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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(3): e8969, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089337

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the repercussions of adjuvant-induced arthritis (AIA) on body composition and the structural organization of the soleus and cardiac muscles, including their vascularization, at different times of disease manifestation. Male rats were submitted to AIA induction by intradermal administration of 100 μL of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (50 mg/mL), in the right hind paw. Animals submitted to AIA were studied 4 (AIA4), 15 (AIA15), and 40 (AIA40) days after AIA induction as well as a control group of animals not submitted to AIA. Unlike the control animals, AIA animals did not gain body mass throughout the evolution of the disease. AIA reduced food consumption, but only on the 40th day after induction. In the soleus muscle, AIA reduced the wet mass in a time-dependent manner but increased the capillary density by the 15th day and the fiber density by both 15 and 40 days after induction. The diameter of the soleus fiber decreased from the 4th day after AIA induction as well as the capillary/fiber ratio, which was most evident on the 40th day. Moreover, AIA induced slight histopathological changes in the cardiac muscle that were more evident on the 15th day after induction. In conclusion, AIA-induced changes in body composition as well as in the soleus muscle fibers and vasculature have early onset but are more evident by the 15th day after induction. Moreover, the heart may be a target organ of AIA, although less sensitive than skeletal muscles.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Arthritis, Experimental/pathology , Body Composition , Muscle, Skeletal/pathology , Myocardium/pathology , Arthritis, Experimental/metabolism , Muscle, Skeletal/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Myocardium/metabolism
2.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180043, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041578

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is the most prevalent systemic mycosis in Latin America. This study aimed to evaluate the natural history of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis-induced experimental arthritis of the knee joints in Wistar rats. METHODS: Rats were randomly allocated to either an absolute control group, or 15-day, 45-day, or 90-day experimental (fungus-inoculated) groups. RESULTS: Experimental groups developed classic signs of articular PCM. Titers of anti-gp43 were observed to increase during the interval from 15 to 45 days post-inoculation. CONCLUSIONS: Articular arthritic lesions were induced and progressed during the study period in all experimental groups.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Paracoccidioidomycosis , Arthritis, Experimental/microbiology , Arthritis, Infectious/microbiology , Arthritis, Experimental/pathology , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Arthritis, Infectious/pathology , Rats, Wistar
3.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 56(5): 451-457, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-798098

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A better understanding of the inflammatory mechanisms of rheumatoid arthritis and the development of biological therapy revolutionized its treatment, enabling an interference in the synovitis – structural damage – functional disability cycle. Interleukin 33 was recently described as a new member of the interleukin-1 family, whose common feature is its pro-inflammatory activity. Its involvement in the pathogenesis of a variety of diseases, including autoimmune diseases, raises the interest in the possible relationship with rheumatoid arthritis. Its action has been evaluated in experimental models of arthritis as well as in serum, synovial fluid and membrane of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. It has been shown that the administration of interleukin-33 exacerbates collagen-induced arthritis in experimental models, and a positive correlation between cytokine concentrations in serum and synovial fluid of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and disease activity was found. This review discusses evidence for the role of interleukin-33 with a focus on rheumatoid arthritis.


RESUMO A melhor compreensão dos mecanismos inflamatórios da artrite reumatoide e o desenvolvimento da terapia biológica revolucionaram o tratamento da doença, permitindo uma interferência no ciclo sinovite–dano estrutural–incapacidade funcional. A interleucina 33 foi recentemente descrita como um novo membro da família da interleucina 1, cuja característica comum é a atividade pró-inflamatória. Por estar envolvida na patogênese de uma grande variedade de doenças, incluindo doenças autoimunes, a interleucina 33 começa a ser estudada na doença reumatoide. Ela tem sido avaliada em modelos experimentais de artrite, no soro, no líquido e membrana sinoviais de pacientes com artrite reumatoide. Demonstrou-se que a administração da interleucina 33 exacerba a artrite induzida por colágeno em modelos experimentais, e concentrações dessa citocina no soro e no líquido sinovial de pacientes com artrite reumatoide correlacionaram-se positivamente com a atividade da doença. Esse manuscrito apresenta a interleucina 33 e discute as evidências do seu papel em diferentes doenças, com ênfase na artrite reumatoide.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Arthritis, Experimental/immunology , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Interleukin-33/immunology , Interleukin-33/blood , Arthritis, Experimental/pathology , Arthritis, Experimental/blood , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/immunology , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/blood , Synovial Fluid , Synovitis , Interleukins
4.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 65(2): 130-135, Mar-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741712

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of intraoperative and preoperative positive pressure in the time of extubation in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. METHOD: Randomized clinical trial, in which 40 individuals with a body mass index between 40 and 55 kg/m2, age between 25 and 55 years, nonsmokers, underwent bariatric surgery type Roux-en-Y gastric bypass by laparotomy and with normal preoperative pulmonary function were randomized into the following groups: G-pre (n = 10): individuals who received treatment with noninvasive positive pressure before surgery for 1 h; G-intra (n = 10): individuals who received positive end-expiratory pressure of 10 cm H2O throughout the surgical procedure; and G-control (n = 20): not received any preoperative or intraoperative intervention. Following were recorded: time between induction of anesthesia and extubation, between the end of anesthesia and extubation, duration of mechanical ventilation, and time between extubation and discharge from the post-anesthetic recovery. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference between groups. However, when applied to the Cohen coefficient, the use of positive end-expiratory pressure of 10 cm H2O during surgery showed a large effect on the time between the end of anesthesia and extubation. About this same time, the treatment performed preoperatively showed moderate effect. CONCLUSION: The use of positive end-expiratory pressure of 10 cm H2O in the intraoperative and positive pressure preoperatively, influenced the time of extubation of patients undergoing bariatric surgery. .


JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVO: investigar a influência do uso da pressão positiva nas vias aéreas intraoperatória e pré-operatória no tempo de extubação de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica. MÉTODO: Trata-se de ensaio clínico randomizado, no qual 40 indivíduos com índice de massa corporal entre 40 e 55 kg/m2, idade entre 25 e 55 anos, não tabagistas, submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica do tipo derivação gástrica em Y de Roux por laparotomia e com prova de função pulmonar pré-operatória dentro da normalidade foram randomizados nos seguintes grupos: G-pré (n = 10): indivíduos que receberam tratamento com pressão positiva não invasiva antes da cirurgia, durante uma hora, G-intra (n = 10): indivíduos que receberam Positive End-expiratory Pressure de 10 cm H2O durante todo o procedimento cirúrgico e G-controle (n = 20): não receberam qualquer tipo de intervenção pré ou intraoperatória. foram anotados os seguintes tempos: tempo decorrido entre a indução anestésica e a extubação, entre o término da anestesia e extubação, tempo de ventilação mecânica, e tempo entre a extubação e a alta da Recuperação Pós-Anestésica. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença estatística entre os grupos, porém quando aplicado ao Coeficiente de Cohen, o uso da Positive End-expiratory Pressure de 10 cm H2O no intraoperatório mostrou um efeito grande sobre o tempo entre o término da anestesia e a extubação. Sobre este mesmo tempo, o tratamento realizado no pré-operatório apresentou efeito moderado. CONCLUSÃO: O uso da Positive End-expiratory Pressure de 10 cm H2O no intraoperatório e da pressão positiva no pré-operatório, pode influenciar o tempo de extubação de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica. .


JUSTIFICACIÓN Y OBJETIVO: Investigar la influencia del uso de la presión positiva en las vías aéreas intraoperatoria y preoperatoria en el tiempo de extubación de pacientes sometidos a la cirugía bariátrica. MÉTODO: Se trata de un ensayo clínico aleatorizado, en el cual 40 individuos con IMC entre 40 y 55 kg/m2, edad entre 25 y 55 años, no fumadores, sometidos a cirugía bariátrica del tipo derivación gástrica en Y de Roux por laparotomía y con prueba de función pulmonar preoperatoria dentro de la normalidad fueron aleatorizados en los siguientes grupos: G-pre (n = 10): individuos que recibieron tratamiento con presión positiva no invasiva antes de la cirugía durante una hora; G-intra (n = 10): individuos que recibieron PEEP de 10 cm H2O durante todo el procedimiento quirúrgico y G-control (n = 20): no recibieron ningún tipo de intervención pre- o intraoperatoria. Fueron anotados los siguientes tiempos: tiempo trascurrido entre la inducción anestésica y la extubación, entre el fin de la anestesia y la extubación, tiempo de ventilación mecánica, y tiempo entre la extubación y el alta de la sala de recuperación postanestésica. RESULTADOS: No hubo diferencia estadística entre los grupos, sin embargo cuando se aplicó el coeficiente de Cohen, el uso de la PEEP de 10 cm H2O en el intraoperatorio mostró un efecto importante sobre el tiempo entre el término de la anestesia y la extubación. Sobre ese mismo tiempo, el tratamiento realizado en el preoperatorio presentó un efecto moderado. CONCLUSIÓN: El uso de la PEEP de 10 cm H2O en el intraoperatorio y de la presión positiva en el preoperatorio puede influir en el tiempo de extubación de pacientes sometidos a cirugía bariátrica. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Mice , Arthritis, Experimental/immunology , B-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein/immunology , Arthritis, Experimental/genetics , Arthritis, Experimental/pathology , Autoimmune Diseases/genetics , Autoimmune Diseases/immunology , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , B-Lymphocyte Subsets/pathology , /genetics , /immunology , Mice, Knockout , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/pathology , /immunology , /pathology , Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein/genetics
5.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 133(1): 4-12, Jan-Fev/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-733011

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The development of a slow and progressive mechanical model for osteoarthritis is important for correlation with clinical practice, and for evaluating the effects of disease-modifying medications. A mechanical osteoarthritis model was developed to evaluate the effects of intra-articular hyaluronic acid (HA) injection and oral diacerein administration. DESIGN AND SETTING: Experimental study at the Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Universidade de São Paulo. METHOD: Total medial meniscectomy was performed on seven groups of ten Wistar rats each, comprising four control groups (C) and three study groups (S). C.I: operated, non-medicated; C.II: operated, injections of HA vehicle; C.III: non-operated, non-medicated; C.IV: operated, non-medicated, sacrificed three months post-meniscectomy; S.I: operated, receiving intra-articular HA injections; S.II: operated, oral diacerein from the third to the seventh postoperative month; S.III: operated, received both medications. All the animals (except C.IV) were sacrificed seven months post-meniscectomy. All femurs and tibias were assessed histologically. RESULTS: The most severe degenerative histological changes were in the tibias of the operated knees. On the contralateral side, all groups had mild changes on the tibial surface. The femoral surface had ...


CONTEXTO E OBJETIVO: Desenvolver um modelo osteoartrítico mecânico lento e progressivo é importante para correlação com a prática clínica e para avaliar os efeitos de medicamentos modificadores da doença. Um modelo mecânico de osteartrite foi desenvolvido para avaliar os efeitos de injeção intra-articular de hialuronato de sódio (AH) e de administração de diacereína oral. DESENHO E LOCAL: Estudo experimental no Departamento de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Universidade de São Paulo. MÉTODO: Meniscectomia medial total foi feita em sete grupos de dez ratos Wistar, sendo quatro grupos controle (C) e três grupos estudo (E). C.I: operado, não medicado; C.II: operado, recebendo injeções do veículo do AH; C.III: não operado, não medicado; C.IV: operado, não medicado, sacrificado três meses pósmeniscectomia; EI: operado, recebendo injeções de AH intra-articular; E.II: operado, recebendo diacereína oral do terceiro ao sétimo mês pós-operatório; E.III: operado, recebeu ambas medicações. Todos os animais (exceto C.IV) foram sacrificados sete meses pós-meniscectomia. Todos os fêmures e tíbias foram analisados histologicamente. RESULTADOS: As alterações histológicas degenerativas ...


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Anthraquinones/administration & dosage , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Arthritis, Experimental/drug therapy , Hyaluronic Acid/administration & dosage , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Osteoarthritis, Knee/drug therapy , Viscosupplements/administration & dosage , Administration, Oral , Arthritis, Experimental/etiology , Arthritis, Experimental/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Disease Progression , Drug Therapy, Combination , Injections, Intra-Articular , Osteoarthritis, Knee/etiology , Osteoarthritis, Knee/pathology , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Severity of Illness Index
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 29(11): 727-734, 11/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-728645

