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1.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 74(1): 5-9, Jan. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-772601

ABSTRACT

The mechanisms involved in the symptoms of Sydenham’s chorea (SC) remain obscure. Taking into account the autoreactive antibody-mediated hypothesis of SC pathogenesis, the persistence of chorea may be associated with increased levels of B1 lymphocytes and other lymphocyte subsets. We evaluated lymphocyte subsets, including B1 and T cells, in patients with remitted (RSC) and persistent (PSC) SC by flow cytometry. Our results showed neither difference in the frequency of T and B lymphocytes subpopulations nor in their activation and functional states. These findings undermine the view of PSC as a sustained cytotoxic cellular-mediated condition. Alternative mechanisms may explain the pathogenesis of PSC.


Os mecanismos subjacentes aos sintomas da coreia de Sydenham (CS) permanecem desconhecidos. Considerando-se a hipótese de que a patogênese da CS é mediada por anticorpos autorreativos, a persistência da coreia está provavelmente associada a níveis aumentados de linfócitos B1 e outros subtipos de linfócitos. No presente trabalho, foram avaliados subtipos de linfócitos B e T em pacientes com CS em remissão (CSR) e persistente (CSP), por citometria de fluxo. Nossos resultados demonstraram que não há diferença na frequência das subpopulações de linfócitos T e B circulantes e no perfil de ativação e estado funcional dessas células. Esses resultados enfraquecem a hipótese de que a CSP seja uma condição imune sustentada mediada por células citotóxicas. São necessários estudos que investiguem mecanismos alternativos que expliquem a patogênese da CSP.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Autoimmunity/physiology , B-Lymphocyte Subsets/pathology , Chorea/immunology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/pathology , B-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Flow Cytometry , Lymphocyte Count , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(9): e5374, 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951694

ABSTRACT

T lymphocytes are important in the pathogenesis of psoriasis, and increasing evidence indicates that B cells also play an important role. The mechanisms of action, however, remain unclear. We evaluated the ratios of CD19+ B cells in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 157 patients with psoriasis (65 patients with psoriasis vulgaris, 32 patients with erythrodermic psoriasis, 30 patients with arthropathic psoriasis, and 30 patients with pustular psoriasis) and 35 healthy controls (HCs). Ratios of CD19+ B cells in skin lesions were compared with non-lesions in 7 erythrodermic psoriasis patients. The Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI) was used to measure disease severity. CD19+ B cell ratios in PBMCs from psoriasis vulgaris (at both the active and stationary stage) and arthropathic psoriasis patients were higher compared with HCs (P<0.01), but ratios were lower in erythrodermic and pustular psoriasis patients (P<0.01). CD19+ B cell ratios in erythrodermic psoriasis skin lesions were higher than in non-lesion areas (P<0.001). Different subsets of CD19+CD40+, CD19+CD44+, CD19+CD80+, CD19+CD86+, CD19+CD11b+, and CD19+HLA-DR+ B cells in PBMCs were observed in different psoriasis clinical subtypes. PASI scores were positively correlated with CD19+ B cell ratios in psoriasis vulgaris and arthropathic psoriasis cases (r=0.871 and r=0.692, respectively, P<0.01), but were negatively correlated in pustular psoriasis (r=-0.569, P<0.01). The results indicated that similar to T cells, B cells activation may also play important roles in different pathological stages of psoriasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Psoriasis/blood , B-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Antigens, CD19/blood , Psoriasis/immunology , Severity of Illness Index , Lymphocyte Activation , Biomarkers/blood , Lymphocyte Count , Antigens, CD19/immunology , Flow Cytometry
3.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 65(2): 130-135, Mar-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741712

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of intraoperative and preoperative positive pressure in the time of extubation in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. METHOD: Randomized clinical trial, in which 40 individuals with a body mass index between 40 and 55 kg/m2, age between 25 and 55 years, nonsmokers, underwent bariatric surgery type Roux-en-Y gastric bypass by laparotomy and with normal preoperative pulmonary function were randomized into the following groups: G-pre (n = 10): individuals who received treatment with noninvasive positive pressure before surgery for 1 h; G-intra (n = 10): individuals who received positive end-expiratory pressure of 10 cm H2O throughout the surgical procedure; and G-control (n = 20): not received any preoperative or intraoperative intervention. Following were recorded: time between induction of anesthesia and extubation, between the end of anesthesia and extubation, duration of mechanical ventilation, and time between extubation and discharge from the post-anesthetic recovery. RESULTS: There was no statistical difference between groups. However, when applied to the Cohen coefficient, the use of positive end-expiratory pressure of 10 cm H2O during surgery showed a large effect on the time between the end of anesthesia and extubation. About this same time, the treatment performed preoperatively showed moderate effect. CONCLUSION: The use of positive end-expiratory pressure of 10 cm H2O in the intraoperative and positive pressure preoperatively, influenced the time of extubation of patients undergoing bariatric surgery. .


JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVO: investigar a influência do uso da pressão positiva nas vias aéreas intraoperatória e pré-operatória no tempo de extubação de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica. MÉTODO: Trata-se de ensaio clínico randomizado, no qual 40 indivíduos com índice de massa corporal entre 40 e 55 kg/m2, idade entre 25 e 55 anos, não tabagistas, submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica do tipo derivação gástrica em Y de Roux por laparotomia e com prova de função pulmonar pré-operatória dentro da normalidade foram randomizados nos seguintes grupos: G-pré (n = 10): indivíduos que receberam tratamento com pressão positiva não invasiva antes da cirurgia, durante uma hora, G-intra (n = 10): indivíduos que receberam Positive End-expiratory Pressure de 10 cm H2O durante todo o procedimento cirúrgico e G-controle (n = 20): não receberam qualquer tipo de intervenção pré ou intraoperatória. foram anotados os seguintes tempos: tempo decorrido entre a indução anestésica e a extubação, entre o término da anestesia e extubação, tempo de ventilação mecânica, e tempo entre a extubação e a alta da Recuperação Pós-Anestésica. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença estatística entre os grupos, porém quando aplicado ao Coeficiente de Cohen, o uso da Positive End-expiratory Pressure de 10 cm H2O no intraoperatório mostrou um efeito grande sobre o tempo entre o término da anestesia e a extubação. Sobre este mesmo tempo, o tratamento realizado no pré-operatório apresentou efeito moderado. CONCLUSÃO: O uso da Positive End-expiratory Pressure de 10 cm H2O no intraoperatório e da pressão positiva no pré-operatório, pode influenciar o tempo de extubação de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica. .


JUSTIFICACIÓN Y OBJETIVO: Investigar la influencia del uso de la presión positiva en las vías aéreas intraoperatoria y preoperatoria en el tiempo de extubación de pacientes sometidos a la cirugía bariátrica. MÉTODO: Se trata de un ensayo clínico aleatorizado, en el cual 40 individuos con IMC entre 40 y 55 kg/m2, edad entre 25 y 55 años, no fumadores, sometidos a cirugía bariátrica del tipo derivación gástrica en Y de Roux por laparotomía y con prueba de función pulmonar preoperatoria dentro de la normalidad fueron aleatorizados en los siguientes grupos: G-pre (n = 10): individuos que recibieron tratamiento con presión positiva no invasiva antes de la cirugía durante una hora; G-intra (n = 10): individuos que recibieron PEEP de 10 cm H2O durante todo el procedimiento quirúrgico y G-control (n = 20): no recibieron ningún tipo de intervención pre- o intraoperatoria. Fueron anotados los siguientes tiempos: tiempo trascurrido entre la inducción anestésica y la extubación, entre el fin de la anestesia y la extubación, tiempo de ventilación mecánica, y tiempo entre la extubación y el alta de la sala de recuperación postanestésica. RESULTADOS: No hubo diferencia estadística entre los grupos, sin embargo cuando se aplicó el coeficiente de Cohen, el uso de la PEEP de 10 cm H2O en el intraoperatorio mostró un efecto importante sobre el tiempo entre el término de la anestesia y la extubación. Sobre ese mismo tiempo, el tratamiento realizado en el preoperatorio presentó un efecto moderado. CONCLUSIÓN: El uso de la PEEP de 10 cm H2O en el intraoperatorio y de la presión positiva en el preoperatorio puede influir en el tiempo de extubación de pacientes sometidos a cirugía bariátrica. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Mice , Arthritis, Experimental/immunology , B-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein/immunology , Arthritis, Experimental/genetics , Arthritis, Experimental/pathology , Autoimmune Diseases/genetics , Autoimmune Diseases/immunology , Autoimmune Diseases/pathology , B-Lymphocyte Subsets/pathology , /genetics , /immunology , Mice, Knockout , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/pathology , /immunology , /pathology , Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein/genetics
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-192556

