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1.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(2): e317, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1357335

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La fractura de un hueso se define como la solución de continuidad de cierta porción ósea. Las fracturas diafisarias representan un bajo porcentaje de todas las fracturas, y el hueso tibial es el más afectado, debido a su escasa vascularidad, poca protección y existencia de diversos factores que hacen más propensos algunos problemas como pseudoartrosis y osteomielitis, que complican el tratamiento. Objetivo: Demostrar la eficacia de los resultados clínicos funcionales con la cura quirúrgica de pseudoartrosis infectada de diáfisis tibial con aporte de injerto óseo heterólogo de cadáver, y autoinjerto cortical esponjoso de cresta iliaca. Presentación del caso: Se presenta el caso de un paciente varón de 42 años que ingresa con diagnóstico de fractura expuesta II postraumática. Se realiza fijación externa en 2 ocasiones, con un intervalo de 6 días para corrección de valgo. El paciente se ausenta de sus controles clínicos y reingresa después de 10 meses aproximadamente por diagnóstico de pseudoartrosis atrófica infectada de tibia izquierda, según clasificación anatómica de Cierny-Mader IV. Se hospitaliza para cura quirúrgica y reconstrucción con aloinjerto óseo y autoinjerto de cresta iliaca, lo que da lugar a la consolidación y controles favorables. Actualmente el paciente ha recuperado la funcionalidad de su pierna izquierda, y queda como secuela una fístula con exposición de aloinjerto. Conclusiones: La cura quirúrgica de pseudoartrosis infectada de diáfisis tibial con aporte de injerto óseo heterólogo de cadáver, y autoinjerto cortical esponjoso de cresta iliaca presenta buenos resultados clínicos y funcionales, lo que constituye un método eficaz(AU)


Introduction: The fracture of a bone is defined as the solution of continuity of a certain bone portion. Diaphyseal fractures represent a low percentage of all fractures, and the tibial bone is the most affected, due to its scarce vascularity, little protection and the existence of various factors that make them more prone to some problems such as pseudoarthrosis and osteomyelitis, which complicate treatment. Objective: To demonstrate the efficacy of functional clinical results with the surgical cure of infected pseudoarthrosis of the tibial shaft with the contribution of heterologous cadaveric bone graft, and cortical cancellous autograft of the iliac crest. Case report: The case of a 42-year-old male patient admitted with a diagnosis of post-traumatic exposed fracture II is reported here. External fixation was performed on 2 occasions, with an interval of 6 days for valgus correction. The patient was absent from his clinical check-ups and was readmitted after approximately 10 months due to a diagnosis of infected atrophic nonunion of the left tibia, according to the anatomical classification of Cierny-Mader IV. He was hospitalized for surgical cure and reconstruction with bone allograft and iliac crest autograft, resulting in consolidation and favorable controls. Currently, the patient has recovered the functionality of his left leg, and a fistula with allograft exposure remains. Conclusions: Surgical treatment of infected tibial shaft pseudoarthrosis with provision of heterologous cadaveric bone graft and cortical cancellous autograft of iliac crest presents good clinical and functional results, which constitutes an effective method(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Fracture Healing , Allografts/surgery , Autografts/surgery , Fractures, Open/surgery , Infections , Ilium
2.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(1): 132-140, Jan.-Feb. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1153043

ABSTRACT

Defeitos ósseos constituem um problema de saúde global. O sistema Rigenera permite a extração de microenxertos ricos em células-tronco mesenquimais (CTMs). Objetivou-se avaliar o processo de regeneração óssea por enxertos obtidos pelo sistema Rigenera em defeitos críticos na calvária de ratos. Foram utilizados 18 ratos Wistar, machos, pesando 285±29g, distribuídos em três grupos (n=6), sendo cada animal controle de si mesmo, denominados G15-Controle e G15-Tratado (15 dias); G30-Controle e G30-Tratado (30 dias) e G60-Controle e G60-Tratado (60 dias). Foram realizadas duas lesões de 5mm de diâmetro em cada antímero da calvária. Nos grupos tratados, foram utilizados microenxertos autólogos de cartilagem xifoide, obtidos pelo sistema Rigenera. O defeito contralateral serviu como controle em todos os animais. Os animais foram eutanasiados aos 15, 30 e 60 dias após a cirurgia, e as amostras foram processadas para a histoquímica. Nos grupos controle, não foram observados sinais de regeneração óssea, enquanto nos grupos tratamento foram verificadas áreas de formação óssea e tecido mesenquimal ativado. O sistema Rigenera foi eficiente na obtenção de microenxertos autólogos, para terapia celular em defeito crítico de calvária de ratos. Com o aprimoramento do protocolo, o sistema Rigenera poderá ser amplamente utilizado no tratamento de lesões ósseas.(AU)


Bone defects are a global health problem. The Rigenera system allows the extraction of micro grafts rich in mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The objective of this study was to evaluate the bone regeneration process by grafts obtained by the Rigenera system in defects in the rats calvarian. Eighteen male Wistar rats were used, weighing 285 ± 29g, distributed in three groups (n = 6), where each animal was treatment and control, called G15-Control and G15-Treated (15 days); G30-Control and G30-Treated (30 days) and G60-Control and G60-Treated (60 days). Two 5mm diameter lesions were performed on each calvaria side. In the treated groups, autologous micrograft from xiphoid cartilage, obtained by the Rigenera system, were used. The other defect served as a control in all animals. The animals were euthanized at 15, 30 and 60 days after the surgery and the samples were processed for histochemistry. In the control groups, no signs of bone regeneration were observed, while in the treatment groups, areas of bone formation and activated mesenchymal tissue were verified. The Rigenera system was efficient in obtaining autologous micrograft for cell therapy in a critical calvaria defect in rats. Rigenera system can be widely used in the treatment of bone injuries.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Skull/injuries , Bone Regeneration , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Craniocerebral Trauma/therapy , Craniocerebral Trauma/veterinary , Rats, Wistar/injuries , Autografts
3.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358330

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El desgarro del ligamento cruzado anterior es una lesión frecuente en ortopedia y traumatología, presentando la reconstrucción artroscópica excelentes resultados. No obstante, pueden existir complicaciones tales como artritis séptica, hemartrosis, infección del sitio quirúrgico, hematomas o TVP, entre otras. El objetivo del trabajo es describir y evaluar las complicaciones a corto plazo de la reconstrucción artroscópica de la plástica del ligamento cruzado anterior con autoinjerto de isquiotibiales y analizar la frecuencia de aparición de las mismas en cuanto a edad y sexo. Material y Métodos: Se analizó de forma retrospectiva una serie de 631 pacientes con reconstrucción artroscópica del LCA operados en nuestro centro entre los años 2015 y 2019. Se agrupó a los pacientes según sexo (femenino-masculino) y rango etario (<20, 20-29, 30-39 y >40), evaluando las complicaciones encontradas luego de la plástica ligamentaria dentro de los primeros 45 días de postoperatorio. Resultados: Las complicaciones observadas fueron en el 6,5% del total de los pacientes. La proporción en varones fue de hasta 5-8:1. El mayor número de complicación se presentó en pacientes menores de 20 años con un 8,1%. Se observó en el total de la muestra derrame con requerimiento de artrocentesis evacuadora en 2,69%, celulitis resuelta con antibióticos en 2,06% y artritis séptica en 1,42%, habiendo un porcentaje menor al 1% de hematoma resuelto con antibióticos y TVP. Conclusiones: Consideramos importante la evaluación de factores inmodificables como el sexo y la edad para un seguimiento más cercano de estos pacientes en las primeras etapas del postoperatorio, así como también conocer las complicaciones más frecuentes a corto plazo que se presentan en este tipo de intervención que nos permitirá su correcto abordaje y tratamiento. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Subject(s)
Young Adult , Postoperative Complications , Arthroscopy , Age Factors , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Autografts
4.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 28(1): 1-12, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1248390

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el propósito de este trabajo es hacer una evaluación retrospectiva clínica, funcional e imagenológica de una serie de pacientes con esqueleto inmaduro Tanner I y II intervenidos quirúrgicamente mediante la técnica de preservación fisaria de reconstrucción extra e intraarticular con autoinjerto de bandeleta iliotibial, técnica de Micheli. Evaluar si existieron alteraciones del crecimiento o angulares relacionadas con la cirugía. Materiales y métodos: se analizaron un total de veintidós rodillas en veinte pacientes con edad ósea promedio de 10.1 años y un seguimiento promedio de 5.6 años. Se realizó una evaluación clínica de movilidad, estabilidad incluyendo artrometría KT-1000, escalas funcionales y valoración por imágenes de discrepancia de longitud de miembros inferiores, alteraciones angulares y evaluación de integridad por resonancia magnética.Resultados: no hubo déficit de la movilidad con respecto a la rodilla contralateral, el test de Lachman, Pivot shift y la evaluación con KT-1000 fue normal en el 91, 95 y 95% de los pacientes, respectivamente. Se presentaron dos re-rupturas del injerto (9%). No hubo deformidades angulares del fémur o tibia ni discrepancia longitudinal de las extremidades inferiores. Las escalas funcionales mostraron un IKDC de 95.4 y un IKDC pediátrico de 92.3 en los pacientes a los que se les alcanzó a aplicar esta escala. Lysholm de 94.1 y un Tegner de 7 con un retorno al mismo deporte o actividad que causó la lesión del 90%. En la evaluación por resonancia magnética, el 100% de los pacientes que no presentaron re-ruptura tuvieron integridad del injerto. Conclusión: el procedimiento quirúrgico es seguro, reproducible, restaura la estabilidad anteroposterior y rotacional de la rodilla, sin causar alteraciones del crecimiento en este grupo poblacional, obteniendo excelentes puntajes en las escalas de valoración subjetivas, y un alto índice de retorno deportivo con un porcentaje menor de re-rupturas. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: the purpose of this paper is to retrospectively evaluate clinical, functional and imagenological outcomes of a series of patients with skeletal immaturity Tanner 1 and 2, surgically intervened by physis preservation intra and extra articular reconstruction with iliotibial band autograft method described by Micheli. Evaluate growth or angular disturbances related to the surgical technique. Materials and methods: twenty-two knees in twenty patients with average bone age 10.1 years were evaluated with a 5.6 year follow up. Clinical evaluation of ROM and stability was made by arthrometry KT-1000, functional scales were applied, image evaluation of length discrepancy, angular deformity and integrity evaluation by magnetic resonance were also done. Results: no ROM deficit compared with the contralateral knee was observed, Lachman, Pivot shift tests and KT-1000 evaluation were normal in 91, 95 and 95% of patients, respectively. There were two cases of graft rupture (9%). No angular femoral or tibial deformities or length discrepancies were observed. Functional scales showed IKDC 95.4, pediatric IKDC 92.3 in patients who underwent the scale, Lysholm 94.1 and Tegner 7 with return to sports of 90% to pre level activity. 100% of patients without graft rupture had graft integrity in the RM evaluation. Conclusion: the surgical technique is safe and reproductible, restores anteroposterior and rotational stability of the knee without growth arrest in this population, obtaining excellent scores in subjective rating scales, high return to sports index with low rerupture rates. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Child , Follow-Up Studies , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods , Autografts , Knee Injuries , Knee Joint/surgery
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880868

ABSTRACT

Mineralized tissue regeneration is an important and challenging part of the field of tissue engineering and regeneration. At present, autograft harvest procedures may cause secondary trauma to patients, while bone scaffold materials lack osteogenic activity, resulting in a limited application. Loaded with osteogenic induction growth factor can improve the osteoinductive performance of bone graft, but the explosive release of growth factor may also cause side effects. In this study, we innovatively used platelet-rich fibrin (PRF)-modified bone scaffolds (Bio-Oss


Subject(s)
Autografts , Bone Regeneration , Cell Differentiation , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Osteogenesis , Tissue Engineering , Tissue Scaffolds
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879428

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical outcomes of arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction (ACLR) with a tibialis anterior allograft (TAA)versus hamstring tendon autograft (HTA) after 10 years follow-up.@*METHODS@#A clinical data of 107 patients who underwent arthroscopic ACLR with a single bundle tendon between March 2007 and March 2010 was retrospectively analyzed. Among the patients, 48 patients were reconstructed with a tibialis anterior allograft (TAA group), including 26 males and 22 females, ranging in age from 16 to 38 years, with a mean of 27.2±6.2 years;59 patients were reconstructed with a hamstring tendon autograft (HTA group), including 31 males and 28 females, ranging in age from 16 to 40 years, with a mean of 28.0±7.6 years. The preoperative tibial anterior displacement and knee joint function, as well as knee joint stability, tibial anterior displacement and knee joint function at 10 years after operation were observed. Lachman test was used to evaluate the forward joint stability and pivot shift test to evaluate the rotational stability of the knee;KT-2000 side-to-side difference (SSD) was used to measure tibial anterior displacement;International Knee Documentation Committee(IKDC) score and Lysholm score were used to evaluate knee function.@*RESULTS@#The incisions of both groups were healed by first intention, and no early complications occurred after operation. All patients were followed-up 10 to 13 years, the mean time was 11.7 years. There was no graft failure were found during the follow up period. The KT-2000 SSD of the TAA group and the HTA group at ten years after operation were 1.9±0.7 and 1.8±0.6 respectively, which were significantly improved than 8.8±0.9 and 8.6±1.0 preoperatively(@*CONCLUSION@#The TAA and HTA have equal long term effect in ACL reconstruction, doctors and patients can choose the graft according to the actual situation.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Allografts , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries/surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Arthroscopy , Autografts , Female , Hamstring Tendons , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
7.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(12): 1018-1028, Dec. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1155043

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of mesenchymal stem cells derived from canine adipose tissue in the healing process of full-thickness mesh skin grafts in rabbits. The stem cells were collected from young dogs; and, after characterization, remained in cryopreservation, in independent doses containing 2 x 106 cells. The mesh distal limb graft technique was performed in 60 rabbits, divided into three groups, CG (Control Group), GT1 (Intralesional Stem Cell Treated Group), and GT2 (Intravenous Stem Cell Treated Group), containing 20 animals each. After grafting, each group was randomly divided into four subgroups according to euthanasia time 3, 7, 14, and 30 days, containing five animals in each group. Animals of GT1_14, GT1_30, and GT2_14, GT2_30 subgroups received a second dose of xenogeneic cells on the seventh day. Meanwhile, animals from GT1_30 and GT2_30 received the third dose of xenogeneic cells on day 14. The groups treated with xenogeneic stem cells positively affected type III collagen re-epithelialization and deposition, and possibly GT1 had a controlled inflammatory response. However, no effect on angiogenesis. Thus, it was possible to demonstrate tolerance and therapeutic action of mesenchymal stem cells from canine adipose tissue in skin grafts in rabbits.(AU)


O presente estudo teve como principal objetivo avaliar os efeitos das células-tronco mesenquimais derivadas do tecido adiposo de cães no processo de cicatrização de autoenxertos de pele de espessura total em malha em coelhos. As células-tronco foram coletadas de cães jovens, após a caracterização estas permaneceram em criopreservação, em doses individuais contendo 2 x 106 células. A técnica de enxerto em malha na região distal do membro foi realizada em 60 coelhos, divididos em três grupos, GC (Grupo Controle), GT1 (Grupo tratado com células-tronco intralesional) e GT2 (Grupo tratado com células-tronco via endovenosa), contendo 20 animais cada. Imediatamente após a enxertia, cada grupo foi dividido aleatoriamente em quatro subgrupos, de acordo com o tempo de eutanásia 3, 7, 14 e 30 dias contendo cinco animais cada. Animais dos subgrupos GT1_14, GT1_30 e GT2_14, GT2_30 receberam uma segunda dose de células xenógenas no sétimo dia. Ademais, animais do GT1_30 e do GT2_30 receberam a terceira dose de células xenógenas no dia 14. Os grupos tratados com células-tronco xenógenas tiveram um efeito positivo na reepitelização e deposição de colágeno tipo III, e possivelmente, o GT1 teve uma resposta inflamatória controlada, entretanto o efeito na angiogênese não foi observado. Dessa forma, foi possível demonstrar que houve tolerância e ação terapêutica das células-tronco mesenquimais derivadas do tecido adiposo de cães em enxertos de pele em coelhos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Rabbits , Stem Cells , Adipose Tissue , Transplants , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Autografts , Wound Healing , Neovascularization, Physiologic
8.
Int. j interdiscip. dent. (Print) ; 13(2): 84-87, ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134347

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Objetivo: analizar y comparar las modalidades actuales de reconstrucción microquirúrgica (autoinjertos, aloinjertos y conductos nerviosos) para lograr recuperación sensitiva funcional (RSF) en reparaciones de nervio alveolar inferior (NAI) y nervio lingual (NL). Materiales y Métodos: se realizó una revisión de la literatura para identificar estudios relacionados con reconstrucciones de NAI y NL. Los estudios incluidos proporcionaron un tamaño de muestra definido, modalidad de reconstrucción microquirúrgica y tasas de RSF. Se realizó un test de proporciones para saber si existían diferencias estadísticamente significativas (P <0,05) entre las modalidades de reconstrucción mencionadas. Resultados: se seleccionaron y analizaron 9 estudios que dieron como resultado una muestra de 130 reconstrucciones de NAI y 102 de NL. Entre las reconstrucciones de NAI, se encontró que los autoinjertos y aloinjertos eran superiores para lograr una RSF sobre los conductos nerviosos (P de 0,033 y 0,0397 respectivamente). Entre las reconstrucciones de NL, no se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas. Y al comparar reconstrucciones mediante autoinjertos con aloinjertos, no hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas para NAI y NL. Conclusiones: Las reconstrucciones mediante aloinjertos y autoinjertos tiene tasas de RSF equivalentes y mejores que los conductos nerviosos. Además, con el uso de aloinjertos, se evitan comorbilidades asociadas al sitio donante.


ABSTRACT: Objective: to analyze and compare the current modalities of microsurgical reconstruction (autografts, allografts, and nerve ducts) to achieve functional sensory recovery (RSF) in repairs of the inferior alveolar nerve (NAI) and lingual nerve (NL). Materials and Methods: a literature review was performed to identify studies related to NAI and NL reconstructions. The studies included provided a defined sample size, microsurgical reconstruction modality, and RSF rates. A test of proportions was performed to find out if there were statistically significant differences (P <0.05) between the mentioned reconstruction modalities. Results: 9 studies were selected and analyzed that resulted in a sample of 130 reconstructions of NAI and 102 of NL. Among the NAI reconstructions, autografts and allografts were found to be better in achieving an RSF than the nerve ducts (P of 0.033 and 0.0397 respectively). Among the NL reconstructions, no statistically significant differences were found. And when comparing reconstructions using autografts with allografts, there were no statistically significant differences for NAI and NL. Conclusions: Reconstructions using allografts and autografts have equivalent and better RSF rates than nerve conduits. Furthermore, with the use of allografts, comorbidities associated with the donor site are avoided.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgery, Oral , Autografts , Lingual Nerve , Mandibular Nerve
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 55(4): 410-414, Jul.-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138056

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To evaluate different decontaminants for tendon grafts, proposing an antiseptic protocol for contaminated grafts. Methods A total of 25 patients were tissue donors for the study. Each participant donated a 2.5-cm tendon sample, which was divided into 5 fragments with 5 mm each during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery. The collected material was divided into 5 groups, totaling 125 samples. In total, four fragments of each patient were placed on the operating room floor for one minute for contamination, simulating the fall of the graft on the floor during surgery. The other fragment was immediately placed in a sterile container (group 1). One of the contaminated fragments was placed in the sterile container without being previously immersed in decontaminating solution (group 2). The remaining fragments were immersed for ten minutes in decontaminating solution: 0.5% chlorhexidine (group 3), 0.9% saline (group 4) and 0.55% ortho-phthalaldehyde (group 5), and, after this time, they were individually placed in a sterile container. The samples from the 5 groups were submitted to microbiological examination. Results Bacteria were detected in 26% of the total samples in the microbiological tests, and in group 1 there was no growth of microorganisms. In group 2, bacterial growth was observed in 16 samples. Considering the evaluation of test groups 3, 4 and 5, the percentage of decontamination was higher than the growth of microorganisms in the respective cultures. Conclusion The protocol suggested by the study showed that intraoperative graft decontamination is possible.


Resumo Objetivo Avaliar diferentes descontaminantes para enxertos de tendões, propondo um protocolo de antissepsia para o enxerto contaminado. Métodos Um total de 25 pacientes foram doadores de tecido para o estudo. Cada participante doou uma amostra de 2,5 cm de tendão, a qual foi dividida em 5 fragmentos de 5 mm durante cirurgia de reconstrução do ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA). O material coletado foi dividido em 5 grupos, totalizando 125 amostras. Ao todo, quatro fragmentos de cada paciente foram colocados sobre o piso da sala cirúrgica, durante um minuto, para contaminação, simulando a queda do enxerto no chão durante o ato operatório. O outro fragmento foi, imediatamente, colocado em um recipiente esterilizado (grupo 1). Um dos fragmentos contaminados foi colocado no recipiente esterilizado sem ser previamente imerso em solução descontaminante (grupo 2). Os demais fragmentos foram imersos, por dez minutos, em solução descontaminante: clorexidina 0,5% (grupo 3), soro fisiológico 0,9% (grupo 4) e ortoftaldeído 0,55% (grupo 5), e, após esse tempo, foram colocados individualmente em um recipiente esterilizado. As amostras dos 5 grupos foram submetidas a exame microbiológico. Resultados Houve detecção de bactérias em 26% do total de amostras nos testes microbiológicos, sendo que no grupo 1 não houve crescimento de micro-organismos. No grupo 2, observou-se crescimento bacteriano em 16 amostras. Avaliando-se os grupos de teste 3, 4 e 5, o percentual de descontaminação foi superior ao crescimento de micro-organismos nas respectivas culturas. Conclusão O protocolo sugerido pelo estudo mostrou que é possível a descontaminação transoperatória do enxerto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Operating Rooms , Tendons , Tissue Donors , Chlorhexidine , Antisepsis , Decontamination , Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Determination , Transplants , Autografts
10.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1266538

ABSTRACT

Background: Over the years several pterygium surgical techniques have been developed with the aim of having the least possible recurrence rate. This has been from bare sclera excision which had an unacceptable recurrence rate to the current use of conjunctiva autograft with or without various adjuncts. This study was to review the current practice in a typical multi-specialist ophthalmic department. Method: The ophthalmic theatre operating register was retrospectively reviewed to obtain information on all patients who had pterygium excision at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, over a 4-year period from January 1, 2014, to December 31, 2017. Results: A total of 324 pterygium surgeries were performed and final analysis was on 249 (76.9%) surgeries which met the inclusion criteria, male to female ratio of 0.96:1. The commonest surgical technique was excision + 5-Flourouracil (5FU) + conjunctival autograft accounting for 187(75.1%) eyes. In total, postoperative recurrence was recorded in 40 (16.1%) eyes. The subgroup of excision + 5FU + autograft had the least recurrence rate of 18 (9.6%) eyes. Conclusion: A significant majority of the excision was with conjunctiva autograft with an acceptable low recurrence rate compared with most studies


Subject(s)
Autografts , Margins of Excision , Nigeria , Pterygium , Recurrence
12.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 531-535, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877291

ABSTRACT

@#Objective. This study aims to determine recurrence and complication rates among patients who underwent three current pterygium treatment techniques: preoperative subpterygeal injection of mitomycin C, intraoperative application of mitomycin with pterygium excision and pterygium excision with conjunctival autograft. Methods. This is a randomized controlled clinical trial in a tertiary hospital. We included patients with diagnosed primary pterygium and who underwent either: A = pre-operative injection of 0.02% mitomycin C one month prior to pterygium excision; B = pterygium excision with intraoperative mitomycin C application; or C = pterygium excision with conjunctival autograft. Results. We included 111 patients: a total of 120 eyes randomized to 3 groups (A, B, C) at 40 eyes per group. After 24 months of follow-up, there was no significant difference in the recurrence rates among the groups (6/40 [15%] in groups A and B and 2/40 cases [5%] in group C; P=0.29). No complications were noted in groups B and C, while 1 case of scleral thinning was noted in group A. There was no significant difference in the complication rates among the three procedures (P=1.00). Conclusion. There were no significant differences in the recurrence and complication rates among the three techniques. Careful patient selection and follow-up are recommended to prevent complications such as scleral thinning.


Subject(s)
Pterygium , Mitomycin , Autografts , Conjunctiva , Conjunctivitis , Transplantation, Autologous
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828227

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate clinical effect of quadriceps tendon autograft and bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft on anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction by Meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#From the time of building databases to May 2019, literatures on case control study on quadriceps tendon and bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft on anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction were searched form PubMed, EMbase, the Cochrane library, Wanfang and CNKI database. Literature screening, quality evaluation and data extraction were carried out according to include and exclude standard. Difference of forward displacement between the affected and health knee, Lachman test, axial shift test, Lysholm score, international knee documentation committee (IKDC) objective grade, anterior knee joint pain and transplant failure rate were analyzed by Meta analysis.@*RESULTS@#Totally 6 literatures were included, including 915 patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, 495 patients with quadriceps tendon autograft and 420 patients with bone patellar tendon bone autograft. There were no statistical differences in anterior displacement of tibia was less than 3 mm[=1.53, 95%CI(0.68, 3.44), =0.31], 3 to 5 mm [=0.64, 95%CI(0.31, 1.35), =0.24], greater than 5 mm[=1.18, 95%CI(0.33, 4.22), =0.80], negative rate of Lachman test[=0.88, 95%CI(0.38, 2.02), =0.76], negative rate of axial shift test[=0.63, 95%CI(0.24, 1.68), =0.36] between two groups. There were no differences in Lyshlom score[=-0.56, 95%CI(-2.00, 0.89), =0.45], IKDC objective grade A and B[=0.87, 95%CI (0.47, 1.60), =0.66], and transplant failure rate [=0.76, 95%CI (0.28, 2.02), = 0.58]. In reducing anterior knee pain, quadriceps tendon autograft was better than that of bone patellar tendon bone autograft [=0.16, 95%CI (0.09, 0.29), <0.000 01].@*CONCLUSION@#Quadriceps tendon autograft and bone patellar tendon bone autograft on anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction has equal clinical and functional outcomes, transplant failure rate, quadriceps tendon autograft could reduce anterior knee pain. For patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction, quadriceps tendon autograft could be seen as suitable alternative bone graft substitutes for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries , General Surgery , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Autografts , Case-Control Studies , Humans , Patellar Ligament , General Surgery , Tendons , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome
14.
Rev. chil. ortop. traumatol ; 60(3): 86-90, dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146625

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Encuestar a cirujanos de rodilla en Chile, sobre su conducta en contaminaciones accidentales del injerto, en reconstrucciones de ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA). MÉTODOS: Se realizó una encuesta anónima en relación a la incidencia, tratamiento y resultados clínicos de los injertos de LCA contaminados, a todos los médicos pertenecientes al área de traumatología y ortopedia asistentes al congreso Ateneo de rodilla 2015. RESULTADOS: Se encuestaron 54 médicos, 33 (61%) especialistas en cirugía de rodilla y 21 (39%) médicos en formación. De los cirujanos de rodilla, 15 (45%) reportaron al menos un caso de contaminación, de los cuales 12 (80%) informaron un único evento, 3 (20%) indicaron la eventualidad en 2, 3 y 5 ocasiones respectivamente, para un total de 22 injertos contaminados. De los cirujanos que reportaron injertos contaminados, 11 (73%) realizan 50 o más reconstrucciones al año. La decisión tomada en los casos de contaminación fue en 13 oportunidades (59%), lavar el injerto y utilizarlo de acuerdo al plan inicial; en 6 casos (27%), utilizar aloinjerto; en 2 ocasiones (9%), utilizar autoinjerto alternativo; y en 1 oportunidad (5%); triplicar el semitendinoso. Ninguno de los casos de contaminación reportó infecciones. CONCLUSIONES: En casos de una contaminación accidental, la mayoría de los cirujanos encuestados prefieren optar por la descontaminación del injerto y su utilización en la reconstrucción de acuerdo al plan inicial; para lo cual la clorhexidina y antibióticos sería la solución a usar de preferencia. NIVEL DE EVIDENCIA: Nivel V, opinión de experto.


OBJECTIVE: To survey knee surgeons who perform anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in Chile, about the management when ACL graft contamination occurs. METHODS: An anonymous survey was conducted to all physicians belonging to the area of traumatology and orthopedics who attended the 2015 annual Chilean Knee Society meeting. The survey questioned the incidence, treatment, and outcomes of ACL graft contaminations. RESULTS: Fifty-four physicians were surveyed, of which 33 (61%) where knee surgeons and 21 (39%) physicians in training. Of the 33 knee surgeons, 15 (45%) reported at least one contamination during their career. Of those 15, 12 (80%) had one event, and three surgeons (20%) informed having 2, 3, and 5 episodes respectively, for a total of 22 reported contaminated grafts. Of the surgeons who reported a contaminated graft, 11 (73%) performed 50 or more ACL reconstructions annually. In 13 opportunities (59%) the management for a contaminated graft was cleansing the graft and proceeding as planned. In 6 cases (27%) an allograft was used, in 2 occasions (9%) a different graft was harvested, and in 1 opportunity (5%) a semitendinosus graft triplication was performed. No infections in any of the contaminated grafts were reported. CONCLUSIONS: In case of accidental graft contamination during an ACL reconstruction, knee surgeons most often preferred disinfecting the graft and using it as the initial plan. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level V, expert opinion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Accidents , Equipment Contamination/statistics & numerical data , Transplants/microbiology , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction/methods , Orthopedic Surgeons/psychology , Chlorhexidine/administration & dosage , Sterilization/methods , Decontamination , Equipment Contamination/prevention & control , Surveys and Questionnaires , Disinfectants/administration & dosage , Allografts/microbiology , Autografts/microbiology , Anti-Bacterial Agents
15.
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(4): 247-251, jul.-ago. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284948

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: La luxación de la articulación acromioclavicular es una lesión común que se observa principalmente en adultos jóvenes. Las indicaciones para el manejo quirúrgico y la técnica más adecuada siguen siendo controvertidas. Material y métodos: La técnica quirúrgica presentada se basa en una reconstrucción anatómica de los ligamentos coracoclaviculares mediante un injerto autólogo del tendón del semitendinoso, sin túneles en la clavícula y sin ningún dispositivo de fijación, ya que se utilizan sólo suturas. Resultados: Se logró la reconstrucción anatómica y biológica de los ligamentos coracoclaviculares, la cual utilizó un autoinjerto tendinoso sin ningún dispositivo de fijación adicional, lo que minimiza el riesgo de complicaciones relacionadas con el uso de tornillos o implantes metálicos. Discusión: Este procedimiento es un método eficaz y confiable para estabilizar la articulación. Se requieren estudios que informen los resultados funcionales y radiológicos con el empleo de esta técnica quirúrgica para entonces poder asegurar que tiene ventajas sobre otras opciones terapéuticas existentes en la actualidad.


Abstract: Introduction: Dislocation of the acromioclavicular joint is a common injury, which is observed mainly in young adults; indications for surgical management and the most appropriate technique remain controversial. Material and methods: We present a surgical technique, whose objective is the anatomical reconstruction of the coracoclavicular ligaments with autologous semitendinous graft, without tunnels in the collarbone and without fixing devices. Results: This technique is reliable for stabilizing the joint in the short term and we consider that it could neutralize the anteroposterior translation of the distal collarbone. Discussion: Studies are required to report on functional and radiological results, with the use of this surgical technique so that we can then point out that it has advantages over other therapeutic options existing today.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tendons/transplantation , Acromioclavicular Joint/surgery , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Hamstring Muscles , Clavicle , Autografts , Ligaments, Articular
16.
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(4): 225-231, jul.-ago. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284944

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Antecedentes: El tratamiento para la lesión del ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) es la reconstrucción quirúrgica. Se desconoce si el resultado mejora, pues depende del tipo de injerto empleado. El factor de crecimiento semejante a la insulina tipo 1(IGF-1) es un potente estimulante de matriz extracelular y del crecimiento de condrocitos. Material y métodos: Estudio experimental, analítico, prospectivo, longitudinal en pacientes con reconstrucción del LCA en un período comprendido entre los años 2016 y 2017. Se determinó la concentración de IGF-1 en el líquido sinovial de estos pacientes operados con aloinjerto y autoinjerto además de determinar su asociación con la evolución postoperatoria. Para el análisis estadístico, se utilizó ANOVA de dos vías post hoc con la prueba U de Mann-Whitney. Resultados: Dentro del grupo de aloinjerto, se identificó un aumento significativo de IGF-1 a los 90 días del postoperatorio. En el grupo de autoinjerto, se observó un aumento significativo de IGF-1 desde los 30 días de postoperatorio. Se encontró además que el grupo de autoinjerto presentó niveles significativamente más altos de IGF-1 (3.27 ± 0.09 ng/ml) en comparación con el grupo de aloinjerto (2.80 ± 0.11 ng/ml; p < 0.001) a los 90 días después de la colocación del injerto. Discusión: Los niveles de IGF-1 fueron más altos en pacientes con injerto autólogo; la funcionalidad de la rodilla fue clínicamente similar en ambos grupos a los 30 y 90 días.


Abstract: Background: Treatment of ACL injury is surgical reconstruction. It is not known whether the result is better depending on the type of graft used. Insulin-like growth factor type 1(IGF-1) is a powerful stimulant of extracellular matrix and chondrocyte growth. Material and methods: Experimental, analytical, prospective, longitudinal study in patients with ACL reconstruction in a period from 2016 to 2017. The concentration of IGF-1 in synovial fluid of these patients operated with allograft and autograft was determined, its association with postoperative evolution was determined. For statistical analysis, two-way ANOVA with Mann-Whitney post-hoc U was used. Results: A significant increase in IGF-1 was identified in the allograft group at 90 days of postopertory. In the autograft group, a significant increase in IGF-1 was observed from 30 days of postoperative. The autograft group was found to have significantly higher levels of IGF-1 (3.27 ± 0.09 ng/ml) compared to the allograft group (2.80 ± 0.11 ng/ml; p < 0.001) at 90 days after graft placement. Discussion: IGF-1 levels were higher in patients with autologous graft, knee functionality was clinically similar in both groups at 30 and 90 days.


Subject(s)
Humans , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/metabolism , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction , Autografts , Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries , Transplantation, Autologous , United States , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Anterior Cruciate Ligament , Treatment Outcome , Allografts , Hospitals, Military
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(4): e201900408, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001086

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate histologically and immunohistochemically the bone regeneration after application of simvastatin on tibial bone defects in rats. Methods: Sixty Wistar albino rats were divided into 3 groups as control (6 mm tibial bone defect), defect + graft (allograft treatment), and defect + graft + simvastatin (10 mg/kg/day) for 28 days. Results: Histopathological examination revealed inflammation in control group (defect group), congestion in blood vessels, and an increase in osteoclast cells. In defect + graft group, osteoclastic activity was observed and osteocyte cells were continued to develop. In defect + graft + simvastatin group, osteocytes and matrix formation were increased in the new bone trabeculae. Osteopontin and osteonectin expression were positive in the osteclast cells in the control group. Osteoblasts and some osteocytes showed a positive reaction of osteopontin and osteopontin. In defect + graft + simvastatin group, osteonectin and osteopontin expression were positive in osteoblast and osteocyte cells, and a positive expression in osteon formation was also seen in new bone trabeculae. Conclusion: The simvastatin application was thought to increase bone turnover by increasing the osteoinductive effect with graft and significantly affect the formation of new bone.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Tibia/drug effects , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Simvastatin/pharmacology , Osteoblasts , Osteoclasts , Tibia/surgery , Tibia/pathology , Bone Remodeling/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Autografts
18.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(3): e201900306, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989063

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effects of allopurinol administration on osteoinductive reaction and bone development with graft material. Methods: Thirty-six Wistar albino rats were divided into 3 groups. In the control group, calvarial bone defect was only created without any treatment. In the Defect + Graft group, allograft treatment was performed by forming 8 mm calvarial bone defect. In the Defect + Graft + Allopurinol group, alloplastic bone graft was placed in the calvarial bone defect and then, allopurinol (50 mg/kg/day) treatment was intraperitoneally applied for 28 days. Results: Histopathological examination revealed inflammation, congestion in the vessels, and an increase in osteoclast cells in the defect area. We also observed that new osteocyte cells, increase in connective tissue fibers, and new bone trabeculae. Osteopontin expression was positive in osteoblast cells and lacunated osteocyte cells were located in the periphery of the new bone trabeculae. Osteopontin expression was also positive in osteoblasts and osteocytes cells of new bone trabeculae in the graft site. Conclusion: It has been shown that allopurinol treatment in rat calvaria defects may induce osteoblastic activity, matrix development, mature bone cell formation and new bone formation when used with autogenous grafts.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Skull/drug effects , Wound Healing/drug effects , Bone Regeneration/drug effects , Allopurinol/pharmacology , Skull/injuries , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Autografts
19.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 544-555, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762975

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. PURPOSE: This study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) in transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) with regard to postoperative radiculitis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) is being used increasingly as an alternative to iliac crest autograft in spinal arthrodesis. Recently, the use of BMP in TLIF has been examined, but concerns exist that the placement of BMP close to the nerve roots may cause postoperative radiculitis. Furthermore, prospective studies regarding the use of BMP in TLIF are lacking. METHODS: This prospective study included 77 patients. The use of BMP-2 was determined individually, and demographic and operative characteristics were recorded. Leg pain was assessed using the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for pain and the Sciatica Bothersome Index (SBI) with several secondary outcome measures. The outcome data were collected at each follow-up visit. RESULTS: Among the 77 patients, 29 were administered with BMP. Postoperative leg pain significantly improved according to VAS leg and SBI scores for the entire cohort, and no clinically significant differences were observed between the BMP and control groups. The VAS back, Oswestry Disability Index, and Short-Form 36 scores also significantly improved. A significantly increased 6-month fusion rate was noted in the BMP group (82.8% vs. 55.3%), but no significant differences in fusion rate were observed at the 12- and 24-month follow-up. Heterotopic ossification was observed in seven patients: six patients and one patient in the BMP and control groups, respectively (20.7% vs. 2.1%). However, no clinical effect was observed. CONCLUSIONS: In this prospective observational trial, the use of BMP in TLIF did not lead to significant postoperative radiculitis, as measured by VAS leg and SBI scores. Back pain and other functional outcome scores also improved, and no differences existed between the BMP and control groups. The careful use of BMP in TLIF appears to be both safe and effective.


Subject(s)
Arthrodesis , Autografts , Back Pain , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Leg , Lumbosacral Region , Ossification, Heterotopic , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Prospective Studies , Radiculopathy , Sciatica , Spinal Fusion , Spine , Visual Analog Scale
20.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 258-264, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762927

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of patients who underwent anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) supplemented with plate fixation using allograft with those who underwent ACDF using tricortical iliac autograft. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: As plate fixation is becoming popular, it is reported that ACDF using allograft may have similar outcomes compared with ACDF using autograft. METHODS: Forty-one patients who underwent ACDF supplemented with plate fixation were included in this study. We evaluated 24 patients who used cortical ring allograft filled with demineralized bone matrix (DBM) (group A) and 17 patients who used tricortical iliac autograft (group B). In radiological evaluations, fusion rate, subsidence of grafted material, cervical lordosis, fused segmental lordosis, and radiological adjacent segment degeneration (ASD) were observed and analyzed with preoperative and postoperative plain radiographs. Clinical outcomes were evaluated using the Neck Disability Index score, Odom criteria, and Visual Analog Scale score of neck and upper extremity pain. Radiological union was determined by dynamic radiographs using cutoff values of 1 mm of interspinous motion as the indication of pseudarthrosis. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the fusion rate, graft subsidence, cervical lordosis, fused segmental lordosis, and ASD incidence between the groups. Operative time was shorter in group A (136 min) than in group B (141 min), but it was not significant (p>0.05). Blood loss was greater in group B (325 mL) than in group A (210 mL, p=0.013). There was no difference in the clinical outcomes before and after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: In ACDF with plate fixation, cortical ring allograft filled with DBM group showed similar radiological and clinical outcomes compared with those of the autograft group. If the metal plate is reinforced, using cortical ring allograft could be a viable alternative to autograft.


Subject(s)
Allografts , Animals , Autografts , Bone Matrix , Cohort Studies , Diskectomy , Humans , Incidence , Lordosis , Neck , Operative Time , Pseudarthrosis , Retrospective Studies , Transplants , Upper Extremity , Visual Analog Scale
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