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of curcumin in the acute phase of zymosan-induced arthritis. METHODS: Twenty-eight male rats were subjected to intra-articular infiltration of zymosan of both knees and, in four the infiltration was made with saline. The animals were divided into five groups second received every six hours by gavage: corn oil by (positive and negative control); curcumin (100 mg/kg); prednisone 1 mg/kg/day; prednisone 8 mg/kg. All animals were sacrificed after six, 12, 24 and 48 hours of the infiltration. The knees were removed for evaluation of neutrophil infiltration. The number of neutrophils was counted by computer-assisted analysis of the images. The neutrophil infiltrate was stratified into four grades: 0 = normal; + = mild; ++/+++ = moderate; > ++++ = severe. The results were compared using the Mann-Whitney test and the variance by Kruskal-Wallis test adopting a significance level of 5% (p<0.05). RESULTS: Curcumin reduces inflammatory activity in the first six hours after zymosan-induced arthritis when compared to saline (p<0.01). This was also observed in animals subjected to administration of prednisone (1 mg/kg) and those treated with prednisone (8 mg/kg). Curcumin was more effective than lower doses of prednisone in the first six hours after induction of the arthritis. After 12, 24 and 48 hours, curcumin does not have the same anti-inflammatory effects when compared to prednisone. After 48 hours, prednisone is more effective than curcumin in reducing the inflammatory infiltrate regardless of the dose of prednisone used. CONCLUSION: Oral administration of curcumin reduces inflammation in the first six hours after experimentally zymosan-induced arthritis. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/administration & dosage , Arthritis, Experimental/drug therapy , Curcumin/administration & dosage , Neutrophil Infiltration/drug effects , Administration, Oral , Arthritis, Experimental/chemically induced , Arthritis, Experimental/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Neutrophils/drug effects , Prednisolone/administration & dosage , Rats, Wistar , Reproducibility of Results , Severity of Illness Index , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Zymosan
7.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2014 Aug; 52(8): 763-772
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-153757

ABSTRACT

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology have found their way in the fields of pharmacology and medicine. The conjugation of drug to nanoparticles combines the properties of both. In this study, gold nanoparticle (GNP) was conjugated with NKCT1, a cytotoxic protein toxin from Indian cobra venom for evaluation of anti-arthritic activity and toxicity in experimental animal models. GNP conjugated NKCT1 (GNP-NKCT1) synthesized by NaBH4 reduction method was stable at room temperature (25±2 °C), pH 7.2. Hydrodynamic size of GNP-NKCT1 was 68–122 nm. Arthritis was developed by Freund's complete adjuvant induction in male albino rats and treatment was done with NKCT1/GNP-NKCT1/standard drug. The paw/ankle swelling, urinary markers, serum markers and cytokines were changed significantly in arthritic control rats which were restored after GNP-NKCT1 treatment. Acute toxicity study revealed that GNP conjugation increased the minimum lethal dose value of NKCT1 and partially reduced the NKCT1 induced increase of the serum biochemical tissue injury markers. Histopathological study showed partial restoration of toxic effect in kidney tissue after GNP conjugation. Normal lymphocyte count in culture was in the order of GNP-NKCT1>NKCT1>Indomethacine treatment. The present study confirmed that GNP conjugation increased the antiarthritic activity and decreased toxicity profile of NKCT1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis, Experimental/drug therapy , Arthritis, Experimental/pathology , Edema/drug therapy , Edema/pathology , Elapid Venoms/administration & dosage , Elapid Venoms/chemistry , Elapidae , Gold/administration & dosage , Gold/chemistry , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Metal Nanoparticles/administration & dosage , Metal Nanoparticles/chemistry , Mice , Rats
8.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2014 Jul; 52(7): 673-682
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-153747

ABSTRACT

Collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) was induced in female Wistar rats by intradermal injection of porcine immunization grade native collagen type II (Chondrex). Development and progression of CIA was monitored by studying histopathological, radiographical and biochemical features of arthritic manifestations in the knee joints, hind limb and blood plasma. In addition, oxidative stress status of arthritic animals was determined by measuring lipid peroxidation and the antioxidant enzymes: catalase, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase. High resolution proton NMR spectroscopy was employed for the analysis of lipid components in the lipid extracts of the joint tissue and plasma of collagen-induced arthritic and control rats. Triglyceride levels showed significant decreases in plasma (1.7 times) but were unchanged in the joint tissue of CIA rats as compared to control. One-dimensional proton NMR spectra showed a 6.2 times reduction in the quantity of choline-containing phospholipids in the plasma of CIA as compared to control rats. There was a 1.6 times elevation of choline-containing phospholipids in the joint tissue of CIA rats as compared to controls. Induction of arthritis showed a 4.0 times reduction in the level of total cholesterol in the plasma and 1.6 times elevation in the joint tissue of CIA rats as compared to controls. The ratio of saturated fatty acids to unsaturated fatty acids was 1.5 times significantly higher in joint tissue and 2.1 times significantly higher in plasma of CIA rats as compared to controls. The results demonstrated significantly altered lipid patterns in the joint tissue and plasma of collagen-induced arthritic rats as detected by one- and two-dimensional NMR spectroscopy compared with controls.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants/metabolism , Arthritis, Experimental/chemically induced , Arthritis, Experimental/metabolism , Arthritis, Experimental/pathology , Biomarkers/analysis , Collagen/toxicity , Female , Lipid Metabolism , Lipid Peroxidation , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Rats , Rats, Wistar
9.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 56(3): 259-264, May-Jun/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-710412

ABSTRACT

Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is caused by the dimorphic fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (Pb) and corresponds to prevalent systemic mycosis in Latin America. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the dose response effect of the fungal yeast phase for the standardization of an experimental model of septic arthritis. The experiments were performed with groups of 14 rats that received doses of 103, 104 or 105 P. brasiliensis (Pb18) cells. The fungi were injected in 50 µL of phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) directly into the knee joints of the animals. The following parameters were analyzed in this work: the formation of swelling in knees infused with yeast cells and the radiological and anatomopathological alterations, besides antibody titer by ELISA. After 15 days of infection, signs of inflammation were evident. At 45 days, some features of damage and necrosis were observed in the articular cartilage. The systemic dissemination of the fungus was observed in 11% of the inoculated animals, and it was concluded that the experimental model is able to mimic articular PCM in humans and that the dose of 105 yeast cells can be used as standard in this model.


A paracoccidioidomicose (PCM) é causada pelo fungo dimórfico Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (Pb) e corresponde à micose sistêmica de maior prevalência na América Latina. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi avaliar a dose resposta de leveduras do fungo para padronização do modelo experimental de artrite séptica. Os experimentos foram realizados com grupos de 14 ratos que receberam doses de 103, 104 ou 105 células de P. brasiliensis (Pb18). Os fungos foram injetados em 50 µL de solução salina em tampão fosfatado (PBS) diretamente na articulação do joelho dos animais. Os seguintes parâmetros foram analisados neste trabalho: a formação de edema nos joelhos infundidos com as células das leveduras e alterações radiológicas, anatopalógicas além de titulação de anticorpos por Elisa. Após 15 dias de infecção, os sinais de inflamação foram evidentes. Aos 45 dias, algumas características de dano e necrose foram observadas na cartilagem articular. A disseminação sistêmica do fungo foi observada em 11% dos animais inoculados, concluiu-se que o modelo experimental é capaz de mimetizar a PCM articular em humanos e que a dose de 105 leveduras representa a dose padrão para o desenvolvimento do modelo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Arthritis, Experimental/microbiology , Arthritis, Infectious/microbiology , Paracoccidioides/pathogenicity , Paracoccidioidomycosis/microbiology , Arthrography , Arthritis, Experimental/pathology , Arthritis, Infectious/pathology , Histocytochemistry , Paracoccidioidomycosis/pathology , Rats, Wistar
10.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2014 Mar; 52(3): 215-222
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-150351

ABSTRACT

Cynodon dactylon (L.) (Poaceae) is traditionally used herb to treat fevers, skin diseases and rheumatic affections. The ethanolic extract of C. dactylon was found to be safe at all the dose levels (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg, orally) and there was no mortality up to the dose of 5000 mg/kg of extract when administered orally. C. dactylon showed significant antiarthritic activity against Freund’s complete adjuvant induced arthritis in rats. Treatment with C. dactylon significantly reduced the mean percentage change in injected and non injected paw, ankle diameter, clinical severity and significantly increased body weight. Results were confirmed using biochemical parameters; there was a significant improvement in the levels of Hb and RBC in C. dactylon treated rats. The increased levels of WBC, ESR, C- reactive protein (CRP) and TNFα were significantly suppressed in C. dactylon treated rats. C. dactylon showed protective effect in arthritic joints but it has been supported by an improvement in bone lesions rather than in cartilage lesions. It can be concluded that ethanolic extract of C. dactylon at a dose of 400 mg/kg is effective in improving haematological level, CRP and reducing TNFα level. Phytochemical screening showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids and glycosides in ethanolic extract. All the above results support the traditional uses of the plant in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents/administration & dosage , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents/chemistry , Arthritis, Experimental/chemically induced , Arthritis, Experimental/drug therapy , Arthritis, Experimental/pathology , Blood Cell Count , Blood Cells/drug effects , Blood Cells/metabolism , C-Reactive Protein/metabolism , Cynodon/chemistry , Male , Mice , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Rats , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149759

ABSTRACT

IL-17-producing CD4+ T cells (Th17) play important functions in autoimmune diseases and allograft rejection of solid organs. We examined the effects of IL 17 and its mechanism of action on arthritis in a murine collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model using bone marrow transplantation (BMT) system. DBA/1J mice were administered a lethal radiation dose and then rescued with bone marrow derived from either wild-type (WT) or IL-17-/- mice on C57BL/6 background mice. CIA was induced after the bone marrow transplant, and disease progression was characterized. DBA/1J mice with CIA that received IL-17-/- donor bone marrow showed potently inhibited development and severity of clinical arthritis as compared with CIA mice that received WT bone marrow. Reduced secretion of the pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor-alpha, IL-1beta, and IL-6, and collagen-specific T cell responses were observed in mice that received IL-17-/- bone marrow. IL-17 blockade also inhibited effector T cell proliferation by reciprocally regulating the Treg/Th17 ratio. IL-17 blockade prevented joint destruction in mice with CIA. These findings suggest that CIA with BMT is a viable method of immunological manipulation and that IL-17 deficiency suppresses severe joint destruction and inflammation in CIA mice. There may be clinical benefits in blocking IL-17 and BMT in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens, Differentiation/metabolism , Arthritis, Experimental/pathology , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Collagen Type II , Cytokines/metabolism , Humans , Interleukin-17/deficiency , Joints/pathology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Inbred DBA , Mice, Knockout , Osteoclasts/metabolism , Signal Transduction , T-Lymphocytes/metabolism , Transplantation, Homologous
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 38(2): 161-170, fev. 2005. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-393659

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis is characterized by the presence of inflammatory synovitis and destruction of joint cartilage and bone. Tissue proteinases released by synovia, chondrocytes and pannus can cause cartilage destruction and cytokine-activated osteoclasts have been implicated in bone erosions. Rheumatoid arthritis synovial tissues produce a variety of cytokines and growth factors that induce monocyte differentiation to osteoclasts and their proliferation, activation and longer survival in tissues. More recently, a major role in bone erosion has been attributed to the receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL) released by activated lymphocytes and osteoblasts. In fact, osteoclasts are markedly activated after RANKL binding to the cognate RANK expressed on the surface of these cells. RANKL expression can be upregulated by bone-resorbing factors such as glucocorticoids, vitamin D3, interleukin 1 (IL-1), IL-6, IL-11, IL-17, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, prostaglandin E subscrito 2, or parathyroid hormone-related peptide. Supporting this idea, inhibition of RANKL by osteoprotegerin, a natural soluble RANKL receptor, prevents bone loss in experimental models. Tumor growth factor-ß released from bone during active bone resorption has been suggested as one feedback mechanism for upregulating osteoprotegerin and estrogen can increase its production on osteoblasts. Modulation of these systems provides the opportunity to inhibit bone loss and deformity in chronic arthritis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/metabolism , Cytokines/metabolism , Osteoclasts/pathology , Osteoporosis/metabolism , Proteins/metabolism , Arthritis, Experimental/metabolism , Arthritis, Experimental/pathology , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Bone Resorption/metabolism , Chronic Disease , Carrier Proteins/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Glycoproteins/metabolism , Membrane Glycoproteins/metabolism , Osteoporosis/pathology , Receptors, Cytoplasmic and Nuclear/metabolism , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor/metabolism
14.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 28(3): 154-9, maio-jun. 1986. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-35172

ABSTRACT

Se estudió la evolución de la artritis por adyuvante en ratas que habían sido infectadas previamente con Trypanosoma cruzi, con el objeto de evaluar su competencia inmunológica a través de la respuesta artrítica. La artritis por adyuvante se indujo en ratas adultas, endocriadas de ambos sexos, con 0.1 ml de adyuvante completo de Freund en la almohadilla plantar, en 2 lotes: a) inyectadas 90 días antes con 1 x 10***6 T. cruzi y b) testigos normales simultáneos. Se midieron, la lesión artrítica macroscópicamente con una escala semicuantitativa, y con microscopía óptica la histopatología de la lesión local y la del corazón, a los 180 días post-infección. La magnitud de las lesiones artríticas en las ratas con T. cruzi fue significativamente menor (p < 0.001) que la de los testigos, en todo el período. El infiltrado inflamatorio local, formado por linfocitos, plasmocitos y macrófagos fue significativamente menor (p < 0.001) en las ratas chagásicas, con respecto al de los testigos. Se postula que en las ratas que recibieron T. cruzi la respuesta artrítica menor podría deberse a una competición antigénica con los determinantes del parásito o a mecanismos inmunosupresores que interfieren en la producción de la entidad experimental


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Male , Female , Antigens, Protozoan/immunology , Arthritis, Experimental/immunology , Chagas Disease/immunology , Trypanosoma cruzi/immunology , Arthritis, Experimental/pathology , Immunity, Cellular
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