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1.
Trab. Educ. Saúde (Online) ; 20: e00069176, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366061

ABSTRACT

Abstract Nursing work is in increasing demand, becoming strenuous especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. Thus, the objective of the study was to assess the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the health of nursing professionals through a systematic review of the literature with meta-analysis, including studies published in 2020 in Web of Science, PubMed and SciELO. Regarding the systematic review, we included 25 studies with a cross-sectional design, from 12 countries. The participants were mostly nurses or nursing teams. Mental impacts such as anxiety, depression, discouragement and a feeling of obligation to work were frequently reported by study participants. The meta-analyses included psychological distress variables, and no association was found between psychological distress and being a frontline healthcare professional (OR 0.94; 95% CI 0.33-2.67). The mental health of nursing professionals has been negatively impacted by the Covid-19 pandemic. The main symptoms presented were anxiety, depression and discouragement, and many nurses felt obliged to work on the front lines of the fight against the pandemic; although they suffer emotional impacts and work overload in health services.


Resumo O trabalho de enfermagem possui uma demanda crescente, tornando-se extenuante especialmente durante a pandemia de Covid-19. Assim, o objetivo do estudo foi avaliar os impactos da pandemia de Covid-19 na saúde dos profissionais de enfermagem por meio de uma revisão sistemática da literatura com meta-análise, incluindo estudos publicados em 2020 na Web of Science, PubMed e SciELO. Em relação à revisão sistemática, incluímos 25 estudos, com desenho transversal, de 12 países. Os participantes eram em sua maioria enfermeiras ou equipes de enfermagem. Impactos mentais como ansiedade, depressão, desânimo e sentimento de obrigação de trabalhar foram frequentemente relatados pelos participantes dos estudos. As meta-análises incluíram variáveis de sofrimento psicológico, e nenhuma associação foi encontrada entre sofrimento psíquico e o fato de ser um profissional de saúde de linha de frente (OR 0,94; IC 95% 0,33-2,67). A saúde mental dos profissionais de enfermagem foi impactada negativamente pela pandemia de Covid-19. Os principais sintomas apresentados foram ansiedade, depressão e desânimo, e muitas enfermeiras se sentiram obrigadas a trabalhar na linha de frente do combate à pandemia; embora sofram impactos emocionais e sobrecarga de trabalho nos serviços de saúde.


Resumen El trabajo de enfermería tiene una demanda cada vez mayor y se vuelve extenuante, especialmente durante la pandemia de Covid-19. Así, el objetivo del estudio fue evaluar los impactos de la pandemia de Covid-19 en la salud de los profesionales de enfermería a través de una revisión sistemática de la literatura con metanálisis, incluidos los estudios publicados en 2020 en Web of Science, PubMed y SciELO. En cuanto a la revisión sistemática, se incluyeron 25 estudios, con un diseño transversal, de 12 países. Los participantes eran en su mayoría enfermeras o equipos de enfermería. Los impactos mentales como ansiedad, depresión, desánimo y un sentimiento de obligación de trabajar fueron referidos con frecuencia por los participantes de los estudios. Los metanálisis incluyeron variables de sufrimiento psicológico y no se encontró asociación entre el sufrimiento psíquico y el hecho de ser un profesional de salud de primera línea (OR 0,94; IC 95%: 0,33-2,67). La salud mental de los profesionales de enfermería se ha visto afectada negativamente por la pandemia de Covid-19. Los principales síntomas presentados fueron ansiedad, depresión y desánimo, y muchas enfermeras se sintieron obligadas a trabajar en la primera línea de lucha contra la pandemia; aunque sufren impactos emocionales y sobrecarga de trabajo en los servicios de salud.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , Nurse Practitioners , Behavioral Symptoms
2.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 15(1): 128-135, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286175

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive and degenerative condition affecting several cognitive areas, with a decline in functional abilities and behavioral changes. Objective: To investigate the association between neuropsychiatric symptoms in older adults with AD and caregiver burden and depression. Methods: A total of 134 family caregivers of older people diagnosed with AD answered a questionnaire with sociodemographic data and questions concerning the care context, neuropsychiatric symptoms, caregiver burden, and depressive symptoms. Results: Results revealed that 95% of older adults had at least one neuropsychiatric symptom, with the most common being: apathy, anxiety, and depression. Among the 12 neuropsychiatric symptoms investigated, 10 were significantly associated with caregiver burden, while 8 showed significant correlations with depressive symptoms. Conclusions: Neuropsychiatric symptoms were related to caregiver burden and depressive symptoms. In addition to the older adult with AD, the caregiver should receive care and guidance from the health team to continue performing quality work.


RESUMO. A doença de Alzheimer (DA) é progressiva e degenerativa, afetando diversas áreas cognitivas com declínio nas habilidades funcionais e alterações comportamentais. Objetivo: Investigar a associação entre presença de sintomas neuropsiquiátricos apresentados por idosos com doença de Alzheimer e sobrecarga, e depressão dos cuidadores. Métodos: Um total de 134 cuidadores familiares de idosos com diagnóstico da doença de Alzheimer responderam a um questionário com dados sociodemográficos e questões referentes ao contexto de cuidado, sintomas neuropsiquiátricos, sobrecarga e depressão do cuidador. Resultados: Os resultados revelaram que 95% dos idosos apresentaram pelo menos um sintoma neuropsiquiátrico. A apatia, a ansiedade e a depressão foram os sintomas neuropsiquiátricos mais frequentes nos idosos. Dos 12 sintomas neuropsiquiátricos investigados, 10 associaram-se significativamente à sobrecarga do cuidador (exceto ansiedade e alteração alimentar), e oito sintomas neuropsiquiátricos apresentaram correlações significativas com os sintomas de depressão. Conclusão: A presença de determinados sintomas neuropsiquiátricos está relacionada com a sobrecarga e com sintomas de depressão apresentados pelos cuidadores. Além do idoso com doença de Alzheimer, o cuidador deve receber cuidados e orientação da equipe de saúde para que possa continuar desempenhando sua função com qualidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Behavioral Symptoms , Caregivers , Depression , Alzheimer Disease
3.
Rev. ADM ; 78(2): 100-105, mar.-abr. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1247906

ABSTRACT

Trastorno neurológico enmarcado dentro de los trastornos de espectro autista (TEA) cuyas manifestaciones se reflejan en los ámbitos de la comunicación, interacción e imaginación social. Se clasifica en el manual diagnóstico y estadístico de trastornos mentales (DSM IV), se caracteriza por un mayor o menor grado de deterioro en las habilidades de lenguaje y comunicación, así como patrones repetitivos o restrictivos de pensamiento y comportamiento. El síntoma más distintivo es el interés obsesivo en un solo objeto o tema y la exclusión de cualquier otro pero siempre conservando habilidades de lenguaje. El pronóstico es bueno, debido a la compensación cognitiva, el enfoque repetitivo y restrictivo a actividades humanas productivas o generadoras de deferencias particulares, aunque no hay tratamiento específico, sino más bien interdisciplinario e individualizado, éste consiste en manejar los síntomas conductuales y la comorbilidad de forma independiente ya sea farmacológica o intervencionista. Paciente masculino de cinco años de edad, con un peso de 26 kg, cuadro de inmunizaciones completas, previamente diagnosticado con trastorno de Asperger (2015); caries dental de diversos grados, manejo estomatológico para su rehabilitación. El objetivo de este reporte es dar a conocer los cuidados para el tratamiento dental en pacientes con este trastorno (AU)


Neurological disorder known as autism spectrum disorders (ASD) whose main manifestations are reflected in the areas of communication, interaction and social imagination. It was first classified in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM lV), characterized by a greater or lesser degree of deterioration in language and communication skills, as well as repetitive patterns or restrictive of thought and behavior. The most distinctive symptom is obsessive interest in a single object or topic and the exclusion of any other, but always retaining language skills. The prognosis is good in most of the cases, due to the cognitive compensation, the repetitive and restrictive approach to productive or deferential human activities, although there is no specific treatment, but rather interdisciplinary and individualized, this consists of managing behavioral symptoms and comorbidity independently either pharmacologically or interventionally. Male patient with five years old and weight of 26 kg, complete immunization chart, previously diagnosed with Asperger's disorder (2015); with dental caries of various degrees implementing dental management. The objective of this report is to make aware of the care and behavior management for dental treatment in patients with this Disorder (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Dental Care for Disabled , Dental Care for Children , Asperger Syndrome , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Patient Care Team , Prognosis , Signs and Symptoms , Behavioral Symptoms , Rett Syndrome , Dental Caries/therapy , Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , Diagnosis, Differential , Mouth Diseases/therapy , Mouth Rehabilitation/methods
4.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 58(n.esp): e174701, 2021. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1348270

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to reach a diagnosis of the living conditions of abandoned donkeys kept in a restricted farm area through the assessment of their welfare level utilizing the AWIN protocol as a methodological tool. These animals were supposed to be sent to slaughter, but after the activity was temporarily banned, they were abandoned by traders. The protocol of welfare assessment was associated with general environmental and sanitary conditions. Information regarding the mortality rates was also gathered. According to the welfare assessment results, the living conditions of these animals were acceptable in some areas, despite the insufficient shade and shelter, a 3-month food restriction period, and a mortality rate of over 70%. These results demonstrate that welfare assessment protocols must be adapted to crises and databases for welfare indicators in diverse conditions must be created.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi formular um diagnóstico das condições de vida de jumentos abandonados mantidos em uma área restrita de uma propriedade através da avaliação de seu nível de bem-estar, utilizando o protocolo AWIN como ferramenta metodológica. Estes animais seriam destinados ao abate, porém, depois da suspensão temporária da atividade, foram abandonados pelos proprietários. O protocolo de avaliação de bem-estar foi associado às condições ambientais e sanitárias gerais. Informações sobre os índices de mortalidade também foram coletadas. De acordo com os resultados da avaliação de bem-estar, as condições de vida destes animais estavam aceitáveis em algumas áreas, embora não houvesse sombreamento e abrigo suficientes, um período de restrição alimentar de 3 meses e um índice de mortalidade acima de 70%. Estes resultados demonstram que protocolos de avaliação de bem-estar devem ser adaptados a situações de crise, e bancos de dados para indicadores de bem-estar em condições diversas devem ser criados.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Behavioral Symptoms , Animal Welfare , Equidae/growth & development
6.
Article in English | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1346630

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Behavioral symptoms of people with dementia can negatively affect the mental health of informal caregivers. The aims of this study were to describe the behavioral symptoms of adults diagnosed with dementia based on the report of their caregivers and to characterize the caregivers regarding the level of hope, burden and stress related to care. Twenty informal caregivers participated in the study, with an average age of 54 years, predominantly daughters and wives of the patients, who granted an interview and responded to instruments regarding burden and stress, hope, patient's characteristics and behavioral problems. Despite a high level of hope, the participants had a burden level compatible with that of caregivers of chronic patients. The most mentioned challenging behaviors were difficulties in carrying out activities of daily living and aggressiveness, predominantly characterized as behavioral excesses. We emphasize the importance of interventions with caregivers of people with neurocognitive disorder, oriented to the management of challenging behaviors.


Resumo Sintomas comportamentais de pessoas com demência podem impactar negativamente a saúde mental de cuidadores informais. Os objetivos do presente estudo foram descrever os sintomas comportamentais de adultos com diagnóstico de demência pelo relato de seus cuidadores e caracterizar os cuidadores informais entrevistados em relação ao nível de esperança, sobrecarga e estresse relacionados ao cuidado. Participaram 20 cuidadoras informais, com idade média de 54 anos, predominantemente filhas e esposas dos pacientes, que responderam a uma entrevista e a instrumentos sobre sobrecarga e estresse, esperança, características dos pacientes e problemas de comportamento. Apesar de um alto nível de esperança, as participantes tinham nível de sobrecarga compatível com o de cuidadores de pacientes crônicos. Os comportamentos mais citados foram dificuldades de realização de atividades de vida diária e agressividade, caracterizados predominantemente como excessos comportamentais. Ressalta-se a importância de intervenções com cuidadores de pessoas com transtorno neurocognitivo, orientadas para o manejo de comportamentos desafiadores.


Resumen Los síntomas comportamentales de personas con demencia pueden impactar negativamente a la salud mental de sus cuidadores informales. En este estudio se pretende describir los síntomas comportamentales de adultos con diagnóstico de demencia mediante el relato de sus cuidadores y caracterizar a los cuidadores informales entrevistados en términos de nivel de esperanza, sobrecarga y estrés relacionados con el cuidado. Participaron 20 cuidadoras informales, edad promedio: 54 años, predominantemente hijas y esposas de los pacientes, que respondieron a una entrevista y a instrumentos sobre sobrecarga y estrés, esperanza, características de los pacientes y problemas de comportamiento. A pesar del alto nivel de esperanza, las participantes presentaron un nivel de sobrecarga compatible con el de cuidadores de pacientes crónicos. Los comporta4mientos más citados fueron dificultades en la ejecución de actividades cotidianas y agresividad, caracterizados predominantemente como excesos comportamentales. Se resalta la importancia de intervenciones con los cuidadores de personas con trastorno neurocognitivo orientadas al manejo de comportamientos desafiadores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Behavioral Symptoms , Activities of Daily Living , Nuclear Family , Mental Health , Caregivers , Neurocognitive Disorders , Dementia , Aggression , Problem Behavior
7.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1155009

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To describe the sociodemographic profile of elderly people with temporomandibular disorder and depression in Parkinson's disease cases. Material and Methods: It is a cross-sectional cohort cut study, which used secondary data from 124 elderly people with Parkinson's disease (PD). To diagnose temporomandibular disorder (TMD), the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) questionnaire was used, and the variables studied were: age, sex, race, education, marital status, family income, stage of the disease, and depression. The statistical analysis performed was descriptive and used absolute numbers and a frequency count. Results: After the application of the eligibility criteria, the patient records of 81 elderly people with Parkinson's disease were selected; 15 presented associated TMD and depression. The average age was 69 years old; 66.67% were male; 46.67% had more than 9 years of schooling; 60% were married or had a partner; 53.33% received between 1 and 2 minimum wages; 33.33% stated they were brown; 80% were in the moderate stage of the disease; 46.66% were in group II according to the RDC/TMD, presenting disk displacement; and 53.33% presented severe depression. Conclusion: It was verified that the elderly people with Parkinson's and associated TMD and depression were male, married or with a partner, on a low income, with nine or more years of schooling, and were in the moderate stage of the disease.


Subject(s)
Parkinson Disease/physiopathology , Behavioral Symptoms , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/pathology , Depression/diagnosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Aged , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Cohort Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical
8.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 14(4): 419-421, Oct.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142842

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT. The case of Phineas Gage is an integral part of medical folklore. His accident still causes astonishment and curiosity and can be considered as the case that most influenced and contributed to the nineteenth century's neuropsychiatric discussion on the mind-brain relationship and brain topography. It was perhaps the first case to suggest the role of brain areas in determining personality and which specific parts of the brain, when affected, can induce specific mental changes. In addition, his case contributed to the emergence of the scientific approaches that would later culminate in psychosurgery. Gage is a fixed element in the studies of neurology, psychology, and neuroscience, having been solidified as one of the greatest medical curiosities of all time, deserving its prominence.


RESUMO. O caso de Phineas Gage é parte integrante do folclore médico. Seu acidente ainda causa espanto e curiosidade, e pode ser considerado como o caso que mais influenciou e contribuiu para a discussão neuropsiquiátrica do século XIX sobre a relação mente-cérebro e topografia cerebral. Foi talvez o primeiro caso a sugerir o papel de áreas cerebrais na determinação da personalidade e que partes específicas do cérebro, quando afetadas, podem induzir mudanças mentais específicas. Além disso, seu caso contribuiu para o surgimento de abordagens cientificas que culminariam posteriormente na psicocirurgia. Gage é um elemento fixo nos estudos de neurologia, psicologia e neurociências, tendo sido solidificado como uma das grandes curiosidades médicas de todos os tempos que merece seu destaque.


Subject(s)
Humans , Behavioral Symptoms , Neuropsychiatry , History
9.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 14(4): 340-344, Oct.-Dec. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142835

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT. The COVID-19 pandemic has raised significant concerns about the management and care for people with dementia and their caregivers. In this context, this work will discuss how social isolation or social distancing caused by the pandemic may impact the clinical management of people with dementia, caregivers' health, and dementia research. The pandemic disrupts all forms of social interaction and may increase the behavioral impairment of people with dementia. Regarding pharmacological treatment, telemedicine is an option, but the context of social isolation raises questions about how to manage people with dementia with lack of cognitive stimulation and non-pharmacological treatment. In addition, the impact of the pandemic on caregivers should be considered. There is some evidence that telephone counseling can reduce depressive symptoms of caregivers of people with dementia. In dementia research, social isolation imposes researchers to modify their study protocols in order to continue collecting data by developing remote tools to assess the participants such as electronic informed consent and online questionnaires and tests. Thus, there is an urgent need for the evaluation and refinement of interventions to address several cognitive, behavioral, and clinical aspects of the long-term impact of the pandemic in dementia.


RESUMO. A pandemia causada pelo COVID-19 desencadeia grandes preocupações sobre o manejo e cuidados com as pessoas com demência e seus cuidadores. Neste contexto, discutiremos como o isolamento social causado pela pandemia pode impactar o manejo clínico de pessoas com demência, a saúde do cuidador e a pesquisa sobre demência. A pandemia interrompe todas as formas de interação social e pode causar aumento do comprometimento dos sintomas neuropsiquiátricos nas pessoas com demência. Em relação ao tratamento farmacológico, a telemedicina é uma opção, mas o contexto de isolamento social levanta questões sobre como manejar as pessoas com demência com falta de estimulação cognitiva ou intervenções nãofarmacológicas. Além disso, o impacto da pandemia sobre os cuidadores deve ser considerado. Existem evidências de que o aconselhamento telefônico pode reduzir os sintomas depressivos dos cuidadores. Além disso, o isolamento social impõe que pesquisadores modifiquem seus protocolos de pesquisa com o objetivo de continuar coletando dados, através do desenvolvimento de ferramentas remotas para avaliar os participantes, como o consentimento livre e esclarecido eletrônico e questionários e testes online. Assim, há uma necessidade urgente de avaliação e refinamento das intervenções para abordar aspectos cognitivos, comportamentais e clínicos do impacto de longo prazo da pandemia na demência.


Subject(s)
Humans , Behavioral Symptoms , Caregivers , Coronavirus Infections , Dementia
10.
Agora (Rio J.) ; 23(3): 38-46, set.-dez. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1130825

ABSTRACT

Resumo: O presente ensaio trata de pensar uma subjetividade literária e, com ela, uma via clínica propícia ao entendimento do conceito de sublime-ação, assim grafado devido à renovação de seu uso. Considera a obra e, em certo sentido, a vida do escritor Wilson Bueno, extraindo de seu entrelaçamento consequências analíticas que trazem, a um mesmo plano de exame, as noções de sublime-ação e sinthoma, esta última tal como é concebida por Lacan. Serão ainda empregados conceitos deleuzianos, nietzschianos e bergsonianos que devem oferecer perspectivas éticas e clínicas de inesperado alcance ao saber analítico.


Abstract: This essay deals with thinking about a literary subjectivity and, with it, a clinical way conducive to understanding the concept of sublime-action, thus spelled due to the renewal of its use. It considers the work and, in a sense, the life of the writer Wilson Bueno, drawing from its intertwining analytical consequences that bring to the same plane of examination the notions of sublime-action and synthoma, the latter as conceived by Lacan. Deleuzian, Nietzschean, and Bergsonian concepts that should offer ethical and clinical perspectives of unexpected scope to analytical knowledge will also be employed.


Subject(s)
Psychoanalytic Interpretation , Behavioral Symptoms , Literature
11.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 14(3): 324-328, July-Sept. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133638

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT. Neuropsychiatric symptoms, which may appear alone or combined with cognitive and neurological manifestations, are frequent in many brain dysfunctions or lesions due to vascular, traumatic, neurodegenerative, or systemic conditions. Throughout history, many of the most prominent names have contributed to the clinical definition of the currently recognized mental symptoms and syndromes. The present paper aims at providing a comprehensive overview of the development, from ancient to modern times, of some widely known concepts and constructs about such neuropsychiatric disorders.


RESUMO. Os sintomas neuropsiquiátricos que podem ocorrer de modo isolado ou acompanhando manifestações cognitivas e neurológicas são ocorrências frequentes em variadas disfunções ou lesões cerebrais devidas a condições vasculares, traumáticas, neurodegenerativas ou sistêmicas. Através da história, muitos dos nomes mais proeminentes contribuíram para a definição clínica dos sintomas e síndromes mentais reconhecidos atualmente. O presente artigo visa prover uma visão abrangente sobre o desenvolvimento, desde os tempos antigos até os presentes, de alguns dos conceitos e constructos amplamente reconhecidos sobre tais transtornos neuropsiquiátricos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Behavioral Symptoms , History , Mental Disorders
12.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1056889

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To measure the heart rate (HR) and the behavior of children and teenagers with Down Syndrome (DS) during the dental appointment. Material and Methods: Two groups (n = 52), of both genders, aged 2-14 years, matched by age group were formed: study group (SG) - individuals with DS and control group (CG) - normotypical school children. The participants were submitted to clinical examination and prophylaxis. An oximeter was used to measure the HR at five moments of the dental consultation: before entering the practice room (T0), when sitting in the dental chair (T1), during the clinical examination (T2), during prophylaxis (T3) and immediately after prophylaxis (T4). Behavior, classified according to the Frankl Scale, was observed at T3. Mann Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, Dunn and Pearson's Chi-square tests were used to analyze and compare variables (significance level at 5%). Results: In SG, a significant difference in HR was observed according to the moment of dental appointment (p<0.001 SG; 0.3385 CG). The highest HR value in SG was observed at T3 (median 110.00; IIQ 96.00-124.00), the only moment significantly different (p<0.001) from HR values for CG. A difference in behavior between groups (p<0.001) was also observed. Conclusion: HR of individuals with DS varied throughout the dental appointment, and they also had a higher prevalence of uncooperative behavior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Behavioral Symptoms/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Down Syndrome , Dental Offices , Heart Rate , Monitoring, Physiologic , Appointments and Schedules , Referral and Consultation , Brazil/epidemiology , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric
13.
Rev. Fac. Cienc. Méd. Univ. Cuenca ; 37(3): 69-73, dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100440

ABSTRACT

El síntoma entendido por alteraciones subjetivas percibidas por las per-sonas ha sido desarrollado desde los años 50 por los psiquiatras y en los años 70 por psicólogos clínicos. Una sinopsis completa de esta alteración se resume en el libro de Süllwold y Huber, desde 1974. Los síntomas son alteraciones subclínicas sutiles y subjetivamente experimentadas en el im-pulso, el afecto, el pensamiento, el habla, la percepción (corporal), la acción motora, las funciones vegetativas centrales y la tolerancia al estrés. Por definición, los síntomas son diferentes de lo que se considera el ser mental "normal" de uno. Al ser subjetivos, siguen siendo predominantemente pri-vados y aparentes solo para la persona afectada, y raramente son obser-vables. Los síntomas básicos difieren de los síntomas negativos tal como se los entiende actualmente, es decir, como déficit funcionales observables por otros. La percepción de que algo está mal con el pensamiento de uno está presente; sin embargo, algunas experiencias pueden ser tan nuevas y extrañas que siguen siendo casi inexplicables. En el campo de la medicina, las enfermeras ayudan a los pacientes a hacer frente a la angustia de los síntomas, mientras que los médicos se preocupan principalmente por la aparición de síntomas en el diagnóstico o tratamiento de la enfermedad.(AU)


The symptom understood by subjective alterations perceived by people has been developed since the 50s by psychiatrists and in the 70s by clinical psychologists. A complete synopsis of this alteration is summarized in the book written by Süllwold and Huber, since 1974. The symptoms are subtle and subjectively subclinical experienced alterations in impulse, affection, thought, speech, (body) perception, motor action, central vegetative functions and stress tolerance. By definition, the symptoms are different from what is considered to be the "normal" mental being of one. Being subjective, they remain predominantly private and apparent only for the affected person, and they are rarely observable. The basic symptoms differ from the negative symptoms as they are currently understood, that is, as functional deficits observable by others. The perception that something is wrong with one's thinking is present; however, some experiences may be so new and strange that they remain almost inexplicable. In the medical field, nurses help patients to cope to the symptoms, while doctors are primarily concerned with the appearance of symptoms in the diagnosis or treatment of the disease.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Signs and Symptoms , Behavioral Symptoms/psychology
14.
Rev. Paul. Pediatr. (Ed. Port., Online) ; 37(1): 104-109, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-990407

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Revisar evidências atuais da relação entre transtorno obsessivo compulsivo e dificuldades alimentares. Métodos: Revisão das bases Science Direct e PubMed no período entre 2007 e 2017 em inglês, português e espanhol, com os termos em associação "transtorno obsessivo compulsivo" e "picky eating/dificuldade alimentar". Foram selecionados apenas estudos de coorte, caso controle ou transversal, realizados em qualquer país, com crianças, adolescentes e/ou adultos e de qualquer tamanho amostral. Foram excluídos os artigos de opinião. Resultados: Cerca de 245 artigos foram selecionados e apenas 4 foram incluídos no estudo, segundo critérios de seleção. Os trabalhos descrevem essencialmente que há diferença no comportamento seletivo entre os sujeitos com e sem transtorno obsessivo compulsivo, com tendência para exacerbação de sintomas como nojo, ansiedade e escore de inflexibilidade de comportamento alimentar nos pacientes com esse transtorno. Conclusões: Existem sintomas compartilhados entre transtorno obsessivo compulsivo e dificuldade alimentar. O estudo alerta aos profissionais que acompanham pacientes com dificuldades alimentares para a importância da investigação de possíveis comorbidades psiquiátricas.


ABSTRACT Objective: To review current evidence on the relationship between obsessive-compulsive disorder and feeding difficulties. Methods: Review the Science Direct and PubMed databases between 2007 and 2017 in English, Portuguese and Spanish. The search terms, used in association, were "obsessive compulsive disorder" and "picky eating/feeding difficulty". Cohort, case control and cross sectional studies were included that analyzed children, adolescents and/or adults of any sample size from any country in the world. Opinion articles were excluded. Results: Around 245 articles were selected, and only 4 were included in this review, according to previous criteria. Results from the studies essentially described that there is indeed a difference in "picky" behaviors between subjects with and without obsessive-compulsive disorder. Patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder tend to have exacerbated symptoms of disgust, anxiety and a higher eating behavior inflexibility score. Conclusions: Obsessive-compulsive disorder and feeding difficulties patients share common symptoms. The present study alerts health professionals who follow patients with feeding difficulties as to the importance of investigating possible psychiatric comorbidities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Feeding and Eating Disorders of Childhood/psychology , Feeding Behavior/psychology , Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder/diagnosis , Behavioral Symptoms/diagnosis
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719538

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated risk factors for behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia at the initial assessment for Alzheimer disease in large patient samples. In this study, the factors influencing Alzheimer disease were examined using the Clinical Research of Dementia of South Korea data. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted using data of 1,128 patients with Alzheimer disease. The behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia were examined using the Korean version of the Neuropsychiatric Inventory. Demographic characteristics, health-related behavior, neuropsychological tests, comorbidities, blood test results, and caregiver characteristics were assessed. Median logistic regression analysis with adjustment for covariates was conducted. RESULTS: The behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia were negatively associated with memory (P=0.022) and frontal/executive (P < 0.001) function in the Seoul Neuropsychological Screening Battery-dementia, Barthel Index for Activities of Daily Living (P < 0.001), Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination score (P=0.003), and caregiver age (P=0.005) after adjustment for confounding factors, and positively associated with the Seoul-Instrumental Activities of Daily Living score (P < 0.001), Clinical Dementia Rating Sum of Box (P < 0.001), Global Deterioration Scale score (P < 0.001), abnormality of free T4 level (P < 0.001), anemia (P < 0.001), and family history of stroke (P=0.001). Patients with female caregivers exhibited more severe behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia than those with male caregivers. CONCLUSION: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia in Alzheimer disease patients were associated with various risk factors including the inability to live independently and Alzheimer disease severity. These findings suggest that prevention and treatment strategies for the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia should be comprehensive.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Alzheimer Disease , Anemia , Behavioral Symptoms , Caregivers , Comorbidity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dementia , Female , Hematologic Tests , Humans , Korea , Logistic Models , Male , Mass Screening , Memory , Neuropsychological Tests , Risk Factors , Seoul , Stroke
16.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763551

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Sialic acid (Sia) is an essential nutrient for brain development, learning, memory and cognition and plays a role in neurodevelopment of infants. The aim of this study was to determine whether Sia levels are significantly associated with the autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHODS: Forty-six ASD children and 30 typically developing children aged 3 to 10 years were included in the study. Behavioral symptoms in ASD children was assessed by the Autism Behavior Checklist (AuBC), the Childhood Autism Rating Scale, and the Aberrant Behavior Checklist (ABC). After the collection of saliva samples, the supernatant was separated. All the samples kept at −80°C until Sia analysis was done. RESULTS: Sia level was found to be significantly lower in the ASD group when compared to healthy controls (p = 0.013). There was no correlation between severity of ASD and salivary Sia levels. We found a negative correlation between AuBC scores and Sia levels and a negative correlation in both ABC Stereotypic Behavior and Hyperactivity/Noncompliance subscales with Sia levels in ASD group. CONCLUSION: The obtained data indicate that Sia levels could have an effect on autism-like behaviors, particularly on stereotypes and hyperactivity.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder , Autistic Disorder , Behavioral Symptoms , Brain , Checklist , Child , Cognition , Humans , Infant , Learning , Memory , N-Acetylneuraminic Acid , Saliva
17.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369502

ABSTRACT

Tanto el Deterioro Conductual Leve (MBI) y el Deterioro Cognitivo Leve (MCI) han sido identificados como estados o fases predemenciales. Estas entidades constituyen factores de riesgo para el desarrollo de las demencias y en muchos casos, una manifestación temprana de las mismas. En este contexto, los síntomas neuropsiquiátricos que caracterizan al MBI no solo podrían presentarse concurrentemente con el MCI, sino también antes de su aparición o incluso sin que este se llegara a presentar. Esta aparición selectiva del MBI sigue representando un gran desafío en términos de la comprensión de su etiología y el sustrato neurobiológico que podría compartir con el MCI. En este artículo se presentan las características centrales del MBI, los criterios que se emplean para su diagnóstico, las relaciones que guarda con el MCI y sus posibles biomarcadores, para discutir algunos aspectos relacionados con su diagnóstico clínico


Subject(s)
Humans , Behavioral Symptoms/complications , Behavioral Symptoms/diagnosis , Dementia/etiology , Cognitive Dysfunction/complications , Cognitive Dysfunction/diagnosis , Biomarkers
18.
Rev. SPAGESP ; 20(2): 131-142, jul.-dez. 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057239

ABSTRACT

O presente ensaio visa refletir sobre as particularidades do sintoma infantil, entre elas podemos destacar a influência do trauma e do conteúdo genealógico na sua constituição. Segundo a teoria psicanalítica, destacamos a intrínseca relação entre o sintoma da criança e o desejo e discurso parentais, observando no sintoma infantil a abertura e a presença de resquícios dos conteúdos genealógicos. A compreensão do sintoma infantil é apresentada tendo como base a articulação entre o trauma e a transmissão psíquica. O sintoma aponta para uma escolha inconsciente do sujeito e um caminho para a sua historicização. Ressalta-se a importância do trabalho com os pais na condução da análise de crianças, bem como a escuta perspicaz do analista aos significantes que atravessam gerações.


The present study intends to reflect about the particularities of the infant symptom, among them we can highlight the influence of the trauma and the genealogical constitution. According to the psychoanalytic theory, we highlight the intrinsic relation between the child's symptom and the parental desire and discourse, observing in the children's symptom the opening and presence of remnants of the genealogical contents. The understanding of the child symptom is presented on the basis of the articulation between trauma and psychic transmission. The symptom points to an unconscious choice of the subject and a path to its historicization. The importance of working with parents in conducting the analysis of children, as well as the insightful listening of the analyst to the signifiers that cross generations, is emphasized


Este ensayo tiene como objetivo reflexionar sobre las particularidades de los síntomas del niño, entre ellos podemos destacar la influencia del trauma y del contenido genealógico. De acuerdo con la teoría psicoanalítica, señalamos la relación intrínseca entre los síntomas del niño y el deseo de los padres y el habla, viendo la apertura de los síntomas de los niños y la presencia de restos de contenidos genealógicos. La comprensión de los síntomas del niño se presenta sobre la base de la relación entre el trauma y la transmisión psíquica. Hacemos hincapié en la importancia de trabajar con los padres para llevar a cabo el análisis de los niños, así como una escucha perspicaz del analista para los significantes que cruzan las generaciones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Parents , Signs and Symptoms , Behavioral Symptoms , Family Characteristics , Comprehension
19.
Estud. Interdiscip. Psicol ; (9): 100-117, ago. 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-947572

ABSTRACT

Esse trabalho objetivou apresentar os estudos que utilizaram o Symptom Checklist (SCL) para avaliar sintomas psicofuncionais em bebês. Foram detalhados os países em que os trabalhos foram realizados, o delineamento dos estudos e as principais variáveis associadas. Para tanto, foi realizada uma revisão crítica da literatura, considerando trabalhos que utilizaram o SCL. Identificou-se que a prevalência de sintomas psicofuncionais em bebês ainda é um dado desconhecido tanto no Brasil quanto no exterior, ainda que exista um predomínio de estudos europeus. Embora o SCL possa ser usado em pesquisas com diversos tipos de delineamentos, destacaramse estudos longitudinais. Os achados também permitiram problematizar as propriedades psicométricas do instrumento. Sugere-se a realização de novos estudos, bem como uma ampliação no uso e na divulgação do SCL, uma vez que o instrumento permite uma avaliação compreensiva e detalhada da saúde e do desenvolvimento infantil.


This study aimed to present the studies that used the Symptom Checklist (SCL) to evaluate psychofunctional symptoms infants. Were detailed the countries that the studies were carried out, the design of the articles and the main variables associated. Therefore, a critical review of the literature was performed, considering works that used the SCL instrument. It was found that the prevalence of symptoms of infants, is still unknown in Brazil and abroad, although there is a predominance of studies in the European context. Although the SCL can be used in various types of research designs, longitudinal studies were predominant. The findings also allowed to question the psychometric properties of the instrument. It is suggested to carry out new studies, as well as an expansion in the use and divulgation of SCL, since the instrument allows a comprehensive and detailed assessment of health and child development.


Esta investigación tuvo como objetivo presentar los estudios que utilizaron el Symptom Checklist (SCL) para evaluar los síntomas psicofuncionales en bebés. Fueron detallados los países en los que el trabajo se lleva a cabo, el diseño de los estudios y las principales variables asociada. Por lo tanto, se realizó una revisión crítica de la literatura, teniendo en cuenta los estudios que utilizaron el SCL. Se encontró que la prevalencia de síntomas en los bebés psicofuncionales sigue siendo una incógnita tanto en Brasil como en el extranjero, aunque hay un predominio de los estudios europeos. Aunque el SCL se puede utilizar en la investigación de varios tipos de diseños, se destacaron estudios longitudinales. Los resultados también permiten a cuestionar las propiedades psicométricas del instrumento. Se sugiere conducir nuevos estudios, así como una expansión en el uso y divulgación de SCL, ya que el instrumento permite una evaluación completa y detallada de salud y desarrollo infantil


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Behavioral Symptoms , Child Development , Psychosomatic Medicine , Child Behavior
20.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 56(2): 100-109, jun. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959462

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La salud mental del cuidador influye en el desarrollo de los niños; sin embargo, desconocemos si existe una asociación entre síntomas depresivos del cuidador y problemas conductuales en preescolares chilenos. El objetivo fue analizar la asociación entre los síntomas depresivos del cuidador principal y la presencia de problemas conductuales en preescolares usuarios de la red pública de salud chilena. Método: Estudio transversal. Muestreo por conglomerados estratificados bietápico. Muestra de 1.377 preescolares de 2,5-4 años y sus cuidadores principales. Con consentimiento informado se aplicó encuesta sociodemográfica y Child Behavior Checklist 1½-5. Los síntomas depresivos del cuidador se evaluaron mediante Entrevista Diagnóstica Internacional Compuesta abreviada. Resultados: Edad promedio del preescolar 40,95 ± 4,6 meses, 51,3% varones. 97,5% fueron cuidadoras mujeres, edad promedio 31,6 ± 10,2 años y escolaridad 9,5 años. Se encontró problemas conductuales de rango clínico en las tres escalas: total de problemas conductuales 21,4%, conductas internalizantes 23,1% y externalizantes 16,4%. Se encontró sintomatologia depresiva en 9,1% de los cuidadores, la que aumenta a 14,5,% y 16,1% en cuidadores de preescolares con conductas internalizantes y externalizantes respectivamente. En el análisis de regresión logística multinomial ajustando por variables confundentes, la asociación bivariada con los problemas conductuales internalizantes desaparece, sin embargo, se mantiene para el total de problemas conductuales y conductas externalizantes. Conclusiones: La asociación entre síntomas depresivos del cuidador y problemas conductuales en preescolares chilenos es consistente y modulada por otras variables médicas y psicosociales, esto sugiere la importancia de la identificación, prevención e intervención temprana de la díada y su entorno.


Introduction: The mental health of the caregiver influences the development of children; however we do not know if there is an association between depressive symptoms of the caregiver and behavioral problems in Chilean preschoolers. The objective was to analyze the association between primary caregiver depressive symptoms and behavioral problems in preschoolers users of the Chilean public health network. Method: Cross-sectional study. Two-stage stratified cluster sampling. Sample 1377 preschool children 2,5-4 years old and their primary caregivers. In order to assess child behavior, a sociodemographic survey and Child Behavior Checklist ½-5 we applied to each caregiver, under informed consent. Caregiver depressive symptoms were assessed using the International Diagnostic Composite Interview Short Form. Results: Preschool age was 40.95 ± 4.6 months, 51.3% were boys. 97.5% of caregivers were female, (ages 31.6 ± 10.2 yr, average schooling 9.5 years). Behavioral problems of clinical rank were found in the three scales: total behavioral problems 21.4%, internalizing 23.1%, and externalizing behaviors 16.4%. 9.1% of caregivers experienced depressive symptomatology. In preschool children with internalizing behavioral, caregivers showed depressive symptoms in 14,5% of cases, and 16,1% in those with an externalizing behavioral. In multinomial logistic regression analysis adjusted for confounding variables, bivariate association for internalizing behavioral problems was lost, but persisted for total behavioral problems and for externalizing behavioral. Conclusions: The association between caregiver's depressive symptoms and behavioral problems in Chilean preschool children is consistent and modulated by other medical and psychosocial variables, suggesting the importance of identification, prevention and early intervention of the dyad and their environment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Behavioral Symptoms , Child, Preschool , Mental Health , Caregivers , Depression , Chile , Surveys and Questionnaires
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