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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353989

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comunicar los resultados y las complicaciones a corto plazo de la artropatía del manguito rotador tratada con artroplastia invertida lateralizada en pacientes >60 años. Materiales y Métodos: Se identificaron retrospectivamente las artropatías del manguito rotador tratadas con prótesis invertida lateralizada entre 2015 y 2019. Criterios de inclusión: edad >60 años, adecuada función deltoidea y seguimiento mínimo de 24 meses. Antes de la cirugía y después, se registraron el rango de movilidad activa, y los puntajes de Constant-Murley y de la escala analógica visual para dolor. En las radiografías, se determinaron los grados de artrosis glenohumeral, de muescas escapulares y de aflojamiento de la prótesis. Se documentaron las complicaciones, la satisfacción con el procedimiento y la supervivencia del implante. Resultados: La serie incluyó 40 hombros operados en 38 pacientes (edad promedio 72 años, rango 61-91), con un seguimiento promedio de 25 meses. La elevación anterior aumentó de 82,63° a 136,71° (p <0,001); la rotación externa, de 16,59° a 32,11° (p <0,001) y la rotación interna, de L5 a L3 (p <0,001). El puntaje de Constant-Murley ascendió de 28,25 a 69,97 (p <0,001) y el de dolor disminuyó de 8,34 precirugía a 1,26 poscirugía (p <0,001). La tasa de complicaciones fue del 12,5% y la supervivencia del implante, del 97,4%. Conclusiones: La artroplastia invertida lateralizada es una excelente alternativa quirúrgica para la artropatía del manguito rotador en pacientes >60 años, los resultados son satisfactorios, la tasa de complicaciones es aceptable y la supervivencia del implante es del 97,4%. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Background: The purpose of this study is to show the short-term results and complications in a series of patients >60 who underwent a reverse arthroplasty for the treatment of rotator cuff arthropathy in a high complexity hospital. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed our Service's database to identify patients with rotator cuff arthropathy who had undergone a reverse shoulder arthroplasty between 2015 and 2019. Inclusion criteria: 60 years of age or older, functional deltoid, at least one year of follow-up. The range of motion was measured pre and postoperatively in flexion, external rotation, and internal rotation, as well as Constant score and visual analog scale for pain. The grade of arthritis, scapular notching, and prosthetic loosening was radiographically assessed. We identified complications, satisfaction, and prosthesis survivorship. Results: Forty shoulders in 38 patients of 72 years of age on average (61-91) underwent reverse shoulder arthroplasty, with 25 months of follow-up. Flexion increased from 82.86° to 136.71° (p<0.001), external rotation went from 16.59° to 32.11° (p<0.001), and internal rotation from L5 to L3 (p<0.001). Constant score rose from 28.25 to 69.97 (p<0.001) and visual analog scale for pain decreased from 8.34 to 1.26 (p<0.001). The complication rate was 12.5% and a 97.4% prosthesis survivorship was registered. Conclusions: We believe that reverse shoulder arthroplasty represents an excellent option in the treatment of rotator cuff arthropathy in patients older than 60 in view of the satisfactory functional outcomes with an acceptable complication rate. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Tear Arthropathy , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(6): 748-754, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156199

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare the functional results of patients with complex proximal humerus fracture submitted to total shoulder reverse arthroplasty with and without tuberosity healing. The secondary goal was to know the tuberosity healing rate after reverse shoulder arthroplasty with our surgical technique. Methods A retrospective, cohort type study, with a prospective database collection. In total, 28 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria: age ≥ 65 years, reverse shoulder arthroplasty for complex proximal humerus fracture (type-3 or -4, according to Neer), and a minimum of 24 months of follow-up. At six months of follow-up, all of the patients were evaluated radiographically for tuberosity, and then they were divided into 2 groups: those with healed tuberosities and those with non-healed tuberosities. A clinical evaluation using the Constant score, active range of motion and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) at the last follow-up was also performed. Results Tuberosity healing occurred in 21 patients (76.3%). There were statistically significant differences in the Constant scoring system (p < 0.001), forward elevation (p = 0.020), internal rotation (p = 0.001) and external rotation (p = 0.003) when comparing the group of healed tuberosities with the group of non-healed tuberosities. No differences were found regarding the VAS score. Conclusion Tuberosity healing results in an improvement of the functional outcomes of patients submitted to reverse shoulder arthroplasty as a treatment for complex proximal humeral fractures in the elderly.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar os resultados funcionais entre pacientes com fratura complexa do úmero proximal submetidos a artroplastia reversa com tubérculos consolidados e tubérculos não consolidados. O objetivo secundário foi determinar a taxa de consolidação dos tubérculos com este tipo de prótese. Métodos Estudo de tipo coorte, retrospectivo, com coleta prospectiva de dados. No total, 28 pacientes cumpriram os critérios de inclusão: idade superior a 65 anos, prótese reversa do ombro por fratura complexa do úmero proximal (3 ou 4 partes, segundo Neer), e tempo de seguimento mínimo de 24 meses. Aos seis meses, todos os pacientes foram avaliados radiograficamente quanto à consolidação dos tubérculos e divididos em dois grupos: grupo com tubérculos consolidados e grupo com tubérculos não consolidados. A avaliação funcional realizou-se segundo o sistema de pontuação de Constant, da amplitude de movimento ativo, e da Escala Visual Analógica (EVA) à data da última consulta. Registaram-se todas as complicações. Resultados A consolidação dos tubérculos ocorreu em 21 pacientes (76,3%). Verificou-se diferenças estatisticamente significativas no sistema de pontuação de Constant (p < 0.001), elevação anterior (p = 0.020), rotação interna (p = 0.001) e externa (p = 0.003), quando se comparou o grupo dos tubérculos consolidados com o grupo dos tubérculos não consolidados. Não houve diferenças significativas na EVA entre os 2 grupos. Conclusão A consolidação dos tubérculos traduz uma melhoria dos resultados funcionais em pacientes submetidos a artroplastia reversa do ombro como tratamento de fraturas complexas do úmero proximal em idosos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Prostheses and Implants , Radius , Shoulder Fractures , Range of Motion, Articular , Extravehicular Activity , Amplitude , Fractures, Bone , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder , Humerus , Movement
3.
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS, SES-GO | ID: biblio-1121875

ABSTRACT

Tecnologia: Hemiprótese de ombro ajustável. Próteses de cabeça excêntrica reproduzem a anatomia da extremidade proximal do úmero. Indicação: Reconstrução da extremidade proximal do úmero no tratamento de fraturas complexas de úmero. Pergunta: o tratamento cirúrgico é superior ao tratamento conservador, para tratamento de fratura proximal de úmero, com melhores desfechos funcionais, menos complicações, menor mortalidade? Os efeitos terapêuticos da prótese de ombro excêntrica são superiores aos da prótese de ombro Neer II em pacientes com fratura proximal de úmero submetidos a hemiartroplastia de ombro nos desfechos de resultados funcionais e complicações cirúrgicas? Métodos: Levantamento bibliográfico foi realizado em bases de dados Pubmed, BVS e Google com estratégias estruturadas de busca. Foi feita avaliação da qualidade metodológica das revisões sistemáticas com a ferramenta AMSTAR e para os estudos econômicos, foi utilizado o QHES checklist. Resultados: Foram identificados 485 registros nas bases de dados internacionais e nacionais. Após a remoção de duplicatas e exclusão dos não elegíveis, pela análise de título e resumo, foram selecionadas quatro revisões sistemáticas e um estudo econômico. Conclusão: Não há evidências suficientes de ensaios clínicos para informar qual a melhor escolha entre as intervenções (não cirúrgicas, cirúrgicas ou de reabilitação) para essas fraturas. Não foram encontrados estudos brasileiros sobre eficácia e custo-efetividade das diferentes abordagens cirúrgicas bem como os tipos e marcas de próteses entre si


Technology: Adjustable shoulder hemi prosthesis. Eccentric head prostheses reproduce the anatomy of the proximal extremity of the humerus. Indication: Reconstruction of the proximal extremity of the humerus in the treatment of complex humerus fractures. Question: Is surgical treatment superior to conservative treatment, for the treatment of proximal humerus fractures, with better functional outcomes, less complications, less mortality? Are the therapeutic effects of the eccentric shoulder prosthesis superior to those of the Neer II shoulder prosthesis in patients with proximal humerus fractures who underwent shoulder hemiarthroplasty in the outcomes of functional results and surgical complications? Methods: Bibliographic survey was carried out in Pubmed, BVS and Google databases with structured search strategies. The methodological quality of systematic reviews was assessed using the AMSTAR tool and for economic studies, the QHES checklist was used. Results: Were they identified 485 records in international and national databases. After removing duplicates and excluding the ineligible ones, by analyzing the title and summary, four systematic reviews and one economic study were selected. Conclusion: There is not enough evidence of clinical trials to inform which is the best choice between interventions (nonsurgical, surgical or rehabilitation) for these fractures. No brazilian studies were found about the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of the different surgical approaches, as well as the types and brands of prostheses between them


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Shoulder Fractures/therapy , Hemiarthroplasty/methods , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder , Shoulder Prosthesis/adverse effects , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Evidence-Based Medicine
4.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 85(2): 133-138, jun. 2020. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1125550

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comunicar los resultados funcionales y radiográficos de pacientes tratados con prótesis reversa por fracturas complejas. El objetivo secundario fue determinar la relación entre rangos de movilidad y puntaje ASES con la evolución radiográfica del troquíter. Materiales y Métodos: Se incluyeron 16 pacientes >65 años, tratados con prótesis reversa y reinserción del troquíter, entre 2013 y 2017, operados antes de las 4 semanas del trauma y con un seguimiento mínimo de 2 años. Se consignaron el puntaje ASES y el rango de movilidad activa. En las radiografías, se evaluaron la posición y la consolidación del troquíter, y se registraron las complicaciones y su tratamiento. Resultados: La media de la edad fue 74.5 años (RIC 66-78.5), 11 (69%) eran mujeres. Once fracturas (69%) eran a 4 fragmentos y 5, luxofracturas a 4 fragmentos. La media entre el trauma y la cirugía fue 9.4 días y el seguimiento, 29.5 meses. En 9 casos (56%), el troquíter presentó consolidación. Rotación interna: 5 pacientes alcanzaron la región glútea con el pulgar; 4, la vértebra T12; 4, la vértebra L3; 3, la T7. Las medianas de rotación externa y flexión anterior fueron 30° (RIC 17,5-40) y 100° (RIC 87,5-160). El puntaje ASES promedio fue 78,3 (RIC 63,3-87,4). No hubo una asociación estadísticamente significativa entre la evolución del troquíter y la flexión anterior y el puntaje (p = 0,24 y 0,52, respectivamente). Conclusión: La prótesis reversa en fracturas agudas con reinserción de las tuberosidades puede llevar a buenos resultados funcionales. No se encontró relación entre la consolidación del troquíter y el puntaje ASES. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objective: To report functional and radiologic outcomes of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) in patients with complex proximal humeral fractures. A second objective was to assess the relation between the greater tuberosity healing and the range of motion (ROM) and the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score. Materials and Methods: Sixteen patients treated between 2013 and 2017, older than 65 years old, operated before 4 weeks after the trauma, and with a minimum of 2-year follow-up were included. ASES scores and active ROMs were recorded. Greater tuberosity and the prosthesis position and healing were radiologically evaluated, and the complications and treatment were recorded. Results: The median age was of 74.5 years (IQR 66-78.5), 11 patients were females (69%). According to Neer classification, 11 cases were four-part fractures and 5 were four-part fracture-dislocations. The average time between trauma and surgery was 9.4 days, and the average follow-up was of 29.5 months. The greater tuberosity was healed in 9 cases (56%). Internal rotation: 5 patients (31.25%) were able to reach up with their thumbs to gluteal level, 4 (25%) to T12, 3 (18.75%) to T7, and 4 (25%) to L3. The medians for external rotation and forward flexion were 30° (IQR 17.5°-40°) and 100° (IQR 87.5°-160°). The average ASES score was of 78.3 (IQR 63.3-87.4). There was no significant statistical relation between greater tuberosity healing and forward flexion or ASES score (P=0.24 and P=0.52, respectively). Conclusion: The use of reverse prostheses for complex fractures with greater tuberosity reattachment could lead to good functional outcomes, low complication rates and reoperations. There was no significant statistical relation between ASES score and greater tuberosity healing or failure to heal. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Aged , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder , Humerus/injuries
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(1): 106-111, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092682

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the functional results of patients submitted to reverse shoulder arthroplasty for the treatment of rotator cuff arthropathy refractory to conservative treatment. Methods A retrospective study of 20 patients (21 shoulders), 17 women (81%) and 3 men (19%), underwent a reverse shoulder arthroplasty between October 2012 and September 2017, for a rotator cuff arthropathy treatment, operated by a single surgeon in a single center. The patients were assessed using the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score, the Short-Form (36) Health Survey (SF-36), the visual analogue scale (VAS) of pain rating, and the University of California - Los Angeles (UCLA) score. The mean age at surgery was of 66 years old (range: 55 to 83 years old). The duration of symptoms before surgery was of ∼ 2.5 years (range: 12 months to 6 years). The mean follow-up was of 42.4 months (range: 19 to 56.7 months). Results The mean postoperative scores were 18.2 points in DASH; 2 points in EVA, of which 16 (77%) corresponded to mild pain, 4 (18%) to moderate pain, and 1 (5%) to severe pain; 29 points in UCLA, of which 6 patients presented a regular result (28%), 10 patients a good result (48%), and 5 patients an excellent result (24%); and 63 points in the SF-36. The complications were four cases of notching, one case of acromial fracture due to stress, and one case of postoperative infection. Conclusions Reverse arthroplasty of the shoulder presents good functional results in the evaluated scores, providing a significant improvement in the quality of life of the patients.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os resultados funcionais dos pacientes submetidos a artroplastia reversa de ombro, para tratamento da artropatia do manguito refratária a tratamento conservador. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo de 20 pacientes (21 ombros), 17 mulheres (81%) e 3 homens (19%), submetidos a artroplastia reversa de ombro no período de outubro de 2012 a setembro de 2017, para tratamento de artropatia de manguito rotador, operados por um único cirurgião em um único centro. Os pacientes foram avaliados pelo escore de disfunções do braço, ombro e mão (DASH, na sigla em inglês), pelo questionário genérico de avaliação de qualidade de vida SF-36 (SF-36), pela escala visual analógica de dor (EVA) e pelo escore da Universidade de Los Angeles - Califórnia (UCLA, na sigla em inglês). A média de idade na cirurgia foi de 66 anos (variação de 55 a 83 anos). O tempo de sintomas antes da realização da cirurgia foi de ∼ 2,5 anos (variação de 12 meses a 6 anos). O seguimento médio foi de 42,4 meses (variação de 19 a 56,7 meses). Resultados A média dos escores pós-operatórios foi de 18,2 pontos no DASH; de 2 pontos na EVA, sendo 16 (77%) de dores leves, 4 (18%) de dores moderadas e 1 (5%) de dor intensa; de 29 pontos no UCLA, sendo 6 pacientes com resultado regular (28%), 10 pacientes com resultado bom (48%), e 5 pacientes com resultado excelente (24%); e de 63 pontos no SF-36. Tivemos como complicações quatro casos de notching, um caso de fratura de acrômio por estresse, e um caso de infecção pós-operatória. Conclusões A artroplastia reversa do ombro apresenta bons resultados funcionais nos escores avaliados, propiciando melhora significativa na qualidade de vida dos pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pain , Shoulder/surgery , Signs and Symptoms , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Tear Arthropathy , Rotator Cuff Injuries , Shoulder Injuries , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder , Infections
6.
Rev. colomb. ortop. traumatol ; 34(1): 65-73, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1117659

ABSTRACT

Introducción Tanto las fracturas traumáticas del acromion, así como las fracturas acromiales por insuficiencia posterior a artroplastia reversa del hombro, son entidades poco frecuentes. Con la ampliación des los criterios operativos para la artroplastia reversa del hombro, es de suponer un aumento en el caso des las fracturas acromiales por insuficiencia posteriores a dicho procedimiento quirúrgico. Al ser estas entidades poco frecuentes hacen falta en la literatura recomendaciones basadas en la evidencia para el manejo de estas, las cuales representan un reto para el especialista tratante. Materiales y Métodos Reporte de seis casos entre 2013 y 2016 en el hospital cantonal de Frauenfeld (Suiza) de dos grupos de pacientes con fracturas del Acromion. En el grupo A se clasificaron tres pacientes que presentaron fractura por insuficiencia del acromion posterior a artroplastia reversa del Hombro. En el grupo B clasificaron tres pacientes con fracturas traumáticas del acromion en las cuales el manejo conservador no fue exitoso. Los dos grupos de pacientes fueron sometidos al mismo método quirúrgico con reducción abierta y reconstrucción anatómica del Acromion por medio de fijación con placa y tornillos interfragmentarios. Resultados Posterior a la intervención quirúrgica, la función del hombro se recuperó en todos los pacientes del Grupo A. La flexión anterior aumentó en promedio de 53° a 127°, y la abducción mejoró de 52° a 125°. Las mediciones posteriores al año de la intervención mostraron puntajes constantes entre 55-71, así como un valor subjetivo de hombro (SSV) de 50-90. En el Grupo B, el rango de movimiento preoperatorio se mantuvo constante. La flexión hacia delante mejoró de 133° a 157° y la abducción aumentó de 147° a 153°. Un año después de la cirugía, los puntajes de Constant en el grupo B variaron de 70 a 86 y el SSV se encontró entre 80 a 100. Los tres pacientes del Grupo B consiguieron retomar sus actividades diarias sin dolor y pudieron regresar al trabajo. La extracción de la placa fue necesaria en la mitad de los pacientes de la cohorte (Grupo A n=1, Grupo B n=2). Discusión La fractura del acromion es una condición seria que puede causar daño significativo al funcionamiento del hombro. Tanto en pacientes con ARH así como en pacientes sin ARH previa, nuestra técnica operativa abierta de reconstrucción anatómica del acromion mostró buenos resultados. Recomendamos el manejo quirúrgico por medio de reconstrucción con placa y clavos de fijación. Nivel de evidencia: IV


Aim To propose a surgical technique to treat the traumatic acromion fractures, as well as acromion fractures before reverse total Shoulder Replacement (TSR). Methods Six patients were treated with the same fixation technique between December 2013 and December 2016. Three patients had acromial insufficiency fractures (type II) following TSR (Group A). The other three patients, who had traumatic acromion fractures, underwent unsuccessful conservative treatment (Group B). Surgical treatment involved reconstruction of the acromion using an open technique with plate and interfragmentary screw fixation. Results Following reconstruction, shoulder function was regained in all patients in Group A. Forward flexion increased, on average, from 53° to 127°, and abduction improved from 52° to 125°. Measurements at one-year follow-up were Constant scores from 55-71, and subjective shoulder value (SSV) from 50-90. In Group B, preoperative range of motion was not substantially diminished. Forward flexion improved from 133° to 157°, and abduction increased from 147° to 153°. One year following surgery, the Constant scores in Group B ranged from 70-86, and SSV was 80-100. All three patients performed daily activities without pain, and were able to return to work. Plate removal was necessary in half the patients in the cohort (Group A n=1; Group B n=2). Conclusion An acromion fracture is a serious condition that can cause significant damage to shoulder functioning. In patients with or without previous TSR, this fixation technique was used successfully to reconstruct the anatomic lateral and basal acromion. Evidence Level: IV


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Acromion/surgery , Acromion/injuries , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder , Follow-Up Studies , Fractures, Bone/etiology , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder/adverse effects , Shoulder Prosthesis , Fracture Fixation, Internal
7.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 61(3): 101-107, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177772

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVOS La artroplastia de resección de hombro (ARH) se presenta como una técnica obsoleta y una opción no válida en la actualidad, debido a la evolución de las técnicas quirúrgicas y de los implantes. Pero, como consecuencia del aumento exponencial del uso de artroplastias de hombro, están aumentando en paralelo el número de fracasos e infecciones, con necesidad de revisión y rescate. Es por ello que, en determinadas situaciones y pacientes, esa técnica vuelve a ser una opción necesaria como salvataje, aunque tiene un alto coste funcional. El objetivo de nuestro trabajo, es presentar dos casos de artroplastia de resección de hombro como una opción válida de tratamiento en la actualidad y la revisión de la literatura. CASOS Se presentan dos casos de ARH como tratamiento de rescate, en un caso de osteomielitis crónica de cabeza humeral y un caso de infección de hemiartroplastia de hombro. Ambos pacientes se encontraban sin dolor y libres de infección con un seguimiento de más de 30 meses. En un caso la funcionalidad fue limitada con un Constant de 45 pero el otro caso la funcionalidad fue aceptable con un Constant de 67. CONCLUSIONES La ARH sigue siendo una técnica útil tras el fracaso de procedimientos de revisión, para resolver infecciones protésicas recalcitrantes u osteomielitis. Los resultados funcionales son pobres, por lo que debe reservarse para pacientes con baja demanda funcional y como salvataje, tras agotar otras opciones.


INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES shoulder resection arthroplasty (SRA) is currently considered as an outdated technique, due to the advances in surgical techniques and new prosthesis designs. However, with the exponential increase in the use of shoulder arthroplasties, the number of failures and infections is equally increasing, as well as the revisions and salvage procedures. In certain situations, SRA is therefore a necessary solution, although it grossly compromise shoulder function. The aim of our study is to present two cases who underwent SRA as a valid treatment option nowadays and a literature review. CASES We present two cases of SRA as salvatage treatment. First case in a chronic humeral head osteomyelitis and second in a partial shoulder prosthesis recalcitrant infection. Both patients had complete pain relief and infection was solved with a follow-up over 30 months. In the first case, postoperative shoulder function was limited with a Constant­Murley score of 45. In the second case, function was fairly good with a Constant of 67. CONCLUSIONS SRA remains a valuable technique after the failure of revision procedures, as a salvage for recalcitrant prosthetic infections or osteomyelitis. The functional results are poor, so it should be reserved for patients with low functional demand and as salvatage procedure, after assess other options.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Arthroplasty/methods , Shoulder/surgery , Prosthesis-Related Infections/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder/adverse effects , Osteomyelitis , Reoperation , Salvage Therapy , Prosthesis-Related Infections/etiology , Shoulder Prosthesis
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781679

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate clinical results of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty in treating old fracture of proximal humerus in elderly patients.@*METHODS@#From January 2012 to December 2017, 12 elderly patients with old proximal humeral fractures were treated with reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. There were 5 males and 7 females with an average age of 70.2 years old (ranged from 63 to 81 years old) and an average course of 12.3 months (ranged from 9 to 18 months). VAS score was used to evaluate the degree of pain relief of shoulder joint, Constant-Murley score was used to evaluate the improvement of shoulder joint function and observe the complications during and after operation.@*RESULTS@#All the 12 patients were followed up with an average duration of 22.3 months (ranged from 15 to 56 months). At the latest follow-up, the VAS score was 1.9±1.4, and Constant-Murley score was 83.4±8.4. Among them, shoulder joint flexion was (92.5±7.7)°, abduction was (90.4±14.3)°, external rotation was(31.9±10.0)°, and internal rotation was(58.9±13.1)°. There was statistical significance before and after treatment(<0.05). There were 2 cases with glenoid notch. The imaging findings were grade I and grade II respectively. No loosening was found during follow-up. No infection, acromial fracture, prosthesis loosening, axillary nerve injury and other complications occurred.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty in treating old proximal humeral fractures in elderly patients can achieve satisfactory results, however, indications and complications should be noted.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder , Female , Humans , Humerus , Male , Middle Aged , Shoulder , Shoulder Fractures , General Surgery , Shoulder Joint , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776148

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate clinical results of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty in treating comminuted fracture of proximal humerus in elderly patients with rotator cuff injury.@*METHODS@#From January 2017 to December 12, 12 comminuted fracture or dislocation of proximal humerus elderly patients were diagnosed as rotator cuff injury by preoperative MRI and operative exploration, and treated by reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. Among them, including 7 males and 5 females aged from 65 to 86 years old; 5 patients injured on the left side and 7 patients injured on the right side. Range of motion, postoperative complication were observed, VAS score was used to evaluate pain release and UCLA score was used to assess recovery of shoulder joint.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up from 8 to 18 months. At the latest follow-up, shoulder range of motion conditions were as following:forward bend and lifts ranged from 90° to 150°, external rotation ranged from 10°to 30°, internal rotation could reached L₃ level(S₁-L₁), VAS was for 0 to 6 points, UCLA score ranged from 18 to 32 points, 5 patients were good and 7 patients were poor. No infection, prothesis loosening, shoulder stress fracture, injury of vessel and nerve occurred.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty in treating comminuted fracture of proximal humerus in elderly patients with rotator cuff injury has advantages of early recovery of shoulder joint range of motion, less pain and high patients' satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder , Female , Fractures, Comminuted , Humans , Humerus , Male , Range of Motion, Articular , Rotator Cuff Injuries , Shoulder , Shoulder Fractures , General Surgery , Shoulder Joint , Treatment Outcome
10.
Acta ortop. mex ; 32(1): 36-40, ene.-feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019325

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Antecedentes: La infección e inestabilidad se encuentran entre las complicaciones de más difícil manejo en la cirugía protésica de hombro. La inestabilidad acumula hasta la mitad de los casos, mientras que la infección por hongos representa menos de 1% del total de infecciones y pueden causar daño severo a nivel óseo y de partes blandas. Métodos: En este caso clínico se presenta una infección fúngica por Candida parapsilosis en una hemiartroplastía de hombro indicada por una fractura de húmero proximal. Se dio tratamiento quirúrgico en dos tiempos y administración de fluconazol durante ocho semanas previo al segundo tiempo quirúrgico. En la revisión se colocó una prótesis reversa como tratamiento definitivo; sin embargo, el paciente sufrió varios episodios de luxación en el postoperatorio. Fue necesaria una segunda cirugía de revisión protésica para sustituir por componentes de mayor estabilidad. Durante la misma, se extrajeron muestras que fueron analizadas, obteniéndose resultados negativos para infección. Resultados: Actualmente tras tres años de seguimiento, el paciente se encuentra bien, sin limitaciones en su labor diaria y tiene un Constant Score de 50.5. Discusión: Reportamos nuestra experiencia en esta situación excepcional. A nuestro conocer, éste es uno de los primeros casos en los que la infección fúngica y la luxación protésica coinciden en un mismo paciente. Esta situación es un reto para el cirujano, el cual tiene que tratar las dos complicaciones prácticamente a la vez. No se dispone de una evidencia científica para establecer un criterio unificado para el tratamiento de las complicaciones tras cirugía de revisión de artroplastía de hombro, especialmente en la prótesis reversa o megaprótesis.


Abstract: Background: Infection and instability are the complications of prosthetic shoulder surgery of more difficult management. Instability builds up to half of the cases, while the fungal infection accounts for less than 1% of all and can cause severe damage to bone and soft tissue. Methods: In this case clinical fungal infection by Candida parapsilosis is presented in a shoulder hemiarthroplasty indicated by a fracture of the proximal humerus. He received surgical treatment in two-stages and administration of fluconazole for eight weeks prior to the second surgical time. In revision surgery was placed a reverse prosthesis as definitive treatment; however, the patient suffered several episodes of dislocation in the postoperative period; a second revision prosthetic surgery was necessary to use more stable components. During this surgery, we extracted samples that were analyzed, obtaining negative results for infection. Results: Now after three years of follow-up, the patient is well, no limitations in their daily work and has a Constant Score of 50.5. Discussion: We report our experience in this exceptional situation. We know, this is one of the first cases where the fungal infection and dislocation prosthetics in the same patient meet. This situation is a challenge for the surgeon, which has to treat complications two practically at the same time; we do not have scientific evidence to establish a criterion unified for the treatment of complications after surgery for revision of arthroplasty of the shoulder, especially in reverse or mega-denture prosthesis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Reoperation , Candidiasis/etiology , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder/adverse effects , Shoulder Joint , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome , Candida parapsilosis/isolation & purification
11.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 16(1): eRC4037, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891461

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Periprosthetic fractures is a severe complication after joint replacement. The rapidly increase of reverse shoulder arthroplasty surgeries, periprosthetic humeral fractures, which are described as rare, may increase in the near future. We report the case of displaced humeral fracture bellow the stem of reverse shoulder prosthesis. The patient was an 85-year-old woman who had a total shoulder replacement 6 years previously. The surgical solution consisted of plate osteossynthesis and cerclage. This report describes an unprecedented case in Brazilian literature; and gives an overview of the existing literature including this injury classification.


RESUMO As fraturas periprotéticas do ombro representam uma grave complicação após a substituição da articulação. Devido ao rápido aumento do número de cirurgias de artroplastia reversa no ombro, as fraturas periprótese do úmero, descritas como raras, podem aumentar no futuro próximo. Descrevemos um caso de fratura desviada do úmero abaixo do componente umeral de uma artroplastia reversa. A paciente era uma mulher de 85 anos de idade, que tinha uma artroplastia reversa do ombro há 6 anos. O tratamento cirúrgico consistiu em osteossíntese com placa, parafusos e cerclagem. Os objetivos do presente trabalho foram reportar um caso inédito na literatura brasileira, e revisar a literatura existente e as classificações da lesão.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Periprosthetic Fractures/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Bone Plates , Treatment Outcome , Periprosthetic Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Humeral Fractures/diagnostic imaging
12.
Acta ortop. mex ; 31(6): 300-303, nov.-dic. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-949784

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: Desde hace algún tiempo es tema de controversia el mantenimiento de la perfusión cerebral durante la cirugía de hombro realizada en posición de silla de playa. El objetivo de este reporte es presentar el primer caso en México de una artroplastía total de hombro realizada con bloqueo interescalénico y monitoreo de la saturación cerebral de oxígeno. Este monitoreo se describió en 1977, pero sólo hasta la última década ha alcanzado relevancia desde el punto de vista clínico. Caso clínico: Paciente de 84 años programado para artroplastía total de hombro en posición de silla de playa bajo anestesia regional tipo bloqueo interescalénico guiado por ultrasonido, en la cual se monitoreó la saturación regional de oxígeno (CrSO2). Discusión: El monitoreo de la oximetría cerebral es una herramienta adecuada que nos permite tener una valoración continua durante todo el transanestésico, con lo que podemos tomar decisiones de forma más expedita. Con base en esto consideramos que este tipo de monitoreo debe ser básico en pacientes colocados en posición de silla de playa, así como el uso preponderante de anestesia regional; en los casos donde ésta no se pueda utilizar, este monitor es primordial.


Abstract: Introduction: The maintenance of cerebral perfusion during shoulder surgery performed in the beach chair position is controversial. The aim of this report is to present the first case in Mexico of a total shoulder arthroplasty performed with interscalene block and monitoring of the cerebral oxygen saturation. This monitoring was described in 1977, but only until the last decade has it reached relevance from the clinical point of view. Clinical case: We present an 84-year-old patient scheduled for total shoulder arthroplasty in beach chair position under regional anesthesia (ultrasound-guided interscalene block) in which the regional oxygen saturation (CrSO2) was monitored. Discussion: Monitoring of cerebral oximetry is a suitable tool that allows us to have a continuous assessment throughout the transanesthetic, so we can make decisions more expeditiously. On this basis, we believe that this type of monitoring should be fundamental in patients placed in a beach chair position, as well as predominantly use regional anesthesia. In cases where it cannot be used, this monitor is absolutely essential.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder , Shoulder/surgery , Prospective Studies , Patient Positioning , Mexico
13.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 82(Supl): S2-S7, 2017. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-982770

ABSTRACT

La lesión del manguito rotador en pacientes con una prótesis total de hombro anatómica es cada vez más frecuente. Ante esta situación surge el dilema de reparar la ruptura o efectuar una revisión hacia una artroplastia inversa. Se presenta el caso de un paciente que consulta por una ruptura masiva del manguito rotador del hombro derecho, de seis meses de evolución, luego de haber intentado levantar un objeto de 30 kg. Como antecedente se le había implantado una artroplastia total del hombro derecho modular y universal por artrosis glenohumeral primaria. Dada la irreparabilidad de la lesión y la adecuada integración biológica proximal del tallo humeral cementado y el platillo metálico glenoideo no cementado, se procedió a la reconversión a artroplastia inversa de hombro intercambiando solo los componentes modulares de la prótesis. La evolución posquirúrgica fue favorable, recuperó un rango de movilidad satisfactorio durante la rehabilitación. Las prótesis modulares universales ofrecen la posibilidad de la conversión “simple” de una artroplastia de hombro total a una inversa, sin necesidad de revisar el tallo humeral ni el platillo glenoideo, y así disminuir la morbilidad del procedimiento. Nivel de Evidencia: IV.


Rotator cuff injury in patients with anatomical total shoulder prosthesis is becoming more frequent. These cases present with the dilemma of whether to repair the rupture or make a revision towards a reverse arthroplasty. We present the case of a patient who suffered a massive rotator cuff rupture of the right shoulder, after lifting a 30-kg object, 6 months ago. Because of glenohumeral osteoarthritis, the patient underwent a modular total shoulder arthroplasty 16 months before. Given the irreparable lesion, the adequate proximal biological integration of the cemented humeral stem, and the uncemented glenoid metallic plate, a conversion to reverse shoulder arthroplasty was performed by exchanging only the modular components of the prosthesis. Postoperative evolution was favorable; the patient regained a satisfactory range of motion during rehabilitation. Universal modular prostheses offer the possibility of “simple” conversion to a reverse arthroplasty, without exchanging the humeral stem or the glenoid plate, and thus reducing the morbidity of the procedure. Level of Evidence: IV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder/methods , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery
14.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 14(4): 520-527, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840283

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the clinical and functional behavior of patients undergoing cuff tear arthroplasty at different stages of the disease. Methods Cuff tear arthroplasty hemiarthroplasties were performed in 34 patients with rotator cuff arthropathy and associated comorbidities, classified according to Seebauer. The mean age was 76.3 years, and the sample comprised 23 females (67.6%) and 11 males (32.4%). The mean follow-up period was 21.7 months, and evaluations were performed using the Visual Analog Scale for pain and the Constant scale. Results There were no statistically significant differences in the mean reduction in the Visual Analog Scale or in the Constant scale increase between the female and male groups. The variation between the pre- and postoperative Visual Analog Scale and Constant scale evaluations was significant. There was also no statistically significant difference between the Seebauer classification groups regarding the mean Visual Analog Scale reduction, or the mean Constant scale increase. Conclusion Cuff tear arthroplasty shoulder hemiarthroplasty is a good option for rotator cuff arthropathy in patients with comorbidities.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o comportamento clínico e funcional dos pacientes submetidos à artroplastia do tipo cuff tear arthroplasty para o tratamento da artropatia do manguito rotador em diferentes estágios da afecção. Métodos Foram realizadas 34 hemiartroplastias do tipo cuff tear arthroplasty em 34 pacientes com artropatia do manguito rotador e comorbidades associadas, classificadas de acordo com Seebauer. A média de idade foi de 76,3 anos, sendo 23 pacientes do sexo feminino (67,6%) e 11 do sexo masculino (32,4%). O seguimento médio foi de 21,7 meses e a avaliação foi realizada por meio da Escala Visual Analógica da dor e pela escala de Constant. Resultados Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos feminino e masculino, tanto nas médias de redução na Escala Visual Analógica quanto nas de aumento na escala de Constant. A variação entre as avaliações da Escala Visual Analógica e da escala de Constant pré e pós-operatórias foi significante. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos de classificação de Seebauer quanto às médias de redução na Escala Visual Analógica e nem quanto às médias de aumento na escala de Constant, e não houve casos de infecção. Conclusão A hemiartroplastia do ombro tipo cuff tear arthroplasty é boa uma opção nos pacientes com artropatia do manguito rotador, especialmente em pacientes com comorbidades.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Hemiarthroplasty/methods , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder/methods , Muscular Diseases/surgery , Postoperative Period , Pain Measurement , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Recovery of Function , Preoperative Period , Humeral Head/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/complications , Muscular Diseases/physiopathology
15.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2016. 62 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1178149

ABSTRACT

Com o advento das cirurgias artroscópicas, a abordagem da articulação do ombro passou a ser menos invasiva do que nos procedimentos convencionais. Apesar da redução da dor nos primeiros dias após o procedimento ser atribuída à técnica artroscópica, uma parcela significativa de pacientes relata dor de forte intensidade nas primeiras 24 a 48 horas de pósoperatório. A anestesia regional oferece alta qualidade de analgesia intra e pós-operatória. O bloqueio interescalênico é o padrão ouro para analgesia pós-operatória em cirurgias do ombro. O bloqueio seletivo dos nervos supraescapular e axilar surgiu como uma alternativa segura ao bloqueio interescalênico, mostrando alta eficácia. O objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar a qualidade da analgesia oferecida por duas técnicas de anestesia regional ­ bloqueio interescalênico e o bloqueio seletivo dos nervos supra-escapular e axilar - para a analgesia pós-operatória em pacientes submetidos a cirurgia artroscópica de ombro para reparo de lesão do manguito rotador. Constituiu a amostra do estudo quarenta e sete pacientes com lesão do manguito rotador, tratados no Instituto Nacional de Traumatologia e Ortopedia Jamil Haddad. Foram utilizados como parâmetros de comparação, o tempo necessário para a realização dos dois tipos de bloqueios, a necessidade de opioides para analgesia suplementar no pós-operatório, a ocorrência de complicações sistêmicas, a intensidade da dor, e sua possível relação com a duração da cirurgia. Todos os pacientes foram avaliados após 2h e 12h no pós-operatório. Os resultados mostraram eficácia e segurança das duas técnicas, sendo o tempo para a realização dos bloqueios seletivos maior. O bloqueio interescalênico oferece melhor qualidade de analgesia nas primeiras horas de pós-operatório em relação à técnica seletiva e com 12 horas a analgesia proporcionada pelos dois bloqueios é equivalente. O desconforto resultante da paralisia motora é prevalente e mais prolongado no bloqueio interescalênico e a necessidade de analgesia suplementar com opioide é maior no bloqueio seletivo apenas nas primeiras horas do pós-operatório e com 12 horas a demanda foi semelhante nos dois grupos. Não houve relação entre duração da cirurgia e dor pósoperatória. O conjunto dos nossos resultados demonstrou que as duas técnicas de analgesia que foram avaliadas mostraram-se seguras em pacientes isentos de comorbidades pulmonares. A técnica interescalênica tem como vantagem oferecer analgesia de melhor qualidade na primeiras horas do pós-operatório e ser realizada através de um único procedimento. Por outro lado tem duração mais curta e pode se associar a alguns efeitos adversos como paresia hemidiafragmática e hiperalgesia pós-bloqueio. Os bloqueios seletivos tem duração mais prolongada e se associam a eventos que podem ocorrer nos bloqueios regionais em geral. Como principal desvantagem do bloqueio seletivo, ressaltamos a necessidade da realização de dois procedimentos independentes, não oferecer anestesia do ombro em sua totalidade e a necessidade do treinamento específico por não ser uma técnica utilizada na rotina dos especialistas. Diante das vantagens e desvantagens, consideramos que cabe ao anestesiologista em decisão conjunta com o cirurgião, a escolha da técnica mais indicada para cada tipo de paciente, considerando a presença de comorbidades, a gravidade da lesão, o tempo de evolução clínica e o tipo de procedimento cirúrgico que está sendo proposto


With the advent of arthroscopic surgery, the approach of the shoulder joint has become less invasive than conventional procedures. Despite the reduction in pain in the first days after the procedure be attributed to arthroscopy, a significant number of patients report severe pain in the first 24 to 48 hours postoperatively. Regional anesthesia offers high quality intraoperative and postoperative analgesia. The interscalene block is the gold standard for postoperative analgesia for shoulder surgeries. Selective blocking of suprascapular and axillary nerves emerged as a safe alternative to interscalene block, with high rates of efficacy. The aim of this study was to compare the quality of analgesia offered by two regional anesthesia techniques - interescalenic block and selective block of suprascapular and axillary nerves - for postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing shoulder arthroscopic surgery to repair rotator cuff injury. The sample of the study comprised forty-seven patients with rotator cuff injury treated at the National Institute of Traumatology Jamil Haddad. It was used as comparison parameter, the time required to perform the two types of blocks, the amount of opioid needed as additional analgesia postoperatively, the occurrence of systemic complications, pain intensity, and its relation to surgery duration. All patients were evaluated after 2 h and 12 h postoperatively. The results showed efficacy and safety of the two techniques; however the time to perform the selective blocks was greater. The interscalene block provides better analgesia in the early hours after surgery compared to the selective technique and analgesia provided by the two blocks after 12 hours was equivalent. The discomfort resulting of motor paralysis was prevalent and longer in the interscalene block. The need for additional analgesia with opioids was higher in selective blocks only in the first hours of the postoperative period with similar demand in both groups after 12 hours. There was no relationship between duration of surgery and postoperative pain. Taken together, our results demonstrated that both analgesia techniques that were evaluated were safe for patients without pulmonary comorbidities. The interscalene technique has the advantage of offering better quality of analgesia in the first hours of the postoperative period and to be carried out through a single procedure. On the other hand it has a shorter duration and may be associated with some adverse effects such as hemidiaphragmatic paresis and post-block hyperalgesia. The selective block lasts longer and is associated with events that may occur in regional blocks in general. As a main disadvantage of the selective block, we emphasize the need to carry out two independent procedures, do not offer shoulder anesthesia in its integrity and the need for specific training considering that is not used routinely. Taking into account the advantages and disadvantages of both techniques, we believe that it is up to the anesthesiologist, in a joint decision with the surgeon, to decide the technique more appropriate for each type of patient considering the presence of comorbidities, severity of the injury, the duration of clinical symptoms and the type of surgical procedure that is being proposed


Subject(s)
Rotator Cuff Injuries , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder , Anesthesia and Analgesia/methods
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-93980

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There have been few reports on altered kinematics of the shoulder after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). We investigated differences in 3-dimensional (3D) scapular motions assessed using an optical tracking system between RTSA treated shoulders and asymptomatic contralateral shoulders during arm motion. METHODS: Thirteen patients who underwent RTSA were assessed for active arm elevation in 2 distinct elevation planes (sagittal plane flexion and scapular plane abduction). Their mean age was 72 years (range, 69 to 79 years) and the mean follow-up was 24.4 months (range, 13 to 48 months). The dominant side was the right side in all the 13 patients, and it was also the side treated with RTSA. Scapular kinematics was recorded with an optical tracking system. The scapular kinematics and the scapulohumeral rhythm (SHR) of the RTSA shoulders and asymptomatic contralateral shoulders were recorded and analyzed during arm elevation. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in internal/external rotation and anterior/posterior tilting of the scapula between shoulders during arm motion (p > 0.05). However, upward rotation of the scapula differed significantly during arm motion (p = 0.035 for sagittal plane flexion; p = 0.046 for scapular plane abduction). There were significant differences in the SHR between the two shoulders (p = 0.016 for sagittal plane flexion; p = 0.021 for scapular plane abduction). CONCLUSIONS: The shoulder kinematics after RTSA showed significant differences from the contralateral asymptomatic shoulders. Increased upward rotation and decreased SHR after RTSA indicate that RTSA shoulders use more scapulothoracic motion and less glenohumeral motion to elevate the arm.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arm/physiology , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder/methods , Biomechanical Phenomena , Cohort Studies , Female , Fiducial Markers , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Male , Range of Motion, Articular/physiology , Scapula/physiology , Shoulder Joint/physiology
17.
Singapore medical journal ; : 172-quiz 177, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-296446

ABSTRACT

A 59-year-old woman who had previously undergone an anatomic left total shoulder arthroplasty presented with increasing left shoulder pain and significant reduction in motion of the left shoulder joint. No evidence of prosthetic loosening or periprosthetic fracture was detected on the radiographs or fluoroscopic arthrogram images. Dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) images revealed evidence of loosening of the glenoid component and secondary rotator cuff failure. This case illustrates how a combination of detailed clinical history, careful physical examination and DECT arthrogram evaluation may be used to identify complications of an anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder , Diagnostic Imaging , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Prosthesis Design , Prosthesis Failure , Range of Motion, Articular , Reoperation , Rotator Cuff , Diagnostic Imaging , Shoulder Joint , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery
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