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Rev. argent. microbiol ; 39(3): 170-176, jul.-sep. 2007. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-634554


Different natural antimicrobials affected viability of bacterial contaminants isolated at critical steps during a beer production process. In the presence of 1 mg/ml chitosan and 0.3 mg/ml hops, the viability of Escherichia coli in an all malt barley extract wort could be reduced to 0.7 and 0.1% respectively after 2 hour- incubation at 4 °C. The addition of 0.0002 mg/ml nisin, 0.1 mg/ml chitosan or 0.3 mg/ml hops, selectively inhibited growth of Pediococcus sp. in more than 10,000 times with respect to brewing yeast in a mixed culture. In the presence of 0.1mg ml chitosan in beer, no viable cells of the thermoresistant strain Bacillus megaterium were detected. Nisin, chitosan and hops increased microbiological stability during storage of a local commercial beer inoculated with Lactobacillus plantarum or Pediococcus sp. isolated from wort. Pulsed Electric Field (PEF) (8 kV/cm, 3 pulses) application enhanced antibacterial activity of nisin and hops but not that of chitosan. The results herein obtained suggest that the use of these antimicrobial compounds in isolation or in combination with PEF would be effective to control bacterial contamination during beer production and storage.

Diferentes antimicrobianos naturales disminuyeron la viabilidad de bacterias contaminantes aisladas en etapas críticas del proceso de producción de cerveza. En un extracto de malta, el agregado de 1 mg/ml de quitosano y de 0,3 mg ml de lúpulo permitió reducir la viabilidad de Escherichia coli a 0,7 y 0,1%, respectivamente, al cabo de 2 horas de incubación a 4 °C. El agregado de 0,0002 mg/ml de nisina, 0,1 mg/ml de quitosano o de 0,3 mg/ml de lúpulo inhibió selectivamente (10.000 veces más) el crecimiento de Pediococcus sp. respecto de la levadura de cerveza en un cultivo mixto. El agregado de 0,1 mg/ml de quitosano permitió disminuir la viabilidad de una cepa bacteriana termorresistente, Bacillus megaterium, hasta niveles no detectables. Por otra parte, el agregado de nisina, quitosano y lúpulo aumentó la estabilidad microbiológica durante el almacenamiento de cervezas inoculadas con Lactobacillus plantarum y Pediococcus sp. aislados de mosto de cerveza. La aplicación de campos eléctricos pulsantes (CEP) (3 pulsos de 8kV/cm) aumentó el efecto antimicrobiano de la nisina y del lúpulo, pero no el del quitosano. Los resultados obtenidos indicarían que el uso de antimicrobianos naturales en forma individual o en combinación con CEP puede constituir un procedimiento efectivo para el control de la contaminación bacteriana durante el proceso de elaboración y almacenamiento de la cerveza.

Bacillus megaterium/isolation & purification , Beer/microbiology , Chitosan/pharmacology , Electromagnetic Fields , Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Humulus , Industrial Microbiology/methods , Lactobacillus plantarum/isolation & purification , Nisin/pharmacology , Pediococcus/isolation & purification , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Bacillus megaterium/drug effects , Bacillus megaterium/growth & development , Bacillus megaterium/radiation effects , Escherichia coli/drug effects , Escherichia coli/growth & development , Escherichia coli/radiation effects , Fermentation , Food Preservation , Lactobacillus plantarum/drug effects , Lactobacillus plantarum/growth & development , Lactobacillus plantarum/radiation effects , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Pediococcus/drug effects , Pediococcus/growth & development , Pediococcus/radiation effects , Temperature
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2004 Dec; 42(12): 1186-94
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-60155


Molecular and functional characteristics of seven azospirilla and five phosphorus solubilizing bacteria (PSB) isolates of rice rhizosphere, growth promotion ability of two efficient strains, Azospirillum amazonense A10 (MTCC4716) and Bacillus megaterium P5 (MTCC4714) and their persistence based on streptomycin resistant derivatives (SRD), were determined. SDS-PAGE and isozyme banding patterns of the isolates were used to arbitrarily group the azospirilla into 4 and PSB into 3 clusters and as markers to ascertain their identity. The azospirilla produced 2.0 to 10.5 ppm of IAA like substances and showed nitrogenase activity of 0.02 to 3.55 nmole C2H4/hr/ml of pure culture. PSB isolates produced 7.8 to 15.0 ppm IAA like substances and 20 to 128 ppm soluble P. Induction of resistance to streptomycin resulted in changes of these properties. Co-inoculation of rice with SRD A10 and SRD P5 and their parental strains in separate treatments enhanced grain yield over control by 31 and 12.4%, respectively. Nitrogenase activity of rice roots under SRD co-inoculated treatment was higher (4.16 nmole C2H4/hr/hill) than that-under parental strains co-inoculated treatment (3.76 nmole C2H4/hr/hill). SDS-PAGE profile and population count of the strains confirmed their establishment in rice rhizosphere and persistence over a year after inoculation.

Azospirillum/drug effects , Bacillus megaterium/drug effects , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Oryza/growth & development , Streptomycin/pharmacology
Hamdard Medicus. 2002; 45 (2): 77-81
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-59370


Present paper deals with the in vitro screening of antimicrobial potential of Azadirachta indica and Holarrhena antidysenterica against four bacterial test species i.e. Escherichia coli, Sarcina lutea, Bacillus megaterium and Bacillus species for enhancement of their therapeutic spectrum. During this investigation, A. indica has shown more antimicrobial potential than H. antidysenterica against all bacterial species except Bacillus species. Maximum antibacterial activity was found at 100% of each drug plant extract which established a positive correlation between drug concentration and antimicrobial potential. Lowest antibacterial activity was found at 10% concentration. No activity was found against E. coli in H. antidysenterica. Investigation on drug potency at 100% concentration in terms of unit strength compared with different antibiotics, yielded that one ml of A. indica extract was equal to 5 units of Ciprofloxacin for B. megaterium and Bacillus species, and 4.2 units for E. coli. Low potency was recorded in Ampicillin than Ciprofloxacin. Drug extract of H. antidysenterica showed more unit when compared with Ciprofloxacin than Ampicillin for all bacterial test species

Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Escherichia coli/drug effects , Sarcina/drug effects , Bacillus/drug effects , Bacillus megaterium/drug effects