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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(5): 790-797, Sept.-Oct. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529943

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To validate the low-cost model for arthroscopy training and analyze the acceptance and usefulness of the developed simulator in medical teaching and training. Method Ten medical students, ten third-year orthopedic residents, and ten shoulder surgeons performed predetermined tasks on a shoulder simulator twice. The parameters used were time to complete the tasks, number of looks at the hands, GOALS score (Global Operative Assessment of Laparoscopic Skills) and comparison between groups and within groups. An adapted Likert scale was applied addressing the individuals' impressions about the simulator and its applicability. Results In the intergroup comparison, the shoulder surgeons had better scores and times than the other groups. When the tasks were repeated, the group of surgeons had a 59% improvement in time (p < 0.05), as did the group of medical students. In the GOALS score, shoulder surgeons had consistently better scores than the other groups. And when we evaluated the evolution from the first to the second test, the group of surgeons and the group of academics had a statistically significant improvement (p < 0.05). In terms of lookdowns, there was a decrease in all groups. There was consensus that the simulator is useful in training. Conclusion The simulator developed allowed the differentiation between individuals with different levels of training in arthroscopic surgery. It was accepted by 100% of the participants as a useful tool in arthroscopic shoulder surgical training.


Resumo Objetivo Validar o modelo de baixo custo para treinamento em artroscopia e analisar a aceitação e utilidade do simulador desenvolvido no ensino e treinamento médico. Método Dez acadêmicos do curso de medicina, dez residentes do terceiro ano em ortopedia e dez cirurgiões de ombro realizaram tarefas pré determinadas em um simulador de ombro duas vezes. Os parâmetros utilizados foram o tempo para completar as tarefas, quantidade de olhares para as mãos, escore de GOALS (Global Operative Assessment of Laparoscopic Skills) e comparados entre os grupos e intragrupos. Uma escala de Likert adaptada foi aplicada abordando as impressões dos indivíduos acerca do simulador e de sua aplicabilidade. Resultados Na comparação intergrupos, os cirurgiões de ombro tiveram melhores escores e tempos que os demais grupos. Quando as tarefas foram repetidas, o grupo de cirurgiões, teve uma melhora de 59% no tempo (p < 0,05), assim como no grupo de acadêmicos. No escore de GOALS os cirurgiões de ombro apresentaram escores consistentemente melhores que os demais grupos. E quando avaliamos a evolução do primeiro para o segundo teste, o grupo de cirurgiões e o grupo de acadêmicos tiveram melhora estatisticamente significante (p < 0,05). No quesito de lookdowns houve diminuição em todos os grupos. Houve consenso em que o simulador é útil no treinamento. Conclusão O simulador desenvolvido permitiu a diferenciação entre indivíduos com diferentes níveis de treinamento em cirurgia artroscópica. Foi aceito por 100% dos participantes como uma ferramenta útil no treinamento cirúrgico artroscópico do ombro.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Shoulder/surgery , Teaching , Simulation Training
2.
RFO UPF ; 28(1)20230808. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1516328

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Apresentar as modalidades de tratamentos cirúrgicas mais usadas disponíveis no arsenal terapêutico das desordens temporomandibulares (DTMs). Revisão da literatura: As DTMs são muito frequentes e são responsáveis ​​por dor e desconforto em um número importante de pacientes. A avaliação e o diagnóstico são as chaves para determinar um plano de manejo adequado dessas doenças. Embora o tratamento conservador seja bem-sucedido na maioria dos pacientes, os tratamentos cirúrgicos podem ser a única opção para aqueles que não respondem ao tratamento conservador ou para casos com indicação cirúrgica inicial como, por exemplo, algumas neoplasias articulares. Dentre as alternativas cirúrgicas, podemos citar a artrocentese, artroscopia, reposicionamento do disco articular por cirurgia aberta, discectomia e tratamentos cirúrgicos para hipermobilidade e anquilose da articulação temporomandibular. Considerações finais: A seleção adequada dos casos é requisito obrigatório para uma intervenção cirúrgica bem-sucedida, a fim de alcançar o resultado desejado do tratamento, como alívio dos sintomas e melhora da função.


Aim: To present the most commonly used surgical treatment modalities available in the therapeutic arsenal for temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Literature review: TMD is very common and is responsible for pain and dysfunction in a significant number of patients. Assessment and diagnosis are key to determining a management plan for these diseases. Although conservative treatment is successful in most patients, surgical treatments may be the only option for those who do not respond to conservative treatment or for some cases with an initial surgical indication, such as some joint neoplasms. Surgical alternatives include arthrocentesis, arthroscopy, repositioning of the articular disc by open surgery, discectomy and surgical treatments for temporomandibular joint hypermobility and ankylosis. Conclusions: Proper case selection is the mandatory requirement for successful surgical intervention in order to achieve the desired treatment outcome, such as symptom relief and improved function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Facial Pain/surgery , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/surgery , Arthroscopy/methods , Temporomandibular Joint/surgery , Diskectomy/methods , Arthrocentesis/methods
3.
São Paulo; s.n; 20230301. 73 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1418586

ABSTRACT

Disfunção Temporomandibular é um termo utilizado para indicar alterações e doenças das articulações temporomandibulares (ATM) e estruturas anexas responsáveis por sua função. Prevalente na população geral, seus sintomas causam desconforto e limitação da função mandibular, repercutindo diretamente na qualidade de vida de seus portadores. Dentre as alterações que compõem este grupo de doenças, destacam-se os desarranjos internos da ATM, para os quais o tratamento cirúrgico pode estar indicado. A Artroscopia da ATM, procedimento diagnóstico e terapêutico caracterizado pela introdução de óticas de pequeno calibre nos compartimentos articulares vem ganhando espaço e indicação como primeira opção terapêutica devido aos seus bons resultados e mínima invasividade. No entanto, sua dificuldade técnica, alto custo, necessidade de instrumentais específicos e sistema de videocirurgia ainda são fatores limitadores para a indicação desta pelos profissionais atuantes. Nosso objetivo foi validar, por meio de um estudo com simuladores realísticos validados e 10 examinadores qualificados de diferentes níveis de atuação, o uso de plataforma de adaptação de ótica para smartphone em artroscopia da ATM, afim de qualificar a resolução das imagens obtidas e grau de ergonomia durante seu uso por meio de classificação em três scores. Como resultados, obtivemos em geral, para qualidade da imagem 77,5% de nota máxima e 22,5% nota intermediaria e para ergonomia 62,5% de nota máxima e 37,5% de nota intermediaria. Concluímos que a plataforma é viável para a indicação de artroscopia de ATM em nível I e possível de ser utilizada em nível II.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Temporomandibular Joint , Smartphone
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 437-441, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982260

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the product registration declaration ideas and registration technical review of the all-inside meniscal suture system, and to systematically think about of the technical review concerns of the all-inside meniscal suture system products to provide technical guidance for improving the quality of registration and application and regulatory efficiency.@*METHODS@#Consult the public information of such products at home and abroad, and summarize the experience of registration review of such products.@*RESULTS@#The technical review of the all-inside meniscus suture system registration mainly focuses on product basic information, pre-clinical research, clinical evaluation and product technical requirements.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The difficulty of product registration and declaration of the all-inside meniscus suture system lies in the provision of pre-clinical research data of the product, and the applicant needs to strengthen the basic research ability, formulate scientific technical indicators and test methods to ensure the safety and effectiveness of the product, and also provide sufficient supporting data for the registration declaration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Suture Techniques , Tibial Meniscus Injuries/surgery , Sutures , Arthroscopy/methods
5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 502-507, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981723

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the mid-term clinical effect of arthroscopic surgery versus conservative treatment on the middle aged early knee osteoarthritis (EKOA) patients, with the hope to provide clinical evidence for their individual therapy.@*METHODS@#A total of 145 middle aged EKOA patients(182 knees) who received arthroscopic surgery or conservative treatment from January 2015 to December 2016 were retrospectively enrolled, including 35 males and 110 females, aged from 47 to 79 years old with an average of (57.6±6.9) years old, and the duration of disease ranged from 6 to 48 months with an average of(14.6±8.9) months. According to treatment method, patients were divided into arthroscopic surgery group (47 patients, 58 knees) and conservative treatment group(98 patients, 124 knees). Before treatment, patients presented with symptoms of knee joint, such as pain, swelling, locking, limited flexion and extension, and weakness, as well as abnormal findings in knee X-ray (without or suspicious joint space narrow, and a few of osteophyte formation) or in knee MRI (injury or degeneration of articular cartilage or meniscus, loose body in the joint cavity and synovial hyperemia edema, etc). Related data were collected, including duration of knee symptoms, presence of meniscus injury, loose body in the joint cavity or mechanical symptoms such as locking, and visual analogue scale (VAS) and Lysholm knee function score before treatment and at the latest follow-up. Statistical analysis was performed to compare the differences in VAS or Lyshilm score before or after treatment between the low groups and within each group.@*RESULTS@#Patients in the two groups were followed up from 60 to 76 months. In the arthroscopic surgery group, the incision healing was good and no surgical complications occurred. There were no significant differences in age, gender, BMI and follow-up time between the two groups(P>0.05). Before treatment, compared with conservative group, duration of symptoms in the arthroscopic group was longer (P<0.001), comorbidity rates of meniscus injury (P<0.001), free body (P=0.001) and mechanical symptoms (P<0.001) were higher, VAS (P<0.001) and Lysholm score (P<0.001) were worse. At the final follow-up, VAS and Lysholm score in either the conservative group or the arthroscopic group were significantly better than before treatment (P<0.05), while no significant differences between the two groups were found. The VAS was (1.5±1.2) scores in the arthroscopic group and (1.6±1.0)scores in the conservative group(P=0.549), and the Lysholm score was (84.9±12.5) scores in the arthroscopic group and (84.2±9.9) scores in the conservative group (P=0.676).@*CONCLUSION@#Both arthroscopic surgery and conservative treatment have satisfactory intermediate clinical effect middle- aged patients with EKOA, without statistically differences. However, most of the patients before surgery in the arthroscopic treatment group had mechanical locking symptoms caused by meniscus injury or loose body. Therefore, for the middle-aged EKOA patients with mechanical locking symptoms or without obtaining satisfactory outcome after conservative treatment, arthroscopic surgery may be considered.


Subject(s)
Male , Middle Aged , Female , Humans , Aged , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Arthroscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Knee Joint/surgery
6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 348-351, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981695

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore risk factors for infections after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair, and improve the under standing for reducing infection.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 2 591 patients who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair from January 2019 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, including 1 265 males and 1 326 females, aged from 25 to 82 years old with an average age of (51.5±15.6) years old. They were divided into infection group(n=18) and uninfected group(n=2 573) according to whether or not patients had postoperative infection. Gender, age, smoking, diabetes, body mass index, local closure within 1 month before operation, operation time, preventive use of antibiotics, and internal fixation implantation between two groups were recorded. Univariate Logistic regression analysis screened factors associated with infections after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Theresultswere entered into the multivariate logistic regression analysis, screening the high risk factors for infections after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair.@*RESULTS@#In 2 591 patients, 18 patients were infected after operation, infection rate was 0.69%. Univariate Logistic regression analysis showed that gender, age, operation time, antibiotic prophylaxis, internal fixation implantation were risk factors for infections after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed male(OR=14.227), age≥65 years(OR=34.313), operation time≥2 h (OR=15.616), without antibiotic prophylaxis(OR=4.891), and internal fixation implantation(OR=5.103) were major risk factors for infection after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair(P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Male, age≥65 years, operation time≥2 h, without antibiotic prophylaxis and internal fixation implantation were independent risk factors for infection after arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Early diagnosis and timely treatment should be carried out to reduce the incidence of infection.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Arthroscopy/adverse effects , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 815-820, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981673

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of distal radius core decompression in the treatment of chronic wrist pain caused by various etiologies.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 10 patients with chronic wrist pain treated with distal radial core decompression between January 2018 and December 2021. There were 6 males and 4 females with an average age of 37.4 years (range, 21-55 years). The disease duration ranged from 7 to 72 months, with an average of 26.5 months. Preoperative MRI examination showed that 10 cases had bone marrow edema at the distal radius on the affected side, and 8 cases had bone marrow edema in the carpal bones such as scaphoid and lunate bone. Among them, 3 patients had a history of wrist fracture, and 2 patients had Kienböck diseases (1 case each in stage ⅡB and stage ⅢA). Three cases were combined with triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) type 1A injury. Two cases were combined with osteoarthritis, 1 of them was complicated with severe traumatic arthritis, the wrist arthroscopy showed that the TFCC was completely lost and could not be repaired, and the cartilage of the lunate bone and the ulnar head were severely worn.Visual analogue scale (VAS) score was used to evaluate the relief of wrist pain before operation, at 6 months after operation, and at last follow-up, and the range of motion of the affected wrist in dorsiflexion, palmar flexion, ulnar deviation, and radial deviation was measured. The degree of bone marrow edema was evaluated according to T1WI, T2WI, and STIR sequences of MRI.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up 12-22 months, with an average of 16.4 months. Except for 1 patient who experienced persistent wrist joint pain and limited mobility after operation, the remaining 9 patients showed significant improvement in pain symptoms and wrist joint mobility. The VAS score and range of motion of wrist dorsiflexion, palmar flexion, ulnar deviation, and radial deviation at 6 months after operation and at last follow-up were significantly improved when compared with those before operation, the VAS score and the range of motion of wrist ulnar deviation and radial deviation at last follow-up were further improved when compared with those at 6 months after operation, all showing significant differences ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in wrist dorsiflexion and palmar flexion between at 6 months after operation and at last follow-up ( P>0.05). Bone marrow edema was improved in 6 patients on MRI at 6 months after operation, and was also improved in other patients at last follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#For chronic wrist pain caused by a variety of causes, distal radius core decompression can directly reduce the pressure of the medullary cavity of the distal radius, improve the blood supply of the corresponding distal structure, significantly alleviate chronic wrist pain, and provide an option for clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Radius/surgery , Wrist , Retrospective Studies , Radius Fractures/surgery , Wrist Joint/surgery , Scaphoid Bone/surgery , Pain , Arthralgia/complications , Arthroscopy , Decompression , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 658-662, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981648

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness of arthroscopic binding fixation using suture through single bone tunnel for posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) tibial insertion fractures in adults.@*METHODS@#Between October 2019 and October 2021, 16 patients with PCL tibial insertion fractures were treated with arthroscopic binding fixation using suture through single bone tunnel. There were 11 males and 5 females with an average age of 41.1 years (range, 26-58 years). The fractures were caused by traffic accident in 12 cases and sports in 4 cases. The time from injury to operation ranged from 2 to 10 days with an average of 6.0 days. The fractures were classified as Meyers-McKeever type Ⅱ in 4 cases and type Ⅲ in 9 cases, and Zaricznyi type Ⅳ in 3 cases. There were 2 cases of grade Ⅰ, 7 cases of grade Ⅱ, and 7 cases of grade Ⅲ in the posterior drawer test. There were 3 cases combined with lateral collateral ligament injury and 2 cases with meniscus injury. The visual analogue scale (VAS) score, Lysholm score, International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score, and knee range of motion were used to evaluate knee joint function. The posterior drawer test and knee stability tester (Kneelax 3) were used to evaluate knee joint stability. The X-ray films were used to evaluate fracture reduction and healing.@*RESULTS@#All incisions healed by first intention after operation. There was no incision infection, popliteal neurovascular injury, or deep venous thrombosis of lower limbs. All patients were followed up 6-12 months, with an average of 10 months. X-ray films at 6 months after operation showed the fractures obtained bone union. There were 11 cases of grade 0, 4 cases of gradeⅠ, and 1 case of grade Ⅱin posterior drawer test, showing significant difference when compared with preoperative results ( Z=23.167, P<0.001). The VAS score, Lysholm score, IKDC score, knee range of motion, and the results of Kneelax3 examination all significantly improved when compared with preoperative results ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For adult patients with PCL tibial insertion fractures, the arthroscopic binding fixation using suture through single bone tunnel has the advantages of minimal trauma, good fracture reduction, reliable fixation, and fewer complications. The patient's knee joint function recovers well.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Arthroscopy/methods , Knee Joint/surgery , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/injuries , Suture Techniques , Sutures , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Treatment Outcome
9.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 653-657, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981647

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mid-term effectiveness of arthroscopic "mini incision" transtendon repair for partial articular-sided supraspinatus tendon avulsion (PASTA) lesion.@*METHODS@#A clinical data of 39 patients with PASTA lesions, who underwent the arthroscopic "mini incision" transtendon repair and met the selected criteria between May 2017 and April 2021, was retrospectively analyzed. There were 13 males and 26 females, with an average age of 63.7 years (range, 43-76 years). Nine patients underwent trauma history, and no obvious inducement was found in the other 30 patients. The main clinical symptom was shoulder pain with positive hug resistance test. The interval from symptom onset to operation was 3-21 months (mean, 8.3 months). The visual analogue scale (VAS) score, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder score, American Association of Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score and shoulder range of motion (ROM) of forward flexion, abduction, and external rotation were used to evaluate shoulder function. MRI was performed to assess the structural integrity and tension of reattached tendon. Patient satisfactions were calculated at last follow-up.@*RESULTS@#All incisions healed by first intention with no complications such as incision infection or nerve injury. All patients were followed up 24-71 months (mean, 46.9 months). The VAS, UCLA, and ASES scores significantly improved at 24 months after operation when compared with preoperative ones ( P<0.05). The ROMs of forward flexion and external rotation of the shoulder joint significantly increased at 3 and 24 months, and further increased at 24 months compared to 3 months, with significant differences ( P<0.05). However, the ROM of abduction of the shoulder joint at 3 months did not significantly improve compared with that before operation ( P>0.05), and it was significantly greater at 24 months than before operation and at 3 months after operation ( P<0.05). At last follow-up, the patients were very satisfied with the effectiveness in 30 cases (76.9%), satisfied in 5 cases (12.8%), and dissatisfied in 4 cases (10.3%). At 6 months after operation, 31 patients underwent reviews of MRI scans, of which 28 patients possessed intact structural integrity, good tendon tension and tendon healing, and 3 patients underwent tendon re-tear.@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic "mini incision" transtendon repair in treatment of PASTA lesion could obtain satisfying mid-term effectiveness with low risk of tendon re-tear.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Arthroscopy , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Tendons/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular
10.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 629-634, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981643

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To summarize the biomechanical characteristics, diagnosis, and hip arthroscopic treatment of borderline developmental dysplasia of hip (BDDH) with Cam-type femoroacetabular impingement (Cam FAI).@*METHODS@#The literature on BDDH with Cam FAI at home and abroad in recent years was extensively reviewed and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#In patients with BDDH and Cam FAI, the femoral neck anteversion angle and femoral neck shaft angle increase, the pelvis tilts, and the acetabulum rotates, resulting in instability of the hip joint. In order to maintain the stability of the hip joint, the direction of biomechanical action of the hip joint has changed, which further affects the anatomical structures such as the proximal femur and acetabular morphology. BDDH with Cam FAI can be diagnosed clinically by combining lateral center edge angle, anterior center edge angle, and acetabular index. BDDH with Cam FAI can be effectively treated through arthroscopic polishing of the edges of the acetabular proliferative bone, excision of Cam malformations, and minimally invasive repair of the glenoid lip and cartilage of the hip joint.@*CONCLUSION@#Currently, there is no unified standard for the diagnosis and treatment of BDDH with Cam FAI. Minimally invasive treatment of the hip under arthroscopy can achieve good early- and medium-term effectiveness, and has certain advantages in repairing and maintaining the integrity of the glenoid lip and suturing/compression joint capsule. However, the long-term effectiveness needs to be further followed up to determine. The timing of surgery, intraoperative bone edge depth polishing, and joint capsule suturing/compression techniques also need to be further explored.


Subject(s)
Humans , Femoracetabular Impingement/surgery , Arthroscopy/methods , Hip Joint/surgery , Acetabulum/surgery , Hip Dislocation, Congenital/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies
11.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 572-577, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981634

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effectiveness of open reduction of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) avulsion fracture at tibial insertion of knee joint with absorbable screws fixation and absorbable screw combined with suture anchor fixation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 26 patients with PCL avulsion fracture at tibial insertion who met the selection criteria between March 2015 and October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 14 patients were fixed with simple absorbable screw (group A), and 12 patients were fixed with absorbable screw combined with suture anchors (group B). All patients were confirmed by X-ray film, CT, or MRI preoperatively, and got positive results in preoperative posterior drawer tests. There was no significant difference in gender, age, side of affected limb, time from injury to operation, comorbidities, and preoperative Meyers & McKeever classification, Lysholm score, and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) score between the two groups ( P>0.05). The operation time and postoperative complications were recorded and compared between the two groups. At last follow-up, Lysholm score and IKDC score were used to evaluate the improvement of knee function.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in operation time between the two groups ( P>0.05). All incisions healed by first intention, and no complication such as vascular and nerve injury or venous thrombosis occurred. All 26 patients were followed up 9-89 months, with an average of 55.3 months. The follow-up time of group A and group B was (55.7±23.2) and (56.8±29.3) months, respectively, with no significant difference ( t=-0.106, P=0.916). Radiographs showed bone healing in both groups at 3 months after operation, and no complication such as infection and traumatic arthritis occurred. At last follow-up, the posterior drawer test was negative in both groups, and the Lysholm score and IKDC score significantly improved when compared with the pre-operative values ( P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the improvement value between the two groups ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#For PCL avulsion fracture at tibial insertion of the knee joint, the open reduction and absorbable screw combined with suture anchor fixation can achieve reliable fracture reduction and fixation, which is conducive to the early rehabilitation and functional exercise, and the postoperative functional recovery of the knee joint is satisfactory.


Subject(s)
Humans , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/injuries , Suture Anchors , Fractures, Avulsion/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Arthroscopy/methods , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Knee Joint/surgery , Bone Screws , Suture Techniques , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 561-565, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981632

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of "tail compression fixation+suture bridge" technology under shoulder arthroscopy for treating primary tear in medial enthesis of rotator cuff.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 11 patients with primary tear in medial enthesis of rotator cuff who met the selection criteria between October 2020 and October 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, including 3 males and 8 females, aged 39-79 years, with an average of 61.0 years. Rotator cuff injury was caused by traumatic fall in 8 cases, and the time from injury to admission was 1-4 months, with an average of 2.0 months; the remaining 3 cases had no obvious inducement. The active range of motion of the affected shoulder was limited, with an active forward flexion range of motion of (64.1±10.9)°, abduction of (78.1±6.4)°, internal rotation of (48.2±6.6)°, and external rotation of (41.8±10.5)°; 5 cases had shoulder stiffness. The preoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) score was 7.8±0.8 and the American Society of Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score was 23.9±6.4. The patients were treated with "tail compression fixation+suture bridge" technology under shoulder arthroscopy, and the pain and functional recovery were evaluated by VAS score, ASES score, and active range of motion of shoulder joint at last follow-up; MRI was performed after operation, and the integrity of rotator cuff was evaluated by Sugaya classification system.@*RESULTS@#All the 11 patients were followed up 2-22 months, with an average of 13.5 months. All incisions healed by first intention, and there was no complication such as infection, rotator cuff re-tear, and anchor falling off. At last follow-up, the VAS score was 0.8±0.7 and the ASES score was 93.5±4.2, which significantly improved when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05). All 11 patients had no significant swelling in the shoulders, and the active range of motion was (165.1±8.8)° in flexion, (75.3±8.4)° in abduction, (56.6±5.5)° in internal rotation, and (51.8±4.0)° in external rotation, which significantly improved when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05). Shoulder MRI showed adequate tendon thickness and good continuity in 9 cases, including 4 cases with partial high signal area; and 2 cases with inadequate tendon thickness but high continuity and partial high signal area. According to Sugaya classification system, there were 4 cases of type 1 (36.4%), 5 cases of type 2 (45.5%), and 2 cases of type 3 (18.1%).@*CONCLUSION@#For the patients with primary tear in medial enthesis of rotator cuff, the "tail compression fixation+suture bridge" technology under shoulder arthroscopy is simple and effective.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Shoulder , Arthroscopy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Rupture , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Sutures , Range of Motion, Articular
13.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 556-560, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981631

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To testify the spatial relationship between the subscapularis muscle splitting window and the axillary nerve in modified arthroscopic Latarjet procedure, which could provide anatomical basis for the modification of the subscapularis muscle splitting.@*METHODS@#A total of 29 adult cadaveric shoulder specimens were dissected layer by layer, and the axillary nerve was finally confirmed to walk on the front surface of the subscapularis muscle. Keeping the shoulder joint in a neutral position, the Kirschner wire was passed through the subscapularis muscle from back to front at the 4 : 00 position of the right glenoid circle (7 : 00 position of the left glenoid circle), and the anterior exit point (point A, the point of splitting subscapularis muscle during Latarjet procedure) was recorded. The vertical and horizontal distances between point A and the axillary nerve were measured respectively.@*RESULTS@#In the neutral position of the shoulder joint, the distance between the point A and the axillary nerve was 27.37 (19.80, 34.55) mm in the horizontal plane and 16.67 (12.85, 20.35) mm in the vertical plane.@*CONCLUSION@#In the neutral position of the shoulder joint, the possibility of axillary nerve injury will be relatively reduced when radiofrequency is taken from the 4 : 00 position of the right glenoid (7 : 00 position of the left glenoid circle), passing through the subscapularis muscle posteriorly and anteriorly and splitting outward.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Shoulder , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Arthroscopy/methods , Scapula/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Cadaver , Joint Instability/surgery
14.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 545-550, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981629

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mid-term effectiveness of arthroscopic Bankart repair for recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 107 patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation who met the inclusion criteria between January 2017 and June 2021 was retrospectively analyzed, and all patients underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair. There were 88 males and 19 females. The age of the primary dislocation ranged from 13 to 48 years (mean, 23.3 years). The number of preoperative dislocations was 2-160 times (median, 7 times). The duration of preoperative instability was 0.2-240.0 months (median, 36.0 months). The mean age at operation was 28.2 years (range, 16-61 years). There were 43 cases of left shoulder and 64 cases of right shoulder. The proportion of glenoid defects in 63 patients was 1.7%-16.1% (mean, 8.1%). MRI showed that none of the patients had rotator cuff tears or shoulder stiffness. The CT three-dimensional reconstruction was performed at 1 day after operation to evaluate the distribution of implanted anchors and the occurrence of glenoid split fracture and whether there were nails pullout at the implant site. The postoperative complications were observed, and the pain and function of the shoulder were evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS) score, Rowe score, Constant-Murley score, and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score. The recurrence of instability, the results of apprehension test, the number of patients who returned to preoperative sports level, and the satisfaction rate of patients were recorded.@*RESULTS@#All patients were successfully operated and were followed up 20-73 months (mean, 41.5 months). All incisions healed by first intention. The CT three-dimensional reconstruction at 1 day after operation showed that the anchors were located at the 2 : 00-5 : 30 positions of the glenoid, and there was no glenoid split fracture or nails pullout at the implant site. At last follow-up, VAS score was significantly lower than that before operation, and Rowe score, Constant-Murley score, and ASES score were significantly higher than those before operation ( P<0.05). Seven patients (6.5%) had recurrence of anterior shoulder dislocation at 23-55 months (mean, 39.9 months) after operation, including 6 cases of dislocation and 1 case of subluxation. At last follow-up, 51 patients (47.7%) returned to preoperative sports level, and 11 patients (10.3%) had a positive apprehension test. The patients' satisfaction rate was 90.7% (97/107). Among the 10 patients who were not satisfied with the surgical effectiveness, 7 patients had postoperative recurrence of instability, and 3 patients felt that they did not return to preoperative sports level.@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic Bankart repair has good mid-term effectiveness in patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocations, minimal or no glenohumeral bone defects and low sports need.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Joint Instability/etiology , Arthroscopy/methods , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Recurrence
15.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 538-544, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981628

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effectiveness and advantages of using Fastpass Scorpion suture passer to stitch the inferior capsulolabral complex in arthroscopic Bankart repair compared with traditional arthroscopic suture shuttle.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 41 patients with Bankart lesion, who met the selection criteria and were admitted between August 2019 and October 2021, was retrospectively analyzed. Under arthroscopy, the inferior capsulolabral complex was stitched with Fastpass Scorpion suture passer in 27 patients (FS group) and with arthroscopic suture shuttle in 14 patients (ASS group). There was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05) in gender, age, injured side, frequency of shoulder dislocation, time from first dislocation to operation, and preoperative Rowe score of shoulder. Taking successful suture and pull-tightening as the criteria for completion of repair, the number of patients that were repaired at 5∶00 to 6∶00 (<6:00) and 6∶00 to 7∶00 positions of the glenoid in the two groups was compared. The operation time, and the difference of Rowe shoulder score betwee pre- and post-operation, the occurrence of shoulder joint dislocation, the results of apprehension test, and the constituent ratio of recovery to the pre-injury movement level between the two groups at 1 year after operation.@*RESULTS@#Both groups completed the repair at 5∶00 to 6∶00 (<6∶00), and the constituent ratio of patients completed at 6∶00 to 7∶00 was significantly greater in the FS group than in the ASS group ( P<0.05). The operation time was significantly shorter in the FS group than in the ASS group ( P<0.05). All incisions in the two groups healed by first intention. All patients were followed up 12-36 months (mean, 19.1 months). No anchor displacement or neurovascular injury occurred during follow-up. Rowe score of shoulder in the two groups significantly improved at 1 year after operation than preoperative scores ( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in the difference of Rowe shoulder score between pre- and post-operation between the two groups ( P>0.05). At 1 year after operation, no re-dislocation occurred, and there was no significant difference in the apprehension test and the constituent ratio of recovery to the pre-injury movement level between the two groups ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the arthroscopic suture shuttle, using Fastpass Scorpion suture passer to stitch the inferior capsulolabral complex in arthroscopic Bankart repair is more convenient, saves operation time, and has good effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Arthroscopy/methods , Scorpions , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Sutures , Equidae , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Joint Instability/surgery , Suture Anchors , Recurrence , Range of Motion, Articular
16.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 533-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981627

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of arthroscopic autologous iliac bone grafting with double-row elastic fixation in treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation combined with massive glenoid bone defects.@*METHODS@#Between January 2018 and December 2021, 16 male patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation combined with massive glenoid bone defects were treated with arthroscopic autogenous iliac bone grafting and double-row elastic fixation. The patients were 14-29 years old at the time of the first dislocation, with an average age of 18.4 years. The causes of the first dislocation included falling injury in 5 cases and sports injury in 11 cases. The shoulders dislocated 4-15 times, with an average of 8.3 times. The patients were 17-37 years old at the time of admission, with an average age of 25.1 years. There were 5 left shoulders and 11 right shoulders. The preoperative instability severity index (ISIS) score of the shoulder joint was 5.8±2.1, and the Beighton score was 4.3±2.6. The University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) score, Constant score, American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, and Rowe score were used to evaluate shoulder function, and the degree of the glenoid bone defect repair was observed based on CT after operation.@*RESULTS@#All incisions healed by first intention, and no complication such as incision infection or neurovascular injury occurred. The patients were followed up 12 months. At 12 months after operation, UCLA score, Constant score, ASES score, and Rowe score all significantly improved when compared with the scores before operation ( P<0.05). CT imaging showed the degree of glenoid bone defect was significantly smaller at immediate, 6 and 12 months after operation when compared with that before operation ( P<0.05), and the bone blocks healed with the scapula, and bone fusion had occurred at 12 months.@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic autologous iliac bone grafting with double-row elastic fixation is a safe treatment for recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation combined with massive glenoid bone defects, with good short-term effectiveness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Bone Transplantation/methods , Arthroscopy/methods , Joint Instability/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Scapula/surgery , Recurrence
17.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 518-525, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981625

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To review the research progress of the biomechanical study of the Bristow-Latarjet procedure for anterior shoulder dislocation.@*METHODS@#The related biomechanical literature of Bristow-Latarjet procedure for anterior shoulder dislocation was extensively reviewed and summarized.@*RESULTS@#The current literature suggests that when performing Bristow-Latarjet procedure, care should be taken to fix the bone block edge flush with the glenoid in the sagittal plane in the direction where the rupture of the joint capsule occurs. If traditional screw fixation is used, a double-cortical screw fixation should be applied, while details such as screw material have less influence on the biomechanical characteristics. Cortical button fixation is slightly inferior to screws in terms of biomechanical performance. The most frequent site of postoperative bone resorption is the proximal-medial part of the bone block, and the cause of bone resorption at this site may be related to the stress shielding caused by the screw.@*CONCLUSION@#There is no detailed standardized guidance for bone block fixation. The optimal clinical treatment plan for different degrees of injury, the factors influencing postoperative bone healing and remodeling, and the postoperative osteoarticular surface pressure still need to be further clarified by high-quality biomechanical studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Biomechanical Phenomena , Joint Instability/surgery , Bone Resorption , Arthroscopy/methods
18.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 509-517, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981624

ABSTRACT

The shoulder joint is the most prone to dislocation in the whole body, and more than 95% of them are anterior dislocation. Improper treatment after the initial dislocation is easy to lead to recurrent anterior dislocation or anterior shoulder instability, and the outcomes following conservative treatment is poor. Anterior shoulder instability can damage the soft tissue structure and bone structure that maintain the stability of shoulder joint, among which bone structure is the most important factor affecting the stability of shoulder joint. Diagnosis should be combined with medical history, physical examination, and auxiliary examination. Currently, three-dimensional CT is the most commonly used auxiliary examination means. However, various bone defect measurement and preoperative evaluation methods based on three-dimensional CT and the glenoid track theory have their own advantages and disadvantages, and there is still a lack of gold standard. Currently, the mainstream treatment methods mainly include Bankart procedure, coracoid process transposition, glenoid reconstruction with free bone graft, Bankart combined with Remplissage procedure, and subscapular tendon binding tamponade, etc. Each of these procedures has its own advantages and disadvantages. For the diagnosis and treatment of anterior shoulder instability, there are still too many unknown, further research and exploration need to be studied.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder , Joint Instability/surgery , Scapula , Joint Dislocations , Recurrence , Arthroscopy/methods
19.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 398-403, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981605

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of "hybrid" suture with en masse combined with double-layer repair under arthroscopy in repair of delaminated rotator cuff tear by comparison with en masse suture.@*METHODS@#Fifty-six patients with delaminated rotator cuff tears met selection criteria between June 2020 and January 2022 were included in the study. Patients were divided into two groups ( n=28) using a random number method. The patients in trial group underwent arthroscopic "hybrid" suture with the combination en masse and double-layer suture. The patients in control group underwent en masse suture under arthroscopy. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05) in terms of gender, age, rotator cuff tear side, tear size, cause of injury, disease duration, and preoperative American Association of Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score, the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder scoring, visual analogue scale (VAS) score, and shoulder range of motion (forward flexion and lateral external rotation). The operation time, the difference of ASES score, UCLA score, VAS score, and shoulder range of motion (forward flexion and lateral external rotation) between pre- and post-operation were recorded and compared between the two groups ( P>0.05). The rotator cuff healing was examined by MRI and evaluated based on the classification criteria of rotator cuff healing proposed by Sugaya et al.@*RESULTS@#Three cases (1 case in the trial group and 2 cases in the control group) were excluded from the study due to loss of follow-up. Twenty-seven cases in the trial group and 26 cases in the control group were included in the final study analysis. All operations of the two groups were completed successfully. There was no significant difference in the operation time between groups ( P>0.05). The follow-up time was 10-12 months (mean, 10.9 months) in the trial group and 10-13 months (mean, 11.4 months) in the control group. All incisions healed by first intention. No surgery-related complications occurred. The UCLA score, ASES score, VAS score, and shoulder range of motion (forward flexion and lateral external rotation) of both groups at 9 months after operation were significantly superior to those before operation ( P<0.05). The difference of UCLA score, ASES score, and VAS score between before and after operation in the trial group were significantly better than those in the control group ( P<0.05). There was no significant differences between the two groups in the difference of shoulder range of motion (forward flexion and lateral lateral rotation) ( P>0.05). At 9 months after operation, according to the classification criteria of rotator cuff healing proposed by Sugaya et al, MRI showed that the rotator cuff healing of the trial group was significantly better than that of the control group ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with en masse suture, arthroscopic "hybrid" suture for the repair of delaminated rotator cuff tear has advantages in relieving pain and improving shoulder joint function, and the rotator cuff healing is better.


Subject(s)
Humans , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Prospective Studies , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Arthroscopy/methods , Sutures , Range of Motion, Articular , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
20.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 391-397, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981604

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effectiveness of tendon insertion medialized repair in treatment of large-to-massive rotator cuff tears (L/MRCT).@*METHODS@#The clinical and imaging data of 46 L/MRCT patients who underwent arthroscopic insertion medialized repair between October 2015 and June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 26 males and 20 females with an average age of 57.7 years (range, 40-75 years). There were 20 cases of large rotator cuff tears and 26 cases of massive rotator cuff tears. Preoperative imaging evaluation included fatty infiltration (Goutallier grade), tendon retraction (modified Patte grade), supraspinatus tangent sign, acromiohumeral distance (AHD), and postoperative medializaiton length and tendon integrity. The clinical outcome was evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS) score, American Society for Shoulder and Elbow Surgery (ASES) score, shoulder range of motion (including anteflexion and elevation, lateral external, and internal rotation) and anteflexion and elevation muscle strength before and after operation. The patients were divided into two groups (the intact tendon group and the re-teared group) according to the integrity of the tendon after operation. According to the medializaiton length, the patients were divided into group A (medialization length ≤10 mm) and group B (medialization length >10 mm). The clinical function and imaging indexes of the patients were compared.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up 24-56 months, with an average of 31.8 months. At 1 year after operation, MRI showed that the medializaiton length of supraspinatus tendon was 5-15 mm, with an average of 10.26 mm, 33 cases in group A and 13 cases in group B. Eleven cases (23.91%) had re-teared, including 5 cases (45.45%) of Sugaya type Ⅳ and 6 cases (54.55%) of Sugaya type Ⅴ. At last follow-up, the VAS score, ASES score, shoulder anteflexion and elevation range of motion, lateral external rotation range of motion, and anteflexion and elevation muscle strength significantly improved when compared with those before operation ( P<0.05); there was no significant difference in internal rotation range of motion between pre- and post-operation ( P>0.05). The Goutallier grade and modified Patte grade of supraspinatus muscle in the re-teared group were significantly higher than those in the intact tendon group, and the AHD was significantly lower than that in the intact tendon group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in other baseline data between the two groups ( P>0.05). Except that the ASES score of the intact tendon group was significantly higher than that of the re-teared group ( P<0.05), there was no significant difference in the other postoperative clinical functional indicators between the two groups ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of re-tear, VAS score, ASES score, range of motion of shoulder joint, and anteflexion and elevation muscle strength between group A and group B ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Tendon insertion medialized repair may be useful in cases with L/MRCT, and shows good postoperative shoulder function. Neither tendon integrity nor medialization length shows apparent correlations with postoperative shoulder function.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Tendons , Rupture/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Arthroscopy/methods , Range of Motion, Articular
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