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1.
Invest. educ. enferm ; 40(3): 225-240, 15 octubre de 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1402565

ABSTRACT

Objective.To develop practical recommendations, based on the best available evidence and experience, on the nursing management of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and interstitial lung disease (ILD). Methods. The usual consensus methodology was used, with a nominal group, systematic reviews (SRs), and Delphi survey. The expert panel, consisting of rheumatology nurses, rheumatologists, a psychologist, a physiotherapist, and a patient, defined the scope, the users, the topics on which to explore the evidence and on which to issue recommendations. Results.Three PICO questions evaluated the efficacy and safety of pulmonary rehabilitation and non-pharmacological measures for the treatment of chronic cough and gastroesophageal reflux by means of SR of the literature. With the results of the reviews, 15 recommendations were established for which the degree of agreement was obtained with a Delphi survey. Three recommendations were rejected in the second round. The 12 recommendations were in patient assessment (n=4); patient education (n=4); and risk management (n=4). Only one recommendation was based on available evidence, while the remaining were based on expert opinion. The degree of agreement ranged from 77% to 100%. Conclusion.This document presents a series of recommendations with the aim of improving the prognosis and quality of life of patients with RA-ILD. Nursing knowledge and implementation of these recommendations can improve the follow-up and prognosis of patients with RA who present with ILD.


Objetivo.Desarrollar recomendaciones prácticas, basadas en la mejor evidencia y experiencia disponible, sobre el manejo de enfermería de los pacientes con artritis reumatoide (AR) y enfermedad pulmonar intersticial (EPI). Métodos. Se utilizó la metodología de consenso en la que un panel de expertos (formado por enfermeras de reumatología, reumatólogos, una psicóloga, una fisioterapeuta y una paciente) definió el ámbito, los usuarios, los temas sobre los que explorar la evidencia y sobre los que emitir recomendaciones. Tres preguntas PICO evaluaron la eficacia y seguridad de la rehabilitación pulmonar y las medidas no farmacológicas para el tratamiento de la tos crónica y el reflujo gastroesofágico mediante la búsqueda de revisiones sistemáticas, excluyendo aquellas cuya calidad era baja, muy baja o críticamente baja, según la herramienta AMSTAR-2. Posteriormente, se hizo una reunión para la formulación de recomendaciones que se presentaron con un resumen de la evidencia a la encuesta Delphi. Resultados.Con los resultados de las revisiones se establecieron 15 recomendaciones cuyo grado de acuerdo osciló entre el 77% y el 100% en la una encuesta Delphi. Tres recomendaciones fueron rechazadas en la segunda ronda: una por la evidencia disponible y los dos restantes se basaron en la opinión de expertos. Las 12 recomendaciones restantes aprobadas se referían a la evaluación del paciente (n=4), a la educación del paciente (n=4) y a la gestión del riesgo (n=4). Conclusión. El conocimiento del consenso Openreumapor parte de enfermería y la aplicación sus 12 recomendaciones basadas en la mejor evidencia y experiencia puede mejorar el seguimiento y el pronóstico de los pacientes con AR que presentan EPI.


Objetivo.Desenvolver recomendações práticas, baseadas na melhor evidência e experiência disponíveis, sobre o manejo de enfermagem de pacientes com artrite reumatoide (AR) e doença pulmonar intersticial (DPI). Métodos.Foi utilizada a metodologia de consenso, com grupo nominal, revisões sistemáticas e levantamento Delphi. O painel de especialistas, formado por enfermeiros reumatologistas, reumatologistas, psicólogo, fisioterapeuta e paciente, definiu o escopo, os usuários, os tópicos sobre os quais explorar as evidências e sobre os quais emitir recomendações. Três questões do PICO avaliaram a eficácia e segurança da reabilitação pulmonar e medidas não farmacológicas para o tratamento da tosse crônica e refluxo gastroesofágico por meio de RS. Aqueles cuja qualidade era baixa, muito baixa ou criticamente baixa, de acordo com a ferramenta AMSTAR-2, foram excluídos. Posteriormente, realizou-se uma reunião para formular recomendações que foram apresentadas com um resumo das evidências ao inquérito Delphi. Resultados. Com os resultados das revisões, foram estabelecidas 15 recomendações cujo grau de concordância entre 77% e 100% foi obtido com uma pesquisa Delphi. Três recomendações foram rejeitadas na segunda rodada. As 12 recomendações referiam-se à avaliação do paciente (n=4); à educação do paciente (n=4); e ao gerenciamento de risco (n=4). Apenas uma recomendação foi baseada nas evidências disponíveis, enquanto as demais foram baseadas na opinião de especialistas. Conclusão. Este documento apresenta uma série de recomendações com o objetivo de melhorar o prognóstico e a qualidade de vida dos pacientes com AR-ILD. O conhecimento da enfermagem e a aplicação dessas recomendações podem melhorar o acompanhamento e o prognóstico de pacientes com AR com DPI.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Safety , Efficacy , Nursing , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Consensus
2.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(2)ago. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386602

