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1.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 92(2): e305, dic. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1278305

ABSTRACT

Las afecciones respiratorias agudas son la primera causa de consulta e ingreso hospitalario en los meses de invierno, y entre ellas el asma ocupa un lugar preponderante. El salbutamol es un broncodilatador con eficacia demostrada en las exacerbaciones y se utiliza de primera línea en el tratamiento. El objetivo de la presente comunicación es analizar dos casos clínicos de niños asmáticos que presentaron efectos adversos al salbutamol y requirieron el ingreso en la Unidad de Terapia Intensiva. Se propone revisar los efectos adversos del salbutamol empleado en crisis asmáticas y analizar las alternativas terapéuticas en esta enfermedad. Los síntomas de los efectos secundarios pueden confundirse con los causados por la propia enfermedad, por lo que puede usarse el fármaco de modo excesivo y es importante conocer el perfil posológico y caracterizar los posibles efectos secundarios en los pacientes para usar de manera racional y segura este medicamento.


Acute respiratory conditions are the first cause of consultation and hospital admission in the Winter months, being asthma the most important. Salbutamol is a bronchodilator with proven efficacy in exacerbations used first-line in treatment. The objective of this paper is to analyze two clinical cases of asthmatic children who presented adverse effects to salbutamol and required admission to the Intensive Care Unit. It is proposed to review the adverse effects of salbutamol used in asthmatic crises and to analyze therapeutic alternatives in this disease. Symptoms of side effects can be confused with those caused by the disease itself, determining the excessive use of this drug, thus, it is important to know the dosage profile and characterize the possible side effects to make rational and safe use of this drug.


As doenças respiratórias agudas são a primeira causa de consultas e internações nos meses de inverno e a asma ocupa é a mais importante. O salbutamol é um broncodilatador com eficácia comprovada nas exacerbações e é usado como tratamento de primeira linha. O objetivo desta comunicação é analisar dois casos clínicos de crianças asmáticas que apresentaram efeitos adversos ao salbutamol e necessitaram de internação em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Propõe-se revisar os efeitos adversos do salbutamol utilizado na crise asmática e analisar as alternativas terapêuticas nessa doença. Os sintomas de efeitos colaterais podem ser confundidos com os causados pela própria doença, determinando o uso excessivo desse medicamento, sendo importante conhecer o perfil posológico e caracterizar os possíveis efeitos colaterais nos pacientes para fazer um uso racional e seguro desse medicamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Acidosis, Lactic , Bronchodilator Agents/adverse effects , Albuterol/adverse effects , Hyperglycemia/chemically induced , Hypokalemia/chemically induced , Psychomotor Agitation/etiology , Recurrence , Asthma/drug therapy , Tachycardia/chemically induced , Tremor/chemically induced , Hallucinations/chemically induced
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(supl.2): 1-32, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351083

ABSTRACT

Resumen En las últimas décadas ha habido un importante desarrollo de dispositivos inhalados (DI) que permiten aumentar la eficacia de las drogas y disminuir los eventos adversos. Su correcto uso es de fundamental importancia para el control de las enfermedades respiratorias obstructivas. En la Argentina no existen recomendaciones locales sobre el uso de los DI. Se revisó la base biofísica, indicación, ventajas y limitaciones, técnica de correcto uso, errores frecuentes, mantenimiento y limpieza de cada DI. El uso de nebulizaciones ha quedado restringido a la administración de drogas que no están disponibles en otros DI (ejemplo: tratamiento de fibrosis quística), o ante la falla de los otros DI. No deben ser usados durante la pandemia de SARS-CoV2. Los inhaladores de dosis medida (aerosol) deben ser indicados siempre con aerocámaras (AC), las que reducen la incidencia de eventos adversos y aumentan el depósito de la droga en el pulmón. Son los dispositivos de elección junto a los inhaladores de polvo seco. Los aerosoles se deben usar en pacientes que no generan flujos inspiratorios altos. Los inhaladores de polvo seco deben recomendarse en aquellos que pueden realizar flujos inspiratorios enérgicos. Se revisaron los diferentes DI en fibrosis quística y en pacientes con asistencia respiratoria mecánica. La elección del DI dependerá de varios factores: situación clínica, edad, experiencia previa, preferencia del paciente, disponibilidad de la droga y entrenamiento alcanzado con el correcto uso.


Abstract Last decades, a broad spectrum of inhaled devices (ID) had been developed to enhance efficacy and reduce adverse events. The correct use of IDs is a critical issue for controlling obstructive respiratory diseases. There is no recommendation on inhalation therapy in Argentina. This document aims to issue local recommendations about the prescription of IDs. Each device was reviewed regarding biophysical laws, indication, strength, limitations, correct technique of use, frequent mistakes, and device cleaning and maintenance. Nebulization should be restricted to drugs that are not available in other IDs (for example, for treatment of cystic fibrosis) or where other devices fail. Nebulization is not recommended during the SARS-CoV2 pandemic. A metered-dose inhaler must always be used with an aerochamber. Aerochambers reduce the incidence of adverse events and improve lung deposition. Metered-dose inhalers must be prescribed to patients who cannot generate a high inspiratory flow and dry powders to those who can generate an energetic inspiratory flow. We reviewed the use of different IDs in patients with cystic fibrosis and under mechanical ventilation. The individual choice of an ID will be based on several variables like clinical status, age, previous experience, patient preference, drug availability, and correct use of the device.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asthma , COVID-19 , Argentina , RNA, Viral , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Medisan ; 25(5)2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1346538

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las sibilancias recurrentes en lactantes y preescolares son motivo frecuente de consulta en pediatría. Objetivo: Caracterizar a niños con sibilancia recurrente desde los puntos de vista clínico y epidemiológico. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación observacional, longitudinal y prospectiva de 140 niños con sibilancia recurrente, atendidos en el Servicio de Respiratorio del Hospital Infantil Docente Sur Dr. Antonio María Béguez César de Santiago de Cuba, desde de enero de 2016 hasta diciembre de 2018. Resultados: Predominaron el sexo masculino (57,1 %), los pacientes de procedencia urbana (62,1 %) y el área de salud 28 de septiembre como la de mayor incidencia (42,7 %). El promedio de edad fue de 1 año y 5 meses, aproximadamente. Los niños incluidos en el intervalo de 6 a 11 meses y 29 días fueron los más afectados (28,6 %). Entre los municipios, Guamá aportó el mayor número de casos (33,9 %). No existió asociación estadística entre el índice predictivo de asma y el sexo; sin embargo, resultó mayor entre los varones (19,3 %). Conclusiones: Las características clínicas y epidemiológicas de los pacientes con sibilancia recurrente de esta casuística no difieren del contexto epidemiológico mundial, siendo una entidad de observación frecuente en los servicios de pediatría.


Introduction: The recurrent wheezing in infants and preschool children are frequent reason of visit in pediatrics. Objective: To characterize children with recurrent wheezing from the clinical and epidemiologic points of view. Methods: An observational, longitudinal and prospective investigation of 140 children with recurrent wheezing, assisted in the Respiratory Service of Dr. Antonio María Béguez Cesar Southern Teaching Children Hospital was carried out in Santiago de Cuba, from January, 2016 to December, 2018. Results: There was a prevalence of the male sex (57.1 %), the patients of urban origin (62.1 %) and 28 de Septiembre health area as that of more incidence (42.7 %). The average age was of 1 year and 5 months, approximately. The children included in the interval from 6 to 11 months and 29 days were the most affected (28.6 %). Among the municipalities, Guamá contributed the higher number of cases (33.9 %). There was no statistical association between the prediction index of asthma and the sex; however, it was higher among males (19.3 %). Conclusions: The clinical and epidemiologic characteristics of the patients with recurrent wheezing of this case material don't differ from the world epidemiologic context, being an entity of frequent observation in the pediatrics services.


Subject(s)
Asthma/epidemiology , Child , Respiratory Sounds/diagnosis , Child, Preschool , Infant
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): e357-e359, agosto 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1281895

ABSTRACT

El montelukast se utiliza ampliamente en el tratamiento de sibilancias recurrentes y/o asma. Están descritas numerosas reacciones adversas medicamentosas (RAM) en niños relacionadas con montelukast; se destacan las neuropsiquiátricas. Realizamos un estudio observacional, retrospectivo, descriptivo, sobre RAM relacionadas con montelukast. Entre enero de 2012 y diciembre de 2017, en la Unidad de Neumonología Pediátrica se trataron con Montelukast 348 pacientes; de ellos, 20 presentaron RAM. Los síntomas más frecuentes fueron insomnio (n = 7), hiperactividad (n = 4), pesadillas (n = 3), dolor abdominal (n = 2) y parestesias en extremidades (n = 2). Se presentaron desde días hasta meses tras iniciar el tratamiento, y desaparecieron tras su suspensión. Se destacan dos pacientes con parestesias en extremidades, síntoma no descrito antes en niños. El 5,7 % de los pacientes tratados con montelukast presentaron RAM que requirieron suspender el tratamiento. Los trastornos del sueño fueron los más frecuentes.


Montelukast is widely used in recurrent wheezing and/or asthma treatment. Several adverse drug reactions (ADRs) have been described in children related to montelukast. Neuropsychiatric reactions are one of the most important. We designed an observational, retrospective, descriptive study on ADRs related to montelukast in the Pediatric Pulmonology Unit, Hospital Universitario Miguel Servet, Zaragoza, Spain. Between January 2012 and December 2017, in the Pediatric Pulmonology Unit, 348 patients were treated with Montelukast; of them, 20 presented RAM. The main symptoms described were insomnia (n = 7), hyperactivity (n = 4), nightmares (n = 3), abdominal pain (n = 2) and paraesthesia in extremities (n = 2). They appeared from the first days to months after the start of treatment and disappeared after stopping it. Two patients presented limb paresthesia, not described previously in children. The 5.7 % of our patients treated with montelukast had ADRs that required treatment discontinuation. Sleep disorders were the most frequent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Quinolines/adverse effects , Sulfides/adverse effects , Anti-Asthmatic Agents/adverse effects , Leukotriene Antagonists/adverse effects , Cyclopropanes/adverse effects , Acetates/adverse effects , Asthma/drug therapy , Sleep Wake Disorders/chemically induced , Retrospective Studies
5.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): S123-S158, agosto 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1281031

ABSTRACT

En 1995 se publicó en Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría la primera "Guía de diagnóstico y tratamiento: asma bronquial en niños". En 2007 y 2016 se realizaron actualizaciones. Luego de 5 años se presentan los nuevos contenidos. Las modificaciones más relevantes, aunque no las únicas, se observan en las estrategias terapéuticas. En esta versión se estratifica el tratamiento en "niveles" (1 a 5). El paradigma de cambio en el tratamiento crónico del asma consiste en erradicar la prescripción de broncodilatadores (salbutamol) a demanda, por un lado, y por otro, aparece la opción de tratamiento combinado intermitente con corticoides inhalados y broncodilatadores acción prolongada (LABA) para las formas más leves (niveles 1 y 2), en niños de 12 años o mayores. Aún no se dispone de suficiente evidencia que avale estas opciones en menores de 12 años, por lo que se mantienen las normativas previas vigentes en este grupo. Para más detalles, sugerimos la lectura del documento completo


In 1995, the first Guideline on Diagnosis and Treatment for Childhood Asthma was published in Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría. Updates were made in 2007 and 2016. After 5 years, the new contents are presented. The most relevant modifications, although not the only ones, are observed in therapeutic strategies. In this version, treatment is stratified into "levels" (1 to 5). The current paradigm of change in chronic asthma treatment consists in eradicating the prescription of bronchodilators (salbutamol) on demand. Besides that, the option of intermittent treatment with inhaled corticosteroids plus long-acting bronchodilators (LABA) appears for milder forms (levels 1 and 2) in children > 12 years old. There is still not enough evidence to support these options in < 12 years old maintaining the previous recommendations in this group. For more details we suggest reading the full document.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Asthma/diagnosis , Asthma/therapy , Bronchodilator Agents/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
6.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(1): 74-79, 30 junio 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292925

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. Para el tratamiento farmacoterapéutico de enfermedades respi-ratorias, el uso de herramientas para abordar la vía inhalatoria es de elección por su mayor eficacia y menos efectos secundarios; registrar su adhesión y prevalencia es importante. OBJETIVO. Determinar el nivel y la prevalencia de adhesión al uso de inhaladores en pacientes con Asma y Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Cróni-ca. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio analítico transversal. Población de 215 y muestra de 121 Historias Clínicas. Se aplicó el Test de Adhesión a Inhaladores, que consistió en dos cuestionarios complementarios: el de 10 ítems, que valoró el nivel de adhesión, y el de 12 que identificó el tipo de incumplimiento en pacientes de Consulta Externa de la Unidad Técnica de Neumología del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, periodo julio 2018 - enero 2019. La tabulación y análisis de datos se realizó con el programa Excel. RESULTADOS. La prevalencia de mala adhesión en asmáticos fue de 83,33% y en Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica 13,33%. En cuanto al sexo, la prevalencia de mala adhesión fue de 15,28% en hombres y de 40,82% en mujeres, con una p<0,05. No se encontró diferencia significativa respecto a los niveles de instrucción. CONCLUSIÓN. La prevalencia de mala adhesión al uso de inhaladores en pacientes con Asma y Enfermedad Pulmonar Obstructiva Crónica fue alta sobre todo en los asmáticos.


INTRODUCTION. For respiratory diseases and their pharmacotherapeutic treatment, the use of tools to address the inhalation route is chosen due to its greater efficacy and fewer secondary effects; then record the adherence and prevalence is important. OBJECTIVE. To determine both level and prevalence of adherence to the use of inhalers in patients with Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. MATE-RIALS AND METHODS. Cross-sectional analytical study. Population of 215 and sam-ple of 121 patients. The Inhaler Adherence Test was applied, which consisted of two complementary questionnaires: a 10-item questionnaire, which assessed the level of adherence, and a 12-item questionnaire that identified the type of non-compliance in patients of the Pneumology Technical Unit of the Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, period July 2018 - January 2019. The tabulation and data analysis was performed with Microsoft Excel program. RESULTS. The prevalence of poor ad-herence in asthmatics was 83.33% and in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease was 13.3%. Regarding gender, the prevalence of poor adherence was 15.28% in men and 40.82% in women, with a p <0.05. No significant differences were found regarding the levels of instruction. CONCLUSION. The prevalence of poor adherence to the use of inhalers in patients with Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease was high, especially in asthmatics


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Respiratory Tract Diseases , Asthma , Nebulizers and Vaporizers , Pulmonary Medicine , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Respiratory Therapy , Bronchodilator Agents , Medication Therapy Management , Medication Adherence , Dry Powder Inhalers
7.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(2): e1268, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280363

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La neumonía adquirida en la comunidad continúa siendo un problema de salud global. Objetivo: Caracterizar desde la óptica clínico-epidemiológica la neumonía adquirida en la comunidad en la edad pediátrica. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo de corte transversal y prospectivo de pacientes entre 1 mes-18 años, no vacunados con antineumocócica, ingresados en el Hospital Pediátrico Centro Habana, enero 2018-julio 2019 con diagnóstico confirmado por radiología de neumonía adquirida en la comunidad. Los pacientes no presentaban enfermedades crónicas, exceptuando el asma. Los padres o tutores dieron su consentimiento. Se evaluaron variables demográficas y clínicas, factores de riesgo, evolución y complicaciones según grupo de edad. Resultados: Se estudiaron 277 enfermos, predominaron los niños entre 1 a 4 años de edad (39,4 por ciento), superioridad del sexo masculino (55,2 por ciento). Los síntomas más frecuentes fueron: fiebre (98,9 por ciento), disnea (99,3 por ciento), tos (98,9 por ciento) y disminución del murmullo vesicular (96,4 por ciento). Como factores de riesgo predominaron la asistencia a círculos infantiles (31,8 por ciento), lactancia materna inadecuada (23,8 por ciento) y el tabaquismo pasivo (16,6 por ciento). Hubo complicaciones en 110 niños (39,7 por ciento) con predominio de derrame pleural, sobre todo en prescolares y asociación significativa entre complicaciones y edad. No hubo fallecimientos. Conclusiones: Es importante la vigilancia de las neumonías y su desarrollo clínico epidemiológico, para la prevención y diagnóstico en esa etapa previa a la introducción de la vacuna antineumoccócica. En población no vacunada contra el neumococo, es estrategia significativa reducir los factores de riesgo modificables como la insuficiente lactancia materna, el tabaquismo pasivo y la malnutrición(AU)


Introduction: Community-acquired pneumonia continues to be a global health problem. Objective: Characterize from the clinical-epidemiological perspective community-acquired pneumonia in the pediatric ages. Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional and prospective study of patients from 1 month to 18 years old not vaccinated with pneumococcal vaccine, admitted in Centro Habana Pediatric Hospital from January 2018 to July 2019 with diagnosis confirmed by radiology of pneumonia acquired in the community. Patients did not have chronic diseases, except for asthma. Parents or guardians consented. Demographic and clinical variables, risk factors, evolution and complications were assessed according to the age group. Results: 277 patients were studied, children from 1 to 4 years old predominated (39.4 percent); there was male superiority (55.2 percent). The most common symptoms were fever (98.9 percent), dyspnea (99.3 percent), cough (98.9 percent) and decreased vesicular murmur (96.4 percent). As risk factors, attendance to nurseries (31.8 percent), inadequate breastfeeding (23.8 percent) and passive smoking (16.6 percent) predominated. There were complications in 110 children (39.7 percent) with prevalence of pleural effusion, especially in pre-schoolers and significant association among complications and age. There were no deaths. Conclusions: Monitoring of pneumonia and its epidemiological clinical development is important for prevention and diagnosis at this stage prior to the introduction of the pneumococcal vaccine. In populations not vaccinated against pneumococcus, it is a significant strategy to reduce modifiable risk factors such as insufficient breastfeeding, passive smoking and malnutrition(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pleural Effusion , Asthma , Tobacco Smoke Pollution , Dyspnea , Malnutrition
8.
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 93(2): e1417, tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280364

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La asociación de asma y obesidad ha aumentado su prevalencia en los últimos años. Objetivos: Caracterizar a niños y adolescentes asmáticos con obesidad asociada. Métodos: Investigación descriptiva, transversal y prospectiva, 2017-2018, Servicio de Neumología, Hospital Pediátrico Universitario Centro Habana. Se evaluaron 43 pacientes asmáticos entre 5 y 18 años de edad con obesidad exógena asociada. Se exploraron edad, sexo, antecedentes familiares de asma y obesidad, severidad y grado de control del asma. Se realizaron estudios para evaluar el metabolismo lipídico y de los hidratos de carbono. Resultados: La distribución por edades fue similar (escolares, adolescencia temprana y tardía), predominó el sexo masculino en escolares: 11 de 16 (68,7 por ciento) y el femenino en la adolescencia tardía: 12 de 15 (80 por ciento). Se refirieron antecedentes familiares de obesidad en 5 (11,6 por ciento) y asma asociada a obesidad en 26 (60,5 por ciento); la mayoría presentaba asma persistente leve: 38 (88,4 por ciento), no controlados: 28 (65,1 por ciento) y parcialmente controlados 10 (23,3 por ciento). Dos pacientes presentaban intolerancia a los hidratos de carbono (4,7 por ciento), uno de ellos con resistencia a la insulina. La dislipidemia fue el trastorno metabólico más frecuente: colesterol sérico elevado en 23 (53,5 por ciento), LDLc alto en 13 (30,2 por ciento) y HDLc bajo en 10 (23,3 por ciento). Conclusiones: Los niños asmáticos con historia familiar de obesidad tienen alto riesgo de ser también obesos, lo cual puede dificultar el control del asma; son frecuentes en ellos las alteraciones metabólicas(AU)


Introduction: The association of asthma and obesity has increased its prevalence in recent years. Objectives: Characterize asthmatic children and adolescents with associated obesity. Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional and prospective research, 2017 - 2018, Pneumology Service, Centro Habana University Pediatric Hospital. 43 asthmatic patients from 5 to 18 years old with associated exogenous obesity were assessed. Age, sex, family history of asthma and obesity, severity and degree of asthma control were studied. Studies were conducted to evaluate lipid and carbohydrate metabolism. Results: Age distribution was similar (schoolers, early and late adolescence), predominated male sex in schoolchildren (11 of 16 - 68.7 percent) and the female in late adolescence (12 of 15 -80 percent). Family history of obesity was reported in 5 patients (11.6 percent) and obesity-associated asthma in 26 (60.5 percent); most had mild persistent asthma (38 -88.4 percent) poorly controlled: 28 uncontrolled (65.1 percent) and 10 partially controlled (23.3 percent). Two patients had carbohydrate intolerance (4.7 percent), one of them with insulin resistance. Dyslipidemia was the most common metabolic disorder: serum cholesterol increased in 23 - 53.5 percent, high LDLc in 13 - 30.2 percent, and low HDLc in 10 - 23.3 percent. Conclusions: Asthmatic children with a family history of obesity are also at high risk of being obese, which can make difficult to control asthma; metabolic alterations are common in them(Au)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Asthma , Age Distribution , Dyslipidemias , Carbohydrate Metabolism , Obesity
9.
Univ. salud ; 23(2): 85-91, mayo-ago. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1252311

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Factores de riesgo como alergias, historia familiar, infecciones respiratorias, bajo peso al nacer, exposición a humo de tabaco y síntomas frecuentes tales como: sibilancias, disnea o tos persistente, se presentan en niños con asma. En Cali son escasos los estudios que aborden esta temática. Objetivo: Describir factores de riesgo y síntomas en estudiantes con diagnóstico de asma en dos colegios de la ciudad de Cali. Materiales y métodos: Estudio transversal. Se recolectó información a cuidadores de niños(as) en edades entre 6 y 14 años, a través del cuestionario del estudio Internacional de Asma y Alergias en la Infancia (ISAAC). Resultados: De 324 encuestas resueltas por cuidadores, 77 niños presentaban asma. Para esta población el 60% de los niños eran mayores de 9 años de edad, 56% eran niñas; 68% pertenecían al estrato socioeconómico medio-bajo. Se encontró antecedentes de enfermedades como bronquiolitis en el niño y asma y rinitis en los padres, factores de riesgo como piso inadecuado en el hogar, ausencia de lactancia materna y asistencia al jardín. El 40,3% presentaron disnea, tos y sibilancias. Conclusiones: Factores de riesgo como el sexo, piso inadecuado y síntomas como disnea, tos y sibilancias fueron los más frecuentes en niños con asma.


Abstract Introduction: Allergies, family history, respiratory infections, low birth weight, and exposure to tobacco smoke are risk factors for asthma, whose symptoms in children include wheezing, dyspnea, and persistent cough. There is a lack of studies about asthma in Cali (Colombia). Objective: To describe risk factors and symptoms in students diagnosed with asthma in two schools from the city of Cali. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was developed, which gathered information from caregivers of children aged between 6 and 14 years old using the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire. Results: Out of the 324 surveys completed by caregivers, 77 children had asthma. 60% of this population were older than 9 years of age, 56% were girls, and 68% belonged to the lower-middle socioeconomic stratum. History of diseases such as child bronchiolitis and asthma and rhinitis in the parents were revealed. Some risk factors that were identified included inadequate flooring of the house, lack of breastfeeding, and attendance to kinder garden. 40.3% of children had dyspnea, cough and wheezing. Conclusions: Risk factors like gender, inadequate flooring, and symptoms such as dyspnea, cough and wheezing were the most frequent in children with asthma.


Subject(s)
Child , Adolescent , Asthma , Child , Risk Factors , Adolescent , Lung Diseases
10.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(2): 3222-3230, mar.-abr. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1251939

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La condición neurológica definida por la aparición de alteraciones en la percepción, usualmente interpretada como fenómenos extraños de metamorfosis y despersonalización, se reconoce como síndrome de Alicia en el país de las maravillas. Se presenta el caso de una paciente femenina de 9 años de edad, con el diagnóstico de síndrome de Alicia en el país de las maravillas secundario a medicación crónica con montelukast. El diagnóstico del síndrome psiquiátrico se realizó teniendo en consideración los antecedentes patológicos personales y el examen físico. El síndrome de Alicia en el país de las maravillas tiene un carácter benigno, sumamente infrecuente, y aunque su etiología no es del todo conocida, su aparición como reacción adversa a medicamentos es una opción que debe ser siempre considerada por el médico actuante (AU).


ABSTRACT The neurological condition defined by the appearance of alterations in perception usually interpreted as strange phenomena of metamorphosis and depersonalization is recognized as Alice in wonderland syndrome. The case of a 9-year-old female patient is presented, with the diagnosis of Alice in Wonderland syndrome secondary to chronic medication with montelukast. The diagnosis of the psychiatric syndrome was made taking into account personal pathological history and physical examination. Alice in Wonderland syndrome has a benign, extremely rare character and although its etiology is not fully known, its appearance, as an adverse reaction to medications, is an option that should always be considered by the acting physician (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions/complications , Alice in Wonderland Syndrome/chemically induced , Asthma/drug therapy , Case Reports , Child , Child Psychiatry/methods , Child Psychiatry/standards , Alice in Wonderland Syndrome/diagnosis , Alice in Wonderland Syndrome/etiology , Alice in Wonderland Syndrome/pathology , Alice in Wonderland Syndrome/psychology
11.
Fortaleza; s.n; Mar. 2021.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1223309

ABSTRACT

A asma é uma doença inflamatória crônica não transmissível do trato respiratório inferior, que, embora tratável, traz consequências para a saúde das crianças. Intervenções de educação em saúde utilizando materiais educativos que promovam o desenvolvimento da autoeficácia de pais e/ou cuidadores podem influenciar na qualidade do cuidado ofertado à criança asmática e em sua qualidade de vida. Diante do exposto, objetivou-se a construção e validação de conteúdo e aparência de um álbum seriado para promoção da autoeficácia de pais e/ou cuidadores no manejo e controle da asma infantil. Tratou-se de estudo metodológico de construção do álbum seriado intitulado "Asma infantil: você é capaz de controlar!", Com base nos itens da escala Autoeficácia e nível de controle da asma de seu filho, na cartilha educativa "Você é capaz de controlar a asma da sua criança - Vamos aprender juntos? " e na Teoria da Autoeficácia de Albert Bandura. O álbum seriado consta de 27 páginas divididas em quatro partes: I - Capa e informações introdutórias (sumário, apresentação, como utilizar o álbum e boas técnicas de comunicação); II - Introdução à asma; III - Informações sobre controle e manejo da asma; IV - Asma e covid-19. Após construção do material educativo, este passou por processo de validação de conteúdo e aparência por 25 juízes de conteúdo (16 docentes na área de enfermagem e 9 enfermeiros assistenciais) e três juízes técnicos (área de comunicação e design). A validação foi feita avaliando clareza de linguagem, pertinência prática e relevância teórica, com cálculo de Coeficiente de Validade de Conteúdo (CVC). Como resultados, foram avaliadas como validadas as páginas do álbum que atingiram CVC ≥ 0,80 para juízes de conteúdo e CVC ≥ 0,70 para juízes técnicos. O CVC total do álbum seriado foi de 0,96 de acordo com a avaliação dos juízes de conteúdo e 0,83 de acordo com juízes técnicos. O instrumento Avaliação de Adequação de Materiais (SAM) foi utilizado para avaliação da adequabilidade do álbum seriado para utilização com público-alvo. O material educativo foi avaliado como "superior", com escore total de 92,67% para juízes de conteúdo e 73,81% para juízes técnicos. Alterações foram feitas no álbum seriado após processo de validação, de acordo com as sugestões dos juízes e uma segunda versão do material foi finalizada. Pode-se concluir que o álbum seriado construído é valido e possui alto grau de recomendação para utilização com pais e / ou cuidadores no controle e manejo da asma infantil. )AU)


Subject(s)
Asthma , Nursing , Educational Technology , Self Efficacy , Validation Study
12.
Medisan ; 25(1)ene.-feb. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1154849

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Edward Bach descubrió la terapia floral como una forma de curación que incluye 39 esencias florales, siendo el Rescue Remedy uno de los más utilizados, el cual se relaciona con situaciones de emergencia, estrés y angustia. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad del Rescue Remedy en pacientes con crisis de asma leve persistente. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de intervención terapéutica en pacientes con crisis de asma leve persistente, atendidos en el Cuerpo de Guardia del Hospital General Docente Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso de Santiago de Cuba, durante el tercer trimestre del 2018. La muestra estuvo constituida por 60 pacientes, distribuidos en 2 grupos con 30 integrantes cada uno. El grupo A (de estudio) fue tratado con terapia floral (Rescue Remedy) y el grupo B (de control) con medicamentos. Resultados: Antes de los 20 minutos de recibir la terapia, 90,0 % de los pacientes del grupo A mejoraron los síntomas, mientras que del grupo B solo 53,3 %. Ningún afectado del grupo de estudio mostró reacciones adversas; en tanto, 96,7 % del grupo de control sí las presentó. Conclusiones: El Remedio 39 o Rescue Remedy resultó efectivo como terapia de emergencia en los pacientes estudiados.


Introduction: Edward Bach discovered floral therapy as a form of treatment that includes 39 floral essences, being Rescue Remedy one of the most used, which is related to emergency, stress and distress situations. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of Rescue Remedy in patients with persistent mild asthma crisis. Methods: A study of therapeutic intervention was carried out in patients with persistent mild asthma crisis, assisted in the Emergency Department of Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, during the third quarter of 2018. The sample was constituted by 60 patients, distributed in 2 groups with 30 members each one. The group A (study) was treated with floral therapy (Rescue Remedy) and group B (control) with medications. Results: Before the 20 minutes of receiving the therapy, 90.0 % of the patients from group A improved the symptoms, unlike just 53.3 % of the patients from group B. None of the affected patients from the study group showed adverse reactions; while 96.7 % of the control group presented side effects. Conclusions: The Remedy 39 or Rescue Remedy was effective as emergency therapy in the studied patients.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Flower Essences/therapeutic use , Secondary Care , Flower Essences
13.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(1): 2954-2962,
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156787

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El asma es una enfermedad obstructiva en la que, las resistencias respiratorias se encuentran aumentadas. Los hechos responsables de este aumento de resistencias son el propio broncoespasmo, la inflamación y el remodelado de la vía aérea con reducción de su diámetro. Todavía falta mucho por conocer y estudiar, pero sabemos que la ventilación mecánica no invasiva, como nueva forma de soporte ventilatorio que ha venido tomando auge en las últimas décadas, tiene numerosos beneficios en la práctica médica. A pesar de que algunas investigaciones plantean la controversialidad del empleo de la ventilación no invasiva en el asma grave, queremos realizar con el presente trabajo un acercamiento a varios de los estudios que se han llevado a cabo donde justifican totalmente el empleo de la misma como una medida de éxito en el manejo del asma, con resultados positivos y exitosos. Donde ha probado mejorar la situación funcional y reducir las necesidades de ingreso hospitalario, aliviando el agotamiento muscular y de esta manera mejorando el trabajo respiratorio. Aún queda bastante camino por recorrer con esta variante de ventilación que ha surgido y tomado auge por todos los logros y expectativas que ha venido a cumplir (AU).


SUMMARY Asthma is an obstructive disease in which, respiratory resistances are increased. The factors responsible for this increase in resistance are bronchospasm, inflammation and remodeling of the airway with reduction of its diameter. Much remains to be known and studied, but we know that noninvasive ventilation (NIV), as a new form of ventilatory support that has been growing in recent decades, has numerous benefits in medical practice. Although some research raises the controversy about the use of NIV in severe asthma, we want to do with the present work an approach to several of the studies that have been carried out where they totally justify the use of it as a measure of success in managing asthma, with positive and successful results. Where he has tried to improve the functional situation and reduce the need for hospital admission, alleviating muscle exhaustion and thus improving breathing work. There is still enough way to go with this variant of ventilation that has emerged and taken shape for all the achievements and expectations it has come to fulfill (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Asthma/complications , Risk Factors , Asthma/drug therapy , Bronchial Spasm , Catastrophic Illness
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879941

ABSTRACT

Bronchial asthma is a chronic respiratory disease,characterized by airway inflammation,airway hyperresponsiveness,reversible airway obstruction and airway remodeling,in which a variety of cells including airway inflammatory cells and structural cells are involved. Previous studies have shown that asthma is mainly driven by Th2 cytokines IL-4,IL-5,and IL-13,leading to airway eosinophil inflammation. With further research,however,it has been found that neutrophils are also closely related to asthma. Numbers of neutrophils are elevated in airway through increased chemotaxis and decreased apoptosis,which is earlier than eosinophils,leading to airway neutrophilic inflammation. Neutrophils can produce elastase,myeloperoxidase,neutrophil extra- cellular traps,chemokines and cytokines,participating in the occurrence and development of asthma. The antagonists against these molecules,such as anti-IL-8 receptor antibody,anti-IL-17 antibody,and DNase,have shown positive effects on neutrophilic asthma,but further studies are needed to support their clinical application. This article mainly reviews the role of neutrophils in asthma and related mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Asthma/immunology , Cytokines , Eosinophils , Humans , Inflammation , Neutrophils/immunology
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879907

ABSTRACT

Peak expiratory flow (PEF) is a portable, reliable, and inexpensive method for lung function assessment. PEF can reflect expiratory airflow limitation and its variability can document reversibility, which provides an objective basis for the diagnosis of asthma in children. Short-term PEF monitoring can be an important aid in the management of acute asthma exacerbations, identification of possible triggers, and assessment of response to treatment. Long-term PEF monitoring can assist in the assessment of asthma control and warning of acute exacerbations, and this is useful for children with severe asthma. This article reviews the measurements, influencing factors, interpretation, and application of PEF, and its role in the diagnosis and management of asthma in children, to provide references for the clinical application of PEF in children.


Subject(s)
Asthma/therapy , Child , Humans , Peak Expiratory Flow Rate , Respiratory Function Tests
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879844

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the correlation between the bronchial dilation test (BDT) and asthma control level in children with asthma.@*METHODS@#A total of 153 children with asthma, aged 5-14 years, who attended the outpatient service from March 2016 to March 2018 were enrolled. According to the presence or absence of atopic constitution, they were divided into an allergic group with 79 children and a non-allergic group with 74 children. The correlation between BDT and Childhood Asthma Control Test (C-ACT) scores was analyzed for both groups.@*RESULTS@#All basic pulmonary function parameters were positively correlated with C-ACT scores in the non-allergic group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The improvement rate of BDT is well correlated with C-ACT scores in children with asthma, suggesting that BDT can be used as an index for predicting asthma control level.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Asthma , Child , Child, Preschool , Dilatation , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Lung , Vital Capacity
17.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254857

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar o nível de conhecimento em asma, alfabetismo em saúde e qualidade de vida de cuidadores de crianças e adolescentes com diagnóstico da doença, bem como, a associação com o controle da asma, adesão ao tratamento e qualidade de vida. Métodos: estudo transversal, realizado com cuidadores e pacientes de dois centros especializados de referência no Sul do Brasil, entre março de 2018 e novembro de 2018. Participaram pais e cuidadores de crianças e adolescentes com diagnóstico de asma, com idade a partir de 18 anos. Foram aplicados os questionários: sociodemográfico, Short Assessment of Health Literacy for Portuguese-Speaking Adults, Questionário de Conhecimento em Asma Pediátrica e Paediatric Asthma Caregiver's Quality of Life Questionnaire. Para fins estatísticos, foram utilizados o teste t, qui-quadrado e Regressão Logística Binária. Resultados: foram incluídos 125 cuidadores, sendo 89 (71,2%) mães, com idade média de 35,7±9,2 anos, 65 (52%) com ensino médio completo e 100 (80%) pertencentes à classe econômica C. Do total, 74 (59,2%) apresentaram níveis inadequados de alfabetismo em saúde e 117 (94,4%) inadequados níveis de conhecimento em asma. A asma não estava controlada em 91 (72,8%) dos pacientes, estando associado a menor qualidade de vida deles e de seus cuidadores (p<0,001). A Regressão Logística verificou se o alfabetismo em saúde, o conhecimento em asma e a qualidade de vida dos cuidadores estavam associados ao controle da asma dos pacientes, sendo esse modelo significativo [X2(4) = 22,083; p<0,001, R2Nagelkerke = 0,484]. As variáveis categóricas utilizadas como referência foram as que apresentaram maior frequência (asma não controlada e conhecimentos inadequados). O alfabetismo em saúde (OR = 3,650; IC95% = 1,335 - 9,984) e qualidade de vida (OR = 3,095; IC95% = 1,850 ­ 5,178) também foram significativos. Conclusão: a população analisada apresentou níveis de alfabetismo em saúde e conhecimento em asma insatisfatórios. Ainda, os níveis de controle da doença foram baixos podendo estar associados aos níveis de qualidade de vida.


Aims: to evaluate the level of knowledge in asthma, health literacy and quality of life of caregivers of children and adolescents diagnosed with the disease, as well as the association with asthma control, treatment adherence and quality of life. Methods: this cross-sectional study was conducted with caregivers and patients from two specialized referral centers in southern Brazil, between March 2018 and November 2018. Parents and caregivers of children and adolescents diagnosed with asthma, aged 18 years and older, participated in the study. The following questionnaires were applied: sociodemographic, Short Assessment of Health Literacy for Portuguese-Speaking Adults and Paediatric Asthma Caregiver's Quality of Life Questionnaire. For statistical purposes, the t-test, chi-square and Binary Logistic Regression were used. Results: a total of 125 caregivers were included, 89 (71.2%) mothers, with a mean age of 35.7±9.2 years, 65 (52%) with completed high school and 100 (80%) belonging to economy class C. Of the total, 74 (59.2%) inadequate levels of literacy in health and 117 (94.4%) inadequate levels of knowledge in asthma. Asthma was not controlled in 91 (72.8%) of the patients, being associated with a lower quality of life of them and their caregivers (p<0.001). Logistic Regression verified whether health literacy, asthma knowledge and caregivers' quality of life were associated with asthma control of patients, and this model was significant [X2(4) = 22.083; p<0.001, R2Nagelkerke = 0.484]. The categorical variables used as reference were the ones with the highest frequency (uncontrolled asthma and inadequate knowledge). Health literacy (OR = 3,650; CI95% = 1.335 - 9.984) and quality of life (OR = 3.095; CI95% = 1.850 - 5.178) were also significant. Conclusion: the analyzed population presented levels of literacy in health and knowledge in asthma unsatisfactory. Furthermore, the levels of disease control were low and may be associated with quality of life levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Asthma/prevention & control , Caregivers , Health Literacy , Parents , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies
18.
Clin. biomed. res ; 41(4): 275-282, 20210000. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349333

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Consumption of foods with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant components could contribute to a better control of the asthma. The aim of this study was to assess the association between dietary patterns, nutritional status, and asthma control in patients treated at an asthma referral center in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with 198 adult asthma patients. Participants completed a 24-hour food recall and a questionnaire on disease history, degree of control, and severity, as well as pulmonary and anthropometric assessments. We used exploratory factor analysis and principal component analysis as an extraction method to derive the dietary patterns. Results: The mean body mass index was 29.6 (SD, 5.7) kg/m2, and 41.9% were classified as obese. Regarding disease severity, 72.7% were classified as having severe persistent asthma, and concerning the degree of control, 59.6% of the patients had uncontrolled asthma. Three dietary patterns were identified: "Sugars", "Healthy", and "Fats and Alcohol". It was observed that the Fats and Alcohol pattern was significantly associated with men. However, no associations were observed between the other variables and dietary patterns. Conclusion: This was the first study to identify the dietary patterns in asthmatics in Brazil. Patterns found in the present study were "Sugars", "Healthy" and "Fats and Alcohol". However, there was no significant association between the 3 patterns and nutritional status or disease control. (AU)


Subject(s)
Asthma , Diet , Alcohol Drinking , Sugars , Fats , Diet, Healthy
19.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 42(spe): e20200205, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1251789

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To identify symptoms of COVID-19 in adults in the scientific literature. Method Systematic review of studies published from December 1, 2019 to April 21, 2020 from the Scopus, Web of Science and PubMed databases, in order to answer the following research question: "What are the symptoms caused by COVID-19 in adults?" using the keywords "Symptoms", "Clinical Manifestations", "Coronavirus", "COVID-19". Results Of the total 105 references, 13 references that addressed the symptoms of COVID-19 were selected. Fever and normal or dry cough were symptoms present in all studies. Conclusion The symptoms identified in adult patients were fever, normal or dry cough, headache, pharyngalgia, dyspnea, diarrhea, myalgia, vomiting, sputum or expectoration, anxiety or chest pain, fatigue, nausea, anorexia, abdominal pain, rhinorrhea, runny nose or nasal congestion, dizziness, chills, systemic pain, mental confusion, hemoptysis, asthma, taste disorder, smell disorder, belching and tachycardia.


RESUMEN Objetivo Verificar en la literatura científica las manifestaciones sintomáticas de COVID-19 en adultos. Método Una revisión sistemática realizada en las bases de datos Scopus, Web of Science y PubMed con estudios publicados del 1 de diciembre de 2019 al 21 de abril de 2020, con el fin de responder a la pregunta orientadora: "¿Cuáles son las manifestaciones sintomáticas causada por COVID-19 en adultos?" utilizando las palabras clave: "Síntomas", "Manifestaciones clínicas", "Coronavirus", "COVID-19". Resultados Del total de 105 referencias, se seleccionaron 13 que abordaron las manifestaciones sintomáticas de COVID-19, con fiebre y tos normal o seca presente en todos los estudios. Conclusión Las manifestaciones sintomáticas identificadas en pacientes adultos fueron: fiebre, tos normal o seca, dolor de cabeza, faringalgia, disnea, diarrea, mialgia, vómitos, esputo o expectoración, angustia o dolor en el pecho, fatiga, náuseas, anorexia, dolor abdominal, rinorrea, secreción nasal o congestión nasal, mareos, escalofríos, dolor sistémico, confusión mental, hemoptisis, asma, alteración del gusto, alteración del olfato, eructos y taquicardia.


RESUMO Objetivo Verificar na literatura científica as manifestações sintomáticas da COVID-19 em pessoas adultas. Método Revisão sistemática utilizando as bases Scopus, Web of Science e PubMed com estudos publicados de 1 de dezembro de 2019 a 21 de abril de 2020, a fim de responder à questão norteadora: "Quais as manifestações sintomáticas causada pela COVID-19 em pessoas adultas?" utilizando-se as palavras-chave: "Symptoms", "Clinical Manifestations", "Coronavirus", "COVID-19". Resultados Do total de 105 referências, foram selecionadas 13 que abordaram as manifestações sintomáticas da COVID-19, estando a febre e a tosse normal ou seca presente em todos os estudos. Conclusão As manifestações sintomáticas identificadas nos pacientes adultos foram: febre, tosse normal ou seca, cefaleia, faringalgia, dispneia, diarreia, mialgia, vômito, escarro ou expectoração, angústia ou dor no peito, fadiga, náusea, anorexia, dor abdominal, rinorreia, coriza ou congestão nasal, tontura, calafrios, dor sistêmica, confusão mental, hemoptise, asma, comprometimento do paladar, comprometimento do olfato, arroto e taquicardia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , General Symptoms , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Asthma , Vomiting , Anorexia , Databases, Bibliographic , Cough , Ageusia , Diarrhea , Dizziness , Fatigue , Fever , Olfaction Disorders
20.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 37(5): e00072220, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278601

ABSTRACT

Resumo: O objetivo deste estudo é analisar os fatores associados à asma não controlada em escolares expostos aos agrotóxicos em município de médio porte de Mato Grosso, Brasil. Estudo do tipo caso controle, realizado com escolares de 6 a 7 anos e 13 a 14 anos de Primavera do Leste, em 2016. Foram considerados casos, escolares que preencheram critérios para asma não controlada por meio de questões do International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC), os controles foram selecionados a partir das mesmas escolas dos casos, após randomização, numa relação de 1:1. Para a coleta de dados, foram utilizados os questionários da Fase I e II do ISAAC e o questionário adicional para a exposição aos agrotóxicos. Realizaram-se a análise descritiva, bivariada e regressão logística das variáveis sociodemográficas e econômicas, individuais e ambientais. Foram selecionados 319 casos e 319 controles, totalizando em 638 participantes do estudo. No modelo final da regressão logística, as variáveis renda familiar maior que quatro salários mínimos (OR = 14,36; IC95%: 8,89-23,20), ter mãe com escolaridade até Ensino Médio incompleto (OR = 16,32; IC95%: 8,96-29,75), prematuridade (OR = 13,25; IC95%: 4,83-36,41) e baixo peso ao nascer (OR = 17,08; IC95%: 5,52-52,90) mantiveram-se associadas à asma não controlada. Das variáveis de exposição aos agrotóxicos, presença de pessoas no domicílio que trabalham na agricultura (OR = 5,91; IC95%: 2,11-16,53), residir próximo da atividade agrícola (OR = 3,98; IC95%: 1,47-11,76) e a pulverização aérea próxima ao domicílio (OR = 4,20; IC95%: 1,49-11,87) relacionaram-se ao desfecho. Neste estudo, os agrotóxicos e as condições sociodemográficas e de nascimento e infância mostraram-se relacionados à asma não controlada em escolares.


Abstract: The study aimed to analyze factors associated with uncontrolled asthma in schoolchildren exposed to pesticides in a medium-sized municipality in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. This was a case-control study of children 6 to 7 and 13 to 14 years old in Primavera do Leste, in 2016. Cases were defined as schoolchildren that met the criteria for uncontrolled asthma based on International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questions, and controls were selected from the same schools as the cases, after randomization, at a 1:1 ratio. Data collection used the questionnaires from Phases I and II of ISAAC and an additional questionnaire on pesticide exposure. Descriptive, bivariate, and logistic da e regression analyses were performed with the individual and environmental sociodemographic, and economic variables. 319 cases and 319 controls were selected, totaling 638 participants in the study. In the final da logistic model, the variables family income greater than 4 minimum wages (OR = 14.36; 95%CI: 8.89-23.20), maternal schooling up to incomplete secondary (OR = 16.32; 95%CI: 8.96-29.75), prematurity (OR = 13.25; 95%CI: 4.83-36.41), and low birthweight (OR = 17.08; 95%CI: 5.52-52.90) remained associated with uncontrolled asthma. Of the pesticide exposure variables, presence of household member working in agriculture (OR = 5.91; 95%CI: 2.11-16.53), living near farming activities (OR = 3.98; 95%CI: 1.47-11.76), and spraying areas near the household (OR = 4.20; 95%CI: 1.49-11.87) were related to the outcome. In this study, pesticides and sociodemographic, neonatal, and childhood conditions proved related to uncontrolled asthma in schoolchildren.


Resumen: El objetivo de este estudio es analizar los factores asociados al asma no controlado en escolares expuestos a pesticidas en un municipio de tamaño medio de Mato Grosso, Brazil. Se trata de un estudio de tipo caso-control, realizado con escolares de 6 a 7 años y de 13 a 14 de Primavera do Leste, en 2016. Se consideraron casos los escolares que cumplieron los criterios para asma no controlado, a través de preguntas del International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC), los controles se seleccionaron a partir de las mismas escuelas que los casos, tras una aleatorización, en una relación de 1:1. Para la recogida de datos se utilizaron los cuestionarios de la Fase I y II del ISAAC, así como el cuestionario adicional para la exposición a los pesticidas. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo, bivariado y regresión logística de las variables sociodemográficas y económicas, así como individuales y ambientales. Se seleccionaron 319 casos y 319 controles, llegando a un total de 638 participantes en el estudio. En el modelo final de regresión logística las variables: renta familiar mayor que 4 salarios mínimos (OR = 14,36; IC95%: 8,89-23,20), tener una madre con escolaridad hasta la enseñanza media incompleta (OR = 16,32; IC95%: 8,96-29,75), prematuridad (OR = 13,25; IC95%: 4,83-36,41) y bajo peso al nascer (OR = 17,08; IC95%: 5,52-52,90) se mantuvieron asociadas al asma no controlado. Respecto a las variables de exposición a los pesticidas, la presencia de personas en el domicilio que trabajan en la agricultura (OR = 5,91; IC95%: 2,11-16,53), residir cerca de la actividad agrícola (OR = 3,98; IC95%: 1,47-11,76), así como la pulverización del aérea cercana al domicilio (OR = 4,20; IC95%: 1,49-11,87) se relacionaron con el resultado. En este estudio, los pesticidas y las condiciones sociodemográficas y de nacimiento e infancia se mostraron relacionadas con el asma no controlado en escolares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Child , Adolescent , Pesticides/toxicity , Asthma/epidemiology , Asthma/chemically induced , Brazil/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Agriculture
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