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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939674

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of paclitaxel, quizartinib and their combination on proliferation, apoptosis and FLT3/STAT5 pathway of human leukemia cell line MV4-11 (FLT3-ITD+).@*METHODS@#MV4-11 cells were treated with paclitaxel and quizartinib at different concentrations for 24 h, 48 h and 72 h, respectively, and then the two drugs were combined at 48 h to compare the inhibition of proliferation, the apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry, the expression of FLT3 and STAT5 mRNA was determined by fluorescence quantitative PCR, and the protein expression of FLT3, p-FLT3, STAT5 and p-STAT5 was determined by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Different combination groups of paclitaxel and quizartinib had synergistic inhibitory effect. The cell survival rate in the combination group was significantly lower than that in the single drug group (P<0.05). The cell apoptosis rate in the combination group was significantly higher than that in the single drug group (P<0.001). The expression of FLT3 mRNA in combination group was significantly higher than that in two single drugs (P<0.01). The expression of STAT5 mRNA in combination group was significantly higher than that in quizartinib group (P<0.001); increased compared with paclitaxel group, but there was no statistical significance. The expression level of p-FLT3、p-STAT5 protein in the combination group was significantly lower than that in the single drug group (P<0.05, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Paclitaxel combined with quizartinib can synergistically inhibit the proliferation of MV4-11 cell line and promote the apoptosis of MV4-11 cell line by inhibiting the activity of FLT3/STAT5 pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Benzothiazoles , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Paclitaxel/therapeutic use , Phenylurea Compounds , RNA, Messenger , STAT5 Transcription Factor/pharmacology , Signal Transduction , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
2.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(4): 416-426, jul. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369485

ABSTRACT

Reactive oxygen species are implicated in multiple pathological conditions including erectile dysfunction. This study evaluated the in vitro and in vivo antioxidant potential of the methanolic extracts of Inula glomerata and Salacia kraussii. The plant materials were pulverized and extracted with methanol. The phytochemical analysis, ability of the crude extracts to scavenge free radicals (ABTS, DPPH, NO.) in vitroas well as the total phenolic and flavonoid contents was investigated. In vivo, antioxidant potentials of the crude extracts (50/250 mg/kg body weight) were determined in an erectile dysfunction rat model. The phytochemical analysis revealed that both plants contain flavonoids, tannins, terpenoids, and alkaloids. The crude extracts at varying degree of efficiency, scavenged ABTS and DPPH radicals. The crude extracts at low concentrations (50 mg/kg b.w) significantly (p<0.05) diminished the level of malondialdehyde, augmented catalase activities and elevated glutathione levels. However, SOD activities were significantly boosted in a dose-dependent manner by the crude extracts. Therefore, I. glomerataand S. kraussiipossess antioxidant properties, hence, can serve as a therapeutic modality in the treatment of oxidative stress-induced erectile dysfunction.


Las especies reactivas de oxígeno están implicadas en múltiples condiciones patológicas, incluyendo la disfunción eréctil. Este estudio evaluó el potencial antioxidante in vitro e in vivo de extractos metanólicos de Inula glomeratay Salacia kraussii. Los materiales vegetales fueron pulverizados y extraídos con metanol. A estos extractos crudos se les llevó a cabo el análisis fitoquímico junto con el contenido total de fenólicos y flavonoides, así como se les investigó la capacidad in vitro para atrapar radicales (ABTS, DPPH, NO.). Los potenciales antioxidantes in vivo de los extractos crudos (50/250 mg/kg de peso corporal) se determinaron en un modelo en ratas con disfunción eréctil. El análisis fitoquímico reveló que ambas plantas contuvieron flavonoides, taninos, terpenoides y alcaloides. Los extractos crudos con un grado variable de eficiencia, atraparon a los radicales ABTS y DPPH. Los extractos crudos a bajas concentraciones (50 mg/kg p.c) significativamente (p<0.05) disminuyeron el nivel de malondialdehído, aumentaron las actividades de catalasa y elevaron los niveles de glutatión. Sin embargo, las actividades de SOD por los extractos crudos fueron significativamente dosis-dependientes. Así, los extractos de I. glomeratay S. kraussii mostraron propiedades antioxidantes, y por lo tanto, podrían servir como una alternativa terapéutica en el tratamiento de disfunción eréctil inducida por estrés oxidativo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Inula/chemistry , Salacia/chemistry , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Antioxidants/chemistry , Sulfonic Acids/metabolism , Flavonoids/analysis , Reactive Oxygen Species , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Asteraceae/chemistry , Celastraceae/chemistry , Benzothiazoles/metabolism , Phenolic Compounds/analysis , Phytochemicals/analysis , Nitric Oxide/metabolism
3.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(9): e360902, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345027

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To investigate experimentally the effects of Tropifexor, a farnesoid X receptor agonist, on liver injury in rats with obstructive jaundice. Methods: Forty healthy Wistar albino female rats were divided randomly in selected groups. These groups were the sham group, control group, vehicle solution group, Ursodeoxycholic acid group and Tropifexor group. Experimental obstructive jaundice was created in all groups, except the sham one. In the blood samples obtained, aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), total bilirubin and direct bilirubin levels were established and recorded. Additionally, liver malondialdehyde, myeloperoxidase and catalase enzyme activity in the tissue samples were studied. Histopathological analysis was also performed. Results: No statistical difference was found between the control group and the Tropifexor group when AST, ALT and ALP values were compared. However, it was found that the Tropifexor group had statistically significant decreases in the values of GGT, total bilirubin and direct bilirubin (p < 0.05). Additionally, Tropifexor decreased the median values of malondialdehyde and myeloperoxidase, but this difference was not statistically significant compared to the control group. Finally, the Tropifexor group was statistically significant in recurring histopathological liver damage indicators (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Tropifexor reduced liver damage due to obstructive jaundice.


Subject(s)
Jaundice, Obstructive/drug therapy , Liver Diseases , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Rats, Wistar , Alanine Transaminase , Benzothiazoles , Isoxazoles , Liver
4.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 145(12): 1624-1625, dic. 2017. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902488

ABSTRACT

The main adverse effects of dopaminergic drugs used in Parkinson's disease are hypotension, somnolence, hallucinations and impulse control disorder. Less common is leg edema. We report on a 68-year-old male receiving levodopa and pramipexole consulting for severe leg edema lasting two years, whose etiology was not ascertained with multiple lab tests. This edema subsided substantially when pramipexole was discontinued and the dose of levodopa was increased to treat motor symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Parkinson Disease/drug therapy , Dopamine Agonists/adverse effects , Edema/chemically induced , Edema/pathology , Benzothiazoles/adverse effects , Leg/pathology , Levodopa/adverse effects , Pramipexole , Antiparkinson Agents/adverse effects
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300831

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of neuronal histamine on spatial memory acquisition impairment in rats with pentylenetetrazole-kindling epilepsy, and to explore its mechanisms.A subconvulsive dose of pentylenetetrazole (35 mg/kg) was intraperitoneally injected in rats every 48 h to induce chemical kindling until fully kindled. Morris water maze was used to measure the spatial memory acquisition of the rats one week after fully pentylenetetrazole-kindled, and the histamine contents in different brain areas were measured spectrofluorometrically. Different dosages of hitidine (the precursor of histamine), pyrilamine (H1 receptor antagonist), and zolantidine (H2 receptor antagonist) were intraperitoneally injected, and their effects on spatial memory acquisition of the rats were observed.Compared with control group, escape latencies were significantly prolonged on Morris water maze training day 2 and day 3 in pentylenetetrazole-kindling epilepsy rats (all<0.05); and the histamine contents in hippocampus, thalamus and hypothalamus were decreased significantly (all<0.05). Escape latencies were markedly shortened on day 3 by intraperitoneally injected with histidine 500 mg/kg, and on day 2 and day 3 by intraperitoneally injected with histidine 1000 mg/kg in pentylenetetrazole-kindling epilepsy rats (all<0.05). The protection of histidine was reversed by zolantidine (10 and 20 mg/kg), but not by pyrilamine.Neuronal histamine can improve the spatial memory acquisition impairment in rats with pentylenetetrazole-kindling epilepsy, and the activation of H2 receptors is possibly involved in the protective effects of histamine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Benzothiazoles , Pharmacology , Brain Chemistry , Epilepsy , Hippocampus , Chemistry , Histamine H1 Antagonists , Pharmacology , Histamine H2 Antagonists , Pharmacology , Histidine , Pharmacology , Hypothalamus , Chemistry , Kindling, Neurologic , Physiology , Memory Disorders , Drug Therapy , Pentylenetetrazole , Phenoxypropanolamines , Pharmacology , Piperidines , Pharmacology , Pyrilamine , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Histamine H2 , Physiology , Spatial Memory , Spectrometry, Fluorescence , Thalamus , Chemistry
6.
Rev. paul. pediatr ; 33(1): 104-113, Jan-Mar/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-744708

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) in pregnant women and their children is an important health problem with severe consequences for the health of both. Thus, the objectives of this review were to reassess the magnitude and consequences of VDD during pregnancy, lactation and infancy, associated risk factors, prevention methods, and to explore epigenetic mechanisms in early fetal life capable of explaining many of the non-skeletal benefits of vitamin D (ViD). DATA SOURCE: Original and review articles, and consensus documents with elevated level of evidence for VDD-related clinical decisions on the health of pregnant women and their children, as well as articles on the influence of ViD on epigenetic mechanisms of fetal programming of chronic diseases in adulthood were selected among articles published on PubMed over the last 20 years, using the search term VitD status, in combination with Pregnancy, Offspring health, Child outcomes, and Programming. DATA SYNTHESIS: The following items were analyzed: ViD physiology and metabolism, risk factors for VDD and implications in pregnancy, lactation and infancy, concentration cutoff to define VDD, the variability of methods for VDD detection, recommendations on ViD replacement in pregnant women, the newborn and the child, and the epigenetic influence of ViD. CONCLUSIONS: VDD is a common condition among high-risk pregnant women and their children. The routine monitoring of serum 25(OH)D3 levels in antenatal period is mandatory. Early preventive measures should be taken at the slightest suspicion of VDD in pregnant women, to reduce morbidity during pregnancy and lactation, as well as its subsequent impact on the fetus, the newborn and the child. .


OBJETIVO: Deficiência de vitamina D (DVD) nas gestantes e seus filhos é problema de saúde, com consequências graves à saúde de ambos. Assim, esta revisão visou reavaliar a magnitude e as consequências da DVD na gestação, lactação e infância, fatores de risco associados, métodos de prevenção, além de explorar os mecanismos epigenéticos na vida fetal capazes de explicar benefícios não-esqueléticos da vitamina D (ViD). FONTES DE DADOS: Selecionaram-se artigos originais, de revisão e consensos com nível elevado de evidência para decisões clínicas relacionadas à DVD na saúde das gestantes e seus filhos e artigos sobre sua ação sobre os mecanismos epigenéticos da programação fetal de doenças crônicas na vida adulta, publicados no PubMed nos últimos 20 anos, empregando-se VitD status, e em combinação com Pregnancy, Offspring health, Child outcomes e Programming. SÍNTESE DOS DADOS: Abordou-se fisiologia, metabolismo, fatores de risco para a DVD e implicações na gravidez, lactação e infância, concentração de corte para definir DVD, variabilidade de métodos na sua detecção, recomendações sobre a reposição de ViD nas gestantes, no recém-nascido e na criança, bem como sobre ter as influências epigenéticas da ViD. CONCLUSÕES: DVD é frequente entre gestantes de alto risco e seus filhos. Monitorar rotineiramente os níveis séricos de 25(OH)D3 no período antenatal é imperativo. Medidas preventivas precoces devem ser instituídas à menor suspeita de DVD na gestante, para reduzir morbidades durante a gestação e a lactação, bem como seu posterior impacto sobre o feto, o recém-nascido e na infância. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Benzothiazoles/pharmacology , Neoplasms, Experimental/drug therapy , Sulfonamides/pharmacology , Antineoplastic Agents/chemistry , Antineoplastic Agents/chemical synthesis , Benzothiazoles/chemistry , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Models, Molecular , Molecular Structure , Neoplasms, Experimental/pathology , Structure-Activity Relationship , Sulfonamides/chemistry , Tumor Cells, Cultured
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310902

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To identify the free radical scavenging activity of ethanolic extract of Evolvulus alsinoides.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The free radical scavenging activity was evaluated by in vitro methods like reducing power assay, total antioxidant activity, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) reduction, superoxide radical scavenging activity, 2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS(+)) scavenging activity, hydroxyl radical scavenging assay, and nitric oxide radical scavenging assay, which were studied by using ascorbic acid as standard.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The extract showed significant activities in all antioxidant assays compared with the reference antioxidant ascorbic acid. The total antioxidant activity as well as the reducing power was also found to increase in a dose-dependent manner.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Evolvulus alsinoides may act as a chemopreventive agent, providing antioxidant properties and offering effective protection from free radicals.</p>


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Chemistry , Benzothiazoles , Chemistry , Biphenyl Compounds , Chemistry , Convolvulaceae , Chemistry , Ethanol , Chemistry , Free Radical Scavengers , Chemistry , Hydroxyl Radical , Chemistry , Nitric Oxide , Chemistry , Oxidation-Reduction , Picrates , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Sulfonic Acids , Chemistry , Superoxides , Chemistry
8.
Biol. Res ; 48: 1-11, 2015. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950785

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Atriplex laciniata L. was investigated for phenolic, flavonoid contents, antioxidant, anticholinesterase activities, in an attempt to explore its effectiveness in Alzheimer's and other neurological disorders. Plant crude methanolic extract (Al.MeF), subsequent fractions; n-hexane (Al.HxF), chloroform (Al.CfF), ethyl acetate (Al.EaF), aqueous (Al.WtF), Saponins (Al.SPF) and Flavonoids (Al.FLVF) were investigated for DPPH, ABTS and H2O2 free radical scavenging activities. Further these extracts were subjected to acetylcholinesterase (AChE) & butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitory activities using Ellman's assay. Phenolic and Flavonoid contents were determined and expressed in mg Gallic acid GAE/g and Rutin RTE/g of samples respectively. RESULTS: In DPPH free radicals scavenging assay, Al.FLVF, Al.SPF and Al.MeF showed highest activity causing 89.41 ± 0.55, 83.37 ± 0.34 and 83.37 ± 0.34% inhibition of free radicals respectively at 1 mg/mL concentration. IC50 for these fractions were 33, 83 and 82 µg/mL respectively. Similarly, plant extracts showed high ABTS scavenging potential, i.e. Al.FLVF (90.34 ± 0.55), Al.CfF (83.42 ± 0.57), Al.MeF (81.49 ± 0.60) with IC50 of 30, 190 and 70 µg/ml respectively. further, H2O2 percent scavenging was highly appraised in Al.FLVF (91.29 ±0.53, IC50 75), Al.SPF (85.35 ±0.61, IC50 70) and Al.EaF (83.48 ± 0.67, IC50 270 µg/mL). All fractions exhibited concentration dependent AChE inhibitory activity as; Al.FLVF, 88.31 ± 0.57 (IC50 70 µg/mL), Al.SPF, 84.36 ± 0.64 (IC50 90 µg/mL), Al.MeF, 78.65 ± 0.70 (IC50 280 µg/mL), Al.EaF, 77.45 ± 0.46 (IC50 270 µg/mL) and Al.WtF 72.44 ± 0.58 (IC50 263 µg/mL) at 1 mg/mL. Likewise the percent BChE inhibitory activity was most obvious in Al.FLVF 85.46 ± 0.62 (IC50 100 µg/mL), Al.CfF 83.49 ± 0.46 (IC50 160 µg/mL), Al.MeF 82.68 ± 0.60 (IC50 220 µg/mL) and Al.SPF 80.37 ± 0.54 (IC50 120 µg/mL). CONCLUSIONS: These results stipulate that A. laciniata is enriched with phenolic and flavonoid contents that possess significant antioxidant and anticholinestrase effects. This provide pharmacological basis for the presence of compounds that may be effective in Alzheimer's and other neurological disorders.


Subject(s)
Saponins/metabolism , Flavonoids/metabolism , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Cholinesterase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Atriplex/chemistry , Alzheimer Disease/drug therapy , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Phenols/analysis , Phenols/metabolism , Acetylcholinesterase/metabolism , Saponins/isolation & purification , Spectrophotometry , Sulfonic Acids/metabolism , Flavonoids/analysis , Butyrylcholinesterase/metabolism , Cholinesterase Inhibitors/isolation & purification , Free Radical Scavengers/pharmacology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Benzothiazoles/metabolism , Medicine, Traditional , Antioxidants/isolation & purification
9.
Biol. Res ; 48: 1-17, 2015. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950779

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Excessive production of free radicals causes direct damage to biological molecules such as DNA, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates leading to tumor development and progression. Natural antioxidant molecules from phytochemicals of plant origin may directly inhibit either their production or limit their propagation or destroy them to protect the system. In the present study, Monodora myristica a non-timber forest product consumed in Cameroon as spice was screened for its free radical scavenging properties, antioxidant and enzymes protective activities. Its phenolic compound profile was also realized by HPLC. RESULTS: This study demonstrated that M. myristica has scavenging properties against DPPH',OH',NO', and ABTS'radicals which vary in a dose depending manner. It also showed an antioxidant potential that was comparable with that of Butylated Hydroxytoluene (BHT) and vitamin C used as standard. The aqueous ethanol extract of M. myristica barks (AEH); showed a significantly higher content in polyphenolic compounds (21.44 ± 0.24 mg caffeic acid/g dried extract) and flavonoid (5.69 ± 0.07 quercetin equivalent mg/g of dried weight) as compared to the other studied extracts. The HPLC analysis of the barks and leaves revealed the presence of several polyphenols. The acids (3,4-OH-benzoic, caffeic, gallic, O- and P- coumaric, syringic, vanillic), alcohols (tyrosol and OH-tyrosol), theobromine, quercetin, rutin, catechine and apigenin were the identified and quantified polyphenols. All the tested extracts demonstrated a high protective potential on the superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase and peroxidase activities. CONCLUSION: Finally, the different extracts from M. myristica and specifically the aqueous ethanol extract reveal several properties such as higher free radical scavenging properties, significant antioxidant capacities and protective potential effects on liver enzymes.


Subject(s)
Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Free Radical Scavengers/pharmacology , Spices , Annonaceae/chemistry , Polyphenols/chemistry , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Peroxidases/drug effects , Picrates/metabolism , Sulfonic Acids/metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase/drug effects , Flavonoids/analysis , Biphenyl Compounds/metabolism , In Vitro Techniques , Cameroon , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Catalase/drug effects , Forests , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Hydroxyl Radical/metabolism , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Plant Bark/chemistry , Benzothiazoles/metabolism , Nitric Oxide/metabolism
10.
Biol. Res ; 48: 1-6, 2015. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-734621

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The present study was conducted in order to evaluate the fatty acid profile, anti-oxidant and anti-bacterial activities from the microwave aqueous extract of the leaves of three different varieties of Labisia pumila Benth. RESULTS: The chemical analysis of the extract showed that fatty acids (palmitic, palmitoleic, stearic, oleic, linoleic and α-linolenic) acid as the main components in three varieties of L. pumila leaves. Furthermore, the obtained results of the anti-oxidant revealed that L. pumila var. alata contained higher anti-oxidative activities compared to var. pumila and var. lanceolata. However, these values were lower than the tested anti-oxidant standards. On the other hand, the aqueous leaf extracts in all three varieties of L. pumila were also found to inhibit a variable degree of antibacterial activities against eight bacteria (four Gram-positive and four Gram-negative bacteria). CONCLUSIONS: In this study, it was observed the leaves of three varieties of L. pumila exhibited variable patterns of fatty acids and the microwave aqueous extraction possess anti-oxidant and anti-bacterial activities.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Fatty Acids/analysis , Microwaves , Primulaceae/chemistry , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Benzothiazoles/metabolism , Disk Diffusion Antimicrobial Tests , Flavonoids/analysis , Free Radical Scavengers/analysis , Gram-Negative Bacteria/drug effects , Gram-Positive Bacteria/drug effects , Primulaceae/classification , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , Phenols/analysis , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Sulfonic Acids/metabolism
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812504

ABSTRACT

Tibetan medicinal plants have been used for more than 2 000 years. In order to find their differences in antioxidant activity, total phenolics and total flavonoids between "hot-nature" and "cold-nature" herbs, we investigated the antioxidant activities of 40 Tibetan herbs from Qinghai plateau, with 20 herbs in cold-nature and 20 herbs in hot-nature. Antioxidant capacities were evaluated by the following methods: scavenging ABTS•(+) (2, 2'azinobis-(3-ethylbenz-thiazoline-6-sulfonic acid), scavenging O2•(-), and Ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP). The effects on inhibition of mitochondrion lipid peroxidation were determined by measuring the formation of TBARS (Thiobarbituric acid reactive substrates). Total phenolics and flavonoids were estimated by Folin-Ciocalteu and NaNO2-Al(NO3)3-NaOH colorimetric methods. Interestingly, the cold-nature herbs displayed higher antioxidant activities than the hot-nature ones, corresponding to nearly three-fold higher total phenolic contents in the cold-nature herbs. Moreover, the antioxidant activities correlated linearly with the levels of total phenolics for both cold-nature and hot-nature herbs, but only with the levels of total flavonoids for the hot-nature herbs. The results suggested that the phenolic compounds, but not the flavonoids, play the major role in antioxidant capacities of the cold-nature herbs. These findings could shed new lights on the study the theory of Tibetan medicine.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Pharmacology , Benzothiazoles , Metabolism , Cold Temperature , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Hot Temperature , Humans , Lipid Peroxidation , Magnoliopsida , Chemistry , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Mitochondria , Metabolism , Oxidation-Reduction , Phenols , Pharmacology , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Classification , Pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Sulfonic Acids , Metabolism , Tibet
12.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2014 Nov; 52(11): 1062-1070
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-153788

ABSTRACT

Antimicrobial screening of several novel 4-thiazolidinones with benzothiazole moiety has been performed. These compounds were evaluated for antimicrobial activity against a panel of bacterial and fungal strains. The strains were treated with these benzothiazole derivatives at varying concentrations, and MIC’s were calculated. Structures of these compounds have been determined by spectroscopic studies viz., FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR and elemental analysis. Significant antimicrobial activity was observed for some members of the series, and compounds viz. 3-(4-(benzo[d]thiazol-2-yl) phenyl)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)thiazolidin-4-one and 3-(4-(benzo[d]thiazol-2-yl)phenyl)-2-(4-hydroxy phenyl)thiazolidin-4-one were found to be the most active against E.coli and C.albicans with MIC values in the range of 15.6–125 μg/ml. Preliminary study of the structure–activity relationship revealed that electron donating groups associated with thiazolidine bearing benzothiazole rings had a great effect on the antimicrobial activity of these compounds and contributes positively for the action. DNA cleavage experiments gave valuable hints with supporting evidence for describing the mechanism of action and hence showed a good correlation between their calculated MIC’s and its lethality.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/chemical synthesis , Anti-Bacterial Agents/chemistry , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Antifungal Agents/chemical synthesis , Antifungal Agents/chemistry , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Benzothiazoles/chemical synthesis , Benzothiazoles/chemistry , Benzothiazoles/pharmacology , Candida/drug effects , DNA, Bacterial/drug effects , DNA, Circular/drug effects , Disk Diffusion Antimicrobial Tests , Drug Evaluation, Preclinical , Electrophoresis, Agar Gel , Free Radical Scavengers/pharmacology , Gram-Negative Bacteria/drug effects , Gram-Positive Bacteria/drug effects , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Molecular Structure , Thiazolidines/chemical synthesis , Thiazolidines/chemistry , Thiazolidines/pharmacology
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812254

ABSTRACT

AIM@#The aqueous methanolic extracts of two plants from Algeria, Helichrysum stoechas subsp. rupestre and Phagnalon saxatile subsp. saxatile, were investigated for their antioxidant activity.@*METHOD@#Total phenolics, flavonoids, and tannins were determined by spectrophotometric techniques. In vitro antioxidant and radical scavenging profiling was determined by spectrophotometric methods, through: Total antioxidant capacity, and radical scavenging effects by the DPPH and ABTS methods, reducing and chelating power, and blanching inhibition of the β-carotene.@*RESULTS@#All of the extracts showed interesting antioxidant and radical scavenging activity. The highest contents in phenolics, tannins, and the highest total antioxidant capacity as gallic acid equivalents of 97.5 ± 0.33 mg GAE/g DW was obtained for the flowers of H. stoechas subsp. rupestre extract in the phosphomolybdenum assay. An extract of the leafy stems of P. saxatile subsp. saxatile revealed the highest content of flavonoids, and the highest antioxidant activity by the radical scavenging and β-carotene assays when compared with standards. The best activity was by the scavenging radical DPPH with an IC50 value of 5.65 ± 0.10 μg·mL(-1).@*CONCLUSION@#The studied medicinal plants could provide scientific evidence for some traditional uses in the treatment of diseases related to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress.


Subject(s)
Algeria , Antioxidants , Pharmacology , Asteraceae , Chemistry , Benzothiazoles , Metabolism , Biphenyl Compounds , Metabolism , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Helichrysum , Chemistry , Oxidative Stress , Phenols , Pharmacology , Picrates , Metabolism , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Plant Structures , Chemistry , Spectrophotometry , Methods , Sulfonic Acids , Metabolism , Tannins , Pharmacology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815434

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the molecular mechanism of germ cell apoptosis via investigating the effect of PFT-α on the expression of p53 and bcl-2/bax during experimental cryptorchid cell apoptosis.@*METHODS@#Male Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned into 4 groups: a sham-operated group, a cryptorchid group, a cryptorchid+p53 inhibitor (p53 inhibitor-alpha, PFT-α) group, and a cryptorchid+dissolvent of PFT-α [dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO)] group. Unilateral cryptorchidism was surgically induced in the rats of the cryptorchid group, PFT-α group, and cryptorchid+dissolvent of PFT-α group. The rats in the PFT-α group and cryptorchid+dissolvent of PFT-α group were intra-peritoneally injected PFT-α and dissolvent of PFT-α, respectively, once a day. The rats were killed on the 7th day after the surgery. The morphology of spermatogenic epithelium at the side of surgery in the rats was observed under light microscope. The apoptosis of spermatogenic cells in the unilateral cryptorchidism was evaluated by TUNEL and flow cytometry (FCM). The protein expression levels of p53, bcl-2, and Bax were detected by Western blot and immunohistochemical assay in turn.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the cryptorchid groups and the cryptorchid+dissolvent of PFT-α group, the seminiferous epithelium of the cryptorchid+p53 inhibitor group appeared orderly, with thicker cell layers and lower apoptosis index, weak protein expression level of p53/Bax and strong protein expression level of bcl-2.@*CONCLUSION@#PFT-α inhibits the germ cell apoptosis caused by the experimental cryptorchidism via increasing the expression of bcl-2 and decreasing the expression of p53 and bax.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Benzothiazoles , Pharmacology , Cryptorchidism , Pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Humans , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spermatogonia , Cell Biology , Toluene , Pharmacology
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 888-895, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244998

ABSTRACT

A series of 2-(3-butynoicamidophenyl)benzothiazole derivatives were synthesized starting from 4-fluoro-3-nitrobenzoic acid. Structures of all the synthesized compounds were confirmed by 1H NMR and HR-MS. Their antitumor activities against human tumor cells lines (HCT116, Mia-PaCa2, U87-MG, A549, NCI-H1975) were evaluated by MTT assay. The results revealed that most of the synthesized compounds showed potent activities against HCT116, Mia-PaCa2, U87-MG tumor cells lines. Particularly, compounds 14c and 14h exhibited better activity with IC50 values of 1 x 10(-8) mol x L(-1) against U87-MG and HCT116 respectively. The structure-activity relationship of compounds was also discussed preliminarily.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Benzothiazoles , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , Humans , Nitrobenzoates , Structure-Activity Relationship
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244577

ABSTRACT

Bio-active components from Carthamus tinctorius were separated on the basis of antioxidant capacities in vitro. The antioxidant capacity was investigated on the basis of the ability to scavenge DPPH radical, ABTS radical and reduce Fe3+ of different polar fractions. Furthermore, the chemical compounds were isolated from bio-active fraction, and were evaluated for the antioxidative effects. Five major components were isolated and identified from water extract as 6-hydroxykaempferol 3,6,7-tri-O-β-D-glucoside(1), 6-hydroxykaempferol 3-O-β-rutinoside-6-O-β-D-glucoside (2), 6-hydroxykaempferol 3-O-β-D-glucoside (3), hydroxysafflor yellow A (4) and anhydrosafflor yellow B (5). By evaluating and comparing the antioxidative effects of different fractions and obtained compounds, the results showed that water extract displayed significantly high antioxidative activities and 6-hydroxykaempferol glycosides and quinochalcone C-glycosides were found as main contribution for antioxidant property.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Benzothiazoles , Metabolism , Biphenyl Compounds , Metabolism , Carthamus tinctorius , Chemistry , Chalcone , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Ferric Compounds , Metabolism , Free Radicals , Metabolism , Kaempferols , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Oxidation-Reduction , Picrates , Metabolism , Plant Extracts , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Quinones , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Sulfonic Acids , Metabolism , Water , Chemistry
17.
Biol. Res ; 47: 1-10, 2014. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950772

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Based on the ethnomedicinal uses and the effective outcomes of natural products in various diseases, this study was designed to evaluate Isodon rugosus as possible remedy in oxidative stress, alzheimer's and other neurodegenerative diseases. Acetylecholinestrase (AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) inhibitory activities of crude methanolic extract (Ir.Cr), resultant fractions (n-hexane (Ir.Hex), chloroform (Ir.Cf), ethyl acetate (Ir.EtAc), aqueous (Ir.Aq)), flavonoids (Ir.Flv) and crude saponins (Ir.Sp) of I. rugosus were investigated using Ellman's spectrophotometric method. Antioxidant potential of I. rugosus was determined using DPPH, H2O2 and ABTS free radicals scavenging assays. Total phenolic and flavonoids contents of plant extracts were determined and expressed in mg GAE/g dry weight and mg RTE/g of dry sample respectively. RESULTS: Among different fractions Ir.Flv and Ir.Cf exhibited highest inhibitory activity against AChE (87.44 ± 0.51, 83.73 ± 0.64%) and BChE (82.53 ± 0.71, 88.55 ± 0.77%) enzymes at 1 mg/ml with IC50 values of 45, 50 for AChE and 40, 70 µg/ml for BChE respectively. Activity of these fractions were comparable to galanthamine causing 96.00 ± 0.30 and 88.61 ± 0.43% inhibition of AChE and BChE at 1 mg/ml concentration with IC50 values of 20 and 47 µg/ml respectively. In antioxidant assays, Ir.Flv, Ir.Cf, and Ir.EtAc demonstrated highest radicals scavenging activities in DPPH and H2O2 assays which were comparable to ascorbic acid. Ir.Flv was found most potent with IC50 of 19 and 24 µg/ml against DPPH and H2O2 radicals respectively. Whereas antioxidant activates of plant samples against ABTS free radicals was moderate. Ir.Cf, Ir.EtAc and Ir.Cr showed high phenolic and flavonoid contents and concentrations of these compounds in different fractions correlated well to their antioxidant and anticholinestrase activities. CONCLUSION: It may be inferred from the current investigations that the Ir.Sp, Ir.Flv and various fractions of I. rugosus are good sources of anticholinesterase and antioxidant compounds. Different fractions can be subjected to activity guided isolation of bioactive compounds effective in neurological disorders.


Subject(s)
Saponins/analysis , Flavonoids/analysis , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Cholinesterase Inhibitors/analysis , Isodon/chemistry , Antioxidants/analysis , Picrates/metabolism , Acetylcholinesterase/drug effects , Saponins/isolation & purification , Spectrophotometry/methods , Sulfonic Acids/metabolism , Flavonoids/isolation & purification , Biphenyl Compounds/metabolism , Butyrylcholinesterase/drug effects , Chloroform , Free Radical Scavengers/metabolism , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Isodon/classification , Isodon/enzymology , Plant Components, Aerial/chemistry , Complex Mixtures , Methanol , Benzothiazoles/metabolism , Free Radicals/analysis , Hexanes , Hydrogen Peroxide/metabolism , Medicine, Traditional , Acetates
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 46(5): 440-446, maio 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-675675

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the role of H1 and H2 receptors in anxiety and the retrieval of emotional memory using a Trial 1/Trial 2 (T1/T2) protocol in an elevated plus-maze (EPM). Tests were performed on 2 consecutive days, designated T1 and T2. Before T1, the mice received intraperitoneal injections of saline (SAL), 20 mg/kg zolantidine (ZOL, an H2 receptor antagonist), or 8.0 or 16 mg/kg chlorpheniramine (CPA, an H1 receptor antagonist). After 40 min, they were subjected to the EPM test. In T2 (24 h later), each group was subdivided into two additional groups, and the animals from each group were re-injected with SAL or one of the drugs. In T1, the Student t-test showed no difference between the SAL and ZOL or 8 mg/kg CPA groups with respect to the percentages of open arm entries (%OAE) and open arm time (%OAT). However, administration of CPA at the highest dose of 16 mg/kg decreased %OAE and %OAT, but not locomotor activity, indicating anxiogenic-like behavior. Emotional memory, as revealed by a reduction in open arm exploration between the two trials, was observed in all experimental groups, indicating that ZOL and 8 mg/kg CPA did not affect emotional memory, whereas CPA at the highest dose affected acquisition and consolidation, but not retrieval of memory. Taken together, these results suggest that H1 receptor, but not H2, is implicated in anxiety-like behavior and in emotional memory acquisition and consolidation deficits in mice subjected to EPM testing.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Anxiety/chemically induced , Benzothiazoles/pharmacology , Chlorpheniramine/pharmacology , Histamine H1 Antagonists/pharmacology , /pharmacology , Memory Disorders/chemically induced , Phenoxypropanolamines/pharmacology , Piperidines/pharmacology , Receptors, Histamine H1/drug effects , Maze Learning , Microinjections
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820573

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To elucidate free radical scavenging activity of ethanolic extract Lagenaria siceraria (L. siceraria) (Molina) fruit.@*METHODS@#The free radical scavenging activity of the L. siceraria (Molina) fruit extract was assayed by using α,α-diphenyl-β-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,20-azinobis 3-ethyl benzothiazoline-6-sulfonate (ABTS), FRAP, reducing power, chelating ability and β-carotene bleaching assay.@*RESULTS@#The IC(50) values of DPPH and ABTS radical-scavenging activity was found to be 1.95 mg/mL and 19 mg/mL, respectively. In ferrous chelation assay, the percentage of inhibition was found to be 89.21%. The reducing power of ethanolic extract of L. siceraria (Molina) fruit was 0.068 at 1 mg/mL and increased to 0.192 at 5 mg/mL. The β-carotene linoleate bleaching assay was 46.7% at 5 mg/mL and antioxidant activity using FRAP at 0.305 for 1 mg/mL to 0.969 for 5 mg/mL.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The results indicate that L. siceraria (Molina) fruit could be an important sources of natural radical scavengers.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Benzothiazoles , Biphenyl Compounds , Cucurbitaceae , Chemistry , Fruit , Chemistry , Iron Chelating Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Oxidation-Reduction , Picrates , Plant Extracts , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Sulfonic Acids , Thiazoles , beta Carotene , Chemistry
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1259-1265, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259485

ABSTRACT

Twenty-four novel benzothiazole derivatives containing arylpiperazine were designed and synthesized by bioisosterism principle. Anti-proliferative effect of these synthesized compounds against four cancer cell and two normal cell lines were evaluated in vitro by the standard MTT assay. Pharmacological test showed that most of the compounds exhibited potent antitumor activity. Some of the compounds (II2, II3, II6, II7) showed strong anti-proliferation activities against HepG2 and HeLa229 cell lines with the IC 50 values of 1.6-4.5 micromol x L(-1) and 2.5-5.3 micromol x L(-1), respectively, and compounds having cyan in p-substituted benzene ring (I4, I8, I12, II4, II8 and II12) were found to have better antitumor activities against AsPC-1 cell lines with the IC50 values of 5.2-11.3 micromol x L(-1). The structure-activity relationship of benzothiazole derivatives containing arylpiperazine was also discussed preliminarily.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Benzothiazoles , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , Humans , Inhibitory Concentration 50 , Molecular Structure , Piperazines , Chemistry , Structure-Activity Relationship
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