Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 140
Filter
2.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(1): 28-33, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092467

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: One of the most important points of the acute type A aortic dissection surgery is how to perform cannulation regarding cerebral protection concerns and the conditions of arterial structures as a pathophysiological consequence of the disease. Objective: In this study, femoral and axillary cannulation methods were compared in acute type A aortic dissection operations. Methods: The study retrospectively evaluated 52 patients who underwent emergency surgery for acute type A aortic dissection. Patients without malperfusion according to Penn Aa classification were chosen for preoperative standardization of the study groups. The femoral arterial cannulation group was group 1 (n=22) and the axillary arterial cannulation group was group 2 (n=30). The groups were compared in terms of perioperative and postoperative results. Results: There was no statistically significant difference in terms of preoperative data. In terms of postoperative parameters, especially early mortality and new-onset cerebrovascular event, there was no statistically significant difference. Mortality rates in group 1 and group 2 were 13.6% (n=3) and 10% (n=3), respectively (P=0.685). Postoperative new-onset cerebral events ratio was found in 5 (22.7%) in the femoral cannulation group and 6 (20%) in the axillary cannulation group (P=0.812). Conclusion: Both femoral and axillary arterial cannulation methods can be safely performed in patients with acute type A aortic dissection, provided that cerebral protection strategies should be considered in the first place. The method to be performed may vary depending on the patient's current medical condition or the surgeon's preference.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Axillary Artery/surgery , Femoral Artery , Femur/surgery , Aneurysm, Dissecting , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Catheterization , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 1046-1048, Sept. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012394

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The suprascapular artery (SSA) has been identified to be of clinical relevance to clavicular fracture, suprascapular neuropathy and surgical intervention of shoulder. Thus its origin and course have been intensively studied. In this case, we found a unilateral variation of the suprascapular artery, originating from the 1st segment of axillary artery, and sequentially penetrating the upper trunk of brachial plexus, passing through the suprascapular notch under the superior transverse scapular ligament. This case will be helpful to clinical management in cervical and shoulder region.


RESUMEN: Se ha identificado que la arteria supraescapular (ASS) tiene relevancia clínica en la fractura clavicular, la neuropatía supraescapular y la intervención quirúrgica del hombro. En consecuencia, su origen y su curso han sido ampliamente estudiados. En este caso, encontramos una variación unilateral de la arteria supraescapular, originada en el primer segmento de la arteria axilar, y que penetraba secuencialmente en el tronco superior del plexo braquial, pasando a través de la incisura supraescapular debajo del ligamento escapular transverso superior. Este caso será útil para el manejo clínico en la región cervical y del hombro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arteries/abnormalities , Scapula/blood supply , Shoulder/blood supply , Axillary Artery/abnormalities , Anatomic Variation
4.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 84(3): 265-272, jun. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1020342

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La prevalencia del dolor de hombro oscila entre el 6,7% y el 66,7%; los trastornos del manguito rotador y especialmente la ruptura pueden alcanzar una prevalencia del 22,1%. Debido a los importantes avances y estudios en la reparación de esta lesión, la cirugía artroscópica ha permitido una mejor identificación, visualización y clasificación, y un mejor manejo de los pacientes. Además, la ruptura del manguito rotador o la fractura de la tuberosidad mayor del húmero incrementan el riesgo de lesión nerviosa (riesgo relativo -1,9), más significativa en pacientes >60 años. Se presenta a un paciente con ruptura postraumática del manguito rotador, quien requirió reparación artroscópica mínimamente invasiva, con evolución posoperatoria estacionaria y diagnóstico de lesión del nervio axilar, sin recuperación autolimitada atribuida a luxación anterior e inestabilidad secundaria al trauma inicial. Conclusiones: La lesión del nervio axilar es más frecuente que lo esperado y, en muchas ocasiones, la identificación temprana se pasa por alto debido a la alta asociación con otras lesiones. Por lo tanto, el diagnóstico y el manejo oportunos requieren mucho cuidado por parte del médico tratante. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: The prevalence of shoulder pain varies between 6.7% and 66.7%; whereas rotator cuff disorders-especially rupture-can reach a prevalence of 22.1%. Due to the important advances and studies in the repair of this injury, arthroscopic surgery has allowed a better identification, visualization and classification, as well as a better handling of the patients. In addition, rotator cuff ruptures or greater tuberosity fractures increase the risk of nerve injury (relative risk -1.9), which is more significant in patients >60 years old. We discuss the case of a patient with post-traumatic rotator cuff rupture who required minimally invasive arthroscopic repair. No weight-bearing was allowed during the postoperative period. Patient presented a non-self-limited axillary nerve injury secondary to anterior dislocation and resulting instability after the original trauma. Conclusions: Axillary nerve injuries are more common than expected and, in many cases, early identification is not possible due to its high rate of association with other injuries. Therefore, treating physicians must be very careful in order to achieve a timely diagnosis and management of the patient. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Shoulder Joint/injuries , Axillary Artery/injuries , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications , Early Diagnosis
5.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 213-221, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990580

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To investigate whether axillary artery cannulation has supremacy over innominate artery cannulation in thoracic aortic surgery. Methods: A comprehensive search was undertaken among the four major databases (PubMed, Excerpta Medica dataBASE [EMBASE], Scopus, and Ovid) to identify all randomized and nonrandomized controlled trials comparing axillary to innominate artery cannulation in thoracic aortic surgery. Databases were evaluated and assessed up to March 2017. Results: Only three studies fulfilled the criteria for this meta-analysis, including 534 patients. Cardiopulmonary bypass time was significantly shorter in the innominate group (P=0.004). However, the innominate group had significantly higher risk of prolonged intubation > 48 hours (P=0.04) than the axillary group. Further analysis revealed no significant difference between the innominate and axillary groups for deep hypothermic circulatory arrest time (P=0.06). The relative risks for temporary and permanent neurological deficits as well as in-hospital mortality were not significantly different for both groups (P=0.90, P=0.49, and P=0.55, respectively). Length of hospital stay was similar for both groups. Conclusion: There is no superiority of axillary over innominate artery cannulation in thoracic aortic surgery in terms of perioperative outcomes; however, as the studies were limited, larger scale comparative studies are required to provide a solid evidence base for choosing optimal arterial cannulation site.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Axillary Artery/surgery , Catheterization/methods , Brachiocephalic Trunk/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Catheterization/adverse effects , Catheterization/mortality , Treatment Outcome , Hospital Mortality
6.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 226-228, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990575

ABSTRACT

Abstract We report a 16-year-old boy who sustained a gunshot injury on his upper left side of the chest that resulted in an injury to the left axillary artery and was treated with endovascular repair. An endovascular repair has been increasingly accepted for the management of hemorrhage in critically ill trauma patients; using covered endovascular stents provides an alternative modality for both controlling hemorrhage and preserving flow.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Axillary Artery/injuries , Wounds, Gunshot/therapy , Stents , Angioplasty, Balloon/methods , Axillary Artery/diagnostic imaging , Wounds, Gunshot/diagnostic imaging , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Computed Tomography Angiography
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770080

ABSTRACT

Carpal tunnel syndrome is rare in children. When it does occur in children, the most common causes reported are mucopolysaccharidosis and mucolipidosis. The median artery is a transitory vessel that develops from the axillary artery in early embryonic life and does not normally survive until postfetal life. In a small percentage of individuals, however, it persists into adulthood and is frequently accompanied by a bifid median nerve. A persistent median artery can be a cause of carpal tunnel syndrome in adults, but it is extremely rare in children and adolescents. This paper reports a case of a carpal tunnel syndrome caused by a persistent median artery and bifid median nerve in a 13-year-old girl.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Arteries , Axillary Artery , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Child , Female , Humans , Median Nerve , Mucolipidoses , Mucopolysaccharidoses
8.
Rev. chil. cir ; 70(4): 362-366, ago. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959397

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Presentar un caso clínico y discutir el manejo del trauma de arteria axilar y revisar la literatura actual. Caso Clínico: se presenta el caso de un paciente con lesión de arteria axilar, que es traído en shock hipovolémico al Servicio de Emergencias de nuestro hospital. En pabellón, se aprecia sección incompleta de la segunda porción de la arteria axilar. Se controla y repara con anastomosis primaria término-terminal. En su posoperatorio evoluciona de forma satisfactoria. Discusión: El manejo del trauma vascular debe ser metódico y multidisciplinario. Los signos duros de trauma vascular son indicación de exploración quirúrgica inmediata. Los pacientes con signos blandos pueden complementarse con imágenes. En una sección incompleta de arteria axilar, la anastomosis término-terminal ha mostrado buenos resultados. Conclusiones: las lesiones de arteria axilar en el contexto de traumas son infrecuentes. Su manejo necesita de un alto índice de sospecha, un enfoque multidisciplinario y un acceso quirúrgico adecuado al contexto.


Objective: To present a clinical case and discuss the management of axillary artery trauma and to review current literature. Clinical case: Male patient with axillary artery injury, who is brought in hypovolemic shock to the Emergency Department. Surgical findings demonstrated an incomplete section of the second portion of the axillary artery which was repaired with primary end-to-end anastomosis. Postoperatively, the patient evolves without pain and is discharged. Discussion: The management of vascular trauma should be methodical and multidisciplinary. Hard signs of vascular trauma mandate immediate surgical exploration. Patients with soft signs may need further evaluation with images. In an incomplete section of the axillary artery the end-to-end anastomosis has shown good results. Conclusions: Axillary artery lesions in the context of trauma are infrequent. Its management requires a high index of suspicion, a multidisciplinary approach and adequate surgical access.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Axillary Artery/surgery , Axillary Artery/injuries , Vascular Surgical Procedures/methods , Wounds, Stab/surgery , Blood Vessels/injuries , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718958

ABSTRACT

Axillary arch is relatively common variation of muscle in the axilla. There were several attentions on axillary arch due to its anatomical and surgical importance. During educational dissection, a variant muscle was found in right arm of 68-year-old female cadaver. The variation of muscle originated from the lateral edge of the latissimus dorsi muscle as muscular form. And then, it crossed the axillary artery and median nerve as tendinous form. Finally it became wide as muscular form and inserted into the pectoralis major. We reported this variant muscle and discussed its clinical significances.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arm , Attention , Axilla , Axillary Artery , Cadaver , Female , Humans , Median Nerve , Superficial Back Muscles
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716283

ABSTRACT

A 73-year-old woman who underwent combined bioprosthetic mitral valve replacement, tricuspid ring annuloplasty, and coronary artery bypass grafting 12 years previously visited our clinic due to aggravated dyspnea caused by structural valve deterioration of the mitral prosthesis. Because aortic or femoral artery cannulation and cross-clamping would have a high risk of stroke owing to severe calcification of the ascending aorta and ilio-femoral vessels, and because there was a risk of redo sternotomy due to the patent bypass grafts, a comprehensive approach including axillary artery cannulation, a minimally invasive right thoracotomy approach, and a clampless hypothermic fibrillatory arrest technique was used during redo mitral valve replacement.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aorta , Axillary Artery , Catheterization , Coronary Artery Bypass , Dyspnea , Female , Femoral Artery , Humans , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Mitral Valve , Prostheses and Implants , Reoperation , Sternotomy , Stroke , Thoracotomy , Transplants
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715573

ABSTRACT

Anatomic variations in the branching pattern of the axillary artery are common and have been studied by many authors. The origin of the anterior circumflex humeral artery is also various and its association with other variations has been focused recently. This study identified the origin of the anterior circumflex humeral artery, the communication between the musculocutaneous and median nerves, and the third head of the biceps brachii muscle, and then their associations were examined. Axillae of 75 cadavers were dissected and these variations were collected. The anterior circumflex humeral artery arose directly from the third parts of the axillary artery in 82.0% of upper limbs. It also arose as common stem for both humeral arteries in 7.3% of the third part of the axillary artery and in 5.3% of the subscapular artery, respectively. The anterior circumflex humeral artery was absent in 2.7% and two anterior circumflex humeral artery was found in 1.3% of limbs. The communication between the musculocutaneous and median nerves and the third head of the biceps brachii muscle were found in 32.0% and 16.0% of upper limbs, respectively. These variations were not statistically associated with each other. These results may provide deep knowledge about the anatomy of the anterior circumflex humeral artery and contribute to explain its clinical implications.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Axilla , Axillary Artery , Cadaver , Extremities , Head , Median Nerve , Upper Extremity
12.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 52(4): 491-495, July-Aug. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-899171

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Lesions of the axillary artery and consequent compression of the brachial plexus are extremely rare in patients with glenohumeral dislocation and may have greatly varying clinical manifestations. This joint is one of the most affected by dislocation in the human body, accounting for approximately 45% of cases. Less than 1% of patients with shoulder dislocation have vascular complications; however, when there is damage in the axillary artery, the incidence of associated brachial plexus injury is 27% to 44%. The authors report on a case of brachial plexus compression by an axillary artery pseudoaneurysm after a glenohumeral dislocation, aiming to highlight the existence of this association, in order to make an early diagnosis and avoid serious complications, such as neurologic injury.


RESUMO As lesões de artéria axilar e consequente compressão de plexo braquial são extremamente raras em pacientes com luxação de glenoumeral e podem ter manifestações clínicas bastante variadas. Essa articulação é uma das mais acometidas por luxação do corpo humano, representando cerca de 45% dos casos. Menos de 1% dos pacientes com luxação de ombro apresentam complicações vasculares; no entanto, quando há lesão da artéria axilar, a incidência de lesão de plexo braquial associada é de 27% a 44%. Relatamos um caso de compressão do plexo braquial por um pseudoaneurisma de artéria axilar após uma luxação glenoumeral. O objetivo é lembrar a existência dessa associação, a fim de diagnosticá-la precocemente e evitar complicações graves, como a lesão neurológica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aneurysm, False , Axillary Artery , Brachial Plexus/injuries , Shoulder Dislocation
13.
J. vasc. bras ; 16(3): f:248-l:251, jul.-set. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-877046

ABSTRACT

The subscapular, anterior circumflex, and posterior circumflex arteries arise from the third part of the axillary artery. During dissection of the right upper limb of the cadaver of a 70-year-old male, a common trunk was observed arising from the third part of the axillary artery which, after traveling for 0.5 cm, bifurcated into subscapular and posterior circumflex humeral arteries. The common trunk was crossed anteriorly by the radial nerve. The medial nerve was formed by medial and lateral roots on the medial side of the third part of the axillary artery, remaining medial to the brachial artery up to the cubital fossa and then following its usual course thereafter. Awareness of the vascular variations observed in the present case is important when conducting surgical procedures in the axilla, for radiologists interpreting angiographs, and for anatomy-pathologists studying rare findings


As artérias subescapular, circunflexa anterior e circunflexa posterior se originam da terceira parte da artéria axilar. Durante a dissecção de membro superior direito de um cadáver humano com 70 anos de idade, do sexo masculino, um tronco comum foi observado originando-se da terceira parte da artéria axilar, após um percurso de 0,5 cm, bifurcando-se em artéria subescapular e artéria circunflexa posterior do húmero. O tronco comum era cruzado anteriormente pelo nervo radial. O nervo medial era formado por raízes medial e lateral, no lado medial da terceira parte da artéria axilar, permanecendo em posição medial à artéria braquial até a fossa cubital e seguindo seu curso usual a partir de então. Conhecimento das variações vasculares observadas neste caso é importante ao executar procedimentos cirúrgicos na axila, para radiologistas que interpretam radiografias, e também para anatomo-patologistas que estudam achados raros


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Axillary Artery/physiology , Humerus/physiology , Rotator Cuff , Arteries/physiology , Dissection/methods , Pectoralis Muscles/physiology , Radial Nerve
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 35(2): 698-704, June 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893042

ABSTRACT

Variations of the peripheral nerve formation, communication and distribution are clinically important because such knowledge can be used for proper planning of surgeries and evaluating effects of nerve injuries and clinical imaging. Median nerve is known to have several such variations. However studies done on median nerve in Sri Lankan subjects are spars. The objective of this study was to find out anatomical variations of the median nerve with regards to its variations in roots and relations to the arteries in the axilla and arm. The study was done using 98 upper limbs of 49 formalin fixed cadavers. They were dissected and anatomy of the median nerve formations was studied focusing its variations of the roots and relation to the arteries. Anatomical variations of MN formation were observed in 33 (33.67 %) upper limbs with 4 bilateral and 25 unilateral variations. These variations were classified broadly in to two groups, variations of roots (15.3 %) and variation of arterial relations (18.37 %). There were three types of numerical variations (9.18 %) and three types of morphological variations (6.12 %) of roots. The median nerve was found to form in relation to the 2nd part of the axillary artery in 6.12 %, abnormal relation to the 3rd part of the axillary artery in 2.04 %, normal relation to the 3rd part of the axillary artery in 81.63 %, and brachial artery in 10.2 % of the specimens. The current study highlights the presence of different anatomical variations at median nerve formation with regards to its roots and arterial relations and describes three rare forms of anomalies which were not found on literature survey.


Las variaciones de la comunicación, formación y distribución del nervio periférico son clínicamente importantes para la planificación adecuada de las cirugías y para evaluar los efectos de las lesiones nerviosas y la imagen clínica. En el nervio mediano se han observado varias de estas variaciones. Sin embargo, son escasos los estudios realizados del nervio mediano en sujetos de Sri Lanka. El objetivo de este estudio fue conocer las variaciones anatómicas del nervio mediano con respecto a sus raíces y las relaciones con las arterias axilar y braquial. El estudio se realizó utilizando 98 miembros superiores de 49 cadáveres fijados con formalina. Se disecó y se estudió la anatomía de las formaciones de los nervios medianos, enfocando sus variaciones a nivel de las raíces y las relaciones con las arterias. Se observaron variaciones anatómicas de la formación de nervio mediano en 33 miembros superiores (33,67 %) con 4 variaciones bilaterales y 25 unilaterales. Estas variaciones se clasificaron ampliamente en dos grupos, variaciones de raíces (15,3 %) y variación de las relaciones arteriales (18,37 %). Existen tres tipos de variaciones numéricas (9,18 %) y tres tipos de variaciones morfológicas (6,12 %) de las raíces. Se encontró que el nervio mediano se formaba en relación con la 2 parte de la arteria axilar en el 6,12 %, relación anormal con la 3 parte de la arteria axilar en 2,04 %, relación normal con la 3 parte de la arteria axilar en el 81 ,63 % y braquial en el 10,2 % de los especímenes. El presente estudio señala la presencia de diferentes variaciones anatómicas en la formación del nervio mediano con respecto a sus raíces y relaciones arteriales y describe tres anomalías raras que no se encontraron en la investigación bibliográfica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Axillary Artery/anatomy & histology , Brachial Artery/anatomy & histology , Median Nerve/abnormalities , Anatomic Variation , Cadaver
15.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 50(1): 69-80, ene-abr. 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-884485

ABSTRACT

Se presentan tres casos de nacimiento alto de la arteria radial, todos en el miembro derecho, uno a nivel del tercio superior de la arteria braquial, el segundo caso a nivel del tercio medio de la misma y en el tercer caso el nacimiento de la arteria radial se produce a nivel de la arteria axilar. En todos los casos tienen un trayecto superficial en el brazo y antebrazo. En la mano forman el arco palmar arterial profundo de manera habitual. Estos casos representan el 7,5% de los 40 miembros disecados. El origen alto de la arteria radial es la variante más frecuente dentro de las anomalías del árbol arterial del miembro superior. Su importancia radica en el aumento de los procedimientos percutáneos sobre la arteria radial en cateterismos coronarios y en el cada vez más utilizado colgajo radial en las cirugías reconstructivas. Su trayecto superficial favorece los traumatismos y la confusión con venas, situación que puede ocasionar inyecciones medicamentosas accidentales en estas arterias con sus graves consecuencias.


We present three cases of high birth of the radial artery, all on the right limbone at the upper third of the brachial artery, the second at the middle third of the artery, and in the third case the radial artery arises at the level of the axillary artery. In all cases they have a superficial path in the arm and forearm. In the hand they form the deep arterial arch of the palmar in the usual way. These cases represent 7.5% of the 40 dissected members. The high birth of the radial artery is the most frequent variant within the arterial tree anomalies of the upper limb. Its importance lies in the increase of the percutaneous procedures on the radial artery in coronary catheterisms and in the increasingly used radial flap in the reconstructive surgeries. Its superficial pathway favors trauma and confusion with veins, a situation that can cause accidental drug injections in these arteries with their serious consequences.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Brachial Artery/abnormalities , Radial Artery/abnormalities , Upper Extremity/anatomy & histology , Axillary Artery
16.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 34(1): 232-241, ene.-mar. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-841445

ABSTRACT

Resumen:Este trabajo describe la presencia de la variante anatómica de la arteria axilar en un caso incidental de disección del Departamento de ciencias morfológicas de la Escuela de Medicina de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas, dicha variante se presenta en menos de un 0.2% de la población. Así mismo se revisa el tema y su importancia clínica.


Abstract:This work describes the presence of anatomical variant of the axillary artery in an incidental case dissecting the Department of Morphological Sciences , School of Medicine, Universidad de Ciencias Médicas, said variant occurs in less than 0.2 % of the population. Also the subject and its clinical significance is reviewed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Axillary Artery/pathology , Axillary Artery/physiopathology
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-136431

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The authors sought to determine whether a shallow needle approach to the axillary artery would improve complete sensory blocks of median, radial, and ulnar nerves as compared with a perpendicular approach when transarterial axillary block is performed using a scalp vein needle (23G, 3/4'). METHODS: Fifty-four patients were allocated equally to a perpendicular group (the PA group) or a shallow approach group (SA group). Sensory and motor scores were evaluated and compared in the two groups at 5-minute intervals for 20 minutes after block. The main outcome variables were rates of blockage of median, radial, and ulnar nerves. RESULTS: Excellent block rates (defined as completion of surgery using brachial plexus block alone) were obtained in both groups (SA group 77.8% vs. PA group 70.3%, P = 0.755). However, the rate of blockage of all three nerves was significantly higher in the SA group (74% vs. 40.7%, P = 0.013). Furthermore, the rate of complete sensory block of the radial nerve at 20 minutes was significantly greater in the SA group (85.2% vs. 59.3%, P = 0.033). CONCLUSIONS: A shallow needle approach to the axillary artery resulted in a significantly higher median, radial, and ulnar nerve block rate at 20 minutes after LA injection than a perpendicular approach.


Subject(s)
Axillary Artery , Brachial Plexus Block , Brachial Plexus , Humans , Needles , Radial Nerve , Scalp , Ulnar Nerve , Veins
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-136430

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The authors sought to determine whether a shallow needle approach to the axillary artery would improve complete sensory blocks of median, radial, and ulnar nerves as compared with a perpendicular approach when transarterial axillary block is performed using a scalp vein needle (23G, 3/4'). METHODS: Fifty-four patients were allocated equally to a perpendicular group (the PA group) or a shallow approach group (SA group). Sensory and motor scores were evaluated and compared in the two groups at 5-minute intervals for 20 minutes after block. The main outcome variables were rates of blockage of median, radial, and ulnar nerves. RESULTS: Excellent block rates (defined as completion of surgery using brachial plexus block alone) were obtained in both groups (SA group 77.8% vs. PA group 70.3%, P = 0.755). However, the rate of blockage of all three nerves was significantly higher in the SA group (74% vs. 40.7%, P = 0.013). Furthermore, the rate of complete sensory block of the radial nerve at 20 minutes was significantly greater in the SA group (85.2% vs. 59.3%, P = 0.033). CONCLUSIONS: A shallow needle approach to the axillary artery resulted in a significantly higher median, radial, and ulnar nerve block rate at 20 minutes after LA injection than a perpendicular approach.


Subject(s)
Axillary Artery , Brachial Plexus Block , Brachial Plexus , Humans , Needles , Radial Nerve , Scalp , Ulnar Nerve , Veins
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-83812

ABSTRACT

The axillary artery (AA) is often referred to as having three parts, with these divisions based on its location relative to the pectoralis minor muscle. In third part, AA gives off the subscapular (SSA), anterior circumflex humeral, and posterior circumflex humeral arteries (PCHA). However, variations in these arteries were extremely diverse. So, we observed actually some branching patterns of these arteries in this study. METHOD: We studied the pattern of SSA in 128 upper limbs from donated cadavers. RESULT: SSA was originated directly from the third and second parts of AA in 37.5% (48/128) and 4.7% (6/128), respectively. A PCHA made a common trunk with SSA in 25.8% (33/128), and these trunks arose from the third and second parts of AA in 21.1% (27/128) and 4.7% (6/128), respectively. A lateral thoracic artery (LTA) arose from SSA in 12.5% (16/128), and these were originated from the third and second parts of AA in 4.7% (6/128) and 7.8% (10/128), respectively. In 19.5% (25/128) of upper limbs, LTA, SSA, and PCHA have a common trunk, and these arose from the third and second parts of AA in 12.5% (16/128) and 7.0% (9/128), respectively. According to the branching pattern of the SSA, its origin was significantly different.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Axillary Artery , Cadaver , Methods , Thoracic Arteries , Upper Extremity
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(4): 218-226, Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-781330

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To update the gross and sonographic anatomy and propose landmarks to perform ultrasound-guided (US-guided) axillary brachial plexus block (BPB) in rabbits. METHODS: Forty New Zeeland's rabbit (NZR) cadavers were dissected and the nerves were trimmed, identified, measured, and photographed. Additionally, in twenty NZRs, sonographic images of brachial plexus (BP) were performed through a simple-resolution ultrasound device. The US-guided block was achieved through a minimum volume of lidocaine necessary to surround the BP roots. The effectiveness of the brachial plexus block was assessed on sensitivity and motor functions. RESULTS: The BP resulted from connections between the ventral branches of the last four cervical spinal nerves and the first thoracic spinal nerve. In the axillary sonoanatomy, the BP appeared as an agglomerate of small, round hypoechoic structures surrounded by a thin hyperechoic ring. The amount of time and the minimum volume required to perform was 4.3 ± 2.3 min and 0.8 ± 0.3ml, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The gross and sonographic anatomy of the BP showed uncommon morphological variations. Moreover, from sonographic landmarks, we showed complete reproducibility of the axillary US-guided brachial plexus block with simple resolution equipment and small volume of anesthetics required.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Rabbits , Brachial Plexus/anatomy & histology , Brachial Plexus/diagnostic imaging , Models, Animal , Brachial Plexus Block/methods , Axilla/innervation , Axilla/blood supply , Axillary Artery/anatomy & histology , Reproducibility of Results , Ultrasonography/methods , Anatomic Landmarks , Brachial Plexus Block/veterinary , Forelimb/innervation , Anesthetics, Local/administration & dosage
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL