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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878989

ABSTRACT

In this paper, Asarum polysaccharides(AP) were extracted, and its composition was analyzed to study the activity against H1 N1 influenza virus in vitro and its intervention effect on mice with kidney Yang deficiency syndrome. AP was prepared by the strategy of water extraction and alcohol precipitation, the content was determined, and its monosaccharide composition was analyzed. The cell Real-time monitoring system and Reed-Muench model were adopted to evaluate the antiviral activity of AP in vitro. And the mouse model of kidney Yang deficiency syndrome was established in vivo to compare the efficacy of Mahuang Xixin Fuzi Decoction(MXF) and AP. MXF group and AP group were treated with clinical equivalent doses of 1.8 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1) and 0.077 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1) respectively, once a day for 6 consecutive days. Real-time PCR was used to detect the relative expression of M gene of H1 N1 influenza virus and cytokines in lung tissue. The content of AP in Asarum was 25.22%, and the protein content was 0.8%. And the monosaccharide composition was identified as L-rhamnose, D-arabinose, D-xylose, D-glucose, D-galactose and D-mannose. TI values of Tamiflu, MXF and AP were 30.00, 8.06 and 10.33, respectively. Three different doses of AP could significantly reduce the concentration of virus in supernatant. Compared with the model mice, lung indexes of MXF group and AP group decreased significantly(P<0.05), and the relative expression of M gene decreased significantly(P<0.05). The relative expressions of IL-10 and IFN-γ were up-regulated to varying degrees, while the relative gene expressions of IL-1β, IL-6 and MCP-1 were down-regulated to different degrees. In addition, AP could significantly enhance the expression of TNF-α(P<0.01). AP had a good anti-influenza virus activity in vitro, and could protect mice with kidney Yang deficiency syndrome by reducing the viral load in lung tissue, decreasing inflammation damage in lung tissue, and regulating the expression of inflammatory cytokines. Compared with the prescription of MXF, AP had a better antiviral activity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Asarum , Cytokines/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Influenza, Human/genetics , Lung , Mice , Polysaccharides
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828008

ABSTRACT

The WRKY family genes, which play an important role in plant morphogenesis and stress response, were selected based on the data of the full-length transcriptome of Asarum heterotropoides. Using AtWRKY33, which regulates the synthesis of the camalexin in the model plant Arabidopsis to compare homologous genes in A. heterotropoides, primers were designed to amplify the open reading frame(ORF) fragment of AhWRKY33 gene by RT-PCR using total RNA of A. heterotropoides leaves as template. Real-time PCR results showed that there was a significant difference between the aerial part and the underground part of A. heterotropoides, the toxic aristolochic acid content is highly expressed in the leaves higher than the root. After verification, the WRKY33 gene of A. heterotropoides is ORF long 1 686 bp, encoding 561 amino acids.AhWRKY33 had two conserved WRKYGQK domains. According to the classical classification, it belongs to group Ⅰ WRKY transcription factor. A. heterotropoides WRKY33 had some homology with amino acids of other species. The study successfully constructed the plant eukaryotic expression vector PHG-AhWRKY33 and transformed Arabidopsis thaliana, the transgenic Arabidopsis was obtained by PCR detection and hygromycin resistant plate screening. It found that the germination of transgenic Arabidopsis seeds was accelerated and the stress resistance was increased. It laid a foundation for further analysis of WRKY transcription factor in the growth and development of A. heterotropoides and the synthesis of secondary metabolites.


Subject(s)
Arabidopsis , Genetics , Arabidopsis Proteins , Genetics , Asarum , Cloning, Molecular , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Plant Leaves , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Transcription Factors , Transformation, Genetic
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773263

ABSTRACT

Chlorophyll content,leaf mass to per area,net photosynthetic rate and bioactive ingredients of Asarum heterotropoides var. mandshuricum,a skiophyte grown in four levels of solar irradiance were measured and analyzed in order to investigate the response of photosynthetic capability to light irradiance and other environmental factors. It suggested that the leaf mass to per area of plant was greatest value of four kinds of light irradiance and decreasing intensity of solar irradiance resulted in the decrease of leaf mass to per area at every phenological stage. At expanding leaf stage,the rate of Chla and Chlb was 3. 11 when A. heterotropoides var. mandshuricum grew in full light irradiance which is similar to the rate of heliophytes,however,the rate of Chla and Chlb was below to 3. 0 when they grew in shading environment. The content of Chla,Chlb and Chl( a+b) was the greatest value of four kinds of light irradiance and decreasing intensity of solar irradiance resulted in its decreasing remarkably( P<0. 05). The rate of Chla and Chlb decreased but the content of Chla,Chlb and Chl( a+b) increased gradually with continued shading. The maximum value of photosynthetically active radiation appeared at 10: 00-12: 00 am in a day. The maximum value of net photosynthetic rate appeared at 8: 30-9: 00 am and the minimum value appeared at 14: 00-14: 30 pm at each phenological stage if plants grew in full sunlight. However,when plants grew in shading,the maximum value of net photosynthetic rate appeared at about 10: 30 am and the minimum value appeared at 12: 20-12: 50 pm at each phenological stage. At expanding leaf stage and flowering stage,the average of net photosynthetic rate of leaves in full sunlight was remarkably higher than those in shading and it decreased greatly with decreasing of irradiance gradually( P < 0. 05). However,at fruiting stage,the average of net photosynthetic rate of leaves in full sunlight was lower than those in 50% and 28% full sunlight but higher than those in 12% full sunlight. All photosynthetic diurnal variation parameters of plants measured in four kinds of different irradiance at three stages were used in correlation analysis. The results suggested that no significant correlation was observed between net photosynthetic rate and photosynthetically active radiation,and significant negative correlation was observed between net photosynthetic rate and environmental temperature as well as vapor pressure deficit expect for 12% full sunlight. Positive correlation was observed between net photosynthestic rate and relative humidity expect for 12% full sunlight. Significant positive correlation was observed between net photosynthetic rate and stomatal conductance in the four light treatments. Only,in 12% full sunlight,the net photosynthetic rate was significantly related to photosynthetically active radiation rather than related to environmental temperature,vapor pressure deficit and relative humidity. In each light treatment,a significant positive correlation was observed between environmental temperature and vapor pressure deficit,relative humidity as well as stomatal conductance. Volatile oil content was 1. 46%,2. 16%,1. 56%,1. 30% respectively. ethanol extracts was 23. 44%,22. 45%,22. 18%,21. 12% respectively. Asarinin content was 0. 281%,0. 291%,0. 279% and 0. 252% respectively. The characteristic components of Asarum volatile oil of plant in different light treatments did not change significantly among different groups.


Subject(s)
Asarum , Physiology , Radiation Effects , Chlorophyll , Photosynthesis , Plant Leaves , Radiation Effects , Sunlight
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741641

ABSTRACT

Bioassay-guided fractionation of the roots of Asarum sieboldii led to the isolation of the six compounds methylkakuol (1), sesamin (2), asarinin (3), xanthoxylol (4), and (2E,4E,8Z,10E/Z)-N-(2-methylpropyl) dodeca-2,4,8,10-tetraenamide (5/6). Among the isolates, xanthoxylol (4) exhibited significant cytotoxicity against human breast cancer cells MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 in vitro with IC₅₀ values of 9.15 and 13.95 µM, respectively.


Subject(s)
Asarum , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Humans , In Vitro Techniques
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330176

ABSTRACT

To develop an analytic method for qualitative and quantitative analysis of dodecatetraenamides A, B in 42 samples of two official species of Asari Radix et Rhizoma( ARR) (37 samples of Asarum heterotropoides var. mandshuricum with different collection time and 5 samples of Asarum sieboldiivar. seoulense). The HPLC-IT-TOF-MS/MS methods for the qualitative and UPLC-PDA methods for the quantitative analysis were established. Dodecatetraenamides A, B were identified by comparing the retention time, UV absorption spectrum and quasi-molecular ion peak [ M + H]+ with the reference compound using HPLC-IT-TOF-MS/MS. The content of dodecatetraenamides A and B in ARR were determined by UPLC-PDA. The separation was successfully carried out on a ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 (2.1 mm x 100 mm, 1.7 µm) column eluted with mobile phases of water (A) and acetonitrile (B) in gradient program (0-3 min, 35% B; 3-5 min, 35%-36% B; 5-6 min, 36%-43% B; 6 min-11 min 43% B; 11-12 min, 43%-100% B). The column temperature was 45 °C, and the detection wavelength was set at 254 nm. The flow rate was 0.6 mL · min(-1). On one level mass spectrometry scanning, the results showed that the quasi-molecular ion [M + H] + of both dodecatetraenamides A and B were m/z 248.20. The quantitative method with UPLC-PDA has made the baseline separation of the constituents, which were reported as mixtures in the most literatures. The average recovery of dodecatetraenamides A and B were 97.90% and 99.86%, the relative standard deviation were 0.4% and 1.1%, respectively. The contents of dodecatetraenamides A, B in all ARR samples was in the range of 0.11-3.89 and 0.24-6.65 mg · g(-1). Their contents reduced with the extension of storage time. Compared with the samples of 2013, the average content of the two constituents in the samples collected in year 2002-2003 reduced 34% and 36%, respectively (P < 0.05). Compared the A. sieboldii var. seoulense and A. heterotropoides var. mandshuricum with the same collective time and production area, the average contents of the two constituents in latter were up to (1.59 ± 0.75) mg · g(-1) and (2.90 ± 1.17) mg · g(-1), respectively, significantly higher than that in A. sieboldii var. seoulense (dodecatetraenamide A were (0.78 ± 0.52) mg · g(-1), dodecatetraenamide B were (1.69 ± 0.83) mg · g(-1)) (P < 0.05). The content of the dodecatetraenamide A in overground part was in the range of 0.11-0.33 mg · g(-1), dodecatetraenamide B was 0. 24-0.60 mg · g(-1), which were much lower than that of the underground part of ARR (dodecatetraenamide A was in the range of 0.73-3.89 mg · g(-1), dodecatetraenamide B was 2.11-6.24 mg · g(-1)). The method was certified to be simple, accurate and reliable and could be used for qualitative and quantitative analysis of dodecatetraenamide A and B in different species of ARR, also can be used for the comprehensive quality control of traditional Chinese medicine, Asari Radix et Rhizoma.


Subject(s)
Amides , Chemistry , Asarum , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Molecular Structure , Rhizome , Chemistry
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351312

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the character of inorganic elements in Asari Radix et Rhizoma (Xixin).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The contents of 53 inorganic elements in Xixin samples from different localities and species were determined by ICP-AES and ICP-MS. The statistical data were made using SAS.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The result demonstrated that Xixin has the high contents of Fe, Cr, Li. It has been observed that the content of Cu and Pb of the samples are much higher than the standard level. The results of hierarchical cluster analysis revealed two groups which correspond with the species of the samples. No correlations between the contents of the inorganic elements and the localities of the samples were found. Some characteristic elements were displayed in some specific areas. The difference of the contents of the 53 inorganic elements between root and rhizome of Xixin was reported for the first time. The primary form of inorganic elements in Xixin has been studied for the first time. The result demonstrated that the extraction rate between different elements varied, with the average extraction rate of (22.25 +/- 24.96)%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The inorganic elements analysis of Xixin can provide evidence of its identification, cultivation and application.</p>


Subject(s)
Asarum , Chemistry , Classification , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Rhizome , Chemistry , Trace Elements
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812180

ABSTRACT

AIM@#To develop a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and ultraviolet (UV) detector method for the acid-alkaline simultaneous determination of ten bioactive compounds, and analyze the effect of compatible medicinal plants on the concentration of components in Dahuang Fuzi Tang (DFT).@*METHOD@#The chromatographic separation was performed on a Hypersil BDS C18 analytical column by gradient elution with acetonitrile and formate buffer (containing 0.15% formic acid, V/V) at 25 °C with a flow rate of 1.0 mL·min(-1) and UV detection at 280 nm. Four of the ten compounds in DFT were identified and their MS fragments were elucidated by HPLC-ESI-MS, and the contents of the six compounds were determined by HPLC-UV.@*RESULTS@#All calibration curves showed good linear regression (r(2) ≥ 0.9990). The limits of detection and limits of quantification were 0.021-0.155 -g·mL(-1) and 0.076-0.520 -g·mL(-1), respectively. Overall precision RSD (intra-day and inter-day) were less than 2.96%, and the average recoveries were 98.35%-101.45%, with RSD ranging from 1.54% to 3.01% for the analytes.@*CONCLUSION@#The developed method can be applied for the quality control and provide analytical evidence on the chemical basis and combinational principles of DFT.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Chemistry , Asarum , Chemistry , Calibration , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Limit of Detection , Quality Control , Reproducibility of Results , Rheum , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization , Methods , Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet , Methods
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-192400

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate bone response to anodized titanium implants coated with the extract of black cohosh, Asarum Sieboldii, and pharbitis semen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty anodized titanium implants were prepared as follows: group 1 was for control; group 2 were implants soaked in a solution containing triterpenoids extracted from black cohosh for 24 hours; group 3 were implants soaked in a solution containing extracts of black cohosh and Asarum Sieboldii for 24 hours; group 4 were implants soaked in a solution containing extracts of pharbitis semen for 24 hours. The implants from these groups were randomly and surgically implanted into the tibiae of ten rabbits. After 1, 2, and 4 weeks of healing, the nondecalcified ground sections were subjected to histological observation, and the percentage of bone-to-implant contact (BIC%) was calculated. RESULTS: All groups exhibited good bone healing with the bone tissue in direct contact with the surface of the implant. Group 2 (52.44 +/- 10.98, 25.54 +/- 5.56) showed a significantly greater BIC% compared to that of group 3 (45.34 +/- 5.00, 22.24 +/- 2.20) with respect to the four consecutive threads and total length, respectively. The BIC% of group 1 (25.22 +/- 6.00) was significantly greater than that of group 3 (22.24 +/- 2.20) only for total length. CONCLUSION: This study did not show any remarkable effects of the extract of black coshosh and the other natural products on osseointegration of anodized titanium implants as coating agents. Further studies about the application method of the natural products on to the surface of implants are required.


Subject(s)
Animals , Asarum , Biological Products , Bone and Bones , Cimicifuga , Methods , Osseointegration , Rabbits , Semen , Tibia , Titanium
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338687

ABSTRACT

The compatible use of Veratrum nigrum with asarum, is one of the eighteen incompatible pairs. To research the toxic regularity of the compatible use of V. nigrum and asarum, this experiment adopted the uniform design combining with acute toxicity test, with the number of died animals as the observation indicator. The results showed that the toxicity came from the common effect of V. nigrum and asarum, and V. nigrum after the compatible use, and V. nigrum made a greater contribution to the toxicity caused by the compatible use. But the toxicity did not absolutely enhance with the increase in use of V. nigrum.


Subject(s)
Animals , Asarum , Toxicity , Drug Incompatibility , Female , Lethal Dose 50 , Male , Mice , Veratrum , Toxicity
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288736

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the anti-nociception and anti-inflammation pharmacodynamics of Asarum heterotropoides var. mandshuricum and A. sieboldii.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Both the writhing test and hot plate test were conducted to assess the anti-nociceptive effect of Asarum and Xylene-induced mouse ear edema was conducted to assess the anti-inflammatory effect of Asarum.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Twelve samples of A. heterotropoides var. mandshuricum and A. sieboldii from different producing areas showed anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects. Specifically, 27% to 61% of the seven samples of A. heterotropoides var. mandshuricum showed anti-nociceptive effect and while 34% to 48% of A. sieboldi showed anti-nociceptive effect. The inflammatory inhibition rate of A. heterotropoides var. mandshuricum produced in six producing areas (38%-57%) is higher than that of A. heterotropoides var. mandshuricum produced in five producing areas (34%-48%). The same kind of Asarum produced in different areas showed significant differences. A. heterotropoides var. mandshuricum produced in Jilin province (38%-57%) showed better anti-nociceptive effect than sample produced in Heilongjiang province (34%) in writhing test. A. heterotropoides var. mandshuricum produced in Heilongjiang (43%) province showed a better anti-nociceptive effect than samples produced in Liaoning province (29%-36%) in hot plate test. A. sieboldii produced in Shaanxi province (47%-49%) showed a better anti-nociceptive effect than samples produced in Hubei province (40%) in writhing test. A. sieboldii produced in Shaanxi province (45%-59%) showed better anti-nociceptive effect than samples produced in Chongqing (40%) in hot plate test. A. heterotropoides var. mandshuricum produced in Jilin province (51%-63%) showed better anti-inflammatory effect than samples produced in Heilongjiang province (50%). In totality, the results from analysis of geoherbalism showed that famous-region A. heterotropoides var. mandshuricum and A. sieboldii had a better anti-nociception effect than Asarum produced in other producing areas, famous-region A. heterotropoides var. mandshuricum had a better effect than those produced in other producing areas in anti-inflammation. But famous-region A. sieboldii showed no obvious difference from those produced in other producing areas in anti-inflammation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>All samples of Asarum showed anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects, but with significant differences among Asarum produced in different areas, indicating the eoherbalism to some extent.</p>


Subject(s)
Analgesics , Pharmacology , Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Asarum , Female , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354204

ABSTRACT

To study the infection rate of leaf spot disease, the drying rate of root and volatile oil content of Asarum heterotropoides var. mandshuricum at the unwrapping stage, blooming stage, the initial fruit stage, fructescence and wither stage during the growth period under the different sunlight intensity of 100% (I), 50% (II), 28% (III), 12% (IV). The volatile oil content was measured according to the method of Chinese Pharmacopoeia and the oil composition was determined by GC-MS. The unwrapping stage, blooming stage and the early fruit stage postponed about 2 days with decrease of the sunlight intensity. The infection rate of leaf was 88.46%, 70.00%, 0.23%, 0.07% under light intensity of I, II, III and IV, respectively, the drying rate was 25.14%, 28.27%, 30.23%, 31.57% under light intensity of I, II, III and IV, respectively, and the volatile oil content was 18.1, 17.6, 16.3, 15.3 mL x kg(-1) under light intensity of I, II, III and IV, respectively. The composition of the oil determined by GC-MS was different between the groups, but the content did not changed significantly with the decrease of the light intensity.


Subject(s)
Asarum , Radiation Effects , Light , Regression Analysis
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 188-192, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348978

ABSTRACT

To study the chemical constituents of Asarum himalaicum, fifteen compounds were isolated from a 70% ethanol extract by using a combination of various chromatographic techniques including column chromatography over silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and semi-preparative HPLC. By spectroscopic techniques including 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and HR-ESI-MS, these compounds were identified as 4-demethoxyaristolochic acid BII (1), aristolochic acid I (2), aristolochic acid Ia (3), 7-hydroxyaristolochic acid I (4), aristolochic acid IV (5), aristolic acid II (6), debilic acid (7), aristololactam I (8), 9-hydroxyaristololactam I (9), 7-methoxyaristololactam IV (10), (2S)-narigenin-5, 7-di-O-beta-D-pyranosylglucoside (11), 4-hydroxybenzoic acid (12), 3, 4-dihydroxybenzoic acid (13), 4-hydroxycinnamic acid (14), and beta-sitosterol (15). All of these compounds (1-15) were obtained from A. himalaicum for the first time. Among them, 1 was identified as a new compound, and compounds 3-6, 9, 12-14 were isolated from Asarum genus for the first time. Since the kidney toxicity of aristolochic acids and aristololactams has been reported, the result of this investigation suggests that it should be cautioned to use A. himalaicum as a medicine.


Subject(s)
Aristolochic Acids , Chemistry , Asarum , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Coumaric Acids , Chemistry , Hydroxybenzoates , Chemistry , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Molecular Structure , Parabens , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Propionates , Sitosterols , Chemistry , Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307607

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects of the different water extracts which were prepared by regular decoction time or removing volatie oil and ethanol extracts which were prepared in different concentration ethanol of Xixin (the roots and rhizomes of Asarum heterotropoides var. mandshuricum), and then to investigate the anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Xylene-induced ICR mouse ear edema and hot plate test were utilized to evaluate the anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects of Xixin at different dose level (water extracts of regular decoction time or removing volatie oil at the dose of 0.8 g x kg(-1) and 1.6 g x kg(-1); 95% ethanol extracts at the dose of 0.91 g x kg(-1) and 1.82 g x kg(-1); 50% ethanol extracts at the dose of 0.76 g x kg(-1) and 1.52 g x kg(-1)). Xylene-induced adrenalectomized mouse ear edema model was used to study the anti-inflammatory mechanisms. To reveal the anti-nociceptive mechanisms, mice were pretreated with naloxone in the hot plate test.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The water extracts significantly reduced the weight of ear edema as compared with control group. Inhibition ratios were 43.20% and 63.69% at the higher dose, respectively. The ethanol extracts also significantly reduced the weight of ear edema and the inhibition ratios were 61.86% and 52. 56% at the higher dose, respectively. Mice administered water extracts delayed the latency times in the hot plate test. The anti-nociceptive effects of water extracts peaked at 2.0 h after i.g. administration. The hot plate latency times were increased by 51.27%, 62.78%, 60.08% and 68.00% at peak time, respectively. Regular decoction time group showed more significant effects in both models. The anti-inflammatory effect of 95% ethanol extracts was similar to 50% ethanol extracts. The water extracts were not effective in reducing xylene-induced adrenalectomized mouse ear edema. The anti-nociceptive effect of water extracts was blocked by naloxone.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Both the water extracts and ethanol extracts of Xixin showed considerable anti-inflammatory potency against xylene induced inflammation. The water extracts produced anti-nociception in thermal model. The water extracts prepared in regular decoction time showed better anti-inflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects. Both the 95% ethanol and 50% ethanol extracts showed similarly anti-inflammatory effects. The anti-inflammatory effect of water extracts related to adrenal gland. The anti-nociceptive effect of water extracts was involved in activating opioid receptor.</p>


Subject(s)
Analgesics , Chemistry , Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chemistry , Asarum , Chemistry , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Ethanol , Chemistry , Female , Humans , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred ICR , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Random Allocation , Rhizome , Chemistry , Water , Chemistry
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 221-223, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268142

ABSTRACT

To develop an UPLC-UV method for the determination of aristolochic acid A in the aerial and underground parts of Asarum, an AcquityUPLC HSST3 column (50 mm x 2.1 mm ID, 1.8 microm) was used with the mobile phase of acetonitrile-0.1% FA and eluted in gradient mode. The flow rate was 0.5 mL min(-1), the detection wavelength was 251 nm, and the column temperature was 40 degrees C. The calibration curve was linear in the range of 18 - 1450 ng of aristolochic acid A with correlation coefficient of 0. 9999 and the minimum detective concentration was 18.25 ng mL (-1). The method developed is accurate and reproducible, and can be applied in the determination of aristolochic acid A in Asarum.


Subject(s)
Aristolochic Acids , Asarum , Chemistry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drug Stability , Plant Components, Aerial , Chemistry , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Spectrophotometry, Ultraviolet , Methods
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356783

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To test the effect of asarinin, the extract of Herba Asari, on the acute heart transplantation rejection and the expression of adhesion molecule.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Asarinin was extracted from herba asari. 64 SD rats undergone heart transplantation were divided into four groups: group A (control group), group B (Cyclosporine A treated), group C (Asarinin treated), and group D (1/2 CsA and 1/2 Asarinin). Some rats were used to examine survival time (n = 8) and the others were used to observe the pathological injury and the expression level of interrellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-I (VCAM-1) by using immunohistochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Asarinin could prolong the survival time of allografts, which was similar to CsA group (P > 0.05). Asarinin could relieve the damage of cardiomyocytes of the transplanted. Asarinin could also decrease the level of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 in the allografts.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Asarinin may play important roles in suppressing the immune rejection, prolong the allografts survival time and protect the donor organ, which was similar to CsA. The expression level of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 is increased in suppressing the course of acute rejection and asarinin can inhibit their expression level. Asarinin can decrease the dosage of CsA.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Asarum , Chemistry , Dioxoles , Pharmacology , Graft Rejection , Metabolism , Graft Survival , Heart Transplantation , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Metabolism , Lignans , Pharmacology , Male , Myocardium , Metabolism , Pathology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rats, Wistar , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1 , Metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358108

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the influence of Xinqin tablets on guinea-pig nasal hypersensitivity.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>2,4-Toluene Diisocyanate (TDI) was selected as antigen and used in nose to establish guinea-pig allergic rhinitis. The effects of Xinqin tablets on symptoms of nasal hypersensitivity in guinea-pigs, histamine content of nasal mucosa and activity of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) were examined.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Xinqin tablets could significantly relieve the pathological symptoms of nasal hypersensitivity in guinea-pig, reduce histamine content of nasal mucosa and inhibit the activity of nitric oxide synthase.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Xinqin tablets have significant effect on nasal hypersensitivity, and prevent the occurrence of allergic rhinitis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Asarum , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Guinea Pigs , Histamine , Metabolism , Male , Nasal Mucosa , Metabolism , Pathology , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Metabolism , Phytotherapy , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial , Metabolism , Pathology , Scutellaria , Chemistry , Toluene 2,4-Diisocyanate
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279171

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the genetic basis of using three species of Asarum as Herba Asari to determine the taxonomic positions of Asarum heterotropoides and A. siebodii; and to apply DNA molecular analysis as a tool for identification of Herba Asari.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>PCR, purification, sequence analysis were prerformed.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>MS sequences of the three Asarum species were obtained. 3 botanical sources of Herba Asari are closely clustered together on the topology tree; one inner branch is composed of A. heterotropoides and A. sieboldii, whereas another branch contains A. sieboldii. Their ITS sequences are different.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Three plant species of Herba Asari are closely related, and there are genetic reasons that they are used as the sources of the same medicine. The classification placement of A. sieboldii is not certain. The differences of ITS sequences of the botanical sources of Herba Asari can be used as a means of identification.</p>


Subject(s)
Asarum , Classification , Genetics , Base Sequence , DNA, Plant , Genetics , DNA, Ribosomal Spacer , Genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Plants, Medicinal , Genetics , Species Specificity
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256343

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop a HPLC method to determine the contents of aristolochic A in aristolochia debilis and Asarun spp..</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Methanol-water-formic acid extracts were separated on an Alltech C18 column with methanol-water-acetic acid (68:32:1) as mobile phase. The flow rate was 1.0 mL x min(-1). UV detection wavelength was 390 nm. Column temperature was 35 degrees C.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Aristolochic acid A was separated well. The relationship of injection amounts and peak areas was linear (r = 0.9999) the range of 0.12-1.89 microg x g(-1) and the recovery rate was 101.8% (n = 5). 11 samples of aristolochia debilis which bought from different areas in China were determined, and the contents of aristolochic acid A varied from 0.9 to 2 mg x g(-1). The difference of the contents in Asarum spp. was obvious. The highest is 0.35, and aristolochic acid A couldn't be detected in one sample.</p>


Subject(s)
Aristolochia , Chemistry , Aristolochic Acids , Asarum , Chemistry , China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Ecosystem , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256342

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a method for GC fingerprint determination of the chemical constituents in Herba Asari.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>GC and GC-MS were used to optimize the fingerprint determination method, and identify the main peaks in the GC fingerprint.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>A preferable method for GC fingerprint determination of the chemical constituents in Herba Asari was established.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A general acquaintance of the chemical constituents in Herba Asari can be obtained by using the preferable GC fingerprint determination method, which is useful for quality evaluation of the crude drug of Herba Asari.</p>


Subject(s)
Anisoles , Asarum , Chemistry , Classification , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Methods , Monoterpenes , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quality Control , Safrole
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-282272

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect and mechanism of BSDW on the model of allergic rhinitis and the model of guinea pigs by histamine shocking in guinea pigs.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Using the model of allergic rhinitis in guinea pigs caused by 10% TDI, we observed the effect of BSDW on physiological and pathological symptoms of allergic rhinitis in guinea pigs, the effect of the levels of serum IgE and serum and nasal histamine. Using the model of guinea pigs by histamine shocking, we observed the effect of BSDW on physiological symptoms in guinea pigs.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>BSDW significantly relieved the pathological symptoms of allergic rhinitis in guinea pigs, alleviated the hyperplasia of columnar epithelium, decreased the number of monocyte and eosinocyte compared with the model group. It also reduced the levels of serum IgE, and decreased the release of serum and nasal histamine. BSDW significantly prolonged the occurent time of gasping, eclampsia and death caused by shock, reduced the times of gasping in the model of guinea pigs by histamine shocking.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>BSDW has significant effect against allergy. The mechanism relates to its effects of decreasing the levels of serum IgE and inhibiting the release of serum and nasal histamine.</p>


Subject(s)
Administration, Intranasal , Animals , Anti-Allergic Agents , Pharmacology , Asarum , Chemistry , Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Female , Guinea Pigs , Histamine , Blood , Immunoglobulin E , Blood , Lamiaceae , Chemistry , Male , Nasal Mucosa , Allergy and Immunology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial , Allergy and Immunology , Scutellaria , Chemistry , Toluene 2,4-Diisocyanate
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