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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879115

ABSTRACT

Aspalathus linearis is a needle-shaped shrub that grows in the Cedarberg mountains in southern South Africa, with an extremely high medicinal value. In 2014, China has approved A. linearis as a new food material. Through retrieval in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, Web of Science, PubMed and Scopus databases, the literatures were excluded, classified and summarized.On the basis of Chinese medicine theory, the traditional Chinese medicine properties were deducted. Finally, 264 relevant li-teratures were included and classified into 6 categories: review, planting, chemical composition, clinical study, pharmacological effects and safety. The traditional Chinese medicinal properties were deducted as sweet flavor and neutral property. It enters kidney, spleen, heart and liver channels. The major functions are to tonify the kidney and benefit the essence, nourish Qi and spleen, nourish Yin and prompt the production of body fluid, tranquilize mind, and relieve pain. It can be used for soreness of the waist and fatigue, sexual disinterest, limbs heaviness, thirst due to insufficiency of fluid and internal heat, irritability and insomnia, forget fulness, stomachache, joint pain, dysmenorrhea, headache. Preparation for external use can treat eczema itching. Water decoction(2-15 g) can also be used as tea directly. This paper defined the traditional Chinese medicine properties of A. linearis, so as to provide the theoretical basis for further clinical application.


Subject(s)
Aspalathus , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
2.
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1262327

ABSTRACT

Background: Rooibos types and forms and how prepared and flavoured influence the total polyphenol content and total antioxidant capacity (TAC).Aim: To denote an optimal rooibos cup as having the highest total polyphenol content and TAC, considering the different types, forms, preparation methods and flavourings and amounts (Phase 1), and determine the demographic, lifestyle and rooibos consumption characteristics of adult rooibos consumers, and the association of these characteristics with drinking the optimal cup (Phase 2).Setting: Assays: Oxidative Stress Research Centre, Cape Peninsula University of Technology; Consumer survey: George area, South Africa. Method: Phase 1 entailed determining the total polyphenol content (Folin­Ciocalteau method) and TAC (Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity and ferric-reducing antioxidant power assay) of the prepared rooibos samples. For Phase 2, a developed, pilot tested questionnaire was used to profile adult rooibos consumers.Results: Phase 1: the following samples delivered higher total polyphenol content and TAC: green (type), green leaves and powdered extract (forms), and sample steeped for 10 min or longer (preparation method). The identified optimal cup was sample steeped for 10 min or longer. Phase 2: a total of 308 respondents completed the questionnaire. Few consumed more than one rooibos cup per day (25.3%; n = 78) and the optimal cup (15.9%; n = 49). These latter respondents comprised those who steeped rooibos in a teapot (not a cup or mug) (p < 0.05).Conclusions: The optimal cup was identified as sample steeped for 10 min or longer. The rooibos consumers did not consume it sufficiently, nor steeped it long enough


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Aspalathus , Drinking , Polyphenols , South Africa , Tea/therapeutic use
3.
Health SA Gesondheid (Print) ; 24(1): 1-9, 2019. tab
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1262555

ABSTRACT

Background: Rooibos types and forms and how prepared and flavoured influence the total polyphenol content and total antioxidant capacity (TAC). Aim: To denote an optimal rooibos cup as having the highest total polyphenol content and TAC, considering the different types, forms, preparation methods and flavourings and amounts (Phase 1), and determine the demographic, lifestyle and rooibos consumption characteristics of adult rooibos consumers, and the association of these characteristics with drinking the optimal cup (Phase 2). Setting: Assays: Oxidative Stress Research Centre, Cape Peninsula University of Technology; Consumer survey: George area, South Africa. Method: Phase 1 entailed determining the total polyphenol content (Folin­Ciocalteau method) and TAC (Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity and ferric-reducing antioxidant power assay) of the prepared rooibos samples. For Phase 2, a developed, pilot tested questionnaire was used to profile adult rooibos consumers. Results: Phase 1: the following samples delivered higher total polyphenol content and TAC: green (type), green leaves and powdered extract (forms), and sample steeped for 10 min or longer (preparation method). The identified optimal cup was sample steeped for 10 min or longer. Phase 2: a total of 308 respondents completed the questionnaire. Few consumed more than one rooibos cup per day (25.3%; n = 78) and the optimal cup (15.9%; n = 49). These latter respondents comprised those who steeped rooibos in a teapot (not a cup or mug) (p < 0.05). Conclusions: The optimal cup was identified as sample steeped for 10 min or longer. The rooibos consumers did not consume it sufficiently, nor steeped it long enough


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Aspalathus , South Africa , Teas, Herbal
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820686

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of red palm oil (RPO), rooibos tea extract (RTE) and their combined treatment (RPO + RTE) on antioxidant status in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats.@*METHODS@#Diabetes mellitus was induced by a single administration of streptozotocin (50 mg/kg) and the rats were treated for 7 weeks. Antioxidant enzymes [catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), superoxide dismutase (SOD)], antioxidant capacity [trolox equivalence antioxidant capacity (TEAC), oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC)] as well as total protein, albumin, globulin, total glutathione, conjugated diene and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) were investigated.@*RESULTS@#Treatment with RPO, RTE and RPO + RTE significantly (p>0.05) improved liver SOD and plasma ORAC in the diabetic rats. Similarly, diabetic rats treated with RTE and RPO + RTE enhanced liver GPx. A significant (P<0.05) increase in the plasma TBARS in the diabetic control group was observed when compared with the normal control group. Treatment of diabetic rats with RTE and RPO + RTE reduced plasma TBARS to a level not significantly different at P<0.05 from the normal control group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The results revealed the anti-oxidative potentials of red palm oil, rooibos and their combination in diabetic conditions and hence, they could be useful in the management of diabetes and its complications.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Aspalathus , Chemistry , Blood Proteins , Body Weight , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Metabolism , Glutathione , Liver , Chemistry , Male , Organ Size , Oxidative Stress , Oxidoreductases , Blood , Palm Oil , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Plant Oils , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Polyphenols , Chemistry , Rats , Rats, Wistar
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-227496

ABSTRACT

Many aging male suffer various andropause symptoms including loss of physical and mental activities. This study evaluated the putative alleviative effects of CRS-10 dandelion and rooibos extract complex (CRS-10) on the symptoms of andropause. The survival rate of TM3 Leydig cells (TM3 cells) treated with CRS-10 was measured based on typical physiological stress. After daily intake of CRS-10 for 4 weeks, the level of testosterone, physical activity and both the number and activity of sperm in older rats (18 weeks) were measured. Furthermore, thirty males were surveyed with AMS (Aging Males' Symptoms) questionnaire after intake of 400 mg of CRS-10. Overall, CRS-10 protected TM3 cells from serum restriction and oxidative stress via activation of ERK and Akt pathways. The level of testosterone and activation of spermatogenesis in rats were significantly enhanced. In addition, physical locomotion was markedly improved. Daily intake of 400 mg of CRS-10 improved the quality of life among agingmale respondents, according to a clinical survey using the AMS. The results indicate the potential of CRS-10 as a safe and efficacious natural substance for reducing or alleviating andropause symptoms.


Subject(s)
Aging , Andropause , Animals , Aspalathus , Humans , Leydig Cells , Locomotion , Male , Motor Activity , Oxidative Stress , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires , Rats , Spermatogenesis , Spermatozoa , Stress, Physiological , Survival Rate , Taraxacum , Testosterone
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349752

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to determine the impact of chrysoeriol on proliferation and cell cycle progression in the human multiple myeloma cell lines RPMI 8226 and KM3, and its related molecular mechanisms. Chryseoriol was identified by using the phosphorylated AKT-specific cytoblot high throughput assay. CCK-8 assay was employed to examine the growth inhibition rate and IC(50) (48 h) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNCs), RPMI 8226 and KM3 cells treated with chrysoeriol at various concentrations. Cells were labeled with 5-6-carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester (CFSE), and the proliferation dynamics was detected by flow cytometry and analyzed with ModFit software. The cell cycles of RPMI 8226 and KM3 cells were measured by flow cytometry when the IC(50) concentration of chrysoeriol was adopted. The alterations in cell-cycle related proteins (Cyclin B1, Cyclin D1, p21) and proteins in PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathway were determined by Western blot analysis. The results showed the proliferation of multiple myeloma cells was significantly inhibited by chrysoeriol, resulting in cell cycle arrest in G(2)/M phase. Chrysoeriol could significantly reduce the expression of p-AKT (s473) and p-4eBP1 (t37/46) protein, meanwhile enhanced Cyclin B1 and p21 protein expression. Similar effects were not observed in PBMNCs from normal donors. It was concluded that chrysoeriol was a selective PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathway inhibitor. It restrained the proliferation of human multiple myeloma cells, but didn't affect proliferation of PBMNCs from normal donors. It might exhibit the cell cycle regulatory effect via the inhibition of PI3K-AKT-mTOR signal pathway.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Pharmacology , Aspalathus , Chemistry , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Flavones , Pharmacology , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Pathology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Physiology , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Metabolism
7.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 299-305, 2005.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-35983

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the therapeutic potential of green tea to treat renal stone, we examined the effect of green tea on the formation and the excretion of experimentally induced calcium oxalate (CaOx) stones in rat kidneys. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CaOx nephrolithiasis was induced by administering 1% ethylene glycol (EG) for 4 weeks. To investigate the effect of tea on the formation CaOx stones, the rats were simultaneously administered either 0.2% green tea or 0.5% rooibos tea. To verify the action of green tea on the excretion of CaOx stones, the rats were divided into four groups after the administration of 1% EG water for 4 weeks and then fed with either 0.2% green tea, 0.5% rooibos tea or 80mg/l furosemide-containing 1% EG water for 4 weeks. The right kidney was frozen for mRNA measurements, with the left fixed for counting crystal deposits. Twenty-four hour urine volume and urinary excretions of oxalate, uric acid, calcium and magnesium were measured. RESULTS: Urinary biochemistry and 24 hour urine output were apparently unchanged by taking either the green tea or rooibos tea. The increases of CaOx crystal deposits and osteopontin mRNA expressions in the kidneys by the administration of 1% EG water were markedly decreased by both tea intakes, while there were no significant differences in the mRNA levels of CuZn- and Mn-superoxide dismutases between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: Green and rooibos teas significantly attenuated the calcium crystal depositions in the kidneys. Down-regulations of the osteopontin mRNA levels may be involved in the inhibitory effects of the teas on the renal CaOx stone formation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aspalathus , Biochemistry , Calcium Oxalate , Calcium , Ethylene Glycol , Kidney , Kidney Calculi , Magnesium , Nephrolithiasis , Osteopontin , Rats , RNA, Messenger , Tea , Uric Acid , Water
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