Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 14 de 14
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936375

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore whether the characteristic responses to sound stimulations of the auditory neurons in the striatum is regulated in different behavioral states.@*METHODS@#The auditory neurons in the striatum of awake C57BL/6J mice were selected for this study. We recorded the auditory response of the striatum to noises over a long period of time by building a synchronous in vivo electrophysiological and locomotion recording system and using glass microelectrode attachment recording. By analyzing the running speed of the mice, the behavioral states of the mice were divided into the quiet state and the active state, and the spontaneous activity and evoked responses of the auditory neurons in the striatum were analyzed in these two states.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those recorded in the quiet state, the spontaneous activity of the auditory neurons in the striatum of the mice increased significantly (37.06±12.02 vs 18.51±10.91, P < 0.001) while the auditory response of the neurons decreased significantly (noise intensity=60 dB, 3.45±2.99 vs 3.04±2.76, P < 0.001) in the active state.@*CONCLUSION@#Locomotion has a significant inhibitory effect on the auditory response of the striatum, which may importantly contribute to the decline of sound information recognition ability in the active state.


Subject(s)
Acoustic Stimulation , Animals , Auditory Cortex/physiology , Evoked Potentials, Auditory , Locomotion/physiology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Neurons
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936234

ABSTRACT

Objective: Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) was used to study the effect of aging on the neuroimaging characteristics of cerebral cortex in the process of speech perception. Method: Thirty-four adults with normal hearing were recruited from March 2021 to June 2021, including 17 in the young group, with 6 males, 11 females, age (32.1±5.0) years, age range 20-39 years. and 17 in the elderly group, with 6 males, 11 females, age (63.2±2.8) years, age range 60-70 years. The test material was the sentence table of the Mandarin Hearing Test in Noise (MHINT). The task state block experiment design was adopted, and the temporal lobe, Broca's area, Wernicke's area, motor cortex were used as regions of interest. Objective brain imaging technology (fNIRS) combined with subjective psychophysical testing method was used to analyze the activation area and degree of cerebral cortex related to auditory speech perception in the elderly and young people under different listening conditions (quiet, signal-to-noise ratio of 10 dB, 5 dB, 0 dB, -5 dB). SPSS 23 software was used for statistical analysis. Result: The activation area and degree of activation in the elderly group were lower than those in the young group under each task condition; The number of activation channels in the young group were significantly more than those in the old group, and the number of activation channels in the left hemisphere were more than those in the right hemisphere, but there was no difference in the number of activation channels. There were more channels affected by age in the left hemisphere than in the right hemisphere. The activation degree of the young group when the signal-to-noise ratio was 0 dB was significantly higher than that of other signal-to-noise ratio conditions (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in the old group under the five conditions (P>0.05). The speech recognition score of the young group was higher than that of the old group under all conditions. When the quiet and signal-to-noise ratio was 10 dB, the correct score of the two groups was equal or close to 100%. With the gradual decrease of signal-to-noise ratio, there was a significant difference between the two groups when the signal-to-noise ratio was 5 dB. The speech recognition accuracy of the young group decreased significantly when the signal-to-noise ratio was 0 dB, while that of the old group decreased significantly when the signal-to-noise ratio was 5 dB. Conclusions: With the increase of age, the speech perception in noisy environment and the activity of cerebral cortex gradually deteriorate, and the speech dominance hemisphere (left hemisphere) will be significantly affected by aging. The overall activation area and activation degree of the elderly under different speech tasks are lower than those of the young.


Subject(s)
Acoustic Stimulation/methods , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Auditory Cortex/physiology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared , Speech Perception/physiology , Technology , Young Adult
3.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(2): 206-212, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001547

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The evaluation of cortical auditory evoked potential has been the focus of scientific studies in infants. Some authors have reported that automated response detection is effective in exploring these potentials in infants, but few have reported their efficacy in the search for thresholds. Objective: To analyze the latency, amplitude and thresholds of cortical auditory evoked potential using an automatic response detection device in a neonatal population. Methods: This is a cross-sectional, observational study. Cortical auditory evoked potentials were recorded in response to pure-tone stimuli of the frequencies 500, 1000, 2000 and 4000 Hz presented in an intensity range between 0 and 80 dB HL using a single channel recording. P1 was performed in an exclusively automated fashion, using Hotelling's T2 statistical test. The latency and amplitude were obtained manually by three examiners. The study comprised 39 neonates up to 28 days old of both sexes with presence of otoacoustic emissions and no risk factors for hearing loss. Results: With the protocol used, cortical auditory evoked potential responses were detected in all subjects at high intensity and thresholds. The mean thresholds were 24.8 ± 10.4 dB NA, 25 ± 9.0 dB NA, 28 ± 7.8 dB NA and 29.4 ± 6.6 dB HL for 500, 1000, 2000 and 4000 Hz, respectively. Conclusion: Reliable responses were obtained in the assessment of cortical auditory potentials in the neonates assessed with a device for automatic response detection.


Resumo Introdução: O potencial evocado auditivo cortical tem sido o foco de estudos científicos. Alguns autores observaram que a detecção automatizada de respostas é eficaz na exploração desses potenciais em lactentes, mas poucos relataram sua eficácia na busca de limiares. Objetivo: Analisar a latência, a amplitude e os limiares do potencial evocado auditivo cortical em recém-nascidos, com o uso de um dispositivo de detecção automática de resposta. Método: Estudo transversal, observacional. Os potenciais evocados auditivos corticais foram registrados em resposta a estímulos de tons puros nas frequências de 500, 1000, 2000 e 4000 Hz e apresentados em uma faixa de intensidade entre 0-80 dBNA, com o uso de gravação de canal único. O P1 foi feito de forma exclusivamente automática, com o uso do teste estatístico T2 de Hotelling. A latência e a amplitude foram obtidas manualmente por três examinadores. O estudo incluiu 39 recém-nascidos com até 28 dias de ambos os sexos, com presença de emissões otoacústicas e sem fatores de risco para perda auditiva. Resultados: Com o protocolo usado, as respostas dos PEAC foram detectadas em todos os indivíduos em alta intensidade e limiares. Os limiares médios foram 24,8 ± 10,4 dBNA, 25 ± 9,0 dBNA, 28 ± 7,8 dBNA e 29,4 ± 6,6 dBNA para 500, 1000, 2000 e 4000 Hz, respectivamente. Conclusão: Foram obtidas respostas confiáveis na avaliação dos potenciais auditivos corticais em recém-nascidos com um dispositivo para detecção de resposta automática.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Auditory Cortex/physiology , Infant, Newborn/physiology , Evoked Potentials, Auditory/physiology , Reference Values , Auditory Threshold/physiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Analysis of Variance , Otoacoustic Emissions, Spontaneous/physiology , Statistics, Nonparametric
4.
CoDAS ; 28(5): 491-496, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-828571

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Mensurar os potenciais exógenos do potencial evocado auditivo cortical (PEAC) em neonatos nascidos a termo e pré-termo, além de compará-los, considerando as variáveis latência e amplitude dos componentes. Método Estudo transversal, prospectivo, contemporâneo e comparativo. Foram avaliados 127 neonatos; destes, foram considerados 96, após análise dos exames por três juízes, distribuídos em dois grupos: Grupo Termo: 66 neonatos e Grupo Pré-termo: 30 neonatos. Os registros do PEAC foram feitos com os neonatos posicionados no colo da mãe e/ou responsável, em sono natural, por meio de eletrodos de superfície. Foram apresentados estímulos verbais binauralmente, sendo /ba/ o estímulo frequente e /ga/ o estímulo raro, na intensidade de 70 dBNA, por meio de fones de inserção. Foi analisada a presença ou ausência dos componentes exógenos em ambos os grupos, bem como, latência e amplitude de P1 e N1. Para análise dos dados, utilizaram-se os testes pertinentes. Resultados A latência da onda P1 bilateralmente e N1 na orelha esquerda foi menor no Grupo Termo. No entanto, não houve diferença estatisticamente significante quanto à amplitude de P1 e N1 entre os grupos. Na comparação entre presença e ausência dos componentes P2 e N2, também não foi observada diferença entre os grupos. Conclusão É possível mensurar os PEAC, em neonatos nascidos a termo e pré-termo. Verificou-se influência do processo maturacional apenas na medida da latência dos componentes P1 bilateralmente e N1 na orelha esquerda, sendo estas menores no Grupo Termo.


ABSTRACT Purpose To measure the exogenous components of the cortical auditory evoked potential (CAEP) in term and preterm newborns and compare them considering the variables latency and amplitude. Methods This is a cross-sectional, prospective, comparative, contemporary study. One hundred twenty-seven newborns were evaluated; 96 of these were included in the study after analysis of the exams by three referees. Participants were divided into two groups: Term Group: 66 infants and Preterm Group: 30 neonates. The recordings of CAEP were performed using surface electrodes with newborns comfortably positioned in the lap of their mothers and/or guardians in natural sleep. To this end, binaural verbal stimuli were presented with /ba/ as the frequent stimulation and /ga/ the rare stimulus, at an intensity of 70 dB HL, through insert earphones. The presence or absence of exogenous components and the latency and amplitude of P1 and N1 were analyzed in both groups. Pertinent tests were used in the statistical analysis of data. Results The latency of the waves P1 and N1 was smaller in participants in the Term Group. However, there were no statistically significant differences in the amplitude of P1 and N1 between the groups. No difference between the groups was found when comparing the presence and absence of the components P2 and N2. Conclusion It is possible to measure the CAEP in term and preterm neonates. There was influence of the maturational process only on the measure of latency of the components P1, binaurally, and N1, in the left ear, which were smaller in participants in the Term Group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Auditory Cortex/physiology , Acoustic Stimulation , Infant, Premature/physiology , Evoked Potentials, Auditory/physiology , Reaction Time , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Term Birth , Electroencephalography
5.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 74(3): 249-258, dic. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-734849

ABSTRACT

El sistema auditivo nos permite detectar e interpretar las señales acústicas del medio ambiente y así modificar nuestro comportamiento. En humanos la corteza auditiva se ubica en el giro temporal superior del lóbulo temporal. Esta corteza presenta una organización estructural y funcional característica, que se ha identificado en muchas especies de mamíferos. Las áreas de organización de la corteza auditiva son: (i) una región central denominada corteza auditiva primaria o core, que corresponde al primer nivel de procesamiento, cuyas características cito-arquitectónicas y funcionales principales son poseer una capa IV prominente y presentar una organización tonotópica especular. Además, (ii) una región circundante conocida como cinturón o belt, que corresponde a las cortezas secundarias que participan de la localización espacial y reconocimiento del sonido, como también en el procesamiento del habla. Por último, (iii) las áreas de asociación auditiva integran la información auditiva con la de otros sistemas sensoriales. En este artículo se revisan las bases neuroanatómicas y las propiedades funcionales de la corteza auditiva, las que constituyen pilares fundamentales para el desarrollo de métodos diagnósticos y terapéuticos del procesamiento auditivo central.


The auditory system allows us to detect and interpret the acoustic signals of the environment and thus change our behavior. In humans, the auditory cortex is located in the superior temporal gyrus of the temporal lobe. This cortex has a characteristic structural organization and functionality that have been identified in many mammalian species. The auditory cortex has different organizational areas: (i) a core called "primary auditory cortex," which corresponds to the first level of processing, and its cyto-architectural and physiological main features are to present a prominent layer IV and to display a mirror-tonotopic organization. In addition, (ii) a surrounding region known as belt that corresponds to the secondary auditory cortices and participates in the location and recognition of sound, as well as in speech processing. Finally, (iii) auditory association areas that integrate auditory information with other sensory systems. In this article, the neuroanatomical bases and functional properties of auditory cortex processing are reviewed. These topics constitute the foundations for the development of diagnostic tools and therapeutic procedures of central auditory processing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Auditory Cortex/anatomy & histology , Auditory Cortex/physiology , Functional Laterality
6.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 74(3): 266-274, dic. 2014. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-734851

ABSTRACT

Los potenciales evocados de corteza prometen ser una herramienta útil en la evaluación de las funciones auditivas, proporcionando información sobre la funcionalidad e integridad de estructuras auditivas centrales. Dentro de sus posibles usos encontramos: estimación del umbral auditivo en adultos permitiendo una mayor precisión en comparación a otras técnicas electrofisiológicas, como herramienta de evaluación y seguimiento del entrenamiento auditivo, evaluación de la amplificación (especialmente utilizando estímulos complejos como el habla) relacionado con la detección del estímulo auditivo amplificado a nivel de la corteza y de la plasticidad auditiva como lo podría ser la monitorización de los cambios producidos por la estimulación auditiva. Sin embargo aún presentan algunas limitaciones que deben ser resueltas antes de ser incorporados dentro de la batería de pruebas audiológicas de uso clínico habitual, factores propios del sujeto, de la técnica utilizada y condiciones de evaluación (ej. diferentes tipos de audífonos) pueden hacer que estas respuestas presenten una variabilidad que podría dificultar su uso rutinario.


Cortical auditory evoked potentials have the potential to be a tool for the assessment of auditory functions, providing information on the functionality and integrity of central auditory structures. Among its possible uses are: hearing threshold estimation on adults that are more accurate compared to other electrophysiological techniques; a tool for assessment and monitoring of auditory training; evaluation of amplification (especially using complex stimuli such as speech) related to the detection of an amplified sound at the level of the auditory cortex; and monitoring plasticity via the changes produced by an auditory stimulation. However there are still some limitations to be resolved before incorporating cortical auditory evoked potentials in to the battery of audiological tests used in clinics. Factors related to the subject and the technique and assessment conditions (e.g. different types of hearing aids), may vary these responses and hinder its reliability and use.


Subject(s)
Humans , Auditory Cortex/physiology , Auditory Threshold/physiology , Evoked Potentials, Auditory/physiology , Electrophysiology
7.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 73(2): 174-188, ago. 2013. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-690564

ABSTRACT

El sistema eferente auditivo está constituido por el sistema olivococlear y por vías descendentes que provienen de la corteza auditiva y se dirigen a la cóclea. El sistema olivococlear se divide en una porción medial y una lateral, con neuronas que inervan a las células ciliadas externas y a fibras del nervio auditivo respectivamente. El principal neurotransmisor de las sinapsis olivococleares es acetilcolina, y tanto las células ciliadas externas como las fibras del nervio auditivo poseen receptores para esta molécula. El sistema eferente córtico-coclear se origina en la capa V y VI de la corteza auditiva y proyecta a los colículos inferiores y complejo olivar superior, donde a través del sistema olivococlear se conecta con el órgano receptor auditivo. En este artículo se revisan importantes hallazgos obtenidos en los últimos años que involucran (i) nuevos neurotransmisores y receptores del sistema eferente auditivo; (ii) vías descendentes de la corteza auditiva y su rol fisiológico sobre las respuestas cocleares y (iii) rol del sistema eferente auditivo en patologías audiológicas y neuropsiquiátricas.


The auditory efferent system is composed by the olivocochlear fibers and descending projections that originate in the auditory cortex and end in the cochlea. The olivocochlear system is divided into a medial and lateral division, with fibers directed to the outer hair cells and to the auditory nerve fibers respectively. It is known that acetylcholine is the main neurotransmitter of the olivocochlear synapses and that outer hair cells and auditory nerve fibers have receptors to this molecule. The cortico-cochlear efferent system originates in layers V and VI of the auditory cortex. These descending projections are directed to the inferior colliculus and superior olivary complex, a site in which the olivocochlear fibers emerge and connect the brain with the cochlear receptor. In this article recent discoveries obtained in the last years are reviewed: (i) new neurotransmitters and receptors of the olivocochlear system; (ii) anatomy and physiology of descending pathways from the auditory cortex to the cochlea and, (iii) clinical role of auditory efferents in audiological and neuropsychiatric pathologies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Auditory Cortex/physiology , Auditory Pathways/physiology , Cochlea/physiology , Neurotransmitter Agents/physiology , Efferent Pathways/physiology , Neurons, Efferent/physiology , Auditory Cortex/physiopathology , Auditory Pathways/physiopathology , Cochlea/cytology , Efferent Pathways/physiopathology
8.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 79(3): 336-341, maio-jun. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-675688

ABSTRACT

Estudos voltados aos potenciais evocados auditivos com estímulos de fala em indivíduos ouvintes são importantes para compreender como a complexidade do estímulo influencia nas características do potencial cognitivo auditivo gerado. OBJETIVO: Caracterizar o potencial evocado auditivo cortical e o potencial cognitivo auditivo P3 com estímulos de contrastes vocálico e consonantal em indivíduos com audição normal. MÉTODO: Participaram deste estudo 31 indivíduos sem alterações auditivas, neurológicas e de linguagem na faixa etária de 7 a 30 anos. Os potenciais evocados auditivos corticais e cognitivo auditivo P3 foram registrados nos canais ativos Fz e Cz utilizando-se os contrastes de fala consonantal (/ba/-/da/) e vocálico (/i/-/a/). Desenho: Estudo de coorte, transversal e prospectivo. RESULTADOS: Houve diferença entre o contraste de fala utilizado e as latências dos componentes N2 (p = 0,00) e P3 (p = 0,00), assim como entre o canal ativo considerado (Fz/Cz) e os valores de latência e amplitude de P3. Estas diferenças não ocorreram para os componentes exógenos N1 e P2. CONCLUSÃO: O contraste do estímulo de fala, vocálico ou consonantal, deve ser considerado na análise do potencial evocado cortical, componente N2, e do potencial cognitivo auditivo P3.


Studies about cortical auditory evoked potentials using the speech stimuli in normal hearing individuals are important for understanding how the complexity of the stimulus influences the characteristics of the cortical potential generated. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the cortical auditory evoked potential and the P3 auditory cognitive potential with the vocalic and consonantal contrast stimuli in normally hearing individuals. METHOD: 31 individuals with no risk for hearing, neurologic and language alterations, in the age range between 7 and 30 years, participated in this study. The cortical auditory evoked potentials and the P3 auditory cognitive one were recorded in the Fz and Cz active channels using consonantal (/ba/-/da/) and vocalic (/i/-/a/) speech contrasts. Design: A crosssectional prospective cohort study. RESULTS: We found a statistically significant difference between the speech contrast used and the latencies of the N2 (p = 0.00) and P3 (p = 0.00) components, as well as between the active channel considered (Fz/Cz) and the P3 latency and amplitude values. These correlations did not occur for the exogenous components N1 and P2. CONCLUSION: The speech stimulus contrast, vocalic or consonantal, must be taken into account in the analysis of the cortical auditory evoked potential, N2 component, and auditory cognitive P3 potential.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Acoustic Stimulation/methods , Auditory Cortex/physiology , Auditory Threshold/physiology , Evoked Potentials, Auditory/physiology , Cohort Studies , Prospective Studies , Reaction Time
9.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 68(2): 185-192, ago. 2008. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-503427

ABSTRACT

El potencial de disparidad o mismatch negativity (MMN) corresponde a la respuesta eléctrica extraída del electroencefalograma que se produce frente a diversos cambios de las características del estímulo acústico. Se obtiene presentando al sujeto una secuencia de estímulos repetitivos de características acústicas similares (estímulo estándar) alternado en forma aleatoria con estímulos acústicos discrepantes que difieren del primero en alguno de sus atributos (estímulo discrepante). El MMN se originaría en la corteza auditiva primaria y se ha logrado registrar desde el nacimiento. No requiere la atención del sujeto, permitiendo evaluar en forma objetiva la discriminación de tonos y fonemas. En clínica se ha utilizado en evaluación del procesamiento auditivo central, pacientes con dislexia o trastorno específico del lenguaje, autismo, individuos con implante coclear e incluso en pacientes en coma. En el presente artículo se revisan las principales características, origen anatómico y utilidad clínica del MMN.


The mismatch negativity (MMN) is a specific component of the auditory event-related brain potentials. It is elicited by an infrequent, physically deviant sound (deviant-stimulus) occurring in a sequence of homogeneous repetitive sounds (standard-stimulus). MMN is probably generated in the primary auditory cortex and it has been successfully recorded in newborns. The MMN can be elicited even in the absence of attention and it can be used as an objective method to assess tone and phoneme discrimination. Some clinical applications of MMN are: evaluation of central auditory processing, patients with dyslexia or language specific disorders, autism, cochlear implant - users and even in prognosis of coma. In this article the main characteristics, origin and clinical applications of the MMN are reviewed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Auditory Cortex/physiology , Magnetoencephalography/methods , Memory/physiology , Auditory Perception/physiology , Evoked Potentials, Auditory/physiology , Coma/diagnosis , Acoustic Stimulation/methods , Asperger Syndrome/diagnosis , Craniocerebral Trauma/diagnosis
10.
Indian J Physiol Pharmacol ; 2006 Oct-Dec; 50(4): 341-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-107357

ABSTRACT

Hypothyroidism is known to be associated with mental retardation, motor dysfunction, memory deficits and hearing impairment. In the present study, the functional integrity of the thalamocortical projections to the primary auditory cortex and association cortex has been assessed by using Auditory Evoked Responses i.e Auditory Brainstem (ABR), Mid Latency Response (MLR) and Slow Vertex Response (SVR). Thirty newly diagnosed hypothyroid patients and thirty healthy controls were taken for the study and ABR, MLR and SVR were recorded on computerized evoked potential recorder using 10-20 system of electrode placement. The second recordings for the hypothyroid patients were done 3 months after treatment with attainment of euthyroid states. The present study revealed a slight increase in absolute latency of wave III of ABR in hypothyroid patients and significant decrease in absolute latency of wave III and interpeak latency of I-III after treatment. There was a significant decrease in amplitude of wave V in hypothyroid patients and significant increase in amplitudes of ABR wave I and wave V after treatment. There was a significant increase in latency of wave Na of MLR and wave P2 of SVR in hypothyroid patients. The latencies of waves Na, Pa, Nb of MLR and waves PI and N2 of SVR showed significant improvement with thyroid hormone treatment. The results of the present study indicates that in hypothyroid state there might be slow conduction at the periphery and with treatment there is better recruitment of neuronal pool of the generators of the waves of ABR in the brainstem. We can also conclude that the thalamocortical projections of the auditory pathways are adversely affected in the hypothyroid state and this improves after treatment.


Subject(s)
Acoustic Stimulation , Adult , Auditory Cortex/physiology , Auditory Pathways/physiopathology , Evoked Potentials, Auditory/physiology , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem/physiology , Female , Humans , Hypothyroidism/physiopathology , Male , Thalamus/physiology
11.
Rev. med. nucl. Alasbimn j ; 8(33)julio 2006. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-444096

ABSTRACT

Existen personas, generalmente músicos, que tienen la capacidad de evocar sensaciones musicales sin un estímulo auditivo externo. Sin embargo, hasta la fecha no hay evidencias que sugieran que sea posible tener estas sensaciones, ni que exista un sustrato biológico para ellas. Diseño del trabajo: Se hicieron dos estudios de neuroSPECT con [99mTc]-HMPAO en cada una de tres mujeres músicos. El primer estudio fue hecho en condiciones basales (sin evocar) y el segundo mientras estaban evocando sensaciones musicales. Resultados: En el estudio de las voluntarias que fueron evaluadas mientras evocaban una composición musical, hubo un aumento significativo de perfusión en los hemisferios derecho e izquierdo en las áreas de Brodmann 9 y 8 (área ejecutiva frontal) y en el área 40 en el lado izquierdo (área auditiva). Sin embargo, en condiciones basales no hubo aumento de perfusión en las áreas 9, 8, 39 y 40. En un caso hubo mayor aumento de perfusión en el área 45 durante la autoevocación respecto a la condición basal. Conclusiones: Estos hallazgos son sugerentes de un sustrato biológico para el proceso de evocar sensaciones musicales.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Female , Aged , Acoustic Stimulation , Auditory Cortex , Auditory Cortex/physiology , Evoked Potentials, Auditory/physiology , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon , Cerebrum , Cerebrum/physiology , Hearing Tests , Mental Recall , Music , Sensation
14.
Biol. Res ; 30(4): 137-48, 1997. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-255655

ABSTRACT

The tonotopic organization of primary auditory cortex (AI) and surrounding secondary regions has been studied in the Octodon degus using standard microelectrode mapping techniques. The results confirm and extend previous observations made in other species. The tonotopic organization of the largest field (AI) apparently covered the hearing range of O. degus. Low tonal frequencies were represented rostroventrally and high frequencies caudally, with isofrequency contours orientated dorsoventrally in a ventrocaudal slant. There were additional tonotopic representations adjacent to AI. Rostral to AI, a small field with a tonotopic gradient reversed with respect to that in AI (mirror image representation) was mapped and termed rostral auditory field (R). Best frequencies (BF's) in a range from 0.1-30.0 kHz were found in AI and R, with higher spatial resolution for the representation of lower BF's up to 10.0 kHz. Responses obtained in AI as well as in R were strong, with narrow tuning and short latencies. Caudal to AI, two small additional, tonotopically organized fields, the dorsoposterior field (DP) and the ventroposterior field (VP), could be distinguished. In fields VP and DP, high BF's were situated rostrally, adjacent to the high frequency representation in AI. Low frequency representations were found in caudal part of DP and VP fields. Responses to tone burst within DP and VP were mostly weak, with longer latencies and broader tuning compared to those found in AI and R


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Mapping , Auditory Cortex/physiology , Acoustic Stimulation , Chile , Electrophysiology , Functional Laterality/physiology , Microelectrodes , Rodentia
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL