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1.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(2): 177-180, abr. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125062

ABSTRACT

La endocarditis bacteriana con hemocultivo negativo constituye un dilema diagnóstico. Tanto Bartonella como Coxiella pueden causarla, con presentaciones clínicas similares que pueden simular una vasculitis sistémica no infecciosa. Sin embargo, difieren en el tipo y la duración del tratamiento, por lo que es fundamental identificar el agente etiológico. Presentamos un caso de endocarditis por Bartonella henselae asociada a glomerulonefritis y neurorretinitis, con hemocultivo negativo, anticuerpos anticitoplasma de neutrófilos y antiproteinasa 3 positivos, y serología positiva para Bartonella con reacción cruzada para Coxiella burnetti. El diagnóstico etiológico fue confirmado a posteriori mediante amplificación y secuenciación parcial del gen ribC a partir de tejido de la válvula cardíaca. El paciente recibió tratamiento antibiótico e inmunosupresor seguido de recambio valvular aórtico y presentó evolución favorable.


Blood-culture negative endocarditis is a diagnostic challenge. Both Bartonella and Coxiella can cause it with similar clinical presentations mimicking a systemic vasculitis. The identification of the etiologic agent is essential because they differ in treatment type and duration. We present a case of blood-culture negative endocarditis caused by Bartonella henselae, associated with glomerulonephritis and neuroretinitis, with negative blood culture, positive anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic and antiproteinase 3 antibodies. The serology was positive for Bartonella with cross-reactivity to Coxiella burnetti. The etiological diagnosis was achieved by polymerase chain reaction amplification and sequencing of a ribC gene fragment. The patient received antibiotic and immunosuppressive treatment followed by replacement of the aortic valve with favorable medium-term evolution.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Retinitis/microbiology , Bartonella henselae/isolation & purification , Endocarditis, Bacterial/microbiology , Glomerulonephritis/microbiology , Retinitis/complications , Endocarditis, Bacterial/complications , Glomerulonephritis/complications
2.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190516, 2020. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136894

ABSTRACT

Abstract The differential diagnosis of optic neuritis is broad and varied. We report the case of a 24-year-old Brazilian man who presented with five-week history of fever, malaise, myalgia, severe fatigue, tender right preauricular lymphadenopathy, and acute vision blurring associated with right optic disc swelling and exudates in a macular star pattern. His illness developed soon after an infestation of fleas broke out among his cats. Diagnosis of ocular bartonellosis was confirmed by serological and molecular analyses targeting amplification of Bartonella spp. htrA gene. Signs and symptoms only improved after initiation of antimicrobial therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Cats , Young Adult , Retinitis/microbiology , Bartonella henselae/isolation & purification , Retinitis/diagnosis , Retinitis/drug therapy , Doxycycline/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
3.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(10): 1340-1345, oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058603

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Infectious endocarditis (IE) by Bartonella species is an emerging problem worldwide. We report two cases of native valve Bartonella-associated IE events, both affecting adult male patients with a history of alcohol abuse and a low socioeconomic status. Admissions were due to pancytopenia and bleeding in one case and embolic stroke in the other. Blood cultures were negative and IgG indirect immunofluorescence assays (IFA) were positive for B. henselae/B. quintana in high titers (1/16,384-1/16,384, and 1/32,768 -1/16,384, respectively). Cases were classified as definitive IE events according to modified Duke criteria due to the presence of valve vegetations with at least three minor criteria. One patient required aortic mechanical valve replacement and survived, and the other died after a massive hemorrhagic transformation of his stroke. PCR amplification and sequencing of the 16S ribosomal bacterial DNA from a valve tissue sample obtained at surgery in the patient who survived, confirmed B. quintana as the etiological agent. Bartonella-associated IE is an emerging problem in Chile, present in disadvantaged populations. It should be suspected in patients with culture-negative IE. IFA does not discriminate between B. henselae and B. quintana infection, but high titers suggest IE. Complementary PCR techniques may help to elucidate the final causative agent.


La endocarditis infecciosa(EI) asociada a Bartonella es un problema emergente a nivel mundial. Publicamos los 2 primeros casos de EI en válvula nativa asociados a Bartonella en Chile, los que afectaron a pacientes masculinos con historia de consumo de alcohol y bajos ingresos. La hospitalización fue provocada por pancitopenia y hemorragias en un caso y por un evento cerebrovascular en el otro. Se solicitó serología para Bartonella por inmunofluorescencia indirecta (IFI) para ampliar el estudio ante hemocultivos negativos y en ambos casos se reportaron resultados intensamente positivos para B. henselae y B. quintana1/16.384-1/16.384 y 1/32.768 -1/16.384, respectivamente). Los casos se clasificaron como eventos definitivos de EI según los criterios modificados de Duke debido a la presencia de vegetaciones valvulares con al menos 3 criterios menores. Un paciente requirió reemplazo valvular aórtico y sobrevivió, y el otro falleció tras una transformación hemorrágica masiva del infarto cerebral. La amplificación del ADN ribosomal 16S por RCP y posterior secuenciación de una muestra de tejido valvular confirmó la presencia de B. quintana. La EI por Bartonella sp. es un problema emergente en Chile, probablemente asociada a poblaciones desfavorecidas, la que debe ser sospechada en pacientes con cultivos negativos. La IFI no permite discriminar infecciones por B. henselae o B. quintana pero los títulos altos sugieren EI. Técnicas complementarias por RCP pueden ayudar a dilucidar el diagnóstico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Bartonella quintana/isolation & purification , Bartonella henselae/isolation & purification , Endocarditis, Bacterial/microbiology , Bartonella Infections/microbiology , Bartonella Infections/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Chile , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect , Endocarditis, Bacterial/diagnostic imaging
4.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(2): 247-248, Mar.-Apr. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897066

ABSTRACT

Abstract We present a case involving a 74-year-old woman with cat scratch disease characterized by an enlarged and hard axillary lymph node as well as a palpable breast nodule mimicking a carcinoma. The lymph node and the breast nodule were excised. The pathologic examinations revealed granulomatous lymphadenitis with gram-negative bacilli and an intraductal papilloma. Antibiotic therapy (azithromycin) was prescribed and the patient's clinical evolution was excellent.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Aged , Cats , Breast Diseases/diagnosis , Cat-Scratch Disease/diagnosis , Bartonella henselae/isolation & purification , Lymphadenopathy/diagnosis , Breast Diseases/microbiology , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Cat-Scratch Disease/complications , Diagnosis, Differential , Lymphadenopathy/microbiology
5.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 34(6): 539-543, dic. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-899756

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Bartonella henselae es el agente causal de la enfermedad del arañazo del gato en personas inmunocompetentes y de la angiomatosis bacilar y peliosis hepatis en inmunocomprometidos. En Chile la prevalencia de anticuerpos contra B. henselae en niños y adolescentes sanos es de 13,3%, en personas con riesgo ocupacional 60,5% y en gatos 85,6%. No existen datos publicados respecto de la seroprevalencia en donantes de sangre en nuestro país, por lo que determinar si B. henselae se encuentra presente en la sangre de los donantes al momento de la donación es muy importante, ya que este microorganismo puede sobrevivir hasta 35 días en los eritrocitos almacenados en banco de sangre a 4 °C. Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia de B. henselae en donantes de sangre. Metodología: Se analizaron 140 muestras de sangre de donantes, para detectar la presencia de B. henselae, utilizando la técnica de la reacción de polimerasa en cadena (RPC). Resultados: Se obtuvo 13,6% de los donantes de sangre con RPC positiva para la B. henselae. La secuencia de los fragmentos amplificados presentó una identidad por sobre 98% con respecto a secuencias de B. henselae de referencia. Conclusión: El riesgo de transmisión sanguínea debiera ser considerado en un país con alta seroprevalencia de infección por B. henselae.


Background: Bartonella henselae is the causal agent of cat scratch disease in immunocompetent persons and bacterial angiomatosis in immunocompromised patients. In Chile, the prevalence of antibodies against B. henselae in healthy children and adolescents is 13.3%, in persons with occupational risk 60.5%, and in cats 85.6%. There are no published data regarding the seroprevalence in blood donors in our country, so determining if B. henselae is present in the blood of donors at the time of donation is very important, since this microorganism can survive up to 35 days in the red blood cells stored in a blood bank at 4 °C. Objective: To determine the prevalence of B. henselae in blood donors. Methodology: 140 donor blood samples were analyzed to detect the presence of B. henselae, using the polymerase chain reaction technique. Results: 13.6% of the blood donors with positive polymerase chain reaction for B. henselae were obtained. The sequence of the amplified fragments showed an identity of over 98% with respect to B. henselae reference sequences. Conclusion: The risk of blood transmission is due to a country with high B. henselae infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bartonella Infections/blood , Bartonella Infections/epidemiology , Blood Donors , Bartonella henselae/isolation & purification , Bartonella Infections/transmission , Blood/microbiology , Blood Transfusion , DNA, Bacterial , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Chile/epidemiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood
6.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 87(1): 53-58, feb. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-779475

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La enfermedad por arañazo de gato (EAG) causada por Bartonella henselae tiene prevalencia e incidencia desconocida en la población pediátrica chilena. La presentación como linfoadenopatía regional es la más frecuente, y sus formas atípicas constituyen un reto diagnóstico. Objetivo: Comunicar un caso de EAG con osteomielitis vertebral y entregar posibles lineamientos respecto al tratamiento. Cuadro clínico: Escolar de 8 años con síndrome febril prolongado y dolor dorsal con rigidez cervical. En estudio destaca IgG para Bartonella henselae positiva, ecotomografía abdominal con microabscesos esplénicos y resonancia magnética con lesiones vertebrales sugerentes de osteomielitis. Discusión: El diagnóstico de las formas atípicas requiere de un alto índice de sospecha, como en este caso, en que el paciente con síndrome febril manifiesta sintomatología musculoesquelética, lo que nos lleva a estudiar posibles complicaciones de la enfermedad. El conocimiento actual del tratamiento de EAG atípica o complicada se deriva de la observación de estudios de casos y no de ensayos aleatorios; se sugiere analizar de manera individual la terapia antimicrobiana y con ayuda de especialistas. Conclusión: Se discute y enfatiza la importancia de la alta sospecha clínica y se exponen algunas alternativas de tratamiento en función de la evidencia de la literatura actual.


Abstract: Cat scratch disease (CSD) is caused by Bartonella henselae, with unknown prevalence and incidence in the Chilean paediatric population. Regional lymphadenopathy is the most common presentation, while atypical forms constitute a diagnostic challenge. Objective: To report a case of CSD with osteomyelitis and present guidelines regarding treatment. Clinical case: An eight year-old patient, with prolonged febrile illness, back pain and neck stiffness. Laboratory studies highlight positive IgG for Bartonella henselae. The abdominal ultrasound showed splenic micro-abscesses, and the MRI showing vertebral lesions suggestive of osteomyelitis. Discussion: The diagnosis of atypical forms requires a high rate of suspicion, as in this case, in which the patient manifested the musculoskeletal symptoms simultaneously with the febrile syndrome, which led us to study possible complications of the disease. Current knowledge of the treatment of atypical or complicated CSD is derived from the observation of case studies, rather than randomized trials. It is suggested that antibiotic therapy is analysed individually, with the help of a specialist. Conclusion: The importance of high clinical suspicion are emphasised and discussed, as well presenting some treatment options based on the evidence from the current literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Child , Cats , Osteomyelitis/diagnosis , Cat-Scratch Disease/diagnosis , Bartonella henselae/isolation & purification , Osteomyelitis/microbiology , Osteomyelitis/therapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cat-Scratch Disease/complications , Cat-Scratch Disease/therapy , Chile , Ultrasonography , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Back Pain/etiology , Fever/etiology
7.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 56(4): 363-365, Jul-Aug/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-716416

ABSTRACT

Bartonella henselae is associated with a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations, including cat scratch disease, endocarditis and meningoencephalitis, in immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients. We report the first molecularly confirmed case of B. henselae infection in an AIDS patient in state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Although DNA sequence of B. henselae has been detected by polymerase chain reaction in a lymph node biopsy, acute and convalescent sera were nonreactive.


Bartonella henselae está associada a um amplo espectro de manifestações clínicas, incluindo a doença da arranhadura de gato, endocardite, e meningoencefalite, em pacientes imunocompetentes e imunocomprometidos. Relatamos o primeiro caso confirmado por método molecular de B. henselae em um paciente com SIDA no estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Apesar da sequência de DNA de B. henselae ser detectada pela reação em cadeia da polimerase em uma biópsia do linfonodo, soros das fases aguda e convalescente foram não reativos.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Cats , Humans , Male , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/diagnosis , Bartonella henselae/isolation & purification , Cat-Scratch Disease/diagnosis , Bartonella henselae/genetics , DNA, Bacterial/analysis , Polymerase Chain Reaction
8.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 56(2): 93-95, Mar-Apr/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-703739

ABSTRACT

A novel SYBR® green-real time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was developed to detect two Bartonella species, B. henselae and B. clarridgeiae, directly from blood samples. The test was used in blood samples obtained from cats living in animal shelters in Southern Brazil. Results were compared with those obtained by conventional PCR targeting Bartonella spp. Among the 47 samples analyzed, eight were positive using the conventional PCR and 12 were positive using qPCR. Importantly, the new qPCR detected the presence of both B. henselae and B. clarridgeiae in two samples. The results show that the qPCR described here may be a reliable tool for the screening and differentiation of two important Bartonella species.


Um novo teste baseado na reação em cadeia da polimerase em tempo real (qPCR) com SYBR ® Green foi desenvolvido para detectar duas espécies de Bartonella, B. henselae e B. clarridgeiae, diretamente em amostras de sangue. Este teste foi utilizado em amostras de sangue obtidas de gatos que vivem em abrigos de animais do sul do Brasil. Os resultados foram comparados aos obtidos pelo PCR convencional utilizado para a detecção de Bartonella spp. Das 47 amostras analisadas, oito foram positivas no PCR convencional e 12 foram positivas para qPCR. A reação de qPCR, permitiu a detecção da presença simultânea de B. henselae e B. clarridgeiae em duas destas amostras. Os resultados mostram que a qPCR aqui descrita pode ser uma ferramenta confiável para a detecção e diferenciação de duas espécies importantes de Bartonella spp.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Bartonella Infections/veterinary , Bartonella/genetics , Bartonella/isolation & purification , Cat Diseases/microbiology , DNA, Bacterial/blood , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Bartonella Infections/microbiology , Bartonella henselae/genetics , Bartonella henselae/isolation & purification , Species Specificity
9.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 55(1): 1-6, Jan.-Feb. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-661095

ABSTRACT

Bacteria of the genus Bartonella are emerging pathogens detected in lymph node biopsies and aspirates probably caused by increased concentration of bacteria. Twenty-three samples of 18 patients with clinical, laboratory and/or epidemiological data suggesting bartonellosis were subjected to three nested amplifications targeting a fragment of the 60-kDa heat shock protein (HSP), the internal transcribed spacer 16S-23S rRNA (ITS) and the cell division (FtsZ) of Bartonella henselae, in order to improve detection in clinical samples. In the first amplification 01, 04 and 05 samples, were positive by HSP (4.3%), FtsZ (17.4%) and ITS (21.7%), respectively. After the second round six positive samples were identified by nested-HSP (26%), eight by nested-ITS (34.8%) and 18 by nested-FtsZ (78.2%), corresponding to 10 peripheral blood samples, five lymph node biopsies, two skin biopsies and one lymph node aspirate. The nested-FtsZ was more sensitive than nested-HSP and nested-ITS (p < 0.0001), enabling the detection of Bartonella henselae DNA in 15 of 18 patients (83.3%). In this study, three nested-PCR that should be specific for Bartonella henselae amplification were developed, but only the nested-FtsZ did not amplify DNA from Bartonella quintana. We conclude that nested amplifications increased detection of B. henselae DNA, and that the nested-FtsZ was the most sensitive and the only specific to B. henselae in different biological samples. As all samples detected by nested-HSP and nested-ITS, were also by nested-FtsZ, we infer that in our series infections were caused by Bartonella henselae. The high number of positive blood samples draws attention to the use of this biological material in the investigation of bartonellosis, regardless of the immune status of patients. This fact is important in the case of critically ill patients and young children to avoid more invasive procedures such as lymph nodes biopsies and aspirates.


Bactérias do gênero Bartonella constituem patógenos emergentes detectados em biópsias de linfonodos e secreções de gânglios provavelmente devido a maior concentração de bactérias. Vinte e três amostras de 18 pacientes com dados clínicos, laboratoriais e/ou epidemiológicos sugestivos de bartonelose foram submetidas a três amplificações duplas para a detecção de fragmento da proteína de choque térmico de 60-kDa (HSP), do espaçador interno 16S-23S rRNA (ITS) e da proteína de divisão celular (FtsZ) de Bartonella henselae, para melhorar a detecção em amostras clínicas. Na primeira amplificação, uma, quatro e cinco amostras, respectivamente, foram positivas pelo HSP (4,3%), FtsZ (17,4%) e pelo ITS (21,7%). Com a segunda amplificação foram identificadas seis amostras positivas pelo nested-HSP (26%), oito pelo nested-ITS (34,8%) e 18 pelo nested- FtsZ (78,2%), correspondentes a 10 amostras de sangue periférico, cinco biópsias de linfonodos, duas biópsias de pele e um aspirado de gânglio. A nested-FtsZ foi mais sensível que a nested-HSP e a nested-ITS (p < 0,0001), possibilitando a detecção de DNA de Bartonella henselae em 15 de 18 pacientes (83,3%). No presente estudo, três nested-PCR, consideradas específicas para a amplificação da Bartonella henselae, foram desenvolvidas, porém somente a nested-FtsZ não amplificou o DNA de Bartonella quintana. Concluímos que amplificações duplas aumentaram a detecção de DNA de B. henselae, e que a nested-FtsZ foi a mais sensível e a única específica para B. henselae em diferentes amostras biológicas. Como todas as amostras detectadas pelo HSP-nested e nested-ITS foram também pela nested-FtsZ, inferimos que, em nossa casuística, as infecções foram causadas por Bartonella henselae. A elevada positividade de amostras de sangue chamou a atenção para a utilização deste material biológico na investigação de bartoneloses, independentemente do estado imune dos pacientes. Este fato é importante no caso de pacientes criticamente enfermos e crianças pequenas para evitar procedimentos mais invasivos, como biópsias e punções de gânglios.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bartonella henselae/genetics , Cat-Scratch Disease/microbiology , DNA, Bacterial/analysis , /analysis , Bartonella henselae/isolation & purification , Cat-Scratch Disease/diagnosis , /analysis , DNA, Ribosomal Spacer/analysis , Immunocompetence , Immunocompromised Host , Lymph Nodes/microbiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sensitivity and Specificity
10.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 107(6): 772-777, set. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-649493

ABSTRACT

Bartonella species are fastidious bacteria that predominantly infect mammalian erythrocytes and endothelial cells and cause long-lasting bacteraemia in their reservoir hosts. Reports that describe the epidemiology of bartonellosis in Brazil are limited. This study aimed to detect and characterise Bartonella spp DNA from cat blood samples in São Luís, Maranhão, north-eastern Brazil. Among 200 cats tested for multiple genes, nine (4.5%) were positive for Bartonella spp: six cats for Bartonella henselae and three for Bartonella clarridgeiae. Based on the phylogenetic analysis of four genes, the B. henselae strain matched strains previously observed in Brazil and was positioned in the same clade as B. henselae isolates from the United States of America. Moreover, sequence alignment demonstrated that the B. clarridgeiae strain detected in the present study was the same as the one recently detected in cats from southern Brazil.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Female , Male , Bartonella Infections/veterinary , Bartonella/genetics , Cat Diseases/microbiology , Bartonella Infections/diagnosis , Bartonella Infections/microbiology , Bartonella henselae/genetics , Bartonella henselae/isolation & purification , Bartonella/classification , Bartonella/isolation & purification , Cat Diseases/diagnosis , DNA, Bacterial/analysis , Phylogeny , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary
11.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 27(5): 417-422, oct. 2010. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-572007

ABSTRACT

La infección por Bartonella henselae se presenta característicamente con adenopatías regionales y fiebre de intensidad variable, entidad conocida como “enfermedad por arañazo de gato”. Alrededor de 5 a 10 por ciento de los casos desarrolla compromiso ocular, entre los que destacan el síndrome óculo-glandular de Parinaud, la neuro-retinitis y la retino-coroiditis focal. A continuación se presentan dos pacientes con infección aguda por B. henselae y compromiso ocular. Ambos recibieron tratamiento y evolucionaron con recuperación completa de la visión.


Cat scratch disease is the main clinical presentation of Bartonella henselae infection. However, ocular manifestations of bartonellosis occur in about 5 to 10 percent of the patients, mainly presenting as neuroretinitis, choroiditis or oculoglandular syndrome of Parinaud. We describe two patients with documented B. henselae infection and typical ocular compromise. Both patients were treated and had a favorable visual outcome.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Cats , Humans , Male , Cat-Scratch Disease/complications , Eye Infections, Bacterial/microbiology , Retinitis/microbiology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Bartonella henselae/isolation & purification , Cat-Scratch Disease/diagnosis , Cat-Scratch Disease/drug therapy , Eye Infections, Bacterial/diagnosis , Fundus Oculi , Retinitis/diagnosis
13.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 26(4): 363-369, ago. 2009. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-527882

ABSTRACT

Fever, headache, myalgias and lymphadenopathy are characteristic manifestations of cat-scratch disease but other less common findings are described in 2 to 10 percent of cases. We report two children that presented with hepatosplenic abscesses and bone involvement. One child, had múltiple áreas of increased uptake in the bone scintigram with a positive serology (IgG > 1/256, IgM slightly positive). The second child had destruction of the L2 vertebral body that compromised the channel and right foramen as visualized by MRI. In both cases, bacilli were observed in the bone biopsy by Warthing-Starry stain.


Las manifestaciones clínicas clásicas de la enfermedad por arañazo de gato (EAG) incluyen fiebre, cefaleas, mial-gias y adenopatía regional satélite al sitio de inoculación. En 5 a s 25 por ciento de los casos se describen formas atípicas con compromiso sistémico. Se comunican dos casos de niños que ingresan por fiebre prolongada con abscesos hepato-esplénicos Ambos agregan compromiso óseo. En el primero, el cintigrama óseo mostró múltiples zonas de hipercaptación y la serología específica para Bartonella henselae fue positiva (IgG > 1/256, IgM positiva débil). En el segundo, la resonancia magnética mostró proceso sustitutivo del cuerpo de L2 con compromiso de canal y foramen derecho, con indemnidad de los discos interverte-brales. En ambos casos, en la biopsia ósea se identificaron bacilos con tinción de Warthin-Starry. Se jerarquiza la búsqueda de esta etiología en niños inmunocompetentes que se presentan con fiebre prolongada y manifestaciones atípicas.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Bartonella henselae/isolation & purification , Bone Diseases, Infectious/etiology , Cat-Scratch Disease/complications , Bone Diseases, Infectious/diagnosis , Cat-Scratch Disease/diagnosis
14.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 11(6): 591-594, Dec. 2007. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-476631

ABSTRACT

Bartonella is an important cause of blood culture-negative endocarditis in recent studies. Seroprevalence studies in the States of Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro have shown Bartonella IgG positivity around 14 percent in healthy adults and 40 percent in HIV seropositive adults, respectively. A case report of a 46-year-old white male with moderate aortic regurgitation (AR) due to rheumatic heart disease (RHD), admitted due to worsening heart failure, is presented. Clinical features were apyrexia, anemia, polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia, hematuria and splenomegaly. He was submitted to surgery due to worsening AR. Histopathology of the excised valve showed active bacterial endocarditis and underlying RHD. Routine blood cultures were negative. Indirect immunofluorescence (IFI) assays for Coxiella burnetii were non-reactive. Bartonella henselae IgG titer was 1:4096 prior to antibiotics and 1:512 14 months after treatment. History of close contact with a young cat during the months preceding his admission was elicited.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bartonella Infections/microbiology , Bartonella henselae/isolation & purification , Endocarditis, Bacterial/microbiology , Aortic Valve Insufficiency/etiology , Bartonella Infections/diagnosis , Bartonella henselae/immunology , Endocarditis, Bacterial/complications , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect , Rheumatic Heart Disease/complications , Rheumatic Heart Disease/surgery
15.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 133(12): 1465-1471, dic. 2005. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-428530

ABSTRACT

Background: The availability of a serologic test for cat scratch disease in humans has allowed the diagnosis of an increasing number of cases of this disease in Chile. Aim: To perform a serological survey for Bartonella henselae among cats in Chile. Material and methods: Blood samples from 187 cats living in three Chilean cities were obtained. IgG antibodies againts Bartonella henselae were measured using indirect immunofluorescence. Blood cultures were done in 60 samples. The presence of Bartonella henselae in positive cultures was confirmed by restriction fragment length polymorphism polimerase chain reaction (RFLP-PCR). Results: The general prevalence of IgG antibodies against Bartonella henselae was 85.6%. No differences in this prevalence were found among cats younger or older than 1 year, or those infested or not infested with fleas. However domestic cats had a lower prevalence when compared with stray cats (73 and 90% respectively, p <0.01). Bartonella henselae was isolated in 41% of blood cultures. All the isolated were confirmed as Bartonella henselae by RFLP-PCR. Conclusions: This study found an important reservoir of Bartonella henselae in Chilean cats and therefore a high risk of exposure in humans who have contact with them.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bartonella henselae/isolation & purification , Cats/microbiology , Disease Reservoirs/microbiology , Antibodies, Bacterial/blood , Bartonella henselae/immunology , Chi-Square Distribution , Chile , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Seroepidemiologic Studies
16.
Egyptian Journal of Medical Laboratory Sciences. 2004; 13 (1): 51-66
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-65665

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted on 60 patients and 30 apparently healthy controls The 60 patients were attending Ain Shams University Hospitals in the period from January 2002 to December 2002. They were suffering from fever of unknown origin [FUO] and/or lymphadenopathy. They were classified into: group I including 15 patients having lymphadenopathy, group II including 28 patients suffering from fever of unknown origin, and group III which included 17 patients suffering from fever and lymphadenopathy. The patients were selected after exclusion of other common causes of FUO and lymphadenopathy. All the studied patients were subjected to history, clinical examination which included general and abdominal examination, laboratory testing of serum and blood samples of patients and controls for the presence of Bartonella henselae by indirect immunofluorescent assay [IFA] and polymerase chain reaction [PCR]. Five patients were positive by IFA for Bartonella hensetae [B hensetae] two out of 15 patients with lymphadenopathy [13.3%], and one [3.6%] out of 28 having FUO in addition to two patients [11.8%] out of 17 patients having fever and lymphadenopathy. The control group was B. henselae negative by IFA technique. Meanwhile, 7 patients were positive for B. henselae by PCR using Bartonella univerasl primer, 5 of them were positive for B. henselae [they were also positive by IFA], the other two [7.1%] belonged to FUO group, and were positive by PCR for B. bacilliformis. None of the control group was positive for Bartonella by PCR.Our work showed that there was no statistical significant difference between the 3 studied groups of patients regarding PCR and IFA results [P>0.05]. Also, no statistical significant difference was found between patients and controls [P>0.05]. Moreover, there was no statistical significant association between Bartonella infection and hepatosplenomegaly [P>0.05]. The specificity and sensitivity of IFA test as compared to PCR was 100% and 71.4% respectively, the diagnostic accuracy was 97.8%. Moreover, there was a perfect agreement between IFA and PCR techniques as the value of kappa was 0.822. We concluded that B. henselae should be taken into consideration while following up patients with FUO and/or lymphadenopathy. Moreover, IFA is a very good screening test for the diagnosis of B. henselae with good sensitivity and specificity, however, it should be confirmed by PCR. PCR is a rapid, highly sensitive and specific test which is important and helpful to clinician to confirm the diagnosis of Bartonella


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Fever of Unknown Origin/etiology , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Immunoglobulins , Bartonella henselae/isolation & purification , Lymphatic Diseases/diagnosis
17.
Saudi Medical Journal. 2004; 25 (11): 1664-1649
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-68488

ABSTRACT

To investigate the prevalence of antibodies to Bartonella henselae [B.henselae] and Bartonella quintana [B.quintana] among children from central and northern Jordan. Sera from 482 children were randomly collected from referenced governmental hospitals in the central and northern parts of Jordan during the period between January 2001 to March 2003. An indirect immunofluorescent assay was used to determine serum antibody titers to B.henselae and B.quintana. Sera that were reactive at a dilution >/-1:64 were considered positive. In addition, blood from 20 cats belonged to children with high B.henselae titers were tested using polymerase chain reaction. Out of the 482 serum samples examined, 53 [11%] and 20 [4.1%] had positive antibody titers for B. henselae and B.quintana. Bartonella henselae was isolated from 4 cats that belonged to 3 children with high antibody titers to B.henselae-IgG. The seroprevalence of IgG antibodies to B.henselae was significantly higher [P<0.05] in children aged 7-10-years than in younger or older ones. Having a cat in the household and having a history of cat scratches or bites were strongly associated [P<0.01] with seropositivity to B.henselae-specific IgG. Cats ownership and history of cat scratches or bites had no impact on the prevalence of B.quintana. Seropositivity to B.henselae-specific IgG was significantly higher [P<0.01] in children from northern Jordan than in children from central Jordan. This study substantiates the presence of B.henselae in Jordan, documents the seroreactivity to 2 Bartonella antigens, and suggests that cat ownership and history of cat scratches or bites are important epidemiological risk factors for B.henselae infection in Jordan


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bartonella henselae/isolation & purification , Bartonella quintana/isolation & purification , Child , Seroepidemiologic Studies
19.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 38(6): 437-40, nov.-dez. 1996.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-186868

ABSTRACT

Os autores relatam um caso de Sindrome de Parinaud (conjuntivite com adenite satelite pre-auricular) causada por Bartonella henselae, o agente etiologico deste caso foi feito atraves da reacao de imunofluorescencia indireta o que permitiu um adequado enfoque terapeutico e acompanhamento do paciente, evitando o uso de antibioticos inadequados e intervencoes cirurgicas


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Bartonella henselae/pathogenicity , Conjunctivitis/etiology , Fluorescent Antibody Technique/methods , Bartonella henselae/isolation & purification , Cat-Scratch Disease/etiology
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