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1.
Medwave ; 20(1): e7759, 2020.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1096471

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN La artrosis de rodilla es un problema de salud relevante dada su alta prevalencia y discapacidad asociada. Dentro de las alternativas de manejo no farmacológico se ha planteado el uso de bastones, sin embargo no existe consenso en la literatura respecto a su indicación. MÉTODOS Para responder esta pregunta utilizamos Epistemonikos, la mayor base de datos de revisiones sistemáticas en salud, la cual es mantenida mediante búsquedas en múltiples fuentes de información, incluyendo MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, entre otras. Extrajimos los datos desde las revisiones identificadas, reanalizamos los datos de los estudios primarios, realizamos un metanálisis, preparamos tablas de resumen de los resultados utilizando el método GRADE. RESULTADOS Y CONCLUSIONES Identificamos tres revisiones sistemáticas que en conjunto incluyeron cuatro estudios primarios, de los cuales, uno es ensayo aleatorizado. Concluimos que el uso de bastón contralateral en pacientes con artrosis de rodilla probablemente disminuye el dolor. Además, podría aumentar levemente la funcionalidad, pero la certeza de la evidencia es baja.


INTRODUCTION Knee osteoarthritis is a relevant health problem given its high prevalence and associated disability. Within the non-pharmacological management alternatives, the use of canes has been proposed, however, there is no consensus in the literature regarding its indication. METHODS We searched in Epistemonikos, the largest database of systematic reviews in health, which is maintained by screening multiple information sources, including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, among others. We extracted data from the systematic reviews, reanalyzed data of primary studies, conducted a meta-analysis and generated a summary of findings table using the GRADE approach. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS We identified three systematic reviews including four studies overall, of which one was randomized trials. We conclude that the use of a contralateral cane in patients with knee osteoarthritis probably reduces pain. In addition, it could slightly increase function, but the certainty of the evidence is low.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Canes , Arthralgia/rehabilitation , Osteoarthritis, Knee/rehabilitation , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Databases, Factual , Treatment Outcome , Arthralgia/etiology , Osteoarthritis, Knee/complications , Walking Speed
3.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 23: e200037, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101597

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Objetivos: Estimar a prevalência e caracterizar a ocorrência de dor lombar gestacional (DLG), dor na cintura pélvica posterior (DCPP) e dor na sínfise púbica (DSP) entre gestantes residentes em Rio Grande, RS. Métodos: Estudo transversal realizado com todas as puérperas com parto em 2016. Foram utilizadas duas figuras para investigar a presença de DLG, DCPP e DSP de forma isolada ou combinada. Regressão logística multinomial foi usada para avaliar os fatores associados a cada sintoma. Resultados: DLG foi referida por 42,2% das entrevistadas, DSP por 4,9%, e DCPP por 2%, enquanto DLG + DSP por 9%, DLG + DCPP por 2,8%, DCPP + DSP por 1,1% e dor nas três regiões por 3,9% delas. Quanto maior era a idade da gestante, menor foi o risco de DLG e de DLG combinada a uma das regiões da cintura pélvica e maior o risco de DCPP + DSP. Depressão na gestação aumentou o risco de todas as combinações dos sintomas. Conclusão: Este estudo realizou uma descrição mais detalhada da ocorrência dos desfechos avaliados e de seus fatores associados. Estudos como este são raros no país, sobretudo com baixas taxas de perdas e recusas. A elevada prevalência dos sintomas avaliados sugere que sua investigação seja rotineira nas consultas de pré-natal, atendo-se a idade das gestantes, sintomas depressivos e a dores combinadas e intensas.


ABSTRACT: Objectives: To estimate the prevalence and characterize the occurrence of low back pain (LBP), posterior pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) and pubic symphysis pain (PSP) among pregnant women resident in Rio Grande, RS. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of all postpartum women who gave birth in 2016. Two pictures were used to investigate the presence of LBP, PPGP and PSP, both isolated and combined. Multinomial logistic regression was used to evaluate the factors associated with each symptom. Results: LBP was reported by 42.2%, PSP by 4.9%, and PPGP by 2%, while LBP + PSP was reported by 9%, LBP and PPGP by 2.8% and PPGP + PSP by 1.1%, and pain in all three regions was reported by 3.9% of the sample. The more advanced the age of the pregnant women, the risk for LBP and of LBP combined with one of the pelvic girdle regions was reduced, while the risk for PPGP + PSP was increased. Depression during pregnancy increased the risk for all symptom combinations. Conclusion: This study provided a detailed description of the occurrence of the evaluated outcomes and its associated factors. Studies like this are rare in Brazil, especially a census with low rates of losses and refusals. The high prevalence of the evaluated symptoms suggests that it should be investigated routinely in prenatal care, taking into account the age of the pregnant women, depressive symptoms and those experiencing combined or intense pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pregnancy Complications/epidemiology , Pubic Symphysis , Low Back Pain/epidemiology , Arthralgia/epidemiology , Pelvic Girdle Pain/epidemiology , Lumbar Vertebrae , Pregnancy Complications/etiology , Pain Measurement , Brazil/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Gestational Age , Low Back Pain/etiology , Arthralgia/etiology , Depression/complications , Depression/epidemiology , Pelvic Girdle Pain/etiology
4.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(5): 439-447, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057449

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Intra-articular injections of platelet-rich plasma to treat symptoms of knee osteoarthritis have been successfully used in young patients. However in most of these studies the control and test knees were present in different patients thus incorporating a large amount of bias in the results. Therefore, the present study was designed in which patients with bilateral osteoarthritis knee were included and platelet-rich plasma was administered in one knee and normal saline in another knee of same patient. Methods: 20 patients aged 30-65 years with bilateral osteoarthritis knees (ASA class I and II) of either gender were included in the study. Patients were randomized to receive platelet-rich plasma and normal saline in one of the two knees. The primary outcome was VAS and WOMAC score at 6 months after procedure. The secondary outcome included changes in joint stiffness, physical function, any adverse effects noted during the course of study. Results: The baseline VAS score in platelet-rich plasma knee was 8.4 ± 0.88 which improved significantly to 4.85 ± 2.48 (p < 0.001) at 6 months as compared to normal saline knee (p = 0.017). The WOMAC pain score also improved from baseline (14.5 ± 1.3) to over 6 month 7.00 ± 4.24 (p < 0.001) in platelet-rich plasma knee while in the normal saline knee, no significant change occurred from baseline to six months (10.2 ± 1.2 to 10.05 ± 1.23). There was also significant decrease in stiffness and improvement of physical activity in the platelet-rich plasma knee as compared to normal saline knee. Conclusion: The present study showed significant decrease in pain and stiffness and improvement of physical functions of knee joint with intra-articular platelet-rich plasma injection as compared to normal saline.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: Injeções intra-articulares de plasma rico em plaquetas têm sido usadas com sucesso para tratar os sintomas da osteoartrite de joelho em pacientes jovens. Porém, na maioria desses estudos, os joelhos de controle e teste estavam presentes em diferentes pacientes, o que incorporou uma grande quantidade de viés aos resultados. Portanto, o projeto do presente estudo incluiu pacientes com osteoartrite em ambos os joelhos, com a administração de plasma rico em plaquetas em um dos joelhos e de solução salina normal no outro joelho do mesmo paciente. Métodos: 20 pacientes, de ambos os sexos, com idades entre 30-65 anos e portadores de osteoartrite bilateral de joelho (classificação ASA I e II) foram incluídos no estudo. Os pacientes foram randomizados para receber plasma rico em plaquetas e solução salina normal em um dos dois joelhos. O desfecho primário foram os escores VAS e WOMAC seis meses após o procedimento. O desfecho secundário incluiu alterações na rigidez articular, função física e qualquere feito adverso observado durante o curso do estudo. Resultados: O escore VAS basal para o joelho que recebeu plasma rico em plaquetas foi 8,4 ± 0,88 e melhorou significativamente para 4,85 ± 2,48 (p < 0,001) após seis meses, comparado ao joelho que recebeu solução salina normal (p = 0,017). A intensidade da dor avaliada com o WOMAC também melhorou de 14,5 ± 1,3 na fase basal para 7,00 ± 4,24 após seis meses (p < 0,001) nos joelhos que receberam plasma rico em plaquetas, enquanto nenhuma mudança significativa ocorreu nos joelhos que receberam solução salina normal entre a fase basal e após seis meses (10,2 ± 1,2 a 10,05 ± 1,23). Além disso, houve uma diminuição significativa da rigidez e melhora da atividade física nos joelhos que receberam plasma rico em plaquetas, comparados aos joelhos que receberam salina normal. Conclusão: O presente estudo identificou uma diminuição significativa da dor e da rigidez e uma melhora das funções físicas da articulação do joelho com a injeção intra-articular de plasma rico em plaquetas, comparada à solução salina normal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Arthralgia , Arthralgia/etiology , Osteoarthritis, Knee/complications , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Pain Management/methods , Knee Joint , Double-Blind Method , Treatment Outcome , Injections, Intra-Articular , Middle Aged
5.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 31(1): e1344, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-885760

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: High body mass index, as well as maintaining this condition for a long period of time, are important risk factors for the development of osteoarthritis. Aim: To determine joint pain and osteoarthritis prevalence in patients referred to bariatric surgery. Methods: Morbidly obese patients referred to bariatric surgery responded to the visual analogue pain scale (VAS) and the WOMAC questionnaire. X-rays of the hips and knees were evaluated. The primary endpoints were self-reported joint pain and the diagnosis of osteoarthritis by clinical and radiological criteria of the American College of Rheumatology. Results: 141 patients were interviewed (85.1% women) with a mean age of 40 years. The mean body mass index was 46. The lumbar spine and knee joint were the most commonly reported as painful (77.9% and 73.2% respectively). Prevalence of knee osteoarthritis was 63.1% and hip osteoarthritis was 40.8%. Age, mean VAS and WOMAC scores were higher in the osteoarthritic individuals. Conclusion: There is prevalence of 90.1% of pain symptoms in morbidly obese patients referred to bariatric surgery. The prevalence of knee osteoarthritis was 63.1% and hip osteoarthritis was 40.8% in this sample.


RESUMO Racional: Alto índice de massa corpórea, assim como a manutenção desta condição por longo período de tempo, são importantes fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento de osteoartrite. Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência de dor articular e osteoartrite em pacientes aguardando cirurgia bariátrica. Métodos: Pacientes obesos mórbidos responderam à escala e questionário (VAS e WOMAC) de dor e função. Radiografias dos quadris e joelhos foram avaliadas. Os desfechos primários foram dor articular referida nos questionários e o diagnóstico de osteoartrite feito através dos critérios clinicoradiológicos do Colégio Americano de Reumatologia. Resultados: Cento e quarenta e um pacientes foram entrevistados (85,1% mulheres) com idade média de 40 anos. A média do índice de massa corpórea foi de 46. Coluna lombar e joelhos foram as regiões mais comumente referidas com dor (77,9% e 73,2% respectivamente). A prevalência de osteoartrite dos joelhos foi de 63,1% e dos quadris foi de 40,8%. Idade, média da escala visual de dor e resultados do questionário de WOMAC foram maiores nos indivíduos com osteoartrite. Conclusão: Há prevalência de 90,1% de sintomas dolorosos nos pacientes obesos mórbidos encaminhados para cirurgia bariátrica. A osteoartrite dos joelhos foi de 63,1% e de quadris de 40,8%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Osteoarthritis, Hip/etiology , Osteoarthritis, Hip/epidemiology , Arthralgia/etiology , Arthralgia/epidemiology , Osteoarthritis, Knee/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Osteoarthritis, Knee/etiology
7.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 115(6): 445-448, dic. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-887411

ABSTRACT

El dolor de rodilla es uno de los síntomas musculoesqueléticos más frecuentes en jóvenes físicamente activos y aparece, sobre todo, en adolescentes varones. Dentro del diagnóstico diferencial, hay que considerar entidades habituales de diagnóstico clínico, como la osteocondrosis apofisaria, y también otras en las que se precisan estudios complementarios. Se presenta el caso de un varón deportista de 12 años con dolor continuo en la rodilla derecha que se intensificaba con la actividad física y la presión directa. Se hizo el diagnóstico de enfermedad de Osgood-Schlatter mediante los datos exploratorios, reproducción del dolor ante la palpación a punta de dedo sobre la tuberosidad tibial anterior, y se confirmó mediante radiología. Se describe esta entidad y otras derivadas de la sobreutilización en la actividad física con las que hacer diagnóstico diferencial; se insiste en las medidas preventivas en cuanto a una correcta orientación en la actividad deportiva.


Knee pain is one of the most frequent musculoskeletal symptoms in young physically active males. Common entities of clinical diagnosis as osteochondritis/apophysitis and others that need complementary studies should be considered in the differential diagnosis. We present the case of a 12-year-old male athlete with continuous pain in his right knee that intensifies with physical activity and with direct pressure. Diagnosis of Osgood-Schlatter disease is made by exploratory data, pain-to-finger palpation on the anterior tibial tuberosity, and is confirmed by radiology. This entity is described as well as the main pathologies derived from overuse to make differential diagnosis and to stress preventive measures regarding a correct orientation in the sport activity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Exercise , Osteochondrosis/diagnostic imaging , Arthrography , Arthralgia/etiology , Osteochondrosis/complications , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging
9.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 15(3): 307-312, July-Sept. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891401

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To assess the influence of the body weight in functional capacity and pain of adult and elderly individuals with knee osteoarthritis. Methods The sample consisted of 107 adult and elderly patients with knee osteoarthritis divided into two groups (adequate weight/adiposity and excessive weight/adiposity) according to body mass index and percent of body fat mass, assessed by electric bioimpedance. Subjects were evaluated for functional mobility (Timed Up and Go Test), pain, stiffness and function (Western Ontario and MacMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index − WOMAC), pain intensity (Visual Analogue Scale − VAS) and pressure pain tolerance threshold (algometry in vastus medialis and vastus lateralis muscles). Data were analyzed with Statistical Package of the Social Sciences, version 22 for Windows. Comparisons between groups were made through Student's t test, with significance level set at 5%. Results There was predominance of females in the sample (81.3%), and mean age was 61.8±10.1 years. When dividing the sample by both body mass index and adiposity, 89.7% of them had weight/adiposity excess, and 59.8% were obese. There was no difference between groups regarding age, pain intensity, pressure pain tolerance threshold, functional mobility, stiffness and function. However, pain (WOMAC) was higher (p=0.05) in the group of patients with weight or adiposity excess, and pain perception according to VAS was worse in the group of obese patients (p=0.05). Conclusion Excessive weight had negative impact in patients with osteoarthritis, increasing pain assessed by WOMAC or VAS, although no differences were observed in functionality and pressure pain tolerance.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a influência do peso corporal na capacidade funcional e na dor de adultos e idosos com osteoartrite de joelho. Métodos A amostra foi constituída por 107 pacientes adultos e idosos com osteoartrite do joelho, divididos em dois grupos (peso/adiposidade adequados e peso/adiposidade em excesso), de acordo com o índice de massa corporal e a porcentagem de adiposidade corporal, e avaliados por bioimpedância elétrica. Os sujeitos foram avaliados quanto à mobilidade funcional (Timed Up and Go), dor, rigidez e função (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index − WOMAC), intensidade da dor (Escala Visual Analógica - EVA) e limiar de limiar de dor à pressão (algometria nos músculos vasto medial e vasto lateral). Os dados foram analisados pelo Statistical Package of the Social Sciences, versão 22 para Windows. As comparações entre os grupos foram feitas por meio do teste t de Student, com nível de significância estabelecido em 5%. Resultados Houve predomínio de mulheres na amostra (81,3%), com média de idade de 61,8±10,1 anos. Ao dividir a amostra por índice de massa corporal e adiposidade, 89,7% apresentaram peso/adiposidade em excesso, e 59,8% eram obesos. Não houve diferença entre os grupos quanto a idade, intensidade da dor, limiar de dor à pressão, mobilidade funcional, rigidez e função. Entretanto, a dor (WOMAC) foi maior (p=0,05) no grupo de pacientes com excesso de peso ou adiposidade, e a percepção da dor pela EVA foi pior no grupo de pacientes obesos (p=0,05). Conclusão O peso em excesso teve impacto negativo em pacientes com osteoartrite, aumentando a dor avaliada pelo WOMAC ou pela EVA, embora não tenham sido observadas diferenças na funcionalidade e na tolerância à dor sob pressão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Body Weight/physiology , Pain Measurement , Arthralgia/etiology , Osteoarthritis, Knee/complications , Mobility Limitation , Severity of Illness Index , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Arthralgia/physiopathology , Osteoarthritis, Knee/physiopathology , Middle Aged
10.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 57(4): 286-293, July.-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-899433

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: To evaluate the frequency of four serum biomarkers in RA patients and their relatives and identify possible associations with clinical findings of the disease. Methods: This was a transversal analytical study. Anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP), anti-mutated citrullinated vimentin (anti-MCV) and IgA-rheumatoid factor (RF) were determined by ELISA and IgM-RF by latex agglutination in 210 RA patients, 198 relatives and 92 healthy controls from Southern Brazil. Clinical and demographic data were obtained through charts review and questionnaires. Results: A higher positivity for all antibodies was observed in RA patients when compared to relatives and controls (p < 0.0001). IgA-RF was more frequent in relatives compared to controls (14.6% vs. 5.4%, p = 0.03, OR = 2.98; 95% CI = 1.11-7.98) whereas anti-CCP was the most common biomarker among RA patients (75.6%). Concomitant positivity for the four biomarkers was more common in patients (46.2%, p < 0.0001). Relatives and controls were mostly positive for just one biomarker (20.2%, p < 0.0001 and 15.2%, p = 0.016, respectively). No association was observed between the number of positive biomarkers and age of disease onset, functional class or tobacco exposure. In seronegative patients predominate absence of extra articular manifestations (EAMs) (p = 0.01; OR = 3.25; 95% CI = 1.16-10.66). Arthralgia was present in positive relatives, regardless the type of biomarker. Conclusions: A higher number of biomarkers was present in RA patients with EAMs. Positivity of biomarkers was related to arthralgia in relatives. These findings reinforce the link between distinct biomarkers and the pathophysiologic mechanisms of AR.


