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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(1): S19-S61, feb 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353860

ABSTRACT

La historia natural de la enfermedad hepática crónica (EHC) se caracteriza por una fase de cirrosis compensada asintomática seguida de una fase descompensada, que se acompaña de signos clínicos evidentes, de los cuales los más frecuentes son la ascitis, las hemorragias, la encefalopatía y la ictericia. Esta guía actualizada sobre el manejo de pacientes con EHC en la edad pediátrica fue confeccionada con el propósito de mejorar la práctica clínica de estos pacientes complejos y darle herramientas al pediatra de cabecera para un seguimiento adecuado. Para ello, un grupo de expertos subrayó la importancia del inicio temprano del tratamiento etiológico en cualquier grado de enfermedad hepática y ampliaron su labor jerarquizando las complicaciones de la cirrosis: ascitis, hemorragia digestiva, infecciones, malnutrición; aspectos endocrinológicos, neurológicos, oftalmológicos y gastrointestinales; y complicaciones vasculares pulmonares y renales. Se incluyeron, además, aspectos psicosociales, así como el cuidado del adolescente en su transición a la vida adulta.


The natural history of chronic liver disease (CLD) is characterized by a phase of asymptomatic compensated cirrhosis followed by a decompensated phase, accompanied by the development of evident clinical signs, the most frequent being ascites, hemorrhages, encephalopathy and jaundice. This updated guideline on the management of pediatric patients with CLD was developed with the purpose of improving the clinical practice of these complex patients and to provide the pediatrician with tools for an adequate follow-up. To this end, a group of experts, after stressing the importance of early initiation of etiologic treatment in any degree of liver disease, expanded their work to include a hierarchy of complications of cirrhosis: ascites, gastrointestinal bleeding, infections, malnutrition, endocrinological, neurological, ophthalmological, gastrointestinal, pulmonary vascular and renal complications. Psychosocial aspects including the care of the adolescent in their transition to adult life were also included.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Ascites/etiology , Jaundice , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/etiology , Liver Cirrhosis/therapy
2.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(5): e4392, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352075

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La ascitis se define como la presencia de líquido en la cavidad peritoneal. La etiología más común la constituyen las enfermedades hepáticas que cursan con hipertensión portal, dentro de ellas la cirrosis hepática reportada en un 40 por ciento, a 5 años de seguimiento de los casos. Estudios previos muestran que la ascitis por enfermedad cirrótica hepática es entre un 80-85 por ciento, también la carcinomatosis se presenta en un 10 por ciento, y dentro de las causas más raras están la insuficiencia cardiaca y la tuberculosis peritoneal en un 3 por ciento, junto con la trombosis de la vena porta, sarcoidosis, tumores intraperitoneales, ascitis pancreática y la enteritis eosinofílica. Objetivo: Describir presentaciones clínicas infrecuentes como causa de ascitis en pacientes hospitalizados en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras. Presentación de casos: Se presentan cinco casos que ingresaron en el Hospital Hermanos Ameijeiras con diagnóstico de Ascitis: quilosa, hemorrágica, eosinofílica y coloide, con las patologías que los llevaron a esa manifestación clínica y una breve descripción de la misma. Conclusión: El análisis de las presentaciones clínicas de los casos, los hallazgos en los estudios imagenológicos y en los exámenes de laboratorio, así como los resultados anatomopatológicos permitieron el diagnóstico de las entidades causantes de ascitis atípicas en estos pacientes(AU)


Introduction: Ascites is defined as the presence of fluid in the peritoneal cavity. The most common etiology is liver diseases with portal hypertension; among them liver cirrhosis is reported in 40 percent of cases with 5-year follow-up. Previous studies demonstrate that ascites due to cirrhotic liver disease occurs in 80-85 percent of the cases, that carcinomatosis is also present in 10 percent, and also that among the rarest causes, heart failure and peritoneal tuberculosis are present in 3 percent of cases along with portal vein thrombosis, sarcoidosis, intraperitoneal tumors, pancreatic ascites and eosinophilic enteritis. Objective: To describe uncommon clinical presentations as cause of ascites in patients admitted to Hermanos Ameijeiras Clinical Surgical Hospital. Case presentation: Five cases of patients admitted to Hermanos Ameijeiras Clinical Surgical Hospital with the diagnosis of ascites: chylous, hemorrhagic, eosinophilic and colloid as well as the pathologies that led them to this clinical manifestation and a brief description of it are presented. Conclusion: The analysis of the clinical presentation of the cases, the findings in the imaging studies and laboratory tests and the anatomopathological results allowed the diagnosis of the entities causing atypical ascites in these patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritoneal Cavity , Ascites/diagnostic imaging , Heart Failure , Ascites/complications , Aftercare
4.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(supl.1): 98-101, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251555

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presenta el caso de un paciente con antecedente de consumo crónico de alcohol, que consultó por dolor abdominal inespecífico, fiebre intermitente no cuantificada y pérdida de peso, con posterior aumento del perímetro abdominal. Se encontró ascitis y hallazgos en imágenes que sugerían cirrosis. El estudio del líquido ascítico fue no hipertensivo con predominio de linfocitos y niveles de adenosina-desaminasa (ADA) elevados. La ecografía y tomografía de abdomen mostraron el engrosamiento del peritoneo y la biopsia peritoneal por laparoscopia fue compatible con enfermedad granulomatosa, con reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR) positiva para Mycobacterium tuberculosis en un paciente sin otras causas de inmunosupresión. Este caso muestra la necesidad de mantener una alta sospecha clínica de TB en patologías abdominales con clínica inespecífica, aun en pacientes sin inmunocompromiso claro.


Abstract This is the case of a patient with a history of chronic alcohol consumption, who consulted for nonspecific abdominal pain, intermittent fever, and weight loss, with subsequent increase in the abdominal perimeter. Ascites and imaging findings suggestive of cirrhosis were found. The study of ascitic fluid was non-hypertensive with a predominance of lymphocytes and elevated adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels. Ultrasound and abdominal tomography showed peritoneal thickening. Laparoscopic peritoneal biopsy was compatible with granulomatous disease, with positive PCR for Mycobacterium tuberculosis in a patient with no other causes of immunosuppression. This report shows the importance of keeping a high index of suspicion for TB in patients with abdominal pathology, even in those without evident inmunocompromise.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Peritoneum , Ascites , Tuberculosis , Alcohol Drinking , Ethanol
5.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(1): 83-91, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1288177

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Antecedentes: la ascitis es una complicación de frecuente aparición en el paciente cirrótico que al producir un aumento de la presión intraabdominal puede originar una hernia de la pared abdominal; el defecto umbilical latente es su localización más habitual. Objetivo: presentar la incidencia y los beneficios que ofrece la resolución electiva de la patología um bilical en estos pacientes. Material y método: se presentan 15 pacientes, todos masculinos, que fueron intervenidos por hernia umbilical sintomática en forma electiva en el medio hospitalario. El período comprende desde enero del año 2015 a enero de 2019. El 100% de los enfermos cursa un cuadro de cirrosis hepática, con antecedentes de etilismo crónico. Se efectuó la reparación de la hernia con cierre del defecto y malla supraaponeurótica de polipropileno en la mayoría de los casos. Resultados: los pacientes fueron evaluados desde el punto de vista clínico con la escala (score) de Child en el preoperatorio. Se procedió a la evacuación de la ascitis en todos los casos y el control posoperatorio se efectuó cada 30 días los primeros 6 meses. Luego dos veces al año. No se evidenció recidiva. Dos pacientes no volvieron al control luego del año de la cirugía y 1 paciente falleció por la enfermedad de base a los 6 meses de la cirugía. Conclusiones: los enfermos con cirrosis hepática y hernia umbilical deben ser intervenidos quirúrgica mente en forma electiva. La observación y abstención quirúrgica conllevan el riesgo de rotura del saco herniario con alta morbimortalidad.


ABSTRACT Background: Background: Ascites is a common complication in patients with cirrhosis, and elevated intraabdominal pressure can lead to the development of abdominal wall hernias, particularly in patients with latent umbilical defects. Objectives: The aim of this study was to report the incidence and benefits of elective surgery for the management of umbilical hernias in cirrhotic patients with ascites. Material and methods: Between January 2015 and January 2019 15 patients with symptomatic umbi lical hernia underwent elective surgery in a public hospital; 100% were men with a history of alcoho lism and were hospitalized due to liver cirrhosis. The defect was closed, and a polypropylene mesh was placed in the supra-aponeurotic plane in most cases. Results: The preoperative risk was estimated using the Child-Pugh score. Ascites was evacuated in all the cases. Patients were followed-up every 30 days during the first 6 months and then twice a year. There were no hernia recurrences. Two patients were lost to follow-up 12 months after surgery and 1 patient died 9 months after the procedure due to progression of cirrhosis. Conclusions: Patients with liver cirrhosis and umbilical hernia should undergo elective surgery. Wat chful waiting is associated with higher risk of hernia rupture and high morbidity and mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hernia, Umbilical/complications , Liver Cirrhosis , Ascites , Hernia, Abdominal , Conservative Treatment , Hernia , Hernia, Umbilical/drug therapy
6.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06806, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1351278

ABSTRACT

Over the last decade, Brazil registered a 10.56% increase in the number of poultry slaughtered in establishments registered under the "Serviço de Inspeção Federal" (SIF - Federal Inspection Service), as a result of technological advances in management, health and genetics applied to national aviculture. At slaughter, during post-mortem inspection, carcasses can be totally or partially condemned for various reasons, including ascitic syndrome. This syndrome has economic implications for the industry, in addition to being a problem for the health and welfare of poultry. The objective of this work was to evaluate the historical series (2010-2019) of partial and total condemnations of poultry carcasses due to ascitic syndrome in slaughterhouses registered under the SIF and located in the main poultry-producing states. Through official data, the condemnation occurrence index (COI) and the adjusted seasonal index (ASI) were calculated. The condemnation rate was 1,140 carcasses condemned, totally or partially, for ascitic syndrome for every 1,000,000 poultry slaughtered. The smallest and largest COIs were found in São Paulo (February 2010) and in Goiás (January 2017), respectively. The occurrence of condemnations for this syndrome was cyclical throughout the historical series, showing peaks of condemnation in all years evaluated, with the highest ASIs in July, August and September, and with rates varying between 1.24 and 1.54 in these months. Considering the period of pre-slaughter housing, the highest ASIs coincide with the coldest period of the year (May to August) for all analyzed states. The results show that ascitic syndrome is a growing problem in Brazil, with greater occurrence during the coldest months of the year, having a negative impact on animal health and the profitability of producers and industries in the poultry production chain.(AU)


