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1.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(2): 243-252, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364985

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Atherosclerosis is a serious health problem, and several factors contribute to its occurrence. Longitudinal and qualified monitoring of primary health care (PHC) may contribute to the management of atherosclerosis and reduction of avoidable hospital admissions. Objectives: To estimate the trend in hospitalizations for atherosclerosis and the impact of PHC coverage on its evolution from 2008 to 2018 in Brazil. Methods: An ecological time series analytical study based on the outcomes of hospital admissions for atherosclerosis in Brazil. Time in years, PHC coverage, and Family Health Strategy (FHS) services were considered independent variables. A Prais-Winsten model was used to estimate the outcome trend, and α < 0.05 was adopted. Results: We observed a mean increase of 1.81 hospitalizations for atherosclerosis per 100 000 inhabitants annually (p = 0.002) in Brazil. This growth was evidenced in the Northeast (p < 0.001), Southeast (p = 0.003), and South (p < 0.001) regions, being stable in the North (p = 0.057) and Midwest (p = 0.62) regions. Men presented twice the growth in hospitalizations from the fifth decade of life on (p < 0.01). An inversely proportional relationship was observed for PHC coverage (B = -0.71; p < 0.001) and the proportion of FHS services (B = -0.59; p < 0.001) with the rate of admissions due to atherosclerosis in Brazil. Conclusions: Although hospitalizations for atherosclerotic complications are increasing in Brazil, they present regional and individual gender and age discrepancies, as well as a mitigating effect exerted by PHC coverage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Health Care/methods , Atherosclerosis/complications , Atherosclerosis/prevention & control , Brazil/epidemiology , Time Series Studies , Environmental Health , Ecological Studies , Atherosclerosis/epidemiology
2.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.788-792, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353341
3.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(5,supl.1): 121-127, Nov. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346340

ABSTRACT

Abstract The association between periodontitis and myocardial infarction remains unclear in the literature. Few studies have addressed periodontitis exposure as a predisposing factor for the development of myocardial infarction. Therefore, the present systematic review aims to analyze the association between periodontitis and myocardial infarction. This meta-analysis systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, The Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, SCIELO, LILACS, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science and grey literature for studies estimating the association between periodontitis and myocardial infarction. Quality of evidence was assessed for all studies. The meta-analysis was conducted using random-effects models. Four of the six studies selected were included in the meta-analysis, including 1,035,703 subjects. The association between periodontitis and myocardial infarction was: RR: 5.99 (95% CI: 1.17-30.68), but with high heterogeneity (I2 = 100%; p <0.01). The results including only the highest quality articles, was lower: RR: 2.62 (95% CI: 1.47-4.70 3.83), but with lower heterogeneity (I2 = 85.5%; p < 0.01).The present systematic review with meta-analysis showed an association between periodontitis and acute myocardial infarction, but with a high level of heterogeneity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis/complications , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Pulpitis/complications , Atherosclerosis/complications , Lipoproteins/analysis , Myocardial Infarction/etiology , Myocardial Infarction/mortality
4.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(6): 511-515, dic. 31, 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178949

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Atherosclerosis is a progressive inflammatory disease that can trigger serious medical consequences like acute myocardial infarction or stroke. Case Report: The purpose of this study is to report an unusual case of finding calcified atheromatous plaques in the carotid arteries bilaterally using a panoramic radiography (PR). A 75-year-old female with a morbid history, attends the Teaching Dental Clinic of the Pontifical Catholic University with complementary exams. PR showed well-defined radiopaque structures adjacent to C4. Using a Doppler ultrasound, the presence of calcified atheromas in the right and left carotid arteries were confirmed. The patient was informed of these findings and is currently under medical follow-up. Conclusion: PR is a useful complementary resource in the detection of atherosclerotic plaques of the upper carotid region.


Introducción: La aterosclerosis es una enfermedad inflamatoria progresiva que puede desencadenar graves consecuencias médicas como infarto agudo de miocardio o accidente cerebrovascular. Case Report: El propósito de este estudio es reportar un caso inusual de hallazgo de placas ateromatosas calcificadas en las arterias carótidas de forma bilateral mediante una radiografía panorámica. Mujer de 75 años con antecedentes mórbidos, acude a la Clínica Odontológica Docente de la Pontificia Universidad Católica con exámenes complementarios. La radiografía panorámica mostró estructuras radiopacas bien definidas adyacentes a C4. Mediante ecografía Doppler se confirmó la presencia de ateromas calcificados en las arterias carótidas derecha e izquierda. El paciente fue informado de estos hallazgos y actualmente se encuentra en seguimiento médico. Conclusión: La radiografía panorámica es un recurso complementario útil en la detección de placas ateroscleróticas de la región carotídea superior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Radiography, Panoramic , Carotid Artery Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Carotid Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography , Stroke , Atherosclerosis/complications , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Infarction
5.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(6): 1354-1366, oct.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1094135

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: actualmente, la enfermedad ateroesclerótica está entre las principales causas de muerte, incapacidad y demencia en adultos mayores. Su causalidad es multifactorial, pero es indiscutible la relación de la dislipidemia con los riesgos de eventos cardiovasculares. Objetivo: dotar de información necesaria a pacientes, para modificar estilos de vida y lograr un impacto positivo en la reducción de la morbimortalidad, producida por enfermedades ateroescleróticas. Materiales y métodos: se aplicó un proyecto de intervención a través de acciones educativas a un grupo de pacientes adultos (n=234) con dislipidemia. Atendidos en la Unidad de Salud Oziel Montecristo, por el equipo I (blanco) del municipio de Campinas, Departamento de São Paulo. Entre enero a julio del 2016. Los participantes fueron sometidos a una encuesta antes y después de recibir la información. Resultados: el grupo etáreo que predominó fue entre 20-50 años con 55,5 %. La escolaridad primaria fue más significativa en el 41 %. Otros factores de riesgo reportados fue obesidad, 46,5 %; fumadores, 9,4 %; con etilismo crónico, 8,5 % y sedentarismo 71,7 %. Las enfermedades crónicas presentes fueron: hipertensión arterial, 53,4 %; diabetes mellitus, 40,5 %; cardiopatía isquémica y enfermedad renal crónica el 20,9 % y 9,4 %, respectivamente. Se lograron resultados positivos en el auditorio, un número importante de pacientes continuaron en los grupos terapéuticos. Conclusiones: los pacientes se apropiaron de conocimientos importantes sobre la dislipidemia, para practicar estilos de vida saludables, que disminuyan el riesgo de eventos cardiovasculares (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: currently, atherosclerotic disease is among the main causes of death, disability and dementia in elder people. It is caused by multiple factors, but it is indisputable the relation of dyslipidemia with the risk of cardiovascular events. Objective: to provide the necessary information to patients for them to modify life styles and achieving a positive impact in the reduction of the morbidity and mortality caused by atherosclerotic diseases. Materials and methods: an intervention project was applied through educative actions in a group of adult patients (n=234) with dyslipidemia, treated in the Health Unit ¨Oziel Montecristo¨, by the team I (white), of the municipality Campinas, São Paulo Department, from January to July 2016. The participants answered an inquiry before and after receiving the information. Results: the predominant age group was the 20-50 years one, with 55.5 %. Primary scholarship was the most significant (41 %). Other reported factors were obesity, 46.5 %; smoking, 9.4 %; chronic alcoholism, 8.5 %; and sedentary life style, 71.7 %. The chronic diseases found were: arterial hypertension, 53.4 %; diabetes mellitus, 40.5 %; ischemic heart disease, 20.9 %; and chronic renal disease, 9.4 %. Positive results were achieved in the audience; an important number of patients continued in therapeutic groups. Conclusions: the patients assimilated important knowledge on dyslipidemia, to practice healthy life styles decreasing the risk of cardiovascular events (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Atherosclerosis/complications , Dyslipidemias/prevention & control , Health Programs and Plans , Patient Education as Topic , Risk Factors , Atherosclerosis/diagnosis , Dyslipidemias/etiology , Dyslipidemias/mortality , Early Medical Intervention , Healthy Lifestyle
6.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 21(3): e106, sept.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093832

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la artritis reumatoide es una enfermedad sistémica, de etiología desconocida, caracterizada por provocar inflamación crónica, cursa con manifestaciones articulares, extrarticulares y comportamiento clínico variable. Objetivo: caracterizar los factores de riesgo para la aparición de aterosclerosis en pacientes con artritis reumatoide e identificar su relación con el tiempo de diagnóstico, actividad inflamatoria y tratamiento. Método: se realizó estudio descriptivo transversal, en pacientes con artritis reumatoide atendidos en el Centro de Reumatología del Hospital Docente Clínico Quirúrgico 10 de Octubre entre febrero 2016 y junio 2017. Resultados: la mayor frecuencia fue para el sexo femenino, el rango etario 45-54 años. Se observó placa ateromatosa en 37.2 por ciento y engrosamiento complejo íntima media en el 15.4 por ciento. Los factores de riesgo que mostraron asociación con la presencia de placa fueron: hipertrigliceridemia (p= 0.000), hipercolesterolemia (p= 0.000), Diabetes Mellitus (p= 0.027) y los niveles elevados de proteína C Reactiva (p= 0.003). Conclusiones: los factores de riesgo tradicionales que presentaron significación estadística fueron la hipercolesterolemia, hipertrigliceridemia y la Diabetes Mellitus. La presencia de más de un factor elevó la frecuencia de alteraciones en el eco doppler; existió asociación entre la elevación de los niveles de PCR y la presencia de alteraciones del eco doppler. Se constató en aquellos pacientes con alteraciones eco doppler carotídeo relación con el tiempo de evolución, actividad de la enfermedad y dosis acumulada de esteroides(AU)


Introduction: rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic disease, of unknown etiology, characterized by chronic inflammation; It presents with joint, extra-articular manifestations and variable clinical behavior. Objective: to characterize the risk factors for the appearance of atherosclerosis in patients with rheumatoid arthritis and to identify their relationship with the time of diagnosis, inflammatory activity and treatment. Method: a cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted in patients with rheumatoid arthritis treated at the Rheumatology Center of the Surgical Clinical Teaching Hospital 10 de Octubre in the period between February 2016 and June 2017. Results: the highest frequency was for the female sex, the age range 45-54 years. Atheromatous plaque was observed in 37.2 percent and intimal complex thickening in 15.4 percent. The risk factors that showed association with the presence of plaque were: hypertriglyceridemia (p= 0.000), hypercholesterolemia (p= 0.000), Diabetes Mellitus (p= 0.027) and high levels of C-reactive protein (p= 0.003) Conclusions: the traditional risk factors that presented statistical significance were hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia and Diabetes Mellitus. The presence of more than one traditional risk factor increased the frequency of alterations in Doppler echo; There was an association between the elevation of C-Reactive Protein levels and the presence of Doppler echo alterations. It was found in those patients with carotid echo Doppler alterations, relationship with the time of evolution, activity of the disease and cumulative dose of steroids(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/complications , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Hypertriglyceridemia/complications , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Atherosclerosis/complications , Hypercholesterolemia/complications , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 113(3): 367-372, Sept. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038562

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: In clinical observation, patients with acute coronary syndrome complicated with peripheral artery disease have poor prognosis, so the relationship between the diseases and clinical characteristics need to be further explored. Objective: This study aims to investigate clinical characteristics and independent risk factors for in-hospital adverse events in acute coronary syndrome patients with a history of peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Methods: A total of 5,682 patients with acute coronary syndrome were included into this study. These patients were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of a history of PAD: PAD group (n = 188), and non-PAD (control) group (n = 5,494). Then, the clinical characteristics and incidence of in-hospital adverse events were analyzed; p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: The age of PAD patients was higher than that in the control group (65.5 ± 10.3 years vs. 58.6 ± 11 years, p < 0.001), and the proportion of PAD patients with diabetes history and stroke history was higher than that in the control group (73 [39%] vs. 1472 [26.8%], p = 0.018; 36 [19.3%] vs. 396 [7.2%], p < 0.001). The multivariate logistic regression analysis between groups based on in-hospital adverse events revealed that a history of PAD (OR = 1.791, p = 0.01), a history of diabetes (OR = 1.223, p = 0.001), and age of > 65 years old (OR = 4.670, p < 0.001) were independent risk factors for in-hospital adverse events. Conclusion: A history of PAD, advanced age, and a history of diabetes are independent risk factors for in-hospital adverse events in patients with acute coronary syndrome.


