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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(2): 145-149, abr. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), BINACIS | ID: biblio-1100495

ABSTRACT

Las guías para el manejo del asma promueven la educación sanitaria como un escalón más en su terapéutica. Se creó el programa Educación Sanitaria del Niño Asmático y su Familia. El objetivo fue evaluar el impacto del Programa sobre el bienestar del niño asmático y su familia.Estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, durante 3 años, que analizó características epidemiológicas, impacto y satisfacción de las familias. Se incluyeron 386 pacientes. Asma controlada al corte: el 78 %. Descendieron el uso de beta-2-adrenérgicos y las admisiones hospitalarias (p < 0,05), el uso de corticoides orales y consultas en Urgencias (p < 0,001). Evaluó el Programa como excelente el 98 %; comprendió y aceptó la enfermedad el 99 %; reconoció el inicio de crisis y comenzó el tratamiento el 96 %; aplicó bien la terapia inhalatoria el 92 %. El Programa tuvo alto impacto en el control del asma. Constituyó un modelo útil para replicar.


Guidelines for management establish health education as part of asthma care. A Health Education Program for Asthmatic Children and Families was started in our institution. This descriptive retrospective study was designed in order to evaluate the Program impact in children and family satisfaction; 386 children were enrolled. Their asthma was properly controlled in 78 %. There was a significant decrease (p < 0.05) of rapid action beta 2 agonists use and hospital admissions, and a highly significant decrease (p < 0.001) of corticosteroids use and emergency visits. Educational content was found to be excellent in 98 %; 99 % understood and accepted the condition; 96 % were able to recognize early symptoms and started home treatment; 92 % correctly managed inhalation technique. The Program had a high impact on children asthma control, with a significant decrease in emergency visits, admissions, and drug use, becoming a useful model


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Asthma/epidemiology , Program Evaluation , Health Education , Outpatients , Asthma/prevention & control , Patient Education as Topic , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Surveys and Questionnaires , Retrospective Studies
2.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1052936

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever sobre a experiência em arte educação do Serviço Social em equipe multiprofissional, no cuidado preventivo à asma, e as mudanças sentidas pelos participantes do "Coral Voices em Superação", mediante as (inter)experiências e vivências de cantar e conviver com a asma. Método: Pesquisa qualitativa, empírica, bibliográfica e fenomenológica. Com uso de diário de campo, entrevista semiestruturada e análise de conteúdo. Participaram 14 mulheres e um homem entre 23 e 75 anos, acompanhados no Centro de Referência em Asma. Resultado: Arte educação, por meio da música, é um recurso para o assistente social potencializar a autoestima de pessoas em tratamento de asma. Conclusão: O convívio de pessoas com asma, em uma atividade de arte educação, influencia na sua qualidade de vida


Objective: The purpose of this article is to describe the experience in art education of Social Work in a multiprofessional team, in the preventive care for asthma, and the changes felt by the participants of the "Choir Voices in Overcoming", through the (inter) experiences and experiences of singing and living with to asthma. Methods: Qualitative, empirical, bibliographical and phenomenological research. Using field diary, semi-structured interview and content analysis. A total of 14 women and a man between the ages of 23 and 75 participated in the Asthma Reference Center. Results: Art education, through music, is a resource for the social worker to enhance the self-esteem of people in asthma treatment. Conclusion: The conviviality of people with asthma, in an activity of art education, influences their quality of life


Objetivo: Describir sobre la experiencia en arte educación del Trabajo Social en equipo multiprofesional, en el cuidado preventivo del asma, y los cambios sentidos por los participantes del "Coral Voices en Superación", mediante las (inter) experiencias y vivencias de cantar y convivir con el asma. Métodos: Investigación cualitativa, empírica, bibliográfica y fenomenológica. Con uso de diario de campo, entrevista semiestructurada y análisis de contenido. Participaron 14 mujeres y un hombre entre 23 y 75 años, acompañados en el Centro de Referencia en Asma. Resultado: El arte de la educación, a través de la música, es un recurso para que el asistente social potencializar la autoestima de las personas en el tratamiento del asma. Conclusión: La convivencia de personas con asma, en una actividad de arte educación, influye en su calidad de vida


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Asthma/prevention & control , Social Work , Sensory Art Therapies/methods , Music , Patient Care Team , Quality of Life , Health Education , Qualitative Research
3.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 14(4): 205-209, dic. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1087949

ABSTRACT

The main source of Vitamin D is the bioconversion of 7-dehydrocholesterol to cholecalciferol, however, the level of sun exposition has been drastically reduced during the last decades, so it is not unusual to find a high deficit of Vitamin D in the population. There is evidence to suggest that the deficit of Vitamin D is associated with a worse evolution of asthma and a greater risk of serious exacerbations. Possibly prenatal Vitamin D supplementation to pregnant mothers reduces the risk of wheezing and asthma in the offspring, and supplementation to asthmatic children could improve the evolution of the disease.


La principal fuente de Vitamina D es la bioconversión del 7-dehidrocolesterol a colecalciferol, sin embargo, el nivel de exposición solar se ha reducido drásticamente durante las últimas décadas, por lo que no es extraño encontrar un déficit elevado de Vitamina D en la población. Existe evidencia que sugiere que el déficit de Vitamina D se asocia a peor evolución del asma y mayor riesgo de exacerbaciones graves. Posiblemente la suplementación prenatal de Vitamina D a madres embarazadas reduzca el riesgo de sibilancias y asma en los hijos que nacerán, y la suplementación a niños asmáticos podría mejorar la evolución de la enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Asthma/therapy , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Asthma/etiology , Asthma/prevention & control , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Dietary Supplements
4.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 95(4): 401-409, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1040339

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To perform a systematic review with meta-analysis and meta-regression to correlate the total scores of asthma control with the increase in the total scores of health-related quality of life levels of parents of asthmatic children. Sources: The search was carried out in the following databases: PubMed (MEDLINE); Embase and ScienceDirect (Elsevier); SciELO and LILACs (Bireme) in June 2017. The included studies assessed asthma control through the Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ), Asthma Control Test (C-ACT/ACT), and Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) questionnaires, whereas the Pediatric Asthma Caregiver's Quality of Life Questionnaire (PACQLQ) was applied to assess the HRQoL of parents and family members. Summary of the findings: 294 articles were evaluated in the selected databases, of which (n = 38) were excluded for duplicity; (n = 239) after the reading of the titles and abstracts and (n = 5) after reading the studies in full, totaling 12 studies eligible for the meta-analysis. Of the 12 eligible articles, 11 (92%) were published in the last five years, and evaluated children and adolescents aged 1 -20 years, totaling 2804 samples. In the evaluation of the correlation between the disease control scores by ACQ and C-ACT/ACT, the results were satisfactory for both ACQ analyses [R 2: −0.88; p < 0.001], and for C-ACT/ACT [R 2: 0.82; p < 0.001]. Conclusions: The results show that asthma control levels can influence the total HRQoL scores of parents or relatives of children and adolescents with asthma.


Resumo Objetivo: Realizar uma revisão sistemática, com meta-análise e meta-regressão para relacionar os escores totais do controle da asma com o aumento dos escores totais dos níveis de qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde de pais de crianças asmáticas. Fontes: As buscas foram aplicadas nas bases de dados: PubMed (Medline); Embase e ScienceDirect (Elsevier); SciELO e LILACs (Bireme). A busca foi realizada nas bases de dados em saúde em junho de 2017. Os estudos incluídos precisavam ter avaliados o controle da asma pelos questionários Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ), Asthma Control Test (C-ACT/ACT) e Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) e para a QVRS dos pais e familiares o Pediatric Asthma Caregiver's Quality of Life Questionnaire (PACQLQ). Resumo dos achados: Foram avaliados 294 artigos nas bases de dados escolhidas, quanto aos níveis de duplicidade nas bases de dados (n = 38), excluídos por falta de enquadramento na leitura dos títulos e resumos (n = 239) e após leitura integral dos estudos (n = 05), restaram 12 estudos elegíveis à meta-análise. Dos 12 artigos elegíveis, 11 (92%) foram publicados nos últimos cinco anos, avaliaram crianças e adolescentes de 1 a 20 anos, total de 2.804 amostras. Na avaliação da correlação entre a pontuação dos escores de controle da doença por ACQ e C-ACT/ACT, os resultados se mostraram satisfatórios tanto para as análises de ACQ [R2: −0.88; p < 0,001], quanto para C-ACT/ACT [R2: 0,82; p < 0,001]. Conclusões: Os resultados demonstram que os níveis de controle da asma podem influenciar nos escores totais da QVRS de pais ou familiares de crianças e adolescentes com asma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Parents/psychology , Quality of Life/psychology , Asthma/prevention & control , Caregivers/psychology , Asthma/physiopathology , Severity of Illness Index , Surveys and Questionnaires
5.
J. bras. pneumol ; 45(1): e20180052, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-984613

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine whether a low level of education is a risk factor for uncontrolled asthma in a population of patients who have access to pulmonologists and to treatment. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving outpatients > 10 years of age diagnosed with asthma who were followed by a pulmonologist for at least 3 months in the city of Jundiai, located in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The patients completed a questionnaire specifically designed for this study, the 6-item Asthma Control Questionnaire (to assess the control of asthma symptoms), and a questionnaire designed to assess treatment adherence. Patients underwent spirometry, and patient inhaler technique was assessed. Results: 358 patients were enrolled in the study. Level of education was not considered a risk factor for uncontrolled asthma symptoms (OR = 0.99; 95% CI: 0.94-1.05), spirometry findings consistent with obstructive lung disease (OR = 1.00; 95% CI: 0.99-1.01), uncontrolled asthma (OR = 1.03; 95% CI: 0.95-1.10), or the need for moderate/high doses of inhaled medication (OR = 0.99; 95% CI: 0.94-1.06). The number of years of schooling was similar between the patients in whom treatment adherence was good and those in whom it was poor (p = 0.08), as well as between those who demonstrated proper inhaler technique and those who did not (p = 0.41). Conclusions: Among asthma patients with access to pulmonologists and to treatment, a low level of education does not appear to be a limiting factor for adequate asthma control.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar se a baixa escolaridade é um fator de risco para asma não controlada em uma população de pacientes que tem acesso a um pneumologista e ao tratamento. Métodos: Estudo transversal com pacientes com diagnóstico de asma, com idade > 10 anos, acompanhados por ao menos três meses por um pneumologista em ambulatórios na cidade de Jundiaí (SP). Os indivíduos responderam a um questionário específico do estudo, ao Questionário de Controle da Asma com seis questões para avaliar o controle dos sintomas da asma e a um questionário para avaliar a adesão ao tratamento. Avaliou-se a correção no uso de dispositivos inalatórios, e os pacientes realizaram espirometria. Resultados: Foram incluídos 358 pacientes. A escolaridade não foi fator de risco para sintomas de asma não controlados (OR = 0,99; IC95%: 0,94-1,05), presença de distúrbio ventilatório obstrutivo na espirometria (OR = 1,00; IC95%: 0,99-1,01), asma não controlada (OR = 1,03; IC95%: 0,95-1,10) e necessidade de dose moderada/alta de medicações inalatórias (OR = 0,99; IC95%: 0,94-1,06). O número de anos de escolaridade foi semelhante nos grupos com e sem adesão ao tratamento (p = 0,08) e nos grupos com e sem erros na utilização do dispositivo inalatório (p = 0,41). Conclusões: Nesta amostra de pacientes com asma que têm acesso a pneumologista e tratamento, a baixa escolaridade não foi um fator limitante para o controle adequado da asma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Asthma/prevention & control , Educational Status , Pulmonologists , Treatment Adherence and Compliance/statistics & numerical data , Health Services Accessibility/statistics & numerical data , Asthma/physiopathology , Spirometry , Time Factors , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric
6.
J. bras. pneumol ; 45(3): e20180169, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1012557

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To translate the Pediatric Asthma Control and Communication Instrument (PACCI) to Portuguese and adapt it for use in Brazil, ensuring the cultural validity of the content and semantic equivalence of the target version. Methods: The Brazilian Portuguese-language version of the PACCI was developed according to the most commonly used methodology, which included the following steps: translation; synthesis of the translation; review by the author of the original questionnaire; back-translation; synthesis of the back-translation; review by a native external researcher who is a native speaker of English; approval of the author of the original questionnaire; review by a specialist in Portuguese; review by a multidisciplinary committee of experts to determine the agreement of the items, considering the clarity of each and its appropriateness in the cultural context; cognitive debriefing; and development of the final version. The cognitive debriefing involved 31 parents/legal guardians of children 1-21 years of age with a clinical diagnosis of asthma, as defined by the Global Initiative for Asthma, with the objective of determining the comprehensibility and clarity of the items for the target population. Results: The multidisciplinary committee of experts indicated that the items on the questionnaire were clear and comprehensible, with kappa values above 0.61, indicating substantial agreement. In the cognitive debriefing, the parents/legal guardians presented no difficulties in understanding any of the items (agreement > 0.90); therefore, no further changes were needed. Conclusions: The translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the PACCI for use in Brazil were successful.


RESUMO Objetivo: Realizar a tradução e a adaptação transcultural do Pediatric Asthma Control and Communication Instrument (PACCI) para o contexto da população brasileira, e assegurar a validade de conteúdo e equivalência semântica da versão adaptada. Métodos: A versão do PACCI para a língua portuguesa falada no Brasil foi desenvolvida de acordo com a metodologia mais comumente utilizada, que incluiu as seguintes etapas: tradução; síntese da tradução; revisão de um pesquisador nativo de língua inglesa; tradução reversa; síntese da tradução reversa; revisão de um pesquisador nativo de língua inglesa; apreciação do autor do questionário original; revisão por especialista em língua portuguesa; revisão do comitê multiprofissional de especialistas para verificar a concordância dos itens, considerando a clareza e a adequação dos itens ao contexto cultural; desdobramento cognitivo; e desenvolvimento da versão final. O desdobramento cognitivo foi realizado com 31 pais/responsáveis por crianças e adolescentes de 1-21 anos, com diagnóstico clínico de asma de acordo com a Global Initiative for Asthma, com o objetivo de verificar a compreensão e a clareza dos itens na população-alvo. Resultados: O comitê multiprofissional de especialistas indicou que os itens do questionário se apresentaram claros e compreensíveis, com valores de kappa superiores a 0,61, indicando concordância substancial. Considerando o procedimento de desdobramento cognitivo, os pais/responsáveis não apresentaram dificuldades de compreensão (concordância > 0,90) não havendo necessidade de modificações da versão final em português. Conclusões: O PACCI apresenta-se adequadamente traduzido e transculturalmente adaptado para uso na população brasileira.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Asthma/prevention & control , Translations , Surveys and Questionnaires/standards , Parents , Translating , Brazil , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Reproducibility of Results , Language , Legal Guardians
7.
J. bras. pneumol ; 44(4): 273-278, July-Aug. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-975929

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate health-related quality of life in asthma patients treated at a referral center in southern Brazil, identifying differences between male and female patients, as well as to evaluate differences between the males and females in terms of asthma control, lung function, and nutritional status. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving patients ≥ 18 years of age treated at an asthma outpatient clinic. We evaluated clinical parameters, lung function, nutritional status, and quality of life. Results: A total of 198 patients completed the study. The mean age was 56.2 ± 14.8 years, and 81.8% were female. The proportion of patients with uncontrolled asthma was higher among females than among males (63.0% vs. 44.4%; p = 0.041). The body mass index (BMI) and percentage of body fat were higher in females than in males (30.2 ± 5.8 kg/m2 vs. 26.9 ± 4.5 kg/m2 and 37.4 ± 6.4% vs. 26.5 ± 7.4%; p = 0.002 and p < 0.001, respectively). Quality of life was lower in females than in males in the following domains: symptoms (3.8 ± 1.5 vs. 4.6 ± 1.7; p = 0.006); activity limitation (3.6 ± 1.3 vs. 4.4 ± 1.5; p = 0.001); emotional function (3.6 ± 1.9 vs. 4.5 ± 1.7; p = 0.014); and environmental stimuli (3.2 ± 1.6 vs. 4.3 ± 1.9; p = 0.001). Conclusions: Male asthma patients appear to fare better than do female asthma patients in terms of health-related quality of life, asthma control, BMI, percentage of body fat, and comorbidities.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde em pacientes com asma tratados em um centro de referência no sul do Brasil e identificar diferenças entre homens e mulheres, além de avaliar as diferenças entre os sexos no tocante ao controle da asma, função pulmonar e estado nutricional. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo transversal com pacientes com idade ≥ 18 anos tratados em um ambulatório de asma. Foram avaliados parâmetros clínicos, função pulmonar, estado nutricional e qualidade de vida. Resultados: Cento e noventa e oito pacientes completaram o estudo. A média de idade foi de 56,2 ± 14,8 anos, e 81,8% eram do sexo feminino. A proporção de pacientes com asma não controlada foi maior entre as mulheres que entre os homens (63,0% vs. 44,4%; p = 0,041). O índice de massa corporal (IMC) e a porcentagem de gordura corporal foram maiores nas mulheres que nos homens (30,2 ± 5,8 kg/m2 vs. 26,9 ± 4,5 kg/m2 e 37,4 ± 6,4% vs. 26,5 ± 7,4%; p = 0,002 e p < 0,001, respectivamente). A qualidade de vida foi menor nas mulheres que nos homens nos seguintes domínios: sintomas (3,8 ± 1,5 vs. 4,6 ± 1,7; p = 0,006); limitação das atividades (3,6 ± 1,3 vs. 4,4 ± 1,5; p = 0,001); função emocional (3,6 ± 1,9 vs. 4,5 ± 1,7; p = 0,014); estímulos ambientais (3,2 ± 1,6 vs. 4,3 ± 1,9; p = 0,001). Conclusões: Homens com asma aparentemente apresentam melhores resultados que mulheres com asma no que tange à qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde, controle da asma, IMC, porcentagem de gordura corporal e comorbidades.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Asthma/prevention & control , Asthma/psychology , Nutritional Status , Asthma/diagnosis , Asthma/epidemiology , Severity of Illness Index , Brazil/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
8.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 54(4): e17324, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1001586

ABSTRACT

This study aims to assess the perceived practice and barriers towards the provision of asthma management services among urban community pharmacists in Selangor, Malaysia. The study also highlights both pharmacist and patient-related barriers in asthma counseling. One hundred fifty urban community pharmacists in Selangor, Malaysia, were randomly selected and recruited for the present cross sectional baseline study. Previous studies have explored pharmacists' perception on their roles in asthma management in different parts of the world. The data was collected through self-explanatory questionnaires (containing 47 items). The extracted data from the completed questionnaires were analyzed descriptively and inferentially using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 19. Results showed that pharmacists perceived their roles in asthma management along three major dimensions: 'patient self-management', 'medication use' and 'asthma control', mean (±SD) score of the perception towards asthma management was 99.29 ± 4.58 over a maximum possible score of 110 with 90.26%. There were significant differences between the pharmacy education level and perceived practice of asthma management while there were insignificant differences between age, gender, ethnicity, number of practicing year and perceived practice of asthma management among respondents. Most common barriers towards asthma counselling including lack of time, lack of asthma knowledge, lack of counselling space and cost of asthma drugs. Conclusively, urban community pharmacists in Selangor, Malaysia, demonstrate good perceived practice of better management of asthma with multidimensional dimensional role against in disease care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pharmacists/ethics , Asthma/drug therapy , Communicable Disease Control/standards , Malaysia/ethnology , Asthma/prevention & control
9.
Rev. inf. cient ; 97(1): i:47-f:47, 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-995500

ABSTRACT

Se realizó un estudio cuasi-experimental, prospectivo de corte transversal, con el objetivo de implementar una intervención educativa sobre asma bronquial en padres de niños asmáticos del consultorio 23 de Enero, municipio Pedro María Freites estado Anzoátegui, Venezuela, en el período entre mayo a diciembre de 2016. El universo lo constituyeron todos los casos con diagnóstico de asma bronquial en edades de 2 a 6 años. La muestra se seleccionó por un representante del niño que cumpliera los criterios de selección y quedó representada por 46 padres previo consentimiento informado, se aplicó una encuesta antes y después de la intervención. En los resultados prevaleció el nivel de severidad moderada persistente y el sexo femenino más afectado. El nivel de conocimiento sobre el cuidado del niño ante el síntoma fue inadecuado, tenían conocimientos adecuados sobre la conducta a seguir ante la crisis, sobre tratamiento y estilos de vida saludables fue inadecuado. Estos mejoraron favorablemente después de la intervención educativa(AU)


A prospective, quasi-experimental, cross-sectional study was carried out with the objective of implementing an educational intervention. Bronchial Asthma in Parents of Asthmatic Children of the Clinic January 23, Pedro María Freites Municipality of Anzoategui, Venezuela, from May to December of 2016. The universe was constituted by all the cases with diagnosis of Bronchial Asthma in ages of 2 to 6 years. The sample was selected by a representative of the child who met the selection criteria and was represented by 46 parents with prior consent and applied a pre- and post-intervention survey. In the results, the level of persistent moderate severity and the most affected female gender prevailed. The level of knowledge about the child's care of the symptom was inadequate, had adequate knowledge about the behavior to follow the crisis and about healthy treatments and lifestyles was inadequate. These improved favorably after the educational intervention(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Asthma/prevention & control , Fathers/education , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Controlled Before-After Studies
11.
J. bras. pneumol ; 43(4): 264-269, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-893845

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To translate the Asthma Control and Communication Instrument (ACCI) to Portuguese and adapt it for use in Brazil. Methods: The ACCI was translated to Portuguese and adapted for use in Brazil in accordance with internationally accepted guidelines. The protocol included the following steps: permission and rights of use granted by the original author; translation of the ACCI from English to Portuguese; reconciliation; back-translation; review and harmonization of the back-translation; approval from the original author; review of the Portuguese version of the ACCI by an expert panel; cognitive debriefing (the clarity, understandability, and acceptability of the translated version being tested in a sample of the target population); and reconciliation and preparation of the final version. Results: During the cognitive debriefing process, 41 asthma patients meeting the inclusion criteria completed the ACCI and evaluated the clarity of the questions/statements. The clarity index for all ACCI items was > 0.9, meaning that all items were considered to be clear. Conclusions: The ACCI was successfully translated to Portuguese and culturally adapted for use in Brazil, the translated version maintaining the psychometric properties of the original version. The ACCI can be used in clinical practice because it is easy to understand and easily applied.


RESUMO Objetivo: Traduzir e adaptar culturalmente para a língua portuguesa falada no Brasil um instrumento que avalia a comunicação e o controle da asma, denominado Asthma Control and Communication Instrument (ACCI). Métodos: O ACCI foi traduzido e adaptado culturalmente com um protocolo que incluiu etapas internacionalmente aceitas: autorização e cessão de direitos de uso do ACCI de seu idealizador; tradução do ACCI da língua inglesa para a língua portuguesa; reconciliação; retradução; revisão e harmonização da retradução; aprovação do idealizador do ACCI; revisão da versão em português do ACCI por especialistas; desdobramento cognitivo (teste da clareza, compreensibilidade e aceitabilidade da versão traduzida em uma amostra da população-alvo) e reconciliação para a elaboração da versão final. Resultados: Na etapa do desdobramento cognitivo, foram entrevistados 41 indivíduos com asma que preencheram os critérios de inclusão. Todos responderam ao ACCI e avaliaram a clareza dos enunciados/questões e, para todos os itens, obteve-se um índice de clareza superior a 0,9, ou seja, todas as questões foram consideradas claras. Conclusões: A tradução e a adaptação cultural do ACCI para a língua portuguesa falada no Brasil foram bem-sucedidas e mantiveram as propriedades psicométricas do instrumento original. O ACCI pode ser utilizado na prática clínica por ser simples e de fácil compreensão e aplicação.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Asthma/prevention & control , Surveys and Questionnaires , Socioeconomic Factors , Translations , Brazil , Cross-Cultural Comparison
13.
J. bras. pneumol ; 42(6): 440-443, Nov.-Dec. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1040262

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT To assess the impact that educational interventions to improve inhaler techniques have on the clinical and functional control of asthma and COPD, we evaluated 44 participants before and after such an intervention. There was a significant decrease in the number of errors, and 20 patients (46%) significantly improved their technique regarding prior exhalation and breath hold. In the asthma group, there were significant improvements in the mean FEV1, FVC, and PEF (of 6.4%, 8.6%, and 8.3% respectively). Those improvements were accompanied by improvements in Control of Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma Test scores but not in Asthma Control Test scores. In the COPD group, there were no significant variations. In asthma patients, educational interventions appear to improve inhaler technique, clinical control, and functional control.


RESUMO Para avaliar o impacto do ensino da técnica inalatória no controle clínico e funcional de pacientes com asma ou DPOC, incluíram-se 44 participantes antes e após essa intervenção. Houve uma diminuição significativa no número de erros cometidos, sendo que 20 pacientes (46%) melhoraram significativamente sua técnica na expiração prévia e apneia final. No grupo asma, houve significativa melhora nas médias de FEV1 (6,4%), CVF (8,6%) e PFE (8,3%), e essa melhora correlacionou-se com os resultados no Control of Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma Test, mas não com os do Asthma Control Test. No grupo DPOC, não houve variações significativas. O ensino da técnica inalatória parece melhorar seu desempenho e os controles clínico e funcional em pacientes com asma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Asthma/prevention & control , Nebulizers and Vaporizers/standards , Patient Education as Topic/methods , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/prevention & control , Portugal , Patient Education as Topic/standards , Controlled Before-After Studies
14.
HU rev ; 42(2): 149-157, jul.-ago. 2016.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1955

ABSTRACT

O presente trabalho teve como objetivos avaliar a prevalência de asma, asma grave e obesidade infantil e analisar a associação entre elas e seus fatores de risco, através de um estudo transversal, onde foram avaliados os fatores de risco, dados antropométricos e aplicado o questionário ISAAC. Os questionários foram distribuídos em escolas municipais, para crianças de 6 a 8 anos e de 13 a 15 anos, selecionadas de forma aleatória e realizada a coleta dos dados antropométricos. A amostra total consistiu de 394 estudantes avaliados, 58,1% entre 6 a 8 anos e 54,3% do sexo feminino. A prevalência de asma ativa, nas crianças de 6 a 8 anos foi de 18,6 % e de 12,7% nos adolescentes e, de 3,1% a prevalência de asma grave. Os fatores de risco, na análise multivariada, para asma foram: idade de 6 a 8 anos (p = 0,001), tabagismo passivo (p= 0,001), a classe econômica A e B (p <0,001) e tempo de aleitamento materno menor que 1 mês (p = 0,021). No grupo de crianças de 6 a 8 anos, a prevalência de obesidade foi de 24% e no grupo de 13 a 15 anos de 28%. Estiveram associados à obesidade os seguintes fatores: a classe A e B (p = 0,003) e parto cesáreo (p = 0,030). Houve associação entre obesidade e asma grave (OR=6,9; p = 0,017). Assim, os valores da prevalência de asma e obesidade infantil são comparáveis aos dados nacionais e a associação positiva entre as duas doenças alerta para a necessidade da criação e aprimoramento de programas voltados para a prevenção e tratamento das mesmas.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Obesity , Asthma/prevention & control , Body Mass Index , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Disease Prevention , Pediatric Obesity , Obesity/prevention & control
15.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 32(2): 68-76, jun. 2016. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-795885

ABSTRACT

Achieve a good clinical control by reducing symptoms and management of modifiable risk factors for exacerbations is the main goal of asthma treatment. Our objective was to assess the degree of clinical control and the presence of modifiable risk factors of exacerbations in asthmatic patients controlled in primary care. Data were extracted from clinical records of asthmatics attending their scheduled visit between November 2014 and June 2015. In each visit the Asthma Control Test was performed. 236 visits (183 patients) were analyzed. 10% had totally controlled asthma, 34% partially controlled and 56% uncontrolled. The worst clinical control was significantly associated with greater use of health resources. 92% had modifiable risk factors of exacerbation, mainly obesity and active smoking.


Lograr un buen control clínico mediante la disminución de los síntomas y el manejo de factores de riesgo modificables de exacerbaciones es el objetivo principal del tratamiento del asma. Nuestro objetivo fue evaluar el grado de control clínico y la presencia de factores de riesgo modificables de exacerbaciones en asmáticos que se controlan en atención primaria. Se extrajeron datos de registros clínicos de los asmáticos que acudieron a su visita programada entre noviembre de 2014 y junio de 2015. En cada visita se realizó el Test de Control del Asma. Se analizaron 236 visitas (183 pacientes). El 10% tenía el asma totalmente controlada, 34% parcialmente controlada y 56% no controlada. El peor control clínico se asoció significativamente con mayor uso de recursos sanitarios. El 92% tenía factores de riesgo modificable de exacerbaciones, principalmente obesidad y tabaquismo activo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Asthma/therapy , Primary Health Care/statistics & numerical data , Asthma/epidemiology , Asthma/prevention & control , Chile , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Risk Factors , Self-Assessment , Smoking , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 11(2): 71-75, abr. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-835063

ABSTRACT

The mainstays of chronic asthma treatment are education, trigger avoidance and medications. Educational programs have shown that improving asthma control and trigger avoidance can have beneficial effects on disease activity. Medications most commonly used for acute relief of symptoms are inhaled short-acting beta-2 adrenergic agonists and first-line medications for controlling asthma are inhaled corticosteroids. New therapies have emerged such as vilanterol / fluticasone furoate, tiotropium and sublingual immunotherapy. Current guidelines suggest stepwise approach and before modifying, to assess inhaler technique, adherence, persistent exposure to triggers, presence of comorbidities and incorrect diagnosis.


Los pilares fundamentales del tratamiento del asma crónica son la educación, el manejo ambiental y la farmacoterapia. Programas educacionales han demostrado mejorar el control del asma y el manejo ambiental puede tener efectos beneficiosos en la actividad de la enfermedad. Los fármacos de rescate más utilizados son los agonistas beta-2 adrenérgicos de acción corta y los fármacos de primera línea para el control del asma son los corticoides inhalados. Nuevas terapias han aparecido como la asociación de vilanterol/fluticasona furoato, tiotropio e inmunoterapia sublingual. Guías actuales proponen tratamiento escalonado y antes de modificar, evaluar técnica inhalatoria, adherencia, exposición ambiental, presencia de comorbilidades y diagnóstico diferencial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asthma/prevention & control , Asthma/drug therapy , Chronic Disease , Patient Education as Topic
17.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 32(1): 0-0, mar. 2016.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-791520

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la importancia del asma, como problema de salud, no sólo radica en que afecta a muchas personas, por su índice de mortalidad, sino por el impacto socioeconómico en todas las edades. Objetivo: realizar un análisis de los procesos sociales y medioambientales en la salud de niños asmáticos como desafíos para la ciencia y la tecnología en general y en particular para Cuba. Método: investigación documental con varios momentos: la revisión bibliográfica y documental sobre este tema y el análisis del contenido de los mismos, buscando formular inferencias a partir de la identificación de sus características en cuanto a procesos sociales y medioambientales en la salud de niños asmáticos. Conclusiones: el asma es una enfermedad crónica, cuyo curso poblacional es modificable si se actúa sobre los determinantes estructurales de la enfermedad y se generan procesos saludables medioambientales y nutricionales desde la estructura social(AU)


Introduction: The importance of asthma, as a health problem, not only concerns that it affects many people, for it mortality rate, but for the socioeconomic impact at all ages. Objective: To carry out an analysis of the social and environmental processes in the health of asthmatic children as challenges for science and technology in general and in particular in Cuba. Method: Document research with several moments: bibliographic and document review about this topic and their content analysis, aiming at formulating inferences starting from the identification of their characteristics regarding social and environmental processes on the health of asthmatic children. Conclusions: Asthma is a chronic disease, whose population course is modifiable if action is taken over the disease's structural determinants and environmental and nutritional healthy processes are generated from the social structure(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Asthma/chemically induced , Asthma/prevention & control , Child Nutrition/education , Environmental Health Surveillance , Environmental Health/methods , Cuba
18.
J. bras. pneumol ; 42(1): 42-47, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: lil-776475

ABSTRACT

Objective : To present the Programa Infantil de Prevenção de Asma (PIPA, Program for the Prevention of Childhood Asthma) and the characteristics of the patients followed in this program. Methods : Implemented in the city of Uruguaiana, Brazil, PIPA has as its target population children and adolescents (< 18 years of age) with asthma or suspected asthma. Patients either enroll in PIPA spontaneously or are referred by pediatricians or primary care physicians. In this retrospective study, we use a standardized protocol to assess PIPA patients. Results : By the end of the study period, 646 patients were being followed. Of those, 298 (46.1%) were ≤ 3 years of age. In this group of patients, recurrent wheezing was identified in 60.7%, and the first episode of wheezing occurred in the first six months of life in 86.0%. Severe wheezing was identified in 29.5% and 45.4% in the children ≤ 3 and > 3 years of age, respectively. Physician-diagnosed asthma was reported in 26.5% and 82.2%, respectively. In the sample as a whole, the prevalence of passive smoking was high (> 36%), occurring during pregnancy in > 15%; > 40% of the patients had been born by cesarean section; and 30% had a mother who had had < 8 years of schooling. Conclusions : A prevention program for children with asthma is an effective strategy for controlling the disease. Knowledge of local epidemiological and environmental characteristics is essential to reducing the prevalence of the severe forms of asthma, to improving the use of health resources, and to preventing pulmonary changes that could lead to COPD in adulthood.


Objetivo : Apresentar o Programa Infantil de Prevenção de Asma (PIPA), assim como as características dos pacientes nele acompanhados. Métodos : O PIPA, implantado em Uruguaiana (RS), tem como população alvo crianças e adolescentes com asma ou suspeita de asma, menores de 18 anos, referidos por pediatras, médicos de atenção primária ou por procura espontânea. Neste estudo retrospectivo, os participantes foram avaliados segundo um protocolo padronizado de atendimento. Resultados : Ao final do período do estudo, estavam em seguimento 646 pacientes. Desses, 298 (46,1%) tinham idade ≤ 3 anos. Nesse grupo de pacientes, houve sibilância recorrente em 60,7% e o primeiro episódio de sibilância ocorreu nos primeiros seis meses de vida em 86,0%. Sibilância grave foi apontada em 29,5% e 45,4% nas crianças com ≤ 3 anos e com > 3 anos, respectivamente. Houve diagnóstico médico de asma em 26,5% e 82,2%, respectivamente. Na amostra total, a prevalência de exposição passiva ao fumo foi elevada (> 36%), ocorrendo durante a gestação em > 15%; o número de nascimentos por cesariana foi > 40%, e o nível educacional materno foi inferior a 8 anos em 30%. Conclusões : Um programa de prevenção para atendimento de crianças com asma é uma estratégia eficaz para o controle da doença. O conhecimento das características epidemiológicas e ambientais da população local é primordial para que haja a redução das formas graves da asma, melhor utilização dos recursos de saúde e possível prevenção de alterações pulmonares que possam levar a DPOC no adulto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Asthma/prevention & control , Child Care , Program Evaluation , Age Factors , Brazil , Educational Status , Reproducibility of Results , Respiratory Sounds/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires
19.
Rev. méd. Minas Gerais ; 26(supl. 2): 26-30, 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-882371

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: o presente trabalho tem por objetivo apresentar sobre a forma de mapa conceitual o consenso de asma na Pediatria. Métodos: foi realizada a revisão do consenso GINA e apresentaram-se conjuntos de ideias e conceitos sobre o tema sob a forma de um mapa conceitual. Resultados: a asma é definida como doença inflamatória crônica de via aérea inferior. Seu diagnóstico em crianças é clínico e deve basear-se em história de sintomas característicos, exame físico e evidência de limitação variável do fluxo aéreo expiratório. A avaliação da asma baseia-se no controle dos sintomas após o tratamento adequado e na minimização dos riscos futuros que contribuem para a ocorrência de exacerbações e gravidade da sintomatologia. De acordo com nível de controle pode ser classificada em controlada, parcialmente controlada e fora de controle. O tratamento visa ao controle dos sintomas e à redução dos riscos futuros, mormente exacerbações ("crises"). O componente terapêutico não farmacológico fundamenta-se em tentar controlar os fatores de risco potencialmente evitáveis e o tratamento farmacológico é dividido em etapas que variam de um a cinco, com utilização de broncodilatadores de curta ação nas crises além corticoides inalatórios associados ou não a broncodilatadores de longa duração, antagonistas de leucotrienos e ainda anti-IgE na etapa 5. Conclusões: o médico, ao se deparar com uma criança com asma, deve acompanhar periodicamente a sua evolução, verificar os problemas e dificuldades existentes para o tratamento de maneira individualizada, adequando e analisando a resposta terapêutica passo a passo.(AU)


Objective: the present study aims to present in the form of a conceptual map consensus of asthma in Pediatrics. Methods: the GINA consensus review was performed. Issues and concepts about the theme were presented in the form of a map. Results: Asthma is defined chronic inflammatory disease of the lower airway. The diagnosis of asthma in children is clinical and must be based on a history of characteristic symptoms, physical examination, and evidence of expiratory air flow limitation. The evaluation of asthma is based on symptoms controls after proper treatment and the decrease of future risks that contribute to the occurrence of exacerbations and severity of symptoms. According to level of control can be classified into controlled, partly controlled and out of control. Treatment aims to control symptoms and reduce future risks; non-pharmacological treatment is based on trying to control the potentially avoidable risk factors; The pharmacological treatment is divided into steps ranging from 1 to 5 with use of short-acting bronchodilators for exacerbations, inhaled corticosteroids associated or not with the long-acting bronchodilators; leukotriene antagonists and also anti IgE in step 5. Conclusions: The doctor when faced with a child with asthma should periodically monitor its progress, check the problems and difficulties for the treatment analyzing therapeutic response step by step(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Asthma/diagnosis , Concept Formation/drug effects , Asthma/prevention & control , Asthma/drug therapy , Bronchodilator Agents/therapeutic use , Leukotriene Antagonists/therapeutic use , Omalizumab/therapeutic use
20.
Salvador; s.n; 2016. 111 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1001006

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: A asma é uma doença inflamatória crônica, caracterizada por hiper-reatividade das vias aéreas inferiores e por limitação variável e reversível ao fluxo aéreo. Apresenta manifestações clínicas na forma de sibilância, dispneia, sensação de aperto no peito e tosse, podendo ser considerada como atópica ou não atópica, de acordo com seus aspectos imunopatogênicos. Células do sistema imune, como neutrófilos, macrófagos, células dendríticas e as células T Natural Killer (NKT), apresentam importante papel no desenvolvimento ou regulação da resposta inflamatória da asma. Desta forma é possível que antígenos com propriedades regulatórias, como no caso dos antígenos de ovo do Schistosoma mansoni (SEA), sejam capazes de alterar o perfil destas células e regular a resposta imune da asma. OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a frequência de NKT e expressão de moléculas de ativação e coestimulação, além de citocinas nestas células, em indivíduos com asma. METODOLOGIA: Trata-se de um estudo de corte transversal realizado com 24 voluntários, sendo 14 indivíduos asmáticos e 10 voluntários não asmáticos. Células mononucleares de sangue periférico (PNMC)...


INTRODUCTION: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by hyperreactivity of lower airways and variable limitation and reversible airflow. The main clinical manifestations are wheezing, breathlessness, chest pain that feel like tightness and coughing, being considered as atopic or non-atopic, according to its immunopathogenic aspect. Immune cells, such as neutrophils, macrophages, dendritic cells and Natural Killer T cells (NKT) play an important role in the regulation or development of inflammatory response of asthma. Thus, it is possible that antigens with regulatory properties, such as Schistosoma mansoni soluble egg antigen (SEA), are able to alter the profile of these cells and regulate the immune response of asthma. AIM: To evaluate the frequency of NKT cells, expression of activation and costimulatory markers, as well as cytokine expression in NKT cells from individuals with asthma. METHODOLOGY: This is a cross-sectional study of 24 volunteers, of which 14 were asthmatic and 10 nonasthmatic volunteers. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC)...


Subject(s)
Humans , Asthma/diagnosis , Asthma/immunology , Asthma/pathology , Asthma/prevention & control , Schistosoma mansoni/parasitology , Schistosoma mansoni/pathogenicity
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