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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(spe2): 16-19, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280086

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT After arthroscopic ligament reconstruction, athletes still need to go through a postoperative rehabilitation training period and suffer the possible pain that can go from moderate to severe. Commonly used analgesic medications, ropivacaine and fentanyl have the effect of relieving athletes' pain. To study the analgesic effect of ropivacaine on arthroscopic reconstruction of the knee ligament, the steps of reconstruction and pharmacology of ropivacaine were first introduced. Next, the analgesic effects of ropivacaine and fentanyl in 86 athletes were compared on muscle strength recovery, patient satisfaction, and pain score. The results showed that the satisfaction of patients with ropivacaine was 95.35%, and the incidence of postoperative adverse reactions was only 9.30%. These results indicate that ropivacaine has a better analgesic effect in arthroscopic reconstruction of the knee ligament in athletes, which is suitable for postoperative rehabilitation.


RESUMO Após a reconstrução artroscópica do ligamento, os atletas ainda precisam passar por um longo período de treinamento pós-operatório de reabilitação e suportar a possível dor de moderada a severa. Os medicamentos analgésicos ropivacaina e fentanilo comumente utilizados têm o efeito de aliviar a dor dos atletas. Para estudar o efeito analgésico da ropivacaína na reconstrução artroscópica do ligamento do joelho foram introduzidos, em primeiro lugar, os passos da reconstrução artroscópica do ligamento e os da farmacologia da ropivacaína. Em seguida, os efeitos analgésicos da ropivacaína e o fentanilo em 86 atletas foram comparados com a recuperação na força muscular, na satisfação do paciente e na pontuação da dor. Os resultados mostraram que a satisfação dos doentes com a ropivacaína chegava a 95.35%, e a incidência de reações adversas pós-operatórias foi apenas de 9.30%. Estes resultados indicam que a ropivacaína tem melhor efeito analgésico na reconstrução artroscópica do ligamento do joelho, o que é adequado para a reabilitação pós-operatória.


RESUMEN Después de la reconstrucción artroscópica del ligamento, los atletas aun precisan pasar por un largo período de entrenamiento posoperatorio de rehabilitación y soportar el posible dolor que puede ir de moderado a severo. Los medicamentos analgésicos, ropivacaína y fentanilo que son comúnmente utilizados, tienen el efecto de aliviar el dolor de los atletas. Para estudiar el efecto analgésico de la ropivacaína en la reconstrucción artroscópica del ligamento de la rodilla fueron introducidos, en primer lugar, los pasos de la reconstrucción y de la farmacología de la ropivacaína. Enseguida, los efectos analgésicos de la ropivacaína y el fentanilo en 86 atletas fueron comparados en la recuperación de la fuerza muscular, en la satisfacción del paciente y en la puntuación del dolor. Los resultados mostraron que la satisfacción de los pacientes con la ropivacaína llegaba a 95.35%, y la incidencia de reacciones adversas posoperatorias fue apenas de 9.30%. Estos resultados indican que la ropivacaína tiene mejor efecto analgésico en la reconstrucción artroscópica del ligamento de la rodilla de los atletas, lo que es adecuado para la rehabilitación posoperatoria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Arthroscopy/methods , Athletic Injuries/surgery , Ropivacaine/therapeutic use , Knee Injuries/surgery , Anesthetics, Local/therapeutic use , Patient Satisfaction , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(2): 205-212, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251355

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The open Bristow procedure is a long established and effective method for treating anterior shoulder instability. Following the trends of minimally-invasive surgeries, these procedures were performed arthroscopically, and their outcomes were evaluated. Methods A total of 43 shoulders of patients submitted to Bristow procedures by arthroscopy, using a graft positioned horizontally and a screw, with at least two years of postoperative follow-up, were evaluated regarding quality of life, de novo dislocation index, and loss of lateral rotation. Results The mean follow-up time was of 76 months (range: 129 to 24 months). The University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) score varied from 25.56 ± 0.50 (standard deviation [SD] = 3.25) to 33.23 ± 0.44 (SD = 2.91) (p < 0.0001). Two or more years after surgery, the mean Rowe score was of 94.25 ± 1.52 (SD = 1.34), whereas the good results standard is 75 (p < 0.0001). The mean value for the simple shoulder test was of 11.35 ± 0.21 (SD = 1.34), while the mean value of the lateral rotation loss was of 10.37º ± 1.36º (SD = 8.58º). There were no de novo dislocations. In total, there were 12 complications, 8 of which had no clinical repercussions. The clinically-significant complications included an infection six months after surgery with a potential hematogenous origin, a coracoid fracture that required an intraoperatively procedure change, and two patients with previous impingement who required synthesis material removal more than six months after surgery. Conclusion Although the arthroscopic Bristow procedure was effective in treating anterior shoulder instability, it is not a complication-free surgery.


Resumo Objetivo O procedimento de Bristow aberto é um método há muito estabelecido e eficaz no tratamento da instabilidade anterior do ombro. Seguindo as tendências das cirurgias minimamente invasivas, essa cirurgia foi realizada por artroscopia, e seus resultados foram avaliados. Métodos Foram avaliados 43 ombros de pacientes submetidos ao procedimento de Bristow por artroscopia, com o enxerto em posição horizontal e uso de um parafuso, com pelo menos dois anos de seguimento pós-cirúrgico, por meio de escores qualidade de vida, índice de reluxação e perda de rotação lateral. Resultados A média de seguimento foi de 76 meses (variando de 129 a 24 meses), e o escore da University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) variou de 25,56 ± 0,50 (desvio padrão [DP] = 3,25) para 33,23 ± 0,44 (DP = 2,91) (p < 0,0001). A média para o escore de Rowe com 2 anos ou mais de cirurgia foi de 94,25 ± 1,52(DP = 1,34), sendo que o padrão de bons resultados é de 75 pontos (p < 0,0001). A média do teste simples de ombro foi de 11,35 ± 0,21 (DP = 1,34), e, para perda de rotação lateral, foi de 10,37º ± 1,36º (DP = 8,58º). Não houve reluxações. Entre os 43 pacientes operados, ocorreram um total de 12 complicações, das quais 8 não apresentaram qualquer repercussão clínica. As complicações com repercussão clínica foram uma infecção de possível origem hematogênica seis meses após a cirurgia, uma fratura do coracoide que fez com que o paciente precisasse mudar o procedimento no intraoperatório, e dois pacientes com impacto anterior, que necessitaram de retirada de material de síntese mais de seis meses após a cirurgia. Conclusão O procedimento de Bristow artroscópico mostrou eficácia no tratamento da instabilidade anterior do ombro, embora não seja livre de complicações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy , Shoulder Dislocation , Orthopedic Procedures , Evaluation of the Efficacy-Effectiveness of Interventions
3.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(1): 2-10, mar. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342583

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La artrodesis de cuatro esquinas es una técnica de salvataje para los pacientes con artrosis avanzada del carpo. Los objetivos quirúrgicos son disminuir el dolor y mantener cierto movimiento de la muñeca. En el último tiempo, se han descrito técnicas percutáneas con asistencia artroscópica que han logrado resultados favorables, a pesar de que la técnica abierta sigue siendo el gold estándar para realizar esa técnica quirúrgica. OBJETIVO: Comparar resultados funcionales y radiológicos en pacientes con muñecas con colapso avanzado escafolunar (scapholunate advanced collapse, SLAC) o colapso avanzado en la pseudoartrosis del escafoides (scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse, SNAC) operados con técnica quirúrgica abierta versus técnica percutánea con asistencia artroscópica. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio retrospectivo tipo caso-control, de fichas clínicas e imagenología de pacientes con artrosis avanzada del carpo operados con técnica percutánea y asistencia artroscópica y cirugía abierta. Se estudian variables demográficas, dolor mediante la Escala Visual Analógica (EVA), función en rangos de movilidad, tiempo de consolidación, y corrección del ángulo capitolunar. Se describe la técnica quirúrgica de la cirugía abierta y la cirugía percutánea con asistencia artroscópica. RESULTADOS: Se estudiaron 22 pacientes del sexo masculino con edad promedio de 32,5 años. Había 13 pacientes en el grupo de casos (técnica percutánea con asistencia artroscópica) y 9 pacientes en el grupo de controles (técnica abierta). El dolor en la EVA al momento del egreso hospitalario fue de 3 para los casos y de 5 para los controles (p » 0,008), y a los 30 días del postoperatorio, fue de 0 y 3 respectivamente (p » 0,00). Los rangos de extensión y flexión fueron de 52,6° y 38,7° para los casos y de 35,7° y 32,4° para los controles (p » 0,1119 y 0,0016, respectivamente). El ángulo capitolunar fue de 10° para los controles y de 5° para los casos (p » 0,0008). El tiempo de consolidación fue de 8,8 semanas para los casos y de 12,5 semanas para los controles (p » 0,039). DISCUSIÓN: Tanto la técnica percutánea con asistencia artroscópica cuanto la cirugía abierta para realizar una artrodesis de cuatro esquinas son técnicas reproducibles y efectivas en lograr consolidación, disminución del dolor, y mantenimiento de rangos de movimiento en la muñeca. CONCLUSIÓN: En el presente trabajo se demuestran mejores promedios de los parámetros evaluados con la técnica percutánea que con la cirugía abierta; sin embargo, es necesario realizar estudios prospectivos para realizar una recomendación con respecto a la técnica quirúrgica de elección.


INTRODUCTION: Four-corner arthrodesis is a salvage technique for patients with advanced carpal osteoarthritis. This procedure aims to reduce pain and preserve wrist motion. Even though percutaneous techniques with arthroscopic assistance reportedly have favorable outcomes and the advantages of minimal invasiveness, open surgery remains the gold standard for four-corner arthrodesis. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to compare the functional and radiological outcomes of patients with scapholunate advanced collapse (SLAC) or scaphoid nonunion advanced collapse (SNAC) submitted to open surgery versus percutaneous surgery with arthroscopic assistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective case-control study of clinical records and radiological images of patients with advanced carpal osteoarthritis submitted to percutaneous surgery with arthroscopic assistance versus open surgery. Demographic variables, pain score using the visual analog scale (VAS), function ranges of motion, time until consolidation, and correction of the capitolunate angle were analyzed. Both techniques are described. RESULTS: In total, 22 male patients with an average age of 32.5 years were studied, including 13 patients from the case group (percutaneous surgery with arthroscopic assistance) and 9 patients from the control group (open surgery). The VAS score for pain at discharge was of 3 for the cases and of 5 for the controls (p » 0.008); 30 days postoperatively, it was of 0 and 3 respectively (p » 0.00). The ranges of extension and flexion were of 52.6° and 38.7° for the case group, and of 35.7° and 32.4° for the control group (p » 0.119 and 0.0016 respectively). The capitolunate angle was of 10° for the controls and of 5° for the cases (p » 0.0008). The time until consolidation was of 8.8 weeks for the cases and of 12.5 weeks for the controls (p » 0.039). DISCUSSION: Both four-corner arthrodesis techniques are reproducible and effective in achieving consolidation, pain reduction and preservation of wrist motion. CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates the superiority of the percutaneous technique with arthroscopic assistance over open surgery. Further prospective studies are required for an adequate recommendation.


Subject(s)
Arthrodesis/methods , Wrist Joint/surgery , Scaphoid Bone/surgery , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Arthroscopy , Wrist Joint/physiopathology , Wrist Joint/diagnostic imaging , Pain Measurement , Retrospective Studies , Range of Motion, Articular , Scaphoid Bone/physiopathology , Scaphoid Bone/diagnostic imaging
4.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 62(1): 19-26, mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342598

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO:Comparar el promedio de curva de presión de contacto y el porcentaje de presión de contacto residual final en la interfase tendón-huella de una reparación transósea (TO) realizada con nudos cruzados y una configuración Mason-Allen modificada (MAM). MÉTODOS: Se utilizaron ocho hombros de cordero para simular una rotura de manguito rotador. Se midió la presión con un sensor digital. Se registró la presión basal durante la aplicación de carga cíclica y al final de la intervención. Se compararon dos reparaciones: dos túneles TOs con nudos cruzados (TOCs) (n » 4) y dos puntos MAMs (n » 4) utilizando suturas MaxBraid #2 (Zimmer Biomet, Warsaw, IN, EEUU). Se realizaron 1.000 ciclos, con una frecuencia de 2 Hz y una carga de 30 N. Se utilizó el test de t de Student, y se consideraron significativos valores de p < 0,05. RESULTADOS: El promedio de curva de presión de contacto en las piezas que fueron reparadas con suturas TOCs fue de 86,01 8,43%, mientras que con MAM fue de 73,28 12,01% (p < 0,0004). El promedio del porcentaje residual al final del ciclado fue de 71,57% para suturas TOCs y de 51,19% para MAM (p < 0,05). CONCLUSION: La reparación TOC presenta mayor promedio de curva de presión de contacto y mayor porcentaje de presión de contacto residual final en la interfase tendón-huella que la reparación con sutura MAM luego de carga cíclica estandarizada, lo que podría traducirse en una mejor cicatrización del tendón. NIVEL DE EVIDENCIA: Estudio de ciencia básica.


OBJECTIVE: To compare the average contact pressure curve and the percentage of final residual contact pressure at the tendon-footprint interphase of a transosseous (TO) repair performed with crossover sutures or a modified Mason-Allen (MMA) configuration. METHODS: Eight lamb shoulders were used to simulate a rotator cuff tear. The pressure was measured with a digital sensor. The baseline pressure was recorded during the application of the cyclic load and at the end of the intervention. Two repairs were compared: 2 crossover TO (CTO) sutures (n » 4) and 2 MMA sutures MMA (n » 4), using MaxBraid #2 (Zimmer Biomet, Warsaw, IN, US) sutures. A thousand cycles were performed, with a frequency of 2 Hz and a 30-N load. The Student t-test was used, and significance was set at p < 0.05. RESULTS: The average contact pressure curve was of 86.01 8.43% for parts repaired with CTO sutures, and of 73.28 12.01% for those repaired with MMA sutures (p < 0.0004). The mean residual percentage at the end of cycling was of 71.57% for CTO sutures, and of 51.19% for MMA sutures (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The CTO repair shows a higher average contact pressure curve and a higher percentage of final residual contact pressure at the tendon-footprint interphase than the MMA suture repair after standardized cyclic loading, potentially resulting in improved tendon healing. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Basic Science Study.


Subject(s)
Animals , Pressure , Suture Techniques , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Arthroscopy , Tendon Injuries/surgery , Sheep , Shoulder Injuries/surgery
5.
Rev. venez. oncol ; 33(1): 2-10, mar. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1147430

ABSTRACT

Presentar nuestra experiencia de 18 años en el tratamiento con radioterapia y evaluar cifras de control tumoral local en pacientes con diagnóstico de tumor de células gigantes tenosinovial difuso sinovitis villonodular pigmentada difusa. 33 pacientes, tratados durante el período 2000-2018. En 19 (57,6 %) se practicó sinovectomía parcial, 10 (30,3 %) fueron tratados con artroplastia y sinovectomía, 4 (12,2 %) con sinovectomía total. 32 pacientes recibieron radioterapia posoperatoria, 1 paciente preoperatoria. Técnica más empleada fue planificación 2D 51,5 % seguida de conformada con planificación 3D (RTC3D) 48,5 %. La dosis total promedio administrada 44 Gy (rango 10,5 - 50). Tiempo promedio de tratamiento radiante 28 días (8-35). Tiempo de seguimiento entre 0,7 - 240,8 meses, mediana 12 meses, promedio 52,1 meses. 26 pacientes (79 %) presentaron mejoría de la sintomatología inicial y 6 (18 %) refirieron estabilidad de los síntomas. La respuesta clínica al tratamiento en relación al tiempo de seguimiento, 12 pacientes (36,4 %) estaban asintomáticos, 10 con un seguimiento mayor a 60 meses; 14 (42,4 %) refieren respuesta clínica satisfactoria, (2 con un seguimiento mayor a 60 meses) 6 pacientes presentaban enfermedad estable, para un control local del 97 %. El 87,9 % presentaron dermatitis grado I, 1 desarrolló dermatitis grado II, 3 no presentaron efectos adversos. La radioterapia es una modalidad de tratamiento muy efectiva como adyuvante a la sinovectomía, observándose altas tasas de control local de la enfermedad con una baja morbilidad(AU)


To report our eighteen-year experience with radiation therapy in the treatment of diffuse tenosinovial giant cell tumor / diffuse pigmented villonodular synovitis and to assess local control of the disease. A review of 33 patients with treated with radiation therapy during the period 2000-2018 was done. 19 (57.6 %) partial synovectomy was performed, 10 (30.3 %) underwent arthroplasty plus synovectomy, 4 (12.2 %) total synovectomy. 32 patients received radiotherapy postoperative and 1 pre-operative. Most common technique employed was conventional (2D) in 51.5 % and 3D conformal (3DCRT) in 48.5 %. The average total dose was 44 Gy (range 10.5-50), with a mean treatment time of 28 days (8-35). Follow-up time ranged from 0.7- 240.8 months, median time and mean time of 12 and 52.1 months respectively After RT 26 (79 %) of the patients obtained improvement of the initial symptoms and 6 (18 %) were stable. 12 patients (36.4 %) were asymptomatic with follow-up time longer than 36 months (10 of 12 had follow-up time >60 months), 14 (42.4 %) had significant clinical improvement (2 of 14 had follow-up time >60 months), and 6 had stable disease, local control of 97 %. Complications were few, acute skin toxicity was grade I in 29 (87.9%) and grade II in 1 patient. There was no significant chronic toxicity. Radiation therapy is an effective adjuvant treatment modality after synovectomy in patients with high local control rates and low morbidity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Trisomy/genetics , Giant Cell Tumor of Tendon Sheath/etiology , Giant Cell Tumor of Tendon Sheath/radiotherapy , Arthroscopy , Musculoskeletal Physiological Phenomena , Neoplasm Metastasis
6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 121-124, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288646

ABSTRACT

Abstract Slipped capital femoral epiphysiolysis (SCFE) may result in femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) of the hip in up to one third of the cases. Residual deformity of the cam-type, or "pistol-grip", is associated with chondrolabral injury, resulting in pain, functional disability, and early osteoarthritis. The arthroscopic treatment with osteochondroplasty proved to be beneficial in a selected case of FAI secondary to SCFE.


Resumo A epifisiólise capital femoral proximal (ECFP) pode resultar em impacto femoroacetabular (IFA) do quadril em até um terço dos casos. A deformidade residual em came ou "cabo de pistola" está associada a lesão condrolabral, resultando em dor, incapacidade funcional, e osteoartrose precoce. O tratamento artroscópico com osteocondroplastia mostrou-se benéfico em um caso selecionado de IFA secundário a ECFP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Arthroscopy , Femoracetabular Impingement , Hip
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879467

ABSTRACT

The surgical treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation is a difficult problem in the field of sports injury medicine. The main reason focus on dynamic and osseous constraints of shoulder joint could not recover well. At present, arthroscopic surgery is used at home and abroad, and could receive statisfied postoperative effect, but the choice of specific surgical methods is still controversial. According to presence and size of glenoid and humeral skull defects, different treatments should be selected in clinic. The author recommends that no articular glenoid defect or glenoid defect 40% or Bristow-Latarjet if the surgical repair fails, bone grafting is used. In addition, if (humeral avulsion of glenohumeral ligaments, HAGL) injury existed, HAGL injury repair should be used. In addition to considering the important factor of bone defects, it is necessary to combine patient's age, exercise level and surgeon's technique to comprehensively select the bestsurgical method.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Humans , Joint Instability , Recurrence , Scapula , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879428

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical outcomes of arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR) with a tibialis anterior allograft (TAA)versus hamstring tendon autograft (HTA) after 10 years follow-up.@*METHODS@#A clinical data of 107 patients who underwent arthroscopic ACLR with a single bundle tendon between March 2007 and March 2010 was retrospectively analyzed. Among the patients, 48 patients were reconstructed with a tibialis anterior allograft (TAA group), including 26 males and 22 females, ranging in age from 16 to 38 years, with a mean of 27.2±6.2 years;59 patients were reconstructed with a hamstring tendon autograft (HTA group), including 31 males and 28 females, ranging in age from 16 to 40 years, with a mean of 28.0±7.6 years. The preoperative tibial anterior displacement and knee joint function, as well as knee joint stability, tibial anterior displacement and knee joint function at 10 years after operation were observed. Lachman test was used to evaluate the forward joint stability and pivot shift test to evaluate the rotational stability of the knee;KT-2000 side-to-side difference (SSD) was used to measure tibial anterior displacement;International Knee Documentation Committee(IKDC) score and Lysholm score were used to evaluate knee function.@*RESULTS@#The incisions of both groups were healed by first intention, and no early complications occurred after operation. All patients were followed-up 10 to 13 years, the mean time was 11.7 years. There was no graft failure were found during the follow up period. The KT-2000 SSD of the TAA group and the HTA group at ten years after operation were 1.9±0.7 and 1.8±0.6 respectively, which were significantly improved than 8.8±0.9 and 8.6±1.0 preoperatively(@*CONCLUSION@#The TAA and HTA have equal long term effect in ACL reconstruction, doctors and patients can choose the graft according to the actual situation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Allografts , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Arthroscopy , Autografts , Female , Hamstring Tendons , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879393

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare clinical application of 1.5 T MRI in acute rotator interval injury.@*METHODS@#Totally 160 patients with acute rotator cuff tear by clinical diagnosis were retrospectively analyzed by MRI examination and arthroscopy from March 2016 to February 2019, including 122 males and 38 females, aged from 22 to 71 years old with an average of (42.35±3.48) years old. Based on the results of arthroscopy as the gold standard, the shape and signal changes of rotator cuff, rotator interval, peripheral bursa, bone and soft tissue were observed by MRI on axial, oblique coronal and oblique sagittal imagese.@*RESULTS@#The direct MRI signs of acute rotator interval injury displayed thickening, diminution, distortion, interruption of the coracohumeral ligament and superior glenohumeral ligament complex with highsignal intensity on fat-suppression by proton weighted sequence. The indirect MRI signs displayed rotator cuff, peripheral bone and soft tissue injury. The consistency of the results between the two methods was quite satisfactory (Kappa=0.85), and the concordance rate of the two methods has statistically significant (@*CONCLUSION@#MRI could clearly display acute rotator interval, and could accurately diagnose acute rotator interval injury, which provide more accurate imaging basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Arthroscopy , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Rotator Cuff/diagnostic imaging , Rotator Cuff Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Young Adult
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879390

ABSTRACT

Shoulder arthroscopic as a conventional method usually is applied to repair rotator cuff tears. In clinical, plenty single-row, double-row and transosseous tunnels suture technique are performed, but the ideal suture technique for rotator cuff repair is not found. Compared with single-row, double-row has better strength in biomechanics property. As the two best suture technique among the single-row, massive cuff stitch and modified Mason-Allen suture have the strongest biomechanics property. Clinical trials indicate that double-row could improve healing rates, but there are no significant difference in clinical outcome functional scores. Transosseous tunnel techniques possess a better bio-mechanic property, which could improve regional micro-environment and induce tendon-bone healing. Transosseous tunnel techniques are better for small to media size rotator cuff tears and osteoporosis patient. The author suggest that optimal rotator cuff repair technique should performed according to skill of performer and individual of patient by analysing bio-mechanic properties, clinical outcome, operative complexity and patient situation. The technique should follow simple opertaion, rapid, less trauma, stable fixation and utility to perform.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Humans , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Suture Anchors , Suture Techniques , Sutures
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879382

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical effects of tranexamic acid in arthroscope for femoroacetabular impingement.@*METHODS@#Totally 34 patients (34 hips) with femoroacetabular impingement underwent hip arthroscopy from June 2016 to December 2018, were randomly divided into two groups named as tranexamic acid group and control group, 17 patients in each group. In TXA group, there were 10 males and 7 females, aged from 20 to 49 years old with an average of (32.1±7.6) years old;15 mg/kg TXA was intravenous drops before operation incision performed at 10 min. In control group, there were 11 males and 6 females, aged from 20 to 49 years old with an average of (30.9±6.2) years old;100 ml normal saline was intravenous drops before operation incision performed at 10 min. Introopertaive and total bloodloss between two groups were compared. Visual analogue scale (VAS) at 3 and 7 days after opertaion were used to evaluate pain relief of hip joint. Modified Harris Hip Score(mHHS) of hip joint at 3, 6, 9 and 12 weeks after oeprtaion were applied to evaluate clinical effects.@*RESULTS@#All patients were obtained follow up over 12 weeks. Incision healed well without infection and deep vein thrombosis. There were no statistical difference in opertaion time bewteen two groups(@*CONCLUSION@#Preoperative application of tranexamic acid could effectively reduce blood loss in arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement, thereby improving surgical field of vision, reducing difficulty of surgical operation, which could promote early and rapid rehabilitation of hip function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Arthroscopes , Arthroscopy , Blood Loss, Surgical , Female , Femoracetabular Impingement/surgery , Hip Joint/surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Tranexamic Acid , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879381

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare therapeutic efficacy of modified single-needle arthroscopic repair technique and Fast-Fix technique in repairing longitudinal meniscus injuries.@*METHODS@#From July 2016 to July 2017, patients with longitudinal meniscus injuries who underwent meniscal repair surgery were retrospectively analyzed. Ninety-one patients treated with modified single-needle technique and 77 patients were treated with Fast-Fix technique, the average age were (26.7±7.6) and (27.9±6.1) years old respectively, the average lengths of follow-up were (32.5±9.2) and (33.2±11.9) months, respectively. Operation cost, suture time, intraoperative failure rate and postoperative failure rate were used as clinical outcomes, MRI of knee joint was used as main diagnosis and evaluation basis; 2000 IKDC subjective score, Lysholm score and Tegner activity scale were compared between two groups preoperatively, 12 months after operation and at the latest follow-up. Intraoperative and postopertaive complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#Compared with Fast-Fix group, patients in modified single-needle technique group had lower operation costs [(645.7±133.1 vs.(12 184.8±4 709.8), @*CONCLUSION@#Modified single-needle arthrscopicrepair technique could achieve the similar therapeutic efficacy as Fast-Fix technique, and it has advantageds of simple opertion and more economical. This study recommends clinical application of modified single-needle arthrscopic repair technique in treating meniscus injuries.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy , Humans , Knee Injuries/surgery , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Suture Techniques , Tibial Meniscus Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878432

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the value of arthroscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of synovial chondromatosis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJSC).@*METHODS@#The cases of 16 patients preliminarily diagnosed with TMJSC by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) from July 2011 to December 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. If the diagnosis was confirmed by arthroscopy, the opening operation was performed. The preoperative MRI, arthroscopy and opening operation, postoperative pathology and postoperative MRI of confirmed cases were analyzed, and clinical follow-up was performed to evaluate the curative effect of open surgery. The degree of mouth opening and visual analogue scale (VAS) scores for pain pre-operation and during follow-up of the confirmed cases were analyzed by @*RESULTS@#Fourteen cases of TMJSC were diagnosed by arthroscopy, consistent with the postoperative pathological diagnosis. Postoperative MRI examination showed that articular cavity lesions basically disappeared. Ten patients with synovial chondromatosis were followed-up (follow-up rate, 71.4%) from 6 months to 7 years and 8 months (average follow-up time, 17.6 months); no recurrence was found, and clinical symptoms improved by varying degrees. Before operation and at follow-up, @*CONCLUSIONS@#Arthroscopy is essential in the diagnosis and treatment of TMJ synovial chondromatosis.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Chondromatosis, Synovial/surgery , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Temporomandibular Joint , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/surgery
15.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(3): 197-203, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1348315

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo del siguiente trabajo es mostrar los resultados de reparaciones meniscales en asa de balde con un seguimiento mínimo a dos años, describir la técnica quirúrgica utilizada y analizar los resultados funcionales, complicaciones y causas de falla. Materiales y métodos: evaluamos retrospectivamente pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente por nuestro equipo a los que se les realizó reparación de lesión en asa de balde meniscal, con cinco o más suturas, asociada, o no, a lesión del LCA. Se excluyeron los pacientes a los que se les realizaron cuatro o menos suturas y aquellos con cirugías previas y seguimiento menor a dos años. Resultados: cuarenta pacientes con edad promedio de veintiséis años (rango 8-60). Seguimiento promedio de cuarenta y ocho meses (rango 24-60). El promedio de suturas utilizadas fue de seis (rango 5-9 puntos). Cuatro pacientes presentaron fallas aisladas de la sutura meniscal por eventos traumáticos. Hasta la fecha, los pacientes con lesión asociada del LCA no presentaron fallas. Los scores de Lysholm, Tegner e IKDC mostraron gran mejoría en el postoperatorio. Conclusión: en la serie estudiada encontramos muy buenos resultados funcionales con la reparación meniscal, con un índice de falla del 10%. Es por esto que, para este tipo de lesiones, estimulamos al cirujano artroscopista a intentar la sutura meniscal por sobre la meniscectomía, aunque la primera sea, técnicamente, más demandante. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: our aim is to show the results of bucket handle meniscal repairs with a minimum follow-up of two years, describing the surgical technique used and analyzing the functional results, complications and causes of failure. Materials and methods: we retrospectively reviewed those patients who were treated by our surgical team who experienced a bucket-handle meniscus tear that were isolated or with concomitant ACL injury. We excluded patients with four sutures or less, previous surgeries and follow up less than two years.Results: forty patients were included between 8 and 60 years old (average of 26 years). Average follow up of 48 months (range 24 to 60 months). The number of sutures varies from five up to nine (average: 6). Four patients (10%) were defined as failure, due to a new sport traumatic event. None of these had an ACL concomitant surgery. Lysholm, Tegner and IKDC post-operative score show promising results. Conclusions: we found encouraging outcomes and functional results with meniscal repair, with a failure rate of 10%. This is why, for this type of injury, we encourage the surgeon to always try meniscal repair over meniscectomy, although the former is technically more demanding. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Meniscus/injuries , Knee Injuries
16.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(3): 204-209, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1348316

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El objetivo de este trabajo es evaluar resultados clínicos y funcionales de pacientes con una rotura irreparable del manguito rotador posterosuperior, sometidos a una transferencia artroscópica del trapecio inferior. Materiales y métodos: estudio de una cohorte retrospectiva de pacientes con roturas irreparables del manguito rotador, en quienes se realizó una transferencia del trapecio inferior asistida por artroscopía. Se evaluó la evolución clínica mediante la ganancia del rango de movilidad del hombro y la disminución del dolor. Del mismo modo, se evaluó la evolución funcional usando el índice de Constant-Murley y la valoración subjetiva del hombro (SSV, por sus siglas en inglés). Resultados: se incluyeron ocho pacientes, con un seguimiento promedio de veintidós meses. Obtuvimos una ganancia estadísticamente significativa de rotación externa de 32°, disminución de 5 puntos en la escala del dolor, aumento de 31 puntos en el score de Constant y un aumento de 38% del SSV. Se registró un aumento de 12° de elevación, sin embargo, este no fue estadísticamente significativo. Dos pacientes presentaron un seroma en el sitio de la cosecha del trapecio, que se resolvió con manejo conservador. Conclusión: la transferencia del trapecio inferior con asistencia artroscópica, en pacientes con rotura irreparable del manguito rotador posterosuperior, es una técnica segura que mejora significativamente la rotación externa y los índices funcionales en este grupo de pacientes. Tipo de estudio: Serie de casos IV


Introduction: The purpose of this study is to compare clinical and functional outcomes of patients with irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears treated by arthroscopic assisted lower trapezius transfer. Materials and methods: retrospective cohort design of patients with irreparable rotator cuff tear, treated by arthroscopy-assisted lower trapezius transfer. The clinical evolution was evaluated according to the gain in the range of shoulder movement and the decrease of pain. Functional outcomes were evaluated using the Constant-Murley score and the subjective shoulder value (SSV). Results: eight patients were included, with average follow-up of twenty-two months. We obtained a statistically significant gain in active external rotation of 32°, 5-point decrease in the pain scale (VAS), a 31-point increase in the Constant score, and a 38% increase in SSV. There was a 12° increase in active forward elevation, however this was not statistically significant. Two patients had a seroma at the trapezius harvest site, which resolved with conservative treatment. Conclusion: arthroscopically assisted lower trapezius transfer in patients with irreparable posterosuperior rotator cuff tears were a safe technique that significantly improves external rotation and functional scores in patients. Type of study: Case series IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Shoulder Joint/injuries , Tendon Transfer , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery
17.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(3): 220-226, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1348320

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El complejo fibrocartílago triangular (CFCT) mantiene la estabilidad de la articulación radiocubital distal (ARCD). El CFCT radial esta irrigado por la arteria interósea anterior. Una lesión radial con inestabilidad radiocubital distal debe reparase, al igual que una lesión central, para que no continúe hacia los ligamentos generando inestabilidad.Materiales y métodos: se desarrolló un estudio retrospectivo para analizar las cirugías realizadas en pacientes con lesiones del CFCT radiales Palmer 1D. Se estudiaron once pacientes masculinos de 32.8 años promedio. Todos los pacientes eran trabajadores de fuerza y el 72.7%, deportistas. El seguimiento promedio fue de 18.4 meses.Resultados: fueron evaluados once pacientes. El 63.6% de manos hábiles. El 100% de ellos presentó una lesión 1D de Palmer. La escala visual analógica del dolor preoperatorio era de 8 y postoperatoria fue de 1. El Dash score fue de 85.8 preoperatorio y de 1.18 en el postoperatorio. El score de Mayo de muñeca fue excelente en seis pacientes y bueno en cinco.Conclusión: los ligamentos radiocubitales volares y dorsales son fundamentales para mantener una adecuada estabilidad radiocubital distal ya que poseen una irrigación adecuada que permite su reparación, por lo que su reanclaje está indicado. La técnica artroscópica sin realizar túnel, expuesta en este trabajo, permite un reanclaje del CFCT sin manejos complejos con muy buenos resultados en la mayoría de los casos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: The triangular fibrocartilage complex (CFCT) maintains the stability of the distal radioulnar joint (ARCD). The radial CFCT is supplied by the anterior interosseous artery. A radial injury with distal radioulnar instability must be repaired, as well as a central injury, so that it does not continue towards the ligaments generating instability. Materials and methods: A retrospective study were developed to analyze the surgeries performed in patients with Palmer 1D radial CFCT lesions. Eleven male patients of 32.8 years average age were studied. All the patients were strength workers and 72.7% were athletes. The average follow-up was 18.4 months. Results: eleven patients of working age. 63.6% of skilled hands. 100% of patients presented a 1D Palmer lesion. The visual analog scale of preoperative pain was 8 and postoperative was 1. The Dash score was 85.8 preoperative and 1.18 postoperative. The May wrist score was excellent in six patients and good in five. Conclusion: the dorsal and radiocubital ligaments are essential to maintain adequate distal radiocubital stability and that they have adequate irrigation that allows their repair, for which reason their re-clamping is indicated. The arthroscopic technique without tunnel exposed in this work allows the CFCT to be re-anchored without tunnels and complex techniques with very good results in most cases. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Wrist Joint , Treatment Outcome , Triangular Fibrocartilage/injuries
18.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(3): 232-237, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1348325

ABSTRACT

Las lesiones del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) son una patología creciente en la población juvenil. Los resultados reportados con tratamiento conservador no son satisfactorios. Las técnicas de reconstrucción empleadas en los adultos no pueden ser utilizadas para el tratamiento en pacientes esqueléticamente inmaduros ya que aumentan el riesgo de deformidades angulares o discrepancia de longitud de miembros. Algunas técnicas de reconstrucción epifisarias están descriptas, sin embargo, su capacidad de estabilización articular no está completamente comprendida. Presentamos una técnica todo-adentro de reconstrucción de LCA epifisaria combinada para pacientes esqueléticamente inmaduros, donde los túneles femoral y tibial son realizados en forma retrógrada y respetando la epífisis. El autoinjerto de isquiotibiales fue fijado con botones corticales tanto en fémur como en tibia


Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are an increasingly recognized problem in the juvenile population. Unfortunately, outcomes with conservative treatment are extremely poor. Adult reconstruction techniques are inappropriate to treat skeletally immature patients due to the risk of growth disturbances, including limb-length discrepancy and angular deformities. A considerable number of Physeal-sparing reconstruction techniques have been described, but their ability to restore knee joint stability is not well understood. We present a combined epiphyseal ACL reconstruction technique in skeletally immature patients, with an all-inside technique where both femoral and tibial tunnels drilled retrograde; both tunnels are entirely within the epiphysis. Cortical button fixation of the hamstring autograft is achieved on the femur and tibia


Subject(s)
Child , Arthroscopy/methods , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Knee Joint/surgery
19.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(3): 238-242, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1348326

ABSTRACT

La técnica de reconstrucción del ligamento patelofemoral medial es eficaz, segura, reproducible y con baja morbilidad para el tratamiento de la luxación patelar recurrente. Los pasos a seguir son: 1) Paciente en decúbito dorsal. 2) Artroscopía diagnóstica con liberación del retináculo lateral y valoración de lesiones asociadas. 3) Incisión de 2 a 3 cm sobre el borde superomedial de la patela. 4) Realización de dos túneles de 20 a 22 mm de profundidad y 4 mm de diámetro a través del grosor de la patela bajo fluoroscopia. 5) Fijar dos anclas desde el borde medial de la patela y anudar al aloinjerto con sutura de alta resistencia. 6) Identificar el punto de Schöttle bajo fluoroscopia. 7) Incisión de 2 a 3 cm a nivel del epicóndilo medial. 8) Colocar un Kirschner de 2 mm de medial a lateral, de posterior a anterior y de distal a proximal. 9) Medir la longitud, el grosor y la tensión final deseada del aloinjerto. 10) Realizar el túnel femoral con broca canulada, 1 mm mayor al grosor del aloinjerto. 11) Utilizar el clavo con ojal para pasar la sutura y traccionar el aloinjerto de medial a lateral. 12) Fijar el aloinjerto con un tornillo biodegradable con la rodilla a 30° de flexión valorando la tensión final deseada. 13) Realizar el lavado y cierre por planos. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


The medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction technique is effective, safe, reproducible and with low morbidity in the treatment of recurrent patellar luxation. The steps in this technique: 1) Patient in supine position. 2) Diagnostic arthroscopy with release of the lateral retinaculum and assessment of associated lesions. 3) 2 to 3 cm incision on the supero - medial border of the patella. 4) Make two tunnels 20 to 22 mm deep and 4 mm in diameter through the thickness of the patella under fluoroscopy. 5) Fix two anchors from the medial edge of the patella and tie to the allograft with high strength suture. 6) The Schöttle's point is identified under fluoroscopy. 7) 2 to 3 cm incision in the medial epicondyle. 8) A 2 mm Kirschner is placed from medial to lateral, posterior to anterior, and distal to proximal. 9) The length, thickness and desired final tension of the allograft are measured. 10) The femoral tunnel is made with a cannulated drill, 1 mm greater than the thickness of the allograft. 11) The eyelet nail is used to pass the suture and pull the allograft from medial to lateral. 12) The allograft is fixed with a biodegradable screw with the knee at 30 ° flexion, assessing the desired final tension. 13) The washing and closing are carried out by planes up to the skin. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy/methods , Patellar Dislocation , Patellofemoral Joint/surgery , Patellofemoral Joint/injuries , Allografts , Knee Joint/surgery
20.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 112-117, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282673

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome de fricción femoroacetabular (SFFA) es frecuentemente diagnosticado en atletas que participan en deportes con súbitos cambios de dirección como fútbol, básquet, tenis y en otras actividades con rangos suprafisiológicos de movimiento, como el ballet o yoga. El objetivo del presente estudio es evaluar el retorno al deporte de los pacientes a los que se les realizó una artroscopía de cadera como tratamiento del SFFA. Materiales y métodos: se incluyeron pacientes que realizaban deportes antes de la cirugía y que fueron tratados mediante una artroscopía de cadera por diagnóstico de SFFA, con un seguimiento mínimo de dos años. Todos fueron evaluados mediante una encuesta escrita acerca del deporte que realizaban, el tiempo de retorno a la práctica, en qué nivel competitivo la llevaban a cabo y la satisfacción con la cirugía. Se evaluaron los scores mediante Harris Hip Score modificado (mHHS) y la escala de Tegner antes y después de la cirugía. Resultados: se evaluaron ciento cuatro artroscopías de cadera, con seguimiento promedio de 29.4 meses (rango 24 ­ 46), en cuarenta y cinco (43.3%) mujeres y cincuenta y nueve (56.7%) hombres. Observamos que noventa y seis (92.3%) pacientes fueron capaces de retornar a su actividad deportiva con una media de 4.7 meses (rango 2-9). Ocho (7.7%) pacientes no pudieron retornar al deporte luego de la cirugía. Del total de la muestra, el 95.2% refirió estar conforme con la cirugía. Las puntuaciones del mHHS mostraron un incremento estadísticamente significativo (69.2 ± 4.8 versus 87.5 ± 4.4; p <0.05). No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas con los puntajes observados en la escala de actividad de Tegner (6.6 ± 0.9 versus 6.3 ± 1; p >0.05). Discusión: previamente se ha documentado en la literatura que la mayoría de los pacientes que realizan actividad deportiva recreacional, y que fueron sometidos a una artroscopía de cadera por presentar SFFA, pueden retornar a su actividad deportiva previa y presentan un alto índice de satisfacción postoperatoria. Nuestros resultados se condicen con la bibliografía.Conclusión: el tratamiento artroscópico del SFFA, en pacientes que realizan deportes de forma recreacional, brinda una tasa elevada (>90%) de satisfacción, de retorno a la práctica y a un nivel similar al que presentaban antes de la cirugía


Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess return to sport of patients after hip arthroscopy for treatment of femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAI). Materials and Methods: patients with sports activity prior to surgery and who underwent hip arthroscopy due to FAI syndrome, with minimum follow-up of two years were included. All patients had to complete a written survey about type of sports they performed, sports return, competition level and satisfaction with surgery. Modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS) was assessed, and level of sport activity was registered, according to Tegner's Activity Scale.Results: one hundred and four hip arthroscopies were available for full analysis with minimum follow-up of 29.4 (24 ­ 46) months. We observed ninety-six (92.3%) patients were able to return to same prior sports activity at a mean of 4.7 (range 2 ­ 9) months. Eight (7.7%) patients were unable to return to sports after surgery. 95.2% reported agreement with hip surgery. mHHS score showed an statistically significant increase after surgery (69.2 ± 4.8 versus 87.5 ± 4.4; p <0.05). There was no significant difference in Tegner's Activity Scale. Discussion: several authors sustain that patients with recreational sports activity who underwent hip arthroscopy for FAI syndrome, achieve excellent outcomes, and able to return to their prior level of competition with a high rate of satisfaction. Our results are similar, according with literature. Conclusion: FAI treatment with arthroscopy achieves high rates of satisfaction and sports return, with similar competition level before surgery


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy/methods , Patient Satisfaction , Femoracetabular Impingement/surgery , Return to Sport
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