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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e245372, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | MEDLINE, LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339409

ABSTRACT

Abstract Hybridization and Polyploidization are most common of the phenomenon observed in plants, especially in the genus Nicotiana leading to the duplication of genome. Although genomic changes associated with these events has been studied at various levels but the genome size and GC content variation is less understood because of absence of sufficient genomic data. In this study the flow cytometry technique was used to uncover the genome size and GC contents of 46 Nicotiana species and we compared the genomic changes associated with the hybridization events along evolutionary time scale. The genome size among Nicotiana species varied between 3.28 pg and 11.88 pg whereas GC contents varied between 37.22% and 51.25%. The tetraploid species in genus Nicotiana including section Polydiclae, Repandae, Nicotiana, Rustica and Sauveolentes revealed both up and downsizing in their genome sizes when compared to the sum of genomes of their ancestral species. The genome sizes of three homoploid hybrids were found near their ancestral species. Loss of large genome sequence was observed in the evolutionary more aged species (>10 Myr) as compared to the recently evolved one's (<0.2 Myr). The GC contents were found homogenous with a mean difference of 2.46% among the Nicotiana species. It is concluded that genome size change appeared in either direction whereas the GC contents were found more homogenous in genus Nicotiana.


Resumo A hibridização e a poliploidização são os fenômenos mais comuns observados em plantas, principalmente no gênero Nicotiana, levando à duplicação do genoma. Embora as mudanças genômicas associadas a esses eventos tenham sido estudadas em vários níveis, o tamanho do genoma e a variação do conteúdo de GC são menos compreendidos devido à ausência de dados genômicos suficientes. Neste estudo, a técnica de citometria de fluxo foi usada para descobrir o tamanho do genoma e o conteúdo de GC de 46 espécies de Nicotiana, e comparamos as mudanças genômicas associadas aos eventos de hibridização ao longo da escala de tempo evolutiva. O tamanho do genoma entre as espécies de Nicotiana variou entre 3,28 pg e 11,88 pg, enquanto os conteúdos de GC variaram entre 37,22% e 51,25%. As espécies tetraploides do gênero Nicotiana, incluindo as seções Polydiclae, Repandae, Nicotiana, Rustica e Sauveolentes, revelaram aumento e redução do tamanho do genoma quando comparados à soma dos genomas de suas espécies ancestrais. Os tamanhos do genoma de três híbridos homoploides foram encontrados perto de suas espécies ancestrais. A perda da grande sequência do genoma foi observada nas espécies evolutivas mais velhas (> 10 Myr) em comparação com as que evoluíram recentemente (< 0,2 Myr). Os teores de GC foram homogêneos com diferença média de 2,46% entre as espécies de Nicotiana. Conclui-se que a mudança no tamanho do genoma apareceu em ambas as direções, enquanto os conteúdos de GC foram encontrados mais homogêneos no gênero Nicotiana.


Subject(s)
Tobacco/genetics , Genome, Plant/genetics , Phylogeny , Base Composition , Genome Size
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2850-2859, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878534

ABSTRACT

Amygdalus pedunculata Pall. is one of the 12 important woody oil crops in China. In this study, we determined the complete chloroplast genome sequence of A. pedunculata Pall. (MG602257) from Mu Us desert in Yulin city, Shaanxi province, China. The plastome was 157 851 bp with 36.8% GC content. Comparisons among the plastomes of MG602257 and other two MG869261 and KY101153 from Genebank of NCBI showed that the total length of these chloroplast genomes was MG602257< MG869261

Subject(s)
Animals , Base Composition , China , Genome, Chloroplast , Phylogeny , Thoracica
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2227-2237, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781642

ABSTRACT

Enzymes are widely used in medical and biopharmaceuticals. They can be used not only for various disease treatments, but also clinical diagnosis. The use of microorganisms to express heterologous proteins has become the easiest and fastest way to obtain enzymes. In order to obtain high concentration and high-quality heterologous proteins, a common method is codon optimization of gene sequences. The traditional codon optimization strategy is mainly based on codon bias and GC content, ignoring complex and varied factors such as translational dynamics and metabolic levels. We provide here comprehensive codon optimization strategy based on gene level, transcriptional level, translational level, post-translational level and metabolic level, mainly including codon bias, codon harmonization, codon sensitivity, adjustment of gene sequence structure and some other influencing factors. We also summarize the aspects of strategy content, theoretical support and application. Besides, the advantages and disadvantages of each strategy are also systematically compared, providing an all-round, multi-level and multi-selection optimization strategy for heterogeneous protein expression, and also providing references for the enzyme industry and biopharmaceuticals.


Subject(s)
Base Composition , Codon
5.
An. Facultad Med. (Univ. Repúb. Urug., En línea) ; 5(2): 12-28, dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1088677

ABSTRACT

El genoma humano, como el de todos los mamíferos y aves, es un mosaico de isocoros, los que son regiones muy largas de ADN (>>100 kb) que son homogéneas en cuanto a su composición de bases. Los isocoros pueden ser divididos en un pequeño número de familias que cubren un amplio rango de niveles de GC (GC es la relación molar de guanina+citosina en el ADN). En el genoma humano encontramos cinco familias, que (yendo de valores bajos a altos de GC) son L1, L2, H1, H2 y H3. Este tipo de organización tiene importantes consecuencias funcionales, tales como la diferente concentración de genes, su regulación, niveles de transcripción, tasas de recombinación, tiempo de replicación, etc. Además, la existencia de los isocoros lleva a las llamadas "correlaciones composicionales", lo que significa que en la medida en que diferentes secuencias están localizadas en diferentes isocoros, todas sus regiones (exones y sus tres posiciones de los codones, intrones, etc.) cambian su contenido en GC, y como consecuencia, cambian tanto el uso de aminoácidos como de codones sinónimos en cada familia de isocoros. Finalmente, discutimos el origen de estas estructuras en un marco evolutivo.


The human genome, as the genome of all mammals and birds, are mosaic of isochores, which are very long streches (>> 100 kb) of DNA that are homogeneous in base composition. Isochores can be divided in a small number of families that cover a broad range of GC levels (GC is the molar ratio of guanine+cytosine in DNA). In the human genome, we find five families, which are (going from GC- poor to GC- rich) L1, L2, H1, H2 and H3. This organization has important consequences, as is the case of the concentration of genes, their regulation, transcription levels, rate of recombination, time of replication, etc. Furthermore, the existence of isochores has as a consequence the so called "compositional correlations", which means that as long as sequences are placed in different families of isochores, all of their regions (exons and their three codon positions, introns, etc.) change their GC content, and as a consequence, both codon and amino acids usage change in each isochore family. Finally, we discuss the origin of isochores within an evolutioary framework.


O genoma humano, como todos os mamíferos e aves, é um mosaico de isocóricas, que são muito longas regiões de ADN (>> 100 kb) que são homogéneos na sua composição de base. Isóquos podem ser divididos em um pequeno número de famílias que cobrem uma ampla gama de níveis de GC (GC é a razão molar de guanina + citosina no DNA). No genoma humano, encontramos cinco famílias, que (variando de valores baixos a altos de GC) são L1, L2, H1, H2 e H3. Este tipo de organização tem importantes conseqüências funcionais, como a diferente concentração de genes, sua regulação, níveis de transcrição, taxas de recombinação, tempo de replicação, etc. Além disso, a existência de isocóricas portada chamado "correlações de composição", o que significa que, na medida em que diferentes sequências estão localizados em diferentes isocóricas, todas as regiões (exs e três posições de codões, intrs, etc.) mudam seu conteúdo em GC e, como consequência, alteram tanto o uso de aminoácidos quanto de códons sinônimos em cada família de isócoros. Finalmente, discutimos a origem dessas estruturas em uma estrutura evolucionária.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genome, Human/genetics , Isochores/genetics , Base Composition , Introns/genetics
6.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(2): 207-209, Apr.-June 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889240

ABSTRACT

Abstract Streptomycetes remain as one of the important sources for bioactive products. Isolated from the mangrove forest, Streptomyces gilvigriseus MUSC 26T was previously characterised as a novel streptomycete. The high quality draft genome of MUSC 26T contained 5,213,277 bp with G + C content of 73.0%. Through genome mining, several gene clusters associated with secondary metabolites production were revealed in the genome of MUSC 26T. These findings call for further investigations into the potential exploitation of the strain for production of pharmaceutically important compounds.


Subject(s)
Streptomyces/genetics , Genome, Bacterial , Environmental Microbiology , Streptomyces/isolation & purification , Base Composition , Biological Products/metabolism , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Computational Biology , Wetlands , Metabolic Networks and Pathways/genetics , Secondary Metabolism
7.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(1): 20-28, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889213

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This work aimed to characterize 20 isolates obtained from upland rice plants, based on phenotypic (morphology, enzymatic activity, inorganic phosphate solubilization, carbon source use, antagonism), genotypic assays (16S rRNA sequencing) and plant growth promotion. Results showed a great morphological, metabolic and genetic variability among bacterial isolates. All isolates showed positive activity for catalase and protease enzymes and, 90% of the isolates showed positive activity for amylase, catalase and, nitrogenase. All isolates were able to metabolize sucrose and malic acid in contrast with mannitol, which was metabolized only by one isolate. For the other carbon sources, we observed a great variability in its use by the isolates. Most isolates showed antibiosis against Rhizoctonia solani (75%) and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (55%) and, 50% of them showed antibiosis against both pathogens. Six isolates showed simultaneous ability of antibiosis, inorganic phosphate solubilization and protease activity. Based on phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene all the isolates belong to Bacillus genus. Under greenhouse conditions, two isolates (S4 and S22) improved to about 24%, 25%, 30% and 31% the Total N, leaf area, shoot dry weight and root dry weight, respectively, of rice plants, indicating that they should be tested for this ability under field conditions.


Subject(s)
Bacteria/isolation & purification , Chryseobacterium/genetics , Oryza/growth & development , Soil Microbiology , Antibiosis , Bacterial Physiological Phenomena , Bacteria/classification , Bacteria/genetics , Base Composition , Base Sequence , Chryseobacterium/classification , Chryseobacterium/drug effects , Chryseobacterium/isolation & purification , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Oryza/microbiology , Phylogeny
8.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(1): 13-15, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889194

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT As the largest genus in Actinobacteria family, Streptomyces species have the ability to synthesize numerous compounds of diverse structures with bioactivities. Streptomyces mangrovisoli MUSC 149T was previously isolated as a novel streptomycete from mangrove forest in east coast of Peninsular Malaysia. The high quality draft genome of MUSC 149T comprises 9,165,825 bp with G + C content of 72.5%. Through bioinformatics analysis, 21 gene clusters identified in the genome were associated with the production of bioactive secondary metabolites. The presence of these biosynthetic gene clusters in MUSC 149T suggests the potential exploitation of the strain for production of medically important compounds.


Subject(s)
Streptomyces/isolation & purification , Genome, Bacterial , Geologic Sediments/microbiology , Phylogeny , Streptomyces/classification , Streptomyces/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , Base Composition , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Base Sequence , Malaysia
9.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(1): 5-6, Jan.-Mar. 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889197

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The type strain SUR2 of the novel species Chryseobacterium limigenitum was isolated from a dehydrated sludge of the municipal sewage treatment plant in Dogoše near Maribor in Slovenia. The draft genome, with 60 contigs, 4,697,725 bp, 34.4% of G+C content, was obtained using the Illumina HiSeq 2500-1 platform. Joint Genome Institute Microbial Genome Annotation Pipeline (MGAP v.4) has identified 4322 protein-coding sequences including resistance genes against arsenic and other heavy metals. In addition, a subclass B3 metallo-β-lactamase, which confers resistance to penicillins, cephalosporins and carbapenems, was also present in the genome. The genome sequence provides important information regarding bioremediation potential and pathogenic properties of this newly identified species.


Subject(s)
Sewage/microbiology , Genome, Bacterial , Chryseobacterium/genetics , Penicillins/pharmacology , Phylogeny , Sewage/chemistry , Base Composition , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Base Sequence , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Carbapenems/pharmacology , Chryseobacterium/isolation & purification , Chryseobacterium/classification , Chryseobacterium/drug effects , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology
10.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(1): 10-12, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889198

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Vitellibacter aquimaris D-24T (=KCTC 42708T = DSM 101732T), a halophilic marine bacterium, was isolated from seawater collected from Desaru beach, Malaysia. Here, we present the draft genome sequence of D-24T with a genome size of approximately 3.1 Mbp and G + C content of 39.93%. The genome of D-24T contains genes involved in reducing a potent greenhouse gas (N2O) in the environment and the degradation of proteinaceous compounds. Genome availability will provide insights into potential biotechnological and environmental applications of this bacterium.


Subject(s)
Seawater/microbiology , Genome, Bacterial , Flavobacteriaceae/genetics , Phylogeny , Base Composition , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Base Sequence , Flavobacteriaceae/isolation & purification , Flavobacteriaceae/classification , Malaysia
11.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(1): 18-19, Jan.-Mar. 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889201

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Bacillus anthracis strain SPV842_15 was isolated from bovine fetus, while B. anthracis strain Brazilian vaccinal was recovered from a commercial vaccine. We report here the genome sequences of both strains. The SPV842_15 genome is composed of a single circular chromosome with a length of 5,228,664 base pairs, and comprises 5911 coding sequences. In turn, the Brazilian vaccinal genome remains in 201 contigs with 5733 coding sequences. Both genomes have an overall C + G content of 35.4%, and 11 genes encoding the ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs) 5S, 16S and 23S. Only the plasmid pX01 sequence, which carries genes for toxins synthesis, was detected and completely assembled for both strains. These plasmids have a length of 181,684 base pairs and a C + G content of 32.5%. These genomic data generate insights about vaccinal B. anthracis virulence.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Bacillus anthracis/isolation & purification , Bacillus anthracis/genetics , Bacterial Vaccines/genetics , Cattle Diseases/microbiology , Genome, Bacterial , Phylogeny , Plasmids/genetics , Bacillus anthracis/classification , Base Composition , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Bacterial Vaccines/isolation & purification , Base Sequence
12.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(1): 16-17, Jan.-Mar. 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889216

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Kosakonia cowanii type strain 888-76T is a human pathogen which was originally isolated from blood as NIH group 42. In this study, we report the complete genome sequence of K. cowanii 888-76T. 888-76T has 1 chromosome and 2 plasmids with a total genome size of 4,857,567 bp and C+G 56.15%. This genome sequence will not only help us to understand the virulence features of K. cowanii 888-76T but also provide us the useful information for the study of evolution of Kosakonia genus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genome, Bacterial , Enterobacteriaceae/isolation & purification , Enterobacteriaceae/genetics , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/microbiology , Phylogeny , Plasmids/genetics , Base Composition , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Base Sequence , Enterobacteriaceae/classification
13.
Mycobiology ; : 361-369, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729740

ABSTRACT

The rice blast fungus, Magnaporthe oryzae, is an important pathogen of rice plants. It is well known that genes encoded in the genome have different evolutionary histories that are related to their functions. Phylostratigraphy is a method that correlates the evolutionary origin of genes with evolutionary transitions. Here we applied phylostratigraphy to partition total gene content of M. oryzae into distinct classes (phylostrata), which we designated PS1 to PS7, based on estimation of their emergence time. Genes in individual phylostrata did not show significant biases in their global distribution among seven chromosomes, but at the local level, clustering of genes belonging to the same phylostratum was observed. Our phylostrata-wide analysis of genes revealed that genes in the same phylostratum tend to be similar in many physical and functional characteristics such as gene length and structure, GC contents, codon adaptation index, and level of transcription, which correlates with biological functions in evolutionary context. We also found that a significant proportion of genes in the genome are orphans, for which no orthologs can be detected in the database. Among them, we narrowed down to seven orphan genes having transcriptional and translational evidences, and showed that one of them is implicated in asexual reproduction and virulence, suggesting ongoing evolution in this fungus through lineage-specific genes. Our results provide genomic basis for linking functions of pathogenicity factors and gene emergence time.


Subject(s)
Base Composition , Bias , Child , Child, Orphaned , Codon , Fungi , Genome , Humans , Magnaporthe , Methods , Oryza , Reproduction, Asexual , Virulence , Virulence Factors
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742270

ABSTRACT

Triatoma rubrofasciata is a wide-spread vector of Chagas disease in Americas. In this study, we completed the mitochondrial genome sequencing of T. rubrofasciata. The total length of T. rubrofasciata mitochondrial genome was 17,150 bp with the base composition of 40.4% A, 11.6% G, 29.4% T and 18.6% C. It included 13 protein-coding genes, 22 tRNA genes, 2 rRNA genes and one control region. We constructed a phylogenetic tree on the 13 protein-coding genes of T. rubrofasciata and other 13 closely related species to show their phylogenic relationship. The determination of T. rubrofasciata mitogenome would play an important role in understanding the genetic diversity and evolution of triatomine bugs.


Subject(s)
Americas , Base Composition , Chagas Disease , Genes, rRNA , Genetic Variation , Genome, Mitochondrial , Phylogeny , RNA, Transfer , Trees , Triatoma
15.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(4): 612-614, Oct.-Dec. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889174

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Here, we show the draft genome sequence of Streptomyces sp. F1, a strain isolated from soil with great potential for secretion of hydrolytic enzymes used to deconstruct cellulosic biomass. The draft genome assembly of Streptomyces sp. strain F1 has 69 contigs with a total genome size of 8,142,296 bp and G + C 72.65%. Preliminary genome analysis identified 175 proteins as Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes, being 85 glycoside hydrolases organized in 33 distinct families. This draft genome information provides new insights on the key genes encoding hydrolytic enzymes involved in biomass deconstruction employed by soil bacteria.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Genome, Bacterial , Glycoside Hydrolases/genetics , Soil Microbiology , Streptomyces/enzymology , Streptomyces/isolation & purification , Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , Base Composition , Brazil , Glycoside Hydrolases/metabolism , Multigene Family , Phylogeny , Streptomyces/classification , Streptomyces/genetics
16.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(4): 610-611, Oct.-Dec. 2017.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889168

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The strain BR 3351T (Bradyrhizobium manausense) was obtained from nodules of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp) growing in soil collected from Amazon rainforest. Furthermore, it was observed that the strain has high capacity to fix nitrogen symbiotically in symbioses with cowpea. We report here the draft genome sequence of strain BR 3351T. The information presented will be important for comparative analysis of nodulation and nitrogen fixation for diazotrophic bacteria. A draft genome with 9,145,311 bp and 62.9% of GC content was assembled in 127 scaffolds using 100 bp pair-end Illumina MiSeq system. The RAST annotation identified 8603 coding sequences, 51 RNAs genes, classified in 504 subsystems.


Subject(s)
Bradyrhizobium/isolation & purification , Genome, Bacterial , Symbiosis , Vigna/microbiology , Base Composition , Bradyrhizobium/classification , Bradyrhizobium/genetics , Bradyrhizobium/physiology , Brazil , Rainforest , Root Nodules, Plant/microbiology
17.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(2): 187-188, April.-June 2017.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839392

ABSTRACT

Abstract Pseudomonas taiwanensis strain SJ9 is a caprolactam degrader, isolated from industrial wastewater in South Korea and considered to have the potential for caprolactam bioremediation. The genome of this strain is approximately 6.2 Mb (G + C content, 61.75%) with 6,010 protein-coding sequences (CDS), of which 46% are assigned to recognized functional genes. This draft genome of strain SJ9 will provide insights into the genetic basis of its caprolactam-degradation ability.


Subject(s)
Pseudomonas/genetics , Pseudomonas/metabolism , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , DNA, Bacterial/chemistry , Caprolactam/metabolism , Genome, Bacterial , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Pseudomonas/isolation & purification , Base Composition , Water Microbiology , Biotransformation , Open Reading Frames , Molecular Sequence Annotation , Industrial Waste , Korea
18.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(2): 189-190, April.-June 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839388

ABSTRACT

Abstract We report here the draft genome sequence of Acinetobacter sp. Strain V2 isolated from the oil contaminated soil collected from ENGEN, Amanzimtoti, South Africa. Degradation of phenolic compounds such as phenol, toluene, aniline etc. at 400 ppm in 24 h and oil degrading capability makes this organism an efficient multifunctional bioremediator. Genome sequencing of Acinetobacter spp. V2 was carried out on Illumina HiSeq 2000 platform (performed by the Beijing Genomics Institute [BGI], Shenzhen, China). The data obtained revealed 643 contigs with genome size of 4.0 Mb and G + C content of 38.59%.


Subject(s)
Acinetobacter/genetics , Acinetobacter/metabolism , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , DNA, Bacterial/chemistry , Oils/metabolism , Genome, Bacterial , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Phenols/metabolism , Soil Microbiology , Soil Pollutants/metabolism , South Africa , Base Composition , Acinetobacter/isolation & purification , Biotransformation
19.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(2): 196-197, April.-June 2017.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839366

ABSTRACT

Abstract Worldwide increasing emergence of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter spp. has rendered the limited availability of effective antimicrobial agents and has become a major public health concern. In this study, we report the draft genome sequence of A. pittii TCM156, a multidrug-resistant isolate that harbored the blaOXA-357 gene. The genome sequence was further analyzed by various bioinformatics methods. The genome size was estimated to be 3,807,313 bp with 3508 predicted coding regions and G + C content is 38.7%. These findings have raised awareness of the possible emergence of OXA-type enzyme-producing A. pittii isolate in China.


Subject(s)
Acinetobacter/genetics , beta-Lactamases/metabolism , Acinetobacter Infections/microbiology , DNA, Bacterial/chemistry , Genome, Bacterial , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial , Base Composition , Acinetobacter/isolation & purification , Acinetobacter/drug effects , Acinetobacter/enzymology , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , China
20.
Genomics & Informatics ; : 38-47, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-69980

ABSTRACT

Research into new methods for identifying highly expressed genes in anonymous genome sequences has been going on for more than 15 years. We presented here an alternative approach based on modified score of relative codon usage bias to identify highly expressed genes in crenarchaeal genomes. The proposed algorithm relies exclusively on sequence features for identifying the highly expressed genes. In this study, a comparative analysis of predicted highly expressed genes in five crenarchaeal genomes was performed using the score of Modified Relative Codon Bias Strength (MRCBS) as a numerical estimator of gene expression level. We found a systematic strong correlation between Codon Adaptation Index and MRCBS. Additionally, MRCBS correlated well with other expression measures. Our study indicates that MRCBS can consistently capture the highly expressed genes.


Subject(s)
Anonyms and Pseudonyms , Archaea , Base Composition , Bias , Codon , Gene Expression , Genome
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