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Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 191-198, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971514


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of different manners of heat exposure on thoracic aorta injury in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and explore the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#Normal 6 to 7-week-old male SHRs were randomized into control group (cage at room temperature), intermittent heat exposure group (SHR-8 group, exposed to 32 ℃ for 8 h daily for 7 days) and SHR-24 group (with continuous exposure to 32 ℃ for 7 days). After the treatments, the pathologies of the thoracic aorta of the rats were observed with HE staining, and the expressions of Beclin1, LC3B and p62 were detected with Western blotting and immunofluorescence assay; TUNEL staining was used to observe cell apoptosis in the thoracic aorta, and the expressions of caspase-3, Bax, and Bcl-2 were detected using Western blotting. The effects of intraperitoneal injections of 3-MA (an autophagy agonist), rapamycin (an autophagy inhibitor) or compound C 30 min before intermittent heat exposure on the expressions of proteins associated with autophagy, apoptosis and the AMPK/mTOR/ULK1 pathway in the aorta were examined with immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#In SHR-8 group, the rats showed incomplete aortic intima with disordered cell distribution and significantly increased expressions of Beclin1, LC3II/LC3I and Bax, lowered expressions of p62 and Bcl-2, and increased apoptotic cells in the thoracic aorta (P < 0.05). Pretreatment with 3-MA obviously inhibited the expressions of autophagy- and apoptosis-related proteins, whereas rapamycin promoted their expressions. Compared with the control group, the rats in SHR-8 group had significantly down-regulated p-mTOR and up-regulated p-AMPK and p-ULK1 expression of in the aorta; Treatment with compound C obviously lowered the expressions of p-AMPK and p-ULK1 and those of LC3B and Beclin1 as well.@*CONCLUSION@#In SHRs, intermittent heat exposure causes significant pathologies and promotes autophagy and apoptosis in the thoracic aorta possibly by activating the AMPK/mTOR/ULK1 pathway.

Rats , Male , Animals , Rats, Inbred SHR , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism , Aorta, Thoracic , Beclin-1 , Hot Temperature , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Apoptosis , Aortic Diseases , Autophagy , Autophagy-Related Protein-1 Homolog/metabolism
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1082-1088, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941045


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of salt-inducible kinase 2 (SIK2) in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in rats.@*METHODS@#Fifteen male SD rats were randomized equally into sham operation group, myocardial IR model group, and SIK2 inhibitor group (in which the rats were treated with intravenous injection of 10 mg/kg bosutinib via the left femoral vein 24 h before modeling). Ultrasound was used to detect the cardiac function of the rats, and myocardial pathologies were observed with HE staining. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe autophagy of myocardial cells, and Western blotting was performed to detect the contents of the autophagy-related proteins SIK2, LC3B, Beclin-1, p62 and the expressions of p-mTOR, mTOR, p-ULK1, and ULK1 in myocardial tissue.@*RESULTS@#Myocardial IR injury significantly increased the number of autophagosomes (P < 0.05) and the expression of SIK2 protein (P < 0.01) in the myocardial tissues. Treatment with bosutinib before modeling obviously lowered the expression of SIK2 protein (P < 0.01), alleviated myocardial pathologies, and reduced the number of autophagosomes (P < 0.05) in the myocardial tissue. The rats with myocardial IR injury showed obviously lowered LVEF and FS values (P < 0.001), which were significantly improved by bosutinib treatment (P < 0.05); no significant difference was detected in IVSDd or LVPWDd among the 3 groups (P > 0.05). Myocardial IR injury obviously increased the expressions of LC3-II/LC3-I and Beclin-1 proteins and lowered the expression of p62 protein (P < 0.01), and these changes were significantly rescued by bosutinib treatment (P < 0.05). The rat models of myocardial IR injury showed significantly increased expression of p-ULK1 (Ser757) (P < 0.01) and lowered expression of p-mTOR protein (P < 0.0001) in the myocardium, and these changes were obviously reversed by bosutinib (P < 0.01 or 0.05); there was no significant difference in mTOR and ULK1 expressions among the 3 groups (P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#SIK2 may promote autophagy through the mTOR/ULK1 signaling pathway, and inhibiting SIK2 can reduce abnormal autophagy and alleviate myocardial IR injury in rats.

Animals , Male , Rats , Autophagy , Autophagy-Related Protein-1 Homolog/metabolism , Beclin-1/metabolism , Down-Regulation , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism