Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 2.117
Filter
1.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(4): 641-644, ago. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346518

ABSTRACT

Resumen Histoplasma capsulatum es un hongo ambiental que se encuentra distribuido comúnmente en los valles de los ríos Ohio y Mississippi, América Central, Sudamérica y Asia. Las zonas más afectadas en Argentina son las cuencas de los ríos Paraná y de La Plata. Los pacientes con histoplasmosis tienen una amplia variedad de manifestaciones clínicas. La mayoría son asintomáticos, mientras que aquellos con com promiso de la inmunidad celular tienen un riesgo aumentado de padecer la forma diseminada. Presentamos el caso de una mujer adulta, en tratamiento con metotrexato por una artritis seronegativa, que desarrolló la forma diseminada de la enfermedad, y que representó un desafío diagnóstico debido a la dificultad para identificar el agente etiológico.


Abstract Histoplasma capsulatum is an environmental fungus commonly found in the Ohio and Mississippi River valleys, Central and South America, and Asia. The most affected areas in Argentina are the Paraná and de La Plata river basins. Patients with histoplasmosis can have a wide range of clinical presentations. Most of them are asymptomatic, while those with compromised cellular immunity are at increased risk for the disseminated form. We present the case of a patient undergoing treatment with methotrexate for seronegative arthritis who developed the disseminated form of the disease, and who represented a diagnostic challenge due to the difficulty in identifying the etiologic agent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Arthritis/drug therapy , Histoplasmosis/diagnosis , Histoplasmosis/drug therapy , Argentina , Methotrexate , Histoplasma
2.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(2): 353-373, abr.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339273

ABSTRACT

Resumen | El virus de chikunguña (CHIKV) es un Alfavirus perteneciente al grupo denominado del Viejo Mundo; estos son virus artritogénicos que causan una enfermedad febril caracterizada por artralgias y mialgias. Aunque la muerte por CHIKV es poco frecuente, la enfermedad puede llegar a ser incapacitante y generar un amplio espectro de manifestaciones atípicas, como complicaciones cardiovasculares, respiratorias, oculares, renales y dérmicas, entre otras. Cuando el dolor articular persiste por tres o más meses, da lugar a la forma crónica de la enfermedad denominada reumatismo inflamatorio crónico poschikunguña, el cual es la principal secuela de la enfermedad. Se considera que este virus no es neurotrópico, sin embargo, puede afectar el sistema nervioso central y generar secuelas graves y permanentes, principalmente, en niños y ancianos. En África, Asia y Europa se habían reportado anteriormente brotes epidémicos por CHIKV, pero solo hasta finales del 2013 se documentó la introducción del virus a las Américas; desde entonces, el virus se ha propagado a 45 países o territorios del continente y el número de casos acumulados ascendió a cerca de dos millones en dos años. Esta revisión describe de manera general la biología molecular del virus, sus manifestaciones clínicas, su patogénesis y las principales complicaciones posteriores a la infección. Además, reúne la información de la epidemia en Colombia y el continente americano publicada entre el 2014 y el 2020.


Abstract | The chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an Alphavirus that belongs to the Old World group. These arthritogenic viruses cause a febrile illness characterized by arthralgias and myalgias. Although fatal cases during CHIKV infection are rare, the disease may be disabling and generate a broad spectrum of atypical manifestations, such as cardiovascular, respiratory, eye, kidney, and skin complications, among others. When joint pain persists for three or more months, it results in the chronic form of the disease called post-chikungunya chronic inflammatory rheumatism, which constitutes the main disease sequel. CHIKV is not considered a neurotropic virus; however, it can affect the central nervous system, especially in children and the elderly, causing severe and permanent sequelae. CHIKV outbreaks had been previously reported in Africa, Asia, and Europe, but the virus introduction to the American continent was documented until the end of 2013. Since then, the virus has spread to 45 countries and territories causing near two million cases in just two years. This review describes the molecular biology, clinical manifestations, pathogenesis, and significant post-infection complications of CHIKV. Additionally, it collects published information about the outbreak in Colombia and the American continent between 2014 and 2020.


Subject(s)
Chikungunya virus/pathogenicity , Arboviruses , Arthritis , Epidemiology
3.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1344698

ABSTRACT

A serological survey was carried out to assess the frequency of leptospirosis, small ruminants lentivirus (SRLV), and brucellosis in small ruminant herds in the Recôncavo Baiano, State of Bahia, Brazil, from February to December 2017. In four goat herds, 125 animals were tested for SRLV and leptospirosis, while in five sheep herds, 378 animals were tested for leptospirosis, brucellosis, and SRLV. Regarding leptospirosis, MAT detected 80% of goats and 15.34% of sheep seroreactive. Reactivity was most frequent to serogroups Autumnalis and Grippotyphosa in goats and sheep, respectively. Regarding SRLV, 8.8% of goats and 0.79% of sheep were reactive. Search for anti-B. ovis antibodies revealed 0.52% reactivity. In sheep, three animals showed simultaneous seroreactivity for SRLV and leptospirosis, while one animal had a serological response for brucellosis and leptospirosis. In goats, simultaneous seroreactivity for SRLV and leptospirosis was observed in only one animal. Leptospirosis was the most frequent of the three infectious diseases in investigated herds.(AU)


Foi realizado um inquérito sorológico para avaliar a frequência de ocorrência de leptospirose, lentiviroses de pequenos ruminantes (LVPR) e brucelose em rebanhos de pequenos ruminantes no Recôncavo Baiano, estado da Bahia, Brasil, no período de fevereiro a dezembro de 2017. Em quatro rebanhos de caprinos, foram testados 125 animais para LVPR e leptospirose, enquanto em cinco rebanhos de ovinos, foram testados 378 animais para leptospirose, brucelose e LVPR. Em relação à leptospirose, 80% das cabras e 15,34% das ovelhas foram sororreativas. Os sorogrupos de Leptospira spp. predominantes foram Autumnalis e Grippotyphosa para caprinos e ovinos, respectivamente. Em relação as LVPR, 8,8% dos caprinos e 0,79% dos ovinos foram reativos. Adicionalmente, a pesquisa de anticorpos Anti-B. ovis revelou 0,52% de ovinos reativos. Em ovinos, três animais apresentaram sororreatividade simultânea para LVPR e leptospirose, enquanto um animal teve resposta sorológica para brucelose e leptospirose. Em caprinos, sororreatividade simultânea para LVPR e leptospirose foi observada em apenas um animal. A leptospirose foi a doença infecciosa mais frequente nos rebanhos investigados.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Brucellosis/diagnosis , Cattle/virology , Serologic Tests , Lentivirus Infections/diagnosis , Leptospirosis/diagnosis , Arthritis
4.
Rev. Méd. Paraná ; 79(1): 36-39, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282395

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A psoríase é uma doença inflamatória crônica, imunomediada, de base genética, com grande polimorfismo de expressão clínica. É caracterizada pelo envolvimento de pele, unhas e, eventualmente, articulações. De ocorrência mundial, possui prevalência entre 2 a 3% na população geral. Entre 20-30% dos pacientes com psoríase desenvolvem a artrite psoriática (AP) a qual pode preceder, estar associada ou suceder o aparecimento da psoríase. A hiperuricemia é uma condição frequentemente associada a pacientes psoriásicos. Objetivos: Estudar a prevalência de hiperuricemia em pacientes com psoríase e sua possível associação com o fenótipo da doença, atividade articular e cutânea. Metodologia: Trata-se de um estudo transversal e analítico realizado através da avaliação de ácido úrico de 58 pacientes diagnosticados com psoríase (com e sem AP) acompanhados pelos ambulatórios de dermatologia e reumatologia do Hospital Universitário Evangélico Mackenzie de Curitiba, PR. Resultados: Cerca de 58 indivíduos foram analisados; dentre eles 24 mulheres e 34 homens, com mediana da idade é de 57 anos. Dos pacientes acometidos pela psoriase, a hiperuricemia esteve presente em 13,7%, sendo mais prevalente no sexo masculino (p=0.01)., nos com artrite psoriásica (p=0.04) e naqueles com envolvimento ungueal (p=0.006) e mais rara naqueles com a forma vulgar da psoríase (p<0.0001). Nenhum paciente apresentou artrite gotosa. A atividade da doença de pele e da doença articular não interferiram nos níveis de ácido úrico (p=ns). Conclusão: Pacientes com artrite psoriásica têm maior incidência de hiperuricemia do que aqueles com psoríase só de pele. Hiperuricemia é mais comum nos pacientes masculinos, com envolvimento ungueal e menos comum naqueles com psoríase vulgar


Introduction: Psoriasis is a chronic, immunomodulated, genetic-based inflammatory disease with great polymorphism of clinical expression. It is characterized by the involvement of skin, nails and eventually joints. It has a worldwide occurrence, with prevalence between 2 and 3% in the general population. Between 20-30% of patients with psoriasis develop psoriatic arthritis (PA), which may precede, be associated with, or succeed psoriasis. Hyperuricemia is a condition often associated with psoriatic patients. Objectives: To study the prevalence of hyperuricemia in patients with psoriasis and its possible association with the phenotype of the disease, joint and skin activity. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional and analytical study conducted through the evaluation of uric acid in patients diagnosed with psoriasis (with and without PA) followed by dermatology and rheumatology outpatient clinics of the Mackenzie Evangelical University Hospital of Curitiba, PR. Results: About 58 individuals were analyzed; among them 24 women and 34 men, with a median age of 57 years. Of the patients affected by psoriasis, hyperuricemia was present in 13.7%, being more prevalent in males (p=0.01), in those with psoriatic arthritis (p=0.04) and in those with nail involvement (p=0.006) and less common in those with the vulgar form of psoriasis (p<0.0001). No patient had gouty arthritis. Skin disease and joint disease activities did not interfere with uric acid levels (p=ns). Conclusion: Patients with psoriatic arthritis have a higher incidence of hyperuricemia than those with skin-only psoriasis. Hyperuricemia is more common in male patients, with nail involvement and less common in those with psoriasis vulgaris


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arthritis , Arthritis, Psoriatic , Hyperuricemia
5.
Adv Rheumatol ; 61: 6, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152734

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is prevalent among patients living with arthritis. Such patients often seek information online, for the purpose of gaining a second opinion to their healthcare provider or even self-medication. Little is known about the quality of web-based consumer health information at the intersection of CAM and arthritis; thus, investigating the quality of websites containing this information was the purpose of this study. Methods: Four unique search terms were searched on Google across four English-speaking countries. We assessed the first 20 results of each search, including them if they contained CAM consumer health information for the treatment and/or management of arthritis. Eligible websites were assessed in duplicate using the DISCERN instrument, which consists of 16-items designed to assess quality. Results: Of total of 320 webpages, 239 were duplicates, and a total of 38 unique websites were deemed eligible and assessed using the DISCERN instrument. The mean summed DISCERN scores across all websites was 55.53 (SD = 9.37). The mean score of the overall quality of each website was 3.71 (SD = 0.63), thus the majority of websites are ranked as slightly above 'fair' quality. Conclusion: Eligible websites generally received scores better than 'moderate' in terms of overall quality. Several shortcomings included a lack of transparency surrounding references used and underreporting of risks associated with treatment options. These results suggest that health providers should be vigilant of the variable quality of information their patients may be accessing online and educate them on how to identify high quality resources.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis , Complementary Therapies/standards , Consumer Health Information/standards , Health Services Research
6.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 31: 31409, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291386

ABSTRACT

O lipoma arborescente é uma causa incomum de lesão intra-articular que se apresenta como aumento de volume articular indolor, lentamente progressivo, que persiste por muitos anos e é acompanhado por derrames articulares intermitentes. O envolvimento de sítios extra-articulares é incomum, mas pode ocorrer em bainhas tendíneas e bursas. A ressonância magnética é o melhor exame para o diagnóstico, embora a biópsia sinovial possa ser necessária em alguns casos. Relatamos três casos com o objetivo de destacar o espectro clínico da doença, as características da imagem e a resposta ao tratamento imunossupressor.


Lipoma arborescens is an uncommon cause of intra-articular masses that presents as slowly progressive painless swelling of the joint, which persists for many years and is accompanied by intermittent effusions. Extra-articular site(s) involvement is unusual, but can occur in tendon sheaths and bursas. Magnetic resonance imaging is the best diagnostic exam, although synovial biopsy may be necessary. We report three cases in order to highlight the clinical spectrum and imaging features of the disease, so that early diagnosis and appropriate treatment can be given.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Synovitis , Knee Injuries , Lipoma , Arthritis , Synovial Membrane , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Adipocytes , Synovectomy , Joints
7.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 31(4): 25-29, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288207

ABSTRACT

La marihuana medicinal ha sido propuesta en los últimos años como una solución a algunos problemas médicos refractarios a otros tratamientos. El dolor crónico es un síntoma habitual entre los pacientes que consultan al reumatólogo. Distintas enfermedades pueden verse involucradas en este pan-sindrome que engloba desde enfermedades autoinmunes, sindromes dolorosos locorregionales, enfermedades degenerativas hasta desórdenes con componentes psicológicos. En muchos de estos casos, sobre todo los dos últimos, las intervenciones farmacológicas no siempre son eficaces o seguras en el corto, mediano o largo plazo. A pesar de la puesta en primer plano del tema desde hace unos años y la reciente reglamentación de la Ley del cannabis medicinal para su autocultivo y venta en farmacias en Argentina, está la sensación entre los médicos que siguen faltando suficientes datos para el uso de los cannabinoides en las enfermedades reumáticas. Desde la puesta al día realizada en esta revista hace tres años, han aparecido algunos estudios fisiológicos acerca del potencial efecto inmunomodulatorio de los cannabinoides en artritis reumatoidea (AR) y esclerosis sistémica (ES) que resultan de interés, y algunos estudios clínicos que se mencionarán. En esta revisión se analizará la literatura actual de los cannabinoides en el tratamiento de las enfermedades reumáticas y se discutirá dicha evidencia en relación al contexto regulatorio local.


Medical marijuana has been proposed in recent years as a solution to some medical problems refractory to other treatments. Chronic pain is a common symptom among patients who consult a rheumatologist. Different diseases can be involved in this pan-syndrome that ranges from autoimmune diseases, locoregional pain syndromes, degenerative diseases to disorders with psychological components. In many of these cases, especially the last two, pharmacological interventions are not always effective or safe in the short, medium or long term. In this review, the most current literature on the subject regarding cannabinoids and the treatment of rheumatic diseases will be analyzed. Despite the focus of the issue in recent years and the recent regulation of the Medical Cannabis Law for its self-cultivation and sale in pharmacies in Argentina, there is still insufficient data for the use of cannabinoids in the short, medium and long-term in rheumatic diseases. In recent years, some physiological studies have appeared about the potential immunomodulatory effect of cannabinoids in rheumatoid arthritis and systemic sclerosis (SS), and some clinical studies in SS, but there is still a long way to go to travel in this direction. In this review, the current literature on cannabinoids in the treatment of rheumatic diseases will be analyzed and this evidence will be discussed in relation to the local regulatory context.


Subject(s)
Cannabis , Arthritis , Scleroderma, Systemic , Cannabinoids , Fibromyalgia , Medical Marijuana
9.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 31(3): 36-39, set. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1149674

ABSTRACT

La dermatitis granulomatosa intersticial asociada a artritis (DGIaA) es una entidad muy poco frecuente que cursa con manifestaciones cutáneas y articulares. Clínicamente y en su forma cutánea, se caracteriza por la formación de cordones o "bandas" en disposición lineal (patognomónicas de esta enfermedad) o arciforme o erupciones de tipo papular o en placas, asociándose poliartritis. Se presenta un caso de una DGIaA, prestando especial atención a su relevancia clínico-patologica y a su diagnóstico y posterior tratamiento, haciendo una revisión en la literatura descripta.


Interstitial granulomatous dermatitis with arthritis is an unusual condition that occurs with skin and joint manifestations. Its cutaneous form, it is characterized by the formation of cords or "bands" in a linear arrangement (pathognomonic of this disease) or arciform or eruptions of papular type or in plates, being associated polyarthritis. We present a case of a DGIaA, with special attention to its clinical-pathological relevance to estabish diagnosis and subsequent treatment, making a bibliographic review.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Dermatitis , Arthritis , Skin , Skin Manifestations , Therapeutics
10.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 31(3): 32-35, set. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1149673

ABSTRACT

La artritis séptica poliarticular se define como la infección de dos o más articulaciones, casi siempre de etiología bacteriana y diseminación hematógena. Es considerada una emergencia médica, lo que conlleva reconocerla precozmente, evitar la diseminación de la infección asociada con alta mortalidad y el riesgo de daño estructural articular. Presentamos tres casos de artritis séptica poliarticular, destacándose la importancia de la sospecha clínica y el estudio temprano del líquido sinovial para el diagnóstico y el tratamiento con antimicrobianos, evacuación y lavado articular.


Polyarticular septic arthritis is defined as the infection of two or more joints, almost always of bacterial etiology and hematogenous spread. It is considered a medical emergency, which should be recognized early, avoiding the spread of infection, associated with high mortality and the risk of joint structural damage. We present three cases of polyarticular septic arthritis, highlighting the importance of clinical suspicion and early synovial fluid study for diagnosis and treatment with antimicrobials, joint evacuation and joint lavage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Arthritis , Synovial Fluid , Therapeutics , Arthritis, Infectious
11.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(3): 189-192, May-June 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289211

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Revisar las características demográficas, clínicas y ecocardiográficas, así como el abordaje quirúrgico de pacientes con fiebre reumática menores de 18 años, durante un periodo de diez años. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, en el cual se incluyeron pacientes menores de 18 años, con diagnóstico de fiebre reumática entre los años 2006 a 2016. Resultados: Se incluyeron 22 niños con edades entre los 10 a los 14 años, de los cuales 59% (13/22) eran mujeres; 13,6% (3/22) provenían de Arauca y el 18,1% (4/22) eran indígenas. Se diagnosticó carditis en el 63,6% (14/22) seguido de poliartralgia y fiebre en un 59% (13/22) y 54% (12/22) respectivamente; así mismo, se detectó corea de Sydenham y eritema marginado 4,5% (1/22). Se determinó compromiso severo de válvula mitral en el 72,7% (16/22). 15 pacientes fueron llevados a cirugía; se realizó reemplazo valvular mitral en 13,3% (2/15), plastia mitral y tricúspide en el 40% (6/15), plastia mitral, tricúspide y aórtica en el 6,66%(1/15) y reemplazo aórtico en el 5,2% (1/15). Un paciente requirió oxigenación por membrana extracorpórea. La mortalidad fue del 0% (0/22). Conclusiones: Se observó que la fiebre reumática ocasionó grave compromiso cardiaco, que requirió un alto grado de intervención quirúrgica. Las poblaciones rurales e indígenas se beneficiarían notablemente de una prevención primordial, primaria y secundaria, al igual que de un diagnóstico y tratamiento oportunos.


Abstract Objective: The aim of this study is to review the demographic, clinical, and cardiac ultrasound characteristics, as well as the surgical approach, of patients less than 18 years-old with rheumatic fever. Materials and methods: A descriptive, retrospective study was conducted that included patients less than 18 years-old diagnosed with rheumatic fever between the years 2006 to 2016. Results: The study included a total of 22 children with ages between 10 and 14 years, of whom 59% were female. It was recorded that 13.6% (3/22) were from Arauca Department (Colombia), and 18.1% (4/22) were indigenous. Carditis was diagnosed in 63.6% (14/22), followed by polyarthralgia and fever in 59% (13/22) and 54% (12/22), respectively. Sydenham's chorea and marginal erythema was also detected in 4.5% (1/22). The severity of mitral valve involvement was determined in 72.7% (16/22). Of the 15 patients that had surgery, 13.3% (2/15) had a mitral valve replacement, mitral and tricuspid repair in 40% (6/15), mitral, tricuspid, and aortic repair in 6.66%, respectively (1/15), and aortic replacement in 5.2% (1/15). One patient required extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. There was no mortality. Conclusions: It was observed that rheumatic fever led to serious cardiac compromise that required a high rate of surgical interventions. Rural and indigenous population would notably benefit from basic, primary, and secondary prevention, as well as a timely diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Rheumatic Heart Disease , Myocarditis , Arthritis , Rheumatic Fever , Mitral Valve Insufficiency
12.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 27(2): 80-87, ene.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251639

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La hiperostosis esquelética idiopática difusa (DISH, por sus siglas en inglés) es una afección caracterizada por la calcificación y la osificación progresiva de los ligamentos y las entesis. La mayoría de los pacientes permanecen asintomáticos hasta etapas avanzadas de la enfermedad, donde la limitación y el dolor son característicos. Objetivo: Describir las características demográficas, clínicas y radiológicas de los pacientes con DISH evaluados en el Centro Médico Imbanaco de Cali y en la Clínica de Artritis Temprana, en Cali, Colombia. Materiales y métodos: Es un estudio descriptivo, de corte transversal. Se revisaron los registros de pacientes diagnosticados con DISH, seguidos entre enero de 2000 y octubre de 2018. El diagnóstico se confirmó según los criterios de Resnick-Niwayama. Se encontraron 24 pacientes, todos se incluyeron para el análisis final. Resultados y discusión: En esta serie se encontraron 20 varones y 4 mujeres. La mediana de edad al diagnóstico fue de 70,5 arios (RIQ: 61,3-73,8 arios), siendo menor en las mujeres (71,5 versus 60 años; p = 0,04). La mediana de tiempo de evolución de los síntomas fue de 5 años (RIQ: 3-10 años), la duración fue menor en el grupo de las mujeres (5 versus 4 años; p = 0,20). El 54,2% tenían sobrepeso y el 20,8% eran diabéticos. El síntoma principal fue la limitación cervical. Los segmentos vertebrales (C: cervical; T: torácico; L: lumbar) más afectados por la osificación del ligamento longitudinal anterior (LLA) fueron C5-C6, T8-T10 y L1-L3. La afección periférica predominó en las crestas ilíacas. Todos los pacientes realizaron terapia física y 3 fueron sometidos a cirugía cervical. El grado de limitación funcional fue valorado en 19 pacientes a través de los cuestionarios modified Health Assessment Questionnaire (mHAQ) y Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI). La mediana del puntaje de ambos cuestionarios fue 2 veces más alta en las mujeres. Conclusión: La DISH fue más frecuente en varones mayores de 65 años y se asoció con enfermedades metabólicas como la obesidad y la diabetes. Aunque las diferencias no fueron significativas, los resultados sugieren que las mujeres presentan un fenotipo grave de la enfermedad explicado por el inicio temprano y curso progresivo de los síntomas, así como mayor limitación funcional medida por mHAQ y BASFI.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is a condition characterised by calcification and progressive ossification of ligaments and entheses. Most patients remain asymptomatic until advanced stages of the disease, where limitation and pain are characteristic. Objective: To describe the demographic, clinical, and radiological characteristics of patients with DISH evaluated in the Centro Médico Imbanaco and Clínica de Artritis Temprana, in Cali, Colombia. Materials and methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted by reviewing the records of patients diagnosed with DISH between January 2000 and October 2018. The diagnosis was confirmed according to the Resnick-Niwayama criteria. A total of 24 patients were found, and all were included for the final analysis. Results and discussion: The series included 20 men and 4 women, with a median age at diagnosis of 70.5 years (IQR 61.3-73.8 years), beinglower in women (71.5 versus 60 years; P=.04). The median time of onset of the symptoms was 5 years (IQR 3-10 years), and the duration was shorter in women (5 versus 4 years; P=.20). It was observed that 54% were overweight and 20% were diabetic. The main symptom was cervical limitation. The most affected vertebral segments due to the ossification of the anterior longitudinal ligament (ALL) were C5-C6, T8-T10 and L1-L3 (cervical C; thoracic T; lumbar L). The peripheral involvement was mainly in the iliac crests. All patients received physiotherapy, and three of them underwent cervical surgery. The degree of functional limitation was assessed in 19 patients using the mHAQ (Modified Health Assessment Questionnaire) and BASFI (Functional Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional (BASFI) questionnaires. The median score of both questionnaires was 2 times higher in women Conclusion: Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis was more frequent in men over 65 years of age, and was associated with metabolic conditions such as obesity and diabetes. Although the differences were not significant, the results suggest that women have a more severe phenotype of the disease, explained by the early onset and progressive course of symptoms, as well as greater functional limitation measured by mHAQ and BASFI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Radiology , Hyperostosis, Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal , Arthritis , Diagnosis
13.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 27(2): 116-119, ene.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251644

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El síndrome RS3PE (sinovitis simétrica seronegativa remitente con edema) fue descrito por McCarty (1985) como una forma benigna de artritis reumatoide de inicio en hombres mayores de 70 arios, con compromiso simétrico y asociada a edema de manos y pies. El enfoque de la poliartritis aguda en el adulto mayor debe incluir el síndrome RS3PE, en el que la pobre respuesta a esteroides y el compromiso multisistémico orientan hacia una naturaleza paraneoplásica, principalmente tumores sólidos (adenocarcinoma gástrico y pancreático), linfomas y leucemias. Se presenta el caso de un paciente con RS3PE como manifestación paraneoplásica de mesotelioma, una manifestación rara en este tipo de tumor.


A B S T R A C T Remitting seronegative symmetrical synovitis with pitting oedema (RS3PO) was described by McCarty (1985), as a benign form of rheumatoid arthritis that onset in men older than 70 years (80% of cases), with symmetrical and associated involvement of oedema of hands and feet. The approach of acute polyarthritis in the elderly should include the RS3PO syndrome, where poor steroid response and multisystem involvement oriented towards paraneoplastic nature, mainly with solid tumours (gastric and pancreatic adenocarcinoma), lymphomas and leukaemia. The case is presented of a patient with RS3PO as a paraneoplastic manifestation of mesothelioma, which is rare in this type of tumour.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Synovitis , Mesothelioma , Arthritis , Syndrome , Neoplasms
14.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(3): 383-385, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138022

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fractures of the radial head account for over 50% of all fractures of the forearm. Broberg and Morrey (modification of the Mason classification) classify them in four types. Type 1 fractures are non-displaced or minimally displaced, considered stable and without mechanical joint blockage. In this type of fracture, a non-operative management with a short period of immobilization leads to a good clinical result without adverse outcomes. Clinically relevant associated lesions are not common. Because of this, arthritis of the radiocapitellar and ulnohumeral joint after the non-displaced radial head fracture is uncommon. This case report presents a young patient diagnosed with isolated non-displaced radial head fracture, that evolved 8 months later, to global arthritis of the elbow.


Resumo As fraturas da cabeça radial representam mais de 50% de todas as fraturas do antebraço. Broberg e Morrey (modificação da classificação de Mason) as classificam em quatro tipos. As fraturas do tipo 1 são aquelas não deslocadas ou minimamente deslocadas, consideradas estáveis e sem bloqueio mecânico das articulações. Nesse tipo de fratura, um manejo não operatório com um curto período de imobilização permite bom resultado clínico sem desfechos adversos. Lesões associadas clinicamente relevantes não são comuns. Por esse motivo, a artrite da articulação radiocapitelar e ulnoumeral após a fratura da cabeça do rádio não deslocada é incomum. Este relato de caso apresenta um paciente jovem com diagnóstico de fratura isolada da cabeça radial não deslocada que evoluiu, 8 meses depois, para artrite global do cotovelo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Osteoarthritis , Arthritis , Radius Fractures , Wounds and Injuries , Elbow , Fractures, Bone , Forearm , Immobilization
15.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 251-256, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811470

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the validity of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index Short Form (WOMAC-SF) for the assessment of musculoskeletal disorders. We evaluated whether WOMAC-SF correlated with the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 12 (WHODAS-12) and Kaigo-Yobo questionnaires for assessing health-outcomes in Korea.MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study used data from the Namgaram-2 cohort. WOMAC, WOMAC-SF, WHODAS-12, and Kaigo-Yobo questionnaires were administered to patients with musculoskeletal disorders, including radiology-confirmed knee osteoarthritis (RKOA), sarcopenia, and osteoporosis. The relationships among WOMAC-SF, WHODAS-12, and Kaigo-Yobo scores were analyzed by stepwise multiple regression analysis.RESULTS: WOMAC-SF was associated with the WOMAC questionnaire. The results of confirmatory factor analysis for the hypothesized model with two latent factors, pain and function, provided satisfactory fit indices. WOMAC-SF pain and function were associated with RKOA. Kaigo-Yobo was associated with WOMAC-SF pain (B=0.140, p=0.001) and WOMAC-SF function (B=0.042, p=0.004). WHODAS-12 was associated with WOMAC-SF pain (B=0.679, p=0.003) and WOMAC-SF function (B=0.804, p<0.001).CONCLUSION: WOMAC-SF was validated for the evaluation of low extremity musculoskeletal disorders and health-related quality of life in a community-based population. Furthermore, we confirmed that WOMAC-SF were reflective of disability and frailty, which affect health outcomes.


Subject(s)
Appointments and Schedules , Arthritis , Cohort Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Extremities , Humans , Korea , Ontario , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Osteoporosis , Quality of Life , Sarcopenia , World Health Organization
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811453

ABSTRACT

Research on physical activity and health is actively being conducted. In the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) was newly introduced in 2014. The purpose of this study was to investigate the levels of physical activity and related factors in Koreans who were assessed through the GPAQ by dividing the physical activity by occupation, leisure, and transport domain. This study used data from the KNHANES (2014–2016), the study population of which included 17,357 participants aged 12 to 80 years. We compared the differences in physical activity by sociodemographic factors, health-related factors, and psychological health-related factors. Moreover, we also compared the mean metabolic equivalent of task and daily sitting time according to physical activity domain by sex and age group. Finally, we investigated the sociodemographic factors, health-related factors, and psychological health-related factors that significantly affect the average physical activity per week. The various factors were found to differ in the frequency of physical activity levels. In addition, there was a difference in the amount of physical activity per occupation, leisure, and transport domain in each age group. Finally, age, sex, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, arthritis, allergic rhinitis and sinusitis, sleeping time, and perceived health status significantly affected physical activity. The levels of physical activity significantly differed by sociodemographic factors, health-related factors, and psychological health-related factors. There was also a difference in the physical activity levels according to the age and sex per each domain of physical activity.


Subject(s)
Arthritis , Cholesterol , Humans , Korea , Leisure Activities , Lipoproteins , Metabolic Equivalent , Motor Activity , Nutrition Surveys , Occupations , Physical Fitness , Public Health , Rhinitis, Allergic , Risk Factors , Sinusitis , Social Determinants of Health , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811184

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Rosae Multiflorae fructus (RMF), known to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, has been used as a traditional remedy for inflammatory diseases such as arthritis in Eastern Asia. However, its effect on osteoclasts, which play a crucial role in resorptive inflammatory bone diseases, is yet to be elucidated.METHODS: The effect of extract of RMF (RMF-E) on receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL)-mediated osteoclastogenesis was examined by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining, real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot analysis. In addition, RANKL-induced Ca2⁺-oscillation was also investigated.RESULTS: RMF-E remarkably inhibited TRAP+-osteoclast and resorptive pit formation in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, the expression of c-Fos and nuclear factor of activated T-cells cytoplasmic, known as pivotal transcription factors for osteoclast formation in vitro and in vivo, and that of the osteoclast differentiation markers such as Acp5, Oscar, CtsK, Atp6v0d2, Tm7sf4, and Nfatc1 were significantly decreased by RMF-E treatment during osteoclastogenesis. The inhibitory effect of RMF-E on RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis was caused by the suppression of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase activation, and RANKL-induced Ca2⁺-oscillation removal via inactivation of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), and subsequently phospholipase C-γ2.CONCLUSIONS: RMF-E negatively regulates osteoclast differentiation and formation. These findings suggest the possibility of RMF-E as a traditional therapeutic agent against osteoclast-related bone disorders such as osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and periodontitis.


Subject(s)
Acid Phosphatase , Antigens, Differentiation , Arthritis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Blotting, Western , Bone Diseases , Calcium Signaling , Cytoplasm , Far East , In Vitro Techniques , Osteoclasts , Osteogenesis , Osteoporosis , Periodontitis , Phospholipases , Protein Kinases , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Rosa , T-Lymphocytes , Transcription Factors
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811118

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In drug therapy for patients with arthritis, a naproxen/esomeprazole combination drug may be a tolerable choice because it can minimize gastrointestinal and cardiovascular adverse effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in quality of life (QOL), medication adherence, and satisfaction after switch from the existing drug to the combination drug. In addition, we analyzed the correlation between the above-mentioned variables and the stratified demographic and medical data of the patients.METHODS: A prospective, noninterventional, observational study was conducted in 30 hospitals between May 2014 and July 2016. In total, 2,308 patients with osteoarthritis, 99 patients with rheumatoid arthritis, and 76 patients with ankylosing spondylitis were enrolled. Demographic information (age, sex, body mass index [BMI], alcohol consumption, and smoking) and medical information (type of arthritis, duration of disease, and comorbidities) were collected via a self-administered questionnaire. Patients were observed for more than three months after switching to the combination drug. Data on the QOL (EuroQoL 5-Dimension questionnaire [EQ-5D questionnaire]), medication adherence (Morisky Medication Adherence Scale [MMAS]), and satisfaction were collected at the first and last visits.RESULTS: A total of 2,483 patients enrolled at 30 hospitals completed the questionnaire. After the switch to the combination drug, the mean EQ-5D score improved from 0.72 ± 0.17 to 0.79 ± 0.14 (p < 0.001), and significant improvement was associated with female sex (p = 0.016), shorter disease duration (p < 0.001), and absence of comorbidities (p < 0.001). The mean MMAS score was 6.38 ± 1.77, indicating medium adherence. Satisfaction was significantly higher in female patients (p < 0.001), in patients with a shorter disease duration (p < 0.001), osteoarthritis (p = 0.003), and no comorbidities (p < 0.001). Serious drug-related adverse effects did not occur.CONCLUSIONS: The overall QOL was improved with medium adherence after the switch to the combination drug. On the basis of the analysis of stratified data, sex, age, drinking, smoking, disease duration, comorbidities, and BMI might be associated with QOL, satisfaction, and adherence.


Subject(s)
Alcohol Drinking , Arthritis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Body Mass Index , Comorbidity , Drinking , Drug Therapy , Female , Humans , Medication Adherence , Naproxen , Observational Study , Osteoarthritis , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Smoke , Smoking , Spondylitis, Ankylosing
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786147

ABSTRACT

Biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs) are highly effective agents for the treatment of inflammatory arthritis; however, they also possess a potential risk for serious infection. Recently, with the rapid expansion of the bDMARDs market in Korea, reports of serious adverse events related to the agents have also increased, necessitating guidance for the use of bDMARDs. Current work entitled, “Expert Consensus for the Use of bDMARDs Drugs for Inflammatory Arthritis in Korea,” is the first to describe the appropriate use of bDMARDs in the management of inflammatory arthritis in Korea, with an aim to provide guidance for the local medical community to improve the quality of clinical care. Twelve consensus statements regarding the use of bDMARDs for the management of rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis were generated. In this review, we provide detailed guidance on bDMARDs use based on expert consensus, including who should prescribe, the role of education, indications for use, and monitoring strategies for safety.


Subject(s)
Antirheumatic Agents , Arthritis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Consensus , Education , Korea , Spondylitis, Ankylosing
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786146

ABSTRACT

A standardized assessment of functioning in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is necessary in order to assess clinical manifestations, disease activity, and physical and overall functioning as objectively as possible. The standardized assessment is based on domains such as disease activity, quality of life, functioning and employment but also on individual aspects such as pain, arthritis and enthesitis. Domains and individual aspects are mainly collected and better known as patient reported outcomes.


Subject(s)
Arthritis , Employment , Humans , Quality of Life
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL