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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880862

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) has a high incidence of metastasis. Tumour immunotherapy targeting PD-L1 or PD-1 has been revolutionary; however, only a few patients with OSCC respond to this treatment. Therefore, it is essential to gain insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying the growth and metastasis of OSCC. In this study, we analysed the expression levels of protein kinase D3 (PKD3) and PD-L1 and their correlation with the expression of mesenchymal and epithelial markers. We found that the expression of PKD3 and PD-L1 in OSCC cells and tissues was significantly increased, which correlated positively with that of mesenchymal markers but negatively with that of epithelial markers. Silencing PKD3 significantly inhibited the growth, metastasis and invasion of OSCC cells, while its overexpression promoted these processes. Our further analyses revealed that there was positive feedback regulation between PKD3 and PD-L1, which could drive EMT of OSCC cells via the ERK/STAT1/3 pathway, thereby promoting tumour growth and metastasis. Furthermore, silencing PKD3 significantly inhibited the expression of PD-L1, and lymph node metastasis of OSCC was investigated with a mouse footpad xenograft model. Thus, our findings provide a theoretical basis for targeting PKD3 as an alternative method to block EMT for regulating PD-L1 expression and inhibiting OSCC growth and metastasis.


Subject(s)
Animals , B7-H1 Antigen/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cell Line, Tumor , Feedback , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Mice , Mouth Neoplasms , Protein Kinase C , STAT1 Transcription Factor , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 708-715, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878092

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most aggressive cancers without effective therapy. To explore potential molecular targets in ESCC, we quantified the mutation spectrum and explored the relationship between gene mutation and clinicopathological characteristics and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression.@*METHODS@#Between 2015 and 2019, 29 surgically resected ESCC tissues and adjacent normal tissues from the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University were subjected to targeted next-generation sequencing. The expression levels of PD-L1 were detected by immunohistochemistry. Mutational signatures were extracted from the mutation count matrix by using non-negative matrix factorization. The relationship between detected genomic alterations and clinicopathological characteristics and PD-L1 expression was estimated by Spearman rank correlation analysis.@*RESULTS@#The most frequently mutated gene was TP53 (96.6%, 28/29), followed by NOTCH1 (27.6%, 8/29), EP300 (17.2%, 5/29), and KMT2C (17.2%, 5/29). The most frequently copy number amplified and deleted genes were CCND1/FGF3/FGF4/FGF19 (41.4%, 12/29) and CDKN2A/2B (10.3%, 3/29). By quantifying the contribution of the mutational signatures to the mutation spectrum, we found that the contribution of signature 1, signature 2, signature 10, signature 12, signature 13, and signature 17 was relatively high. Further analysis revealed genetic variants associated with cell cycle, chromatin modification, Notch, and Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription signaling pathways, which may be key pathways in the development and progression of ESCC. Evaluation of PD-L1 expression in samples showed that 13.8% (4/29) of samples had tumor proportion score ≥1%. 17.2% (5/29) of patients had tumor mutation burden (TMB) above 10 mut/Mb. All samples exhibited microsatellite stability. TMB was significantly associated with lymph node metastasis (r = 0.468, P = 0.010), but not significantly associated with PD-L1 expression (r = 0.246, P = 0.198). There was no significant correlation between PD-L1 expression and detected gene mutations (all P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Our research initially constructed gene mutation profile related to surgically resected ESCC in high-incidence areas to explore the mechanism underlying ESCC development and potential therapeutic targets.


Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Esophageal Neoplasms/genetics , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/genetics , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Mutation/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827515

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a common malignant tumor in the oral and maxillofacial region. At present, the treatment of OSCC is mainly based on surgical oriented comprehensive sequence therapy, especially the triple therapy of surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy. However, the overall five-year survival rate is relatively low. Therefore, researching the pathogenesis and treatment methods of OSCC is important. The immune checkpoint of programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1) and programmed death receptor-1 ligand (PD-L1) have been the focus of research in recent years. Several studies have shown that the high expression of PD-1/PD-L1 in most OSCC microenvironments may contribute to the immune escape of tumors. In this study, the research status of immune checkpoint of PD-1/PD-L1 and its relevant inhibitors in OSCC were reviewed.


Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , Survival Rate , Tumor Microenvironment
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827425

ABSTRACT

The clinical application of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) lead to dramatic changes in the treatment strategy for patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but the efficacy of ICIs in oncogene-driven NSCLC is controversial. Existing research shows that the efficacy of ICIs may be related to different types of driver genes, programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) level, and tumor mutational burden (TMB). It may involved in other factors, such as clinical characteristics, and immune cell density. ICIs monotherapy or combination therapy may play a role in a subset of oncogene-driven NSCLC patients, but further studies are needed to select these patients, which may be an important direction for the future development of advanced NSCLC.


Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen , Genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drug Therapy , Humans , Immunotherapy , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811215

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) is expressed in tumor cells and has been shown to predict clinical outcomes of several types of malignancies. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of carbon-ion (C-ion) beam irradiation on PD-L1 expression in human uterine cervical adeno/adenosquamous carcinoma (UCAA) cells and clinical samples and to identify the prognostic factors for outcomes after C-ion radiotherapy (CIRT).METHODS: The effects of C-ion irradiation on PD-L1 expression in human UCAA and cervical squamous cell carcinoma cells were examined by flow cytometry. We examined PD-L1 expression in UCAA biopsy specimens from 33 patients before CIRT started (pre-CIRT) and after 12 Gy (relative biological effectiveness [RBE]) irradiation (post-12Gy-C) in 4 fractions of CIRT to investigate the correlation between PD-L1 status and clinical outcomes.RESULTS: The PD-L1 expression was upregulated by C-ion beam in a dose-dependent manner in HeLa and SiHa cells through phosphorylated Chk1. The overall frequencies of pre-CIRT and post-12Gy-C PD-L1 positivity were 45% (15/33) and 67% (22/33), respectively. The post-12Gy-C PD-L1 expression was significantly elevated compared to the pre-CIRT PD-L1 expression. There was no significant relationship between the pre-CIRT PD-L1 status and clinical outcomes, such as local control (LC), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). However, the post-12Gy-C PD-L1 expression had better correlation with PFS, but not with LC and OS.CONCLUSION: CIRT can induce PD-L1 expression in UCAA and we propose that PD-L1 expression after starting CIRT may become as a predictive prognostic marker in CIRT for UCAA.


Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen , Biopsy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Disease-Free Survival , Flow Cytometry , Heavy Ion Radiotherapy , Humans , Radiotherapy , Treatment Outcome , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880579

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the expression of programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) as well as the correlation between the expression and the clinicopathological features or prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).@*METHODS@#The expression of PD-L1 protein in 254 cases of surgically resected lung adenocarcinoma (L-ADC), 228 cases of surgically resected lung squamous cell cancer (L-SCC), and 99 cases of non-cancerous control lung tissues was detected with immunohistochemical SP method. The correlation between the PD-L1 expression and clinicopathological features was analyzed. Kaplan-Meier univariate and Cox multivariate regression analyses were performed to assess the prognosis of patients with L-ADC and L-SCC, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Positive percentage of PD-L1 protein expression was higher in the tissues of L-ADC and L-SCC than that in the non-cancerous control lung tissues respectively (both @*CONCLUSIONS@#The positive percentage of PD-L1 protein expression is higher in the L-SCC patients than that in the L-ADC patients. Positive expression of PD-L1 protein can be served as an independent prognostic factor of poor prognosis in the patients with L-ADC.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung , B7-H1 Antigen/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/surgery , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Patients , Prognosis
7.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 944-948, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880297

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer (PCa) has become one of the common malignant diseases in elderly men, and its incidence is increasing year by year. Apart from surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, immunotherapy, as with the programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1) or the programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) inhibitor, is a most promising new strategy for the treatment of PCa. PD-1 and PD-L1 inhibitors restore the activity of T cells by blocking the PD-1/PD-L1 signaling pathway in tumor cells, reverse the mechanism of tumor immune escape, recover the immune system and directly kill tumor cells. This review focuses on the current progress in the studies of PD-1 and PD-L1 inhibitors in the treatment of PCa.


Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen/antagonists & inhibitors , Humans , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Immunotherapy , Male , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/antagonists & inhibitors , Prostatic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Signal Transduction
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2444-2455, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877859

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the research of immune checkpoint inhibitors has made a great breakthrough in lung cancer treatment. Currently, a variety of immune checkpoint inhibitors have been applied into clinical practice, including antibodies targeting the programmed cell death-1, programmed cell death-ligand 1, and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4, and so on. However, not all patients can benefit from the treatment. Abnormal antigen presentation, functional gene mutation, tumor microenvironment, and other factors can lead to primary or secondary resistance. In this paper, we reviewed the molecular mechanism of immune checkpoint inhibitor resistance and various combination strategies to overcome resistance, in order to expand the beneficial population and enable precision medicine.


Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen , CTLA-4 Antigen , Drug Resistance , Humans , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors , Immunotherapy , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Tumor Microenvironment
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2466-2475, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877853

ABSTRACT

Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are widely used in lung cancer therapy due to their effectiveness and minimal side effects. However, only a few lung cancer patients benefit from ICI therapy, driving the need to develop alternative biomarkers. Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) molecules expressed in tumor cells and immune cells play a key role in the immune checkpoint pathway. Therefore, PD-L1 expression is a prognostic biomarker in evaluating the effectiveness of programmed death-1 (PD-1)/PD-L1 inhibitors. Nevertheless, adverse predictive outcomes suggest that other factors are implicated in the response. In this review, we present a detailed introduction of existing biomarkers concerning tumor abnormality and host immunity. PD-L1 expression, tumor mutation burden, neoantigens, specific gene mutations, circulating tumor DNA, human leukocyte antigen class I, tumor microenvironment, peripheral inflammatory cells, and microbiome are discussed in detail. To sum up, this review provides information on the current application and future prospects of ICI biomarkers.


Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Humans , Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Prospective Studies , Tumor Microenvironment
10.
Immune Network ; : 8-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811174

ABSTRACT

Immune checkpoint blockade targeting PD-1 and PD-L1 has resulted in unprecedented clinical benefit for cancer patients. Anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy has become the standard treatment for diverse cancer types as monotherapy or in combination with other anti-cancer therapies, and its indications are expanding. However, many patients do not benefit from anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy due to primary and/or acquired resistance, which is a major obstacle to broadening the clinical applicability of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy. In addition, hyperprogressive disease, an acceleration of tumor growth following anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy, has been proposed as a new response pattern associated with deleterious prognosis. Anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy can also cause a unique pattern of adverse events termed immune-related adverse events, sometimes leading to treatment discontinuation and fatal outcomes. Investigations have been carried out to predict and monitor treatment outcomes using peripheral blood as an alternative to tissue biopsy. This review summarizes recent studies utilizing peripheral blood immune cells to predict various outcomes in cancer patients treated with anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy.


Subject(s)
Acceleration , B7-H1 Antigen , Biomarkers , Biopsy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Fatal Outcome , Humans , Prognosis , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor
11.
J. bras. pneumol ; 45(3): e20180181, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012562

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the histological subtypes and mutational profiles of non-small cell lung cancer in Brazil, looking for correlations among histological subtypes, expression of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), EGFR mutation status, and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression. Methods: We evaluated 173 specimens obtained from patients with lung adenocarcinoma in northeastern Brazil. Expression of PD-L1 and ALK was evaluated by immunohistochemistry; EGFR mutation status was evaluated by sequencing. We categorized the histological subtypes in accordance with the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer/American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society classification. Results: The most common histological subtypes of lung adenocarcinoma were solid predominant (in 46.8%), acinar predominant (in 37.0%), and lepidic predominant (in 9.8%). ALK expression was detected in 10.4% of the samples, and 22.0% of the tumors harbored EGFR mutations. The most common EGFR mutation was an exon 21 L858R point mutation (in 45.5%), followed by an exon 19 deletion (in 36.3%). The tumor proportion score for PD-L1 expression was ≥ 50% in 18.2% of the samples, 1-49% in 32.7%, and 0% in 49.5%. The solid predominant subtype was significantly associated with wild-type EGFR status (p = 0.047). Positivity for PD-L1 expression was not found to be significantly associated with ALK expression or EGFR mutation status. Conclusions: Our results suggest that the molecular profile of non-small cell lung cancer in northeastern Brazil differs from those of populations in other regions of the country, with ALK positivity being higher than the other biomarkers. Further studies including clinical and genetic information are required to confirm these differences, as well as studies focusing on populations living in different areas of the country.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar os subtipos histológicos e perfis de mutação do carcinoma pulmonar de células não pequenas no Brasil, bem como as correlações entre os subtipos histológicos, a expressão do gene anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK, quinase do linfoma anaplásico), o estado de mutação do gene EGFR e a expressão de programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1, ligante de morte celular programada 1). Métodos: Avaliamos 173 espécimes provenientes de pacientes com adenocarcinoma pulmonar no Nordeste brasileiro. A expressão de PD-L1 e ALK foi avaliada por meio de imuno-histoquímica, ao passo que o estado de mutação do EGFR foi avaliado por meio de sequenciamento. Os subtipos histológicos foram classificados de acordo com a International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer/American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society. Resultados: Os subtipos histológicos mais comuns de adenocarcinoma pulmonar foram o predominantemente sólido (em 46,8%), o predominantemente acinar (em 37,0%) e o predominantemente lepídico (em 9,8%). A expressão de ALK foi detectada em 10,4% das amostras, e 22,0% dos tumores apresentavam mutações do gene EGFR. As mutações mais comuns do EGFR foram a mutação pontual L858R no éxon 21 (em 45,5%) e a deleção do éxon 19 (em 36,3%). O tumor proportion score relativo à expressão de PD-L1 foi ≥ 50% em 18,2% das amostras, = 1-49% em 32,7% e = 0% em 49,5%. O subtipo predominantemente sólido relacionou-se significativamente com EGFR selvagem (p = 0,047). A expressão positiva de PD-L1 não se relacionou significativamente com a expressão de ALK ou o estado de mutação do EGFR. Conclusões: Nossos resultados sugerem que o perfil molecular do carcinoma pulmonar de células não pequenas no Nordeste brasileiro difere do de populações em outras regiões do país: a expressão positiva de ALK é maior que os demais biomarcadores. Mais estudos com informações clínicas e genéticas são necessários para confirmar essas diferenças, além de estudos que se concentrem em populações em diferentes áreas do país.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Genes, erbB-1/genetics , B7-H1 Antigen/analysis , Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase/analysis , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Reference Values , Biopsy , Brazil , Immunohistochemistry , Adenocarcinoma/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781648

ABSTRACT

Bladder urothelial carcinoma(BUC)is a common malignant tumor in the urinary system.Pt-based chemotherapy has long been a standard therapeutic method for resectable or metastatic BUC,but with poor outcomes.Immune checkpoint inhibitors specific to programmed death 1(PD-1)/programmed death-ligand 1(PD-L1)and cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated protein 4(CTLA-4)pathways have shown significant antitumor activities,safety,and enduring reactivity in clinical trials,thus creating a new epoch for the treatment of advanced-stage BUC.This article reviews the relationships of BUC with PD-1/PD-L1 and CTLA-4 pathways,as demonstrated in clinical trials.In particular,the authors elucidate the clinical studies on the application of immune checkpoint inhibitors in different BUC stages and their optimal combining strategies,with an attempt to improve the clinical use of immune inhibitors for BUC treatment.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , B7-H1 Antigen , CTLA-4 Antigen , Immunotherapy , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Signal Transduction
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1894-1900, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781522

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of nucleostemin (NS) gene with programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) in myeloma cells and the effect of NS expression down-regulation on the apoptosis of multiple myeloma cells, and to evaluate the associations among NS, PD-L1 and biological behavior of MM cells, and the feasibility of both NS and PD-1 as markers reflecting the status of MM cells.@*METHODS@#The NS gene expression in U266 cells was down-regulated by NS-RNAi-GV248 recombinant lentivirus, the real-time PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of NS, PD-L1 and PI3K/AKT/mTOR. The Western blot and flow cytometry were used to detect the expression of NS and PD-L1. The Annexin V-APC/7-AAD staining method was used to detect the apoptosis of U266 cells before and after knocking out the NS gene.@*RESULTS@#Under the condition of MOI=10, the transfection efficiency was more than 75% by means of the fluorescent microscopy; real-time PCR showed that compared with the negative control group (1.002±0.026), the mRNA expression of NS, PD-L1 and PI3K/AKT/mTOR gene in the transfection group (0.415±0.089) was significantly reduced (P<0.05). The results of flow cytometry and Western blot showed that the protein expression of PD-L1 was significantly down-regulated after transfection. After down-regulation of NS gene expression, the apoptosis of U266 cells increased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The abnormal high expression of NS and PD-L1 genes exists in U266 cells, moreover, the down-regulation of PD-L1 and the related PISK/AKT/mTOR pathway gene expression appears after down-regulation of NS gene expression, which suggest that the cell biological changes resulted from above-mentioned results, show a synergestic effect on U266 cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , B7-H1 Antigen , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 2019-2023, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781501

ABSTRACT

Abstract  Tumor cells avoid immune surveillance by overexpressing ligands of checkpoint receptors on tumor cells or adjacent cells, resulting in inability or exhaustion of T cells. Numerous studies have shown that lymphoma cells highly expressed programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1), suggesting that PD-1 may become an important target for lymphoma treatment. By targeting the PD-1 protein, the cellular activity of T cells will be significantly enhanced, and the tumor growth will be inhibited. Recently, antibodies against PD-1 have shown high efficacy and safety in the clinical studies of lymphoma, which are expected to become the targeted therapeutic drugs for lymphoma. In order to deeply understand the application of PD-1 antibody in treatment of lymphoma, this review briefly summaries the present state of lymphoma studies, the action mechanism and preparation method of PD-1 antibody in clinical treatment of lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal , Apoptosis , B7-H1 Antigen , Humans , Lymphoma , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor
15.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 369-379, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775618

ABSTRACT

In recent years, research on immunotherapy has made great progress. Currently, immunotherapy has made significant breakthrough, especially programmed death 1/programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) checkpoint inhibitors (e.g, Nivolumab, Pembrolizumab, Atezolizumab, Durvalumab and Avelumab, etc.) have brought clinical benefits to patients with various pathological types of lung cancer, including squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma and small cell lung cancer. In this paper, the application value and current status of PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitors in lung cancer were comprehensively analyzed by reviewing and interpreting representative clinical studies. Based on the results of various large-scale clinical trials results, the indications of immunotherapy in lung cancer have been continuously broadened, and the details of immunotherapy have also been constantly optimized. However, immunotherapy still faces many challenges, such as the selection of immune combination strategies, the exploration of biomarkers, the management of adverse events, the feasibility of application of driver gene mutation population and so on. In this article, we made a systematic review about the latest progress of PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitors in lung cancer, in order to provide cutting-edge reference for the clinical workers.
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Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological , Therapeutic Uses , B7-H1 Antigen , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Immunotherapy , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Genetics , Metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774307

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and clinical significance of PD-L1 and microRNA-138-5p in the peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with acute myeloid leukemia.@*METHODS@#The SYBR GreenⅠreal-time PCR was used to detect the expression levels of PD-L1 mRNA and miR-138 in 20 cases of primary AML, 9 cases of relapsed/refractory AML and 8 cases of complete remission. The samples of peripheral blood of 20 healthy peoples were used as controls.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of PD-L1 in both the primary AML and the relapsed/refractory AML groups were significantly higher than those in the healthy control group (P0.05). and there was a negative correlation between PD-L1 mRNA and miR-138 in primary AML patients (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of PD-L1 increases and the expression of miR-138 down-regulates in PBMNCs of AML patients, furthermore, both correlate each other.


Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen , Genetics , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Remission Induction
17.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1231-1240, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763157

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationships between the resistance of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)‒positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) to ALK inhibitors and the programmed cell death-1/programmed cell death–ligand 1 (PD-L1) pathway, we evaluated alterations in PD-L1 following acquisition of resistance to ALK inhibitors in ALK-positive lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We established ALK inhibitor-resistant cell lines (H3122CR1, LR1, and CH1) by exposing the parental H3122 ALK-translocated NSCLC cell line to ALK inhibitors. Then, the double-resistant cell lines H3122CR1LR1 and CR1CH1 were developed by exposing the H3122CR1 to other ALK inhibitors. We compared the alterations in PD-L1 expression levels using western blotting, flow cytometry, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction. We also investigated gene expression using RNA sequencing. The expression of PD-L1 in the tumors from 26 ALK-positive metastatic NSCLC patients (11 ALK inhibitor-naïve and 15 ALK inhibitor-resistant patients) was assessed by immunohistochemistry and analyzed. RESULTS: PD-L1 was expressed at higher levels in ALK inhibitor-resistant cell lines than in the ALK inhibitor-naïve parental cell line at the total protein, surface protein, and mRNA levels. Furthermore, PD-L1 expression in the double-resistant cell lines was much higher than that in the single resistant cell lines. RNA sequencing demonstrated that expression of immune-related genes were largely involved in ALK inhibitor resistance. The mean value of the PD-L1 H-score was 6.5 pre-treatment and 35.0 post-treatment, and the fold difference was 5.42 (p=0.163). CONCLUSION: PD-L1 expression increased following acquisition of ALK inhibitor resistance in ALK-positive NSCLC cell lines and tumors.


Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen , Blotting, Western , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Cell Line , Drug Resistance , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Lymphoma , Parents , Phosphotransferases , Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Sequence Analysis, RNA
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772616

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to construct a network of programmed celldeath ligand 1 (PD-L1) co-expression genes and screen potential biomarkers for PD-L1 expression in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) by bioinformatics analysis. Moreover, the genes and pathways participating in PD-L1 and regulating the tumor immune status were determined.@*METHODS@#The HNSCC transcriptomic dataset in TCGA was selected to retrieve gene sets on the cBioPortal platform, where PD-L1 co-expressional genes were acquired. With these genes, GO-BP, KEGG, and string analyses were performed in R clusterProfiler. Cytoscape was used for network analysis and hub gene screening.@*RESULTS@#A total of 117 co-expression genes were obtained, most of which were enriched in immune regulation and response to viral processes. Node degree analysis indicated that STAT1, IFNG, CXCL10, CCR5, FCGR3A, CXCL9, GBP5, CD86, GZMB, IRF1 were the highest connected genes and functioned as hub genes. Survival analysis of these hub genes resulted in CCR5, CXCL9, and GZMB as the prognostic biomarkers for patients with HNSCC, all of which were involved in immune regulation and their expression levels were related to PD-L1 (Pearson correlation coefficient was 0.30, 0.35, 0.39; P<0.01). High expression levels of these three hub genes were protective factors in patients with HNSCC.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PD-L1 co-expression hub genes are related to immunity, among which CCR5, CXCL9, and GZMB are prognostic markers with the possibility to be involved in programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/PD-L1-induced tumor immune escape. These genes provide new clues to study the mechanism and precision target medicine of PD-1/PD-L1 in HNSCC.


Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Computational Biology , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Receptors, IgG , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772333

ABSTRACT

PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors play an important role in the first-line and second-line treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), indicating a new treatment strategy of NSCLC. Completed clinical trials have shown that effective detection of PD-L1 expression is the key to the use of immunosuppressive agents. However, the gold standard for PD-L1 detection has still lacked. In recent years, immunohistochemistry (IHC) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) have been continuously innovated, which accounts for good prospect in PD-L1 detection. The research progress of PD-L1 detection methods in NSCLC is summarized in this review.
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Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Methods , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Methods , Lung Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760332

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The efficacy of nivolumab in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) has been proven. However, the nivolumab experience in Korean patients with mRCC is still poorly reported. We report initial experiences with the efficacy and safety of nivolumab in patients with mRCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records for 25 patients with mRCC who had failed targeted therapy and were treated by nivolumab (2 mg/kg, every 2 weeks) at a single institution. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR), and secondary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS), safety profiles, and ORR in a programmed cell death receptor ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression subgroup. RESULTS: The median age was 60 years and 16 patients (64%) were male. Objective responses were achieved in 8 patients (32.0%) (complete response, 1; partial response, 7). Median PFS was 3.0 months (95% confidence interval, 1.46–4.53). Treatment-related adverse events (AEs) of any grade were observed in 19 patients (76.0%) with 6 (24.0%) experiencing grade 3 to 4 treatment-related AEs. In subgroups by PD-L1 expression levels classified as 1% or greater and less than 1%, ORR was 50% and 0%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed the efficacy and safety of initial experiences with nivolumab in Korean patients with mRCC who had failed targeted therapy. Our results were comparable to recent clinical trials on nivolumab in mRCC.


Subject(s)
B7-H1 Antigen , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Cell Death , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Male , Neoplasm Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
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