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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928346

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the hemostatic efficacy of tranexamic acid and ε-aminocaproic acid in total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA).@*METHODS@#Randomized controlled trials (RCT) and retrospective case-control studies about tranexamic acid and ε-aminocaproic acid for the comparison of THA or TKA were searched electronically in PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang, VIP from the time of building databases to July 2020. Two investigators carried out literature screening and data extraction according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria respectively. The methodological quality of the included randomized controlled studies was evaluated through the Cochrane Handbook, and the methodological quality of the included retrospective case-control studies was evaluated through the NOS scale. Blood loss, the incidence of thrombosis complications, per capita input of hemoglobin were Meta-analyzed by Review Manager 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#A total of 6 articles were included, including 4 RCTs and 2 retrospective case-control studies. A total of 3 174 patients, including 1 353 in the tranexamic acid group and 1 821 in the ε-aminocaproic acid group. Meta-analysis results showed that there were no difference statistical significance in blood loss [MD=-88.60, 95%CI(-260.30, 83.10), P=0.31], blood transfusion rate [OR=1.48, 95%CI(0.96, 2.27), P=0.08], thrombotic complications [OR=0.80, 95%CI(0.07, 8.83), P=0.85], per capita hemoglobin input [MD=0.04, 95%CI(-0.02, 0.10), P=0.18] between tranexamic acid group and ε-aminocaproic acid group during THA. While in TKA, the blood loss of the tranexamic acid group was less than that of the ε-aminocaproic acid group [MD=-147.13, 95%CI(-216.52, -77.74), P<0.0001], the difference was statistically significant. The blood transfusion rate [OR=1.30, 95%CI(0.74, 2.28), P=0.37], thrombotic complications [OR=0.95, 95%CI(0.38, 2.36), P=0.92], per capita hemoglobin input [MD=-0.00, 95%CI(-0.05, 0.06), P=0.48], tourniquet time [MD=1.54, 95%CI(-2.07, 5.14), P=0.40] were similar between two groups, the difference was not statistically significant.@*CONCLUSION@#In THA, tranexamic acid and ε-aminocaproic acid have similar hemostatic effects, while in TKA, tranexamic acid can effectively reduce the patient's blood loss and has a better hemostatic effect. Tranexamic acid is recommended as one of the first choice hemostatic drugs for TKA.


Subject(s)
Aminocaproic Acid/therapeutic use , Antifibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/methods , Blood Loss, Surgical/prevention & control , Hemoglobins , Hemostatics , Humans , Tranexamic Acid/therapeutic use
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928320

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether the anteversion angle of acetabular prosthesis can be evaluated on the anteroposterior X-ray film of common double hip joint.@*METHODS@#Total 32 patients(41 hips) after total hip arthroplasty were selected, including 18 males and 14 females, aged(66.2±4.1) years. All patients completed the positive X-ray film of both hips and plain CT scan of pelvis after operation. Acetabular anteversion was measured by plain CT scan of pelvis, and measured by Saka and other measurement formulas on X-ray film.@*RESULTS@#The acetabular anteversion measured by X-ray film was(16.2±5.0)° and that measured by CT was (31.8±9.7)°(P=0.00). In addition, there was a significant linear correlation between X-ray film and CT(Pearson correlation coefficient (r=0.84, P=0.00).@*CONCLUSION@#CT can accurately measure the acetabular anteversion, but it has obvious disadvantages, such as large radiation, high cost, phantom CT artifact and so on. Although Saka measurement formula can not directly obtain the accurate acetabular anteversion as CT measurement, it has a high correlation with the acetabular anteversion measured by CT. Therefore, the method proposed in this study can also preliminarily evaluate the acetabular anteversion.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Female , Hip Joint/surgery , Hip Prosthesis , Humans , Male , Pelvis
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928318

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of using lengthened trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation combined with autologous bone graft in patients undergoing revision total hip arthroplasty.@*METHODS@#From December 2010 to December 2018, 18 patients underwent revision of total hip arthroplasty with extended trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation and autogenous bone graft, including 8 males and 10 females with an average age of (78.89±3.32) years old ranging from 68 to 82 years. The time from the initial replacement to the revision was 9 to 22 (16.33±2.93) years. The patients were followed up regularly after operation. The healing time of osteotomy, the time of full weight-bearing activity, Harris score of hip joint and complications were recorded.@*RESULTS@#All 18 patients were followed up for 16 to 38 months with an average of (25.78±6.65) months. The incision length was 16 to 21 cm with an average of (18.89±1.32) cm; the operation time was 105 to 128 min with an average of (115.44±6.59) min, the bleeding volume was 240 to 285 ml with an average of (267.44±13.77) ml. The healing time of osteotomy was 12 to 18 weeks with an average of (15.61±1.75) weeks. Harris score of hip joint was (47.11±5.04) before operation, (76.39±3.85) during full weight-bearing activities, and (82.22±2.76) at the final follow-up(P<0.05). During the follow-up period, there were no complications such as limb shortening, infection, poor incision healing, prosthesis loosening and sinking, and periprosthetic fracture.@*CONCLUSION@#In revision total hip arthroplasty, the use of extended trochanteric osteotomy wire fixation combined with autologous bone graft can achieve satisfactory clinical results, but the surgeon needs to make a systematic plan for the pre-revision, intraoperative and postoperative recovery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Bone Transplantation , Bone Wires , Female , Femur/surgery , Humans , Male , Osteotomy/methods
4.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(2): e310, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357332

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La artroplastia total de cadera es uno de los procedimientos más exitosos del siglo veinte. Cuando se realizan de manera simultánea, presentan varios beneficios como son: menor costo, menor estadía hospitalaria, uso de una sola dosis de anestésico y retorno precoz a las actividades diarias. Objetivo: Presentar el primer caso de artroplastia total bilateral simultánea, realizado satisfactoriamente en el Hospital Universitario Manuel Ascunce Domenech en la provincia de Camagüey. Presentación del caso: Paciente femenina de 78 años de edad, color de piel blanca, con antecedentes de coxartrosis bilateral de cinco años de evolución con dolor moderado y crisis de dolor intenso a predominio de la cadera izquierda. Presentó además escoliosis antálgica. A la exploración física se constató limitación a la abducción de ambas caderas con predominio de la izquierda, con las maniobras de Patrick, Thomas y Trendelemburg positivas bilaterales. En la radiografía simple de pelvis ósea anteroposterior se observaron: disminución marcada del espacio articular, osteofitos marginales bilaterales y esclerosis subcondral marcada. Se decidió realizar una artrolplastia total bilateral en un tiempo quirúrgico, una vez evaluadas las condiciones clínicas de la paciente y su consentimiento. Se utilizó el sistema Surgival no cementado. Conclusiones: La artoplastia total de cadera se presenta como un procedimiento factible, que proporciona numerosas ventajas, y aunque no está exento de complicaciones, estas no representan un riesgo sobreañadido, siempre y cuando se seleccionen los pacientes de manera adecuada. El caso presentado, evolucionó de manera satisfactoria tras dos años de realizada la cirugía(AU)


Introduction: Total hip replacement is one of the most successful procedures of the twentieth century. When performed simultaneously, it poses several benefits such as lower cost, shorter hospital stay, use of a single dose of anesthetic and early return to daily activities. Objective: To report the first case of simultaneous bilateral total arthroplasty, successfully performed at Manuel Ascunce Domenech University Hospital in Camagüey province. Case report: This is a case of a 78-year-old female patient, white skin color, with a five-year history of bilateral coxarthrosis, moderate pain and crisis of intense pain mainly in the left hip. She also had antalgic scoliosis. The physical examination revealed abduction limitation of both hips mainly on the left, with positive bilateral Patrick, Thomas and Trendelenburg maneuvers. In the plain anteroposterior bone pelvis radiograph marked decrease in joint space, bilateral marginal osteophytes, and marked subchondral sclerosis were observed. It was decided to perform a bilateral total arthroplasty in a surgical time, once the clinical conditions of the patient and her consent had been evaluated. The uncemented Surgival system was used. Conclusions: Total hip replacement represents a feasible procedure, which provides numerous advantages, and although it is not exempt from complications, these do not signify added risks, as long as the patients are properly selected. The case reported here evolved satisfactorily after two years of surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Osteoarthritis, Hip , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Treatment Outcome
5.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(2): e258, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357331

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Existe una gran controversia con respecto a la existencia de un abordaje quirúrgico óptimo para artroplastia de cadera. El énfasis actual en la investigación ha sido examinar las posibles diferencias en los resultados funcionales entre el abordaje anterior y el abordaje posterior. Objetivo: Comparar las medidas de resultado informadas por los pacientes sometidos a artroplastia total de cadera, mediante abordajes anterior y posterior. Métodos: Se realiza una búsqueda sobre el tema en la base de datos PubMed entre los años 2010-2020 en inglés con los términos: comparación entre abordaje anterior y abordaje posterior de la cadera, abordaje anterior directo de la cadera, abordaje posterior de la cadera, y resultados de artroplastia de la cadera mediante abordajes anterior y posterior. Análisis y síntesis de la información: El abordaje anterior muestra una mayor mejora en la velocidad de la marcha, la longitud del paso y la simetría de la marcha, en comparación con el abordaje posterior para artroplastia de cadera al mes después de la operación. A los cuatro meses estas características de la marcha no fueron diferentes, pero los resultados de algunas pruebas funcionales fueron superiores en los pacientes intervenidos por abordaje anterior. Conclusiones: La elección del abordaje quirúrgico para artroplastia de cadera debe basarse en los factores del paciente, la preferencia del cirujano y su experiencia(AU)


Introduction: There is great controversy regarding the existence of an optimal surgical approach for hip arthroplasty. The current research emphasis has been to examine the possible differences in functional outcomes between anterior and posterior approaches. Objective: To compare the outcome measures reported by patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty, using anterior and posterior approaches. Methods: A search is carried out on the subject in the PubMed database during the years 2010-2020, in English, with the terms comparison between anterior approach and posterior approach to the hip, direct anterior approach to the hip, posterior approach to the hip, and results of hip arthroplasty using anterior and posterior approaches. Analysis and synthesis of the information: The anterior approach showed greater improvement in gait speed, stride length and gait symmetry, compared to the posterior approach for hip arthroplasty one month after the operation. At four months, these gait characteristics were not different, but the results of some functional tests were superior in patients operated on by anterior approach. Conclusions: The choice of the surgical approach for hip arthroplasty should be based on the patient´s factors, preference of the surgeons and their experience(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Choice Behavior
6.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(2): e344, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341469

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La luxación de la prótesis total de cadera puede afectar los resultados del implante, la calidad de vida del paciente, y el costo del proceso. Su etiología es multifactorial. Objetivos: Identificar posibles factores de riesgo relacionados con la aparición de luxación en prótesis total de cadera en una serie de casos. Métodos: En una serie de 2732 prótesis total de cadera, en la que hubo 92 luxaciones (3,4 por ciento), se compararon factores relacionados con el paciente, el implante, y la técnica quirúrgica uilizada en el Hospital La Paz-IDIPaz de Madrid entre los años 2000 y 2016. Se utilizó el análisis de regresión para la significación de dichos factores. Resultados: De las 92 luxaciones, 62 fueron tratadas de manera conservadora (67,4 por ciento) y 30 pacientes precisaron de cirugía de revisión (32,6 por ciento). El estudio multivariado mostró significación estadística en los siguientes factores de riesgo: estado de la columna lumbar (p < 0,001), y una pobre reconstrucción del centro de rotación de la cadera (p= 0,035), y cúpulas posicionadas fuera de las ventanas de Lewinnek (p < 0,001) y del mecanismo abductor (p < 0,001) en relación con la técnica quirúrgica. No hubo factores significativos en relación con el tipo de implante, diámetro de la cabeza femoral o par de fricción. Conclusiones: La patología lumbar aumenta el riesgo de luxación en la prótesis total de cadera. Una adecuada reconstrucción de la cadera, que incluya la posición de la cúpula y el centro de rotación de la cadera, así como del mecanismo abductor ayudaría a mejorar la tasa de inestabilidad(AU)


