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1.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353115

ABSTRACT

A intoxicação por vitamina D era pouco frequente no Brasil até seu crescente uso na última década. Neste artigo relatamos um caso de intoxicação por vitamina D em que houve a prescrição intencional de dose muito superior ao recomendado pela literatura, com a finalidade de prevenir doenças via "modulação hormonal". A paciente em questão, idosa, previamente hígida, foi submetida a um tratamento não regulamentado e sem respaldo científico, que culminou em sintomas como náuseas e vômitos, além de perda de peso, inapetência, poliúria e astenia ao longo dos meses. Através da história e exames laboratoriais foi diagnosticada intoxicação por vitamina D e lesão renal aguda. Após o tratamento houve remissão completa dos sintomas. A "modulação hormonal" é uma prática condenada pelos Conselhos Federais de Medicina e Odontologia e pela Sociedade Brasileira de Endocrinologia e Metabologia. O ato de prescrever é de grande responsabilidade ética e técnica e deve ser embasado em evidências científicas, oferecendo o melhor tratamento possível aos pacientes, seja ele preventivo ou curativo, minimizando riscos e danos, respeitando as recomendações das autoridades competentes. (AU)


Vitamin D poisoning was not frequent in Brazil until its increasing use in the last decade. In this article, we report a case of intoxication by intentional prescription of vitamin D in a much higher dose than the literature recommends, in order to prevent diseases via "hormonal modulation". The case described in this report was an elderly woman, previously healthy patient that was submitted to an unregulated treatment without scientific support, leading to symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, in addition to weight loss, lack of appetite, polyuria and asthenia over the months. Through the history and laboratory testing, vitamin D intoxication and acute kidney injury were diagnosed. After treatment, there was a complete remission of the symptoms. "Hormonal modulation" is a practice condemned by the Federal Councils of Medicine and Dentistry and by the Brazilian Society of Endocrinology and Metabology. The act of prescribing is of great ethical and technical responsibility and it must be based on scientific evidence. Thus, the patient can receive the best possible treatment, for either preventive or curative nature, by respecting the recommendations of the competent authorities and, therefore, minimizing risks and damages to patients. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Polyuria , Asthenia , Vitamin D/toxicity , Weight Loss , Anorexia , Ethics, Professional , Acute Kidney Injury
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(supl.3): 25-30, June 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1135187

ABSTRACT

Se trata de un análisis de características clínicas, hallazgos radiológicos, variables de laboratorio y mecánica respiratoria en pacientes con enfermedad por coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) durante el primer mes de la pandemia en Buenos Aires. Es un estudio descriptivo de casos, de un solo centro. Se incluyeron todos los casos confirmados de COVID-19 internados en la unidad de terapia intensiva de adultos (UTIA) del Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires. Todos los casos se confirmaron por reacción en cadena de la polimerasa con transcriptasa inversa. Un total de 7 pacientes con COVID-19 fueron atendidos en la UTIA. La mediana de edad fue de 71 años (intervalos intercuartílicos: 52-75), 4 hombres y 3 mujeres. Las manifestaciones clínicas más comunes fueron fiebre (7), tos (5), astenia (4) y disnea (3). Entre los hallazgos radiológicos, cinco de ellos mostraron opacidades intersticiales y un paciente consolidación pulmonar bilateral. Cinco requirieron ventilación mecánica invasiva y múltiples sesiones de decúbito prono. Ninguno murió durante la hospitalización, aunque aún tres permanecen en UCI.


This is an analysis of clinical characteristics, images findings, laboratory variables and respiratory mechanics in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) during the first month of the pandemic outbreak in Buenos Aires. In this descriptive case study of a single-centre, we included all confirmed cases of COVID-19 hospitalized in intensive care unit (ICU). All cases were confirmed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. A total of 7 patients with confirmed COVID-19 were referred to out ICU. The median age was 71 years (interquartile range 52-75), including 4 men and 3 women. Patients most common clinical manifestations were fever (7), cough (5), asthenia (4) and shortness of breath (3). Among the radiological findings, five of them showed interstitial opacities and one patient had bilateral pulmonary consolidation. Five required invasive mechanical ventilation and multiple prone sessions. None died during hospitalization, although three still remain in the ICU. According to imaging examination, 71.4% showed interstitial opacities and one patient bilateral consolidation. Five patients required invasive mechanical ventilation and multiple prone sessions. None of them died during hospitalization, although three still remain in the ICU.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Respiration, Artificial , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus/isolation & purification , Pandemics , Intensive Care Units/organization & administration , Argentina/epidemiology , Asthenia/etiology , Treatment Outcome , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Coronavirus/genetics , Cough/etiology , Dyspnea/etiology , Fever/etiology , Betacoronavirus , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
3.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(1): 87-90, feb. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125042

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Gitelman forma parte de las denominadas tubulopatías perdedoras de sal. El bloqueo parcial de la reabsorción de sodio en el túbulo contorneado distal determina la aparición de hipokalemia e hipomagnesemia. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de una serie de cinco casos de síndrome de Gitelman (4 mujeres, de 28 a 85 años de edad) atendidos en nuestra institución entre los años 2004 y 2015. La forma de diagnóstico más frecuente en nuestra serie fue por hallazgo de laboratorio. El único síntoma clínico manifestado en forma espontánea fue astenia. En cuanto a los valores de laboratorio, la potasemia fue 2.5 ± 0.5 mmol/l, con un valor mínimo de 2.1. Adicionalmente, el valor de magnesio en sangre fue 1.3 ± 0.3 mg/dl. Como conclusión, observamos que las formas de presentación consisten en alteraciones bioquímicas con o sin manifestaciones inespecíficas, lo que representa actualmente la mayor dificultad diagnóstica y refuerza la importancia de lograr un diagnóstico oportuno, en especial en pacientes jóvenes y con valores críticos de potasio sérico.


Gitelman syndrome is one of the salt losing tubulopathies. Hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia appear in the setting of the partial blockade of salt absorption in the distal tubule. We conducted a descriptive study of a case series of five patients with Gitelman syndrome (4 women, from 28 to 85 years) in our institution, between the years 2004 and 2015. The most frequent form of diagnosis in our series was by laboratory finding. The only acknowledged clinical symptom was malaise. Regarding laboratory findings, the mean potassemia was of 2.5 ± 0.5 mmol/l, with a minimum value of 2.1 mmol/l. Additionally, the serum magnesium value was of 1.3 ± 0.3 mg/dl. In conclusion, we observed that the forms of presentation consist of biochemical alterations with or without nonspecific manifestations, which currently represents the greatest diagnostic difficulty and reinforces the importance to achieve a timely diagnosis, especially in young patients with critical serum potassium values.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Gitelman Syndrome/diagnosis , Gitelman Syndrome/therapy , Potassium/analysis , Asthenia/diagnosis , Calcium/analysis , Gitelman Syndrome/metabolism , Magnesium/analysis
4.
Cambios rev. méd ; 18(2): 24-31, 2019/12/27. graf., tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1097710

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. Las leucemias agudas son neoplasias hematológicas primarias, carac-terizadas por la proliferación anormal de células inmaduras en la médula ósea. OBJETI-VO. Definir las características clínicas, demográficas, de laboratorio y citogenéticas de los pacientes diagnosticados con leucemias agudas; además sus complicaciones durante la inducción a la remisión. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo. La población fue de 191 pacientes con diagnóstico de leucemia aguda en la Unidad Téc-nica de Hematología del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín entre enero 2016 y octubre 2018. Los datos fueron tomados de la Historia Clínica documentada en el sistema AS-400, el análisis descriptivo se realizó con el programa estadístico International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, Versión 25.0. RESULTA-DOS. La leucemia mieloide aguda fue diagnosticada en el 62,30% (118; 191), seguida de la leucemia linfoide aguda en el 34,00% (64; 191). La leucemia aguda fue más común en hombres en un 54,45% (103; 191) que en mujeres. Las alteraciones de laboratorio más frecuentes fueron la hiperleucocitosis, anemia y trombocitopenia. En el 37,50% (69; 184) de los casos se determinó un cariotipo normal, la alteración numérica más frecuente fue la hipoploidía. La complicación más constante durante la inducción fueron las infecciones; el microorganismo hallado en más del 80,00% de los cultivos fueron las bacterias. CON-CLUSIÓN. La leucemia mieloide aguda fue el tipo más común en la población adulta, posterior a la inducción existió alto porcentaje de mortalidad y bajo de remisión completa


INTRODUCTION. Acute leukemias are primary hematologic malignancies, characterized by abnormal proliferation of immature cells in the bone marrow. OBJECTIVE. Define the clinical, demographic, laboratory and cytogenetic characteristics of the patients diagnosed with acute leukemias; also its complications during induction to remission. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Descriptive, retrospective study. The population was 191 patients diag-nosed with acute leukemia in the Technical Unit of Hematology of the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialty Hospital between january 2016 and october 2018. Data were taken from the Clinical History documented in the AS-400 system, the descriptive analysis was perfor-med with the International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, Version 25.0. RESULTS. Acute myeloid leukemia was diagnosed in 62,30% (118; 191), followed by acute lymphoid leukemia at 34,00% (64; 191). Acute leukemia was more com-mon in men in 54,45% (103; 191) than in women. The most common laboratory disorders were hyperleukocytosis, anemia and thrombocytopenia. In 37,50% (69; 184) of cases, a normal karyotype was determined, the most frequent numerical alteration was hypoploidy. The most constant complication during induction were infections; the microorganism found in more than 80,00% of the cultures were bacteria. CONCLUSION. Acute myeloid leuke-mia was the most common type in the adult population, after induction there was a high percentage of mortality and a low rate of complete remission.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Leukemia, B-Cell , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Demography , Mortality , Hematology , Medical Oncology , Asthenia , Autoimmune Diseases , Leukemia, Lymphoid , Hematologic Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763327

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Injection laryngoplasty (IL) is one of the major options for treatment of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP). Early IL in patients with abrupt-onset UVFP can reduce hoarseness and aspiration-related discomfort and complications. Temporary or short-lasting materials are recommended for the early IL since permanent or long-lasting materials may negatively affect the voice quality when vocal fold motion is spontaneously recovered. METHODS: Patients who received IL with a long-lasting material (ArteSense) within 1 month following development of postoperative UVFP were enrolled for this study. They were categorized into a spontaneously recovered group (n=30) and unrecovered group (n=276) from UVFP. The subjective and objective voice parameters were collected before and 6 months after IL. Patients' demographics and collected voice parameters were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Age and sex distributions were not different between the two groups. Aspiration symptom, maximum phonation time (MPT), jitter, shimmer, noise to harmonic ratio (NHR), overall grade (G) and breathiness (B) of GRBAS (grade of dysphonia, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, strain) scale score, and voice handicap index (VHI) were significantly improved after IL in both groups. The amounts of improvement in MPT, jitter, shimmer, NHR and VHI were significantly greater in the recovered group. There was no IL-related complication including granuloma formation, hypersensitivity to injection material, or worsening of hoarseness. CONCLUSION: Early IL with a long-lasting material can be safely performed to improve voice quality and to reduce aspiration episode for the patients with postoperative UVFP, regardless of recovery from the paralysis. The amounts of improvement in the subjective and objective voice parameters were significantly greater in patients who showed spontaneous recovery from UVFP when compared with those in patients who did not.


Subject(s)
Asthenia , Demography , Dysphonia , Early Intervention, Educational , Granuloma , Hoarseness , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Laryngoplasty , Noise , Paralysis , Phonation , Sex Distribution , Vocal Cords , Voice , Voice Quality
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763322

ABSTRACT

Laser surgery (LS) or radiotherapy (RT) is normally recommended in early glottic cancer. The objective of this study was to perform a comprehensive meta-analysis of acoustic and perceptual outcomes to compare voice quality of LS or RT in early-stage glottic cancer. Data sources were obtained after searching PubMed, Google Scholar, EBSCO, and RISS using the following search terms: glottic cancer, glottic carcinoma, endoscopic surgery, laser surgery, radiotherapy, radiation, voice, voice quality, and grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, and strain (GRBAS) scale. Articles that compared voice outcomes between LS and RT were identified. This meta-analysis included 15 articles with 744 patients, including 400 in the LS group and 344 in the RT group. Random effects models were selected. Forest plots included standardized mean differences, standard errors, variance, 95% confidence intervals (lower limit to upper limit), z-values, and P-values. In perceptual analysis, grade (G) and asthenia (A) of RT were significantly better than LS. There was no statistically significant difference in roughness (R), breath (B), or strain (S) between LS and RT groups. Jitter, shimmer, and noise to harmonic ratio measurements showed significant differences, resulting in enhanced posttreatment effect of RT compared to LS. Results of our meta-analysis suggested that RT might lead to superior voice quality than LS in early glottic cancer.


Subject(s)
Acoustics , Asthenia , Forests , Humans , Information Storage and Retrieval , Laser Therapy , Noise , Radiotherapy , Voice , Voice Quality
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760085

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Radiesse® is a widely used calcium hydroxyapatite (CaHA) injection material used for vocal fold injection. Recently, a new CaHA injection material (Facetem ®) which complements the structural disadvantages of Radiesse has been developed and released in the market. The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy and short-term voice outcome of these two CaHA materials. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A retrospective analysis was performed for 70 patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis who underwent vocal fold injection using CaHA materials. Acoustic voice analysis, maximal phonation time (MPT), voice handicap index (VHI), and Grade, Roughness, Breathiness, Asthenia, Strain (GRBAS) scale were evaluated between Radiesse and Facetem injection group. RESULTS: Both groups showed a signifcant improvement of MPT, VHI, and G, B, A scale after injection. The Facetem group showed similar voice improvement as the Radiesse group, where pre- and postoperatively objective and subjective voice evaluation results were compared. CONCLUSION: Our study reveals that there is no significant difference in efficacy and nor any short-term vocal improvement between Radiesse and Facetem. Therefore, the use of Facetem as CaHA injection material could be considered as an alternative material for patients with unilateral vocal cord paralysis.


Subject(s)
Acoustics , Asthenia , Calcium , Complement System Proteins , Durapatite , Humans , Laryngoplasty , Methods , Paralysis , Phonation , Retrospective Studies , Vocal Cord Paralysis , Vocal Cords , Voice
9.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1226-1237, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717745

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Eribulin is approved for advanced breast cancers refractory to anthracyclines and taxanes. Efficacy according to sensitivity to previous therapies has been poorly explored. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Safety data were collected prospectively and we retrospectively collected efficacy data from the five French centres that participated in the Eribulin E7389-G000-398 expanded access program. Our main objectives were exploration of safety and analysis of eribulin efficacy (progression-free survival [PFS] and overall survival [OS]) according to sensitivity to the last microtubule-inhibiting agent administered. RESULTS: Median eribulin treatment duration was 3.3 months for the 250 patients included in this prospective single-arm study. Two hundreds and thirty-nine patients (95.6%) experienced an adverse event (AE) related to treatment including 129 (51.6%) with grade ≥ 3 AEs. The most frequently observed toxicities were cytopenias (59.6% of included patients), gastro-intestinal disorders (59.2%), and asthenia (56.4%). The most frequent grade 3-4 AE was neutropenia (37.2% with 4.8% febrile neutropenia). Median PFS and OS were 4.6 and 11.8 months, respectively. Patients classified as responders to the last microtubule-inhibiting therapy had a longer OS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.69; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.51 to 0.94; p=0.017), and tended to display a better PFS (HR, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.58 to 1.04; p=0.086). OS improvement was still significant in multivariate analysis (adjusted HR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.35 to 0.79; p=0.002). CONCLUSION: This work based on a prospective study suggests that identification of patients likely to be more sensitive to eribulin could be based on their previous response to microtubules inhibitors.


Subject(s)
Anthracyclines , Asthenia , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Humans , Microtubules , Multivariate Analysis , Neutropenia , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Taxoids
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713893

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This phase 1 dose-escalation portion of the study evaluated the safety, pharmacokinetics (PK), and antitumor activity of TAK-264 in Asian patients with advanced gastrointestinal (GI) carcinoma or metastatic or recurrent gastric or gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma expressing guanylyl cyclase C (GCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult patients with advanced GI malignancies expressing GCC (H-score ≥ 10) received TAK-264 on day 1 of 3-week cycles as 30-minute intravenous infusions for up to 1 year or until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The primary objectives were to evaluate the safety profile including dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs) during cycle 1, determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), and characterize the PK profile of TAK-264. RESULTS: Twelve patients were enrolled and treated with 1.2 mg/kg (n=3), 1.5 mg/kg (n=3), or 1.8 mg/kg TAK-264 (n=6). Median number of treatment cycles received was two (range, 1 to 10). None of the patients experienced a DLT and the MTD was not determined. Ten patients (83%) experienced adverse events (AEs). The most common were neutropenia, anorexia, and nausea (each reported by four patients). Five patients (42%) experienced grade ≥ 3 AEs consisting of tumor hemorrhage and hypertension, ascites, adrenal insufficiency, neutropenia and asthenia. Serum exposure to TAK-264 increased proportionally with the dose and the median half-life was approximately 5.5-6.6 days. No patients experienced an objective response. CONCLUSION: TAK-264 demonstrated a manageable safety profile with limited antitumor activity consistent with studies conducted in Western patients with advanced GI malignancies. TAK-264 exposure increased proportionally with the dose.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Adrenal Insufficiency , Adult , Anorexia , Ascites , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Asthenia , Disease Progression , Esophagogastric Junction , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Guanylate Cyclase , Half-Life , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hypertension , Infusions, Intravenous , Maximum Tolerated Dose , Nausea , Neutropenia , Pharmacokinetics , Stomach
11.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 57(4): 330-337, July.-Aug. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-899437

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To assess the prevalence and describe the clinical, laboratory and radiological findings, treatment and outcome of children with cancer initially referred to a tertiary outpatient pediatric rheumatology clinic. Methods: Retrospective analysis of medical records from patients identified in a list of 250 new patients attending the tertiary Pediatric Rheumatology Clinic, Ribeirão Preto Medical School hospital, University of São Paulo, from July 2013 to July 2015, whose final diagnosis was cancer. Results: Of 250 patients seen during the study period, 5 (2%) had a cancer diagnosis. Among them, 80% had constitutional symptoms, especially weight loss and asthenia, and 60% had arthritis. Initially, all patients had at least one alteration in their blood count, lactate dehydrogenase was increased in 80% and a bone marrow smear was conclusive in 60% of patients. Bone and intestine biopsies were necessary for the diagnosis in 2 patients. JIA was the most common initial diagnosis. The definitive diagnosis was acute lymphoblastic leukemia (2 patients), M3 acute myeloid leukemia, lymphoma, and neuroblastoma (one case each). Of 5 patients studied, 3 (60%) are in remission and 2 (40%) died, one of them with prior use of steroids. Conclusion: The constitutional and musculoskeletal symptoms common to rheumatic and neoplastic diseases can delay the diagnosis and consequently worsen the prognosis of neoplasms. Initial blood count and bone marrow smear may be normal in the initial framework of neoplasms. Thus, the clinical follow-up of these cases becomes imperative and the treatment, mainly with corticosteroids, should be delayed until diagnostic definition.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a prevalência e descrever as principais manifestações clínicas, os exames complementares, o tratamento e a evolução de crianças com doenças neoplásicas atendidas inicialmente em um serviço terciário de reumatologia pediátrica. Métodos: Analisamos retrospectivamente o prontuário médico de pacientes com diagnóstico definitivo de neoplasia, identificados entre 250 casos novos atendidos no ambulatório de reumatologia pediátrica do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto-USP, de julho de 2013 a julho de 2015. Resultados: Dos 250 pacientes, cinco (2%) tiveram diagnóstico de neoplasia. Desses, 80% apresentavam sintomas constitucionais, principalmente perda de peso e astenia e 60% artrite. Inicialmente, todos apresentavam pelo menos uma série alterada no hemograma, 80% aumento da desidrogenase lática (LDH) e 60% mielograma confirmatório. Dois pacientes necessitaram de biópsia, óssea e de intestino, para o diagnóstico final. Artrite idiopática juvenil foi o diagnóstico inicial mais frequente. Os diagnósticos definitivos foram leucemia linfoide aguda (dois casos), leucemia mieloide aguda-M3, neuroblastoma e linfoma (um caso cada). Dos pacientes estudados, três (60%) estão em remissão. Dois pacientes foram a óbito (40%), um deles com uso prévio de corticoide. Conclusão: Os sintomas constitucionais e musculoesqueléticos comuns às doenças reumáticas e neoplásicas podem retardar o diagnóstico e consequentemente agravar o prognóstico das neoplasias. O hemograma inicial, assim como o mielograma, podem estar normais no quadro inicial das neoplasias. Dessa forma, o seguimento clínico evolutivo desses casos torna-se imperativo e o tratamento, principalmente com corticoides, deve ser retardado até definição diagnóstica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Rheumatic Diseases/diagnosis , Rheumatic Diseases/physiopathology , Neoplasms/diagnosis , Neoplasms/physiopathology , Asthenia/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Arthralgia/etiology , Diagnosis, Differential
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-650217

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Vocal fatigue is a symptom and a term that has been frequently used in the clinical study. Although a recently developed vocal fatigue index (VFI), a self-report questionnaire that reliably identifies vocal fatigue patients, provides detailed characteristics of the symptom, there has been no study about the association between VFI and other voice assessment parameters. This study aimed to investigate whether there is a relationship between VFI and the established voice assessment in Korean patients. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Two hundred fifty-seven patients with voice disorders (mean age, 49.48±14.34; 145 male and 112 female) undertook the voice assessment that consisting of perceptual judgment [Grade, Roughness, Breathiness, Asthenia, Strain (GRBAS) Scale], acoustic and aerodynamic analysis, and voice handicap index (VHI) questionnaire. All patients validated using VFI. Correlation analysis between each voice assessment and VFI was conducted. RESULTS: There were statistical significances between items of voice assessment and VFI. Among the GRBAS Scale, G, B, A, S and a number of acoustic measures were associated with vocal fatigue. In particular, these features were prominent in men. As the score of VFI increased, the sound pressure level during voicing and the phonation time from aerodynamic measures were decreased while the mean pitch was increased. In addition, VFI was closely correlated with pre-existing self-report questionnaire and VHI in both gender. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that VFI has a significant association with pre-established voice assessment. Therefore, VFI can be used as a reliable tool for identifying and validating vocal fatigue in Korean.


Subject(s)
Acoustics , Asthenia , Clinical Study , Fatigue , Humans , Judgment , Male , Methods , Phonation , Voice Disorders , Voice
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-16258

ABSTRACT

In March 2014, a 39-year-old Korean male presented with a 6-month history of various nonspecific symptoms including dizziness, fatigue, asthenia, irritability, elevated blood pressure, palpitation, eyestrain, and tinnitus. His occupational history revealed that he had been working as an indoor firing range manager for 13 months; therefore, he was subjected to a blood lead level (BLL) test. The test results showed a BLL of 64 µg/dL; hence, he was diagnosed with lead poisoning and immediately withdrawn from work. As evident from the workplace environmental monitoring, the level of lead exposure in the air exceeded its limit (0.015–0.387 mg/m³). He received chelation treatment with calcium-disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (1 g/day) for 5 days without any adverse effects. In the follow-up results after 2 months, the BLL had decreased to 9.7 µg/dL and the symptoms resolved. This report represents the first occupational case of lead poisoning in firing ranges in Korea, and this necessitates institutional management to prevent the recurrence of poisoning through this route. Workplace environmental monitoring should be implemented for indoor firing ranges, and the workers should undergo regularly scheduled special health examinations. In clinical practice, it is essential to question the patient about his occupational history.


Subject(s)
Adult , Asthenia , Asthenopia , Blood Pressure , Dizziness , Edetic Acid , Environmental Monitoring , Fatigue , Firearms , Fires , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Korea , Lead Poisoning , Male , Military Personnel , Poisoning , Recurrence , Tinnitus
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-6998

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to study the clinical outcome for patients with metastases of the adrenal gland treated with stereotactic body radiation therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-six patients were studied retrospectively. The dose prescription was 40 Gy in four fractions. Dosimetric analysis was performed using the dose volume histograms while clinical outcome was assessed using actuarial analysis with determination of the overall survival (OS) and local control (LC) rates. RESULTS: The planning objectives were met for all patients. With a median follow-up period of 7.6 months, at the last follow-up 42 patients (91.3%) were alive and four had died because of distant progression. The actuarial mean OS was 28.5±1.6 months, the median was not reached. One-year and 2-year OS were 87.6±6.1%. None of the risk factors was significant in univariate analysis. Actuarial mean LC was 14.6±1.8 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 11.0 to 18.2) and median LC was 14.5±2.0 months (95% CI, 10.5 to 18.5). One-year and 2-year LC were 65.5±11.9% and 40.7±15.8%, respectively. A mild profile of toxicity was observed in the cohort of patients. Forty patients (86.9%) showed no complication (grade 0); two patients reported asthenia, six patients (13.1%) reported either pain, nausea, or vomiting. Of these six patients, five patients (10.9%) were scored as grade 1 toxicity while one patient (2.2%) was scored as grade 2. CONCLUSION: Stereotactic body radiation therapy treatment provided an adequate clinical response in the management of adrenal gland metastases.


Subject(s)
Actuarial Analysis , Adrenal Glands , Asthenia , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Nausea , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prescriptions , Radiosurgery , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Vomiting
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101941

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The objective of this multicenter phase II study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of irinotecan and cisplatin combination chemotherapy in metastatic, unresectable esophageal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were treated with irinotecan 65 mg/m² and cisplatin 30 mg/m² on days 1 and 8 of each 21-day treatment cycle. The primary endpoint was response rate, and secondary endpoints were survival, duration of response, initial metabolic response rate, and toxicity. RESULTS: A total of 27 patients with squamous cell histology were enrolled in the study. The median age of the patients was 61 years. The objective response rate of the 20 patients in the perprotocol group was 30.0% (90% confidence interval [CI], 13.2 to 46.9). The median follow-up duration was 10.0 months, and the median progression-free survival and overall survival were 4.5 months (95% CI, 1.6 to 6.2) and 8.8 months (95% CI, 4.7 to 10.5), respectively. Four of 13 patients (30.8%) evaluated showed initial metabolic response. The median duration of response for partial responders was 5.0 months (range, 3.4 to 8.0 months). The following grade 3/4 treatment-related hematologic toxicities were reported: neutropenia (40.7%), anaemia (22.2%), and thrombocytopenia (7.4%). Two patients experienced febrile neutropenia. The most common grade 3/4 non-hematologic toxicities were asthenia (14.8%) and diarrhoea (11.1%). CONCLUSION: Irinotecan and cisplatin combination chemotherapy showed modest anti-tumour activity and manageable toxicity for patients with metastatic, unresectable esophageal cancer.


Subject(s)
Asthenia , Cisplatin , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy, Combination , Epithelial Cells , Esophageal Neoplasms , Febrile Neutropenia , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Neutropenia , Thrombocytopenia
17.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 36(2): 73-76, fev. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777392

ABSTRACT

Dermatosparaxis is an autosomal recessive disorder of connective tissue; the disorder is clinically characterized by skin fragility and hyperextensibility. Dermatosparaxis in White Dorper sheep is caused by a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) (c.421G>T) in the ADAM metalloproteinase with thrombospondin type 1 motif, 2 (ADAMTS2) gene. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of this SNP in a White Dorper herd in São Paulo state, Brazil. In this study, we collected blood DNA samples from 303 White Dorper sheep and performed polymerase chain reaction to amplify the SNP region. The samples were sequenced to determine the presence of the SNP in the ADAMTS2 gene. The SNP prevalence in the studied population was 15.5%; this finding indicates that more effective control measures should be used to prevent the inheritance of SNP c.421G>T in the ADAMTS2 gene in Brazilian White Dorper herds.


A dermatosparaxia é uma doença autossômica recessiva do tecido conjuntivo, clinicamente caracaterizada pela fragilidade e hiperextensibilidade da pele. A dermatosparaxia em ovinos White Dorper é causada pelo polimorfismo de base única (SNP) c.421G>T no gene ADAM metalopeptidase com trombospondina tipo 1 motif, 2 (ADAMTS2). O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a prevalência deste SNP em ovinos White Dorper no estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Foram coletadas amostras de sangue de 303 ovinos White Dorper. O DNA foi purificado destas amostras sanguíneas e utilizado em uma reação em cadeia da polimerase (PCR) para amplificação da região do gene contendo SNP c.421G>T. Os produtos das PCR foram sequenciados para determinar o genótipo dos animais. A prevalência do SNP na população estudada foi de 15,5%, estes achados indicam que medidas de controle efetivas devem ser utilizadas para prevenir a disseminação deste SNP no rebanho brasileiro de White Dorper.


Subject(s)
Animals , Skin Abnormalities/prevention & control , Asthenia/veterinary , Cutis Laxa/veterinary , Sheep/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , Skin Abnormalities/veterinary , DNA , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome/veterinary
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-48633

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of laryngopharyngeal neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) on dysphonia in patients with dysphagia caused by stroke or traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Eighteen patients participated in this study. The subjects were divided into NMES (n=12) and conventional swallowing training only (CST, n=6) groups. The NMES group received NMES combined with CST for 2 weeks, followed by CST without NMES for the next 2 weeks. The CST group received only CST for 4 weeks. All of the patients were evaluated before and at 2 and 4 weeks into the study. The outcome measurements included perceptual, acoustic and aerodynamic analyses. The correlation between dysphonia and swallowing function was also investigated. RESULTS: There were significant differences in the GRBAS (grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenia and strain scale) total score and sound pressure level (SPL) between the two groups over time. The NMES relative to the CST group showed significant improvements in total GRBAS score and SPL at 2 weeks, though no inter-group differences were evident at 4 weeks. The improvement of the total GRBAS scores at 2 weeks was positively correlated with the improved pharyngeal phase scores on the functional dysphagia scale at 2 weeks. CONCLUSION: The results demonstrate that laryngopharyngeal NMES in post-stroke or TBI patients with dysphonia can have promising effects on phonation. Therefore, laryngopharyngeal NMES may be considered as an additional treatment option for dysphonia accompanied by dysphagia after stroke or TBI.


Subject(s)
Acoustics , Asthenia , Brain Injuries , Deglutition , Deglutition Disorders , Dysphonia , Electric Stimulation Therapy , Electric Stimulation , Humans , Phonation , Pilot Projects , Stroke
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210750

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Paclitaxel (P) and gemcitabine (G) are clinically synergistic in small cell lung cancer (SCLC). We evaluated the efficacy of PG as a salvage treatment for SCLC patients whose disease progressed after a platinum-containing regimen. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligibility included histologically confirmed SCLC, one dimensionally measurable disease, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0-2, and progressive disease after platinum-based chemotherapy. Treatment consisted of P (80 mg/m2) and G (1,000 mg/m2) on days 1 and 8 of each cycle of 21 days until disease progression. RESULTS: Thirty-three patients seen between December 2005 and February 2009 were selected into this study. Thirty patients (91%) had received irinotecan-platinum, and three had received etoposide-platinum. Sixteen patients (49%) had a treatment-free interval of less than 3 months. The overall response rate was 30.3% (29.4% in sensitive relapse and 31.3% in refractory relapse). The median time to progression was 12.0 weeks and median overall survival (OS) 31.0 weeks, with a 1-year OS rate of 30.3%. Toxicities were moderate and manageable with 18.2% grade (G) 4 neutropenia, 24.2% G3 thrombocytopenia, 6.1% G3 sensory neuropathy, and 3% G3 asthenia. One patient developed febrile neutropenia. CONCLUSION: Second-line paclitaxel and gemcitabine were well-tolerated and moderately active in SCLC patients previously treated with platinum-based chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Asthenia , Disease Progression , Drug Therapy , Febrile Neutropenia , Humans , Neutropenia , Paclitaxel , Recurrence , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma , Thrombocytopenia
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-228476

ABSTRACT

Triple-A syndrome, also known as Allgrove syndrome, is a rare autosomal recessive disorder. The 3 features of this syndrome are achalasia, adrenal insufficiency, and alacrima. Achalasia could be the first manifestation of the triple-A syndrome; however, its etiology is unclear. Alacrima is generally asymptomatic but can be detected by obtaining patient history. Although adrenal insufficiency could have manifestations such as asthenia, it might be wrongly diagnosed as muscle fatigue. Vitamin D and calcium supplements are usually prescribed for the prevention of osteoporosis. Neurologic manifestations could be present in adults. In some individuals with this disorder, genetic examination indicates mutations in both alleles of the AAAS gene, which encodes a special 546-amino-acid protein designated ALADIN, and in chromosome 12q13. The genetic cause of the triple A syndrome in some patients who do not have an identified mutation is unknown. While very few such cases have been reported till date, one such case was presented to us as an edentulous child.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Insufficiency , Adult , Alleles , Asthenia , Calcium , Child , Esophageal Achalasia , Humans , Muscle Fatigue , Neurologic Manifestations , Osteoporosis , Vitamin D
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