Resumo Fundamento: Na observação clínica, os pacientes com síndrome coronariana aguda com doença arterial periférica têm prognóstico ruim, portanto, a relação entre as doenças e as características clínicas precisa ser mais explorada. Objetivos: Este estudo tem o objetivo de investigar características clínicas e fatores de risco independentes para eventos adversos hospitalares em pacientes com síndrome coronariana aguda e história de doença arterial periférica (DAP). Métodos: Foram incluídos no estudo 5682 pacientes com síndrome coronariana aguda. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos de acordo com a presença ou ausência de DAP prévia: grupo DAP (n = 188) e grupo sem DAP (n = 5494, grupo controle). Em seguida, foram analisadas características clínicas e a incidência de eventos adversos hospitalares nesses grupos; um p < 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: A idade dos pacientes com DAP foi maior que a idade do grupo controle (65,5 ± 10,3 anos vs. 58,6 ± 11 anos, p < 0,001), e a proporção de pacientes com história de diabetes ou acidente vascular cerebral foi maior no grupo DAP que no grupo controle [73 (39%) vs. 1472 (26,8%), p = 0,018; 36 (19,3%) vs. 396 (7,2%), p < 0,001). A análise de regressão logística multivariada para eventos adversos hospitalares mostrou que história de DAP (OR = 1,791, p = 0,01), história de diabetes (OR = 1,223, p = 0,001), e idade >65 anos de idade (OR = 4,670, p < 0,001) foram fatores de risco independentes para eventos adversos hospitalares. Conclusão: DAP prévia, idade avançada, e história de diabetes são fatores de risco independentes para eventos adversos hospitalares em pacientes com síndrome coronariana aguda.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Acute Coronary Syndrome/complications , Peripheral Arterial Disease/complications , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Atherosclerosis/complications
8.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(1): 12-18, mar. 2019. ilus., tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1021819

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Turner (ST) resulta de la ausencia completa o parcial del segundo cromosoma sexual en fenotipos femeninos. Tiene una incidencia de 1:2000- 2500 nacidas vivas. Recién en la última década se ha puesto atención a la salud de las adultas con ST. La mortalidad es 3 veces superior respecto de la población general debido al riesgo de disección aórtica por anomalías cardiovasculares estructurales y aterosclerosis vinculada a hipertensión arterial, diabetes, dislipidemia y obesidad. También presentan elevada prevalencia de enfermedades autoinmunitarias. Objetivo: evaluar la calidad del seguimiento clínico de pacientes adultas con ST, comparando los controles de salud preconformación y posconformación del Registro y de la Unidad Interdisciplinaria. En el año 2017 fuimos convocados para integrar el Programa de Enfermedades Raras del Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires. A partir de la creación del Registro Institucional y del equipo multidisciplinario obtuvimos mejoría significativa en los controles por las especialidades de cardiología, endocrinología y otorrinolaringología, en los controles bioquímicos del metabolismo lipídico, hidrocarbonado, hepatograma, TSH y anticuerpos para celiaquía e imágenes cardiovasculares y densitometría ósea. En conclusión, el seguimiento sistematizado e institucional, mediante el Registro y la creación de la Unidad Interdisciplinaria de Síndrome de Turner, permitió encontrar las falencias del sistema de atención y optimizar el seguimiento de esta población. (AU)


Turner syndrome (TS) results from the complete or partial absence of the second sex chromosome in female phenotypes. It has an incidence of 1: 2000-2500 girls born alive. Only in the last decade has been paid attention to the health of adults women with TS. Mortality is 3 times higher than in the general population due to the risk of aortic dissection cause to structural cardiovascular anomalies and atherosclerosis related to hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia and obesity. They also have a high prevalence of autoimmune diseases. Until nowadays in Argentina do not exist a national registry of this disease that complies with the international follow-up recommendations for these patients. We proposed to develop the institutional register at 2014 and a multidisciplinary team was created to care and follow up girls and women with TS during 2015. It was indexed to Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires' Rare Diseases Program since 2017. After the creation of the institutional registry and the multidisciplinary team we obtained a significant improvement in cardiology, endocrinology and otorhinolaryngology schedule visits, in lipids and hydrocarbon metabolism, liver, thyroid and celiac diseases biochemical controls and in the performance of cardiovascular MNR and bone densitometry. In conclusion, the systematized and institutional follow-up, through the registry and the creation of the Interdisciplinary Unit of Turner Syndrome, allowed us to find the flaws of the care system and to optimize the follow up of this population. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Turner Syndrome/prevention & control , Aftercare/statistics & numerical data , Aneurysm, Dissecting/etiology , Autoimmune Diseases/epidemiology , Turner Syndrome/complications , Turner Syndrome/etiology , Turner Syndrome/mortality , Turner Syndrome/epidemiology , Aftercare/methods , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/complications , Human Growth Hormone/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus , Atherosclerosis/complications , Dyslipidemias/complications , Estrogens/therapeutic use , Gonadal Disorders/etiology , Hypertension/complications , Infertility, Female/etiology , Obesity/complications
9.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(1): 142-144, Jan.-Mar. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002417

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Atheroembolic renal disease (AERD) is a kidney manifestation of atherosclerosis as a systemic disease. AERD is defined as a renal impairment secondary to embolization of cholesterol crystals with consequent occlusion of renal vascularization. The current case report describes one patient with multiple risk factors but without any inciting event history who presents a very atypical clinical course of a severe and massive atheroembolic disease that developed spontaneously and silently.


RESUMO A doença renal ateroembólica (DRAE) é uma manifestação renal da aterosclerose enquanto patologia sistêmica. A DRAE é definida como uma disfunção renal secundária à embolização de cristais de colesterol seguida da oclusão da vascularização renal. O presente relato descreve o caso de um paciente com vários fatores de risco, porém sem um evento precipitante, que se apresentou com um curso clínico bastante atípico de doença ateroembólica grave de evolução espontânea e silenciosa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Renal Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging , Atherosclerosis/complications , Dyslipidemias/complications , Hypertension/complications , Biopsy , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Hypertriglyceridemia , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Creatinine/blood , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Diabetic Nephropathies/etiology , Renal Insufficiency/etiology , /therapeutic use , Hypercholesterolemia , Kidney/pathology , Microscopy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
10.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 48(1): e252, ene.-mar. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093531

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El eco-Doppler carotídeo es la prueba de elección en el estudio inicial y de seguimiento del ictus aterotrombótico. Objetivo: Describir los hallazgos ecográficos en ambos ejes carotídeos en pacientes con infarto cerebral aterotrombótico del territorio vascular homónimo. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación observacional con todos los pacientes (63), que acudieron al Hospital Militar Central "Dr. Carlos J. Finlay", entre octubre del 2012 y septiembre del 2013, con diagnóstico clínico y tomográfico de infarto cerebral aterotrombótico de territorio anterior, a los que se les realizó eco-Doppler carotídeo. Resultados: Se contabilizaron mayor cantidad de placas de ateromas en el eje carotídeo homolateral al ictus aterotrombótico (54,3 por ciento) y la gran mayoría de estos fueron inestables (98,4 por ciento). La placa tipo III (50 por ciento), la irregularidad del contorno (54,1 por ciento) y la estenosis menor del 49 por ciento (57,6 por ciento) fueron los hallazgos ecográficos que dominaron en el eje contralateral al infarto. En ambas carótidas también fueron las placas tipo III (47,1 por ciento), la irregularidad de los contornos (51,6 por ciento), las estenosis no significativas (54,3 por ciento) y la inestabilidad de estas (94,4 por ciento), las que predominaron. Conclusiones: La aterosclerosis carotídea en el ictus aterotrombótico describe mayoritariamente placas tipo III irregulares, que provocan estenosis menores del 49 por ciento en ambos ejes carotídeos y la inestabilidad es casi constante, con una incidencia ligeramente mayor en el eje carotídeo homolateral al infarto. La frecuencia del resto de las cualidades de las placas de ateromas enunciadas, domina levemente en el eje carotídeo contralateral(AU)


Introduction: Carotid echo-Doppler is the test of choice in the initial and follow-up study of atherothrombotic stroke. Objective: To describe echographic findings in both carotid axes in patients with atherothrombotic cerebral infarction of the homonymous vascular territory. Methods: Sixty-three patients underwent an observational and cross-sectional investigation at Dr. Carlos J. Finlay Central Military Hospital from October 2012 to September 2013. They have a clinical and tomographic diagnosis of atherothrombotic cerebral infarct from the previous territory and the underwent a carotid echo-Doppler. Results: We recorded higher number of atheromatous plaques in the homolateral carotid axis at atherothrombotic stroke (54.3 percent) and the majority was unstable (98.4 percent). Type III plate (50 percent), irregularity of the contour (54.1 percent) and less than 49 percent stenosis (57.6 percent) were the echographic findings that dominated the axis contralateral to the infarction. In both carotids, type III plaques (47.1 percent), irregularity of the contours (51.6 percent), non-significant stenosis (54.3 percent) and instability (94.4 percent) predominated. Conclusions: Carotid atherosclerosis in atherothrombotic stroke mostly describes the presence of irregular, type III plaques that cause stenosis of less than 49 percent in both carotid axes. The instability of them is almost constant, with a slightly higher incidence in the homolateral carotid axis to infarction. The frequency of the rest of the qualities of the listed atheromatous plaques slightly dominates in the contralateral carotid axis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Clinical Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Stroke , Atherosclerosis/complications , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Cross-Sectional Studies
11.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 48(1): e201, ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093528

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La aterosclerosis es una enfermedad que comienza con la unión del óvulo y el espermatozoide, se desarrolla con el paso del tiempo en estrecha relación con estilos de vida, y está entre las primeras causas básicas de muerte a nivel mundial. Hay que conocerla desde sus inicios para poder prevenir y enfrentar sus temibles consecuencias. Objetivo: Caracterizar la lesión aterosclerótica en las arterias coronarias de fallecidos por muerte violenta en edad pediátrica. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, transversal de 32 fallecidos en edad pediátrica, con autopsias médico legales, de ellos se analizaron cualitativa y cuantitativamente sus arterias coronarias mediante el sistema aterométrico. Resultados: Se presentaron estrías adiposas y placas fibrosas de los tres sectores coronarios principales en 32 sujetos. Las placas graves no estuvieron presentes en el estudio en ninguno de los grupos. Las estrías adiposas, se constataron desde edades tempranas y alcanzaron mayores valores según aumentó la edad. De los tres sectores arteriales, el que más estrías adiposas y placas fibrosas presentó fue la descendente anterior. Conclusiones: Desde etapas muy tempranas de la vida se encuentran evidencias irrefutables de lesiones ateroscleróticas, que se intensifican a medida que avanza la edad. La arteria más afectada resultó ser la descendente anterior(AU)


Introduction: Atherosclerosis is a disease that begins with the union of the ovum and sperm. It develops over time in close relationship with lifestyles, and it is among the first basic causes of death worldwide. In order to prevent and face its terrible consequences it is necessary to learn about it from the beginning. Objective: To characterize the atherosclerotic coronary arteries in pediatric violent death. Methods: This is an observational, cross-sectional study focused on 32 pediatric deaths. We reviewed the legal medical autopsies. The coronary arteries were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively by the atheometric system. Results: Adipose striae and fibrous plaques of the three main coronary sectors were presented in these 32 subjects. The severe plaques were not present in the study in any of the groups. We found adipose striae from an early age and reached higher values as age increased. The anterior descending arterial sector had the most fat streaks and fibrous plaques. Conclusions: This study found irrefutable evidence of atherosclerotic lesions from very early stages of life, which intensify as age advances. The most affected artery was the anterior descending artery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Arteries , Coronary Vessels , Atherosclerosis/complications , Autopsy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
12.
J. vasc. bras ; 18: e20180073, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002487

ABSTRACT

Background Elevated arterial stiffness is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality. The relationship between arterial stiffness and critical limb ischemia (CLI) is not well established. Objectives The objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between arterial stiffness indices and the degree of limb ischemia measured by the ankle-brachial index (ABI). Methods A cross-sectional study comparing patients with CLI and controls. Arterial stiffness was measured using brachial artery oscillometry. The arterial stiffness indices pulse wave velocity (PWV) and augmentation index normalized to 75 beats/min (AIx@75) were determined. Multiple linear regression was applied to identify predictors of arterial stiffness indices. Results Patients in the CLI group had higher PWV (12.1±1.9 m/s vs. 10.1±1.9 m/s, p < 0.01) and AIx@75 (31.8±7.8% vs. 17.5±10.8%, p < 0.01) than controls. Central systolic pressure was higher in the CLI group (129.2±18.4 mmHg vs. 115.2±13.1 mmHg, p < 0.01). There was an inverse relationship between AIx@75 and ABI (Pearson coefficient = 0.24, p = 0.048), but there was no relationship between ABI and PWV (Pearson coefficient = 0.19, p = 0.12). In multiple regression analysis, reduced ABI was a predictor of elevated levels of AIx@75 (β = -25.02, p < 0.01). Conclusions Patients with CLI have high arterial stiffness measured by brachial artery oscillometry. The degree of limb ischemia, as measured by the ABI, is a predictor of increased AIx@75. The increased AIx@75 observed in CLI may have implications for the prognosis of this group of patients with advanced atherosclerosis


A rigidez arterial aumentada está associada ao aumento da mortalidade cardiovascular. A relação entre rigidez arterial e isquemia crítica do membro (IC) não está bem estabelecida. Objetivos O objetivo deste estudo é analisar a relação entre índices de rigidez arterial e o grau de isquemia de membro medido pelo índice tornozelo-braço (ITB). Métodos Foi feito um estudo transversal em pacientes com IC e controles. A rigidez arterial foi medida usando a oscilometria da artéria braquial. Os índices de rigidez arterial mensurados foram a velocidade de onda de pulso (VOP) e o índice de aumentação corrigido para a frequência cardíaca de 75 batimentos/min (AIx@75). Regressão linear múltipla foi aplicada para identificar preditores dos índices de rigidez arterial. Resultados Pacientes do grupo IC tiveram VOP (12,1±1,9 m/s vs. 10,1±1,9 m/s, p < 0,01) e AIx@75 (31,8±7,8% vs. 17,5±10,8%, p < 0,01) maiores que controles. Pressão sistólica central foi maior no grupo IC (129,2±18,4 mmHg vs. 115,2±13,1 mmHg, p < 0,01). Houve uma relação inversa entre o AIx@75 e o ITB (coeficiente de Pearson = 0,19, p = 0,12). A análise de regressão múltipla mostrou que o ITB reduzido foi um preditor de elevação do AIx@75 (β = -25,02, p < 0,01). Conclusões Pacientes com IC têm elevada rigidez arterial medida por oscilometria da artéria braquial. O grau de isquemia do membro, medido pelo ITB, é um preditor do AIx@75 elevado. O aumento do AIx@75 na IC pode ter implicações de prognóstico no grupo de pacientes com aterosclerose avançada


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brachial Artery , Ankle Brachial Index , Vascular Stiffness , Ischemia/diagnosis , Oscillometry/methods , Blood Pressure , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Control Groups , Cross-Sectional Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Lower Extremity , Diabetes Mellitus , Atherosclerosis/complications , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Hypertension
13.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 47(4): 0-0, oct.-dic. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1042901

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades cardiovasculares son una de las principales causas de muerte en Cuba y el mundo. Entre ellas se encuentra el infarto agudo de miocardio, que se produce principalmente, por aterosclerosis de las arterias coronarias. Esta enfermedad coronaria, está ligada a varios factores de riesgo, de manera fundamental al hábito de fumar, que se ha incrementado en la actualidad. Objetivo: Determinar el desarrollo del proceso aterosclerótico en fallecidos por muerte violenta y los efectos del hábito de fumar, sobre este proceso. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de 245 fallecidos por muerte violenta, mediante la utilización del sistema aterométrico, se analizaron cualitativa y cuantitativamente las arterias coronarias. Resultados: Se presentaron mayores valores de lesiones en el grupo de alto nivel aterosclerótico, de ambos sexos, las superficies arteriales ocupadas por estrías adiposas, placas fibrosas y placas graves fueron desde valores negativos a positivos. Al introducir el efecto del tabaco, los valores aumentaron con gran rapidez, también en el grupo de alto nivel aterosclerótico. Conclusiones: Se define la existencia de un proceso de conversión de un tipo de lesión aterosclerótica en otra, desde las menos graves a las más graves, con mayor severidad del proceso en el grupo de alto nivel aterosclerótico. El tabaquismo acelera la producción de la aterosclerosis(AU)


Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are one of the main causes of death in Cuba and the world and among them, acute myocardial infarction that is produced mostly by atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries, the latter entity is linked to several factors of risk, in a fundamental way to the smoking habit (smoking) which has had a great increase at present. Objective: To determine the development of the atherosclerotic process in deaths due to violent death and the effect on smoking. Methods: An observational, analytical and cross-sectional study of 245 deaths due to violent death was performed, using the atheometric system, the coronary arteries were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. Results: There were higher values of arterial lesions in the group of high atherosclerotic level, either male or female, where the arterial surfaces occupied by adipose striae, fibrous plaques and severe plaques were from negative to positive values, thus showing its rapid conversion . When the habit of smoking was added, the values increased very rapidly, also in the high-atherosclerotic group. Conclusions: It is defined the existence of a process of conversion of one type of atherosclerotic lesion in another, from the least serious to the most serious; with greater severity of the process in the group of high atherosclerotic level. Smoking accelerates the production of atherosclerosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases , Smoking , Coronary Disease , Atherosclerosis/complications , Myocardial Infarction , Cross-Sectional Studies
15.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(2): f:97-l:106, mar.-abr. 2018. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-881925

ABSTRACT

Background: By observing the high prevalence of failures in the surgical treatment of myocardial revascularization (MR), with the use of the Left Internal Thoracic Artery (LITA) as a graft, evidenced by the international literature, it was sought to demonstrate the prevalence of lesions that would not allow the use of LITA as a graft in myocardial revascularization surgery, with possible alteration in the surgical management performed by the cardiac surgeon, and reduction of the morbimortality of these patients. Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence of atherosclerotic lesions of the LITA, through selective preoperative angiography, in patients submitted to coronary angiography and indicated for myocardial revascularization. We also analyzed other lesions that made the use of LITA unfeasible as a main graft in cases of myocardial revascularization surgery (MRS). Methods: This was a cross-sectional, prevalence study that evaluated, through selective angiography, the LITA of 39 patients with a median age of 63 years, submitted to coronary angiography, with indication of Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG). Categorical variables were compared by chi-square test and Fisher's exact test. The single continuous variable, age, was tested for normality by the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, described in median (P25; P75) and the groups compared with the Mann-Whitney test. The level of statistical significance adopted was p < 0.05. The analyzes were performed in SPSS ® software version 20. Results: It was identified the presence of 7.7% of disorders in the LITA that made it unfeasible to be used. In all of the patients there was no specific symptomatology evidencing the lesion. No variable was shown as a predictor for the occurrence of the outcomes. Conclusion: The prevalence of the lesions found in the study was significant, indicating that a preoperative evaluation of LITA could bring future benefits to the patients submitted to CABG


Fundamento: Pela observação da alta prevalência de falhas no tratamento cirúrgico da revascularização do miocárdio (RM), com o uso da Artéria Torácica Interna Esquerda (ATIE) como enxerto, evidenciadas pela literatura internacional, buscou-se demonstrar a prevalência de lesões que inviabilizem o uso da ATIE como enxerto na cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio, com possível alteração na conduta cirúrgica tomada pelo cirurgião cardíaco, e redução da morbimortalidade destes pacientes. Objetivos: Avaliar a prevalência de lesões ateroscleróticas da ATIE, por meio da angiografia seletiva, pré - operatória, em pacientes submetidos à cinecoronariografia e com indicação de revascularização cirúrgica do miocárdio. Também foram analisadas outras lesões que inviabilizam o uso da ATIE como enxerto principal em casos de necessidade da cirurgia de revascularização do miocárdio (CRM). Métodos: Estudo analítico, transversal, de prevalência, que avaliou por meio da angiografia seletiva, a ATIE de 39 pacientes com mediana de idade de 63 anos, submetidos ao exame de cinecoronariografia, com indicação de CRM. As variáveis categóricas foram comparadas pelo teste do qui-quadrado e exato de Fisher. A única variável contínua, a idade, foi testada para normalidade pelo teste de Kolmogorov-Smirnov, descrita em mediana (P25; P75) e os grupos comparados com teste de Mann-Whitney. O nível de significância estatística adotado foi p < 0,05. As análises foram realizadas no software SPSS ® versão 20. Resultados: Foi identificada a presença de 7,7% de alterações na ATIE que inviabilizam sua utilização. Em todos os pacientes inexistiu a presença de qualquer sintomatologia especifica que evidencia a lesão. Nenhuma variável se mostrou como fator preditor para ocorrência dos desfechos. Conclusão: A prevalência das lesões encontradas no estudo mostrou-se significativa, indicando que uma avaliação pré-operatória de ATIE possa trazer benefícios futuros aos pacientes submetido à CRM


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Atherosclerosis/complications , Coronary Angiography/methods , Mammary Arteries , Prevalence , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging/methods , Myocardial Revascularization/methods , Risk Factors , Sedentary Behavior , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications
16.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 31(1): f:47-l:55, jan.-mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-883765

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: A Doença Arterial Periférica (DAP) está associada a eventos cardiovasculares, podendo ser diagnosticada e estimada através do Índice Tornozelo-Braquial (ITB). Está bem estabelecido que o ITB é fator agravante na estratificação de risco cardiovascular, mas sua contribuição para definir a gravidade do acometimento arterial coronariano não está bem estabelecida. Objetivos: Estudo testou o valor do ITB com a gravidade da doença aterosclerótica coronariana pelo Escore de Syntax (ES) em pacientes com Síndrome Coronariana Aguda (SCA). Métodos: Estudo prospectivo com medida do ITB de todos os pacientes internados com SCA no Hospital São Lucas da PUCRS, consecutivamente, de maio a setembro de 2016, e comparação de seu valor com o ES e tipos de SCA desses pacientes. As análises foram realizadas considerando-se o nível de confiança de 95% ( α = 5%). Resultados: 101 pacientes, com média de idade de 62,6±12,0 anos, 58 (57,4%) masculinos, 74 (82,2%) hipertensos, 33 (45,8%) diabéticos e 46 (45,5%) com infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do ST (IAMCSST). A gravidade da DAP não teve relação com a gravidade anatômica da doença arterial coronariana (DAC). Encontramos uma associação significativa de ES intermediário com infarto agudo do miocárdio sem supradesnivelamento do ST (IAMSSST) e de ES baixo com angina instável (AI) [OR (IC95%): 1,11 (1,03-1,20); p = 0,004], que se manteve após análise multivariada, ajustada para idade, tabagismo, história familiar de DAC e DAC prévia [OR (IC95%): 1,13 (1,02-1,25); p = 0,019]. Conclusões: Analisando nossos resultados, encontramos que pacientes com ITB < 0,9 não apresentaram associação com maior complexidade determinada pelo ES em pacientes com SCA. Os pacientes com IAMSSST estiveram mais associados com ES intermediário


DOI: 10.5935/2359-4802.20170094 47 International Journal of Cardiovascular Sciences. 2018;31(1)47-55 ARTIGO ORIGINAL Correspondência: Andrea Mabilde Petracco Av. Ipiranga, 7464, sala 524. CEP: 91530-000, Jardim Botânico, Porto Alegre, RS ­ Brasil. E-mail: apetracco@terra.com.br; apetracco@cardiol.br Avaliação da Relação do Índice Tornozelo-Braquial com a Gravidade da Doença Arterial Coronária Assessment of the Relationship of Ankle-Brachial Index With Coronary Artery Disease Severity Andrea Mabilde Petracco, Luiz Carlos Bodanese, Gustavo Farias Porciúncula, Gabriel Santos Teixeira, Denise de Oliveira Pellegrini, Luiz Claudio Danzmann, Ricardo Medeiros Pianta, João Batista Petracco Hospital São Lucas, da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS ­ Brasil Artigo recebido em 28/02/2017; revisado em 12/08/2017; aceito em 21/08/2017 Resumo Fundamento: A Doença Arterial Periférica (DAP) está associada a eventos cardiovasculares, podendo ser diagnosticada e estimada através do Índice Tornozelo-Braquial (ITB). Está bem estabelecido que o ITB é fator agravante na estratificação de risco cardiovascular, mas sua contribuição para definir a gravidade do acometimento arterial coronariano não está bem estabelecida. Objetivos: Estudo testou o valor do ITB com a gravidade da doença aterosclerótica coronariana pelo Escore de Syntax (ES) em pacientes com Síndrome Coronariana Aguda (SCA). Métodos: Estudo prospectivo com medida do ITB de todos os pacientes internados com SCA no Hospital São Lucas da PUCRS, consecutivamente, de maio a setembro de 2016, e comparação de seu valor com o ES e tipos de SCA desses pacientes. As análises foram realizadas considerando-se o nível de confiança de 95% ( α = 5%). Resultados: 101 pacientes, com média de idade de 62,6±12,0 anos, 58 (57,4%) masculinos, 74 (82,2%) hipertensos, 33 (45,8%) diabéticos e 46 (45,5%) com infarto agudo do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento do ST (IAMCSST). A gravidade da DAP não teve relação com a gravidade anatômica da doença arterial coronariana (DAC). Encontramos uma associação significativa de ES intermediário com infarto agudo do miocárdio sem supradesnivelamento do ST (IAMSSST) e de ES baixo com angina instável (AI) [OR (IC95%): 1,11 (1,03-1,20); p = 0,004], que se manteve após análise multivariada, ajustada para idade, tabagismo, história familiar de DAC e DAC prévia [OR (IC95%): 1,13 (1,02-1,25); p = 0,019]. Conclusões: Analisando nossos resultados, encontramos que pacientes com ITB < 0,9 não apresentaram associação com maior complexidade determinada pelo ES em pacientes com SCA. Os pacientes com IAMSSST estiveram mais associados com ES intermediário. (Int J Cardiovasc Sci. 2018;31(1)47-55) Palavras-chave: Índice Tornozelo-Braço, Síndrome Coronariana Aguda, Doença da Artéria Coronariana, Índice de Severidade da Doença, Aterosclerose, Doença Arterial Periférica. Abstract Background: Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD) is associated with cardiovascular events and can be diagnosed and estimated by use of the Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI). ABI is a worsening factor in the stratification of cardiovascular risk, but its contribution to define the severity of coronary artery disease has not been well established. Objectives: To compare the ABI value with the coronary atherosclerotic disease severity by use of the Syntax Score (SS) in patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). Methods: This prospective study measured the ABI of all patients with ACS consecutively admitted to the São Lucas Hospital of PUCRS from May to September 2016, and compared the ABI values with the SS and ACS types of those patients. The analyzes were performed considering the 95%confidence interval ( α = 5%). Results: This study assessed 101 patients [mean age, 62.6 ± 12.0 years; 58 men (57.4%)], 74 (82.2%) were hypertensive, 33 (45.8%) had diabetes and 46 (45,5%) had ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI). The PAD severity was not related to the anatomical severity of the coronary artery disease (CAD). We found a significant association of intermediate SS with non-ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (NSTEMI), and of low SS with unstable angina (UA) [OR (95% CI): 1.11 (1.03-1.20) (p = 0.004)], which remained after multivariate analysis adjusted to age, smoking, family history of CAD and previous CAD [(OR 95%): 1.13 (1.02-1.25) (p = 0.019)]. Conclusions: Patients with ABI < 0.9 showed no association with higher disease complexity determined by the SS in patients with ACS. Patients with NSTEMI were more associated with an intermediate risk on the SS


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Ankle Brachial Index , Coronary Artery Disease/mortality , Severity of Illness Index , Acute Coronary Syndrome/complications , Analysis of Variance , Atherosclerosis/complications , Atherosclerosis/diagnosis , Chest Pain/complications , Diabetes Mellitus , Electrocardiography/methods , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Surveys and Questionnaires , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications
17.
Med. interna (Caracas) ; 34(1): 3-25, 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1007870

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad arterial periférica (EAP) es la afectación de la circulación arterial especialmente a nivel de las extremidades inferiores. Su prevalencia aumenta con la edad. La mayoría de los afectados estarán asintomáticos, lo que supone un reto, ya que debemos hacer un esfuerzo activo para diagnosticarla. Al diagnosticar la EAP, debemos hacer entender a nuestros pacientes que el riesgo no es perder la extremidad, sino presentar complicaciones cardiovasculares mayores o incluso, la muerte. Debemos orientar al paciente para realizar un cambio en su estilo de vida y a la vez concientizar al médico de atención primaria para realizar prevención y diagnóstico precoz de la EAP para así evitar progresión de la enfermedad con consecuencias irreversibles(AU)


Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is the involvement of the arterial circulation especially in the lower limbs. The prevalence of this pathology increases with age. The majority of those affected will be asymptomatic, which is a challenge, since we have to make an active effort to diagnose them. When diagnosing PAD, we must make our patients understand that the risk is not to lose the limb, but to suffer major cardiovascular complications or death. We must guide the patient to make a change in lifestyle and at the same time. raise awareness of the primary care physician to perform prevention or early diagnosis of PAD and thus prevent progression of the disease with irreversible consequences(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Lower Extremity/blood supply , Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnosis , Peripheral Arterial Disease/physiopathology , Atherosclerosis/complications , Internal Medicine
18.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20170322, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893691

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives One of the plausible mechanisms in the relationship between periodontitis and coronary artery disease (CAD) is the systemic inflammatory burden comprised of circulating cytokines/mediators related to periodontitis. This study aims to test the hypothesis that periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA) is correlated with higher circulating levels of acute phase reactants (APR) and pro-inflammatory cytokines/mediators and lower anti-inflammatory cytokines/mediators in CAD patients. Material and Methods Patients aged from 30 to 75 years who underwent coronary angiography with CAD suspicion were included. Clinical periodontal parameters (probing depth - PD, clinical attachment loss, and bleeding on probing - BOP) were previously recorded and participants were divided into four groups after coronary angiography: Group 1: CAD (+) with periodontitis (n=20); Group 2: CAD (+) without periodontitis (n=20); Group 3: CAD (-) with periodontitis (n=21); Group 4: CAD (-) without periodontitis (n = 16). Serum interleukin (IL) −1, −6, −10, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, serum amyloid A (SAA), pentraxin (PTX) 3, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels were measured with ELISA. Results Groups 1 and 3 showed periodontal parameter values higher than Groups 2 and 4 (p<0.0125). None of the investigated serum parameters were statistically significantly different between the study groups (p>0.0125). In CAD (-) groups (Groups 3 and 4), PISA has shown positive correlations with PTX3 and SAA (p<0.05). Age was found to predict CAD significantly according to the results of the multivariate regression analysis (Odds Ratio: 1.17; 95% Confidence Interval: 1.08-1.27; p<0.001). Conclusions Although age was found to predict CAD significantly, the positive correlations between PISA and APR in CAD (-) groups deserve further attention, which might depend on the higher PISA values of periodontitis patients. In further studies conducted in a larger population, the stratification of age groups would provide us more accurate results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Periodontitis/blood , Coronary Artery Disease/blood , Serum Amyloid A Protein/analysis , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Serum Amyloid P-Component/analysis , Atherosclerosis/blood , Periodontitis/complications , Reference Values , Severity of Illness Index , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Cytokines/blood , Coronary Angiography , Statistics, Nonparametric , Risk Assessment , Atherosclerosis/complications , Middle Aged
19.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-909191

ABSTRACT

A doença cardiovascular (DCV) de origem aterosclerótica é a principal causa da morbidade e mortalidade em pacientes com diabetes mellitus (DM). Tanto os fatores de risco cardiovascular associados à resistência à insulina (RI) no contexto da síndrome da adiposidade visceral (SAV) quanto a hiperglicemia crônica contribuem para o risco da DCV na DM. A hiperinsulinemia compensatória que se estabelece na RI estimula os fatores de transcrição SREBP1c e SREBP1 em que se ativam os genes lipogênicos, levando à grande produção hepática de triglicérides. A hipertrigliceridemia é o gatilho para as demais alterações lipídicas que contribuem para o perfil pró-aterogênico na RI, caracterizando-se pelo predomínio de LDL pequenas e densas e redução do colesterol HDL. A hiperinsulinemia, também, está intimamente ligada à hipertensão arterial, pois aumenta o tônus simpático e a reabsorção renal de sódio. A RI é considerada o melhor fator preditivo para a ocorrência de DM tipo 2 (DM2), sendo necessário um defeito concomitante na secreção de insulina para que a hiperglicemia se estabeleça. Os efeitos deletérios da hiperglicemia devem-se à ativação de vias bioquímicas que resultam em inflamação e estresse oxidativo celular. A dislipidemia e a hipertensão arterial secundárias à RI, assim como a hiperglicemia, são importantes moduladores do risco cardiovascular na SAV e na DM2 e devem ser intensiva e conjuntamente abordados no tratamento e prevenção da DCV.


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) of atherosclerotic origin is the main cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Both the cardiovascular risk factors associated with insulin resistance (IR) in the context of visceral adiposity syndrome (VAS) and chronic hyperglycemia contribute to the risk of CVD in DM. Compensatory hyperinsulinemia established in IR stimulates the transcription factors SREBP1c and SREBP1a, which activate lipogenic genes, leading to high hepatic production of triglycerides. Hypertriglyceridemia triggers other lipid changes that contribute to the pro-atherogenic profile in IR, which is characterized by the predominance of small and dense LDL and reduction of HDL-cholesterol. Hyperinsulinemia is also closely linked to arterial hypertension, as it increases sympathetic tone and renal sodium reabsorption. IR is considered the best predictive factor for the occurrence of type 2 DM (DM2), and a concomitant defect in insulin secretion is required for hyperglycemia to be established. The harmful effects of hyperglycemia are due to activation of biochemical pathways that result in inflammation and cellular oxidative stress. Dyslipidemia and hypertension secondary to IR, as well as hyperglycemia, are important modulators of cardiovascular risk in VAS and DM2 and should be intensively and jointly addressed in the management and prevention of CVD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/pathology , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus/pathology , Atherosclerosis/complications , Insulin Resistance , Risk Factors , Inflammation/diet therapy
20.
Rev. cient. Esc. Univ. Cienc. Salud ; 4(2): 28-36, jul.-dic. 2017. tab., graf.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-883758

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades cardiovasculares (ECV) engloban afectaciones tanto del corazón como del cerebro, siendo el problema subya- cente la ateroesclerosis como responsable de las enfermedad coronaria y eventos cere- brovasculares, las ECV constituyen la princi- pal causa de morbi-mortalidad a nivel mun- dial, en su origen se involucran diversos factores, que van desde el estilo de vida y otros que pueden ser modificables como tam- bién aquellos que no pueden modificarse como la edad, herencia, entre otros. Objeti- vo: Identificar riesgo cardiovascular (RCV) mediante Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC)/ índice cintura-cadera y tablas de Framinghan en empleados de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Honduras-Valle de Sula, (UNAH-VS) de febrero a octubre, 2016. Pacientes y Métodos: Se realizó investiga- ción cuantitativa, alcance descriptivo y diseño no experimental. La población 210 emplea- dos permanentes, muestra 137 empleados. Muestreo probabilístico estratificado según actividad desempeñada en la Institución. La evaluación fue mediante Instrumento creado por OMS: STEP 3; se midió riesgo cardiovas- cular por Tabla IMC/índice cintura-cadera y Tablas de Framingham. Los datos se analiza- ron mediante paquete estadístico SPSS versión 22. Resultados: La categorización de RCV según IMC/índice cintura-cadera fue: muy leve 11 (8.05%), leve 27 (19.71%), moderado 49 (35.76%), alto 26 (18.97%) y muy alto 24 (17.51%). Según Tablas de Framingham: el riesgo de presentar un evento cardiovascular en los próximos 10 años fue: 131 (95.62%) bajo, 5 (3.65%) moderado, y 1 (0.73%) alto. Conclusión: El riesgo cardiovascular en empleados de UNAH-VS es alto según la categorización IMC/ índice cintura-cadera, la cual estimula a tomar medidas preventivas más temprana- mente, en cambio, según Framinghan el riesgo cardiovascular fue menor, esto debido a que incorpora condiciones como diabetes, hipertensión, fumar, niveles de colesterol en sangre...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Atherosclerosis/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Faculty , Government Employees
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