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1.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(4): 199-207, dic. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145501

ABSTRACT

La encefalitis límbica es una enfermedad infrecuente y potencialmente grave, que puede o no ser paraneoplásica y se caracteriza por déficit de la memoria reciente, alteraciones psiquiátricas y convulsiones. De origen autoinmunitario, está asociada a anticuerpos séricos e intratecales contra antígenos neuronales intracelulares y de superficie, con especial afectación de zonas límbicas. En este artículo se revisan aspectos históricos y epidemiológicos, patogenia, síndromes más frecuentes y mejor delimitados, histopatología y estudios complementarios. Se repasan también las dificultades del diagnóstico diferencial y la necesidad de descartar siempre un tumor subyacente. La detección de autoanticuerpos neuronales es importante para el diagnóstico, la planificación terapéutica y el pronóstico. La inmunoterapia y, si corresponde, el tratamiento de la neoplasia son cruciales para lograr una recuperación neurológica sustancial. La encefalitis límbica es una entidad probablemente subdiagnosticada, con un pronóstico más favorable si se trata de forma temprana. El actual conocimiento de su patogenia puede además aportar claridad para la mejor comprensión de otros síndromes neurológicos y psiquiátricos que puedan compartir mecanismos autoinmunitarios, como algunos trastornos psicóticos y epilepsias farmacorresistentes. (AU)


Limbic encephalitis is a rare and potentially serious disease, which may or may not be paraneoplastic and is characterized by recent memory deficits, psychiatric disturbances and seizures. Of autoimmune origin, it is associated with serum and intrathecal antibodies against intracellular and surface neuronal antigens, with special involvement of limbic areas. This article reviews historical and epidemiological aspects, pathogenesis, more frequent and better defined syndromes, histopathology and complementary studies. The difficulties of differential diagnosis and the need to always rule out an underlying tumor are also reviewed. Detection of neuronal autoantibodies is important for diagnosis, therapeutic planning and prognosis. Immunotherapy and, if appropriate, neoplasm treatment, are crucial to achieve substantial neurological recovery. Limbic encephalitis is probably an underdiagnosed entity, with a more favorable prognosis if treated early. The current knowledge of its pathogenesis may also provide clarity for a better understanding of other neurological and psychiatric syndromes that may share autoimmune mechanisms, such as some psychotic disorders and drug-resistant epilepsies. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoantibodies/metabolism , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System/pathology , Limbic Encephalitis/pathology , Psychotic Disorders/diagnosis , Psychotic Disorders/etiology , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Autoimmune Diseases/etiology , Autoimmune Diseases/therapy , Review Literature as Topic , Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System/diagnosis , Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System/etiology , Paraneoplastic Syndromes, Nervous System/therapy , Limbic Encephalitis/diagnosis , Limbic Encephalitis/etiology , Limbic Encephalitis/history , Limbic Encephalitis/therapy , Epilepsy/diagnosis , Epilepsy/etiology
2.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(2): 203-206, Mar.-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130837

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic inflammatory skin disease, which affects 1% of the population, being more common in young, obese and smokers, and mainly affects armpits and groin, with formation of pustules, nodules, abscesses, scars and fistulas. Recently, its association with other autoimmune diseases such as psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, pyoderma gangrenosum, pyogenic arthritis and ulcerative colitis have been reported. These associated forms are usually resistant to standard treatment, with immunobiologicals as promising therapy. The case of a rare form of association is reported, with only one case previously described in the literature: psoriasis arthritis, pyoderma gangrenosum, acne and hidradenitis suppurativa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Young Adult , Arthritis, Psoriatic/pathology , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/pathology , Hidradenitis Suppurativa/pathology , Acne Vulgaris/pathology , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , Syndrome
3.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135487

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the prevalence of nasal septum perforation associated to Histoplasma sp. Material and Methods: A retrospective descriptive study was conducted with patients who developed nasal septum perforation associated to histoplasmosis. The diagnosis was made based on clinical manifestations and confirmed with mycological direct examination with Giemsa stain, culture, serologic tests (immunodiffusion method), and histopathology with hematoxylin-eosin, Grocott methenamine (GMS) and Periodic Acid-Schiff stain (PAS). Results: Out of 1654 medical records reviewed with diagnosis of histoplasmosis in the study period, we found 22 cases with nasal septum perforation. Autoimmune disease was present in 6 patients; all six were on immunosuppressive treatment. Two patients had HIV/AIDS, one of them had also paracoccidiodomycoses and the remaining had no apparent underlying disease or conditions. Conclusion: Physicians of endemic areas such as Venezuela, must consider this entity in the differential diagnosis with other diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Nasal Septal Perforation/diagnostic imaging , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Mycoses/pathology , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , Venezuela/epidemiology , Medical Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies
4.
Rev. chil. reumatol ; 35(2): 44-54, 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281801

ABSTRACT

Miopatía Necrotizante Autoinmune (MNA) fue reconocida como nuevo sub-grupo de miositis luego de observar en biopsias musculares la presencia de necro-sis con escaso o ausente infiltrado inflamatorio, sumado a la expresión de dos an-ticuerpos específicos de miositis (Anticuerpo anti Partícula de Reconocimiento de Señal, anti-SRP; y Anticuerpo anti Hidroxi-3-metilglutaril-CoA reductasa, anti-HM-GCR), ambos fuertemente asociados al hallazgo histológico descrito y a fenotipos clínicos característicos a cada anticuerpo, los cuales comparten importantes simi-litudes representadas por severa debilidad muscular proximal, gran elevación de creatinkinasa (CK), escasa manifestación de síntomas y signos extramusculares, y resistencia al uso de inmunosupresión habitual. Si bien en primera instancia los criterios de clasificación propuestos estaban basados en la histología, la obser-vación de necrosis en otros subgrupos de miositis, sumado a la homogeneidad del comportamiento clínico de pacientes que expresaban anticuerpos anti-SRP o anti-HMGCR independiente de la histología presentada, llevó en el año 2016 al Grupo de Trabajo del Centro Europeo Neuromuscular (ENMC) a establecer crite-rios diagnósticos de MNA basados en el comportamiento clínico (debilidad mus-cular proximal con CK total elevada) más la presencia del anticuerpo respectivo (anti-SRP o anti-HMGCR), reservando la necesidad de realizar biopsia muscular en el caso que la serología resulte negativa, siendo así reconocidas tres entidades distintas de MNA: Miopatía anti-SRP, Miopatía anti-HMGCR y Miopatía Necroti-zante seronegativa. La presente revisión expresa el actual conocimiento de MNA y sus subtipos, refiriéndose a aspectos históricos, clínicos, histológicos, inmuno-patológicos, y de pronóstico y tratamiento.


Necrotizing autoinmune myopathy (NAM) was recognized as a new sub-group of myositis after the observation of necrosis with mild or absent inflam-matory infiltrates in muscle biopsies, in addition of expression of two specific myositis antibodies (antiSRP and antiHMGCR), which are strongly associated to the mentioned hystologic findings, with different clinical phenotypes depending on the presence of each antibody, but sharing some features like severe proximal muscle weakness, significant elevation of creatin phosphokinase (CK), mild ex-tramuscular involvement and resistance to commonly used immunosupressants. The first proposed approach to classification criteria was hystology-based, none-theless the observation of necrosis in some other types of myositis and the homo-geneity of clinical features in patients expressing antiSRP or antiHMGCR despite the hystologic findings led to a new classification scheme leaded by the European Neuromuscular Center in 2016, which recognizes thre different clinical entities of NAM, based on the antibody expression plus the presence of proximal muscle weakness, relying hystology to a secondary place thus eliminating the need for immediate biopsy to stablish a diagnosis: those are antiSRP myopathy, antiHMG-CR myopathy and seronegative necrotizing myopathy, being the last one the only needing muscle biopsy. The present review shows the actual knowledge about NAM and its subtypes, referring to hystoric, clinical, hystologic, immunopatholog-ic, prognostic and therapeutic issues.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , Myositis/pathology , Autoimmune Diseases/immunology , Muscular Diseases , Myositis/diagnosis , Myositis/physiopathology , Myositis/therapy , Myositis/epidemiology , Necrosis/immunology , Necrosis/pathology
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(4): 1509-1513, Dec. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975729

ABSTRACT

IgG4-related disease is a systemic, multifocal, immune-mediated disorder that can affect multiple organs and may present as a tumor, with rare cases described in the maxillofacial region. A female patient, 53 years old, presenting tumor-like mass in the right mandibular region. Magnetic resonance imaging suggested well circumscribed nodular lesion adjacent to the branch / body of the mandible, extending posteriorly to the masseter muscle. During the surgical procedure of excision, a lesion was observed adhering to the right masseter muscle, but it was possible to remove it completely. Histopathological and immunehistochemical analysis suggested diagnosis of IgG4-related disease, furthermore, IgG4 serum count was increased. Actually, the patient continues on periodical followups in our service and by other specialties. Can be concluded that precise diagnosis of this pathology depends on many factors, being challenging and the treatment involves multidisciplinary evaluation due to the possibility of involvement of several other organs.


La enfermedad relacionada con IgG4 es una condición sistémica, multifocal, mediada por una alteración de la respuesta inmune que puede afectar diferentes órganos o puede presentarse como un tumor, raramente descrito en el área maxilofacial. Se describe el caso de una paciente de sexo femenino de 53 años de edad, presentando una masa tumoral en el ángulo mandibular derecho. La resonancia magnética sugirió un área nodular bien delimitada adyacente al cuerpo mandibular y extendida posteriormente hasta el musculo masetero. Durante la escisión quirúrgica, la lesión se presentaba adherida al musculo de forma lateral siendo posible el retiro total de la lesión. El estudio histopatológico e inmunohistoquimico determinó el diagnóstico de enfermedad relacionada con IgG4 presentando un conteo de igG4 aumentado. Actualmente, la paciente continua con seguimiento por la especialidad. Se puede concluir que el diagnóstico preciso de esta patología depende de algunos factores; el tratamiento debe ser multidsciplinario debido a la inclusión de diferentes órganos en la enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , Immunoglobulin G , Jaw Neoplasms/pathology , Autoimmune Diseases/immunology , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Immunohistochemistry , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Jaw Neoplasms/immunology , Jaw Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
6.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 57(2): 174-181, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-844226

ABSTRACT

Abstract Juvenile rheumatic diseases affect the musculoskeletal system and begin before the age of 18. These conditions have varied, identifiable or unknown etiologies, but those of an autoimmune inflammatory nature have been associated with an increased risk of development of cancer, regardless of treatment. This study aims to assess, through a systematic review of the literature according to Prisma (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) quality criteria, the risk of cancer in patients with juvenile rheumatic disease, and its association with biological agents. The criteria described by the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology initiative were used in order to assess the methodological quality of those individual items selected in this study. We analyzed nine publications, from a total of 251 papers initially selected. There was an increase in cancer risk in the population with juvenile rheumatic disease versus the general population. Most specified cancers were of a lymphoproliferative nature. Seven studies did not specify the treatment or not defined an association between treatment and cancer risk. Only one study has suggested this association; in it, their authors observed high risk in patients diagnosed in the last 20 years, a period of the advent of new therapies. One study found an increased risk in a population not treated with biological agents, suggesting a disease in its natural course, and not an adverse effect of therapy. Studies have shown an increased risk of malignancy associated with juvenile rheumatic disease, and this may be related to disease activity and not specifically to the treatment with biological agents.


Resumo As doenças reumáticas juvenis afetam o sistema musculoesquelético e se iniciam antes dos 18 anos. Apresentam etiologia variada, identificável ou desconhecida, porém as de natureza inflamatória autoimune têm sido associadas ao maior risco de desenvolvimento de neoplasias, independentemente do tratamento. Este artigo propõe avaliar, por meio de revisão sistemática da literatura de acordo com os critérios de qualidade Prisma (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta- Analyses), o risco de câncer em pacientes com doenças reumáticas juvenis e sua associação com imunobiológicos. Os critérios descritos pela iniciativa Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology foram usados para avaliar a qualidade metodológica individual dos artigos selecionados no presente estudo. Foram analisadas nove publicações, de 251 incialmente selecionadas. Houve aumento no risco de câncer na população com doença reumática juvenil comparada com a população em geral. A maioria dos cânceres especificados foi de natureza linfoproliferativa. Sete estudos não especificaram a terapêutica ou não definiram associação entre ela e o risco de câncer. Apenas um estudo sugeriu essa associação e observou maior risco em pacientes diagnosticados nos últimos 20 anos, período de advento de novas terapias. Um estudo constatou maior risco em uma população não tratada com imunobiológicos, sugeriu tratar-se da evolução natural da doença, e não do efeito adverso da terapêutica. Os estudos demonstram aumento no risco de malignidade associada a doenças reumáticas juvenis que pode estar relacionada à atividade da doença, e não especificamente ao tratamento com imunobiológicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Autoimmune Diseases/complications , Autoimmune Diseases/drug therapy , Biological Therapy , Rheumatic Diseases/complications , Rheumatic Diseases/drug therapy , Lymphoproliferative Disorders/complications , Lymphoproliferative Disorders/pathology , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , Rheumatic Diseases/pathology , Lymphoma/complications , Lymphoma/pathology , Lymphoma/drug therapy , Lymphoproliferative Disorders/drug therapy
7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 63(3): 215-218, Mar. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-956439

ABSTRACT

Summary Ménétrier's disease is an extremely rare disease of unknown etiology causing gastric mucosal hypertrophy and protein-losing gastropathy. Rare cases of this condition have been reported in patients with autoimmune diseases. However, to the best of our knowledge, Ménétrier's disease associated with autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) has never been reported. We described a case of severe hypoproteinemia as a harbinger of Ménétrier's disease associated with AIP. The patient was successfully treated with octreotide and high-protein diet, which led to symptomatic remission and significant improvement in serum levels of albumin and recovery of the nutritional status. Thus, in AIP patients presenting with severe and persistent hypoproteinemia without apparent cause, clinicians need to consider Ménétrier's disease in the differential diagnosis. In this setting, endoscopic evaluation with histological examination of gastric biopsy material, including a full-thickness mucosal biopsy of involved mucosa, may be helpful in promptly establishing the diagnosis and allowing appropriate and timely therapy.


Resumo A doença de Ménétrier é uma condição extremamente rara, de etiologia desconhecida, caracterizada por hipertrofia da mucosa gástrica e gastropatia perdedora de proteína. Casos raros dessa patologia têm sido relatados em pacientes com doenças autoimunes. Até o momento, desconhecemos qualquer relato dessa doença associada à pancreatite autoimune (PAI). Descrevemos um caso de hipoproteinemia grave como indicador de doença de Ménétrier associada à PAI. O paciente foi tratado de forma satisfatória com octreotide e dieta hiperproteica, alcançando remissão sintomática, melhora significativa das concentrações de albumina e recuperação do estado nutricional. Portanto, em pacientes com PAI e hipoproteinemia grave e persistente, deve-se considerar a doença de Ménétrier como um diagnóstico diferencial. Nesses casos, a avaliação endoscópica com biópsia gástrica, incluindo biópsia de toda a espessura da mucosa, pode ser útil no estabelecimento do diagnóstico e do pronto início da terapêutica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Pancreatitis/complications , Autoimmune Diseases/complications , Gastritis, Hypertrophic/complications , Hypoproteinemia/etiology , Pancreatitis/pathology , Pancreatitis/blood , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , Autoimmune Diseases/blood , Biopsy , Severity of Illness Index , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Gastritis, Hypertrophic/pathology , Gastritis, Hypertrophic/blood , Hypoproteinemia/pathology , Middle Aged
8.
Rev. bras. reumatol ; 56(5): 441-450, Sept.-Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-798102

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Orofacial manifestations occur frequently in rheumatic diseases and usually represent early signs of disease or of its activity that are still neglected in clinical practice. Among the autoimmune rheumatic diseases with potential for oral manifestations, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), inflammatory myopathies (IM), systemic sclerosis (SSc), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), relapsing polychondritis (RP) and Sjögren's syndrome (SS) can be cited. Signs and symptoms such as oral hyposalivation, xerostomia, temporomandibular joint disorders, lesions of the oral mucosa, periodontal disease, dysphagia, and dysphonia may be the first expression of these rheumatic diseases. This article reviews the main orofacial manifestations of rheumatic diseases that may be of interest to the rheumatologist for diagnosis and monitoring of autoimmune rheumatic diseases.


RESUMO Manifestações orofaciais ocorrem com frequência nas doenças reumáticas e, comumente, representam sinais iniciais ou de atividade da doença que ainda são negligenciados na prática clínica. Entre as doenças reumáticas autoimunes com possíveis manifestações orais, incluem-se a artrite reumatoide (AR), miopatias inflamatórias (MI), esclerose sistêmica (ES), lúpus eritematoso sistêmico (LES), policondrite recidivante (PR) e síndrome de Sjögren (SS). Sinais e sintomas orofaciais como hipossalivação, xerostomia, disfunções temporomandibulares, lesões na mucosa bucal, doença periodontal, disfagia e disfonia podem ser a primeira expressão dessas doenças reumáticas. Esse artigo revisa as principais manifestações orofaciais das doenças reumáticas que podem ser de interesse do reumatologista, para diagnóstico e acompanhamento das doenças reumáticas autoimunes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , Rheumatic Diseases/pathology , Rheumatologists/psychology , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Severity of Illness Index , Sjogren's Syndrome , Rheumatic Diseases/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic
9.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 76(3): 129-134, June 2016. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-841559

ABSTRACT

The idiopathic inflammatory myopathies(IIM) are a heterogeneous group of diseases of the skeletal muscle. On the basis of clinical, serologic and histological differences, they are classified in dermatomyositis (DM), polymyositis (PM), inclusion body myositis and immunomediated necrotizing myopathy. Autoantibodies directed against nuclear and cytoplasmic antigens are present with variable frequencies among studies. Myositis-specific antibodies (MSAs) are useful in IIM because they contribute to the diagnosis, help to identify different clinical subsets, and have prognostic value. This study aimed to explore the frequency of autoantibodies, especially MSAs, and their relationship with clinical features in adult patients with DM, PM and overlap syndrome. Medical records were reviewed. Myositis-associated antibodies (non-specific) and MSAs (anti Jo-1, PL-7, PL-12, Mi-2 and SRP) were measured using commercial kits. Twelve patients had MSAs, an overall frequency similar to those of international series, but PL-12 and Mi-2 were more frequent than Jo-1, which is the most frequently observed elsewhere. All five patients with Mi-2 had classical DM with a favorable response to treatment. Interstitial pneumonia (n: 4) and/or treatment-refractory disease (n: 3) were found in the presence of anti-PL-12, alone or associated with anti-SRP and/or Jo-1. In conclusion, the coexistence of AEM, a rare finding, was found in three patients. The presence of MSAs aided to the diagnosis of IIM, in particular in those patients without available or conclusive biopsy results.


Las miopatías inflamatorias idiopáticas (MII) comprenden un grupo heterogéneo de enfermedades adquiridas del músculo esquelético. Según sus características clínicas, serológicas e histológicas se las clasifica en dermatomiositis (DM), polimiositis (PM), miopatía necrotizante autoinmune y miositis por cuerpos de inclusión. Los anticuerpos específicos de miositis (AEMs) contribuyen al diagnóstico, permiten distinguir formas clínicas y tienen valor pronóstico. Con el objetivo de explorar la frecuencia de autoanticuerpos, en particular AEMs, y su relación con las características clínicas de las MII del adulto, se revisaron las historias clínicas de 25 pacientes con DM, PM y síndromes de superposición, asistidos en nuestro centro entre 1999 y 2013. La presencia de autoanticuerpos asociados a miositis (no específicos) y AEMs (anti Jo-1, PL-7, PL-12, Mi-2, SRP) se investigó utilizando kits comerciales. Doce pacientes presentaron AEMs, frecuencia global similar a la encontrada en series internacionales, pero a diferencia de lo observado en otros países, anti-PL-12 y anti-Mi-2 fueron más frecuentes que anti-Jo-1. Los cinco pacientes con anti-Mi-2 tuvieron DM clásica y buena evolución clínica. Anti-PL-12, ya sea solo o asociado a anti-SRP y/o anti-Jo-1, estuvo presente en pacientes con neumonía intersticial (n:4) y/o enfermedad refractaria al tratamiento (n: 3). En conclusión, la coexistencia de AEM, hallazgo raro, se encontró en tres pacientes. La presencia de AEMSs contribuyó al diagnóstico de MII, en particular en aquellos casos sin resultados concluyentes de biopsia de músculo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Autoantibodies/analysis , Autoimmune Diseases/immunology , Polymyositis/immunology , Dermatomyositis/immunology , Argentina , Reference Values , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , Biopsy , Muscle, Skeletal/pathology , Dermatomyositis/diagnosis , Dermatomyositis/pathology
10.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 65(2): 130-135, Mar-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741712

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of intraoperative and preoperative positive pressure in the time of extubation in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. METHOD: Randomized clinical trial, in which 40 individuals with a body mass index between 40 and 55 kg/m2, age between 25 and 55 years, nonsmokers, underwent bariatric surgery type Roux-en-Y gastric bypass by laparotomy and with normal preoperative pulmonary function were randomized into the following groups: G-pre (n = 10): individuals who received treatment with noninvasive positive pressure before surgery for 1 h; G-intra (n = 10): individuals who received positive end-expiratory pressure of 10 cm H2O throughout the surgical procedure; and G-control (n = 20): not received any preoperative or intraoperative intervention. Following were recorded: time between induction of anesthesia and extubation, between the end of anesthesia and extubation, duration of mechanical ventilation, and time between extubation and discharge from the post-anesthetic recovery. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference between groups. However, when applied to the Cohen coefficient, the use of positive end-expiratory pressure of 10 cm H2O during surgery showed a large effect on the time between the end of anesthesia and extubation. About this same time, the treatment performed preoperatively showed moderate effect. CONCLUSION: The use of positive end-expiratory pressure of 10 cm H2O in the intraoperative and positive pressure preoperatively, influenced the time of extubation of patients undergoing bariatric surgery. .


JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVO: investigar a influência do uso da pressão positiva nas vias aéreas intraoperatória e pré-operatória no tempo de extubação de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica. MÉTODO: Trata-se de ensaio clínico randomizado, no qual 40 indivíduos com índice de massa corporal entre 40 e 55 kg/m2, idade entre 25 e 55 anos, não tabagistas, submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica do tipo derivação gástrica em Y de Roux por laparotomia e com prova de função pulmonar pré-operatória dentro da normalidade foram randomizados nos seguintes grupos: G-pré (n = 10): indivíduos que receberam tratamento com pressão positiva não invasiva antes da cirurgia, durante uma hora, G-intra (n = 10): indivíduos que receberam Positive End-expiratory Pressure de 10 cm H2O durante todo o procedimento cirúrgico e G-controle (n = 20): não receberam qualquer tipo de intervenção pré ou intraoperatória. foram anotados os seguintes tempos: tempo decorrido entre a indução anestésica e a extubação, entre o término da anestesia e extubação, tempo de ventilação mecânica, e tempo entre a extubação e a alta da Recuperação Pós-Anestésica. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença estatística entre os grupos, porém quando aplicado ao Coeficiente de Cohen, o uso da Positive End-expiratory Pressure de 10 cm H2O no intraoperatório mostrou um efeito grande sobre o tempo entre o término da anestesia e a extubação. Sobre este mesmo tempo, o tratamento realizado no pré-operatório apresentou efeito moderado. CONCLUSÃO: O uso da Positive End-expiratory Pressure de 10 cm H2O no intraoperatório e da pressão positiva no pré-operatório, pode influenciar o tempo de extubação de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica. .


JUSTIFICACIÓN Y OBJETIVO: Investigar la influencia del uso de la presión positiva en las vías aéreas intraoperatoria y preoperatoria en el tiempo de extubación de pacientes sometidos a la cirugía bariátrica. MÉTODO: Se trata de un ensayo clínico aleatorizado, en el cual 40 individuos con IMC entre 40 y 55 kg/m2, edad entre 25 y 55 años, no fumadores, sometidos a cirugía bariátrica del tipo derivación gástrica en Y de Roux por laparotomía y con prueba de función pulmonar preoperatoria dentro de la normalidad fueron aleatorizados en los siguientes grupos: G-pre (n = 10): individuos que recibieron tratamiento con presión positiva no invasiva antes de la cirugía durante una hora; G-intra (n = 10): individuos que recibieron PEEP de 10 cm H2O durante todo el procedimiento quirúrgico y G-control (n = 20): no recibieron ningún tipo de intervención pre- o intraoperatoria. Fueron anotados los siguientes tiempos: tiempo trascurrido entre la inducción anestésica y la extubación, entre el fin de la anestesia y la extubación, tiempo de ventilación mecánica, y tiempo entre la extubación y el alta de la sala de recuperación postanestésica. RESULTADOS: No hubo diferencia estadística entre los grupos, sin embargo cuando se aplicó el coeficiente de Cohen, el uso de la PEEP de 10 cm H2O en el intraoperatorio mostró un efecto importante sobre el tiempo entre el término de la anestesia y la extubación. Sobre ese mismo tiempo, el tratamiento realizado en el preoperatorio presentó un efecto moderado. CONCLUSIÓN: El uso de la PEEP de 10 cm H2O en el intraoperatorio y de la presión positiva en el preoperatorio puede influir en el tiempo de extubación de pacientes sometidos a cirugía bariátrica. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Mice , Arthritis, Experimental/immunology , B-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein/immunology , Arthritis, Experimental/genetics , Arthritis, Experimental/pathology , Autoimmune Diseases/genetics , Autoimmune Diseases/immunology , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , B-Lymphocyte Subsets/pathology , /genetics , /immunology , Mice, Knockout , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/pathology , /immunology , /pathology , Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein/genetics
11.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1056-1067, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-163297

ABSTRACT

Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related kidney disease (IgG4-KD) has recently been demonstrated to be an important part of IgG4-related sclerosing disease (IgG4-SD). However, since IgG4-KD is still relatively unfamiliar to radiologists and physicians as compared to IgG4-SD involving other organs, it could, therefore, be easily missed. In this article, we present a comprehensive pictorial review of IgG4-KD with regards to the imaging spectrum, mimickers, and clinicopathologic characteristics, based on our clinical experience with 48 patients during the past 13 years, as well as a literature review. Awareness of the broad imaging spectrum of IgG4-KD and differential diagnosis from its mimickers will thus facilitate its early diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulin G/metabolism , Kidney Diseases/drug therapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Steroids/therapeutic use , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
12.
An. bras. dermatol ; 89(2): 361-362, Mar-Apr/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-706980

ABSTRACT

Multiple autoimmune syndrome is a rare condition, described by Humbert and Dupond in 1988. It is defined by the association of at least 3 autoimmune diseases in the same patient. Vitiligo is the most common skin condition in this syndrome. This article presents the case of a 31-year-old male with vitiligo, alopecia areata, Crohn's disease, psoriasis vulgaris and oral lichen planus. The rarity of this case is highlighted by the coexistence of four autoimmune skin diseases in association with Crohn's disease, never described in the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Psoriasis/pathology , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , Vitiligo/pathology , Crohn Disease/pathology , Lichen Planus, Oral/pathology , Alopecia Areata/pathology , Psoriasis/complications , Autoimmune Diseases/complications , Syndrome , Vitiligo/complications , Crohn Disease/complications , Lichen Planus, Oral/complications , Alopecia Areata/complications
13.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 51(1): 6-16, 2014.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-724358

ABSTRACT

Arrolam-se os sinais dermatológicos evidenciados na rotina da clínica dermatológica, que permitem aventar um diagnóstico presuntivo ou até estabelecê-lo cabalmente. Os dezesseis sinais reunidos envolvem quadros dermatopáticos etiologicamente relacionados às enfermidades autoimunes, infecciosas, parasitárias, alérgicas, endócrinas, psicopáticas, disqueratinizantes, neoplásicas e genodermatóxicas.


Dermatological signals observed in routine dermatologic clinical practice, which allow producing any presumptive diagnosis or to establish it fully, are listed. The 16 signals gathered are related to autoimmune, infectious, parasitic, allergic, endocrine, psychopathic, neoplasic, genetic and of abnormal cornification diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diagnosis , Dermatology/trends , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology
14.
Rev. AMRIGS ; 56(3): 251-255, jul.-set. 2012. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-848114

ABSTRACT

As lesões sólidas do pâncreas são constituídas, na maioria dos casos, pelo adenocarcinoma ductal. Contudo parcela considerável de casos apresentam lesões de outra natureza, as quais requerem abordagens cirúrgicas menos extensas ou tratamento clínico conservador com quimio ou corticoterapia. Neste relato, apresentamos o caso de uma paciente de 56 anos com icterícia e uma massa na cabeça do pâncreas mimetizando um quadro neoplásico. O diagnóstico de pancreatite autoimune foi firmado por meio da ecoendoscopia associada à punção aspirativa (AU)


Solid lesions of the pancreas are, in most cases, constituted of the ductal adenocarcinoma, but a considerable portion of cases have lesions of a different nature, which require less extensive surgical approaches or conservative medical treatment with chemotherapy or corticosteroids. In this report, we present the case of a 56-year-old female patient with jaundice and a mass in the head of the pancreas mimicking a neoplasm. The diagnosis of autoimmune pancreatitis was confirmed by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Biopsy, Fine-Needle/statistics & numerical data , Endosonography/statistics & numerical data , Pancreatitis/diagnosis , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Pancreas/pathology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Pancreatitis/pathology
15.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 75(2): 143-147, mar.-abr. 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-640165

ABSTRACT

Ocular inflammation is one of the leading causes of blindness and loss of vision. Human uveitis is a complex and heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by inflammation of intraocular tissues. The eye may be the only organ involved, or uveitis may be part of a systemic disease. A significant number of cases are of unknown etiology and are labeled idiopathic. Animal models have been developed to the study of the physiopathogenesis of autoimmune uveitis due to the difficulty in obtaining human eye inflamed tissues for experiments. Most of those models are induced by injection of specific photoreceptors proteins (e.g., S-antigen, interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein, rhodopsin, recoverin, phosducin). Non-retinal antigens, including melanin-associated proteins and myelin basic protein, are also good inducers of uveitis in animals. Understanding the basic mechanisms and pathogenesis of autoimmune ocular diseases are essential for the development of new treatment approaches and therapeutic agents. The present review describes the main experimental models of autoimmune ocular inflammatory diseases.


A inflamação ocular é uma das principais causas de perda visual e cegueira. As uveítes constituem um grupo complexo e heterogêneo de doenças caracterizadas por inflamação dos tecidos intraoculares. O olho pode ser o único órgão envolvido ou a uveíte pode ser parte de uma doença sistêmica. A etiologia é desconhecida em um número significativo de casos, que são considerados idiopáticos. Modelos animais têm sido desenvolvidos para estudar a fisiopatogênese da uveíte autoimune devido às dificuldades na obtenção de tecidos de olhos humanos inflamados para experimentos. Na maioria desses modelos, que simulam as uveítes autoimunes em humanos, a uveíte é induzida com proteínas específicas de fotorreceptores (antígeno-S, proteína ligadora de retinoide do interfotoreceptor, rodopsina, recoverina e fosducina). Antígenos não retinianos, como proteínas associadas à melanina e proteína básica de mielina, são também bons indutores de uveíte em animais. Entender os mecanismos básicos e a patogênese dessas doenças oculares é essencial para o desenvolvimento de novas formas de tratamento das uveítes autoimunes e de novos agentes terapêuticos. Nesta revisão serão abordados os principais modelos experimentais utilizados para o estudo de doenças inflamatórias oculares autoimunes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Autoimmune Diseases , Disease Models, Animal , Photoreceptor Cells, Vertebrate/immunology , Uveitis , Autoimmune Diseases/etiology , Autoimmune Diseases/immunology , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , Autoimmune Diseases/physiopathology , Eye Proteins/immunology , Phosphoproteins/immunology , Uveitis/etiology , Uveitis/immunology , Uveitis/physiopathology
16.
RGO (Porto Alegre) ; 59(3): 520-515, jul.-set. 2011. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-874621

ABSTRACT

Entende-se por pênfigo a denominação geral de um conjunto de entidades patológicas auto-imunes, caracterizadas pela formação de bolhas intra-epiteliais na pele e mucosas. Afeta principalmente indivíduos acima dos 40 anos de idade, sem predileção por sexo. As lesões bucais podem preceder, em muito, o aparecimento das manifestações cutâneas, outorgando ao cirurgião-dentista sua parcela de responsabilidade no diagnóstico precoce desta enfermidade, de modo a melhorar o prognóstico do tratamento. A biópsia da lesão é fundamental no diagnóstico da enfermidade juntamente com o conhecimento das características clínicas dessas lesões. O tratamento do pênfigo vulgar envolve administração de corticóides por via oral e sistêmica nos estágios iniciais com a finalidade de controle da doença, que, se tratada inadequadamente, pode ser fatal. O caso relatado neste artigo configura-se como um quadro de pênfigo vulgar que foi tratado e acompanhado, paralelamente ao tratamento médico, nas Clínicas Odontológicas da Pontifica Universidade Católica de Campinas. Como o caso também envolvia doença periodontal crônica, concluiu-se que as duas entidades estavam associadas e tiveram seus tratamentos integrados para o bem estar do paciente.


The general designation of pemphigus covers a number of autoimmune pathologies characterized by the development of intraepithelial blisters on the skin and mucous membranes. It affects mostly people over 40, regardless of gender. Oral lesions may develop well before cutaneous manifestations develop. Therefore dentists have their share of responsibility to make an early diagnosis of the disease to improve the prognosis of treatment. A biopsy is essential to diagnose pemphigus along with awareness of the clinical characteristics of these lesions. The treatment of Pemphigus vulgaris involves the administration of oral and systemic corticosteroids in the early stages to control the disease, which, if handled improperly, can be fatal. The case reported in this article is one of pemphigus vulgaris that was treated and monitored, in addition to medical treatment, at the Dental Clinics of the Pontifica Universidade Católica de Campinas. As the case also involved chronic periodontal disease, the conclusion was that the two diseases were linked and the treatments were combined for the patient?s well-being.


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Autoimmune Diseases/complications , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , Autoimmune Diseases/prevention & control , Autoimmune Diseases/therapy , Epidermolysis Bullosa , Pemphigus
17.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 138(3): 295-302, mar. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-548163

ABSTRACT

Background: Autoimmune pancreatitis is a special form of chronic pancreatitis, more common in men and usually presenting as obstructive jaundice or abdominal pain. It may be associated with other immunological disorders and sometimes it is possible to find positive serological markers. Typical images show pancreatic enlargement with focal or diffuse stenosis of the pancreatic duct but sometimes it presents as a focal pancreatic mass that is difficult to differentiate from pancreatic carcinoma. Aim: To report ten cases of autoimmune pancreatitis. Material and Methods: Retrospective review of clinical records of 10 patients aged 26 to 56 years (six males) with autoimmune pancreatitis. Results: The clinical presentation was obstructive jaundice in six cases, acute pancreatitis in two, persistent increase in serum amylase and Upase in one, and permanent abdominal pain and weight loss in one. On imaging studies, a circumscribed mass was founded in six patients. An endoscopic retrograde colangiopancreatography was performed in four patients showing an abnormal pancreatic duct in all. Six patients were operated and tissue for pathological study was obtained in five, showing inflammatory infiltration. Vive patients were treated with steroids with a good clinical response. Conclusions: Autoimmune pancreatitis must be borne in mind in the differential diagnosis of pancreatic lesions.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Autoimmune Diseases , Pancreatitis , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , Autoimmune Diseases/therapy , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Pancreatitis/diagnosis , Pancreatitis/pathology , Pancreatitis/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
18.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-139749

ABSTRACT

Lichen planus (LP) is a mucocutaneous disease with well-established clinical and microscopic features. The oral mucosa and skin may present clinical and microscopic alterations similar to those observed in LP, called lichenoid reactions (LRs), which are triggered by systemic or topical etiological agents. The difficulties faced to establish the differential diagnosis between the two pathologies were investigated in the literature. It was observed that the etiology of LP is still under discussion, with a tendency to self-immunity, while the etiology of LRs is related to the contact with specific agents, such as metallic restorative materials, resins, and drugs, allowing the establishment of a cause-effect relationship. In this case, the disease is caused by the antigen fixation in the epithelial cells, which are destructed by the immune system. Based on these data, protocols are suggested for this differentiation. The important role played by the integration between the clinician and the oral pathologist in the diagnostic process is highlighted. The treatment of LP comprises mainly the utilization of corticosteroids and the LR is treated by removal of the causal factor. Differentiation between the two diseases allows an effective and correct therapeutic approach.


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , Autoimmune Diseases/therapy , Dermatitis, Contact/complications , Dermatitis, Contact/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Lichen Planus, Oral/etiology , Lichen Planus, Oral/pathology , Lichen Planus, Oral/therapy , Lichenoid Eruptions/etiology , Lichenoid Eruptions/pathology , Lichenoid Eruptions/therapy , Mouth Diseases/etiology , Mouth Diseases/pathology
19.
Invest. clín ; 50(2): 251-270, jun. 2009. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-564803

ABSTRACT

La mielitis transversa (MT), es un proceso inflamatorio que afecta un área restringida del cordón espinal. La presentación, usualmente dramática, con una rápida progresión de los síntomas que involucran las funciones motoras, sensitivas y autonómicas, hace de la MT aguda una emergencia médica. Aunque su asociación con el lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) y el síndrome de Sjõgren (SS), ha sido reportada como rara, y no existe acuerdo con respecto al tratamiento de estos pacientes, los diferentes autores si enfatizan el hecho que un diagnóstico precoz y tratamiento agresivo, mejoran el pronóstico. En la revisión de la literatura (MEDLINE) se encontró que las principales enfermedades autoinmunes asociadas a la MT aguda son el LES y el SS. Además, se establece que los anticuerpos antifosfolipídicos (aAP) podrían tener un papel etiológico en la MT. Aunque no existen protocolos terapéuticos uniformes para el tratamiento de estos pacientes y el pronóstico, en muchos casos es pobre, ha sido postulado que el tratamiento temprano y agresivo (usualmente con bolos de esteroides y ciclofosfamida) puede ser crucial para una respuesta adecuada.


Transverse myelitis (TM) is an inflammatory process involving restricted areas of the spinal cord. The usually dramatic presentation with rapidly progressive symptoms involving motor, sensory and autonomic functions makes acute TM a medical emergency. Acute TM has been cited as a rare and unusual complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and Sjõgren’s syndrome (SS), but early diagnosis and aggressive treatment might improve the prognosis. This review of the literature (MEDLINE), showed that, within autoimmune diseases, acute transverse myelitis is mainly associated with SLE and SS. Previous studies seem to indicate that the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies might play a role in the etiology of TM. Although no uniform therapeutic protocol exists, and the prognosis is usually poor, early aggressive treatment (usually with EV pulses of methylprednisolone and cyclophosphamide) might improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , Spinal Cord Diseases , Antibodies, Antiphospholipid/immunology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/immunology , Sjogren's Syndrome/immunology
20.
An. bras. dermatol ; 84(2): 111-122, mar.-abr. 2009. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-515913

ABSTRACT

Dermatoses bolhosas autoimunes são doenças cuja manifestação cutânea primária e fundamental consiste em vesículas e bolhas. Classificam-se conforme a localização da bolha, em intraepidérmica e subepidérmica. Os pacientes produzem autoanticorpos contra estruturas específicas da pele detectáveis por técnicas de imunofluorescência, immunobloting e Elisa. Os recentes avanços da biologia molecular e celular têm permitido conhecer esses autoantígenos, contra os quais os pacientes se sensibilizam e que estão localizados na epiderme ou na junção dermoepidérmica. São doenças de baixa incidência, porém de elevada morbidade e por vezes letais. O objetivo deste trabalho é revisar e descrever os progressos nos conhecimentos de quatro doenças vésico-bolhosas autoimunes: pênfigo foliáceo endêmico (fogo selvagem), pênfigo vulgar, penfigóide bolhoso e dermatite herpetiforme.


Autoimmune bullous dermatoses are diseases in which blisters and vesicles are the primary and fundamental types of skin lesion. Their classification is based on the location of the blister: intraepidermal and subepidermal. Patients produce autoantibodies against self-specific structures of the skin detectable by immunofluorescence techniques, immunoblotting and ELISA. Recent advances in molecular and cellular biology have brought to knowledge these self-antigens, against which patients are sensitized, and which are found in epidermis or in the dermo-epidermal junction. These are low incidence, but high morbidity diseases that may be fatal. The aim of this article is to review and describe the progress of four autoimmune vesiculobullous disorders: endemic pemphigus foliaceous (wild fire), pemphigus vulgaris, bullous pemphigoid and dermatitis herpetiformis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoimmune Diseases/immunology , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , Skin Diseases, Vesiculobullous/immunology , Skin Diseases, Vesiculobullous/pathology , Autoantibodies/immunology , Autoantigens/immunology , Autoimmune Diseases/therapy , Dermatitis Herpetiformis/immunology , Dermatitis Herpetiformis/pathology , Dermatitis Herpetiformis/therapy , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Immunoblotting , Pemphigoid, Bullous/immunology , Pemphigoid, Bullous/pathology , Pemphigoid, Bullous/therapy , Pemphigus/immunology , Pemphigus/pathology , Pemphigus/therapy , Skin Diseases, Vesiculobullous/therapy
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