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1.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(1): 50-56, ene. 28, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1354461

ABSTRACT

Las tecnologías de información y comunicación suponen un avance para la sociedad. Hoy en día, los dispositivos móviles proveen servicios convenientes para la cotidianidad, facilitando la comunicación, el ocio y las relaciones interpersonales, sin embargo, se describe que su uso excesivo influye en la aparición de síntomas como ansiedad, comportamientos adictivos y alteraciones del sueño. De todos los usuarios de estas tecnologías, los adolescentes son un grupo especialmente afectado, debido al fácil acceso a estas desde edades muy tempranas y la consecuente integración a su vida diaria. Por lo que se pretende determinar el papel del uso de dispositivos móviles en el desarrollo de trastornos del sueño en adolescentes. Pese a sus efectos deletéreos, se ha observado que el uso de estas tecnologías puede ocasionar sensación de bienestar y apoyo social en algunos usuarios, particularmente cuando promueve la interacción con sus pares. El uso excesivo de las tecnologías, en especial horas antes de dormir, se relaciona con un patrón de sueño anómalo, se ha identificado que los trastornos del sueño más prevalentes en los usuarios son el insomnio y la somnolencia diurna excesiva


Information and communication technologies represent an advance for society. Nowadays, mobile devices provide convenient services for everyday life, facilitating communication, leisure and interpersonal relationships, however, it is described that their excessive use influences the appearance of symptoms such as anxiety, addictive behaviors and sleep disturbances. Of all the users of these technologies, adolescents are a particularly affected group, due to the easy access to them from a very early age and the consequent integration into their daily lives. Therefore, it is intended to determine the role of the use of mobile devices in the development of sleep disorders in adolescents. Despite their deleterious effects, it has been observed that the use of these technologies can cause a feeling of well-being and social support in some users, particularly when it promotes interaction with their peers. The excessive use of technologies, especially hours before bed, is related to an abnormal sleep pattern, it has been identified that the most prevalent sleep disorders in users are insomnia and excessive daytime sleepiness


Subject(s)
Sleep Wake Disorders , Technology , Adolescent , Behavior, Addictive , Disorders of Excessive Somnolence , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders , Anxiety , Sleep , Computers, Handheld
2.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(12): 5945-5953, Dez. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350486

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aims to identify the prevalence of workaholism and work-family interaction, their relationship and their variation according sociodemographic and occupational characteristics among nurses. A quantitative, descriptive, correlational and transversal study was conducted with a sample of 839 Portuguese nurses. Regarding workaholism, 27% of workaholic nurses were identified, scoring a higher mean value for excessive work. For work-family interaction, the dimensions showing the highest mean values were the negative work-family interaction and the positive family-work interaction. The variables identified as significant predictors of workaholism were the work-family interaction (39%), occupational variables (10.6%) and sociodemographic variables (1.2%). Among the occupational and professional variables, the women, age equal or less than 37 years and perception of stressful work, were highlighted. The confirmation of workaholism in nurses, as well as its predictive variables are significantly important for professionals and organizations to better understand the impact of this phenomenon, particularly in mental health and to encourage the development of programmes aiming to promote health at the workplace.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar a prevalência da adição ao trabalho, os níveis de interação trabalho-família e a relação destes com características sociodemográficas e laborais em enfermeiros. Estudo quantitativo, descritivo, correcional e transversal numa amostra de 839 enfermeiros de Portugal continental. Relativamente à adição ao trabalho, identificaram-se 27,1% de enfermeiros adictos, com valor médio superior no trabalho excessivo. No que respeita à interação trabalho-família, as dimensões com médias superiores foram a interação negativa trabalho-família e a interação positiva família-trabalho. As variáveis identificadas como preditores significativos da adição ao trabalho foram a interação trabalho-família (39%), as variáveis laborais (10,6%) e as sociodemográficas (1,2%). Das variáveis laborais e profissionais salienta-se o sexo feminino, idade igual ou inferior a 37 anos e a perceção de trabalho stressante. A confirmação deste fenómeno em enfermeiros, assim como, das variáveis que o podem potenciar, possibilita ao profissional e às organizações, uma maior consciencialização dos seus impactos, nomeadamente na saúde mental incentivando o desenvolvimento de programas que visem a promoção de saúde no local de trabalho.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Behavior, Addictive , Health Promotion , Workplace
4.
Av. psicol. latinoam ; 39(2): 1-17, may.-ago. 2021. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1367010

ABSTRACT

Face a presença constante dos smartphones na vida dos adolescentes e ao aumento do tempo de tela observa-do nos últimos anos, este estudo objetivou mapear as evidências disponíveis sobre a dependência de smar-tphone em adolescentes. Trata-se da primeira parte de uma revisão de escopo. Um total de 67 artigos foram publicados entre 2009 e 2019, com um incremento de 31,74 % ao ano. A maioria das pesquisas (n=28; 41,79 %), foram desenvolvidas na Coreia do Sul, pe-la área de psicologia (n=21; 31,34 %) e pelo método transversal (n=49; 73,13 %). 14 escalas autoaplicáveis foram identificadas para o uso com adolescentes, sendo que, as mais utilizadas foram a Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale e a Smartphone Addiction Scale- Short Version. Grande parte das escalas contempla os domí-nios: abstinência, tolerância, compulsão e efeito da dependência na vida diária.Conclui-se que a depen-dência de smartphone é um problema de saúde pública em ascensão no mundo e pode comprometer a saúde dos adolescentes. Tal construto tem sido mensurado por escalas validadas e confiáveis, porém, não foram identificados estudos brasileiros no período investigado. Portanto, faz-se necessário adaptar e validar instrumen-tos com esta população para melhor compreensão do fenômeno no Brasil


Dada la presencia constante de los teléfonos inteligentes en la vida de los adolescentes y el aumento del tiempo de pantalla observado en los últimos años, el presente estudio tuvo como objetivo mapear la evidencia disponible sobre la dependencia del smartphoneen adolescentes. Esta es una revisión del alcance. Se publicaron un total de 67 artículos entre 2009 y 2019, con un aumento del 31.74 % por año. La mayor parte de la investigación se realizó en Corea del Sur (n=28; 41,79 %), por el área de psicología (n=21; 31,34 %) y por el método transversal (n=49; 73,13 %). Se identi-ficaron catorce escalas autoaplicables para su uso con adolescentes, y las más utilizadas fueron la Smartphone Addiction Proneness Scale y la Smartphone Addiction Scale- Short Version. La mayoría de las escalas incluyen los siguientes dominios: abstinencia, tolerancia, compulsión y el efecto de la dependencia en la vida diaria. Se concluye que la dependencia de los smartphones es un problema de salud pública creciente en el mundo y puede comprometer la salud de los adolescentes. Esta construcción se ha medido mediante escalas validadas y confiables, pero no se han identificado estudios brasileños en el periodo investigado, por lo que es necesario adaptar y validar los instrumentos con esta población, para comprender mejor el fenómeno en Brasil


Given the constant presence of smartphones in adoles-cents' lives and the increase in screen time observed in recent years, this study aimed to map the evidence avail-able on adolescents' smartphone addiction. This is the first part of a scoping review. A total of 67 articles were published between 2009 and 2019, with an increase of 31.74 % per year. Most of the research was conducted in South Korea (n=28; 41.79 %), in psychology (n=21; 31.34 %) and by the cross-sectional method (n=49; 73.13 %). Fourteen self-applicable scales were identified for use with adolescents, the most used being the Smart-phone Addiction Proneness Scale and the Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Version. Most scales include the ollowing domains: abstinence, tolerance, compulsion, and the effect of addiction on daily life. It was conclud-ed that smartphone addiction is a growing public health problem on a global scale that may compromise adoles-cents' health. This construct has been measured by val-idated and reliable scales, but no Brazilian studies have been identified in the period investigated, so it is necessary to adapt and validate instruments with this population to better understand the phenomenon in Brazil


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Internet Addiction Disorder , Brazil , Public Health , Adolescent , Behavior, Addictive , Adolescent Health
5.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 26(7): 2749-2758, jul. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278760

ABSTRACT

Resumo Há relatos de efeitos adversos na saúde física e mental dos adolescentes associados ao uso excessivo do smartphone. O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar a dependência do smartphone e os fatores relacionados em adolescentes de uma região do Nordeste brasileiro. Trata-se de estudo transversal realizado em seis Escolas Estaduais de Educação Profissional (EEEPs), na cidade de Fortaleza, Ceará, Brasil, desenvolvido entre setembro e outubro de 2019. Participaram 286 adolescentes, entre 15 e 19 anos, que responderam cinco instrumentos de coleta. Análises bivariada e multivariada foram utilizadas para avaliar os fatores relacionados ao desfecho, pelo SPSS versão 23.0. A dependência do smartphone apresentou prevalência de 70,3%, e mostrava associação com menor idade (OR=0,583; p=0,001), menos horas de sono (OR=0,715; p=0,020), mais tempo de uso no final de semana (OR=1,115; p=0,015), queixa de dor cervical (OR=2,206; p=0,020) e suspeita de transtorno mental comum (OR=1,272; p=0,000). Evidenciou-se elevada dependência do smartphone nos adolescentes da amostra, relacionada a múltiplos fatores. Alerta-se para a importância de campanhas educativas que orientem os adolescentes, pais, educadores e profissionais de saúde para os riscos do uso excessivo de smartphones à saúde dos adolescentes.


Abstract Adverse effects on the physical and mental health of adolescents associated with excessive smartphone use have been reported. This paper aims to assess adolescent smartphone addiction and related factors in a region in Northeastern Brazil. This cross-sectional study was carried out in six State-run Professional Education Schools in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil, from September to October 2019 with 286 adolescents aged 15-19 years who completed five data collection instruments. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed to assess factors related to the outcome using SPSS version 23.0. Smartphone addiction prevalence rate was 70,3% and was associated with being underage (OR=0,583; p=0,001), fewer sleep hours (OR=0,715; p=0,020), longer use on weekends (OR=1,115; p=0,015), cervical pain (OR=2,206; p=0,020), and suspected common mental disorder (OR=1,272; p=0,000). A high smartphone addiction level was observed among adolescents in the sample and was related to multiple factors. Attention should be drawn to the importance of educational campaigns to guide adolescents, parents, educators, and health professionals about the risks of excessive smartphone use to the health of adolescents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Behavior, Addictive/epidemiology , Internet Addiction Disorder , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Smartphone
6.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 43(3): 289-292, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249187

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine whether psychiatric and gaming pattern variables are associated with gaming disorder in a school-based sample. Methods: We analyzed data from the Brazilian High-Risk Cohort for Psychiatric Disorders, a community sample aged 10 to 18, using questionnaires on gaming use patterns. We applied the Gaming Addiction Scale to diagnose gaming disorder and the Development and Well-Being Behavior Assessment for other diagnoses. Results: Out of 407 subjects, 83 (20.4%) fulfilled the criteria for gaming disorder. More role-playing game players were diagnosed with gaming disorder that any other genre. Gaming disorder rates increased proportionally to the number of genres played. Playing online, being diagnosed with a mental disorder, and more hours of non-stop gaming were associated with higher rates of gaming disorder. When all variables (including age and gender) were considered in a logistic regression model, the number of genres played, the number of non-stop hours, the proportion of online games, and having a diagnosed mental disorder emerged as significant predictors of gaming disorder. Conclusion: Each variable seems to add further risk of gaming disorder among children and adolescents. Monitoring the length of gaming sessions, the number and type of genres played, time spent gaming online, and behavior changes may help parents or guardians identify unhealthy patterns of gaming behavior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Behavior, Addictive/diagnosis , Behavior, Addictive/epidemiology , Video Games , Disruptive, Impulse Control, and Conduct Disorders , Schools , Brazil/epidemiology , Internet
7.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 43(2): 138-146, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285540

ABSTRACT

Opioid use has reached an epidemic proportion in Canada and the United States that is mostly attributed to excess availability of prescribed opioids for pain. This excess in opioid use led to an increase in the prevalence of opioid use disorder (OUD) requiring treatment. The most common treatment recommendations include medication-assisted treatment (MAT) combined with psychosocial interventions. Clinical trials investigating the effectiveness of MAT, however, have a limited focus on effectiveness measures that overlook patient-important outcomes. Despite MAT, patients with OUD continue to suffer negative consequences of opioid use. Patient goals and personalized medicine are overlooked in clinical trials and guidelines, thus missing an opportunity to improve prognosis of OUD by considering precision medicine in addiction trials. In this mixed-methods study, patients with OUD receiving MAT (n=2,031, mean age 39.1 years [SD 10.7], 44% female) were interviewed to identify patient goals for MAT. The most frequently reported patient-important outcomes were to stop treatment (39%) and to avoid all drugs (25%). These results are inconsistent with treatment recommendations and trial outcome measures. We discuss theses inconsistencies and make recommendations to incorporate these outcomes to achieve patient-centered and personalized treatment strategies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Behavior, Addictive , Opioid-Related Disorders/drug therapy , United States , Precision Medicine , Opiate Substitution Treatment , Analgesics, Opioid/adverse effects
9.
Salud colect ; 17: e3041, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290032

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El objetivo de este artículo es aportar ideas teóricas y prácticas para la mejora de las políticas de drogas actuales, basadas en un modelo biológico de la enfermedad y en la criminalización de las personas que consumen sustancias ilegales. Para ello, en primer lugar, se ofrecen alternativas para superar las bases científicas biologicistas centradas en los postulados neurocientíficos, que apoyan la idea de que en el cerebro se materializa la etiología de la adicción, y apoyar los modelos basados en las ciencias sociales, en los que el contexto y el aprendizaje social juegan un papel relevante para la descripción, el abordaje y la gestión de los diferentes usos de sustancias psicoactivas. En segundo término, se ofrecen modelos y propuestas epistemológicas, desde una perspectiva práctica, para sostener o implementar políticas y programas acorde con un abordaje más sostenible, basado en la eliminación del estigma y la promoción de la participación política de personas consumidoras de sustancias ilegales, es decir, unas políticas sobre drogas basadas en derechos humanos.


ABSTRACT This paper aims to provide theoretically informed practical proposals for the improvement of current drug policies, which are based on a biological model of disease and the criminalization of people who use drugs. First, we present alternatives to a biologically-oriented scientific conception centered around neuroscientific postulates, which support the idea that the etiology of addiction materializes in the brain, in favor of models based on the social sciences where context plays a relevant role in the description and management approaches regarding different uses of psychoactive substances. Second, epistemological models and proposals are offered from a practical perspective to sustain or implement policies and programs in accordance with a more sustainable approach based on the elimination of stigma and the promotion of political participation of people who use drugs. In short, drug policies based on human rights.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Behavior, Addictive , Public Policy , Social Stigma , Human Rights
10.
Estud. psicol. (Natal) ; 25(4): 367-374, Oct.-Dec. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1339898

ABSTRACT

Addictive behaviors and their impacts have been widely explored. Going through a pandemic moment requires further research since crisis situations involve higher propensity to dependency. The aim of this integrative review was to identify studies that have been conducted so as to explore behaviors related to brain's reward system in a pandemic period, which include substance addiction, internet addiction, gaming and other overusing behaviors. In order to accomplish our objective an integrative search was conducted in CAPES periodicals. Some inclusion and exclusion criteria were used to select the studies and in total (N=12) were explored independently. The results showed that there is an increasingly concern about health care systems, especially for those addicted to substances who need daily support, since addictions habits may have also increased. Behavioral addictions also increased and were exploited in some studies, especially those related to technologies, such as gaming and smartphone usage.


Comportamentos aditivos e seus impactos têm sido amplamente explorados. Passar por um momento de pandemia requer ainda mais pesquisas, pois situações de crise envolvem maior propensão a dependências. O objetivo desta revisão foi identificar estudos conduzidos que exploraram comportamentos relacionados ao sistema de recompensa cerebral em momentos de pandemia, incluindo, adição a substâncias, adição a tecnologias, jogos e outros comportamentos excessivos. Buscando alcançar nossos objetivos, uma pesquisa integrativa foi conduzida nos periódicos da CAPES. Alguns critérios de inclusão e exclusão foram utilizados para selecionar os estudos, e, no total, (N=12) foram explorados independentemente. Os resultados mostraram que existe grande preocupação com relação aos sistemas de saúde, principalmente, para as pessoas que são adictas a substâncias e necessitam de suporte diário, devido ao aumento nos hábitos de adição. Comportamentos aditivos também intensificaram e foram explorados em alguns estudos, especialmente aqueles relacionados às tecnologias, como os jogos e o uso do smartphone.


Las conductas adictivas y su impacto han sido ampliamente explorados. Pasar por una pandemia requiere más investigación, pues las situaciones de crisis implican una mayor propensión a la dependencia. El objetivo de esta revisión fue identificar los estudios realizados que exploran comportamientos relacionados con el sistema de recompensa del cerebro durante una pandemia: adicción a sustancias, adicción a Internet, juegos de azar, entre otras. Se llevó a cabo una búsqueda integrativa en las publicaciones de revistas CAPES utilizando algunos criterios de inclusión y exclusión, y se estudiaron en total (N=12) de forma independiente. Los resultados mostraron que existe una preocupación cada vez mayor por los sistemas de atención de la salud, especialmente para adictos a sustancias que necesitan apoyo diario, debido al posible aumento de los hábitos adictivos. Las adicciones comportamentales relacionadas con tecnologías también aumentaron, especialmente las relacionadas con los juegos y el uso de teléfonos inteligentes.


Subject(s)
Reward , Mental Health , Behavior, Addictive/psychology , COVID-19/psychology , Periodicals as Topic , Brazil
11.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 42(5): 532-535, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132131

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of internet gaming disorder (IGD) and associated risk factors in a sample of secondary and postsecondary students from a public federal institution of higher education (Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia) in Southern Brazil. Methods: The study included a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Self-Report Questionnaire (SRQ-20), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-BR), the Mini-Social Phobia Inventory (Mini-SPIN), and the Game Addiction Scale (GAS). Finally, IGD was measured with the Brazilian version of the Internet Gaming Disorder Scale-Short-Form (IGDS9-SF), which has been psychometrically validated in this population. Results: Overall, 38.2% (n=212) of the sample exhibited IGD symptoms, with 18.2% (n=101) being classed as at-risk gamers. Regression analysis found IGD to be associated with male gender, severe depressive symptoms, poor sleep quality, increased time spent gaming, and total free time spent gaming (p < 0.001). Conclusions: The prevalence of IGD in this sample was relatively high, and associated risk factors found were similar to those previously reported in the literature. Further studies investigating the epidemiology of IGD in Brazilian samples are warranted to better understand treatment needs and inform preventive measures in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Behavior, Addictive/epidemiology , Video Games/adverse effects , Internet , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Behavior, Addictive/psychology
12.
Psicol. reflex. crit ; 33: 8, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1135891

ABSTRACT

Abstract Predictors of problematic smartphone use have been found mainly in studies on elementary and high school students. Few studies have focused on predictors related to social network and messaging apps or smartphone model. Thus, the objective of our study was to identify predictors of problematic smartphone use related to demographic characteristics, loneliness, social app use, and smartphone model among university students. This cross-sectional study involved 257 Brazilian university students who answered a smartphone addiction scale, a questionnaire about smartphone usage patterns, and the Brazilian version of the UCLA-R loneliness scale. Women, iPhone owners, and users of Instagram and Snapchat had significantly higher smartphone addiction scores. We found correlations between scores for the Brazilian version of smartphone addiction scale and the importance attributed to WhatsApp, Facebook, Instagram, and Snapchat, and the Brazilian version of the UCLA-R loneliness scale. Our hierarchical regression model predicted 32.2% of the scores of the Brazilian version of the smartphone addiction scale, with the greatest increase in predictive capability by the step that added smartphone social app importance, followed by the step that added loneliness. Adding the smartphone model produced the smallest increase in predictive capability. The theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Students/psychology , Behavior, Addictive/etiology , Social Media/statistics & numerical data , Smartphone/statistics & numerical data , Loneliness/psychology , Students/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Universities
13.
Rev. iberoam. psicol. (En línea) ; 13(1): 105-115, 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1247982

ABSTRACT

En este artículo se buscó describir las autopercepciones asociadas a la competencia de autorregulación de los propios deseos, en estudiantes de magisterio de cuatro cursos consecutivos. Participaron un total de 224 estudiantes de la Facultad de Educación de entre 18 y 19 años en la asignatura de Psicología del Desarrollo. Para ello, tras una revisión teórica sobre la literatura científica, se expone una propuesta docente exploratoria y descriptiva en la que se parte de dos fuentes de información. Por un lado, el análisis de contenido cualitativo de un trabajo escrito introspectivo, personal y confidencial sobre la autopercepción de esta competencia. Por otro lado, la consideración de los resultados de 39 minigrupos de discusión. El análisis descriptivo e interpretativo de los resultados sugiere que los participantes reconocen y describen importantes dificultades para la autorregulación de sus deseos, con altos índices en factores de riesgo para su salud física y emocional que les llevan a conductas adictivas con o sin sustancias. Asimismo se sienten de forma significativa incapaces de mejorarse y con sensación de vacío vital. Como conclusión, se destaca la necesidad del entrenamiento en esta competencia dentro del ámbito universitario, con formación previa de los docentes, y se constata que tanto el trabajo introspectivo como los grupos de discusión son recursos educativos de metodología cualitativa para la formación inicial del docente. Se sugiere investigar la relación de esta competencia con otras competencias emocionales intrapersonales y con los propósitos vitales.


This article aims to describe qualitatively the self-perceptions in the competence of self-regulation of the wishes of students of teaching in four consecutive courses with a total of 224 students of the Faculty of Education between 18 and 19 years in the subject of Developmental Psychology. To this end, after a theoretical review of the scientific literature, an exploratory and descriptive teaching proposal is presented, in which two sources of information based. On the one hand, the qualitative content analysis of an introspective, personal and confidential written work about the self-perception of this competence. On the other hand, the consideration of the results of 39 mini-discussion groups.The descriptive and interpretive analysis of the results shows that the participants recognize and describe important difficulties for self-regulation of their desires, with high rates of risk factors for their physical and emotional health that lead to addictive behaviors with or without substances. They also feel significantly unable to improve themselves and feel vitally empty. As conclusions, the need for training in this competence within the university context is highlighted with previous training of teachers, and it is found that both introspective work and discussion groups are educational resources of qualitative methodology for initial teachers training. It is suggested to investigate the relationship of this competence with other intrapersonal emotional competences and with the purposes of life


Subject(s)
Humans , Self Concept , Psychology, Developmental , Self-Control , Sensation , Risk Factors , Mental Competency , Behavior, Addictive , Education , Methodology as a Subject , Literature
14.
Summa psicol. UST ; 17(1): 42-48, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129649

ABSTRACT

O presente trabalho foi organizado em dois estudos e teve por objetivo adaptar e buscar evidências de validade e precisão da Escala de Phubbing para Relacionamentos Amorosos (EPRA) para o contexto brasileiro. O Estudo 1 teve a participação de 233 pessoas em relacionamento amoroso, 52,4% eram do sexo feminino, tendo média de idade de 30,9 anos (min. 18, máx. 62 e dp=9,23). pessoas enquanto o Estudo 2 contou com 217 pessoas também em relacionamento amoroso, sendo que 62,2% era do sexo feminino, tendo média de idade de 25 anos (min. 18, máx. 53 e dp=5,98). Em ambos os estudos eles responderam à EPRA e a questões sociodemográficas. Os resultados do Estudo 1 foram a nível exploratório apontando a unidimensionalidade do instrumento com consistência interna de 0,90; no Estudo 2 a análise fatorial confirmatória apontou para bom ajustamento do modelo unidimensional (CFI = 0,99; TLI = 0,99; e RMSEA (IC 90%) = 0,033) com confiabilidade de 0,88. Os dados sugerem que a EPRA é adequada para uso em pesquisas futuras sobre o partner phubbing, visto sua adequação aos parâmetros psicométricos investigados em dois momentos diferentes


This work was organized in two studies and aimed at adapting and validating the Partner Phubbing Scale for the Brazilian reality. Study 1 had the participation of 233 people in a romantic relationship, 52,4% were female, with an average age of 30,9 years (min. 18, max. 62 and SD = 9.23) while Study 2 had 217 people also in a romantic relationship, 62,2% were female, with an average age of 25 years (min. 18, max. 53 and SD = 5,98). In both studies, respondents answered the Partner Phubbing Scale and sociodemographic questions. The results of Study 1 were at the exploratory level evidencing the unidimensionality of the instrument with an internal consistency of 0,90. In Study 2, the confirmatory factor analysis evidenced a good fit of the one-dimensional model (CFI = 0,99; TLI = 0,99; e RMSEA (IC 90%) = 0,033) with reliability of 0,88. The data suggests that the Partner Phubbing Scale is suitable for future research on the phubbing partner, given its adequacy to the psychometric parameters investigated at two different times


El presente trabajo fue organizado en dos estudios y tuvo por objetivo adaptar y validar la Escala Partner Phubbing para la realidad brasileña. El estudio 1 contó con la participación de 233 personas en una relación romántica, el 52,4% eran mujeres, con una edad promedio de 30,9 años (mínimo 18, máximo 62 y DE = 9,23), mientras que el Estudio 2 tenía 217 personas también en una relación romántica, con un 62,2% de mujeres, con una edad promedio de 25 años (mínimo 18, máximo 53 y DE = 5,98). En ambos estudios respondieron a Partner PhubbingScale y a cuestiones sociodemográficas. Los resultados del Estudio 1 fueron a nivel exploratorio, apuntando la unidimensionalidad del instrumento con una consistencia interna de 0,90; en el Estudio 2 el análisis factorial confirmatorio apuntó para un buen ajuste del modelo unidimensional (CFI = 0,99, TLI = 0,99, y RMSEA (IC 90%) = 0,033) con confiabilidad de 0,88. Los datos sugieren que el Partner Phubbing Scale es adecuado para su uso en investigaciones futuras sobre el partner phubbing, visto su adecuación a los parámetros psicométricos investigados en dos momentos diferentes


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Psychological Tests , Sexual Partners/psychology , Behavior, Addictive/psychology , Interpersonal Relations , Psychometrics , Brazil , Reproducibility of Results , Factor Analysis, Statistical
15.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 33: eAPE20190228, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1130553

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo investigar a associação entre a qualidade do sono e o workaholism em docentes de pós-graduação stricto sensu. Métodos estudo transversal desenvolvido com docentes de todas as grandes áreas de conhecimento de uma universidade pública localizada na Região Sul do Brasil. A coleta de dados ocorreu no período de maio a agosto de 2018, por meio de formulário eletrônico contendo um questionário de caracterização sociodemográfica e ocupacional, a Dutch Work Addiction Scale e o Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Foram convidados os 790 docentes de pós-graduação stricto sensu da referida instituição, dos quais 196 consentiram a participação na pesquisa. Os dados foram analisados descritivamente e por regressão logística binária univariada e múltipla, adotando-se nível de significância de 95%. Resultados a qualidade do sono ruim esteve associada ao trabalho excessivo (ORaj:2,056; p=0,026) e ao workaholism (ORaj:2,056; p=0,040). Qualidade subjetiva do sono, latência do sono, duração do sono, distúrbios do sono e sonolência diurna associaram-se significativamente ao trabalho excessivo e compulsivo, bem como ao workaholism. Conclusão as altas demandas de trabalho características do processo de trabalho dos docentes em nível stricto sensu podem repercutir na baixa qualidade do sono, visto que os docentes workaholics apresentaram duas vezes a chance de apresentarem má qualidade do sono.


Resumen Objetivo Investigar la relación entre la calidad del sueño y workaholism en docentes de posgrado stricto sensu. Métodos Estudio transversal que se llevó a cabo con docentes de todas las grandes áreas de conocimiento de una universidad pública ubicada en la región Sur de Brasil. La recolección de datos se realizó en el período de mayo a agosto de 2018, mediante formulario electrónico que contenía un cuestionario de caracterización sociodemográfica y ocupacional, la Dutch Work Addiction Scale y el Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Se invitó a los 790 docentes de posgrado stricto sensu de la institución mencionada, de los cuales 196 aceptaron participar en la investigación. Los datos fueron analizados descriptivamente y por regresión logística binaria univariada y múltiple, con un nivel de significación de 95 %. Resultados La mala calidad de sueño se relacionó con el trabajo excesivo (ORaj:2,056; p=0,026) y con el workaholism (ORaj:2,056; p=0,040). La calidad subjetiva del sueño, la latencia del sueño, la duración del sueño, los trastornos de sueño y la somnolencia diurna se relacionan significativamente con el trabajo excesivo y compulsivo, así como con el workaholism. Conclusión Las altas demandas de trabajo, características del proceso laboral de los docentes de nivel stricto sensu, pueden repercutir en la baja calidad del sueño, ya que los docentes workaholics presentan el doble de probabilidad de tener un sueño de mala calidad.


Abstract Objective to investigate the association between sleep quality and workaholism in stricto sensu graduate professors. Methods a cross-sectional study developed with professors from all major areas of knowledge at a public university located in the South Region of Brazil. Data collection took place from May to August 2018, using an electronic form containing a questionnaire for sociodemographic and occupational characterization, the Dutch Work Addiction Scale and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. The 790 stricto sensu graduate professors of the institution were invited, of whom 196 consented to participate in the research. Data were analyzed descriptively and by univariate and multiple binary logistic regression, adopting a significance level of 95%. Results poor sleep quality was associated with overwork (ORAdj: 2,056; p=0.026) and workaholism (ORAdj: 2,056; p=0.040). Subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, sleep disorders and daytime sleepiness were significantly associated with over and compulsive work, as well as workaholism. Conclusion high work demands characteristic of the professors' work process at stricto sensu level may have an impact on the low sleep quality, since workaholic professors presented twice the chance of presenting poor sleep quality. Descriptors Worker's health; Sleep; Professors; Graduate Education; Work conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Sleep , Occupational Health , Behavior, Addictive , Education, Graduate , Faculty/psychology , Working Conditions , Cross-Sectional Studies
16.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(supl.1): 2479-2486, Mar. 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101071

ABSTRACT

Resumo O presente ensaio busca discutir as implicações do isolamento social devido à pandemia do COVID-19 para o uso intensivo da internet entre crianças e adolescentes e suas possíveis consequências para a prática de violências autoinflingidas. Discutimos brevemente o potencial ansiogênico e a reprodução de um "medo global" que se consolidam com a exposição maciça e sem mediação dos conteúdos consumidos, que podem aumentar as vulnerabilidades para estresse e ideações suicidas. Centramos nosso debate sobre práticas "recreativas", denominadas de "desafios" com poder autolesivo, realizados por adolescentes no site Youtube. Essa prática revelou-se crescente a partir das medidas de isolamento social. Nossa reflexão sobre esses riscos é feita a partir da perspectiva teórica da sociabilidade digital, e suas implicações nas interações de adolescentes mediadas pela internet.


Abstract This essay aimed to discuss the implications of social isolation due to the COVID-19 pandemic for the intensive use of the internet among children and adolescents and its possible consequences for the practice of self-inflicted violence. We briefly discussed the anxiogenic potential and the reproduction of a "global fear" that are consolidated with the massive and unmediated exposure of the content consumed, which can increase the vulnerabilities to stress and suicidal ideas. We centered our debate on "recreational" practices, called "challenges" with self-harm power, carried out by teenagers on the YouTube website. This practice has been shown to increase with the social isolation measures. Our reflection on these risks builds on the theoretical perspective of digital sociability, and its implications for the internet-mediated interactions of adolescents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Pneumonia, Viral/psychology , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Social Isolation/psychology , Self-Injurious Behavior/psychology , Internet/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus , Anxiety/psychology , Self Concept , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Time Factors , Information Storage and Retrieval/statistics & numerical data , Behavior, Addictive , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus Infections/psychology , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Fear , Social Media/statistics & numerical data
17.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(6): 584-591, dic. 2019. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1046377

ABSTRACT

Introducción: el avance de la tecnología e internet aumentaron la frecuencia con que los niños utilizan videojuegos. El objetivo fue determinar la frecuencia y patrones de uso y la adicción a videojuegos (AVJ) en alumnos de secundaria y la relación con factores sociodemográficos, familiares e individuales. Población y métodos: estudio descriptivo transversal en cuatro escuelas secundarias. Se realizó un cuestionario estructurado a los padres y la "Videogame Addiction Scale for Children (VASC)" a los alumnos jugadores de videojuegos. Resultados: se incluyó a 297 alumnos; 245 (82,5 %) jugaban a videojuegos. La tasa total de AVJ fue 1,6 % en toda la muestra. La tasa de AVJ fue 3,1 % entre los varones. La media geométrica para VASC (MG-VASC) fue mayor en varones y alumnos obesos (p < 0,001, p = 0,022, respectivamente). Los alumnos que utilizan redes sociales tuvieron puntajes más altos (p = 0,034). Las consolas, los juegos en línea y multijugador aumentan los puntajes de la MG-VASC (p = 0,028, p = 0,002, p = 0,016, respectivamente). Los juegos de guerra y estrategia tenían MG-VASC más elevadas (p < 0,001, p = 0,034, respectivamente). Los juegos de ingenio y casuales se relacionaron con puntajes menores (p = 0,006, p = 0,004, respectivamente).Conclusiones. Ser varón, ser obeso, usar redes sociales, tener consola, jugar a géneros específicos (guerra o estrategia), y los juegos en línea y multijugador están relacionados a mayores puntajes de la VASC en alumnos de secundaria. Los estudios prospectivos y las medidas preventivas deberían centrarse en esto.


Introduction: The rapid progress of technology and widespread use of internet has increased thefrequency of video gaming among children. The objective was to determine the frequency and patterns of video game use and video game addiction (VGA) in secondary school students and the relationship with socio-demographic, familial and individual factors. Population and methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in four secondary schools in varied sociodemographic characteristics. A structured questionnaire was applied to the parents who agreed to participate. 'Videogame Addiction Scale for Children (VASC)' was performed to the video-gamer students. Results: 297 healthy students were included; 245 (82.5 %) reported as video game players. The rate of VGA was 1.6 % in our whole sample. The VGA rate was 3.1 % within the male students. VASC-Geometric Mean Score (VASC-GMS) was significantly higher in male and obese children (p < 0.001, p= 0.022, respectively). Students who use socialmedia also had higher scores (p= 0.034). Gaming consoles, online games or games with multiplayers increase the VASC-GMS scores (p= 0.028, p= 0.002, p= 0.016, respectively). War and strategy games lead higher VASC-GMS (p < 0.001, p= 0.034, respectively). In contrast, mind and casual games were related to lower VASC-GMS (p= 0.006, p= 0.004, respectively).Conclusions. It was observed that being male, being obese, use of social media, game console ownership, playing specific game genres (war or strategy games), online and multiplayer games are related to higher scores of video game addiction scale in secondary school students. Future prospective studies and preventive measures on VGA should focus on these factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Behavior, Addictive , Video Games/adverse effects , Students , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Obesity
18.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 41(4): 358-368, Oct.-Dez. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1059188

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction To improve the comprehension of the interface between smartphone addiction (SA) and Facebook addiction (FA), we hypothesize that the occurrence of both technological addictions correlate, with higher levels of negative consequences. Moreover, we hypothesize that SA is associated with lower levels of social support satisfaction. Methods We recruited a convenience sample of undergraduate students from Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, with age ranging between 18 and 35 years. All subjects completed a self-fulfilled questionnaire comprising sociodemographic data, the Brazilian Smartphone Addiction Inventory (SPAI-BR), the Bergen Scale for Facebook Addiction, the Barrat Impulsivity Scale 11 (BIS-11), the Social Support Satisfaction Scale (SSSS), and the Brief Sensation Seeking Scale (BSSS-8). After completing the questionnaire, the interviewer conducted a Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Results In the univariate analysis, SA associated with female gender, with ages 18 to 25 years, FA, substance abuse disorders, major depressive disorder, anxiety disorders, low scores in SSSS, high scores in BSSS-8, and high scores in BIS. The group with SA and FA presented a higher prevalence of substance abuse disorders, depression, and anxiety disorders when compared to the group with SA only. Conclusion In our sample, co-occurrence of SA and FA correlated with higher levels of negative consequences and lower levels of social support satisfaction. These results strongly suggest that SA and FA share some elements of vulnerability. Further studies are warranted to clarify the directions of these associations.


Resumo Introdução Para melhorar a compreensão da interface entre dependência de smartphone (DS) e a dependência de Facebook (DF), avaliamos a hipótese de que a ocorrência simultânea de ambas as dependências corelaciona-se com o número de consequências negativas por elas produzidas. Além disso, avaliamos se a DS está associada a níveis mais baixos de satisfação com o suporte social. Método Recrutamos uma amostra de conveniência de estudantes de graduação da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, na faixa de 18 e 35 anos. Todos os sujeitos preencheram o questionário avaliando dados sociodemográficos e contendo a versão brasileira do Smartphone Addiction Inventory, a Escala de Bergen para DF, a Escala de Impulsividade de Barrat 11 (BIS-11), a Escala de Satisfação com o Suporte Social (SSSS) e a Escala Breve de Busca de Sensações (BSSS-8). Após o preenchimento do questionário, os entrevistadores realizaram a Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview. Resultados Na análise univariada, a DS associou-se ao sexo feminino, pessoas na faixa de idade entre 18 e 25 anos, rastreio para DF, transtornos por uso de substâncias, transtorno depressivo maior, transtornos de ansiedade, baixos escores na SSSS, altos escores na BSSS-8 e altos escores na BIS. O grupo rastreado positivamente para DS e DF apresentou maior prevalência de transtornos por uso de substâncias, depressão e transtornos de ansiedade quando comparado ao grupo rastreado apenas para DS. Conclusão Na amostra avaliada, a comorbidade de DS e DF se correlacionou a níveis mais altos de consequências negativas e níveis mais baixos de satisfação com o suporte social. Esses resultados sugerem que DS e DF compartilham fatores de vulnerabilidade. Estudos adicionais são necessários para esclarecer a direção dessas associações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Students/psychology , Behavior, Addictive/etiology , Social Media/statistics & numerical data , Smartphone/statistics & numerical data , Personal Satisfaction , Prognosis , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Social Support , Students/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Risk Factors , Behavior, Addictive/diagnosis , Behavior, Addictive/psychology
19.
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) ; 46(4): 97-102, July-Aug. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019347

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Mental health disparity in sexual minorities is a crucial clinical and public health issue worldwide. A total of 500 homosexual or bisexual men aged between 20 and 25 years participated in this study. Objectives The aims of the study were to examine the relationships of victimization of traditional and cyber homophobic bullying during childhood and adolescence with problematic internet and smartphone use and activities during early adulthood among sexual minority men in Taiwan. Methods The seveirities of problematic internet and smartphone use and activities in early adulthood were compared between victims and non-victims of bullying. The severities of problematic internet and smartphone use were also compared among the groups of various types of bullying as well as among the groups of various persistence durations of being bullied. Results Victims of traditional and cyber homophobic bullying had more severe problematic internet and smartphone use than non-victims. Victims of multi-type bullying had more severe problematic internet use than victims of single-type bullying. Prolonged victimization was significantly associated with problematic internet and smartphone use. Discussion: Victimization of traditional and cyber homophobic bullying during childhood and adolescence predicts problematic internet and smartphone use during early adulthood among sexual minority men.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Bullying , Homophobia , Taiwan , Severity of Illness Index , Bisexuality , Homosexuality , Surveys and Questionnaires , Behavior, Addictive/prevention & control , Crime Victims , Internet , Smartphone
20.
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) ; 46(3): 61-65, May.-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011153

ABSTRACT

Objective The purpose of this study is to determine the relation between smart phone addiction and personality beliefs of university students. Methods A total of 1007 students, 637 females (63.3%) and 370 males (36.7%) participated in the study. "Smart phone addiction scale short form" was used to measure smart phone addiction and "personality beliefs scale" was used to identify personality beliefs. Results According to the performed multiple regression analysis, it was found out that dependent, antisocial, narcissist, histrionic, borderline, paranoid personality, schizoid personality, obsessive compulsive personality, passive-aggressive personality and avoidant personality beliefs predicted smart phone addiction at significant level (R = 0.38, R2 = 0.15, p < 0.001). The mentioned variables explain 15% of the variance. An examination of the t-test shows that dependent personality (t = 5.585, p < 0.001), passive-aggressive personality (t = -4.485, p < .001) and paranoid personality (t = 2.901, p < .01) belief among the mentioned variables are a significant predictor of smart phone addiction. Discussion The obtained results show that dependent, passive-aggressive and paranoid personality beliefs are a significant predictor of smart phone addiction. Research findings are discussed in the light of relevant literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Personality Disorders/psychology , Behavior, Addictive/psychology , Smartphone , Students/psychology , Universities , Surveys and Questionnaires , Regression Analysis , Compulsive Behavior/psychology , Cyprus
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