology , Orthognathic Surgery , Case-Control Studies , Arthralgia , Depression/epidemiology
16.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1026-1031, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942291

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the serum level of soluble chemokines CXCL9 and CXCL10 in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to analyze their correlation with bone erosion, as well as the clinical significance in RA.@*METHODS@#In the study, 105 cases of RA patients, 90 osteoarthritis (OA) patients and 25 healthy controls in Peking University People's Hospital were included. All the clinical information of the patients was collected, and the serum CXCL9 and CXCL10 levels of both patients and healthy controls were measured by enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA). CXCL9 and CXCL10 levels among different groups were compared. The correlation between serum levels with clinical/laboratory parameters and the occurrence of bone erosion in RA were analyzed. Independent sample t test, Chi square test, Mann-Whitney U test, Spearman's rank correlation and Logistic regression were used for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#The levels of CXCL9 and CXCL10 were significantly higher in the RA patients [250.02 (126.98, 484.29) ng/L, 108.43 (55.16, 197.17) ng/L] than in the OA patients [165.05 (75.89, 266.37) ng/L, 69.00 (33.25, 104.74) ng/L] and the health controls [79.47 (38.22, 140.63) ng/L, 55.44 (18.76, 95.86) ng/L] (all P < 0.01). Spearman's correlation analysis showed that the level of serum CXCL9 was positively correlated with swollen joints (SJC), rheumatoid factor (RF) and disease activity score 28 (DAS28) (r=0.302, 0.285, 0.289; P=0.009, 0.015, 0.013). The level of serum CXCL10 was positively correlated with tender joints (TJC), SJC, C-reactive protein (CRP), immunoglobulin (Ig) A, IgM, RF, anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (ACPA), and DAS28 (r=0.339, 0.402, 0.269, 0.266, 0.345, 0.570, 0.540, 0.364; P=0.010, 0.002, 0.043, 0.045, 0.009, < 0.001, < 0.001, 0.006). Serum CXCL9 and CXCL10 levels in the RA patients with bone erosion were extremely higher than those without bone erosion [306.84 (234.02, 460.55) ng/L vs. 149.90 (75.88, 257.72) ng/L, 153.74 (89.50, 209.59) ng/L vs. 54.53 (26.30, 83.69) ng/L, respectively] (all P < 0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that disease duration, DAS28 and serum level of CXCL9 were correlated with bone erosion in the RA patients (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Serum levels of CXCL9 and CXCL10 were remarkably elevated in patients with RA, and correlated with disease activities and occurrence of bone erosion. Chemokines CXCL9 and CXCL10 might be involved in the pathogenesis and bone destruction in RA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthralgia , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/complications , Chemokine CXCL10/blood , Chemokine CXCL9/blood , Chemokines , Osteoarthritis/complications
17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 541-544, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877654
18.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1257-1259, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921041
19.
Estud. Interdiscip. Psicol ; 11(3,Supl 1): 117-131, dez.2020.
Article in Portuguese, French | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343148

ABSTRACT

A Psicanálise é capaz de enriquecer a clínica ampliada e, assim, viabilizar a superação de limitações inerentes ao modelo biomédico que se revelam por meio de práticas em saúde voltadas a pacientes que padecem de dor física. O presente estudo possui um duplo objetivo. Em primeiro lugar, buscaremos traçar um breve panorama de tentativas de compreensão da dor física ao longo da história, a fim de contextualizar e problematizar o surgimento e a consolidação do modelo biomédico. Em segundo lugar, discutiremos alguns aportes psicanalíticos para a apreensão teórica da dor física que, a nosso ver, podem gerar contribuições relevantes para a clínica ampliada. Concluímos, com base em formulações freudianas e pós-freudianas, que a dor física, desde diferentes ângulos, ocupa um "lugar" fronteiriço, em contraste com o que sugere o modelo biomédico. Com isso, iluminamos aspectos subjetivos das condições dolorosas que merecem ser levados em conta pelos profissionais de saúde (AU).


Psychoanalysis is able to enrich the expanded clinic and, thus, make it possible to overcome limitations inherent to the biomedical model that are revealed through health practices aimed at patients who suffer from physical pain. The present study has a double objective. First, we will seek to outline a brief overview of attempts to understand physical pain throughout history, in order to contextualize and problematize the emergence and consolidation of the biomedical model. Second, we will discuss some psychoanalytical contributions for the theoretical understanding of physical pain that, in our view, can produce relevant contributions to the expanded clinic. We conclude, based on Freudian and Post-Freudian formulations, that physical pain, from different perspectives, occupies a "place" between borders, in contrast to what the biomedical model proposes. Thus, we illuminate subjective aspects of painful conditions that deserve to be taken into account by health professionals (AU).


El psicoanálisis es capaz de enriquecer la clínica ampliada y, de este modo, posibilitar la superación de limitaciones inherentes al modelo biomédico que se revelan mediante prácticas en salud dirigidas a pacientes que padecen de dolor físico. Este trabajo posee un doble objetivo. En primer lugar, procuraremos trazar un breve panorama de tentativas de comprensión del dolor físico a lo largo de la historia, a fin de contextualizar y problematizar el surgimiento y la consolidación del modelo biomédico. En segundo lugar, discutiremos algunos aportes psicoanalíticos para la aprehensión teórica del dolor físico que, a nuestro juicio, pueden generar contribuciones relevantes para la clínica ampliada. Concluimos, con base en formulaciones freudianas y posfreudianas, que el dolor físico, desde diferentes ángulos, ocupa un "lugar" fronterizo, en contraste con lo que sugiere el modelo biomédico. Así, iluminamos aspectos subjetivos de las condiciones dolorosas que merecen ser tenidos en cuenta por los profesionales de la salud (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Psychoanalytic Therapy , Health , Arthralgia , Pain , Patients , Volition , Health Personnel , Joints
20.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 63(2): 28-33, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150550

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este estudio es determinar la frecuencia y características del edentulismo parcial y patologías de la articulación temporomandibular en pacientes adultos. Se realizó un estudio observacional y descriptivo de pacientes que concurrieron al Módulo de Odontología Rehabilitadora de la Facultad de Odontología, se seleccionaron 60 pacientes que necesitaban rehabilitación protésica parcial. Las variables estudiadas fueron: edad, sexo, clase de Kennedy, dolor articular, ruidos articulares, restricción y desviación mandibulares. Los datos fueron cargados en una base de datos diseñada a tal efecto, para su análisis estadístico. Del análisis del estudio se observó ausencia parcial de piezas dentarias con mayor frecuencia en el sexo femenino (58%), el 52% correspondieron a la clase I de Kennedy: el 64% en el maxilar inferior, el 17% presentó dolor articular, 28% ruidos articulares, 68% presentó desviación mandibular (siendo lo más frecuente hacia la derecha), y el 42% presentó restricción mandibular leve y solo un n=1, grave. Las pérdidas de las piezas dentarias bilaterales posteriores del maxilar inferior son las de mayor frecuencia asociado a patologías frecuentes del ATM. Partiendo desde la prevención, evitando las pérdidas de piezas dentarias y con una correcta rehabilitación se podrá lograr una buena salud bucodental (AU)


The objective of this study is to determine the frequency and characteristics of partial edentulism and pathologies of the temporomandibular joint in adult patients. An observational and descriptive study of patients who attended the Rehabilitation Dentistry Module of the Faculty of Dentistry was carried out; 60 patients who needed partial prosthetic rehabilitation were selected. The variables studied were age, sex, Kennedy class, joint pain, joint noises, mandibular restriction, and mandibular deviation. The data were loaded into a database designed for this purpose, for statistical analysis. From the analysis of the study, partial absence of teeth was observed with greater frequency in females (58%), 52% corresponded to Kennedy Class I: 64% in the lower jaw, 17% presented joint pain, 28 % joint noises, 68% presented mandibular deviation being the most frequent to the right, 42% presented mild mandibular restriction and only one n = 1 severe. Loss of the posterior bilateral teeth of the lower jaw are the most frequent associated with frequent TMJ pathologies. Starting from prevention, avoiding the loss of teeth and with correct rehabilitation, good oral health can be achieved (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/etiology , Jaw, Edentulous, Partially/pathology , Argentina , Schools, Dental , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Arthralgia , Observational Study
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