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1.
Rev. epidemiol. controle infecç ; 9(4): 292-298, out.-dez. 2019. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152255

ABSTRACT

Justificativa e Objetivos: Muitos avanços ocorreram em prevenção, diagnóstico e tratamento das doenças infecciosas, porém elas ainda são as principais causas de hospitalização e morte em idosos. O objetivo deste trabalho foi verificar o benefício do uso de antimicrobianos e sua associação com a implementação de outras medidas terapêuticas e com a indicação de cuidados paliativos nas duas últimas semanas de vida de idosos em internação hospitalar, a fim de subsidiar o desenvolvimento de modelos racionais de prescrição para este grupo. Métodos: Foi desenvolvido um estudo retrospectivo realizado pela análise de prontuários dos idosos participantes do estudo epidemiológico do tipo coorte "Desenvolvimento de uma linha de cuidados para o idoso no Hospital Universitário de Santa Maria" que apresentaram óbito como desfecho. Resultados: Dos 97 indivíduos avaliados, 89,7% (n = 87) fizeram uso de antibiótico nas duas últimas semanas de vida. Entre aqueles que utilizaram antibacteriano, 38,9% apresentaram sinais clínicos de melhora após o início do tratamento (n = 28). Assim, foi possível afirmar que não houve associação entre o alívio dos sintomas e o uso de antibacteriano (p = 0,377). Entre aqueles que se beneficiaram da antibioticoterapia, 46,4% foram indicados para infecção respiratória e 14,3% para infecção do trato urinário. Não foi encontrada dependência entre o uso de antibacteriano e as outras medidas terapêuticas adotadas (p = 0,057), nem com a indicação de cuidado paliativo (p = 0,065). Conclusão: Observou-se pouca evidência de benefício no uso de antibacteriano no grupo estudado, o que sinaliza a necessidade de uma adequação de plano de cuidado diferenciada para esse perfil de pacientes.(AU)


Background and objectives: Many advances have occurred in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases, but they are still the main causes of hospitalization and death in older adults. The objective of this study was to verify the benefit of antimicrobial use and its association with the implementation of other therapeutic measures and with the indication of palliative care in the last two weeks of life of hospitalized older adults, in order to subsidize the development of rational models for this group. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out by analyzing the medical records of the older adult participants of the cohort epidemiological study "Development of a Care Line for Older Adults at the University Hospital of Santa Maria", which presented death as an outcome. Results: Of the 97 individuals evaluated, 89.7% (n = 87) used antibiotics in the last two weeks of life. Among those who used antibacterial agents, 38.9% presented clinical signs of improvement after treatment initiation (n=28). Thus, it was possible to affirm that there was no association between symptom relief and antibacterial use (p = 0.377). Among those who benefited from antibiotic therapy, 46.4% were indicated for respiratory infection and 14.3% for urinary tract infection. We found no dependence between the use of antibacterial drugs and the other therapeutic measures adopted (p = 0.057), nor with the indication of palliative care (p = 0.065). Conclusion: There was little evidence of benefit in the use of antibiotics in the studied group, which indicates the need for a different care plan adequacy for this patient profile.(AU)


Justificación y Objetivos: Ocurrieron muchos avances en la prevención, diagnóstico y tratamiento de las enfermedades infecciosas, pero todavía son las principales causas de hospitalización y muerte en ancianos. El presente trabajo tuvo como objetivo verificar el beneficio del uso de antimicrobianos y su asociación con la implementación de otras medidas terapéuticas y con la indicación de cuidados paliativos en las dos últimas semanas de vida de ancianos en internación hospitalaria con el fin de fomentar el desarrollo de modelos racionales de prescripción para este grupo. Métodos: Se desarrolló un estudio retrospectivo realizado por el análisis de historiales de los ancianos participantes del estudio epidemiológico del tipo cohorte "Desarrollo de una línea de cuidados para el anciano en el Hospital Universitario de Santa María", que presentaron muerte como desenlace. Resultados: De los 97 individuos evaluados, el 89,7% (n = 87) hicieron uso de antibiótico en las dos últimas semanas de vida. Entre los que utilizaron el antibacteriano, el 38,9% presentó signos clínicos de mejora después del inicio del tratamiento (n = 28). Así fue posible afirmar que no hubo asociación entre el alivio de los síntomas y el uso de antibacteriano (p = 0,377). Entre los que se beneficiaron de la antibioticoterapia, el 46,4% fue indicado para infección respiratoria y el 14,3% para infección del tracto urinario. No se encontró dependencia entre el uso de antibacteriano y las otras medidas terapéuticas adoptadas (p = 0,057), ni con la indicación de cuidado paliativo (p = 0,065). Conclusión: Se observó poca evidencia de beneficio en el uso de antibacteriano en el grupo estudiado, lo que señala la necesidad de una adecuación del plan de cuidado diferenciada para ese perfil de pacientes.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Palliative Care , Drug Prescriptions , Terminal Care , Hospitalization , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Respiratory Tract Infections/drug therapy , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Bacterial Infections/drug therapy , Urinary Tract Infections/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Therapeutic Index
2.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 13(4): 442-445, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056482

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of the subgingival irrigation of chlorhexidine 0.12 % of the total anaerobic microbiota. Microbial sampling to 30 subjects with periodontitis stage II Grade B, in pockets with a periodontal probing depth > 4 mm. The subgingival irrigation was made with 5 mL of chlorhexidine in the test group and with 5 mL of distilled water in the control group. 24 hours after the procedure was obtained a second sample to compare. It was found that the subgingival irrigation with chlorhexidine at 0.12 % achieved a statistically significant decrease in anaerobic microbiota (p< 0.05).


RESUMEN: El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar el efecto de la irrigación subgingival de la clorhexidina 0,12 % sobre la microbiota anaeróbica total. Se tomaron muestras microbiológicas a 30 sujetos con periodontitis estadio II grado B, en sacos periodontales con una profundidad de sondaje > 4 mm. Se realizó la irrigación subgingival con 5 mL. de clorhexidina en el grupo test y con 5 mL. de agua destilada en el grupo control. 24 horas después del procedimiento se obtuvo una segunda muestra a comparar. Se detectó que la irrigación subgingival con clorhexidina al 0,12 % logra disminuir en forma estadísticamente significativa la microbiota anaeróbica total (p< 0,05).


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis/epidemiology , Bacteria, Anaerobic/classification , Bacterial Infections/chemically induced , Dental Prophylaxis , Periodontitis/therapy , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Chile , Chlorhexidine/administration & dosage , Epidemiology, Experimental , Statistical Analysis , Demographic Data , Sample Size , Therapeutic Irrigation
3.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(4): 458-463, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020506

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Indications for cardiac devices have been increasing as well as the need for lead extractions as a result of infections, failed leads and device recalls. Powered laser sheaths, with a global trend towards the in-creasingly technological tools, meant to improve the procedure's outcome but have economic implications. Objective: The aim of this study is to demonstrate the experience of a Bra-zilian center that uses simple manual traction in most lead removals per-formed annually, questioning the real need for expensive and technically challenging new devices. Methods: This retrospective observational study included 35 patients who had a transvenous lead extraction in the period of a year between January 1998 and October 2014 at Hospital de Messejana Dr. Carlos Alberto Studart Gomes, in Fortaleza, CE, Brazil. Data were collected through a records review. They were evaluated based on age, type of device, dwelling time, indication for removal, technique used and immediate outcomes. Results: The median dwelling time of the devices was 46.22 months. Infec-tion, lead fracture and device malfunction were the most common indica-tions. Simple traction was the method of choice, used in 88.9% of the pro-cedures. Manual traction presented high success rates, resulting in com-plete removal without complications in 90% of the cases. Conclusion: This article suggests that lead extraction by simple manual traction can still be performed effectively in countries with economic diffi-culties as a first attempt, leaving auxiliary tools for a second attempt in case of failure or contraindications to the simple manual traction technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pacemaker, Artificial/adverse effects , Pacemaker, Artificial/microbiology , Device Removal/instrumentation , Catheter-Related Infections/microbiology , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Catheters, Indwelling/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Defibrillators, Implantable , Device Removal/methods
5.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 36(2): 195-218, abr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003667

ABSTRACT

This study organizes all available information about viral and bacterial pathogens of wild mammals in Chile. This was done in order to identify pathogens that have been well-documented and recognize those that have not been properly studied, determine the number of articles that have been published annually about this topic and identify regions in Chile that concentrate the highest and lowest number of studies concerning viral and bacterial pathogens. A total of 67 scientific articles published in peer-reviewed journals from 1951 to 2018 were selected for revision. Results indicate that the number of publications has increased per decade but there are years in which no articles were published. Most studies addressed Leptospira, rabies, hantavirus, Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis (MAP) and distemper. Rodentia, Carnivora, Chiroptera and Cetartiodactyla were the most studied mammal orders. Information about presence/absence of pathogens was found for 44 wild mammal species. Research was mainly carried out in central and southern Chile and the most commonly employed methods for pathogen diagnosis were serology and molecular techniques. Overall, research in wild mammals has been directed towards the evaluation of zoonotic diseases, while vector-borne and non-zoonotic diseases have been mostly neglected by the scientific community over the years.


Subject(s)
Animals , Zoonoses/microbiology , Zoonoses/virology , Animals, Wild/microbiology , Animals, Wild/virology , Mammals/microbiology , Mammals/virology , Time Factors , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Bacterial Infections/transmission , Virus Diseases/transmission , Virus Diseases/virology , Zoonoses/transmission , Bibliometrics , Chile
6.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 36(1): 43-67, feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003655

ABSTRACT

Resumen Este estudio organiza toda la información disponible acerca de los patógenos virales y bacterianos de mamíferos silvestres en Chile. Esto fue realizado con el objetivo de identificar patógenos que han sido bien documentados y reconocer aquellos que no han sido apropiadamente estudiados, determinar el número de artículos que han sido publicados anualmente acerca de este tópico e identificar las regiones en Chile que han concentrado el mayor y menor número de estudios relacionados con patógenos virales y bacterianos. Para lograr esto, se seleccionó para revisión un total de 67 artículos científicos publicados en revistas evaluadas por pares desde 1951 al 2018. Los resultados indican que el número de publicaciones ha incrementado por década y hay años en los cuales no se publicaron artículos. La mayoría de los estudios se relacionan con Leptospira, rabia, hantavirus, Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis (MAP) y distémper. Rodentia, Carnivora, Chiroptera y Cetartiodactyla fueron los órdenes de mamíferos más estudiados. Información acerca de la presencia/ausencia de patógenos fue encontrada en 44 especies de mamíferos silvestres. La mayor parte de las investigaciones buscaron patógenos en Chile sur y central y los métodos de diagnóstico más empleados para el diagnóstico de patógenos fueron serología y técnicas moleculares. En general, la investigación en mamíferos silvestres ha sido dirigida a la evaluación de enfermedades zoonóticas, mientras que aquellas enfermedades transmitidas por vectores y enfermedades no zoonóticas han sido mayormente ignoradas por la comunidad científica.


This study organizes all available information about viral and bacterial pathogens of wild mammals in Chile. This was done in order to identify pathogens that have been well-documented and recognize those that have not been properly studied, determine the number of articles that have been published annually about this topic and identify regions in Chile that concentrate the highest and lowest number of studies concerning viral and bacterial pathogens. A total of 67 scientific articles published in peer-reviewed journals from 1951 to 2018 were selected for revision. Results indicate that the number of publications has increased per decade but there are years in which no articles were published. Most studies addressed Leptospira, rabies, hantavirus, Mycobacterium avium paratuberculosis (MAP) and distemper. Rodentia, Carnivora, Chiroptera and Cetartiodactyla were the most studied mammal orders. Information about presence/absence of pathogens was found for 44 wild mammal species. Research was mainly carried out in central and southern Chile and the most commonly employed methods for pathogen diagnosis were serology and molecular techniques. Overall, research in Chilean wild mammals has been directed towards the evaluation of zoonotic diseases, while vector-borne and non-zoonotic diseases have been mostly neglected by the scientific community.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bacteria/pathogenicity , Viruses/pathogenicity , Animals, Wild/microbiology , Animals, Wild/virology , Mammals/microbiology , Mammals/virology , Time Factors , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Bacterial Infections/transmission , Virus Diseases/transmission , Virus Diseases/virology , Zoonoses/microbiology , Zoonoses/transmission , Zoonoses/virology , Bibliometrics , Chile
7.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 20(3): e630, sept.-dic. 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093792

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se ha calculado una prevalencia total de infección de la herida quirúrgica del 5 al 10 por ciento. Objetivo: Resumir los principales elementos que definen el diagnóstico microbiológico y su importancia en las infecciones quirúrgicas, así como analizar aquellos factores que favorecen la proliferación microbiana en las heridas quirúrgicas. Planteamiento: En la actualidad la infección del sitio quirúrgico constituye la tercera infección nosocomial más habitual y la más importante entre los pacientes operados. El acercamiento a este tema se justifica plenamente si se toma en consideración la diversidad de intervenciones quirúrgicas que se realizan actualmente. Conclusiones: El diagnóstico microbiológico resulta fundamental, tanto para definir la fase de la infección como para identificar el microorganismo que afecta el resultado de la operación, ya que contribuye a establecer la sensibilidad a los antibióticos y a la elección adecuada del tratamiento(AU)


Introduction: Total prevalence of surgical site infection is calculated to from 5 to 10 percent of surgical interventions. Objective: To summarize the main elements defining the microbiological diagnosis and its importance in surgical infections, and analyze those factors that favor microbial proliferation in surgical wounds. Development: At present, surgical site infection is the third most recurrent nosocomial infection and the most important among operated patients. The approach to this topic is fully justified if the diversity of surgical interventions currently performed is taken into account. Conclusions: The microbiological diagnosis is fundamental both to define the infection phase and to identify the microorganism affecting the result of the surgical intervention, because it contributes to knowing the sensitivity to antibiotics and to select the treatment appropriately(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Surgical Wound Infection/epidemiology , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Cross Infection/prevention & control , Surgical Wound , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Surgical Wound Infection/microbiology
8.
Rev. cuba. obstet. ginecol ; 44(3): 1-9, jul.-set. 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093608

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El semen es una mezcla compleja de fluidos y células que posee las condiciones adecuadas para albergar microorganismos, especialmente bacterias. Objetivo: Evaluar la presencia de bacterias en el semen de individuos normozoospérmicos asintomáticos para infecciones urogenitales. Métodos: Se realizó una secuenciación estándar posterior a la amplificación por PCR con el uso de los cebadores universales 27F y 1492R para identificación de bacterias, en 10 muestras de semen de voluntarios normozoospérmicos asintomáticos para infecciones urogenitales. Resultados: Se identificó a Ochrobactrum anthropi en 8 de las 10 muestras seminales evaluadas y a Haemophilus paraurethrae o Escherichia coli en los dos restantes. O. anthropi es una bacteria comensal, ampliamente distribuida en la naturaleza, especialmente en las fuentes de agua que, a pesar de su baja virulencia, ocasionalmente causa infecciones en individuos inmunocomprometidos. Conclusión: La alta frecuencia de O. anthropi en las muestras de semen de individuos normozoospérmicos asintomáticos para infecciones urogenitales puede asociarse a procesos de contaminación durante la recolección de la muestra, debido a la amplia distribución de esta bacteria, especialmente en las fuentes de agua(AU)


Introduction: Semen is a complex combination of fluids and cells that can harbor microorganisms, especially bacteria. Objective: To assess the presence of bacteria in semen samples from asymptomatic normozoospermic individuals, for urogenital infections. Methods: Standard sequencing after PCR amplification was performed with the use of the universal primers 27F and 1492R for bacterial identification, in 10 semen samples of asymptomatic normozoospermic volunteers for urogenital infections. Results: Thisidentified Ochrobactrum anthropi in 8 out of 10 samples assessed. In the remaining two samples, we identified Haemophilus paraurethrae and Escherichia coli. O. anthropi is a commensal bacterium, widely spread in nature, especially in water sources that, despite its low virulence, occasionally cause infections in immune compromised individuals. Conclusion: The high frequency of O. anthropi in semen samples from asymptomatic normozoospermic individuals, for urogenital infections can be associated with contamination during the collection of the sample, due to the wide distribution of this bacterium, especially in water sources(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Semen/microbiology , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Ochrobactrum anthropi/isolation & purification , Water Pollution/adverse effects
9.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(3): 552-558, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951796

ABSTRACT

Abstract Surveillances and interventions on antibiotics use have been suggested to improve serious drug-resistance worldwide. Since 2007, our hospital have proposed many measures for regulating surgical prophylactic antibiotics (carbapenems, third gen. cephalosporins, vancomycin, etc.) prescribing practices, like formulary restriction or replacement for surgical prophylactic antibiotics and timely feedback. To assess the impacts on drug-resistance after interventions, we enrolled infected patients in 2006 (pre-intervention period) and 2014 (post-intervention period) in a tertiary hospital in Shanghai. Proportions of targeted pathogens were analyzed: methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus spp. (VRE), imipenem-resistant Escherichia coli (IREC), imipenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (IRKP), imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (IRAB) and imipenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (IRPA) isolates. Rates of them were estimated and compared between Surgical Department, ICU and Internal Department during two periods. The total proportions of targeted isolates in Surgical Department (62.44%, 2006; 64.09%, 2014) were more than those in ICU (46.13%, 2006; 50.99%, 2014) and in Internal Department (44.54%, 2006; 51.20%, 2014). Only MRSA has decreased significantly (80.48%, 2006; 55.97%, 2014) (p < 0.0001). The percentages of VRE and IREC in 3 departments were all <15%, and the slightest change were also both observed in Surgical Department (VRE: 0.76%, 2006; 2.03%, 2014) (IREC: 2.69%, 2006; 2.63%, 2014). The interventions on surgical prophylactic antibiotics can be effective for improving resistance; antimicrobial stewardship must be combined with infection control practices.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications/microbiology , Bacteria/drug effects , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Cross Infection/microbiology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Postoperative Complications/prevention & control , Bacteria/isolation & purification , Bacteria/growth & development , Bacterial Infections/prevention & control , Preoperative Care , Drug Resistance , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , China , Cross Infection/prevention & control , Antibiotic Prophylaxis
10.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(2): 401-406, Apr.-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889246

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The present study attempts to examine the microbial profile and antibiotic susceptibility of diabetic foot infections in the intensive care unit of a tertiary referral centre for diabetic foot. As part of the study, we also attempted to find the prevalence of blaNDM-like gene among carbapenem-resistant gram negative infections. Methodology A prospective study of 261 patients with diabetic foot infections was performed during the period between January 2014 and June 2014. Results A total of 289 isolates were obtained from 178 tissue samples from 261 patients, 156 (59.7%) males and 105 (40.2%) females, with a mean age of 58 years (-15 years), having diabetic foot infection. No growth was seen in thirty eight (17.6%) tissue samples. Out of the total samples, 44.3% were monomicrobial and 55.7% were polymicrobial. Gram negative pathogens were predominant (58.5%). Seven of the total isolates were fungal; 0.7% showed pure fungal growth and 1.7% were mixed, grown along with some bacteria. The most frequently isolated bacteria were Staphylococcus aureus (26.9%), followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (20.9%). Of the 58.5% gram negative pathogens, 16.5% were Enterobacteriaceae resistant to carbapenems. Among these isolates, 4 (25%) were positive for blaNDM-like gene. Among the rest, 18.6% were carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas, among which 4 (36.3%) were blaNDM. Among the Staphylococci, 23.7% were methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Conclusions Our results support the recent view that gram negative organisms, depending on the geographical location, may be predominant in DFIs. There is an increase in multidrug-resistant pathogens, especially carbapenem resistance and this is creeping rapidly. We need to be more judicious while using empiric antibiotics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Bacterial Infections/epidemiology , Diabetic Foot/complications , Gram-Negative Bacteria/isolation & purification , Gram-Positive Bacteria/isolation & purification , Mycoses/epidemiology , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , beta-Lactamases/genetics , Coinfection/epidemiology , Coinfection/microbiology , Gram-Negative Bacteria/classification , Gram-Positive Bacteria/classification , India , Methicillin Resistance , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Mycoses/microbiology , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers
11.
Med. infant ; 25(2): 117-122, Junio 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-909027

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes. Cualquier paciente pediátrico o adulto que presente otitis media aguda (OMA) u otitis media crónica (OMC), particularmente colesteatomatosa, puede desarrollar complicaciones intratemporales y endocraneales, especialmente mastoiditis aguda (MA). Objetivo. Describir las características clínicas y bacteriología de los pacientes asistidos por MA como complicación de OMA y OMC. Lugar de aplicación: Servicio de Otorrinolaringología. Hospital de Pediatría Juan P. Garrahan. Diseño. Descriptivo, retrospectivo, transversal y observacional. Población. Pacientes con mastoiditis aguda por OMA y por OMC asistidos en el Servicio de ORL durante 10 años. Material y métodos. Revisión de historias clínicas de todos los pacientes tratados entre enero de 1999 y diciembre de 2008. Resultados. Se estudiaron 57 pacientes con MA, 40/57 por OMA y 17/57 por OMC. Hubo 40 niños hospitalizados con signos y síntomas de MA por OMA. Se diagnosticó complicación endocraneal en el 12,5% (5/40) de los casos. Los aislamientos bacterianos más frecuentes fueron Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, H. influenzae y Turicella otitidis. Se registraron 17 casos de niños hospitalizados con diagnóstico de MA y OMC. Ocurrieron complicaciones supurativas intracraneales en el 35,3% (6/17) de los casos. Los aislamientos bacterianos más frecuentes fueron las enterobacterias, P. aeruginosa y los gérmenes anaerobios. Conclusión. El diagnóstico de tipo y estadio de otitis media previa o coexistente a la complicación es fundamental para encarar el tratamiento antimicrobiano empírico inicial, sospechar complicaciones endocraneales asociadas y proponer procedimientos quirúrgicos menores, medianos o mayores oportunamente (AU)


Background. Any pediatric or adult patient presenting with acute otitis media (AOM) or chronic otitis media (COM), especially cholesteatomatous, may develop intratemporal and intracranial complications, mainly acute mastoiditis (AM). Objective. To describe the clinical and bacteriological features of patients seen for AM as a complication of AOM and COM. Setting: Department of Otolaryngology, Hospital de Pediatría Juan P. Garrahan. Design. A descriptive, retrospective, cross-sectional, observational study. Population. Patients with AM because of AOM and COM seen at the Department of Otolaryngology over a 10-year period. Material and methods. Review of the clinical charts of all patients treated between January 1999 and December 2008. Results. 57 Patients with AM, 40/57 due to AOM and 17/57 due to COM, were evaluated. Forty children were admitted to hospital with signs and symptoms of AOM-related AM. Intracranial complications were observed in 12.5% (5/40) of the patients. The most frequently isolated pathogens were Streptococcus pyogenes, Streptococcus pneumoniae, H. influenzae, and Turicella Otitidis. Seventeen children were hospitalized because of COM-related AM. Suppurative intracranial complications occurred in 35.3% (6/17) of the cases. The most frequently isolated pathogens were Enterobacteriaceae, P. aeruginosa, and anaerobic bacteria. Conclusion. The diagnosis of type and stage of otitis media prior to or coexisting with the complication is essential to address the initial empirical antimicrobial treatment, associated intracranial complications should be suspected and minor, intermediate, or major surgical procedures should be proposed at the appropriate time (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Mastoiditis/diagnosis , Mastoiditis/etiology , Mastoiditis/microbiology , Otitis Media/complications , Otitis Media/diagnosis , Otitis Media/drug therapy , Acute Disease , Anti-Infective Agents/therapeutic use , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study , Retrospective Studies
12.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(3): 198-203, jun. 2018. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-950010

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La infección es de las complicaciones más frecuentes de los sistemas de derivación ventricular de líquido cefalorraquídeo. El objetivo fue describir las características clínicas, microbiológicas y evolutivas de niños con infección asociada a sistemas de derivación ventricular de líquido cefalorraquídeo y analizar los factores de riesgo, relacionados con la mortalidad. Población y métodos. Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, llevado a cabo en el Hospital "Prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan" de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Se evaluaron todos los pacientes internados desde el 1/1/2012 y el 31/12/2015 compatibles con ventriculitis y cultivo de líquido cefalorraquídeo positivo. Resultados. Se incluyeron 49 pacientes con 57 infecciones. La mediana de edad fue de 62 meses (rango intercuartílico: 19-114). Predominó el sexo masculino: 34 (70%). El tumor del sistema nervioso central fue la enfermedad de base más frecuente: 20 (40%). Se aisló estafilococo coagulasa negativo en 26 (46%), Staphylococcus aureus en 13 (23%), bacilos Gramnegativos en 11 (19%) y otros en 7 (12%). En 55 (97%) de las infecciones, se realizó tratamiento quirúrgico con retiro del sistema de derivación ventricular más antibioticoterapia. La mortalidad fue del 9%. Los únicos factores asociados a la mortalidad estadísticamente significativos fueron hemocultivos positivos (p= 0,04), fiebre al ingreso (p= 0,04) y shock séptico (p= 0,0006). Conclusiones. El estafilococo coagulasa negativo fue el germen más frecuente. El retiro de la válvula, junto con la antibioticoterapia, fue el tratamiento más utilizado. La presencia de fiebre al ingreso, hemocultivos positivos y shock séptico fueron predictores de mortalidad.


Introduction. Infections are the most common complications of ventricular cerebrospinal fluid shunts. The objective of this study was to describe the clinical, microbiological, and evolutionary characteristics of children with ventricular cerebrospinal fluid shunt-associated infections and analyze the risk factors for mortality. Population and methods. Descriptive, retrospective study carried out at Hospital "Prof. Dr. Juan P. Garrahan" in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. All patients hospitalized between January 1st, 2012 and December 31st, 2015 who were compatible with ventriculitis and had a positive cerebrospinal fluid culture were assessed. Results. A total of 49 patients with 57 infections were included. Their median age was 62 months (interquartile range: 19-114). Males predominated: 34 (70%). A central nervous system tumor was the most common underlying disease: 20 (40%). Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus was isolated in 26 (46%); Staphylococcus aureus, in 13 (23%); Gram-negative bacilli, in 11 (19%); and other microorganism, in 7 (12%). Treatment consisted of removal of ventricular shunt plus antibiotic therapy for 55 (97%) infections. The mortality rate was 9%. The only statistically significant factors associated with mortality were positive blood cultures (p= 0.04), fever at the time of admission (p= 0.04), and septic shock (p= 0.0006). Conclusions. Coagulase-negative Staphylococcus was the most common microorganism. Valve removal plus antibiotic therapy was the most frequently instituted treatment. Fever at the time of admission, positive blood cultures, and septic shock were predictors of mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Bacteria/isolation & purification , Bacterial Infections/epidemiology , Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts/adverse effects , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Argentina/epidemiology , Shock, Septic/mortality , Shock, Septic/epidemiology , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Bacterial Infections/mortality , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Device Removal , Hospitalization
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32(supl.1): e69, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974470

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Evidence shows the polymicrobial etiology of endodontic infections, in which bacteria and their products are the main agents for the development, progression, and dissemination of apical periodontitis. Microbial factors in necrotic root canals (e.g., endotoxin) may spread into apical tissue, evoking and supporting a chronic inflammatory load. Thus, apical periodontitis is the result of the complex interplay between microbial factors and host defense against invasion of periradicular tissues. This review of the literature aims to discuss the complex network between endodontic infectious content and host immune response in apical periodontitis. A better understanding of the relationship of microbial factors with clinical symptomatology is important to establish appropriate therapeutic procedures for a more predictable outcome of endodontic treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periapical Periodontitis/microbiology , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Dental Pulp Diseases/complications , Dental Pulp Diseases/microbiology , Periapical Periodontitis/pathology , Bacterial Infections/complications , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Lipopolysaccharides/physiology , Cytokines/analysis , Cytokines/physiology , Matrix Metalloproteinases/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinases/physiology , Dental Pulp Cavity/pathology , Dental Pulp Diseases/pathology , Endotoxins/physiology
14.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(supl.1): 205-212, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974346

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study compares patients with and without non-viral microbial keratitis in relation to sociodemographic variables, clinical aspects, and involved causative agent. Clinical aspects, etiology and therapeutic procedures were assessed in patients with and without keratitis that were diagnosed in an Eye Care Center in Campo Grande, MS, Brazil. Patients were divided into two groups: (a) cases: 64 patients with non-viral microbial keratitis diagnosed at biomicroscopy; and (b) controls: 47 patients with other eye disorders that were not keratitis. Labor activity related to agriculture, cattle raising, and contact lens use were all linked to keratitis occurrence (p < 0.005). In patients with keratitis, the most common symptoms were pain and photophobia, and the most frequently used medicines were fourth-generation fluoroquinolones (34.4%), amphotericin B (31.3%), and natamycin (28.1%). Microbial keratitis evolved to corneal perforation in 15.6% of cases; transplant was indicated in 10.9% of cases. Regarding the etiology of this condition, 23 (42.2%) keratitis cases were caused by bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, 12.5%), 17 (39.1%) by fungi (Fusarium spp., 14.1% and Aspergillus spp., 4.7%), and 4 (6.3%) by Acanthamoeba. Patients with keratitis present with a poorer prognosis. Rapid identification of the etiologic agent is indispensable and depends on appropriate ophthalmological collection and microbiological techniques.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Bacteria/isolation & purification , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Fungi/isolation & purification , Keratitis/microbiology , Mycoses/microbiology , Bacteria/classification , Bacteria/drug effects , Bacteria/genetics , Bacterial Infections/drug therapy , Brazil , Fungi/classification , Fungi/drug effects , Fungi/genetics , Keratitis/drug therapy , Middle Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Mycoses/drug therapy , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology
15.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(4): 747-753, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889165

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The red-tailed Amazon parrot (Amazona brasiliensis) is a threatened species of psittacine bird that inhabit coastal regions of Brazil. In view of the threat of this species, the aim of this study was to perform a health evaluation in wild nestlings in Rasa Island, determining the prevalence of enterobacteria and infectious agents according to type of nest. Blood samples were collected from 64 birds and evaluated for antibodies of Chlamydia psittaci by commercial dot-blot ELISA. Cloacal and oropharyngeal swabs samples were collected from 23 birds from artificial wooden nests, 15 birds from PVC nests and 2 birds from natural nests for microbiological analysis. Swab samples were collected from 58 parrots for C. psittaci detection by PCR and from 50 nestlings for Avian Influenza, Newcastle Disease and West Nile viruses' detection analysis by real-time RT-PCR. Ten bacterial genera and 17 species were identified, and the most prevalent were Escherichia coli and Klebsiella oxytoca. There was no influence of the type of nest in the nestlings' microbiota. All samples tested by ELISA and PCR were negative. There is currently insufficient information available about the health of A. brasiliensis and data of this study provide a reference point for future evaluations and aid in conservation plans.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bacteria/isolation & purification , Bacterial Infections/veterinary , Viruses/isolation & purification , Bird Diseases/microbiology , Bird Diseases/virology , Virus Diseases/veterinary , Amazona/microbiology , Amazona/virology , Bacteria/classification , Bacteria/genetics , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Viruses/classification , Viruses/genetics , Brazil , Virus Diseases/virology , Endangered Species , Islands , Animals, Wild/microbiology , Animals, Wild/virology
16.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 33(1): 14-20, jun. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283792

ABSTRACT

Urinary tract infection associated to permanent catheterization is the most frequent infection associated to health care. Antibiotic resistance is an increasing problem, thus it is important to know the local pathogenic agents, their resistance and sensibility profiles to use an optimal treatment. OBJECTIVES: Describe the resistance and sensibility profiles in the most frequent microorganisms in urinary tract infections associated to permanent catheterization at the Internal Medicine Service of Hospital Regional de Talca. METHODS: We studied the antibiotic resistance and sensitivity of each microorganism isolated from urinary samples from patients with the antecedent of permanent urinary catheterization at the Internal Medicine Service of Hospital Regional de Talca since January 2013 to December 2016, according to the records at the Cross Infection Unit of this center. OUTCOMES: We collected 69 cases, there were 14 of them with two agents. The highest incidence of urinary tract infections associated to permanent urinary catheterization was at 2014, while the lowest at 2015. The most frequent agents detected were K. pneumoniae (34%), E. coli (20%), P. aeruginosa (20%) and A. baumannii (5%), holding a similar tendency in each year. We found 23 strains of Enterobacteriaceae producing Extended-spectrum ß- Lactamases. In general we found that Carbapenems and Amikacin had the best sensitivity while Nitrofurantoin and Ciprofloxacin had the highest resistance


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bacterial Infections/epidemiology , Urinary Tract Infections/microbiology , Urinary Tract Infections/epidemiology , Community-Acquired Infections/epidemiology , Catheter-Related Infections/microbiology , Catheter-Related Infections/epidemiology , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Community-Acquired Infections/microbiology , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/isolation & purification
17.
Med. leg. Costa Rica ; 34(1): 80-91, ene.-mar. 2017. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-841429

ABSTRACT

ResumenLa osteomielitis es una infección progresiva del hueso, resultado de un proceso inflamatorio destructivo, seguido de la formación de hueso nuevo. Esta es resultado de la inoculación, ya sea de forma directa, por contigüidad, o por diseminación sanguínea (vía hematógena) de un microorganismo que puede evolucionar en días o semanas y puede progresar a una infección crónica con osteonecrosis, pérdida ósea y/o fístula.El presente estudio evidenciará los reportes bacteriológicos y prueba de sensibilidad antibiótica, de los patógenos más comunes de las muestras identificadas como hueso o médula ósea procesadas en el laboratorio de Bacteriología del Hospital México, obtenidas de pacientes con el diagnóstico de osteomielitis durante los años 2013 y 2014.Mediante este estudio se pretende instaurar un precedente epidemiológico y etiológico con datos costarricenses que sirva de base para futuras investigaciones y/o protocolos de tratamiento.


AbstractOsteomyelitis is a progressive bone infection resulting from a destructive inflammatory process followed by new bone formation. It's the result of direct or indirect inoculation of a microorganism, infection by adjacent tissues or hematogenous dissemination. This process can evolve in days or weeks and can progress to a chronic infection with osteonecrosis, bone loss and/or fistula formation.This study will show the bacteriological reports and antibiotic sensitivity test of the most common pathogens in samples identified as bone or bone marrow processed in the Bacteriology Laboratory of Hospital Mexico obtained from patients with diagnosis of osteomyelitis during 2013 and 2014.The objective with this study is to establish an epidemiological and etiological precedent with costarrican data that can be used as background for future investigations and/or treatment protocols.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Osteomyelitis/diagnosis , Osteomyelitis/etiology , Bone and Bones/pathology , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Costa Rica
18.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e108, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952132

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Endodontic infections are considered to be caused by the presence of various microorganisms within the root canal system. Recognition of this microbiota contributes to the successful treatment of infected root canals. This study investigated the microorganisms associated with primary and secondary endodontic infections via culture methods, biochemical tests, and molecular approaches in an Iranian population. Microbial specimens were collected from 36 patients with primary endodontic infection and 14 patients with a history of root canal therapy. Advanced microbiological culture techniques were used to isolate microbiota; subsequently, biochemical tests and 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing were performed to identify the microorganisms. Within the total 218 cultivable isolates, Veillonella parvula (20.6%) was found to occur with the highest frequency in primary endodontic infection, followed by Porphyromonas gingivalis (14.1%), and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (9.2%). Enterococcus faecalis (36.6%) was the most predominant microorganism in secondary endodontic infections, followed by Candida albicans, Propionibacterium acnes, and V. parvula with frequencies of 20%, 2%, and 2%, respectively. It was concluded that V. parvula and E. faecalis was most frequently found in primary and secondary endodontic infections, respectively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Bacteria, Anaerobic/isolation & purification , Dental Pulp Cavity/microbiology , Dental Pulp Diseases/microbiology , Bacteria, Anaerobic/genetics , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Bacterial Infections/epidemiology , Colony Count, Microbial , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prevalence , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Dental Pulp Diseases/epidemiology , Iran/epidemiology , Middle Aged
19.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 25: e2887, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-845315

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the use of peripheral venous catheters based on microbiological analysis of devices (dressing and three-way stopcocks) and thus contribute to the prevention and infection control. Methods: this was a prospective study of microbiological analysis of 30 three-way stopcocks (external surfaces and lumens) and 30 dressing used in maintaining the peripheral venous catheters of hospitalized adult patients. Results: all external surfaces, 40% of lumens, and 86.7% of dressing presented bacterial growth. The main species isolated in the lumen were 50% coagulase-negative Staphylococcus, 14.3% Staphylococcus aureus, and 14.3% Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Fifty nine percent of multidrug-resistant bacteria were isolated of the three-way stopcocks, 42% of the lumens, and 44% of the dressing with a predominance of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus resistant to methicillin. Besides, 18% gram-negative bacteria with resistance to carbapenems were identified from multidrug-resistant bacteria on the external surfaces of the three-way stopcocks. Conclusion: it is important to emphasize the isolation of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus and gram-negative bacteria resistant to methicillin and carbapenems in samples of devices, respectively, which reinforces the importance of nursing care in the maintenance of the biologically safe environment as well as prevention and infection control practices.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o uso de cateteres venosos periféricos com base em análises microbiológicas de dispositivos (curativos e torneiras de três vias - T3Vs) e assim contribuir para a prevenção e controle de infecção. Métodos: estudo prospectivo de análise microbiológica de 30 T3Vs (superfícies externas e lúmens) e 30 curativos utilizados na manutenção dos cateteres venosos periféricos de pacientes adultos hospitalizados. Resultados: todas as superfícies externas, 40% dos lúmens e 86,7% dos curativos apresentaram crescimento bacteriano. As principais espécies isoladas no lúmen foram 50% Staphylococcus coagulase-negativa, 14,3% Staphylococcus aureus e 14,3% Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Cinquenta e nove por cento das bactérias multirresistentes foram isoladas das T3Vs, 42% dos lúmens e 44% dos curativos com predominância de Staphylococcus coagulase-negativa resistente à meticilina. Além disso, 18% das bactérias gram-negativas com resistência aos carbapenêmicos foram identificadas a partir de bactérias multirresistentes nas superfícies externas das T3Vs. Conclusão: é importante enfatizar o isolamento de Staphylococcus coagulase-negativa resistente à meticilina e bactérias gram-negativas resistentes aos carbapenêmicos em amostras de dispositivos, o que reforça a importância do cuidado de enfermagem na manutenção do ambiente biologicamente seguro, assim como práticas de prevenção e controle de infecção.


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar el uso de catéteres venosos periféricos basado en el análisis microbiológico de dispositivos (vendajes y llaves de tres vías) y así contribuir a la prevención y control de infecciones. Métodos: se trata de un estudio prospectivo de análisis microbiológico de 30 llaves de tres vías (superficies externas y lumen) y 30 apósitos utilizados en el mantenimiento de los catéteres venosos periféricos de pacientes adultos hospitalizados. Resultados: todas las superficies externas, el 40% de los lúmenes y el 86,7% de los vendajes presentaron crecimiento bacteriano. Las principales especies aisladas en el lumen fueron 50% Staphylococcus coagulasa-negativa, 14.3% Staphylococcus aureus, y 14.3% Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Cincuenta y nueve por ciento de las bacterias resistentes a múltiples fármacos fueron aisladas de las llaves de tres vías, el 42% de los lúmenes, y el 44% del apósito con un predominio de Staphylococcus coagulasa-negativa resistente a la meticilina. Además, se identificaron 18% de bacterias gram-negativas con resistencia a carbapenems entre las bacterias multirresistentes en las superficies externas de las llaves de tres vías. Conclusión: es importante enfatizar el aislamiento de Staphylococcus coagulasa-negativa y bacterias gram-negativas resistentes a la meticilina y carbapenem en muestras de dispositivos, respectivamente, lo que refuerza la importancia de la atención de enfermería en el mantenimiento del medio ambiente biológicamente seguro, así como la prevención y las prácticas de control de la infección. assa


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteria/isolation & purification , Bacterial Infections/prevention & control , Cross Infection/prevention & control , Equipment Contamination/prevention & control , Central Venous Catheters/microbiology , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Cross Infection/microbiology , Prospective Studies
20.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 52(3): 195-199, July-Sep. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-762877

ABSTRACT

BackgroundSpontaneous bacterial peritonitis is defined as an ascetic fluid infection without an evident intra-abdominal surgically treatable source. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is one of the severe complications in patients with cirrhosis and ascites. Without early antibiotic treatment, this complication is associated with high mortality rate; therefore, early diagnosis and treatment of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is necessary for survival. Leukocyte esterase reagent can rapidly diagnose the spontaneous bacterial peritonitis.ObjectiveThis study aimed to find out the diagnostic accuracy of leukocyte esterase dipstick test for the diagnosis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis.MethodsA single centered hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted during July 2013 to August 2014 on children with cirrhotic liver disease and ascites who were admitted in the Department of Pediatric Gastroenterology in Nemazee Hospital affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (Iran). All patients underwent abdominal paracentesis, and the ascitic fluid was processed for cell count, leukocyte esterase reagent strip test (Combiscreen SL10) and culture. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis was defined as having a polymorphonuclear count (PMN ≥250/m3) in ascitic fluid. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of leukocyte esterase test were calculated according to the formula.ResultsTotally, 150 ascitic fluid sample of cirrhotic male patients (53.2%) and their mean age (4.33±1.88 years) were analyzed. Biliary atresia (n=44, 29.4%) and idiopathic neonatal hepatitis (n=29, 19.3%) were the most frequent etiology of cirrhosis. Also, abdominal pain (68.6%) and distension (64%) were the most common presenting complaint. Of all cases, 41patients (27.35%) were diagnosed to have spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (PMN ≥250/mm3). Sensitivity and specificity of leukocyte esterase reagent test according to PMNs ≥250mm3 were 87.80% and 91.74%, also on ascitic fluid culture results were 88.23% and 77.44%. Positive predictive value and negative predictive value of this test in PMNs ≥250mm3 were 80% and 95.23% and in cases with positive culture 33.33% and 98.09% were obtained, respectively. Efficiency of leukocyte esterase reagent test in diagnosing spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, according to PMNs ≥250mm3 and culture results were 90.66% and 78.66%.ConclusionThe leukocyte esterase strip test may be used as rapid test for diagnosis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis due to its high diagnostic validity.


ContextoA peritonite bacteriana espontânea é definida como uma infecção do fluido ascítico sem evidente origem intra-abdominal cirurgicamente tratável. A peritonite bacteriana espontânea é uma das complicações graves em pacientes com cirrose e ascite. Sem tratamento antibiótico precoce, esta complicação é associada com alta taxa de mortalidade. Portanto, o diagnóstico precoce e tratamento de peritonite bacteriana espontânea são necessários para a sobrevivência. O reagente de esterase de leucócitos pode rapidamente diagnosticar a peritonite bacteriana espontânea.ObjetivoEste estudo teve como objetivo descobrir a acurácia diagnóstica do teste com tiras de esterase de leucócitos para o diagnóstico de peritonite bacteriana espontânea.MétodosUm estudo transversal hospitalar unicêntrico foi realizado entre julho de 2013 e agosto de 2014 em crianças com cirrose hepática e ascite que foram admitidas no Departamento de Gastroenterologia Pediátrica no Hospital de Nemazee afiliado à Universidade de Ciencias Médicas de Shiraz (Irã). Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a paracentese abdominal, e o líquido ascítico foi processado para contagem de células, teste de tira de reagente de esterase de leucócitos (Combiscreen SL10) e cultura. Peritonite bacteriana espontânea foi definida como tendo uma contagem de polimorfonucleares (PMN ≥250/m3) no líquido ascítico. Sensibilidade, especificidade, valor preditivo positivo negativo do teste de esterase de leucócitos foram calculados de acordo com a fórmula.ResultadosForam analisados um total de 150 amostras de líquido ascítico de pacientes cirróticos; (53,2%) eram do sexo masculino e sua média de idade (4,33±1,88 anos). A atresia biliar (n=44, 29,4%) e hepatite neonatal idiopática (n=29, 19,3%) foram as etiologias mais frequentes de cirrose. Além disso, dor abdominal (68,6%) e distensão (64%) foram as queixas mais comuns de apresentação. De todos os casos, 41 (27,35%) foram diagnosticados com peritonite bacteriana espontânea (PMN ≥250/mm3). A sensibilidade e especificidade do teste de reagente de esterase de leucócitos segundo PMN ≥250mm3 foi de 87,80% e 91,74% e, para os resultados de cultura de líquido ascítico, de 88,23% e 77,44%. Valor preditivo positivo e valor preditivo negativo do teste em PMN ≥250mm3 foi de 80% e 95,23% e em casos com cultura positiva 33,33% e 98,09%, respectivamente. A eficiência do teste de reagente esterase de leucócitos no diagnóstico de peritonite bacteriana espontânea, de acordo com resultados de ≥250mm3 e cultura PMN, foi de 90,66% e 78,66%.ConclusãoO teste de tiras de esterase de leucócitos pode ser usado como um teste rápido para diagnóstico de peritonite bacteriana espontânea, devido a sua alta validade diagnóstica.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Ascites/complications , Carboxylic Ester Hydrolases , Liver Cirrhosis/complications , Peritonitis/diagnosis , Peritonitis/etiology , Reagent Strips , Ascitic Fluid , Ascites/microbiology , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Peritonitis/microbiology , Sensitivity and Specificity
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