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J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-4, 01/jan./2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369163


Introduction: One of the challenges of maxillofacial surgery is the rehabilitation of patients with severe bone loss, using implant-supported prostheses. This challenge is based on the small remaining bone structure, and on the need to reconstruct the structure for the rehabilitation with autogenous or exogenous grafts. Case report: We report the case of a patient with severe maxillary atrophy, where a skullcap graft was performed associated with implant placement and prosthetic completion 14 months after the start of treatment. Final considerations: We demonstrate clinical safety for the use of extraoral grafts without complications, representing a good alternative treatment for this group of patients.

Introdução: um dos desafios da cirurgia bucomaxilofacial é a reabilitação de pacientes com perda óssea severa, utilizando próteses implantossuportadas. Este desafio baseia-se na pequena estrutura óssea remanescente e na necessidade de reconstrução da estrutura para a reabilitação com enxertos autógenos ou exógenos. Relato de caso: Relatamos o caso de um paciente com atrofia maxilar grave, onde foi realizado enxerto de calota craniana associado à instalação de implante, com finalização protética 14 meses após o início do tratamento. Consideracoes finais: Demonstramos segurança clínica para o uso de enxertos extrabucais sem complicações, representando uma boa alternativa de tratamento para este grupo de pacientes.

Mandible , Patients , Prostheses and Implants , Atrophy , Skull , Surgery, Oral , Jaw, Edentulous
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936138


OBJECTIVE@#To summarize and analyze the clinical characteristics of children with basal ganglia germinoma and to improve the level of early clinical diagnosis.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of children diagnosed with basal ganglia germinoma admitted to the Pediatric Surgery Ward of Peking University First Hospital from January 2013 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the clinical characteristics of children with basal ganglia germinoma.@*RESULTS@#A total of 30 patients were included in the study, 28 were male, 2 were female, the mean age at onset was (9.7±2.2) years, the median disease duration was 7 months, 27 had unilateral disease, and 3 had bilateral disease. The clinical manifestations were decreased limb muscle strength, cognitive function disorders, polydipsia, precocious puberty, intracranial hypertension, dysphonia and swallowing dysfunction. The serum and cerebrospinal fluid tumor marker alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) were normal in the 30 patients, and the serum and cerebrospinal fluid tumor marker β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-HCG) were normal in 8 patients.The serum β-HCG was normal in 11 patients but the cerebrospinal fluid β-HCG was slightly elevated, and the serum and cerebrospinal fluid β-HCG were slightly elevated in 11 patients. A total of 33 lesions with irregular shapes were found by imaging examination, including 15 (45.5%) patchy lesions, 10 (30.3%) patchy lesions, and 8 (24.2%) round-like high-density lesions. Tumors showed obvious high-density shadows on computed tomography (CT) scan. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the tumors showed low or isointensity on T1WI and isointensity on T2WI, accompanied by mild peritumoral edema, hemispheric atrophy, cerebral peduncle atrophy, calcification, cystic degeneration, ventricular dilatation and wallerian degeneration. On contrast-enhanced scans, the tumor showed no enhancement or heterogeneous enhancement.@*CONCLUSION@#The main age of onset of germ cell tumors in the basal ganglia in children is about 10 years old, and males are absolutely dominant. The clinical features and imaging manifestations have certain characteristics. With both combined, the early diagnosis of germ cell tumors in the basal ganglia can be improved.

Atrophy/pathology , Basal Ganglia/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor , Brain Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Child , Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human , Female , Germinoma/pathology , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal , Retrospective Studies
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935791


Objective: Objective to investigate the health changes of patients with severe trimethyltin chloride (TMT) poisoning in four years. Methods: Six patients with severe TMT poisoning treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Gannan Medical College in August 2016 were numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 respectively. The patients were followed up 0.5, 2 and 4 years after poisoning and compared and analyzed. The follow-up contents include: symptom degree, score of simple mental intelligence examination scale (MMSE) and modified Rankin Scale (MRS) , cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) , EEG, etc. Results: The symptoms of dizziness, headache, chest tightness, palpitation, nausea and vomiting decreased gradually in 6 patients. The symptoms of speech disorder and memory decline in No.1, 2 and 3 patients gradually increased, and the scores of MMSE and Mrs gradually decreased; Patients No.4, 5 and 6 had improved speech disorder, but their memory decreased, MMSE and Mrs scores were still flat, and mild cognitive impairment. The brain atrophy of No.1, 2 and 3 patients was aggravated, which showed obvious atrophy of hippocampus, temporal lobe, insular lobe and cerebellum and enlargement of ventricle; There was no significant change in brain atrophy in No.4, 5 and 6 patients. Conclusion: The neurotoxic symptoms in the later stage of severe TMT poisoning are still serious, and the neurotoxic time is long.

Atrophy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Trimethyltin Compounds
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939650


A boy, aged 5 years, attended the hospital due to progressive psychomotor regression for 2.5 years. Motor function regression was the main manifestation in the early stage, and brain MRI and whole-exome sequencing (WES) of the family showed no abnormalities. After the age of 4 years and 9 months, the boy developed cognitive function regression, and brain MRI showed cerebellar atrophy. The reanalysis of WES results revealed a compound heterozygous mutation, [NM_000520, c.784C>T(p.His262Tyr]), c.1412C>T(p.Pro471Leu)], in the HEXA gene. The enzyme activity detection showed a significant reduction in the level of β-hexosaminidase encoded by this gene. The boy was diagnosed with juvenile Tay-Sachs disease (TSD). TSD has strong clinical heterogeneity, and cerebellar atrophy may be an important clue for the diagnosis of juvenile TSD. The reanalysis of genetic data when appropriate based on disease evolution may improve the positive rate of WES.

Atrophy , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Mutation , Tay-Sachs Disease/genetics
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928432


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child with myopathy and cerebellar atrophy with ataxia.@*METHODS@#Clinical examinations and laboratory testing were carried out for the patient. The proband and the parents' genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples and subjected to trio whole-exome sequencing. Candidate variant was validated by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The 1-year-and-8-month-old boy manifested motor developmental delay, ataxia, hypomyotonia, increased serum creatine kinase. Cranial MRI showed cerebellar atrophy with progressive aggravation. Genetic testing revealed that the patient has harbored compound heterozygous variants of the MSTO1 gene, namely c.13delG (p.Ala5ProfsTer68) and c.971C>T (p.Thr324Ile), which were respectively inherited from his mother and father. The former was unreported previously and was predicted to be likely pathogenic, whilst the latter has been reported previously and was predicted to be of uncertain significance.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous c.13delG (p.Ala5ProfsTer68) and c.971C>T (p.Thr324Ile) variants probably underlay the disease in the proband. Above finding has enriched the spectrum of MSTO1 gene variants underlying mitochondrial myopathy and cerebellar atrophy with ataxia.

Ataxia/genetics , Atrophy/genetics , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , Child , Cytoskeletal Proteins/genetics , Humans , Infant , Male , Mitochondrial Myopathies , Mutation , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Whole Exome Sequencing
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927867


Objective To study the influence of recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor as an adjuvant therapy on scar alleviation and inflammatory cytokines in patients with atrophic acne scar. Methods The random number table was employed to randomly assign 120 patients with atrophic acne scar into a test group and a control group.Both groups of patients were treated with CO2 lattice laser.After the operation,the control group was routinely smeared with erythromycin ointment and the test group was coated with recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor gel.The clinical efficacy,clinical indicators,scar alleviation,and inflammatory cytokine levels before and after treatment were compared,and adverse reactions were counted. Results The test group had higher total effective rate(P=0.040) and lower total incidence of adverse reactions(P=0.028) than the control group.Compared with the control group,the test group showcased short erythema duration after treatment(P=0.025),early scab forming(P=0.002),and early edema regression(P<0.001).After treatment,the proportion of grade 1 scars graded by Goodman and Baron's acne scar grading system in the test group and control group increased(P=0.001,P=0.027),and the proportion of grade 4 scars decreased(P<0.001,P=0.034).Moreover,the proportion of grade 1 scars in the test group was higher than that in the control group(P=0.031) after treatment,and the proportion of grade 4 scars presented an opposite trend(P=0.031).After treatment,the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-1β(IL-1β) in both groups declined(all P<0.001),and the test group had lower TNF-α and IL-1β levels than the control group(all P<0.001). Conclusion The recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor gel as an adjuvant therapy of CO2 lattice laser can effectively alleviate the atrophic acne scar,relieve local inflammatory reaction,and has good curative effect and less adverse reactions.

Acne Vulgaris/drug therapy , Animals , Atrophy/complications , Carbon Dioxide , Cattle , Cicatrix/pathology , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2/therapeutic use , Humans , Treatment Outcome , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 591-597, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927512


BACKGROUND@#Insufficient cerebral perfusion is suggested to play a role in the development of Alzheimer disease (AD). However, there is a lack of direct evidence indicating whether hypoperfusion causes or aggravates AD pathology. We investigated the effect of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion on AD-related pathology in humans.@*METHODS@#We enrolled a group of cognitively normal patients (median age: 64 years) with unilateral chronic cerebral hypoperfusion. Regions of interest with the most pronounced hypoperfusion changes were chosen in the hypoperfused region and were then mirrored in the contralateral hemisphere to create a control region with normal perfusion. 11C-Pittsburgh compound-positron emission tomography standard uptake ratios and brain atrophy indices were calculated from the computed tomography images of each patient.@*RESULTS@#The median age of the 10 participants, consisting of 4 males and 6 females, was 64 years (47-76 years). We found that there were no differences in standard uptake ratios of the cortex (volume of interest [VOI]: P = 0.721, region of interest [ROI]: P = 0.241) and grey/white ratio (VOI: P = 0.333, ROI: P = 0.445) and brain atrophy indices (Bicaudate, Bifrontal, Evans, Cella, Cella media, and Ventricular index, P > 0.05) between the hypoperfused regions and contralateral normally perfused regions in patients with unilateral chronic cerebral hypoperfusion.@*CONCLUSION@#Our findings suggest that chronic hypoperfusion due to large vessel stenosis may not directly induce cerebral β-amyloid deposition and neurodegeneration in humans.

Aged , Alzheimer Disease/pathology , Amyloid beta-Peptides/metabolism , Arteries , Atrophy , Brain/metabolism , Cerebral Cortex/metabolism , Cerebrovascular Circulation , Constriction, Pathologic/pathology , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Male , Middle Aged , Positron-Emission Tomography/methods
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 38(8): e00296021, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1384288


Little is known about the evolution of head circumference (HC) in children with congenital Zika syndrome (CZS). This study aims to evaluate HC growth in children with CZS in the first three years of life and identify associated factors. HC data obtained at birth and in neuropediatric consultations from 74 children with CZS were collected from the Child's Health Handbook, parents' reports, and medical records. Predictors of HC z-score were investigated using different mixed-effects models; Akaike's information criterion was used for model selection. The HC z-score decreased from -2.7 ± 1.6 at birth to -5.5 ± 2.2 at 3 months of age, remaining relatively stable thereafter. In the selected adjusted model, the presence of severe brain parenchymal atrophy and maternal symptoms of infection in the first trimester of pregnancy were associated with a more pronounced reduction in the HC z-score in the first three years of life. The decrease of HC z-score in CZS children over the first three months demonstrated a reduced potential for growth and development of the central nervous system of these children. The prognosis of head growth in the first 3 years of life is worse when maternal infection occurs in the first gestational trimester and in children who have severe brain parenchymal atrophy.

Pouco se sabe sobre a evolução do perímetro cefálico (PC) em crianças com síndrome congênita associada à infecção pelo vírus Zika (SCZ) em acompanhamentos contínuos. Este estudo buscou avaliar o crescimento do PC em crianças com SCZ nos primeiros três anos de suas vidas e identificar os fatores associados a ele. Os dados do PC ao nascimento e obtidos em consultas neuropediátricas de 74 crianças com SCZ foram coletados no Cartão da Criança, nos laudos paternos e em seus prontuários. Os preditores de escore-z para PC foram investigados utilizando-se diferentes modelos de efeitos mistos. O critério de informação de Akaike foi utilizado para selecionar os modelos usados. O escore-z de PC diminuiu de -2,7 ± 1,6 ao nascimento para -5,5 ± 2,2 aos 3 meses de idade, mas permaneceu relativamente estável desde então. No modelo ajustado selecionado, a presença de atrofia parênquimal cerebral grave e sintomas maternos de infecção no primeiro trimestre de sua gravidez estiveram associados a uma redução mais acentuada no escore-z de PC nos primeiros três anos de vida dos participantes. A diminuição do escore-z de PC em crianças com SCZ nos primeiros 3 meses de sua vida monstra o potencial reduzido de crescimento e desenvolvimento do sistema nervoso central dessas crianças. O prognóstico de crescimento do perímetro cefálico nos primeiros 3 anos de vida é pior quando a infecção materna ocorreu no primeiro trimestre gestacional e em crianças que tiveram atrofia parênquimal grave.

Se conoce poco sobre la evolución del perímetro cefálico (PC) en niños con síndrome de Zika congénito (SZC) en los seguimientos continuos. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar el crecimiento del PC en niños con SZC en los primeros 3 años de vida e identificar los factores asociados. Se recogieron datos del PC al nacimiento y obtenidos en las consultas de neuropediatría de 74 niños con SZC a partir de la Tarjeta del Niño, los informes de los padres y los registros médicos. Se investigaron los predictores de la puntuación Z del PC mediante diferentes modelos de efectos mixtos; se utilizó el criterio de información de Akaike para la selección del modelo. La puntuación Z del PC disminuyó de -2,7 ± 1,6 al nacer a -5,5 ± 2,2 a los 3 meses de edad, pero a partir de entonces se mantuvo relativamente estable. En el modelo ajustado seleccionado, la presencia de atrofia grave del parénquima cerebral y los síntomas maternos de infección en el primer trimestre del embarazo se asociaron con una reducción más pronunciada de la puntuación Z del PC en los primeros 3 años de vida. La disminución de la puntuación Z del PC en los niños con SZC durante los primeros 3 meses demuestra el menor potencial de crecimiento y desarrollo del sistema nervioso central de estos niños. El pronóstico del crecimiento de la cabeza en los primeros 3 años de vida es peor cuando la infección materna se produjo en el primer trimestre gestacional y en los niños que tenían una atrofia grave del parénquima cerebral.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Child , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious , Zika Virus , Microcephaly/etiology , Atrophy/complications , Brazil , Zika Virus Infection/congenital
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(8): 666-675, Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339239


ABSTRACT Background: Multiple sclerosis exhibits specific neuropathological phenomena driving to both global and regional brain atrophy. At the clinical level, the disease is related to functional decline in cognitive domains as the working memory, processing speed, and verbal fluency. However, the compromise of social-cognitive abilities has concentrated some interest in recent years despite the available evidence suggesting the risk of disorganization in social life. Recent studies have used the MiniSEA test to assess the compromise of social cognition and have found relevant relationships with memory and executive functions, as well as with the level of global and regional brain atrophy. Objective: The present article aimed to identify structural changes related to socio-cognitive performance in a sample of patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Methods: 68 relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis Chilean patients and 50 healthy control subjects underwent MRI scans and neuropsychological evaluation including social-cognition tasks. Total brain, white matter, and gray matter volumes were estimated. Also, voxel-based morphometry was applied to evaluate regional structural changes. Results: Patients exhibited lower scores in all neuropsychological tests. Social cognition exhibited a significant decrease in this group mostly related to the declining social perception. Normalized brain volume and white matter volume were significantly decreased when compared to healthy subjects. The regional brain atrophy analysis showed that changes in the insular cortex and medial frontal cortices are significantly related to the variability of social-cognitive performance among patients. Conclusions: In the present study, social cognition was only correlated with the deterioration of verbal fluency, despite the fact that previous studies have reported its link with memory and executive functions. The identification of specific structural correlates supports the comprehension of this phenomenon as an independent source of cognitive disability in these patients.

RESUMEN Antecedentes: La esclerosis múltiple presenta fenómenos neuropatológicos específicos que conducen a la atrofia cerebral global y regional. A nivel clínico, la enfermedad está relacionada con el deterioro funcional de los dominios cognitivos como la memoria de trabajo, la velocidad de procesamiento y la fluidez verbal. Sin embargo, el compromiso de las habilidades socio-cognitivas ha concentrado cierto interés en los últimos años debido a la evidencia disponible que sugiere el riesgo de desorganización en la vida social. Estudios recientes han utilizado la prueba MiniSEA para evaluar el compromiso de la cognición social y han encontrado relaciones relevantes con la memoria y funciones ejecutiva, así como con el nivel de atrofia cerebral global y regional. Objetivo: El presente artículo tiene como objetivo identificar cambios estructurales relacionados con el rendimiento sociocognitivo en una muestra de pacientes con esclerosis múltiple recurrente-remitente. Métodos: 68 pacientes Chilenos con esclerosis múltiple recurrente-remitente y 50 sujetos de control sanos se sometieron a resonancias magnéticas y evaluación neuropsicológica, incluidas las tareas de cognición social. Se estimaron los volúmenes cerebrales totales, de materia blanca y materia gris. Además, se aplicó la morfometría basada en vóxel para evaluar los cambios estructurales regionales. Resultados: Los pacientes muestran puntuaciones más bajas en todas las pruebas neuropsicológicas. La cognición social exhibe una disminución significativa en este grupo principalmente relacionada con la disminución de la percepción social. El volumen normalizado del cerebro y el volumen de la materia blanca disminuyeron significativamente en comparación con los sujetos sanos. El análisis regional de atrofia cerebral mostró que los cambios en la corteza insular y la corteza frontal medial están significativamente relacionados con la variabilidad del rendimiento sociocognitivo entre los pacientes. Conclusiones: En el presente estudio, la cognición social sólo se correlacionó con el deterioro de la fluencia verbal, a pesar de que estudios previos han reportado su vinculación con la memoria y funciones ejecutivas. La identificación de correlatos estructurales específicos apoya la comprensión de este fenómeno como una fuente independiente de discapacidad cognitiva en estos pacientes.

Humans , Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting , Multiple Sclerosis/complications , Multiple Sclerosis/pathology , Multiple Sclerosis/diagnostic imaging , Atrophy/pathology , Brain/pathology , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cognition , Gray Matter/diagnostic imaging , Social Cognition , Neuropsychological Tests
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 42(2): 42-46, maio-ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1283885


Introdução: Por sua posição na face, a mandíbula é frequentemente atingida pelos traumas, surgindo em algumas estatísticas como o osso fraturado com maior incidência em face. Em fraturas de mandíbulas atróficas o tratamento conservador, com fixação intermaxilar não costuma ser uma opção viável pela falta de dentes e pequena área de contato ósseo existente. Dessa forma, a redução aberta e fixação interna estável tem sido o tratamento de escolha sempre que a condição do paciente permitir. Objetivo: relatar um caso de osteossíntese de fratura de mandíbula atrófica por acesso extraoral. Relato de caso: Paciente 64 anos, faioderma, sexo feminino, procurou o serviço de Cirurgia e Traumatologia Bucomaxilofacial da Universidade Federal da Bahia apresentando traumatismo facial por queda da própria altura, referindo severas queixas álgicas espontâneas em região mandibular. Ao exame físico notou-se edentulismo total em ambas as arcadas, edema, hematoma e degrau ósseo á palpação em região de corpo de mandíbula a direita, alémde mobilidade atípica a manipulação da mandíbula. Ao exame de imagem notou-se sinais de fratura em corpo mandibular direito e côndilo esquerdo. O tratamento instituído foiconservador para a fratura de côndilo e cirúrgico para a fratura de corpo, o acesso foi extraoral ea fixação rígida foi realizada com placa e parafusos dos dispositivos Load-Bearing. Considerações finais: A paciente não apresentou quaisquer déficits funcionais pós-procedimento cirúrgico, sendo o tratamento abertocom fixação interna estável bastante promissor por restabelecer a união de focos fraturados e deslocados, proporcionando estabilidade da fratura e conforto imediato para a paciente(AU)

Introduction: Due to its position on the face, the jaw is frequently affected by trauma, appearing in some statistics as the fractured bone with a higher incidence in the face. In fractures of atrophic jaws, conservative treatment, with intermaxillary fixation, is not usually a viable option due to the lack of teeth and small area of existing bone contact. Thus, open reduction and stable internal fixation have been the treatment of choice whenever the patient's condition permits. Objective: to report a case of osteosynthesis of atrophic mandible fracture through extraoral access. Case report: Patient 64-year-old, female, sought the service of Maxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology at the Federal University of Bahia presenting facial trauma due to falling from his own height, referring to severe spontaneous pain complaints in the mandibular region. On physical examination, total edentulism was noted in both arches, edema, hematoma and bone step on palpation in the right jaw body region, in addition to atypical mobility in the jaw manipulation. On imaging examination, signs of fracture were noted in the right mandibular body and left condyle. The treatment instituted was conservative for condyle fracture and surgical for body fracture, access was extraoral and rigid fixation was performed with plate and screws of the Load-Bearing devices. Final considerations: The patient did not presente any functional deficits after the surgical procedure, and the open treatment with stable internal fixation is very promising for restoring the union of fractured and displaced foci, providing fracture stability and immediate comfort for the patient(AU)

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Mandibular Fractures , Atrophy , Jaw, Edentulous , Mandible/surgery
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 27(2): 82-85, 20210000. fig, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1357889


El síndrome genitourinario de la menopausia se refiere a los signos y síntomas relacionados a la disminución estrogénica dando como resultado una atrofia vaginal, esto ocasiona un gran impacto negativo en las actividades cotidianas de las mujeres, existen varios tratamientos para aliviar y resolver los síntomas, siendo los más frecuentes la incontinencia urinaria por esfuerzo y resequedad vaginal. Dentro de los distintos tratamientos, el láser tiene como objetivo la restauración de la mucosa vaginal, estimulando los fibroblastos para obtener la neo colagenogenesis y vascularización, recuperando su funcionalidad y obteniendo mejoría de los síntomas junto con la calidad de vida de las pacientes

Genitourinary syndrome of menopause refers to a group of signs and symptoms related to the decreased estrogen and as a result, the vaginal atrophy, this has a great negative impact on the daily activities of women, there are several treatments to alleviate and resolve the symptoms, the most frequent being stress urinary incontinence and vaginal dryness. Among the different treatments, the laser aims to restore the aavaginal mucosa, stimulating fibroblasts to obtain neo-collagen oogenesis and revascularization, recovering their functionality and obtaining an improvement in symptoms along with the quality of life of patients

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Atrophy , Urogenital System , Menopause , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Hormone Replacement Therapy/methods , Estrogens , Lasers, Gas/therapeutic use , Treatment Adherence and Compliance
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(1): 78-82, Jan.-Feb. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153102


ABSTRACT This report is of three cases of sicca syndrome, initially suspected to be Sjögren's syndrome, which was ruled out by clinical and laboratory investigations. The patients were a 24-year-old woman, a 32-year-old man, and a 77-year-old woman with chronic symptoms of sicca syndrome, including dry eye syndrome. The first case was associated with the use of isotretinoin, a retinoic acid. The second was associated with the use of anabolic androgenic steroids, and the third was related to a prolactin- secreting pituitary adenoma. All cases manifested sicca, including dry eye syndrome, after those events, and the manifestations persisted. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed bilateral atrophy of the lacrimal gland. The medical history, ocular examinations, laboratory exams, and magnetic resonance images confirmed dry eye syndrome; however, the exams were all negative for Sjögren's syndrome. The lacrimal gland was absent on magnetic resonance imaging in all three cases. The clinical history revealed that the signs and symptoms appeared after chronic exposure to retinoic acid, anabolic androgenic steroids, and a prolactin-secreting pituitary adenoma, respectively. Chronic isotretinoin, anabolic androgenic steroids, and prolactin-secreting pituitary adenoma or, in this last case, its inhibitory treatment, can cause lacrimal gland atrophy, sicca syndrome, and dry eye syndrome, and a differential diagnosis of Sjögren's syndrome. Further studies on doses, time, and other susceptibilities to the long-lasting adverse effects of retinoic acid, anabolic androgenic steroids, and the repercussions of prolactin-secreting pituitary adenoma are necessary to confirm and expand upon these associations.

RESUMO O relato descreve três casos de síndrome de sicca, inicialmente suspeitos de serem a síndrome de Sjögren, que fo­ram negados pela investigação clínica e laboratorial. O primeiro associado ao uso de isotretinoína, um ácido retinóico, o segundo ao uso de esteroides androgênicos anabolizantes e o terceiro relacionado ao adenoma da hipófise secretora da prolactina, todos manifestaram sicca, incluindo a síndrome do olho seco após esses eventos e as manifestações persistem. A ressonância magnética revelou atrofia bilateral da glândula lacrimal. Eles eram uma mulher de 24 anos, um homem de 32 anos e uma mulher de 77 anos com sintomas crônicos da síndrome de sicca, incluindo a síndrome do olho seco. A história médica, o exame ocular, os exames laboratoriais e a ressonância magnética foram confirmados como síndrome do olho seco, no entanto, todos os exames foram negativos para a síndrome de Sjögren. A glândula lacrimal estava ausente na ressonância magnética nos três casos. A história clínica revelou que sinais e sintomas se manifestaram após exposição crônica ao ácido retinóico, esteróides anabolizantes androgênicos e adenoma secretivo da prolactina hipofisária, respectivamente. Isotretinoína crônica, esteroides anabólicos androgênicos e adenoma hipofisário secretor de prolactina ou, neste último caso, seu tratamento inibitório pode ser a causa da atrofia da glândula lacrimal, síndrome da sicca e síndrome do olho seco e diagnóstico diferencial da síndrome de Sjögren. Estudos adicionais sobre doses, duração e outras suscetibilidades aos efeitos adversos duradouros do ácido retinóico, esteroides androgênicos anabólicos e repercussões do adenoma da hipófise secretora da prolactina são necessários para confirmar e detalhar essas associações.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Dry Eye Syndromes , Sjogren's Syndrome , Lacrimal Apparatus , Prolactin , Atrophy , Dry Eye Syndromes/diagnosis , Dry Eye Syndromes/chemically induced , Dry Eye Syndromes/pathology , Isotretinoin/adverse effects , Sjogren's Syndrome/diagnosis , Sjogren's Syndrome/chemically induced , Sjogren's Syndrome/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Androgens , Lacrimal Apparatus/pathology , Lacrimal Apparatus/diagnostic imaging
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 57: e18976, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345448


Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors (PDE-5Is) exert positive effects on bone healing and mineralization by activation the nitric oxide/cyclic guanosine monophosphate/protein kinase-G (NO/cGMP/PKG) signaling pathway. In this study, the effects of zaprinast and avanafil, two PDE-5Is, on the NO signaling pathway, estrogen levels, selected bone formation and destruction marker levels, whole-body bone mineral density (WB-BMD), right femur trabecular bone thickness (RF-TBT) and epiphyseal bone width, angiogenesis in the bone-marrow, and selected oxidative stress parameter levels were investigated in rats with ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis. Twenty four adult rats (8 months old) were equally divided into four groups. The first group was the sham operated group. Groups 2, 3 and 4 included ovariectomized rats. At six months after ovariectomy, the 3rd and 4th groups were administered 10 mg/kg zaprinast and avanafil daily as a single dose for 60 days, respectively. Increases in the activity of the NO/cGMP/PKG signalling-pathway, C-terminal collagen peptide levels, angiogenesis in the bone marrow, RF-TBT, epiphyseal bone width and WB-BMD were observed compared to the ovariectomized positive control group (OVX), while the pyridinoline and deoxypyridinoline levels were decreased in the OVX+zaprinast and OVX+avanafil groups (p<0.05). The malondialdehyde, ubiquinone10/ubiquinol10 and 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine/106deoxyguanosine levels were also increased in the ovariectomized groups compared to the sham group (p<0.05). Based on these results, the levels of bone atrophy and some markers of oxidative stress were increased due to acute estrogen deficiency induced by ovariectomy, but zaprinast and avanafil administration significantly prevented these changes

Animals , Male , Female , Rats , Protein Kinases , Bone and Bones , Cyclic Nucleotide Phosphodiesterases, Type 5 , Osteoporosis/complications , Atrophy/prevention & control , Ovariectomy/classification , Bone Density/physiology , Single Dose/classification , Oxidative Stress
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878445


OBJECTIVES@#This study aims to evaluate the short-term clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction of anterior and pterygoid implants in the rehabilitation of edentulous maxilla with posterior atrophy.@*METHODS@#Given a minimum follow-up of 1 year, 25 patients with fixed maxillary rehabilitation over anterior and pterygoid implants were enrolled in this retrospective study. The implant survival rates, peri-implant soft tissue status (including probing depth, modified sulcus bleeding index, and plaque index), marginal bone loss, and patient satisfaction were measured.@*RESULTS@#The survival rates for anterior and pterygoid implants at 1-year follow-up were 96.5% and 97.8%, respectively (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For the edentulous maxilla with posterior atrophy, full-arch fixed prostheses supported by anterior and pterygoid implants has an acceptable short-term clinical outcome and excellent patient satisfaction. It may be considered as a predictable and feasible method for maxillary rehabilitation.

Atrophy/pathology , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Jaw, Edentulous/surgery , Maxilla/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Femina ; 48(12): 764-768, 20201231. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1141188


O líquen escleroso vulvar (LEV) é uma doença dermatológica crônica de etiologia incerta, caracterizada por prurido intenso e atrofia progressiva. O corticosteroide tópico de longo prazo é o tratamento de primeira linha para LEV. No entanto, esse tratamento requer a colaboração da paciente, está associado a efeitos colaterais adversos e algumas pacientes não respondem aos corticosteroides. O tratamento com tecnologias térmicas e fototérmicas tem sido estudado como terapia alternativa ou complementar para melhorar os sintomas de LEV e o trofismo cutâneo. A radiofrequência fracionada microablativa é usada em dermatologia para melhorar o trofismo tecidual. Também tem sido usada em pacientes ginecológicas para tratar a atrofia vulvovaginal, estimulando a neocolagênese dérmica e a neoelastogênese. Apresentamos o caso de uma mulher de 39 anos com LEV refratária que foi tratada com aplicações locais de radiofrequência fracionada microablativa. Ela apresentou melhora satisfatória dos sintomas e do trofismo vulvar em longo prazo, sem necessidade do uso de corticosteroides.(AU)

Vulvar lichen sclerosus (VLS) is a chronic dermatological disease of unclear etiology characterized by severe itching and progressive atrophy. Long-term topical corticosteroid is the first-line treatment for VLS. However, this treatment requires patient compliance, is associated with adverse side effects, and some patients do not respond to corticosteroids. Treatment with thermal and photothermal technologies have been studied as alternative or complementary therapies to improve VLS symptoms and skin trophism. Microablative fractional radiofrequency (MFR) is used in dermatology to improve tissue trophism. It has also been used in gynecological patients to treat vulvovaginal atrophy by stimulating dermal neocollagenesis and neoelastinogenesis. We present the case of a 39-year-old woman with refractory VLS who was treated with local applications of microablative fractional radiofrequency. She had satisfactory, long-term, improvement of symptoms and vulvar trophism, and stopped using corticosteroids.(AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Radiofrequency Therapy , Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus/radiotherapy , Pruritus Vulvae/radiotherapy , Atrophy/radiotherapy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Vulvar Lichen Sclerosus/drug therapy
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1693-1699, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134500


SUMMARY: Herbal extracts used for treatment of diabetes has focused mostly on the hypoglycaemic and anti-oxidant property.There are no studies which focused on its effect on dendritic architecture of pyramidal neurons of hippocampus caused by diabetes. This study was taken up to explore the effect of administration of Trigonella foenum-graecum (fenugreek) seed extract on diabetes induced dendritic atrophy in hippocampus. Experimental diabetes was induced in rats by administering single dose of Streptozotocin (60 mg/kg)intraperitoneally.Treatment groups of rats were orally administeredfenugreek seed extract of 1 g/kg body weight for 6 weeks. Followingly they were sacrificed and the brains were removed, processed for the Golgi-Cox stain method.The number of dendritic branching points and intersections were counted in successive radial segments of 20 µm up to a radial distance of 100 micron from soma and analysed by the Sholl's method. The rats with diabetes showed a significant decrease in the dendritic length and branching points in most of the apical and basal dendrites of CA1 and CA3 pyramidal neurons.Treatment with fenugreek seed extract were able to significantly alleviate the dendritic atrophy in most of the segments except in the apical branching points of the CA1 neuron. The present study demonstrates that fenugreek seed extract having a proven hypoglycaemic and anti-diabetic property also possess protection to the hippocampal pyramidal neurons form diabetes associated neuronal atrophy.

RESUMEN: Los extractos de hierbas para el tratamiento de la diabetes se han basado principalmente en las propiedades hipoglucémicas y antioxidantes. En la literatura no hay estudios basados en su efecto sobre la arquitectura dendrítica de las neuronas piramidales del hipocampo, causadas por la diabetes. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar el efecto de la administración de extracto de semilla de Trigonella foenum graecum (fenogreco) sobre la atrofia dendrítica inducida por la diabetes en el hipocampo. Se indujo diabetes experimental en ratas mediante la administración de una dosis única de estreptozotocina (60 mg / kg) por vía intraperitoneal. Se administró a grupos de ratas extracto de semilla de fenogreco a razón de 1 g / kg de peso corporal durante 6 semanas. Las ratas fueron sacrificadas posteriormente y se procesaron los cerebros mediante método de tinción de Golgi-Cox. El número de puntos de ramificación dendrítica e intersecciones se contaron en segmentos radiales sucesivos de 20 µm hasta una distancia radial de 100 micras del soma y se analizaron mediante el método de Sholl. Las ratas con diabetes mostraron una disminución significativa en la longitud dendrítica y los puntos de ramificación en la mayoría de las dendritas apicales y basales de las neuronas piramidales CA1 y CA3. El tratamiento con extracto de semilla de fenogreco alivió significativamente la atrofia dendrítica en la mayoría de los casos, excepto en los puntos de ramificación apical de la neurona CA1. El estudio demuestra que el extracto de semilla de fenogreco además de tener propiedades hipoglucémicas y antidiabéticas, también protege las neuronas piramidales del hipocampo contra la atrofia neuronal asociada a la diabetes.

Animals , Male , Rats , Atrophy/drug therapy , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Trigonella/chemistry , Dendrites/drug effects , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Rats, Wistar , Pyramidal Cells , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/complications , Hippocampus/drug effects
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 1(supl. 1): 16-19, dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1396935


Mucopolisacaridosis es una rara enfermedad que afecta al metabolismo de los mucopolisacaridos debida a la ausencia o deficiencia de las enzimas encargadas de su síntesis lo que produce depósitos de aminoglucósidos en casi todos los tejidos del organismo. De acuerdo a la enzima faltante se clasifican los distintos tipos de la enfermedad, siendo más frecuente el Tipo I con sus tres variantes: Hurler, Hurler-Sheie y Sheie de distinta gravedad y tratamiento. Al nacimiento el niño no presenta síntomas, éstos van apareciendo a partir del año de vida: retardo físico y mental, múltiples deformidades esqueléticas, hepatoesplenomegalia, sordera, opacidades corneanas, entre otras. La intervención neuroquirúrgica en esta entidad es en dos patologías: la hidrocefalia, que al no presentar los signos clásicos de hipertensión endocraneana puede ser confundida con atrofia y la compresión medular cervical por los depósitos de mucopolisacáridos en vértebras, ligamentos y leptomeninges.

Mucopolysaccharidosis is a rare illness that involves the metabolism of mucopolysaccharides, that due to the absence or deficiency of corresponding enzymes, accumulate in almost all the tissues of the body. According to which enzyme is missing, different types of the disease have been identified; the most frequent being Type I with its three variants: Hurler, Hurler-Sheie, and Sheie. Symptoms of this disorder progress and range from mental and physical retardation, multiple skeletal deformities, hepatosplenomegaly, deafness, and corneal opacities among others. Children affected usually appear normal at birth and the slowness in their development may be the first evidence of the disorder whose progression is downhill. Neurosurgical intervention occurs in two pathologies: hydrocephalus that does not show signs of intracranial hypertension and can be confused with atrophy, and cervical cord compression due to storage of mucopolysaccharides in vertebrae, ligaments, and leptomeninges.

Mucopolysaccharidoses , Atrophy , Intracranial Hypertension , Cervical Cord , Glycosaminoglycans , Hydrocephalus
Rev. medica electron ; 42(5): 2366-2377, sept.-oct. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144740


RESUMEN El material de elección para el reemplazo del hueso perdido por traumatismos, procesos patológicos congénitos o adquiridos y atrofia, son los injertos óseos autógenos o autólogos (hueso del propio paciente). A partir de la introducción del concepto de osteointegración por Branemark, los implantes dentales son parte de la terapéutica diaria para rehabilitar áreas edéntulas. La atrofia alveolar es quizás una de las condiciones bucales más incapacitantes; la razón reside en que es crónica, progresiva, acumulativa e irreversible, altera las relaciones maxilomandibulares, reduce la cantidad de hueso del área dentosoportada y la profundidad del surco. El material de injerto óseo ideal no debería ser sólo un sustituto óseo, sino un material de regeneración que se reabsorba completamente de modo simultáneo a la formación de hueso nuevo. Evaluar el éxito y fracaso de una terapia permite tomar decisiones para un mejoramiento continuo de la práctica clínica. El objetivo de la investigación fue demostrar la importancia de la utilización de biomateriales e injertos óseos autólogos en pacientes con atrofia alveolar (AU).

SUMMARY The elective material for replacing the bone lost by trauma, congenital or acquired pathological processes and atrophy are the autogenic or autologous bone grafts (the patient´s own bones). From the introduction of the concept of osseointegration by Branemark on, dental implants are part of the daily therapeutic for rehabilitating edentulous areas. Alveolar atrophy is perhaps one of the most disabling oral conditions, because it is chronic, progressive, cumulative and irreversible. It alters maxilla-mandibular relations, reduces the bone quality of the dentosupported area and the depth of the sulcus. The ideal bone graft material should not be only a bone substitute, by a regenerative material that could be completely reabsorbed simultaneously with the new bone formation. To assess the success and failure of a therapy allows taking decisions for the continuous improvement of the clinical practice. The aim of the research was to prove the importance of using biomaterials or autologous bone grafts in patients with alveolar atrophy (AU).

Humans , Male , Female , Periodontal Diseases/therapy , Atrophy/diagnosis , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Dental Prosthesis/methods , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Transplants
Metro cienc ; 28(3): 8-13, 2020/09/01. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146013


RESUMEN La distrofia muscular de cinturas de las extremidades (LGMD, por sus siglas en inglés) incluye varios trastornos con etiologías heterogéneas. Se heredan en patrón autosómico recesivo o autosómico dominante y constituyen la cuarta causa genética más común de debilidad muscular, reportando una prevalencia de 1 en 20,000. Las manifestaciones clínicas son inespecíficas, pueden presentarse desde la primera infancia hasta la edad adulta, dependiendo del subtipo de la enfermedad y de la proteína afectada. El diagnóstico inicial se realiza mediante pruebas genéticas antes de obtener una biopsia muscular. Hasta la actualidad no hay tratamientos que modifiquen la evolución de la enfermedad. El propósito de la terapia es conservar la independencia funcional y tratar las complicaciones asociadas, manteniendo al máximo la calidad de vida.A continuación se reporta el caso de un paciente pediátrico, residente en Quito, Ecuador sin antecedentes patológicos ni familiares previos, con alteración de la motricidad fina progresiva dado por trastorno motor en manos, dedos en flexión, hipotrofia de eminencias tenar e hipotenar y atrofia de interóseos de manos, se realizan estudios en relación a neuropatía periférica distal con afectación de sensibilidad bilateral y simétrica, encontrando como única variante, cambios electromiográficos: polineuropatía crónica, sensitiva y motora de predominio axonal, (desmielinizante en menor grado), de grado marcado presumi-blemente de etiología hereditaria. El diagnostico final lo determinó estudio genético con mutación del gen TTN en relación con: Distrofia muscular de cinturas, tipo 2J (CINTURA ESCAPULAR DE PREDOMINIO DISTAL).

ABSTRACT Limb girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) includes several disorders with heterogeneous etiologies. They are inherited in an autosomal recessive or autosomal dominant pattern and constitute the fourth most common genetic cause of muscle weakness, reporting a prevalence of 1 in 20,000. The clinical manifestations are nonspecific, can begin from early childhood to adulthood depending on the subtype of the disease and the protein affected. The initial diagnosis is made by genetic testing before obtaining a muscle biopsy. To date there are no treatments that modify the evolution of the disease. The purpose of therapy is to preserve functional independence and treat associated complications, maintaining quality of life as much as possible.The following is the case of a pediatric patient, resident in Quito, Ecuador with no prior family or pathological history, with progressive fine motor disorder due to motor disorder in the hands, flexed fingers, hypotrophy of tenar and hypothenar eminences, and atrophy of interosseous hands, studies are performed in relation to distal peripheral neuropathy with bilateral and symmetrical sensitivity involvement, finding electromyographic changes as the only variant: chronic, sensitive and motor polyneuropathy with axonal predominance (demyelinating to a lesser degree), of marked degree presumably of hereditary etiology. The final diagnosis was determined by a genetic study with a mutation of the TTN gene in relation to: Girdle Muscular dystrophy, type 2J (DISTAL PREDOMINANT SCAPULAR GIRDLE).

Humans , Male , Child , Muscular Dystrophies, Limb-Girdle , Genetics , Muscular Dystrophies , Polyneuropathies , Atrophy , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases