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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(5): 828-835, Sept.-Oct. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407693

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The present study aimed to assess whether preoperative spinopelvic parameters can influence the gain of segmental lordosis after one level of lateral lumbar interbody fusion. Methods The following radiological parameters were measured in the X-rays: pelvic incidence, lumbar lordosis, pelvic tilt, L4S1 lordosis, index level segmental lordosis, intraoperative index segmental lordosis, pelvic mismatch (IP-LL), distal lordosis proportion, delta segmental lordosis, Pelvic Titlt (PT) > 20, actual sacral slope, and ideal sacral slope, and the correlation of these variables with the gain of segmental lordosis was investigated. Afterwards, an exploratory cluster analysis was performed to identify common characteristics between patients and segmental lordosis gain. Results The sample of the present study comprised 104 patients, of which 76% presented segmental lordosis gain. The most correlated parameters with the segmental lordosis gain were preoperative segmental lordosis (−0.50) and delta intraoperative lordosis (0.51). Moreover, patients in the high PI groups had a trend to gain more segmental lordosis (p< 0.05) and a reduced risk of losing segmental lordosis (Odds 6.08). Conclusion Patients with low-medium PI profiles presented higher odds of loss of segmental lordosis. However, the preoperative spinopelvic parameters alone do not seem to play a significant role in the fate of segmental lordosis gain.


Resumo Objetivos O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar se os parâmetros espinopélvicos pré-operatórios podem influenciar o ganho da lordose segmental após fusão intersomática lombar por via lateral de um nível. Métodos Os seguintes parâmetros radiológicos foram medidos nos raios X: incidência pélvica, lordose lombar, versão pélvica, lordose L4S1, lordose segmental do nível operado, índice intraoperatório de lordose segmentar, mismatch pélvico (IP-LL), proporção de lordose distal, delta de lordose segmentar, PT > 20, inclinação sacral real e inclinação sacral ideal, e a correlação dessas variáveis com o ganho da lordose segmentar foi investigada. Posteriormente, foi realizada uma análise exploratória de cluster para identificar características comuns entre os pacientes e o ganho de lordose segmentar. Resultados O presente estudo contou com 144 pacientes, dos quais 76% apresentaram ganho de lordose segmentar. Os parâmetros mais correlacionados com o ganho de lordose segmentar foram lordose segmentar pré-operatória (−0,50) e delta intraoperatório de lordose (0,51). Além disso, os pacientes dos grupos de incidência pélvica (IP) alto tiveram tendência de ganho de lordose segmental maior (p< 0,05) e redução do risco de perda de lordose segmental (chances 6.08). Conclusão Pacientes com perfis de IP médios baixos apresentaram maiores chances de perda de lordose segmentar. No entanto, os parâmetros espinopélvicos pré-operatórios por si só não parecem desempenhar um papel significativo no destino do ganho da lordose segmentar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pain , Arthroscopy , Pain Measurement , Femoracetabular Impingement , Hip , Lordosis
2.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(5): 891-895, Sept.-Oct. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407710

ABSTRACT

Abstract Freiberg disease is a rare condition whose diagnosis requires a high clinical suspicion. Avascular necrosis of the metatarsal head progresses with articular collapse, leading to forefoot pain and limitation of the daily activities. Several surgical techniques have been described to address the disease, and since it is usually diagnosed in later-stages, most of them include joint-destructive procedures. The use of arthroscopy on the small joint of the foot has arisen in the last few years, but its application in Freiberg disease is still scant. Joint-preserving procedures have been advocated for cases of early-stage disease, aiming to relieve symptoms while preventing the progression of the disease. In the present report, we describe a successful treatment of a 12-year-old patient with early-stage Freiberg disease using core decompression and bone marrow graft through a minimally-invasive approach assisted by arthroscopy.


Resumo A doença de Freiberg é rara, e seu diagnóstico requer alto grau de suspeita clínica. A necrose avascular da cabeça do metatarso progride com colapso articular, e causa dor no antepé e limitação da atividade. Há diversas técnicas cirúrgicas para o tratamento da doença; como o diagnóstico geralmente é feito em estágios posteriores, a maioria dessas técnicas inclui procedimentos de destruição articular. A artroscopia tem sido utilizada nas pequenas articulações do pé nos últimos anos, mas sua aplicação na doença de Freiberg ainda é escassa. Procedimentos de preservação articular têm sido preconizados na doença em estágio inicial, com o objetivo de aliviar os sintomas e impedir a progressão. Neste relato, descrevemos o tratamento bem-sucedido de uma paciente de 12 anos de idade com doença de Freiberg em estágio inicial por meio de descompressão central e enxerto de medula óssea, por meio de abordagem minimamente invasiva assistida por artroscopia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Arthroscopy , Metatarsal Bones , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Foot
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(4): 599-605, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394886

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate patients submitted to arthroscopic repair of the rotator cuff (RC) comparing the results of muscle, functional strength, and pain obtained in 2 distinct groups: patients < 55 years old (G55) and patients > 65 years old (G65). Methods Data collection was performed with 63 participants (29 < 55 years old and 34 > 65 years old), in 2 moments, analyzing: A) demographic, surgical and RC lesion characteristics; B) functional variables, muscle strength, and pain. Results Higher levels of anterior elevation force, lateral, and medial rotation of the operated shoulder were observed in group G55. However, when the difference between these forces of the operated shoulder and of the contralateral shoulder was evaluated, there was no significant difference between the groups. The other variables of function and pain were similar (p> 0.05). There was also no difference between the groups in the University of California at Los Angeles Shoulder Rating Scale (UCLA) (p= 0.56) and Constant-Murley Score (p= 0.99) scores. Conclusion Arthroscopic repair of the RC in older, active, selected patients may achieve functional improvement and quality of life similar to that performed in younger patients.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os pacientes submetidos a reparo artroscópico do manguito rotador (MR) comparando os resultados de força muscular, funcionais e de dor obtidos em 2 grupos distintos: de pacientes < 55 anos (G55) e em pacientes > 65 anos (G65). Métodos A coleta de dados foi realizada com 63 participantes (29 pacientes < 55 anos e 34 > 65 anos), em 2 momentos, analisando: A) características demográficas, cirúrgicas e das lesões de MR; B) variáveis funcionais, força muscular e dor. Resultados Foram observados maiores níveis de na força de elevação anterior, rotação lateral e rotação medial do ombro operado no grupo G55. Porém, quando avaliada a diferença entre estas forças do ombro operado e do ombro contralateral, não se observou diferença significativa entre os grupos. As demais variáveis de função e dor foram similares (p> 0,05). Também não houve diferença entre os grupos nos escores University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA, na sigla em inglês) (p= 0,56) e Constant (p= 0,99). Conclusão O reparo artroscópico do MR em pacientes mais velhos, ativos e selecionados pode obter melhora funcional e de qualidade de vida similar ao realizado em pacientes mais jovens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Prognosis , Arthroscopy , Pain Measurement , Muscle Strength , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/epidemiology
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(4): 702-708, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394885

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study created a cheap (below US$ 100) shoulder arthroscopy training model, affordable for the practical education of medical students and residents. The model was created using a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) knee joint pipe (150 mm in diameter and 90 degrees in inclination) and a synthetic shoulder model. The parts were arranged to simulate a lateral recumbency with the upper limb in traction, which is the frequent positioning during arthroscopies. Colored dots on the glenoid and a partial rotator cuff model on the upper portion of the scapula were placed to assist training. This inexpensive, easy-to-make model for shoulder arthroscopy can aid surgical training.


Resumo O objetivo do presente trabalho é criar um modelo de treinamento em artroscopia de ombro de baixo custo abaixo de 100 dólares, tornando-o acessível à capacitação prática de estudantes de medicina e residentes. O modelo foi criado utilizando um cano de PVC de 150 mm de diâmetro em 90 graus e um modelo de ombro sintético. O posicionamento das peças foi disposto de forma a simular a posição de decúbito lateral com membro superior em tração, frequente nas artroscopias. Para auxiliar no treinamento, foram demarcados pontos coloridos na glenóide e foi confeccionado um modelo de parte do manguito rotador na porção superior da escápula. Foi possível confeccionar um modelo para treinamento de artroscopia do ombro com um valor abaixo de 100 dólares, de fácil manufatura, que pode ser um auxiliar no treinamento de cirurgiões.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroscopy , Shoulder/surgery , Low Cost Technology , Education, Medical , Simulation Training
5.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(4): 577-583, Jul.-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394869

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study assesses the results of a minimally invasive surgical technique for acute and chronic ankle instability management. Methods The present case series study retrospectively evaluated 40 patients undergoing arthroscopic-assisted percutaneous ankle ligament reconstruction from 2013 to 2019. Results The present study included 17 males and 23 females with an average age of 38.3 years old. Postintervention follow-up using American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Ankle-Hindfoot scores identified improvement of > 30 points in function and pain control. The most frequently occurring associated injuries were osteochondral (35%). No patient required reintervention or had infection during follow-up. Conclusion The technique in the present study is easy and achieves satisfactory results for function and pain control. Level of Evidence IV.


Resumo Objetivo O presente estudo avalia os resultados de uma técnica cirúrgica minimamente invasiva para o manejo da instabilidade aguda e crônica do tornozelo. Métodos O presente estudo de uma série de casos avaliou retrospectivamente 40 pacientes submetidos à reconstrução percutânea assistida por artroscopia do ligamento do tornozelo entre 2013 e 2019. Resultados O estudo incluiu 17 homens e 23 mulheres com idade média de 38,3 anos. O acompanhamento pós-intervenção utilizou a pontuação American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS, na sigla em inglês). As pontuações do tornozelo-retropé identificaram melhora > 30 pontos na função e no controle da dor. As lesões associadas mais frequentes foram as osteocondrais (35%). Nenhum paciente precisou de reintervenção ou teve infecção durante o acompanhamento. Conclusão A técnica do presente estudo é fácil e consegue resultados satisfatórios para a função e o controle da dor. Nível de Evidência IV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Subtalar Joint , Joint Instability/therapy , Ligaments, Articular/physiopathology , Ankle Joint/surgery
6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 467-471, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388027

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare clinical data from the physical examination with arthroscopic findings in rotator cuff rupture. Methods A total of 177 patients submitted to arthroscopic treatment of rotator cuff rupture were selected, and arthroscopic findings were compared with physical examination. Results The impingement tests showed high sensitivity for rotator cuff rupture. Among the strength tests, the most sensitive was the Patte test (85.7%), and the one with the highest positive predictive value (PPV) was the Jobe test (95%). The Drop Sign test showed higher specificity and negative predictive value (NPV) (98.7 and 95.9%, respectively). Patients with a history of trauma were 3.5 times more likely to have a positive Lift Off test. Conclusion The impingement tests had high sensitivity for rotator cuff ruptures. The Jobe test showed similar sensitivity among patients who had partial or total supraspinal injury. For complete lesions of the subscapularis, The Lift Off and Belly Press tests showed high sensitivity and specificity.


Resumo Objetivo Comparar dados clínicos do exame físico com os achados artroscópicos na ruptura do manguito rotador. Métodos Foram selecionados 177 pacientes submetidos ao tratamento artroscópico de ruptura do manguito rotador e foram comparados os achados artroscópicos com o exame físico. Resultados Os testes irritativos de impacto apresentaram alta sensibilidade para ruptura do manguito rotador. Dentre os testes de força, o de maior sensibilidade foi o teste de Patte (85,7%) e o de maior valor preditivo positivo (VPP) foi o teste de Jobe (95%). O teste Drop Sign apresentou maior especificidade e valor preditivo negativo (VPN) (98,7 e 95,9%, respectivamente). Pacientes com história de trauma possuíam 3,5 vezes mais chances de apresentarem o teste Lift Off positivo. Conclusão Os testes irritativos tiveram alta sensibilidade para rupturas do manguito rotador. O teste de Jobe apresentou sensibilidade semelhante entre os pacientes que tinham lesão parcial ou total do supraespinhal. Para as lesões completas do subescapular, as testes Lift Off e Belly Press apresentaram alta sensibilidade e especificidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Physical Examination , Arthroscopy , Rupture , Rotator Cuff , Shoulder Injuries
7.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 422-428, May-June 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388025

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the incidence and epidemiological profile of meniscal ramp lesions in patients undergoing anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery, and to determine the related risk factors. Methods In total, 824 patients undergoing ACL reconstruction surgery were retrospectively analyzed. Patients who presented medial meniscal instability were submitted to evaluation of the posteromedial compartment of the knee. In case of injury, surgical repair was performed. Potential risk factors associated with the lesions were analyzed. Results The overall incidence of ramp lesions in the population studied was of 10.6% (87 lesions in 824 patients). The multivariate analysis through the Chi-squared test showed that the presence of meniscal ramp lesions was significantly associated with the following risk factors: right laterality and chronic lesions. Gender, age and sports activity were not statistically significant. Soccer was the most frequent cause of ramp injuries related to sport, with 78.2% of the cases. However, it was not shown to be a risk factor. The annual incidence from 2014 to 2019 ranged from 4.0% to 20.6%. Conclusion The incidence of meniscal ramp lesions was of 10.6% in ACL reconstruction surgeries, being more frequent among patients with chronic lesions. The increasing annual incidence ranged from 4.0% in 2014 to 20.6% in 2019.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar a incidência e o perfil epidemiológico das lesões da rampa meniscal nos pacientes submetidos a cirurgia de reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA), e determinar os fatores de risco relacionados. Métodos Foram analisados retrospectivamente 824 pacientes submetidos a cirurgia de reconstrução do LCA. Os pacientes que apresentaram instabilidade meniscal medial foram submetidos a avaliação do compartimento posteromedial do joelho. Em caso de lesão, o reparo cirúrgico foi realizado. Potenciais fatores de risco associados às lesões foram analisados. Resultados A incidência geral de lesões da rampa na população estudada foi de 10,6% (87 lesões em 824 pacientes). A análise multivariada pelo teste do Qui-quadrado demonstrou que a presença de lesões da rampa meniscal foi significativamente associada aos seguintes fatores de risco: lateralidade direita e lesões crônicas. Sexo, idade e atividade esportiva não foram estatisticamente significantes. O futebol foi a causa mais frequente de lesões da rampa relacionadas ao esporte, com 78,2% dos casos. No entanto, não se mostrou ser um fator de risco. De 2014 a 2019, a incidência anual variou de 4,0% a 20,6%. Conclusão A incidência das lesões da rampa meniscal foi de 10,6% nas cirurgias de reconstrução do LCA, sendo mais frequente em pacientes com lesões crônicas. A incidência anual foi crescente, e variou de 4,0%, em 2014, a 20,6%, em 2019.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy , Health Profile , Risk Factors , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Knee Injuries/epidemiology
8.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 524-528, May-June 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388021

ABSTRACT

Abstract The first meniscal suture was performed in 1885 and took about a century to become popular. Currently, all-inside meniscal repair devices are widely used. However, this technique presents the disadvantage of being a method dependent on specific devices, presenting a higher cost than other techniques. This high cost limits the use of such a technique in many locations. The objective of the present technical note is to describe a microinvasive meniscal suture technique as a modification of the all-inside technique, using a disposable 40 x 12 mm procedure needle. The authors believe that the proposed modification to the technique can make it more popular, enabling the use of the microinvasive technique in places with limited resources.


Resumo A primeira sutura meniscal foi realizada em 1885 e levou cerca de um século para tornar-se popular. Atualmente, os dispositivos de reparo meniscal all-inside são amplamente utilizados. Contudo, esta técnica apresenta a desvantagem de ser um método dependente de dispositivos específicos, apresentando um custo superior aos de outras técnicas. Este valor elevado limita o uso de tal técnica em muitos locais. O objetivo da presente nota técnica é descrever uma técnica de sutura meniscal microinvasiva, como uma modificação da técnica all-inside, utilizando uma agulha descartável de procedimento de 40 x 12 mm. Os autores acreditam que a modificação proposta para a técnica pode torná-la mais popular, possibilitando o uso da técnica microinvasiva em locais com recursos limitados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroscopy , Suture Techniques , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Tibial Meniscus Injuries/surgery
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 462-466, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388013

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the functional outcome of patients submitted to arthroscopic Bankart repair in the long-term. Methods Retrospective evaluation of 41 patients (45 shoulders) operated between 1996 and 2009 followed-up for a mean period of 14.89 years. Functional scores were analyzed by the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) and Carter-Rowe scores, physical examination, and analysis of medical records. Results The Carter-Rowe score showed an average improvement of 46.11 points, with a final average of 85.89 points, and the UCLA score showed an average improvement of 31.33 points. Ten patients (22.22%) relapsed, with the number of preoperative dislocations being the most correlated factor. Conclusion It was demonstrated that the number of preoperative dislocations negatively influenced the failure rate.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o desfecho funcional dos pacientes submetidos ao reparo de Bankart artroscópico no longo prazo. Métodos Avaliação retrospectiva de 41 pacientes (45 ombros) operados entre 1996 e 2009 acompanhados por um período médio de 14,89 anos. Foram feitas análises das pontuações funcionais de University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) e Carter-Rowe, exame físico e análises de prontuários. Resultados O escore Carter-Rowe apresentou melhora média de 46,11 pontos, com média final de 85,89 pontos, e o UCLA apresentou melhora de 31,33 pontos. Um total de 10 pacientes (22,22%) apresentou recidiva, sendo o número de luxações pré- operatórias o fator mais correlacionado. Conclusão Foi demonstrado que o número de luxações pré-operatórias influenciou negativamente na taxa de falha.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroscopy/rehabilitation , Recurrence , Shoulder/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Joint Instability/rehabilitation
10.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(3): 472-479, May-June 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388009

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the patients submitted to arthroscopic repair of the rotator cuff (RC), comparing the functional results, muscle strength, and pain obtained after single row (SR) and double row (DR) techniques. Methods Data were collected at the postoperative follow-up (minimum of 12 months) of 128 patients submitted to arthroscopic RC repair from 2011 to 2018. The clinical-functional variables were collected through the clinical examination, and the demographic, surgical and injury variables of the RC were collected from the electronic medical records. The results were compared between the SR and DR groups. Results The DR group showed higher anterior elevation strength when compared with the SR group (SF: 4.72 ± 2.73 kg versus DR: 5.90 ± 2.73 kg; p = 0.017). The other variables of muscle strength, Constant-Murley Score, University of California at Los Angeles Shoulder Rating Scale (UCLA), and pain, were similar. Performing the stratification by size, in the analysis of small and medium injuries, no differences were found between the groups. However, in the analysis of large and extensive injuries, patients submitted to DR presented superiority of both muscle lifting strength (SF: 3.98 ± 2.24 kg versus DR: 6.39 ± 2.73 kg) and Constant score (SF: 81 ± 10 versus DR: 88 ± 7). Conclusion The use of the DR technique in arthroscopic RC repair allowed higher levels of muscle strength for anterior shoulder elevation when compared with the SF technique. Data stratification in large and extensive injuries showed superiority of anterior shoulder elevation muscle strength and of the Constant score in patients submitted to DR.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar os pacientes submetidos ao reparo artroscópico do manguito rotador (MR), comparando-se os resultados funcionais, força muscular e dor obtidos após as técnicas de fileira simples (FS) e de fileira dupla (FD). Métodos Foram coletados os dados do seguimento pós-operatório (mínimo de 12 meses) de 128 pacientes submetidos ao reparo artroscópico do MR durante o período de 2011 a 2018. As variáveis clínico-funcionais foram coletadas por meio do exame clínico, e as variáveis demográficas, cirúrgicas e das lesões do MR a partir dos prontuários eletrônicos. Os resultados foram comparados entre os grupos FS e FD. Resultados O grupo FD demonstrou força de elevação anterior maior quando comparado ao grupo FS (FS: 4,72 ± 2,73 kg versus FD:5,90 ± 2,73 kg; p = 0,017). As demais variáveis de força muscular, Constant-Murley Score, University of California at Los Angeles Shoulder Rating Scale (UCLA, na sigla em inglês) e dor foram similares. Realizando-se a estratificação por tamanho, na análise das lesões pequenas e médias, não foram encontradas diferenças entre os grupos. Porém, na análise das lesões grandes e extensas, os pacientes submetidos à FD apresentaram superioridade tanto na força muscular de elevação (FS: 3,98 ± 2,24 kg versus FD: 6,39 ± 2,73 kg) quanto no escore Constant (FS: 81 ± 10 versus FD: 88 ± 7). Conclusão A utilização da técnica de FD no reparo artroscópico do MR possibilitou maiores níveis de força muscular para elevação anterior do ombro quando comparada à técnica de FS. A estratificação dos dados em lesões grandes e extensas evidenciou superioridade da força muscular de elevação anterior do ombro e do escore Constant nos pacientes submetidos à FD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arthroscopy , Follow-Up Studies , Muscle Strength , Rotator Cuff Injuries
11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(2): 348-350, Mar.-Apr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387998

ABSTRACT

Abstract Arthroscopy-assisted partial wrist-fusion techniques are becoming more popular nowadays. It became clearer that avoiding the violation of important ligament and tendinous structures - which is impossible when using the classic open techniques - enables a more biological approach, which is essential for faster healing and improvement in function. We describe the use of the triquetrum-hamate (TH) portal, which is seldomly applied in routine arthroscopic techniques for hand and wrist surgery, as an accessory portal to better perform anterior midcarpal debridement in four-corner fusion. This trick enables an almost complete anterior resection of the capitate and hamate chondral surfaces, increasing the subchondral osseous contact in the midcarpal joint after fixation, thus leading to higher consolidation rates.


Resumo As técnicas de fusão parcial do punho assistidas por artroscopia estão se tornando mais populares. Ficou claro que evitar a violação de importantes estruturas ligamentares e tendíneas, o que é imposssível com as técnicas abertas clássicas, permite uma abordagem mais biológica, essencial para a cicatrização mais rápida e melhora da função. Descrevemos o uso do portal piramidal-hamato (PH), raramente aplicado em técnicas artroscópicas de rotina para cirurgia de mão e punho, como portal acessório para melhor execução do desbridamento carpal medial anterior na fusão de quatro cantos. Esse truque possibilita a ressecção anterior quase completa das superfícies condrais do capitato e do hamato, o que aumenta o contato ósseo subcondral na articulação mesocárpica após a fixação e eleva as taxas de consolidação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis/therapy , Arthroscopy/methods , Wrist Injuries/surgery , Wrist Joint/surgery
12.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 140(2): 237-243, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366035

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Instability or tears of the long head of the biceps tendon (LHBT) may be present in more than 35% of rotator cuff repairs (RCR). OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical results from patients undergoing arthroscopic RCR, according to the procedure performed at the LHBT. DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort study designed at the shoulder and elbow clinic of Instituto de Ortopedia e Traumatologia, Hospital das Clinicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: Functional results among patients were compared using the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) and University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) scales, according to the LHBT approach adopted: no procedure, tenotomy or tenodesis. RESULTS: We evaluated 306 shoulders (289 patients): 133 underwent no procedure at the LHBT, 77 tenotomy and 96 tenodesis. The ASES scale at 24 months showed no difference (P = 0.566) between the groups without LHBT procedure (median 90.0; interquartile range, IQR 29), tenotomy (median 90.0; IQR 32.1) or tenodesis (median 94.4; IQR 22.7); nor did the UCLA scale (median 33; IQR 7 versus median 31; IQR 8 versus median 33; IQR 5, respectively, P = 0.054). The groups differed in the preoperative functional assessment according to the ASES and UCLA scale, such that the tenodesis group started from higher values. However, there was no difference in pre and postoperative scores between the groups. CONCLUSION: Tenodesis or tenotomy of the LHBT, in the sample analyzed, did not influence the clinical results from RCR, as assessed using the ASES and UCLA scales.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tendon Injuries , Tenodesis/methods , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Arthroscopy , Brazil , Retrospective Studies , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Tenotomy/methods
13.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e58739, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366303

ABSTRACT

To analyze the prevalence and characteristics of late postoperative complications of orthopedic surgeries by video arthroscopy.This was a descriptive cross-sectional study that evaluated, through its own instrument, local and systemic postoperative complications of patients undergoing orthopedic surgeries by video arthroscopy. The study included 270 patients, who were evaluated on days 30(without prosthesis) and 90(with prosthesis placement) of the postoperative period, by telephone service. The selection of participants occurred sequentially and population-based, within the data collection period, from February to July 2020, in a large hospital for medium and high complexity surgeries. Of the 270 procedures performed in the period, 4.4% (n = 12) presented late postoperative infection. The most frequent complications were erythema (83%), edema (75%) and secretion (67%) in the surgical wound. Most used antibiotic therapy (92%) and anti-inflammatory drugs (67%). Hospital readmission was not necessary concerning the complications. Only 50% required medical evaluation before the scheduled time.The need for practices that ensure the quality of perioperative care and improve the active search to assess surgical outcomes is reinforced.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Period , Arthroscopy/nursing , Arthroscopy/instrumentation , Infection Control/instrumentation , Orthopedic Procedures/nursing , Surgical Wound Infection/nursing , Bacterial Infections/nursing , Wounds and Injuries/nursing , Nursing , Bodily Secretions , Orthopedic Procedures/instrumentation , Edema/nursing , Erythema/nursing , Infections/complications
14.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 14-22, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365757

ABSTRACT

Abstract Much is discussed about the limits of the treatment of anterior shoulder instability by arthroscopy. The advance in understanding the biomechanical repercussions of bipolar lesions on shoulder stability, as well as in the identification of factors related to the higher risk of recurrence have helped us to define, more accurately, the limits of arthroscopic repair. We emphasize the importance of differentiation between glenoid bone loss due to erosion (GBLE) and glenoid edge fractures, because the prognosis of treatment differs between these forms of glenoid bone failure. In this context, we understand that there are three types of bone failure: a) bone Bankart (fracture); b) combined; and c) glenoid bone loss due to anterior erosion (GBLE), and we will address the suggested treatment options in each situation. Until recently, the choice of surgical method was basically made by the degree of bone involvement. With the evolution of knowledge, the biomechanics of bipolar lesions and the concept of glenoid track, the cutoff point of critical injury, has been altered with a downward trend. In addition to bone failures or losses, other variables were added and made the decision more complex, but a little more objective. The present update article aims to make a brief review of the anatomy with the main lesions found in instability; to address important details in arthroscopic surgical technique, especially in complex cases, and to bring current evidence on the issues of greatest divergence, seeking to guide the surgeon in decision making.


Resumo Muito se discute sobre os limites do tratamento da instabilidade anterior do ombro por artroscopia. O avanço no entendimento das repercussões biomecânicas das lesões bipolares sobre a estabilidade do ombro, bem como na identificação de fatores relacionados ao maior risco de recidiva têm nos ajudado a definir, de forma mais apurada, os limites do reparo por via artroscópica. Ressaltamos a importância de diferenciação entre perda óssea por erosão da glenoide (POAG) e fraturas da borda da glenoide, pois o prognóstico do tratamento diverge entre essas formas de falha óssea da glenoide. Neste contexto, entendemos que há três tipos de falha óssea: a) Bankart ósseo (fratura); b) combinada; e c) POAG, e abordaremos as opções de tratamento sugerido em cada situação. Até há pouco tempo, a escolha do método cirúrgico era norteada basicamente pelo grau de acometimento ósseo. Com a evolução do conhecimento, da biomecânica das lesões bipolares e do conceito do glenoid track (trilho da glenoide), o ponto de corte da lesão crítica, vem sendo alterado com tendência de queda. Além das falhas ou perdas ósseas, outras variáveis foram adicionadas e tornaram a decisão mais complexa, porém um pouco mais objetiva. O presente artigo de atualização tem como objetivo fazer uma breve revisão da anatomia com as principais lesões encontradas na instabilidade; abordar detalhes importantes na técnica cirúrgica artroscópica, em especial nos casos complexos, e trazer as evidências atuais sobre os assuntos de maior divergência, buscando guiar o cirurgião na tomada de decisão.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Shoulder Dislocation , Shoulder Joint , Glenoid Cavity , Rotator Cuff Injuries , Shoulder Injuries
15.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 144-149, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365753

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The present study aims to evaluate the treatment of hip wave lesion using reverse microfracture, which is a simple and cheap surgical procedure. Methods We retrospectively analyzed 19 patients with acetabular wave lesion treated with reverse microfracture. The patients were assessed by magnetic nuclear resonance imaging (MRI) at the time of diagnosis and 6 months after the surgery and functionally evaluated using the Harris Hip Score (HHS) and the visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain in the preoperative period, and 3 and 6 months after the surgery. Results The statistical data showed a significant improvement in HHS and VAS 6 months after the surgery. Six months after the surgery, the MRI revealed that the area subjected to reverse microfracture presented cartilage with the same visual characteristics observed in areas with no chondral injury. Conclusion We conclude that the reverse microfracture proved to be an effective, reproducible method for the treatment of wave lesion.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o tratamento desta lesão, através da microfratura reversa, que é um procedimento simples e sem aumento de insumos na cirurgia. Métodos Foram analisados retrospectivamente 19 pacientes submetidos a tratamento da lesão em onda no acetábulo, através da microfratura reversa. Utilizamos a ressonância nuclear magnética (RNM) no momento do diagnóstico e 6 meses após a cirurgia, avaliação funcional pelo Harris Hip Score (HHS) e escala visual e analógica (EVA) da dor no pré-operatório, e 3 e 6 meses após a cirurgia. Resultadoos dados estatísticos mostraram melhora significativa do HHS e EVA da dor após 6 meses da cirurgia. A RNM após 6 meses da cirurgia mostrou que na área que foi submetida à microfratura reversa, a cartilagem se apresentou com as mesmas características visuais que nas áreas sem lesão condral. Conclusão Concluímos que a microfratura reversa se mostrou eficaz e reprodutível no tratamento da lesão em onda.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arthroscopy , Fractures, Stress , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Femoracetabular Impingement
16.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(1): 136-143, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365747

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate the functional outcome of patients who underwent partial arthroscopic repair of massive rotator cuff tears. Methods Retrospective case series evaluating patients with massive rotator cuff tears who underwent partial arthroscopic repair. The primary outcome was the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form (ASES) at 24 months. The secondary outcomes were the Modified-University of California at Los Angeles Shoulder Rating Scale (UCLA), and the following subdomains: satisfaction, active forward flexion and strength of forward flexion subdomains. Results We evaluated 33 patients. The ASES scale evolved from 39.7 ± 19.6 to 77.6 ± 17.4 (p< 0.001). The UCLA scale evolved from 13.3 ± 5.5 to 27.9 ± 5.6 (p< 0.001). The satisfaction rate was 97%. The number of patients with active forward flexion > 150° increased from 12 (36.4%) to 25 (75.8%) (p= 0.002). The number of patients with normal or good strength of forward flexion increased from 9 (27.3%) to 22 (66.7%) (p = 0.015). Conclusion Partial repair of irreparable rotator cuff tears leads to significant improvement according to the ASES and UCLA scales.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar o resultado funcional de pacientes submetidos ao reparo parcial por via artroscópica de roturas extensas do manguito rotador. Métodos Série de casos retrospectiva, avaliando pacientes com roturas extensas do manguito rotador submetidos ao reparo parcial por via artroscópica. O desfecho primário foi a escala American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Standardized Shoulder Assessment Form (ASES, na sigla em inglês) aos 24 meses. Foram desfechos secundários a escala Modified-University of California at Los Angeles Shoulder Rating Scale (UCLA, na sigla em inglês), e seus subdomínios satisfação, flexão anterior ativa e força de flexão anterior ativa. Resultados Avaliamos 33 pacientes. A escala da ASES evoluiu de 39,7 ± 19,6 para 77,6 ± 17,4 (p< 0,001). A escala da UCLA evoluiu de 13,3 ± 5,5 para 27,9 ± 5,6 (p< 0,001). A taxa de satisfação foi de 97%. O número de pacientes com flexão anterior ativa > 150° passou de 12 (36,4%) para 25 (75,8%) (p= 0,002). O número de pacientes com força de flexão anterior ativa normal ou boa passou de 9 (27,3%) para 22 (66,7%) (p= 0,015). Conclusão O reparo parcial nas roturas irreparáveis do manguito rotador leva a melhora significativa de acordo com as escalas da ASES e UCLA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arthroscopy , Evaluation of Results of Therapeutic Interventions , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Shoulder Injuries
17.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 181-183, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928497

ABSTRACT

Arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction is an innovative technique for the irreparable rotator cuff tears, but spontaneous pneumothorax after surgery is very rare. The present case was a 66-year-old female with irreparable rotator cuff tears of the right shoulder, treated with the arthroscopic shoulder superior capsular reconstruction. The general anesthesia and operation went smoothly, but the patient experienced stuffiness in the chest and shortness of breath after recovery from anesthesia. Thoracic CT scans showed spontaneous pneumothorax in the right side, which was successfully treated by the conservative treatments (oxygen therapy) according to multidisciplinary team. Prompt and accurate early-stage diagnosis is necessary in controlling postoperative complications and standardized treatment is the key to relieve the suffering. Spontaneous pneumothorax after arthroscopic shoulder surgery has been rarely reported in previous literatures.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Female , Humans , Pneumothorax/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder , Shoulder Joint , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928311

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy of arthroscopy and traditional incision in the treatment of tibial avulsion fracture of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL).@*METHODS@#From July 2010 to July 2020, clinical comparative trial about arthroscopy and traditional incision in the treatment of ACL tibial avulsion fracture was conducted by using computer-based databases, including Embase, Pubmed, Central, Cinahl, PQDT, CNKI, Weipu, Wanfang, Cochrane Library, CBM. Literature screening and data extraction were carried out according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the quality of the included literature was evaluated by improved Jadad score and Ottawa Newcastle scale (NOS). The operation time, hospital stay, fracture healing time, knee range of motion, postoperative excellent and good rate, complication rate, Lysholm score, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score and Tegner score were statistically analyzed by Review Manager 5.3 software.@*RESULTS@#Finally, 16 literatures were included, including 1 randomized controlled trial and 15 non randomized controlled trials, with a total of 822 patients (405 in arthroscopy group and 417 in traditional incision group). Meta analysis showed that the operation time [MD=-9.03, 95% CI(-14.36, -3.70), P<0.001], hospital stay [MD=-5.81, 95%CI(-9.32, -2.31), P=0.001] and fracture healing time [MD=-14.61, 95% CI(-17.93, -11.28), P<0.001] in the arthroscopy group were better than those in the traditional incision group. The incidence of complications in arthroscopy group was lower than that in traditional incision group[OR=0.15, 95%CI(0.07, 0.33), P<0.001]. The postoperative excellent and good rate[OR=4.39, 95%CI (1.96, 9.82), P<0.001], knee mobility[MD=6.78, 95%CI(2.79, 10.77), P<0.001], Lysholm score[MD=11.63, 95%CI(4.91, 18.36), P<0.001], IKDC score[MD=7.83, 95%CI(6.09, 9.57), P<0.001] and Tegner score[MD=0.60, 95%CI(0.31, 0.89), P<0.001] in the arthroscopic group were higher than those in the traditional incision group.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the traditional open reduction and internal fixation, arthroscopic surgery in patients with ACL tibial avulsion fracture can shorten the operation time, hospital stay and fracture healing time, reduce the incidence of postoperative complications, and obtain good postoperative knee function. It can be recommended as one of the first choice for patients with ACL tibial avulsion fracture.


Subject(s)
Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Arthroscopy , Fractures, Avulsion/surgery , Humans , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Suture Techniques
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928301

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the surgical skills and clinical curative results of arthroscopic treatment of ankle instability combined with anteromedial impingement syndrome.@*METHODS@#From February 2019 to August 2020, 13 patients with ankle instability combined with anteromedial impingement were retrospectively analyzed. There were 10 males and 3 females with age of (40.0±15.1) years old. The course of disease was(44.1±33.2) months. All patients had history of ankle sprain. MRI showed the injury of anterior talofibular ligament. All patients had anteromedial pain and pressing pain when ankle dorsiflexion. All patients were treated with ankle debridement and Brostr?m-Gould surgery under ankle arthroscopic. Postoperative results were evaluated by VAS(visual analogue scale) and AOFAS-AH(American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot scale, AOFAS-AH).@*RESULTS@#All 13 patients completed the surgery successfully with an operative time of 60 to 90 minutes. All the surgical incisions healed by first intention, and no complications such as incision infection, skin necrosis and neurovascular injury. Follow-up time was (18.1±4.7) months. At the latest follow-up, the VAS score was 1.2±1.1, which was significantly lower than the preoperative score 4.8±1.5 (P<0.05);the AOFAS-AH score 94.2±5.1 was significantly higher than the preoperative score 65.5±11.5 (P<0.05). The AOFAS-AH score at the final follow-up ranged from 84 to 100. All patients walked with normal gait without ankle instability or impingement recurrence.@*CONCLUSION@#Ankle anteromedial impingement syndrome combined with ankle instability is easy to be ignored clinically. Such kind of anteromedial impingement syndrome is mostly related to osteophyte at dorsal medial talar neck. Arthroscopic treatment of ankle instability combined with anteromedial impingement syndrome has satisfactory curative effect with safety and minimal injury.


Subject(s)
Adult , Ankle , Arthroscopy/methods , Female , Humans , Joint Instability/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928300

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the early efficacy of arthroscopic autologous osteochondral grafting in the treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation.@*METHODS@#From January 2019 to January 2021, 17 patients with recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder who underwent arthroscopic autologous osteochondral grafting were selected, including 12 males and 5 females, ranging in age from 17 to 55 years old, with a mean of (32.88±12.33) years old. Rowes rating system for Bankart repair(Rowe), Oxford Shoulder Instability Score (OSIS) and Simple Shoulder Test (SST) were compared before operation, 6 months after operation and at the latest follow-up. OSIS and SST used to evaluate shoulder function were recorded before surgery and at the latest follow-up. The shoulder mobility and intraoperative and postoperative complications were also recorded.@*RESULTS@#All 17 patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 7 to 25 months, with a mean of (18.4±5.4) months. During the follow-up period, there was no re-dislocation, no vascular or nerve injury. Rowe score increased from 26.2±6.0 before operation to 74.4±4.0 and 82.4±3.1 after 6 months and the latest follow-up. There was significant difference in Rowe score between different time points after operation and before operation (P<0.05). The OSIS increased from 37.0±3.6 before operation to 47.4±2.6 and 52.7±2.6 after 6 months and the latest follow-up. There was significant difference in OSIS between different time points after operation and before operation (P<0.05). The SST score increased from 6.8±0.7 before operation to 9.8±0.8, 11.6±2.6 after 6 months and the latest follow-up. There was significant difference in SST score between different time points after operation and before operation (P<0.05). At the latest follow-up, the lateral external rotation and abduction external rotation activities of the patient were significantly improved compared with those before operation.@*CONCLUSION@#This study provides preliminary evidence that arthroscopic autologous osteochondral grafting can achieve satisfactory early clinical outcomes and stability in patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation with glenoid fracture and defect less than <20%, which is a reliable and effective procedure.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Female , Humans , Joint Instability/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Range of Motion, Articular , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Young Adult
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