Introduction: The dislocation of the total hip replacement can affect the results of the implant, the quality of life of the patient, and the cost of the process. Its etiology is multifactorial. Objectives: To identify possible risk factors related to the appearance of dislocation in total hip replacement in a series of cases. Methods: In a series of 2732 total hip prostheses, in which there were 92 dislocations (3.4percent), factors related to the patient, the implant, and the surgical technique used at La Paz-IDIPaz Hospital in Madrid were compared, from 2000 to 2016. Regression analysis was used for the significance of these factors. Results: Out of 92 dislocations, 62 were treated conservatively (67.4 percent) and 30 patients required revision surgery (32.6 pecent). The multivariate study showed statistical significance in the following risk factors: state of the lumbar spine (p <0.001), and poor reconstruction of the center of rotation of the hip (p = 0.035), and domes positioned outside Lewinnek windows (p <0.001) and the abductor mechanism (p <0.001) in relation to the surgical technique. There were no significant factors in relation to the type of implant, diameter of the femoral head or friction torque. Conclusions: Lumbar pathology increases the risk of dislocation in total hip replacement. Proper hip reconstruction, including the position of the dome and the center of rotation of the hip, as well as the abductor mechanism, would help to improve the rate of instability(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Joint Dislocations/etiology
7.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(2): e412, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341473

ABSTRACT

La osteoartritis secundaria a displasia o luxación congénita de cadera conlleva grandes dificultades para el cirujano que reconstruye la cadera. Los casos con escasa deformidad no difieren prácticamente de la reconstrucción primaria convencional. En el extremo opuesto están los casos con graves hipoplasias del acetábulo, escaso desarrollo femoral, luxación completa, discrepancia importante de las extremidades y gran cabalgamiento del trocánter mayor. Por las enormes dificultades que pueden representar para la cirugía, nos trazamos el objetivo de discutir nuestro caso, con las consideraciones y resultados del tratamiento elegido. Se presenta paciente femenina de 54 años de edad, con antecedentes de salud previa, que nos llegó a consulta con una grave deformidad congénita, acortamiento del miembro inferior derecho (6 cm) y limitación dolorosa de todos los movimientos de la cadera. Se constata una luxación congénita grado C de Hartofilakidis y IV de Crowe, que muestra como parte del tratamiento, la artroplastia total con injerto autólogo y reimplantación del cótilo en el acetábulo verdadero, para recuperar el centro de rotación del acetábulo y la osteotomía femoral de acortamiento para la implantación del vástago femoral. Se exponen los requerimientos, procederes técnicos y resultados alcanzados(AU)


Osteoarthritis secondary to congenital hip dysplasia or dislocation poses great difficulties for the surgeon reconstructing the hip. Cases with little deformity do not differ practically from conventional primary reconstruction. At the opposite end there are cases with severe acetabulum hypoplasia, poor femoral development, complete dislocation, significant limb discrepancy, and great thrust of the greater trochanter. Due to the enormous difficulties that they can represent for surgery, we set the objective of discussing our case, with the considerations and results of the chosen treatment. A 54-year-old female patient is reported, she has previous health history, and she came for consultation with severe congenital deformity, shortening of her right lower limb (6 cm) and painful limitation of all hip movements. Congenital dislocation grade C of Hartofilakidis and IV of Crowe was confirmed, which showed as part of the treatment, the total arthroplasty with autologous graft and reimplantation of the cup in the true acetabulum, to recover the center of rotation of the acetabulum and the shortening femoral osteotomy for implantation of the femoral stem. Requirements, technical procedures and results achieved are informed(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Hip Dislocation, Congenital/etiology , Biomechanical Phenomena
8.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(2): e413, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341474

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La cirugía de la artroplastia y el recambio de una prótesis de cadera es una cirugía compleja y costosa. La estrategia quirúrgica y componentes protésicos son completamente diferentes en función de las deformidades óseas existentes y características anatómicas personales de cada paciente, por tanto, la planificación de suministros de los diferentes componentes es básica para cubrir las demandas de la población necesitada y la adecuada eficiencia económica para evitar gastos innecesarios por sobreestimación o infraestimación de las demandas. Objetivos: Determinar las necesidades por medidas de los diferentes tipos de componentes protésicos utilizados en la artroplastia total de cadera en las provincias centrales y de este modo optimizar las inversiones, con las ventajas económicas que supone. Métodos: Estudio longitudinal descriptivo retrospectivo de los casos operados de artroplastia total de cadera en el Hospital Arnaldo Milián Castro de Villa Clara, desde diciembre de 1998 hasta la fecha. Se analizan las variables edad, sexo, procedencia y componentes protésicos. Se recoge la información en la base de datos creada en SPSS, donde se realizan los análisis estadísticos. Resultados: La edad media fue 62,36 años. El grupo de 61 - 80 años fue el de mayor incidencia con 215 pacientes. Predominó el sexo masculino 51,8 por ciento. La mayor incidencia, correspondió a Villa Clara con 692 pacientes. Los componentes cementados 46 - 50 fueron los más usados y en los no cementados los más usados fueron 48-56. Vástagos Tipo Müller 7.5 - 12.5. RALCA Cementadas T0-T4, no cementados T1-T3. En las SLA, 11.5 y 13. Los cuellos estándar fueron los de mayor incidencia con 390 pacientes. Conclusiones: Con las incidencias de las diferentes medidas utilizadas por cada uno de los componentes expresados, se puede determinar con bastante exactitud la demanda de cada medida por cada 100 casos pendientes de operación. Esto permite satisfacer las demandas de las medidas más usadas y hacer una distribución apropiada a la hora del suministro, lo que redundaría en un beneficio económico vital en las actuales condiciones del país(AU)


Introduction: The arthroplasty surgery and the replacement of a hip replacement is a complex and expensive surgery. The surgical strategy and prosthetic components are completely different depending on the existing bone deformities and personal anatomical characteristics of each patient, therefore, the planning of supplies of the different components is essential to meet the demands of the needy population and adequate economic efficiency to avoid unnecessary expenses due to overestimation or underestimation of claims. Objective: To determine the needs by measurements of the different types of prosthetic components used in total hip arthroplasty in the central provinces and thus optimize investments, with the economic advantages that it entails. Methods: A retrospective descriptive longitudinal study was carried out of the total hip arthroplasty operated cases at Arnaldo Milián Castro Hospital in Villa Clara, from December 1998 to date. Age, sex, origin and prosthetic components are the variables examined. The information is collected in the database created in SPSS, statistical analyzes was performed. Results: The mean age was 62.36 years. The group of 61-80 years was the one with the highest incidence (215 patients). Male sex predominated (51.8 percent). The highest incidence corresponded to Villa Clara (692 patients). The cemented components 46-50 were the most used and in the uncemented components the most used were 48-56. Müller Stems 7.5 - 12.5. RALCA Cemented T0-T4, uncemented T1-T3. In the SLA the most used were 11.5 and 13 respectively. Standard necks were those with the highest incidence (390 patients). Conclusions: The demand for each measure can be determined quite accurately for every 100 cases pending operation with the incidents of the different measures used by each of the components expressed, allowing to meet the demands of the most used measures and appropriate distribution at supplying, which would result in vital economic benefit in the current conditions of the country(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Incidence , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Procedures and Techniques Utilization , Joint Prosthesis , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
9.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(3): 571-582, May-June 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278365

ABSTRACT

The outcome of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in dogs is directly related to surgical planning. Templating of radiographs prior to THA should help the surgeon anticipate prosthesis size and femoral shape allowing canal fill of the proximal metaphysis by the implant ensuring primary stable fixation. The canal flare index (CFI) obtained from radiograph has been used as a measure of risk of complications for the technique in human beings and dogs. However, standard radiographs only provide limited data for the selection of cementless prostheses and the assessment of their fit within the femoral canal, due to factors like radiographic magnification and femoral rotation. Therefore, three-dimensional evaluation based on computed tomography (CT) may be a better tool for CFI measurement. The aim of this study was to compare anatomical measurement with CFI values obtained from craniocaudal radiography and CT. Craniocaudal radiographs using a horizontal radiographic beam (CR), CT, and anatomical macroscopic measurements (A) were obtained from 45 femurs from 23 canine cadavers. The differences between the values of CFI obtained from radiograph (CFI-R), computed tomography on transverse (CFI- TT) and longitudinal axis (CFI-TL) compared to the CFI obtained from macroscopic measurements - gold standard - (CFI-A), and 95% limits of agreement (LOA) between the values, were evaluated by the Bland-Altman method. Dimensions obtained from CT techniques had a greatest mean difference from anatomical and CFI values were also different (P=0.032). Under the experimental conditions, the craniocaudal radiograph, provided the most accurate measurement of the CFI (mean difference: 0.087 ± 0.42).(AU)


O resultado da artroplastia total do quadril (ATQ) em cães está diretamente relacionado ao planejamento cirúrgico. O templating radiográfico pré-operatório da ATQ deve ajudar o cirurgião a prever o tamanho da prótese e o formato do fêmur, o que permitirá um preenchimento ideal da metáfise proximal pelo implante, garantindo, assim, fixação primária estável. O índice de alargamento do canal (Canal Flare Index - CFI) obtido em radiografias tem sido utilizado como fator de risco de complicações para a técnica em humanos e cães. No entanto, as radiografias podem fornecer apenas dados limitados para a seleção de próteses não cimentadas e a avaliação do seu encaixe no canal femoral, devido a fatores como ampliação radiográfica e rotação femoral. Portanto, a avaliação tridimensional baseada na tomografia computadorizada (TC) pode ser uma ferramenta vantajosa para a mensuração do CFI. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a medida anatômica com os valores de CFI obtidos na radiografia craniocaudal e na TC. Radiografias craniocaudais utilizando feixe radiográfico horizontal (CR), tomografia computadorizada e medidas macroscópicas anatômicas (A) foram obtidas de 45 fêmures de 23 cadáveres caninos. As diferenças entre os valores de CFI obtidos na radiografia (CFI-R), na tomografia computadorizada no eixo transversal (CFI-TT) e no eixo longitudinal (CFI-TL), em comparação com os valores de CFI obtidos nas medições macroscópicas - padrão-ouro - (CFI-A) e os limites de concordância de 95% (LOA) entre os valores, foram avaliadas pelo método de Bland-Altman. As dimensões obtidas pelas técnicas de TC apresentaram maior diferença média dos valores anatômicos, e as do CFI também foram diferentes (P=0,032). Nas condições experimentais, a radiografia craniocaudal forneceu a medida mais precisa do CFI (diferença média: 0,087 ± 0,42) para representar o padrão-ouro deste estudo.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/veterinary , Femur/surgery , Femur/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/veterinary , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/veterinary
10.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 356-362, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879658

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#By comparing the outcomes of total hip arthroplasty with hemiarthroplasty in elderly patients with a femoral neck fracture to investigate the one-year mortality, dislocation, infection, reoperation rate, and thromboembolic event.@*METHODS@#The PubMed, EMBASE databases, and Cochrane library were systematically searched from the inception dates to April 1, 2020 for relevant randomized controlled trials in English language using the keywords: "total hip arthroplasty", "hemiarthroplasty" and "femoral neck fracture" to identify systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Two reviewers independently selected articles, extracted data, assessed the quality evidence and risk bias of included trials using the Cochrane Collaboration' stools, and discussed any disagreements. The third reviewer was consulted for any doubts or uncertainty. We derived risk ratios and 95% confidence intervals. Mortality was defined as the primary outcome. Secondary outcomes were other complications, dislocation, infection, reoperation rate, and thromboembolic event.@*RESULTS@#This meta-analysis included 10 studies with 1419 patients, which indicated that there were no significant differences between hemiarthroplasty and total hip arthroplasty in reoperation, infection rate, and thromboembolic event. However, there was a lower mortality and dislocation rate association with total hip arthroplasty at the one-year follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#Based on our results, we found that total hip arthroplasty was better than hemiarthroplasty for a hip fracture at one-year follow-up.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Female , Femoral Neck Fractures/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Hemiarthroplasty/methods , Humans , Male , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Reoperation/statistics & numerical data , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Thromboembolism/epidemiology , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
11.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(4): 420-422, July-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042011

ABSTRACT

Abstract The number of total hip arthroplasty cases performed each year continues to increase; accordingly, so does the number of revision total hip arthroplasty procedures. While our traditional method of analgesia for these patients has involved multimodal medications and a continuous lumbar plexus block, we report two cases of patients who received continuous lumbar erector spinae plane blocks. Both patients exhibited excellent pain control postoperatively and were able to discharge home on postoperative day one. This case report illustrates the possible utility of continuous erector spinae plane blocks for postoperative analgesia in the more frequently occurring revision total hip arthroplasty surgeries.


Resumo O número de artroplastias totais de quadril feitas a cada ano continua a aumentar; consequentemente, o mesmo acontece com o número de procedimentos de revisão de artroplastia total de quadril. Embora nosso método tradicional de analgesia para esses pacientes tenha envolvido medicações multimodais e um bloqueio contínuo do plexo lombar, relatamos dois casos de pacientes que receberam bloqueios contínuos do músculo eretor da coluna lombar. Ambos apresentaram excelente controle da dor pós-operatória e obtiveram alta hospitalar no primeiro dia de pós-operatório. Este relato de caso ilustra a possível utilidade do bloqueio contínuo do plano do eretor da espinha para analgesia pós-operatória nas cirurgias, cada vez mais frequentes, de revisão de artroplastia total do quadril.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Nerve Block/methods , Reoperation , Middle Aged
12.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 33(1)ene.-jun. 2019. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1101658

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La restauración de las fuerzas biomecánicas a través del ajuste del offset y la longitud de miembros se ha convertido en un objetivo importante cuando el cirujano busca un buen resultado funcional postoperatorio. Sin embargo, las ventajas clínicas de la restauración del offset femoral y las complicaciones del fallo en la restauración no han sido claramente establecidas. Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto del offset o voladizo femoral en los resultados clínicos y funcionales de los pacientes. Adquisición de la evidencia: Se realizó una exploración en la base de datos Pubmed, con las palabras clave: artroplastia de cadera, prótesis de cadera, resultado clínico y resultado funcional.Se buscaron artículos publicados entre 2008 y 2018, basados en humanos y escritos en inglés, español o francés. Se seleccionaron seis artículos que incluían la presencia de una medición radiológica del offset femoral claramente explicada, escalas validadas y análisis comparativo. Resultados: La literatura consultada reflejó resultados heterogéneos. En el grupo de pacientes con offset disminuido, un artículo mostró menos función. En otro estudio se observó mejor puntuación en el grupo de enfermos con offset aumentado. A su vez, en una investigación se comprobó menos dolor en el grupo de offset disminuido. Conclusiones: Debido a la inconsistencia en los resultados y en las metodologías empleadas, no ha sido posible reconocer el beneficio clínico y funcional de la restauración del offset. Algunos autores incluidos en esta revisión, después de no encontrar diferencias estadísticamente significativas, afirmaron que la restauración o el aumento del offset femoral aportó buenos resultados, sin efectos negativos(AU)


Introduction: The restoration of biomechanical forces through offset adjustment and limb length has become an important objective when the surgeon seeks a good postoperative functional result. However, the clinical advantages of femoral offset restoration and complications of restoration failure have not been clearly established. Objective: To evaluate the effect of offset or femoral cantilever on the clinical and functional results of the patients. Acquisition of evidence: An exploration was carried out in the Pubmed database, with the keywords: hip arthroplasty, hip prosthesis, clinical result and functional result. We searched for articles published from 2008 to 2018, based on humans and written in English, Spanish or French. Six articles were selected because they clearly explained the presence of a radiological measurement of the femoral offset, including validated scales and comparative analysis. Results: The literature consulted reflected heterogeneous results. In the group of patients with decreased offset, one article showed less function. In another study, a better score was observed in the group of patients with increased offset. In turn, one investigation reported less pain was found in the reduced offset group. Conclusions: Due to the inconsistency in the results and the methodologies used, it has not been possible to recognize the clinical and functional benefit of offset restoration. Some authors included in this review, after not finding statistically significant differences, stated that the restoration or increase of the femoral offset provided good results, without negative effects(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Evidence-Based Medicine/methods , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Hip Prosthesis , Spain , Treatment Outcome
13.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(2): 208-210, Mar.-Apr. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003402

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Hip surgery is a major surgery that causes severe postoperative pain. Although pain during rest is usually considerably reduced mobilization is important in terms of thromboembolic complications. The quadratus lumborum block is a regional analgesic technique that blocks T6-L3 nerve branches. This block may provide adequate analgesia and reduce opioid consumption after hip surgery. Case report: We performed continuous quadratus lumborum type 3 block in two patients who underwent hip arthroplasty. Postoperative 24-h pain scores, local anesthetic consumptions on patient-controlled analgesia and additional analgesic requirement were recorded. In two patients, postoperative pain scores were less than 6 during rest and physiotherapy. Patient was mobilized in the early postoperative period without additional opioid analgesic requirement and without muscle weakness. Discussion: Continuous quadratus lumborum block may be used to relieve postoperative acute pain in hip surgery because it provides one-sided anesthesia without muscle weakness.


Resumo Introdução: A cirurgia de quadril é uma cirurgia de grande porte que causa dor intensa no pós-operatório. Embora a dor durante o repouso seja consideravelmente reduzida, a mobilização é importante em termos de complicações tromboembólicas. O bloqueio doquadrado lombar é uma técnica analgésica regional que bloqueia os ramos nervosos de T6-L3. Esse bloqueio pode fornecer analgesia adequada e reduzir o consumo de opioides após cirurgiasde quadril. Relato de caso: Realizamos o bloqueio contínuo do quadrado lombar tipo 3 em dois pacientes submetidos à artroplastia de quadril. Durante as 24 hs de pós-operatório foram registrados os escores de dor, o consumo de anestésicos locais em analgesia controlada pelo paciente e a necessidade de analgésicos adicionais. Em dois pacientes, os escores de dor pós-operatória foram < 6 durante o repouso e fisioterapia. O paciente foi mobilizado no período pós-operatório imediato, sem precisar de analgésico opioide adicional e sem fraqueza muscular. Discussão: O bloqueio contínuo do quadrado lombar pode ser usado para aliviar a dor aguda no pós-operatório de cirurgia de quadril porque fornece anestesia unilateral sem fraqueza muscular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Anesthetics, Local/administration & dosage , Nerve Block/methods , Pain Measurement , Analgesia, Patient-Controlled/methods , Abdominal Muscles
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(1): 363-368, 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-990052

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Las fracturas intertrocantéricas en adulto mayor presentan gran dificultad para lograr una cicatrización ósea estable y una fijación en la artroplastía, para la recuperación completa y funcional del anciano. En pacientes adultos mayores sin stock óseo, se recomienda realizar anexo a la artroplastía de cadera, la colocación de una banda de tensión, con la finalidad de brindar mayor estabilidad a los fragmentos y sustentación a la artroplastía primaria, con el objetivo de lograr un retorno a la calidad de vida normal. A las cuatro semanas de la cirugía, se evidencia una mejora en la escala funcional alcanzando una puntuación media de 83, considerandose un buen resultado. En los controles subsecuentes se evidencia una media en la escala de Harris de 87. Los pacientes volvieron a su nivel de actividad preoperatoria, más de la mitad de los pacientes fueron capaces de caminar sin apoyos, y finalmente, no se reportaron complicaciones en los controles postquirúrgicos al seguimiento de un año.


SUMMARY: The intertrochanteric fractures in the elderly are very difficult to achieve stable bone healing and fixation in arthroplasty for complete and functional recovery of the elderly. In elderly patients without bone stock, it is recommended to make an attachment to the hip arthroplasty the placement of tension band with the purpose of providing greater stability to the fragments and support to the primary arthroplasty with the aim of a return to the normal quality of life, in the results at 4 weeks post-surgery an improvement in the functional scale is evidenced having as average score 83 taken as good results. In the subsequent controls a mean on the Harris scale of 87 was evidenced, the patients returned to their level of preoperative activity, more than half of the patients were able to walk without support, no complications were reported in the postoperative follow-up controls. of 1 year of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Treatment Outcome , Recovery of Function
15.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 83(4): 274-282, dic. 2018. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-984994

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo de este estudio es analizar nuestros resultados clinico-radiologicos con el uso de copas de tantalio trabecular para la reconstruccion de acetabulos complejos, tanto en cirugias primarias como en revisiones, y compararlos con series similares de otros autores. Materiales y Métodos: Se llevo a cabo una revision retrospectiva de una serie de 42 cirugias (29 revisiones y 13 artroplastias primarias) en 40 pacientes, entre marzo de 2010 y marzo de 2016. La serie incluyo a 20 mujeres y 20 hombres, con una edad promedio de 60 anos (rango 27-93). El seguimiento promedio fue de 37 meses (rango 12-84). Todos los pacientes fueron tratados con el mismo tipo de metal trabecular. Resultados: Al promedio de seguimiento mencionado la supervivencia del componente acetabular fue del 97,6%. Un paciente fue tratado con artroplastia de reseccion debido a una infeccion persistente. La tasa de complicaciones totales fue del 12% y el promedio del Harris Hip Score posoperatorio fue de 81,54 (rango 63,25-92,75). Conclusiones: Aunque se necesita un seguimiento mas prolongado, el uso de copas de metal trabecular logra resultados prometedores para el tratamiento de acetabulos complejos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: The purpose of this paper is to review of our clinical and radiological results with the use of trabecular metal cups for complex acetabular reconstruction, both in primary and revision total hip arthroplasties, and to compare our results with those in similar series from other authors. Methods: A series of 42 surgeries (29 hip revisions and 13 primary total hip arthroplasties) in 40 patients, between March 2010 and March 2016 was retrospectively reviewed. The series included 20 women and 20 men, with a mean age of 60 years (range 27-93). The mean follow-up was 37 months (range 12-84). All patients were treated with the same type of trabecular metal. Results: At the average follow-up, the survival of the acetabular component was 97.6%. One patient required resection arthroplasty due to persistent infection. Overall complication rate was 12% and the average postoperative Harris Hip Score was 81.54 (range 63.25-92.75). Conclusions: Despite further follow-up is needed, trabecular metal cup use for complex acetabular reconstruction shows promising results. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Tantalum , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Hip Joint/surgery , Acetabulum/surgery , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 59(2): 82-86, sept. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-947117

ABSTRACT

La tuberculosis persiste siendo un problema importante a nivel mundial. A pesar de que el compromiso de la cadera es infrecuente, su aparición representa un escenario complejo. Presentamos un paciente masculino que desarrolló una infección de la cadera que fue diagnosticada como tuberculosis de forma tardía. El paciente recibió tratamiento médico por 6 meses y luego se realizó una artroplastia total de cadera en dos tiempos, con éxito. Presentamos el reporte de un caso completo, junto a su seguimiento al aão y una revisión de la literatura sobre el tema.


Tuberculosis remains a significant problem worldwide. Even thought hip involvement is an infrequent manifestation, it́s appearance represents a challenging scenario. We present a male patient who developed a hip infection later discovered to be tuberculosis. The patient received a medical treatment protocol for 6 months and was subsequently treated with a two stage total hip arthroplasty. We present the full case report with it́s 1-year outcome and a literature review.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tuberculosis, Osteoarticular/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Hip Joint , Tuberculosis, Osteoarticular/diagnostic imaging , Recovery of Function , Hip Prosthesis
17.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 83(2): 85-93, jun. 2018. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-956422

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo de este estudio fue revisar los aspectos técnicos de la artroplastia de cadera como rescate de una osteosíntesis fallida de una fractura intertrocantérica o subtrocantérica, y evaluar los resultados funcionales y las complicaciones en una serie consecutiva de 61 casos. Materiales y Métodos: Sesenta y un pacientes fueron sometidos a una artroplastia de cadera como rescate de una osteosíntesis fallida de una fractura intertrocantérica o subtrocantérica. La edad promedio era de 76 años (rango 50-93). Treinta y cuatro casos (56%) fueron tratados inicialmente con un tornillo deslizante de cadera; 8 (13%), con un DCS; 2 (3%), con clavos de Ender y 17 (28%), con un clavo de fémur proximal (corto o largo). Cincuenta y cinco (90%) fueron rescatadas con una artroplastia total y 6 (10%), con una hemiartroplastia. Se utilizaron tallos no cementados en 17 casos (28%) y cementados en 44 (72%). El largo del tallo fue estándar en 12 pacientes y de revisión en 49 casos. Resultados: El HHS mejoró de 47 (rango 32-54) antes de la cirugía a 84 (rango 67-93) al año posoperatorio. Siete pacientes (11,5%) presentaron complicaciones: 3 (4,9%) fracturas femorales periprotésicas, 2 (3,2%) luxaciones, 1 (1,6%) infección y 1 (1,6%) hematoma de la herida. Conclusiones: La artroplastia de cadera se presenta como un método eficaz para el rescate de las osteosíntesis fallidas de fracturas intertrocantéricas y subtrocantéricas. El dolor y la capacidad funcional mejoran significativamente en la mayoría de los pacientes. Sin embargo, es un procedimiento más demandante y con más complicaciones asociadas que el de una artroplastia de cadera primaria. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: The aim of this study was to review technical issues of hip arthroplasty after a failed proximal femur fixation, as well as to evaluate results and complications associated with this procedure. Methods: Sixty-one hip arthroplasties after a failed intertrochanteric or subtrochanteric fixation were performed. Average age of patients was 76 years (range 50-93). Thirty-four patients (56%) were originally treated with a dynamic hip screw, 8 (13%) with a DCS, 2 (3%) with Ender nail and 17 (28%) with proximal femoral nail. Fifty-five patients (90%) were treated with total hip arthroplasty and 6 (10%) with hemiarthroplasty. Uncemented stem was used in 17 patients (28%) and a cemented stem in 44 (72%). A standard length stem was used in 12 patients, and a long stem in 49 cases. Results: The HHS improved from 47 (range 32-54) before surgery to 84 (range 67-93) at one-year follow-up. Seven patients (11.5%) had complications: 3 (4.9%) periprosthetic femoral fractures, 2 (3.2%) dislocations, one (1.6%) wound hematoma, and one (1.6%) deep infection. Conclusions: Hip arthroplasty after a failed fixation of an intertrochanteric or subtrochanteric fracture is an effective method. Pain and functional outcomes improve significantly in most patients. However, it is a more technically challenging procedure and causes more complications than primary hip replacement. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects , Hip Fractures/surgery , Hip Fractures/complications , Postoperative Complications , Treatment Outcome
18.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 37(2): 95-104, abr.-jun. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1003930

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La desarticulación de cadera es realizada por cirujanos para prevenir el crecimiento de enfermedades malignas en casos que no pueden ser tratados en forma conservadora. Existe la posibilidad que la desarticulación pueda ser causada por un accidente traumático que comprometa uno o los dos miembros inferiores. Objetivo: modificar el diseño de una prótesis para personas con problemas de tensión muscular, para cargas pesadas y movimientos repetitivos, para ser usada en personas con desarticulación unilateral o bilateral de cadera, partiendo de la patente de invención. Métodos: El diseño se realizó teniendo en cuenta desplazamiento similar al sistema locomotor humano, el confort, las posibles lesiones en las prominencias óseas, la repetitividad y el bajo costo. Para garantizar el menor impacto en la prominencia ósea disminuyendo el riesgo de ruptura o ulceras se usó un escáner 3D con sensores de presión para una correcta distribución de la presión sobre toda la prominencia de la cadera. Resultados: El sistema propuesto resultó en una alternativa para personas con limitaciones de movilidad en miembro inferior permitiendo un movimiento más natural y así mejorar la calidad de vida de este tipo de pacientes. La técnica permitió al usuario un alto nivel de independencia en situaciones de pérdida de los miembros inferiores. Conclusiones: El estudio se centró en la modificación de una prótesis para miembro inferior usado para personas con baja tonicidad muscular o actividades repetitivas a un sistema para personas con desarticulación bilateral de cadera o pérdida de un solo miembro inferior(AU)


Introduction: Hip disarticulation is performed by surgeons to prevent the growth of malignant diseases in cases that can not be treated conservatively. There is a possibility that the disarticulation may be caused by a traumatic accident involving one or both lower limbs. Objective: to modify the design of a prosthesis for people with muscular tension problems, for heavy loads and repetitive movements, to be used in people with unilateral or bilateral hip disarticulation, starting from the patent of invention. Methods: The design was made taking into account displacement similar to the human locomotor system, comfort, possible lesions in bony prominences, repetitiveness and low cost. To guarantee the least impact on the bone prominence, reducing the risk of rupture or ulcers, a 3D scanner with pressure sensors was used to correctly distribute the pressure over the whole hip prominence. Results: The proposed system resulted in an alternative for people with mobility limitations in the lower limb allowing a more natural movement and thus improving the quality of life of this type of patients. The technique allowed the user a high level of independence in situations of loss of the lower limbs. Conclusions: The study focused on the modification of a lower limb prosthesis used for people with low muscle tone or repetitive activities to a system for people with bilateral hip disarticulation or loss of a single lower limb(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Prosthesis Design/methods , Disarticulation/methods , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods
19.
Acta ortop. mex ; 32(2): 88-92, mar.-abr. 2018. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019336

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La artroplastía total de cadera con los vástagos cortos encaminada a preservar el hueso es una buena opción en pacientes jóvenes a quienes se les prevé futuras cirugías de revisión. También es una buena elección cuando se utilizan cirugías con abordajes miniinvasivos. En este estudio clínico y radiológico hemos evaluado nuestra experiencia en el uso de artroplastía total de cadera con vástagos cortos de anclaje metafisario tipo DePuy Próxima. En total se han intervenido 23 pacientes con una edad media de 50.2 años (rango de 45 a 69 años) en el momento de la cirugía. El seguimiento medio fue de más de cinco años. Hubo un ligero varo del tallo femoral en tres casos, uno de ellos en varo severo. Este último caso presentó dolor continuo en las caras laterales del muslo que aumentó con el tiempo junto con una reacción diafisaria y un aumento en el tallo que requirió cirugía de revisión a los 12 meses postoperatorios. Se requiere un seguimiento más prolongado para analizar los resultados y confirmar la durabilidad de los resultados clínicos observados. Los pacientes fueron evaluados radiológica y clínicamente utilizando el baremo de Merle d'Aubigné (MD).


Abstract: The total hip arthroplasty with short stems to preserve bone is a good choice in young patients that expected future revision surgery, it is also a good choice when we use approaches for minimal invasive surgeries. In this study, we have evaluated, clinically and radiologically, our experience in total hip arthroplasty with the use of short stems and metaphyseal anchorage. In total we have involved 23 patients with a mean age of 50.2 years (range 45 to 69 y/o) at the time of surgery. The median follow-up was greater than five years. There was a slight Varus femoral stem in three cases, one of them in severe varus. The latter presented continuous pain in the lateral aspect of the thigh that increased with time, with a diaphyseal reaction and an increase in radiolucencies around the stem that required revision surgery 12 months postoperative. A longer follow-up is required to analyze the results and confirm the durability of the observed clinical findings. Patients were evaluated radiological and clinically using the scale of Merle d'Aubigné (MD).


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Hip Prosthesis , Prosthesis Design , Reoperation , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Femur/surgery , Middle Aged
20.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 83(1): 12-19, mar. 2018. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-896284

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo de este estudio retrospectivo fue evaluar el comportamiento clínico-radiológico, las complicaciones y las dificultades técnicas de los reemplazos de cadera luego de una osteosíntesis fallida con tornillo placa dinámico (DHS) en fracturas laterales de cadera. Materiales y Métodos: Se analizaron 38 reemplazos de cadera en 38 pacientes (31 mujeres y 7 hombres, edad promedio 75.59 años [rango 67-90]), con un seguimiento de 45.5 meses (rango 16-128). Se realizaron 30 reemplazos totales, 7 con prótesis bipolares y uno con una endoprótesis no convencional. En 29 casos, la longitud del tallo femoral fue estándar y 9 eran largos. Clínicamente se evaluó la presencia de dolor y objetivamente se utilizó el puntaje de cadera de Harris. En las radiografías, se analizaron la calidad del cementado (Barrack), las demarcaciones protésicas, la presencia de aflojamiento, seudoartrosis del trocánter mayor y sus complicaciones. Resultados: El puntaje de Harris promedio posoperatorio fue de 79 (rango 70-88). De los 35 tallos cementados, 30 fueron clase A; cuatro, B y uno, C de Barrack. No hubo revisiones. Cuatro cotilos cementados presentaron demarcación en zona I; uno, en zona II y III; y otro, en las tres zonas. Hubo 5 seudoartrosis del trocánter mayor, 3 infecciones agudas que evolucionaron favorablemente con limpieza quirúrgica y antibióticos. Tres pacientes sufrieron luxaciones, uno requirió revisión. Conclusiones: El rescate de un DHS fallido mediante un reemplazo de cadera representa un procedimiento con resultados funcionales aceptables, devuelve a los pacientes la capacidad de marcha. Es un procedimiento técnicamente demandante y se asocia a una alta tasa de complicaciones. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: The purpose of this retrospective study was to assess the clinical and radiological outcomes, complications, and technical problems of total hip arthroplasty following failure of dynamic screw fixation of the intertrochanteric fractures. Methods: Thirty-eight total hip arthroplasties in 38 patients were reviewed (31 women and 7 men, with a mean age of 75.5 9 years [range 67-90]), with a follow-up of 45.5 months (range 16-128). Thirty were total hip arthroplasties, 7 bipolar hip arthroplasties and an unconventional prosthesis. Nine large femoral stems and 29 standard stems were used. The presence of pain was clinically evaluated, and the Harris hip score was objectively used. Quality of cementation (Barrack), prosthetic demarcations, loosening, pseudoarthrosis of the greater trochanter and its complications were analyzed in X-rays. Results: Average Harris Hip Score was 79 points (range 70-88). Thirty of 35 cemented femoral stems were type A (Barrack), 4 type B and one type C. There were no revisions. Four cemented cotyles had a demarcation line in zone I, one, in zones II and III; and the other in the three zones. There were 5 nonunion of greater trochanter, 3 acute infections with favorable outcome after toilette and antibiotics. Three patients suffered dislocations, one of them needed revision. Conclusions: Total hip arthroplasty as salvage procedure after failed dynamic screw fixation achieves acceptable functional results and allows ambulation. This procedure is technically challenging with a high complication rate. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Postoperative Complications , Bone Screws/adverse effects , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/adverse effects , Hip Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
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