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1.
Braz. j. anesth ; 73(6): 769-774, Nov.Dec. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520374

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) can overcome respiratory changes that occur during pneumoperitoneum application in laparoscopic procedures, but it can also increase intracranial pressure. We investigated PEEP vs. no PEEP application on ultrasound measurement of optic nerve sheath diameter (indirect measure of increased intracranial pressure) in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: Eighty ASA I-II patients aged between 18 and 60 years scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included. The study was registered in the Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials (ACTRN12618000771257). Patients were randomly divided into either Group C (control, PEEP not applied), or Group P (PEEP applied at 10 cmH20). Optic nerve sheath diameter, hemodynamic, and respiratory parameters were recorded at six different time points. Ocular ultrasonography was used to measure optic nerve sheath diameter. Results: Peak pressure (PPeak) values were significantly higher in Group P after application of PEEP (p = 0.012). Mean respiratory rate was higher in Group C at all time points after application of pneumoperitoneum (p < 0.05). The mean values of optic nerve sheath diameters measured at all time points were similar between the groups (p > 0.05). The pulmonary dynamic compliance value was significantly higher in group P as long as PEEP was applied (p = 0.001). Conclusions: During laparoscopic cholecystectomy, application of 10 cmH2O PEEP did not induce a significant change in optic nerve sheath diameter (indirect indicator of intracranial pressure) compared to no PEEP application. It would appear that PEEP can be used safely to correct


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Pneumoperitoneum , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Optic Nerve/diagnostic imaging , Australia , Intracranial Pressure , Positive-Pressure Respiration/methods
2.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 147-158, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981600

ABSTRACT

Objective To systematically analyze the current status of outcomes reporting in clinical trials on treating stasis acute mastitis with Traditional Chinese Medicine breast massage.Methods We searched CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane library, JBI, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Clinical Trials Registry Platform portal, Clinical Trials Registry, Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry, Center Watch Registry from inception to May 15, 2022 to find randomized controlled trials, non-randomized controlled trials, case series and cohort studies which reported the outcomes of stasis acute mastitis managed with Traditional Chinese Medicine breast massage, with search terms of mastitis, acute mastitis, lactation mastitis, puerperal mastitis, breast problem, breast engorgement, milk stasis, blocked ducked, breast pain, breast massage, and acupoint massage. Outcomes and the measurement schemes (measurement methods, timing of assessing outcome, frequency of assessing outcome, measurers) were extracted from the included studies. We used the Management of Otitis Media with Effusion in Children with Cleft Palate (MOMENT) to assess the quality of each study, then categorized outcomes derived from the included studies into different domains according to the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology Arthritis Clinic Trials (OMERACT) Filter 2.1 framework.Results We identified 85 clinical trials, in which 54 different outcomes were reported. A total of 81.2% (69/85) of studies were assessed as medium quality with a mean score of 2.6, and 18.8% (16/85) as low quality with a mean score of 0.9. These outcomes were organized in three core areas. Lump size (89.4%, 76/85) was the most frequently reported outcome, followed by breast pain (69.4%, 59/85) and milk excretion (68.2%, 58/85). Five methods were used to assess lump size and four methods to assess breast pain.Conclusions The outcomes reported in clinical trials regarding stasis acute mastitis treated by Traditional Chinese Medicine breast massage are heterogeneous. Developing a core outcome set to achieve consistent standards for reporting outcomes and modalities for validation of the outcomes is clearly warranted.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Australia , Massage , Mastitis/therapy , Mastodynia , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 643-650, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982647

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrieve the evidence for threshold setting of multi-parameter electrocardiograph (ECG) monitors in intensive care unit (ICU), and summarize the best evidence.@*METHODS@#After literature retrieval, clinical guidelines, expert consensus, evidence summary and systematic review that met the requirements were screened. Guidelines were evaluated by the appraisal of guidelines for research and evaluation II (AGREE II), expert consensus and systematic review were evaluated by the Australian JBI evidence-based health care center authenticity evaluation tool, and evidence summary was evaluated by the CASE checklist. High-quality literature was selected to extract evidence related to the use and setup of multi-parameter ECG monitors in the ICU.@*RESULTS@#A total of 19 literatures were included, including 7 guidelines, 2 expert consensus, 8 systematic reviews, 1 evidence summary, and 1 national industry standard. After evidence extraction, translation, proofreading and summary, a total of 32 pieces of evidence were integrated. The included evidence involved the environmental preparation for the application of the ECG monitor, the electrical requirements of the ECG monitor, ECG monitor use process, ECG monitor alarm setting principles, ECG monitor alarm heart rate or heart rhythm monitoring setting, ECG monitor alarm blood pressure monitoring setting, ECG monitor alarm respiratory and blood oxygen saturation threshold setting, alarm delay warning time setting, adjusting alarm setting method, evaluating alarm setting time, improving the comfort of monitoring patients, reducing nuisance alarm report the occurrence, alarm priority processing, alarm intelligent processing and so on.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This summary of evidence involves many aspects of the setting and application of ECG monitor. According to the latest guidelines and expert consensus, it is updated and revised to guide healthcare workers to monitor patients more scientifically and safely, and aims to ensure patient safety.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Alarms , Australia , Intensive Care Units , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Electrocardiography , Monitoring, Physiologic
4.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 554-573, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982400

ABSTRACT

Over the past few decades, complementary and alternative treatments have become increasingly popular worldwide. The purported therapeutic characteristics of natural products have come under increased scrutiny both in vitro and in vivo as part of efforts to legitimize their usage. One such product is tea tree oil (TTO), a volatile essential oil primarily obtained from the native Australian plant, Melaleuca alternifolia, which has diverse traditional and industrial applications such as topical preparations for the treatment of skin infections. Its anti-inflammatory-linked immunomodulatory actions have also been reported. This systematic review focuses on the anti-inflammatory effects of TTO and its main components that have shown strong immunomodulatory potential. An extensive literature search was performed electronically for data curation on worldwide accepted scientific databases, such as Web of Science, Google Scholar, PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, and esteemed publishers such as Elsevier, Springer, Frontiers, and Taylor & Francis. Considering that the majority of pharmacological studies were conducted on crude oils only, the extracted data were critically analyzed to gain further insight into the prospects of TTO being used as a neuroprotective agent by drug formulation or dietary supplement. In addition, the active constituents contributing to the activity of TTO have not been well justified, and the core mechanisms need to be unveiled especially for anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects leading to neuroprotection. Therefore, this review attempts to correlate the anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory activity of TTO with its neuroprotective mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Tea Tree Oil/therapeutic use , Melaleuca , Neuroprotection , Drug Repositioning , Neuroinflammatory Diseases , Australia , Oils, Volatile , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology
6.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 69-76, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935968

ABSTRACT

Objective: To systematically evaluate and integrate the real experience of burn patients during rehabilitation, and to provide theoretical guidance for the continual nursing care for burn patients. Methods: The systematic evaluation method was adopted. Databases including the China National Knowledge Internet, Wanfang Database, China Biology Medicine disc were retrieved with the search terms in Chinese version of "/, //, ////", and PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library were retrieved with the search terms of "burn/burns, rehabilitation/recovery/survivor/survive, experience/views/perceptions/, qualitative/phenomenon/interview/grounded theory". The qualitative studies on the real experience of burn patients during rehabilitation published from the establishment of each database to June 2020 were searched. The quality of the included studies was evaluated according to the quality evaluation criteria for qualitative research of the Joanna Briggs Institute Evidence-Based Health Care Center. The research country, research method, research object, research content, and main research result were summarized, and meta-synthesis of the research results was conducted with the aggregative integration method. Results: A total of 12 studies were included, and the quality of all the studies was grade B. The studies were conducted in 8 countries including Australia, Canada, Norway, etc., the research method mainly was phenomenological research method, and all the studies were focused on adult burn patients. A total of 46 specific themes were extracted with totally 10 new categories formed after summarization, and 3 integrated results were obtained as follows: burn patients suffered from both physical and psychological burdens, and their normal life was broken; burn patients gained post-traumatic growth and could actively adjust to cope with life difficulties; burn patients had multiple needs. Conclusions: Burn patients experience both physical and psychological pains during rehabilitation, so they long for multiple support from family and society. Medical staff, social groups, and family members should pay attention to the psychological experience and needs of burn patients with different characteristics during rehabilitation, and build a multi-directional social support system to help patients return to the society and rebuild their lives.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Adaptation, Psychological , Australia , Burns , China , Qualitative Research
9.
Rev. baiana enferm ; 36: e44897, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1387622

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar as contribuições da mobilidade acadêmica internacional, realizada na Austrália, para a formação da enfermeira no Brasil. Método: estudo exploratório com abordagem qualitativa, realizado com oito ex-intercambistas do Programa Ciência sem Fronteiras. A análise foi feita pela proposta do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo. Resultados: a experiência ofereceu às (ex)intercambistas uma gama de oportunidades e de trocas de experiências para a formação em enfermagem. Foi apontada a rica experiência em cursar disciplinas na Austrália, comparando a metodologia Problem Based Learning com a metodologia tradicional vivenciada no Brasil e destacando seus efeitos positivos. O intercâmbio proporcionou desenvolvimento de habilidades técnico-científicas e interpessoais, vivências de sistemas comparados de saúde, além de aperfeiçoamento das competências linguísticas e de construção de compromisso ético-político-social e perspectivas profissionais futuras. Considerações finais: a mobilidade acadêmica internacional contribuiu positivamente na formação das enfermeiras brasileiras, com evidência de desenvolvimento pessoal e profissional.


Objetivo: identificar las contribuciones de la movilidad académica internacional, realizada en Australia, a la formación de enfermeras en Brasil. Método: estudio exploratorio con enfoque cualitativo, realizado con ocho ex alumnos de intercambio del programa Ciencia sin Fronteras. El análisis se realizó mediante la propuesta del Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo. Resultados: la experiencia ofreció a los estudiantes (ex)de intercambio una gama de oportunidades e intercambio de experiencias para la educación de enfermería. Se señaló la rica experiencia en el estudio de asignaturas en Australia, comparando la metodología de Aprendizaje Basado en Problemas con la metodología tradicional experimentada en Brasil y destacando sus efectos positivos. El intercambio proporcionó el desarrollo de habilidades técnico-científicas e interpersonales, experiencias de comparación de sistemas de salud, además de mejorar las habilidades lingüísticas y construir un compromiso ético-político-social y perspectivas profesionales de futuro. Consideraciones finales: la movilidad académica internacional contribuyó positivamente a la formación de enfermeras brasileñas, con evidencia de desarrollo personal y profesional.


Objective: to identify the contributions of international academic mobility, carried out in Australia, to the training of nurses in Brazil. Method: exploratory study with qualitative approach, conducted with eight former exchange students of the Science Without Borders program. The analysis was made by the proposal of the Collective Subject Discourse. Results: the experience offered (ex)exchange students a range of opportunities and exchange of experiences for nursing education. The rich experience in studying subjects in Australia was pointed out, comparing the Problem Based Learning methodology with the traditional methodology experienced in Brazil and highlighting its positive effects. The exchange provided the development of technical-scientific and interpersonal skills, experiences of comparing health systems, in addition to improving language skills and building an ethical-political-social commitment and future professional perspectives. Final considerations: international academic mobility contributed positively to the training of Brazilian nurses, with evidence of personal and professional development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Education, Nursing , Health Human Resource Training , International Educational Exchange , Australia , Government Programs/education
10.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 135-144, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929211

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Beginning with the concepts of stress developed by Selye, an approach to stress and pain management, known as neuro-emotional technique (NET), has been developed. It is a treatment approach based on the principle that the stressor effects of dormant and/or current unresolved issues or trauma are what determine one's bodily responses. These responses are relatively personalized to the conditioned, experiential and emotional reality of the individual.@*OBJECTIVE@#To determine the effect of NET on patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) over time.@*DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND INTERVENTIONS@#In a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study conducted in a single clinic, NET or control treatments were given twice weekly for 4 weeks in a population of 112 patients.@*MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES@#Outcome measures, including Oswestry Disability Index, Quadruple Visual Analogue Scale, the psychoneuroimmunology markers of blood serum levels of C-reactive protein, tumour necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-6, and IL-10, and 10 dimensions of the Short Form Health Survey scale, were assessed at baseline and at 1, 3 and 6 months following the intervention period.@*RESULTS@#Compared to placebo, NET produced clinical and statistical significance (P < 0.001) via declines of virtually all physiological, pain and disability markers, accompanied by gains in quality-of-life indicators at 0 (baseline), 1, 3 and 6 months. Reductions of the percentages of patients whose 5 biomarkers lay outside the normative range were achieved at 1, 3 and 6 months by NET but not control interventions.@*CONCLUSION@#A randomized, controlled trial of CLBP patients indicated that 8 NET interventions, compared to placebo, produced clinically and statistically significant reductions in pain, disability and inflammatory biomarkers, and improvements in quality-of-life measures.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#The trial was registered with the Australian and New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (No. ACTRN12608000002381).


Subject(s)
Humans , Australia , Chronic Pain/therapy , Double-Blind Method , Low Back Pain/therapy , Pain Measurement , Treatment Outcome
11.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 338-347, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939889

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the difference in rates and reasons for disclosure of either conventional or complementary medicine (CM) to healthcare practitioners between people living with sleep disorders (SDs) and those without SDs.@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional survey (N = 2019 adults) that measured sociodemographic characteristics, health status, health service utilisation, health literacy and health communication (medicine disclosure) of a representative sample of Australians was conducted. Data from participants reporting an SD (n = 265) were compared to those not reporting an SD to assess measures of health communication and disclosure about medicine use.@*RESULTS@#Overall, rates of medicine disclosure to both conventional and CM practitioners were high, in respondents with (70%) and without an SD (57%). Those reporting an SD had higher expectations of their conventional health practitioner's knowledge of CM, associated clinical decision-making skills, and approval of CM use, and held a higher degree of concern about drug interactions (P < 0.05). The main reasons cited for disclosing CM use to conventional health practitioners and conventional medicine use to CM practitioners were "I want them to fully understand my health status" and "I was concerned about drug interactions with the CMs used."@*CONCLUSION@#The high rate of medicine use disclosure by people with SDs is driven by an intention to inform their healthcare practitioner about their health status and concerns about potential medicine interactions. Therefore, research about the expectations that people with an SD have of their conventional healthcare practitioners' knowledge of CM and CM-drug interactions requires further examination. Likewise, further examination of CM practitioner's conventional medicine knowledge is encouraged.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Australia , Complementary Therapies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Disclosure , Sleep Wake Disorders/therapy
12.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 537-543, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939621

ABSTRACT

Currently, as the key raw material of artificial biological heart valve, bovine pericardium is mainly depend on import and has become a "bottleneck" challenge, greatly limiting the development of domestic biological heart valve. Therefore, the localization of bovine pericardium is extremely urgent. In this study, the pericardium of Sichuan yak was compared with that of Australian cattle in terms of fundamental properties and anti-calcification performance. The results demonstrated that the appearance and thickness of yak pericardium were more advantageous than the Australian one. Sichuan yak pericardium and Australian cattle pericardium had comparable performance in shrinkage temperature, mechanical test and anti-calcification test. This study preliminarily verifies the feasibility of substitution of Australian cattle pericardium by Sichuan yak pericardium and promotes the progression of bovine pericardium localization with data support.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Australia , Bioprosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Pericardium
13.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 28(supl.1): 103-122, out.-dez. 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360462

ABSTRACT

Resumo O artigo analisa a singularidade dos processos históricos, científicos e políticos que vão da descoberta da doença que passou a ser conhecida como mixomatose infecciosa, causada pelo vírus do mixoma (MYXV), à sua aplicação no controle de uma praga de coelhos na Austrália. A narrativa segue especialmente as pesquisas de Henrique de Beaurepaire Aragão, pesquisador do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, e posteriormente os esforços da cientista Jean Macnamara para promover pesquisas e implementar o MYXV na Austrália. Foram consultadas notas de pesquisa de cientistas, documentos oficiais que registraram o desenvolvimento dos experimentos, bem como periódicos. Nesse processo, foi considerado o desenvolvimento histórico do campo de estudos da virologia e controle biológico.


Abstract This article analyzes the singularity of historical, scientific, and political processes from the discovery of the disease caused by the myxoma virus (MYXV) that came to be known as infectious myxomatosis to the application of this virus against a plague of rabbits in Australia. This narrative focuses on research by Henrique de Beaurepaire Aragão, a researcher at the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, and later efforts by the scientist Jean Macnamara to promote studies and implement MYXV in Australia. The scientists' research notes were consulted, along with official documents recording the experiments and periodicals. In this process, the historical development of virology and biological controls as a field of study was also considered.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Pest Control , Pest Control, Biological , Myxomatosis, Infectious , Australia , Virology , History, 20th Century
14.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(2): 64-71, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1339323

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study evaluated the dental displacement in dentures included in different flasks and processed by the Australian cycle modified or by microwave. Metal pins were placed on the teeth as reference for measurements: a) Incisal edge of maxillary and mandibular central incisors, buccal cusp of maxillary and mandibular vestibular first premolars, and mesiobuccal maxillary and mandibular cusps of second molars; b) Incisor to incisor, premolar to premolar and molar to molar; c) Left incisor to left molar and right incisor to right molar, and d) Vertical. Dentures were divided according to flasks (n=10): G1- Metal; G2- HH bimaxillary metal; G3-Microwaves; G4- HH bimaxillary microwaves. For G1 and G2, polymerization at 65ºC/30 min, flame quenched for 30 min, heating at 65ºC/30 min, boiling water for 1 h. For G3 and G4, microwave (20 min/140 W and 5 min/560 W). Comparator microscope with digital camera and analytical unit assessed the measurements before and after denture polymerization. The final distance was made subtracting the distance before the denture processing from the distance of the dental displacement after processing. The value of the difference was submitted to 2-way ANOVA, considering the flask type and denture type. Maxillary denture showed greater displacement when compared to mandibular denture. Flask types and interaction with denture types showed similar difference between before and after polymerization. In conclusion, displacement promoted by flask types in dentures cured by polymerization cycles promoted similar effect on the distance between teeth. Greater value for distance between teeth occurred for maxillary denture.


Resumo O objetivo neste estudo foi avaliar o deslocamento dental em próteses totais incluídas em diferentes tipos de muflas e polimerizadas pelo ciclo australiano ou por micro ondas. Pinos metálicos foram colocados nos dentes como pontos de referência para as medidas: a) Borda incisal dos incisivos centrais maxilares e mandibulares, cúspide vestibular dos primeiros pré molares maxilares e mandibulares e cúspides mésiovestibulares dos segundos molares maxilares e mandibulares; b) Distâncias látero-laterais incisivo a incisivo, pré-molar a pré-molar e molar a molar; c) Distâncias horizontais anteroposterior incisivo esquerdo a molar esquerdo e incisivo direito a molar direito, e d) Vertical. As próteses foram separadas de acordo com o tipo de mufla (n=20): G1- Metálica; G2-HH bi-maxilar metálica; G3- Micro-ondas; G4- HH bi-maxilar micro ondas. Ciclo de polimerização para G1 e G2, água a 65ºC por 30 minutos, aquecimento interrompido por 30 minutos, reaquecimento a 65ºC por 30 minutos, seguido de água fervente por 1 hora. Para G3 e G4, micro ondas (20 minutos a 140 W e 5 minutos a 560 W). As medidas foram avaliadas com microscópio comparador linear. A distância final entre os dentes foi obtida subtraindo o valor da distância antes do processamento da prótese do valor da distância resultante do deslocamento dentário após o processamento. A diferença obtida entre essas distâncias foi submetida à ANOVA de 2 fatores, considerando como variáveis tipo de mufla e tipo de prótese. A prótese maxilar apresentou maior deslocamento dental quando comparada à mandibular. Os tipos de muflas e a interação com os tipos de próteses mostraram movimentos dentais similares antes e depois da polimerização. Em conclusão, o deslocamento dental promovido por diferentes tipos de frascos em próteses curadas por diferentes ciclos de polimerização promoveu efeito semelhante na alteração da distância entre os dentes. Maior valor para a mudança de distância entre os dentes ocorreu na prótese maxilar.


Subject(s)
Denture, Complete , Australia , Polymerization
15.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(1): 160-163, feb. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385313

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Modern anatomy education is imbued with humanistic values which manifest primarily in the ethical acquisition of bodies for research and education, and respectful treatment of these bodies in anatomy laboratories. This humanistic approach is best embedded in the organisation of commemorative ceremonies for body donors. This paper presents experiences of preparation and implementation of a commemorative ceremony at Macquarie University, Sydney. Local cultural context and university infrastructure were considered when preparing the commemoration. It was decided that it will be introduced in stages, starting with a ceremony for anatomy students. Students were surveyed about the introduction of the ceremony and their attitudes about its format. The results of the survey influenced the format in which the commemoration was conducted. The commemoration was introduced in 2019, embedded in the first anatomy lecture. Such format was cost effective, caused little disturbance to a complex timetable and was aligned with learning outcomes and students' cultural preferences. It also enabled easy transition to the online modes of the delivery caused by the COVID-19 pandemic in Australia. In the next stage commemorative ceremony will be inclusive of donor family members as well as students.


RESUMEN: La educación en anatomía moderna está incentivada de valores humanistas que se manifiestan principalmente en la adquisición ética de cuerpos para la investigación y la educación, y en el trato respetuoso de estos cuerpos en los laboratorios de anatomía. Este enfoque humanista se integra mejor en la organización de ceremonias conmemorativas para donantes de cuerpos. Este documento presenta las experiencias de preparación e implementación de una ceremonia conmemorativa en la Universidad Macquarie, Sydney. Se tuvo en cuenta el contexto cultural local y la infraestructura universitaria al preparar la conmemoración. Se decidió que se presentará por etapas, comenzando con una ceremonia para estudiantes de anatomía. Los estudiantes fueron encuestados sobre la presentación de la ceremonia y sus actitudes sobre su formato. Los resultados de la encuesta influyeron en el formato en el que se llevó a cabo la conmemoración. La conmemoración se introdujo en 2019, como parte de la primera conferencia de anatomía. El formato era rentable, causaba pocas alteraciones en un horario complejo y estaba alineado con los resultados del aprendizaje y las preferencias culturales de los estudiantes. También permitió la transición a los modos en línea de la entrega causada por la pandemia de COVID-19 en Australia. En la siguiente etapa, la ceremonia conmemorativa incluirá a los miembros de la familia donante y a los estudiantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Students, Medical , Tissue Donors , Human Body , Anatomy , Australia , Universities , Cadaver , Attitude , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 25(12): 4875-4886, Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1142710

ABSTRACT

Resumo Comemorando os 25 anos da Revista Ciência & Saúde Coletiva (C&SC), o presente artigo analisou 375 documentos publicados entre 2000-2019 neste periódico, como parte integrante da editoria de saúde bucal coletiva. A análise da produção visou compreender como o núcleo de saúde bucal aparece nas publicações e como poderia ter contribuído com o conhecimento sobre a saúde-doença da população, as políticas públicas específicas, o ensino e a gestão dos serviços de saúde bucal no SUS. O processo privilegiou a análise bibliométrica e a de documentos. Foi possível explicitar a distribuição institucional dos autores, sua expressiva rede de colaboradores e a dimensão das citações das publicações inclusive no plano internacional. Os estados brasileiros mais presentes nas publicações foram São Paulo e Minas Gerais, seguidos por autores de Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Sul e Santa Catarina. As citações foram mais frequentemente do Brasil (85,14%), seguido por Estados Unidos (2,31%), Portugal (1,34%) e Austrália (1,34%). Conclui-se que, mesmo com limitações, C&SC se mostrou, inequivocamente, um potente instrumento de divulgação da produção científica na perspectiva da saúde bucal coletiva, possibilitando a divulgação e o intercâmbio de informações, facilitando a integração entre os pesquisadores e possibilitando um caminho da sua consolidação.


Abstract Celebrating the 25 years of existence of the Journal Ciência & Saúde Coletiva (C&SC), this paper analyzed 375 documents published between 2000-2019 as an integral part of the editorial of collective oral health. The production analysis aimed to understand how oral health core appears in publications and how it could have contributed to knowledge on the population's health-disease, specific public policies, education, and management of oral health services in the SUS. The process employed bibliometric and documental analysis. We could show the authors' territorial distribution, their extensive collaboration network, and the dimension of citations in publications, including the international plan. The Brazilian states most present in the publications were São Paulo and Minas Gerais, followed by authors from Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Sul, and Santa Catarina. Citations were more frequent in Brazil (85.14%), followed by the United States (2.31%), Portugal (1.34%), and Australia (1.34%). We concluded that, despite the limitations, the C&SC showed unequivocally a powerful instrument for the dissemination of scientific production from the perspective of collective oral health, enabling the exchange of information and facilitating the integration between researchers and enabling a path to its consolidation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Writing , Oral Health , Portugal , Australia , Brazil
17.
J. Hum. Growth Dev. (Impr.) ; 30(3): 344-354, Sept.-Dec. 2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1134674

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: CoV infections can potentially cause from a simple cold to a severe respiratory syndrome, such as the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome and the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV). The COVID-19 created a new reality for global healthcare modelsOBJETIVE: To evaluate trends in case-fatality rates of COVID-19 in the WorldMETHODS: We conducted a population-based time-series study using public and official data of cases and deaths from COVID-19 in Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, France, Germany, India, Iran, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Morocco, New Zealand, Nigeria, Peru, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States and Russian, between December, 2019 and August, 2020. Data were based on reports from European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. COVID-19 was defined by the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (U07.1). A Prais-Winsten regression model was performed and the Daily Percentage Change (DPC) calculated determine rates as increasing, decreasing or flatRESULTS: During the study period, trends in case-fatality rates in the world were flat (DPC = 0.3; CI 95% [-0.2: 0.7]; p = 0.225). In Africa, Morocco had decreasing trends (DPC = -1.1; CI 95% [-1.5: -0.7]; p < 0.001), whereas it were increasing in South Africa (p < 0.05) and flat in Nigeria (p > 0.05). In the Americas, Argentina showed a decreasing trend in case-fatality rates (DPC = -0.6; CI 95% [-1.1: -0.2]; p = 0.005), the U.S. had flat trends (p > 0.05) and all other American countries had increasing trends (p < 0.05). In Asia, Iran had decreasing trends (DPC = -1.5; CI 95% [-2.6 : -0.2]; p = 0.019); China and Saudi Arabia showed increasing trends (p < 0.05), while in India, Japan and South Korea they were flat (p > 0.05). European countries had mostly increasing trends (p < 0.05): Germany, Italy, Spain, the UK and Russia; France and Switzerland had flat trends (p > 0.05). Finally, in Oceania, trends in case-fatality rates were flat in Australia (p > 0.05) and increasing in New Zealand (p < 0.05CONCLUSION: Trends in case-fatality rates of COVID-19 in the World were flat between December, 31 and August, 31. Argentina, Iran and Morocco were the only countries with decreasing trends. On the other hand, South Africa, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, China, Saudi Arabia, Germany, Spain, United Kingdom, Russian and New Zealand had increasing trends in case-fatality rate. All the other countries analyzed had flat trends. Based on case-fatality rate data, our study supports that COVID-19 pandemic is still in progress worldwide


INTRODUÇÃO: As infecções por CoV podem causar desde um simples resfriado até uma síndrome respiratória grave, como a Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave e a Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio (MERS-CoV). O COVID-19 impôs uma nova realidade em termos de modelos globais de saúdeOBJETIVO: Avaliar as tendências das taxas de letalidade do COVID-19 no mundoMÉTODO: Estudo de séries temporais de base populacional usando dados públicos e oficiais de casos e mortes por COVID-19 na Argentina, Austrália, Brasil, Chile, China, Colômbia, França, Alemanha, Índia, Irã, Itália, Japão, México, Marrocos, Nova Zelândia, Nigéria, Peru, Arábia Saudita, África do Sul, Coreia do Sul, Espanha, Suíça, Reino Unido, Estados Unidos (EUA) e Rússia, entre 31 dezembro de 2019 e 31 agosto de 2020. Os dados foram baseados nos relatórios do Centro Europeu de Prevenção e Controle de Doenças. COVID-19 foi definido pela Classificação Internacional de Doenças, 10ª revisão (U07.1). Para análise estatística, foi realizado o modelo de regressão de Prais-Winsten, a partir do qual foi possível calcular a variação percentual de mudança diária (DPC) das taxas, classificadas como crescentes, decrescentes ou estacionáriasRESULTADOS: Durante o período do estudo, as taxas de letalidade no mundo permaneceram estacionárias (DPC = 0,3; IC 95% [-0,2: 0,7]; p = 0,225). Na África, Marrocos teve tendência decrescente (DPC = -1,1; IC 95% [-1,5: -0,7]; p <0,001), enquanto na África do Sul houve tendência crescente (p < 0,05) e estacionária na Nigéria (p > 0,05). Em relação às Américas, a Argentina revelou tendência decrescente nas taxas de letalidade (DPC = -0,6; IC 95% [-1,1: -0,2]; p = 0,005), os EUA demonstraram tendência estacionária (p > 0,05) e todos os outros países americanos demonstraram tendências crescentes (p < 0,05). Na Ásia, o Irã apresentou tendência decrescente (DPC = -1,5; IC 95% [-2,6: -0,2]; p = 0,019); China e Arábia Saudita apresentaram tendências crescentes (p <0,05), enquanto Índia, Japão e Coreia do Sul mantiveram tendência estacionária (p > 0,05). A maioria dos países europeus apresentaram tendências crescentes (p <0,05): Alemanha, Itália, Espanha, Reino Unido e Rússia; França e Suíça demonstraram tendências estacionárias (p > 0,05). Por fim, na Oceania, a tendência nas taxas de letalidade na Austrália foi estacionária (p > 0,05) e aumentou na Nova Zelândia (p < 0,05CONCLUSÃO: A tendência nas taxas de letalidade por COVID-19 no mundo permaneceu estacionária entre 31 de dezembro de 2019 e 31 de agosto de 2020. Argentina, Irã e Marrocos foram os únicos países com tendências decrescentes. Por outro lado, África do Sul, Brasil, Canadá, Chile, Colômbia, México, Peru, China, Arábia Saudita, Alemanha, Espanha, Reino Unido, Rússia e Nova Zelândia apresentaram tendências crescentes de letalidade. Todos os outros países analisados demonstraram tendências estacionárias. De acordo com dados de letalidade, nosso estudo confirma que a pandemia de COVID-19 ainda está em fase de progressão em todo o mundo


Subject(s)
Epidemiology , COVID-19 , COVID-19/mortality , Peru , Argentina , Saudi Arabia , Australia , South Africa , Spain , Switzerland , United States , Brazil , Chile , China , Russia , Colombia , Republic of Korea , France , Germany , United Kingdom , India , Iran , Italy , Japan , Mexico , Morocco , New Zealand , Nigeria
18.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 19(6): e3657, oct.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149976

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La COVID-19, enfermedad respiratoria viral, producida por el SARS- CoV- 2, los primeros casos aparecieron en Wuhan, China, en diciembre 2019, evolucionó a pandemia. La OMS declaró emergencia mundial el 30 de enero del 2020. Se presentan los datos generales de la epidemia en Cuba, Australia y Nueva Zelandia. Objetivo: Describir la evolución de la epidemia en dichos países, las medidas tomadas y sus resultados. Material y Métodos: Investigación descriptiva, cuanti - cualitativa, utilizó la revisión documental, para cotejar información publicada sobre la epidemia en los países seleccionados, en revistas médicas, prensa periódica, sitios web oficiales. Se analizó información hasta el 13 de junio. Resultados: Australia tuvo 7 283 casos, 6 888 (94,48 por ciento) recuperados. Realizaron 1 782 651 test diagnósticos (69,91 por 10 000 habitantes) y positividad de 0.4 por ciento. Reportaron 102 fallecidos, mayores tasas entre 70 - 89 años, letalidad de 1,39 por ciento. Nueva Zelandia totalizó 1 515 casos, con 1 483 recuperados (97,8 por ciento), fallecieron 22. Realizaron 310 297 (36 por 10 000 habitantes) pruebas de PCR, con 0,7 por ciento de positivos. La letalidad fue de 1,9 por ciento. Cuba, acumulaba 2 238 casos, recuperados 1 923 (86 por ciento). Fallecieron 84 pacientes, con letalidad de 3,75 por ciento. Realizaron PCR (12,16 x 10 000 hab.), con 1,7 por ciento positivas. Conclusiones: El control resultó de la voluntad política de enfrentar y contener la epidemia con drásticas medidas de distanciamiento social, cierre de fronteras y aislamiento de territorios, aplicación de test diagnósticos, y la existencia de sistemas de salud públicos robustos y gratuitos(AU)


Introduction: COVID-19 is a viral respiratory disease produced by SARS-CoV-2. The first cases were diagnosed in Wuhan, China in December 2019; then the disease became a pandemic. The WHO declared it a global emergency on January 30, 2020. General data on the epidemic in Cuba, Australia and New Zealand are presented. Objective: To present the evolution of the epidemic in these countries as well as the measures taken and their results. Material and Methods: A descriptive, quantitative and qualitative research used documentary review to compare information about the epidemic in the selected countries. The information was obtained from medical journals, periodical press, and official websites and it was analyzed before June 13. Results: Australia had 7,283 cases of which 6,888 (94.48 percent) patients recovered. They performed 1,782,651 diagnostic tests (69.91 per 10,000 inhabitants) and the positivity was 0.4 percent. They reported 102 deaths with higher rates in people aged 70 - 89 years, and a case fatality of 1.39 percent. New Zealand reported 1,515 cases, with 1,483 recovered (97.8 percent) and 22 deaths. They performed 310,297 (36 per 10,000 population) PCR tests, with 0.7 percent positive cases. The case fatality was 1.9 percent. Cuba accumulated 2,238 cases and 1,923 (86 percent) recovered. A total of 84 patients died, with a lethality of 3.75 percent. PCR tests (12.16 x 10,000 inhabitants) were performed reporting 1.7 percent of positive cases. Conclusions: The control resulted from the political will to confront and contain the epidemic with drastic measures of social distancing, closure of borders and isolation of territories, application of diagnostic tests, and the existence of robust and free public health systems(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome , Mass Media , Australia , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cuba , Qualitative Research , COVID-19/mortality , New Zealand
19.
Braz. j. biol ; 80(4): 717-726, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142534

ABSTRACT

Abstract The Australian red-claw crayfish, Cherax quadricarinatus, has been introduced for aquaculture purposes worldwide and consequently colonized natural environments, where it might cause ecosystem services losses or adversely affect native species and the local environment. This species was first found in Pequenos Libombos Reservoir in Maputo Province, Southern Mozambique in the late 2009 and is linked to reduction in tilapia fisheries. This study, conducted in 2015 under controlled conditions, aimed to assess the interspecific relationships between the Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) and the alien crayfish. For both species, no significant differences in growth and survival rates were found between animals reared in the presence versus the absence of heterospecifics, indicating no direct deleterious interspecific effects. Behavioural observations revealed that fish and crayfish competed for shelter and food. Both species reduced the foraging in the presence of heterospecifics during feeding period, in the daytime. Crayfish seemed to have an advantage in competition for shelter, suggesting that they may interfere with tilapia sheltering activity and make tilapia vulnerable to predators in natural habitats.


Resumo O lagostim australiano, Cherax quadricarinatus, tem sido introduzido para fins de aquicultura em todo o mundo e, consequentemente, colonizado ambientes naturais, onde pode coexistir com a biota local sem causar perdas nos serviços dos ecossistemas ou afetar negativamente as espécies nativas e o meio ambiente local. Esta espécie foi encontrada pela primeira vez na Albufeira dos Pequenos Libombos, na Província de Maputo, sul de Moçambique, no final de 2009 e foi relacionada à redução da pesca de tilápias registrada na mesma localidade. Este estudo, conduzido em 2015 sob condições controladas, teve como objetivo avaliar as relações interespecíficas entre a tilápia de Moçambique (Oreochromis mossambicus) e o lagostim invasor (C. quadricarinatus). Para ambas espécies, não foram encontradas diferenças significativas nas taxas de crescimento e sobrevivência entre animais criados na presença versus ausência de heteroespecíficos, indicando ausência de efeitos deletérios interespecíficos diretos. Observações comportamentais revelaram que peixes e lagostins competiam por abrigo e comida. Ambas espécies reduziram o forrageamento na presença de heteroespecíficos durante o período de alimentação, no período diurno. O lagostim parece ter uma vantagem na competição por abrigos, sugerindo que, em habitats naturais eles podem provocar o deslocamento de tilápias de seus abrigos, e deste modo tornar as tilápias vulneráveis aos predadores.


Subject(s)
Animals , Tilapia , Astacoidea , Australia , Ecosystem , Aquaculture
20.
Acta ortop. mex ; 34(1): 22-26, ene.-feb. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1345080

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: En un reemplazo total de cadera primario (RTC), diferentes materiales son los que se usan para las superficies de apoyo. En nuestro medio, las cabezas de metal o cerámica con polietileno altamente entrecruzado (PA) son los más utilizados. Estas combinaciones tienen buenos resultados, pero no es claro cuál es superior clínicamente. Basados en una revisión sistemática de la literatura y de los registros nacionales de artroplastía, el objetivo de este estudio es determinar si existe alguna diferencia significativa desde el punto de vista clínico. Material y métodos: Realizamos una revisión sistemática de la literatura y de los registros nacionales de artroplastía. Buscamos estudios en los que se compararan los tipos de superficie de contacto: cerámica-polietileno altamente entrecruzado (CP) y metal-polietileno altamente entrecruzado (MP), además de los registros nacionales de artroplastía que describieran, con un seguimiento mínimo de 10 años, la tasa de revisión según el tipo de superficie. El desenlace evaluado fue: tasa de revisión por cualquier causa según el tipo de superficie. Resultados: Dos de quince registros nacionales fueron incluidos: el registro australiano muestra una diferencia en la tasa de revisión a 15 años, comparando CP: 6.3 (IC 5.8, 6.7) contra MP: 5.1 (IC 4.6, 5.7). El registro de Nueva Zelanda no muestra diferencias en la tasa de revisión/100 componentes/año: CP de 0.54 (0.48-0.61) en comparación con MP de 0.61 (0.57-0.66). No encontramos estudios clínicos con los criterios de inclusión que respondan la pregunta de investigación. Conclusión: Los resultados de esta revisión muestran una alta supervivencia cuando se usa polietileno altamente entrecruzado; asimismo, los resultados son similares cuando se utilizan cabezas de cerámica o metálicas.


Abstract: Introduction: In primary hip replacement, different materials are used for bearing surfaces. In our medium metal or ceramic heads with highly crossed-linked polyethylene (PA) are the most used. These combinations have good results, but it is not clear which is clinically superior. The objective of this study is to determine whether there is any clinically significant difference based on a systematic review of the literature and national registries of arthroplasty. Material and methods: We conduct a systematic review of the literature and national registries of arthroplasty and we were looking for studies comparing bearing surfaces: ceramic-highly cross-linked polyethylene (CP) and metal-highly cross-linked polyethylene (MP); describing the revision rate according to the surface type with a minimum 10-year follow-up. The outcome evaluated was: review rate for any cause depending on surface type. Results: Two out of fifteen national registries were included. The Australian registry shows a difference in the 15-year revision rate: CP: 6.3 (IC 5.8, 6.7) vs MP: 5.1 (IC 4.6, 5.7). The New Zealand registry shows no differences in revision rate/100 components/year: CP 0.54 (0.48-0.61) vs MP 0.61 (0.57-0.66). We do not find clinical studies with inclusion criteria that answer the research question. Conclusion: The results of this review show a high survival rate with the use of highly cross-linked polyethylene, the results are similar when using ceramic or metal heads.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Hip Prosthesis , Prosthesis Design , Reoperation , Australia , Prosthesis Failure , Ceramics , Polyethylene
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