Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 392
Filter
1.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(3): 1-8, 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1282062

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effect of scaling procedures using different ultrasonic tips on the surface roughness, color stability and bacterial accumulation of lithium disilicate ceramic. Material and Methods: Scaling procedure was carried out using ultrasonic scaler (Satalec, Acteon, North America) with stainless-steel tip (US), titanium tip (UT) and plastic tip (UP), on disc shaped lithium disilicate samples cemented into a cavity prepared onto the labial surface of freshly extracted bovine teeth (10 samples per group). The samples were stored in coffee solution in an incubator at 37°C for 12 days, which is equivalent to 1 year of coffee consumption. The surface roughness was measured before and after the scaling procedure using a profilometer and atomic force microscopy. The color parameters were measured before and after scaling and staining procedures using VITA Easyshade Advance 4.0 according to the CIE L*a*b* color order system. The samples were then incubated with Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) suspension. After incubation, the plates with 30 to 300 typical colonies of S. mutans were counted in a colony counter and mean values of colony forming units were obtained (CFU/mL). Results:The titanium scaling tip showed a statistically significant higher mean values of change in surface roughness ΔRa and bacterial count than the plastic scaling tip. Color changes (ΔE) were not a statistically significant among the groups. The results showed a statistically significant positive (direct) correlation between surface roughness and color change (p = 0.012) and also between surface roughness and bacterial count (p = 0.00). Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, titanium scaling instruments cause irreversible surface alterations of lithium disilcate ceramics which was in direct correlation to the color changes and bacterial accumulation; therefore, dentists should proceed with caution when scaling lithium disilicate surfaces. The findings of the current study may indicate the need for instruments or equipment that can remove plaque and calculus without causing surface damage (AU)


Introdução: Avaliar o efeito de procedimentos de raspagem com diferentes pontas de ultrassom na rugosidade superficial, estabilidade de cor e acúmulo bacteriano em cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio. Material e Métodos: O procedimento de raspagem foi realizado usando um aparelho de ultrassom (Satalec, Acteon, América do Norte) com ponta de aço inoxidável (US), ponta de titânio (UT) e ponta de plástico (UP), em amostras de dissilicato de lítio em forma de disco cimentadas em uma cavidade preparada na superfície vestibular de dentes bovinos recém-extraídos (10 amostras por grupo). As amostras foram armazenadas em solução de café em incubadora a 37 ° C por 12 dias, o que equivale a 1 ano de consumo de café. A rugosidade da superfície foi medida antes e após o procedimento de raspagem usando um perfilômetro e um microscópio de força atômica. Os parâmetros de cor foram medidos antes e depois dos procedimentos de raspagem e armazenagem no café usando VITA Easyshade Advance 4.0 de acordo com o sistema de ordem de cores CIE L*a*b*. As amostras foram incubadas com suspensão de Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans). Após a incubação, as placas com 30 a 300 colônias típicas de S. mutans foram contadas em contador de colônias e obtidos os valores médios das unidades formadoras de colônias (UFC / mL). Resultados: A ponta de titânio mostrou valores estatisticamente maiores de mudança na rugosidade da superfície ΔRa e contagem de bactérias do que a ponta de raspagem de plástico. A mudança de cor (ΔE) não foi estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos. Os resultados mostraram uma correlação positiva (direta) estatisticamente significativa entre rugosidade superficial e alteração de cor (p = 0,012) e também entre rugosidade superficial e contagem bacteriana (p = 0,00). Conclusão: Dentro das limitações deste estudo, os instrumentos de raspagem de titânio causam alterações irreversíveis na superfície das cerâmicas de dissilicato de lítio que estão em correlação direta com as mudanças de cor e o acúmulo de bactérias. Portanto, os dentistas devem proceder com cautela ao realizar raspagem em superfícies de dissilicato de lítio. Os resultados deste estudo podem indicar a necessidade de instrumentos ou equipamentos que possam remover a placa e cálculo sem causar danos à superfície. (AU)


Subject(s)
Surface Properties , Ultrasonics , Bacterial Adhesion , Dental Scaling , Color
2.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(4): 632-638, dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134550

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the influence of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) associated with the benzalkonium chloride (BAK) on the adhesion and formation of Enterococcus faecalis biofilms attached to coated dentin. Discs standard bovine dentin blocks were treated with the coating materials evaluated: Saline solution (control), 17 % EDTA, 17 % EDTA associated with 1 % BAK for 5 minutes and subsequently washed with saline solution. Afterwards, biofilms of E. faecalis (ATCC 29212) were grown on the surface of coated dentin blocks for time intervals of 1 hour and 7 days (n = 20) and were subsequently washed with phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). Bacterial viability and total biovolume were analyzed by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) using the Live/Dead technique. Nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis followed by Dunn tests were used to determine statistical differences (a = 5 %). The 17 % EDTA + 1 % BAK group showed significantly lower biovolume and bacterial viability values at the end of 1 hour (p < 0.05). After 7 days of contamination, the 17 % EDTA and 17 % EDTA + 1 % BAK groups showed similar results that differed statistically from those of the control group (p < 0.05). The saline solution group showed higher values. The use of BAK associated with EDTA on dentin blocks surfaces before exposure to contamination was able to interfere in the adhesion of E. faecalis to dentin. Also, dentin treatment by BAK associated with a chelating agent influences the secondary biofilm formation, which could have important effects on the long-term success of root canal treatment.


RESUMEN: El objetivo del estudio consistió en investigar in vitro, la influencia del ácido etilendiamino-tetraacético (EDTA) con cloruro de benzalconio (BAK) en la adhesión y formación de biopelículas de Enterococcus faecalis a la dentina. Discos de dentina bovina fueron tratadas con solución salina (control), 17 % de EDTA, 17% de EDTA asociado con 1 % de BAK durante 5 minutos y lavadas con solución salina. Las biopelículas de E. faecalis (ATCC 29212) se cultivaron sobre los discos de dentina durante intervalos de tiempo de 1 hora y 7 días (n = 20), lavados con solución salina tamponada con fosfato (PBS). La viabilidad bacteriana y el biovolumen total se analizaron mediante microscopía de barrido por láser (CLSM) utilizando la técnica Live / Dead. Se realizó prueba no paramétrica de Kruskal-Wallis, seguida por Dunn con una diferencia estadística (a = 5 %). El grupo de 17 % EDTA + 1 % BAK mostró valores significativamente menores de biovolumen y viabilidad bacteriana al final de 1 hora (p < 0,05). Después de 7 días de contaminación, los grupos de 17 % EDTA y 17 % EDTA + 1 % BAK mostraron resultados similares que diferían estadísticamente del grupo control (p < 0,05). La solución salina mostró valores más altos. La asociación de BAK con EDTA antes de la contaminación interfirió en la adhesión de E. faecalis. Además, el tratamiento de la dentina por BAK asociado con EDTA influye en la formación de biopelículas secundarias, lo que podría tener efectos importantes sobre el éxito a largo plazo del tratamiento del conducto radicular.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Bacterial Adhesion/drug effects , Edetic Acid/pharmacology , Enterococcus faecalis/growth & development , Enterococcus faecalis/drug effects , Biofilms/drug effects , Dentin/microbiology , Benzalkonium Compounds/pharmacology , Statistical Analysis , Microscopy, Confocal , Saline Solution
3.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Impr.) ; 41(2): 52-57, maio-ago.2020. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1102702

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar a adesão bacteriana do Streptococcus mutans na superfície de uma resina composta do tipo incremento único submetida a diferentes protocolos de polimento. Materiais e métodos: foram realizadas 60 amostras nas quais foram divididas aleatoriamente em 6 grupos (n=10) de diferentes tratamentos de superfície. Cinco amostras de cada grupo foram separadas e submetidas ao estudo de adesão bacteriana, das quais duas foram analisadas pela microscopia eletrônica de varredura. Foram contabilizadas as unidades formadoras de colônias UFC/ml de modo manual e realizada a média e desvio padrão de cada grupo. De acordo com os resultados analisados através do teste de One Way ANOVA e comparações múltiplas de Tukey observou-se uma diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os grupos. Resultados: os valores de UFC/ mL variaram de 0 para o grupo American Burrs a 8,64 para o grupo Dhpro. Os grupos Jota e Dhpro não diferiram estatisticamente entre si (p=0,71), porém diferiram dos demais grupos avaliados (p=0,45). Os grupos American Burrs e o controle negativo não diferiram estatisticamente entre si (p>0.999) e diferiram dos demais grupos testados (p=0,20). O grupo de controle positivo diferiu estatisticamente dos outros grupos (p=0,02) assim como o grupo KG (p=0,01). Conclusão: Diante dos resultados obtidos, pode-se concluir que, a superfície da resina Bulk Fill One submetida a diferentes protocolos de polimento e mesmo sem ter passado por nenhum tratamento de superfície é passível de adesão bacteriana seja por contagem manual ou microscopia eletrônica de varredura(AU)


Objective: To evaluate the bacterial adhesion of Streptococcus mutans on the surface of a single increment composite resin submitted to different polishing protocols. Materials and methods: 60 samples were randomly divided into 6 groups (n = 10) of different surface treatments. Five samples from each group were separated and submitted to the bacterial adhesion study, two of which were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. The UFC/ml colony forming units were accounted for manually and the mean and standard deviation of each group were performed. According to the results analyzed by the One Way ANOVA test and Tukey's multiple comparisons, a statistically significant difference was observed between the groups. Results: The values ranged from 0 for the American Burrs group to 8.64 for the Dhpro group. The Jota and Dhpro groups did not differ statistically (p = 0.71), but differed from the other groups evaluated (p = 0.45). The American Burrs and negative control groups did not differ statistically (p> 0.999) and differed from the other groups tested (p = 0.20). The positive control group differed statistically from the other groups (p = 0.02) as did the KG group (p = 0.01). Conclusion: It can be concluded that the surface of the Bulk Fill One resin submitted to different polishing protocols and even without any surface treatment is susceptible to bacterial adhesion either by manual counting or scanning electron microscopy(AU)


Subject(s)
Streptococcus mutans , Bacterial Adhesion , Composite Resins , Resins, Synthetic , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
4.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190339, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132187

ABSTRACT

Abstract Conventional orthodontic treatment with the use of stainless steel may be detrimental to oral health by promoting demineralizing lesions appearance and increasing adhesion and formation of bacterial biofilm, inducing the development of cavities. An alternative that has been researched to reduce the side effects of orthodontic treatment is the coating of materials with antimicrobial nanoparticles. Nanometric- sized particles increase their surface area and contact with the microbial membrane, consequently intensifying their bacteriostatic and bactericidal effect. In this work, hydrothermal synthesis, a "green" process was used to attach silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) to the surface of two different brands of orthodontic wires. The coated materials were analyzed for their physicochemical properties by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), which showed the distribution of AgNPs along the wires without modifying their properties. In the microbiological test, one of the brands showed a statistically significant difference in microbial adhesion and biofilm formation by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus mutans. Results lead to the conclusion that antimicrobial orthodontic wires coated with silver nanoparticles through hydrothermal synthesis is a promising material for the improvement of orthodontic treatment.


Subject(s)
Orthodontic Wires , Staphylococcus aureus/drug effects , Streptococcus mutans/drug effects , Metal Nanoparticles , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Silver , Bacterial Adhesion , Calorimetry , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Dental Plaque , Linings
5.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 6(3): 101-104, sept. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247414

ABSTRACT

In restorative dentistry, the use of composite resins with direct technique for the replacement of missing tooth structure is very common. One drawback is that surface roughness allows the adherence of microorganisms and the formation of dental plaque, being the polishing technique a key stage in the restoration process. The aim of this paper is to review the process of bacterial colonization of composite resins used with direct technique. According to in vitro studies, bac-terial adhesion on microhybrid composite resins is 3.91 ± 0.52 UFC and on nanohybrid is 3.34 ± 0.74 UFC. Resins with particle size of 2.5 micrometers contained a greater volume of biofilms and enabled adhesion of S. mutans; in turn, resins with particle size of 0.1 to 0.4 micrometers showed lower bacterial adherence. As summary, the degree of bacterial colonization depends on hygiene, polishing technique and composition of restorative material: the bigger the particle size, the greater the adhesion of bacterial plaque.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Adhesion , Composite Resins/chemistry
6.
Autops. Case Rep ; 9(3): e2019093, July-Sept. 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1016685
7.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(2): 132-136, jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002295

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar los hilos de sutura de seda negra y la sutura nylon con respecto a la adhesión bacteriana post extracción dental simple de piezas posteriores. El presente trabajo se desarrolló en la Clínica Odontológica y el Laboratorio de Microbiología de la Unidad de Ciencias Biomédicas y Biotecnología de la Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego (Trujillo, Perú), entre agosto y setiembre de 2014. Se trabajó con 19 unidades de muestreo para hilo de seda negra y 19 para nylon. El procedimiento de exodoncia para todos los pacientes fue estandarizado. Luego de la extracción, se procedió a suturar la herida quirúrgica, colocando dos puntos circunferenciales, uno con cada tipo de hilo. A los 7 días, los hilos fueron retirados y sometidos a análisis microbiológico. La adhesión bacteriana de los hilos de sutura seda negra y nylon fue comparada empleando el test de Wilcoxon. Además la adhesión bacteriana de cada hilo fue comparada con la adhesión en hilos estériles (control) empleando el test de Mann-Whitney para una p<0,005. Al comparar la adhesión bacteriana de ambos hilos, se encontró diferencia entre ellos (p=0,027), correspondiendo mayor adhesión al hilo de nylon. La adhesión bacteriana fue mayor en el hilo de sutura de nylon comparado con el hilo de sutura de seda negra.


ABSTRACT: The objective of the study was to compare black silk suture threads and nylon suture with respect to bacterial adhesion after simple dental extraction of posterior pieces. The present study was developed in the Clínica Estomatológica and the Laboratorio de Microbiología of the Unidad de Ciencias Biomédicas y Biotecnología de la Universidad Privada Antenor Orrego (Trujillo, Peru), between August and September 2014. We worked with 19 units sampling for black silk thread and 19 for nylon. The procedure of exodontia for all patients was standardized. After the extraction, the surgical wound was sutured, placing two circumferential points, one with each type of thread. After 7 days, the threads were removed and subjected to microbiological analysis. The bacterial adhesion of the black silk and nylon suture strands was compared using the Wilcoxon test. In addition, the bacterial adhesion of each strand was compared with the adhesion in sterile strands (control) using the Mann-Whitney test for p <0.005. When comparing the bacterial adhesion of both threads, a difference was found between them (p = 0.027), corresponding greater adhesion to the nylon thread. Bacterial adhesion was higher in nylon suture compared to black silk suture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Tooth Extraction/adverse effects , Bacterial Adhesion/drug effects , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Peru , Sutures/adverse effects , Silk , Nylons
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766086

ABSTRACT

This article has been retracted at the request of the Editor-in-Chief, because the authors plagiarized a previously published paper that had appeared in: Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants, 26 (2011) 101–107. This article presented the same table and figures as the original study, and changed 2 of the tables to figures. This article reflects severe abuse of the scientific publishing system, and has therefore been retracted.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Adhesion , Colon , Humans , Titanium
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774131

ABSTRACT

Despite the continuous improvement in perioperative use of antibiotics and aseptic techniques, the incidence of infection continues to rise as the need for surgery increasing and brings great challenges to orthopedic surgery. The rough or porous structure of the prosthesis provides an excellent place for bacterial adhesion, proliferation and biofilm formation, which is the main cause of infection. Traditional antibiotic therapy and surgical debridement are difficult to determine whether the infected focus have been removed completely and whether the infection will recur. In recent years, nanotechnology has shown obvious advantages in biomaterials and drug delivery. Nano drug carriers can effectively achieve local antimicrobial therapy, prevent surgical infection by local sustained drug release or intelligent controlled drug release under specific stimuli, and reduce the toxic side effects of drugs. The unique advantages of nanotechnology provide new ideas and options for the prevention and treatment of periprosthetic infection. At present, the application of nano-technology in the prevention and treatment of infection can be divided into the addition of nano-drug-loaded materials to prosthesis materials, the construction of drug-loaded nano-coatings on the surface of prosthesis, the perfusable nano-antimicrobial drug carriers, and the stimulation-responsive drug controlled release system. This article reviews the methods of infection prevention and treatment in orthopaedic surgery, especially the research status of nanotechnology in the prevention and treatment of periprosthetic infection.


Subject(s)
Anti-Infective Agents , Bacterial Adhesion , Drug Carriers , Humans , Nanotechnology , Orthopedics , Prosthesis-Related Infections
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772645

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the process characterization of graphene oxide loaded on pure titanium surface and effect on the biological properties of Staphylococcus aureus and osteoblasts.@*METHODS@#Graphene oxide at four concentrations (20, 50, 80, and 100 µg·mL⁻¹) was loaded on the pure titanium surface via electroplating, and the morphology, properties, and hydrophilic properties were measured with a field emission scanning electron microscope, micro Raman spectrometer, and contact angle tester, respectively. In addition, Staphylococcus aureus and osteoblasts were used as models and cultured with pure titanium-graphene oxide. Then, field-emission scanning electron microscopy and laser confocal microscopy were utilized to observe the changes in the amount of bacteria and osteoblast morphology and structure, respectively.@*RESULTS@#Graphene oxide at the four concentrations was successfully loaded on pure titanium surface via electroplating. It improved the hydrophilic properties of pure titanium surface, which benefitted the adhesion and growth of Staphylococcus aureus and changed the morphology and structure of the osteoblasts.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The pure titanium-graphene oxide composite has no antibacterial properties and has good biocompatibility.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Adhesion , Cell Adhesion , Graphite , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Osteoblasts , Oxides , Surface Properties , Titanium
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764041

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus mutans is one of the important bacteria that forms dental biofilm and cause dental caries. Virulence genes in S. mutans can be classified into the genes involved in bacterial adhesion, extracellular polysaccharide formation, biofilm formation, sugar uptake and metabolism, acid tolerance, and regulation. The genes involved in bacterial adhesion are gbps (gbpA, gbpB, and gbpC) and spaP. The gbp genes encode glucan-binding protein (GBP) A, GBP B, and GBP C. The spaP gene encodes cell surface antigen, SpaP. The genes involved in extracellular polysaccharide formation are gtfs (gtfB, gtfC, and gtfD) and ftf, which encode glycosyltransferase (GTF) B, GTF C, and GTF D and fructosyltransferase, respectively. The genes involved in biofilm formation are smu630, relA, and comDE. The smu630 gene is important for biofilm formation. The relA and comDE genes contribute to quorum-sensing and biofilm formation. The genes involved in sugar uptake and metabolism are eno, ldh, and relA. The eno gene encodes bacterial enolase, which catalyzes the formation of phosphoenolpyruvate. The ldh gene encodes lactic acid dehydrogenase. The relA gene contributes to the regulation of the glucose phosphotransferase system. The genes related to acid tolerance are atpD, aguD, brpA, and relA. The atpD gene encodes F1F0-ATPase, a proton pump that discharges H⁺ from within the bacterium to the outside. The aguD gene encodes agmatine deiminase system and produces alkali to overcome acid stress. The genes involved in regulation are vicR, brpA, and relA.


Subject(s)
Agmatine , Alkalies , Antigens, Surface , Bacteria , Bacterial Adhesion , Biofilms , Dental Caries , Glucose , Lactic Acid , Metabolism , Oxidoreductases , Phosphoenolpyruvate , Phosphopyruvate Hydratase , Proton Pumps , Streptococcus mutans , Streptococcus , Virulence
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742083

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of various protocols and systems for finishing and polishing monolithic zirconia on surface topography, phase transformation, and bacterial adhesion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred monolithic zirconia specimens were fabricated and then treated with three finishing and polishing systems (Jota [JO], Meisinger [ME], and Edenta [ED]) using four surface treatment protocols: coarse finishing alone (C); coarse finishing and medium polishing (CM); coarse finishing and fine polishing (CF); and coarse finishing, medium polishing, and fine polishing (CMF). Surface roughness, crystal phase transformation, and bacterial adhesion were evaluated using atomic force microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and streptococcal biofilm formation assay, respectively. One-way and two-way analysis of variance with Tukey post hoc tests were used to analyze the results (α=.05). RESULTS: In this study, the surface treatment protocols and systems had significant effects on the resulting roughness. The CMF protocol produced the lowest roughness values, followed by CM and CF. Use of the JO system produced the lowest roughness values and the smallest biofilm mass, while the ME system produced the smallest partial transformation ratio. The ED group exhibited the highest roughness values, biofilm mass, and partial transformation ratio. CONCLUSION: Stepwise surface treatment of monolithic zirconia, combined with careful polishing system selection, is essential to obtaining optimal microstructural and biological surface results.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Adhesion , Biofilms , Clinical Protocols , Dental Polishing , Microscopy, Atomic Force , X-Ray Diffraction
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742070

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Surface finishing of a zirconia restoration is essential after clinical adjustment. Herein, we investigated the effects of a surface finishing protocol for monolithic zirconia on final roughness and bacterial adherence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-eight disk-shaped monolithic zirconia specimens were fabricated and divided into four groups (n = 12) based on initial surface treatment, finishing, and polishing protocols: diamond bur+polishing bur (DP group), diamond bur+stone grinding bur+polishing bur (DSP group), no diamond bur+polishing bur (NP group), and no diamond bur+stone grinding bur+polishing bur (NSP group). Initial and final surface roughness was measured with a profilometer, and shown using scanning electron microscope. Bacterial adhesion was evaluated by quantifying Streptococcus mutans in the biofilm. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests were used to compare results among groups, and two-way analysis of variance was used to evaluate the effects of grinding burs on final roughness (α=.05). RESULTS: The DP group had the highest final Ra value, followed by the DSP, NP, and NSP groups. Use of the stone grinding bur as a coarse-finishing step significantly decreased final Ra values when a diamond bur was used (P < .001). Omission of the stone grinding bur increased biofilm formation on specimen surfaces. Combining a stone grinding bur with silicone polishing burs produced the smallest final biofilm values, regardless of the use of a diamond bur in initial surface treatment. CONCLUSION: Coarse finishing of monolithic zirconia with a stone grinding bur significantly decreased final Ra values and bacterial biofilm formation when surfaces had been roughened by a diamond bur.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Adhesion , Biofilms , Dental Instruments , Dental Polishing , Diamond , Silicon , Silicones , Streptococcus mutans
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 446-453, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774833

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Adhesion, biofilm formation, yeast-hyphal transition, secretion of enzymes, and hemolytic activity are all considered important factors in Candida tropicalis infection. However, DNA sequence data for this pathogen are limited. In this study, the polymorphism and heterogeneity of genes agglutinin-like sequences (ALS)2, Lipase (LIP)1, LIP4, and secretory aspartyl proteinase tropicalis (SAPT)1-4 as well as the relationship between phenotype and genotype were analyzed.@*METHODS@#This study started in August 2013, and ended in July 2017. The complete length of ALS2, LIP1, LIP4, and SAPT1-4 of 68 clinical C. tropicalis isolates was sequenced. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as well as insertions and deletions (indels) were identified within these genes. In addition, phenotypic characteristics of the virulent factors, including adhesion and the secretion of aspartyl proteinases and phospholipases, were determined.@*RESULTS@#There were 73, 24, 17, 16, 13, and 180 SNPs in the genes LIP1, LIP4, SAPT1, SAPT2, SAPT3, and SAPT4, respectively. Furthermore, 209 SNPs were identified in total for the gene ALS2. Interestingly, large fragment deletions and insertions were also found in ALS2. Isolate FXCT 01 obtained from blood had deletions on all 4 sites and showed the lowest adhesion ability on the polymethylpentene surface. In addition, isolates with deletions in the regions 1697 to 1925 and 2073 to 2272 bp displayed relatively low abilities for adhesion and biofilm formation, and this phenotype correlated with the deletions found in ALS2. LIP1, SAPT4, and ALS2 displayed great heterogeneity among the isolates. Large deletions found in gene ALS2 appeared to be associated with the low ability of adhesion and biofilm formation of C. tropicalis.@*CONCLUSION@#This study might be useful for deeper explorations of gene function and studying the virulent mechanisms of C. tropicalis.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Adhesion , Biofilms , Candida tropicalis , Genetics , Virulence , Lipase , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Virulence , Genetics
15.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180262, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1019969

ABSTRACT

Abstract The incorporation of antimicrobials in the composites as an attempt to reduce bacterial adhesion without jeopardizing mechanical properties is a challenge for Dentistry. Objective: To evaluate the bacterial adhesion and physical properties of a composite containing the methacrylate triclosan- derivative monomer (TM). Methodology: TM was synthesized and added to an experimental composite. Samples were divided into two groups: Control and TM (13.4 wt%). Antibacterial Activity: Three specimens of each material were prepared and placed on bacterial suspensions of Streptococcus mutans for 1, 5 and 10 days. After these periods the counting of the colonies (log10) was performed. Assays was performed in triplicate. Physical Properties: Three-body Abrasion (TBA): Ten specimens of each material were prepared and stored at 37°C/24 h. The surface roughness (Ra) and hardness (KHN) were analyzed. Next, the specimens were submitted to abrasive wear (30,000 cycles) and re-evaluated for Ra and KHN; Sorption/solubility (SS): cylindrical specimens (n=10) were prepared and weighted. The specimens were immersed in deionized water for 7 days at 37°C and then their weight was verified again. SS were calculated using accepted formulas; Diametral tensile strength (DTS): specimens (n=10) underwent test performed in an Instron universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min. Data were submitted to appropriate statistical tests according to data distribution and assay (p<0.05). Results: Bacterial Adhesion: TM showed a significant reduction on biofilm accumulation in the evaluated periods: 1 day (1.537±0.146); 5 days (2.183±0.138) and 10 days (4.469±0.155) when compared with Control: 1 day (4.954±0.249); 5 days (5.498±0.257) and 10 days (6.306±0.287). Physical Properties: For TBA, SS and DTS no significant difference was found between groups Control and TM. The incorporation of methacrylate triclosan-based monomer in the experimental composite reduce bacterial adhesion of S. mutans and did not affect important polymer properties.


Subject(s)
Triclosan/chemistry , Composite Resins/chemistry , Methacrylates/chemistry , Anti-Bacterial Agents/chemistry , Reference Values , Solubility , Streptococcus mutans/drug effects , Surface Properties , Tensile Strength , Time Factors , Toothbrushing , Triclosan/pharmacology , Bacterial Adhesion/drug effects , Materials Testing , Colony Count, Microbial , Reproducibility of Results , Composite Resins/pharmacology , Hardness Tests , Methacrylates/pharmacology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
16.
Zagazig univ. med. j ; 25(6): 809-816, 2019. ilus
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1273864

ABSTRACT

Background: While recognizing the etiology of community-acquired pneumonia is necessary for formulating local antimicrobial guidelines, limited data is published about this etiology in Egyptian pediatric patients. The aim of this study is to elucidate the common bacterial pathogens causing CAP among immunocomptent infants and preschool children admitted to Zagazig university Pediatric hospital. Methods: 48 infant and preschool children admitted to pediatric hospital of Zagazig university and presented with signs of pneumonia according to WHO. Etiological agents were identified using conventional bacteriological identification methods and Ig M antibodies detection against common a typical bacteria and respiratory viruses. Results: Staph. Aureus 35.4% is the most common pathogen detected in sputum regardless the age group .In blood culture results negative results in most cases of pneumonia 62.5%. Staph. Aureus is the most common pathogen detected in blood culture in positive cases regardless the age group 18.7% , E Coli 6.25%, Klebsiella 2.08.In Serology results significant difference according to age in viral pneumonia occurrence and non significant difference in bacterial pneumonia based on serological findings with higher diagnosis of Legionella pneumophila 33.33% as a causative organism. Conclusion: This study provides preliminary data regarding the spectrum and frequency of microorganisms causing CAP in infants and preschool children


Subject(s)
Bacterial Adhesion , Egypt , Pneumonia , Respiratory Tract Infections
17.
Rev. odontol. UNESP (Online) ; 48: e20190029, 2019. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1020751

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Streptococcus salivarius is a dominant oral species and the best suitable candidate for probiotic of the oral cavity. Since Streptococcus salivarius is able to produce bacteriocins against Streptococcus pyogenes interest has been focused on the use of it as a probiotic to avoid sore throats by Streptococcus pyogenes. Objective This study is for selecting Streptococcus salivarius strains for potential use as probiotics for the oral mucosa, that is, production of bacteriocin against Streptococcus pyogenes and the ability to bind to KB cells. Material and method Tongue material from 45 students was collected and seeded on Mitis Salivarius Agar plaques. The strains were tested by the production of bacteriocin-like substances (BLIS) against S. pyogenes, biochemically and PCR for identification of S. salivarius. The best strains were tested for adherence to KB cells. Briefly, S. salivarius strains were cultured in broth, washed and suspended at 108cells/ml. KB cells were inoculated into plaques, washed and incubated with the bacteria, for adhesion. These were washed for lysis of the KB cells and release bacteria for determination of CFU. Result The bacteriocin test showed that 133 strains presented inhibition of S. pyogenes. The samples tested for adhesion to KB cells, presented different profiles and only three strains presenting high adhesion capacity. Conclusion The selection of strains of Streptococcus salivarius with high inhibitory activity against Streptococcus pyogenes, as well as adherence to KB cells leads us to the next future step, that is, to use the best strains for in vivo colonization tests


Resumo Introdução Streptococcus salivarius é uma espécie dominante na cavidade bucal e tem sido indicada como um ótimo candidato para uso como probiótico. Visto que a espécie Streptococcus salivarius é capaz de produzir bacteriocinas contra Streptococcus pyogenes, desenvolveu-se interesse no uso desse microrganismo como probiótico, para evitar amigdalites causadas por Streptococcus pyogenes. Objetivo A pesquisa em questão tem o objetivo de selecionar cepas de Streptococcus salivarius para seu uso potencial como probióticos na cavidade bucal, ou seja, produção de bacteriocinas contra Streptococcus pyogenes e habilidade de aderência à células KB. Material e método Coletou-se material de língua de 45 estudantes e semeou-se em placas de ágar Mitis Salivarius. As amostras foram testadas para verificar a produção de substâncias semelhantes à bacteriocina (BLIS) contra S. pyogenes, bioquimicamente e através de PCR para identificação de S. salivarius. As melhores cepas foram testadas quanto aderência à células KB. Resumidamente, as cepas de S. salivarius foram cultivadas em caldo, lavadas e suspensas à correspondência de 108 cels/ml. As células KB foram inoculadas em placas, lavadas e incubadas com as bactérias, para adesão. Estas foram lavadas para lise das células KB e liberação das bactérias para determinação de UFC. Resultado O teste de bacteriocina, mostrou que 133 cepas apresentaram atividade inibitória contra Streptococcus pyogenes. As cepas testadas para aderência à células KB, apresentaram diferentes perfis e somente três com alta capacidade de adesão. Conclusão: A seleção de cepas de Streptococcus salivarius com alta atividade inibitória contra Streptococcus pyogenes, bem como aderência a células KB, pode nos levar ao próximo passo, ou seja, o uso das melhores cepas para o estudo de colonização in vivo.


Subject(s)
Bacteriocins , Bacterial Adhesion , KB Cells , Probiotics/therapeutic use , Streptococcus salivarius , Streptococcus pyogenes , Tonsillitis/prevention & control , Antibiosis
18.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2019. 76 p. il., graf., tab..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-999012

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar se há alteração no comportamento mecânico e na aderência microbiológica da cerâmica à base de dissilicato de lítio com a técnica de pigmentação extrínseca aplicada, após ser submetida a diferentes condições experimentais. Foram confeccionadas 160 amostras, divididas em grupos com e sem pigmentação (n=80). Destes, cada grupo foi subdividido em Controle, Desgate, Biodegradação e Desgaste com Biodegradação (n=20).15 amostras de cada subgrupo foram submetidas ao teste de resistência à flexão e 5 para o teste de aderência microbiológica. As amostras passaram anteriormente por testes complementares para caracterização da superfície (rugosidade, perfilometria volumétrica e microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV)). Os resultados foram submetidos a análise estatística descritiva (média e desvio padrão) e inferencial, mediante o teste paramétrico de análise de variância (ANOVA) dois fatores e teste de Tukey ( = 0,05). O fator pigmentação extrínseca influenciou negativamente no comportamento mecânico da cerâmica, apresentando significância estatística (p = 0,000), assim como a interação entre o tipo de condição experimental e a pigmentação (p = 0,020). Entretanto, na aderência microbiológica, foi a condição experimental que influenciou negativamente no comportamento microbiológico (p = 0,000), assim como a interação entre a condição experimental e a pigmentação (p = 0,000). Nas análises complementares, observou-se que a interação entre os fatores aumentou a rugosidade superfial (p = 0,000) e aumentou o volume perdido pelo desgatse (p = 0,040). As microscopias da superficie mostram as características de cada grupo, mostrando as diferenças entre as condições experimentais com e sem pigmentação extrínseca. E as microscopias da aderência microbiológica ilustram e confirmam os resultados obtidos no teste estatístico. Concluiu-se que a pigmentação extrínseca altera as propriedades mecânicas da cerâmica de dissilicato de lítio, reduzindo a resistência à flexão e aumentando a rugosidade superficial e o desgaste. Porém, a aderência microbiológica foi aumentada pela condição experimental. Entretanto, a interação entre os fatores contribuiu para esse aumento e para agravar a alteração nas propriedades mecânicas(AU)


The objective of this study was to evaluate the mechanical and microbiological behavior of the ceramics based on lithium disilicate with extrinsic characterization. For this, 160 discs were made, divided into two large groups, with extrinsec characterization and without, after which each was divided into four groups (n = 20): Control, Wear, Biodegradation and Biodegradation with Wear. Fifteen samples from each group were submitted to the flexural strength test and 5 submitted to the microbiological adherence test. Prior to the destructive test of flexural strength, the representative samples of each group underwent complementary tests for surface characterization. The results were submitted to descriptive statistical analysis (mean and standard deviation) and inferential, using the parametric analysis of variance (ANOVA) two way and Tukey test ( = 0,05). The extrinsec characterization factor influenced the mechanical behavior of the ceramic, presenting statistical significance (p = 0.000), as well as the interaction between the type of experimental condition and the extrinsec characterization (p = 0.020). However, in the microbiological adherence, it was the experimental condition that influenced the microbiological behavior (p = 0.000), as well as the interaction between the experimental condition and the extrinsec characterization (p = 0.000). It was concluded that the makeup influenced the mechanical behavior of the ceramic, and the experimental condition influenced the microbiological adherence. The interaction between the factors influenced both the mechanical behavior and the microbiological adherence(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Organically Modified Ceramics/adverse effects , Bacterial Adhesion/immunology , Pigmentation/immunology
19.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(5): 603-609, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-957466

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: The behavior of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from central venous catheter-related infection was evaluated to determine its biofilm potential, antimicrobial resistance, and adhesion genes. METHODS: A total of 1,156 central venous catheters (CVC) were evaluated to screen for pathogens. Antimicrobial sensitivity, biofilm formation potential, and molecular analysis of MRSA were examined following standard guidelines. RESULTS: Of the 1,156 samples, 882 (76%) were colonized by bacteria or candida. Among the infected patients, 69% were male and 36% were female with median age of 32 years. Staphylococcus aureus infected 39% (344/882) of CVCs in patients. Of the 59% (208/344) of patients with MRSA, 57% had community acquired MRSA and 43% had hospital acquired MRSA. Linezolid and vancomycin killed 100% of MRSA; resistance levels to fusidic acid, doxycycline, clindamycin, azithromycin, amikacin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, gentamycin, tobramycin, and ofloxacin were 21%, 42%, 66%, 68%, 72%, 85%, 95%, 97%, and 98% respectively. Strong biofilm was produced by 23% of samples, moderate by 27%, and weak by 50% of MRSA. The presence of adhesion genes, sdrC and sdrD (90%), eno (87%), fnbA (80%), clfA and sdrE (67%), fnbB, sdrD (61%), and cna (51%), in most MRSA samples suggested that the adhesion genes are associated with biofilm synthesis. CONCLUSIONS: The superbug MRSA is a major cause of CVC-related infection. Antibiotic resistance to major classes of antibiotics and biofilm formation potential enhanced superbug MRSA virulence, leading to complicated infection. MRSA causes infection in hospitals, communities, and livestock.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Staphylococcal Infections/microbiology , Cross Infection/microbiology , Community-Acquired Infections/microbiology , Biofilms/growth & development , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/physiology , Catheter-Related Infections/microbiology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Bacterial Adhesion/genetics , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Biofilms/drug effects , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/isolation & purification , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/drug effects , Genes, Bacterial/genetics , Middle Aged
20.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(4): 354-358, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974160

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate in vitro the antimicrobial effect of a bioadhesive chitosan-based oral membrane with chlorhexidine for local treatment of infections in the oral tissues. Five oral membranes of different compositions were tested: 5% chitosan (G1); 5% chitosan ± 0.2% chlorhexidine (G2), 5% chitosan ± 0.6% chlorhexidine (G3), 5% chitosan ± 1.0% chlorhexidine (G4), and 5% chitosan ± 2.0% chlorhexidine (G5). Also, five gel types were tested according to the following compositions: 5% chitosan gel (G6), 0.2% chlorhexidine gel (G7), 2.0% chlorhexidine gel (G8), 5% chitosan gel ± 0.2% chlorhexidine gel (G9), and 5% chitosan gel ± 2.0% chlorhexidine gel (G10). The antimicrobial action of the samples was tested against Candida albicans and Streptococcus mutans through antibiogram by measuring the inhibition halos. Data were statistically analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and one-way ANOVA followed by Tukey test (p<0.05). The 2.0% chlorhexidine membrane (G5) and the disks containing 2.0% chlorhexidine gel (G8) showed the greatest inhibition halos for both microorganisms, with statistically significant difference when compared to others tested groups (p=0.008) only for Candida albicans inhibitions results. All the other formulations of membranes and gels showed inhibition halos, but without statistically significant difference. The bioadhesive chitosan-based oral membrane with 2% chlorhexidine and 2% chlorhexidine gel were the most effective in inhibiting the tested microorganisms.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar in vitro o efeito antimicrobiano de uma bandagem oral bioadesiva de quitosana com clorexidina para o tratamento de infecções dos tecidos orais. Cinco bandagens de diferentes composições foram testadas: Quitosana 5% (G1); Quitosana 5% ± clorexidina a 0,2% (G2), Quitosana 5% ± clorexidina a 0,6% (G3), Quitosana 5% ± clorexidina a 1,0% (G4) e Quitosana 5% ± clorexidina a 2,0% (G5). Foram testados também 5 tipos de géis nas seguintes composições: Gel de Quitosana 5% (G6), Gel de clorexidina a 0,2% (G7), Gel de clorexidina a 2,0% (G8), Gel de Quitosana 5% ± clorexidina a 0,2% (G9) e Gel de Quitosana 5% ± clorexidina a 2,0% (G10). A ação antimicrobiana das amostras foi testada contra Candida albicans e Streptococcus mutans por meio do antibiograma, medindo o halo de inibição. Os dados foram analisados pelo teste de Kruskal-Wallis e ANOVA a um critério seguido pelo teste de Tukey (p<0,05). A membrana com 2,0% de clorexidina (G5) e os discos contendo gel com 2,0% de clorexidina (G8) apresentaram os maiores halos de inibição para os dois microrganismos, com diferença estatisticamente significativa em relação aos demais grupos testados (p=0,008) apenas nos resultados de inibição de C. albicans. Todas as outras formulações de membranas e géis apresentaram halo de inibição, mas sem diferença estatisticamente significativa. A bandagem oral bioadesiva de quitosana com gel de 2% de clorexidina foi a mais efetiva em inibir os microrganismos testados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacterial Adhesion/drug effects , Chlorhexidine/pharmacology , Gels , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/pharmacology , Mouth Mucosa/microbiology , Streptococcus mutans/drug effects , In Vitro Techniques , Candida albicans/drug effects , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Chlorhexidine/administration & dosage , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/administration & dosage
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL