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2.
Rev. méd. Panamá ; 40(1): 25-29, ene.2020.
Article in Spanish, English, Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099663

ABSTRACT

El SARS­CoV­2 es un nuevo virus, causante de la actual pandemia que nos afecta. Dada su virulencia y nuestro desconocimiento de su biología, representa una real amenaza para la población. Además de las medidas epidemiológicas, el personal de salud, clínico, técnico y administrativo son el frente para el diagnóstico y tratamiento de nuestra población. Es de suma importancia que nuestro personal pueda implementar medidas básicas para minimi­ zar la exposición y contagio de este virus. Se ha revisado las recomendaciones generales de la Organización Mundial de Salud para personal de salud sobre requerimientos mínimos que debemos cumplir en tal entorno. También hemos provisto de rótulos que deben ser co­ locados en toda instalación que maneja muestras de SARS­CoV­2. Es necesario que esta información sea de fácil acceso para todo profesional de salud, y así pueda revisarla e inter­ nalizarla para su protección, la de sus pacientes, y familiares. Esperamos que sea de gran utilizad para fortalecer nuestras capacidades de bioseguridad en nuestro país, y utilizar esta información como herramienta educativa y de capacitación básica.


SARS­CoV­2 is a new virus, causing the current pandemic affecting us. Given its virulence and our lack of understanding of its biology, it represents a real threat to the population. Ad­ ditionally to the epidemiological measures, the clinical, technical and administrative person­ nel are at the front in the battle to diagnose and treat our population. It is of utmost importance that our staff can know and implement basic safety measures to minimize the exposure and spread of this virus. We have reviewed the general recommendations of the World Health Organization for healthcare personnel of the minimum requirements that we must meet in such an environment. Here, it has also been provided banners to be displayed in every facility processing SARS­CoV­2 samples. This guide must be easily accessible for all health professional to be reviewed and internalized for their safety, of their patients, and their families. We hope it will be of great use in our country to strengthen our biosafety capa­ bilities and to use this information for educational and training purposes.


Subject(s)
/prevention & control , Personal Protective Equipment/standards , Betacoronavirus/growth & development , Practice Guideline , Containment of Biohazards/standards , OHSAS 18000/prevention & control
3.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 43, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094422

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The rapid increase in clinical cases of the new coronavirus disease, COVID-19, suggests high transmissibility. However, the estimates of the basic reproductive number reported in the literature vary widely. Considering this, we drew the function of contact-rate reduction required to control the transmission from both detectable and undetectable sources. Based on this, we offer a set of recommendations for symptomatic and asymptomatic populations during the current pandemic. Understanding the dynamics of transmission is essential to support government decisions and improve the community's adherence to preventive measures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Pandemics/prevention & control , Betacoronavirus/growth & development , Pneumonia, Viral/transmission , Brazil , Quarantine/statistics & numerical data , Feasibility Studies , Models, Statistical , Contact Tracing , Coronavirus Infections/transmission , Basic Reproduction Number
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