O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a série histórica (2010-2019) de condenações parciais e totais de carcaças de aves por síndrome ascítica em abatedouros registrados no SIF localizados nos principais estados produtores de carne de frango. Através de dados oficiais, foram calculados o índice de ocorrência de condenações (IOC) e o índice de sazonalidade ajustado (ISA). A taxa de condenação foi de 1.140 carcaças condenadas total ou parcialmente por síndrome ascítica a cada 1.000.000 de aves abatidas. O menor e maior IOCs foram encontrados em São Paulo (fevereiro/2010) e em Goiás (janeiro/2017), respectivamente. A ocorrência de condenações por esta síndrome teve comportamento cíclico ao longo da série histórica, apresentando picos de condenação em todos os anos avaliados, sendo os maiores ISAs encontrados nos meses de julho, agosto e setembro, com índices variando entre 1,24 e 1,54 nestes meses. Considerando o período de alojamento pré-abate, os maiores valores de ISAs coincidiram com o período mais frio do ano (Maio a Agosto) para todos os estados analisados. Os resultados mostram que síndrome ascítica é um problema crescente no Brasil, com maior ocorrência durante os meses frios do ano, impactando negativamente a saúde dos animais e a lucratividade dos produtores e indústrias da cadeia produtiva de frango de corte.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Ascites/diagnosis , Birds , Time Series Studies , Abattoirs , Industry
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921568

ABSTRACT

Tuberculous peritonitis(TBP)is currently one of the common manifestations of extrapulmonary tuberculosis.Due to the atypical clinical features,diverse types of diseases to be distinguished,and limited detection methods,TBP is difficult to be diagnosed and the fatality caused by delayed diagnosis increases significantly.We studied the current research status of TBP and found that T cells spot test,abdominal CT,and laparoscopic biopsy were of high diagnostic value for TBP.However,the application of ascites Xpert-MTB/RIF-ultra assay,ascites ADA,and whole-body positron emission tomography/computed tomography remained to be studied.Serum CA125 helps to judge the efficacy of anti-tuberculosis treatment.


Subject(s)
Ascites , Biopsy , Humans , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Peritonitis, Tuberculous/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tuberculosis/diagnosis
8.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021278, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249013

ABSTRACT

Peritoneal lymphomatosis (PL) is a rare presentation of extranodal precursor leukemia/lymphoma. The presentation is often non-specific, leading to delayed diagnosis and treatment. In this case, though the preliminary diagnosis was established on ascitic fluid cytology, the disease progressed rapidly, leading to demise before initiating chemotherapy. Immunophenotyping and molecular studies, performed later, established a diagnosis of de novo B-cell precursor leukemia/lymphoma with MYC, BCL2 rearrangements (Double-hit lymphoma). MYC, BCL2 rearrangements are rarely reported in precursor B-lymphoma/leukemia which carry dismal prognosis. In this report, we illustrate autopsy findings of PL in an elderly gentleman who presented with ascites for evaluation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Peritoneal Neoplasms , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/pathology , Ascites , Autopsy , Genes, myc , Cell Biology
9.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2021256, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153179

ABSTRACT

Introduction Acute liver failure (ALF) due to diffuse infiltrating solid malignancy without any focal lesions on radiographic imaging is rare. Case report A 70-year-old man was admitted due to mental confusion, abdominal pain, and ALF. Three years before, he had undergone a left nephrectomy for urothelial carcinoma followed by adjuvant chemotherapy. The abdominal computed tomography (CT) showed hepatomegaly and ascites. Ascitic fluid had transudate characteristics, with no malignant cells. Percutaneous liver biopsy (LB) showed diffuse liver infiltration of metastatic urothelial carcinoma. The patient rapidly deteriorated and died in a week due to ALF. Discussion History of solid cancer and hepatomegaly and/or liver failure without other obvious explanation should encourage to perform LB. Conclusion LB is warranted to avoid misdiagnosis, prolonged hospital stays, and delay in palliative care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma , Liver Failure, Acute/pathology , Ascites , Autopsy , Biopsy , Fatal Outcome , Diagnostic Errors , Hepatomegaly
10.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 35(3): 280-286, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138784

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome de Budd-Chiari (Budd-Chiari syndrome, BCS) es una entidad rara, definida por la obstrucción del flujo venoso del hígado y corresponde a una condición heterogénea tanto en presentación como en manejo terapéutico. A continuación, presentamos un estudio retrospectivo de pacientes con diagnóstico de BCS, atendidos por el grupo de hepatología del el Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe. Los resultados se expresan como proporciones en las variables categóricas y como medias y rangos para las variables continuas. La edad promedio de presentación fue de 37,7 años y no hubo preponderancia por el género. Los principales síntomas fueron dolor abdominal (91,4 %), ascitis (71,4 %) y hepatomegalia (60 %). Asimismo, 11 pacientes (31,4 %) presentaron hipercoagulabilidad primaria, mientras que en 7 (20 %) se encontró algún síndrome mieloproliferativo. Además, 6 (17,1 %) tenían neoplasias extrahepáticas: 3 con compresión mecánica y 3 por hipercoagulabilidad asociada; solo en 1 caso se documentaron membranas en la vena cava inferior. Y en 5 casos no fue posible determinar la causa de trombosis. De igual forma, 32 pacientes (91,4 %) recibieron anticoagulación como primer manejo; solo 4 sujetos fueron remitidos a procedimientos: 2 a angioplastia, 1 a derivación portosistémica intrahepática transyugular (Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt, TIPS) y 1 a trasplante ortotópico hepático (TOH). Luego de ello, 17 (48,5 %) recibieron procedimientos invasivos como segunda línea: 8 (22,8 %) se condujeron a angioplastia y endoprótesis (stent), 5 (14,29 %) a TIPS y 4 necesitaron TOH. Así, los 6 pacientes que se llevaron a TIPS no necesitaron trasplante hepático. El BCS continúa siendo una condición poco frecuente que afecta la salud de personas jóvenes, tanto hombres como mujeres, con una presentación clínica heterogénea. Sin embargo, en la mayoría de los casos ocurre por una causa desencadenante clara, entre las cuales predominan las trombofilias y los síndromes mieloproliferativos. El uso de medidas terapéuticas invasivas, especialmente de la selección temprana de los enfermos que se benefician de TIPS, ha cambiado la historia natural y el pronóstico de este grupo de pacientes.


Abstract Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is a rare disorder characterized by the obstruction of the veins of the liver. Both its presentation and therapeutic management are heterogenous. The following is a retrospective study of patients diagnosed with BCS treated by the hepatology service at the Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe. The results of the categorical variables are expressed as proportions and the continuous variables as means and ranges. The average age of onset of this disease was 37.7 years and it was not predominant in neither sex. The most common symptoms were abdominal pain (91.4%), ascites (71.4%) and hepatomegaly (60%). Out of 35 patients, 11 (31.4%) had primary hypercoagulability, 7 (20%) had some myeloproliferative disorder, 6 (17.1%) had extrahepatic malignancies -3 with mechanical compression and 3 due to associated hypercoagulability-, and 1 case had a membranous obstruction of the inferior vena cava. 32 patients (91.4%) received anticoagulation as first-line therapy and only 4 were taken to surgery: 2 to angioplasty, 1 to transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) and 1 to orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). On the other hand, 17 (48.5%) individuals underwent invasive procedures as a second-line therapy, of which 8 (22.8%) underwent angioplasty and stenting, 5 (14.29%) underwent TIPS and 4 needed OLT. The 6 patients who were taken to TIPS did not need liver transplants. Budd-Chiari syndrome remains a rare condition affecting the health of young men and women alike, with a heterogeneous clinical presentation but, in most cases, with a clear trigger where thrombophilic and myeloproliferative disorders predominate. The use of invasive therapeutic measures, especially the early selection of patients who may benefit from TIPS, has changed the natural course and prognosis of this group of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Patients , Therapeutics , Diagnosis , Budd-Chiari Syndrome , Hospitals , Methods , Ascites , Signs and Symptoms , Abdominal Pain , Hepatomegaly
11.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(3): 244-248, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131672

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common and severe complication of cirrhosis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of AKI staging on 30-day mortality of patients with cirrhosis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study of hospitalized patients with cirrhosis. Acute kidney injury (AKI) was diagnosed according to the International Club of Ascites recommendations and staged according to the European Association for the Study of the Liver guidelines. Comparisons between groups were made by one-way analysis of variance and Tukey test. Chi-square was calculated for dichotomous variables. Comparisons of renal impairment status among patients were performed using Kaplan-Meier statistics and differences between groups were analyzed using the log-rank test. A P-value <0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. RESULTS: Two hundred and thirty-two patients were included in the study. The diagnosis of AKI was performed in 98 (42.2%) of them. The overall 30-day mortality was 19.8% (46/232). Mortality increased as the degree of AKI progressed. Among patients who did not have AKI, mortality was 5.2% (7/134). When compared to patients without AKI, patients diagnosed with AKI stage 1a had mortality of 12.1% (4/33, P=0.152); patients with AKI stage 1b had mortality of 45% (18/40, P<0.001); and patients with AKI stages 2 or 3 had mortality of 68% (17/25, P<0.001). Moreover, it is noteworthy that full response to treatment was associated to a decreased mortality when compared to patients who did not show complete recovery of renal function (14.3% vs 57.9%, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: AKI stages 1b or greater, but not AKI stage 1a, are associated to higher 30-day mortality of patients with cirrhosis.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A lesão renal aguda (LRA) é uma complicação comum e grave na cirrose. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o impacto dos estágios da LRA na mortalidade em 30 dias de pacientes com cirrose. MÉTODOS: Realizou-se um estudo de coorte retrospectivo com pacientes com cirrose hospitalizados. LRA foi diagnosticada de acordo com as recomendações do International Club of Ascites e o estadiamento foi feito de acordo com as recomendações da European Association for the Study of the Liver. Comparações entre os grupos foram feitas por análise de variância unidirecional e teste de Tukey. O teste do qui-quadrado foi calculado para variáveis categóricas. Comparações quanto à lesão renal entre os pacientes foram realizadas com estatísticas de Kaplan-Meier, e diferenças entre os grupos foram analisadas pelo teste de log-rank. Um P-valor <0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. RESULTADOS: Duzentos e trinta e dois pacientes foram incluídos no estudo. O diagnóstico de LRA foi realizado em 98 (42,2%) deles. A mortalidade geral em 30 dias foi de 19,8% (46/232). A mortalidade aumentou de acordo com a progressão dos estágios de LRA. Entre pacientes sem LRA, a mortalidade foi de 5,2% (7/134). Quando comparados aos pacientes sem LRA, pacientes diagnosticados com LRA estágio 1a tiveram mortalidade de 12,1% (4/33, P=0,152); pacientes com LRA estágio 1b tiveram mortalidade de 45% (18/40, P<0,001); e pacientes com LRA estágios 2 ou 3 tiveram mortalidade de 68% (17/25, P<0,001). Além disso, é importante ressaltar que a resposta completa ao tratamento associou-se à menor mortalidade quando comparada à ausência de recuperação completa da função renal (14,3% vs 57,9%, P<0,001). CONCLUSÃO: LRA estágios 1b ou superior, mas não estágio 1a, estão associadas à maior mortalidade em 30 dias de pacientes com cirrose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ascites , Acute Kidney Injury/diagnosis , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Liver Cirrhosis/complications
12.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(3): 1850-1861, mayo.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1127046

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: la cirrosis es un proceso dinámico y actualmente se conoce que cuando se elimina el agente primario de agresión que ha producido la cirrosis, se puede llegar a remitir la fibrosis. En Cuba la enfermedad representa la décima causa de muerte, con una tendencia ascendente en los últimos 20 años y una tasa de 13,4 por 100 000 habitantes. Objetivo: caracterizar clínica y endoscópicamente a pacientes con diagnóstico de cirrosis hepática. Material y método: se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal, en el período comprendido entre los años 2017 - 19, donde el universo y la muestra quedaron constituidos por todos los pacientes mayores de 18 años ingresados con diagnóstico de cirrosis hepática. Resultados: predominó el sexo masculino en la sexta década de la vida, siento la principal causa el alcoholismo, caracterizado por manifestaciones generales, que en muchos casos debutan por complicaciones, apareciendo várices esofágicas en el 75 % de los casos, aunque gados I y II de Paquet, dependiente a un diagnóstico precoz de la enfermedad. Conclusiones: el alcoholismo crónico es la causa más frecuente de cirrosis hepática, debuta de forma frecuente por sus complicaciones, aunque el diagnóstico se hace en etapas precoces, con varices esofágicas incipientes (AU).


Summary Introduction: liver cirrhosis is a dynamic process and currently it is known that, when the primary agent of aggression that has produced the cirrhosis is eliminated, the fibrosis could remit. In Cuba, this diseases is the tenth cause of death, with an increasing tendency in the last twenty years and a rate of 13.4 per 100 000 inhabitants. Objective: to characterize, clinically and endoscopically, patients with hepatic cirrhosis diagnosis. Material and methods: a cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out, in the period 2017 - 2019, where the universe and the sample were formed by all the patients aged more than 18 years who entered the hospital with diagnosis of liver cirrhosis. Results: in this paper, male patients in their sixties predominated, being alcoholism the main cause of disease, characterized by general manifestations; patients debuted due to complications, appearing esophageal varices in 75 % of the cases, although Paquet I and II grades, in dependence to a disease precocious diagnosis. Conclusions: the authors concluded that chronic alcoholism is the most frequent cause in hepatic cirrhosis, almost always debuting by its complications, though the diagnosis is made in precocious stages, with emerging esophageal varices (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/complications , Liver Cirrhosis/diagnosis , Ascites/complications , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hepatitis C/diagnosis , Alcoholism/complications , Endoscopy , Hepatitis B/diagnosis , Liver Cirrhosis/epidemiology
14.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 37(1): 82-84, feb. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092726

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se comunica el caso clínico de un varón, con antecedentes de una cirrosis hepática alcohólica y gota, usuario crónico de antiinflamatorios, incluyendo corticoesteroides. Consultó por una melena secundaria a una úlcera bulbar. Durante su internación presentó fiebre, tratándose con ceftriaxona por un probable foco urinario. Por persistir febril, se realizó una paracentesis diagnóstica. En la muestra de líquido ascítico se observaron larvas de Strongyloides stercoralis. Recibió tratamiento antiparasitario con ivermectina, con buena respuesta clínica. Aunque la infección por S. stercoralis es relativamente frecuente en pacientes con cirrosis hepática alcohólica, la ascitis infectada por Strongyloides corresponde a una forma de presentación infrecuente. Este caso muestra la importancia de la paracentesis diagnóstica en todo paciente con ascitis secundaria a una cirrosis. Es importante considerar la presentación atípica de la infestación por Strongyloides en el contexto del paciente inmunocomprometido, ya que sin tratamiento puede tener una alta mortalidad.