ABSTRACT

Most of the previous studies on immune dysregulation in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) have focused on T cell immunity. We investigated B cell subpopulations in ESRD patients and the effect of hemodialysis (HD) on B cell-associated immune profiles in these patients. Forty-four ESRD [maintenance HD patients (n = 27) and pre-dialysis patients (n = 17)] and 27 healthy volunteers were included in this study. We determined the percentage of B cell subtypes, such as mature and immature B cells, memory B cells, and interleukin (IL)-10+ cells, as well as B cell-producing cytokines (IL-10, IL-4 and IL-21) by florescent activated cell sorting (FACS). B cell-associated gene expression was examined using real-time PCR and B cell producing cytokines (IL-10, IL-4 and IL-21) were determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The percentage of total B cells and mature B cells did not differ significantly among the three groups. The percentages of memory B cells were significantly higher in the pre-dialysis group than in the HD group (P 0.05) between the two subgroups within the ESRD group, but the serum IL-10 concentration was significantly lower in the pre-dialysis group (P < 0.01). The results of this study demonstrate significantly altered B cell-associated immunity. Specifically, an imbalance of immature and memory B cells in ESRD patients was observed, with this finding predominating in pre-dialysis patients.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Adult , Antigens, CD19/metabolism , B-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , B-Lymphocytes/immunology , Cytokines/biosynthesis , Female , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Kidney Failure, Chronic/immunology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/genetics , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-80828

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We developed a single-color multitarget flow cytometry (SM-FC) assay, a single-tube assay with graded mean fluorescence intensities (MFIs). We evaluated the repeatability of SM-FC, and its correlation with multicolor flow cytometry (MFC), to assess its application as a routine FC assay. METHODS: We selected CD19, CD3, CD4, and CD8 as antigen targets to analyze a lymphocyte subset. MFIs were graded by adjusting monoclonal antibody (mAb) volumes to detect several cell populations. Dimly labeled mAb was prepared by decreasing mAb volume and the optimum diluted volume was determined by serial dilution. SM-FC repeatability was analyzed 10 times in 2 normal controls. The correlation between SM-FC and MFC was evaluated in 20 normal and 23 patient samples. RESULTS: CV values (0.8-5.0% and 1.3-4.1% in samples 1 and 2, respectively) acquired by SM-FC with CD3-fluorescein alpha-isothyocyanate (FITC)dim+CD4-FITCbright and with CD19-FITCdim+CD3-FITCbright showed good repeatability, comparable to that acquired by MFC (1.6-3.7% and 1.0-4.8% in samples 1 and 2, respectively). Excellent correlation was observed between the 2 methods in the 20 normal samples (B cells, T cells, non-Thelper cells, and Thelper cells; r2=0.87, 0.97, 0.97, and 0.98, respectively; P or =0.98, 0.99, 0.99, and 0.99, respectively; P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The multicolor, single-tube SM-FC technique is a potential alternative tool for identifying a lymphocyte subset.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal/chemistry , Antigens, CD19/chemistry , CD3 Complex/chemistry , CD4 Antigens/chemistry , CD8 Antigens/chemistry , B-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Color , Flow Cytometry/methods , Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate/chemistry , Humans , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology
6.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 102(1): 117-120, Feb. 2007. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-440634

ABSTRACT

The objective of this paper is to propose a protocol to analyze blood samples in yellow fever 17DD vaccinated which developed serious adverse events. We investigated whether or not the time between sample collection and sample processing could interfere in lymphocyte subset percentage, for it is often impossible to analyze blood samples immediately after collection due to transport delay from collection places to the flow cytometry facility. CD4+CD38+ T, CD8+CD38+ T, CD3+ T, CD19+ B lymphocyte subsets were analyzed by flow cytometry in nine healthy volunteers immediately after blood collection and after intervals of 24 and 48 h. The whole blood lysis method and gradient sedimentation by Histopaque were applied to isolate peripheral blood mononuclear cells for flow cytometry analyses. With the lysis method, there was no significant change in lymphocyte subset percentage between the two time intervals (24 and 48 h). In contrast, when blood samples were processed by Histopaque gradient sedimentation, time intervals for sample processing influenced the percentage in T lymphocyte subsets but not in B cells. From the results obtained, we could conclude that the whole blood lysis method is more appropriate than gradient sedimentation by Histopaque for immunophenotyping of blood samples collected after serious adverse events, due to less variation in the lymphocyte subset levels with respect to the time factor.


Subject(s)
Humans , B-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Yellow Fever Vaccine/immunology , Yellow fever virus/immunology , Flow Cytometry , Immunophenotyping , Lymphocyte Count , Time Factors , Yellow Fever Vaccine/adverse effects , Yellow Fever/prevention & control
7.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 100(3): 331-337, May 2005. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-411034

ABSTRACT

In this study the kinetics of humoral and cellular immune responses in first-time vaccinees and re-vaccinees with the yellow fever 17DD vaccine virus was analyzed. Flow cytometric analyses were used to determine percentual values of T and B cells in parallel to the yellow fever neutralizing antibody production. All lymphocyte subsets analyzed were augmented around the 30th post vaccination day, both for first-time vaccinees and re-vaccinees. CD3+ T cells increased from 30.8 percent (SE ± 4 percent) to 61.15 percent (SE ± 4.2 percent), CD4+ T cells from 22.4 percent (SE ± 3.6 percent) to 39.17 percent (SE ± 2 percent) with 43 percent of these cells corresponding to CD4+CD45RO+ T cells, CD8+ T cells from 15.2 percent (SE ± 2.9 percent) to 27 percent (SE ± 3 percent) with 70 percent corresponding to CD8+CD45RO+ T cells in first-time vaccinees. In re-vaccinees, the CD3+ T cells increased from 50.7 percent (SE ± 3 percent) to 80 percent (SE ± 2.3 percent), CD4+ T cells from 24.9 percent (SE ± 1.4 percent) to 40 percent (SE ± 3 percent) presenting a percentage of 95 percent CD4+CD45RO+ T cells, CD8+ T cells from 19.7 percent (SE ± 1.8 percent) to 25 percent (SE ± 2 percent). Among CD8+CD38+ T cells there could be observed an increase from 15 to 41.6 percent in first-time vaccinees and 20.7 to 62.6 percent in re-vaccinees. Regarding neutralizing antibodies, the re-vaccinees presented high titers even before re-vaccination. The levels of neutralizing antibodies of first-time vaccinees were similar to those presented by re-vaccinees at day 30 after vaccination, indicating the success of primary vaccination. Our data provide a basis for further studies on immunological behavior of the YF 17DD vaccine.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Antibodies, Viral/biosynthesis , Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Yellow Fever Vaccine/immunology , Yellow Fever/immunology , Yellow fever virus/immunology , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , B-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Flow Cytometry , Immunity, Cellular/drug effects , Immunity, Cellular/immunology , Neutralization Tests , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Time Factors , Viremia/immunology , Yellow Fever/prevention & control
8.
IBJ-Iranian Biomedical Journal. 1997; 1 (1): 27-34
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-44789

ABSTRACT

The relationship between the immunoglobulin [Ig] nucleotide sequence and the ability of a B cell to develop into a malignant cell was studied in a subset of B cells, B-l cells. B-l cells become malignant in chronic lymphocytic leukemia [CLL] and are responsible for the production of "natural autoantibodies". The autoimmune NZB mouse has been known as a human malignancy and CLL model, because of the age-dependent onset of clonally expanded hyperdiploid B-l cells in these mice. The Ig heavy chain variable region in hyperdiploid B-1 clones from several NZB mice showed common characteristics in the CDR3 shared with fetal B cells: lack of N base insertions and presence of homology sequences at the VH -D-JH junctions that can be encoded by either of the two joined gene segments. Using a degenerative oligoprimer was shown no significant differences in expression of the restricted CDR3/DFL16 region in newborns or in the liver of either strain of mice as young adults. However, the expression of the restricted CDR3/DFL16 in the spleens of young adult NZB was remarkably elevated and showed significant differences from the expression in newborn NZB as well as from young adult and newborn BALB/c mice. It appears that malignant hyperdiploid B-1 cells are derived from fetal B cells. This technique can be used as a molecular marker to demonstrate a relative increase in the expression of this CDR3 in animals pre-destined to develop B-malignancies


Subject(s)
Animals, Laboratory , B-Lymphocytes/genetics , Mice , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mice, Inbred NZB , B-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Oligonucleotides , DNA Primers
9.
Asian Pac J Allergy Immunol ; 1994 Dec; 12(2): 117-23
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-36735

ABSTRACT

Peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets were enumerated at regular intervals during the first year after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) in 21 Chinese patients. Eight of these patients had acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) while they were assessed at the time of engraftment. Our results show in patients receiving allogeneic BMT: (1) T and NK cells were the predominant lymphocyte subsets in the early reconstitution stage while B cells were severely depleted; (2) absolute numbers of the major lymphocyte subsets normalised in 4-5 months; (3) an increased percentage of T cells that expressed the activation antigen HLA-DR and a reversed CD4:CD8 ratio were observed throughout the first 12 months after BMT; (4) patients with acute GVHD had significantly higher white cell count and NK cell percentage than those not complicated by acute GVHD.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Anemia, Aplastic/immunology , B-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Bone Marrow Transplantation/immunology , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Flow Cytometry , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology , HLA-DR Antigens/immunology , Humans , Leukemia/immunology , Lymphocyte Count , Multiple Myeloma/immunology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , Transplantation, Homologous
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