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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 96-102, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365751

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The primary aim of the present study was to evaluate the long-term outcomes including survivorship of computer navigated distal femoral lateral opening wedge osteotomy (DFLOWO). The secondary aim was to identify the potential factors that may influence its survivorship. Methods A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data for patients with lateral compartment arthritis who underwent navigated DFLOWO from December 2006 to November 2012 was performed. The International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) scores were analyzed for outcome measures. Conversion to arthroplasty during the follow-up was the end point. Results A total of 19 DFLOWOs were performed in 17 patients with a mean age of 46.6 ± 6.5 years formed the study cohort. The coronal alignment was corrected from a mean of 7.1° (2-11°) valgus to a mean of 2.1° (0.5°-3°) varus. The IKDC scores improved from mean of 39 preoperatively to 53 at the mean long-term follow-up of 9.1 years. The mean KOOS scores at the long-term follow-up were pain 71, symptoms 56, activities of daily living 82, sports and recreation 59, quality of life 43. Survivorship of the DFLOWO was 78.9% at a follow-up of 9.1 years. Presence of ≥ grade 2 according to the International Cartilage Repair Society (ICRS) cartilage degeneration in the medial compartment of the knee and >7° preoperative valgus deformity were strongly correlated with conversion to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) at the long-term follow-up (r= 0.66). ConclusionsComputer navigated DFLOWO has satisfactory clinical outcomes and 79% survivorship in long-term follow-up. Presence of more than ICRS ≥ grade 2 degenerative changes in the medial compartment of knee with > 7° preoperative valgus deformity negatively affects the survivorship of DFLOWO in the long-term follow-up.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo principal do presente estudo foi avaliar os resultados a longo prazo, incluindo a sobrevivência em Osteotomia Varizante Femoral Distal com Cunha de Abertura Lateral (OVFD-CAL) utilizando navegação computadorizada. O objetivo principal do presente estudo foi avaliar os resultados a longo prazo, incluindo a sobrevivência. Métodos Foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva dos dados coletados prospectivamente de pacientes com artrite do compartimento lateral submetidos a OVFD-CAL por navegação de dezembro de 2006 a novembro de 2012. As pontuações International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC, na sigla em inglês) e Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS, na sigla em inglês) foram analisadas para medição de resultados. Conversão para artroplastia durante o acompanhamento foi o ponto final. Resultados Um total de 19 OVFD-CAL foram realizados em 17 pacientes com média de idade de 46,6 ± 6,5 anos formaram a coorte do estudo. O alinhamento coronal foi corrigido a partir de uma média de 7,1° (2-11°) de valgo para uma média de 2,1° (0,5°-3°) de varo. As pontuações do IKDC melhoraram de uma média pré-operatória de 39 para 53 no acompanhamento de médio de longo prazo de 9,1 anos. Os escores do KOOS no acompanhamento a longo prazo foram: dor 71, sintomas 56, atividades da vida diária 82, esportes e recreação 59, qualidade de vida 43. A sobrevivência do OVFD-CAL foi de 78,9% em um acompanhamento de 9,1 anos. Presença de degeneração da cartilagem segundo a Sociedade Internacional de Reparação de Cartilagem (International Cartilage Repair Society [ICRS, na sigla em inglês])≥ grau 2 no compartimento medial do joelho e deformidade pré-operatória em valgo > 7° fortemente correlacionado com a conversão para artroplastia total do joelho (ATJ) no acompanhamento a longo prazo (r - 0,66). ConclusõesA OVFD-CAL por navegação computadorizada apresentou resultados clínicos satisfatórios e sobrevida de 79% no acompanhamento a longo prazo. Presença de alterações degenerativas ICRS ≥ grau 2 no compartimento medial do joelho com > 7° de deformidade pré-operatória em valgo afeta negativamente a sobrevivência da OVFD-CAL no acompanhamento de longo prazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Osteoarthritis , Osteotomy , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Knee Injuries
2.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358108

ABSTRACT

La trombosis arterial luego de una artroplastia total de rodilla es una complicación poco frecuente; sin embargo, puede tener consecuencias devastadoras. Describimos un caso de una oclusión arterial después de una artroplastia total de rodilla en una mujer de 85 años. Inicialmente, la presentación clínica nos hizo pensar en una manifestación de la enfermedad de Raynaud (la paciente tenía antecedente de síndrome de CREST). Entre los diagnósticos diferenciales también se planteó un síndrome de dolor regional complejo, que retrasó el diagnóstico durante dos semanas. Finalmente, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento se realizaron mediante angiografía. La recuperación funcional fue completa. La baja frecuencia de esta lesión puede determinar que el diagnóstico sea un desafío para el cirujano. En este caso, la oclusión parcial de las arterias evitó complicaciones más graves. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Arterial thrombosis after total knee replacement (TKR) is a rare complication; however, it can lead to disastrous consequences. We describe a case of an arterial occlusion after TKR in an 85-year-old female patient. Initially, the clinical presentation made us con-sider Raynaud (she had a history of CREST) and complex regional pain syndrome, which delayed the diagnosis for 2 weeks. Diagnosis and treatment were accomplished with angiography and the patient achieved a full recovery. The low frequency of this injury may make diagnosis a challenge for the surgeon. In this case, partial occlusion of the arteries avoided more serious complications. Level of evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Venous Thrombosis , Delayed Diagnosis
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 741-746, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357143

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate and compare clinically and functionally patients undergoing primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with preservation or replacement of the patella. Methods In a cross-sectional study, the functional results were evaluated and compared, using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC) and Lequesne scores, of 158 patients undergoing primary TKA (162 knees); in 81 knees the patella was submitted to arthroplasty and in 81 the joint surface of the patella was preserved. Results No significant differences were identified in terms of the Lequesne score (p = 0.585), global WOMAC score (p = 0.169), nor in terms of its subdivisions regarding stiffness (p = 0.796) and functional capacity (p = 0.190). There was a significant difference only in terms of the subdivision that evaluates pain in the WOMAC score, being lower in the group undergoing patellar arthroplasty (p = 0.036). Conclusion In the present study, there was no difference in functional assessment in patients who underwent or not patellar replacement during primary knee arthroplasty surgery. However, individuals in whom the patella was preserved reported more pain.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar e comparar clínica e funcionalmente pacientes submetidos a artroplastia total primária do joelho (ATJ) com preservação ou substituição da patela. Métodos Em um estudo transversal, foram avaliados e comparados os resultados funcionais, usando escores de Western Ontario and McMaster Universities (WOMAC, na sigla em inglês) e Lequesne, de 158 pacientes submetidos a artroplastia total primária o joelho (162 joelhos), sendo que em 81 joelhos a patela foi submetidaa artroplastiae em 81 a superfície articular da patela foi preservada. Resultados Não foram identificadas diferenças significativas quanto ao escore de Lequesne (p = 0,585), escore global de WOMAC (p = 0,169), nem quanto às subdivisões deste quanto a rigidez (p = 0,796) e a capacidade funcional (p= 0,190). Evidenciou-se diferença significativa apenas quanto à subdivisão que avalia a dor no escore de WOMAC, sendo menor no grupo submetido a artroplastia patelar (p = 0,036). Conclusão No presente estudo, não houve diferença na avaliação funcional em pacientes submetidos a substituição ou não da patela durante a cirurgia de artroplastia primária do joelho. Entretanto, os indivíduos nos quais a patela foi preservada relataram mais dor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pain , Patella , Cross-Sectional Studies , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Osteoarthritis, Knee
6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(4): 463-469, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341171

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The present paper aims to (1) verify the incidence and volume of blood transfusion among patients undergoing unilateral cemented total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in a single Brazilian reference center; (2) identify pre and perioperative variables to determine subjects with higher risk (i.e., predictive factors) for blood transfusion within 48 hours following surgery; (3) estimate the risk of blood transfusion during the first 48 hours after the procedure. Methods The initial sample consisted of all patients undergoing TKA from August 2010 to August 2013. After applying the exclusion criteria, 234 patients aged 30 to 83 years old and diagnosed with primary or secondary osteoarthritis due to rheumatoid arthritis remained in the study. Results Preoperative hemoglobin levels ≤12.3 g/dL and ischemia time ≥87 minutes were independent predictors for post-TKA blood transfusion, with a relative risk of 2.48 and 1.78, respectively. Approximately half of the TKA patients (51.3%) presenting these two variables required a blood transfusion. Conclusion The incidence of post-TKA blood transfusion was 33.7%. On average, each transfused patient received 480 mL of packed red blood cells. Preoperative hemoglobin levels ≤12.3 g/dL (p < 0.001) and ischemia time ≥87 minutes (p < 0.047) were independent predictors for blood transfusion in TKA using a pneumatic cuff, with a relative risk of 2.48 and 1.78, respectively. Age, gender, diagnosis, or body mass index were not considered independent predictors for the need for blood transfusion upto 48 hours after the procedure.


Resumo Objetivos O presente estudo tem como objetivos (1) verificar a incidência e o volume de transfusão sanguínea entre os pacientes submetidos à artroplastia total do joelho (ATJ) unilateral cimentada em um único centro de referência nacional; (2) identificar variáveis pré e perioperatórias que nos permitam identificar os indivíduos sob maior risco (fatores preditores) quanto à necessidade de transfusão sanguínea nas 48 horas subsequentes à realização da cirurgia; (3) estimar o risco de transfusão sanguínea durante as primeiras 48 horas após o procedimento. Métodos A amostra inicial foi constituída por todos os pacientes submetidos à ATJ entre agosto de 2010 e agosto de 2013. Após aplicação dos critérios de exclusão, permaneceram no estudo 234 pacientes com idade entre 30 e 83 anos, portadores de osteaoartrose primária ou secundária a artrite reumatoide. Resultados A análise dos resultados mostrou que valores de hemoglobina préoperatória ≤12,3 g/dL e tempo de isquemia ≥87 minutos são preditores independentes para hemotransfusão após ATJ, com risco relativo de 2,48 e 1,78, respectivamente. Aproximadamente metade dos pacientes (51,3%) submetidos a ATJ com essas duas variáveis necessitaram de hemotransfusão. Conclusão A incidência de transfusão sanguínea após ATJ foi de 33,7%. Em média, cada paciente foi transfundido com 480 mL de concentrado de hemácias. Concentração de hemoglobina pré-operatória ≤12,3 g/dL (p < 0,001) e tempo de isquemia ≥87 minutos (p < 0,047) foram preditores independentes para hemotransfusão em ATJ sob uso de manguito pneumático, com risco relativo de 2,48 e 1,78, respectivamente. A idade, o gênero, diagnóstico ou índice de massa corporal não foram considerados preditores independentes para a necessidade de hemotransfusão até 48 horas após o procedimento de artroplastia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Transfusion , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Osteoarthritis, Knee
7.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 320-325, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288678

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Retrospectively assess the functional outcome of patients undergoing arthrodesis after septic failure of total knee arthroplasty. Methods Eighteen patients were evaluated, with a mean time of 3.7 years of follow-up. Arthrodesis surgery was performed using a narrow anterior dynamic compression plate, and medial or external fixator in two planes of the joint (Orthofix Bone Growth Therapy, Lewisville, TS, USA), at the surgeon's discretion. Results The most frequent pathogen found was Staphylococcus aureus methicillin sensitive (38.9%). The mean lower limb discrepancy was 3.63 cm. The mean knee society score was 68 points. According to the visual analog scale for pain, 44% of the patients had a 0 score at the time of assessment, and 22.2% were very dissatisfied, despite the bone healing achieved. Patients were assessed for the ability to walk with or without assistance. Conclusion Knee arthrodesis surgery was effective in controlling the infectious process and decreasing pain complaints, but satisfaction with the procedure was low.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar de modo retrospectivo o resultado funcional dos pacientes submetidos a artrodese após falha séptica da artroplastia total de joelho. Métodos Foram avaliados 18 pacientes com tempo médio de 3,7 anos de seguimento. A cirurgia de artrodese foi realizada com placa do tipo dynamic compression plate (DCP) estreita, anterior e medial, ou fixador externo em dois planos da articulação (Orthofix Bone Growth Therapy, Lewisville, TS, EUA), a critério do cirurgião. Resultados O patógeno mais frequentemente encontrado foi o Staphylococcus aureus sensível a meticilina (38,9%). A discrepância de membros inferiores média foi de 3,63 cm. O da knee society score (KSS) médio foi de 68 pontos. Segundo a escala analógica visual de dor, 44% dos pacientes apresentaram pontuação zero no momento da avaliação, e 22,2% estavam muito insatisfeitos a despeito da consolidação óssea obtida. Os pacientes foram avaliados quanto à capacidade de deambular com ou sem auxílio de apoio. Conclusão A cirurgia de artrodese do joelho se mostrou eficiente quanto ao controle do processo infeccioso e diminuição das queixas álgicas, porém a satisfação com o procedimento é baixa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthrodesis , Pain Measurement , Retrospective Studies , External Fixators , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Infections , Knee
8.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 138-146, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251348

ABSTRACT

Abstract The increase in the number of revision total knee arthroplasty surgeries has been observed in recent years, worldwide, for several causes. In the United States, a 601% increase in the number of total knee arthroplasties, between 2005 and 2030, is estimated. Among the enormous challenges of this complex surgery, the adequate treatment of bone defects is essential to obtain satisfactory and lasting results. The adequate treatment of bone defects aims to build a stable and lasting support platform for the implantation of the definitive prosthetic components and, if possible, with the reconstruction of bone stock. Concomitantly, it allows the correct alignment of the prosthetic and limb components, as well as restoring the height of the joint interline and, thus, restoring the tension of soft parts and load distribution to the host bone, generating a joint reconstruction with good function, stable, and painless. There are several options for the management of these bone defects, among them: bone cement with or without reinforcement with screws, modular metallic augmentations, impacted bone graft, structural homologous graft and, more recently, metal metaphyseal cones, and metaphyseal sleeves. The objective of the present article was to gather classic information and innovations about the main aspects related to the treatment of bone defects during revision surgeries for total knee arthroplasty.


Resumo O aumento do número de cirurgias de revisão de artroplastia total do joelho tem sido observado nos últimos anos, em todo o mundo, por diversas causas. Nos Estados Unidos, é estimado um aumento de 601% no número de artroplastias totais do joelho entre 2005 e 2030. Dentre os enormes desafios dessa cirurgia complexa, o adequado tratamento dos defeitos ósseos é essencial para a obtenção de resultados satisfatórios e duradouros. O adequado tratamento dos defeitos ósseos objetiva construir uma plataforma de suporte estável e duradoura para a implantação dos componentes protéticos definitivos e, se possível, com recomposição do estoque ósseo. Concomitantemente, possibilita o correto alinhamento dos componentes protéticos e do membro, assim como permite restabelecer a altura da interlinha articular e, dessa forma, restaurar a tensão de partes moles e distribuição de carga ao osso hospedeiro, gerando uma reconstrução articular com boa função, estável e indolor. Diversas são as opções para manejo dessas falhas ósseas, entre elas: cimento ósseo com ou sem reforço com parafusos, aumentos metálicos modulares, enxerto ósseo impactado, enxerto estrutural homólogo e, mais recentemente, cones metafisários de metal trabecular e sleeve metafisário. O objetivo do presente artigo foi reunir informações clássicas e inovações dos principais aspectos relativos ao tratamento das falhas ósseas durante as cirurgias de revisão de artroplastia total do joelho.


Subject(s)
Bone and Bones/abnormalities , Bone Transplantation , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 104-108, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288657

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aims to evaluate and correlate the nutritional status with potential complications during the immediate postoperative period of elderly patients surgically treated for proximal femoral fractures. Methods A prospective, cross-sectional analytical study with a quantitative approach, targeting patients aged 60 years old or more who were admitted to a hospital in Amazonas, Brazil, for surgical treatment of proximal femoral fractures. Surgical complications during the immediate postoperative period and their relationship with the nutritional status of the patient were determined using the mini nutritional assessment (MNA); in addition, the lymphocyte numbers and serum albumin levels were determined and correlated with the length of hospital stay. Results The sample consisted of 19 elderly patients, of both genders, with a mean age of 70.8 years. Most of the subjects (68.4%) were female. Malnutrition was diagnosed in 15.8% of the subjects using the body mass index (BMI) as, an anthropometric variable, and the MNA identified 31.6% of the subjects with malnutrition. Regarding total lymphocyte count, 100% of the sample showed a positive association with malnutrition in varying degrees; using serum albumin level as a parameter, malnutrition was identified in 89.4% of the subjects. Malnourished patients had the highest average length of stay. Surgical complications as surgical site infections occurred in 10.5% of the patients at risk of malnutrition. Conclusion This study revealed a higher rate of postoperative complications in elderly patients diagnosed with malnutrition.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar e correlacionar o estado nutricional com possíveis complicações no pós-operatório imediato de pacientes submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico de fraturas de fêmur proximal. Métodos Estudo transversal prospectivo analítico e de abordagem quantitativa, tendo como população-alvo pacientes com idade igual ou superior a 60 anos, internados em uma instituição hospitalar no Amazonas, submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico de fraturas de fêmur proximal. Foram avaliadas as complicações cirúrgicas no pós-operatório imediato e sua relação com o estado nutricional através da mini avaliação nutricional (MAN), assim como a mensuração da contagem de linfócitos e albumina e a sua correlação com o tempo de internação. Resultados A amostra foi composta por 19 pacientes idosos, de ambos os sexos, com média de idade de 70,8 anos. A maioria dos pacientes (68,4%) eram do sexo feminino. Por meio da variável antropométrica índice de massa corporal (IMC), identificou-se a presença de desnutrição em 15,8% dos pacientes e, por meio da MAN, de 31,6%. Na avaliação do cálculo da contagem total de linfócitos, 100% da amostra apresentou associação positiva com desnutrição em graus variáveis e, fazendo-se uso da albumina sérica como parâmetro, a desnutrição foi identificada em 89,4%. Os pacientes desnutridos apresentaram a maior média de tempo de internação. As complicações cirúrgicas, por infecções do sítio cirúrgico, ocorreram em 10,5% nos pacientes em risco nutricional. Conclusão Neste estudo, observou-se maior índice de complicações no pós-operatório em idosos diagnosticados com desnutrição.


Subject(s)
Postoperative Complications , Prosthesis Design , Surgical Wound Infection , Prosthesis Failure , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Fractures, Bone , Knee Prosthesis
10.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 53-60, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288656

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the function and quality of life of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with fixed tibial platform and mobile tibial platform. Methods We evaluated 240 patients with knee osteoarthritis, randomized into two groups - Group A consisted of 120 patients who underwent TKA with fixed tibial platform, and the B group, consisting of 120 patients who underwent mobile platform arthroplasty. Patients were accessed according to the function and quality of life by the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) and the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), and pain scores by visual analog scale (VAS) of pain, preoperatively and at 6 months, 1 year, 2 years, 4 years and 8 years of surgery. Results Regarding the various domains of the SF-36, we observed that the average behavior of functional capacity scores, physical aspects, pain and emotional aspects in the patient groups were statistically different during follow-up. The other domains of quality of life showed no mean differences. Regarding the pain assessed by VAS and WOMAC pain scores, we can see that it showed a mean change in follow-up in both patient groups. However, at 2 years of follow-up, they were statistically worse in group A, equaling group B in the other moments. Conclusion After 2 years of follow-up, we observed that pain scores and VAS were lower in the fixed platform group. However, these differences did not remain in the mid-term, suggesting that the mobile tibial platform arthroplasty has a short-term advantage, and may help in the rehabilitation process.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar a função e qualidade de vida dos pacientes submetidos a artroplastia total de joelho (ATJ) com plataforma tibial fixa e plataforma tibial móvel. Métodos Foram avaliados 240 pacientes com diagnóstico de osteoartrose de joelho, em um ensaio clínico, randomizados em dois grupos: grupo A, composto por 120 pacientes submetidos a ATJ com plataforma tibial fixa, e grupo B, formado por 120 pacientes com plataforma móvel. Todos foram avaliados de acordo com a função e qualidade de vida pelos questionários de Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) e Short Form Health Survey(SF-36), e escores de dor, por meio da escala visual analógica (EVA) de dor, no pré-operatório e com 6meses, 1ano, 2anos, 4anos e 8anos de cirurgia. Resultados Com relação aos diversos domínios do SF-36, o comportamento médio dos escores de capacidade funcional, aspectos físicos, dor e aspectos emocionais foram estatisticamente diferentes ao longo do seguimento, em ambos os grupos. Os demais domínios de qualidade de vida não apresentaram diferenças. Assim como na EVA de dor, o escore médio do WOMAC de dor apresentou melhora ao longo do seguimento em ambos os grupos. Entretanto, com dois anos de seguimento, foram estaticamente piores no grupo A, se igualando ao grupo B nos outros momentos de acompanhamento. Conclusão Com 2anos de pós-operatório, os escores de dor do WOMAC e daEVA foram piores no grupo submetido aATJ com plataforma tibial fixa. Porém, as diferenças não permaneceram no médioprazo, sugerindo que a artroplastia com plataforma tibial móvel tem uma vantagem no curto prazo, podendo auxiliar no processo de reabilitação.


Subject(s)
Osteoarthritis , Pain , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Osteoarthritis, Knee
11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 42-46, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288655

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the wear of polyethylene in a Brazilian ultracongruent knee prosthesis with a rotating platform (Rotaflex, Víncula, Rio Claro, SP, Brasil). Methods We used the test method with the loading and preparation parameters mentioned in the standards regulation ISO 14243-1:2009, and the measurement methods mentioned in the standards regulation ISO 14243-2:2009, for the evaluation of the wear behavior of a Brazilian prosthesis with a rotating platform. The equipment used for the wear test was the ISO 14243-1 gait simulator (EndoLab, Riedering, Germany). Results After 10 million cycles, the evaluation of the polyethylene wear showed a regular appearance of surface wear at a mean rate of 2.56 mg per million cycles. Conclusion The wear of the polyethylene of the evaluated prosthesis was minimal after the tests performed and with safety limits higher than those recommended by biomechanical engineering.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o desgaste do polietileno de uma prótese de joelho brasileira ultracongruente de base rotatória (Rotaflex, Víncula, Rio Claro, SP, Brasil). Métodos Utilizou-se o método de ensaio com os parâmetros de carregamento e preparação citados na norma ISO 14243-1:2009, e os métodos de medição citados na norma ISO 14243-2:2009, para a avaliação do comportamento de desgaste de uma prótese nacional com base rotatória. O equipamento utilizado para o teste de desgaste foi o simulador de marcha ISO 14243-1 (EndoLab, Riedering, Alemanha). Resultados Após 10 milhões de ciclos, a avaliação do desgaste do polietileno mostrou uma aparência regular do desgaste da superfície com taxa média de 2,56 mg por milhão de ciclos. Conclusão O desgaste do polietileno da prótese avaliada foi mínimo após os ensaios realizados e com os limites de segurança superiores aos preconizados pela engenharia biomecânica.


Subject(s)
Prostheses and Implants , Prosthesis Failure , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Equipment and Supplies , Knee Prosthesis
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353884

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La analgesia preventiva es aquella que se administra horas o días antes de una artroplastia total de rodilla con el fin de reducir el dolor posoperatorio. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar y analizar la eficacia clínica de la analgesia preventiva en los pacientes sometidos a un reemplazo total de rodilla. materiales y métodos: Noventa y seis pacientes, divididos en dos grupos de 48 pacientes, fueron evaluados prospectivamente y comparados entre noviembre de 2018 y marzo de 2019. El grupo A recibió analgesia preoperatoria con una combinación de etoricoxib, tramadol y paracetamol, por vía oral, 2 horas antes de la cirugía. El grupo B de control no recibió analgesia. El dolor posoperatorio de los pacientes se evaluó de acuerdo con sus propios registros en una escala analógica visual a las 12, 24, 48, 72 h y una semana después de la cirugía. Resultados: Se observó una diferencia significativa a las 24 h entre ambos grupos, el dolor fue significativamente menor en el grupo A (p = 0,001), a las 48 h la diferencia fue estadísticamente menor que a las 24 h (p = 0,016). También se observó que el grupo de control requirió más cantidad de rescates, aunque la diferencia solo fue significativa a las 24 h (p = 0,047). Conclusión: La combinación de etoricoxib, tramadol y paracetamol es eficaz, segura, económica y fácil de administrar, y la tasa de efectos adversos de la analgesia es baja; por lo tanto, representa un esquema adecuado para el manejo de la analgesia preventiva. Nivel de Evidencia: IIb


Background and Objective: Preventive analgesia is one that is administered hours or days before a total knee arthroplasty in or-der to reduce postoperative pain. The objective of this study was to compare and analyze the clinical efficacy of the use of preven-tive analgesia in patients undergoing total knee replacement. materials and methods: Ninety-six patients, divided into two groups of 48 patients, were evaluated prospectively and comparatively between November 2018 and March 2019. Group A received preoperative analgesia with a combination of etoricoxib, tramadol, and paracetamol, orally, 2 hours before surgery. Control group B, did not receive anything. The postoperative pain of the patients was evaluated according to their own records on a visual analog scale at 12, 24, 48, 72 hours and one week after surgery. Results: A significant difference was observed at 24 hours between both groups, pain was significantly less for group A (p = 0.001), at 48 hours the difference was statistically lower than at 24 hours (p = 0.016). It was also observed that the control group required a greater number of rescues, although the difference was only significant at 24 hours (p = 0.047). Conclusion: The combination of etoricoxib, tramadol and paracetamol represents an effective, safe, economical, easy to administer form with a low rate of analgesia adverse effects; which represents an adequate scheme for the management of preventive analgesia.Key words: Knee arthrosplasty; pain; preemptive analgesia. Level of evidence: IIb


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Prospective Studies , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Analgesia
13.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353893

ABSTRACT

La fractura del poste tibial luego de un reemplazo total de rodilla es una complicación poco frecuente e incapacitante. Presentamos a dos pacientes con fractura del poste tibial no traumática, que acudieron con dolor más inestabilidad en recurvatum, de forma repentina, después de reemplazos articulares con buen funcionamiento previo. El primer paciente se presentó a los 12 años del reemplazo total de rodilla primario y el segundo, a los 14 meses. Ambos tenían el mismo modelo de prótesis estabilizada a pos-terior. Los dos pacientes fueron sometidos a una revisión con prótesis abisagrada rotatoria (Endo-Model NR®, Waldemar Link, EEUU), sin recidiva de la deformidad. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Tibial post fracture after posterior stabilized total knee replacement (TKR) is a uncommon and disabling complication. We report two cases of non-traumatic tibial post fracture, which presented with sudden pain and recurvatum instability in joint replacements with good previous function. For the first case, the presentation time was 12 years from the primary TKR, and for the second it was 14 months. Both presented the same model of a posterior stabilized prosthesis. In both cases, a revision TKR was performed witha rotating hinge prosthesis (Endo-Model NR®, Waldemar Link), without recurrence of the deformity. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Tibial Fractures , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects
14.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353925

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar, de manera retrospectiva, los resultados funcionales y la supervivencia a mediano plazo de la prótesis unicompartimental lateral de rodilla para tratar el genu valgo artrósico. materiales y métodos: Estudio observacional retrospectivo. Se analizaron los casos operados con prótesis unicompartimental lateral de rodilla por genu valgo artrósico entre enero de 1999 y enero de 2019, seguimiento mínimo de un año. Se evaluaron los resultados clínicos y funcionales mediante el KSS 2011, el grado de artrosis en el compartimento externo y su progresión en el compartimento contralateral con la clasificación de Kellgren y Lawrence, y la condropatía femororrotuliana mediante la clasificación de Outerbridge modificada. Se determinaron la incidencia de complicaciones y la supervivencia de la prótesis. Resultados: Se evaluaron 29 prótesis unicompartimentales laterales de rodilla en 27 pacientes, con un seguimiento promedio de 6.2 años. El KSS clínico y funcional se incrementó de 56,5 ± 9,8 a 91,9 ± 5,3 y de 33,9 ± 13,7 a 91,4 ± 10,3, respectivamente, (p <0,001). La flexión máxima mejoró de 106,6º ± 6,7º a 124,2º ± 2,4º y la contractura en flexión, de 5,2º ± 3,2º a 1º ± 1,6º (p <0,001). El eje preoperatorio fue de 12,3º ± 4,1º de valgo, para un posoperatorio de 5,2º ± 3,1º de valgo (p <0,001). La supervivencia de la prótesis fue del 100%, con un caso de progresión artrósica en el compartimento medial (3,4%). Conclusión: La prótesis unicompartimental lateral de rodilla representa una alternativa válida y definitiva para tratar la patología artrósica femorotibial externa. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objective: The purpose of this article is to examine the medium-term functional outcomes and survivorship of lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty in the treatment of lateral knee osteoarthritis. Materials and Methods: Retrospective report. We selected and analyzed all patients who had undergone a lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty for the treatment of lateral knee osteoarthritis between January 1999 and January 2019, with a minimum follow-up of 1 year. The KSS score system 2011, the Kellgren-Lawrence osteoarthritis classification, the Outerbridge femoropatellar chondropathy classification and serial radiographs were used in the evaluation of each patient. The complication and prosthesis survivorship rates were assessed. Results: We identified 29 lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasties in 27 patients with a follow-up of 6.2 years (1-19.5). The clinical and functional KSS improved from 56.5 ± 9.8 to 91.9 ± 5.3 and 33.9 ± 13.7 to 91.4 ± 10.3 respectively (p<0.001). Postoperative maximal flexion improved from 106º ± 6.7º to 124.2º ± 2.4º and flexion contracture improved from 5.2º ± 3.2º to 1º ± 1.6º (p<0.001). The average preoperative alignment was 12.3º ± 4.1º of valgus angulation, which was corrected to 5.2º ± 3.1º of valgus (p<0.001). The survivorship rate was 100% and only one patient showed osteoarthritic changes in the medial compartment (3.4%). Conclusion: Lateral unicompartmental knee arthroplasty provides excellent medium-term results. It represents a reliable and definitive option in the treatment of the isolated lateral knee osteoarthritis. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Genu Valgum , Knee Joint/surgery
15.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(4) (Nro Esp - ACARO Asociación Argentina para el Estudio de la Cadera y Rodilla): 446-454, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353945

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analizar la incidencia de eventos tromboembólicos extrahospitalarios luego de un reemplazo total de rodilla o cadera primario en los primeros 90 días posoperatorios, utilizando como tromboprofilaxis ácido acetilsalicílico o dabigatrán. El objetivo secundario fue evaluar el costo de la terapia antiagregante y de la anticoagulante. Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional retrospectivo en el posoperatorio de reemplazos totales de cadera y rodilla primarios sobre la incidencia de eventos tromboembólicos extrahospitalarios, durante los primeros 90 días posteriores a la cirugía, en dos grupos. Se administró ácido acetilsalicílico (325 mg/día) o dabigatrán (150-220 mg/día) por 35 días. Resultados: La serie incluyó a 224 pacientes (media de la edad 68.5 años), el 44,2% eran hombres. El 51,3% era un reemplazo total de cadera. El 64,3% continuó la tromboprofilaxis con dabigatrán y el 35,7%, con aspirina. La incidencia total de eventos tromboembólicos fue del 1,3%; 1,4% con dabigatrán y 1,3% con aspirina (p = 0,9). El costo de la tromboprofilaxis fue de USD 3,6 con aspirina 325 mg y USD 130 o 175 con dabigatrán, según la presentación de 75 y 110 mg. Conclusiones:La aspirina como tromboprofilaxis tras un reemplazo total de cadera o rodilla en pacientes con bajo riesgo de sufrir eventos tromboembólicos ha logrado resultados clínicos similares a los del dabigatrán. Se puede recomendar un protocolo multimodal basado en el uso de aspirina. Este mejora el cumplimiento de la terapia antitrombótica por parte de los pacientes, debido al bajo costo de la profilaxis con aspirina. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Objective: To analyze the incidence of out-of-hospital thromboembolic events after a primary total knee or hip replacement in the first 90 postoperative days, using acetylsalicylic acid or dabigatran as thromboprophylaxis. As a secondary objective, to evaluate the cost of antiplatelet therapy compared to anticoagulants. Materials and Methods: A retrospective observational study was carried out in the postoperative period of primary total hip and knee replacement on the incidence of out-of-hospital thromboembolic events during the first 90 postoperative days in two groups of patients. Acetylsalicylic acid (325 mg per day) or dabigatran (150 to 220 mg per day) were used as thromboprophylaxis for 35 days. Results: The series consisted of 224 patients aged 68.5 years (38-95 years), 44.2% male. 51.3% corresponded to total hip replacement. 64.3% continued thromboprophylaxis with dabigatran and 35.7% with aspirin. The total incidence of thromboembolic events was 1.3%. In the patients who received dabigatran it was 1.4% and in those who received aspirin, 1.3% (p = 0.9). The cost of thromboprophylaxis with aspirin 325 mg was US $ 3.6 while with dabigatran it was US $ 130 or $ 175, according to its presentation, 75 and 110 mg. Conclusion: Aspirin as thromboprophylaxis after total hip or knee replacement in individuals at low risk of thromboembolic events has shown similar clinical outcomes as dabigatran, and a multimodal protocol based on the use of aspirin can be recommended. This improves patient adherence to antithrombotic therapy, due to the low cost of aspirin prophylaxis. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Aspirin , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Venous Thromboembolism , Dabigatran
16.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(4) (Nro Esp - ACARO Asociación Argentina para el Estudio de la Cadera y Rodilla): 512-518, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353952

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El tratamiento del valgo severo es complejo. El abordaje externo descrito por Keblish es ventajoso para tratar estas deformidades. Evaluamos nuestros resultados utilizando un abordaje externo en artroplastias de rodilla con genu valgo severo. Materiales y Métodos: De 795 artroplastias primarias realizadas entre enero de 2012 y marzo de 2020, analizamos 40 que tenían un abordaje externo. Todos los pacientes tenían una deformidad en valgo >20° y un ligamento colateral medial suficiente. Se incluyó a 33 mujeres (3 bilaterales) y 4 hombres, el promedio de edad era de 71 años. La causa fue fundamentalmente osteoartrosis (82%). La deformidad prequirúrgica era de 27°. Las mediciones preoperatorias eran: KSS 15 (rango 5-42) y KFS 17 (rango 0-40). El tiempo promedio de cirugía fue de 91 minutos y el seguimiento, de 37 meses. Resultados: El ángulo femorotibial posoperatorio fue de 6,2° (rango 4-40), el KSS posoperatorio fue de 79 (rango 46-95) y el KFS, de 82 (rango 60-100). Hubo tres complicaciones (7%): una infección, un mal posicionamiento de componentes y uno de neuropraxia peronea. Conclusiones: En la artroplastia de rodilla por genu valgo, este abordaje permite restituir el eje femorotibial, lograr una adecuada estabilidad de la prótesis, aun con implantes sin mayor grado de constreñimiento, con una tasa de complicaciones equiparable a la de otras técnicas. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: The treatment of severe valgus is complex. The lateral approach described by Keblish is advantageous for the treatment of these deformities. We decided to evaluate our outcomes using a lateral approach in severe genu valgus knee arthroplasty. Materials and Methods: Of 795 primary arthroplasties from January 2012 to March 2020, we analyzed 40 performed by lateral approach. All had a valgus deformity greater than 20° and a sufficient medial collateral ligament. 33 women (3 bilateral) and 4 men were included. Average age was 71 years (59-79). The main cause was osteoarthrosis (82%). The presurgical deformity was 27° (21-39). The preoperative measurements were: Knee Society Score (KSS) 15 (5 to 42). Preoperative functional score (KFS): 17 (0 to 40). Average surgical time: 91 minutes. The average postoperative follow-up was 37 months. Results: Postoperative femorotibial angle 6.2° (range 4° to 10°). Postoperative KSS 79 (46-95). KFS 82 (60-100). Complications: 3 cases (7%), one infection, one case with poor positioning of components, and one case of peroneal neuropraxia. Conclusion: In knee arthroplasty due to genu valgus, this approach allows restoring the femoro-tibial axis and achieving adequate prosthetic stability, even with implants without a greater degree of constraint, with a complication rate comparable to other techniques. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Joint Deformities, Acquired , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Genu Valgum/surgery , Knee Joint/surgery
17.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(4) (Nro Esp - ACARO Asociación Argentina para el Estudio de la Cadera y Rodilla): 529-536, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353954

ABSTRACT

Los defectos de cobertura asociados a una infección de la prótesis son un desafío al cual nos enfrentamos los cirujanos ortopédicos en el posoperatorio de un reemplazo articular. El objetivo de este artículo es comunicar un caso de defecto de cobertura tratado con un colgajo neurocutáneo safeno por una artroplastia de rodilla infectada. Se recambió el espaciador y se cubrió el defecto tegumentario con colgajo neurocutáneo safeno en un mismo tiempo. Conclusiones:El colgajo neurocutáneo safeno proporciona una adecuada cobertura en la cara anterior de la rodilla y permite tratar defectos tegumentarios asociados a una infección de la prótesis. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Soft tissue defects in the setting of periprosthetic joint infection represent serious problems for orthopaedic surgeons following total joint replacement. This report aims is to show our experience using the proximal-based saphenous neurocutaneous flap for the reconstruction of a wound defect in the treatment of a periprosthetic knee infection. A new cement spacer was placed and a neurocutaneous saphenous flap was performed in the same stage. Conclusions: Soft tissue defects around the knee can be effectively solved with the neurocutaneous saphenous flap, which provides an adequate coverage to this joint within the context of infected arthroplasty. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Reoperation , Surgical Flaps , Prosthesis-Related Infections , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
18.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(4) (Nro Esp - ACARO Asociación Argentina para el Estudio de la Cadera y Rodilla): 483-492, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353949

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las alternativas reconstructivas para defectos óseos severos en la cirugía de revisión de prótesis son las camisas metafisarias, los conos de metal trabecular y el injerto óseo impactado o estructural. El objetivo del estudio fue analizar la tasa de osteointegración de los conos de metal trabecular en pacientes con cirugía de revisión de prótesis total de rodilla. El objetivo secundario fue analizar los resultados funcionales, las tasas de complicaciones y reoperaciones. Materiales y Métodos: Cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes con conos de metal trabecular colocados en la cirugía de revisión de prótesis y un seguimiento mínimo de 2 años. Se evaluaron las causas de la revisión, cirugías previas, tipo de defecto óseo, cantidad y tipo de conos utilizados, y los diseños de las prótesis. Se realizó una evaluación clínico-radiográfica, se registraron las complicaciones y las revisiones ulteriores. Resultados: Se evaluó a 35 pacientes (49 conos de metal trabecular) en forma retrospectiva, con un seguimiento promedio de 32.1 meses. La mayoría de los defectos eran tibiales AORI 3, seguidos de los femorales tipo 3. La tasa de osteointegración de los conos fue del 94%; la de complicaciones, del 20% y la de reoperaciones, del 8,5%. El KSS objetivo promedio aumentó de 39 en el preoperatorio a 71 en el último control y el puntaje de la EAV promedio fue 8 y 2,5, respectivamente. Conclusión: La excelente tasa de osteointegración (94%) y los buenos resultados clínicos posicionan a los conos de metal trabecular como una alternativa para los defectos óseos severos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Major bone defects represent a challenge during revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and there is still considerable debate about the best therapeutic option. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively assess the osseointegration rate of trabecular metal cones in revision TKA with severe bone defects. The secondary purpose was to evaluate the functional outcomes and complication and reoperation rates. Materials and Methods: A single-center, retrospective cohort including all consecutive cases of revision TKA using trabecular metal cones. All patients with a minimum 2-year follow-up were included in the study. Reasons for revision, number of previous surgeries, type of bone defect, and number and type of trabecular cones used were evaluated. Clinical and radiological outcomes were also analyzed as well as complications rates. Results: 35 patients (49 cones) were evaluated with a mean follow-up of 32.1 months (24-62). Most defects were localized in the tibia and were classified as AORI type 3. The rate of osseointegration of the cones was 94%; the complication rate, 20%; and the reoperation rate, 8.5%. The mean KSS increased from 39 preoperatively to 71 at the last follow-up, and the mean VAS from 8 to 2.5. Conclusion: The excellent osseointegration rate (94%), added to the good clinical outcomes, position the trabecular metal cones as an alternative to treat severe bone defects. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Reoperation , Tantalum , Bone Resorption , Follow-Up Studies , Osseointegration , Treatment Outcome , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee
19.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(4) (Nro Esp - ACARO Asociación Argentina para el Estudio de la Cadera y Rodilla): 493-500, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353950

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los espaciadores de cemento con antibiótico pueden ser fijos o articulados y se logra un resultado similar con ambos para erradicar una infección. Nuestro objetivo fue comparar el rango de movilidad articular y los resultados funcionales después del reimplante. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio de cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes sometidos a una revisión de la prótesis de rodilla por infección, en dos tiempos quirúrgicos. Se analizó la funcionalidad según el Knee Society Score (KSS) al año de la cirugía y se registró el rango de movilidad a los 45 días. Se registraron el grado de defecto óseo, dolor, satisfacción, las complicaciones y la recidiva de la infección. Resultados:Se incluyeron 103 pacientes (40 con espaciador articulado, 63 con espaciador fijo). El grupo con espaciador articulado tuvo una mediana 2,5° mayor en la movilidad final (102,5; RIC 95-110 vs. 100; RIC 90-105, p 0,01). Según el KSS funcional y el KSS de rodilla, no hubo diferencias entre ambos grupos. No hubo diferencias en el grado de satisfacción, dolor y el tiempo hasta el reimplante. Las complicaciones fueron similares en ambos grupos, con una tasa de reinfección sin diferencias estadísticamente significativas. Conclusión: Los espaciadores articulados proporcionaron un beneficio en el rango de movilidad después del reimplante de la prótesis. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Introduction: Cement spacers with antibiotics can be fixed or articulating, with similar results in eradicating infection. Our objective was to compare joint range of motion (ROM) and functional outcomes after reimplantation. Materials and Methods: A retrospective cohort study of patients who had undergone a knee prosthetic revision due to infection in two surgical stages. Functionality was analyzed according to the Knee Society Score (KSS) one year after surgery and ROM was recorded 45 days after surgery. Bone defect, pain, satisfaction, complications, and recurrence of infection were recorded. Results:A total of 103 patients were included. 40 with articulating spacers and 63 with fixed spacers. The articulating spacer group presents a median of 2.5 degrees greater in final mobility (102.5 IQR 95-110 vs 100 IQR 90-105, p 0.01). The KSS functional scale and KSS of the knee did not show differences between two groups. There were no differences concerning satisfaction, pain, and time until reimplantation. Complications were similar in both groups, with a reinfection rate without statistically significant differences. Conclusion: Articulating spacers have shown a benefit in ROM after prosthetic reimplantation. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Reoperation , Treatment Outcome , Prosthesis-Related Infections , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee
20.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(4) (Nro Esp - ACARO Asociación Argentina para el Estudio de la Cadera y Rodilla): 519-528, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353953

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El reemplazo total de rodilla en pacientes con anquilosis representa un desafío para el cirujano, tanto por la alta demanda técnica de la cirugía como por la elevada tasa de complicaciones comunicada. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar tres pacientes con anquilosis tratados con un reemplazo total de rodilla y una revisión bibliográfica actualizada. materiales y métodos: Se evaluaron las distintas etiologías, la movilidad preoperatoria, la técnica quirúrgica y el tipo de implante utilizado en cada caso. En el seguimiento, se evaluaron la tasa de complicaciones, el rango de movilidad y la supervivencia del implante. Por último, se realizó una revisión actualizada de la bibliografía. Resultados: Dos pacientes tenían artritis reumatoide juvenil y uno, una secuela de osteomielitis crónica de rodilla. Los pacientes no tenían movilidad articular y sufrían un severo compromiso para realizar las actividades de la vida cotidiana. En los tres pacientes, se efectuó un abordaje pararrotuliano medial seguido de una amplia liberación de partes blandas. En dos casos, se utilizaron prótesis primarias con vástagos y, en el restante, una prótesis de bisagra rotacional. El rango de movilidad alcanzado fue de 90° en promedio y los pacientes refirieron una tasa alta de satisfacción. No se registraron complicaciones. Conclusiones: El reemplazo total de rodilla en pacientes con anquilosis es una opción terapéutica por considerar, y tiene un impacto beneficioso en la calidad de vida. Por la complejidad que representa debe afrontarse como una cirugía de revisión, con una detenida planificación preoperatoria. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Performing a Total Knee Replacement (TKR) in patients with ankylosed knees is technically demanding and associated with considerable complications. The purpose of this study is to report three cases of patients with ankylosed knees treated with TKR and present an updated literature review. Materials and methods: We evaluated etiologies, preoperative range of motion, surgical technique and type of implant utilized in each case. Complications and postoperative range of motion were also analyzed. Radiographs were used to evaluate loosening or osteolysis. Lastly, we performed an updated literature review. Results: The etiologies were juvenile rheumatoid arthritis in two cases and chronic osteomyelitis in one. The patients did not have range of motion at all and the ability to perform daily life activities was severely affected. A medial parapatellar approach was used in all cases followed by an extensive soft tissue release. A primary posterior-stabilized design was used in two cases and a rotating-hinge in one case. The mean postoperative range of motion was 90° and all three patients reported a high satisfaction rate. No complications were reported. Conclusions: TKR in patients with ankylosed knees has substantially improved the clinical outcome and the arc of movement. Due to its complexity, it must be approached as a revision surgery, with careful preoperative planning. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Knee Joint/surgery , Ankylosis
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