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Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e10366, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142575


Recent publications have investigated the potential role of the protein level of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) in the susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA). However, no unanimous conclusion was obtained. Therefore, we carried out a meta-analysis to explore the association between MMP-1 expression and these two clinical disorders. After database searching and screening, we enrolled a total of eighteen articles for the pooled analysis. We observed a significant association between RA cases and controls in the whole population [SMD (standard mean difference)=1.01, P=0.017]. There were similar positive results in the subgroup analysis of "population-based control" (SMD=1.50, P=0.032) and "synovial fluid" (SMD=1.32, P=0.049). In addition, we observed an increased risk in OA cases, compared with controls, in the overall analysis (SMD=0.47, P=0.004) and subsequent subgroup analysis of "knee OA" (SMD=0.86, P<0.001), "Asian/China" (SMD=0.76, P=0.003), "cartilage-Asian/China" (SMD=1.21, P<0.001), and "synovial fluid-Asian/China" (SMD=0.73, P=0.004). In summary, a high protein level of MMP-1 in synovial fluid may be associated with the susceptibility to RA, and the high MMP-1 level in the cartilage tissue or synovial fluid may be related to the pathogenesis of knee OA in the Chinese population. This should be confirmed by larger sample sizes.

Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Osteoarthritis, Knee/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/genetics , Synovial Fluid
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922586


OBJECTIVES@#Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) has become a key epigenetic regulator that regulates gene expression and affects a variety of biological processes. LncRNA plays an important role in the occurrence and development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The study on lncRNA in peripheral blood cells of RA patients has been reported. However, there is no study on autophagy regulation by lncRNA in RA patients. This study aims to provide a new direction for the diagnosis and treatment of RA via screening the changes of lncRNAs in RA fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RA-FLSs) before and after autophagy and finding the key lncRNAs targeting RA-FLSs autophagy.@*METHODS@#Synovial tissues of 6 RA patients after knee and hip joint surgery were obtained, and RA-FLSs were cultured to the 5th generation for further experiments (tissue culture method). After treatment with mTOR inhibitor PP242, the expression of LC3-II was detected by Western blotting. Total RNAs of 3 cases of RA-FLSs before and after treatment with mTOR inhibitor PP242 were extracted by TRIzol and screened by Agilent Human ceRNA Microarray 2019 (4×180 K, design ID: 086188) chip. The lncRNAs with significantly changed expression levels were selected (difference multiple≥2.0, @*RESULTS@#RA-FLSs were successfully isolated and cultured from the synovial tissues of the patient's knee or hip joint. After 6 RA-FLSs were treated with PP242, the expression level of autophagy marker protein LC3-II was increased (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Differentially expressed lncRNAs in RA-FLSs have been identified with microarray analysis. In RA, differential expression of lncRNAs is involved in the autophagy of RA-FLSs. The underlying mechanisms based on bioinformatics analysis include regulating the secretion of cytokines, such as IL-6, TGF-β, TNF-α and IL-17, participating in the immune cell differentiation, such as Th17, Th1, Th2 cells and osteoclasts, as well as regulating the autophagy pathway, MAPK, FoxO, and other signaling pathways. It has been verified that the expression of ENST0000584721.1 is up-regulated and ENST0000615939.1 is down-regulated after autophagy of RA FLSs, which provides a good experimental basis for further study on the mechanism of lncRNA in RA-FLSs autophagy.

Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Autophagy/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Fibroblasts , Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Reproducibility of Results , Synoviocytes
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922121


OBJECTIVE@#To elucidate the active compounds and the molecular mechanism of Cyathula Officinalis as a drug treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (RA).@*METHODS@#The target genes of active ingredients from Cyathula Officinalis were obtained from bioinformatics analysis tool for the molecular mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine. The protein-protein interaction between the target genes were analyzed using STRING and Genemania. The transcriptome of RA patients compared to healthy people (GSE121894) were analyzed using R program package Limma. The relative expression of the target genes was obtained from the RNA-seq datasets. The molecular docking analyses were processed based on the molecular model of estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) binding with estradiol (PDB ID:1A52). The binding details were analyzed by SYBYL.@*RESULTS@#Inokosterone, ecdysterone, and cyaterone were the 3 active ingredients from Cyathula Officinalis that bind to target genes. Of all the significantly changed genes from RA patients, ESR1, ADORA1, and ANXA1 were significantly increased in mRNA samples of RA patients.@*CONCLUSION@#ESR1, the transcription factor that binds inokosterone in the molecular binding analysis, is the target protein of Cyathula Officinalis.

Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Cholestenes , Estrogen Receptor alpha , Humans , Molecular Docking Simulation , Pharmaceutical Preparations
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921814


To explore the regulatory effects of Xinfeng Capsules(XFC) on the apoptosis of synovial fibroblasts(FLS) and inflammation in rheumatoid arthritis(RA) via lncRNA MAPKAPK5-AS1(MK5-AS1). Thirty healthy people and 30 patients with RA due to spleen deficiency and dampness exuberance were collected for extracting the peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMCs) before and after XFC treatment, which were used to observe the correlation between MK5-AS1 and clinical indicators as well as MK5-AS1 expression before and after XFC treatment. Following the establishment of RA-FLS cell line and the preparation of XFC-containing serum, MK5-AS1-overexpression plasmid was constructed and transfected into RA-FLS for investigating the efficacy of XFC-containing serum in regulating inflammation and apoptosis of RA-FLS via MK5-AS1. The expression of MK5-AS1 in PBMCs of patients with RA due to spleen deficiency and dampness exuberance was decreased(P<0.001). The ROC curve analysis revealed the AUC of 83.9%. Correlation analysis showed that MK5-AS1 was negatively correlated with ESR, CRP, RF, CCP, and spleen deficiency and dampness exuberance syndrome score. The expression of MK5-AS1 increased significantly after XFC treatment(P<0.001). As demonstrated by association analysis, XFC decreased MK5-AS1, ESR, CRP, RF, and spleen deficiency and dampness exuberance syndrome score, with the degree of support all greater than 83%, confidence greater than 80%, and lift greater than 1. The results of RT-qPCR showed that the MK5-AS1 RNA expression significantly decreased after TNF-α stimulation(P<0.01), which, however, increased significantly after the intervention with XFC-containing serum(P<0.05). Such expression rose again after the transfection of pcDNA3.1-MK5-AS1(P<0.01). ELISA results showed that TNF-α stimulation elevated the expression of pro-inflammatory factor IL-17 but lowered the expression of anti-inflammatory factor IL-4(P<0.01). After intervention with XFC-containing serum, the expression of IL-17 decreased while that of IL-4 increased(P<0.01). The transfection of pcDNA3.1-MK5-AS1 contributed to the reduction in IL-17 expression but the elevation in IL-4 expression(P<0.01). The immunofluorescence(IF) findings demonstrated that the expression of pro-apoptotic protein Bax was down-regulated, whereas that of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 was up-regulated after TNF-α stimulation(P<0.01). After the intervention with XFC-containing serum, the Bax expression was increased, while Bcl-2 expression was decreased(P<0.01), which were remarkably collaborated by the transfection of pcDNA3.1-MK5-AS1(P<0.05). The expression of MK5-AS1 is significantly decreased in both RA-PBMCs and RA-FLS, implying that XFC inhibits inflammatory reaction and promotes the apoptosis in RA by regulating the expression of MK5-AS1.

Apoptosis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fibroblasts , Humans , Inflammation/genetics , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921805


In this study, ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-linear ion trap/electrostatic field orbit trap combined-type mass spectrometry(UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS) was used to analyze the main active components of Huangqi Guizhi Wuwu Decoction(HQGZ). A total of 50 active components were identified from HQGZ and 108 potential targets of the components related to the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis were retrieved based on network pharmacology, including 87 key targets, followed by Gene Ontology(GO) term enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment of the targets. The result indicated that HQGZ may exert therapeutic effects mainly through the sphingolipid signaling pathway, tumor necrosis factor(TNF) signaling pathway, as well as the positive regulation of ribonucleic acid(RNA) polymerase Ⅱ promoter transcription, inflammatory response and other biological processes. At the same time, cell experiment was performed to verify the key proteins in the TNF signaling pathway. The results demonstrated that HQGZ significantly reduced the expression of caspase-3(CASP3), TNF, relaxed(RELA) protein, and IkappaB kinase beta(IKBKB) in fibroblast-like synoviocytes induced by TNF-α. The results of UPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS, network pharmacology and cell experiment showed that the active components in HQGZ may inhibit inflammatory response and regulate immune function and cell apoptosis by modulating key proteins in TNF signaling pathway to treat rheumatoid arthritis.

Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Humans , Synoviocytes
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878992


The aim of this paper was to observe the effect of Xinfeng Capsules(XFC)-containing serum on the apoptosis and inflammation of fibroblast-like synoviocytes(FLS) in rheumatoid arthritis(RA) induced by tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), so as to investigate the mechanism of XFC in the treatment of RA. RA-FLS immortalized cell line was established, and XFC drug-containing serum was prepared. CCK-8, ELISA, RT-qPCR, immunofluorescence and TUNEL were used to observe the effect of XFC-containing serum on RA-FLS apoptosis and inflammatory indexes. CCK-8 results showed that the optimal concentration and time of TNF-α on RA-FLS were 10 ng·mL~(-1) and 48 h, respectively; and the optimal concentration and time of XFC on RA-FLS were 6.48 mg·g~(-1) and 72 h, respectively. The results of ELISA showed that compared with RA-FLS group, the expressions of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 in TNF-α+RA-FLS group were significantly increased, while the expressions of IL-4 and IL-10 were significantly decreased(P<0.01); after intervention with XFC-containing serum, the expressions of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 were significantly decreased, whereas the expressions of IL-4 and IL-10 were significantly increased(P<0.01). The results of RT-qPCR showed that compared with RA-FLS group, the mRNA expressions of Fas, FasL, caspase-3, caspase-8, Bax, Bcl-X1 in TNF-α+RA-FLS group were significantly decreased, while the mRNA expression of Bcl-2 was significantly increased(P<0.001); after intervention with XFC-containing serum, the mRNA expressions of Fas, FasL, caspase-3, caspase-8, Bax, Bcl-X1 were significantly increased, whereas the mRNA expression of Bcl-2 was significantly decreased(P<0.01). The results of immunofluorescence showed that compared with RA-FLS group, the protein expressions of caspase-3 and Bax in TNF-α+RA-FLS group was significantly lower than those in RA-FLS group(P<0.05); after intervention with XFC-containing serum, the protein expressions of caspase-3 and Bax were significantly increased, whereas the protein expression of Bcl-2 was significantly decreased(P<0.05). TUNEL results showed that compared with RA-FLS group, the apoptosis of TNF-α+RA-FLS group was decreased(P<0.05); after intervention with XFC-containing serum, the apoptosis was significantly increased(P<0.05). One of the mechanisms of XFC in the treatment of RA is to promote the apoptosis of RA-FLS and inhibit its inflammatory reaction.

Apoptosis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Capsules , Cells, Cultured , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fibroblasts , Humans , Inflammation , Synovial Membrane , Synoviocytes , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878988


The aim of this paper was to discuss the effect of swertiamarin, gentiopicrin and sweroside on rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes(RA-FLSs) and B-cell lymphoma-2(Bcl-2) and their mechanisms. ZINC database and RCSB PDB database were retrieved for 3 D chemical structures of swertiamarin, gentiopicrin and sweroside and 3 D target protein structures. AutoDock Mgltools 1.5.6, AutoDockVina 1.1.2 and pyMOL 2.2.0 were applied for molecular docking to analyze the relationship between Bcl-2(1 GJH) target protein and important ingredients. The cell apoptosis of RA-FLSs was tested by Annexin V-FITC. The Bcl-2 protein expression of RA-FLSs treated with different ingredients was tested by Western blot. The Bcl-2 mRNA expression of RA-FLSs treated with different ingredients was tested by RT-PCR. Swertiamarin, gentiopicrin and sweroside were docked well with Bcl-2(1 GJH). The binding energy of swertiamarin was-6.9 kcal·mol~(-1), the binding energy of gentiopicrin was-6.7 kcal·mol~(-1) and the binding energy of sweroside was-6.4 kcal·mol~(-1). Compared with the blank group, the Bcl-2 protein expression of each group were reduced, while that of the gentiopicrin group was the highest(P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, the Bcl-2 mRNA expression of each groups were reduced. Gentiopicrin can reduce the Bcl-2 protein expression and the Bcl-2 mRNA expression, so as to promote the RA-FLSs apoptosis.

Apoptosis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Fibroblasts , Humans , Iridoid Glucosides , Molecular Docking Simulation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics , Pyrones , Synoviocytes
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888152


In this study, we investigated the mechanism of crude extract of Psammosilene tunicoides(CEPT) in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis(RA) based on the Nod-like receptor protein 3(NLRP3) inflammasome. The collagen-induced arthritis(CIA) mouse model was established. On day 32 after the primary immunization, according to the arthritis score, the mice were randomly divided into model group, positive control(methotrexate) group, low-and high-dose CEPT groups, and normal group, with 10 mice in each group. According to the administration dose of each group, the mice were continuously administered for 21 days. Every four days during the administration, the paw edema degree, arthritis score, and spleen index of the mice were measured; histopathological examination was performed for the ankles of the mice; the contents of IL-1β and IL-18 in the serum were determined; the protein expression levels of NLRP3, caspase-1, and apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD(ASC), as well as the mRNA expression levels of NLRP3 and caspase-1 in the ankle joints of the mice were detected. The results showed that compared with those in the model group, the mice in the positive control group and CEPT groups had significantly decreased the contents of IL-1β and IL-18 in the serum and spleen index(P<0.01), significantly lowered arthritis score and degree of paw edema(P<0.01), alleviated arthritic infiltration of the knee, and down-regulated protein and mRNA levels of NLRP3, ASC, and caspase-1 in the ankle joint(P<0.01). These results suggest that P. tunicoides may reduce the paw edema and arthritis score and alleviate the inflammatory response in CIA mice by inhibiting the expression of NLRP3. This study provides a basis for the study of immune regulation of P. tunicoides in RA.

Animals , Arthritis, Experimental/genetics , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Caspase 1/genetics , Inflammasomes/genetics , Mice , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/genetics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879138


In this paper, network pharmacology method and molecular docking technique were used to investigate the target genes of Olibanum and Myrrha compatibility and the possible mechanism of action in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis(RA). Our team obtained the main active components of Olibanum-Myrrha based on literatures study, relevant traditional Chinese medicine systematic pharmacological databases and literature retrieval, and made target prediction of the active components through SwissTargetPrediction database. At the same time, RA-related targets were collected through DrugBank, GeneCards and Therapeutic Target Database(TDD) databases; and VENNY 2.1 was use to collect intersection targets to map common targets of drug and disease of Venn diagram online. The team used STRING database to construct PPI protein interaction network diagram, and screen out core targets according to the size of the interaction, and Cytoscape 3.6.0 software was used to construct network models of "traditional Chinese medicine-component-target" "traditional Chinese medicine-component-target-disease" and core target interaction network model. The intersection target was analyzed by using DAVID 6.8 online database for GO function analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, and Pathon was used to visualization. AutoDock Vina and Pymol were used to connect the core active components with the core targets. Sixteen active components of Olibanum-Myrrha pairs were found and collected in the laboratory, and 320 relevant potential targets, 468 RA-related targets and 62 intersection targets were obtained through the Venn diagram. It mainly acted on multiple targets, such as IL6, TNF, IL1 B and MAPK1, involving TNF signaling pathway and Toll-like receptor signaling pathway in RA treatment. Finally, in this study, possible targets and signaling pathways of Olibanum-Myrrha compatibility therapy for RA were discussed, and molecular docking between core targets and core active components was conducted, which could provide scientific basis for the study on the mechanism of Olibanum-Myrrha compatibility.

Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Frankincense , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 79(3): 161-166, June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020053


Rheumatoid arthritis is a clinical autoimmune syndrome that causes joint damage. The positive or negative anti-cyclic citrullinated protein (CCP) antibodies serodiagnosis differentiates two subsets of the disease, each with different genetic background. Previous studies have identified associations between KIR genes and rheumatoid arthritis but not with anti-CCP serodiagnosis. Therefore, we investigated the proportion of patients seropositive and seronegative to anti-CCP and its possible association with KIR (killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor) genes. We included 100 patients with rheumatoid arthritis from western Mexico, who were determined for anti-CCP serodiagnosis by ELISA, and 16 KIR genes were genotyped by PCR-SSP. The proportion of seropositive anti-CCP patients was 83%, and they presented a higher frequency of KIR2DL2 genes than the seronegative group (73.6% vs. 46.2%, p = 0.044) which, in turn, presented a higher KIR2DL2-/ KIR2DL3+ genotype frequency than the first ones (46.2% vs. 17.2%, p = 0.043). These results suggest different KIR genetic backgrounds for each subset of the disease according to anti-CCP serodiagnosis.

La artritis reumatoide es un síndrome clínico autoinmune que causa daño en las articulaciones. El serodiagnóstico positivo o negativo para anticuerpos proteicos anti-cíclicos citrulinados (CCP) diferencia dos subconjuntos de la enfermedad, cada uno con diferente fondo genético. Estudios previos han identificado asociaciones entre los genes killer cell immunoglobulin- like receptor (KIR) y la artritis reumatoide, pero no con el serodiagnóstico de anti-CCP. Por lo tanto, investigamos la proporción de seropositividad y seronegatividad anti-CCP y su posible asociación con genes KIR. Se incluyeron 100 pacientes con artritis reumatoide del occidente de México, a quienes se les determinó su serodiagnóstico anti-CCP por ELISA y también se les realizó genotipificación de 16 genes KIR por PCR-SSP. La proporción de pacientes seropositivos anti-CCP fue del 83% y presentaron una mayor frecuencia génica KIR2DL2 que el grupo seronegativo (73.6% vs. 46.2%, p = 0.044), estos últimos presentaron mayor frecuencia genotípica KIR2DL2-/KIR2DL3+ que los primeros (46.2% vs. 17.2%, p = 0.043). Los resultados sugieren diferente fondo genético KIR para cada subconjunto de la enfermedad, de acuerdo con el serodiagnóstico anti-CCP.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/diagnosis , Autoantibodies/blood , Receptors, KIR2DL2/genetics , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/blood , Rheumatoid Factor/blood , Autoantibodies/genetics , Genotype , Mexico
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(3): e7927, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989462


Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) plays an important role in autoimmune diseases. Previous studies have investigated the association of TNF-α-238G/A (rs361525) and -308G/A (rs1800629) polymorphisms with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, no agreed conclusion had been made. Therefore, this meta-analysis was conducted to assess the associations of TNF-α-238G/A and -308G/A polymorphisms with RA and SLE risk. A systematic search was conducted in commonly used databases. Meta-analysis was performed by STATA12.0. A total of 43 studies were included. In the overall population, the TNF-α-238A allele was observed to be a protective factor for RA (A vs G: OR=0.75, 95%CI=0.57-0.99, P=0.040) and the TNF-α-308A allele was found to be a risk factor for SLE (A vs G: OR=1.78, 95%CI=1.45-2.19, P<0.001). However, no evidence of association was found between TNF-α-238 G/A polymorphism and SLE nor between -308G/A and RA. In the subgroup analysis, TNF-α-308A allele played a pathogenic role for RA in Latin Americans (A vs G: OR=1.46, 95%CI=1.15-1.84, P=0.002) and for SLE in Latin Americans (A vs G: OR=2.12, 95%CI=1.32-3.41, P=0.002) and Europeans (A vs G: OR=2.03, 95%CI=1.56-2.63, P<0.001), while it played a protective role for RA in Asians (A vs G: OR=0.54, 95%CI=0.32-0.90, P=0.017). No significant association was found between TNF-α-308G/A and SLE susceptibility in Africans and Asians. This meta-analysis demonstrated that TNF-α-238A was associated with decreased risk of RA rather than SLE, while -308G/A polymorphism was associated with SLE rather than RA. Stratification analysis indicated that different ethnicities would have different risk alleles.

Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/genetics , Risk Factors , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetic Association Studies
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(12): e7944, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974256


The autoimmune regulator (AIRE), a transcriptional regulator expressed in medullary thymic epithelial cells, plays an important role in thymocyte education and negative selection. Several citations studying the association between the rs878081 exon polymorphism of the AIRE gene and the risk of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in different populations have yielded conflicting findings. Thus, this case-control study involving 300 RA cases and 300 controls was aimed to identify whether such association existed in a Chinese Han population from East China. The rs878081 polymorphism of the AIRE gene was genotyped. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using the chi-squared test, genetic model analysis, and stratification analysis. Genetic model analysis showed significant correlations between the TT genotype and the risk of RA (OR: 1.89, 95%CI: 1.03-3.47 in TT vs CC; OR: 1.84, 95%CI: 1.02-3.31 in TT vs CC+TC). Stratification analyses of sex, age, smoking, and alcoholism suggested that the rs878081 polymorphism of the AIRE gene increased RA risk among non-smokers. In conclusion, rs878081 polymorphism of AIRE gene increases the risk of RA in a Chinese Han population.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/ethnology , Case-Control Studies , China , Risk Factors , Genotype
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(7): e7126, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889120


This study was performed to examine whether the AF4/FMR2 family, member 1 (AFF1) rs340630 polymorphism is involved in the genetic background of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in a Chinese population. Two different study groups of RA patients and controls (328 RA patients and 449 healthy controls in the first study group; 232 RA patients and 313 controls in the second study group) were included in our study. Overall, there was no significant difference in either genotype (P=0.71 and 0.64 in the first and second study group, respectively) nor allele (in the first study group: A vs G, P=0.65, OR=1.05, 95%CI=0.85-1.29; in the second study group: G vs A, P=0.47, OR=1.10, 95%CI=0.86-1.40) frequencies of AFF1 rs340630 polymorphism between RA patients and controls. Our study represents the first report assessing the association of AFF1 rs340630 polymorphism with RA risk. No significant evidence was found for the dominant or recessive models. Further case-control studies with larger sample sizes and fine-mapping studies are needed to clarify the role of AFF1 in the genetic basis of RA.

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic/genetics , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Transcriptional Elongation Factors/genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Gene Frequency , Genotype
IBJ-Iranian Biomedical Journal. 2017; 21 (1): 61-66
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-185669


Background: Single-nucleotide polymorphism [SNP] rs2476601 within protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 22 gene [PTPN22] has been shown to be a risk factor for different autoimmune diseases. This study explored the association of 1858 C/T SNP with rheumatoid arthritis [RA] and celiac disease [CD] in a region covering southwest of Iran

Methods: Totally, 52 patients with CD, 120 patients with RA, and 120 healthy subjects were selected. The samples were genotyped for the rs2476601 in PTPN22 gene using the tetra-amplification refractory mutation system polymerase chain reaction

Results: The frequency of +1858T risk allele was significantly increased in both RA [P=0.021, OR=2.56, 95%CI=1.19-5.47] and CD [P=0.002, OR=3.87, 95%CI=1.68-8.95] patients, as compared to the control group. However, no association was found between the +1858C/T PTPN22 gene SNP and the anticyclic citrullinated peptide and rheumatoid factor positivity in RA patients

Conclusions: PTPN22 gene could play a crucial role in people's susceptibility to certain autoimmune diseases

Female , Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Celiac Disease/genetics , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Genetic Association Studies , Genetic Predisposition to Disease
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(10): e6115, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888931


Many studies have evaluated the correlation between peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PADI4) -92C/G polymorphism and rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but the results remain inconclusive. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis in the Chinese population to provide comprehensive data on the association between PADI4 -92C/G polymorphism and RA. Eligible studies published before May 2016 were identified in PubMed and Chinese databases. The strengths of these associations were assessed by pooled odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI). Eight studies documenting a total of 1351 RA cases and 1585 controls were included in this meta-analysis. In the overall analysis, a significant association between the PADI4 -92C/G polymorphism and RA was found in the Chinese population (G vs C: OR=1.32, 95%CI=1.02-1.71; GG+CG vs CC: OR=1.75, 95%CI=1.20-2.53). The subgroup analyses stratified by geographic area(s) and source of controls revealed significant results in South China, in hospital-based studies and population-based studies. In summary, this meta-analysis suggested that PADI4 -92C/G polymorphism may be associated with the RA incidence in the Chinese population, especially for South China. Further studies conducted on other ethnic groups are required for definite conclusions.

Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/enzymology , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Protein-Arginine Deiminases/genetics , China , Confidence Intervals , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Odds Ratio , Risk Factors
Rev. chil. reumatol ; 33(4): 157-164, 2017. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254074


La artritis reumatoide (AR) es una enfermedad sistémica crónica y autoinmune, que afecta principalmente a las articulaciones sinoviales. Al igual que ocurre con muchas enfermedades autoinmunes, la etiología de la AR es multifactorial y desconocida. La susceptibilidad genética es evidente en AR, situando su heredabilidad en aproxima-damente el 60%. La importancia del conocimiento de los factores genéticos asociados con la AR se sitúa en la contribución a la comprensión de los mecanismos patogénicos de la enfermedad, así como a su aplicación clínica que nos acerque a un tratamiento más personalizado de los pacientes por medio de marcadores de riesgo, diagnóstico y/o pronóstico. En este artículo se revisan los factores genéticos de la AR, y se hace una aproximación a la situación en poblaciones latinoamericanas en general, y chile-na en particular.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune inflammatory rheumatic disease that affects many tissues and organs, mainly synovial joints. Like many autoimmune dis-eases, the etiology of RA is multifactorial and unknown. Genetic susceptibility is evi-dent in RA, with its heritability around the 60%.The relevance of the knowledge of the genetic factors associated with RA relies on its contribution to the understanding of the pathological mechanisms of the disease, and the clinical applicability. This better understanding let us develop a more personalized treatment through genetic markers for risk, diagnostic and prognostic. In this paper, genetic factors of RA are reviewed and a general view of the Latin American populations, and particularly Chilean, is made.

Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Autoimmune Diseases , Genetic Variation , Ethnic Groups , Chile/epidemiology , Genetic Association Studies
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 56(6): 483-489, Nov.-Dec. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-830067


ABSTRACT Objective: This study aims to analyze the relationship of programmed cell death 1 (PDCD1) gene polymorphism (PD1.3G/A - rs11568821) with features of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in a Southern Brazilian population. Methods: Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) was performed in 95 SLE and 87 RA patients and 128 control group individuals from Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil. The Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) test, and odds ratio (OR) were analyzed, considering CI 95% and p ≤ 0.05. Results: The PD1.3A allele frequencies were 0.095 (SLE), 0.115 (RA) and 0.078 (controls). The genotypes of the control group were in HWE, while those of SLE and RA patients were not. However, we found no association between PD1.3 polymorphism and the SLE or RA susceptibility, nor clinical or epidemiological data. Conclusion: There was no significant association between PD1.3 polymorphism and SLE or RA susceptibility in this Southern Brazilian population.

RESUMO Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar a relação entre o polimorfismo do gene PDCD1 (programmed cell death 1) (PD1.3G/A - rs11568821) com características do lúpus eritematoso sistêmico (LES) e da artrite reumatoide (AR) em uma população do sul do Brasil. Métodos: A técnica de PCR-RFLP (Polymerase Chain Reaction-Restriction Fragment Lenght Polymorphism) foi utilizada para analisar amostras de 95 pacientes com LES e 87 com AR, assim como em 128 indivíduos do grupo controle de Santa Catarina, sul do Brasil. Foi analisada a probabilidade de equilíbrio de Hardy-Weinberg (EHW) e a odds ratio (OR), considerando um IC 95% e p ≤ 0,05. Resultados: As frequências alélicas PD1.3 A foram de 0,095 (LES), 0,115 (AR) e 0,078 (controles). Os genótipos do grupo controle estavam em EHW, enquanto aqueles dos pacientes com LES e AR não estavam. No entanto, não foi encontrada associação entre o polimorfismo PD1.3 e a suscetibilidade ao LES ou à AR, nem com dados clínicos ou epidemiológicos. Conclusão: Não foi encontrada associação significativa entre o polimorfismo PD1.3 e a susceptibilidade ao LES ou à AR nessa população do sul do Brasil.

Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/genetics , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/genetics , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Brazil , Case-Control Studies , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Gene Frequency
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 56(5): 414-420, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-798103


ABSTRACT Background: Rheumatoid arthritis is a widely prevalent autoimmune disorder with suggested genetic predisposition. Objectives: The aim of this study is to detect the pattern of genetic polymorphism of methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR C677 T and A1298 C), transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1 T869 C) and lymphotoxin-α (LT-α A252G) in patients having rheumatoid arthritis and correlate these patterns to disease activity and serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), B-Cell Activating Factor (BAFF), and osteopontin. Methods: A total of 194 subjects, 90 controls and 104 patients with rheumatoid arthritis were genotyped for MTHFR C677 T and A1298 C, TGF-β1 T869 C and LT-α A252G polymorphisms using a methodology based on PCR-RFLP. Also serum levels of TNF-α, osteopontin and BAFF were measured by ELISA kits. Results: The CT genotype and T allele of MTHFR C677 T and GG genotype and G allele of LT-α A252G are associated with the risk of RA and with higher levels of the pro-inflammatory cytokine, TNF-α in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that there is association between MTHFR C677 T and LT-α A252G genes polymorphisms and increased risk of RA in this sample of Egyptian population.

RESUMO Antecedentes: A artrite reumatoide é uma doença autoimune amplamente prevalente com sugerida predisposição genética. Objetivos: Detectar o padrão de polimorfismo dos genes metilenotetrahidrofolato redutase (MTHFR C677 T e A1298 C), fator de crescimento transformador β1 (TGF-β1 T869 C) e linfotoxina-α (LT-α A252G) em pacientes com artrite reumatoide e correlacionar esses padrões com a atividade da doença e os níveis séricos de fator de necrose tumoral alfa (TNF-α), fator ativador de linfócitos B (BAFF) e osteopontina. Métodos: Foram genotipados 194 indivíduos – 90 controles e 104 com artrite reumatoide – à procura de polimorfismos dos genes MTHFR C677 T e A1298 C, TGF-β1 T869 C e LT-α A252G com uma metodologia baseada na PCR-RFLP. Mensuraram-se também os níveis séricos de TNF-α, osteopontina e BAFF com kits de Elisa. Resultados: O genótipo CT e o alelo T do MTHFR C677 T e o genótipo GG e alelo G do LT-α A252G estão associados ao risco de AR e a níveis mais elevados da citocina pró-inflamatória TNF-α em pacientes com artrite reumatoide. Conclusão Os achados do presente estudo sugerem que há associação entre os polimorfismos dos genes MTHFR C677 T e LT-α A252G e um risco aumentado de AR nessa amostra da população egípcia.

Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Lymphotoxin-alpha/genetics , Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2)/genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/genetics , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/epidemiology , Transforming Growth Factors , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Egypt
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 56(2): 171-177, Mar.-Apr. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-780943


ABSTRACT Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune inflammatory rheumatic disease which affects several organs and tissue, predominantly the synovial joints. Like many other autoimmune diseases, RA is a complex disease, where genetic variants, environmental factors and random events interact to trigger pathological pathways. Genetic implication in RA is evident, and recent advances have expanded our knowledge about the genetic factors that contribute to RA. An exponential increment in the number of genes associated with the disease has been described, mainly through gene wide screen studies (GWAS) involving international consortia with large patient cohorts. However, there are a few studies on Latin American populations. This article describes what is known about the RA genetics, the future that is emerging, and how this will develop a more personalized approach for the treatment of the disease. Latin American RA patients cannot be excluded from this final aim, and a higher collaboration with the international consortia may be needed for a better knowledge of the genetic profile of patients from this origin.

RESUMO A artrite reumatoide (AR) é uma doença reumática inflamatória autoimune que afeta vários órgãos e tecidos, predominantemente as articulações sinoviais. Como muitas outras doenças autoimunes, a AR é uma doença complexa, em que variantes genéticas, fatores ambientais e eventos aleatórios interagem e desencadeiam vias patológicas. A implicação genética na AR é evidente e avanços recentes têm expandido nosso conhecimento sobre os fatores genéticos que contribuem para a doença. Houve um incremento exponencial na quantidade de genes associados à doença descritos, principalmente por estudos de associação genômica ampla (GWAS) que envolveram consórcios internacionais com grandes grupos de pacientes. No entanto, há poucos estudos em populações latino-americanas. Este artigo descreve o que é conhecido sobre a genética na AR, o que vem a seguir e como isso vai desenvolver uma abordagem mais personalizada para o tratamento da doença. Os pacientes latino-americanos com AR não podem ser excluídos desse objetivo final e pode ser necessária uma maior colaboração com os consórcios internacionais para se obter um melhor conhecimento do perfil genético dos pacientes provenientes dessa região.

Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetic Variation , Latin America
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2016; 29 (2): 629-645
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-176401


Rheumatoid Arthritis [RA] is a common inflammatory autoimmune disease characterized by the synovitis of both small and large joints, which may lead to the destruction of cartilage and bones causing significant disabilities due to erosion of bones surfaces, if left untreated. It is a multifactorial and heterogeneous disease having contribution of both genetic [50-60%] and environmental factors. The unawareness of general public might be a contributing factor in the high prevalence rate of RA world-wide. This review article focuses on the causing factors [genetics and environmental] involved in this devastating disease. We also gave brief overview of the treatment options and animal models of RA. The literature was reviewed using mesh terms in PubMed search "etiology of RA, genetics of RA, environmental factors in RA, Genome Wide Association Studies [GWAS] in RA". The data was thoroughly reviewed and comprehensive information was extracted to help the readers in improving understanding towards the mechanisms, which trigger the outcomes of RA. The more we increase awareness about RA, the better we manage this disease and hence can improve life style and socio-economic status

Humans , Animals, Laboratory , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Environment , Rats , Mice