ABSTRACT

Abstract Alterations in saliva, temporomandibular joint disorders, dysphagia, Sjogrens syndrome, dental caries, periodontal disease, and tooth loss have been identified in patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis. The aims of this research were 1) to study the association between newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis and dental caries and 2) to identify most frequent teeth with caries in study groups. A descriptive pilot study was performed. A total of 620 participants were evaluated, 29 met the selection criteria. The subjects were divided into 2 groups: 13 subjects with newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis and 16 subjects without rheumatoid arthritis. Salivary parameters, DMFT index, care index, FS-T index and Treatment Needs Index were evaluated in all participants. The Fishers Exact test and Mann-Whitney U test we used to establish the differences between groups. Low mean in all salivary parameters and a high caries frequency were observed in subjects with newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis compared to a control group (p<0.01). The right maxillary second premolar (n=6, 46%, p=0.0100); right mandibular second premolar (n=7,54%, p=0.0462) and left mandibular second molar (n=10,77%, p=0.0001) were the most frequent teeth with caries. Early diagnosis and early treatment of rheumatoid arthritis can improve the prognosis in most of patients. The development of new public health policies and care based on the prevention are necessary to improve the quality of patients lives.


Resumen Alteraciones en la saliva, trastornos de la articulación temporomandibular, disfagia, síndrome de Sjogren, caries dental, enfermedad periodontal y pérdida de dientes son algunas patologías que se han identificado en pacientes con artritis reumatoide. Los objetivos de este estudio fueron (1) Asociar la artritis reumatoide recientemente diagnosticada con la caries dentales e (2) Identificar los dientes más frecuentes con caries en los grupos de estudio. Se realizó un estudio piloto descriptivo. 620 participantes fueron evaluados, 29 sujetos cumplieron con los criterios de selección. Los sujetos se dividieron en 2 grupos: 13 sujetos con artritis reumatoide recién diagnosticados y 16 sujetos sin artritis reumatoide. En todos los participantes se evaluaron parámetros salivales, el índice CPOD, el índice IC, el índice FS-T y el índice INT. La prueba exacta de Fisher y U de Mann-Whitney se utilizaron para establecer diferencias entre grupos. En los resultados se observó un bajo promedio de los parámetros salivales y una alta frecuencia de caries en sujetos con artritis reumatoide recién diagnosticados comparados con un grupo control (p<0.01). El segundo premolar superior derecho (n=6,46%, p=0,0100); el segundo premolar mandibular derecho (n=7,54%, p=0.0462) y el segundo molar mandibular izquierdo (n=10,77%, p=0.0001) fueron los dientes más frecuentes con caries dental. El diagnóstico y el tratamiento temprano de la artritis reumatoide pueden mejorar el pronóstico en la mayoría de los pacientes. El desarrollo de nuevas políticas de salud pública basadas en la prevención de la cavidad bucal son necesarias para mejorar la calidad de vida de los pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/diagnosis , Dental Caries/prevention & control
3.
Rev. méd. Paraná ; 80(1): 1-3, jan. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381024

ABSTRACT

Artrite reumatoide é doença reumática autoimune e crônica. Acredita-se que a obesidade pode intervir nos seus parâmetros inflamatórios. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar se existe correlação entre atividade inflamatória dela e o índice de massa corporal (IMC).É estudo transversal retrospectivo nos quais foram obtidos dados de biometria (peso e altura) para cálculo do IMC e de atividade inflamatória. Estudaram-se 676 pacientes (87,5% mulheres com mediana de idade de 59,6 anos). Nesta população, 1,3% estava abaixo do peso normal; 28,1% dentro do peso normal; 35,3% sobrepeso; 31% obesidade grau I e 4,1% obesidade grau 2. Encontrou-se fraca correlação entre o DAS 28-PCR com o IMC. Correlações com os demais parâmetros de inflamação foram não significantes. Em conclusão existe alta proporção de pacientes com artrite reumatoide acima do peso normal e fraca correlação entre IMC e DAS28-PCR


Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune and chronic rheumatic disease. It is believed that obesity can intervene in its inflammatory parameters. The objective of this study was to verify if there is a correlation between her inflammatory activity and the body mass index (BMI). It is a retrospective cross-sectional study in which biometric data (weight and height) were obtained to calculate BMI and inflammatory activity. We studied 676 patients (87.5% women with a median age of 59.6 years). In this population, 1.3% were underweight; 28.1% within normal weight; 35.3% overweight; 31% grade I obesity and 4.1% grade 2 obesity. We found a weak correlation between DAS 28-CRP and BMI. Correlations with the other inflammation parameters were not significant. In conclusion, there is a high proportion of patients with rheumatoid arthritis above normal weight and a weak correlation between BMI and DAS28-CRP


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Body Mass Index , Inflammation , Obesity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Biometry
4.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 33(2): 97-100, abr. - jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1395244

ABSTRACT

La vasculitis reumatoidea es un proceso inflamatorio poco frecuente que confiere una morbilidad y mortalidad significativa en pacientes con artritis reumatoidea (AR). Presenta una incidencia de 0,7 a 5,4% de los casos de AR y hasta un 40% de mortalidad a 5 años, siendo la manifestación extraarticular de mayor gravedad1,2. Se caracteriza por el desarrollo de vasculitis necrotizante; ocurre típicamente en pacientes masculinos con AR seropositiva de larga data, nodular y erosiva, tabaquistas y, en general, tiene mal pronóstico. Se presenta una serie de casos, paciente masculino y femenino con AR y manifestaciones extraarticulares, necrosis digital y compromiso multiorgánico, interpretados como cuadros de vasculitis reumatoidea, realizando tratamiento de referencia con inmunosupresores.


Rheumatoid vasculitis is a rare inflammatory process that confers significant morbidity and mortality in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA); it has an incidence of 0.7 to 5.4% of RA cases and up to 40% mortality at five years, making it the most serious of all the extra-articular manifestations of RA1,2. It is characterized by the development of necrotizing vasculitis, it typically occurs in male patients with long-standing seropositive RA, erosive nodular, smokers and generally has a poor prognosis. A series of cases is presented, male and female with RA and extra-articular manifestations, digital necrosis and multiorgan system involvement, interpreted as rheumatoid vasculitis, undergoing treatment with immunosuppressants.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Vasculitis , Immunosuppression Therapy , Mononeuropathies
5.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 33(2): 106-116, abr. - jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1395264

ABSTRACT

La tenosinovitis es una manifestación frecuente de la artritis reumatoidea (AR), asociada a la presencia de rupturas tendinosas, discapacidad funcional y procesos erosivos de las articulaciones adyacentes. En los últimos años el manejo clínico de la AR ha sido respaldado por diferentes métodos de evaluación por imágenes, como la ultrasonografía (US) y la resonancia magnética (RM). Estas son herramientas de gran utilidad en la práctica clínica porque permiten la detección precoz de la actividad de la enfermedad y, por lo tanto, un tratamiento oportuno. Por medio de diferentes escalas de evaluación del daño articular y periarticular (como el tendinoso) es posible valorar el estado de la enfermedad y la respuesta al tratamiento. La presente revisión tiene como objetivo describir las escalas de evaluación de la RM y la US en la valoración de la tenosinovitis en pacientes con AR.


Tenosynovitis is a frequent manifestation of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), it is associated with tendon ruptures, functional disability, and erosive processes in the adjacent joints. In recent years, RA clinical management has been supported by different imaging methods such as ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance (MR). These methods are particularly useful tools in clinical practice because they allow the early detection of disease activity and, therefore, prompt treatment. Through different evaluation scales of joint and periarticular damage (such as tendon) they also make possible to assess the state of the disease and the treatment response. The present review aims to describe the scores described for MRI and US to evaluate tenosynovitis in RA patients.


Subject(s)
Tenosynovitis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Ultrasonography
6.
ABCS health sci ; 47: e022223, 06 abr. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1398278

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is classified as an autoimmune, chronic disease affecting diarthrodial joints and periarticular structures. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether low-intensity laser treatment (LLLT) and/or exercise reduce the deleterious effects of tissue in a rheumatoid arthritis model. METHODS: 128 rats were divided into two inflammatory periods: acute (7 days) and chronic (28 days) and subdivided into control, injury and treatment. The protocol with Freund's Complete Adjuvant was used in two inoculations, one intradermal and one intraarticular in the tibiofemoral joint, the control animals received saline solution. For treatment, LLLT 660 nm, 5 J/cm² was used in the sensitized joint and climbing exercise in stairways with an overload of 100 grams. After the experimental period, the animals were euthanized and the joints were prepared for morphometric analysis of the total thickness, superficial, deep, and cellular density of the articular cartilage. Generalized Linear Models with Sidak post-test were chosen. RESULTS: The control group was found to be different from the lesion group with greater joint cartilage thickness, andthe animals treated with exercise alone increased the joint cartilage compared to thecontrol group. CONCLUSION: The animals treated with laser association and exercise showed improvement in the morphometric aspects of the articular cartilage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/radiotherapy , Rats/anatomy & histology , Exercise , Cartilage, Articular/anatomy & histology , Freund's Adjuvant , Low-Level Light Therapy , Random Allocation , Intervention Studies , Models, Animal
7.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 33(1): 5-13, ene. - mar. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392880

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el objetivo del tratamiento de la artritis reumatoidea (AR) es la remisión o baja actividad de la enfermedad. En aquellos pacientes que no logran dicho objetivo con drogas modificadoras de la enfermedad sintéticas convencionales (DMARsc), se indican los agentes biológicos (DMARb) o sintéticos dirigidos (DMARsd). El intervalo de tiempo entre la indicación y hasta que el paciente recibe la primera dosis es variable. Objetivos: describir el tiempo de demora y los motivos relacionados entre la indicación de DMARb o DMARsd y la administración de la primera dosis. Materiales y métodos: estudio observacional, analítico, retrospectivo. Se revisaron historias clínicas de pacientes con diagnóstico de AR, a quienes se les indicó DMARb o DMARsd. Se registraron datos sociodemográficos y características de la enfermedad. Respecto de la indicación de DMARb o DMARsd, se consignó: fecha de indicación, fecha en que el paciente recibió la primera dosis en forma efectiva y motivo de la demora. Resultados: se incluyeron 102 pacientes. La mediana de demora desde la indicación de la droga hasta que el paciente recibió la primera dosis fue de 240 días (RIC 113-504). El principal motivo de demora fue de índole burocrática (47%). Los pacientes con baja actividad de la enfermedad obtuvieron la medicación en menor tiempo (113 días) respecto de aquellos con actividad moderada (242 días) y alta actividad (332 días); p=0,01. Los pacientes en los cuales la demora fue por causas burocráticas, presentaron menor nivel de educación (60% vs 17% con educación superior) y residencia en la Provincia de Buenos Aires (58% vs 31% con residencia en la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires), siendo estas asociaciones estadísticamente significativas. Conclusiones: la mediana en la demora para el inicio de DMARb o DMARsd fue de aproximadamente 8 meses. El motivo principal de este retraso fue de índole burocrática, evidenciándose la misma con mayor frecuencia en aquellos con menor nivel educativo y en los residentes en la Provincia de Buenos Aires.


Introduction: the goal of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatment is to obtain remission or low activity of the disease. In those patients who did not achieve this objective with conventional treatment, biologic or targeted synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARD or tsDMARD, respectively) are indicated. The period of time between the prescription of these medications and its administration is variable. Objectives: to describe the delay time between the prescription of a bDMARD or tsDMARD and the administration of the first dose, and its related reasons. Materials and methods: observational, analytical, retrospective study. Medical records of patients with a diagnosis of RA who were prescribed a bDMARD or tsDMARD were reviewed. Sociodemographic data and characteristics of the disease were recorded. Regarding the indication of bDMARDs or tsDMARs, the following data was collected: prescription date, date on which the patient received the first effective dose and reason for the delay. Results: 102 patients were included. The median delay time from the drug prescription until the patient received the first dose was 240 days (IQR 113-504). The main reason for delay was of bureaucratic nature (47%). Patients with low disease activity obtained the medication with a shorter delay (113 days) compared to those with moderate activity (242 days) and high activity (332 days); p=0.01. Patients with a delay related to bureaucratic causes, presented a lower level of education (60% vs 17% with higher education) and residence in the Province of Buenos Aires (58% vs 31% with residence in Autonomous City of Buenos Aires), and these differences were statistically significant. Conclusions: the median delay time to onset of bDMARDs or tsDMARDs was approximately 8 months. The main reason for this delay was of bureaucratic nature, being more frequent in those with lower educational level and residence in the Province of Buenos Aires.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Therapeutics , Biological Treatment , Neoadjuvant Therapy
8.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 33(1): 1-4, ene. - mar. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1392872

ABSTRACT

En los últimos años el tratamiento de la artritis reumatoidea (AR) ha mejorado sustancialmente, no solo por la aparición de nuevas medicaciones, sino también por la implementación de la estrategia de tratamiento hacia el blanco o treat to target (T2T). El T2T tiene tres premisas importantes: un tratamiento temprano, un tratamiento intensivo y un tratamiento dirigido a un objetivo ideal que es la remisión de la enfermedad. Para el cumplimiento del T2T, el paciente con AR debe acceder rápidamente al médico reumatólogo. La European Alliance of Associations for Rheumatology (EULAR) recomienda que el paciente con AR temprana sea referido y atendido por el reumatólogo dentro de las primeras 6 semanas del inicio de los síntomas. La principal razón de esta premura radica en el inicio de un tratamiento específico con las denominadas drogas modificadoras de la enfermedad (diseasemodifying antirheumatic drugs, DMARDs), ya sea DMARDs sintéticas convencionales (DMARDsc) como el metotrexato, o bien el ajuste del tratamiento con DMARDs biológicas (b) o sintéticas dirigidas (sd)


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Therapeutics , Pharmaceutical Preparations
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic mechanism of emodin in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using a network pharmacology-based method and validate this mechanism in a fibroblast-like synovial cell line.@*METHODS@#The PubChem, Targetnet, SwissTargetPrediction, Genecards, OMIM, and DisGeNET databases were searched to obtain emodin targets and RA-related genes. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed, and GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analyses were carried out to analyze the intersection genes. AutoDock4.2.6 software was used to simulate molecular docking between emodin and its candidate targets. In a cultured fibroblast-like synovial cell line (MH7A), the effects of different concentrations of emodin on proliferation of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-induced cells were investigated using CCK-8 assay, cell scratch experiment and flow cytometry; the changes in the expressions of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathway proteins were detected using Western blotting, and the mRNA expressions of the hub genes were examined with RT-qPCR.@*RESULTS@#We identified 32 intersection genes of emodin and RA, and the key targets including CAPS3, ESR1, and MAPK14 involved mainly the NF-κB signaling pathway. Cell scratch experiment and flow cytometry demonstrated a strong inhibitory effect of emodin on MH7A cell proliferation. Treatment with TNF-α significantly increased the cellular expressions of the NF-κB pathway proteins, which were obviously lowered by treatment with 80 μmol/L emodin. The results of RT-qPCR showed that TNF-α treatment obviously up-regulated the expressions of the hub genes COX2 and P38MAPK, and emodin treatment significantly down-regulated the expressions of MAPK and PTGS2 and up-regulated the expression of CASP3.@*CONCLUSION@#The therapeutic effect of emodin on RA is mediated mainly through regulation of cell proliferation, apoptosis, and the NF-κB pathway.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Emodin/pharmacology , Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Network Pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939911

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease. It is known that aucubin (AU) exerts anti-inflammatory activity, but its effects and mechanisms in RA are unclear. This study investigated the anti-inflammatory effects and mechanisms of AU in vivo and in vitro. Human fibroblast-like synoviocyte cells from patients with RA (HFLS-RA), RAW264.7 cells, and MC3T3-E1 cells were used to evaluate the effects of AU on migration, invasion, apoptosis, osteoclast differentiation and production. Immunofluorescence was used to observe nuclear translocation of nuclear factor (NF)-κB, the double luciferase reporter gene method was used to observe NF-κB-p65 activity in AU-treated MC3T3-E1 cells. RT-qPCR was used to measure expression of bone metabolism and inflammation-related genes, and western blot was used to measure bone metabolism and NF-κB protein expression levels. Collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rat model was used for pharmacodynamics study. Arthritis indexes were measured in the ankle and knee, histological staining and Micro-computed tomography were performed on the ankle joints. Also, inflammatory factor gene expression and the levels of NF-κB-related proteins were detected as in vitro. AU effectively inhibited HFLS-RA cell migration and invasion, promoted apoptosis, and inhibited RAW264.7 cell differentiation into osteoclasts, as well as inhibited NF-κB-p65 activity in MC3T3-E1 cells. Notably, AU significantly reduced the gene expression levels of three cell-related inflammatory factors and bone metabolism factors, effectively inhibited the expression of p-Iκκα β, p-IκBα, and p-p65 proteins. In vivo, AU relieved joint inflammation, reduced related inflammatory factors, and inhibited NF-κB signaling. It could be used to treat RA-related synovial inflammation and bone destruction through the NF-κB pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Experimental , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Cells, Cultured , Humans , Inflammation/pathology , Iridoid Glucosides , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Rats , X-Ray Microtomography
11.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 453-462, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939897

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) progression is associated with the balance of T-regulatory (Treg) and T-helper 17 (Th17) cells, while the role of microRNAs (miRs) in regulating Treg/Th17 cell balance has not been clarified. This study aimed to assess whether moxibustion could regulate Treg/Th17 cell balance by modulating the miR-221/suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) axis in the RA mouse model.@*METHODS@#A mouse model of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) was established in male DBA/1J mice. Twenty-two days after CIA induction, the mice received daily treatment with moxibustion for 12 times. Pathological scores were assessed according to the levels of synovial hyperplasia. The expression levels of cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), IL-17 and IL-10 were analyzed in serum by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4+) splenocytes was analyzed by fluorescence-activated cell sorting. The expression levels of RA-related miRs and target genes were subsequently detected, and the target of miR-221 was confirmed by the dual-luciferase reporter assay.@*RESULTS@#It was revealed that moxibustion treatment decreased the pathological scores and downregulated the expression levels of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-17, while upregulated the expression level of IL-10. The Treg/Th17 cell balance was regulated by moxibustion treatment. The expression level of miR-221 was suppressed by moxibustion treatment. Furthermore, SOCS3 was found as the direct target of miR-221, which mediated the function of moxibustion by regulating the Treg/Th17 cell balance.@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion therapy regulated the Treg/Th17 cell balance by modulating the miR-221/SOCS3 axis in the RA mouse model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis, Experimental/therapy , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/therapy , Cytokines , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-17 , Interleukin-6 , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred DBA , MicroRNAs/genetics , Moxibustion , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th17 Cells/pathology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935327

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its associated factors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study recruited 385 RA patients [including 72 (18.7%) male and 313 (81.3%) female] who received abdominal sonographic examination from August 2015 to May 2021 at Department of Rheumatology, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital. There were 28 RA patients at 16-29 years old and 32, 80, 121, 99, 25 at 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, ≥ 70 years old, respectively. Demographic and clinical data were collected including age, gender, history of alcohol consumption, disease duration, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, blood pressure, RA disease activity indicators and previous medications. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify the associated factors of NAFLD in RA patients. Results: The prevalence of NAFLD was 24.2% (93/385) in RA patients, 26.3% (21/80) in 40-49 age group and 33.1% (40/121) in 50-59 age group. There were 22.1% (85/385) and 3.6% (14/385) RA patients with overweight and obese, in which the prevalence of NAFLD was 45.9% (39/85) and 78.6% (11/14) respectively, which was 2.6 folds and 4.5 folds that of RA patients with normal BMI. Although there was no significant difference of age, gender and RA disease activity indicators between RA patients with or without NAFLD, those with NAFLD had higher proportions of metabolic diseases including obese (11.8% vs. 1.0%), central obesity (47.3% vs. 16.8%), hypertension (45.2% vs. 29.8%) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (24.7% vs. 12.0%), consistent with higher levels of total cholesterol [(5.33±1.31) mmol/L vs. (4.73±1.12) mmol/L], triglyceride [(1.51±1.08) mmol/L vs. (0.98±0.54) mmol/L] and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [(3.37±0.97) mmol/L vs. (2.97±0.78) mmol/L, all P<0.05]. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that BMI (OR=1.314) and triglyceride (OR=1.809) were the independent factors positively associated with NAFLD in RA patients. Conclusion: NAFLD is a common comorbidity in RA patients, especially in those with middle-aged, overweight or obese, which is associated with high BMI or high triglyceride. Screening and management of NAFLD in RA patients especially those with overweight, obese or dyslipidemia should be emphasized.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/epidemiology , Cholesterol, LDL , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/epidemiology , Obesity/epidemiology , Overweight/epidemiology , Triglycerides , Young Adult
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928019

ABSTRACT

Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF/MS) was used to investigate the effect of Pterocephalus hookeri on serum metabolism of adjuvant arthritis(AA) model rats induced by complete Freund's adjuvant. After the AA model was properly induced, the serum of rats was collected 30 days after treatment. UPLC-Q-TOF-MS chromatograms were collected and analyzed by principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA). The results revealed that compared with the control group, the model group showed increased content of 12 biomarkers in the serum(P<0.05) and reduced content of the other nine biomarkers(P<0.05). P. hookeri extract could recover the above-mentioned 19 biomarkers to a certain range. Pathway enrichment showed that these markers mainly involved eight metabolic pathways, including valine, leucine, and isoleucine degradation, arachidonic acid metabolism, arginine and proline metabolism, glycerol phospholipid metabolism, primary bile acid biosynthesis, bile acid biosynthesis, tryptophan metabolism, and unsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis. The findings of this study demonstrate that P. hookeri extract can regulate metabolic disorders and promote the regression of metabolic phenotype to the normal level to exert the therapeutic effect on AA rats. This study is expected to provide a certain scientific basis for the biological research on the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis by P. hookeri.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Tibetan Traditional , Metabolomics , Rats
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927963

ABSTRACT

The present study explored the biological connotation of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndromes of rheumatoid arthritis(RA) from the "disease-syndrome-symptom" association network. RA patients with four TCM syndromes(dampness-heat obstruction, phlegm-stasis obstruction, Qi-blood deficiency, and liver and kidney deficiency), three for each type, were assigned as the RA TCM syndrome group, and three healthy volunteers as the normal control group. The differential gene sets of four syndromes were screened out through transcriptome expression profiling and bioinformatics mining. The relevant gene sets of syndrome-related clinical symptoms were collected from TCMIP v2.0(http://www.tcmip.cn/). The "disease-syndrome-symptom" association networks of four RA syndromes were established by using the intersection genes of syndrome-related differential genes and symptom-related genes, and the key network target genes of each syndrome were screened out and the corresponding biological functions were mined through topological feature calculation and enrichment analysis. The genes associated with clinical symptoms such as vasculitis, joint pain, and fever in the damp-heat obstruction syndrome ranked the top, and the key network target genes of this syndrome were most significantly enriched in the pathways related to material and energy metabolism and thermal reaction biological processes. The clinical symptom-related genes of the phlegm-stasis obstruction syndrome were most significantly enriched in the pathways related to "immunity-inflammation", nervous system regulation, and sensory response. The clinical symptoms such as hypoglycemia, hypotension, weight loss, palpitation, and arrhythmia in Qi-blood deficiency syndrome were predominant, and its key network target genes were most significantly enriched in the pathways related to the nervous system and "immunity-inflammation" response. The abnormal symptoms in the liver and kidney in the liver and kidney deficiency syndrome were commonly seen, and its key network target genes were most significantly enriched in the "immunity-inflammation" regulatory pathways, and liver and kidney development and metabolic response. In conclusion, the differences and connections of the biological basis between different TCM syndromes of RA are in line with the theoretical interpretation of TCM on the etiology and pathogenesis of RA. This study summarized the objective essence of syndromes to a certain extent from the "disease-syndrome-symptom" association network and is expected to provide a theoretical basis for the discovery of serum biomarkers of RA syndromes.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Hot Temperature , Humans , Kidney , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Syndrome
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 409-415, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927547

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Concerns exist regarding the potential development of tuberculosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treated with biological and targeted drugs. We assessed systematically whether biological therapy increased the risk of tuberculosis in patients with RA by meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs).@*METHODS@#A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and China Biology Medicine disc for RCTs evaluating biological therapy in patients with RA from inception through August 2021. Traditional meta-analysis and network meta-analysis were performed to compare the risk of tuberculosis for each biologics class in patients with RA. Peto odds ratio (Peto OR) and its 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated as the primary effect measure.@*RESULTS@#In total, 39 studies with 20,354 patients were included in this meta-analysis, and 82 patients developed tuberculosis. The risk of tuberculosis was increased in patients treated with biologics compared with non-biologics (Peto OR: 3.86, 95% CI: 2.36-6.32, P < 0.001). Also, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) inhibitors had a higher probability of developing tuberculosis than placebo (Peto OR: 3.98, 95% CI: 2.30-6.88, P < 0.001). However, network meta-analysis demonstrated that there was no significant difference in the risk of tuberculosis for each biologics class in patients with RA. Noticeably, tuberculosis was significantly more common in patients treated with a high dose compared with patients receiving a low dose of tofacitinib (Peto OR: 7.39, 95% CI: 2.00-27.31, P = 0.003).@*CONCLUSION@#This meta-analysis demonstrates the evidence of an elevated risk of tuberculosis in patients with RA treated with TNF-α inhibitors, and a dose-dependent elevated risk of tuberculosis in patients treated with tofacitinib.


