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1.
S. Afr. med. j. (Online) ; 106(6): 630-633, 2016.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1271112

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Although psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a well-documented clinical entity; epidemiological; clinical and radiological studies of South African (SA) patients are scarce.OBJECTIVES:To assess clinical; biochemical and radiological features in a single-centre SA cohort.METHODS: We conducted a prospective assessment of the clinical; biochemical and radiological features of 384 consecutive patients with PsA seen at the rheumatology clinic at Prince Mshiyeni Memorial Hospital; Durban; SA; between January 2007 and December 2013. Patients were assessed at enrolment and 6 months after enrolment. They were classified into five groups as described by Moll and Wright; being entered into the group that best described the clinical manifestations. Clinicopathological characteristics recorded at enrolment were age at the time of examination; racial background; personal and family medical history; age and symptoms at the onset of PsA; pattern of joint involvement; joint pain; and the relationship between joint pain and the onset of PsA.RESULTS:Of the patients; 59.1% had a polyarticular presentation indistinguishable from rheumatoid arthritis; 19.0% had distal interphalangeal involvement; 9.1% had spondyloarthropathy; 11.9% had oligoarthritis and 0.9% had arthritis mutilans. The epidemiological trends (male/female ratio 1.45:1; mean age at onset of arthritis 50.2 (standard deviation 11.8) years; female preponderance in the polyarticular group and male preponderance in the spondyloarthropathy and oligoarticular groups) were similar to trends published elsewhere. A notable characteristic of our cohort was the complete absence of black South Africans with PsA.CONCLUSIONS:The complete absence of black South Africans with PsA is interesting. We anticipate that our findings will prompt genetic studies to isolate both protective and susceptibility genes for further elucidating PsA


Subject(s)
Arthritis , Arthritis/diagnostic imaging , Process Assessment, Health Care
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101926

ABSTRACT

We report a case of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposition disease (CPDD) presenting as an acute polyarthritis. A 66-yr-old woman was admitted with a 5-day history of fever and multiple joint pain including wrists, elbows, shoul-ders, knees, and ankles developed 5 days before admission. Her plain radiographs of wrists, elbows, shoulders, knees, and ankles showed chondrocalcinosis. The pubic symphysis, lumbar intervertebral discs, and both hip joints, which were asymptomatic, also had calcium deposits. The compensated polarized microscopic examination of the joint fluid, aspirated from the right knee revealed intracellular and extracellular weakly positive birefringent crystals, confirming the CPDD. This case showed that CPDD may manifest as an acute polyarthritis mimicking acute onset rheumatoid arthritis.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Aged , Arthritis/diagnostic imaging , Chondrocalcinosis/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Humans
3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 97-102, 1998.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-192954

ABSTRACT

The role of acromioclavicular (A-C) arthritis in stage 2 and 3 impingement syndromes was investigated in this study. Twenty-seven patients with stage 2 and 3 impingement syndrome were evaluated both clinically and radiologically for the presence of A-C arthritis. Patients with A-C arthritis who were treated by conservative or surgical methods were rated before and after therapy according to the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder rating scale. The follow-up period ranged from 7 to 16 months, with an average of 13 months. A-C arthritis was diagnosed in 21 of 27 patients (one grade 2 and 20 grade 3, according to Kellegren). Clinical and radiological evaluation of these 21 patients revealed A-C joint pain and a positive lidocaine injection test in all (100%), a positive horizontal adduction test in 20 (95.2%), decreased joint space in 18 (85.75%) and osteophytes in 11 (52.4%). Surgical treatment was considered for 12 A-C arthritis patients; and distal clavicle resection was performed in 11 of these cases. The average score measured by the UCLA rating scale increased from 13 to 28 in the group treated with surgery (satisfactory result), and from 10 to 13 in the group treated with conservative therapy (unsatisfactory result). The results of this study may be interpreted as demonstrating that A-C arthritis is a common etiologic factor in chronic impingement syndromes and its co-existence has a strategic importance in the choice of treatment method. Surgical resection of the distal clavicle should be considered in the presence of this pathology since this technique provides excellent results in pain relief and appears to be superior to conservative therapy in these cases.


Subject(s)
Acromioclavicular Joint/diagnostic imaging , Acromioclavicular Joint/pathology , Adult , Aged , Arthritis/diagnostic imaging , Arthritis/pathology , Arthritis/complications , Arthrography , Cartilage, Articular , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Shoulder Impingement Syndrome/complications
4.
New York; Gower Medical Publishing; 1990. 274 p.
Monography in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-971435
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