Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 127
Filter
1.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202666, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155359

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: bariatric surgery is currently the only treatment that leads to long-term and sustained weight loss and decreased morbidity and mortality in morbidly obese individuals. Roux-en-Y bypass causes weight loss by restricting food intake associated with reduced intestinal absorption, in addition to multiple endocrine and satiogenic effects. Biliopancreatic diversion promotes weight loss mainly due to poor absorption of the nutrients ingested. Both procedures exclude parts of the gastrointestinal tract. Objective: to describe four cases of revisional surgery after primary bariatric surgery, due to serious nutritional complications, and to review the literature regarding this subject. Methods: a retrospective analysis of patients of Unicamps bariatric center database and review of the literatures were performed. Results: four patients were identified, 2 women and 2 men, with a mean age of 48 years. The mean body mass index before revisional surgery was 23.7 kg/m2. Three patients underwent Scopinaro biliopancreatic diversion, and onde patient underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The revisional surgeries were revision, conversion, and reversion. One patient died. For the review of the literature 12 articles remained (11 case reports and 1 case series). Another five important original articles were included. Conclusion: fortunately, revision surgery is rarely necessary, but when indicated it has increased morbidity, It can be revision, reverion or conversion according to the severity of the patient and the primary surgery performed.


RESUMO Introdução: atualmente, a cirurgia bariátrica é o único tratamento que leva à perda de peso prolongada e sustentada e diminuição da morbimortalidade em indivíduos obesos mórbidos. O bypass em Y-de-Roux causa perda de peso restringindo a ingestão de alimentos associada à redução da absorção intestinal, além de múltiplos efeitos endócrinos e sacietógenos. O desvio biliopancreático promove a perda de peso principalmente devido à diminuição da absorção dos nutrientes ingeridos. Ambos os procedimentos excluem partes do trato gastrointestinal. Objetivo: descrever 4 casos de cirurgia revisional após cirurgia bariátrica primária, devido a graves complicações nutricionais, bem como realizar uma revisão da literatura sobre esse assunto. Métodos: foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva dos pacientes do banco de dados do serviço de cirurgia bariátrica da Unicamp e revisão da literatura. Resultados: foram identificados 4 pacientes, 2 mulheres e 2 homens, com média de idade de 48 anos, o IMC antes da cirurgia revisional eram em média 23,7. Os pacientes haviam sido submetidos em 3 casos a cirurgia de Scopinaro e 1 caso ao bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux. As cirurgias revisionais foram de revisão, conversão e reversão. Um paciente evoluiu a óbito. Em relação a revisão da literatura, foram selecionados 12 artigos (11 relatos de casos e 1 série de casos). Outros cinco artigos originais importantes foram incluídos. Conclusão: felizmente, a cirurgia revisional raramente é necessária, mas, quando indicada, apresenta alta morbidade. São cirurgias de revisão, reversão ou conversão, de acordo com a gravidade do paciente e a cirurgia primária realizada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Reoperation , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Malnutrition/etiology , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Gastric Bypass , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy , Middle Aged
2.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 24(3): 145-151, set-dez. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129450

ABSTRACT

A obesidade é uma doença crônica multifatorial que desencadeia diversas comorbidades, sendo a hipertensão arterial uma das principais complicações, tornando-se um risco para o desenvolvimento das doenças cardiovasculares e mortalidade precoce. Assim, este estudo objetivou abordar os aspectos da hipertensão relacionada à obesidade antes e após a realização de cirurgia bariátrica. Tratou-se de um estudo descritivo, envolvendo indivíduos de ambos os gêneros, com idade superior a 18 anos submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica pelo método Fobi Capella com desvio de Y de Roux na cidade de Toledo-PR. Para tanto, 30 participantes responderam um questionário semiestruturado investigando dados sobre a pressão arterial. Os resultados demonstraram que no pré-operatório 66,66% dos avaliados apresentavam hipertensão, sendo os gêneros igualmente afetados, 46,66% referiram três ou mais sintomas da comorbidade e escore de saúde mental (40,8 ±16,7) com repercussão relevante. No pós-operatório os parâmetros de normalidade da pressão arterial foram evidenciados em todos os participantes, 57,14% deixaram de necessitar de medicação de controle e houve uma melhora exponencial do escore de saúde mental (81,9 ±21,7). Concluindo que a cirurgia bariátrica compõe um tratamento altamente eficaz para perda ponderal de peso corroborando para normalização da pressão arterial, redução dos sintomas da hipertensão, da necessidade de tratamento medicamentoso para essa finalidade e melhora da saúde geral do indivíduo.


Obesity is a chronic multifactorial disease that triggers several comorbidities, with arterial hypertension being one of the main complications, becoming a risk for the development of cardiovascular diseases and early mortality. Thus, this study aimed at addressing aspects of hypertension related to obesity before and after bariatric surgery. This is a descriptive study, involving individuals of both genders, aged over 18 years submitted to bariatric surgery by the Fobi Capella method with deviation of Roux-en-Y in the city of Toledo, in the state of Paraná, Brazil. For that purpose, 30 participants answered a semi-structured questionnaire investigating blood pressure data. The results showed that in the pre-surgery period, 66.66% of the patients had arterial hypertension, and the genres were equally affected; 46.66% reported three or more symptoms of comorbidity and mental health score (40.8 ± 16.7) with relevant repercussions. In the post-surgery period, normal blood pressure parameters were evident in all participants, 57.14% no longer required control medication and there was an exponential improvement in the mental health score (81.9 ± 21.7), thus concluding that bariatric surgery is a highly effective treatment for weight loss, corroborating blood pressure normalization, reduction of symptoms of hypertension, the need for drug treatment for this purpose and improvement of the individual's general health.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y/methods , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Hypertension/prevention & control , Postoperative Care/rehabilitation , Cardiovascular Diseases/surgery , Gastroplasty/methods , Comorbidity , Mental Health/trends , Mortality/trends , Preoperative Period , Arterial Pressure , Obesity/surgery
3.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(3): e998, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144434

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La obesidad es una enfermedad crónica multifactorial cuyo mejor tratamiento lo constituye en la actualidad la cirugía bariátrica. Objetivo: Describir los resultados a corto y largo plazo de la gastroplicatura vertical laparoscópica como técnica de cirugía bariátrica restrictiva. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, longitudinal en 436 pacientes obesos intervenidos por gastroplicatura vertical laparoscópica, de enero 2010 a enero 2020, en Hospital Universitario General Calixto García. Se incluyeron pacientes de ambos géneros, mayores de 18 años. Variables analizadas: edad, sexo, peso, talla, índice de masa corporal, grado de obesidad, perímetro de cintura, enfermedades asociadas, valores de glucemia, colesterol y triglicéridos, tiempo quirúrgico, pérdidas sanguíneas intraoperatorias, complicaciones perioperatorias y porcentaje de sobrepeso perdido al año. Resultados: Edad promedio 38,48 años, con predominio del sexo femenino. El índice de masa corporal medio fue de 45,41 Kg/m2. Las enfermedades asociadas fueron: hipertensión arterial, síndrome de apnea obstructiva del sueño y diabetes mellitus. El 8,6 por ciento presentó complicación intraoperatoria, mientras que en el posoperatorio hubo un 5,9 por ciento de complicaciones. Tuvieron mayor relación con índice cintura/cadera incrementado y solo se reportó un fallecido. Conclusiones: Los resultados de las gastroplicatura vertical laparoscópica son prometedores como técnica bariátrica restrictiva según lo descrito en la serie de pacientes tratados durante un periodo de 10 años. La misma permitió una disminución significativa del Índice de Masa Corporal y grado de obesidad con repercusión importante en el porcentaje de peso perdido y escasas complicaciones(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Obesity is a multifactorial chronic disease whose best treatment is currently bariatric surgery. Objective: To describe the short- and long-term outcomes of laparoscopic vertical gastroplication as a restrictive bariatric surgery technique. Methods: A descriptive, retrospective and longitudinal study was carried out in 436 obese patients who received laparoscopic vertical gastroplication, from January 2010 to January 2020, at General Calixto García University Hospital. Patients of both genders, older than 18 years, were included. The variables analyzed were age, sex, weight, height, body mass index, degree of obesity, waist circumference, associated diseases, blood glucose, cholesterol and triglyceride values, surgical time, intraoperative blood loss, perioperative complications, and percentage of overweight lost at one year. Results: The average age 38.48 years, with a predominance of the female sex. The mean body mass index was 45.41 kg/m2. The associated diseases were arterial hypertension, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, and diabetes mellitus. 8.6 percent presented intraoperative complication, while there were 5.9 percent of complications in the postoperative period. They were more related to the increased waist/hip ratio and only one death was reported. Conclusions: The results of laparoscopic vertical gastroplication are promising based on the usefulness of the restrictive bariatric technique as described in the series of patients treated over a period of ten years. It allowed a significant decrease in body mass index and the degree of obesity, with a significant impact on the percentage of lost weight lost and with few complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Body Mass Index , Laparoscopy/methods , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Obesity/therapy , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
4.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 7(3): 1-13, sept. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178923

ABSTRACT

The work of the speech therapist with patients undergoing Bariatric Surgery (BS) is still little explored, although essential for the adequate preparation of the subject for surgery, as well as for his short and long term recovery. Given its importance and it's still limited performance in this scenario, the objective of this study was to verify the perception of patients about the importance and effectiveness of speech therapy both in the pre and postoperative period of BS. Questionnaires were carried out with 44 patients divided into 4 groups, according to the moment of bariatric surgery follow-up. Most of the subjects were unaware of the role of the speech therapist at the beginning of the treatment, but they considered their guidance and their presence in the team relevant during the process. The ignorance of the role of the Speech-Language Pathologist in the care of bariatric patients is related to the incipient participation of Speech-Language Pathologists in this scenario. The positive impact of speech therapy guidelines in the preoperative period improves quality of life, provides information and clarifies subjects' doubts and fears, enhancing results and minimizing postoperative problems. The professional's guidance in relation to the aspects experienced in the patients' daily lives implies a consensus on the importance of the participation of the Speech Therapist during the process of monitoring the BS. Patients' perception of the importance of the guidelines received by the Speech-Language Pathologist was well-known, as well as their necessary participation in the multidisciplinary team. The results demonstrated the effectiveness of speech therapy both in the pre and in the short and long term postoperative period.


La labor del fonoaudiólogo con pacientes sometidos a Cirugía Bariátrica (CB) es aún poco explorada, aunque fundamental para la adecuada preparación del sujeto para la cirugía, así como para su recuperación a corto y largo plazo. Dada su importancia y su aún limitado desempeño en este escenario, el objetivo de este estudio fue verificar la percepción de los pacientes sobre la importancia y efectividad de la logopedia tanto en el período pre como postoperatorio de CB. Se realizaron cuestionarios con 44 pacientes divididos en 4 grupos, según el momento del seguimiento de la cirugía bariátrica. Resultados: La mayoría de los sujetos desconocían el rol del fonoaudiólogo al inicio del tratamiento, pero consideraron relevante su orientación y presencia en el equipo durante el proceso. El desconocimiento del papel del fonoaudiólogo en la atención de los pacientes bariátricos se relaciona con la incipiente participación de los fonoaudiólogos en este escenario. El impacto positivo de las pautas de fonoaudiología en el período preoperatorio mejora la calidad de vida, brinda información y aclara las dudas y temores de los sujetos, potenciando los resultados y minimizando los problemas postoperatorios. La orientación del profesional en relación con los aspectos vividos en la vida diaria de los pacientes implica un consenso sobre la importancia de la participación del fonoaudiólogo durante el proceso de seguimiento de CB. Es conocida la percepción de los pacientes sobre la importancia de las guías recibidas por el fonoaudiólogo, así como su necesaria participación en el equipo multidisciplinario. Los resultados demostraron la eficacia de la fonoaudiología tanto en el pre como en el postoperatorio a corto y largo plazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bariatric Surgery/rehabilitation , Speech, Language and Hearing Sciences/methods , Postoperative Period , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Preoperative Period
5.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(4): 631-641, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138682

ABSTRACT

Resumen: En los últimos años, la obesidad severa en adolescentes ha aumentado a nivel mundial y Chile no es la excepción a este fenómeno. Es conocido que esta condición aumenta exponencialmente los riesgos para la salud y se asocia a mortalidad prematura. Desde el año 2008, diversas guías de tratamiento de obesidad pediátrica han incluido a la cirugía bariátrica como una estrategia de tratamiento para adolescentes obesos severos seleccionados. Estos procedimientos han mostrado ser seguros y eficaces en adultos. Un cuerpo emergente de evidencia demuestra que, en centros especializados, en el corto y mediano plazo se obtendrían resultados similares en adolescentes. Sin embargo, en este grupo de pacientes, la cirugía bariátrica tiene implícitos otros riesgos inherentes a la etapa de desarrollo en que se encuentran, y los resultados y complicaciones especialmente de largo plazo en gran medida son aún desconocidos. Por lo anterior y para el logro de los resultados esperados, es muy importante que la selección de pacientes, la cirugía y el seguimiento, sean realizados por equipos multidisciplinarios calificados, en centros hospitalarios que cuenten con la infraestructura adecuada, siendo imprescin dible la adherencia de por vida al seguimiento médico y nutricional. El objetivo de este documento es presentar la postura de la Rama de Nutrición de la Sociedad Chilena de Pediatría (SOCHIPE) frente a las diversas aristas a considerar para la adecuada indicación de estos procedimientos en adolescentes obesos severos.


Abstract: In recent years, severe obesity in adolescents has been rising worldwide, and Chile is no exception to this phenomenon. This condition exponentially increases health risks and it is associated with prema ture mortality. Since 2008, several guidelines on pediatric obesity treatment have included bariatric surgery as a treatment strategy for certain severely obese adolescents. These procedures have proven to be safe and efficient in adults. Recent evidence shows that, when done in specialized centers, the re sults would be similar in adolescents in the short and medium term. Nonetheless, in this group of pa tients, bariatric surgery has risks related to their stage of development, and data on long-term results and complications are still lacking. Therefore, to achieve the expected results, the patient selection, surgery, and follow-up must be carried out by qualified multidisciplinary teams, in hospitals centers that have the appropriate infrastructure, It is essential for the patients a life-long adherence to medi cal and nutritional monitoring. The objective of this document is to present the position statement of the Nutrition Branch of the Chilean Society of Pediatrics on the different issues to be considered for the adequate indication of these procedures in severely obese adolescents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Pediatric Obesity/surgery , Pediatrics , Postoperative Complications/diagnosis , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Chile , Treatment Outcome , Patient Selection , Bariatric Surgery/standards , Pediatric Obesity/complications
6.
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(5): 316-327, 20200000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1367307

ABSTRACT

Diversos motivos inciden en que los pacientes se sometan a cirugía bariátrica para hacer frente a la obesidad. Pese a ser el procedimiento más eficaz contra el exceso de peso, existe una alta tasa de pacientes que después de la cirugía, recuperan un porcentaje importante del peso perdido. Esta re-ganancia de peso genera consecuencias médicas, físicas y psicológico-emocionales; y en muchos casos lleva a que los pacientes vuelvan a someterse a intervenciones quirúrgicas con el objetivo de reactivar la pérdida de peso. No obstante, las re-operaciones no suelen tener la misma eficacia en términos de la pérdida de peso y su mantención. Esta investigación se centra en los significados psicológicos de la experiencia de someterse a más de una intervención quirúrgica para perder peso, con el objetivo de comprender lo que implica este proceso para los pacientes, así como también las repercusiones que trae consigo someterse a más de una intervención de este tipo. La metodología que se utilizó fue cualitativa con un enfoque desde la Teoría Fundamentada y con un alcance descriptivo para comprender lo que deben vivir estos pacientes. Para llevar a cabo esta investigación, se realizaron entrevistas semi-estructuradas a cuatro mujeres y un hombre, quienes previamente se habían sometido a una intervención quirúrgica para perder peso, y luego de unos años y de haber recuperado el peso perdido se sometieron a una cirugía bariátrica. La elección de la segunda intervención se asoció a la creencia que la recuperación de peso se debió principalmente a la técnica de la primera intervención, evaluación que cambia hacia una percepción de bajo control en la alimentación, tras la re-ganancia de peso post-segunda intervención. Se observa niveles importantes de frustración tras esta segunda re-ganancia.


There are several reasons why patients choose to undergo bariatric surgery to cope with obesity. Despite being the most effective procedure against excess weight, there is a high rate of patients who, after surgery, recover a significant percentage of the weight lost. This regain of weight generates medical, physical and psychological-emotional consequences; and in many cases it leads to patients re-undergo surgery with the aim of reactivating weight loss. However, re-operations are usually not as effective in terms of weight loss and weight maintenance. This research focuses on the psychological meanings of a patient's experience of more than one surgical intervention to lose weight, with the aim of understanding what this process implies for patients, as well as the repercussions of obtaining more than one intervention of this type. The specified methodology was qualitative with an approach from the Grounded Theory and with a descriptive scope to understand what these patients must live. To carry out this research, semi-structured interviews were conducted with four women and one man, who had previously undergone surgery to lose weight, and after a few years and having recovered the lost weight, underwent surgery. bariatric The choice of the second intervention was associated with the belief that weight recovery was mainly due to the technique of the first intervention, an evaluation that changes towards a perception of low control in the diet, after the post-weight gain second intervention. Significant levels of frustration are seen after this second regain


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Body Weight Changes , Gastric Balloon , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Second-Look Surgery/methods , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Data Analysis , Life Change Events , Obesity/surgery
7.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 35(2): 249-253, apr.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103841

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Atualmente com o aumento das gastroplastias redutoras (cirurgia bariátrica) e grande perda ponderal, há também um aumento na procura destes pacientes pela cirurgia plástica. Uma das características destes pacientes é o excesso de tecido dermogorduroso que causa deformidades, principalmente nos membros inferiores, acometendo a região trocantérica. Objetivo: Relatar um caso de dermolipectomia trocantérica em paciente pós-cirurgia bariátrica, onde a lipoaspiração por si só não resolveria a correção da deformidade. Relato de caso: IPMS, sexo feminino, 55 anos, histórico de gastroplastia redutora (cirurgia bariátrica) com grande perda ponderal. Relata desconforto importante com a lipodistrofia e extensa flacidez em região trocantérica bilateral. Após avaliação pela equipe, foi optado por realizar dermolipectomia trocantérica bilateral, em janeiro de 2019, no Serviço de Cirurgia Plástica Osvaldo Saldanha. Discussão: Nos casos de lipodistrofia trocantérica com deformidades graves, a cicatriz da dermolipectomia em relação à deformidade é favorável quanto a escolha desta técnica, pois a lipoaspiração poderá agravar ainda mais a deformidade, sendo mandatório utilizar a técnica de dermolipectomia trocantérica para corrigila. Quanto à lipodistrofia com deformidade moderada há dúvida entre a relação do benefício e a deformidade resultante, sendo aplicada a técnica de acordo com a necessidade do paciente e, por fim, nos casos de lipodistrofia com deformidade leve, opta-se pela lipoaspiração devido à correção ser realizada sem grandes cicatrizes aparentes. Conclusão: Portanto, a lipoaspiração tem benefício nos casos de adiposidade localizada, limitando as indicações da técnica de dermolipectomia, em especial na região trocantérica, sem invalidá-la para casos selecionados, como o descrito neste relato de caso.


Introduction: Currently, with the increase in reducing gastroplasty (bariatric surgery) and the great weight loss, there is also an increase in the demand of these patients for plastic surgery. One of the characteristics of these patients is the excess of dermal adipose tissue that causes deformities, especially in the lower limbs, affecting the trochanteric region. Objective: To report a case of trochanteric dermolipectomy in a patient after bariatric surgery, where liposuction alone would not solve the correction of the deformity. Case report: IPMS, female, 55 years old, history of reducing gastroplasty (bariatric surgery) with great weight loss. She reports significant discomfort with lipodystrophy and extensive flacidity in the bilateral trochanteric region. After the team's evaluation, it was decided to perform bilateral trochanteric dermolipectomy, in January 2019, at the Plastic Surgery Service Osvaldo Saldanha Discussion: In cases of trochanteric lipodystrophy with severe deformities, the scar of dermolipectomy in relation to the deformity is favorable in terms of the choice of this technique, since liposuction may further aggravate the deformity, and it is mandatory to use the trochanteric dermolipectomy technique to correct it. Conclusion: Therefore, liposuction is beneficial in cases of localized adiposity, limiting the indications for the dermolipectomy technique, especially in the trochanteric region, without invalidating it for selected cases, as described in this case report.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Postoperative Complications , Surgery, Plastic , Obesity, Morbid , Case Reports , Cicatrix , Evaluation Study , Lower Extremity , Bariatric Surgery , Lipodystrophy/pathology , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Surgery, Plastic/adverse effects , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Obesity, Morbid/pathology , Cicatrix/surgery , Lower Extremity/surgery , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Lipodystrophy , Lipodystrophy/surgery , Lipodystrophy/complications
8.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202404, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136612

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivos: Comparar a evolução do perfil nutricional de pacientes submetidos ao bypass gástrico em Y de Roux (BGYR) e ao Sleeve, em hospitais dos setores público e privado da Saúde de Pernambuco. Método: O estudo incluiu pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica nos setores público e privado de saúde de Pernambuco no período de 2008 a 2016. Foram avaliados dados antropométricos e bioquímicos (Hemoglobina, Vitamina B12, Ferro e Ferritina) no período pré-operatório e com 3, 6 e 12 meses de pós-operatório. Resultados: Não foram registradas diferenças significativas entre os pacientes internados nos dois setores da Saúde no tocante às variáveis: níveis hemoglobina, anemia por deficiência de ferro e vitamina B12 em nenhuma das avaliações e conforme o tipo de cirurgia. Entre os pacientes submetidos ao BGYR, os níveis de ferro sérico foram significativamente menores nos pacientes do setor privado da Saúde apenas na primeira avaliação. Baixos níveis de ferritina sérica foram observados na segunda avaliação, sendo os pacientes do setor privado os que apresentaram menores valores. O sucesso cirúrgico foi significativamente maior no grupo que realizou o BGYR na rede privada. Conclusões: Com um seguimento de 12 meses pós-cirurgia bariátrica, não foi observada diferença estatisticamente significante no que diz respeito às deficiências de micronutrientes entre pacientes usuários dos setores público e privado de Saúde.


ABSTRACT Purpose: To compare the nutritional status follow up of patients who underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (BGYR) and Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) in hospitals of the private and public health systems, in Pernambuco. Methods: This study included patients who underwent bariatric surgery in the public and private health systems, in Pernambuco, from 2008 to 2016. Anthropometric and biochemical (hemoglobin, B12, iron and ferritin) data were evaluated in the preoperative period and at 3, 6 and 12 months after the operation. Results: There were no significant difference between patients seen at the two health systems regarding the levels of hemoglobin, iron, anemia and vitamin B12. Patients who underwent the RYGB, presented with iron deficiency which was significantly lower for those in the private system, but only at the 3 month evaluation. Low levels of ferritin were observed at the 6 month evaluation, and patients in the private health system presented with the highest ferritin deficiency. The rate of surgical success was significantly higher in those patients undergoing the RYGB at the private system. Conclusions: After a 12-month bariatric surgery follow-up, there was no statistically significant difference regarding micronutrient deficiency between patients followed up at the private and public health systems.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Nutritional Status , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Vitamin B 12/blood , Obesity, Morbid/blood , Hemoglobins/analysis , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Public Sector , Private Sector , Ferritins/blood , Middle Aged
9.
Rev. Fac. Cienc. Méd. Univ. Cuenca ; 38(1): 43-51, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100678

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la obesidad afecta al 22.1% de la población ecuatoriana y su prevalencia continúa en aumento. La cirugía bariátrica constituye una opción efectiva para su tratamiento, pero alcanza apenas al 1% de la población afectada. Objetivo: describir la experiencia en la implementación del programa de cirugía bariátrica en el Hospital de Especialidades de las Fuerzas Armadas N°1. Metodología: estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, desde febrero del 2016 hasta febrero del 2019; se reportó características demográficas, seguimiento prequirúrgico, evolución del peso antes y después del procedimiento a corto, mediano y largo plazo. Resultados: se incluyeron 39 individuos, 74.4% mujeres y 25.6% hombres. La edad media fue 45.9 años (DS ±9.9 años); el índice de masa corporal medio en la primera valoración fue 41.04 kg/m2 (DS ±5.1), al primer mes se logró un porcentaje de reducción del exceso de peso del 21.7 % (DS ±14.7), al tercer mes del 42.8 % (DS ±18.27) y al año del 66.3 % (DS ±12.6), sin embargo, 13 pacientes abandonaron el seguimiento. Conclusión: a pesar de la dificultad técnica y operativa para implementar un programa de cirugía bariátrica, queda demostrado su beneficio.


Introduction: the obesity affects about 22.1% of the Ecuadorian population and its prevalence continues to increase. Bariatric surgery is an effective option for its treatment, but it reaches only 1% of the affected population. Objective: to describe the experience in the implementation of bariatric surgery program at the Hospital de Especialidades de las Fuerzas N° 1. Methodology: It is a descriptive and retrospective study, it was conducted from February 2016 to February 2019; demographic characteristics, presurgical follow-up, weight evolution before and after the procedure was measured at short, medium and long term. Results: A total of 39 individuals were included, 74.4% women and 25.6% men. The average age was 45.9 years (SD ± 9.9 years); the mean body mass index at the first evaluation was 41.04 kg / m2 (DS ± 5.1), at the first month a percentage reduction of excess weight of 21.7% (DS ± 14.7) was achieved, at the third month 42.8% ( SD ± 18.27) and one year after 66.3% (DS ± 12.6), however, 13 patients abandoned follow-up. Conclusion: despite the technical and operational difficulties in implementing a bariatric surgery program, its benefit has been demonstrated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Gastric Bypass/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Obesity Management/statistics & numerical data , Weight Loss/drug effects , Body Mass Index , Obesity
10.
Rev. venez. cir ; 73(1): 10-13, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1283939

ABSTRACT

La gastrectomía vertical laparoscópica es actualmente la cirugía bariátrica más empleada a nivel mundial. Aunque es un procedimiento seguro y efectivo pueden ocurrir complicaciones mayores. En el presente trabajo reportamos el caso de un infarto y absceso esplénico como una rara complicación de esta técnica, que requirió finalmente de esplenectomía como tratamiento definitivo. Caso clínico: Mujer de 22 años con obesidad grado I, a quien se le practicó gastrectomía vertical laparoscópica con buena evolución intrahospitalaria y egreso a las 48 horas. Al 4to día posoperatorio consultó por fiebre, dolor abdominal, taquipnea y taquicardia. Mediante tomografía computada de abdomen se diagnosticó infarto esplénico parcial. Recibió tratamiento médico con remisión inicial de los síntomas, los cuales reaparecieron a la 3era semana. Se reinició el tratamiento médico, esta vez sin respuesta, y con evolución al absceso esplénico. Se decidió esplenectomía como tratamiento definitivo logrando la recuperación completa de la paciente. Conclusión: El infarto esplénico es una complicación infrecuente de la gastrectomía vertical. Su tratamiento inicial es médico, reservando la esplenectomía para los casos que no responden(AU)


Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is currently the most performed bariatric surgery worldwide. Although it is an effective and safe procedure major complications can occur. In the present manuscript we report a case of splenic infarct and abscess as a rare complication of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, finally requiring a splenectomy as a definitive treatment. Case report: A 22 years old woman with grade I obesity underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy with good hospital evolution and 48 hours discharge. On the 4th postoperative day she return because fever, abdominal pain, tachypnea and tachycardia. By means of a computed tomography a splenic infarct was diagnosed. She received medical treatment with initial remission of symptoms, which reappear at the third week. Medical treatment was restarted, this time without success, and with progression to splenic abscess. We decided a splenectomy as definitive treatment achieving a complete patient recovery. Conclusion: Splenic infarction is a rare complication after sleeve gastrectomy. The treatment is non surgical, reserving the splenectomy for the non responded cases(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Splenic Infarction/etiology , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Gastrectomy/adverse effects , Splenectomy , Splenic Infarction/surgery , Splenic Infarction/diagnosis , Laparoscopy/methods , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Gastrectomy/methods , Obesity/surgery
11.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(3): e1549, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152617

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Strongly associated with obesity, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is considered the hepatic manifestation of the metabolic syndrome. It presents as simple steatosis and steatohepatitis, which can progress to cirrhosis and its complications. Among the therapeutic alternatives is bariatric surgery. Aim: To compare the effect of the two most frequent bariatric procedures (sleeve and bypass) on liver disease regarding to epidemiological, demographic, clinical and laboratory parameters. Methods: The results of intraoperative and 12 months after surgery liver biopsies were used. The NAFLD activity score (NAS) was used to assess and compare the stages of liver disease. Results: Sixteen (66.7%) patients underwent Bypass procedure and eight (33.3%) Sleeve. It was observed that the variation in the NAFLD activity score was significantly greater in the Bypass group than in Sleeve (p=0.028) and there was a trend regarding the variation in fibrosis (p=0.054). Conclusion: Both surgical techniques were effective in improving the hepatic histology of most operated patients. When comparing sleeve and bypass groups, bypass showed better results, according to the NAS score.


RESUMO Racional: Fortemente associada à obesidade, a doença hepática gordura não alcoólica é considerada a manifestação hepática da síndrome metabólica. Ela apresenta-se como esteatose simples e esteato-hepatite, podendo evoluir para cirrose e suas complicações. Entre as alternativas terapêuticas está a cirurgia bariátrica. Objetivo: Comparar o efeito sobre a doença hepática dos dois procedimentos bariátricos mais frequentes - sleeve e bypass - e comparar dados epidemiológicos, demográficos, parâmetros clínicos e laboratoriais. Métodos: Utilizou-se o resultado das biópsias hepáticas realizadas no intra-operatório e 12 meses após a operação. O NAFLD activity score foi utilizado para avaliar e comparar os estágios da doença hepática. Resultados: Dezesseis (66,7%) pacientes foram submetidos ao bypass e oito (33,3%) ao sleeve. Observou-se melhora significativa no IMC e glicemia nas duas técnicas cirúrgicas enquanto que os níveis de fosfatase alcalina, ferritina, Gama-GT e TGP reduziram com significância apenas no grupo bypass. A redução no NAFLD activity score foi significativamente maior no grupo bypass que no sleeve (p=0,040). Conclusão: Ambas as técnicas foram eficazes em promover a melhora da histologia hepática da maior parte dos pacientes operados. Quando comparadas o bypass apresentou melhores resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Gastric Bypass/methods , Weight Loss , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/epidemiology , Biopsy , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/surgery , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/complications , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/physiopathology , Gastrectomy
12.
Rev. argent. cir ; 112(2): 165-170, 2020. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125797

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analizar la evolución de las comorbilidades mayores e índice de masa corporal a largo plazo en pacientes intervenidos de cirugía bariátrica. Material y métodos: estudio retrospectivo transversal sobre una muestra de 38 pacientes intervenidos de cirugía bariátrica entre los años 2008 y 2011. La muestra se compone de 32 mujeres y 6 varones, con una media de edad de 43,52 años. Las intervenciones quirúrgicas realizadas fueron 8 bandas gástricas, 8 gastrectomías verticales y 22 by-pass. Resultados: la DM mejora en un 71,43% de los casos, la HTA en 47,05%, la DL en un 75% y el SAOS en un 70%. Por encima de los 5 años de seguimiento, el 28,9% de los pacientes presenta obesidad tipo I, el 23,7% presenta sobrepeso, el 23,7% obesidad tipo II y el 23,7% obesidad tipo III. Conclusión: la cirugía bariátrica consigue la resolución de comorbilidades asociadas a la obesidad en un porcentaje muy elevado de casos, siendo la más efectiva la dislipemia. La reganancia de peso a largo plazo sigue siendo un problema en estos pacientes así como su seguimiento por encima de los 5 años.


Objective: The aim of this paper is to analyze the outcome of major comorbidities and body mass index during long-term follow-up in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. Material and methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 28 patients (32 women and 6 men; mean age: 43.52 years) undergoing bariatric surgery between 2008 and 2011. The surgical procedures performed were adjustable gastric banding (n =8), sleeve gastrectomy (n = 8) and gastric bypass (n = 22). Results: Diabetes mellitus was resolved in 73.43% of cases, hypertension in 47.05%, dyslipidemia in 75% and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in 70%. Five years after surgery, 28.9% of the patients had obesity class I, 23.7% had overweight, 23.7% had obesity class II and 23.7% had obesity class III. Conclusion: bariatric surgery achieves resolution of comorbidities associated with obesity in a high percentage of cases. This effect is more effective in dyslipidemia. Weight regain in the long-term and follow-up beyond five years after surgery are still pending issues.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Obesity, Morbid/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Time , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
13.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 436-444, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047896

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O número de pacientes classificados com sobrepeso ou obesos e, com isso, dos pacientes pós-bariátricas vem aumentando, gerando uma demanda por ritidoplastias neste perfil de público. O objetivo é expor a rotina e táticas cirúrgicas em um hospital de ensino, o perfil destes pacientes, além de um comparativo superficial histológico da pele, tecido celular subcutâneo e SMAS, entre os pacientes pós e não pós-bariátrica. Métodos: Foi realizado revisão de dados do centro cirúrgico e de prontuário entre os anos de 2012 e 2016 em um hospital público na cidade de Goiânia-GO, com levantamento de 32 casos. Resultados: A tática de ritidoplastia utilizada nos pacientes pós-bariátrica não apresenta grandes diferenças entre a utilizada nos pacientes não pós-bariátrica. A análise histopatológica das amostras colhidas evidenciou diferenças marcantes entre os pacientes pós e não pós-bariátrica. Conclusão: Percebeu-se que a técnica operatória na ritidoplastia do paciente pós-bariátrica sustentou detalhes específicos, com resultado cirúrgico pós-operatório satisfatório, uma pele de pior qualidade histológica, com complicações perioperatórias dentro do esperado e com necessidade de maiores estudos para avaliar durabilidade do procedimento.


Introduction: The number of patients classified as overweight or obese has resulted in an increased number of post-bariatric patients, generating a demand for rhytidoplasty in this public profile. The objective is to expose the routine and surgical tactics in a teaching hospital, patient profiles, subcutaneous cellular tissue, and the superficial musculoaponeurotic system are compared between post-bariatric and non-post-bariatric patients, as well as histological superficial comparison of the skin. Methods: A review of the data of 32 cases treated in 2012­2016 was conducted in a public hospital in Goiânia-GO. Results: The tactics of rhytidoplasty used in post-bariatric patients do not differ significantly from those used in nonpost- bariatric patients. A histopathological analysis of the collected samples showed marked differences between post-bariatric and non-post-bariatric patients. Conclusion: The surgical technique of rhytidoplasty of post-bariatric patients sustained specific details with satisfactory postoperative surgical results, skin with worse histological quality, perioperative complications within the expected range, and the need for further studies to assess the procedure's durability


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , History, 21st Century , Postoperative Complications , Skin , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Comparative Study , Rhytidoplasty , Therapeutic Approaches , Bariatric Surgery , Face , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Skin/anatomy & histology , Skin/pathology , Surgical Procedures, Operative/adverse effects , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Rhytidoplasty/adverse effects , Rhytidoplasty/methods , Therapeutic Approaches/standards , Cutis Laxa , Cutis Laxa/therapy , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Face/anatomy & histology , Face/pathology
14.
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 30(3): e190, sept.-dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126447

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El manejo conservador en el tratamiento de la obesidad, tiene una eficacia limitada, lo que ha hecho posible el desarrollo y empleo de otros métodos como la cirugía bariátrica y los procedimientos endoluminales para el tratamiento de la obesidad. En este sentido, recientemente ha sido aprobado para su uso un método que se conoce como baipás externo, al cual debemos prestar atención por constituir una posible opción en el tratamiento de la obesidad. Objetivo: Describir el papel del baipás externo en el tratamiento de la obesidad, a través de algunas preguntas y respuestas. Métodos: Se utilizó como buscador de información científica a Google Académico. Las palabras clave empleadas fueron: obesidad, baipás externo, pérdida de peso, tratamiento. Se evaluaron artículos de revisión y de investigación, provenientes de diferentes bases de datos y páginas Web, que en general, tenían 10 años o menos de publicados, en idioma español, portugués o inglés. Esto permitió el estudio de 36 artículos, de los cuales 23 fueron referenciados por su calidad científica. Conclusiones: El baipás externo debe jugar un destacado papel en el tratamiento de la obesidad, por ser un procedimiento simple, eficaz y con un índice de complicaciones muy bajo, donde no se modifica o altera la anatomía gastrointestinal del paciente, como sucede con la cirugía bariátrica. Tiene como inconveniente la incomodidad de vivir con una sonda abdominal y la necesidad de vaciarla varias veces en el día(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Conservative management in the treatment of obesity has a limited efficiency, which has made possible the development and use of other methods such as bariatric surgery and endoluminal procedures for the treatment of this condition. In this regard, it has been recently approved for its use a method that is known as external bypass, to which we must pay attention as a possible option in the treatment of obesity. Objective: To describe the role of the external bypass in the treatment of obesity through some questions and answers. Methods: It was used Google Scholar as searcher of scientific information. The keywords used were: obesity, external bypass, weight loss, treatment. There were assessed review and research articles from different databases and web pages, which in general had 10 years or less of being published in Spanish, Portuguese or English languages. This allowed the study of 36 articles from which 23 were referenced due to their scientific quality. Conclusions: The external bypass should play a prominent role in the treatment of obesity, for being a simple, effective and with a very low complications rate procedure that does not change or alter the gastrointestinal anatomy of the patient, as in the case of bariatric surgery. It has as inconvenience the discomfort of living with an abdominal probe and the need to empty it several times a day(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Conservative Treatment/methods , Obesity/therapy , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic
15.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 69(6): 546-552, nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057472

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: It is not clear which mechanical ventilation mode should be used in bariatric surgery, one of the treatment options for patients with obesity. Objectives: To compare volume-controlled ventilation and pressure-controlled ventilation in terms of respiratory mechanics and arterial blood gas values in patients undergoing laparoscopic bariatric surgery. Methods: Sixty-two patients with morbid obesity scheduled for gastric bypass were included in this study. Their ideal body weights were calculated during preoperative visits, and patients were divided into two groups, volume-controlled ventilation and pressure-controlled ventilation. The patients were ventilated in accordance with a previously determined algorithm. Mechanical ventilation parameters and arterial blood gas analysis were recorded 5minutes after induction, 30minutes after pneumoperitoneum, and at the end of surgery. Also, the dynamic compliance, inspired O2 pressure/fractional O2 ratio, and alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient pressure were calculated. Results: Peak airway pressures were lower in patients ventilated in pressure-controlled ventilation mode at the end of surgery (p = 0.011). Otherwise, there was no difference between groups in terms of intraoperative respiratory parameters and arterial blood gas analyses. Conclusions: Pressure-controlled ventilation mode is not superior to volume-controlled ventilation mode in patients with laparoscopic bariatric surgery.


Resumo Justificativa: O modo de ventilação mecânica que deve ser usado em cirurgia bariátrica, uma das opções de tratamento para pacientes com obesidade, ainda não foi definido. Objetivos: Comparar as ventilações controladas por volume e por pressão em termos de mecânica respiratória e dos valores da gasometria arterial em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica laparoscópica. Métodos: Foram incluídos neste estudo 62 pacientes com obesidade mórbida programados para bypass gástrico. Seus pesos corporais ideais foram calculados durante as consultas pré-operatórias e os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: ventilação controlada por volume e ventilação controlada por pressão. Os pacientes foram ventilados de acordo com um algoritmo previamente determinado. Os parâmetros da ventilação mecânica e as análises da gasometria arterial foram registrados 5 minutos após a indução, 30 minutos após o pneumoperitônio e ao final da cirurgia. Além disso, a complacência dinâmica, a pressão e a fração de oxigênio inspirado e a pressão do gradiente alvéolo-arterial de oxigênio foram calculados. Resultados: As pressões de pico das vias aéreas foram menores nos pacientes ventilados no modo de ventilação controlada por pressão ao final da cirurgia (p = 0,011). Exceto por esse aspecto, não houve diferença entre os grupos quanto aos parâmetros respiratórios intraoperatórios e às gasometrias arteriais. Conclusões: O modo de ventilação controlada por pressão não é superior ao modo de ventilação controlada por volume em pacientes de cirurgia bariátrica laparoscópica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Respiration, Artificial/methods , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Blood Gas Analysis , Respiratory Mechanics , Laparoscopy/methods , Hemodynamics , Middle Aged
16.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(3): 600-608, May.-Jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1013556

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of the menthol package (lip hydration and ice popsicles) compared to a package of non-menthol measures (lip hydration and ice popsicles) as a way to relieve thirst in patients in the Anesthetic Recovery Room. Method: Randomized and parallel trial study, with 120 patients randomized patients in an experimental group - menthol measurements (n=59) and control group - measures without menthol (n = 61). Results: There was a significant (p<0.05) decrease in intensity, hydration, dryness and taste in the oral cavity between the three moments of assessment/intervention in the two groups. The difference was significant in the experimental group for thirst intensity at the second assessment/intervention point (p<0.05) after a single administration of the menthol package. Conclusion: There was a reduction in thirst intensity in both groups. Patients who received menthol packages showed a significant decrease in intensity after a single evaluation/intervention time. NCT: 02869139.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad del paquete de medidas mentoladas (hidratación labial y picolé de hielo) comparado a un paquete de medidas no mentoladas (hidratación labial y picolé de hielo) como un método de alivio de la sed en pacientes en la Sala de Recuperación Post-Anestésica. Método: En un ensayo clínico aleatorizado, paralelo, 120 pacientes aleatorizados en un grupo experimental - medidas mentoladas (n=59) y un grupo control - medidas sin el mentol (n=61). Resultados: Hubo una disminución significativa (p<0,05) sobre la intensidad, hidratación, sequedad y gusto en la cavidad oral entre los tres momentos de evaluación/intervención en los dos grupos, indistintamente. La diferencia fue significativa en el grupo experimental para la intensidad de la sed en el segundo momento de la evaluación/intervención (p<0,05) después de una única administración del paquete de medidas mentoladas. Conclusión: Se encontró una reducción de la intensidad de la sed en los dos grupos. Los pacientes que recibieron las medidas mentoladas presentaron una disminución significativa de la intensidad después de un único momento de evaluación/intervención. NCT: 02869139.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a efetividade do pacote de medidas mentoladas (hidratação labial e picolé de gelo) comparado a um pacote de medidas não mentoladas (hidratação labial e picolé de gelo) como método de alívio da sede em pacientes na Sala de Recuperação Anestésica. Método: Ensaio clínico randomizado, paralelo, 120 pacientes aleatorizados em grupo experimental - medidas mentoladas (n=59) e grupo controle - medidas sem o mentol (n=61). Resultados: Houve diminuição significativa (p<0,05) sobre a intensidade, hidratação, secura e gosto na cavidade oral entre os três momentos de avaliação/intervenção nos dois grupos indistintamente. A diferença foi significativa no grupo experimental para intensidade da sede no segundo momento de avaliação/intervenção (p<0,05) após uma única administração do pacote de medidas mentoladas. Conclusão: Houve redução da intensidade da sede nos dois grupos. Os pacientes que receberam as medidas mentoladas apresentaram diminuição significativa da intensidade após um único momento de avaliação/intervenção. A NCT: 02869139.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Thirst/drug effects , Menthol/pharmacology , Brazil , Linear Models , Statistics, Nonparametric , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Menthol/therapeutic use , Middle Aged , Antipruritics/therapeutic use , Antipruritics/pharmacology , Obesity/surgery
17.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(2): 218-227, apr.-jun. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015971

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Redução ponderal conseguida após cirurgia bariátrica pode resultar em deformidades de diversos segmentos corporais. Necessidade da redução das sobras de pele e da remodelação do corpo faz com que a cirurgia do contorno corporal seja procurada por pacientes para melhorar a qualidade de vida. Objetivo do estudo é apresentar a rotina de cirurgia plástica pós-bariátrica do Hospital Daher. Métodos: Estudo observacional longitudinal retrospectivo. Como rotina, dividimos os procedimentos em duas etapas realizadas em atos operatórios distintos: princípio dos dois andares. Descrevemos a rotina dos cuidados pré, intra e pós-operatório, bem como detalhes das técnicas cirúrgicas. Imagens fotográficas foram analisadas por um avaliador externo. Resultados: Estudo composto 13 pacientes ex-obesos, média de idade de 44 anos. Seis pacientes foram submetidos a cirurgia do andar inferior e superior e outros 6 apenas do andar inferior. Tempo médio da cirurgia do andar inferior foi de 4 horas e 54 minutos e do andar superior foi de 4 horas e 5 minutos. 92,30% dos pacientes mostraram-se satisfeitos com o resultado. Avaliação externa revelou uma taxa de 92,30% dos casos classificados como bons ou ótimos. Conclusão: Abdominoplastia circunferencial traz grandes benefícios e as cirurgias complementares são primordiais para um resultado satisfatório. Redução do tempo cirúrgico exige grande sincronização da equipe cirúrgica, permitindo realizar procedimentos combinados por times cirúrgicos trabalhando em compartimentos corporais diferentes, em tempo simultâneo. Resultados satisfatórios obtidos e baixos índices de complicação possibilitam aplicabilidade da nossa rotina em pacientes pós-bariátricos.


Introduction: Weight reduction achieved after bariatric surgery can result in deformities of various parts of the body. The need for reduction of leftover skin and body remodeling makes patients seek body contouring surgery to improve their quality of life. The aim of the study was to present a protocol for post-bariatric plastic surgery at Daher Hospital. Methods: This was a retrospective longitudinal observational study. As routine protocol, we divided the procedures into two steps, performed in different surgical stages, which we termed the two-level principle. Herein we describe the routine of pre, intra, and postoperative care, as well as details of the surgical techniques. Photographic images were analyzed by an external evaluator. Results: The study included 13 ex-obese patients, with a mean age of 44 years. Of them, 6 patients underwent lowerand upper-level surgeries and another 6 underwent lower-level surgeries. The mean surgical time for the lower level was 4 hours and 54 minutes and that for the upper level was 4 hours and 5 minutes. A total of 92.30% of the patients were satisfied with the results. An external evaluator classified 92.30% of the cases as good or great. Conclusion: Circumferential abdominoplasty has immense benefits and complementary surgeries are vital for a satisfactory result. Reduction of the surgical time requires great synchronization of the surgical team, which allows procedures to be performed simultaneously by multiple surgical teams working in different body parts. Satisfactory results and low complication rates allow the applicability of our routine in post-bariatric patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Surgery, Plastic/adverse effects , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Clinical Protocols/standards , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Bariatric Surgery/ethics
18.
Rev. argent. cir ; 111(2): 95-98, jun. 2019.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013351

ABSTRACT

El bypass gástrico en Y-de-Roux (RYGB) trata eficazmente la obesidad y a la vez la enfermedad por reflujo gastroesofágico (ERGE). Desafortunadamente, algunos pacientes que finalmente se presentan para cirugía bariátrica han sido previamente sometidos a una funduplicatura de Nissen por ERGE. La conversión a RYGB después de esta funduplicatura ha demostrado ser segura y eficaz, pero con una mayor morbilidad, tiempo operatorio más prolongado y mayor estancia hospitalaria. Se presenta una paciente de 50 años, con IMC 40,4 kg/m², evaluada para cirugía bariátrica. Había sido sometida a funduplicatura de Nissen laparoscópica siete años atrás. Informamos un caso de eliminación laparoscópica de funduplicatura de Nissen y conversión a RYGB. La funduplicatura previa no es una contraindicación para LRYGB. Estos procedimientos deben ser llevados a cabo por cirujanos experimentados, y el abordaje laparoscópico debe ser el método de elección.


Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) effectively treats both obesity and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Unfortunately, some patients finally present for bariatric surgery have previously undergone Nissen fundoplication due to GERD. Conversion to EYGB after Nissen fundoplication is safe and effective, but is associated with greater morbidity and longer operative time and hospital stay. A 50-year-old female patient with a body mass index (BMI) of 40.4 kg/m² was evaluated for bariatric surgery. She had a history laparoscopic Nissen fundoplication seven years before. We report a case of laparoscopic take-down of Nissen fundoplication and conversion to RYGB. A previous fundoplication is not a contraindication for laparoscopic RYGB. These procedures should be performed by well-trained surgeons and laparoscopic approach should be the method of choice.


Subject(s)
Gastric Bypass/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Fundoplication/adverse effects , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Gastroesophageal Reflux/surgery , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Contraindications, Procedure
19.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(2): 268-273, apr.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015989

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Abdominoplastia consiste em um dos procedimentos estéticos mais populares realizados no Brasil. Pacientes pósbariátricos representam um desafio peculiar ao cirurgião plástico, uma vez que não só requerem reconstruções complexas, mas também apresentam comorbidades residuais e deficiências nutricionais. O tromboembolismo venoso (TEV) constitui uma complicação grave e potencialmente fatal da abdominoplastia. Apesar da pequena frequência desta complicação, os métodos aceitos como padrões para prevenção de TEV em pacientes após abdominoplastia, incluindo quimioprofilaxia, permanecem controversos. Objetivo: Avaliar a experiência do autor com rivaroxabana para profilaxia de TEV em pacientes submetidos a abdominoplastia após grande perda ponderal. Métodos: Uma série de 396 casos foi conduzida retrospectivamente. Todos os pacientes submetidos à abdominoplastia após cirurgia bariátrica que receberam rivaroxabana foram incluídos. A dose profilática foi de 10mg por dia. Dados demográficos, comorbidades, tipo de cirurgia e complicações foram registrados. Resultados: 396 casos de pacientes pós-bariátricos (356 mulheres e 40 homens) foram submetidos à abdominoplastia e receberam rivaroxabana no pós-operatório, de julho de 2015 a julho de 2018. A média de idade dos pacientes foi de 39,1 anos. O índice de massa corporal médio no momento da abdominoplastia foi de 27,2kg/m². Houve apenas um caso de tromboembolismo venoso (0,25%). Treze pacientes apresentaram hematoma com necessidade de drenagem. Conclusões: A quimioprofilaxia de rotina com rivaroxabana para pacientes submetidos à abdominoplastia após grande perda ponderal revela uma baixa incidência de TEV. Esta medicação oral é bem tolerada e apresenta um perfil de complicação aceitável.


Introduction: Abdominoplasty is one of the most popular aesthetic procedures performed in Brazil. Postbariatric patients present a challenge to the plastic surgeon as not only do they have complex reconstructive challenges but also they have residual medical comorbidities and nutritional deficiencies. A serious and potentially fatal complication of abdominoplasty is venous thromboembolism (VTE). Despite the frequency of this serious complication, the accepted standard methods to prevent VTE in abdominoplasty patients, including chemoprophylaxis, remain controversy. Objective: To evaluate the author experience with rivaroxaban, for VTE prophylaxis in abdominoplasty patients after massive weight loss. Methods: A retrospective 396 cases series were conducted. All patients who underwent abdominoplasty after bariatric surgery and received rivaroxaban were included. The prophylactic dose was 10 mg daily for 30 days, beginning 24 hours postoperatively. Patient demographics, comorbidities, type of surgery and complications were recorded. Results: From July 2015 until July 2018, 396 post bariatric patients (356 women and 40 men) underwent abdominoplasty and received rivaroxaban postoperatively. The mean body mass index prior to their weight loss procedure was 43.8kg/m2 (range, 37.3- 61.9kg/m2) and mean BMI was 27.2kg/m² at the time of the abdominoplasty. Mean patient age was 39.1 years. Only one patient had a symptomatic PTE event. Thirteen patients had a hematoma requiring operative evacuation, and all went on to heal without sequel. Conclusions: Routine chemoprophylaxis with rivaroxaban for abdominoplasty patients after massive weight loss has a low rate of VTE events. This oral medication is well tolerated and has an acceptable complication profile.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Surgery, Plastic/adverse effects , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Venous Thrombosis/surgery , Venous Thrombosis/physiopathology , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Venous Thromboembolism/surgery , Venous Thromboembolism/complications , Venous Thromboembolism/physiopathology , Refractive Surgical Procedures/methods , Abdominoplasty/adverse effects , Abdominoplasty/methods , Rivaroxaban/adverse effects , Rivaroxaban/therapeutic use , Rivaroxaban/pharmacology
20.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 71(2): 187-191, abr. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058254

ABSTRACT

La derivación biliopancreática con cruce duodenal (BPD-DS) es el procedimiento bariátrico que ha mostrado los mejores resultados en cuanto a pérdida de peso y resolución de comorbilidades. Sin embargo, su adopción ha sido lenta, principalmente debido a sus complicaciones nutricionales y dificultad técnica. Dado esto, algunos autores han propuesto variaciones de este procedimiento. Estas están basadas en disminuir las anastomosis a solo una, y realizarla con un asa tipo loop (sin derivación biliopancreática). Estos cambios podrían reproducir las ventajas del BPD-DS, y eliminar algunas de sus desventajas. En este artículo, mostramos los resultados de estas variaciones comparadas con el BPD-DS, y cómo sus resultados prometedores pueden tener como consecuencia una nueva aproximación a la población que sufre de obesidad y sus comorbilidades


Biliopancreatic Diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is the bariatric surgery that has shown the better results regarding long-term weight loss and comorbidities resolution. Nevertheless, BPD-DS' adoption has been slow, mainly due to its nutritional complications, and technical complexity. Given this, some authors have proposed surgical variations of this effective procedure. These new procedures are based on reducing the anastomosis to only one, and doing it just a loop anastomosis (no biliopacreatic diversion). These changes might bring to us the advantages of BPD-DS, and eliminate some of its disadvantages. In this article, we show the results of these variations compared with BPD-DS, and how their promising results could be a new approach for obese population and bariatric surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Anastomosis, Surgical/methods , Biliopancreatic Diversion/methods , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Duodenum/surgery
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL