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1.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 802-807, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985989

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the differences in clinical symptoms and the time required for diagnosis of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) between older patients and young and middle-aged patients in the structured inquiry of dizziness history. Methods: The medical records of 6 807 patients diagnosed with BPPV from the Vertigo Database of Vertigo Clinical Diagnosis, Treatment, and Research Center of Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, between January 2019 and October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The data included basic demographic information, clinical symptoms in a structured medical history questionnaire, and the time interval from the appearance of BPPV symptoms to diagnosis consultation. The patients were divided into the young and middle-aged group (<65 years old) and the older group (≥65 years old). The differences in clinical symptoms and consultation time were compared between these two groups. Categorical variables were represented by numbers (%), and compared using Chi-squared tests or Fisher's exact probability test for analysis; whereas, continuous variables conforming to normal distribution were represented by mean±standard deviation. Both data groups were compared and analyzed by Student's t-test. Results: The mean age of the older group was 65-92 (71±5) years, while the mean age of the middle-aged group was 18-64 (49±12) years. The incidence of vertigo (42.5% vs. 49.1%, χ2=23.69, P<0.001); vertigo triggered by changes in position of the head or body (52.4% vs. 58.7%, χ2=22.31, P<0.001); and autonomic symptoms (10.1% vs. 12.4%, χ2=7.09, P=0.008) were lower, but hearing loss (11.8% vs. 7.8%, χ2=27.36, P<0.001) and sleep disorders (18.5% vs. 15.2%, χ2=11.13, P=0.001) were higher in the older group than in the young and middle-aged group. The time from the appearance of dizziness to diagnosis was commonly longer in the older patient group than the other group (55.0% vs. 38.5%, χ2=55.95, P<0.001). Conclusions: Older patients with BPPV have more atypical symptoms and complex concomitant symptoms than young and middle-aged patients. For older patients with dizziness, positional testing is needed to confirm the possibility of BPPV even if the clinical symptoms are atypical.


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/therapy , Dizziness/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Patients , Surveys and Questionnaires
2.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 268-271, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982730

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the influence of an additional roll test on the repositioning procedure by SRM-vertigo diagnosis system for horizontal canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo(HC-BPPV). Methods:A total of 713 patients diagnosed with HC-BPPV in Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery,the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from Jan 2020 to Feb 2022 were enrolled. The patients were divided into two groups by hospital card numbers, in which the number is odd were considered as group A, and the number is even were considered as group B. The group A underwent two circles of Barbecue repositioning procedure by SRM-vertigo diagnosis system, while the group B first performed an additional roll test and then underwent two circles of Barbecue repositioning procedure by SRM-vertigo diagnosis system, to observe the cure rate and compare influence of HC-BPPV by an additional roll test. The quality of life and sleep of patients before and one-month after the treatment were assessed by the dizziness handicap inventory(DHI) and the pittsburgh sleep quality(PSQI). Results:The cure rate of group A was 63.21%, and the cure rate of group B was 87.68%,the difference between the two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05); The DHI score of patients after the repositioning was significantly lower than that before the repositioning(P<0.05). The PSQI score after the repositioning was significantly lower than that before the repositioning(P<0.05). The DHI and the PSQI scores after the repositioning were significantly lower than that before the repositioning, with a statistically significant difference (P< 0.05). The total score of DHI in group B after treatment was lower than that in group A, with a statistically significant difference(P<0.05). The total score of PSQI in group B after treatment was lower than that in group A, with non-statistically significant difference (P< 0.05). Conclusion:An additional roll test before the repositioning procedure by SRM-vertigo diagnosis system can significantly improve the cure rate of HC-BPPV, relieve anxiety, and improve the quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/diagnosis , Quality of Life , Patient Positioning/methods , Dizziness , Semicircular Canals
3.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 786-795, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011043

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of Barbecure combined with Epley on residual dizziness of horizontal canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo(HC-BPPV) by SRM-vertigo diagnosis system. Methods:A total of 406 patients diagnosed with HC-BPPV from Nov 2021 to Nov 2022 were enrolled by rapid axial roll test and Dix-Hallpike in the department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University. The patients were divided into two groups by hospital card numbers, in which the numbers that were odd were considered as group A, and the numbers that were even were considered as group B. The group A underwent two circles of Barbecure repositioning procedure by SRM-vertigo diagnosis system, while the group B underwent two circles Barbecure combined with Epley repositioning procedure by SRM-vertigo diagnosis system. The treatment was stopped on the next day when two groups of patients were cured, and those who were not cured will continue treatment with the same method. Results:The cure rate of group A was 83.41%, and the cure rate of group B was 80.51%, the difference between the two groups was not-statistically significant difference(P>0.05). The rate of residual dizziness of group A was 23.30%, the rate of residual dizziness of group B was 11.46%, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05). Conclusion:The Barbecure combined with Epley otoliths repositioning maneuver by SRM-vertigo diagnosis system can significantly reduce the rate of residual dizziness after the treatment of HC-BPPV, and improve the quality of life of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/therapy , Dizziness , Quality of Life , Patient Positioning/methods , Semicircular Canals
4.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 82(1): 50-59, mar. 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389830

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El vértigo posicional paroxístico benigno (VPPB) es la afección periférica más común en las enfermedades otoneurológicas. Con el reposicionamiento de partículas se busca eliminar el vértigo y sus síntomas asociados como lo son el mareo residual y la inestabilidad. Objetivo: Determinar si la maniobra de reposicionamiento de Epley (MRE) produce una modificación significativa del control postural (CP) en aquellos pacientes con VPPB de canal semicircular posterior (VPPB-CSC-P). Material y Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo prospectivo en una muestra de 21 pacientes con diagnóstico de VPPB-CSC-P. Comparamos el desplazamiento, la velocidad y el área del centro de presión (CoP) antes y después de la MRE. Resultados: La velocidad y el área de la CoP estudiada por posturografía computarizada muestra una disminución significativa en sus valores después de la MRE, mientras que el desplazamiento de la CoP se mantuvo sin cambios. Conclusión: La MRE ejecutada en pacientes con VPPB-CSC-P produce una modulación en el control de la CoP, demostrada por la disminución de la velocidad y el área de desplazamiento de la CoP. El éxito de la MRE produce modulación del CP.


Abstract Introduction: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common peripheral condition in otoneurologic diseases. With the repositioning of particles, the aim is to eliminate vertigo and its associated symptoms, such as residual dizziness and instability. Aim: To determine if the Epley repositioning maneuver (ERM) produces a significant modification of postural control (PC) in those patients with posterior semicircular canal BPPV (BPPV-CSC-P). Material and Method: A prospective descriptive study was carried out in a sample of 21 patients diagnosed with BPPV-CSC-P. We compared the displacement, velocity, and area of the center of pressure (CoP) before and after the Epley repositioning maneuver. Results: The velocity and the area of the CoP studied by computed posturography show a significant decrease in its values after the MRE, while the CoP shift remained unchanged. Conclusion: ERM performed in patients with BPPV-CSC-P produces an improvement in the control of the CoP, demonstrated by the decrease in the speed and the area of movement of the CoP. The success of the MRE produces modulation of the PC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Semicircular Canals , Physical Therapy Modalities , Patient Positioning/methods , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/therapy , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies
5.
Biol. Res ; 55: 16-16, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383919

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Betahistine is a clinical medication for the treatment of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Otolin, a secreted glycoprotein with a C-terminal globular domain homologous to the immune complement C1q, has been identified as a biomarker for BPPV. However, the role of complement C1q/TNF-related proteins (CTRPs) with a C-terminal globular domain in BPPV is unclear, so we explored the change of CTRPs in betahistine treated BPPV. METHODS: We treated BPPV patients with Betahistine (12 mg/time, 3 times/day) for 4 weeks and observed the clinical efficacy and the expression of CTRP family members in BPPV patients. Then, we constructed a vertigo mice model of vestibular dysfunction with gentamicin (150 mg/Kg) and a BPPV model of Slc26a4loop/loop mutant mice. Adenoviral vectors for CTRP expression vector and small interfering RNA were injected via the intratympanic injection into mice and detected the expression of CTRP family members, phosphorylation levels of ERK and AKT and the expression of PPARγ. In addition, we treated mice of vestibular dysfunction with Betahistine (10 mg/Kg) and/or ERK inhibitor of SCH772984 (12 mg/Kg) and/or and PPARγ antagonist GW9662 (1 mg/Kg) for 15 days, and evaluated the accuracy of air righting reflex, the time of contact righting reflex and the scores of head tilt and swimming behavior. RESULTS: After treatment with Betahistine, the residual dizziness duration and the score of the evaluation were reduced, and the expression of CTRP1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 were significantly increased in BPPV patients. We also found that Betahistine improved the accuracy of air righting reflex, reduced the time of contact righting reflex and the scores of head tilt and swimming behavior in gentamicin-treated mice and Slc26a4loop/loop mutant mice. The expression levels of CTRP1, 3, 6, 9 and 12, phosphorylation levels of ERK and AKT, and PPARγ expression were significantly increased, and the scores of head tilt and swimming behavior were decreased in vestibular dysfunction mice with overexpression of CTRPs. Silencing CTRPs has the opposite effect. SCH772984 reversed the effect of Betahistine in mice with vestibular dysfunction. CONCLUSION: Betahistine alleviates BPPV through inducing production of multiple CTRP family members and activating the ERK1/2-AKT/PPARy pathway.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Betahistine/therapeutic use , Betahistine/pharmacology , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/drug therapy , MAP Kinase Signaling System , PPAR gamma , Dizziness/drug therapy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt
6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1413923

ABSTRACT

Introducción: múltiples factores se han relacionado con el desarrollo de la recurrencia del vértigo posicional paroxístico benigno (VPPB). Objetivo: determinar la asociación entre la falla terapéutica de las maniobras de reposición canalicular (MRC) y las variables sociodemográficas y clínicas en los pacientes con diagnóstico de VPPB. Diseño: estudio observacional de cohorte retrospectiva. Materiales y métodos: revisión de historias clínicas de la consulta de vértigo de la Clínica Orlant, Medellín, Colombia. Resultados: se incluyeron 41 pacientes con diagnóstico de VPPB a quienes se les realizó MRC y seguimiento clínico entre 1 y 8 semanas. El 90,2 % eran de sexo femenino, con una mediana de edad de 58 (±183) años; se encontró uso de vestibulosupresores en un 68,3 %, y es la betahistina el más consumido (43,9 %). El 51,2 % de pacientes presentaron falla terapéutica y se identificó una asociación con el número total de MRC realizadas y el uso de vibrador mastoideo (p < 0,001), teniendo en cuenta que los pacientes mejoraron clínicamente al final del seguimiento con una media de 77 % (p < 0,001). No se encontraron asociaciones estadísticamente significativas con el resto de variables. Conclusión: no hubo asociación entre la falla terapéutica y las variables estudiadas, excepto número de MRC, el uso del vibrador mastoideo y la mejoría clínica final, posiblemente porque el vibrador mastoideo se aplica a los pacientes en quienes hay persistencia de síntomas y signos con las maniobras desencadenantes, y por factores fisiopatológicos no esclarecidos; con esto finalmente se logra una mejoría clínica con más de dos MRC


Introduction: Multiple factors have been related to the development of recurrence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Objective: To determine the association between therapeutic failure of canalicular repositioning maneuvers (CRM) with sociodemographic and clinical variables in patients with a diagnosis of BPPV. Design: Observational retrospective cohort study. Materials and methods: Review of medical records of the vertigo clinic of the Orlant Clinic, Medellín - Colombia. Results: 41 patients with a diagnosis of BPPV who underwent CRM and clinical follow-up between 1 and 8 weeks were included. 90.2% were female, with a median age of 58 (± 18.3) years, use of vestibulosuppressants was found in 68.3%, betahistine being the most consumed (43.9%). 51.2% of patients presented therapeutic failure, identifying an association with the total number of CRMs performed and the use of a mastoid vibrator with (p < 0.001), taking into account that the patients improved clinically at the end of follow-up with a mean of 77% (p < 0.001). No statistically significant associations were found with the rest of the variables. Conclusion: There was no association between therapeutic failure and the variables studied except number of CRM, use of the mastoid vibrator and final clinical improvement, possibly because the mastoid vibrator is applied to patients in whom there are persistence of symptoms and signs with the triggering maneuvers for unclear pathophysiological factors, finally achieving clinical improvement with more than two CRMs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Vertigo , Semicircular Canals , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
7.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 29(3): [1-10], jul.-set. 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366694

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar o efeito dos exercícios vestibulares na qualidade de vida e na intensidade de tontura de idosos com hipofunção vestibular unilateral. Método: participaram do estudo idosos com sintomas de tontura. A qualidade de vida foi avaliada pela versão brasileira do Dizziness Handicap Inventory e a intensidade de tontura por uma escala visual analógica. Para cada participante foi desenvolvido um protocolo de exercícios personalizado de acordo com seus sintomas. Utilizou-se o teste t-Student para avaliar a intensidade de tontura e, para comparar os resultados da qualidade de vida, utilizou-se o teste não-paramétrico de Wilcoxon (p<0,05). O teste de correlação de Pearson averiguou associações entre intensidade de tontura e qualidade de vida. Resultados: verificou-se diferença estatisticamente significativa para a intensidade de tontura (p<0,0007) e para os domínios físico (p<0,0009), funcional (p<0,0009), emocional (p<0,03) e total (p<0,001) da qualidade de vida dos idosos com hipofunção vestibular unilateral. Referente à correlação, quanto mais intenso o sintoma de tontura, maiores foram os prejuízos na qualidade de vida. Conclusão: os exercícios vestibulares contribuíram para a diminuição da intensidade da tontura dos idosos com hipofunção vestibular unilateral e, consequentemente, para melhora da qualidade de vida e seus respectivos domínios. (AU)


Objective: to analyze vestibular exercise in quality of life and intensity of dizziness in the elderly with unilateral vestibular hypofunction. Method: elderly with symptoms of dizziness participated in the study. The quality of life was assessed by the Dizziness Handicap Inventory and the intensity of dizziness by a visual analogical scale. For each participant a personalized treatment protocol was developed according to their symptoms. The t-Student test was used to assess the intensity of dizziness and Wilcoxon's nonparametric test to analyze the quality of life (p <0.05). The Pearson correlation test was used to verify the associations between intensity of dizziness and quality of life. Results: a statistically significant difference was observed for the intensity of dizziness (p<0.0007) and to the physical (p<0.0009), functional (p<0.0009), emotional (p<0.03) domains and total (p<0.001) of the quality of life of the elderly with unilateral vestibular hypofunction. Concerning the correlation, the more intense the symptom of dizziness, the greater the impairment in quality of life. Conclusion: the vestibular exercises contributed to decrease the intensity of dizziness in the elderly with unilateral vestibular hypofunction and, consequently, to improve the quality of life and their respective domains. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Quality of Life , Aged , Vestibular Diseases , Physical Therapy Modalities , Exercise , Dizziness , Postural Balance , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1317-1320, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921052

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of horizontal penetration needling at vertigo auditory area and balance area on residual dizziness after successful repositioning maneuver in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV).@*METHODS@#Sixty-six patients with residual dizziness after successful repositioning maneuver for BPPV were randomly divided into an observation group (34 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (32 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The patients in the observation group were treated with horizontal penetration needling at vertigo auditory area and balance area, once every other day; three times were taken as a course of treatment, and two courses of treatment were given. The patients in the control group received no acupuncture and medication. The dizziness handicap inventory (DHI) and visual analogue scale (VAS) scores were observed before treatment and after 1 and 2 courses of treatment.@*RESULTS@#Except for the emotional score of DHI in the control group after 1 course of treatment, the sub item scores and total scores of DHI and VAS scores in the two groups after treatment were lower than those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Whether acupuncture or not, residual dizziness after repositioning maneuver for BPPV can be relieved within 2 weeks; horizontal penetration needling at vertigo auditory area and balance area could improve dizziness symptoms and shorten the course of disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/therapy , Dizziness/therapy , Patient Positioning , Vascular Surgical Procedures
9.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 603-612, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942487

ABSTRACT

Objective: We conducted a Meta-analysis to investigate the necessity of postural restrictions after manual reduction in the treatment of posterior canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (PC-BPPV). Methods: We searched PubMed, EBSCO, Proquest, Web of Science databases, Ovid, and screened eligible studies that investigated the effect of post-maneuver postural restriction in treating patients with PC-BPPV. Outcomes included the efficacy of treatment and recurrence. Meta-analysis was performed using Stata 15.0 software. Results: Studies of the single visit efficiency included 11 references, with a sample size of 1 733 cases. The Meta-analysis results showed that the difference in the efficacy between the postural restricted group and the non-postural restricted group in PC-BPPV patients was statistically significant(RR=1.12, 95%CI=1.07-1.18, P<0.001). There were 12 references included in the study on the total efficiency, with a cumulative sample size of 1763 cases. There was no statistically significant difference between the effect of postural restriction after manipulative reduction and that of simple manipulative reduction (RR=1.03, 95%CI=0.99-1.08, P=0.118). There were 5 references included in the study of recurrence rate, and the cumulative sample size was 659 cases. There was no statistically significant difference in the recurrence rate between the postural restricted group and the non-postural restricted group(RR=0.98, 95%CI=0.62-1.54, P=0.937). Conclusions: In comparison with non-postural restriction group, post-maneuver postural restriction after a single visit can improve the treatment effective rate of PC-BPPV and contribute to the improvement in the symptoms of patients in a short term. However, postural restrictions has no significant effect on the final prognosis of PC-BPPV, and it also has no significant effect on the recurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/therapy , Environment , Patient Positioning , Recurrence , Semicircular Canals , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 41-46, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942384

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effects of different intervention strategies for the management of residual dizziness following successful canalith repositioning procedure (CRP) in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Methods: A total of 129 BPPV patients with residual dizziness following successful CRP were recruited during January 2019 and July 2019. They were randomly assigned into three groups with 43 cases in each group: the vestibular rehabilitation group received rehabilitation training for four weeks; betahistine group was given orally 12 mg betahistine three times a day for four weeks; and the control group had no specific treatment. The primary outcomes were daily activities and social participation assessed by the Vestibular Activities and Participation measure (VAP). Secondary outcomes includedbalance function assessed by sensory organization test (SOT) and the duration of residual symptoms. Stata15.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The scores of VAP in the three groups decreased over time, but a more significant decrease was found in vestibular rehabilitation group. Further paired comparison showed that the difference between the vestibular rehabilitation group and the control group was of statistical significance (B=-3.88, χ2=18.29, P<0.01), while the difference between the betahistine group and the control group was not statistically significant (B=-0.96, χ2=1.16, P=0.28). The balance function of the three groups showed a trend of recovery over time, with no significant differences between groups (χ2=1.37, df=2, P>0.05). The median duration of residual dizziness for both vestibular rehabilitation and betahistine groups was 14 days, while that of control group was 19 days, with no significant difference between three groups[Log-rank (Mantel-Cox) test; χ2=1.82, df=2, P=0.40]. Conclusion: Vestibular rehabilitation can significantly improve the daily activities and social participation function in BPPV patients with residual symptoms following successful CRP, but its effects on shortening the duration of residual symptoms and promoting the recovery of balance function remain uncertain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo , Betahistine/therapeutic use , Dizziness , Patient Positioning , Vestibule, Labyrinth
11.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 1277-1282, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942613

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the characteristics of dynamic balance during the onset of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) and its prediction of residual symptoms after successful repositioning. Methods: From January 2018 to August 2019, patients diagnosed with unilateral posterior semicircular canal or horizontal semicircular canal BPPV were consecutively enrolled from five otolaryngology clinics in Shanghai. The dynamic balance function was measured by sensory organization test (SOT) before repositioning maneuver, and the residual symptoms and its duration were followed up from one week to up to three months. Results: A total of 260 patients were recruited. After excluding 17 cases, 243 cases were successfully followed up including 89 males and 154 females, with an average age of (52.9±13.0) years. There were 175 cases of posterior semicircular BPPV, 61 cases of horizontal semicircular BPPV and 7 cases of canal conversion (from horizontal to posterior semicircular). Among 243 patients, 118 cases reported residual symptoms, with an incidence of 48.6%. The results of SOT showed that 58.0%(141/243) of the patients had abnormal vestibular input and 41.6%(101/243) were categorized as "near falls". With respect to the detailed residual symptoms, 47 cases (39.8%) reported unsteadiness or floating, 35 cases (29.7%) had fogginess/heaviness feeling, 22 cases (18.6%) had transient dizzy while head moving, and 15 cases (12.7%) reported that the symptom was too subtle to describe. Compared with the group without residual symptoms, the group with residual symptoms had more abnormal vestibular input(χ²=67.25, P<0.001) and near falls(χ²=74.78, P<0.001) as identified by SOT test. Cox proportional hazards regression failed to reveal any SOT results having significantly impact on the duration of residual symptoms [abnormal vestibular input (HR= 0.93, 95%CI: 0.48, 1.80), and near falls (HR= 0.90, 95%CI: 0.56, 1.46)]. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the duration of residual symptoms among patients with different SOT manifestations [Log rank (Mantel-Cox) test, P>0.05]. Conclusions: The impaired dynamic balance during the onset of BPPV is characterized by "abnormal vestibular input". The residual symptoms are mainly characterized by unsteadiness or floating feeling. The defect of dynamic balance function is a predictor of the residual symptoms after successful repositioning, but not for the duration of such symptoms.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo , China , Dizziness , Prospective Studies , Semicircular Canals
12.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1354581

ABSTRACT

La presente investigación da a conocer el impacto de la maniobra de reposición Epley en la calidad de vida de las personas que padecen de vértigo postural paroxístico benigno, de 35 años y más. Para el conocimiento de la calidad de vida se aplicó un test de autopercepción llamado Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), el cual se tomó antes y después de la maniobra de Epley, en un periodo de tres semanas, con el fin de verificar si la calidad de vida variaba en función al tratamiento. La Metodología en la investigación fue descriptiva- comparativa, ya que, busca establecer la diferencia de las personas pre y post maniobra de reposición, la dimensión fue longitudinal y la muestra fueron 12 personas escogidas de forma no aleatoria. En relación a los resultados se observa que existe una mejoría en la calidad de vida a la hora de comparar los resultados antes y después del tratamiento.


This research reveals the impact of the Epley replacement jaw on people suffering from benign paroxysmal postural vertigo, 35 years of age and older. To know the quality of life, a self-perception test called Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) was applied, which must be performed before and after the Epley maneuver, in order to verify whether the quality of life varied or not depending on the treatment. The methodology in the research was descriptive-comparative, since it seeks to establish the difference of the people before and after the replacement maneuver, the dimension was longitudinal and the sample was 12 people chosen in a non-random way. Regarding the results, it is observed that there is an improvement in the quality of life when comparing the results before and after treatment


Subject(s)
Vertigo , Dizziness , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo , Quality of Life , Research , Self Concept , Therapeutics , Aftercare , Knowledge , Persons
13.
Rev. cuba. med. gen. integr ; 36(3): e1357, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138981

ABSTRACT

El vértigo posicional paroxístico benigno se caracteriza por episodios breves pero intensos de vértigo con los cambios de postura, en su tratamiento pueden utilizarse ejercicios específicos. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de los ejercicios de Brandt-Daroff en el tratamiento del vértigo posicional paroxístico benigno y su relación con los grupos de edades y sexo. Métodos: Se aplicó un método descriptivo, con una muestra de 62 pacientes adultos que presentaban diagnóstico de vértigo paroxístico posicional benigno. Se utilizó la escala dicotómica con presencia o ausencia de vértigo, al inicio y final del tratamiento con estos ejercicios. Se analizaron las variables: edad, sexo y mejoría clínica de la enfermedad. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizó la Prueba de homogeneidad λ2 con un nivel de significación de ά 0,05. Resultados: Se observó evolución favorable para el tratamiento de este trastorno mediante los ejercicios de Brandt-Daroff con el 87,09 por ciento en la eliminación del vértigo a las 7 sesiones de tratamiento, un 90 por ciento de efectividad en edades de 25 a 59 años y el 76,19 por ciento del sexo femenino, de ellas el 91,66 por ciento no presentó vértigos a final del tratamiento. Conclusiones: Se señala la efectividad de los ejercicios de Brandt-Daroff en el tratamiento del vértigo paroxístico posicional benigno con diferencias estadísticamente significativas en comparación con el tratamiento convencional. Mayor efectividad en edades de 25 a 59 años y el predominio del sexo femenino(AU)


Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is characterized by brief but intense episodes of vertigo with changes in posture. Specific exercises can be used for its treatment. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of Brandt-Daroff exercises in the treatment of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo and its relationship with age and sex groups. Methods: A descriptive method was applied, with a sample of 62 adult patients who had a diagnosis of benign positional paroxysmal vertigo. The dichotomous scale with presence or absence of vertigo was used at the beginning and at the end of treatment with these exercises. The variables analyzed were age, sex, and clinical improvement of the disease. For statistical analysis, the chi-square homogeneity test was used with a significance level of 0.05. Results: A favorable evolution was observed for the treatment of this disorder by means of the Brandt-Daroff exercises, with 87.09 percent in the elimination of vertigo after seven treatment sessions, 90 percent effective in ages 25-59 years, and 76.19 percent corresponding to the female sex, of which 91.66 percent did not present vertigo at the end of treatment. Conclusions: The effectiveness of the Brandt-Daroff exercises is highlighted for the treatment of benign positional paroxysmal vertigo, with statistically significant differences compared to conventional treatment. Greater effectiveness in ages 25-59 years and the predominance of the female sex(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Exercise Therapy/methods , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/rehabilitation , Epidemiology, Descriptive
14.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(2): 201-208, jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115836

ABSTRACT

El vértigo posicional paroxístico benigno (VPPB) es reconocido como la principal causa de vértigo de origen periférico en adultos, ya que, si bien la etiología del VPPB aún no se ha demostrado plenamente y se clasifica como la mayoría de los casos, se puede identificar el desprendimiento de otolitos y su desplazamiento en uno de los tres canales semicirculares. Una anamnesis cuidadosa puede abordar el diagnóstico clínico del VPPB, pero la confirmación se obtendrá por medio de maniobras de diagnóstico especificas de acuerdo a cuál de los canales está involucrado. Este trastorno altera la capacidad de llevar a cabo actividades de la vida cotidiana que determinan un aumento significativo en el riesgo de caídas y las consiguientes lesiones. La mayoría de los pacientes se recuperan después del tratamiento, sin embargo, hasta dos tercios de éstos pueden percibir inestabilidad prolongada, aturdimiento y malestar definidos como mareo residual. Esta sintomatología residual después de la resolución del VPPB es variable entre los pacientes, siendo el tiempo de duración de los síntomas residuales de aproximadamente de 1 a 3 semanas, existiendo algunos pacientes que pueden recuperarse más tardíamente. En esta revisión analizaremos el mareo residual, describiendo su expresión clínica, diagnóstica, fisiopatológica y tratamientos actuales de esta entidad clínica.


Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is recognized as the main cause of peripheral vertigo in adults, although the etiology of BPPV has not yet been fully demonstrated and is classified as idiopathicin most cases, detachment of otoliths and their displacement in one of the three semicircular canals can be identifie. A careful history can address the clinical diagnosis of BPPV, but confirmation will be obtained through specific diagnostic maneuvers according to which canal is involved. This disorder alters the ability to carry out activities of daily living that determine a significant increase in the risk of falls and consequent injuries. Most patients recover after treatment, however, up to two thirds of these patients may perceive prolonged instability, dizziness and discomfort defined as residual dizziness. This residual symptomatology following BPPV resolution is variable among patients, the duration of residual symptoms can last 1 to 3 weeks, with some patients may recover later on. In this review, we will analyze residual dizziness, describing its clinical presentation, diagnosis, pathophysiology and current treatments of this clinical entity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dizziness/physiopathology , Dizziness/therapy , Patient Positioning , Dizziness/etiology , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/physiopathology , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/therapy
15.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(1): 19-27, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099198

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El vértigo posicional paroxístico benigno (VPPB) es el vértigo periférico más frecuente. El tratamiento depende del compromiso de los canales semicirculares (CSC) y/o cúpulas, y consiste en maniobras de reposición de partículas. OBJETIVO: Evaluar los factores de riesgo asociados al VPPB en pacientes atendidos en el Servicio de Otorrinolaringología de la Red de Salud UC Christus. Evaluar la tasa de éxito de las maniobras de reposición. MATERIAL Y MÉTODO: Estudio retrospectivo. Se revisaron casos de VPPB con indicación de maniobras de reposición durante los años 2016-2017. Se obtuvo información demográfica, antecedentes médicos, la maniobra realizada y su éxito. Se evaluaron comorbilidades y temporada del año. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 195 consultas, realizándose 293 maniobras. La mayoría de los pacientes fueron mujeres (74%) con edad promedio de 63 años. Comorbilidades más frecuentes fueron hipertensión, dislipidemia y diabetes mellitus. El 20% presentó una hipofunción vestibular concomitante, 23% presentó antecedentes de VPPB y 8% compromiso bilateral. Canalolitiasis del CSC posterior fue predominante (90%). En el 77,3% se resuelve el caso con una maniobra. Los casos fueron más frecuentes en primavera y otoño. CONCLUSIONES: El VPPB fue más frecuente en mujeres, con una edad promedio de 63 años. La mayoría presentó canalolitiasis unilateral lográndose resolución con una maniobra de reposición.


INTRODUCTION: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of peripheral vertigo. The treatment depends on the semicircular canal (SCC) and/or cupula involved and consists of particle repositioning maneuvers. AIM: Analyze risk factors associated with BPPV for patients seen at the otorhinolaryngology department of the UC Christus health center. Evaluate the success rate of the repositioning maneuvers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study. All cases of BPPV for which a repositioning maneuver was prescribed during the years 2016-2017 were reviewed. Data obtained includes demographics, medical history, maneuver performed, and its success rate. Comorbidities and seasonality were evaluated. RESULTS: 195 cases were included; with 293 maneuvers. The majority were women (74%), and the average age was 63 years. Common comorbidities were hypertension, dyslipidemia and diabetes mellitus. Concurrently, 20% had unilateral vestibular hypofunction, 23% had a history of BPPV, and 8% had bilateral involvement. Posterior SCC canalithiasis was most common (90%). In 77.3%, the case was resolved with one maneuver. Cases were most frequent in the spring and autumn season. CONCLUSION: BPPV was more common in women with an average age of 63 years. The majority of patients presented with unilateral canalithiasis obtaining a complete recovery with a single maneuver.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Physical Therapy Modalities , Patient Positioning/methods , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/therapy , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Semicircular Canals/physiopathology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/rehabilitation
16.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(1): 83-90, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089374

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Subjective benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is a form of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo in which during the diagnostic positional maneuvers patients only present vertigo symptoms with no nystagmus. Objective To study the characteristics of subjects with subjective benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Methods Prospective multicenter case-control study. All patients presenting with vertigo in the Dix-Hallpike test that presented to the participating hospitals were included. The patients were separated into two groups depending on whether nystagmus was present or not. An Epley Maneuver of the affected side was performed. In the follow-up visit, patients were checked to see if nystagmus and vertigo were present. Both groups of patients were compared to assess the success rate of the Epley maneuver and also to compare the presence of 19 variables. Results 259 patients were recruited, of which 64 belonged to the subjective group. Nystagmus was eliminated in 67.2% of the patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. 89.1% of the patients with subjective benign paroxysmal positional vertigo remained unaffected by nystagmus, thus showing a significant difference (p = 0.001). Osteoporosis and migraine were the variables which reached the closest to the significance level. In those patients who were taking vestibular suppressors, the percentage of subjective benign paroxysmal positional vertigo was not significantly higher. Conclusions Subjective benign paroxysmal positional vertigo should be treated using the Epley maneuver. More studies are needed to establish a relationship between osteoporosis, migraine and subjective benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. The use of vestibular suppressants does not affect the detection of nystagmus.


Resumo Introdução A vertigem posicional paroxística benigna subjetiva é um tipo de vertigem posicional paroxística benigna na qual, durante as manobras posicionais diagnósticas, os pacientes apresentam apenas sintomas vertiginosos sem nistagmo. Objetivo Estudar as características de indivíduos com vertigem posicional paroxística benigna subjetiva. Método Estudo prospectivo multicêntrico de caso-controle. Foram incluídos todos os pacientes com vertigem no teste de Dix-Hallpike, que se apresentaram nos hospitais participantes. Os pacientes foram separados em dois grupos, dependeu da presença ou não do nistagmo. Uma manobra de Epley foi realizada no lado afetado. Na consulta de seguimento, os pacientes foram avaliados para verificar a presença ou não do nistagmo e da vertigem. Ambos os grupos de pacientes foram comparados para avaliar a taxa de sucesso da manobra de Epley e também para comparar a presença de 19 variáveis. Resultados Foram recrutados 259 pacientes, dos quais 64 pertenciam ao grupo subjetivo. O nistagmo foi eliminado em 67,2% dos pacientes com vertigem posicional paroxística benigna. Em 89,1% dos casos, os pacientes com vertigem posicional paroxística benigna subjetiva mantiveram-se não afetados pelo nistagmo, mostraram uma diferença significativa (p = 0,001). Osteoporose e enxaqueca foram as variáveis que atingiram o nível mais próximo ao de significância. Nos pacientes que tomavam supressores vestibulares, a porcentagem de vertigem posicional paroxística benigna subjetiva não foi significativamente maior. Conclusões A vertigem posicional paroxística benigna subjetiva deve ser tratada com a manobra de Epley. Mais estudos são necessários para estabelecer uma relação entre osteoporose, enxaqueca e vertigem posicional paroxística benigna subjetiva. O uso de supressores vestibulares não afeta a detecção do nistagmo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Osteoporosis/physiopathology , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/physiopathology , Migraine Disorders/physiopathology , Osteoporosis/complications , Posture/physiology , Sulpiride/therapeutic use , Betahistine/therapeutic use , Nystagmus, Physiologic/physiology , Case-Control Studies , Prospective Studies , Physical Therapy Modalities , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/complications , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/drug therapy , Migraine Disorders/complications
17.
Fisioter. Bras ; 20(2): 204-212, Maio 1, 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281158

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O equilíbrio corporal pode ser afetado por déficits visuais, proprioceptivos e/ou vestibulares centrais ou periféricas. Dentre as afecções vestibulares periféricos, a Vertigem Postural Paroxística Benigna apresenta grande interesse em pesquisas que buscam responder suas apresentações clínicas em adultos e sua associação com a integralidade dos demais sistemas corporais. Objetivo: Analisar as respostas de adultos jovens assintomáticos submetidos à semiologia do sistema vestibular. Metodologia: Estudo quantitativo, transversal analítico e descritivo, onde foram utilizados os testes de equilíbrio estático, dinâmico e a manobra de DixHallpike, com amostra de 30 voluntários assintomáticos recrutados em uma instituição de ensino superior do município de Parnaíba/PI. Resultados: O teste de apoio unipodal (1,87 ± 0,346) foi negativo (p < 0,001) e no teste de Fukuda (1,20 ± 0,407) grande parte tiveram resultados positivos (p < 0,001). Os testes de Romberg (2,00 ± 0,000), Romberg-Barré (1,50 ± 0,509) e Babinski-Weil (1,37 ± 0,490) não foram significantes (p = 0,001). Para a Manobra de Dix-Hallpike observamos que os movimentos de sedestação para decúbito dorsal esquerdo e de decúbito dorsal para sedestação direito e esquerdo foram significativos (p < 0,001). Conclusão: Os adultos jovens assintomáticos podem apresentar resultados positivos em teste de equilíbrio e sintomas na manobra de Dix-Hallpike, confirmando a Vertigem Postural Paroxística Benigna.(AU)


Introduction: Body balance can be affected by visual deficits, proprioceptive and/or central or peripheral vestibular. Among the peripheral vestibular disorders, the Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo presents great interest in research seeking to answer clinical presentations in adults and its association with the completion of other body systems. Objective: To analyze the responses of asymptomatic young adults with symptoms of the vestibular system. Methods: This was a quantitative, descriptive analytical cross-sectional, where we used the tests of static balance, dynamic and Dix-Hallpike, with a sample of 30 asymptomatic volunteers recruited in a higher education institution in the city of Parnaíba/PI, Brazil. Results: The one-leg supporting roll 1.87 ± 0.346) was negative (p < 0.001) and the test Fukuda (1.20 ± 0.407) were largely positive (p < 0.001). The Romberg test (2.00 ± 0.000) Romberg-Barré (1.50 ± 0.509) and Babinski-Weil (1,37 ± 0.490) were not significant (p = 0.001). For the Maneuver Dix-Hallpike we observed that the movements of the sitting position to the left supine and supine to right and left sedestation were significant (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Asymptomatic young adults may have positive results on balancing test and symptoms in the Dix-Hallpike, confirming the Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Young Adult , Vestibular Function Tests , Vestibular Diseases , Postural Balance , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo , Vertigo , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Evaluation Studies as Topic
18.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 255-260, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763320

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Direction-changing positional nystagmus (PN) was considered to indicate the presence of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo involving lateral semicircular canal in most cases. We investigated the incidence of PN on the supine head-roll test and compared the characteristics of nystagmus in patients with vestibular neuritis (VN) and Meniere disease (MD). METHODS: A retrospective review of patients, who were diagnosed with unilateral VN or unilateral definite MD between September 2005 and November 2011, was conducted. Sixty-five VN patients and 65 MD patients were enrolled. Eye movements were recorded for 30–60 seconds at the positions of sitting, head roll to the right, and head roll to the left, and maximum slow-phase eye velocity was calculated. PN was classified as direction-fixed (paretic or recovery) and direction-changing (geotropic or apogeotropic). RESULTS: Spontaneous nystagmus was observed in 57 patients (87%, the slow-phase eye velocity of 7°/sec±5°/sec) with acute VN, 39 (60%, 2°/sec±1°/sec) with follow-up VN, and 32 (49%, 2°/sec±2°/sec) with MD. Direction-fixed PN was the most common type. Direction-fixed paretic type was most common in acute VN (80%) and follow-up VN (42%), and direction-fixed recovery type was most common in MD (31%). Paretic type was significantly more common in acute VN (80%) than in follow-up VN (42%) and MD (26%), and the recovery type was significantly more common in MD (31%) than in acute VN (3%) and follow-up VN (14%). Direction-changing PN was more common in MD (22%), followed by follow-up VN (14%) and acute VN (9%). CONCLUSION: Though direction-fixed paretic PN was most common in VN and MD patients, direction-changing PN could be observed in a few patients (9%–20%) with peripheral vestibular disorders regardless of the duration from the onset of dizziness, suggesting the presence of otolith-related dizziness.


Subject(s)
Humans , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo , Dizziness , Eye Movements , Follow-Up Studies , Head , Incidence , Meniere Disease , Nystagmus, Physiologic , Retrospective Studies , Semicircular Canals , Vestibular Neuronitis
19.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 273-278, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763317

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of serum vitamin D concentrations on the long-term recurrence rates of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) patients. METHODS: The present study was conducted with patients diagnosed with BPPV from June 2014 to April 2016. Whether the patients' sex, age, types and locations of semicircular canals, diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and vitamin D concentrations affect their recurrence rates was examined using Pearson chi-square tests, independent samples t-tests and Cox proportional hazards regression analyses. The effects of vitamin D concentrations on long-term recurrence rates were examined using Kaplan-Meier estimates and log-rank tests. RESULTS: The recurrence rates obtained with Kaplan-Meier estimates were 18% and 50% at 12 months and 24 months, respectively. When the patients were divided into groups with vitamin D concentrations of <10 ng/mL and ≥10 ng/mL and the recurrence rates of the groups were compared, the difference was statistically significant (P=0.040). In addition, when the patients were divided into groups with vitamin D concentrations of <15 ng/mL and ≥15 ng/mL and the recurrence rates of the groups were compared, the difference was statistically quite significant (P=0.017). In a Cox regression model, variables such as age, sex, the types and locations of semicircular canals, hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and 25-hydroxy vitamin D did not significantly affect recurrence. CONCLUSION: The present study investigated the recurrence rates of BPPV in patients for a long time without limiting the sex, age, or locations of semicircular canals and it could be seen that serum vitamin D concentrations significantly affected the recurrence of BPPV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo , Hyperlipidemias , Hypertension , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Recurrence , Semicircular Canals , Vitamin D Deficiency , Vitamin D , Vitamins
20.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 562-567, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760087

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is treated with appropriate canalith repositioning procedures, which are very effective for the treatment of BPPV. Nevertheless, the recurrence of BPPV may occur after the initial successful treatment. The purpose of this study was to investigate the risk factors and clinical features of recurrent BPPV. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: The retrospective study was performed for 227 patients who were diagnosed with BPPV and treated with appropriate canalith repositioning procedures from March 2013 to December 2014. We analyzed various clinical characteristics, locations and types of canalith for the whole BPPV patients, and the interval and frequency of recurrence in the patients of recurrent BPPV. RESULTS: Of the total of 227 BPPV patients, 47 patients were recurrent BPPV (21%). The patients of recurrent BPPV were significantly older than those of non-recurrent BPPV (p=0.034). BPPV patients recurred more with increased age, with the significantly increased frequency of recurrence (p=0.010). Twenty two patients were posterior semicircular canal canalolithiasis (PSCC) (46.8%) and 25 patients were lateral semicircular canal canalolithiasis (LSCC) (53.2%). The number of canalith repositioning procedures was significantly higher in LSCC patients than in PSCC patients (p=0.041). The location change of affected canal were identified for 23 patients and the type change of LSCC to ipsilateral PSCC was the most common. CONCLUSION: Age is an important prognostic factor to be considered in BPPV recurrence. Also, the affected semicircular canals were frequently changed in the recurrent BPPV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Age Factors , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo , Methods , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Semicircular Canals
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