RESUMO Objetivos: Avaliar a frequência de quatro marcadores sorológicos em pacientes com AR e seus familiares e identificar possíveis associações com achados clínicos da doença. Métodos: Estudo analítico transversal. Determinaram-se os níveis de anticorpos antipeptídeo citrulinado cíclico (anti-CCP), anticorpos antivimentina citrulinada-mutada (anti-MCV) e fator reumatoide (FR) IgA por Elisa e de FR-IgM por aglutinação em látex em 210 pacientes com AR, 198 familiares e 92 controles saudáveis do sul do Brasil. Coletaram-se dados clínicos e demográficos por meio da revisão de prontuários e questionários. Resultados: Observou-se maior positividade para todos os anticorpos em pacientes com AR em comparação com os familiares e controles (p < 0,0001). O FR-IgA era mais frequente em familiares quando comparados com os controles (14,6% versus 5,4%, p = 0,03, OR = 2,98; IC95% = 1,11 a 7,98). O anti-CCP foi o biomarcador mais comum entre pacientes com AR (75,6%). A positividade concomitante para os quatro biomarcadores foi mais comum nos pacientes (46,2%, p < 0,0001). Familiares e controles eram positivos em sua maioria para apenas um biomarcador (20,2%, p < 0,0001 e 15,2%, p = 0,016, respectivamente). Não foi observada associação entre o número de biomarcadores positivos e a idade de início da doença, classe funcional ou exposição ao fumo. Em pacientes soronegativos, predominou a ausência de manifestações extra-articulares (MEA) (p = 0,01; OR = 3,25; IC95% = 1,16 a 10,66). A artralgia estava presente em familiares positivos, independentemente do tipo de biomarcador. Conclusões: Um maior número de biomarcadores estava presente em pacientes com AR com MEA. A positividade dos biomarcadores estava relacionada com a artralgia em familiares. Esses achados reforçam a ligação entre os diferentes biomarcadores e os mecanismos fisiopatológicos da AR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/blood , Rheumatoid Factor/blood , Vimentin/blood , Anti-Citrullinated Protein Antibodies/blood , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/classification , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/complications , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Arthralgia/etiology , Middle Aged
11.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 57(4): 330-337, July.-Aug. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-899437

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the prevalence and describe the clinical, laboratory and radiological findings, treatment and outcome of children with cancer initially referred to a tertiary outpatient pediatric rheumatology clinic. Methods: Retrospective analysis of medical records from patients identified in a list of 250 new patients attending the tertiary Pediatric Rheumatology Clinic, Ribeirão Preto Medical School hospital, University of São Paulo, from July 2013 to July 2015, whose final diagnosis was cancer. Results: Of 250 patients seen during the study period, 5 (2%) had a cancer diagnosis. Among them, 80% had constitutional symptoms, especially weight loss and asthenia, and 60% had arthritis. Initially, all patients had at least one alteration in their blood count, lactate dehydrogenase was increased in 80% and a bone marrow smear was conclusive in 60% of patients. Bone and intestine biopsies were necessary for the diagnosis in 2 patients. JIA was the most common initial diagnosis. The definitive diagnosis was acute lymphoblastic leukemia (2 patients), M3 acute myeloid leukemia, lymphoma, and neuroblastoma (one case each). Of 5 patients studied, 3 (60%) are in remission and 2 (40%) died, one of them with prior use of steroids. Conclusion: The constitutional and musculoskeletal symptoms common to rheumatic and neoplastic diseases can delay the diagnosis and consequently worsen the prognosis of neoplasms. Initial blood count and bone marrow smear may be normal in the initial framework of neoplasms. Thus, the clinical follow-up of these cases becomes imperative and the treatment, mainly with corticosteroids, should be delayed until diagnostic definition.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência e descrever as principais manifestações clínicas, os exames complementares, o tratamento e a evolução de crianças com doenças neoplásicas atendidas inicialmente em um serviço terciário de reumatologia pediátrica. Métodos: Analisamos retrospectivamente o prontuário médico de pacientes com diagnóstico definitivo de neoplasia, identificados entre 250 casos novos atendidos no ambulatório de reumatologia pediátrica do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto-USP, de julho de 2013 a julho de 2015. Resultados: Dos 250 pacientes, cinco (2%) tiveram diagnóstico de neoplasia. Desses, 80% apresentavam sintomas constitucionais, principalmente perda de peso e astenia e 60% artrite. Inicialmente, todos apresentavam pelo menos uma série alterada no hemograma, 80% aumento da desidrogenase lática (LDH) e 60% mielograma confirmatório. Dois pacientes necessitaram de biópsia, óssea e de intestino, para o diagnóstico final. Artrite idiopática juvenil foi o diagnóstico inicial mais frequente. Os diagnósticos definitivos foram leucemia linfoide aguda (dois casos), leucemia mieloide aguda-M3, neuroblastoma e linfoma (um caso cada). Dos pacientes estudados, três (60%) estão em remissão. Dois pacientes foram a óbito (40%), um deles com uso prévio de corticoide. Conclusão: Os sintomas constitucionais e musculoesqueléticos comuns às doenças reumáticas e neoplásicas podem retardar o diagnóstico e consequentemente agravar o prognóstico das neoplasias. O hemograma inicial, assim como o mielograma, podem estar normais no quadro inicial das neoplasias. Dessa forma, o seguimento clínico evolutivo desses casos torna-se imperativo e o tratamento, principalmente com corticoides, deve ser retardado até definição diagnóstica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Rheumatic Diseases/diagnosis , Rheumatic Diseases/physiopathology , Neoplasms/diagnosis , Neoplasms/physiopathology , Asthenia/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Arthralgia/etiology , Diagnosis, Differential
13.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(5,supl.1): 8-10, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887100

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Acne fulminans is a rare and severe variant of acne. In Brazilian medical journals, cases are infrequently reported, confirming its rarity. We followed five young male patients with this severe variant of cutaneous lesions, accompanied by also severe systemic symptoms: fever, anorexia, weight loss, and arthralgia. All had a good response to corticosteroids (prednisone), but had significant scarring.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Young Adult , Acne Vulgaris/complications , Acne Vulgaris/pathology , Arthralgia/etiology , Fever/etiology , Propionibacterium acnes/immunology , Severity of Illness Index , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Acne Vulgaris/drug therapy , Superantigens/immunology , Disease Progression , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Necrosis
14.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 56(1): 86-89, jan.-fev. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-775212

ABSTRACT

Resumo A síndrome tricorrinofalangiana (STRF) tipo I é uma doença genética rara, relacionada com a mutação no gene TRPS1 do cromossomo 8. É caracterizada por anomalias craniofaciais e distúrbios na formação e maturação da matriz óssea. As características são cabelos ralos e quebradiços, tendência à calvície prematura, nariz bulboso em formato de pera, filtro nasal longo e plano e baixa implantação das orelhas. As alterações esqueléticas mais notáveis são a clinodactilia, as epífises das falanges das mãos em forma de cone, a baixa estatura e as malformações na articulação do quadril. Relata-se o caso de um adolescente diagnosticado com STRF e encaminhado para avaliação reumatológica em decorrência de queixas articulares.


Abstract The tricho-rhino-phalangeal syndrome (TRPS) type I is a rare genetic disorder related to the TRPS1 gene mutation in chromosome 8, characterized by craniofacial abnormalities and disturbances in formation and maturation of bone matrix. The hallmarks are sparse and brittle hair, tendency to premature baldness, bulbous nose called pear-shaped, long and flat filter and low ear implantation. The most noticeable skeletal changes are clinodactyly, phalangeal epiphyses of the hands appearing as cone-shaped, short stature and hip joint malformations. We report a case of a teenager boy diagnosed with TRPS and referred for rheumatologic evaluation due to joint complaints.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Transcription Factors/genetics , Langer-Giedion Syndrome/diagnosis , Langer-Giedion Syndrome/genetics , Nose/abnormalities , Arthralgia/etiology , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Hair Diseases/diagnosis , Hair Diseases/genetics , Syndrome , Langer-Giedion Syndrome/physiopathology , Nose/physiopathology , Arthralgia/genetics , Finger Phalanges/abnormalities , Fingers/abnormalities , Fingers/physiopathology , Hair Diseases/physiopathology
16.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 54(2): 83-89, Mar-Apr/2014. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-710225

ABSTRACT

Este estudo avaliou o efeito de dois protocolos de exercício na nocicepção, edema e migração celular em ratos com artrite induzida por CFA. Ratos Wistar fêmeas (200 - 250 g, n = 50) foram induzidos à monoartrite por adjuvante completo de Freund (CFA, Mycobacterium butyricum; 0,5 mg/mL; 50 μL) na articulação do joelho direito (TF; n = 24) ou tornozelo direito (TT; n = 26). A incapacitação articular foi mensurada pelo tempo de elevação da pata (TEP; s) em 1 minuto de avaliação. O edema do joelho ou tornozelo foi avaliado pela medida do diâmetro articular (AD, cm) e pelo edema de pata (EP, mL), respectivamente. Ambos foram avaliados durante 10 dias consecutivos. Dois protocolos de exercício foram realizados: (a) exercício constante (TF, n = 6; TT, n = 6), realizando 1 minuto diário de exercício no cilindro (3 r.p.m.); (b) exercício variável (TF, n = 6; TT, n = 7), exercício com aumento de 1 minuto por dia, totalizando 10 minutos no último dia. Os grupos-controle (TF, n = 12; TT, n = 13) não realizaram exercício. Após 10 dias, os animais foram eutanasiados para contagem total (células/mm3) e diferencial (mononucleares e polimorfos nucleares; células/mm3) de leucócitos do tecido inflamado. O exercício variável inibiu a incapacitação e o edema em ambas as articulações. Entretanto, reduziu a migração total de leucócitos apenas na articulação TF. O exercício constante inibiu o edema nas duas articulações e reduziu a migração total de leucócitos da articulação TT. Porém, não reduziu a incapacitação. O exercício variável pareceu ser mais efetivo em reduzir os parâmetros inflamatórios em comparação com o exercício constante.


This study evaluated the effects of two protocols of exercise on nociception, edema and cell migration in rats with CFA-induced arthritis. Female Wistar rats (200 - 250 g, n = 50) was monoarthritis-induced by complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA; Mycobacterium butyricum, 0.5 mg/mL; 50 μL) into the right knee joint (TF; n = 24) or right ankle joint (TT; n = 26). Incapacitation was measured by the paw elevation time (TEP; s) in 1-min periods of observation. The edema of the knee or ankle joints was evaluated by the variation of the articular diameter (DA, cm) and by the paw volume variation (EP, mL), respectively. Both were measured during 10 consecutive days. Two protocols of exercise were performed: (a) in the constant exercise group (TF, n = 6; TT, n = 6) performing 1 minute of daily exercise on the cylinder; (b) variable exercise group (TF, n = 6; TT, n = 7), the exercise increased by 1 minute per day. The control groups (TF, n = 12; TT, n = 13) didn´t perform the exercise. After 10 days, the animals were euthanized for total (CT; cells/mm3) and differential leukocyte counts (mononuclear - MON, and polymorphonuclear - PMN, cells/mm3) of the articular inflammatory exudate. The variable exercise protocol inhibited incapacitation and edema for both joints. However, cell migration decreased only in the TF.The constant exercise reduced edema in both joints, and cell migration was decreased in the TT. However, the incapacitation was not reduced. Variable exercise seemed to be more effective in reducing the inflammatory parameters than constant exercise.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Arthralgia/etiology , Arthralgia/prevention & control , Arthritis/complications , Edema/etiology , Edema/prevention & control , Walking , Arthritis/chemically induced , Arthritis/immunology , Cell Movement , Freund's Adjuvant/administration & dosage , Leukocytes/physiology , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-223882

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors for anterior knee pain in patients with cerebral palsy. METHODS: This prospective study investigated the risk factors for anterior knee pain in 127 ambulatory patients with spastic cerebral palsy in terms of walking pain, resting pain, and provocative pain. Demographic data analysis and physical examination for measuring the knee flexion contracture and unilateral and bilateral popliteal angles were performed. Patellar height was measured on radiographs, and patella alta was identified. The risk factors for anterior knee pain were analyzed using multivariate analysis with a generalized estimating equation. RESULTS: Seventy-seven patients were found to have patella alta based on the radiographic measurements (60.6%). Overall, sixteen patients (12.6%) had either unilateral or bilateral anterior knee pain. Of these, 6 patients showed a visual analogue scale (VAS) 7. Age was found to be a significant risk factor for walking pain and resting pain with odds ratios (ORs) of 1.08 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.02 to 1.14) and 1.09 (95% CI, 1.03 to 1.15), respectively. In the multivariate analysis, knee flexion contracture was a significant protective factor with an OR of 0.92 (95% CI, 0.85 to 0.98). CONCLUSIONS: Approximately 12.6% of ambulatory patients with spastic cerebral palsy were found to have anterior knee pain in our hospital-based cohort study. Age was found to be a significant risk factor for anterior knee pain while walking and resting.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Age Factors , Arthralgia/etiology , Cerebral Palsy/complications , Child , Female , Humans , Knee Joint/physiopathology , Male , Prospective Studies , Range of Motion, Articular , Risk Factors , Walking , Young Adult
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-68307

ABSTRACT

Patellofemoral crepitus and clunk syndrome are infrequent, yet troublesome complications of total knee arthroplasty with a reported incidence of 0%-18%. They are primarily associated with implantation of posterior cruciate substituting designs. These entities are the result of peripatellar fibrosynovial hyperplasia at the junction of the superior pole of the patella and the distal quadriceps tendon which becomes entrapped within the superior aspect of the intercondylar box of the femoral component during knee flexion. When the knee extends, a crepitant sensation occurs as the fibrosynovial tissue exits the intercondylar box. Numerous etiologies have been proposed such as femoral component designs with a high intercondylar box ratio, previous knee surgery, reduced patellar tendon length, thinner patellar components, reduced patella-patellar component composite thickness, and smaller femoral components. Preventative measures include choice of femoral components with a reduced intercondylar box ratio, use of thicker patellar components, avoidance of over-resection of the patella, and debridement of the fibrosynovial tissue at the time of knee arthroplasty. Most patients with crepitus are unaware of the problem or have minimal symptoms so that no treatment is required. If significant disability is incurred, symptoms can be eliminated in a high percentage of patients with arthroscopic debridement of the fibrosynovial hyperplasia.


Subject(s)
Arthralgia/etiology , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects , Humans , Knee Joint/physiopathology , Patellofemoral Joint/physiopathology , Postoperative Complications/etiology
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194143

ABSTRACT

This phase II clinical trial was conducted to compare the immunogenicity and safety of a newly developed tetanus-reduced diphtheria (Td) vaccine (GC1107-T5.0 and GC1107-T7.5) and control vaccine. This study was also performed to select the proper dose of tetanus toxoid in the new Td vaccines. Healthy adolescents aged between 11 and 12 yr participated in this study. A total of 130 subjects (44 GC1107-T5.0, 42 GC1107-T7.5 and 44 control vaccine) completed a single dose of vaccination. Blood samples were collected from the subjects before and 4 weeks after the vaccination. In this study, all subjects (100%) in both GC1107-T5.0 and GC1107-T7.5 groups showed seroprotective antibody levels (> or = 0.1 U/mL) against diphtheria or tetanus toxoids. After the vaccination, the geometric mean titer (GMT) against diphtheria was significantly higher in Group GC1107-T5.0 (6.53) and GC1107-T7.5 (6.11) than in the control group (3.96). The GMT against tetanus was 18.6 in Group GC1107-T5.0, 19.94 in GC1107-T7.5 and 19.01 in the control group after the vaccination. In this study, the rates of local adverse reactions were 67.3% and 59.1% in GC1107-T5.0 and GC1107-7.5, respectively. No significant differences in the number of adverse reactions, prevalence and degree of severity of the solicited and unsolicited adverse reactions were observed among the three groups. Thus, both newly developed Td vaccines appear to be safe and show good immunogenicity. GC1107-T5.0, which contains relatively small amounts of tetanus toxoid, has been selected for a phase III clinical trial.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Bacterial/blood , Arthralgia/etiology , Child , Diphtheria/prevention & control , Diphtheria-Tetanus Vaccine/adverse effects , Double-Blind Method , Female , Headache/etiology , Humans , Male , Pain/etiology , Tetanus/prevention & control , Treatment Outcome , Vaccination
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25339

ABSTRACT

Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by recurrent episodes of fever accompanied by peritonitis, pleuritis, arthritis, or erysipelas-like erythema. It is known to occur mainly among Mediterranean and Middle Eastern populations such as non-Ashkenazi Jews, Arabs, Turks, and Armenians. FMF is not familiar to clinicians beyond this area and diagnosing FMF can be challenging. We report a 22-yr old boy who presented with fever, arthalgia and abdominal pain. He had a history of recurrent episodes of fever associated with arthalgia which would subside spontaneously or by antipyretics. Autosomal recessive periodic fever syndromes were suspected. Immunoglobulin D (IgD) level in the serum was elevated and DNA analysis showed complex mutations (p.Glu148Gln, p.Pro369Ser, p.Arg408Gln) in the MEFV gene. 3D angio computed tomography showed total thrombosis of splenic vein with partial thrombosis of proximal superior mesenteric vein, main portal vein and intrahepatic both portal vein. This is a case of FMF associated with multiple venous thrombosis and elevated IgD level. When thrombosis is associated with elevated IgD, FMF should be suspected. This is the first adult case reported in Korea.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain/etiology , Arthralgia/etiology , Cytoskeletal Proteins/genetics , Familial Mediterranean Fever/complications , Humans , Immunoglobulin D/blood , Male , Mesenteric Veins , Mevalonate Kinase Deficiency/complications , Mutation , Portal Vein , Republic of Korea , Splenic Vein , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Venous Thrombosis/complications , Young Adult
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