Abstract Male patient, with a history of alcoholic cirrhosis frequent user of anti-inflammatory drugs including corticosteroids. He consulted for digestive bleeding secondary to a bulbar ulcer. During the admission, he had fever and antibiotic treatment with ceftriaxone is started, for a urinary infection. Fever persisted for 48 hours, so a diagnostic paracentesis was made: Strongyloides stercoralis larvae were seen in the direct microscopic exam. The patient started antiparasitic treatment with ivermectin. He was discharged and did not returned for follow up. Although infection with S. stercoralis is relatively common in patients with alcoholic liver cirrhosis, ascites infected with Strongyloides corresponds to an infrequent form of presentation. This case shows the importance of diagnostic paracentesis in every cirrhotic patient. It is important to consider atypical presentation of Strongyloides infection in the immunocompromised host, considering it could be fatal without treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Strongyloidiasis/complications , Strongyloidiasis/physiopathology , Strongyloidiasis/drug therapy , Strongyloides stercoralis/isolation & purification , Liver Cirrhosis/etiology , Liver Cirrhosis/parasitology , Liver Cirrhosis/drug therapy , Ascites/parasitology , Ivermectin/therapeutic use , Ascitic Fluid/parasitology , Treatment Outcome , Antiparasitic Agents/therapeutic use
15.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(1): 64-68, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098048

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Liver cirrhosis is a highly prevalent disease that, at an advanced stage, usually causes ascites and associated respiratory changes. However, there are few studies evaluating and quantifying the impact of ascites and its relief through paracentesis on lung function and symptoms such as fatigue and dyspnea in cirrhotic patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess and quantify the impact of acute reduction of ascitic volume on respiratory parameters, fatigue and dyspnea symptoms in patients with hepatic cirrhosis, as well as to investigate possible correlations between these parameters. METHODS: Thirty patients with hepatic cirrhosis and ascites who underwent the following pre and post paracentesis evaluations: vital signs, respiratory pattern, thoracoabdominal mobility (cirtometry), pulmonary function (ventilometry), degree of dyspnea (numerical scale) and fatigue level (visual analog scale). RESULTS: There was a higher prevalence of patients classified as CHILD B and the mean MELD score was 14.73±5.75. The comparison of pre and post paracentesis parameters evidenced after paracentesis: increase of predominantly abdominal breathing pattern, improvement of ventilatory variables, increase of the differences obtained in axillary and abdominal cirtometry, reduction of dyspnea and fatigue level, blood pressure reduction and increased peripheral oxygen saturation. Positive correlations found: xiphoid with axillary cirtometry, degree of dyspnea with fatigue level, tidal volume with minute volume, Child "C" with higher MELD score, volume drained in paracentesis with higher MELD score and with Child "C". We also observed a negative correlation between tidal volume and respiratory rate. CONCLUSION: Since ascites drainage in patients with liver cirrhosis improves pulmonary volumes and thoracic expansion as well as reduces symptoms such as fatigue and dyspnea, we can conclude that ascites have a negative respiratory and symptomatological impact in these patients.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A cirrose hepática é uma doença altamente prevalente que, em estágio avançado, geralmente causa ascite e alterações respiratórias associadas. No entanto, existem poucos estudos avaliando e quantificando o impacto da ascite e do seu alívio através da paracentese na função pulmonar e em sintomas como fadiga e dispneia em pacientes cirróticos. OBJETIVO: Avaliar e quantificar o impacto da redução aguda do volume ascítico nos parâmetros respiratórios, sintomas de fadiga e dispneia em pacientes com cirrose hepática, bem como investigar possíveis correlações entre esses parâmetros. MÉTODOS: Trinta pacientes com cirrose hepática e ascite foram submetidos às seguintes avaliações pré e pós-paracentese: sinais vitais, padrão respiratório, mobilidade toracoabdominal (cirtometria), função pulmonar (ventilometria), grau de dispneia (escala numérica) e nível de fadiga (escala visual analógica). RESULTADOS: Houve maior prevalência de pacientes classificados como CHILD B e o escore MELD médio foi de 14,73±5,75. A comparação dos parâmetros pré e pós paracentese evidenciou após a paracentese: aumento do padrão respiratório predominantemente abdominal, melhora das variáveis ventilatórias, aumento das diferenças obtidas na cirtometria axilar e abdominal, redução do nível de dispneia e fadiga, redução da pressão arterial e aumento da saturação periférica de oxigênio. Correlações positivas encontradas: cirtometria xifoide com axilar, grau de dispneia com nível de fadiga, volume corrente com volume minuto, CHILD "C" com maior escore MELD, volume drenado na paracentese com maior escore MELD e com CHILD "C". Também observamos uma correlação negativa entre volume corrente e a frequência respiratória. CONCLUSÃO: Uma vez que a drenagem da ascite em pacientes com cirrose hepática melhora os volumes pulmonares e a expansão torácica, além de reduzir sintomas como fadiga e dispneia, podemos concluir que a ascite tem um impacto respiratório e sintomatológico negativo nesses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Ascites/complications , Dyspnea/etiology , Fatigue/etiology , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Ascites/physiopathology , Ascites/therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dyspnea/physiopathology , Fatigue/physiopathology
16.
rev. cuid. (Bucaramanga. 2010) ; 11(1): e919, Ene.-2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1118247

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La ascitis maligna es la acumulación anormal de fluido en la cavidad peritoneal como consecuencia de patologías como el cáncer, además es un factor desencadenante de clúster de síntomas (dolor, disnea, pérdida de apetito, náuseas, reducción a la movilidad y cambios en el aspecto físico) que se convierten en un problema clínico de difícil manejo. Dentro de los tratamientos encaminados al mejoramiento de esta condición se encuentra la paracentesis terapéutica, procedimiento médico cuya técnica se hace mediante drenaje y que en ocasiones se requiere practicar de manera repetitiva, pudiendo ser un síntoma refractario que conlleva al requerimiento de la implantación de un catéter peritoneal como una medida paliativa para el mejoramiento de la calidad de vida del paciente y su familia. Materiales y Métodos: Se realiza una revisión de la literatura existente, estableciéndose una búsqueda inicial donde se obtuvieron 747 artículos de los cuales se incluyen 277 potencialmente relevantes, a los que se le verificaron el cumplimiento de los criterios de inclusión, y posterior a la depuración de la información y de eliminar artículos duplicados y se incluyeron en la revisión los 8 estudios que cumplieron la totalidad de estos parámetros. Resultados: La técnica del catéter peritoneal es 100% exitosa, no presenta complicaciones inmediatas, óptima medida paliativa para los pacientes con ascitis refractaria permitiendo más de 30 días de durabilidad del dispositivo, además, de un fácil uso por profesionales, paciente y familia, permitiendo un manejo ambulatorio que disminuye costos, reingresos por complicaciones tardías potencialmente prevenibles e identificables como lo son filtración, desplazamiento, infecciones, oclusión del dispositivo hospitalarios y proporcionando confort y control de síntomas de manera inmediata. Discusión y Conclusiones: Con los resultados expuestos en la presente revisión se define el catéter peritoneal óptimo en el manejo de la ascitis maligna como medida paliativa. En el tratamiento de esta y de los demás síntomas desencadenados en pacientes con patologías oncológicas avanzadas, permitiendo un mejoramiento en la calidad de vida de las personas.


Introduction: Malignant ascites is the abnormal accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity as a consequence of pathologies such as cancer. It is also a trigger factor for a symptom cluster (pain, dyspnea, loss of appetite, nausea, reduced mobility and changes in physical appearance) that becomes a clinical problem that is difficult to deal with. One of the treatments aimed at improving this condition is the therapeutic paracentesis, a medical procedure that uses a drainage technique that sometimes requires repeated practice. It can be a refractory symptom that leads to the requirement of the implantation of a peritoneal catheter as a palliative measure to improve the quality of life of patients and their family. Materials and Methods: A review of the existing literature was carried out in which an initial search was established obtaining 747 articles, of which 277 were classified as potentially relevant, which were later verified to meet the inclusion criteria. After filtering information and deleting duplicated articles, 8 studies were included in the literature review as they were found to meet all these parameters. Results: The peritoneal catheter technique is 100% successful without immediate complications, being an optimal palliative measure for patients with refractory ascites as it ensures device durability greater than 30 days. In addition, it is easy to use by professionals, patients and families, which allows outpatient management reducing costs, readmissions for late complications that are potentially preventable and identifiable such as filtration, displacement, infections, occlusion of the device, and hospital complications, which provide immediate comfort and symptom control. Discussion and Conclusions: Based on the results obtained in this review, the optimal peritoneal catheter is defined is as a palliative measure in the treatment of malignant ascites symptoms triggered in patients with advanced oncological pathologies, allowing an improvement in the quality of life of people.


Introdução: Ascite maligna é o acúmulo anormal de líquido na cavidade peritoneal como resultado de patologias como o câncer, é também um gatilho para um conjunto de sintomas (dor, dispneia, perda de apetite, náusea, mobilidade reduzida e alterações no aspecto físico) que se tornam um problema clínico difícil. Entre os tratamentos que visam melhorar essa condição, está a paracentese terapêutica, procedimento médico cuja técnica é realizada por drenagem e que às vezes requer prática repetida, e pode ser um sintoma refratário que leva à necessidade de implante de cateter peritoneal como medida paliativa para a melhoria da qualidade de vida do paciente e de sua família. Materiais e Métodos: É realizada uma revisão da literatura existente, estabelecendo uma pesquisa inicial onde foram obtidos 747 artigos, dos quais 277 potencialmente relevantes foram incluídos, os quais foram verificados o cumprimento dos critérios de inclusão e após a purificação das informações e para eliminar artigos duplicados e os 8 estudos que cumpriram todos esses parâmetros foram incluídos na revisão. Resultados: A técnica do cateter peritoneal é 100% bem-sucedida, não apresenta complicações imediatas, medida paliativa ideal para pacientes com ascite refratária, permitindo mais de 30 dias de durabilidade do dispositivo, além de facilitar o uso por profissionais, paciente e família, permitindo gerenciamento ambulatorial que reduz custos, readmissões por complicações tardias potencialmente evitáveis ​​e identificáveis, como filtragem, deslocamento, infecções, oclusão de dispositivos hospitalares e proporcionando conforto e controle dos sintomas imediatamente. Discussão e Conclusões: Com os resultados apresentados nesta revisão, o cateter peritoneal ideal é definido no tratamento de ascites malignas como uma medida paliativa. No tratamento deste e de outros sintomas desencadeados em pacientes com patologias oncológicas avançadas, permitindo uma melhora na qualidade de vida das pessoas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Palliative Care , Ascites , Drainage, Postural , Neoplasms
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782209

ABSTRACT

3.38, PLR >210, CA125 >365, advanced stage, suboptimal disease, serous type, and ascites were significant predictive factors for platinum resistance. However, only NLR >3.38 and advanced stage were independent predictive factors with an adjusted odds ratio of 1.880 and 3.333, respectively. Regarding factors associated with poor survival outcomes, only PLR >210 and advanced stage were independent factors, with a hazard ratio of 1.578 and 3.994, respectively.CONCLUSION: High NLR and advanced stage were potential independent predictive factors for platinum resistance, whereas high PLR and advanced stage were potential independent predictive factors for poor survival outcomes.


Subject(s)
Ascites , Blood Platelets , Drug Therapy , Fallopian Tubes , Female , Humans , Lymphocytes , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Neutrophils , Odds Ratio , Ovarian Neoplasms , Platinum , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785427

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Major liver resection and radical lymph node dissection has been accepted as a definite treatment of choice for hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC). However, the perioperative and survival outcomes of right hemihepatectomy (RH) and left hemihepatectomy (LH) still remain controversial. Thus, this study aimed to compare the surgical and oncological outcomes of RH and LH in HC patients.METHODS: From January 2000 to January 2018, a total of 326 patients underwent surgical resection for HC at Yonsei University College of Medicine in Seoul, Korea. Among the 326 patients, we excluded 130 patients and selected 196 patients, who underwent hemihepatectomy with caudate lobectomy. Among these 196 patients, 114 patients underwent RH, and 82 patients underwent LH. We compared the clinicopathological features as well as the surgical and oncologic outcomes of the RH and LH groups.RESULTS: There were no significant differences in disease-free survival (P = 0.473) or overall survival (P = 0.946) in the RH and LH groups. The LH group had fewer complications compared with the RH group, including postoperative ascites (RH: 15 [13.2%] vs. LH: 3 [3.7%], P = 0.023); however, the LH group had more bile leakage complications (RH: 5 [4.4%] vs. LH: 12 [14.6%], P = 0.012). The average time lag from portal vein embolization to operation was 25.80 ± 12.06 days (n = 45). There was no difference in postoperative liver failure (P = 0.402), although there were significantly more frequent ascites after RH (P = 0.023).CONCLUSION: LH might be a good alternative option for the surgical treatment of HC given appropriate tumor location and biliary anatomy indications.


Subject(s)
Ascites , Bile , Cholangiocarcinoma , Disease-Free Survival , Hepatectomy , Humans , Klatskin Tumor , Korea , Liver , Liver Failure , Lymph Node Excision , Portal Vein , Seoul , Treatment Outcome
20.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(6): 1955-1960, Nov.-Dec. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1055123

ABSTRACT

Ascites is a pathology characterized by the extravasation of fluid from blood vessels and its accumulation in the abdominal cavity, caused by several associated factors. In this paper, we report the occurrence of this syndrome in breeding male and female Bullfrogs fed a commercial fish feed with 40% crude protein. Liver malformation was already observed due to lack of protein deposition in adult animals from the same spawning. The culture of ascitic fluid showed absence of bacterial growth. Kidney histopathology showed, in both sexes, a large number of tubular structures with strongly eosinophilic hyaline material suggesting colloid growth in both the cortical region and spinal cord. The analysis also revealed granulomas in various stages of development, many showing central necrotic material. The kidneys, glomerular, were mostly hypoplastic, with enlarged Bowman space, and many were hyalinized or hemorrhagic; the parenchyma showed dystrophic calcification, and many tubules containing fibrinoid material. The liver displayed a large amount of melanomacrophages in the parenchyma and foci of mono-lymphocytic hepatitis and marked cytoplasmic rarefaction, as well as several hepatocytes with pyknotic nuclei and necrotic cells and dissociation of the hepatic trabeculae. Ascites may be caused by the lesions observed in these organs.(AU)


A ascite é uma condição patológica que se caracteriza pelo extravasamento do líquido dos vasos sanguíneos e por seu acúmulo na cavidade abdominal provocado por uma somatória de fatores. É considerada uma síndrome de caráter multifatorial e, uma vez desencadeado o processo ascítico, esse se torna, na maioria dos casos, irreversível. O objetivo deste trabalho foi relatar a ocorrência dessa síndrome em machos e fêmeas reprodutores de rã-touro (Lithobates catesbeianus), alimentados com ração comercial para peixes, com 40% de proteína bruta, durante três anos e já sendo observada má formação de fígado, por falta de deposição proteica, em animais adultos da mesma desova. A cultura do líquido ascítico demonstrou ausência de crescimento bacteriano. Na histopatologia, observou-se, para ambos os sexos, nos rins, grande número de estruturas tubulares com material fortemente eosinofílico e hialino, sugerindo coloide, tanto na região cortical como na medular. Visualizaram-se também granulomas em vários estágios de desenvolvimento, muitos apresentando material necrótico central. Ainda se pôde observar que os aparelhos renais, os glomérulos, em sua maioria, estavam hipoplásicos e com aumento do espaço de Bowman, e muitos hialinizados ou hemorrágicos; além de calcificação distrófica no parênquima e nos dos túbulos, havia material fibrinoide no seu interior. No fígado, pôde-se ver grande quantidade de melanomacrófagos no parênquima e focos de hepatite monolinfocitária e acentuada rarefação citoplasmática, assim como vários hepatócitos com núcleo em picnose e células em necrose e dissociação das trabéculas hepáticas. A causa da ascite pode ser devido às lesões observadas nesses órgãos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Ascites/veterinary , Rana catesbeiana , Metabolic Diseases/veterinary
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