Subject(s)
Antirheumatic Agents/adverse effects , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Humans , Network Meta-Analysis , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Tuberculosis/drug therapy
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 648-657, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927544

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Few studies have assessed the relationship between multimorbidity patterns and mortality risk in the Chinese population. We aimed to identify multimorbidity patterns and examined the associations of multimorbidity patterns and the number of chronic diseases with the risk of mortality among Chinese middle-aged and older adults.@*METHODS@#We used data from the China Kadoorie Biobank and included 512,723 participants aged 30 to 79 years. Multimorbidity was defined as the presence of two or more of the 15 chronic diseases collected by self-report or physical examination at baseline. Multimorbidity patterns were identified using hierarchical cluster analysis. Cox regression was used to estimate the associations of multimorbidity patterns and the number of chronic diseases with all-cause and cause-specific mortality.@*RESULTS@#Overall, 15.8% of participants had multimorbidity. The prevalence of multimorbidity increased with age and was higher in urban than rural participants. Four multimorbidity patterns were identified, including cardiometabolic multimorbidity (diabetes, coronary heart disease, stroke, and hypertension), respiratory multimorbidity (tuberculosis, asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), gastrointestinal and hepatorenal multimorbidity (gallstone disease, chronic kidney disease, cirrhosis, peptic ulcer, and cancer), and mental and arthritis multimorbidity (neurasthenia, psychiatric disorder, and rheumatoid arthritis). During a median of 10.8 years of follow-up, 49,371 deaths occurred. Compared with participants without multimorbidity, cardiometabolic multimorbidity (hazard ratios [HR] = 2.20, 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 2.14 - 2.26) and respiratory multimorbidity (HR = 2.13, 95% CI:1.97 - 2.31) demonstrated relatively higher risks of mortality, followed by gastrointestinal and hepatorenal multimorbidity (HR = 1.33, 95% CI:1.22 - 1.46). The mortality risk increased by 36% (HR = 1.36, 95% CI: 1.35 - 1.37) with every additional disease.@*CONCLUSION@#Cardiometabolic multimorbidity and respiratory multimorbidity posed the highest threat on mortality risk and deserved particular attention in Chinese adults.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Asians , China/epidemiology , Humans , Hypertension , Middle Aged , Multimorbidity
17.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 56: 24, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1377217

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To review articles that assessed work-related outcomes such as workability, work productivity, presenteeism, absenteeism, sick leave, return to work, and employment status of Brazilian patients with rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic sclerosis, Sjögren's syndrome, and systemic autoimmune myopathies. METHODS This study was conducted in Medline databases (PubMed), SciELO, and Lilacs through a combination of descriptors of interest. Studies published until December 2020 were considered in the search strategy. RESULTS Eight out of 90 articles met the eligibility criteria and were included in this review. The studies are highly heterogeneous. Most of them are cross-sectional, and all of them address rheumatoid arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus. A common denominator among these studies is the high proportion of patients outside the labor market. CONCLUSIONS In general, the studies show unfavorable labor outcomes and impaired participation in the Brazilian workforce among the samples of patients assessed. There is a need to better understand several topics about Brazilian patients with systemic autoimmune diseases and their work context, as well as to conduct studies focusing on rarer diseases and on the themes of return and reintegration to work.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Autoimmune Diseases , Brazil , Sjogren's Syndrome , Occupational Health , Sick Leave , Absenteeism , Muscular Diseases , Employee Performance Appraisal
18.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 35: eAPE0384345, 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1374031

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o estado emocional, nas dimensões ansiedade e depressão, e a qualidade de vida, em pessoas com artrite reumatóide. Métodos Estudo primário, descritivo e transversal, desenvolvido na região norte de Portugal, com uma amostra de 139 pessoas com artrite reumatóide (79,86% mulheres) e com média de idades de 63.05 anos. Foram aplicados: um questionário sociodemográfico, a escala "Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale" e o questionário "EQ-5D - Avaliação de Ganhos em Saúde". Na análise de dados, por meio do programa IBM Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) Statistics 24 , recorreu-se à estatística inferencial, considerando-se estatisticamente significativo um p < 0,05. Resultados Os achados sobre o estado emocional mostraram níveis de ansiedade severos em 45,3%, ansiedade moderada em 36,7%, ansiedade leve em 10,1% e apenas 7,9% dos participantes pontuaram sem ansiedade. A maioria não apresenta sintomatologia depressiva (71,9%) e 13,7% manifestou depressão leve. Os baixos níveis de depressão foram associados a uma melhor qualidade-de-vida, contrariamente aos níveis de ansiedade, onde uma diminuição dos mesmos diminui a qualidade-de-vida (p=0,000). Conclusão Observou-se que a ansiedade e a depressão emergiram como preditores da QDV em pessoas com AR. Para proteger e melhorar a saúde dos pacientes, destaca-se a necessidade de implementar intervenções de enfermagem direcionadas ao controle dos fatores que induzem comportamentos ansiogênicos e depressivos.


Resumen Objetivo Evaluar el estado emocional, en las dimensiones ansiedad y depresión, y la calidad de vida, en personas con artritis reumatoide. Métodos Estudio primario, descriptivo y transversal, desarrollado en la región norte de Portugal, con una muestra de 139 personas con artritis reumatoide (79,86 % mujeres) con un promedio de edad de 63.05 años. Se aplicaron: un cuestionario sociodemográfico, la escala "Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale" y el cuestionario "EQ-5D - Avaliação de Ganhos em Saúde". En el análisis de datos, por medio del programa IBM Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) Statistics 24 , se recorrió a la estadística inferencial, y se consideró estadísticamente significante un p < 0,05. Resultados Los hallazgos sobre el estado emocional mostraron niveles de ansiedad severos en 45,3 %, ansiedad moderada en 36,7 %, ansiedad leve en 10,1 % y apenas el 7,9 % de los participantes puntuaron sin ansiedad. La mayoría no presenta sintomatología depresiva (71,9 %) y el 13,7 % manifestó depresión leve. Los bajos niveles de depresión estuvieron asociados a una mejor calidad de vida, contrariamente a los niveles de ansiedad, en la que una disminución en ellos disminuyó la calidad de vida (p=0,000). Conclusión Se observó que la ansiedad y la depresión emergieron como predictores de la CDV en personas con AR. Para proteger y mejorar la salud de los pacientes, se destaca la necesidad de implementar intervenciones de enfermería direccionadas al control de los factores que inducen a comportamientos ansiogénicos y depresivos.


Abstract Objective To assess the emotional states of the anxiety and depression dimensions and the quality of life in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Methods A primary, descriptive, and cross-sectional study conducted in the northern region of Portugal, using a sample of 139 people suffering from rheumatoid arthritis (79.86% of whom were women) with a mean age of 63.05 years. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the "Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale" and the "EQ-5D - Health Gains questionnaire were administered. Inferential statistics were used to conduct data analysis. IBM Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) Statistics 24 program was the instrument of choice and p < 0.05 was deemed statistically significant. Results Findings on emotional state showed severe/extreme anxiety levels in 45.3% of the respondents, moderate anxiety in 36.7% of them, mild anxiety in 10.1% and only 7.9% of participants showed no sign of anxiety. Most of the participants did not present any sort of depressive symptoms (71.9%) and 13.7% of them were diagnosed with mild depression. Low levels of depression were associated with a better quality of life. On the other hand, low levels of anxiety see to lead to poorer quality of life (p=0.000). Conclusion Evidence shows that anxiety and depression are predictors of QOL in patients with RA. That way, nursing interventions aimed at controlling the factors that trigger anxiogenic and depressive behaviours must be implemented to protect and improve patients' health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anxiety , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Quality of Life/psychology , Depression , Cross-Sectional Studies
19.
Repert. med. cir ; 31(Suplemento): 1-9, 2022. tab.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1367415

ABSTRACT

La artritis reumatoide es una afección autoinmune, crónica y multisistémica que requiere manejo multidisciplinar, siendo la supervisión continua fundamental para controlar su progresión. Tanto la artritis como el tratamiento generan un estado inmunosupresor que predispone a sufrir infecciones. Por la actual emergencia sanitaria ocasionada por el Sars-Cov2, los pacientes con estas enfermedades crónicas e inmunológicas son más susceptibles de contagio, por ello se ha requerido el uso de nuevas tecnologías como la telemedicina, que en los años previos a la pandemia venía incrementándose su uso, para permitir el control de patologías crónicas. El objetivo del presente estudio es revisar qué implicaciones ha tenido el uso de la telemedicina en el manejo de la artritis reumatoide durante la actual pandemia COVID-19 y cuál ha sido la importancia de la implementación de estas tecnologías en la enfermedad.


Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune chronic multisystem condition requiring multidisciplinary management. Close follow-up is essential to control its progression. Arthritis and its treatment cause an immunosuppressive status which predisposes to infection. Due to the current health emergency caused by Sars-Cov2, patients affected by chronic and autoimmune disorders are more susceptible to contagion, which has required using new technologies such as telemedicine. The adoption of telemedicine had been increasing since the years prior to the pandemic, to allow assessment of chronic conditions. The aim of this study is to examine the impacts of the use of telemedicine in the management of patient living with RA during the COVID-19 pandemic and the importance of the implementation of these technologies to assist in the care of RA patients.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Telemedicine , COVID-19 , Chronic Disease , SARS-CoV-2
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936370

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the cytokine patterns in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and healthy individuals and identify candidate serum biomarkers for clinical diagnosis of RA.@*METHODS@#This study was conducted among 59 patients diagnosed with RA in our hospital from 2015 to 2019 with 46 age- and gender-matched healthy subjects who received regular physical examinations in our hospital as the control group. Serological autoimmune profiles of 5 RA patients and 5 healthy control subjects were obtained from human cytokine microarrays. We selected 4 differentially expressed cytokines (LIMPII, ROBO3, Periostin and IGFBP-4) and 2 soluble cytokine receptors of interest (2B4 and Tie-2) and examined their serum levels using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 54 RA patients and 41 healthy control subjects. Spearman correlation test was performed to assess the correlation of serum cytokine and soluble receptor expression levels with the clinical features including rheumatoid factor (RF), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), disease activity score (DAS28) and health assessment questionnaire (HAQ). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic capability of these cytokines.@*RESULTS@#We identified 6 dysregulated cytokines and soluble receptors (2B4, LIMPII, Tie-2, ROBO3, periostin and IGFBP-4) in RA patients (P < 0.01). The serum levels of LIMPII, ROBO3 and periostin were significantly correlated with the disease activity indicators including RF (P < 0.001), CRP (P < 0.001), DAS28 (P < 0.001) and HAQ (P < 0.001) in RA patients. Among the 6 candidate cytokines, 2B4 showed the largest area under the curve (AUC) of 0.861 for RA diagnosis (P < 0.001), followed then by LIMPII, ROBO3, periostin, Tie-2 and IGFBP-4.@*CONCLUSION@#Serum levels of LIMPII, ROBO3 and periostin can be indicative of the disease activity of RA, and serum 2B4, LIMPII, periostin, ROBO3, IGFBP-4 and Tie-2 levels may serve as biomarkers for the diagnosis of RA.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/diagnosis , Biomarkers , C-Reactive Protein , Cytokines , Humans , Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 4 , Protein Array Analysis , Receptors, Cell Surface
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