Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 6 de 6
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 94-100, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970980


PURPOSE@#Unsatisfactory results of hemiarthroplasty in Neer's 3- and 4-part proximal humerus fractures in elderly, have led to the shift towards reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA). The objective of our study was to repair the tuberosities that are generally overlooked during RSA and observe its impact on the functional outcome and shoulder scores.@*METHODS@#We include elderly patients with acutely displaced or dislocated 3- or 4-part proximal humerus fractures from July 2013 to November 2019 who were treated with RSA along with tuberosity repair by non-absorbable sutures and bone grafting harvested from the humeral head. Open injuries and cases with neuro-muscular involvement of the deltoid muscle were excluded. According to the tuberosity healing on radiographs of the shoulder at 9th postoperative month, the patients were divided into 2 groups, as the group with successful tuberosity repair and the other with failed tuberosity repair. Statistical analysis of the functional outcome and shoulder scores between the 2 groups were done by independent t-test for normally distributed parameters and Mann-Whitney test for the parameters, where data was not normally distributed.@*RESULTS@#Of 41 patients, tuberosity healing was achieved in 28 (68.3%) and failed in 13 (31.7%) cases. Lysis of the tuberosity occurred in 5 patients, tuberosity displacement in 2, and nonunion in 2. Mean age was 70.4 years (range 65 - 79 years) and mean follow-up was 58.7 months (range 18 - 93 months). There were no major complications. Group with successful tuberosity repair showed improvement in mean active range of movements, like anterior elevation (165.1° ± 4.9° vs. 144.6° ± 9.4°, p < 0.000), lateral elevation (158.9° ± 7.2° vs. 138.4° ± 9.6°, p < 0.000), external rotation (30.5° ± 6.9° vs. 35.0° ± 6.3°, p = 0.367), internal rotation (33.7° ± 7.5° vs. 32.6° ± 6.9°, p = 0.671) and in mean shoulder scores including Constant score (70.7 ± 4.1 vs. 55.5 ± 5.7, p < 0.000), American shoulder and elbow surgeons score (90.3 ± 2.4 vs. 69.0 ± 5.7, p < 0.000), disability of arm shoulder and hand score (22.1 ± 2.3 vs. 37.6 ± 2.6, p < 0.000).@*CONCLUSION@#Successful repair and tuberosity healing around the RSA prosthesis is associated with statistically significant improvement in postoperative range of motion, strength and shoulder scores. Standardized repair technique and interposition of cancellous bone grafts, harvested from the humeral head can improve the rate of tuberosity healing.

Humans , Aged , Child, Preschool , Child , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder/methods , Arm/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Humerus/surgery , Humeral Head/surgery , Humeral Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Range of Motion, Articular
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 110-115, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970829


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical outcomes of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty as a revision procedure for the failed fixation of proximal humeral fractures in the elderly patients.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 8 patients with failed internal fixation of proximal humeral fractures from May 2014 to March 2020, including 3 males and 5 females, aged from 65 to 75 years old. All 8 patients underwent reverse total shoulder arthroplasty, and the mean time between initial fixation and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty ranged from 8 to 16 months. Range of motion(ROM), University of California at Los Angeles(UCLA) shoulder score, visual analogue scale (VAS), self-rating anxiety scale(SAS), and Constant-Murley score of shoulder function were assessed pre-operatively and at the last follow-up. Complications relating to the surgery were recorded.@*RESULTS@#All 8 patients successfully followed up. The mean follow-up after reverse total shoulder arhroplasty ranged from 16 to 28 months. The range of motion (forward flexion, external rotation, abduction and internal rotation) of the affected shoulder was significantly improved after surgery, and the post-operative VAS, SAS and UCLA scores were also significantly improved. For the Constant-Murley score of shoulder joint function, the total scores and the subscores of pain, daily activities, range of motion and strength test at the last follow-up were all significantly improved. Scapular glenoid notch was observed in patient, which was evaluated as grade 1 on imaging. All the other patients did not develop specific or non-specific complications.@*CONCLUSION@#Reverse total shoulder arhroplasty is an appropriate treatment as a revision surgery for failed fixation of proximal humeral fractures. It has shown satisfactory clinical outcomes, accelerating the rehabilitation of shoulder function and improving the quality of life.

Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Shoulder/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Quality of Life , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Shoulder Fractures/surgery , Humerus/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(4): 540-545, Jul.-Aug. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394866


Abstract The indication of shoulder arthroplasties has increased progressively. Accurate positioning of the components may have significant implications for clinical results. The navigation used to aid in the performance of anatomical and reverse total arthroplasties has provided greater precision in implant placement, especially on the glenoid. The development of the technique, material, and prosthesis design have shown encouraging results and led to a trend toward its expansion. In this way, we estimate a higher survival of the arthroplasties resulting from lower rates of dislocation and early loosening. We aim to describe the current technique and to present the results of the literature with navigation. However, comparative clinical studies with long term follow-up are necessary to prove the efficacy in the final results of total shoulder arthroplasties.

Resumo A indicação de artroplastias do ombro aumentou progressivamente. O posicionamento preciso dos componentes pode ter implicações significativas para os resultados clínicos. A navegação utilizada para auxiliar no desempenho de artroplastias totais anatômicas e reversas tem proporcionado maior precisão na colocação do implante, especialmente do componente glenoidal. O desenvolvimento da técnica, do material e do desenho da prótese têm mostrado resultados encorajadores e levado a uma tendência de expansão da sua utilização. Dessa forma, estimamos uma maior sobrevida das artroplastias resultantes de menores taxas de instabilidade e soltura precoce. Nosso objetivo é descrever a técnica atual e apresentar os resultados da literatura com navegação. No entanto, estudos clínicos comparativos com acompanhamento de longo prazo são necessários para comprovar a eficácia nos resultados finais das artroplastias totais do ombro.

Humans , Osteoarthritis/therapy , Prosthesis Design , Shoulder/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder/methods
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 82(Supl): S2-S7, 2017. []
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-982770


La lesión del manguito rotador en pacientes con una prótesis total de hombro anatómica es cada vez más frecuente. Ante esta situación surge el dilema de reparar la ruptura o efectuar una revisión hacia una artroplastia inversa. Se presenta el caso de un paciente que consulta por una ruptura masiva del manguito rotador del hombro derecho, de seis meses de evolución, luego de haber intentado levantar un objeto de 30 kg. Como antecedente se le había implantado una artroplastia total del hombro derecho modular y universal por artrosis glenohumeral primaria. Dada la irreparabilidad de la lesión y la adecuada integración biológica proximal del tallo humeral cementado y el platillo metálico glenoideo no cementado, se procedió a la reconversión a artroplastia inversa de hombro intercambiando solo los componentes modulares de la prótesis. La evolución posquirúrgica fue favorable, recuperó un rango de movilidad satisfactorio durante la rehabilitación. Las prótesis modulares universales ofrecen la posibilidad de la conversión “simple” de una artroplastia de hombro total a una inversa, sin necesidad de revisar el tallo humeral ni el platillo glenoideo, y así disminuir la morbilidad del procedimiento. Nivel de Evidencia: IV.

Rotator cuff injury in patients with anatomical total shoulder prosthesis is becoming more frequent. These cases present with the dilemma of whether to repair the rupture or make a revision towards a reverse arthroplasty. We present the case of a patient who suffered a massive rotator cuff rupture of the right shoulder, after lifting a 30-kg object, 6 months ago. Because of glenohumeral osteoarthritis, the patient underwent a modular total shoulder arthroplasty 16 months before. Given the irreparable lesion, the adequate proximal biological integration of the cemented humeral stem, and the uncemented glenoid metallic plate, a conversion to reverse shoulder arthroplasty was performed by exchanging only the modular components of the prosthesis. Postoperative evolution was favorable; the patient regained a satisfactory range of motion during rehabilitation. Universal modular prostheses offer the possibility of “simple” conversion to a reverse arthroplasty, without exchanging the humeral stem or the glenoid plate, and thus reducing the morbidity of the procedure. Level of Evidence: IV.

Humans , Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder/methods , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 14(4): 520-527, Oct.-Dec. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840283


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the clinical and functional behavior of patients undergoing cuff tear arthroplasty at different stages of the disease. Methods Cuff tear arthroplasty hemiarthroplasties were performed in 34 patients with rotator cuff arthropathy and associated comorbidities, classified according to Seebauer. The mean age was 76.3 years, and the sample comprised 23 females (67.6%) and 11 males (32.4%). The mean follow-up period was 21.7 months, and evaluations were performed using the Visual Analog Scale for pain and the Constant scale. Results There were no statistically significant differences in the mean reduction in the Visual Analog Scale or in the Constant scale increase between the female and male groups. The variation between the pre- and postoperative Visual Analog Scale and Constant scale evaluations was significant. There was also no statistically significant difference between the Seebauer classification groups regarding the mean Visual Analog Scale reduction, or the mean Constant scale increase. Conclusion Cuff tear arthroplasty shoulder hemiarthroplasty is a good option for rotator cuff arthropathy in patients with comorbidities.

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o comportamento clínico e funcional dos pacientes submetidos à artroplastia do tipo cuff tear arthroplasty para o tratamento da artropatia do manguito rotador em diferentes estágios da afecção. Métodos Foram realizadas 34 hemiartroplastias do tipo cuff tear arthroplasty em 34 pacientes com artropatia do manguito rotador e comorbidades associadas, classificadas de acordo com Seebauer. A média de idade foi de 76,3 anos, sendo 23 pacientes do sexo feminino (67,6%) e 11 do sexo masculino (32,4%). O seguimento médio foi de 21,7 meses e a avaliação foi realizada por meio da Escala Visual Analógica da dor e pela escala de Constant. Resultados Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos feminino e masculino, tanto nas médias de redução na Escala Visual Analógica quanto nas de aumento na escala de Constant. A variação entre as avaliações da Escala Visual Analógica e da escala de Constant pré e pós-operatórias foi significante. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos de classificação de Seebauer quanto às médias de redução na Escala Visual Analógica e nem quanto às médias de aumento na escala de Constant, e não houve casos de infecção. Conclusão A hemiartroplastia do ombro tipo cuff tear arthroplasty é boa uma opção nos pacientes com artropatia do manguito rotador, especialmente em pacientes com comorbidades.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Hemiarthroplasty/methods , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder/methods , Muscular Diseases/surgery , Postoperative Period , Pain Measurement , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Recovery of Function , Preoperative Period , Humeral Head/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/complications , Muscular Diseases/physiopathology
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 316-324, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-93980


BACKGROUND: There have been few reports on altered kinematics of the shoulder after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). We investigated differences in 3-dimensional (3D) scapular motions assessed using an optical tracking system between RTSA treated shoulders and asymptomatic contralateral shoulders during arm motion. METHODS: Thirteen patients who underwent RTSA were assessed for active arm elevation in 2 distinct elevation planes (sagittal plane flexion and scapular plane abduction). Their mean age was 72 years (range, 69 to 79 years) and the mean follow-up was 24.4 months (range, 13 to 48 months). The dominant side was the right side in all the 13 patients, and it was also the side treated with RTSA. Scapular kinematics was recorded with an optical tracking system. The scapular kinematics and the scapulohumeral rhythm (SHR) of the RTSA shoulders and asymptomatic contralateral shoulders were recorded and analyzed during arm elevation. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in internal/external rotation and anterior/posterior tilting of the scapula between shoulders during arm motion (p > 0.05). However, upward rotation of the scapula differed significantly during arm motion (p = 0.035 for sagittal plane flexion; p = 0.046 for scapular plane abduction). There were significant differences in the SHR between the two shoulders (p = 0.016 for sagittal plane flexion; p = 0.021 for scapular plane abduction). CONCLUSIONS: The shoulder kinematics after RTSA showed significant differences from the contralateral asymptomatic shoulders. Increased upward rotation and decreased SHR after RTSA indicate that RTSA shoulders use more scapulothoracic motion and less glenohumeral motion to elevate the arm.

Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Arm/physiology , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Shoulder/methods , Biomechanical Phenomena , Cohort Studies , Fiducial Markers , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Range of Motion, Articular/physiology , Scapula/physiology , Shoulder Joint/physiology