Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 131
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927656

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to examine the sleep arrangements and soothing methods and to assess their associations with sleep problems among children aged < 3 years in China.@*Methods@#A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2019 from six provinces in China. A total of 1,195 caregivers of children aged 0-35 months were included in the study. Data on sleep arrangements, soothing methods, and sleep problems (i.e., frequent night awakenings and difficulty falling asleep) were assessed using the Brief Infant Sleep Questionnaire. The reasons for bed-sharing in sleep arrangements were recorded using a self-designed questionnaire.@*Results@#The bed-sharing practice was very prevalent at any age, which ranged from 69.9% to 78.3%. Most infants fell asleep while feeding or being rocked/held before age 12 months. By age 35 months, 62.4% of the children fell asleep in bed near parents. The most common reasons for bed-sharing were breastfeeding/feeding and convenience. Parental involvement when falling asleep was significantly related with frequent night awakenings and difficulty falling asleep. No association was found between bed-sharing and sleep.@*Conclusion@#Bed-sharing and parental involvement were very common among Chinese children aged < 3 years. Children who fall asleep with parental involvement were more likely to have sleep problems.


Subject(s)
Asians , Beds , Child, Preschool , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant Behavior , Infant, Newborn , Male , Sleep/physiology , Sleep Hygiene , Sleep Wake Disorders , Surveys and Questionnaires
2.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210038, 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339877

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo descrever, na perspectiva de enfermeiros e médicos, as facilidades e os entraves da referência em uma Unidade de Pronto Atendimento. Método estudo descritivo, qualitativo, realizado em uma Unidade de Pronto Atendimento de um município de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Participaram sete enfermeiros e 23 médicos. Os dados foram coletados por meio de entrevista individual semiestruturada e analisados mediante a técnica do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo. Resultados as facilidades envolveram: ter serviços de referência especializados; gravidade do paciente; atendimento em "vaga zero"; boa relação entre os profissionais dos serviços de urgência e a empatia. Dentre os entraves, estavam: contato difícil por telefone com os hospitais e a superlotação destes; dificuldade para conseguir transporte, sobretudo, para paciente com situação clínica estável e a falta de ambulância do município. Conclusão e implicações para a prática as facilidades da referência potencializam o atendimento às urgências, porém, os entraves, referentes à vaga hospitalar e ao transporte, podem comprometer a integralidade e a continuidade do cuidado, necessitando de melhorias na atenção à saúde em rede.


Resumen Objetivo describir, desde la perspectiva de enfermeros y médicos, las facilidades y barreras de referencia en una Unidad de Urgencias. Método estudio descriptivo, cualitativo, realizado en una Unidad de Urgencias de una ciudad de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Participaron siete enfermeros y 23 médicos. Los datos fueron recolectados a través de entrevistas individuales semiestructuradas y analizados usando la técnica del Discurso Colectivo del Sujeto. Resultados las facilidades involucradas: contar con servicios de referencia especializados; gravedad del paciente; servicio en "vacante cero"; buena relación entre los profesionales de los servicios de urgencias y la empatía. Entre los obstáculos estaban: el difícil contacto telefónico con los hospitales y su hacinamiento; dificultad para conseguir transporte, especialmente para pacientes con situación clínica estable y falta de ambulancia en la ciudad. Conclusión e implicaciones para la práctica las facilidades de referencia mejoran la atención de emergencia, sin embargo, las barreras, relacionadas a la vacante hospitalaria y el transporte, pueden comprometer la integridad y continuidad de la atención, requiriendo mejoras en la atención en red.


Abstract Objective to describe, from the perspective of nurses and physicians, the eases and hindrances of referrals in an Emergency Care Unit. Method a descriptive, qualitative study, carried out in an Emergency Care Unit in a city of Santa Catarina, Brazil. Seven nurses and 23 physicians participated. Data was collected through individual semi-structured interviews and analyzed using the Discourse of the Collective Subject technique. Results the eases involved: having specialized reference services; patient severity; care in "zero vacancy"; good relationship among professionals of the emergency services and empathy. Among the hindrances were: difficult contact by telephone with hospitals and their overcrowding; difficulty in getting transport, especially for patients with stable clinical situation and the lack of ambulance from the municipality. Conclusion and implications for the practice the referral facilities potentiate the attendance to urgencies, however, the hindrances, referring to hospital vacancy and transport, can compromise the integrality and continuity of care, requiring improvements in network health care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Emergency Medical Services , Health Services Research , Telephone , Beds , Ambulances , Patient Transfer , Health Personnel , Continuity of Patient Care , Qualitative Research , Empathy , Patient Safety , Patient Acuity , Integrality in Health , Interprofessional Relations
3.
Goiânia; SES-GO; 06 set. 2021. 1-11 p. quad.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, CONASS | ID: biblio-1396094

ABSTRACT

Este documento visa apoiar as Regionais de Saúde do Estado de Goiás, junto aos Apoiadores Regionais de Saúde Mental e Populações Específicas, no processo de implantação e habilitação de leitos em saúde mental em hospital geral


This document aims to support the Health Regionals of the State of Goiás, together with the Regional Health Supporters Mental Health and Specific Populations, in the process of implementing and enabling mental health beds in a hospital general


Subject(s)
Beds/supply & distribution , Mental Health/economics , Financial Resources in Health , Investments/organization & administration
4.
Rev. baiana enferm ; 35: e43031, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1347121

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: traduzir e adaptar transculturalmente o instrumento Evaluation of Siderail Usage para a língua portuguesa do Brasil. Método: pesquisa metodológica de tradução e adaptação transcultural de um instrumento em quatro etapas. Resultados: na primeira etapa foram realizadas duas traduções; na segunda, foi realizada uma reunião consensual com duas tradutoras e as autoras do estudo para discutir discrepâncias e gerar uma versão síntese; na terceira etapa, a versão síntese foi retrotraduzida para o inglês por duas tradutoras para se verificar a equivalência com a versão original; e na quarta etapa, um comitê de 25 juízes profissionais da área de saúde analisaram a versão síntese. Os resultados demostraram um Índice de Validade de Conteúdo do instrumento de 0,97 e um Coeficiente de Validade de Conteúdo de 0,93. Conclusão: a tradução e adaptação do instrumento Evaluation of Siderail Usage para a língua portuguesa do Brasil apresentou bons índices de validade do conteúdo.


Objetivo: traducir y adaptar el instrumento Evaluation of Side Rail Usage al idioma portugués brasileño. Método: investigación metodológica de la traducción y adaptación transcultural de un instrumento en cuatro pasos. Resultados: en la primera etapa, se realizaron dos traducciones; en la segunda, se realizó una reunión consensuada con dos traductores y los autores del estudio para discutir discrepancias y generar una versión de síntesis; en la tercera etapa, la versión de síntesis fue retrotraducida al inglés por dos traductores para verificar la equivalencia con la versión original; y en la cuarta etapa, un comité de 25 jueces profesionales del área de salud analizó la versión de síntesis. Los resultados mostraron un índice de validez de contenido del instrumento de 0,97 y un Coeficiente de Validez de Contenido de 0,93. Conclusión: la traducción y adaptación del instrumento de Evaluation of Side Rail Usage al portugués brasileño presentó buenos índices de validez de contenido.


Objective: to translate and adapt cross-culturally the Evaluation of Side Rail Usage instrument to the Brazilian Portuguese. Method: methodological research with four-step translation and cross-cultural adaptation of an instrument. Results: in the first stage, two translations were performed; in the second, a consensual meeting was held with two translators and the authors of the study to discuss discrepancies and generate a synthesis version; in the third stage, the synthesis version was backtranslated into English by two translators to verify equivalence with the original version; and in the fourth stage, a committee of 25 professional judges from the health area analyzed the synthesis version. The results showed an instrument Content Validity Index of 0.97 and a Content Validity Coefficient of 0.93. Conclusion: the translation and adaptation of the Evaluation of Side Rail Usage instrument into Brazilian Portuguese presented good content validity indexes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Translations , Beds/standards , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Patient Comfort/methods , Patient Safety
5.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3493, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1347606

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate evidence on effectiveness support surfaces for pressure injury prevention in the intraoperative period. Method: systematic review. The search for primary studies was conducted in seven databases. The sample consisted of 10 studies. The synthesis of the results was carried out descriptively and through meta-analysis. Results: when comparing low-tech support surfaces with regular care (standard surgical table mattress), the meta-analysis showed that there is no statistically significant difference between the investigated interventions (Relative Risk = 0.88; 95%CI: 0.30-2.39). The Higgins inconsistency test indicated considerable heterogeneity between studies (I2 = 83%). The assessment of the certainty of the evidence was very low. When comparing high-tech and low-tech support surfaces, the meta-analysis showed that there is a statistically significant difference between the interventions studied, with high-tech being the most effective (Relative Risk = 0.17; 95%CI: 0.05-0.53). Heterogeneity can be classified as not important (I2 = 0%). The assessment of certainty of evidence was moderate. Conclusion: the use of high-tech support surfaces is an effective measure to prevent pressure injuries in the intraoperative period.


Objetivo: evaluar las evidencias sobre superficies de apoyo efectivas para la prevención de lesión por presión durante el período intraoperatorio. Método: revisión sistemática. La búsqueda de estudios primarios se realizó en siete bases de datos. La muestra estuvo formada por 10 investigaciones. La síntesis de los resultados se realizó de forma descriptiva y mediante metaanálisis. Resultados: al comparar las superficies de apoyo de baja tecnología con la atención habitual (colchón de mesa quirúrgica estándar), el metaanálisis demostró que no hay diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre las intervenciones investigadas (Riesgo Relativo = 0,88; IC95%: 0,30-2,39). La prueba de inconsistencia de Higgins indicó una heterogeneidad considerable entre los estudios (I2= 83%). La valoración de la certeza de la evidencia fue muy baja. Al comparar las superficies de apoyo de alta y baja tecnología, el metaanálisis mostró que existe una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre las intervenciones estudiadas, siendo las de alta tecnología las más efectivas (Riesgo Relativo = 0,17; IC95%: 0,05-0,53). La heterogeneidad se puede clasificar como no importante (I2 = 0%). La evaluación de la certeza de la evidencia fue moderada. Conclusión: el uso de una superficie de apoyo de alta tecnología es una medida eficaz para prevenir lesiones por presión en el período intraoperatorio.


Objetivo: avaliar as evidências sobre superfícies de suporte efetivas para prevenção de lesão por pressão no período intraoperatório. Método: revisão sistemática. A busca dos estudos primários foi conduzida em sete bases de dados. A amostra foi composta por 10 pesquisas. A síntese dos resultados foi realizada na forma descritiva e por meio de metanálise. Resultados: na comparação de superfícies de suporte de baixa tecnologia com o cuidado usual (colchão padrão de mesa cirúrgica), a metanálise demonstrou que não existe diferença estatisticamente significante entre as intervenções investigadas (Risco Relativo = 0,88; IC95%: 0,30-2,39). O teste de inconsistência de Higgins indicou heterogeneidade considerável entre os estudos (I2 = 83%). A avaliação da certeza da evidência foi muito baixa. Na comparação de superfícies de suporte de alta tecnologia com as de baixa tecnologia, a metanálise evidenciou que existe diferença estatisticamente significante entre as intervenções estudadas, sendo as de alta tecnologia as mais efetivas (Risco Relativo = 0,17; IC95%: 0,05-0,53). A heterogeneidade pode ser classificada como não importante (I2 = 0%). A avaliação da certeza da evidência foi moderada. Conclusão: o uso de superfície de suporte de alta tecnologia é a medida efetiva para prevenção de lesão por pressão no período intraoperatório.


Subject(s)
Humans , Beds , Wounds and Injuries , Intraoperative Complications/prevention & control
6.
Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 25(4): e20210021, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1286367

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo sintetizar as evidências disponíveis na literatura sobre os tipos de superfícies de compressão utilizadas na RCP e analisar quais características das superfícies de compressão têm impacto na eficácia da compressão torácica durante a RCP. Método revisão integrativa da literatura, cujos critérios de seleção e inclusão foram: artigos completos, em inglês, português ou espanhol e que respondessem a seguinte questão de pesquisa: "Quais são as características das superfícies de compressão que têm impacto na eficácia das compressões torácicas durante a RCP?". Realizada entre os meses de junho e julho de 2019. Resultados inclui-se 12 artigos de estudos experimentais, cuja extração de dados revelou 13 tipos diferentes de colchões. Em relação às pranchas, seis tamanhos diferentes foram relatados, com diferentes materiais. Constatou-se influências do tipo de superfície de compressão na força necessária para realizar as compressões torácicas. Conclusão as evidências apontam que colchões de maiores dimensões e com tecnologia para redução de pressão e camas mais largas apresentam impactos negativos na qualidade das compressões torácicas. Implicação para prática o conhecimento sobre a influência do tipo e características das superfícies de apoio na qualidade das compressões torácicas podem subsidiar profissionais na escolha e incorporação de tecnologias no ambiente hospitalar.


Resumen Objetivo Sintetizar la evidencia disponible en la literatura sobre los tipos de superficies de compresión utilizadas en la RCP y analizar qué características de las superficies de compresión tienen un impacto en la efectividad de la compresión torácica durante la RCP. Método Revisión bibliográfica integradora, cuyos criterios de selección e inclusión fueron: artículos completos, en inglés, portugués o español y que respondieran a la siguiente pregunta de investigación: "¿Cuáles son las características de las superficies de compresión que inciden en la efectividad de las compresiones torácicas durante la RCP?". Se llevó a cabo entre junio y julio de 2019. Resultados se incluyeron 12 artículos de estudios experimentales, cuya extracción de datos reveló 13 tipos diferentes de colchones. En cuanto a los Tabelaros, se reportaron seis tamaños diferentes, con diferentes materiales. Se encontraron influencias del tipo de superficie de compresión sobre la fuerza requerida para realizar las compresiones torácicas. Conclusión la evidencia señala que los colchones más grandes con tecnología de reducción de presión y las camas más grandes tienen impactos negativos en la calidad de las compresiones torácicas. Implicación para la práctica El conocimiento sobre la influencia del tipo y características de las superficies de apoyo en la calidad de las compresiones torácicas puede ayudar a los profesionales en la elección e incorporación de tecnologías en el ámbito hospitalario.


Abstract Objective To synthesize the available evidence in the literature on the types of compression surfaces used in CPR and to analyze which characteristics of the compression surfaces impact the effectiveness of chest compression during CPR. Method Integrative literature review, whose selection and inclusion criteria were complete articles, in English, Portuguese or Spanish and that answered the following research question: "What are the characteristics of the compression surfaces that impact the effectiveness of chest compressions during CPR?". It was carried out between June and July 2019. Results 12 articles from experimental studies were included. 13 different types of mattresses were found. Regarding the boards, six different sizes and many materials were reported. Influences of the type of compression surface on the force required to perform chest compressions were found. Conclusion Evidence points out that larger mattresses with pressure reduction technology and larger beds have negative impacts on the quality of chest compressions. Implication for practice Knowledge about the influence of the type and characteristics of support surfaces on the quality of chest compressions can support professionals in the choice and incorporation of technologies in the hospital environment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Heart Arrest , Heart Massage , Beds , Total Quality Management , Floors and Floorcoverings
7.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 20: e53197, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1339626

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: identificar a percepção dos familiares sobre assistência e organização da unidade de internação psiquiátrica em um hospital geral. Método: Pesquisa descritiva exploratória, com abordagem qualitativa, realizada em um hospital geral no interior do Oeste Paulista, junto a 13 familiares de pessoas com transtorno mental. O instrumento de coleta de dados foi um roteiro de entrevista semiestruturado e a análise ocorreu mediante ao referencial metodológico da análise temática de conteúdo proposta por Bardin. Resultados: A partir da análise dos discursos, emergiram duas categorias: a) "Relevância da ambiência e equipe multidisciplinar no tratamento de pessoas com transtornos mentais", destacando o ambiente físico, o tratamento ministrado pela equipe multidisciplinar e o contato e participação dos familiares durante a internação; e b) "Fragilidades da dinâmica assistencial como suporte nas relações interpessoais", na qual foram evidenciados os aspectos apontados como ainda frágeis na assistência. Considerações Finais: A percepção familiar foi predominantemente positiva em relação ao serviço oferecido e, mesmo com as fragilidades apontadas, estes sentem-se satisfeitos com o ambiente hospitalar no que tange ao trabalho realizado pela equipe multidisciplinar e o cuidado inclusivo da família na terapêutica.


RESUMEN Objetivo: identificar la percepción de los parientes sobre la atención y la organización de la unidad de hospitalización psiquiátrica en un hospital general. Método: Investigación exploratoria descriptiva, con enfoque cualitativo, efectuada en un hospital general del interior del Oeste de São Paulo, abarcando 13 parientes de personas con trastornos mentales. El instrumento de recolección de datos fue un guion de entrevista semiestructurado y el análisis se llevó a cabo utilizando el marco metodológico del análisis de contenido temático propuesto por Bardin. Resultados: Del análisis de los discursos, surgieron dos categorías: a) "Relevancia del ambiente y equipo multidisciplinario en el tratamiento de personas con trastornos mentales", subrayando el entorno físico, el trato brindado por el equipo multidisciplinario y el contacto y la participación de los parientes durante la hospitalización; yb) "Debilidades en la dinámica de atención como apoyo en las relaciones interpersonales", donde se resaltaron los aspectos señalados como aún débiles en la atención. Consideraciones finales: La percepción familiar fue predominantemente positiva con relación al servicio ofrecido e, incluso con las debilidades señaladas, los parientes sienten satisfechos con el entorno hospitalario en cuanto al trabajo desarrollado por el equipo multidisciplinario y la atención inclusiva de la familia en la terapia.


ABSTRACT Objective: to identify the perception family members about the care and organization of the psychiatric hospitalization unit in a general hospital. Method: Descriptive and exploratory research, with a qualitative approach, conducted in a general hospital in western São Paulo, including 13 relatives of people with mental disorders. The data collection instrument was a semi-structured interview script and the analysis took place using the methodological framework of the thematic content analysis proposed by Bardin. Results: From the analysis of the speeches, two categories were raised: a) "Relevance of environment and multidisciplinary team in the treatment of people with mental disorders", highlighting the physical environment, the treatment given by the multidisciplinary team and the contact and participation of family members during hospitalization; and b) "Weaknesses in care dynamics as a support in interpersonal relationships", where the aspects pointed out as still fragile in health care were highlighted. Final Considerations: The relatives' perception was predominantly positive in relation to the service offered and, even with the weaknesses pointed out, they feel satisfied with the hospital environment regarding the work performed by the multidisciplinary team and the inclusive care of the family in the therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Family , Hospitalization , Hospitals, General , Patient Care Team , Psychiatry , Rehabilitation , Therapeutics , Beds , Mental Health , Occupational Therapy , Credentialing , Empathy , Hospitals , Mental Disorders
8.
Brasília; IPEA; 20200500. 20 p. (Nota Técnica / IPEA. Diset, 65).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, ECOS | ID: biblio-1102191

ABSTRACT

Esta nota técnica tem o objetivo de analisar, de modo exploratório, algumas vantagens e desvantagens da eventual adoção de uma fila única, conforme vem sendo proposto, para organizar as internações, inclusive em unidades de terapia intesiva (UTIs), em todos os hospitais públicos e privados brasileiros, no contexto da atual pandemia do novo coronavírus (Sars-COV-2), causador da Covid-19. A análise utiliza elementos teóricos, e de resultados práticos, observados em economia da saúde e, de modo complementar, em teoria das filas (Queueing Theory). Essa análise se justifica em função da gravidade da situação atual e da possibilidade de que a fila única seja adotada na presente pandemia, ou que venha a ser novamente objeto de debate, em eventuais futuras pandemias, ou em epidemias que ocorram no país.


Subject(s)
Systems Theory , Beds , Unified Health System , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus , Pandemics , Health Facilities, Proprietary , Hospitalization
9.
Brasília; IPEA; 2020. 19 p. (Nota Técnica / IPEA. Disoc, 86).
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS, ECOS | ID: biblio-1139877

ABSTRACT

Os indicadores de saúde vêm ganhando crescente espaço para informar políticas públicas e acompanhar diversos aspectos do desempenho dos sistemas de saúde. Nesse sentido, os países têm se esforçado para implementar tais indicadores, enquanto organismos internacionais buscam torná-los comparáveis entre países (WHO, 2010; Sachs et al., 2020). Um dos organismos mais identificados com o esforço de coleta e padronização sistemática de indicadores é a Organização para a Cooperação e Desenvolvimento Econômico (OCDE). Como parte dos requisitos para integrar a organização, os países membros são instados a informar anualmente um conjunto de dados relacionados a diversos aspectos de suas economias, de governança estatal, de políticas sociais e, inclusive, de saúde. Atualmente, as dimensões da saúde monitoradas por indicadores específicos utilizados pela OCDE incluem: gastos e financiamento em saúde; condições de saúde; determinantes não médicos da saúde; recursos em saúde, subdivididos em emprego e formação profissional em saúde e recursos físicos e técnicos; migração da força de trabalho em saúde; utilização de cuidados de saúde; indicadores de qualidade em cuidados de saúde; mercado farmacêutico; e proteção social. Além disso, são colhidos dados de referências demográficas, que permitem construir indicadores referidos às características demográficas e econômicas de cada país (OECD, 2020a). Desde 1999, as abordagens conceituais e metodológicas, bem como as propostas de exclusão ou inclusão de indicadores, são discutidas pelo menos uma vez por ano em uma reunião na sede da OCDE, em Paris. Até 2017, havia reuniões distintas para correspondentes de dados estatísticos gerais da saúde e para experts em contas de saúde. A partir de 2018, as duas oficinas foram consolidadas no Working Party of Health Statistics. Ainda que não seja formalmente um país membro, o Brasil frequenta há vários anos essas oficinas, na qualidade de parceiro preferencial (key partner) da OCDE (OECD, 2020b). Com a emergência da Covid-19, tornou-se patente a necessidade de inventariar os recursos necessários ao atendimento da emergência sanitária mundial. Esta nota técnica visa atualizar os indicadores brasileiros para leitos de unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI) e recursos humanos em saúde, comparando o período imediatamente anterior à pandemia ao período de sua vigência, estabelecendo um diálogo com as propostas de indicadores da OCDE.


Subject(s)
Health Human Resource Training , Coronavirus , Community Health Status Indicators , Coronavirus Infections , Beds , Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development , Pandemics , Public Policy
10.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 18(2): e45167, 2019-03-18.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121502

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess variables interfering in the performance of Healthcare-Associated Infection Control Programs. Method: Quantitative study presenting descriptive statistics from hospitals with more than 50 beds. Two instruments were used in data collection: one to establish a general characterization of hospitals and their respective healthcare-associated infection control programs and one previously validated instrument presenting four clinical indicators to assess the healthcare-associated infection control programs. Results: The best scores were obtained by private healthcare facilities and associated with the existence of some type of certificate/accreditation; having a healthcare-associated Infection Service staff composed of at least one nurse, one physician and other professionals (e.g., nursing and/or biochemical technician and/or one administrative technician); having a formal employment contract with a nurse and physician; nurses and physician working in the healthcare-associated infection service with a minimum number of work hours exclusively dedicated to the service; nurses' and physicians' experience; considering training in the prevention and control of healthcare associated infection when hiring. Conclusion: Variables interfere in the performance of healthcare-associated infection control programs.


Objetivo:Avaliar as variáveis que interferem no desempenhoProgramas de Controle e Prevenção de Infecção Relacionada à Assistência à Saúde.Método:Estudo quantitativo de análise por estatística descritiva, em hospitais, a partir de 50 leitos. Dois instrumentos de forma utilizados na coleta de dados: O primeiro,com caracterização geral dos hospitais e dos Programas de Controle e Prevenção de Infecção Relacionada à Assistência à Saúde. O segundo,com os quatro indicadores clínicos de avaliação de Programas de Controle e Prevenção de Infecção Relacionada à Assistência à Saúde, previamente construídos e validados.Resultados: Os melhores escores foram relacionados à: entidades mantenedoras privadas; existência de algum tipo de certificação/acreditação; composição da equipe do Serviço de Controle de Infecção Hospitalarformada por enfermeiro, médico e outros (técnico de enfermagem e/ou bioquímico e/ou administrativo); vínculo empregatício institucionalizado do enfermeiro e médico;carga horária exclusiva dos enfermeiros e médicos que atuam no Serviço de Controle de Infecção Hospitalar; tempo de experiência dos enfermeiros e médicos; capacitação em controle e prevenção de Infecção Hospitalar na admissão de recursos humanos.Conclusão:Foi possível verificar as interferências das variáveis no desempenho dos programas de controle de infecção hospitalar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Health Evaluation , Indicators of Health Services , Efficiency , Hospital Infection Control Program , Beds , Work , Certification , Health , Health Personnel , Knowledge , Delivery of Health Care , Indicators (Statistics) , Health Human Resource Training , Patient Safety , Mentoring , Health Policy , Hospitals , Accreditation , Infections , Nurses , Nurses, Male
11.
Health SA Gesondheid (Print) ; 24: 1-8, 2019. ilus
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1262551

ABSTRACT

Background: South Africa faces one of the world's worst drug-resistant tuberculosis epidemics. Implementing successful care in this context has proven challenging for a number of reasons. Communication is an essential yet neglected feature of care and research in the field of tuberculosis. Aim: The primary aim of this qualitative study was to explore communication facilitators and barriers at several tuberculosis care sites. In this article, we focus on communication practices across the chain of diagnosis, treatment, discharge and follow-up in decentralised care approaches and present evidence of gaps in communication. Setting: The study was conducted at three tuberculosis care sites in two South African provinces. Methods: Participants included healthcare workers, patients, community members and home-based carers. Data included 79 interviews, 4 video-recorded interactions between patients and healthcare workers, and ethnographic observations at each site. We analysed the data using thematic analysis and a qualitative sociolinguistic framework. Results: Communication in decentralised care contexts is complex because of multiple sites and role players. Responsibility for communication seems to be unduly placed on patients, treatment guidelines are not implemented consistently across sites and assumptions are made about the role of others in the chain. Patient and healthcare worker reports suggest confusion and frustration. Conclusion: Communication in the South African tuberculosis care context appears fragile and current mechanisms for detecting flaws in the care chain are not sensitive to communication issues. We make recommendations for strengthening home-based care resources, providing team training and focusing on communication processes in monitoring and evaluating systems


Subject(s)
Beds , Communication , Qualitative Research , South Africa , Tuberculosis
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772516

ABSTRACT

Sleep posture recognition is the core index of diagnosis and treatment of positional sleep apnea syndrome. In order to detect body postures noninvasively, we developed a portable approach for sleep posture recognition using BCG signals with their morphological difference. A type of piezo-electric polymer film sensor was applied to the mattress to acquire BCG, the discrete wavelet transform with cubic B-spline was used to extract characteristic parameters and a naive Bayes learning phase was adapted to predict body postures. Eleven healthy subjects participated in the sleep simulation experiments. The results indicate that the mean error obtained from heart rates was 0.04±1.3 beats/min (±1.96 SD). The final recognition accuracy of four basic sleep postures exceeded 97%, and the average value was 97.9%. This measuring system is comfortable and accurate, which can be streamlined for daily sleep monitoring application.


Subject(s)
Bayes Theorem , Beds , Humans , Polysomnography , Posture , Sleep , Sleep Apnea Syndromes , Diagnosis
13.
Epidemiology and Health ; : e2019004-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763758

ABSTRACT

Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive material formed by the slow decay of uranium and thorium found in the earth's crust or construction materials. Internal exposure to radon accounts for about half of the natural background radiation dose to which humans are exposed annually. Radon is a carcinogen and is the second leading cause of lung cancer following smoking. An association between radon and lung cancer has been consistently reported in epidemiological studies on mine workers and the general population with indoor radon exposure. However, associations have not been clearly established between radon and other diseases, such as leukemia and thyroid cancer. Radiation doses are assessed by applying specific dose conversion coefficients according to the source (e.g., radon or thoron) and form of exposure (e.g., internal or external). However, regardless of the source or form of exposure, the effects of a given estimated dose on human health are identical, assuming that individuals have the same sensitivity to radiation. Recently, radiation exceeding the annual dose limit of the general population (1 mSv/yr) was detected in bed mattresses produced by D company due to the use of a monazite-based anion powder containing uranium and thorium. This has sparked concerns about the health hazards for mattress users caused by radiation exposure. In light of this event, this study presents scientific information about the assessment of radon and thoron exposure and its human implications for human health, which have emerged as a recent topic of interest and debate in society.


Subject(s)
Background Radiation , Beds , Carcinogens , Construction Materials , Epidemiologic Studies , Humans , Korea , Leukemia , Lung Neoplasms , Miners , Radiation Exposure , Radon , Smoke , Smoking , Thorium , Thyroid Neoplasms , Uranium
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762156

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of daily vacuuming of mattresses on the concentration of house dust mite (HDM) allergens and on allergic rhinitis (AR) symptoms in children sensitized to HDM. METHODS: Forty children between the ages of 6 and 12 years with mild persistent AR and sensitized only to HDM were enrolled and randomly allocated to 2 groups. Caregivers of children in the experimental group cleaned the children's rooms and vacuumed their mattresses daily for 2 weeks. Caregivers of children in the control group cleaned the children's rooms without vacuuming mattresses. Symptoms of AR were checked weekly and dust samples were collected from the mattresses before and after the study. RESULTS: Demographics at the beginning of the study were not significantly different between the 2 groups. In the experimental group, symptoms of AR and dust weight were significantly decreased after 2 weeks (total symptoms of AR, P <0.001; sneezing, P < 0.001; rhinorrhea, P <0.001; nasal obstruction, P < 0.001; itching, P <0.001; and dust weight, P = 0.006). The concentrations of HDM allergens were not changed significantly (Der p1, P = 0.333; Der f1, P = 0.841). In the control group, there were no significant changes in symptoms of AR, dust weight, or the concentration of HDM allergens. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings showed that daily vacuuming of mattresses reduced dust weight and symptoms of AR. However, the concentration of HDM allergens did not significantly decrease.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Beds , Caregivers , Child , Demography , Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus , Dust , Humans , Nasal Obstruction , Pruritus , Pyroglyphidae , Rhinitis, Allergic , Sneezing , Vacuum
15.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 597-603, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762102

ABSTRACT

Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive material that is formed as the decay product of uranium and thorium, and is estimated to contribute to approximately half of the average annual natural background radiation. When inhaled, it damages the lungs during radioactive decay and affects the human body. Through many epidemiological studies regarding occupational exposure among miners and residential exposure among the general population, radon has been scientifically proven to cause lung cancer, and radon exposure is the second most common cause of lung cancer after cigarette smoking. However, it is unclear whether radon exposure causes diseases other than lung cancer. Media reports have often dealt with radon exposure in relation to health problems, although public attention has been limited to a one-off period. However, recently in Korea, social interest and concern about radon exposure and its health effects have increased greatly due to mass media reports of high concentrations of radon being released from various close-to-life products, such as mattresses and beauty masks. Accordingly, this review article is intended to provide comprehensive scientific information regarding the health effects of radon exposure.


Subject(s)
Background Radiation , Beauty , Beds , Epidemiologic Studies , Human Body , Inhalation Exposure , Korea , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Masks , Mass Media , Miners , Occupational Exposure , Radon , Smoking , Thorium , Uranium
16.
Epidemiology and Health ; : 2019004-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785782

ABSTRACT

Radon is a naturally occurring radioactive material formed by the slow decay of uranium and thorium found in the earth's crust or construction materials. Internal exposure to radon accounts for about half of the natural background radiation dose to which humans are exposed annually. Radon is a carcinogen and is the second leading cause of lung cancer following smoking. An association between radon and lung cancer has been consistently reported in epidemiological studies on mine workers and the general population with indoor radon exposure. However, associations have not been clearly established between radon and other diseases, such as leukemia and thyroid cancer. Radiation doses are assessed by applying specific dose conversion coefficients according to the source (e.g., radon or thoron) and form of exposure (e.g., internal or external). However, regardless of the source or form of exposure, the effects of a given estimated dose on human health are identical, assuming that individuals have the same sensitivity to radiation. Recently, radiation exceeding the annual dose limit of the general population (1 mSv/yr) was detected in bed mattresses produced by D company due to the use of a monazite-based anion powder containing uranium and thorium. This has sparked concerns about the health hazards for mattress users caused by radiation exposure. In light of this event, this study presents scientific information about the assessment of radon and thoron exposure and its human implications for human health, which have emerged as a recent topic of interest and debate in society.


Subject(s)
Background Radiation , Beds , Carcinogens , Construction Materials , Epidemiologic Studies , Humans , Korea , Leukemia , Lung Neoplasms , Miners , Radiation Exposure , Radon , Smoke , Smoking , Thorium , Thyroid Neoplasms , Uranium
17.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 26: e26388, jan.-dez. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-948549

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: determinar o perfil microbiológico de bactérias isoladas e identificadas nos leitos e bombas infusoras na unidade de terapia intensiva de um hospital universitário do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Método: foram coletadas nove amostras de grades das camas dos pacientes e oito de teclados de bomba infusora de uma unidade de terapia intensiva, em outubro de 2014, delimitando-se uma área de 100cm² como parâmetro para ambas as coletas. As amostras foram coletadas através de swabs estéreis que foram umedecidos e transportados em Carry & Blair. Os microrganismos foram isolados, classificados e depois testados em relação à resistência antimicrobiana. Resultados: o gênero Staphylococcus coagulase negativa foi o mais prevalente. Os testes de suscetibilidade a antimicrobianos apontaram alguns destes Staphylococci como multirresistentes. Conclusão: chama-se atenção para a necessidade de ampliação do debate multiprofissional sobre questões de segurança hospitalar, apresentando a educação permanente como um possível caminho de sucesso no controle das infecções.


Objective: to determine the microbiological profile of bacteria isolated and identified from beds and infusion pumps in the intensive care unit of a university hospital in Rio de Janeiro state. Method: nine samples were collected from patients' bed side rails and eight from infusion pump keypads in an intensive care unit in October 2014. An area of 100cm² was delimited as the sampling parameter. Samples were collected using sterile swabs, which were wetted and transported with Cary-Blair. The microorganisms were isolated, classified, and then tested for antimicrobial resistance. Results: coagulase-negative Staphylococcus was the most prevalent type. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing indicated some of these Staphylococci were multi-drug resistant. Conclusion: multi-professional discussion of hospital safety issues must be expanded, and continuing professional development emerges as one possible pathway to success in nosocomial infection control.


Objetivo: determinar el perfil microbiológico de bacterias aisladas e identificadas en las camas y las bombas de infusión en la unidad de terapia intensiva de un hospital universitario de Rio de Janeiro. Método: se recolectaron nueve muestras de rejas de camas de pacientes y ocho de paneles de las bombas de infusión de una unidad de terapia intensiva, en octubre de 2014, delimitandose un área de 100 cm2 como parámetro para ambas recolecciones. Se recolectaron las muestras a través de swabs estériles que fueron humedecidos y transportados en Carry y Blair. Los microorganismos fueron aislados, clasificados y después probados repecto a la resistencia antimicrobiana. Resultados: el género Staphylococcus coagulasa negativo fue el más prevalente. Las pruebas de susceptibilidad a antimicrobianos mostraron algunos Staphylococci como resistentes a múltiples fármacos. Conclusión: se señala la necesidad de ampliación del debate entre los profesionales de la salud, sobre cuestiones de seguridad hospitalaria, presentando la educación permanente como un posible camino de éxito en el control de las infecciones.


Subject(s)
Bacteria/isolation & purification , Beds/microbiology , Infusion Pumps/microbiology , Cross Infection/prevention & control , Equipment Contamination/prevention & control , Intensive Care Units , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Infection Control , Critical Care Nursing
18.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 22(5): 438-441, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039218

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Acinetobacter baumannii is one of the most frequent Gram-negative opportunistic pathogens associated with hospital-acquired infection worldwide. We briefly describe A. baumannii isolates that were recovered from surrounding ICU bed surfaces, exhibiting multidrug resistance phenotype and belonging to some widely spread clonal complexes of clinical A. baumannii isolates.


Subject(s)
Beds/microbiology , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial/genetics , Acinetobacter baumannii/isolation & purification , Intensive Care Units , Bacteria/isolation & purification , Bacteria/drug effects , Brazil , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Cross Infection/microbiology , Acinetobacter baumannii/drug effects , Acinetobacter baumannii/genetics , Tertiary Care Centers , Genes, Bacterial
19.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 116(4): 529-541, ago. 2018. graf, tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-950046

ABSTRACT

Introducción. En los niños internados en las unidades de cuidados intensivos, más del 50% de las úlceras por presión (UPP) se relacionan con la presión sostenida de los equipos y dispositivos. las UPP son un indicador indirecto de la calidad de atención. Objetivo. Evaluar el impacto de la implementación de una intervención de mejora de la calidad de atención sobre el desarrollo de UPP en una Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos. Material y métodos. Estudio antes-después, no controlado. Preintervención: medición de UPP; posintervención: se aplicó un paquete de medidas (educación del personal, identificación de los pacientes de riesgo y disminución de la presión mediante el uso de colchones antiescaras y posicionadores de gel de polímero), con iguales mediciones. Resultados. Se incluyeron 152 pacientes, 74 preintervención y 78 posintervención. Se observó una disminución significativa de la incidencia de UPP (pre-: 50,60%; pos-: 23,08%; p = 0,001). Mayor puntaje de riesgo en el grupo posintervención (pre-: 12,4 ± 1,9; pos-: 13,7 ± 2,1; p= 0,001). Sin diferencias en el puntaje de riesgo al día de aparición de la UPP y la cantidad de UPP. El análisis estratificado por riesgo mantuvo la diferencia significativa en la incidencia de UPP (PIM2 < 5: 47,37%; 19,23%; p= 0,004; y PIM2 > 5:55,56%; 30,77%; p= 0,053). Conclusión. Hubo un menor desarrollo de UPP luego de la implementación de una intervención de mejora de la calidad. No se observaron cambios en la cantidad ni en su estadio de mayor gravedad.


Introduction. Among children hospitalized in the intensive care unit who have pressure ulcers (PUs), more than 50% are related to the sustained pressure from a device or equipment. PUs are an indirect indicator of the quality of health care. Objective. To assess the impact of a health care quality improvement intervention on the development of PUs at the pediatric intensive care unit. Materials and methods. Uncontrolled, before and after study. Pre-intervention: measurement of PUs; post-intervention: implementation of a bundle of measures (staff training, identification of patients at risk, and pressure relief by using antibedsore mattresses and polymer gel positioners) and the same measurements. Results. A total of 152 patients were included: 74 before the intervention and 78 after the intervention. A significant reduction was observed in the incidence of PUs (preintervention: 50.60%; post-intervention: 23.08%; p= 0.001). A higher risk score was seen in the post-intervention group (pre-intervention: 12.4 ± 1.9; post-intervention: 13.7 ± 2.1; p= 0.001). No differences were observed in the risk score on the day of PU onset and the number of PUs. The risk-stratified analysis maintained the significant difference in the incidence of PUs (PIM2 < 5: 47.37%; 19.23%; p= 0.004; and PIM2 > 5: 55.56%; 30.77%; p= 0.053). Conclusion. A lower incidence of PUs was observed after the implementation of the health care quality improvement intervention. No changes were detected in the number of PUs or the severity staging.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Pressure Ulcer/prevention & control , Delivery of Health Care/methods , Quality Improvement , Beds , Incidence , Risk Factors , Pressure Ulcer/epidemiology , Delivery of Health Care/standards
20.
Rev. baiana enferm ; 32: e20483, 2018. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-958119

ABSTRACT

Objetivo analisar as produções científicas sobre o banho no leito de pacientes adultos em cuidados críticos. Método revisão integrativa da literatura realizada em 2016 nas bases de dados CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus, LILACS e Web of Science, utilizando os descritores "baths", "critical care", com o operador booleano "and". Resultados foram incluídos 21 artigos. As publicações tiveram como foco: relacionar o banho no leito com a prevenção e o controle de Infecções Associadas aos Cuidados de Saúde, e descrever e avaliar o procedimento do banho no leito. Conclusão há lacunas de conhecimento na literatura acerca da melhor técnica de banho no leito, mas a produção científica demonstra que esse procedimento pode provocar alterações nos parâmetros fisiológicos em pacientes adultos em cuidados críticos.


Objetivo analizar las producciones científicas sobre el baño en el lecho de pacientes adultos en cuidados críticos. Método revisión integradora de la literatura llevada a cabo en 2016, en las bases de datos dados CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus, LILACS y Web of Science, utilizándose los descriptores "baths", "critical care", con el operador booleano "and". Resultados incluidos 21 artículos. Las publicaciones tuvieron como foco: relacionar el baño en el lecho con la prevención y el control de Infecciones Asociadas a la Atención de Salud, y describir y evaluar el procedimiento del baño en el lecho. Conclusión hay lagunas de conocimiento en la literatura acerca de la mejor técnica de baño en el lecho, pero la producción científica señala que ese procedimiento puede provocar alteraciones en los parámetros fisiológicos en pacientes adultos en cuidados críticos.


Objective Analyze scientific studies on bed bath of adult patients in critical care. Method An integrative literature review was conducted in 2016 in the following databases: CINAHL, PubMed, Scopus, LILACS, and Web of Science, using the descriptors: "baths," "critical care," with Boolean operator "and." Results 21 articles were included. The studies focused on: the relation between bed bath and the prevention and control of healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), and description and evaluation of the bed bath procedure. Conclusion A knowledge gap was observed in the literature in terms of the best bed bath technique, but the scientific studies analyzed in this review show this procedure can cause changes in the physiological parameters of adult patients in critical care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Baths , Beds , Critical Care , Critical Care Nursing , Nursing Care
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL