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1.
Rev. bras. ativ. fís. saúde ; 26: 1-8, mar. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357975

ABSTRACT

The aims of the study were to estimate the level of reliability and factorial validity of the "Individual Lifestyle Profile" scale in times of social distancing, through confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Therefore, the "Individual Lifestyle Profile" scale in times of social distancing was used in a study carried out with samples of students and employees of higher education institutions from different Brazilian regions. The final sample consisted of 4,694 adults who have answered the online form. For construct evaluation, internal consistency analysis was performed using Cronbach's Alpha (a) and Spearman's correlation. The CFA was used to test the hypothetical factor structure of the scale. Overall internal consistency was a = 0.778 and there were significant correlations, however, less than ± 0.799 for items from the same constructs and ± 0.499 among items from different constructs. In the CFA, after adjustments to the model structure, all indicators were adequate (Goodness-of-fit Index: 0.976; Comparative Fit Index: 0.937; Normalized Fit Indices: 0.932; Tucker-Lewis Indi-ces: 0.914; Root Mean Square Error of Approximation: 0.047; Root Mean-Square Residual: 0.031; Standardized Root Mean-Square Residual: 0.0337), with the exception for chi-square p values and the ratio between chi-square and degrees of freedom. It is concluded that the "Individual Lifestyle Profile" scale in times of social distancing has shown satisfactory internal consistency and factor structure to guide the assessment of lifestyle (individual or groups) and interventions to promote healthy lifestyles


Os objetivos do estudo foram estimar o nível de confiabilidade e validade fatorial da escala "Perfil do Estilo de Vida Individual " em tempos de distanciamento social, por meio da análise fatorial confirmatória (AFC). Para tanto, a escala "Perfil do Estilo de Vida Individual " em tempos de distanciamento social foi empregada em um estudo realizado com amostras de estudantes e servidores de instituições de ensino superior de diferen-tes regiões brasileiras. A amostra final correspondeu a 4.694 adultos que responderam o formulário on-line. Para a avaliação de constructo foi realizada a análise de consistência interna via Alfa de Cronbach's (a) e correlação de Spearman. Empregou-se a AFC para testar a estrutura fatorial hipotética da escala. A con-sistência interna geral foi de a de 0,778 e houve correlações significativas, porém, inferiores a ± 0,799 para os itens dos mesmos constructos e ± 0,499 entre os itens de constructos diferentes. Na AFC, após ajustes na estrutura do modelo, ocorreu a adequação para todos os indicadores (Goodness-of-fit Index: 0,976; Compa-rative Fit Index: 0,937; Normalized Fit Indices: 0,932; Tucker-Lewis Indices: 0,914; Root Mean Square Error of Approximation: 0,047; Root Mean-Square Residual: 0,031; Standardized Root Mean-Square Residual: 0,0337), com a exceção para os valores de p do Qui-quadrado e razão entre Qui-quadrado e graus de liberdade. Conclui-se que a escala "Perfil do Estilo de Vida Individual " em tempos de distanciamento social, mostrou consistência interna e estrutura fatorial satisfatórias para orientar a avaliação do estilo de vida (individual ou de grupos) e as intervenções para promover estilos de vida saudáveis


Subject(s)
Social Isolation , Adult , Behavior Rating Scale , COVID-19
2.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 41: e220979, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1340431

ABSTRACT

Resumo A resiliência tem sido considerada um construto importante para o enfrentamento de situações adversas. Em que pese sua relevância, nenhum instrumento brasileiro encontra-se disponível para sua avaliação, especialmente na infância. Diante dessa lacuna, o objetivo deste estudo foi buscar evidências de validade baseadas na estrutura interna e na precisão do instrumento Marcadores de Resiliência Infantil (MRI), que busca verificar a presença ou ausência de indicadores de potenciais resilientes em crianças com idades entre oito e 12 anos. Participaram 461 crianças, das quais 223 eram meninas, de escolas públicas e particulares. Através do modelo Bi-factor, os resultados confirmaram o modelo teórico que serviu de base para sua construção, indicando a presença de seis fatores específicos e um fator geral (vulnerabilidade, coping, inteligência emocional, habilidade, bem-estar subjetivo, locus de controle) representados em 22 itens. Os coeficientes de alfa de Cronbach apontaram para adequação dos fatores Locus de controle, Coping e Total. É possível concluir que foram alcançadas evidências iniciais relacionadas à validade e à precisão do instrumento. Sugere-se que outros estudos sejam realizados a fim de compreender, de forma aprofundada, as qualidades psicométricas desse instrumento.(AU)


Abstract Resilience has been considered a relevant psychological phenomenon for coping with adverse events. Despite its relevance, the Brazilian scenario still lacks an instrument for the evaluation of such phenomenon, especially regarding childhood. Aiming to bridge this scientific gap, this study searched for validity evidences based on the internal structure and reliability of the Child Resilience Markers (CRM), an instrument that seeks to verify the presence or absence of potential indicators of resilience in children aged between eight and 12 years old. The study was conducted with 461 children from public and private schools, 223 of whom were girls. Using the Bi-Factor model, the results confirmed the theoretical model that served as the basis for the construction of the instrument, indicating six specific factors (vulnerability, coping, emotional intelligence, ability, subjective well-being, locus of control) and a general factor represented into 22 items. Cronbach's alpha coefficients indicated the adequacy of the Locus of control, Coping, and Total factors. These findings evince the validity and reliability of the instrument, indicating the need for further studies to provide a deeper understanding of this instrument psychometric qualities.(AU)


Resumen La resiliencia se ha considerado un constructo importante para el enfrentamiento de situaciones adversas. A pesar de su relevancia, ningún instrumento brasileño se encuentra disponible para evaluarla, especialmente en la infancia. Ante esta brecha, el objetivo de este estudio fue buscar evidencias de validez basadas en la estructura interna y la exactitud del instrumento Marcadores de Resiliencia Infantil (MRI), que pretende verificar la presencia o ausencia de indicadores de potencial de la resiliencia en niños de edades comprendidas entre 8 y 12 años. Participaron 461 niños, de los cuales 223 son niñas, de escuelas públicas y privadas. Por medio del modelo Bi-Factor, los resultados confirmaron el modelo teórico que sirvió de base para su construcción, indicando la presencia de seis factores específicos y un factor general (vulnerabilidad, afrontamiento, inteligencia emocional, capacidad, bienestar subjetivo, locus de control) representados en 22 ítems. Los coeficientes de alfa de Cronbach apuntaron a la adecuación de los factores Locus de control, Coping y Total. Es posible concluir que se han alcanzado evidencias iniciales relacionadas con la validez y exactitud del instrumento. Se sugiere realizar más estudios para conocer, en profundidad, las cualidades psicométricas de este instrumento.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Therapeutics , Child , Resilience, Psychological , Behavior Rating Scale , Personal Satisfaction , Personality , Aptitude , Students , Adaptation, Psychological , Education, Primary and Secondary , Emotions , Equipment and Supplies , Health Vulnerability , Emotional Intelligence , Self-Control
3.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 26: e2413, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285386

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo investigar e comparar comportamentos específicos de prontidão oral e estados comportamentais de recém-nascidos a termo (RNT) e pré-termo (RNPT), a partir da estimulação gustativa (água e sacarose). Métodos estudo experimental, analítico, duplo-cego, caso controle. Participaram 152 recém-nascidos de uma maternidade pública, sendo 68 a termo e 84 pré-termo, subdivididos conforme estímulo gustativo (água ou sacarose). O teste durou 15 minutos, dividido em três períodos de cinco minutos. Foram analisados estados comportamentais e comportamentos específicos. Resultados foram observadas diferenças significativas, comparando os estímulos, com maior tempo nos comportamentos mão-boca direita (p=0,042) e esquerda (p=0,037), e diminuição no tempo de sono (p=0,019) nos RNT estimulados com sacarose. Nos RNPT houve maior tempo de sucção de mão direita (p=0,043) e esquerda (p=0,001) e de sucção (p<0,001), com aumento no tempo de alerta (p=0,025), quando estimulados com sacarose. Houve diminuição de tempo de agitação (p=0,018) em RNPT estimulados com água. RNT apresentaram maior tempo em sono do que os RNPT (p=0,032). A estimulação da sacarose no estado alerta foi mais evidente em RNPT (p=0,047). Conclusão A sacarose eliciou respostas motoras referentes à prontidão para alimentação e estado comportamental favorável para alimentação, independentemente da idade gestacional. Os achados são importantes para a clínica fonoaudiológica, possibilitando ampliar condutas de estimulação da alimentação.


ABSTRACT Purpose To investigate and compare specific oral readiness behavior and behavioral states of term newborns (TNB) and preterm newborns (PTNB) based on taste stimulation (water and sucrose). Methods Experimental, analytical, double-blind, case-control study: 152 newborns from a public maternity hospital participated, 68 of them were term newborns and 84,preterm , divided according to taste stimulus (water or sucrose). The test lasted 15 minutes, divided into three periods of 5 minutes. We evaluated behavioral states and specific behaviors. Results We observed significant difference by comparing stimulations and longer periods of right (p=0.042) and left (p=0.037) hand suction for mouth behavior, shorter sleeping periods (p=0.019) in TNB stimulated with sucrose. In PTNB, we observed longer periods of right hand (p=0.043) and left hand (p=0.001) suction, suction (p<0.001) and alert state (p=0.025) when stimulated with sucrose. We found a decrease in agitation (p=0.018) in PTNB stimulated with water. The TNB were asleep for longer periods of time than PTBN (p=0.032). Sucrose stimulation in alert state is more evident in PTNB (p=0.047). Conclusion Sucrose elicited motor responses related to food readiness and favorable behavioral status for food regardless of gestational age. The findings are important for the speech therapy clinic, enabling broader feeding stimulation approaches.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Sucking Behavior , Sucrose/administration & dosage , Water/administration & dosage , Taste Perception , Behavior Rating Scale , Infant, Premature , Double-Blind Method
4.
Horiz. enferm ; 32(1): 91-101, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1224730

ABSTRACT

En Chile la valoración del delirio en las unidades pediátricas de paciente crítico es una actividad dependiente de cada profesional de enfermería por lo que la prevención, valoración y el manejo viene siendo un desafío para enfermería. OBJETIVO: Analizar la efectividad de la aplicación de la escala Cornell Assessment of Pediatric Delirium (CAPD) en la detección y el manejo precoz del delirio. METODOLOGÍA: Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica sistematizada utilizando las siguientes bases de datos Cochrane, Biblioteca digital Universidad de Chile, PubMed, Lilacs, EBSCOHost y Epistemonikos, en idioma inglés y español, entre los años 2012 y 2020. Los resultados fueron analizados con matrices CASPe o STROBE según el tipo de estudio. Se utilizaron 13 artículos que cumplen con los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. RESULTADOS: La evidencia muestra por un lado que la utilización de escalas de valoración contribuye a una detección precoz del delirio y, por otro lado, que la escala CAPD es un instrumento con alta evidencia que sustenta su utilización por sobre otras escalas. CONCLUSIÓN: La utilización de la escala CAPD genera un impacto positivo en la detección y el manejo precoz del delirio, sin embargo, se recomienda que además exista un proceso de educación y acompañamiento a los profesionales de enfermería sobre prevención, detección y manejo del delirio.


In Chile, the assessment of delirium in pediatric critical care units is a dependent activity from nurses, thus prevention, assessment and management it comes challenging to this units. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effectiveness of the application of the Cornell Assessment of Pediatric Delirium (CAPD) scale in the detection and early management of delirium. METHODOLOGY: A systematic bibliographic search was carried out using the following databases: Cochrane, Biblioteca digital Universidad de Chile, PubMed, Lilacs, EBSCOHost and Epistemonikos, in English and Spanish, between 2012 and 2020. The results were analyzed with CASPe or STROBE tools according to the study type. 13 articles that meet the inclusion and exclusion criteria were used. RESULTS: The evidence shows, on the one hand, that the use of screening tools contributes to an early detection of delirium and, on the other hand, CAPD scale is an instrument with high evidence that supports its use over other scales. CONCLUSION: The use of the CAPD scale has a positive impact on the detection and early management of delirium, however, it is recommended that there is also an education process and support for nurses on prevention, detection and management of delirium.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Delirium , Behavior Rating Scale , Chile , Pediatric Nurse Practitioners
5.
Psico USF ; 25(4): 659-669, out.-dez. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1155081

ABSTRACT

Resumo O objetivo desta pesquisa foi adaptar a Structured Interview for Assessing Perceptual Anomalies (SIAPA) para o Brasil para ser utilizada como instrumento de autorrelato. Utilizou-se uma amostra não probabilística de 854 universitários, a maioria do sexo masculino (51,4 %) e com idades entre 16 e 65 anos (M = 23,7; DP = 6,8). Após a tradução e validação semântica da SIAPA, testaram-se os parâmetros de validade e precisão por meio de análises fatoriais, coeficientes alfa de Cronbach e análises via Teoria de Resposta ao Item (TRI). Os resultados confirmaram a adequação psicométrica da medida, apontando uma solução unidimensional com altas cargas no fator geral e alta consistência interna (α = 0,88; Ω = 0,88). Acredita-se que o objetivo proposto tenha sido satisfeito, de modo que, ao final da pesquisa, contou-se com uma medida válida e fidedigna que pode ser utilizada, tanto para rastreio quanto para pesquisa, para compreender e diagnosticar anomalias perceptuais. (AU)


Abstract The purpose of this research was to adapt the Structured Interview for Assessing Perceptual Anomalies (SIAPA) for use in Brazil as a self-report tool. A non-probabilistic sample of 854 undergraduate students was used, mostly men (51.4%) and aged between 16 and 65 years (M = 23.7, SD = 6.8). After the translation and semantic validation of SIAPA, the validity and precision parameters were tested by means of factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha coefficients, and Item Response Theory (IRT) analysis. The results confirmed the psychometric adequacy of the measure, pointing to a one-dimensional solution with high loads on the general factor and high accuracy (α = 0.88; Ω = 0.88). It is believed that the proposed objective was satisfied, so that at the end of the investigation there was a valid and reliable measure that can be used, both for screening and research, to understand and diagnose perceptual anomalies. (AU)


Resumen El objetivo de esta investigación fue adaptar la Structured Interview for Assessing Perceptual Anomalies (SIAPA) para Brasil para utilizarla como instrumento de autoinforme. Se utilizó una muestra no probabilística con 854 universitarios, la mayoría del sexo masculino (51,4%) y con edades entre 16 a 65 años (M = 23,7, DP = 6,8). Después de la traducción y validación semántica de la SIAPA, se probaron los parámetros de validez y precisión por medio de análisis factoriales, coeficientes alfa de Cronbach y análisis vía Teoría de Respuesta al Ítem (TRI). Los resultados confirmaron la adecuación psicométrica de la medida, apuntando una solución unidimensional con altas cargas en el factor general y alta precisión (α = 0,88; Ω = 0,88). Se cree que el objetivo propuesto ha sido satisfecho, de modo que al final de la investigación se contó con una medida valida y fidedigna que se puede utilizar, tanto para detección como investigación, para comprender y diagnosticar anomalías perceptuales. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Perceptual Disorders/psychology , Students/psychology , Education, Higher , Behavior Rating Scale , Psychometrics , Translating , Reproducibility of Results , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Self Report
6.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135507

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To evaluate the scientific evidence concerning the behavior rating scales efficiency to identify behavioral changes in preschool children undergoing dental treatment, through a systematic review. Material and Methods: MEDLINE/PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, BVS databases and grey literature were searched. Also, a hand search of the included studies reference lists was conducted. Studies that evaluated healthy preschoolers' behavior before and after invasive dental treatments to observe behavioral changes were included. Two independent reviewers selected studies, extracted data and analyzed the risk of bias with a tool for before-and-after studies. The certainty of the evidence was evaluated with the GRADE approach. Results: Three studies were included. The Frankl Scale and North Carolina Behavior Scale were used in these studies. Both scales were able to identify behavioral changes in preschool children undergoing a dental intervention, although two of these included studies were considered fair with a high risk of bias, and one considered good with a low risk of bias. Conclusion: Although Frankl and North Carolina behavior scales were able to identify changes in the children`s behavior during dental treatment, these findings are not supported by strong evidence. Thus, further well-designed studies are needed to confirm this evidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Child , Psychological Tests/standards , Child , Dental Care , Behavior Rating Scale , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Brazil , Efficiency , GRADE Approach
7.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 10: 46, 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1120484

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever o nível de autocuidado de indivíduos com insuficiência cardíaca (IC). Método: estudo descritivo, realizado num ambulatório de cardiologia em Salvador, Bahia, no período de setembro e outubro de 2017 e em janeiro de 2018. Foram feitas entrevistas gravadas utilizando instrumento próprio e aplicado a Escala Europeia de comportamento do autocuidado na Insuficiência Cardíaca (EEAIC). Resultados: a amostra foi composta por 43 indivíduos, do sexo masculino (53,5%), entre 51 a 60 anos (34,9%), raça/cor autodeclarada negra (46,5%), vivendo com companheiro(a) (51,2%), baixa escolaridade (ensino fundamental incompleto 41,9%) e baixa renda (39,5%). Com relação ao autocuidado, o valor médio do score na EEAIC foi de 30,1 (±7,4). Evidenciou-se que 46,5% dos entrevistados apresentaram capacidade inadequada para o autocuidado (score total entre 31 a 50 pontos). Conclusão: o comportamento de autocuidado foi de moderado à insatisfatório sugerindo implementação de práticas educativas efetivas para capacitar os indivíduos no manejo da doença.


Objective: to describe the self-care level of individuals with heart failure. Method: a descriptive study, performed in a cardiology outpatient clinic in Salvador, Bahia, during the period of September and October, 2017 and January, 2018. Recorded interviews were performed using appropriate instruments and applying the European Heart Failure Self-Care Behavior Scale (EHFScBs). Result: the sample comprised 43 individuals of the male gender (53.5%), between the ages of 51 and 60 years (34,9%), self-declared race/skin color black (46.5%), living with a partner (51.2%), low schooling (incomplete primary education 41.9%) and low income (39.5%). In relation to self-care, the average EHFScBs score was of 30.1 (±7.4). It was evidenced that 46.5% of the interviewed parties presented inadequate self-care capacity (total score between 31 and 50 points). Conclusion: self-care behavior was between moderate and unsatisfactory, suggesting the implementation of effective educational practices to enable individuals to handle the disease.


Objetivo: describir el nivel de autocuidado de individuos con insuficiencia cardiaca (IC). Método: estudio descriptivo, realizado en un ambulatorio de cardiología en Salvador, Bahia, en el periodo de septiembre a octubre de 2018. Fueron realizadas entrevistas grabadas utilizando instrumento propio y aplicado la Escala Europea de comportamiento del autocuidado en la Insuficiencia Cardiaca (EEAIC). Resultados: la muestra fue compuesta por 43 individuos, del sexo masculino (53,5%), entre 51 a 60 años (34,9%), raza/color de piel auto declarada negra (46,5%), viviendo con compañero(a) (51,2%), baja escolaridad (enseñanza fundamental incompleta 41,9%) y baja renta (39,5%). Con relación al autocuidado, el valor promedio del puntaje en el EEAIC fue de 30,1 (±7,4). Se evidenció que 46,5% de los entrevistados presentaron capacidad inadecuada para el autocuidado (puntaje total entre 31 a 50 puntos). Conclusión: el comportamiento del autocuidado fue de moderado a insatisfactorio, sugiriendo la implementación de prácticas educativas efectivas para capacitar los individuos en el manejo de la enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Self Care , Health Education , Nursing , Behavior Rating Scale , Heart Failure
8.
Arq. odontol ; 56: 1-9, jan.-dez. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1087809

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o comportamento infantil durante os tratamentos odontológicos de profilaxia e de exodontia. Métodos: Este estudo transversal contou com 58 crianças, entre 6 e 9 anos de idade. Dentre essas, 29 crianças foram submetidas ao procedimento de exodontia e 29 ao procedimento de profilaxia. O comportamento infantil frente ao tratamento odontológico proposto foi avaliado por um cirurgião-dentista treinado através da versão brasileira e validada da Escala Comportamental de Venham (Venham's Behavior Rating Scale (BvVBRS). Avaliou-se também a ansiedade infantil prévia ao tratamento odontológico através da Venham Picture Test modificada (VPTm). A condição bucal foi avaliada pelo índice CPO-D e ceo-d, por pesquisador previamente calibrado (Kappa > 0,7). Os pais/responsáveis responderam a um questionário socioeconômico e questões relacionadas a experiência odontológica prévia das crianças. Realizou-se análise descritiva e teste Qui-quadrado com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: Em relação ao comportamento o grupo submetido à profilaxia apresentou 100% das crianças com um comportamento positivo, enquanto no grupo submetido à exodontia houve 75,9% das crianças com comportamento positivo (p = 0,010). Idade, gênero e presença de ansiedade prévia aos procedimentos não tiveram relação estatisticamente significante com o comportamento infantil. A presença de cárie na dentição decídua esteve associada ao comportamento negativo durante os procedimentos odontológicos (p = 0,013). Conclusão: Foi observado que durante o procedimento de profilaxia os pacientes demonstraram um comportamento mais colaborador quando comparado ao procedimento de exodontia.


Aim:To investigate the behavior of children during dental treatments of prophylaxis and dental extraction. Methods: Fifty-eight children, 6 to 9 years of age, and their caregivers participated of this cross-sectional study. Of these, 29 children underwent prophylaxis and 29 dental extraction. Child behavior was assessed through the Brazilian version of the Venham's Behavior Rating Scale (BvVBRS), and dental anxiety was measured by the Venham Picture Test modified (VPTm). Clinical examination was performed by a calibrated examiner (Kappa > 0.7), using the decay, missing, filled index for primary and permanent dentition dmft/DMFT index. The caregivers answered a socioeconomic questionnaire and questions related to the previous dental experience of the children. Descriptive data analysis and Chi-square test were performed, with a significance level of 5%. Results:Regarding behavior, the prophylaxis group presented 100% of children with a positive behavior, while the extraction group contained 75.9% of children with positive behavior, and this difference was statistically significant (p = 0.010). Age, gender, and presence of anxiety prior to the procedures had no statistically significant relationship to the presented child behavior. The presence of caries in the deciduous dentition was associated with child behavior during dental procedures (p = 0.013). Conclusion: It was observed that the type of procedure interfered directly in the negative behavior of the children, with a difference in cooperation with invasive (dental extraction) and non-invasive (prophylaxis) procedures.


Subject(s)
Child , Surgery, Oral , Tooth Extraction , Child , Child Behavior , Dental Anxiety , Dental Prophylaxis , Behavior Rating Scale , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Aval. psicol ; 19(4): 420-429, out.-dez. 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1153199

ABSTRACT

O presente artigo objetivou adaptar a Escala de Machismo Sexual para o contexto brasileiro, reunindo evidências de seus parâmetros psicométricos. Contou-se com uma amostra não probabilística de 219 universitários (Estudo 1) e 200 indivíduos (Estudo 2), com médias de idade semelhantes (M = 21,6; DP = 4,06; M = 19,0, DP = 5,20; respectivamente), sendo distribuídos igualmente em relação ao sexo no Estudo 1 e a maioria do sexo feminino no Estudo 2 (68,0%). Estes responderam a Escala de Machismo Sexual, a Escala de Sexismo Ambivalente e perguntas demográficas. Os estudos revelaram uma solução unifatorial, com indicadores de consistência interna satisfatórios (α = 0,81 e α = 0,76) e validade convergente confirmada por meio da correlação com o fator Sexismo Hostil e Sexismo Benévolo. Ademais, uma análise fatorial confirmatória corroborou tal dimensão preconizada. Conclui-se que essa medida se mostrou psicometricamente adequada para utilização no referido contexto. (AU)


The current paper sought to adapt the Sexual Machismo Scale to the Brazilian context, gathering evidence of its psychometric parameters. Non-probabilistic samples of 235 undergraduate students (Study 1) and 200 individuals (Study 2), with similar mean ages (M=21.6; SD=4.06; M=19.0, SD=5.20; respectively), equally distributed by the sex in Study 1 and mostly female in Study 2 (68.0%) were used. Participants completed the Sexual Machismo Scale, the Ambivalent Sexism Scale and demographic questions. The studies showed a single-factor solution, presenting suitable indices of internal consistency (α=0.81 and α=0.76) and confirming the convergent validity through correlations with the hostile and benevolent sexism factors of the Ambivalent Sexism Scale. Additionally, a confirmatory factor analysis corroborated the previous solution. It was concluded that this measure seems to be psychometrically suitable for use in the context mentioned. (AU)


El presente artículo objetivó adaptar la Escala de Machismo Sexual para el contexto brasileño, reuniendo evidencias de sus parámetros psicométricos. La muestra no probabilística estuvo compuesta por 219 universitarios (Estudio 1) y 200 individuos (Estudio 2) de la población general, con promedios de edad similares (X = 21,6; DS = 4,06; X = 19,0; DS = 5,20, respectivamente), siendo distribuidos igualmente en relación con el sexo en el Estudio 1, por otro lado, el Estudio 2 contó con mayoría del sexo femenino (69,9%). Los participantes respondieron a la Escala de Machismo Sexual, la Escala de Sexismo Ambivalente y preguntas demográficas. Los estudios revelaron una solución unifactorial, con indicadores de consistencia interna satisfactorios (α = 0,81 y α = 0,76) y validez convergente confirmada por medio de la correlación con el factor Sexismo Hostil y Sexismo Benévolo de la Escala de Sexismo Ambivalente. Además, un análisis factorial confirmatorio corroboró con los resultados preconizados. Se concluye que esta medida se mostró psicológicamente adecuada para su uso en dicho contexto. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Students/psychology , Education, Higher , Sexism/psychology , Behavior Rating Scale , Androcentrism , Psychometrics , Reproducibility of Results , Factor Analysis, Statistical
10.
Aval. psicol ; 19(4): 409-419, out.-dez. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1153198

ABSTRACT

Autoeficácia é a crença da pessoa na sua própria capacidade para organizar e executar ações, influenciando experiências humanas positivas. É essencial haver instrumentos capazes de mensurar adequadamente esse construto. Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo adaptar e validar para o contexto brasileiro a New General Self-Efficacy Scale (NGSE), por meio de dois estudos independentes de corte transversal. Em ambos os estudos, a amostra foi composta por adultos de 18 a 66 anos, com variados graus de escolaridade, que responderam a escala após a tradução e adaptação dos itens do instrumento original. A melhor solução encontrada por meio das análises fatoriais exploratórias e confirmatórias apontou para a manutenção de seis dos oito itens originais da escala em uma estrutura unifatorial. O modelo final apresentou índices de ajuste satisfatórios (X²/gl = 2,98; GFI = 0,97; CFI = 0,97; TLI = 0,94; RMSEA = 0,08), assim como níveis adequados de consistência interna (α = 0,83), indicando que a medida pode ser utilizada em novas pesquisas nacionais. (AU)


Self-efficacy is a person's belief in their own ability to organize and perform actions, influencing positive human experiences. It is essential to have instruments capable of adequately measuring this construct. This study aimed to adapt and validate the New General Self-Efficacy Scale (NGSE) for the Brazilian context, through two independent cross-sectional studies. In both studies, the sample consisted of adults from 18 to 66 years of age, with varying levels of education, who responded to the scale after the translation and adaptation of the original instrument items. The best solution found through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis indicated the maintenance of 6 of the 8 original scale items in a single-factor structure. The final model presented satisfactory fit indices (X²/gl=2.98; GFI=0.97; CFI=0.97; TLI=0.94; RMSEA=0.08), as well as adequate levels of internal consistency (α=0.83), indicating that this measure can be used in new national studies. (AU)


La autoeficacia es la creencia en la propia capacidad de organizar y ejecutar acciones, influyendo así, en las experiencias humanas positivas. Es fundamental contar con instrumentos capaces de medir este constructo de manera adecuada. Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo adaptar y validar la New General Self-Efficacy Scale (NGSE) para el contexto brasileño, a través de dos estudios transversales independientes. En ambos estudios, la muestra estuvo constituida por adultos de 18 a 66 años, con diferentes niveles de educación, que respondieron a la escala después de la traducción y adaptación de los ítems del instrumento original. La mejor solución encontrada, a través del análisis factorial exploratorio y confirmatorio, señaló la necesidad de corrección de 6 de los 8 ítems de la escala original en una estructura unifactorial. El modelo final presentó índices de ajuste satisfactorios (X²/gl=2.98; GFI=0.97; CFI=0.97; TLI=0.94; RMSEA=0.08), así como niveles adecuados de consistencia interna (α=0.83), lo que indica que esta medida puede ser utilizada en nuevas investigaciones nacionales. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Self Efficacy , Behavior Rating Scale , Psychometrics , Translating , Pilot Projects , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Factor Analysis, Statistical
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811205

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the efficacy of three intraoral topical anesthetics in reducing the injection needle prick pain from local anesthetic among children aged 7–11 years old.METHODS: It is a prospective, Interventional, parallel design, single-blind, randomized clinical trial in which subjects (n=90) aged 7–11 years were included in the study based on an inclusion criteria. Subjects were divided into three groups based on computer-generated randomization with an allocation ratio of 1:1:1. Groups A, B, and C received benzocaine 20% jelly (Mucopain gel, ICPA health products Ltd, Ankleshwar, India), cetacaine anesthetic liquid (Cetylite Industries, Inc, Pennsauken, NJ), and EMLA cream (2% AstraZeneca UK Ltd, Luton, UK), respectively, according to manufacturer's instructions, for 1 minute prior to local anesthetic injection. After application of topical anesthetic agent, for all the groups, baseline pre-operative (prior to topical anesthetic administration) and post-operative scores (after local anesthetic administration) of pulse rate was recorded using Pulse oximeter (Gibson, Fingertip Pulse Oximeter, MD300C29, Beijing Choice Electronic). Peri-operative (i.e., during the administration of local anesthesia) scores were recorded using Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability (FLACC) Scale, Modified Children hospital of Eastern Ontario Pain Scale (CPS) behavior rating scale, and Faces Pain Scale (FPS-R) – Revised (For self-reported pain). Direct self-reported and physiological measures were ascertained using FPS-R – Revised and Pulse oximeter, respectively, whereas CPS and FLACC scales assessed behavioral measures. To test the mean difference between the three groups, a one way ANOVA with post hoc tests was used. For statistical significance, a two-tailed probability value of P < 0.05 was considered as significant.RESULTS: The Cetacaine group had significantly lower pain scores for self-report (P < 0.001), behavioral, and physiological measures (P < 0.001) than the other two groups. However, there was no significant difference between the Benzocaine group and EMLA group during palatal injection prick.CONCLUSION: Cetacaine can be considered as an effective topical anesthetic agent compared to benzocaine 20% jelly (Mucopain gel) and EMLA cream.


Subject(s)
Anesthetics , Behavior Rating Scale , Beijing , Benzocaine , Child , Clinical Study , Heart Rate , Humans , Leg , Needles , Ontario , Palate , Prospective Studies , Random Allocation , Weights and Measures
12.
Rev. latinoam. psicol ; 51(3): 153-161, sep.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1094042

ABSTRACT

Abstract Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is considered to be one of the most common disorders during children and adolescents' neurodevelopment. Given how much the individuals executive functions are affected, the objective of the present study was to verify the validity of the Neuropsychological Assessment of Executive Functions battery for Children (ENFEN for its acronym in Spanish) as a predictor in the diagnosis of ADHD. The sample consisted of 175 participants from southeast Spain of both sexes aged between 6 and 12 (clinical M=8.39, SD=1.87, and control M=8.78, SD=1.91). The clinical group was composed of 89 (79.50%) males and 23 (20.50%) females, and the control group consisted of 37 (58.70%) males and 26 (41.30%) females. ENFEN is an individual applications battery that allows the executive functions to be globally evaluated using a wide range of elements. We followed a non-experimental research design for this comparative descriptive study. The results indicate that the phonological fluency, colour naming path, and interference scales are closely associated with the diagnosis of ADHD as they provide data on elements including inhibition, mental flexibility, sustained and selective attention, verbal fluency, and working memory. In general, this study supports the usefulness and validity of the ENFEN battery as a tool to clinically diagnose ADHD.


Resumen El trastorno por déficit de atención en hiperactividad (TDAH) es uno de los trastornos más frecuentes en el neurodesarrollo de niños y adolescentes. Las personas que lo padecen se caracterizan por presentar dificultades en los procesos de atención sostenida, ser muy activos y tener un deficiente control de sus impulsos. Pese a su elevada prevalencia y la existencia de diversas pruebas utilizadas para su diagnóstico, se conocen pocos datos sobre la utilidad y validez diagnóstica de estas herramientas. Dada la gran afectación que estos sujetos presentan en las funciones ejecutivas, el objetivo de este estudio es comprobar la utilidad y validez de la batería de Evaluación Neuropsicológica de las Funciones Ejecutivas en Niños (ENFEN), como predictora herramienta de apoyo al diagnóstico de TDAH. La muestra de estudio estuvo compuesta por 175 participantes de ambos sexos, con edades comprendidas entre los 6 y 12 años (grupo clínico M=8.39, SD=1.87 y grupo control M=8.78, SD=1.91). El grupo clínico estaba compuesto por 89 (79.50%) hombres y 23 (20,50%) mujeres, y el grupo de control por 37 (58,70%) hombres y 26 (41,30%) mujeres. ENFEN es una batería de aplicación individual, compuesta por varias subpruebas que requieren el empleo de funciones ejecutivas para resolver los elementos que las componen. Se siguió un diseño no-experimental para llevar a cabo un estudio descriptivo comparativo. Los resultados señalaron que las escalas Fluidez Fonológica, Sendero Color e Interferencia que requieren en mayor medida inhibición, flexibilidad mental, atención sostenida y selectiva, fluidez verbal y memoria de trabajo, entre otras aptitudes cognitivas, son las que mejor se asocian al diagnóstico de TDAH. En general, este estudio apoya la utilidad y validez de la prueba ENFEN como herramienta para el diagnóstico clínico del TDAH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Diagnosis , Neuropsychological Tests , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Behavior Rating Scale
13.
Arq. bras. psicol. (Rio J. 2003) ; 71(3): 137-151, set. -dez. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1094913

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho objetiva verificar o poder preditivo dos valores humanos na explicação dos estereótipos sobre a criança adotada e da intenção de adotar. Participaram 245 pessoas, sendo a maioria do sexo masculino (59,2%), com idade média de 25,5 anos (DP = 7,10). Estas responderam a Escala de Estereótipos sobre a Criança Adotada, a Escala de Intenção Comportamental de Adotar, o Questionário de Valores Básicos e um questionário sociodemográfico. Os resultados foram consistentes com o modelo teórico adotado. Os valores normativos e de realização atuaram como bons preditores dos estereótipos da criança adotada. Ademais, os valores interativos e de realização foram capazes de predizer a intenção de adotar. Conclui-se que os valores humanos se constituem como uma variável importante na explicação dos estereótipos e na intenção de adotar, possibilitando, assim, a desconstrução de estereótipos negativos e de preconceitos que envolvem a criança adotada, bem como incentivando a prática da adoção


This work aims to check the predictive power of human values in explaining the stereotypes of the adopted child and the intention to adopt. 245 people participated, most of them male (59.2%), with an average age of 25.5 years (SD = 7.10). They answered the Stereotypes of the Adopted Child Scale, the Scale behavioral intention to adopt, the Basic Values Questionnaire and a sociodemographic questionnaire. The results were consistent with the theoretical model adopted. The normative and achievement values served as good predictors of the adopted child's stereotypes. In addition, the interactive and achievement values were able to predict the intention to adopt. It is concluded that human values constitute an important variable in the explanation of stereotypes and the intention to adopt, enabling the deconstruction of negative stereotypes and prejudices involving the adopted child, as well as encouraging the practice of adoption


Este documento tiene como objetivo verificar el poder predictivo de los valores humanos al explicar los estereotipos sobre el niño adoptado y la intención de adoptar. Participaron 245 personas, la mayoría hombres (59,2%), con una edad promedio de 25,5 años (DP = 7,10). Éstas respondieron a la Escala de Estereotipos sobre el Niño Adoptado, la Escala de Intención de Comportamiento para Adoptar, el Cuestionario de Valores Básicos y un cuestionario sociodemográfico. Los resultados fueron consistentes con el modelo teórico adoptado. Además, los valores interactivos y de rendimiento fueron capaces de predecir la intención de adoptar. Se concluye que los valores humanos constituyen una variable importante en la explicación de los estereotipos y en la intención de adoptar, permitiendo así la deconstrucción de estereotipos negativos y prejuicios que involucran al niño adoptado, así como incentiva la práctica de la adopción


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Social Values , Stereotyping , Adoption/psychology , Socioeconomic Factors , Behavior Rating Scale , Child, Adopted/psychology
14.
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) ; 46(4): 89-96, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019345

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Based on his model of self-regulation and executive functions, Barkley developed a self- and other-report questionnaire (the Barkley Deficits in Executive Functioning Scale - BDEFS). The BDEFS measures deficits in executive functions as expressed in daily life activities like self-management of time, self-organization, self-restraint, self-motivation, and self-regulation of emotion. Objectives This study created and analyzed a Dutch translation and adaptation in conformance with official guidelines. Methods The Dutch and English BDEFS were completed by 25 bilingual Dutch adults to evaluate semantic correspondence. Consequently, 60 Dutch participants completed the Dutch BDEFS, Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-Eleventh edition (BIS-11) and the Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX) to evaluate concurrent validity and internal consistency. Results The versions demonstrated sufficient semantic equivalence and Spearman's rho of total scores was high; items mostly showed moderate-to-high correlations. Regression analysis showed no proportional bias. Internal consistency was also high. Correlations between BDEFS, BIS-11 and DEX supported concurrent validity. Discussion We conclude that a successful BDEFS translation and adaptation was created with satisfactory reliability and validity. Further research should assess the utility of the BDEFS in Dutch clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Translating , Surveys and Questionnaires , Executive Function/physiology , Behavior Rating Scale , Psychometrics , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results , Self-Management/psychology , Netherlands
15.
Rev. Costarric. psicol ; 38(1): 74-92, ene.-jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1091955

ABSTRACT

Resumen El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer la validez discriminante, predictiva e incremental de la Escala de Comportamientos Laborales Proactivos de Belschak y Den Hartog. Se realizó un estudio empírico-instrumental con una muestra no probabilística (510 trabajadores, 53 por ciento varones). Análisis de ecuaciones estructurales exploratorios (ESEM) mostraron saturaciones cruzadas inferiores a .30 y un adecuado ajuste de un modelo hexafactorial oblicuo. Los valores de varianza media extraída, de su raíz cuadrada y de la proporción heterorrasgo-monorrasgo proporcionaron evidencia de validez discriminante. Análisis de regresión con SEM confirmaron la contribución significativa de los comportamientos proactivos en la explicación de la satisfacción y de la implicación en el trabajo. Del mismo modo, la personalidad proactiva mostró ser un antecedente significativo de los comportamientos proactivos. Los resultados brindan evidencia favorable a la validez del instrumento analizado.


Abstract: The aim of this study was to establish the discriminant, predictive and incremental validity of Belschak & Den Hartog´s Proactive Work Behaviors Scale. An empirical-instrumental study was carried out with a non-probabilistic sample (510 workers, 53 por ciento males). Analysis of exploratory structural equations (ESEM) showed cross-saturations lower than .30 and an adequate adjustment of an oblique hexa-factorial model. The values of average variance extracted, of its square root and of the heterotrait-monotrait ratio provided evidence of discriminant validity. SEM regression analysis confi rmed the signifi cant contribution of proactive behaviors in the explanation of job satisfaction and job involvement. Proactive personality showed itself to be a signifi cant predictor of proactive behaviors. These results obtained provide favorable evidence for the validity of the instrument analyzed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Personal Construct Theory , Behavior Rating Scale , Job Satisfaction , Argentina , Emotional Intelligence , Interpersonal Relations
16.
Rev. iberoam. psicol. (En línea) ; 12(3): 43-54, 2019. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1253198

ABSTRACT

En este estudio se analizan las propiedades psicométricas de la escala de Actitudes hacia la Investigación Científica (EACIN), dirigida a la comunidad académica y propuesta por (Aldana, Caraballo, & Babativa, 2016) en Colombia. Para ello, se contó con la participación de 238 alumnos universitarios mexicanos y se realizaron análisis de consistencia interna haciendo uso de la prueba alfa de Cronbach y de validez de constructo a través de la aplicación del análisis factorial exploratorio (N=115) y confirmatorio (N=123). Los resultados indican que se obtuvo un modelo de medición bidimensional empíricamente sustentable, conformado por un total de ocho ítems y con los índices de ajuste necesarios (X2 = 21.53, CMIN/DF = 1.13, CFI = .98, RMR = .06, RMSEA = .06). Por tanto, esta escala podría ser empleada en estudiantes universitarios mexicanos. No obstante, es deseable continuar con la revisión de dicho instrumento y la confirmación de los resultados presentados e incitar la reflexión sobre los supuestos en el ámbito de la medición de actitudes


This study analyses the psychometric properties of the Scale of Attitudes towards Scientific Research (EACIN), aimed at the academic community and proposed by (Aldana, Caraballo, & Babativa, 2016) in Colombia. For this matter, 238 Mexican university students participated. Internal consistency analysis was carried out using Cronbach's alpha test, and construct validity through the application of exploratory factor analysis (N = 115) and confirmatory (N = 123). The results indicate that an empirically sustainable bidimensional measurement model was obtained, consisting of a total of eight items and with the necessary adjustment indexes (X2 = 21.53, CMIN/DF = 1.13, CFI = .98, RMR = .06, RMSEA = .06). Therefore, this scale could be used in Mexican university students. However, it is desirable to continue with this instrument and confirm the results presented and encourage reflection on the assumptions in the field of attitude measurement


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Psychometrics , Research , Students , Attitude , Behavior Rating Scale , Universities , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Factor Analysis, Statistical , Mexico
17.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 27: e3128, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-991313

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the validity of the Competence Scale of Actions of Nurses in Emergencies based on internal structure, internal consistency, and external criteria. Methods: methodological study to verify new evidence of validity of the Scale, with contents previously validated. The Scale has 81 measurable actions at five levels of competence and can be applied both for self- and/or hetero-evaluation. Results: one hundred and forty seven nursing assistants and 41 managers from the five regions of Brazil participated in the study. They were linked to mobile prehospital emergency service, fixed prehospital emergency service, or hospital emergencies. Dimensionality was evidenced by exploratory factorial analysis of the 81 items, pointing out seven factors that explained 66.5% of the total data variance. Cronbach's alpha ranged from 0.79 to 0.98. The Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin 0.988 indicated that the correlations between the items were significant. In the external criterion, Pearson's correlations between hetero-evaluation competence scores and the manager's subjective classification were significant (p < 0.001), as well as differences in the means of these competencies by criterion group. In addition, scores by characteristics were evaluated to detect statistically different means. Conclusion: through the adopted Statistical Procedures, with multi-methods and multi-informants, different psychometric properties were analyzed. A summary of evidence was generated showing that the Scale is valid and reliable.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar evidências de validade da Escala de Competências das Ações do Enfermeiro em Emergências com base na estrutura interna, na consistência interna e no critério externo. Métodos: estudo metodológico para verificação de novas evidências de validade da Escala, com conteúdos previamente validados. A Escala com 81 ações mensuráveis em cinco níveis de competências pode ser realizada tanto para o enfermeiro se autoavaliar como outros o avaliarem. Resultados: participaram 407 enfermeiros assistenciais e 41 gestores das cinco regiões do Brasil, atuantes em emergências pré-hospitalar móvel, fixa ou hospitalar. A dimensionalidade foi evidenciada mediante análise fatorial exploratória dos 81 itens, apontando sete fatores que explicaram 66,5% da variância total dos dados. O alfa de Cronbach variou de 0,79 a 0,98. O Kaiser- Meyer-Olkin 0,988 indicou que as correlações entre os itens foram significantes. No critério externo, correlações de Pearson entre escores de competências de heteroavaliação e classificação subjetiva do gestor foram significantes (p<0,001), bem como diferenças das médias dessas competências por grupo critério. Adicionalmente, avaliaram-se escores por características, verificando-se médias estatisticamente distintas. Conclusão: por meio dos Procedimentos Estatísticos adotados, com multimétodos e multi-informantes, analisaram-se diferentes propriedades psicométricas, gerando um sumário de evidências, demostrando que a Escala é válida e confiável.


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar evidencias de validez de la Escala de Competencias de las Acciones del Enfermero en Emergencias con base en la estructura interna, en la consistencia interna y en el criterio externo. Métodos: estudio metodológico para verificación de nuevas evidencias de validez de la Escala, con contenidos previamente validados. La Escala con 81 acciones mensurables en cinco niveles de competencias puede ser realizada tanto para que el enfermero se autoevalúe como otros lo evalúen. Resultados: participaron 407 enfermeros asistenciales y 41 gestores de las cinco regiones de Brasil, actuantes en emergencias pre-hospitalaria móvil, fija o hospitalaria. La dimensionalidad fue evidenciada mediante análisis factorial exploratoria de los 81 ítems, apuntando siete factores que explicaron 66,5% de la variancia total de los datos. El alfa de Cronbach varió de 0,79 a 0,98. El Kaiser- Meyer-Olkin 0,988 indicó que las correlaciones entre los ítems fueron significantes. En el criterio externo, correlaciones de Pearson entre puntajes de competencias de heteroevaluación y clasificación subjetiva del gestor fueron significantes (p<0,001), así como diferencias de las medias de esas competencias por grupo criterio. Adicionalmente, se evaluaron puntajes por características, verificándose medias estadísticamente distintas. Conclusión: por medio de los Procedimientos Estadísticos adoptados, con multimétodos y multiinformantes, se analizaron diferentes propiedades psicométricas, generando un sumario de evidencias, demostrando que la Escala es válida y confiable.


Subject(s)
Humans , Emergency Nursing/organization & administration , Employee Performance Appraisal/organization & administration , Behavior Rating Scale/statistics & numerical data , Professional Competence , Psychometrics/statistics & numerical data
18.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 35(3): e00179318, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001640

ABSTRACT

Resumo: A Escala de Influência dos Três Fatores (TIS) é utilizada para avaliar a influência de aspectos sociais e familiares na aparência corporal dos indivíduos. Contudo, poucos indícios de validade de construto da TIS são apresentados. O objetivo do estudo foi estimar os indicadores psicométricos da TIS e identificar o grau de influência da mídia, pais e amigos na aparência corporal de universitários considerando diferentes características. Universitários de ambos os sexos participaram. Os indicadores psicométricos da TIS foram avaliados para cada sexo utilizando análise fatorial confirmatória. Os escores médios de cada fator da TIS foram calculados. As prevalências do grau de influência foram apresentadas. Um modelo de regressão múltiplo multivariado foi construído para verificar a relação de características de interesse com os escores dos fatores da TIS. Participaram 791 universitários (63,2% mulheres) de 18 a 40 anos. A TIS não apresentou bom ajustamento às amostras e foi refinada. Após refinamento, observou-se adequada validade e confiabilidade para mulheres e homens. Verificaram-se diferenças significativas entre os escores médios de mulheres e homens, e, nas prevalências, a maioria dos estudantes esteve na categoria baixa. A atividade laboral, o consumo de suplementos alimentares para alterar o corpo, a idade, o índice de massa corporal, a autoavaliação da alimentação e o nível de atividade física se relacionaram significativamente com os fatores da TIS. Em geral, as mulheres foram mais influenciadas pela mídia e pelos amigos do que os homens. As características amostrais identificadas como relacionadas aos fatores da TIS podem ser relevantes para inclusão em protocolos clínicos e de pesquisa.


Abstract: The Tripartite Influence Scale (TIS) is used to assess the influence of social and family factors on individuals' body image. However, little evidence has been presented on the validity of the TIS construct. The study aimed to estimate the psychometric indicators in TIS and identify the degree of influence of the media, parents, and peers on body image in university students, considering different characteristics. University students of both sexes participated. The psychometric indicators in TIS were assessed for each sex using confirmatory factor analysis. Mean scores were calculated for each TIS factor. Prevalence rates for degree of influence were presented. A multivariate regression model was built to verify the relationship between target characteristics and TIS factor scores. The sample included 791 university students (63.2% women) 18 to 40 years of age. TIS did not initially display a good fit to the samples and was therefore refined. After refinement, the scale showed adequate validity and reliability for women and men. Significant differences were observed in the mean scores between women and men, and in the prevalence rates the majority of the students were in the low category. Work, consumption of food supplements for body changes, age, body mass index, self-rated diet, and level of physical activity were significantly related to TIS factors. Women were generally more influenced than men by the media and peers. Characteristics identified as related to TIS can be relevant for inclusion in clinical and research protocols.


Resumen: La Escala de Influencia de los Tres Factores (TIS) se utiliza para evaluar la influencia de aspectos sociales y familiares en la apariencia corporal de los individuos. A pesar de ello, en el constructo de la TIS se presentan pocos indicios de validez. El objetivo de este estudio fue estimar los indicadores psicométricos de la TIS e identificar el grado de influencia de los medios de comunicación, padres y amigos, en la apariencia corporal de universitarios, considerando diferentes características. Participaron universitarios de ambos sexos. Los indicadores psicométricos de la TIS se evaluaron para cada sexo, utilizando un análisis factorial confirmatorio. Se calcularon las puntuaciones medias de cada factor de la TIS. Se presentaron las prevalencias del grado de influencia. Se construyó un modelo de regresión múltiple multivariado para verificar la relación de características de interés con puntuaciones de los factores de la TIS. Participaron 791 universitarios (63,2% mujeres) de 18 a 40 años. La TIS no presentó un buen ajuste a las muestras y fue depurada. Tras la depuración se observó una validez adecuada y confiabilidad para mujeres y hombres. Se verificaron diferencias significativas entre las puntuaciones medias de mujeres y hombres, asimismo, en las prevalencias la mayoría de los estudiantes estuvo en la categoría baja. La actividad laboral, consumo de suplementos alimenticios para alterar el cuerpo, edad, índice de masa corporal, autoevaluación de la alimentación y nivel de actividad física se relacionaron significativamente con los factores de la TIS. En general, las mujeres estuvieron más influenciadas por los medios y por los amigos que los hombres. Las características de las muestras identificadas y relacionadas con los factores de la TIS pueden ser relevantes para su inclusión en protocolos clínicos y de investigación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Students/psychology , Body Image/psychology , Family/psychology , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data , Behavior Rating Scale/statistics & numerical data , Psychometrics , Socioeconomic Factors , Universities , Brazil , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Factor Analysis, Statistical
19.
CoDAS ; 31(1): e20170237, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-984244

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Caracterizar e comparar os testes comportamentais do processamento auditivo central de escolares das séries iniciais nas etapas, teste e reteste; e correlacionar as variáveis idade e gênero com os resultados destes testes. Método Estudo coorte, analítico, observacional, longitudinal e prospectivo; desenvolvido em uma escola da rede pública. Compuseram a amostra 36 escolares, subdivididos em dois grupos considerando a escolaridade: G1- 13 crianças do primeiro ano e G2- 23 crianças do segundo ano. Adotaram-se como critérios de inclusão: avaliação audiológica dentro dos padrões de normalidade e estar matriculado no primeiro ou segundo ano do ensino fundamental; e, como critérios de exclusão, presença de alterações neurológicas, cognitivas e comportamentais. A avaliação audiológica e a aplicação dos testes comportamentais do processamento auditivo central ocorreram em dois momentos distintos, com um intervalo de seis meses, denominados etapas teste e reteste. Resultados O teste com maior prevalência de alteração, em ambas as etapas e grupos, foi o Dicótico de Dígitos. Cabe ressaltar que nenhum escolar do G1 e alguns do G2 compreenderam o RGDT na etapa teste e que, mesmo após seis meses, esta dificuldade se manteve nos dois grupos. Na etapa reteste, notou-se melhora significante no desempenho dos escolares de ambos os grupos. Observou-se também, correlação entre a variável idade e o teste dicótico de dígitos na orelha esquerda, em ambas etapas. Conclusão Houve uma alta incidência de alteração nos testes e; se observou melhora no desempenho na etapa reteste, principalmente nos testes de localização sonora, dicótico de dígitos e RGDT.


ABSTRACT Purpose To characterize and compare behavioral tests of central auditory processing of schoolers of initial grades in two stages, test and retest; and correlate the variables age and gender with the results of these tests. Methods Cohort, analytical, observational, longitudinal and prospective study; developed in a public school. The sample included 36 schoolers, divided into two groups considering the schooling: G1- Thirteen children of first grade and G2- Twenty-three children of second grade. The inclusion criteria were audiological assessment within normality patterns and being enrolled in the first or second year of elementary school and, as exclusion criteria, presence of neurological, cognitive and behavioral disorders. The audiological assessment and application of the behavioral tests of central auditory processing occurred in two different moments, with an interval of six months, called test and retest. Results The test with the highest prevalence of change, in both steps and groups, was Dichotic Digits. It is noteworthy that no schoolers from G1 and some from G2 understood RGDT at the test stage and that even after six months this difficulty remained in both groups. In the retest stage, a significant improvement was noticed in the schoolers' performance of both groups. It was still noticed a correlation between the age variable and dichotic digits test in the left ear in both stages. Conclusion There was a high incidence of alteration in the tests and, a performance improvement was noticed in the retest stage, mainly in the tests of sound localization, dichotic digits and RGDT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Auditory Perception/physiology , Dichotic Listening Tests , Acoustic Stimulation , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Longitudinal Studies , Literacy , Behavior Rating Scale , Models, Theoretical
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Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741530

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was designed to develop a valid and reliable scale for the evaluation of preconception health behavior in women preparing for pregnancy. METHODS: The initial strategy included a literature review, interviews, and construction of a conceptual framework. The preliminary items were evaluated twice for content validity by experts, and modified two preliminary investigations. Participants in the 2 main investigations and the confirmation investigation were tested for reliability and validity of the preliminary scale in women preparing for pregnancy. The data were analyzed for different items exploratory and confirmatory factors. RESULTS: The 5-point Likert scale consisted of 6 factors and 27 items. The 6-factors included ‘hazardous substance factor,’ ‘medical management factor,’ ‘rest and sleep factor,’ ‘stress management factor,’ ‘information acquisition factor,’ and ‘resource preparation factor.’ Goodness of fit of the final research model was very appropriate and based on the following measures: Q=1.98, comparative fit index=.91, Tucker-lewis index=.89, standardized root mean square residual=.07, and root mean square error of approximation=.07. The criterion validity was .64. The reliability coefficient was .92 and the test-retest reliability was .61. CONCLUSION: The study findings indicate that the scale can be used for the development of nursing interventions to promote preconception health behavior in women preparing for pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Behavior Rating Scale , Female , Health Behavior , Humans , Nursing , Preconception Care , Pregnancy , Reproducibility of Results
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