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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(7): e10579, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249313

ABSTRACT

NOTCH pathway proteins, including the transcriptional factor HES1, play crucial roles in the development of the inner ear by means of the lateral inhibition mechanism, in which supporting cells have their phenotype preserved while they are prevented from becoming hair cells. Genetic manipulation of this pathway has been demonstrated to increase hair cell number. The present study aimed to investigate gene expression effects in hair cells and supporting cells after Hes1-shRNA lentivirus transduction in organotypic cultures of the organ of Corti from postnatal-day-3 mice. Forty-eight hours after in vitro knockdown, Hes1 gene expression was reduced at both mRNA and protein levels. Myo7a (hair cell marker) and Sox2 (progenitor cell marker) mRNA levels also significantly increased. The modulation of gene expression in the organ of Corti upon Hes1 knockdown is consistent with cell phenotypes related to lateral inhibition mechanism interference in the inner ear. The lentivirus-based expression of Hes1-shRNA is a valuable strategy for genetic interference in the organ of Corti and for future evaluation of its efficacy in protocols aiming at the regeneration of hair cells in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cochlea , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Organ of Corti , Cell Differentiation , Receptors, Notch , Transcription Factor HES-1/genetics , Hair Cells, Auditory
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(5): e10637, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153548

ABSTRACT

Transcription factors control, coordinate, and separate the functions of distinct network modules spatially and temporally. In this review, we focus on the transcription factor 21 (TCF21) network, a highly conserved basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLH) protein that functions to integrate signals and modulate gene expression. We summarize the molecular and biological properties of TCF21 control with an emphasis on molecular and functional TCF21 interactions. We suggest that these interactions serve to modulate the development of different organs at the transcriptional level to maintain growth homeostasis and to influence cell fate. Importantly, TCF21 expression is epigenetically inactivated in different types of human cancers. The epigenetic modification or activation and/or loss of TCF21 expression results in an imbalance in TCF21 signaling, which may lead to tumor initiation and, most likely, to progression and tumor metastasis. This review focuses on research on the roles of TCF21 in development and tumorigenesis systematically considering the physiological and pathological function of TCF21. In addition, we focus on the main molecular bases of its different roles whose importance should be clarified in future research. For this review, PubMed databases and keywords such as TCF21, POD-1, capsulin, tumors, carcinomas, tumorigenesis, development, and mechanism of action were utilized. Articles were selected within a historical context as were a number of citations from journals with relevant impact.


Subject(s)
Humans , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/metabolism , Carcinogenesis/genetics , Signal Transduction , Cell Differentiation , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879584

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect fusion gene with pathological significance in a patient with refractory and relapsed acute B cell lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and to explore its laboratory and clinical characteristics.@*METHODS@#Transcriptome sequencing was used to detect potential fusion transcripts. Other laboratory results and clinical data of the patient were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The patient was found to harbor TCF3 exon 17-ZNF384 exon 7 in-frame fusion transcript. The minimal residual disease (MRD) has remained positive after multiple chemotherapy protocols including CD19-, CD22- targeted chimeric antigen receptor T cells immunotherapy. The patient eventually achieved complete remission and sustained MRD negativity after allogeneic hemopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*CONCLUSION@#Transcriptome sequencing can effectively detect potential fusion genes with clinical significance in leukemia. TCF3-ZNF384 positive B-ALL has unique laboratory and clinical characteristics, may not well respond to chemotherapy and immunotherapy, and is more likely to relapse. Timely allo-HSCT treatment may help such patients to achieve long-term disease-free survival. TCF3-ZNF384 positive B-ALL is not uncommon in pediatric patients but has not been effectively identified.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Child , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Laboratories , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Trans-Activators/genetics , Transcriptome
4.
Biol. Res ; 53: 25, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124210

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is considered as the most activated transcriptional factor in response to low oxygen level or hypoxia. HIF-1 binds the hypoxia response element (HRE) sequence in the promoter of different genes, mainly through the bHLH domain and activates the transcription of genes, especially those involved in angiogenesis and EMT. Considering the critical role of bHLH in binding HIF-1 to the HRE sequence, we hypothesized that bHLH could be a promising candidate to be targeted in hypoxia condition. METHODS: We inserted an inhibitory bHLH (ibHLH) domain in a pIRES2-EGFP vector and transfected HEK293T cells with either the control vector or the designed construct. The ibHLH domain consisted of bHLH domains of both HIF-1a and Arnt, capable of competing with HIF-1 in binding to HRE sequences. The transfected cells were then treated with 200 µM of cobalt chloride (CoCl2) for 48 h to induce hypoxia. Real-time PCR and western blot were performed to evaluate the effect of ibHLH on the genes and proteins involved in angiogenesis and EMT. RESULTS: Hypoxia was successfully induced in the HEK293T cell line as the gene expression of VEGF, vimentin, and ß-catenin were significantly increased after treatment of untransfected HEK293T cells with 200 µM CoCl2. The gene expression of VEGF, vimentin, and ß-catenin and protein level of ß-catenin were significantly decreased in the cells transfected with either control or ibHLH vectors in hypoxia. However, ibHLH failed to be effective on these genes and the protein level of ß-catenin, when compared to the control vector. We also observed that overexpression of ibHLH had more inhibitory effect on gene and protein expression of N-cadherin compared to the control vector. However, it was not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: bHLH has been reported to be an important domain involved in the DNA binding activity of HIF. However, we found that targeting this domain is not sufficient to inhibit the endogenous HIF-1 transcriptional activity. Further studies about the function of critical domains of HIF-1 are necessary for developing a specific HIF-1 inhibitor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/metabolism , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1/metabolism , Hypoxia/metabolism , Gene Expression , Transcriptional Activation/genetics , Blotting, Western , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1/genetics , HEK293 Cells , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Hypoxia/genetics
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880316

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) is commonly known as an environmental sensor. Polymorphisms in AhR gene have been implicated in susceptibility to cancer. However, the results were controversial. This study was conducted to quantitatively summarize the association between AhR polymorphisms and cancer risk by meta-analysis.@*METHODS@#Relevant reports were searched in four databases (Embase, PubMed, Wanfang, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure). We used pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) to evaluate the strength of the association in both standard and cumulative meta-analysis. Subgroup and sensitivity analysis was also performed, and between-study heterogeneity and publication bias were checked.@*RESULTS@#A total of seventeen studies referring to three AhR polymorphisms (rs2066853, rs7796976, and rs2074113) were identified, and 9557 cases and 10038 controls were included. There was no statistically significant association of AhR rs2066853 polymorphism with cancer risk in the overall population, and the negative results were repeated in subgroup analysis by the ethnicity and cancer type. Concerning AhR rs7796976 or rs2074113 polymorphism, no significant correlation was detected. Moreover, these non-significant findings were stable in sensitivity analysis, and the cumulative meta-analysis indicated a trend of no significant link between this three AhR polymorphisms and cancer risk as more data accumulated over time.@*CONCLUSION@#This meta-analysis provides evidence that the rs2066853, rs7796976, or rs2074113 polymorphism in AhR gene is not a susceptible predictor of cancer. Further clinical and functional investigation between AhR polymorphisms and cancer susceptibility are needed.


Subject(s)
Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Confidence Intervals , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/epidemiology , Humans , Neoplasms/genetics , Odds Ratio , Polymorphism, Genetic , Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon/genetics
6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(2): 302-303, Mar.-Apr. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038265

ABSTRACT

Abstract: IL-22 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of vitiligo. However, the role of aryl hydrocarbon receptor transcription factor that acts as a master regulator of IL-22-producing Th22 cells is not fully understood. The goal of this study was to investigate the expression pattern of aryl hydrocarbon receptor in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with vitiligo and in normal controls. Transcript levels were determined by a reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Aryl hydrocarbon receptor mRNA expression was drastically increased in patients with vitiligo compared to healthy controls (P = 0.000). Th22 cells may contribute to abnormal immune responses underlying vitiligo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Vitiligo/genetics , Up-Regulation/genetics , Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon/genetics , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Gene Expression , Interleukins/analysis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
7.
Clinics ; 72(6): 391-394, June 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840089

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Transcription Factor 21 represses steroidogenic factor 1, a nuclear receptor required for gonadal development, sex determination and the regulation of adrenogonadal steroidogenesis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether silencing or overexpression of the gene Transcription Factor 21 could modulate the gene and protein expression of steroidogenic factor 1 in adrenocortical tumors. METHODS: We analyzed the gene expression of steroidogenic factor 1 using qPCR after silencing endogenous Transcription Factor 21 in pediatric adrenal adenoma-T7 cells through small interfering RNA. In addition, using overexpression of Transcription Factor 21 in human adrenocortical carcinoma cells, we analyzed the protein expression of steroidogenic factor 1 using Western blotting. RESULTS: Transcription Factor 21 knockdown increased the mRNA expression of steroidogenic factor 1 by 5.97-fold in pediatric adrenal adenoma-T7 cells. Additionally, Transcription Factor 21 overexpression inhibited the protein expression of steroidogenic factor 1 by 0.41-fold and 0.64-fold in two different adult adrenocortical carcinoma cell cultures, H295R and T36, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Transcription Factor 21 is downregulated in adrenocortical carcinoma cells. Taken together, these findings support the hypothesis that Transcription Factor 21 is a regulator of steroidogenic factor 1 and is a tumor suppressor gene in pediatric and adult adrenocortical tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms/metabolism , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Steroidogenic Factor 1/metabolism , Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms/genetics , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Blotting, Western , Cell Line, Tumor , Down-Regulation , Immunoblotting , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Steroidogenic Factor 1/genetics
8.
Cell Journal [Yakhteh]. 2017; 19 (1): 18-26
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-185789

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study was designed to evaluate the effects of vitrification and in vitro culture of human ovarian tissue on the expression of oocytic and follicular cell-related genes


Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, ovarian tissue samples were obtained from eight transsexual women. Samples were cut into small fragments and were then assigned to vitrified and non-vitrified groups. In each group, some tissue fragments were divided into un-cultured and cultured [in alpha-MEM medium for 2 weeks] subgroups. The normality of follicles was assessed by morphological observation under a light microscope using hematoxylin and eosin [H and E] staining. Expression levels of factor in the germ line alpha [FIGLA], KIT ligand [KL], growth differentiation factor 9 [GDF-9] and follicle stimulating hormone receptor [FSHR] genes were quantified in both groups by real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction [RT-PCR] at the beginning and the end of culture


Results: The percentage of normal follicles was similar between non-cultured vitrified and non-vitrified groups [P>0.05], however, cultured tissues had significantly fewer normal follicles than non-cultured tissues in both vitrified and non-vitrified groups [P<0.05]. In both cultured groups the rate of primary and secondary follicles was significantly higher than non-cultured tissues [P<0.05]. The expression of all examined genes was not significantly altered in both non-cultured groups. Whiles, in comparison with cultured tissues non-cultured tissues, the expression of FIGLA gene was significantly decreased, KL gene was not changed, GDF-9 and FSHR genes was significantly increased [P<0.05]


Conclusion: Human ovarian vitrification following in vitro culture has no impairing effects on follicle normality and development and expression of related-genes. However, in vitro culture condition has deleterious effects on normality of follicles


Subject(s)
Humans , Women , Young Adult , Adult , Gene Expression Regulation , Stem Cell Factor/genetics , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Receptors, FSH/genetics , Fertility Preservation/methods , Tissue Culture Techniques
9.
Gut and Liver ; : 228-236, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25626

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To identify the risk factors for metachronous gastric neoplasms in patients who underwent an endoscopic resection of a gastric neoplasm. METHODS: We prospectively collected clinicopathologic data and measured the methylation levels of HAND1, THBD, APC, and MOS in the gastric mucosa by methylation-specific real-time polymerase chain reaction in patients who underwent endoscopic resection of gastric neoplasms. RESULTS: A total of 257 patients with gastric neoplasms (113 low-grade dysplasias, 25 high-grade dysplasias, and 119 early gastric cancers) were enrolled. Metachronous gastric neoplasm developed in 7.4% of patients during a mean follow-up of 52 months. The 5-year cumulative incidence of metachronous gastric neoplasm was 4.8%. Multivariate analysis showed that moderate/severe corpus intestinal metaplasia and family history of gastric cancer were independent risk factors for metachronous gastric neoplasm development; the hazard ratios were 4.12 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.23 to 13.87; p=0.022) and 3.52 (95% CI, 1.09 to 11.40; p=0.036), respectively. The methylation level of MOS was significantly elevated in patients with metachronous gastric neoplasms compared age- and sex-matched patients without metachronous gastric neoplasms (p=0.020). CONCLUSIONS: In patients who underwent endoscopic resection of gastric neoplasms, moderate/severe corpus intestinal metaplasia and a family history of gastric cancer were independent risk factors for metachronous gastric neoplasm, and MOS was significantly hypermethylated in patients with metachronous gastric neoplasms.


Subject(s)
Aged , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , DNA Methylation , Female , Gastrectomy/methods , Genes, APC/physiology , Genes, mos/genetics , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasms, Second Primary/epidemiology , Proportional Hazards Models , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Thrombomodulin/genetics
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 48(12): 1087-1094, Dec. 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-762914

ABSTRACT

During gonad and adrenal development, the POD-1/capsulin/TCF21transcription factor negatively regulates SF-1/NR5A1expression, with higher SF-1 levels being associated with increased adrenal cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. In adrenocortical tumor cells, POD-1 binds to the SF-1 E-box promoter region, decreasing SF-1 expression. However, the modulation of SF-1 expression by POD-1 has not previously been described in normal adrenal cells. Here, we analyzed the basal expression of Pod-1 and Sf-1 in primary cultures of glomerulosa (G) and fasciculata/reticularis (F/R) cells isolated from male Sprague-Dawley rats, and investigated whether POD-1 overexpression modulates the expression of endogenous Sf-1 and its target genes in these cells. POD-1 overexpression, following the transfection of pCMVMycPod-1, significantly decreased the endogenous levels of Sf-1 mRNA and protein in F/R cells, but not in G cells, and also decreased the expression of the SF-1 target StAR in F/R cells. In G cells overexpressing POD-1, no modulation of the expression of SF-1 targets, StAR and CYP11B2, was observed. Our data showing that G and F/R cells respond differently to ectopic POD-1 expression emphasize the functional differences between the outer and inner zones of the adrenal cortex, and support the hypothesis that SF-1 is regulated by POD-1/Tcf21 in normal adrenocortical cells lacking the alterations in cellular physiology found in tumor cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Adrenal Cortex/metabolism , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/metabolism , Phosphoproteins/metabolism , Steroidogenic Factor 1/metabolism , Adrenal Cortex/cytology , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Gene Expression , Immunoblotting , Primary Cell Culture , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger/analysis , Steroidogenic Factor 1/analysis , Zona Fasciculata/cytology , Zona Fasciculata/metabolism , Zona Glomerulosa/cytology , Zona Glomerulosa/metabolism , Zona Reticularis/cytology , Zona Reticularis/metabolism
11.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 20(4): 1099-1107, 04/2015. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-744885

ABSTRACT

Trata-se de um estudo sobre o uso do ensino a distância (EaD) como uma estratégia de ensino na educação permanente em saúde (EPS), que teve como objetivo identificar e analisar os limites e possibilidades do uso da EaD na EPS. Estudo de revisão integrativa. O resultado aponta que a EaD é uma estratégia inovadora possível e potencial para a EPS, facilitando o desenvolvimento da aprendizagem dentro ou fora da instituição de saúde, porém é evidente a escassez de pesquisas na área. As limitações para a realização dos programas estão relacionadas à variável tempo, preparação para lidar com as tecnologias e importância do tutor como facilitador da aprendizagem. Conclui-se que o uso da EaD tem tido uma importante contribuição para o desenvolvimento dos recursos humanos em saúde, seja no processo de formação e/ou no processo contínuo de conhecimento.


This is a study on the use of distance learning (EaD, in Portuguese) as a teaching strategy in continuing health education (EPS, in Portuguese), which aimed to identify and analyze the limits and posibilities of using EaD in the EPS. Integrative Review Study. The result shows that EaD is an innovative, possible and potential strategy for EPS, facilitating the development of learning within or outside the health institution, although is evident the lack of research in the area. The limitations for the implementation of the programs are related to the time variable, preparation for dealing with the technologies and the importance of the tutor as a facilitator of learning. It concludes that the use of EaD has an important contribution to the development of human resources in health, is in the process of training and/or in the continuous knowledge process.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , MicroRNAs/genetics , African Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Cell Line, Transformed , Cell Line, Tumor , Cation Transport Proteins/genetics , Ethnic Groups , Europe , European Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , Genome-Wide Association Study , HapMap Project , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , Nigeria , Ovarian Neoplasms/genetics , Phenotype , Regression Analysis , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-228160

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA), two common types of arthritis, affect the joints mainly by targeting the synovium and cartilage. Increasing evidence indicates that a significant network connects synovitis and cartilage destruction during the progression of arthritis. We recently demonstrated that hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-2alpha causes RA and OA by regulating the expression of catabolic factors in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) or chondrocytes. To address the reciprocal influences of HIF-2alpha on FLS and chondrocytes, we applied an in vitro co-culture system using a transwell apparatus. When co-cultured with HIF-2alpha-overexpressing chondrocytes, FLS exhibited increased expression of matrix metalloproteinases and inflammatory mediators, similar to the effects induced by tumor-necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha treatment of FLS. Moreover, chondrocytes co-cultured with HIF-2alpha-overexpressing FLS exhibited upregulation of Mmp3 and Mmp13, which is similar to the effects induced by interleukin (IL)-6 treatment of chondrocytes. We confirmed these differential HIF-2alpha-induced effects via distinct secretory mediators using Il6-knockout cells and a TNF-alpha-blocking antibody. The FLS-co-culture-induced gene expression changes in chondrocytes were significantly abrogated by IL-6 deficiency, whereas TNF-alpha neutralization blocked the alterations in gene expression associated with co-culture of FLS with chondrocytes. Our results further suggested that the observed changes might reflect the HIF-2alpha-induced upregulation of specific receptors for TNF-alpha (in FLS) and IL-6 (in chondrocytes). This study broadens our understanding of the possible regulatory mechanisms underlying the crosstalk between the synovium and cartilage in the presence of HIF-2alpha, and may suggest potential new anti-arthritis therapies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis/genetics , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Cells, Cultured , Chondrocytes/immunology , Coculture Techniques , Fibroblasts/immunology , Gene Expression Regulation , Interleukin-6/genetics , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Osteoarthritis/genetics , Synovial Membrane/immunology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Up-Regulation
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-191846

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to investigate the expression of three genes related to early embryonic development in bovine transgenic cloned embryos. To accomplish this, development of bovine transgenic somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos was compared with non-transgenic embryos. Next, mRNA transcription of three specific genes (DNMT1, Hsp 70.1, and Mash2) related to early embryo development in transgenic SCNT embryos was compared between transgenic and non-transgenic SCNTs, parthenogenetic embryos, and in vitro fertilization (IVF) embryos. Transgenic SCNT embryos showed significantly lower rates of development to the blastocyst stage than non-transgenic ones. To investigate normal gene expression, RNA was extracted from ten blastocysts derived from parthenogenesis, IVF, non-transgenic, and transgenic SCNT embryos and reverse-transcribed to synthesize cDNA. The cDNA was then subjected to PCR amplification and semi-quantified. More DNMT1 mRNA was detected in the transgenic SCNT group than the other three groups. Hsp 70.1 mRNA was detected in the IVF embryos, while lower levels were found in SCNT and parthenogenetic embryos. Mash2 mRNA was present at the highest levels in transgenic SCNT embryos. In conclusion, the higher levels of methylation and lower protein synthesis after heat shock in the transgenic SCNT embryos expected based on our results may cause lower embryonic development.


Subject(s)
Animals , Animals, Genetically Modified/genetics , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Cattle/embryology , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferases/genetics , Embryo, Mammalian/embryology , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/genetics , Nuclear Transfer Techniques/veterinary , Parthenogenesis , Pregnancy , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Transcription, Genetic
14.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 46(6): 546-554, 02/jul. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-679208

ABSTRACT

Multidrug resistance (MDR) poses a serious impediment to the success of chemotherapy for laryngeal cancer. To identify microRNAs and mRNAs associated with MDR of human laryngeal cancer Hep-2 cells, we developed a multidrug-resistant human laryngeal cancer subline, designated Hep-2/v, by exposing Hep-2 cells to stepwise increasing concentrations of vincristine (0.02-0.96'µM). Microarray assays were performed to compare the microRNA and mRNA expression profiles of Hep-2 and Hep-2/v cells. Compared to Hep-2 cells, Hep-2/v cells were more resistant to chemotherapy drugs (∼45-fold more resistant to vincristine, 5.1-fold more resistant to cisplatin, and 5.6-fold more resistant to 5-fluorouracil) and had a longer doubling time (42.33±1.76 vs 28.75±1.12'h, P<0.05), higher percentage of cells in G0/G1 phase (80.98±0.52 vs 69.14±0.89, P<0.05), increased efflux of rhodamine 123 (95.97±0.56 vs 12.40±0.44%, P<0.01), and up-regulated MDR1 expression. A total of 7 microRNAs and 605 mRNAs were differentially expressed between the two cell types. Of the differentially expressed mRNAs identified, regulator of G-protein signaling 10, high-temperature requirement protein A1, and nuclear protein 1 were found to be the putative targets of the differentially expressed microRNAs identified. These findings may open a new avenue for clarifying the mechanisms responsible for MDR in laryngeal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , Laryngeal Neoplasms/genetics , MicroRNAs/isolation & purification , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1/genetics , RNA, Messenger/isolation & purification , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Flow Cytometry , Fluorouracil/pharmacology , G1 Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Genes, MDR , Laryngeal Neoplasms/drug therapy , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RGS Proteins/genetics , /pharmacokinetics , Serine Endopeptidases/genetics , Tissue Array Analysis , Vincristine/pharmacology
15.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 807-812, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-218493

ABSTRACT

Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is implicated as a major cause of low back pain. The alternated phenotypes, reduced cell survival, decreased metabolic activity, loss of matrix production and dystrophic mineralization of nucleus pulposus (NP) cells may be key contributors to progressive IVD degeneration. IVD is the largest avascular structure in the body, characterized by low oxygen tension in vivo. Hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is a master transcription factor that is induced upon hypoxia and directs coordinated cellular responses to hypoxic environments. This review summarizes relevant studies concerning the involvement of HIF in the regulation of biological behaviors of NP cells. We describe current data on the expression of HIF in NP cells and further discuss the various roles that HIF plays in the regulation of the phenotype, survival, metabolism, matrix production and dystrophic mineralization of NP cells. Here, we conclude that HIF may be a promising target for the prevention and treatment of IVD degeneration.


Subject(s)
Animals , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Cell Survival , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1/genetics , Intervertebral Disc/cytology , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/metabolism
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149764

ABSTRACT

Low density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) plays an important role in the cholesterol homeostasis. We examined the possible circadian regulation of LDLR and mechanism(s) underlying it. In mice, blood glucose and plasma triglyceride, total and high density lipoprotein cholesterol varied distinctively throughout a day. In addition, LDLR mRNA oscillated in the liver in a functional clock-dependent manner. Accordingly, analysis of human LDLR promoter sequence revealed three putative E-boxes, raising the possible regulation of LDLR expression by E-box-binding transcription factors. To test this possibility, human LDLR promoter reporter constructs were transfected into HepG2 cells and the effects of CLOCK/BMAL1, Hes1, and Hes6 expression were analyzed. It was found that positive circadian transcription factor complex CLOCK/BMAL1 upregulated human LDLR promoter activity in a serum-independent manner, while Hes family members Hes1 and Hes6 downregulated it only under serum-depleted conditions. Both effects were mapped to proximal promoter region of human LDLR, where mutation or deletion of well-known sterol regulatory element (SRE) abolished only the repressive effect of Hes1. Interestingly, hes6 and hes1 mRNA oscillated in an anti-phasic manner in the wild-type but not in the per1-/-per2-/- mouse. Comparative analysis of mouse, rat and human hes6 genes revealed that three E-boxes are conserved among three species. Transfection and site-directed mutagenesis studies with hes6 reporter constructs confirmed that the third E-box in the exon IV is functionally induced by CLOCK/BMAL1. Taken together, these results suggest that LDLR expression is under circadian control involving CLOCK/BMAL1 and Hes family members Hes1 and Hes6.


Subject(s)
ARNTL Transcription Factors/physiology , Animals , Base Sequence , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , CLOCK Proteins/physiology , Cholesterol/blood , Circadian Rhythm , E-Box Elements , Exons , Gene Expression Regulation , Hep G2 Cells , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Homeostasis , Humans , Liver/metabolism , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Receptors, LDL/genetics , Repressor Proteins/genetics , Transcription, Genetic
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-82765

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The 3q29 microdeletion syndrome is a genomic disorder characterized by mental retardation, developmental delay, microcephaly, and slight facial dysmorphism. In most cases, the microdeletion spans a 1.6-Mb region between low-copy repeats (LCRs). We identified a novel 4.0- Mb deletion using oligonucleotide array comparative genomic hybridization (array CGH) in monozygotic twin sisters. METHODS: G-banded chromosome analysis was performed in the twins and their parents. Highresolution oligonucleotide array CGH was performed using the human whole genome 244K CGH microarray (Agilent Technologies, USA) followed by validation using FISH, and the obtained results were analyzed using the genome database resources. RESULTS: G-banding revealed that the twins had de novo 46,XX,del(3)(q29) karyotype. Array CGH showed a 4.0-Mb interstitial deletion on 3q29, which contained 39 genes and no breakpoints flanked by LCRs. In addition to the typical characteristics of the 3q29 microdeletion syndrome, the twins had attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, strabismus, congenital heart defect, and gray hair. Besides the p21-activated protein kinase (PAK2) and discs large homolog 1 (DLG1) genes, which are known to play a critical role in mental retardation, the hairy and enhancer of split 1 (HES1) and antigen p97 (melanoma associated; MFI2) genes might be possible candidate genes associated with strabismus, congenital heart defect, and gray hair. CONCLUSIONS: The novel 4.0-Mb 3q29 microdeletion found in the twins suggested the occurrence of genomic rearrangement mediated by mechanisms other than nonallelic homologous recombination. Molecular genetic and functional studies are required to elucidate the contribution of each gene to a specific phenotype.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/genetics , Adolescent , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity/genetics , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosome Disorders/genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 3 , Comparative Genomic Hybridization/methods , Diseases in Twins/genetics , Female , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Melanoma-Specific Antigens/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Syndrome , Twins , p21-Activated Kinases/genetics
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43808

ABSTRACT

Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) are transcription factors that activate the transcription of target genes involved in crucial aspects of cancer development. This study investigated the expression of HIFs and their contribution to the regulation of target genes related to angiogenesis and glucose metabolism in gastric cancer. The data showed that HIFs were over-expressed in gastric cancer and that activation of the target genes was observed mainly in the early stages. Moreover, the results of the present study revealed that only HIF-1alpha, but not HIF-2alpha dimerizes with HIF-1beta and then regulates expression of target genes in response to hypoxia. The results of the present study demonstrate that HIF-1alpha and HIF-1beta enhances expression of VEGF and glucose metabolism-related genes in response to hypoxia in gastric cancer. These data offer important information regarding HIF pathways in the development of gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Nuclear Translocator/genetics , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Glucose/metabolism , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Neovascularization, Pathologic/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/genetics
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-208985

ABSTRACT

Chromosome 1 band p32 (1p32) aberrations are common in T lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma (T-ALL/LBL). Two types of 1p32 aberrations include translocations with different partners and submicroscopic interstitial deletion. Both aberrations are known to result in TAL1 gene deregulation. The t(1;5)(p32;q31) is a rare translocation of 1p32 in T-ALL. We now present the second case of t(1;5)(p32;q31) in T-ALL, which was present as a primary cytogenetic abnormality, with a review of the relevant literature. Interestingly, neither the translocation of the TAL1 gene nor aberrant expression of TAL1 protein was detected by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and by immunohistochemical staining in this case.


Subject(s)
Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Bone Marrow/pathology , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 1 , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 5 , Humans , Karyotyping , Male , Middle Aged , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/diagnosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/genetics , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Translocation, Genetic
20.
J Genet ; 2008 Dec; 87(5): 437-46
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-114238

ABSTRACT

A functional mouse CLOCK protein has long been thought to be essential for mammalian circadian clockwork function, based mainly on studies of mice bearing a dominant negative, antimorphic mutation in the Clock gene. However, new discoveries using recently developed Clock-null mutant mice have shaken up this view. In this review, I discuss how this recent work impacts and alters the previous view of the role of CLOCK in the mouse circadian clockwork.


Subject(s)
Animals , Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors/genetics , Biological Clocks/genetics , Circadian Rhythm/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation/physiology , Humans , Mice/genetics , Mice, Knockout , Models, Biological , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Trans-Activators/genetics
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