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Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 181-183, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928497


Arthroscopic superior capsular reconstruction is an innovative technique for the irreparable rotator cuff tears, but spontaneous pneumothorax after surgery is very rare. The present case was a 66-year-old female with irreparable rotator cuff tears of the right shoulder, treated with the arthroscopic shoulder superior capsular reconstruction. The general anesthesia and operation went smoothly, but the patient experienced stuffiness in the chest and shortness of breath after recovery from anesthesia. Thoracic CT scans showed spontaneous pneumothorax in the right side, which was successfully treated by the conservative treatments (oxygen therapy) according to multidisciplinary team. Prompt and accurate early-stage diagnosis is necessary in controlling postoperative complications and standardized treatment is the key to relieve the suffering. Spontaneous pneumothorax after arthroscopic shoulder surgery has been rarely reported in previous literatures.

Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Female , Humans , Pneumothorax/surgery , Range of Motion, Articular , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder , Shoulder Joint , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928301


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the surgical skills and clinical curative results of arthroscopic treatment of ankle instability combined with anteromedial impingement syndrome.@*METHODS@#From February 2019 to August 2020, 13 patients with ankle instability combined with anteromedial impingement were retrospectively analyzed. There were 10 males and 3 females with age of (40.0±15.1) years old. The course of disease was(44.1±33.2) months. All patients had history of ankle sprain. MRI showed the injury of anterior talofibular ligament. All patients had anteromedial pain and pressing pain when ankle dorsiflexion. All patients were treated with ankle debridement and Brostr?m-Gould surgery under ankle arthroscopic. Postoperative results were evaluated by VAS(visual analogue scale) and AOFAS-AH(American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot scale, AOFAS-AH).@*RESULTS@#All 13 patients completed the surgery successfully with an operative time of 60 to 90 minutes. All the surgical incisions healed by first intention, and no complications such as incision infection, skin necrosis and neurovascular injury. Follow-up time was (18.1±4.7) months. At the latest follow-up, the VAS score was 1.2±1.1, which was significantly lower than the preoperative score 4.8±1.5 (P<0.05);the AOFAS-AH score 94.2±5.1 was significantly higher than the preoperative score 65.5±11.5 (P<0.05). The AOFAS-AH score at the final follow-up ranged from 84 to 100. All patients walked with normal gait without ankle instability or impingement recurrence.@*CONCLUSION@#Ankle anteromedial impingement syndrome combined with ankle instability is easy to be ignored clinically. Such kind of anteromedial impingement syndrome is mostly related to osteophyte at dorsal medial talar neck. Arthroscopic treatment of ankle instability combined with anteromedial impingement syndrome has satisfactory curative effect with safety and minimal injury.

Adult , Ankle , Arthroscopy/methods , Female , Humans , Joint Instability/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928300


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the early efficacy of arthroscopic autologous osteochondral grafting in the treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation.@*METHODS@#From January 2019 to January 2021, 17 patients with recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder who underwent arthroscopic autologous osteochondral grafting were selected, including 12 males and 5 females, ranging in age from 17 to 55 years old, with a mean of (32.88±12.33) years old. Rowes rating system for Bankart repair(Rowe), Oxford Shoulder Instability Score (OSIS) and Simple Shoulder Test (SST) were compared before operation, 6 months after operation and at the latest follow-up. OSIS and SST used to evaluate shoulder function were recorded before surgery and at the latest follow-up. The shoulder mobility and intraoperative and postoperative complications were also recorded.@*RESULTS@#All 17 patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 7 to 25 months, with a mean of (18.4±5.4) months. During the follow-up period, there was no re-dislocation, no vascular or nerve injury. Rowe score increased from 26.2±6.0 before operation to 74.4±4.0 and 82.4±3.1 after 6 months and the latest follow-up. There was significant difference in Rowe score between different time points after operation and before operation (P<0.05). The OSIS increased from 37.0±3.6 before operation to 47.4±2.6 and 52.7±2.6 after 6 months and the latest follow-up. There was significant difference in OSIS between different time points after operation and before operation (P<0.05). The SST score increased from 6.8±0.7 before operation to 9.8±0.8, 11.6±2.6 after 6 months and the latest follow-up. There was significant difference in SST score between different time points after operation and before operation (P<0.05). At the latest follow-up, the lateral external rotation and abduction external rotation activities of the patient were significantly improved compared with those before operation.@*CONCLUSION@#This study provides preliminary evidence that arthroscopic autologous osteochondral grafting can achieve satisfactory early clinical outcomes and stability in patients with recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation with glenoid fracture and defect less than <20%, which is a reliable and effective procedure.

Adolescent , Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Female , Humans , Joint Instability/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Range of Motion, Articular , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Young Adult
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928295


OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect of two different arthroscopic procedures, threading lasso fixation and full-thickness conversion, for repairing articular-sided partial-thickness supraspinatus tendon tear.@*METHODS@#From July 2015 to November 2018, 21 patients with articular-sided partial-thickness supraspinatus tendon tears underwent arthroscopic modified threading lasso fixation repair(group A). There were 12 males and 9 females in the group, with an average age of(53.2±6.4)years old. Twenty-four patients with articular-sided partial-thickness supraspinatus tendon tears received arthroscopic full-thickness conversion repair(group B). In this group, there were 14 males and 10 females, with an average age of (55.7±5.2) years old. The American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) score and University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) shoulder score were used to evaluate preoperative and postoperative clinical function. MRI was used to examine the healing status of the reconstructed rotator cuff.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 20 to 27 months, with a mean of (23.7±3.1) months. In threading lasso fixation group, ASES score and UCLA score increased from 50.6±6.4 and 15.6±2.7 preoperatively to 87.3±5.2 and 31.6±2.4 postoperatively. In full-thickness conversion group, ASES score and UCLA score increased from 52.3±5.6 and 16.8±2.4 scores to 90.1±4.8 and 32.1±2.8. There were also no significant differences in ASES score and Constant score between the two groups before and after operation. There were no significant differences in rotator cuff healing between the two groups(χ2=2.374, P=0.128).@*CONCLUSION@#For the treatment of articular-sided partial-thickness supraspinatus tendon tears both arthroscopic repairs employing threading lasso fixation and full-thickness conversion could achieve satisfactory clinical results, and there are no significant differences in clinical outcomes between the two techniques. Arthroscopic repair with threading lasso fixation is a novel transtendinous procedure in which integrity of the tendon can be preserved.

Arthroscopy/methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Shoulder/surgery , Tendons
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 29(2): 71-74, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1380194


Introducción: El objetivo de este trabajo es valorar los resultados funcionales, porcentaje de re-roturas y tiempo de reintegro laboral en pacientes con lesiones completas del manguito rotador (MR) reparadas artroscópicamente con fila simple.Materiales y métodos: se valoraron en forma retrospectiva ciento siete pacientes. Se incluyeron las lesiones completas tipo 1 y 2 de la clasificación Davidson y Burkhart, laborales, agudas. Se excluyeron lesiones parciales, masivas (mayores a 3 cm), evolucionadas más de seis meses, o que requirieron tratamientos adicionales. Se utilizaron para la valoración: Simple Shoulder Test (SST), Escala Visual Analógica (EVA), American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES). En los casos de re-rotura se compararon los resultados finales para ambos grupos mediante Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (QDASH).Resultados: con un seguimiento de 37.8 meses se obtuvieron los siguientes datos: scores SST 8.2 (68.8 ± 2.9%), EVA para valoración del dolor, el resultado fue 93.3% con dolor leve; ASES, la media fue 89%. Porcentaje de re-roturas: 7.5%. QDASH se diferenció en pacientes sin re-roturas 24.1 ± 2.4% y en los casos con re-rotura, 60.2 ± 4.1%. La media de tiempo al reintegro laboral fue de 7.5 ± 0.3 meses. Conclusión: consideramos que la técnica fila simple es una opción válida que nos permite obtener buenos resultados funcionales en lesiones seleccionadas, agudas, móviles de hasta 3 cm, incluso en pacientes con compensación laboral

Introduction: The objective of this study is to assess the functional results, the percentage of re-tears and the time to return to work, in patients with complete tears of the rotator cuff arthroscopically repaired using simple row suture.Materials and methods: one hundred and seven patients were retrospectively evaluated. Complete acute tears types 1 and 2 of the Davidson and Burkhart classification, in workers, were included. Partial, massive tears (greater than 3 cm), evolving for more than six months, or requiring additional treatments, were excluded. The following scores were used for the assessment of results: the Simple Shoulder Test (SST), the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and the scale of the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons Society (ASES).Results: with a follow-up of 37.8 months, the following results were obtained: SST scores was 8.2 (68.8 ± 2.9%), VAS used for pain assessment was 93.3%, and the mean ASES was 89%. The percentage of re-tears was 7.5%. The QDASH differed in patients without re-rupture 27 ± 2.5% from the cases of re-rupture 60.2 ± 4.1%. Conclusion: we considered that the single row suture technique performed arthroscopically is a valid option that allows to obtain good functional results in selected acute rotator cuff injuries of up to 3 cm in worker population

Adult , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Return to Work , Rotator Cuff Injuries
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 29(2): 81-85, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1380197


La extracción artroscópica de un proyectil articular de cadera por herida de bala se introdujo por primera vez por Cory y cols. en 1998. El misil puede ubicarse flotando libremente dentro de la articulación, ubicado cercano a esta o alojado dentro del hueso del acetábulo o de la cabeza femoral. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de treinta y dos años, quien fue asaltado. El proyectil se alojaba en el trasfondo del acetábulo luego de un trayecto abdominal.La artroscopía de cadera es un procedimiento mínimamente invasivo que resultó efectivo para el retiro de un proyectil articular, resultando menos cruento que una artrotomía. No se encontraron complicaciones. Nivel de Evidencia: III

Arthroscopic removal of a bullet from the hip joint was introduced first by Cory et al. in 1998. The missile can be located freely floating within the joint, located close to the joint, or lodged within the acetabulum bone or the femoral head. A case is presented in a thirty-two-year-old patient, who was assaulted. The projectile lodged in the background of acetabula fossa after an abdominal trajectory.Hip arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that was effective for the removal of a joint projectile resulting in less morbidity than an arthrotomy. No complications were found. Level of Evidence: III

Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Wounds, Gunshot , Foreign Bodies/surgery , Hip Joint
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 8(2): e301, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1358052


Objetivo: El objetivo del presente estudio es explorar y describir resultados y experiencias en el tratamiento de las fracturas de platillo tibial Schatzker1 I-IV con asistencia artroscópica para obtener reducción como parte de la técnica de fijación interna (ARIF). Metodología: Se realizó una búsqueda sistematizada en diferentes motores de búsqueda como Pubmed y Lilacs. Se buscó con la misma metodología por 2 revisores independientes utilizando términos MESH "Tibial Fracture", "Arthroscopic". Se incluyeron artículos publicados en los últimos 5 años (2014 a Setiembre 2020), que muestren resultados clínicos de los procedimientos, en inglés o español, en humanos y mayores de 18 años. Resultados: Siguiendo los criterios de inclusión se identificaron 114 títulos, y finalmente 9 artículos fueron incluidos en nuestra revisión sistematizada. De los 9 artículos revisados 5 corresponden a series de casos con un nivel de evidencia IV, 3 corresponden a estudios comparativos retrospectivos entre técnicas de reducción abierta y fijación interna (ORIF) y ARIF con nivel de evidencia III y un estudio corresponde a un nivel de evidencia I. Un total de 217 pacientes fueron intervenidos mediante ARIF en nuestra revisión, el tiempo promedio de seguimiento fue de 24.9 meses (12-90 m), en cuanto al tipo de fractura las más frecuentes fueron las fracturas de platillo tibial Schatzker II y III, la lesión asociada más frecuente fue la lesión meniscal seguida de la rotura del ligamento cruzado anterior. En cuanto al porcentaje total de resultados obtenidos independientemente de cada score utilizado, el 98% aproximadamente obtuvo resultados buenos o excelentes. El porcentaje de complicaciones operadas con asistencia artroscópica resultó ser aproximadamente del 6.5%, siendo la complicación más frecuente la trombosis venosa profunda con 6 casos. Conclusiones: De nuestra revisión podemos concluir que la asistencia artroscópica es útil en el tratamiento de las fracturas de platillo tibial Schatzker I-IV, siendo una técnica que provee resultados funcionales satisfactorios, sin incrementar el número de complicaciones y permite tratar lesiones asociadas en el mismo acto.

Objective: The objective of this study is to explore the experience and the results of Schatzker1 I-IV tibial plateau fractures internal fixation technique (ARIF) with arthroscopic assistance Methodology: A systematic review was carried out in different search engines such as Pubmed and Lilacs. The same methodology was applied by two independent reviewers using MESH terms "Tibial Fracture", "Arthroscopic". Articles published in the last 5 years (2014 to September 2020) were included, showing clinical results of the procedures, in English or Spanish, in humans and over 18 years of age. Results: Following the inclusion criteria, 114 titles were identified, and finally 9 articles were included in our systematic review. Of the 9 articles reviewed, 5 were case series (level of evidence IV), 3 retrospective comparative studies between open reduction and internal fixation techniques (ORIF) and ARIF with level of evidence III and one study was level of evidence I. A total of 217 patients underwent ARIF surgery in our review, the average follow-up time was 24.9 months (12-90 m), in terms of the type of fracture, the most frequent were Schatzker II tibial plateau fractures and III, the most frequent associated injury was meniscal injury followed by anterior cruciate ligament tear. Regarding the total percentage of results obtained independently of each score used, approximately 98% obtained good or excellent results. The percentage of complications with arthroscopic assistance turned out to be approximately 6.5%, the most frequent complication being deep vein thrombosis with 6 cases. Conclusions: From our review we can conclude that arthroscopic assistance is useful in the treatment of Schatzker I-IV tibial plateau fractures, since it provides satisfactory functional results, without increasing the number of complications and allows treating associated injuries simultaneously.

Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo é explorar e descrever os resultados e experiências no tratamento das fraturas do planalto tibial de Schatzker1 I-IV com auxílio artroscópico para obter redução como parte da técnica de fixação interna (ARIF). Metodologia: : Foi realizada uma busca sistemática em diferentes motores de busca, como Pubmed e Lilacs. Foi pesquisado com a mesma metodologia por 2 revisores independentes usando os termos do MESH "Tibial Fracture", "Arthroscopic". Foram incluídos artigos publicados nos últimos 5 anos (2014 a setembro de 2020), mostrando resultados clínicos dos procedimentos, em inglês ou espanhol, em humanos e maiores de 18 anos. Resultados: Seguindo os critérios de inclusão, 114 títulos foram identificados e, finalmente, 9 artigos foram incluídos em nossa revisão sistemática. Dos 9 artigos revisados, 5 correspondem a séries de casos com nível de evidência IV, 3 correspondem a estudos comparativos retrospectivos entre técnicas de redução aberta e fixação interna (ORIF) e ARIF com nível de evidência III e um estudo corresponde a nível de evidência . evidências I. Um total de 217 pacientes foram submetidos a ARIF em nossa revisão, o tempo médio de acompanhamento foi de 24,9 meses (12-90 m), em termos do tipo de fratura, as mais frequentes foram as fraturas do planalto tibial de Schatzker II e III , a lesão associada mais frequente foi a lesão meniscal seguida de ruptura do ligamento cruzado anterior. Em relação ao percentual total de resultados obtidos independentemente de cada escore utilizado, aproximadamente 98% obtiveram resultados bons ou excelentes. O percentual de complicações operadas com assistência artroscópica revelou-se em torno de 6,5%, sendo a complicação mais frequente a trombose venosa profunda com 6 casos. Conclusões: Da nossa revisão podemos concluir que a assistência artroscópica é útil no tratamento das fraturas do planalto tibial de Schatzker I-IV, sendo uma técnica que fornece resultados funcionais satisfatórios, sem aumentar o número de complicações e permite tratar lesões associadas no mesmo ato.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroscopy/methods , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Arthroscopy/adverse effects , Tibial Fractures/classification
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(spe2): 16-19, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280086


ABSTRACT After arthroscopic ligament reconstruction, athletes still need to go through a postoperative rehabilitation training period and suffer the possible pain that can go from moderate to severe. Commonly used analgesic medications, ropivacaine and fentanyl have the effect of relieving athletes' pain. To study the analgesic effect of ropivacaine on arthroscopic reconstruction of the knee ligament, the steps of reconstruction and pharmacology of ropivacaine were first introduced. Next, the analgesic effects of ropivacaine and fentanyl in 86 athletes were compared on muscle strength recovery, patient satisfaction, and pain score. The results showed that the satisfaction of patients with ropivacaine was 95.35%, and the incidence of postoperative adverse reactions was only 9.30%. These results indicate that ropivacaine has a better analgesic effect in arthroscopic reconstruction of the knee ligament in athletes, which is suitable for postoperative rehabilitation.

RESUMO Após a reconstrução artroscópica do ligamento, os atletas ainda precisam passar por um longo período de treinamento pós-operatório de reabilitação e suportar a possível dor de moderada a severa. Os medicamentos analgésicos ropivacaina e fentanilo comumente utilizados têm o efeito de aliviar a dor dos atletas. Para estudar o efeito analgésico da ropivacaína na reconstrução artroscópica do ligamento do joelho foram introduzidos, em primeiro lugar, os passos da reconstrução artroscópica do ligamento e os da farmacologia da ropivacaína. Em seguida, os efeitos analgésicos da ropivacaína e o fentanilo em 86 atletas foram comparados com a recuperação na força muscular, na satisfação do paciente e na pontuação da dor. Os resultados mostraram que a satisfação dos doentes com a ropivacaína chegava a 95.35%, e a incidência de reações adversas pós-operatórias foi apenas de 9.30%. Estes resultados indicam que a ropivacaína tem melhor efeito analgésico na reconstrução artroscópica do ligamento do joelho, o que é adequado para a reabilitação pós-operatória.

RESUMEN Después de la reconstrucción artroscópica del ligamento, los atletas aun precisan pasar por un largo período de entrenamiento posoperatorio de rehabilitación y soportar el posible dolor que puede ir de moderado a severo. Los medicamentos analgésicos, ropivacaína y fentanilo que son comúnmente utilizados, tienen el efecto de aliviar el dolor de los atletas. Para estudiar el efecto analgésico de la ropivacaína en la reconstrucción artroscópica del ligamento de la rodilla fueron introducidos, en primer lugar, los pasos de la reconstrucción y de la farmacología de la ropivacaína. Enseguida, los efectos analgésicos de la ropivacaína y el fentanilo en 86 atletas fueron comparados en la recuperación de la fuerza muscular, en la satisfacción del paciente y en la puntuación del dolor. Los resultados mostraron que la satisfacción de los pacientes con la ropivacaína llegaba a 95.35%, y la incidencia de reacciones adversas posoperatorias fue apenas de 9.30%. Estos resultados indican que la ropivacaína tiene mejor efecto analgésico en la reconstrucción artroscópica del ligamento de la rodilla de los atletas, lo que es adecuado para la rehabilitación posoperatoria.

Humans , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Arthroscopy/methods , Athletic Injuries/surgery , Ropivacaine/therapeutic use , Knee Injuries/surgery , Anesthetics, Local/therapeutic use , Patient Satisfaction , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353926


Introducción: La artroscopia bilateral de rodilla en un solo tiempo quirúrgico permite cursar un solo posoperatorio y una única rehabilitación. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los resultados clínico-funcionales y el tiempo hasta el retorno laboral y deportivo en una serie de pacientes sometidos a una artroscopia bilateral en un solo tiempo quirúrgico. materiales y métodos: Se evaluó a una serie retrospectiva de pacientes desde abril de 2016 hasta abril de 2019, que fueron sometidos a una artroscopia bi-lateral de rodilla en un solo tiempo quirúrgico. Se analizaron los resultados clínico-funcionales a corto y mediano plazo, y el tiempo para el retorno laboral y deportivo. Resultados: La edad promedio fue de 41 años (rango 18-63). El seguimiento promedio fue de 18 meses (rango 6-37). Los tiempos de anestesia y quirúrgico promedio fueron 105 min (rango 60-170) y 85 min (rango 50-150), respectivamente. El tiempo promedio para el retorno laboral fue de 2 meses (rango 1-5). Todos los pacientes recuperaron el rango completo de movilidad articular. Conclusiones: Si bien se han obtenido buenos resultados clínicos con la artroscopia bilateral de rodilla en un solo tiempo, en pacientes seleccionados, no se pueden establecer comparaciones ni conclusiones relevantes debido a la baja casuística y a la gran diversidad de las cirugías realizadas. La principal ventaja radicaría en evitar procedimientos en dos tiempos quirúrgicos, lo que implicaría dos operaciones, dos anestesias y dos programas de rehabilitación diferentes. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Introduction: Single-stage bilateral arthroscopic surgery allows the patient to undergo a single postoperative and rehabilitation period. The aim of this article was to evaluate the functional-clinical outcomes and time to return to work and sports in a series of patients who had undergone single-stage bilateral arthroscopy. Materials and Methods: We evaluated a retrospective series of patients who had undergone single-stage bilateral knee arthroscopy from April 2016 to April 2019. Short- and medium-term clinical-functional outcomes, and time to return to work and sports were analyzed. Results: The average age of the patients was 41 years (range 18 - 63), with an average follow-up of 18 months (6-37). The average anesthesia time was 105 minutes (range 60 - 170) and the average surgical time was 85 minutes (50 to 150). The average time to return to work was 2 months (range 1-5). Joint range of motion was fully recovered in all patients. Conclusion: Although single-stage bilateral arthroscopy has shown good clinical outcomes in selected patients, no relevant comparisons or conclusions can be established due to the low casuistry and the great diversity of the surgeries performed. The main advantage would be in avoiding procedures in two surgical stages, which would imply two operations, twice the anesthesia and two different rehabilitation programs. Level of Evidence: IV

Adult , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Return to Work , Return to Sport , Knee Joint/surgery
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(5) (Nro Esp - AACM Asociación Argentina de Cirugía de la Mano): 581-594, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353964


Objetivo: Evaluar, en forma retrospectiva, la función y los resultados objetivos de los pacientes con lesión foveal del complejo del fibrocartílago triangular mediante anclaje óseo sin nudo artroscópico. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluó, en forma retrospectiva, a 12 pacientes con lesión foveal del complejo del fibrocartílago triangular Atzei 2/3 y un seguimiento promedio de 18 meses. Todas las lesiones se repararon con artroscopia mediante la guía de fibrocartílago y anclaje óseo sin nudo. Se evaluaron los rangos de movilidad y la fuerza de agarre con la escala de muñeca de la Clínica Mayo y el cuestionario DASH. Resultados: Se obtuvieron mejoras en la prueba del dolor y la fuerza; el rango de movilidad promedio fue de 70° de extensión, 85° de flexión, 20° de desviación radial y 30° de desviación cubital. Los resultados según la escala de muñeca de la Clínica Mayo fueron excelentes en el 83% y buenos en el 17%, no hubo resultados malos. El puntaje promedio del cuestionario DASH fue 56 en el preoperatorio y 8 en el posoperatorio. El promedio de la fuerza comparativa contralateral fue del 70%. Conclusiones: La reparación artroscópica de las lesiones Atzei 2/3 mediante anclaje óseo sin nudo logra buenos resultados, mejora los rangos de movilidad, recupera la estabilidad en todos los casos y la fuerza total o parcial. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Objective: To retrospectively evaluate the functional and objective outcomes in patients with foveal lesions of the triangular fibrocartilage complex treated with arthroscopic knotless bone anchors. Materials and methods: We retrospectively evaluated 12 patients with Atzei 2/3 foveal lesions of the triangular fibrocartilage complex with an average follow-up of 18 months. All the lesions were repaired arthroscopically using a fibrocartilage guide and knotless bone anchors. The ranges of motion and grip strength were assessed with the Mayo Clinic wrist scale and the DASH questionnaire. Results: Improvements were obtained in the pain and strength test; the average range of motion was 70° in extension, 85° in flexion, 20° in radial deviation, and 30° in ulnar deviation. The outcomes according to the Mayo Clinic wrist scale were excellent in 83% of the cases and good in 17%; there were no poor outcomes. The average DASH score was 56 preoperatively and 8 postoperatively. The average contralateral comparative strength was 70%. Conclusion: The arthroscopic repair of Atzei 2/3 lesions with knotless bone anchors achieves good outcomes, improves ranges of motion, and restores stability and total or partial strength in all cases. Level of Evidence: IV

Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Wrist Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Triangular Fibrocartilage/surgery , Triangular Fibrocartilage/injuries
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(4): 246-253, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1352927


Introducción: La artrosis radiocubital distal (ARCD) produce dolor y pérdida de fuerza en movimientos de pronosupinación con limitación funcional. Nuestro objetivo es presentar los resultados obtenidos mediante la técnica de Sauvé Kapandji (SK) de forma artroscópica. Esta técnica preserva el retináculo extensor, permite la colocación anatómica de la articulación y una rehabilitación más rápida. No hemos encontrado trabajos reportando casos sobre esta técnica.Materiales y métodos: estudiamos de forma retrospectiva a siete pacientes con ARCD, evaluando el Dash y el score de la Clínica Mayo. Cinco pacientes masculinos y dos femeninos con test de Nakamura. Su edad promedio fue de 60.2 años. Cinco pacientes en edad laboral y dos jubilados. Todos los pacientes de esta serie fueron tratados de manera artroscópica con la técnica de Sauvé Kapandji (SK) artroscópica. Resultados: el seguimiento promedio fue de 14.7 meses. Cinco pacientes tenían antecedentes de fractura de muñeca y dos, antecedentes de lesión del complejo fibrocartílago triangular (CFCT), sin inestabilidad. Los siete pacientes tenían test de Nakamura positivo. Obtuvimos una supinación preoperatoria de 26.4° promedio y de 75° postoperatoria y una pronación de 32° preoperatoria y 85° postoperatoria. La fuerza obtenida fue del 25% prequirúrgica y 80% postquirúrgica. Obtuvimos un Dash score prequirúrgico de 88 puntos y un postquirúrgico de 6 puntos. El score de la Mayo de muñeca fue excelente en tres pacientes y bueno en cuatro. Obtuvimos una VAS de 9.5 en el prequirúrgico y una VAS de 1 punto al final del seguimiento. Todos los pacientes estaban conformes con las incisiones realizadas.Discusión: el procedimiento de SK es de elección en la artrosis radiocubital distal y puede realizarse en pacientes jóvenes con alta demanda cuando se presentan rupturas del CFCT sin inestabilidad, restaurando la movilidad de la muñeca, la estabilidad y la fuerza de grip. La técnica artroscópica permite la preservación del quinto y sexto compartimento, facilitando una posición anatómica de la ARCD, una rehabilitación rápida y una mejor cosmética que la cirugía convencional.Conclusión: las técnicas artroscópicas del procedimiento de SK dan resultados similares a las abiertas a largo plazo, con una movilidad y fuerza aceptables, sin embargo, la técnica con asistencia artroscópica permite no abrir los compartimientos extensores, lo que facilita una recuperación funcional más rápida y aceptable y admite evaluar la cantidad justa necesaria de resección del cartílago articular y tratar las lesiones asociadas mediante esta técnica. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Introduction: Distal radioulnar osteoarthritis (ARCD) produces pain and loss of strength in pronosupination movements with functional limitation. Our objective is to present the results obtained using the Sauvé Kapandji (SK) technique in an arthroscopic way. This technique preserves the extensor retinaculum, allows for faster anatomical placement of the joint and rehabilitation. We have not found works reporting cases on this technique.Materials and methods: we retrospectively studied seven patients with ARCD, evaluating the Dash and the Mayo score. Five male and two female using the Nakamura test. The age of the patients was 60.2 years on average. Five patients of working age and two retirees. All patients in this series were treated arthroscopically with the arthroscopic Sauvé Kapandji technique.Results: the average follow-up was 14.7 months. Five patients had a history of wrist fracture and two had a history of Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex (CFCT) injury without instability. All seven patients had a positive Nakamura test. We obtained an average pre-operative supination of 26.4° and an average of 75° post-operatively, and a 32° pre-operative and 85° post-operative pronation. The strength obtained was 25% pre-surgical and 80% post-surgical. We obtained a pre-surgical Dash score of 88 points and a post-surgical score of 6 points. The Mayo score of the wrist was excellent in three patients, good in four. We obtained a VAS of 9.5 in the pre-surgical period and a VAS of 1 point. All patients were compliant with the incisions made.Discussion: the SK procedure is of choice in distal radioulnar osteoarthritis and can be performed in the presence of TCCC ruptures without instability in young patients with high demand, restoring wrist mobility, stability, and grip strength. The arthroscopic technique allows the preservation of the fifth and sixth compartments, allowing an anatomical position of the ARCD, with a quick rehabilitation and a better cosmetic than conventional surgery.Conclusion: the arthroscopic techniques of the KS procedure give results similar to the open ones in the long term, with acceptable mobility and strength, however, the arthroscopic-assisted technique allows not to open the extensor compartments, allowing a faster, acceptable functional recovery and allows to evaluate the necessary amount of articular cartilage resection and to treat associated injuries using this technique. Level of Evidence: IV

Osteoarthritis , Arthroscopy/methods , Wrist Joint/surgery , Treatment Outcome
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(4): 254-259, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1352928


Introducción: Las lesiones meniscales horizontales tipo "cleavage" se extienden desde el margen interno libre del menisco, a través de la sustancia intrameniscal, hasta la unión menisco-capsular, y dividen el menisco en láminas superiores e inferiores. Se cree que son lesiones asociadas a meniscos degenerativos, por lo que tienden a ser más comunes en pacientes mayores. El tratamiento clásico consiste en realizar una meniscectomía parcial de la lámina superior o de la inferior, generando sobrecarga compartimental, la que puede desarrollar cambios degenerativos e inestabilidad. Actualmente, trabajos científicos nos presentan la posibilidad de reparar estas lesiones con diversas técnicas. El objetivo del siguiente trabajo es mostrar los resultados clínicos de una serie de pacientes tratados con reparación de las lesiones horizontales, los detalles de las técnicas utilizadas, índices de fallas y vuelta al deporte. Materiales y métodos: realizamos un estudio retrospectivo en el que analizamos una serie de veinticuatro pacientes con lesión meniscal horizontal tratados artroscópicamente con sutura entre 2014 y 2018 en el Hospital Universitario Austral y en el Sanatorio Mapaci. Evaluamos la cantidad y tipo de suturas meniscales, el dolor postoperatorio a través de la escala visual análoga (EVA), y la función con la escala de Lysholm e IKDC a los dos años de seguimiento. Evaluamos también el retorno al deporte y complicaciones.Resultados: la edad promedio fue de 27.8 años; ocho fueron mujeres y dieciséis, hombres. El menisco externo fue el más afectado con diecinueve casos y cinco fueron lesiones del menisco interno. En tres casos, cuando el menisco interno fue afectado, se realizó la técnica de "pie-crust" del ligamento colateral medial. Diez casos fueron asociados a reconstrucción del ligamento cruzado anterior. El promedio de cantidad de suturas meniscales fue de cuatro por paciente. El score de Lysholm a los dos años postoperatorio fue de 94, el IKDC postoperatorio de 88 y la escala EVA fue de 1/10. Todos los pacientes retornaron al deporte a los seis meses (casos aislados) y entre el noveno y el décimo mes (asociados a la reconstrucción del LCA).Conclusión: la reparación meniscal horizontal proporciona buenos resultados funcionales a mediano plazo al preservar la mayor cantidad de tejido meniscal. Creemos que es momento de un cambio de enfoque para este tipo de lesiones, la meniscectomía total o parcial no debería seguir siendo la "indicación de elección" en lesiones meniscales horizontales. En cambio, la preservación meniscal debería ser nuestro objetivo principal, siempre que sea posible. Nivel de Evidencia: IV

Introduction: Horizontal-cleavage meniscus tears begin at the inner edge of the meniscus and continue toward the capsule, dividing the meniscus in to a superior and inferior surface. They are typically associated to degenerative tears, therefore mainly affect elder people. Classically, treatment consisted of partial meniscectomy of either superior or inferior surface, resulting in a compartment overload and developing degenerative changes and instability. The latest publications shows that this type of tears can be repaired with several techniques. The aim of this study was to show the treatment for horizontal cleavage meniscus tears, by displaying a detailed evolution of the used techniques in a case series, evaluating results and outcomes, failure rate and return to sport.Materials and methods: twenty-four patients who underwent and arthroscopic repair of horizontal cleavage tears between 2014 and 2018 at Hospital Universitario Austral and Sanatorio Mapaci where retrospectively reviewed. We review the quantity and type of meniscal sutures, post-operative pain through Visual Analog Scale, Lysholm score and IKDC at two years follow-up. Also, we evaluated return to sports and complications.Results: the age average was of 27.8 years old. Eight patients where females and sixteen males. The most affected meniscus was the lateral in nineteen cases, and the medial in five. In three cases a medial collateral ligament (MCL) pie-crust technique was required when de medial meniscus was repaired. In ten cases a concomitant ACL reconstruction surgery was performed. The mean number of sutures per patient was four. Lysholm score at two years follow-up was of 94, IKDC of 88 and AVS of 1/10. The isolated cases returned to sports at six months after surgery, and the ones with ACL associated surgery between nine and ten months.Conclusion: by preserving more meniscal tissue, meniscal repair of horizontal-cleavage tears provides good functional outcomes at mid-term follow up. We believe that it is time for a change when approaching this type of injury, "treatment of choice" in horizontal cleavage injuries should not be partial or total meniscectomy. Instead, the main goal should be, whenever possible, meniscal tissue preservation. Level of Evidence: IV

Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Knee Injuries
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(4): 260-264, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1352929


Describimos una técnica simple de reconstrucción del aparato extensor por ruptura crónica del tendón rotuliano mediante la utilización de autoinjerto de isquiotibiales ipsilateral, tunelizando la rótula y asociando a reparación directa del tendón remanente con anclajes óseos. El tiempo de evolución de la lesión fue de tres meses, seguimiento de ocho meses con puntuación de Lysholm prequirúrgica de 46 y postquirúrgica de 91, Insall-Salvati prequirúrgico de 2 y postquirúrgico de 1. No presentó complicaciones

We describe a simple technique for the reconstruction of the extensor apparatus due to chronic rupture of the patellar tendon by using an ipsilateral hamstring autograft with tunneling of the patella and associating a direct repair of the remaining tendon with bone anchors. The time of evolution of the lesion was three months. Eight months follow-up with a presurgical Lysholm score of 46 and postsurgical of 91, presurgical Insall-Salvati of 2 and postsurgical of 1. There were no complications

Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Patellar Ligament/surgery , Patellar Ligament/injuries , Knee Injuries
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 112-117, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282673


Introducción: El síndrome de fricción femoroacetabular (SFFA) es frecuentemente diagnosticado en atletas que participan en deportes con súbitos cambios de dirección como fútbol, básquet, tenis y en otras actividades con rangos suprafisiológicos de movimiento, como el ballet o yoga. El objetivo del presente estudio es evaluar el retorno al deporte de los pacientes a los que se les realizó una artroscopía de cadera como tratamiento del SFFA. Materiales y métodos: se incluyeron pacientes que realizaban deportes antes de la cirugía y que fueron tratados mediante una artroscopía de cadera por diagnóstico de SFFA, con un seguimiento mínimo de dos años. Todos fueron evaluados mediante una encuesta escrita acerca del deporte que realizaban, el tiempo de retorno a la práctica, en qué nivel competitivo la llevaban a cabo y la satisfacción con la cirugía. Se evaluaron los scores mediante Harris Hip Score modificado (mHHS) y la escala de Tegner antes y después de la cirugía. Resultados: se evaluaron ciento cuatro artroscopías de cadera, con seguimiento promedio de 29.4 meses (rango 24 ­ 46), en cuarenta y cinco (43.3%) mujeres y cincuenta y nueve (56.7%) hombres. Observamos que noventa y seis (92.3%) pacientes fueron capaces de retornar a su actividad deportiva con una media de 4.7 meses (rango 2-9). Ocho (7.7%) pacientes no pudieron retornar al deporte luego de la cirugía. Del total de la muestra, el 95.2% refirió estar conforme con la cirugía. Las puntuaciones del mHHS mostraron un incremento estadísticamente significativo (69.2 ± 4.8 versus 87.5 ± 4.4; p <0.05). No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas con los puntajes observados en la escala de actividad de Tegner (6.6 ± 0.9 versus 6.3 ± 1; p >0.05). Discusión: previamente se ha documentado en la literatura que la mayoría de los pacientes que realizan actividad deportiva recreacional, y que fueron sometidos a una artroscopía de cadera por presentar SFFA, pueden retornar a su actividad deportiva previa y presentan un alto índice de satisfacción postoperatoria. Nuestros resultados se condicen con la bibliografía.Conclusión: el tratamiento artroscópico del SFFA, en pacientes que realizan deportes de forma recreacional, brinda una tasa elevada (>90%) de satisfacción, de retorno a la práctica y a un nivel similar al que presentaban antes de la cirugía

Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess return to sport of patients after hip arthroscopy for treatment of femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAI). Materials and Methods: patients with sports activity prior to surgery and who underwent hip arthroscopy due to FAI syndrome, with minimum follow-up of two years were included. All patients had to complete a written survey about type of sports they performed, sports return, competition level and satisfaction with surgery. Modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS) was assessed, and level of sport activity was registered, according to Tegner's Activity Scale.Results: one hundred and four hip arthroscopies were available for full analysis with minimum follow-up of 29.4 (24 ­ 46) months. We observed ninety-six (92.3%) patients were able to return to same prior sports activity at a mean of 4.7 (range 2 ­ 9) months. Eight (7.7%) patients were unable to return to sports after surgery. 95.2% reported agreement with hip surgery. mHHS score showed an statistically significant increase after surgery (69.2 ± 4.8 versus 87.5 ± 4.4; p <0.05). There was no significant difference in Tegner's Activity Scale. Discussion: several authors sustain that patients with recreational sports activity who underwent hip arthroscopy for FAI syndrome, achieve excellent outcomes, and able to return to their prior level of competition with a high rate of satisfaction. Our results are similar, according with literature. Conclusion: FAI treatment with arthroscopy achieves high rates of satisfaction and sports return, with similar competition level before surgery

Arthroscopy/methods , Patient Satisfaction , Femoracetabular Impingement/surgery , Return to Sport
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 118-125, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282676


Introduction: this study describes the technique and results of arthroscopic repair of small and medium-sized rotator cuff tears in a philanthropic hospital linked to an educational institution.Materials and methods: we assessed fifty-seven patients who underwent arthroscopic surgery to treat complete rotator cuff tears (<3 cm) from January to December 2014 (mean age: 54.7) and were followed for at least two years (mean follow-up time: 147 weeks).Cases evaluated with the UCLA Shoulder Rating Scale after at least two years of follow-up were classified as poor in 1.8% of cases, 15.8% as fair, 52.6% as good, and 29.8% as excellent. Average preoperative and postoperative UCLA scores were 12.4 and 31.7, respectively. Mean values for pain assessed by the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) also improved significantly, from 8.6 to 1.9.Results: for patients over age fifty-five, age was positively associated (r = 0.577) with a greater difference in VAS score between preoperative and postoperative evaluations; in other words, older patients experienced less pain after at least two years of follow-up.Conclusion: arthroscopic repair yielded good and excellent results in 82.4% of cases with at least two years of follow-up, especially for patients in the 55+ age group. The technique described proved effective for treating these types of tears, as well as a good low-cost option

Arthroscopy/methods , Rotator Cuff Injuries , Treatment Outcome
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 126-133, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282677


Introducción: La aparición de la resonancia magnética y su evolución en la calidad de las imágenes ha guiado el diagnóstico de patologías poco habituales. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar imágenes quísticas y pseudoquísticas en una serie de resonancias magnéticas de pacientes atendidos en nuestro centro, clasificándolas y analizando su frecuencia de aparición y el desarrollo y aplicación de un algoritmo diagnóstico y terapéutico. Materiales y métodos: fueron evaluadas las historias clínicas y resonancias magnéticas de 1808 pacientes cuyo motivo de consulta fue gonalgia de diversa etiología. Se aplicaron criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Se valoró la presencia de imágenes quísticas y pseudoquísticas, y se registró la localización, frecuencia, el tratamiento aplicado y su recidiva. Fueron incluidos en este trabajo quinientos treinta hombres y trescientas once mujeres, con edades comprendidas entre once a ochenta y cuatro años (con un promedio de cuarenta y uno). Se obtuvieron ochocientas noventa y cuatro rodillas de un total de ochocientos cuarenta y un pacientes, donde se observaron 1128 imágenes compatibles con quistes o pseudoquistes. Resultados: en ciento tres pacientes observamos dos o más imágenes. Diecisiete pacientes requirieron tratamiento quirúrgico por vía artroscópica; de estos, catorce fueron quistes asociados a lesión meniscal y tres, gangliones de la vaina del ligamento cruzado anterior. Un quiste de la inserción de la pata de ganso y dos colecciones prerrotulianas se resolvieron de manera abierta. No registramos ninguna recidiva. Conclusión: los quistes y pseudoquistes de rodilla son patologías habituales, consideramos importante el correcto análisis clínico imagenológico para evitar errores de apreciación y tratamiento. La RM es la principal herramienta de estudio para patologías de rodilla, permite evaluar imágenes de difícil observación por otro método y posibilita así un diagnóstico más certero. Consideramos fundamental estar familiarizado con la anatomía específica, conocer su ubicación, entender la relación con estructuras adyacentes y comprender el análisis de las características y patrones de las diferentes lesiones observadas en la RM para poder establecer un diagnóstico correcto.Tipo de estudio: Artículo original. Nivel de evidencia: IV

Introduction: The appearance of magnetic resonance imaging and its evolution in the quality of the images, has led to the diagnosis of unusual pathologies. The objective of this work is to evaluate cystic and pseudocystic images in a series of magnetic resonance imaging of patients treated at our center, classifying and analyzing their frequency of appearance and the development and application of a diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm.Materials and methods: the clinical histories and magnetic resonances of 1808 patients whose reason for consultation was knee paint of different etiology were retrospectively evaluated. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied. The presence of cystic and pseudocystic images was assessed, location, frequency, applied treatment and recurrence were recorded. 530 men and 311 women were included in this study, aged between 11 and 84 years (with an average of 41 years). Results: 894 knees were obtained from a total of 841 patients, where 1128 images compatible with cysts or pseudocysts were observed. In 103 patients we observed two or more images. Seventeen patients required arthroscopic surgical treatment, of these, fourteen were cysts associated with meniscal injury and three were ganglions of the anterior cruciate ligament sheath. One hamstring cyst and two pre-patellar collections were openly resolved. We did not record any recurrence.Conclusion: knee cysts and pseudocysts are common pathologies, we consider the correct clinical imaging analysis important to avoid errors of appreciation and treatment. MRI is the main study tool for knee pathologies, allowing the evaluation of images that are difficult to observe by another method, thus enabling a more accurate diagnosis. We consider it essential to be familiar with the specific anatomy, know its location, understand the relationship with adjacent structures, and understand the analysis of the characteristics and patterns of the different lesions observed on MRI in order to establish a correct diagnosis. Level of evidence: IV

Arthroscopy/methods , Bone Cysts , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Knee Joint
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 140-148, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282679


Introducción: El objetivo principal de este trabajo es describir nuestra técnica de retroconstrucción simple banda todo-adentro para las lesiones aisladas del ligamento cruzado posterior (LCP) y evaluar los resultados clínicos y funcionales que se obtuvieron de una serie de pacientes a los dos años de seguimiento.Materiales y métodos: la muestra está compuesta por catorce pacientes a los que se les practicó una reconstrucción del LCP simple banda (SB) con técnica retrograda todo-adentro. Fueron evaluados de forma retrospectiva, en el pre y postoperatorios se utilizaron las escalas de Lysholm, Tegner y formulario IKDC, la estabilidad anteroposterior fue evaluada con el dispositivo KT-1000. Resultados: el resultado del Lysholm preoperatorio fue en promedio 56.4. Se obtuvo una mejoría global significativa, con una puntuación al final del seguimiento de 90.5 (p = 0.00). El puntaje medio de Tegner mejoró significativamente de 2.21 a 6.34 (p = 0.00), mientras que la puntuación media del IKDC pasó de 47.31 en el preoperatorio a 81.5. El 85.7% de los pacientes evaluados reportaron una rodilla normal o casi normal luego de la cirugía. La evaluación utilizando el KT-1000 fue en promedio de 3.8 mm. Conclusión: la técnica todo-adentro descripta para las lesiones aisladas del LCP es un procedimiento reproducible, con buenos resultados clínicos y funcionales. La guía anatómica tibial y el sistema FlipCutter® nos brindan una mayor seguridad al realizar el orificio tibial sin necesidad de utilizar control radioscópico.Tipo de estudio: Serie de casos. Nivel de evidencia: IV

Introduction: The main objective of this work is to describe our all-inside single-bundle retro-construction technique for isolated posterior cruciate ligament injuries and to evaluate the clinical and functional results that were obtained in a series of patients at two years of follow-up.Materials and methods: fourteen patients who underwent a single-bundle (SB) PCL reconstruction with all-inside retrograde technique were evaluated retrospectively; the Lysholm, Tegner and IKDC score were used in the pre and postoperative period, the anteroposterior stability was with the KT-1000 device.Results: the preoperative Lysholm result was on average 56.4. A significant overall improvement was obtained, with a score at the end of follow-up of 90.5 (p = 0.00). Tegner's mean score improved significantly from 2.21 to 6.34 (p = 0.00). The mean IKDC score improved from 47.31 in the preoperative period to 81.5. 85.7% of the evaluated patients reported a normal or nearly normal knee after surgery. The evaluation using the KT-1000 was on average 3.8 mm. Conclusion: the all-inside technique described for the PCL injuries is a reproducible process, with good clinical and functional results. The tibial anatomical guide and the FlipCutter® system give us greater security when making the tibial hole without the need to use radioscopic control.Study type: Case series. Level of evidence: IV

Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Treatment Outcome , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Knee Joint/surgery
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 149-156, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282680


Introducción: El objetivo primario de nuestro trabajo es analizar los resultados funcionales y retorno deportivo de una serie de pacientes operados de revisión de LCA aislado y aquellos en quien se asoció una plástica extraarticular lateral (PEAL). Como objetivo secundario analizamos la tasa de re-ruptura en ambos grupos. Materiales y métodos: cohorte retrospectiva con recolección de datos prospectivo. Se evaluaron pacientes consecutivos operados de revisión de LCA aislado entre 2014 y 2015 (Grupo 1), y en quienes se asoció una plástica extraarticular lateral (PEAL) entre 2015 y 2016 (Grupo 2). Fueron estudiados a través de un examen clínico, escalas subjetivas de Lysholm, IKDC, evaluación artrométrica con KT-1000, retorno deportivo y una resonancia magnética (RM) al año. Analizamos la tasa de re-ruptura.Resultados: treinta y seis pacientes, dieciocho en cada grupo con un seguimiento promedio de cincuenta y tres meses (rango 37-73). Para la PEAL se realizó una tenodesis extraarticular lateral con fascia lata en trece casos y una reconstrucción con aloinjerto en cinco casos. La mediana de edad fue de 30.5 (RIC 27-36 años) en el Grupo 1 y 26.5 (RIC 24-33 años) en el Grupo 2. La mediana de la escala de Lysholm pre y postoperatoria fue 65 (RIC 61-72) y 91 (RIC 87-98) en el Grupo 1, y 72 (RIC 53-75) y 90 (RIC 79-95) en el Grupo 2 (p 0.1). La mediana de la escala de IKDC pre y postoperatoria fue 55 (RIC 45-65) y 80 (RIC 75-94) en el Grupo 1, y 56 (RIC 48-67) y 76 (RIC 68-84) en el Grupo 2 (p 0.11). Dieciséis (89%) pacientes en cada grupo retornaron al deporte. La tasa de re-ruptura fue 17% (n = 3) para el Grupo 1 y 5.5% (n = 1) para el Grupo 2 (p >0.6) en un promedio de veinticuatro meses. Conclusión: los resultados clínicos y de retorno al deporte han demostrado ser satisfactorios ambos grupos. Si bien la tasa de re-ruptura fue tres veces menor en el Grupo 2, esta diferencia no fue significativa. Se requiere mayor número de pacientes y tiempo para establecer una conclusión.Tipo de estudio: Cohorte retrospectiva. Nivel de evidencia: III

Introduction: The aim of this study is to compare the clinical outcomes and return to sports of a consecutive series of patients treated for revision ACL with and without a lateral extra-articular reconstruction. The secondary objective was to analyze the failure rate in both groups.Materials and methods: we retrospectively evaluated a series of patients treated for isolated revision ACL between 2014 and 2015 (Group 1) and revision ACL associated with a lateral extra-articular plasty from 2015 to 2016 (Group 2). All patients were evaluated with clinical examination, subjective scales of Lysholm and IKDC, return to sports, arthrometric KT-1000 evaluation, magnetic resonance (MR) at one-year follow-up and failure rate.Results: thirty-six patients were evaluated, eighteen in each Group with a mean follow-up of fifty-three months (range 37-73). For the LEAP, in thirteen cases we performed a lateral tenodesis with ilio-tibial band and in five cases a reconstruction using allograft. The median age was 30.5 (IQR 27-36 years) for Group 1 and 26.5 (IQR 24-33 years) for Group 2. The median pre and postoperative Lysholm score was 65 (IQR 61-72) and 91 (IQR 87-98) in Group 1, and 72 (IQR 53-75) and 90 (IQR 79-95) in Group 2 (p 0.1). The median pre and postoperative IKDC score was 55 (IQR 45-65) and 80 (IQR 74-94) in Group 1, and 56 (IQR 48-67) and 76 (IQR 68-84) in Group 2 (p 0.11). Sixteen (89%) patients return to sports in each Group. The failure rate was 17% (n = 3) for Group 1 and 5.5% (n = 1) for Group 2 (p >0.6) at a mean of twenty-four months.Conclusion: clinical outcomes and return to sports were similar for both groups. Even though the failure rate was three times less in Group 2, this difference was not statistically significant. Greater number of patients and more follow-up is necessary to establish any conclusion.Type of study: Retrospective cohort . Level of evidence: III

Adult , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Reoperation , Tenodesis , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Return to Sport
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 165-170, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282682


Introducción: Las fracturas de la espina tibial son entidades con una baja incidencia, pero frecuentemente asociadas a lesiones concomitantes. La RM es el estudio considerado patrón de oro para estudiarlas y descartarlas.Presentación del caso: se presenta un caso de fractura de espina tibial desplazada y lesión en asa de balde concomitante. El tratamiento artroscópico de la lesión consistió en la fijación de la fractura de espina tibial con dos pines biodegradables y sutura meniscal interna con tres sistemas todo-adentro Meniscal Cinch® y dos puntos verticales fuera-dentro con FiberWire 2.0®. Conclusión: el paciente tuvo una excelente evolución clínica, sin presentar complicaciones inherentes a la lesión inicial ni al tratamiento implementado, con un retorno a sus actividades deportivas al mismo nivel previo a la lesión.Tipo de estudio: Reporte de caso.

Introduction: Tibial eminence fractures are uncommon injuries but are frequently associated to concomitant injuries. MRI is considered the Gold Standard; it allows a detailed evaluation of any soft tissue involvement with the injury. Case presentation: an unusual presentation case is reported: a displaced tibial spine fracture and a bucket handle medial meniscus injury. Arthroscopic reduction and fixation were performed, using two bioabsorbable pins for the tibial spine fixation; and three all-inside and two vertical outside-in sutures were needed for the medial meniscus repair. Conclusion: the patient presented excellent clinical outcomes, without presenting inherent complications due to primary injury nor realized treatment, achieving sport activity levels prior to injury. Type of study: Case report

Adolescent , Arthroscopy/methods , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Menisci, Tibial/surgery , Knee Injuries , Treatment Outcome
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(2): 175-180, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1282685


Introducción: Las fracturas por avulsión del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) en adultos son inusuales y en general se deben a traumatismos de alta energía. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar clínica y funcionalmente una serie de pacientes adultos con avulsión de espina tibial. Materiales y métodos: analizamos doce pacientes operados por avulsión de espina tibial entre diciembre de 2009 y diciembre de 2019 tratados con reducción y fijación artroscópica mediante suturas pull-out o tornillos canulados. Evaluamos el rango de movilidad articular (RMA) y la estabilidad postoperatoria con pruebas de Lachman, pivot shift y KT-1000, así como el retorno al deporte y resultados funcionales con las escalas de Lysholm e IKDC. Examinamos consolidación radiográfica y complicaciones postquirúrgicas. Resultados: ocho pacientes fueron incluidos. Cuatro tratados con tornillos canulados (grupo 1) y cuatro con suturas pull-out (grupo 2) con edad promedio de veintinueve años y seguimiento promedio de setenta y ocho y cuarenta y dos meses (grupos 1 y 2, respectivamente). Todos recuperaron el RMA, presentaron Lachman y pivot shift negativos y KT-1000 <3 mm. Tres de cinco pacientes retomaron deportes de pívot. Todos los pacientes presentaron consolidación radiográfica. No se registraron complicaciones postoperatorias.Conclusión: ambas técnicas quirúrgicas fueron efectivas para restablecer la estabilidad articular, lograr buenos resultados funcionales a corto y mediano plazo y alcanzar la consolidación radiográfica en los primeros tres meses postoperatorios

Introduction: Avulsion fractures of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are rare in adults and generally due to high-energy trauma. The objective of this paper was to evaluate clinically and functionally a series of adult patients with anterior tibial eminence fractures treated with reduction and arthroscopic fixation using "pull-out" sutures or cannulated screws.Materials and methods: twelve patients operated on anterior tibial eminence fractures between December of 2009 and December of 2019 were analyzed in whom arthroscopic treatment was performed with "pull-out" sutures or cannulated screws. We evaluated the joint range of motion (ROM) and postoperative stability with Lachman, Pivot-Shift, and KT-1000 tests. Return to sport and functional results were evaluated with the Lysholm and IKDC scales. We analyzed radiographic consolidation and postsurgical complications. Results: eight patients were included. Four of them were treated with cannulated screws (group 1) and four with pull-out sutures (group 2) with a mean age of twenty-nine years and a mean follow-up of seventy-eight and forty-two months (groups 1 and 2, respectively). All of them recovered the ROM, presented negative Lachman and Pivot-Shift, and KT-1000 <3 mm at last follow-up. Three out of five patients returned to pivoting sports. The Lysholm average was 98.75 (group 1) and 91.25 (group 2). The IKDC average was 85.25 (group 1) and 74.67 (group 2). All patients presented radiographic consolidation. No postoperative complications were recorded.Conclusion: both surgical techniques were effective in restoring joint stability, achieving good functional results in the short and medium-term, and achieving radiographic consolidation in the first three postoperative months

Adult , Arthroscopy/methods , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Knee Injuries , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome