Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 616
Filter
1.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 29(1): 8-13, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1369634

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La artritis séptica (AS) posterior a la cirugía de reconstrucción del LCA (RLCA) es una complicación infrecuente pero potencialmente devastadora. Para disminuir el riesgo de esta complicación, en el 2019 comenzamos a utilizar el tratamiento local del injerto de LCA con vancomicina previo a su colocación. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la incidencia de AS postoperatoria en pacientes en los que se utilizó este protocolo con el período inmediatamente anterior, en el que no se usó. Materiales y métodos: Se efectuó un estudio de cohorte retrospectiva con inclusión de todos los pacientes a los que se les realizó una RLCA primaria. Se analizaron dos períodos consecutivos: enero de 2016 a febrero de 2019 (grupo sin tratamiento local con vancomicina) y marzo de 2019 a marzo de 2021 (grupo con protocolo con vancomicina). Se estimó la incidencia de AS postoperatoria en ambos grupos. Se registraron también los casos de infección superficial del sitio quirúrgico y los casos de rigidez postoperatoria. Resultados: se incluyeron un total de ochocientos ocho pacientes. El grupo sin vancomicina quedó conformado por quinientos cincuenta y un (68%) pacientes y el grupo con vancomicina por doscientos cincuenta y siete (32%). En total, siete de los quinientos cincuenta y un pacientes en los cuales no se utilizó vancomicina desarrollaron AS, lo que arrojó una incidencia del 1.27% (IC 95%: 0.5% - 2.5%), mientras que no se registraron casos de AS en el grupo de pacientes en los cuales se utilizó el protocolo con vancomicina (p = 0.07). Con respecto a las infecciones superficiales, se registraron cuatro casos, todas también en el grupo sin vancomicina (p = 0.17). En cuanto a los casos de rigidez postoperatoria se registraron en total catorce, doce del primer grupo (2.1%) y dos del segundo grupo (0.78%) (p = 0.156). Conclusión: El tratamiento local de los injertos con vancomicina previo a la RLCA evitó la AS postoperatoria durante el período de estudio, en comparación con el período inmediatamente anterior, en el que no se utilizó vancomicina. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Introduction: Postoperative septic arthritis (SA) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) is a rare but potentially devastating complication. To decrease this risk in 2019 we started presoaking ACL grafts with vancomycin prior to implantation. The purpose of this study was to compare the rate of postoperative SA with and without vancomycin presoaked grafts. Materials and methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted including all patients who underwent primary ACLR. Consecutive periods were studied, inclusive of January 2016 through February 2019 (group without vancomycin) and March 2019 through March 2021 (group with vancomycin protocol). The final outcome studied was occurrence of postoperative SA in both groups. Cases of superficial wound infection and cases of postoperative arthrofibrosis were also recorded. Results: a total of 808 patients were included in the study: 551 (68%) in the group without vancomycin and 257 (32%) in the vancomycin protocol group. Seven cases of postoperative SA were noted in the first group (rate 1.27%, IC95%: 0,5% - 2,5%), while no cases of SA were noted in the vancomycin group during the study period (p = 0.07). Regarding superficial wound infection, four cases were noted, all of them in the first group (p = 0.17). A total of fourteen cases of arthrofibrosis were treated with a mobilization under anesthesia, twelve from the first group (2.1%) and two from the vancomycin group (0.78%) (p = 0.156). Conclusion: Presoaking of autografts in vancomycin for primary ACLR prevented the occurrence of postoperative SA during the study period as compared with no soaking of the grafts. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Adult , Postoperative Complications , Vancomycin , Arthritis, Infectious , Bone Transplantation , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Infections
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928490

ABSTRACT

Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is the most difficult complication following total joint arthroplasty. Most of the etiological strains, accounting for over 98% of PJI, are bacterial species, with Staphylococcusaureus and Coagulase-negative staphylococci present in between 50% and 60% of all PJIs. Fungi, though rare, can also cause PJI in 1%-2% of cases and can be challenging to manage. The management of this uncommon but complex condition is challenging due to the absence of a consistent algorithm. Diagnosis of fungal PJI is difficult as isolation of the organisms by traditional culture may take a long time, and some of the culture-negative PJI can be caused by fungal organisms. In recent years, the introduction of next-generation sequencing has provided opportunity for isolation of the infective organisms in culture-negative PJI cases. The suggested treatment is based on consensus and includes operative and non-operative measures. Two-stage revision surgery is the most reliable surgical option for chronic PJI caused by fungi. Pharmacological therapy with antifungal agents is required for a long period of time with antibiotics and included to cover superinfections with bacterial species. The aim of this review article is to report the most up-to-date information on the diagnosis and treatment of fungal PJI with the intention of providing clear guidance to clinicians, researchers and surgeons.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Infectious/etiology , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects , Fungi , Humans , Prosthesis-Related Infections/therapy , Retrospective Studies
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358107

ABSTRACT

La artritis séptica acromioclavicular es un cuadro sumamente infrecuente que, por lo general, se presenta en articulaciones con alta vascularización, como cadera, rodilla y hombro. El microorganismo aislado con más frecuencia es Staphylococcus aureus. Describimos a una paciente de 56 años con artritis séptica acromioclavicular, que requirió una intervención quirúrgica de urgencia. Otra particularidad del caso es el germen aislado, Staphylococcus argenteus, una bacteria muy infrecuente en este tipo de enfermedad. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Acromioclavicular septic arthritis is an extremely rare condition that usually occurs in highly vascular joints such as the hip, knee, and shoulder. The most frequently isolated pathogen is Staphylococcus aureus. In this presentation we describe a 56-year-old patient with septic arthritis at the acromioclavicular level, requiring emergency surgical intervention. As another peculiarity, the isolated germ was Staphylococcus argenteus, an extremely rare bacterium in this type of pathology. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Staphylococcal Infections , Acromioclavicular Joint , Arthritis, Infectious
4.
Infectio ; 25(4): 300-302, oct.-dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1286727

ABSTRACT

Resumen Caso reporte de una enfermedad infrecuente, aproximadamente 1% de las artritis sépticas son esternoclavicular, con poca respuesta a antibioterapia intravenosa, requiriendo manejo quirúrgico agresivo, el siguiente caso narra la excelente respuesta con el uso de perlas de sulfato de calcio impregnadas con antibióticos, existiendo en la literatura sólo casos reportes sobre su uso.


Abstract Case report of an infrequent disease, approximately 1% of septic arthritis are sternoclavicular, with little response to intravenous antibiotic therapy, requiring ag gressive surgical management, the following case narrates the excellent response with the use of calcium sulfate pearls impregnated with antibiotics, existing in the literature only cases reports on its use.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Osteomyelitis , Calcium Sulfate , Arthritis, Infectious , Disease
5.
Iatreia ; 34(4): 316-324, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350831

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: el principal patógeno en las infecciones osteoarticulares es el Staphylococcus aureus, los esquemas de tratamiento recomendados se basan en la literatura estadounidense o europea, no hay datos de estudios locales. El propósito de este estudio es conocer el perfil epidemiológico en las infecciones osteoarticulares del Hospital Infantil San Vicente Fundación (Medellín, Colombia) y las características de los pacientes afectados. Materiales y métodos: revisión retrospectiva de historias de pacientes entre los 0 y 15 años con diagnóstico de infección osteoarticular en el Hospital Infantil San Vicente Fundación, se detallaron las variables demográficas de la patología y los antecedentes relevantes para caracterizar el perfil epidemiológico de las infecciones osteoarticulares. Resultados: identificamos 72 pacientes con infección osteoarticular. La infección más común fue la artritis séptica (40 %), seguida por la osteomielitis aguda (37 %). La cadera (18 %) y la tibia (31 %) fueron la articulación y el hueso afectados con mayor frecuencia. La mayoría de las infecciones fueron secundarias a S. aureus (65 %), de estas fueron por Stafilococo aureus meticilino sensible (SAMS) el 38,9 % y por Stafilococo aureus meticilino resistente (SAMR)el 26,4 %. El tratamiento antibiótico empírico y el tratamiento definitivo se basó en cefalosporinas de primera generación en 83 % y 52,7% de los casos, respectivamente. La principal complicación fue la sepsis en 18 (25 %) pacientes. Conclusiones: se debe tener un alto índice de sospecha, no todos los pacientes se presentan con síntomas o signos típicos. El patógeno principal es el Staphylococcus aureus. En los últimos 10 años ha aumentado la incidencia de las infecciones por SAMR en nuestra institución en relación con estudios previos. Notamos una demora en el diagnóstico y, por ende, en el inicio del tratamiento.


SUMMARY Introduction: The main pathogen in osteoarticular infections is Staphylococcus aureus. The recommended treatment schemes are based on American or European literature, there are no data from local studies. The purpose of this study is to know the epidemiological profile in osteoarticular infections of the San Vicente Fundación children's hospital (Medellín/Colombia) and the characteristics of the affected patients. Materials and methods: Retrospective review of histories of patients between 0 and 15 years old with a diagnosis of osteoarticular infection in the San Vicente Fundación children's hospital detailing demographic variables, pathology and relevant antecedents to characterize the epidemiological profile of osteoarticular infections in the hospital. Results: We identified 72 patients with osteoarticular infection. The most common septic arthritis infection (40%) followed by acute osteomyelitis (37%), the most affected joint was the hip (18%) and the most affected bone was the tibia (31%). The majority of infections were secondary to S. aureus (65%) of which were by SAMS 38.9% and by SAMR 26.4%. Empirical as well as definitive antibiotic treatment was based on first generation cephalosporins 83% and 52.7% respectively. The main complication was sepsis in 18 (25%) patients. Conclusions: There must be a high index of suspicion, not all patients present with typical symptoms and / or signs. The main pathogen Staphylococcus aureushas increased the incidence of MRSA infections in our institution in the last 10 years in relation to previous studies. We note delay in diagnosis and therefore in the start of treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteomyelitis , Staphylococcus aureus , Arthritis, Infectious , Health Profile
6.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(3): 185-189, dic. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1373088

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: El objetivo de este reporte de caso es presen- tar a la artrocentesis como una alternativa quirúrgica mínima- mente invasiva en el tratamiento de la artritis séptica tempo- romandibular. Caso clínico: Un paciente hombre de 26 años con an- tecedente de flegmón perimandibular derecho tratado, acude a la Unidad Hospitalaria de Cirugía Maxilofacial por dolor articular temporomandibular, impotencia funcional y trismus, a un mes de haber sido dado de alta de un primer cuadro infec- cioso. Luego de los exámenes clínicos y complementarios, se diagnostica artritis séptica de articulación temporomandibular derecha, la cual fue tratada quirúrgicamente mediante dos ar- trocentesis acompañadas de terapia farmacológica (AU)


Aim: The aim of this case report is to present arthrocen- tesis as a minimally invasive surgical alternative in the treat- ment of temporomandibular septic arthritis. Clinical case: A 26-year-old male patient, with a his- tory of treated right perimandibular phlegmon, came to the Maxillofacial Surgery Hospital Unit due to temporomandibu- lar joint pain, functional impairment and trismus, one month after having recovered from his first infectious process. After clinical and complementary examinations, septic arthritis of the right temporomandibular joint was diagnosed, which was treated surgically by means of two arthrocenteses and phar- macological therapy (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Arthritis, Infectious , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Arthrocentesis , Trismus , Chile , Dental Service, Hospital
7.
Prensa méd. argent ; 107(8): 418-422, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358673

ABSTRACT

Las betalactamasas de espectro extendido (BLEE) son enzimas producidas por bacilos gram negativos capaces de hidrolizar las cefalosporinas de amplio espectro y los monobactámicos. La mayoría pertenece a la familia de Enterobacteriae, tales como Klebsiella pneumoniae y Escherichia coli: Sin embargo, se asocian también con otras bacterias como Proteus, Serratia, Salmonella, Pseudomonas aeruginosa y Acinetobacter. Las enterobacterias productoras de carbapenemasas no sólo han sido aisladas en el ambiente hospitalario, sino que también provienen de la comunidad. Se presenta una paciente de sexo femenino con antecedentes de sida y osteomielitis secundaria a artritis séptica producida por una Klebsiella pneumoniae BLEE de la comunidad. Un tratamiento oportuno y eficaz puede evitar la opción quirúrgica, disminuyendo la morbimortalidad asociada con esta afección


Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) are enzymes produced by gram-negative rods capable of hydrolyzing broad-spectrum cephalosporins and monobactams. Most belong to the Enterobacteriae family, such as Klebsiella pneumoniae and Escherichia coli. However, they are also associated with other bacteria such as Proteus, Serratia, Salmonella, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter. Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae have not only been isolated from the hospital environment, but also from the community. We present a female patient with a history of AIDS and secondary osteomyelitis to septic arthritis caused by a community Klebsiella pneumoniae ESBL. It is concluded that a timely and effective treatment can avoids the surgical option, reducing the morbidity and mortality of this condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Osteomyelitis/immunology , Klebsiella Infections/therapy , Arthritis, Infectious/therapy , Imipenem/therapeutic use , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/immunology , Arthrocentesis , Knee Injuries/therapy
8.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 268-270, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251343

ABSTRACT

Abstract Septic arthritis of the pubic symphysis is a rare condition. Risk factors include trauma, low-grade infection, urological or gynecological procedures, malignant tumors of the pelvis, sports, and intravenous drug abuse. This report describes a case of septic arthritis of the pubic symphysis in a 23-year-old male patient with no history of pelvic surgery, previous infections, or intense physical activity. Arthritis was diagnosed by blood culture positive for Enterococcus spp. and yeasts, and the patient was treated with antibiotics. This case emphasizes the importance of complementary exams to aid the treatment of septic arthritis of the pubic symphysis and shows that an invasive procedure, such as pubic symphysis puncture biopsy, may not be required.


Resumo A artrite séptica da sínfise púbica é uma condição rara. Os fatores de risco são trauma, infecção de baixo grau, procedimentos urológicos ou ginecológicos, tumores malignos da pelve, prática de esportes e uso de drogas intravenosas. O presente relato descreve um caso de artrite séptica da sínfise púbica em um paciente do sexo masculino, de 23 anos, sem história de cirurgias pélvicas, infecções prévias ou atividade física intensa. A artrite foi diagnosticada pela hemocultura que revelou crescimento de Enterococcus sp + leveduras, e o paciente foi tratado com antibioticoterapia. Este caso enfatiza a importância de exames complementares no auxílio do tratamento da artrite séptica da sínfise púbica, e demonstra que procedimentos invasivos, tais como a punção da sínfise púbica, podem não ser necessários.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Osteitis , Pubic Symphysis , Arthritis, Infectious , Enterococcus , Anti-Bacterial Agents
9.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 35(2): 198-203, 2021. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1378613

ABSTRACT

La presentación de poliartritis séptica en un paciente inmunocompetente es infrecuente, aún más lo es la presentación de la mencionada junto con fascitis necrotizante en el contexto de infección por Streptococcus Pyogenes (SP). Se presenta el caso de un paciente masculino de 54 años, recluido, sin antecedentes médicos relevantes, inmunocompetente, quien debuta con un cuadro clínico de poliartritis séptica en rodilla bilateral y tobillo izquierdo. Recibe manejo con múltiples lavados y desbridamientos quirúrgicos, desarrolla fascitis necrotizante de la cara posterior de la pierna izquierda, recibe a su vez manejo quirúrgico para dicha condición (incluyendo aplicación de terapia de vacío), al igual que antibioticoterapia enfocada al manejo del germen aislado (Penicilina + vancomicina). Sin embargo, tras un mes de manejo conjunto con servicios de Cirugía Plástica, Dermatología, Ortopedia, así como vigilancia en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, termina con un desenlace fatal tras presentar falla multiorgánica. La infección por el SP puede resultar en una elevada morbilidad para él paciente e incluso un desenlace mortal secundario a un compromiso sistémico de muy difícil manejo. El diagnóstico oportuno, así como un tratamiento médico y quirúrgico agresivo pueden no ser suficientes para el control de la infección, incluso en pacientes sin compromiso inmunológico previo. Asimismo, un enfoque multidisciplinario debe corresponder al estándar de manejo con el fin de controlar aquellas condiciones predisponentes de infección. Este es el primer caso reportado en la literatura nacional en relación con estas dos fatales condiciones. Finalmente se pretende resaltar que a pesar de que esta infección suele comprometer infantes y pacientes inmunocomprometidos, no se debe obviar su diagnóstico en pacientes previamente sanos, especialmente en casos de infecciones de rápida diseminación y poca respuesta al manejo adecuado.


Septic polyarthritis in an immunocompetent patient is highly rare, even more when it coexists with necrotizing fasciitis caused by Streptococcus Pyogenes (SP). A 54 year old, immunocompetent male patient is presented herein. The patient had no relevant previous illness, before the installation of a septic arthritis of both knees and he's left ankle. He receives treatment with sequential surgical debridement, then develops necrotizing fasciitis of the posterior aspect of the left leg requiring adequate treatment for such condition (including Vacuum Assisted Closure), as well as antibiotic therapy for the specific infecting microorganism (Penicillin + Vancomycin). Nonetheless, after a month of surgical management between Plastic Surgery, Dermatology, Orthopaedics as well as surveillance in the Intensive Care Unit, the patient dies after multi organic failure. Infection caused by SP might entail high morbidity for a patient and even end with death of the aforementioned caused by a hard to manage systemic organic failure. The adequate diagnosis, as well as aggressive medical and surgical management could not be enough for controlling the infection, even in patients without previous immunological compromise. At the same time, a multidisciplinary approach must be the standard of treatment, aiming to control predisposing infectious conditions. This is the first case reported in national literature related to these two fatal conditions. Finally, one of the purposes of this report is to highlight that despite reports of this microorganism infecting infants and immunocompromised patients, it must not be obviated in healthy patients, especially in cases of rapidly spreading infection and scarce response to adequate management.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Arthritis, Infectious , Arthritis , Streptococcus pyogenes , Fasciitis, Necrotizing , Adult
10.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 106-111, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282672

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo del trabajo es evaluar y comparar de manera retrospectiva la tasa de artritis séptica (AS) postquirúrgicas en reconstrucción de LCA entre dos grupos de estudio: A, sin el uso local de vancomicina en el injerto autólogo de isquiotibiales, versus grupo B, con profilaxis antibiótica local.Materiales y métodos: se trabajaron dos grupos compuestos por 683 pacientes en total, con diagnóstico primario de ruptura de LCA. Grupo A, operados entre 2016 y 2017, en los que no se utilizó profilaxis antibiótica del autoinjerto; y el grupo B, intervenidos entre 2018 y 2019, donde se sumergió el autoinjerto de isquiotibiales en 500 mg de vancomicina en 100 ml de solución fisiológica como profilaxis local. En ambos grupos se llevó a cabo el protocolo usual pre, intra y postquirúrgico. Resultados: se analizó la relación entre presencia de infección y las diferentes variables estudiadas, se observó que el uso local de vancomicina en el injerto autólogo de isquiotibiales está asociado a menor infección (p <0.05). La edad, el sexo y el sanatorio donde se realiza la cirugía no condicionan necesariamente la presencia de infección (p >0.05).Conclusión: presentamos este trabajo como prueba en nuestro medio del claro beneficio que se obtuvo, ya que los pacientes que fueron sometidos a la profilaxis local de vancomicina del autoinjerto mostraron una disminución notable de artritis séptica.Tipo de estudio: Artículo Original ­ Descriptivo-transversal. Nivel de evidencia: III


Introduction: The aim of the study is to evaluate and retrospectively compare the rate of postoperative septic arthritis (SA) in ACL reconstruction, between two study groups: A without local use of vancomycin in autologous hamstring graft versus group B with local antibiotic prophylaxisMaterials and methods: two groups composed of 683 patients in total, with a primary diagnosis of ACL rupture, were studied. Group A, operated on in 2016 and 2017, in which antibiotic prophylaxis of the autograft was not used; and the second group B, between 2018 and 2019, where the hamstring autograft was submerged in 500 mg of vancomycin in 100 ml of physiological solution as local prophylaxis. Preoperative intravenous antibiotic prophylaxis was carried out in both groups as the usual protocol.Results: it was obtained as a result that in group A, the two years that they worked without "pre-soaking" of antibiotics in the autograft and the relationship between the presence of infection and the different variables studied was analyzed, where they found that the use Local vancomycin in the autologous hamstring graft is associated with a minor infection (p <0.05). However, age, sex and the sanatorium where the surgery is performed do not necessarily determine the presence of infection (p >0.05)Conclusion: we present this work as proof in our environment of the clear benefit that we obtained, since the patients who underwent local prophylaxis of vancomycin of the autograft, showed a notable decrease in septic arthritis.Type of study: Original Article - Descriptive-cross-sectional. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Infectious/prevention & control , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
11.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(1): 92-96, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1252457

ABSTRACT

La artritis séptica es una complicación poco común después de una reconstrucción del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA), por lo que las estrategias de prevención no han sido estudiadas extensamente. Esta revisión se enfocará en la recopilación de diferentes estrategias publicadas para la prevención de infección del LCA postoperatoria. Hay estudios que muestran aumento del riesgo de infección en consumidores de tabaco. El uso de antibióticos intravenosos preoperatorios profilácticos debería ser parte del manejo habitual de todos los pacientes que se sometan a una artroscopía de rodilla. No existe evidencia de los beneficios del uso de drenajes intraarticulares, por lo que deben evitarse. La literatura sugiere que el autoinjerto del tendón patelar tiene menor riesgo de infección que los otros injertos, por lo tanto, se recomienda su uso si se quiere minimizar la tasa de infección después una reconstrucción del LCA. La implementación de un protocolo clínico mejora significativamente la calidad del cuidado de los pacientes que se someten a una reconstrucción del LCA, disminuyendo las tasas de infección. La irrigación de gentamicina en solución podría tener un efecto protector para el desarrollo de artritis séptica después de la reconstrucción artroscópica del LCA, pero se necesitan más estudios para confirmar su efectividad. La inmersión previa de los injertos con vancomicina ha demostrado reducir drásticamente la tasa de infección después de una reconstrucción del LCA y especialmente cuando se realiza una reconstrucción del LCA con autoinjerto de tendones de los isquiotibiales


As septic arthritis after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is an uncommon complication, information on prevention strategies has not been extensively studied before. This review will focus on collecting different published strategies for prevention of post-operative ACL infection. Regarding tobacco use, there is evidence that it increases the risk of infection; therefore, its use should be strongly discouraged. Preoperative intravenous antibiotics should be the standard of care of any patient undergoing an arthroscopic procedure in the knee. Intra-articular drains have no positive evidence for its use and therefore should be avoided. The literature suggests that patellar tendon autograft has the lowest risk of infection of any graft, recommending its use if the infection rate after ACL reconstruction wants to be minimized. Implementing a clinical pathway significantly improves the quality and consistency of care for patients undergoing ACL reconstruction and decreases the infection rates. Gentamicin irrigation solution may have a protective effect against septic arthritis development following arthroscopic ACL reconstruction, but more studies are needed to confirm its usefulness. Vancomycin presoaking of the grafts has shown to dramatically reduce the infection rate after ACL reconstruction and its use is strongly recommended especially when performing hamstrings autograft ACL reconstruction


Subject(s)
Postoperative Complications , Vancomycin , Arthritis, Infectious , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Infections , Anti-Bacterial Agents
12.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06857, 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1351275

ABSTRACT

Sow mortality is directly related to financial losses and productive efficiency in pig farms. Despite this, diseases associated with the death of sows are poorly understood. This study aimed to determine the main causes of death of sows in Brazilian pig farms. To perform this research, three Brazilian pig farms were visited, and necropsies were performed on all sows that had died spontaneously or were subjected to euthanasia. Tissue fragments were collected for histopathological and bacteriological examination. In addition, the clinical signs, productive stage, parity, and type of death (spontaneous or euthanasia) were recorded. A total of 138 necropsies were performed, and 132 had a conclusive diagnosis. The most frequent productive stages were gestation and lactation (33.3 and 31.9%, respectively), followed by parturient sows (17.4%), cull sows (9.4%), weaning-to-estrus interval (WEI) (4.3%), and unmated gilts (3.6%). The most affected organ systems were reproductive (28%), digestive (25%), locomotor (22%), cardiovascular (9.1%), and hematopoietic (6.1%). The most frequently diagnosed conditions were uterine prolapse (16/132; 12.1%), gastric ulcer (13/132; 9.8%), suppurative arthritis (11/132; 8.3%), liver lobe torsion (11/132; 8.3%), heart failure (9/132; 6.8%), vaginal or vaginal and rectal prolapse (9/132; 6.8%), and pododermatitis (8/132; 6.1%). Although 58.2% of the deaths were due to one of these seven diseases, there was a great variability in diagnoses.(AU)


A mortalidade de porcas está diretamente relacionada a perdas financeiras e à eficiência produtiva das granjas. Apesar disso, as doenças associadas à morte de porcas são pouco conhecidas. Este estudo teve como objetivo determinar as principais causas de morte de porcas em granjas suinícolas brasileiras. Para a realização desta pesquisa, três granjas brasileiras foram visitadas e necropsias foram realizadas em todas as porcas que morreram espontaneamente ou foram submetidas à eutanásia. Fragmentos de tecidos foram coletados para exame histopatológico e bacteriológico. Além disso, foram registrados os sinais clínicos, estágio reprodutivo, ordem de parto e tipo de morte (espontânea ou eutanásia). Um total de 138 necropsias foram realizadas e 132 tiveram um diagnóstico conclusivo. Os estágios produtivos mais frequentes foram gestação e lactação (33,3 e 31,9%, respectivamente), seguidos por porcas parturientes (17,4%), porcas de descarte (9,4%), intervalo desmame-estro (IDE) (4,3%) e leitoas vazias (3,6%). Os sistemas orgânicos mais afetados foram reprodutor (28%), digestivo (25%), locomotor (22%), cardiovascular (9,1%) e hematopoiético (6,1%). As condições mais frequentemente diagnosticadas foram prolapso uterino (16/132; 12,1%), úlcera gástrica (13/132; 9,8%), artrite supurativa (11/132; 8,3%), torção do lobo hepático (11/132; 8,3%), insuficiência cardíaca (9/132; 6,8%), prolapso vaginal ou prolapso vaginal e retal (9/132; 6,8%) e pododermatite (8/132; 6,1%). Embora 58,2% dos óbitos tenham ocorrido por uma dessas sete doenças, houve grande variabilidade de diagnósticos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Stomach Ulcer , Swine , Arthritis, Infectious , Mortality , Efficiency
13.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 34(2): e278, jul.-dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156600

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El mieloma múltiple constituye una proliferación maligna de las células plasmáticas derivadas de un solo clon. El tumor, sus productos y la respuesta del paciente ocasionan diversos trastornos funcionales orgánicos y síntomas como dolores óseos o fracturas, insuficiencia renal, predisposición a infecciones, anemia, hipercalcemia y, en ocasiones, trastornos de la coagulación, síntomas neurológicos y manifestaciones vasculares de hiperviscosidad. Objetivo: Presentar un caso infrecuente teniendo en cuenta que la infección aguda como forma de presentación inicial de mieloma es poco usual. Presentación del caso: Se presenta un caso de un paciente de 61 años de edad, ingresado en el servicio de ortopedia en tres ocasiones diferentes y operado de artritis séptica de la rodilla izquierda en estas tres oportunidades. Se mantuvieron los elementos inflamatorios locales a nivel de la articulación, fiebre recurrente, anemia y eritrosedimentación acelerada. Conclusiones: Los estudios hematológicos específicos confirmaron el diagnóstico de mieloma múltiple. Se comenzó tratamiento de inducción a la remisión para esta enfermedad con melfalán y prednisona; se logró mejoría del cuadro infeccioso al concluir el primer ciclo de esta intervención terapéutica(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Multiple myeloma constitutes a malignant proliferation of plasma cells derived from a single clone. The tumor, its products, and the patient's response cause various organic functional disorders and symptoms such as bone pain or fractures, kidney failure, predisposition to infections, anemia, hypercalcemia, and sometimes coagulation disorders, neurological symptoms, and vascular manifestations of hyperviscosity. Objective: To present a rare case, taking into account that acute infection as the initial presentation of myeloma is unusual. Case report: We report a case of a 61-year-old patient, admitted to the orthopedic service on three different occasions and operated on for septic arthritis of the left knee, in every occasions. The local inflammatory elements at the joint level, recurrent fever, anemia and accelerated erythrocyte sedimentation were still present. Conclusions: Specific hematological studies confirmed the diagnosis of multiple myeloma. Induction-to-remission treatment for this disease was started with melphalan and prednisone; improvement of the infection was achieved at the conclusion of the first cycle of this therapeutic intervention(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Infectious/surgery , Knee , Melphalan/therapeutic use , Multiple Myeloma/drug therapy
14.
Rev. colomb. reumatol ; 27(3): 215-217, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251661

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Se presenta un caso de artritis séptica de rodilla por Pseudomonas stutzeri, bacilo gramnegativo aerobio ampliamente distribuido en la naturaleza y que rara vez ocasiona infecciones graves en el ser humano. Se trata de una mujer de 84 arios, hemodializada, que desarrolla una artritis séptica de rodilla derecha tras una inflitración con ácido hialurónico y que evoluciona favorablemente tras terapia antibiótica. Se debe tener en cuenta esta etiología cuando hay antecedentes de invasión local de la articulación y en estados de inmunosupresión tal y como sucede en nuestra paciente.


A B S T R A C T A case is presented of septic knee arthritis caused by Pseudomonas stutzeri, which is an aerobic gram-negative bacillus widely distributed in nature and rarely causes serious infections in humans. The patient is an 84-year-old woman on haemodialysis, who developed a septic arthritis of the right knee after a hyaluronic acid injection. There was a favourable outcome after antibiotic therapy. This aetiology should be taken into account when there is a history of local invasion of the joint and in states of immunosuppression, as occurred in this patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Arthritis, Infectious , Pseudomonas stutzeri , Therapeutics , Causality , Hyaluronic Acid , Joints , Knee
15.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 31(3): 32-35, set. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1149673

ABSTRACT

La artritis séptica poliarticular se define como la infección de dos o más articulaciones, casi siempre de etiología bacteriana y diseminación hematógena. Es considerada una emergencia médica, lo que conlleva reconocerla precozmente, evitar la diseminación de la infección asociada con alta mortalidad y el riesgo de daño estructural articular. Presentamos tres casos de artritis séptica poliarticular, destacándose la importancia de la sospecha clínica y el estudio temprano del líquido sinovial para el diagnóstico y el tratamiento con antimicrobianos, evacuación y lavado articular.


Polyarticular septic arthritis is defined as the infection of two or more joints, almost always of bacterial etiology and hematogenous spread. It is considered a medical emergency, which should be recognized early, avoiding the spread of infection, associated with high mortality and the risk of joint structural damage. We present three cases of polyarticular septic arthritis, highlighting the importance of clinical suspicion and early synovial fluid study for diagnosis and treatment with antimicrobials, joint evacuation and joint lavage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Arthritis , Synovial Fluid , Therapeutics , Arthritis, Infectious
16.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(4): e392-e395, agosto 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1118583

ABSTRACT

La artritis séptica es una patología poco frecuente, pero con una alta morbilidad, debido a las importantes secuelas que puede originar. La etiología varía según la edad, y Staphylococcus aureus es el microorganismo más frecuente en todas ellas. Streptococcus agalactiae odel grupo B es una causa infrecuente de infección fuera del período neonatal; se asocia, a partir de los 3 meses de edad, con infecciones graves en pacientes inmunocomprometidos. El tratamiento de elección es penicilina G o ampicilina.Aquí se describe el caso de un niño de cuatro meses y medio de edad que desarrolló una artritis séptica por Streptococcus agalactiae odel grupo B, con inicio insidioso de la clínica. El diagnóstico etiológico obligó a descartar meningitis y una inmunodeficiencia asociada. La frecuencia extremadamente baja de dicha artritis a esta edad y la importancia de descartar una enfermedad diseminada son importantes puntos de aprendizaje en este caso.


Septic arthritis is not a very frequent disease, but with a high morbidity due to the important sequelae that it can cause. The etiology is age-specific, with Staphylococcus aureus being the most frequent microorganism in all ages. Streptococcus agalactiae or group B Streptococcus is an uncommon cause of infection outside the neonatal period. Beyond 3 months of age, infections by this pathogen are associated with serious infections in immunocompromised patients. The treatment of choice is penicillin G or ampicillin. A 4.5-month-old child who developed a group B Streptococcus septic arthritis is reported. The onset was insidious, and the etiological diagnosis prompted us to rule out meningitis and associated immunodeficiency. The extremely low frequency of group B Streptococcus septic arthritis at this age and the importance of ruling out a disseminated disease are crucial learning points in this case


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Streptococcus agalactiae , Arthritis, Infectious/diagnostic imaging , Arthritis, Infectious/therapy , Hip Injuries/diagnostic imaging
17.
Infectio ; 24(2): 98-102, abr.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1114848

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La artritis séptica (AS) se define como la infección del espacio articular que afecta cualquier articulación, es más frecuente en niños menores de 5 años y su principal causa es la diseminación hematógena. El diagnóstico etiológico es difícil en niños, logrando aislamiento en menos de la mitad de los casos. Se evaluó el rendimiento diagnóstico de la botella de hemocultivo (BHC) como medio alternativo para la siembra del líquido sinovial comparado con los medios convencionales (MC). Metodología: Estudio de cohorte prospectivo realizado en centro de tercer nivel de 2011-2016, niños de 0 a 12 años con diagnóstico clínico de artritis séptica y disponibilidad de las dos muestras tomadas en cirugía. Resultados: Ingresaron 60 pacientes, masculinos 56%, mediana de edad 48 meses y tiempo de síntomas 58 horas (48-192); 33,3% con antecedente de trauma; 30% recibieron antibióticos previos. Articulaciones afectadas: cadera 44%, rodilla 28% y tobillo 18%. En 39 pacientes (65%) se tomaron hemocultivos; de estos 19 (49%) fueron positivos, todos para S. aureus. Se obtuvo confirmación en líquido sinovial por cualquier método en 27 pacientes (45%), positivos en ambos 21,6%, en MC 13,3% y en BHC 10%, los microorganismos más frecuentes SAMS 21,6%, SAMR 8,3%, S. pyogenes 3,3%, SEMR 3,3%, S. pneumoniae 1,6%, N. meningitidis 1,6%, no se aisló K. kingae. El tratamiento antibiótico más utilizado fueron los betalactamicos, mediana de estancia 18(12-25,5) días, mortalidad del 3,3%. Conclusión: Las BHC son un complemento al medio sólido convencional y aumentaron la confirmación etiológica de artritis séptica del 35% al 45%.


Abstract Introduction: Septic arthritis (SA) is defined as the infection of any joint space; it is more common in children under 5 years and its main cause is hematogenous dissemination. The etiological diagnosis is difficult in children, achieving isolation in less than half of the cases. The diagnostic performance of the blood culture bottle (BCB) was evaluated as an alternative medium for seeding synovial fluid compared to conventional media (CM). Methods: A prospective cohort survey was conducted in a third-level center from 2011-2016, in children aged 0 to 12 years with a clinical diagnosis of septic arthritis and availability of the two samples taken in surgery. Results: 60 patients were admitted, being 56% male, with a median age of 48 months and symptom time of 58 hours (48-192); 33.3% had a history of trauma; 30% received previous antibiotics. Affected joints: hip (44%), knee (28%), and ankle (18%). Blood cultures were taken in 39 patients (65%); of these, 19 (49%) were positive, all for S. aureus. Confirmation in synovial fluid was obtained by any method in 27 subjects (45%), positive in both: 21.6%, 13.3% in CM, and 10% in BCB. The most frequent microorganisms were: MSSA (21.6%), MRSA (8.3%), S. pyogenes (3.3%), MRSE (3.3%), S. pneumoniae (1.6%), N. meningitidis (1.6%). K. kingae was not isolated. The most commonly used antibiotic treatment was beta-lactams. The median of stay was 18 days (12-25.5), with a mortality of 3.3%. Conclusion: BCB are a complement to the conventional solid medium and increased the etiological confirmation of septic arthritis from 35 to 45%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Arthritis, Infectious , Pediatrics , Child , Microbiological Techniques , Blood Culture
18.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 37(2): 157-162, abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1126102

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La epidemiología de las infecciones osteo-articulares (IOA) se ha modificado en los últimos años. La incidencia de Kingella kingae en Latinoamérica es desconocida. Objetivo: Describir la epidemiología de los niños con IOA. Estimar la incidencia de IOA causadas por K. kingae y compararlas con otras etiologías. Material y Métodos: Cohorte prospectiva. Se incluyeron pacientes mayores de 1 mes de edad, hospitalizados entre el 1 de marzo de 2017 y 28 de febrero de 2019, con sospecha de IOA y procedimiento diagnóstico (biopsia o artrocentesis). Se utilizó STATA 13. Resultados: n: 84 pacientes. Se identificó la etiología en 58 pacientes (69,1%). Predominaron Staphylococcus aureus (n: 44; 52,4%) y K. kingae (n: 9; 10,8%). En el período estudiado, la incidencia de IOA por K. kingae fue de 10,8 casos cada 100 IOA hospitalizadas. En el análisis multivariado, la edad inferior a 4 años (OR 13,8, IC95% 5,5-82,7), el cuadro respiratorio reciente (OR 5,7, IC95% 3,5-31,6, p 0,04) y la normalización antes del quinto día de la proteína C reactiva (PCR) (OR 3,8 IC95% 1,8- 16,3, p 0,01) se asociaron con las IOA por K. kingae. Conclusiones: En esta cohorte de niños, la incidencia de K.kingae fue de 10,8 casos cada 100 IOA. Kingella kingae representó la segunda etiología documentada, luego de S. aureus. La edad inferior a 4 años, el cuadro respiratorio reciente y la normalización antes del quinto día de la PCR cuantitativa se asociaron estadísticamente con IOA por K. kingae.


Abstract Background: The epidemiology of osteoarticular infections (IOA) has changed in recent years. The incidence of Kingella kingae in Latin America is unknown. Aims: To describe the epidemiology in patients with IOA in a children hospital. To estimate the incidence of IOA due to K. kingae and compare with other etiologies. Methods: Prospective cohort. Patients older than 1 month hospitalized between March, 1th 2017 and February, 28th 2019 with suspected IOA and diagnostic procedure (biopsy or arthrocentesis) were included. STATA 13 was used. Results: n: 84 patients. The etiology was identified in 58 patients (69.1%). Staphylococus aureus predominated (n: 44; 52.4%) and K. kingae (n: 9; 10.8%). In the period studied, the incidence of IOA by K. kingae was 10.8 cases per 100 hospitalized IOA. In multivariate analysis, age less than 4 years (OR 13.8, 95% CI 5.5-82.7), recent respiratory symptoms (OR 5.7, 95% CI 3.5-31.6, p 0.04) and normalization before the fifth day of C-reactive protein (CRP) (OR 3.38 95% CI 1.8-16.3, p 0.01) were associated with IOA by K. kingae. Conclusions: In this cohort of children the incidence of K. kingae was 10.8 cases per 100 IOA. Kingella kingae represented the second documented etiology, after S. aureus. Age under 4 years, recent respiratory symptoms and normalization before the fifth day of quantitative CRP were statistically associated with IOA by K. kingae.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Arthritis, Infectious , Neisseriaceae Infections , Kingella kingae , Staphylococcus aureus , Prospective Studies , Hospitals, Pediatric
19.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 27(2): 71-73, abr./jun. 2020. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1378244

ABSTRACT

Na suinocultura perdas econômicas ainda são elevadas devido aos baixos padrões de qualidade e sanidade dos animais. Dentre as afecções que afetam a produção, a erisipela é uma doença considerada importante em função dos prejuízos econômicos que causa, e pela questão de saúde pública visto ser uma zoonose. Ela é uma enfermidade do tipo hemorrágica comumente causada pela bactéria ubíqua Erysipelotrix rhusiopathiae. O objetivo deste trabalho foi relatar um caso desta afecção em uma matriz da raça Large White, de dois anos de idade, recém desmamada, não vacinada, de uma pequena granja de ciclo completo no munícipio de Cachoeiras de Macacu, estado do Rio de Janeiro. Ela amanheceu prostrada, com dificuldade de locomoção, sem febre e com manchas avermelhadas sobre toda a superfície corporal. As lesões cutâneas, ligeiramente elevadas, apresentavam um formato losangular (diamante) característico e sugestivo de Erisipela. Após a identificação do problema, o animal foi isolado e tratado. O tratamento iniciou-se na manhã do mesmo dia, observando-se a regressão da maioria das lesões à tarde e na manhã seguinte. A suspeita clínica foi confirmada através do diagnóstico terapêutico, sendo a associação de penicilina e estreptomicina eficiente no tratamento.


In swine industry, economic losses are still high due to low standards of quality and health of animals. Among the diseases that affect production, erysipelas is a disease considered important due to the economic losses it causes, and because of the public health issue as it is a zoonosis. It is a hemorrhagic type disease commonly caused by the ubiquitous bacteria Erysipelotrix rhusiopathiae. The aim of this study was to report a case of this condition in a Large White breed sow, two years old, recently weaned, not vaccinated, from a small pig farm (farrow to finish operation) in the municipality of Cachoeiras de Macacu, state of Rio de Janeiro. The sow was prostrate and with limited mobility, without fever and with reddish spots on the entire body surface. The cutaneous lesions were elevated, with a characteristic diamond shape suggestive of erysipelas. After identifying the problem, the animal was isolated and treated. The treatment started in the morning of the same day, observing the regression of most lesions in the afternoon and the following morning. The clinical diagnosis was confirmed through therapeutic diagnosis, and the association of penicillin and streptomycin was efficient in the treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine/microbiology , Swine Erysipelas/diagnosis , Arthritis, Infectious/veterinary , Erysipelothrix/pathogenicity , Erysipelothrix Infections/therapy , Rural Economy , Bacterial Zoonoses/prevention & control , Hemorrhage/veterinary
20.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 96(supl.1): 58-64, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098361

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To collect the most up-to-date information regarding pediatric osteoarticular infections, including the epidemiological and microbiological profiles, diagnosis, and treatment. Source of data A non-systematic review was performed on the search engines PubMed, SciELO, LILACS, and Google Scholar, using the keywords "bone and joint infection", "children", "pediatric", "osteomyelitis", "septic arthritis" and "spondylodiscitis" over the last ten years. The most relevant articles were selected by the authors to constitute the database. Synthesis of data Osteoarticular infections are still a major cause of morbidity in pediatrics. Their main etiology is Staphylococcus aureus, but there has been an increase in the detection of Kingella kingae, especially through molecular methods. Microbiological identification allows treatment direction, while evidence of inflammatory activity assists in treatment follow-up. Imaging tests are especially useful in the initial diagnosis of infections. Empirical treatment should include coverage for the main microorganisms according to the age and clinical conditions of the patient, while considering the local resistance profile. Surgical procedures can be indicated for diagnosis, focus control, and function preservation. Acute complications include sepsis, deep venous thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism. Deaths are rare. Late complications are uncommon but may lead to deformities that compromise motor development. Conclusion A correct and early diagnosis, prompt implementation of adequate antimicrobial therapy, and focus control, when indicated, are critical to a better prognosis.


Resumo Objetivo Compilar as informações mais atuais referentes às infecções ostoarticulares em pediatria, inclusive perfil epidemiológico e microbiológico, diagnóstico e tratamento. Fonte dos dados Feita revisão não sistemática nos mecanismos de busca Pubmed, Scielo, Lilacs e Google Scholar, com as palavras-chave bone and joint infection, children, pediatric, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis e espondylodiscitis nos últimos 10 anos. Os artigos mais relevantes foram selecionados pelos autores para compor a base de dados. Síntese dos dados As infecções osteoarticulares ainda são causa importante de morbidade na pediatria. A sua principal etiologia é o Staphylococcus aureus, porém há um aumento na detecção de Kingella kingae, especialmente através de métodos moleculares. A identificação microbiológica possibilita direcionamento de tratamento, enquanto que as provas de atividade inflamatória auxiliam no acompanhamento do tratamento. Exames de imagem são especialmente úteis no diagnóstico inicial das infecções. O tratamento empírico deve incluir cobertura para os principais microrganismos, de acordo com a faixa etária e as condições clínicas do paciente, considerando o perfil de resistência local. Procedimentos cirúrgicos podem ser indicados para diagnóstico, controle do foco e preservação da função. As complicações agudas incluem sepse, trombose venosa profunda e embolia pulmonar. Óbitos são raros. As complicações tardias são incomuns, mas podem levar a deformidades que comprometem o desenvolvimento motor. Conclusão O diagnóstico correto e precoce, com pronta instituição de terapia antimicrobiana adequada e controle do foco, quando indicado, é fundamental para um melhor prognóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child , Osteomyelitis/drug therapy , Osteomyelitis/therapy , Arthritis, Infectious/drug therapy , Arthritis, Infectious/therapy , Kingella kingae , Pediatrics , Staphylococcal Infections/diagnosis , Staphylococcal Infections/drug therapy , Staphylococcus aureus , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL