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1.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(10): 4795-4804, out. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345712

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to analyze the temporal trend of suicide mortality in women in the states of Northeastern Brazil. This is an ecological study of a time series stratified by states in Northeast Brazil from 1996 to 2018, with data extracted from the Mortality Information System (SIM). The temporal trend was evaluated by negative binomial regression (p values≤0.05). There was a higher proportion of deaths in black and brown women (73.9%), single (57.3%), with the place of death occurring in the home (53.4%). Hanging and strangulation stood out as the perpetration means (47.6%). Most states showed an upward temporal trend, except for Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte, Sergipe and Maranhão, which showed a steady trend (p>0.05). An upward temporal trend was identified in the analysis of deaths by suicide in women in five states in northeastern Brazil between 1996 and 2018. The information presented can support planning and decision-making for the prevention of suicide among women in northeastern Brazil.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a tendência temporal da mortalidade por suicídio em mulheres nos estados do Nordeste do Brasil. Trata-se de um estudo ecológico de uma série temporal estratificada por estados do Nordeste do Brasil de 1996 a 2018, com dados extraídos do Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade (SIM). A tendência temporal foi avaliada por regressão binomial negativa (valores de p≤0,05). Houve uma proporção maior de mortes em mulheres negras e pardas (73,9%), solteiras (57,3%), com o local da morte ocorrendo em casa (53,4%). Suspensão e estrangulamento se destacaram como o meio de perpetração (47,5%). A maioria dos estados apresentou tendência temporal ascendente, com exceção de Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Norte, Sergipe e Maranhão, que apresentaram tendência estável (p>0,05). Uma tendência temporal ascendente foi identificada na análise dos óbitos por suicídio em mulheres em cinco estados do Nordeste brasileiro entre 1996 e 2018. Assim, as informações apresentados podem apoiar no planejamento e nas tomadas de decisões para prevenção do suicídio entre mulheres no Nordeste brasileiro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Suicide , Asphyxia , Brazil/epidemiology , Information Systems , Mortality
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922411

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the effect of glucose metabolism disorders on the short-term prognosis in neonates with asphyxia.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of the neonates with asphyxia who were admitted to 52 hospitals in Hubei Province of China from January to December, 2018 and had blood glucose data within 12 hours after birth. Their blood glucose data at 1, 2, 6, and 12 hours after birth (with an allowable time error of 0.5 hour) were recorded. According to the presence or absence of brain injury and/or death during hospitalization, the neonates were divided into a poor prognosis group with 693 neonates and a good prognosis group with 779 neonates. The two groups were compared in the incidence of glucose metabolism disorders within 12 hours after birth and short-term prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the good prognosis group, the poor prognosis group had a significantly higher proportion of neonates from secondary hospitals (48.5% vs 42.6%, @*CONCLUSIONS@#Recurrent hyperglycemia in neonates with asphyxia may suggest poor short-term prognosis, and it is necessary to strengthen the early monitoring and management of the nervous system in such neonates.


Subject(s)
Asphyxia , Asphyxia Neonatorum/epidemiology , Humans , Hyperglycemia , Infant, Newborn , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
3.
ABCS health sci ; 45: e020028, 02 jun 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129785

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Baby-led weaning (BLW) is an alternative approach to introducing food to infants that has become popular. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the scientific evidence regarding the BLW method and its modified version, Baby-Led Introduction to Solids (BLISS). METHODS: The research was carried out between June 2018 and June 2019, through the databases US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health (PubMed) using the following keywords: 'BLW', 'Baby-led weaning', 'BLISS', and 'Baby-Led Introduction to Solids'. All original articles from in English published between 2011 and 2019 have been included. RESULTS: Twenty-five studies were included in the analysis. Research on BLW/BLISS focused mainly on the themes: characteristics, behaviors and attitudes of mothers and children, knowledge of mothers and health professionals about feeding methods, weight and body mass index evaluation of children, evaluation of energetic and nutrient intake of children and evaluation of episodes of choking and gag reflex. CONCLUSION: Most research deals with BLW-related experiences and there is still little evidence on the method in terms of adequacy of energy and nutrient intake and growth in childhood. Positive points to child can be observed such as prolonged breastfeeding, greater independence when feeding and better response to satiety. The methods of food introduction do not differ in relation to the occurrence of episodes of choking.


INTRODUÇÃO: O Baby-led weaning (BLW) é uma abordagem alternativa para a introdução alimentar aos lactentes que tem se tornado popular. OBJETIVO: Investigar as evidências científicas a respeito do método BLW e sua versão modificada Baby-Led Introduction to Solids (BLISS). MÉTODOS: A pesquisa de artigos foi realizada entre junho de 2018 e junho de 2019, por meio da base de dados US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health (PubMed) utilizando as seguintes palavras-chaves: 'BLW', 'Baby-led weaning', 'BLISS', e 'Baby-Led Introduction to Solids'. Foram incluídos todos os artigos originais encontrados no idioma inglês, publicados entre 2011 e 2019. RESULTADO: Vinte e cinco estudos foram incluídos na análise. As pesquisas sobre BLW/BLISS focaram principalmente nos temas: características, comportamentos e atitudes de mães e crianças, conhecimento de mães e profissionais de saúde sobre os métodos de introdução alimentar, avaliação de peso e de índice de massa corporal, avaliação da ingestão energética e de nutrientes e avaliação de episódios de engasgo e reflexo de gag das crianças. CONCLUSÃO: A maioria das pesquisas aborda experiências relacionadas ao BLW/BLISS e ainda existem poucas evidências sobre o método em termos de adequação de ingestão de energia e nutrientes e de crescimento na infância. Pontos positivos para a criança podem ser observados como aleitamento materno prolongado, maior independência ao se alimentar e melhor resposta à saciedade. Os métodos de introdução alimentar não diferem entre si em relação à ocorrência de episódios de engasgos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Weaning , Eating , Eating , Infant Health , Asphyxia , Energy Intake , Body Mass Index , Child Development , Gagging
4.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(2): 1724-1731, mar.-abr. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1127029

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las asfixias mecánicas son aquellas que resultan del impedimento mecánico a la penetración del aire en las vías respiratorias, suelen clasificarse atendiendo a la naturaleza del medio mecánico que las origina y a su modo de actuar. La estrangulación puede definirse como la constricción del cuello mediante la aplicación de una fuerza activa, ajena al peso del cuerpo, que actúa por intermedio de un lazo, las manos, el antebrazo o cualquier otra estructura rígida. En la estrangulación antebraquial, la constricción del cuello se lleva a cabo normalmente rodeando al individuo con el brazo y el antebrazo. Cuando el mecanismo de la compresión del cuello es lateral, no se afectan las vías aéreas, la compresión de las arterias carótidas hace que se produzca una isquemia cerebral y pérdida de conocimiento en 10-15 segundos. El mecanismo de muerte en estos casos será la anoxia cefálica. Si la compresión del cuello es anterior, actúa ocluyendo las vías aéreas, la presión sobre los cartílagos tiroides y cricoides puede producir fracturas y el mecanismo de muerte será la obstrucción respiratoria. El presente trabajo constituyó un caso poco común de estrangulación, donde se utilizó un mecanismo combinado que llevó al occiso al deceso final. Para la realización de la discusión del caso se tuvo en cuenta los elementos del lugar del hecho, el examen del exterior y el interior del cadáver (AU).


ABSTRACT Mechanical asphyxias are those resulting from the mechanical obstruction of the air penetration in the airways. They are usually classified according to the nature of the mechanical mean producing it and the way it performs. Strangulation may be defined as neck constriction through the application of an active force not proper to the body weight, acting by means of a knot, hands, forearm or any stiff structure. In ante brachial strangulation, neck constriction is normally performed surrounding the individual with the arm and forearm. When the neck constriction mechanism is lateral, the airways are not affected: carotid arteries constriction produces a brain stroke and loss of consciousness in 10-15 s. The death mechanism in these cases will be cephalic anoxia. If the neck compression is anterior, it occludes the airways; the pressure on thyroidal and cricoid cartilages may produce fractures and death mechanism will be respiratory obstruction. The current work deals with an uncommon strangulation case, where a combined mechanism led the person to the final decease. For the case discussion the authors took into account the elements of the place, and the examination of the exterior and the inside of the corpse (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Asphyxia/classification , Neck Injuries/mortality , Asphyxia/mortality , Respiratory Mechanics , Cause of Death , Compressed Air , Forensic Medicine
5.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 37(1): 27-32, ene.-mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098368

ABSTRACT

Resumen El confinamiento al igual que el sepultamiento son parte de las sofocaciones por carencia de aire respirable. Su etiología principal es la accidental, como ocurre con los mineros o los niños que juegan con bolsas de plástico o quedan atrapados dentro de lugares sin ventilación. En la actualidad se ha visto el aumento a nivel mundial sobre todo en países desarrollados, del uso de una bolsa plástica en conjunto con algún gas noble (principalmente helio) como método suicida "per se" o como proceso final de eutanasia. En el presente artículo se hará revisión de dos casos en Costa Rica, con sus hallazgos en la necropsia, la carencia de hallazgos toxicológicos y la importancia del escenario de muerte para poder emitir un criterio desde el punto de vista médico legal.


Abstract The confinement as well as the burial are part of the suffocations due to lack of breathable air. Its main etiology is accidental, as it happens with miners or the children who play with plastic bags or get trapped inside unventilated places. At present, the increase in the world has been seen especially in developed countries of the use of a plastic bag in conjunction with some noble gas (mainly helium) as a suicidal method or as a final process of euthanasia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Asphyxia/diagnosis , Suicide , Helium/adverse effects , Plastics , Euthanasia , Costa Rica
7.
Rev. Bras. Odontol. Leg. RBOL ; 6(3): [35,46], set-dez 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1050949

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A incidência de suicídio vem crescendo no Brasil e no mundo, apresentando-se como problema de saúde pública. Objetivo: Traçar o perfil das vítimas de suicídio da cidade de João Pessoa/PB ­ Brasil. Material e Métodos: Estudo transversal, descritivo e de abordagem quantitativa por meio da avaliação de dados presentes nas Declarações de Óbito de vítimas de suicídio nos anos 2015 e 2016 emitidas pelo Núcleo de Medicina e Odontologia Legal da cidade de João Pessoa/PB ­ Brasil. Os dados foram fornecidos pela Vigilância Epidemiológica da Secretaria Municipal de João Pessoa. As variáveis estudadas foram sexo, idade, escolaridade, estado civil, ocupação, local do suicídio, se houve atendimento médico e causa básica da morte (de acordo com a Classificação Internacional de Doenças ­ CID-10). Procedeu-se a análise estatística descritiva e inferencial, adotando nível de significância de 5,0%. Resultados: 105 pessoas morreram vítimas de suicídio, com prevalência do sexo masculino (75,2%), entre 20 e 39 anos (41,9%), sendo a residência (73,3%) o local de eleição para a prática suicida. Quanto à forma, o enforcamento foi mais comum entre homens (57,1% e p=0,006) e a autointoxicação e o enforcamento (10,5% e p=0,006) entre mulheres. Não houve diferença estatisticamente significante quando o sexo foi relacionado ao estado civil (p=0,381), escolaridade (p=0,051) e ocupação (p=0,628). Conclusão: O perfil das vítimas de suicídio em João Pessoa nos anos de 2015 e 2016 foi de homens, adultos, solteiros, com baixa escolaridade, profissão relacionada à agricultura, ocorrendo, em sua maioria, na residência, por enforcamento (homens) e enforcamento e autointoxicação (mulheres)


Introduction: Suicide has been increasing in Brazil and worldwide, presenting itself as a public health problem. Objective: Outline the suicide victims profile in the city of João Pessoa/PB, Brazil. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional, descriptive and quantitative-approach study, through the evaluation of data presented in the Death Certificates of suicide victims in the years 2015 and 2016 issued by Nucleus of Forensic Medicine and Dentistry of João Pessoa city/PB ­ Brazil. The data were provided by the Epidemiological Surveillance of the Municipal Secretariat of João Pessoa. The variables studied were sex, age, schooling, marital status, occupation, place of suicide, if there was medical attention and basic cause of death, according to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10). Descriptive and inferential statistical analysis were used, with a significance level of 5.0%. Results: 105 people died of suicide, showing prevalence of males (75.2%), between 20 and 39 years (41.9%), and residence as being the place of choice for suicidal practice (73.3%). Regarding the method, hanging was more common among men (57.1% and p = 0.006) and autointoxication and hanging (10.5% and p = 0.006) among women. There was no statistically significant difference when genre was related to marital status (p = 0.381), schooling (p = 0.051) and occupation (p = 0.628). Conclusion: The suicide victims profile in the city of Joao Pessoa in the years 2015 and 2016 was man, adult, single, with low schooling, agriculture-related profession, mostly occurring in the residence, by hanging (men) and hanging and autointoxication (women)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Asphyxia , Suicide , Neck Injuries , Forensic Dentistry , Forensic Medicine
8.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(4): 1020-1027, jul.-ago. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1094106

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las asfixias mecánicas son aquellas que resultan de un impedimento mecánico a la penetración del aire en las vías respiratorias. Suelen clasificarse atendiendo a la naturaleza del medio mecánico que las origina, y a su modo de actuar. El ahorcamiento no es más que la constricción del cuello, ejercida por un lazo sujeto a un punto fijo, sobre el cual ejerce tracción el propio peso del cuerpo. La muerte, según las circunstancias del caso, puede ocurrir por un mecanismo asfíctico, circulatorio, inhibitorio o por lesión medular (caso raro de presentación). El presente trabajo constituyó un caso atípico de ahorcamiento. El ciudadano que resultó fallecido, al dejarse caer bruscamente del balcón de su vivienda, con el dogal en el cuello (soga) y quedar pendiendo el cuerpo, ocasionó un traumatismo raquimedular severo; lo que trajo como consecuencia que se produjera una fractura de la 3ra vértebra cervical, y una contusión medular que lo llevó a la muerte de forma instantánea por el shock medular ocasionado. Para la discusión del caso se tuvo en cuenta los elementos del lugar del hecho, y el examen del cadáver externa e internamente.


ABSTRACT Mechanical asphyxias are those resulting from a mechanical interruption of air penetration to the respiratory tract. They are usually classified according to the nature of the mechanical mean originating them and the way they perform. Hanging is no more that the neck constriction, executed by a lace attached to a fixed point, on which the proper weight of the body applies traction. Death, according to the circumstances of the case, may occur by an asphyxiating, circulatory, inhibitory mechanism or by medullar lesion (a rare case of presentation). The current work reports a case of atypical hanging. The person who died, when abruptly jumped down the balcony of his house with the rope around the neck and the body was left pending, suffered a severe spinomedullar trauma, causing a fracture of the 3rd cervical vertebra, and a medullar contusion causing an instantaneous death due to the medullar shock. To discuss the case, the authors took into account elements of the location where it took place, and the external and internal examination of the body.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Asphyxia/classification , Asphyxia/diagnosis , Asphyxia/etiology , Asphyxia/mortality , Asphyxia/epidemiology , Suicide/classification , Suicide/statistics & numerical data , Mortality , Forensic Medicine
9.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 70(3): 155-164, Abr-Jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058406

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: determinar la adherencia global y por componentes a la estrategia minuto de oro en médicos que atienden recién nacidos en una entidad de mediano nivel de complejidad. Materiales y métodos: estudio de corte transversal; se incluyeron recién nacidos vivos de partos vaginales espontáneos atendidos por médicos pediatras, ginecólogos o internos en sala de partos de un hospital universitario de la ciudad de Cali, Colombia, en el 2017. Se excluyeron fetos con mal- formaciones congénitas mayores, gemelares y con menos de 34 semanas de edad gestacional. Muestreo sistemático. Tamaño muestral: 150 recién nacidos. Se evaluaron las características basales de los recién nacidos y sus madres, y la adherencia a la estrategia minuto de oro y sus componentes. Se hizo análisis descriptivo. Resultados: la adherencia al minuto de oro en médicos pediatras fue del 65,6 % (IC 95 %: 53,8-78,4), en ginecobstetras, de 33,33 % (IC 95 %: 4,3-77,7), y en médicos internos, de 75,3 % (IC 95 %: 64,8- 85,1). La menor frecuencia se dio en la colocación del gorro al recién nacido, 64,90 % (IC 95 %: 56,7- 72,4), y poner al bebé piel a piel sobre la madre, 65 % (IC 95 %: 55,9-74,4); la mayor frecuencia se presentó en cubrir al recién nacido con paños calientes, 98,6 % (IC 95 %: 95,3-99,8), y la ventilación con presión positiva en los casos en los que no había respuesta a la estimulación inicial, 100 % (IC 95 %: 30-100). Conclusiones: los resultados obtenidos sobre el grado de adherencia de los profesionales sugieren la necesidad de realizar procesos continuos de educación y evaluación sobre la aplicación de esta estrategia de reconocida efectividad en las institu- ciones que ofrecen el servicio de atención de partos.


ABSTRACT Objective: To determine adherence, overall and by components, to the Helping Babies Breathe strategy by physicians caring for neonates in an intermediate complexity institution. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional study that included live neonates born by spontaneous vaginal delivery and who received care from pediatricians, gynecologists or interns in the delivery room of a university hospital in the city of Cali, Colombia, in 2017. Fetuses with major congenital malformations, twins, and neonates with less than 34 weeks of gestational age were excluded. Sampling was systematic and the sample size was of 150 neonates. Baseline neonatal and maternal characteristics were assessed, as well as adherence to the Helping Babies Breathe strategy and its components. A descriptive analysis was performed. Results: Adherence to the Helping Babies Breathe was 65.6% (95% CI 53.8-78.4) for pediatricians, 33.33% (95% CI: 4,3-77,7) for obstetricians and gynecologists, and 75.3% (95% CI: 64,8-85,1) for interns. The lowest frequency was found for cap placement on the neonate's head, 64.90% (95% CI: 56.7-72.4), and placement of the baby in contact with the mother's skin, 65% (95% CI: 55.9-74.4); the highest frequency was found for covering the baby with warm blankets, 98,6% (95% CI: 95.3-99.8), and positive pressure ventilation in those cases of absent response to initial stimulation, 100% (95% CI 30-100). Conclusions: Results pertaining to the degree of adherence on the part of the practitioners suggest the need to implement continuous education and evaluation processes focused on the application of this strategy which has been shown to be effective in institutions offering childbirth care.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Asphyxia , Infant Mortality , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
10.
Rev. Asoc. Méd. Argent ; 132(2): 12-14, jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026330

ABSTRACT

Se revisan la fisiopatología y los mecanismos que producen la sofocación en el hematoma cervical y se determina que el único tratamiento con posibilidades de éxito vital es el inmediato drenaje del hematoma.


In this article are reviewed the physiopathology and the mechanisms that causes suffocation in the cervical hematoma. It is determined that the only treatment with possibilities of vital success is the immediate drainage of the hematoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asphyxia/etiology , Drainage , Hematoma/physiopathology , Hematoma/therapy , Postoperative Complications , Asphyxia/physiopathology , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Neck/surgery
11.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 40(1): 91-108, jan./jul. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1051545

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever e comparar as características relacionadas aos óbitos por causas evitáveis, como a brocoaspiração, sufocação e síndrome da morte súbita, buscando a definição de um perfil comum. Método: trata-se de um estudo de caso, retrospectivo, no qual, foram analisadas as fichas de investigação de óbito infantil, declaração de óbito e declaração de nascido vivo por um período de doze anos. Resultados: dos 944 óbitos ocorridos, 70 (7,4%) deles tiveram como causa básica de morte a broncoaspiração (45), sufocação (11) ou síndrome da morte súbita (14). O perfil mais frequente encontrado foi: a idade do óbito - pós-neonatal; o local de morte - no domicilio; história de coleito presente; crianças em bom estado de saúde; idade materna entre 20 a 34 anos; baixo nível sócio econômico; fumantes; crianças do sexo masculino; cor branca. Conclusão: reconhecer o perfil desses óbitos irá auxiliar em estratégias de prevenção e redução dos óbitos infantis(AU)


Objective: to describe and compare the characteristics related to deaths due to preventable causes, such as brokering, suffocation and sudden death syndrome, seeking a definition of a common profile. Method: this is a retrospective, unqualified case study, being analyzed as records of infant death, declaration of death and declaration of live baby for a period of twelve years. Results: of the 944 deaths, 70 (7.4%) had basic death due to bronchoaspiration (45), suffocation (11) or sudden death syndrome (14). The most frequent profile was: the age of death - post-neonatal; the place of death - at the address; history of present coleite; children in good health; maternal age between 20 and 34 years; neutron partner; smoking; male children; White color. Conclusion: recognizing the list of auxiliary procedures data on strategies to prevent and reduce infant deaths(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant Mortality , Underlying Cause of Death , Asphyxia , International Classification of Diseases , Information Storage and Retrieval , Death, Sudden
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760679

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The lack of obstetricians in Japan has prevented the implementation of a 24–hour delivery monitoring system for high-risk deliveries such as twin vaginal delivery at many obstetric facilities. To examine the outcomes of a 1-day trial of the vaginal delivery of twins at 36–37 weeks' gestation. METHODS: We induced the vaginal delivery of twins at 36–37 weeks' gestation of 256 women who provided consent between January 2007 and December 2016 using the following protocol: 1) administration of 0.5 mg oral prostaglandin E2 every 1 hour (maximum: 1.5 mg) in the morning; 2) intravenous administration of oxytocin and amniotomy in the afternoon; and 3) selection of caesarean delivery when vaginal delivery was not expected by evening. We examined their perinatal outcomes in a chart review. RESULTS: The completion rates of vaginal delivery in total, nulliparous, and multiparous women were 79%, 72%, and 84%, respectively. There were no cases of neonatal asphyxia. The total incidence of neonatal respiratory disorders was 2.1%, but there were no cases of persistent pulmonary hypertension. The total incidence of postpartum hemorrhage requiring transfusion was 2.7%. CONCLUSION: The 1-day planned vaginal delivery of twins at 36–37 weeks' gestation appears valid and safe, and our findings suggest that it can be an option for the delivery of twins.


Subject(s)
Administration, Intravenous , Asphyxia , Dinoprostone , Female , Humans , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Incidence , Japan , Oxytocin , Postpartum Hemorrhage , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Twin , Trial of Labor , Twins
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759873

ABSTRACT

Complex suicide refers to a type of suicide that leads to death using two or more methods. We report three cases of unique and rare examples of complex suicide, with the plan of the second and/or third method working simultaneously if the first suicidal attempt had failed. In the first case, the victim used three methods of asphyxia: hanging by a safety belt, plastic bag suffocation, and self-ligature strangulation by stretching rubber bands within the vehicle. In the second case, the victim hanged himself with electrocution by attaching electrical leads to the right side of his head. In the third case, the victim with the intention of drowning jumped 20 m above the water surface on the bridge by tying metal chains to the bridge rail and self-immolation by gasoline. Planned complex suicide involves more successful methods to commit suicide and may conversely be camouflaged as suicide in murder case.


Subject(s)
Asphyxia , Drowning , Gasoline , Head , Homicide , Intention , Methods , Plastics , Rubber , Suicide , Water
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759868

ABSTRACT

Most cases of ligature strangulation are generally homicides, and deaths due to suicide or accident are rare. We present a very rare case of a man using a recliner sofa as an aid for strangulation. The deceased, a man in his 50s, cut his wrists using an industrial cutter several times and placed his hands into a bathtub containing warm water, which, however, did not lead to death. His suicide attempt through self-ligature strangulation using a recliner in the living room finally resulted in his death. After considering the results of the scene investigation, testimony of the witnesses, and the autopsy findings, the cause of death was determined to be self-ligature strangulation, and wrist incisions were found to be a contributory cause of death.


Subject(s)
Asphyxia , Autopsy , Cause of Death , Hand , Homicide , Ligation , Suicide , Water , Wrist
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759867

ABSTRACT

The deceased was found in the basement staircase of a commercial building. He was drunk the night before his death. He went into the building at 00:45 am as per the security camera recording. He was found at 9:10 am in an inverted and jackknife position causing the hyperflexion of his torso and neck. Autopsy findings revealed facial congestion and conjunctival petechiae. No evidence of critical trauma was noted. Therefore, he can be diagnosed with positional asphyxia. He must have lost his body balance and fallen on his back while climbing up the basement staircase for unknown reasons. His lower body was found to be in the jackknife position due to inertia. The drunken state and the accident prevented movement and this position was sustained for an extended period.


Subject(s)
Accidental Falls , Asphyxia , Autopsy , Estrogens, Conjugated (USP) , Neck , Purpura , Torso
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759615

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the preventive effect of theophylline on acute kidney injury and the ameliorative effect of theophylline on renal function in asphyxiated neonates. A literature search of the PubMed/Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases for information published up to February 2019 was conducted. All studies that reported the incidence rate of acute kidney injury, serum creatinine level, and glomerular filtration rate after the randomized administration of theophylline or placebo were included. In total, eight studies involving 498 neonates were eligible. The incidence rate of acute kidney injury was significantly lower in the theophylline group than in the placebo group (risk ratio [RR]: 0.42, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.32–0.55, p < 0.001). The changes in serum creatinine level in the theophylline group were significantly higher than those in the placebo group from the first day of life to 3 and 5 days of age (weighted mean difference [WMD]: −0.51, 95% CI: −0.62 to −0.40, p < 0.001, and WMD: −0.26, 95% CI: −0.34 to −0.18, p < 0.001, respectively). The changes in glomerular filtration rate in the theophylline group were significantly higher than those in the placebo group from the first day of life to 3 days of age and the last day of follow-up (WMD: 12.30, 95% CI: 9.39–15.21, p < 0.001, and WMD: 9.35, 95% CI: 6.43–12.27, p < 0.001, respectively). These results suggested that theophylline has a beneficial effect on the prevention of acute kidney injury in neonates with perinatal asphyxia.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Asphyxia , Creatinine , Follow-Up Studies , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Humans , Incidence , Infant, Newborn , Theophylline
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758452

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the clinical characteristics of suicide attempters who exposed their suicidal intension to suggest an active intervention strategy for suicide prevention based on the regional emergency medical service system. METHODS: A prospective database of suicide attempters who visited the emergency department of Chungbuk National University Hospital between October 2013 and December 2017 was used. All of the adult patients who provided consent for the initial assessment for suicidal attempters were eligible, excluding cases with unknown exposure of suicidal intension. The primary and secondary endpoints were the risk factors affecting exposure to the suicidal intension and characteristics of the exposure group. The adjusted odds ratios (AORs) of exposure to suicidal attempts after adjusting for potential confounders was calculated. RESULTS: Of a total 1,035 suicidal attempters enrolled, 332 (32.1%) were included in the exposure group. The exposure group was more likely to have an educational level above high school and no religion, and have suicidal characteristics at night time (18:00–08:00), under the influence of alcohol, suicidal plan before 1 week, and suicidal method involving asphyxia (P<0.05). The exposure group was more likely to have no guardian (AORs, 1.46; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.00–2.12), use methods involving asphyxia (AORs, 2.07; 95% CI, 1.46–2.91), and attempt suicide at night (18:00 to 08:00) (AORs, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.05–1.83) compared to the no exposure group. CONCLUSION: Models need to be established, where regional mental health welfare center, local government, fire headquarter, and tele-communication companies can participate in the implementation of an active intervention strategy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Asphyxia , Emergency Medical Services , Emergency Service, Hospital , Fires , Humans , Local Government , Mental Health , Methods , Odds Ratio , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Suicidal Ideation , Suicide , Suicide, Attempted
18.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 17-23, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741668

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify the early predictors of neurodevelopmental outcomes in infants undergoing therapeutic hypothermia for neonatal hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy. METHODS: The medical records of 24 neonates who underwent hypothermia therapy for hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy at the neonatal intensive care unit of Yeouido St. Mary's Hospital of the Catholic University of Korea between August 2013 and May 2016 were reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups according to their neurological outcome at the age of 18 to 24 months: a normal group (n=14), which included patients with normal neurological function, and an abnormal group (n=10), which included patients with neurological deficits. The clinical characteristics, clinical outcomes, and laboratory findings before and after hypothermia treatment were compared between the groups. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the demographic characteristics between the two groups. With regard to clinical outcomes, only brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings showed significant differences between the normal and abnormal groups (21.4% vs. 100.0%, P 0.05). CONCLUSION: The presence of abnormal lesions on MRI was the most useful predictor of poor neurodevelopmental outcome in infants treated with therapeutic hypothermia after perinatal asphyxia.


Subject(s)
Asphyxia , Brain , Humans , Hypothermia , Hypothermia, Induced , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Korea , Leukocytes , Logistic Models , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Medical Records , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766585

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to analyze changing trends in child injury deaths from 2006 to 2016 and to provide basic data for initiatives to help prevent child injury deaths through improvements in social systems and education. Specific causes of death were analyzed using micro-data of the death statistics of Korea from 2006 to 2016, which were made available by Statistics Korea. Types and place of death were classified according to the KCD-7 (Korean Standard Classification of Diseases and Causes of Death). The data were compared to those of other Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries. Changing trends were presented. The number of child deaths by injury was 270 in 2016. The death rate was 8.1 per 100,000 population in 2006, while it was 3.9 in 2016. The death rate of boys was 1.7 times greater than that of girls. Unintentional injury deaths comprised 72.6% of all child injury deaths in 2016, while intentional injury deaths comprised 27.4%. The first leading cause of unintentional injury deaths in infants (less than 1-year-old) was suffocation, while that of children aged 1 to 14 years was transport accidents. The second leading cause of death in infants was transport accidents, that of children aged 1 to 4 was falling, and that of children aged 5 to 14 was drowning. Pedestrian accidents comprised 43.7% of the transport accidents from 2014 to 2016. To prevent child injury deaths by both unintentional and intentional causes, nation-wide policy measures and more specific interventions according to cause are required.


Subject(s)
Accidental Falls , Asphyxia , Cause of Death , Child , Classification , Drowning , Education , Female , Humans , Infant , Korea , Mortality , Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development , Republic of Korea , Self-Injurious Behavior
20.
S. Afr. fam. pract. (2004, Online) ; 61(5): 177-183, 2019. tab
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1270115

ABSTRACT

Background:Babies who are delivered outside hospital are most at risk of serious illnesses such as perinatal asphyxia and severe hyperbilirubinaemia. These conditions are major contributors to neonatal mortalities in resource-poor settings. Objective: To explore the relationship between pre-admission and intra-facility care and immediate outcomes among neonates with acute bilirubin and hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathies. Methods: Using a retrospective design, the outcome of outborn babies with acute bilirubin encephalopathy (ABE) and hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) were studied in a Nigerian hospital between 2012 and 2016. Results: A total of 40 and 80 babies with ABE and HIE were studied. Among babies with ABE, 67.5% arrived at the hospital on self-referral and of the babies with official referral, only 61.5% had had a serum bilirubin check prior to referral. Among the babies with ABE, 25.0% had both social and facility-related challenges, 45.0% had only facility-related challenges and 20.0% had only social challenges. All the babies with ABE who died had either social or facility-related challenges. For the babies with HIE, 56.2% came on self-referral while 70% received no care prior to presentation at the hospital. Some 40% of babies with HIE had both social and facility-related challenges while 12.5% had only facility-related challenges. None of the babies who died presented early. Comparable proportions of babies who died or survived had social challenges and facility-related challenges. Conclusion: Most of the outborn babies with HIE and ABE who arrived at the hospital on self-referral and facility-based care were hindered by social issues and facility-related challenges


Subject(s)
Asphyxia , Hyperbilirubinemia , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain , Infant, Newborn , Nigeria
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