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Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1642-1652, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980931


Cellular immune responses as well as generalized and periarticular bone loss are the key pathogenic features of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Under the pathological conditions of RA, dysregulated inflammation and immune processes tightly interact with skeletal system, resulting in pathological bone damage via inhibition of bone formation or induction of bone resorption. Single-cell omics technologies are revolutionary tools in the field of modern biological research.They enable the display of the state and function of cells in various environments from a single-cell resolution, thus making it conducive to identify the dysregulated molecular mechanisms of bone destruction in RA as well as the discovery of potential therapeutic targets and biomarkers. Here, we summarize the latest findings of single-cell omics technologies in osteoimmunology research in RA. These results suggest that single-cell omics have made significant contributions to transcriptomics and dynamics of specific cells involved in bone remodeling, providing a new direction for our understanding of cellular heterogeneity in the study of osteoimmunology in RA.

Humans , Osteoclasts/physiology , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Inflammation/pathology , Bone and Bones/pathology , Bone Resorption/pathology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936325


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of triptolide (TPL) on inflammatory response and migration of fibroblast like synovial cells (FLS) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA-FLS) and the mechanism of circular noncoding RNA (circRNA) 0003353 for mediating this effect.@*METHODS@#We collected peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and serum samples from 50 hospitalized RA patients and 30 healthy individuals for detecting the expression of circRNA 0003353, immune and inflammatory indexes (ESR, CRP, RF, anti-CCP, IgA, IgG, IgM, C3, and C4) and DAS28 score. Cultured RA-FLS was treated with 10 ng/mL TPL and transfected with a circRNA 0003353 overexpression plasmid, and cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and Transwell assay were used to detect the changes in the viability and migration of the cells. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to examine the cytokines IL-4, IL-6, and IL-17, and real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was performed to detect the expression of circRNA 003353; Western blotting was used to detect the expressions of p-JAK2, pSTAT3, JAK2 and STAT3 proteins in the treated cells.@*RESULTS@#The expression of circRNA 0003353 was significantly increased in PBMCs from RA patients and showed a good performance in assisting the diagnosis of RA (AUC=90.5%, P < 0.001, 95% CI: 0.83-0.98). CircRNA 0003353 expression was positively correlated with ESR, RF and DAS28 (P < 0.05). Treatment with TPL significantly decreased the expression of circRNA 0003353, suppressed the viability and migration ability, decreased the expressions of IL-6 and IL-17, and increased the expression IL-4 in cultured RA-FLS in a time-dependent manner (P < 0.01). TNF-α stimulation of RA-FLS significantly increased the ratios of p-JAK2/JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3, which were obviously lowered by TPL treatment (P < 0.01). TPL-treated RA-FLS overexpressing circRNA 0003353 showed significantly increased cell viability and migration ability with decreased IL-4 expression and increased IL-6 and IL-17 expressions and ratios of p-JAK2/ JAK2 and p-STAT3/STAT3 (P < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of circRNA 0003353 is increased in PBMCs in RA patients and in RA-FLS. TPL treatment can regulate JAK2/STAT3 signal pathway and inhibit the inflammatory response and migration of RA-FLS through circRNA 0003353.

Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Cells, Cultured , Diterpenes/pharmacology , Epoxy Compounds/pharmacology , Fibroblasts/pathology , Interleukin-17/metabolism , Interleukin-4/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Janus Kinase 2/metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Phenanthrenes/pharmacology , RNA, Circular/metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Synovial Membrane/pathology
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e20486, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403694


Abstract In the present research investigation, various concentrations of hydro-alcoholic extract of Saraca asoca (Roxb.) De Wilde (family: Caesalpinaceae) dried bark and carbopol polymer at different temperature ranges were optimized for the preparation of gel formulation. Natural penetration enhancers, v.i.z., eucalyptus oil and peppermint oil were incorporated separately in the extract based gel formulations to study the rate of drug permeation across egg membrane, using franz diffusion cell. In vitro anti-arthritis potential of the formulations was also studied using inhibition of albumin denaturation, antiproteinase activity and membrane stabilization method. As per the results of current study, it is established that S. asoca dried bark hydroalcoholic extract based gel prepared using peppermint oil as penetration enhancer exhibited good permeation rate of 8.48% at the end of 3 h. The percentage inhibition of proteins by antiproteinase method at concentration of 50 µg/ml was 50.01±1.00% which was close to 53.92±0.99% as shown by the standard drug, Diclofenac. Also, the percent protein inhibition determined using membrane stabilization method was found to be 49.70±1.00%, however, it was 63.32±0.94% for the standard drug, Diclofenac. Hence, it is concluded that peppermint oil may act as a good candidate for the preparation of potent anti-rheumatic gel preparations.

Plant Oils/analysis , Pharmaceutical Preparations/analysis , Joanesia asoca/analysis , Mentha piperita/anatomy & histology , Hydroalcoholic Solution , Eucalyptus Oil/analysis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Plant Extracts/agonists
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19752, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383956


Abstract The Disease Activity Score 28 (DAS28) shows discrepancies when using erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) scores to assess rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This study aimed to verify the agreement between the DAS28-CRP and DAS28-ESR scores in patients with RA from the south of Brazil. A unicentric cross-sectional study was performed (n = 56). The diagnosis of the patients followed the American College of Rheumatology/ European League Against Rheumatism criteria, and their DAS28 were calculated. The DAS28- ESR score was higher than the DAS28-CRP (DAS28-ESR mean 4.8±1.6; DAS28-CRP mean 4.3±1.4) for 83.9% of the patients. The DAS28-CRP and DAS28-ESR scores showed a very strong correlation (Pearson's coefficient = 0.922; P<0.0001, 95% CI +0.87 to +0.95, statistical power 100%). Spearman's correlation coefficient (0.49; P=0.0001, 95% CI +0.25 to +0.67, statistical power 47.54%) showed a moderate correlation between the unique components of the DAS28 formulas. There was agreement between the tests in only 36 of the patients (64.29%). Among the discordant categories, DAS28-ESR overestimated the classification in 16 patients (28.5%). The Kappa coefficient between the categories was 0.465 (SE 0.084, 95% CI +0.301 to +0.630), showing a moderate degree of agreement between the instruments. Although the DAS28-ESR and DAS28-CRP were highly correlated, they differed significantly in terms of patient categorization and should not be used interchangeably

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Patients/classification , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Brazil/ethnology , Remission Induction/methods , C-Reactive Protein/adverse effects , Classification
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e20626, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420471


Abstract The aim of this study is the association between the scores of disease activity, functional capacity and quality of life among patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis, under clinical treatment at the Regional University Hospital of Campos Gerais - Wallace Thadeu de Mello and Silva. The sample was composed by volunteer patients, who freely underwent 3 research questionnaires. With the results of the survey, the disease activity score was correlated to the functional capacity and the quality-of-life scores. A mean of 3.87 and 1.2 was observed for the disease activity and the functional capacity scores, respectively, yet not achieving a correlation between those two variables. A strong correlation between the disease activity and the "functional capacity", "general health status" and "mental health" domains was found. The lowest average observed corresponded to "physical limitation", from the quality-of-life questionnaire. There was no statistically significant correlation between disease activity and functional capacity, although disease activity seems to affect the mental health, general health status and functional capacity of patients.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Patients/classification , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Quality of Life , Research/instrumentation , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data , Hospitals/classification
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e21010, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420430


Abstract Acrylamide is a neurotoxic compound. Moreover, anakinra is an interleukin-1 (IL-1) receptor antagonist used in rheumatoid arthritis treatment. This study investigated the effect of anakinra on acrylamide-related neuropathy and neuropathic pain. Acrylamide exposure caused a significant decrease in the pain threshold; an increase in malondialdehyde (MDA), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß) levels; and a decrease in total glutathione (tGSH) values in the sciatic nerve. This indicates hyperalgesia presence, oxidative stress, and peripheral nerve tissue inflammation. Anakinra treatment significantly reduced the MDA, IL-1ß, and TNF-α levels, and increased the pain threshold and mean tGSH values. The analgesic effect of anakinra was 67.9% at the first hour, increasing to 74.9% and 76.7% at the second and third hours, respectively. The group receiving acrylamide exhibited histopathological changes (e.g., swollen and degenerated axons, hypertrophic and hyperplasic Schwann cells, and congested vessels). The use of anakinra significantly improved these morphological changes. Anakinra is concluded to reduce neuropathic pain and prevent neurotoxic effect of acrylamide on peripheral nerves due to its analgesic, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties

Animals , Male , Rats , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases/pathology , Acrylamide/adverse effects , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/antagonists & inhibitors , Inflammation/classification , Peripheral Nerves/abnormalities , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology , Pain Threshold/classification , Oxidative Stress/drug effects
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941021


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic mechanism of emodin in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) using a network pharmacology-based method and validate this mechanism in a fibroblast-like synovial cell line.@*METHODS@#The PubChem, Targetnet, SwissTargetPrediction, Genecards, OMIM, and DisGeNET databases were searched to obtain emodin targets and RA-related genes. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed, and GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analyses were carried out to analyze the intersection genes. AutoDock4.2.6 software was used to simulate molecular docking between emodin and its candidate targets. In a cultured fibroblast-like synovial cell line (MH7A), the effects of different concentrations of emodin on proliferation of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-induced cells were investigated using CCK-8 assay, cell scratch experiment and flow cytometry; the changes in the expressions of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathway proteins were detected using Western blotting, and the mRNA expressions of the hub genes were examined with RT-qPCR.@*RESULTS@#We identified 32 intersection genes of emodin and RA, and the key targets including CAPS3, ESR1, and MAPK14 involved mainly the NF-κB signaling pathway. Cell scratch experiment and flow cytometry demonstrated a strong inhibitory effect of emodin on MH7A cell proliferation. Treatment with TNF-α significantly increased the cellular expressions of the NF-κB pathway proteins, which were obviously lowered by treatment with 80 μmol/L emodin. The results of RT-qPCR showed that TNF-α treatment obviously up-regulated the expressions of the hub genes COX2 and P38MAPK, and emodin treatment significantly down-regulated the expressions of MAPK and PTGS2 and up-regulated the expression of CASP3.@*CONCLUSION@#The therapeutic effect of emodin on RA is mediated mainly through regulation of cell proliferation, apoptosis, and the NF-κB pathway.

Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Emodin/pharmacology , Molecular Docking Simulation , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Network Pharmacology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2021. 91 p. graf, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415365


Produtos liberados pela queima do cigarro convencional (CC) estão relacionados com a progressão clínica da artrite reumatoide (AR). Produtos fumígenos não combustíveis surgiram com a premissa de apresentarem menor toxicidade que o CC, dentre os quais está o tabaco aquecido (heat-not-burn tobacco; HNBT). Neste projeto investigamos os efeitos do HNBT sobre eventos envolvidos na AR, focando na sintomatologia, expressão de metalotioneínas (MTs), e na biologia de linfócitos T CD4+ primários e da linhagem Jurkat. Exposições in vivo ao ar, CC ou HNBT foram realizadas 2 vezes ao dia, 1 hora cada (12 CC ou 24 HNBT/hora), nos dias 14-21 da indução da artrite induzida por antígeno (AIA) em camundongos C57Bl/6. Foram realizadas análises dos parâmetros clínico da doenças, histopatologia e imunohistoquímica; quantificação de nicotina e cotinina séricas por cromatografia líquida acoplada a espectrometria de massas (MS). Os efeitos das exposições in vitro sobre linfócitos T foram mensurados por citometria de fluxo e ELISA. A concentração de metais emitidas pelo CC ou HNBT durante as exposições foram mensurados por MS com plasma acoplado. Camundongos expostos ao CC apresentaram intensa inflamação pulmonar, expressões acentuadas de MTs hepáticas e pulmonares e exacerbação dos parâmetros de AIA quando comparados ao grupo expostos ao HNBT. Animais expostos ao CC ou ao HNBT apresentaram redução na celularidade de órgãos linfoides. Somente a exposição in vitro ao CC causou estresse oxidativo e secreção de citocinas inflamatórias, ativação do receptor de hidrocarbonetos arila (AhR) e polarização de células Th17. Diferentemente, exposição ao CC ou ao HNBT provocaram redução da secreção de IL-2 e proliferação de células Jurkat. A exposição de células Jurkat à nicotina mimetizou os efeitos inibitórios da exposição ao HNBT sobre a secreção de IL-2 e proliferação de linfócitos T. O CC liberou maiores concentrações de metais nas câmaras de exposição. Associados, nossos resultados mostram que embora exposições ao HNBT não exacerbem parâmetros inflamatórios de AIA e nem em funções linfócitos T, ambos produtos prejudicam a celularidade de órgãos linfoides e a proliferação e secreção de IL-2 por linfócitos T

Products released by burning conventional cigarettes (CC) are related to the worsening of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Non-combustible smoking products appeared with the premise of presenting less toxicity than the CC, among which is the heated tobacco (heat-not-burn tobacco; HNBT). Here, we investigate the effects of HNBT on events involved in RA, focusing on symptoms, expression of metallothioneins (MTs), and on the biology of primary CD4+ T lymphocytes and the Jurkat T cell lineage. In vivo exposures to air, CC or HNBT were performed twice a day, 1 hour each (12 CC or 24 HNBT / hour), on days 14-21 of the induction of antigen-induced arthritis (AIA) in C57Bl / 6 mice. Analyzes of the clinical parameters of the AIA, histopathology, and immunohistochemistry were performed; quantification of nicotine and cotinine by liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (MS). The in vitro effects of exposures on T lymphocytes were measured by flow cytometry and ELISA. The concentration of metals released by the CC or HNBT during the exposures was measured by MS with coupled plasma. Mice exposed to CC showed intense pulmonary inflammation, marked expressions of hepatic and pulmonary MTs, and exacerbation of AIA parameters when compared to the group exposed to HNBT. Animals exposed to CC or HNBT showed a reduction in the cellularity of lymphoid organs. Only in vitro exposure to CC caused oxidative stress and secretion of inflammatory cytokines, activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), and polarization of Th17 cells. However, exposure to CC or HNBT led to reduced secretion of IL-2 and proliferation of Jurkat cells. The exposure of Jurkat T cells to nicotine mimicked the inhibitory effects of exposure to HNBT on IL-2 secretion and T lymphocyte proliferation. The CC released higher concentrations of metals in the exposure chambers. In association, our results show that although exposures to HNBT do not exacerbate inflammatory parameters of AIA or T lymphocyte functions, both products impair lymphoid organ cell function and the proliferation and secretion of IL-2 by T lymphocytes

Animals , Male , Mice , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Smoke/adverse effects , T-Lymphocytes/classification , Metallothionein/agonists , Nicotine/adverse effects , Association , Chromatography, Liquid/methods , Flow Cytometry/methods
Int. j. morphol ; 38(1): 43-47, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056395


Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a disease triggered by environmental and genetic factors. Research suggests that physical exercise has benefits such as delaying functional disability. In vivo studies using experimental models of arthritis can provide useful information about these benefits. to analyze the effects that different intensities of aquatic physical exercise have on the proprieties of the bones in induced arthritis in knees of Wistar rats. Male Wistar adults rats (n=20) were divided into 5 groups: Group Control Arthritis (GCA) n=4, Group control Placebo (GCP) n=4, Group Low Physical Activity (GB) n=4, Group Moderate Physical Activity (GM) n=4 and Group Intense Physical Activity (GI) n=4. The physical activity groups got an intra-articular injection of Zymosam on the right knee; the GCA received saline solution in the right knee; the GCP was submitted to the stress of the needle. The animals were submitted to aquatic activity for 30 minutes, 4 times a week for 5 weeks, and the intensity of the exercise was determined by a weight placed on their back: GB=1 %, GM=5 %, GI=15 % of their body weight. It was observed that the group GB, and the groups that did not exercise GCA and GCP, gained more weight compared to the group GM. In relation to the bone mineral content of the tibia, there was a decrease in the GM group when compared to the GCP group, whereas in the tibial bone mineral density there was a decrease in the GM group compared to the GCP, GCA, GB. As for the area of the femur, the GI group presented an increase of it compared to the GB and GM groups. It is concluded that the high intensity exercises promote better results in bone properties.

La investigación sugiere que el ejercicio físico tiene beneficios como retrasar la discapacidad funcional de la artritis reumatoide. Los estudios in vivo que utilizan modelos experimentales de artritis pueden proporcionar información útil sobre estos beneficios. Se analizaron los efectos de las intensidades del ejercicio físico acuático sobre las propiedades de los huesos, en la artritis inducida en las rodillas de ratas Wistar. Las ratas Wistar macho adultas (n = 20) se dividieron en 5 grupos: grupo de control artritis (ACG) n = 4, grupo control placebo (CGP) n = 4, grupo de actividad física baja (GB) n = 4, grupo de actividad física moderada (GM) n = 4 y grupo de actividad física intensa (GI) n = 4. Los grupos de actividad física recibieron una inyección intraarticular de Zymosam en la rodilla derecha; el GCA recibió solución salina en la rodilla derecha; el CGP fue sometido a la tensión de una aguja. Los animales fueron sometidos a actividad acuática durante 30 minutos, 4 veces a la semana durante 5 semanas, y la intensidad del ejercicio se determinó mediante un peso colocado sobre su espalda: GB = 1 %, GM = 5 %, GI = 15 % de su peso corporal. Se observó que el grupo GB, y los grupos que no ejercitaron GCA y CGP, ganaron más peso en comparación con el grupo GM. En relación con el contenido mineral óseo de la tibia, hubo una disminución en el grupo GM en comparación con el grupo GCP, mientras que en la densidad mineral del hueso tibial hubo una disminución en el grupo GM en comparación con el GCP, GCA, GB. En cuanto al área del fémur, el grupo GI presentó un aumento en comparación con los grupos GB y GM. En conclusión el ejercicio de alta intensidad promueve mejores resultados en las propiedades óseas.

Animals , Male , Rats , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Swimming/physiology , Tibia/pathology , Femur/pathology , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/physiopathology , Tibia/physiopathology , Body Weight , Exercise/physiology , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Femur/physiopathology
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 56: e18551, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142487


We performed this study to measure the Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha (TNF-α) plasma level and to survey its correlation with disease activity in the newly diagnosed Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) patients and those who were under treatment with the combination of Disease-Modifying Anti-Rheumatic Drug (DMARD) plus Prednisolone (PSL).We enrolled 30 newly diagnosed RA patients who received no treatment regarding their disease, 30 patients under treatment with the combination of Methotrexate (MTX) + Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) + PSL and 30 healthy subjects in this case-control study from September 2017 to December 2017. The level of plasma TNF-α was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in each group. For assessment of disease severity, we used Disease Activity Score-28 (DAS-28) formula, and regarding DAS-28, we divided patients into four groups, including remission, low, moderate and high disease activity. There were no significant differences in the plasma level of TNF-α between the newly diagnosed RA patients and subjects who received MTX + HCQ + PSL, as well as healthy controls (p>0.05). There was a significant correlation between plasma levels of TNF-α and DAS-28 in the newly diagnosed patients with RA (r = 0.594, P = 0.001). Targeting TNF-α at the early stage of RA could have more beneficial effects on the amelioration of disease activity

Patients/classification , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Lymphotoxin-alpha/pharmacology , Antirheumatic Agents/administration & dosage , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology , Antirheumatic Agents
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 56: e18447, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142492


T0001 is the first mutant of etanercept with a higher affinity to tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) than etanercept. In order to investigate the safety and tolerability of T0001, a study was carried out in healthy Chinese subjects. A first-in-human, dose escalation study was conducted in healthy Chinese subjects. Fifty-six subjects were divided into six dose cohorts (10 mg, 20 mg, 35 mg, 50 mg, 65 mg and 75 mg) to receive a single subcutaneous injection of T0001. Safety and tolerability assessment were based on the records of vital signs, physical examinations, clinical laboratory tests, 12-lead electrocardiograms and adverse events (AEs). All subjects were in good compliance and none withdraw due to AEs. No serious AEs occurred. A total of twenty-three AEs in sixteen subjects were recorded, and eighteen of these AEs were believed to be related to T0001. The most frequently reported AEs were injection site reactions and white blood cell count increase. All these AEs were of mild to moderate intensity and most of them recovered spontaneously within 14 days. In this study, no dose-limiting toxicity was observed, and the maximum tolerated dose was identified as 75 mg. T0001 was considered safe and generally well tolerated at doses up to 75 mg in healthy Chinese volunteers

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Safety , Volunteers , Single Dose/drug effects , Etanercept/analogs & derivatives , Physical Examination , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/classification , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Asian People/classification , Electrocardiography , Injection Site Reaction , Injections, Subcutaneous/classification
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941732


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate soluble interleukin-2 receptor alpha chain (sIL-2Rα, sCD25) in serum for the determination of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) activity.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood was collected from 108 patients with RA, 39 patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and 50 healthy control subjects, and synovial fluids were from 40 patients with RA. The sera from the patients with RA, the disease control group (osteoarthritis), the healthy control group, and the synovial fluids of the RA patients were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).The clinical manifestations and laboratory parameters of the patients with RA were recorded and the correlation with the serum sCD25 level was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The serum sCD25 concentration in RA group was (2 886±1 333) ng/L, the serum sCD25 concentration in OA group was (2 090±718) ng/L, and the serum sCD25 concentration in healthy group was (1 768±753) ng/L. The serum sCD25 level in the patients with RA was significantly higher than that in the disease controls and healthy controls (P<0.001). Sensitivity of serum sCD25 in the diagnosis of RA was 66.1% and specificity was 83.0%;serum sCD25 levels and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (r=0.321, P=0.001), C-reactive protein (r=0.446, P<0.001), DAS28 score (r=0.324, P<0.001), joint tenderness count (r=0.203, P=0.024), D-dimer levels (r=0.383, P<0.001), age (r=0.24, P=0.007), IgG (r=0.207, P=0.028), HRF-IgG (r=0.345, P=0.034) showed a significant positive correlation, and disease duration (r=-0.206, P=0.021) showed a negative correlation with sCD25;In patients with rheumatoid arthritis, the positive rates of serum ESR, CRP, and sCD25 were 14.3% (2 cases), 14.3% (2 cases), and 71.4% (10 cases) in the low disease activity group. The positive rates of serum ESR, CRP and sCD25 in the moderate disease activity group were 94.2% (49 cases), 82.7% (43 cases), and 86.5% (45 cases). The positive rates of serum ESR, CRP, and sCD25 in the high disease activity group were 100% (42 cases), 95.2% (40 cases), and 90.5% (38 cases);36 cases of ESR and/or CRP were negative (about 33.3%) in 108 patients, serum sCD5 levels of 17 cases in these 36 cases (about 47.2%)increased, of which 14 cases (about 82.4%) had a DAS28 score higher than 3.2.@*CONCLUSION@#The serum sCD25 has a high specificity for diagnosis of RA and a poor sensitivity. The serum level is closely related to the activity of RA, indicating that sCD25 may be involved in the inflammatory process of RA and may become a new inflammatory marker of RA. It is more meaningful for detection of serum sCD25 when RA is active, but ESR and/or CRP is negative.

Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Biomarkers/analysis , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein , Case-Control Studies , Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit/analysis , Osteoarthritis , Synovial Fluid/chemistry
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 29(2): 97-108, 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-986659


Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic inflammatory disease that primarily affects the joints causing varying degrees of disability. Non-pharmacological management is increasing evidence of its usefulness impacting functionality. Objectives: To characterize the clinical / functional profile of patients with rheumatoid arthritis derived physiatrist assessment in the Clinical Hospital University of Chile. Methods: We reviewed the clinical records of patients with RA derivatives Physical Medicine, extraction demographics, medical history, physical examination and functionality. Statisticians analysis of central tendency, dispersion, absolute and relative frequencies. Results: 85 medical records were analyzed. 88.2% were women with an average age of 54.05 ± 11.42 years. 38.8% have at least one comorbidity. 34.1% of patients takes between 6 and 15 years of disease. The average drug related AR is 5.6 per patient, being more Disease Modifying Antirheumatic Drugs (DMARDs) found. 35.2% presented falls in the past year. Pain is a symptom found in the history and physical examination with a VAE (venous air embolism) 4.4 ± 2.43 at the time of consultation and 6.7 ± 3.3 in crisis. 20% received kinesic therapy and only 7% occupational therapy. 45.3% of patients having a value of HAQ (health assesment questionnaire) who scored as moderate disability, even if their selfperception of independence reaches 65.9%. Conclusion: The analysis allows us to perform a demographic, clinical and functional profile that allows us to guide rehabilitation actions. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/epidemiology , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/rehabilitation , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/therapy , Chile/epidemiology
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 57(2): 122-128, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-844222


Abstract Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a well and widely recognized cause of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). In the rheumatoid wrist, synovial expansion, joint erosions and ligamentous laxity result in compression of the median nerve due to increased intracarpal pressure. We evaluated the published studies to determine the prevalence of CTS and the characteristics of the median nerve in RA and its association with clinical parameters such as disease activity, disease duration and seropositivity. A total of 13 studies met the eligibility criteria. Pooled data from 8 studies with random selection of RA patients revealed that 86 out of 1561 (5.5%) subjects had CTS. Subclinical CTS, on the other hand, had a pooled prevalence of 14.0% (30/215). The cross sectional area of the median nerve of the RA patients without CTS were similar to the healthy controls. The vast majority of the studies (8/13) disclosed no significant relationship between the median nerve findings and the clinical or laboratory parameters in RA. The link between RA and the median nerve abnormalities has been overemphasized throughout the literature. The prevalence of CTS in RA is similar to the general population without any correlation between the median nerve characteristics and the clinical parameters of RA.

Resumo A artrite reumatoide (AR) é uma causa bem e amplamente reconhecida de síndrome do túnel do carpo (STC). No punho acometido pela artrite reumatoide, a expansão sinovial, as erosões articulares e a frouxidão ligamentar resultam em compressão do nervo mediano decorrente do aumento da pressão intracarpal. Avaliaram-se os estudos publicados para determinar a prevalência de STC e as características do nervo mediano na AR e sua associação com parâmetros clínicos, como a atividade e duração da doença e a soropositividade. Preencheram os critérios de elegibilidade 13 estudos. Os dados agrupados dos oito estudos com seleção aleatória de pacientes com AR revelaram que 86 de 1.561 (5,5%) indivíduos tinham STC. Por outro lado, a STC subclínica teve uma prevalência combinada de 14% (30/215). A área de seção transversa do nervo mediano dos pacientes com AR sem STC foi semelhante à de controles saudáveis. A grande maioria dos estudos (8/13) não apresentou relação significativa entre os achados no nervo mediano e os parâmetros clínicos ou laboratoriais na AR. A ligação entre a AR e as anormalidades do nervo mediano foi excessivamente valorizada em toda a literatura. A prevalência de STC na AR é semelhante à da população em geral, sem qualquer correlação entre as características do nervo mediano e os parâmetros clínicos da AR.

Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Wrist Joint/pathology , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/pathology , Median Nerve/pathology , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/complications , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/etiology , Incidence , Prevalence
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 56(5): 451-457, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-798098


ABSTRACT A better understanding of the inflammatory mechanisms of rheumatoid arthritis and the development of biological therapy revolutionized its treatment, enabling an interference in the synovitis – structural damage – functional disability cycle. Interleukin 33 was recently described as a new member of the interleukin-1 family, whose common feature is its pro-inflammatory activity. Its involvement in the pathogenesis of a variety of diseases, including autoimmune diseases, raises the interest in the possible relationship with rheumatoid arthritis. Its action has been evaluated in experimental models of arthritis as well as in serum, synovial fluid and membrane of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. It has been shown that the administration of interleukin-33 exacerbates collagen-induced arthritis in experimental models, and a positive correlation between cytokine concentrations in serum and synovial fluid of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and disease activity was found. This review discusses evidence for the role of interleukin-33 with a focus on rheumatoid arthritis.

RESUMO A melhor compreensão dos mecanismos inflamatórios da artrite reumatoide e o desenvolvimento da terapia biológica revolucionaram o tratamento da doença, permitindo uma interferência no ciclo sinovite–dano estrutural–incapacidade funcional. A interleucina 33 foi recentemente descrita como um novo membro da família da interleucina 1, cuja característica comum é a atividade pró-inflamatória. Por estar envolvida na patogênese de uma grande variedade de doenças, incluindo doenças autoimunes, a interleucina 33 começa a ser estudada na doença reumatoide. Ela tem sido avaliada em modelos experimentais de artrite, no soro, no líquido e membrana sinoviais de pacientes com artrite reumatoide. Demonstrou-se que a administração da interleucina 33 exacerba a artrite induzida por colágeno em modelos experimentais, e concentrações dessa citocina no soro e no líquido sinovial de pacientes com artrite reumatoide correlacionaram-se positivamente com a atividade da doença. Esse manuscrito apresenta a interleucina 33 e discute as evidências do seu papel em diferentes doenças, com ênfase na artrite reumatoide.

Humans , Animals , Arthritis, Experimental/immunology , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Interleukin-33/immunology , Interleukin-33/blood , Arthritis, Experimental/pathology , Arthritis, Experimental/blood , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/immunology , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/blood , Synovial Fluid , Synovitis , Interleukins
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(4): 500-502, July-Aug. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792454


Abstract: A 54 year-old woman with a 3-year history of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) consulted us because of weight loss, fever and skin eruption. On physical examination, erythematous plaques with a pseudo-vesicular appearance were seen on the back of both shoulders. Histological examination was consistent with rheumatoid neutrophilic dermatosis (RND). After 3 days of prednisone treatment, the skin eruption resolved. RND is a rare cutaneous manifestation of seropositive RA, characterized by asymptomatic, symmetrical erythematous plaques with a pseudo-vesicular appearance. Histology characteristically reveals a dense, neutrophilic infiltrate with leucocitoclasis but without other signs of vasculitis. Lesions may resolve spontaneously or with RA treatment. This case illustrates an uncommon skin manifestation of active rheumatoid arthritis.

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Skin Diseases, Vesiculobullous/pathology , Skin/pathology , Biopsy , Erythema/pathology , Neutrophils/pathology
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 78(4): 236-240, July-Aug. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-759255


ABSTRACTPurpose:To evaluate central corneal thickness (CCT) and peripheral corneal thickness (PCT) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to assess the relationships among the corneal parameters, dry eye disease, and clinical variables of RA.Methods:A total of 58 RA patients and 58 control subjects participated in this study. A detailed ophthalmological examination was performed on each subject. Dry eye evaluation was performed using Schirmer’s test, tear break-up time (TBUT), corneal fluorescein staining, and Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI). Corneal thickness at the apex point, the center of the pupil, the thinnest point, and PCT (3 mm from the apex to the superior, inferior, nasal, and temporal locations) were evaluated using Scheimpflug imaging (Pentacam®). Additionally, the relative peripheral index (RPI) was calculated by dividing the PCT by the CCT. The disease severity and quality of life were evaluated with DAS28 and HAQ, respectively. The laboratory evaluation comprised ESR and CRP.Results:The mean corneal thicknesses at the apex point, the center of the pupil, the thinnest point, and the superior, inferior, nasal, and temporal points were significantly thinner in RA patients than controls. Schirmer’s test scores and TBUT were significantly lower, and corneal staining and OSDI scores were significantly higher in RA patients. There were no significant correlations between the corneal parameters and the clinical variables of RA or dry eye tests.Conclusion:The CCT and PCT were thinner in RA patients compared to those in control subjects. However, there were no significant correlations between the corneal parameters and the clinical variables of RA or dry eye tests.

RESUMOObjetivo:Avaliar da espessura central da córnea (CCT) e espessura corneana periférica (PCT) em pacientes com artrite reumatoide (RA). O segundo objetivo foi avaliar as relações entre os parâmetros de córnea, doença do olho seco e variáveis clínicas da RA.Método:Um total de 58 pacientes com RA e 58 indivíduos do grupo controle participaram deste estudo. Exame oftalmológico detalhado foi realizado para cada indivíduo. Avaliação do olho seco foi realizada por meio do teste de Schirmer, tempo de ruptura do filme lacrimal (TBUT), coloração com fluoresceína da córnea e do índice de doença da superfície ocular (OSDI). Espessura da córnea no ápice, centro da pupila e ponto mais fino, assim como PCT (três milímetros do ápice para localização superior, inferior, nasal e temporal) foram avaliadas por meio de imagens Scheimpflug (Pentacam®). Além disso, o índice periférico relativo (RPI) foi calculado dividindo-se a PCT pela CCT. A gravidade da doença e qualidade de vida foram avaliados com DAS28 e HAQ respectivamente. A avaliação laboratorial foi composta por VHS e PCR.Resultados:As espessuras de córnea médias no ápice, centro da pupila, ponto mais fino, assim como nos pontos superior, inferior, nasal e temporal foram significativamente mais finas em pacientes com RA do que nos controles. Os resultados dos testes de Schirmer e TBUT foram significativamente menores e a coloração por fluoresceína e o OSDI foram significativamente maiores em pacientes com RA. Não houve correlações significativas entre os parâmetros da córnea e variáveis clínicas da RA ou testes de olho seco.Conclusões:A espessura corneana central e periférica foram mais finas em pacientes com RA em comparação com indivíduos controle. Não houve correlações significativas entre os parâmetros da córnea e variáveis clínicas da AR ou testes de olho seco.

Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Cornea/pathology , Corneal Topography/methods , Dry Eye Syndromes/diagnosis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/physiopathology , Case-Control Studies , Cornea/physiopathology , Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological , Dry Eye Syndromes/physiopathology
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 65(3): 217-221, May-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748919


RATIONALE: The changes in body position can cause changes in lung function, and it is necessary to understand them, especially in the postoperative upper abdominal surgery, since these patients are susceptible to postoperative pulmonary complications. OBJECTIVE: To assess the vital capacity in the supine position (head at 0° and 45°), sitting and standing positions in patients in the postoperative upper abdominal surgery. METHODS: A cross-sectional study conducted between August 2008 and January 2009 in a hospital in Salvador/BA. The instrument used to measure vital capacity was analogic spirometer, the choice of the sequence of positions followed a random order obtained from the draw of the four positions. Secondary data were collected from the medical records of each patient. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 30 subjects with a mean age of 45.2 ± 11.2 years, BMI 20.2 ± 1.0 kg/m2. The position on orthostasis showed higher values of vital capacity regarding standing (mean change: 0.15 ± 0.03 L; p = 0.001), the supine to 45 (average difference: 0.32 ± 0.04 L; p = 0.001) and 0° (0.50 ± 0.05 L; p = 0.001). There was a positive trend between the values of forced vital capacity supine to upright posture (1.68 ± 0.47; 1.86 ± 0.48; 2.02 ± 0.48 and 2.18 ± 0.52 L; respectively). CONCLUSION: Body position affects the values of vital capacity in patients in the postoperative upper abdominal surgery, increasing in postures where the chest is vertical. .

JUSTIFICATIVA: As alterações no posicionamento corporal podem ocasionar mudanças na função respiratória e é necessário compreendê-las, principalmente no pós-operatório abdominal superior, já que os pacientes estão suscetíveis a complicações pulmonares pós-operatórias. OBJETIVO: Verificar a capacidade vital nas posições de decúbito dorsal (cabeceira a 0° e 45°), sentado e em ortostase em pacientes no pós-operatório de cirurgia abdominal superior. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal, feito entre agosto de 2008 e janeiro de 2009, em um hospital na cidade de Salvador (BA). O instrumento usado para mensuração da capacidade vital (CV) foi o ventilômetro analógico e a escolha da sequência das posições seguiu uma ordem aleatória obtida a partir de sorteio das quatro posições. Os dados secundários foram colhidos nos prontuários de cada paciente. RESULTADOS: A amostra foi composta por 30 indivíduos com idade média de 45,2 ± 11,2 anos e IMC 20,2 ± 1,0 kg/m2. A posição em ortostase apresentou valores maiores da CV em relação à sedestração (média das diferenças: 0,15 ± 0,03 litros; p = 0,001), ao decúbito dorsal a 45° (média das diferenças: 0,32 ± 0,04 litros; p = 0,001) e 0° (0,50 ± 0,05 litros; p = 0,001). Houve um aumento positivo entre os valores de CVF do decúbito dorsal para a postura ortostática (1,68 ± 0,47; 1,86 ± 0,48; 2,02 ± 0,48 e 2,18 ± 0,52 litros; respectivamente). CONCLUSÃO: A posição do corpo afeta os valores da CV em pacientes no pós-operatório de cirurgia abdominal superior, com aumento nas posturas em que o tórax encontra-se verticalizado. .

JUSTIFICACIÓN: Las alteraciones en el posicionamiento corporal pueden ocasionar cambios en la función respiratoria y es necesario comprenderlas, principalmente en el postoperatorio abdominal superior, ya que los pacientes son susceptibles a complicaciones pulmonares postoperatorias. OBJETIVO: Verificar la capacidad vital en las posiciones de decúbito dorsal (cabeza a 0° y 45°), sentado y en ortostasis en pacientes en el postoperatorio de cirugía abdominal superior. MÉTODOS: Estudio transversal realizado entre agosto de 2008 y enero de 2009, en un hospital en la ciudad de Salvador (BA). El instrumento usado para la medición de la capacidad vital (CV) fue el espirómetro analógico y la elección de la secuencia de las posiciones siguió un orden aleatorio que se obtuvo a partir de un sorteo de las 4 posiciones. Los datos secundarios fueron extraídos de las historias clínicas de cada paciente. RESULTADOS: La muestra se compuso de 30 individuos con edades medias de 45,2 ± 11,2 años e IMC de 20,2 ± 1 kg/m2. La posición en ortostasis presentó valores mayores de CV con relación a la posición sedente (media de las diferencias: 0,15 ± 0,03 L; p = 0,001), al decúbito dorsal a 45° (media de las diferencias: 0,32 ± 0,04 L; p = 0,001) y a 0° (0,50 ± 0,05 L; p = 0,001). Hubo un aumento positivo entre los valores de CV forzada del decúbito dorsal para la postura ortostática (1,68 ± 0,47; 1,86 ± 0,48; 2,02 ± 0,48 y 2,18 ± 0,52 L, respectivamente). CONCLUSIÓN: La posición del cuerpo afecta los valores de la CV en pacientes durante el postoperatorio de cirugía abdominal superior, con aumento en las posturas en las que el tórax está verticalizado. .

Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Computer Simulation , Cartilage, Articular/drug effects , Extracellular Matrix/drug effects , Models, Biological , Osteoarthritis/drug therapy , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/metabolism , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Cartilage, Articular/metabolism , Cartilage, Articular/pathology , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Extracellular Matrix/pathology , Interleukin-1/pharmacology , Interleukin-1/therapeutic use , Oncostatin M/pharmacology , Oncostatin M/therapeutic use , Osteoarthritis/metabolism , Osteoarthritis/pathology , Signal Transduction
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; abr. 2014. 119 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-836920


A artrite reumatoide (AR) é uma doença inflamatória crônica, caracterizada por inflamação das articulações e se manifesta por inchaço e incapacidade funcional das mesmas. A patologia da doença envolve a produção excessiva de radicais livres pelos neutrófilos ativados, podendo induzir à peroxidação lipídica nas membranas celulares o que leva ao aumento da inflamação. Nesse sentido, o selênio (principal fonte é a castanha-do-brasil) é um importante fator por diminuir a atividade dos hidroperóxidos por meio da ação da enzima antioxidante glutationa peroxidase (GPx). No entanto, estudos que avaliem a associação do estado nutricional relativo ao selênio em pacientes com AR com os biomarcadores do estresse oxidativo e de inflamação são escassos na literatura. Desse modo, a avaliação do efeito potencial in vivo da suplementação com castanha-do-brasil, como fonte de selênio, sobre os parâmetros descritos anteriormente e sua relação com o polimorfismo Pro198Leu no gene da GPx1, em pacientes com artrite reumatoide (AR), vêm a suprir essa lacuna. Inicialmente foi realizada a caracterização da castanha-do-brasil quanto à composição de macronutrientes e teor de selênio. O estudo em pacientes com artrite reumatoide foi de natureza longitudinal. Foram avaliados 46 pacientes com AR, com idade média de 55,2 ± 10,9 anos, atendidos no Setor de Reumatologia da Universidade Federal de São Paulo. O estudo foi dividido em duas fases: antes (T0) e após a suplementação (T1) com 1 nóz de castanha-do-brasil. Foi realizada a avaliação da composição corporal e do consumo alimentar. Além disso, foram avaliados parâmetros bioquímicos relativos ao status de selênio por espectrofotometria de absorção atômica por geração de hidretos; atividades da GPx e SOD com uso de kits comerciais; concentração da GPx1 por kits comerciais, sua expressão gênica (qRT-PCR) e genotipagem do Pro198Leu no referido gene por PCR em tempo real; determinação de 8-isoprostanos por kit comercial, assim como níveis circulantes de fibrinogênio, proteína C reativa, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-2, VCAM, ICAM, PAI-1 e sE-selectina pelo ensaio ELISA. O genótipo selvagem (Pro/Pro) foi observado em 57,63% das participantes; 35,59% para as heterozigotas para o alelo variante (Pro/Leu) e 6,78% apresentaram os dois alelos variantes. As pacientes com artrite reumatoide apresentaram baixa ingestão de selênio e, após a intervenção, o consumo aumentou significantemente. Em relação ao status de selênio, houve um aumento em sua concentração no plasma e eritrócitos após o período de intervenção com castanha-do-brasil, assim como na atividade da GPx, na concentração da GPx1 e em sua expressão gênica. Níveis urinários reduzidos de 8-isoprostano e nenhuma alteração quanto à capacidade antioxidante total plasmática e quanto aos marcadores inflamatórios foram observados após o período de intervenção. Por outro lado, houve um aumento nas concentrações séricas das moléculas de adesão celulares. Portanto, pode-se concluir que a suplementação com castanha-do-brasil mostrou-se efetiva em melhorar o estado nutricional relativo ao selênio dos pacientes e os marcadores de estresse oxidativo, todavia a ingestão de 350 µgSe/dia não foi suficiente para promover uma melhora do quadro inflamatório. Além disso, a presença do polimorfismo Pro198Leu modificou as respostas dos indivíduos CT e TT em relação à suplementação, sendo inferior à dos indivíduos CC

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by joint inflammation, manifested by swelling and joint impairment. These pathology involves excessive free radicals production by activated neutrophils leading to lipid peroxidation in cell membranes and increased inflammation. Accordingly, selenium (Brazil-nut as main source) is an important factor reducing hydroperoxides through the improvement of glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity. However, studies evaluating their association with oxidative stress biomarkers and inflammation in RA patients are scarce. Thus, the assessment of the in vivo potential Brazil nut supplementation on the parameters described above and its relationship to the polymorphism Pro198Leu in GPx1 gene in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, come to fill this gap. First of all, we analysed macronutrients and selenium content in Brazil nut. This is a longitudinal study with 46 RA patients attending rheumatologic treatment at Federal University of São Paulo and whose mean age were 55.2 ± 10.9 years. The present study was carried out by two phases, before and after one Brazil ingestion. We evaluated selenium status by spectrophotometry absorption with hydride generation; body composition, SOD, GPx activites, GPx1 concentration and 8- isoprostane levels, using commercial Kits; gene expression by RT-PCR and genotyping using real time PCR. Besides, inflamatory biomarkers were performed (fibrinogen, C reactive protein, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-2, VCAM, ICAM, PAI-1 e sE-selectin by ELISA. The wild genotype (Pro/Pro) was observed in 57.63% of the participants, 35.59% were heterozygote for variant allele (Pro/Leu) and 6.78% had two variant alleles. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis had low selenium intake and after the intervention, consumption of this element increased significantly. Selenium status increased significantely after Brazil nut ingestion, as well as GPx activity, GPx1concentration and its gene expression. Reduced urinary levels of 8-isoprostane and no change for total plasma antioxidant capacity and markers for inflammation were observed after the intervention period. On the other hand, there was an increase in serum concentrations of cell adhesion molecules. Therefore, it can be concluded that Brazil-nut supplementation proved to be effective in improving selenium status and markers of oxidative stress in RA patients, however ingestion of 350 µgSe/day wasn't enough to ameliorate inflammation. Besides, the presence of Pro198Leu polymorphisms interfere in supllementation response in CT and TT groups, being less responsive than CC ones

Humans , Male , Female , Polymorphism, Genetic , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/pathology , Selenium/administration & dosage , Cytokines/adverse effects , Oxidative Stress , Bertholletia/metabolism , Glutathione Peroxidase/adverse effects , Inflammation/classification