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1.
Braz. dent. sci ; 26(1): 1-7, 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1412847

ABSTRACT

Objective: the aim of this study was to compare the mechanical behavior of different ceramics when used in thin vertical preparations versus traditional horizontal preparation. Material and Methods: two stainless-steel dies were milled to simulate a minimally invasive vertical preparation (VP) and a traditional horizontal preparation (HP) for an all-ceramic crown of a maxillary first premolar. The stainless-steel dies were duplicated using epoxy resin. Eighty monolithic crowns were milled and divided into 2 groups according to preparation design. Each design group was subdivided into 4 sub-groups according to material (n=10): IPS e.max CAD (lithium disilicate), Bruxzir shaded zirconia (full contour zirconia), CeraSmart (resin nanoceramic) and CEREC Tessera (advanced lithium disilicate). The crowns were cemented on their relevant epoxy resin dies using self-adhesive resin cement. All specimens were subjected to 15,000 thermocycles and then loaded to fracture in a universal testing machine. Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA and Tukey pair wise comparison test. Results: the fracture resistance mean values of the VP (1344 + 118 N) was significantly lower than the HP design (1646 + 191 N). Ceramic crowns made of full contour zirconia had higher fracture resistance mean values (2842 + 380 N) than advanced lithium disilicate (1272 + 125 N) followed by lithium disilicate crowns (983 + 52 N) and resin nanoceramic (882 + 61 N). Conclusion: both vertical and horizontal preparations, regardless the different ceramic materials, showed clinically acceptable fracture resistance values. (AU)


Objetivo: o objetivo deste estudo foi comparar o comportamento mecânico de diferentes cerâmicas quando utilizadas em preparos verticais finos ou preparos horizontais tradicionais. Material e Métodos: dois modelos de aço inoxidável foram fresados para simular um preparo vertical minimamente invasivo (PV) e um preparo horizontal tradicional (PH) para uma coroa totalmente em cerâmica de um primeiro pré-molar superior. As matrizes de aço inoxidável foram duplicadas usando resina epóxi. Oitenta coroas monolíticas foram fresadas e divididas em 2 grupos de acordo com o desenho do preparo. Cada grupo foi subdividido em 4 subgrupos de acordo com o material (n=10): IPS e.max CAD (dissilicato de lítio), zircônia Bruxzir (zircônia de contorno total), CeraSmart (resina nanocerâmica) e CEREC Tessera (dissilicato de lítio avançado). As coroas foram cimentadas em suas respectivas matrizes de resina epóxi usando cimento resinoso autoadesivo. Todos os espécimes foram submetidos a 15.000 ciclos térmicos e então carregados até a fratura em uma máquina de teste universal. Os dados foram analisados usando ANOVA com dois fatores e teste de comparação por pares de Tukey. Resultados: os valores médios de resistência à fratura do PV (1344 + 118 N) foram significativamente menores do que PH (1646 + 191 N). As coroas de cerâmica feitas de zircônia de contorno total apresentaram maiores valores médios de resistência à fratura (2842 + 380 N) do que dissilicato de lítio avançado (1272 + 125 N), seguido por coroas de dissilicato de lítio (983 + 52 N) e resina nanocerâmica (882 + 61 N). Conclusão: preparos verticais e horizontais, independentemente dos diferentes materiais cerâmicos, apresentaram valores de resistência à fratura clinicamente aceitáveis. (AU)


Subject(s)
Bicuspid , Dental Prosthesis , Tooth Crown , Resin Cements , Epoxy Resins , Fractures, Bone
2.
rev.cuid. (Bucaramanga.2010) ; 13(1): 1-11, 20221213.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1369130

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La existencia de variaciones anatómicas ocasiona fracasos en tratamientos endodónticos, por lo que es importante diagnosticarlas. El objetivo fue determinar la reproducibilidad y la validez de criterio de las radiografías con placa de fósforo y la radiovisografía con sensor para identificar las variaciones anatómicas detectadas por tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (CBCT) en premolares inferiores. Métodos: En 140 premolares se obtuvieron imágenes por CBCT, radiografía y radiovisografía. Se realizó lectura independiente por dos endodocistas, evaluándose la clasificación de Vertucci y las ramificaciones. Se determinó la reproducibilidad intraobservador e interobservador. Se calcularon sensibilidad, especificidad y áreas bajo la curva operador-receptor (AUC) utilizando como estándar de oro la CBCT. Resultados: La reproducibilidad intraobservador e interobservador fue mayor para radiografía. Para la Clase I de Vertucci, la radiografía presentó mayor sensibilidad (94,7%), especificidad (64,9%) y AUC (0,795) que la radiovisiografía (89,3%, 62,2% y 0,757, respectivamente), al igual que para la Clase V (Radiografía 69,2%, 93% y 0,811; Radiovisiografía 50%, 84,2% y 0,671, respectivamente). Ninguna de las técnicas aportó al diagnóstico de la Clase III (AUC <0,5). Las ramificaciones fueron infrecuentes (2,9%) y su detección fue baja (Sensibilidad 25% para radiografía y 0% para radiovisiografía). Discusión: Este es el primer estudio que evalúa la reproducibilidad y validez de estas dos técnicas radiográficas comparadas con la CBCT para la detección de variaciones anatómicas en dientes. Conclusiones: La radiografía con placa de fósforo presentó mayor reproducibilidad y validez para el diagnóstico de las Clase I y V de Vertucci, que fueron las variaciones más frecuentes.


Introduction: Considering that the existence of anatomical variations causes endodontic treatment failures, therefore it is important to diagnose them. This study aimed to determine the reproducibility and criterion validity of phosphor plate radiographs and sensor-based radiovisiography to identify anatomical variations detected by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) in lower premolars. Materials and Methods: 140 premolars images were obtained by CBCT, radiographs and radiovisiography. Independent interpretation was performed by two endodontists to evaluate the Vertucci classification and ramifications. Intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility were determined. Sensitivity, specificity and areas under the receiver-operator curve (AUC) were calculated using CBCT as the gold standard. Results: Intraobserver and interobserver reproducibility was higher for radiography. For Vertucci type I, radiography showed higher sensitivity (94.7%), specificity (64.9%) and AUC (0.795) than radiovisiography (89.3%, 62.2% and 0.757, respectively), similarly for type V (radiography at 69.2%, 93% and 0.8111; radiovisiography at 50%, 84.2% and 0.671, respectively). None of the techniques contributed to the diagnosis of type III (AUC < 0.5). Ramifications were infrequent (2.9%) with a low level of detection (sensitivity at 25% for radiography and 0% for radiovisiography). Discussion: This is the first study to evaluate the reproducibility and validity of these two radiographic techniques compared with CBCT for the detection of anatomical variations in teeth. Conclusions: Phosphor plate radiography showed higher reproducibility and validity for the diagnosis of Vertucci types I and V, which were the most frequent premolar variations found. This is a dissertation for the Master's degree in Dentistry available in the repository of the Universidad Santo Tomas, Bucaramanga campus.


Introdução: A existência de variações anatômicas causa falhas no tratamento endodôntico, por isso é importante diagnosticá-las. O objetivo foi determinar a reprodutibilidade e validade dos critérios das radiografias em placas de fósforo e radiovisiografia sensorial para identificar variações anatômicas detectadas pela tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC) em pré-molares inferiores. Métodos: obtiveram-se TCFC, imagens radiográficas e radiovisográficas em 140 pré-molares. A leitura independente foi realizada por dois endodontistas, avaliando a classificação Vertucci e suas ramificações. Foi determinada a reprodutibilidade intra e interobservador. Sensibilidade, especificidade e áreas sob a curva operação do receptor (AUC) foram calculadas utilizando a TCFC como padrão-ouro. Resultados: A reprodutibilidade intra e inter-observador foi maior para a radiografia. Para a Classe I de Vertucci, a radiografia mostrou maior sensibilidade (94,7%), especificidade (64,9%) e AUC (0,795) do que a radiovisiografia (89,3%, 62,2% e 0,757, respectivamente), assim como para a Classe V (Radiografia 69,2%, 93% e 0,811; Radiovisiografia 50%, 84,2% e 0,671, respectivamente). Nenhuma das técnicas contribuiu para o diagnóstico da Classe III (AUC <0,5). A ramificação foi pouco frequente (2,9%) e a detecção foi baixa (Sensibilidade 25% para radiografia e 0% para radiovisiografia). Discussão: Este é o primeiro estudo para avaliar a reprodutibilidade e validade dessas duas técnicas radiográficas em comparação com a TCFC para a detecção de variações anatômicas nos dentes. Conclusões: A radiografia com placas de fósforo apresentou maior reprodutibilidade e validade para o diagnóstico da Classe I e V de Vertucci, que foram as variações mais frequentes. Este foi um trabalho de conclusão de durso para o título de Mestre em Odontologia e estará no repositório da Universidad Santo Tomas seccional Bucaramanga.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bicuspid , Reproducibility of Results
3.
Rev. cir. traumatol. buco-maxilo-fac ; 22(3): 40-45, jul.-set. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1399778

ABSTRACT

As exostoses mais conhecidas são o Torus palatino e mandibular, que se desenvolvem a partir do crescimento benigno da cortical óssea, localizadas respectivamente na linha média palatina e superfície lingual de caninos e pré-molares, podendo ser unilaterais ou bilaterais. Esse trabalho tem como objetivo o estudo de um grupo familiar que apresentaram o Torus como característica em comum, buscando confirmar a presença e prevalência das características clínicas multifatoriais listadas na literatura, possibilitando o diagnóstico da etiologia e assim traçando um plano de tratamento individual, se necessário. Como metodologia, foi realizada uma triagem com cada membro familiar na clínica Odontológica da Faculdade Sete Lagoas - FACSETE, descartando a participação no estudo os membros que não apresentaram o Torus. Os indivíduos que apresentaram indicação da remoção cirúrgica foram encaminhados para clínica de cirurgia da própria instituição. Concluímos, portanto, com este estudo que fatores genéticos e ambientais colaboram como fator etiológico mais predominantes para surgimento do Torus no grupo familiar estudado... (AU)


The best known exostosis are the palatine and mandibular Torus, which develop from the benign growth of the cortical bone, located respectively in the midpalatal line and lingual surface of canines and premolars, and maybe unilateral or bilateral. This work aims to study a family group that had Torus as a common feature, confirming the presence and prevalence of multifactorial clinical features listed in the literature, enabling the diagnosis of etiology and thus outlining an in dividual treatment plan, if necessary. As a methodology, a screening was performed by each family member at the Dental Clinic of Facul dade Sete Lagoas - FACSETE, discarding the participation in the study for members who did not present Torus. Individuals who indicated surgical removal were referred to the institution's own surgery clinic. Therefore, we conclude with this study that genetic and environmental factors collaborate as the most predominant etiological factor for the emergence of Torus in the studied family group... (AU)


Las exostosis más conocidas son el Torus palatino y el Torus mandibular, las cuales se desarrollan a partir del crecimiento benigno del hueso cortical y están ubicadas respectivamente en la línea medio palatina y en la cara lingual de los caninos y de los premolares que pueden ser unilaterales o bilaterales. Este proyecto tiene como objetivo el estudio de un grupo familiar que presentó en sus características comunes el Torus, buscando confirmar la presencia y el predominio de las características clínicas multifactoriales listadas en la literatura, lo que hizo posible el diagnóstico de la etiología y diseñar un plan de tratamiento individual, caso necesiten. Como la metodología fue hecho una selección con los miembros de la familia en la clínica odontologica de la Faculdade Sete Lagoas - FACSETE, quitando de los estudios las personas de la familia que no presentaron el Torus. Los individuos que presentaron indicación de extirpación quirúrgica fueron enviados a la clínica de cirugía de la escuela. Concluimos con este estudio que los factores genéticos y ambientales colaboraron como los factores etiológicos más predominantes para la aparición del Torus en la familia analizada... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Exostoses , Face , Jaw , Maxillofacial Development/genetics , Bicuspid , Family Characteristics , Cuspid , Cortical Bone
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 573-578, jun. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385676

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: An essential prerequisite to perform any dental procedure is a clear understanding and knowledge of dental anatomy and its possible variations. The root canal system is characterized for a complex morphology, which varies among populations, individuals in the same population and even in the same person. The aim of this study was to evaluate by CBCT the morphology, number, curvature, and length of roots of first and second maxillary premolars in a Mexican population. In this stud 1700 maxillary premolars were evaluated by CBCT scans of patients; the axial, sagittal and coronal sections were analyzed following the longitudinal axis of each tooth. As a result 51.60 % of the maxillary first premolars had a single root, 31.03 % had two roots, 16.29 % had root fusion, and 1.07 % had three roots. 22.3 % of the maxillary first premolars showed mesial curvature, 41.9 % had a distal curvature, and 35.7 % did not show any curvature; and the most prevalent configuration in maxillary first premolars was Type V. 88.9 % of the maxillary second premolars had a single root, 3.9 % had two roots, 6.9 % had root fusion, and 0.11 % had three roots; 37.59 % of the maxillary second premolars showed a mesial curvature and 62.40 % showed a distal curvature; and the most prevalent configuration in maxillary second premolars was Type I. The anatomy of the root canal system is extremely complex and has many anatomical configurations, these clinical situations must be considered previous to performing any endodontic treatment.


RESUMEN: Un requisito esencial previo a la realización de cualquier procedimiento dental es una clara comprensión y conocimiento de la anatomía dental y sus posibles variaciones. El sistema de canales radiculares se caracteriza por una morfología compleja, que varía entre poblaciones, individuos en una misma población e incluso en una misma persona. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar mediante CBCT la morfología, número, curvatura y longitud de raíces de primeros y segundos premolares maxilares en una población mexicana. En este estudio se evaluaron 1700 premolares maxilares mediante escaneos CBCT de pacientes; se analizaron los cortes axial, sagital y coronal siguiendo el eje longitudinal de cada diente. El 51,60 % de los primeros premolares maxilares tenían una sola raíz, el 31,03 % tenían dos raíces, el 16,29 % tenían fusión de raíces y el 1,07 % tenían tres raíces. El 22,3 % de los primeros premolares maxilares presentaban curvatura mesial, el 41,9 % presentaban curvatura distal y el 35,7 % no presentaban curvatura alguna; y la configuración más prevalente en primeros premolares maxilares fue el Tipo V. El 88,9 % de los segundos premolares maxilares tenían una sola raíz, el 3,9 % dos raíces, el 6,9 % fusión de raíces y el 0,11 % tres raíces; El 37,59 % de los segundos premolares maxilares presentaban curvatura mesial y el 62,40 % curvatura distal y la configuración más prevalente en segundos premolares maxilares fue el Tipo I. La anatomía del sistema de canales radiculares es extremadamente compleja y tiene muchas configuraciones anatómicas, estas situaciones clínicas deben ser consideradas antes de realizar cualquier tratamiento de endodoncia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Prevalence , Anatomic Variation , Mexico
5.
Braz. dent. sci ; 25(4): 1-6, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1400990

ABSTRACT

Objective: The current study aimed at assessing the induced apical pressure at various simulated irrigant flow rates. Materials and Methods: Forty eight freshly extracted single-rooted premolars were decoronated and prepared to size 30 0.04 taper using HY-Flex CM rotary file system and were scanned using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). The scanned images were reconstructed to three-dimensional Computer-aided design models (CAD) and the 3D needle was also reconstructed. Finally, simulations were done by placing the 30 gauge open-ended needle 3 mm short of the working length. Results: There was a statistically significant difference (p<0.05) among the different groups compared. 1 ml/min flow rate induced the least apical pressures (p<0.05) as compared to the other types. Conclusion: 1 ml/min flow rates induced the least apical pressures when open-ended needles are used for irrigation.(AU)


Objetivo: O presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a indução de pressão apical em várias taxas de fluxo irrigante simuladas. Material e Métodos: Quarenta e oito raízes de pré-molares unirradiculares recém extraídos tiveram suas coroas removidas, foram preparados para uma conicidade de tamanho 30 0.04 através de um sistema rotatório de limas HYFlex CM e foram escaneados via tomografia computadorizada cone-beam (CBCT). As imagens escaneadas e as agulhas para irrigação foram reconstruídas em modelos tridimensionais de design assistido por computador (CAD). Ao final, foram feitas simulações através de agulhas de calibre 30 e 3 mm a menos que o comprimento de trabalho. Resultados: Houve diferença estatisticamente significativa (p<0.05) entre os diferentes grupos. A taxa de fluxo de 1 ml/min induziu as menores pressões apicais (p<0.05) quando comparada às demais taxas. Conclusão: Taxas de fluxo de 1 ml/min induziram as menores pressões apicais quando agulhas de ponta aberta foram utilizadas para irrigação (AU)


Subject(s)
Pressure , Bicuspid , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Dental Pulp Cavity
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936157

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy of vertical control by using conventional mini-implant anchorage in maxillary posterior buccal area for Angle class Ⅱ extraction patients.@*METHODS@#Twenty-eight Angle class Ⅱ patients [9 males, 19 females, and age (22.6±2.8) years] were selected in this study. All of these patients were treated by using straight wire appliance with 4 premolars extraction and 2 mini-implant anchorage in maxillary posterior buccal area. In this study, the self-control method was used to measure and analyze the lateral radiographs taken before and after orthodontic treatment in each case, the main cephalometric analysis items were related to vertical changes. The digitized lateral radiographs were imported into Dolphin Imaging Software (version 11.5: Dolphin Imaging and Management Solutions, Chatsworth, California, USA), and marked points were traced. Each marked point was confirmed by two orthodontists. The same orthodontist performed measurement on the lateral radiographs over a period of time. All measurement items were required to be measured 3 times, and the average value was taken as the final measurement result.@*RESULTS@#Analysis of the cephalometric radiographs showed that, for vertical measurements after treatment, the differences of the following measurements were highly statistically significant (P < 0.001): SN-MP decreased by (1.40±1.45) degrees on average, FMA decreased by (1.58±1.32) degrees on average, the back-to-front height ratio (S-Go/N-Me) decreased by 1.42%±1.43% on average, Y-axis angle decreased by (1.03±0.99) degrees on average, face angle increases by (1.37±1.05) degree on average; The following measurements were statistically significant (P < 0.05): the average depression of the upper molars was (0.68±1.40) mm, and the average depression of the upper anterior teeth was (1.07±1.55) mm. The outcomes indicated that there was a certain degree of upper molar depression after the treatment, which produced a certain degree of counterclockwise rotation of the mandibular plane, resulting in a positive effect on the improvement of the profile.@*CONCLUSION@#The conventional micro-implant anchorage in maxillary posterior buccal area has a certain vertical control ability, and can give rise to a certain counterclockwise rotation of the mandible, which would improve the profile of Angle Class Ⅱ patients.


Subject(s)
Bicuspid , Cephalometry/methods , Female , Humans , Male , Malocclusion, Angle Class II/therapy , Mandible , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures , Tooth Movement Techniques , Vertical Dimension
7.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 280-286, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935862

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics of patients with cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) and analyze their treatment methods. Methods: From January 2000 to December 2020, patients with CCD who completed comprehensive treatment in the Department of Orthodontics and the First Dental Clinic, School and Hospital of Stomatology, China Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 14 CCD patients [7 males and 7 females, aged (16.1±4.5) years] were collected. There were 153 impacted permanent teeth in this study. In addition to the teeth that needed to be extracted due to special conditions, 147 impacted teeth were pulled into the dentition using closed traction. Patients were divided into adolescent group (≥12 years and<18 years, 10 patients) and adult group (≥18 years, 4 patients). Failure rate of traction was compared between the two groups. Factors affecting the success rate of closed traction such as vertical position of teeth (high, middle and low) and horizontal position of the teeth (palatal, median and buccal) were analyzed. Results: The incidence of maxillary impacted teeth [69.3% (97/140)] was higher than that of mandibular impacted teeth [40% (56/140)]. The difference was statistically significant (χ2=24.22, P<0.001). The supernumerary teeth were mainly located in the premolar area 61.4% (21/44), and most of them were in the palatal region of the permanent teeth 95.5% (42/44). They were generally located at the same height or the occlusal side of the corresponding permanent teeth. The success rate of closed traction was 93.9% (138/147). The success rate in the adolescent group [98.2% (108/110)] was higher than that in the adult group [81.1% (30/37)], and the difference was significant (χ2=14.09, P<0.05). Failure after closed traction of 9 teeth was found totally, including 7 second premolars. The success rate of traction in impacted second premolars at different vertical (χ2=11.44, P<0.05) and horizontal (χ2=9.71, P<0.05) positions in alveolar bone was different significantlly. The success rates of the second premolars were high (15/16), middle (12/13), low (2/7), and lingual palatine (10/17), median (19/19), lip-buccal (0/0), respectively. Conclusions: The closed traction of impacted teeth in patients with CCD was effective, and the age was the main variable affecting the outcome. The success rate of traction in impacted second premolars located in low position vertically or in palatal position was low, which required close observation during treatment.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Bicuspid , Child , Cleidocranial Dysplasia/therapy , Female , Humans , Male , Mandible , Retrospective Studies , Tooth, Supernumerary/surgery , Young Adult
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935829

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of straight-line minimally invasive access cavity on the mechanical properties of endodontically treated maxillary first premolars using finite element analysis. Methods: Micro-CT data of twenty maxillary first premolars were collected for three-dimensional reconstruction. Three access cavities, including the conventional access cavity (ConvAC), the truss access cavity (TrussAC) and the straight-line minimally invasive access cavity (SMIAC), as well as the root canal treatment procedure, were simulated in all the 20 reconstruction samples of three-dimensional models, respectively. The peak von Mises stress on the cervical area of each model, as well as the stress distribution under vertical and oblique loading circumstances, were subsequently determined by using finite element analysis. Results: In comparison to the stresses of ConvAC [buccal cervical (BC): (188.7±13.4) MPa, palatal cervical (PC): (200.9±25.7) MPa], the stresses of TrussAC [BC: (146.0±12.9) MPa, PC: (167.6±15.9) MPa] (t=9.01, P<0.001; t=4.59, P<0.001) and SMIAC [BC: (142.6±13.7) MPa, PC: (168.1±17.4) MPa] (t=9.64, P<0.001; t=3.76, P=0.004) significantly reduced the peak von Mises stress on the cervical area of the maxillary first premolars after root canal treatment. Under vertical loading conditions, SMIAC also reduced the central tendency of stresses on the occlusal surface, cervical area and root. In the case of oblique loading conditions, similar results were observed. Under both loading conditions, there was no significant difference in the peak von Mises stress on the cervical area of the maxillary first premolar between TrussAC and SMIAC groups. Conclusions: The design of SMIAC could preserve the mechanical properties of the maxillary first premolar following root canal treatment, which might have certain clinical feasibility.


Subject(s)
Bicuspid , Dental Stress Analysis , Finite Element Analysis , Root Canal Therapy , Stress, Mechanical , X-Ray Microtomography
9.
HU rev ; 48: 1-6, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370799

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The opening of the contact point can happen after orthodontic closure of the site of dental extraction and opened interproximal contacts are considered potential factors for periodontal diseases. Objective: To evaluate the condition of the alveolar bone crest of the interdental site between canines and upper premolars with or without contact points in individuals submitted to orthodontics associated with the extraction of the first premolars. Material and Methods: This cross-sectional observational study selected upper canines and premolars of individuals undergoing orthodontic treatment without extractions (12 hemiarches ­ control group), or with extraction of the upper first premolars and whose canines and second premolars had interproximal contact (11 hemiarches ­ group 1) or diastema (15 hemiarches ­ group 2). The height and the presence of lamina dura in the interproximal bone crest of the distal surfaces of canines and mesial surfaces of premolars were evaluated. Results: Groups 1 and 2 demonstrated the higher and smallest prevailing of the presence of lamina dura, respectively. The control group presented the bone crest positioned more crownly in relation to the others groups. Experimental groups did not present significant differences to the height of bone crest. Conclusion: The orthodontic allocation of teeth to extraction sites was associated with the significant reduction of the height of the marginal bone crest, regardless of the presence or absence of contact point between the teeth. The lack of contact point resulted in a minor prevalence of the continuity of the lamina dura of the alveolar bone crest in these regions.


Introdução: A abertura do ponto de contato pode ocorrer após o fechamento ortodôntico do sítio de extração dentária e os contatos interproximais abertos são considerados fatores potenciais para as doenças periodontais. Objetivo: Avaliar a condição da crista óssea alveolar do espaço interdentário entre caninos e pré-molares superiores com ou sem pontos de contato em indivíduos submetidos a tratamento ortodôntico associado à exodontia dos primeiros pré-molares. Material e Métodos: Este estudo transversal observacional selecionou caninos e pré-molares superiores de indivíduos submetidos a tratamento ortodôntico sem extrações (12 hemiarcos ­ grupo controle), ou com exodontia dos primeiros pré-molares superiores e cujos caninos e segundos pré-molares tiveram contato interproximal (11 hemiarcos ­ grupo 1) ou diastemas (15 hemiarcos ­ grupo 2). Foram avaliadas a altura e a presença da lâmina dura na crista óssea interproximal das superfícies distais dos caninos e mesiais dos pré-molares. Resultados: Os grupos 1 e 2 demonstraram a maior e a menor prevalência da presença de lâmina dura, respectivamente. O grupo controle apresentou a crista óssea posicionada mais coronalmente em relação aos demais grupos. Entre os grupos experimentais, não houve diferença significativa para a altura da crista óssea. Conclusão: Neste estudo preliminar, a movimentação ortodôntica dos dentes para os locais de exodontia foi associada à redução significativa da altura da crista óssea marginal, independentemente da presença ou ausência de ponto de contato entre os dentes. A falta de ponto de contato resultou em menor prevalência de continuidade da lâmina dura da crista óssea alveolar nessas regiões.


Subject(s)
Periodontics , Orthodontics , Periodontal Diseases , Surgery, Oral , Tooth Extraction , Bicuspid , Bone and Bones , Orthodontic Space Closure , Dental Occlusion
11.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. Univ. Antioq ; 33(2): 31-41, July-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394653

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: el uso de implantes personalizados es un tratamiento utilizado con mayor frecuencia, valorando y comparando su comportamiento frente a implantes convencionales. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar si las zonas de esfuerzo del implante personalizado son diferentes a las que presenta el implante prefabricado convencional mediante fotoelasticidad. Métodos: muestra n=10 dientes premolares superiores, n=10 implantes personalizados sinterizados y n=10 implantes prefabricados convencionales, sometidos a 3 presiones fijas y controladas, observados a través de un polariscopio para analizar la distribución del esfuerzo generados. Resultados: zonas de esfuerzo presentes en las diferentes muestras analizadas aplicando 3 presiones. La cantidad de esfuerzo en la presión 1 (test de Chi-cuadrado, p=0,596) es diferente entre los dos tipos de implantes al igual que con la presión 2 (test de Chi-cuadrado, p=0,407), al aplicar la presión 3 (test de Levene, p=0,899) no hay diferencia en la distribución de fuerzas entre los dos tipos de implantes. Conclusiones: se determinó que el implante prefabricado convencional distribuye y concentra mejor el esfuerzo generado bajo diferentes presiones en comparación con el implante personalizado sinterizado.


Abstract Introduction: the use of custom implants is a very common treatment; we assess and compare their behavior against that of conventional implants. This study aimed to make sure that the stress zones of the custom implant are different from those presented by the conventional prefabricated implant by photoelasticity. Methods: we subjected samples of n=10 bicuspid teeth, n=10 sintered custom implants, and n=10 conventional prefabricated implants to 3 fixed and controlled forces and observed the samples through a polariscope to analyze the distributions of effort generated. The effort zones present in the different samples were analyzed under 3 different forces. Results: the amounts of effort in the two types of implants under force 1 (chi-square test, p=0.596) are different, as is also the case under force 2 (chi-square test, p=0.407). Under force 3 (Levene test, p=0.899), there is no difference in the distributions of effort between the two types of implants. Conclusions: it was determined that the conventional prefabricated implant distributes and concentrates the effort generated under different forces better than the sintered custom implant.


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Bicuspid , Dental Prosthesis , Dental Stress Analysis
12.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(4): 1-12, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348221

ABSTRACT

Uno de los métodos más universales empleados para predecir el ancho mesiodistal de caninos y premolares no erupcionados es el diseñado por el Dr. Edison Moyers, quien tomando como referencia la población anglosajona creó tablas de percentiles para estimar dichos valores en maxilar y mandíbula. Durante la última década varios investigadores han descubierto que, al aplicarlo en diversas poblaciones, existen diferencias significativas entre las predicciones y los valores reales. En Cuba, el método de Moyers es muy utilizado al 50% de probabilidades para la predicción en ambos sexos, pero existen pocos reportes de estudios que validen su confiablidad y los que existen utilizan muestras pequeñas de pacientes. Es por ello por lo que el objetivo de esta investigación es determinar la aplicabilidad del método de Moyers al 50% de probabilidades para la estimación del diámetro mesiodistal de caninos y premolares en pacientes de 12-18 años. Se desarrolló un estudio descriptivo y transversal desde julio de 2019 hasta febrero de 2020 con una población de 125 pacientes, 62 del sexo femenino y 63 del masculino, de entre 12 y 18 años de Cuba. Se efectuaron las mediciones de los anchos mesiodistales de los incisivos inferiores, todos los caninos y premolares. Se realizaron distribuciones de frecuencia a las variables estudiadas y los resultados se presentaron en tablas estadísticas. Para comprobar la existencia de diferencias significativas se utilizó la prueba estadística t-Student. Los resultados principales obtenidos fueron que el método de Moyers tiende a subestimar los valores para el sexo femenino entre los 0,4-0,5 mm, y para el sexo masculino entre los 0,6-0,7 mm, siendo esta diferencia significativa para los hombres. Se concluye que el método de Moyers no puede ser aplicado en la población estudiada para la predicción del ancho mesiodistal de caninos y premolares


One of the most universal methods used to predict the mesiodistal width of non-erupted canines and premolars is the one designed by Dr. Edison Moyers, an American orthodontist who, taking the Anglo-Saxon population as a reference, created percentile tables to estimate these values in the maxilla and mandible. During the last decade, several researchers have discovered that, when applied to various populations, there are significant differences between predictions and actual values. In Cuba, it is widely used at a 50% probability for prediction in both sexes, but there are few reports of studies that validate its reliability and those that do exist use small samples of patients. For this reason, the objective of this research is to determine the applicability of the Moyers method at 50% probabilities for estimating the mesiodistal diameter of canines and premolars in patients 12-18 years of age. A descriptive and cross-sectional study was developed from July 2019 to February 2020 with a population of 125 patients, 62 females and 63 males, between 12 and 18 years old from Cuba. Measurements were made of the mesiodistal widths of the lower incisors, all the canines and premolars. Frequency distributions were made to the variables studied and the results were presented in statistical tables. To verify the existence of significant differences, the statistical t-Student test was used. The main results obtained were that the Moyers method tends to underestimate the values for the female sex between 0.4-0.5 mm, and for the male sex between 0.6 and 0.7 mm, this difference being significant for men. It is concluded that the Moyers method cannot be applied in the population studied for the prediction of the mesiodistal width of canines and premolars


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Cuspid/anatomy & histology , Odontometry , Cuba
13.
Rev. habanera cienc. méd ; 20(5): e3660, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352080

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El método de Moyers se utiliza en Cuba para predecir el tamaño de caninos y bicúspides no erupcionados. Objetivo: Determinar la precisión del método de Moyers para predecir tamaño de dientes no erupcionados en pacientes de Centro Habana. Material y métodos: Investigación de desarrollo en el Policlínico Luis Galván Soca de marzo 2019 a mayo de 2020. Universo formado por individuos de 12 a 24 años. Muestra de 100 personas seleccionadas por muestreo aleatorio simple. Se analizó la tabla de Moyers por sexos para todos los percentiles. Resultados: En el sexo femenino para la arcada superior e inferior el error cuadrático medio menor correspondió al percentil 50: 0,476 y 0,464 respectivamente; único donde las diferencias entre el valor estimado y el real no fueron significativas. Por tanto, el percentil elegible para féminas en ambas arcadas sería el 50 por ciento. En masculinos para la arcada superior el error cuadrático medio menor (0,576) para el percentil 65 con diferencias entre el valor estimado y el real no significativas(p=0,269); mientras en la arcada inferior fue de 0,592 para el percentil 75. Por tanto, el percentil elegible para hombres en la arcada superior fue el 65 y en la inferior el 75; la fuerza de esta correspondencia es intensa para ambas arcadas. Conclusiones: En la población que se estudia el método de Moyers, para predecir el tamaño de dientes no erupcionados es preciso en el sexo femenino, pero no en el masculino(AU)


Introduction: In Cuba, the Moyers method is used to predict the size of non-erupted canines and bicuspids. Objective: To determine the precision of the Moyers method to predict the size of non-erupted teeth in patients from Centro Habana municipality. Material and Methods: A development research was conducted in Luis Galván Soca Polyclinic from March 2019 to May 2020. The universe consisted of individuals aged 12-24 years. The sample was composed of 100 people who were selected by simple random sampling. Moyers table was analyzed by sex for all percentiles. Results: In the female sex, the lower mean square error for the upper and lower arches corresponded to the 50th percentile: 0.476 and 0.464 respectively, the only one in which the difference between the estimated and the real values was not significant. Therefore, for females, the eligible percentile in both arches would be 50 percent. In males, in the upper arches, the lower mean square error (0.576) for the 65th percentile showed no significant differences between the estimated and the real values (p = 0,269); however, in the lower arch it was 0,592 for the 75th percentile. Therefore, in the upper arch, the eligible percentile for males was 65 while, in the lower arch, it was 75; the strength of this correspondence is intense for both arches. Conclusions: In the population studied, the Moyers method was found to be accurate in predicting the size of non-erupted teeth in females, but not in males(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Health Centers , Cuspid , Bicuspid , Simple Random Sampling
14.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(2): 119-123, ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348424

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Presentar el caso de una patología poco común como es el fibro-odontoma ameloblástico (FOA), su manejo interdisciplinario y su resolución quirúrgica. Caso clínico: En este reporte de caso describimos un FOA en una paciente de 10 años, ubicado en el cuerpo mandibular derecho, asociado a las raíces de molares temporales que generó la retención de premolares. Se realizó la enucleación completa de la lesión, exodoncia de los temporales asociados y se decidió mantener los dientes definitivos y esperar su erupción espontánea. Es importante considerar la posibilidad de mantener el diente retenido si este no dificulta la exéresis de la lesión, ya sea para su erupción espontánea o rescate ortodóntico, lo cual es posible observar en este caso en el que se aprecia una evolución intraósea favorable. Con respecto al seguimiento, se recomienda el control a largo plazo con el fin de controlar la erupción del órgano dentario o la aparición de posibles recidivas (AU)


Aim: To present a clinical case of a rare pathology, the ameloblastic fibro odontoma (AFO), its interdisciplinary management and its surgical resolution. Clinical case: In this case report we describe an AFO in a 10-years-old patient, localized in the right hand side of the body of the mandible, associated with the roots of temporary molars that generated the retention of the premolars. Complete enucleation of the lesion and the extraction of the associated temporary molars were performed. It was decided to keep the permanent teeth and to wait for their spontaneous eruption. It is important to consider the possibility of keeping the retained teeth if it does not hinder the excision of the lesion, either for its spontaneous eruption or orthodontic rescue, which is possible to see in this case, in which a favorable intraosseous evolution is appreciated. With regard to follow-up, long-term monitoring is recommended in order to control the eruption of the dental organ or the appearance of possible recurrences (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Odontogenic Tumors , Odontoma/surgery , Schools, Dental , Tooth Extraction , Tooth, Impacted , Bicuspid , Biopsy , Chile , Histological Techniques , Oral Surgical Procedures , Molar
15.
Rev. ADM ; 78(4): 215-220, jul.-ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292866

ABSTRACT

En este informe de caso clínico se muestra el tratamiento exitoso de un paciente con anodoncia parcial de órganos dentales 13 y 23 debido a que fueron extraídos por presentar impactación y mal pronóstico de tracción. En este artículo se presenta un paciente masculino de 29 años clase I esquelética con un perfil convexo, maloclusión de clase III, overjet disminuido, ausencia de guías funcionales, discrepancia oseodentaria positiva en arcada superior y negativa en arcada inferior. El tratamiento se realizó con extracciones de los órganos dentales 34 y 44 para nivelar las discrepancias óseo dentarias interarcadas, se llevó a cabo mediante un cierre de espacios recíproco por medio de cadenas elásticas para ambas arcadas, con lo que se logró crear un overjet y overbite adecuados. La creación de las guías caninas funcionales se consiguió mediante el cambio de morfología de los órganos dentales 14 y 24, los cuales fueron llevados a la posición de los caninos ausentes. El tiempo total de tratamiento para este paciente fue de 24 meses. Se realizaron ameloplastias positivas, la aplicación de agregados de resina para mejorar la funcionalidad y proveer salud articular. Se sugiere que ante casos de anodoncia de caninos en la arcada superior, un tratamiento favorable se puede llevar a cabo mediante el cierre de espacios, la caracterización morfológica de los caninos ausentes mediante ameloplastias positivas en premolares (AU)


This case report shows the successful treatment of a patient with partial anodontia of dental organs 13 and 23 because they have been extracted due to present impactation and poor traction prognosis. This article presents a 29-year-old male class I skeletal patient with convex profile, class III malocclusion, overjet reduction, absence of functional guidance, positive bone-teeth discrepancy in the upper arch and negative in the lower arch. The treatment was carried out with the extractions of the dental organs 34 and 44 for correcting oral dental discrepancies between upper and lower arches; it was done using reciprocal closing of spaces by using elastic chains for both arches in order to achieve a suitable overjet and overbite. The creation of the canine guides was achieved by changing the morphology of the dental organs 14 and 24, which were taken to the position of the absent canines. The total treatment timing for this patient was 24 months. Positive ameloplasties were performed by application of resin aggregates to improve functionality and provide joint health. A favorable treatment for these kinds of cases of canine anodontics in the upper arch is carried out by closing spaces and the morphological characterization of the absent canines by positive in-premolar ameloplasties (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tooth Extraction/methods , Bicuspid , Cuspid/surgery , Dental Enamel/surgery , Anodontia/therapy , Schools, Dental , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Orthodontic Brackets , Orthodontic Retainers , Orthodontic Space Closure , Esthetics, Dental , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/therapy , Maxilla , Mexico
16.
Rev. ADM ; 78(3): 135-141, mayo-jun. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254493

ABSTRACT

Se presentan los casos de fracturas verticales sintomáticos que ameritaron la extracción de las órganos dentales afectados en un periodo de cinco meses durante la pandemia por COVID-19 en la ciudad de Chihuahua, México. Material y métodos: Se recolectaron 26 muestras para el estudio, proporcionadas por los cirujanos dentistas integrantes del Grupo de Egresados de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua. Resultados: Los resultados muestran diferencias a lo reportado previamente respecto al tipo de diente involucrado, sexo de los pacientes, restauraciones coronales y tratamientos endodóncicos previos. Conclusiones: Se puede suponer que las modificaciones en el estilo de vida de la población, sumadas a la angustia permanente, pueden ser factores que contribuyen a las fracturas dentales (AU)


There are cases of symptomatic vertical fractures that warranted the extraction of affected teeth are presented, over a period of five months during the COVID-19 pandemic in Chihuahua City, Mexico. Material and methods: 26 samples were collected for the study, provided by the dentist who were members of the Graduate Group of the Faculty of Dentistry of the Autonomous University of Chihuahua. Results: The results show differences from what was previously reported regarding the type of tooth involved, sex of patients, coronal restorations and previous endodontic treatments. Conclusions: It can be assumed that changes in the lifestyle of the population, added to permanent distress, may be factors to preserve dental fractures (AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Fractures/epidemiology , Tooth Root/injuries , Coronavirus Infections , COVID-19 , Root Canal Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Schools, Dental , Bicuspid , Dental Fissures/epidemiology , Photomicrography , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Post and Core Technique/statistics & numerical data , Tooth Crown/injuries , Dental Restoration, Permanent/statistics & numerical data , Age and Sex Distribution , Mexico/epidemiology , Molar
17.
Rev. ADM ; 78(3): 149-154, mayo-jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254699

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las alternativas de tratamiento de órganos dentales con gran destrucción en su estructura varían, no sólo por el material de restauración, sino también por el valor económico y estético. Dentro de las alternativas existe: corona convencional, endocorona cuyo objetivo principal es la elaboración de una restauradora que evita la colocación de postes intraconducto y endocorona con ausencia de una pared axial (EPA) que se realiza cuando una pared, mesial, distal, vestibular o palatina está ausente. Objetivo: Verificar si la endocorona EPA se comporta de igual manera que las coronas convencionales y endocoronas al medir su resistencia ante fuerzas de tracción. Material y métodos: Treinta premolares fueron tratados endodóncicamente, 10 fueron preparados para recibir una corona convencional (grupo A), 10 para endocorona (grupo B) y 10 para endocorona EPA (grupo C). Se realizaron fuerzas de tracción para obtener el valor máximo en el cual las coronas fallaron. Se realizó una prueba ANOVA para comparar los resultados. Resultados: Al someter a los tres tipos de coronas a fuerzas de tracción los resultados obtenidos fueron: 3.04 ± 0.55 MPa para la corona, 7.08 ± 1.6 MPa para la endocorona y 6.17 ± 1.12 MPa para la endocorona EPA. Conclusiones: No existió diferencia significativa entre la endocorona (7.08 MPa) y la EPA (6.17 MPa), convirtiéndose en una alternativa de tratamiento con buen pronóstico en la práctica diaria (AU)


Introduction: The alternatives of treatment of tooth with excessive wear vary not only by the restoration material but also by the economic and aesthetic value. Among the alternatives there is: conventional crown, endocrown whose main objective is the elaboration of a restorative that avoids the placement of intraconducting posts and endocrown without one axial wall (EPA) that is done when a wall; mesial, distal, vestibular or palatal is absent. Objective: To verify if the (EPA) behaves in the same way as the conventional crown and endocrown when measuring its resistance to tensile strength. Material and methods: 30 premolars were treated endodontically, ten were prepared to receive a conventional crown, 10 for endocrown and 10 for EPA. Tensile strength were performed to obtain the maximum value at which the crowns failed, an ANOVA test was performed to compare the results. Results: When the three types of crowns were subjected to tensile strength, the results obtained were; 3.04 ± 0.55 MPa for the crown, 7.08 ± 1.6 MPa for the endocrown and 6.17 ± 1.12 MPa for the EPA endocrown. Conclusions: There was no significant difference between the endocrown (7.08 MPa) and EPA endocrown (6.17 MPa) becoming an alternative treatment with good prognosis in daily practice (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tensile Strength , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Crowns , Prognosis , Bicuspid , Ceramics , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Analysis of Variance , Cementation/methods
18.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 9(2): e055, abr.-jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1254594

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: El propósito de este estudio fue comparar la precisión de los localizadores electrónicos apicales Propex Pixi y Raypex 6 en la determinación de la longitud de trabajo de piezas dentarias con perforaciones simuladas a diferentes niveles del conducto radicular. Materiales y Métodos: Se utilizaron 36 premolares inferiores unirradiculares con un conducto, divididos aleatoriamente en tres grupos de 12 piezas dentarias cada uno. En el primer grupo, se realizaron dos perforaciones simuladas que fueron a nivel medio y a nivel apical; en el segundo grupo, se realizó una perforación simulada a nivel cervical, y en el tercer grupo, se realizó una perforación simulada a nivel apical. Se emplearon dos localizadores electrónicos apicales Propex Pixi y Raypex 6. La longitud real del conducto fue medida con un calibrador Vernier digital. Se aplicó estadística descriptiva y estadística inferencial con la prueba de Friedman a un nivel de confianza del 95%. Resultados: Al comparar la precisión de las longitudes obtenidas por los localizadores electrónicos apicales Propex Pixi y Raypex 6 en premolares inferiores con perforaciones simuladas a nivel medio y apical, premolares inferiores con perforación simulada a nivel cervical y premolares inferiores con perforación simulada a nivel apical, se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la longitud real del conducto, p < 0,001, p = 0,008 y p = 0,006, respectivamente. Conclusiones: El localizador electrónico apical Propex Pixi (Dentsply Maillefer, Alemania) presentó mayor precisión en la determinación de la longitud real del conducto en piezas dentarias con perforaciones simuladas a diferentes niveles del conducto radicular. (AU)


Objective: The purpose of the study was to compare the precision of the Propex Pixi and Raypex 6 electronic apical locators in determining the working length of teeth with simulated perforations at different levels of the root canal. Materials and Methods: 36 uniradicular lower premolars were used with a canal randomly divided into three groups of 12 teeth each. In the first group two simulated perforations were made at the middle and apical level. In the second group a simulated cervical perforation was made, and in the third group a simulated perforation was performed at the apical level. Two electronic apical locators Propex Pixi and Raypex 6 were used, and the real length of the canal was measured with a digital Vernier caliper. Descriptive and inferential statistics were applied with the Friedman test at a confidence level of 95%. Results: When comparing the precision of the lengths obtained by the Propex Pixi and Raypex 6 apical electronic locators, statistically significant differences were found in the real length of the canal (p= 0.006) between simulated perforation of lower premolars at the cervical (p<0.001) and the apical level (p=0.008), Conclusion: The Propex Pixi apical electronic locator (Dentsply Maillefer - Germany) presented greater precision in the determination of the real canal length in teeth with simulated perforations at different levels of the root canal. (AU)


Subject(s)
Bicuspid , Tooth Apex , Alginates , Endodontics
19.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 1-10, jun. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284418

ABSTRACT

El método Tanaka-Johnston es utilizado mundialmente para predecir el diámetro de caninos y premolares no erupcionados por la conveniencia de no necesitar tablas ni radiografías para su uso. Sin embargo, durante los últimos años investigadores de varios países han demostrado que al ser utilizado en una población diferente para la que fue diseñado, puede sobrestimar o subestimar los valores. En Cuba, donde el patrón facial de la población difiere del ideal para este método, ha sido muy empleado, pero prácticamente no existen estudios donde se valide la confiabilidad o exactitud de las predicciones de este. Por tanto, el objetivo de esta investigación es determinar la aplicabilidad del método Tanaka-Johnston para la estimación del diámetro mesiodistal de caninos y premolares en pacientes de 12-18 años. Se desarrolló un estudio descriptivo y transversal desde junio de 2019 hasta enero de 2020 con una población de 140 pacientes de ambos sexos de entre 12 y 18 años de Cuba. Se efectuaron las mediciones de los anchos mesiodistales de los incisivos inferiores, todos los caninos y premolares. Se realizaron distribuciones de frecuencia a las variables estudiadas y los resultados se presentaron en tablas estadísticas. Para comprobar la existencia de diferencias significativas se utilizó la prueba estadística t-Student. Los resultados principales obtenidos fueron que el método Tanaka-Johnston tiende a sobrestimar los valores para el sexo femenino y subestimarlos para el masculino, ambos entre los 0,2 y 0,3 mm, pero esta diferencia no resulta significativa. Se concluye que el método Tanaka-Johnston puede ser aplicado en la población estudiada para la predicción del ancho mesiodistal de caninos y premolares no erupcionados.


The Tanaka-Johnston method is used worldwide to predict the diameter of canines and premolars not erupted for the convenience of not needing boards or x-rays for use. However, in recent years researchers from several countries have shown that when used in a different population for which it was designed, it can overestimate or underestimate the values. In Cuba, where the facial pattern of the population differs from the ideal for this method, it has been highly used, but there are very few studies where the reliability or accuracy of the predictions of the same is validated. Therefore, the objective of this research is to determine the applicability of the Tanaka-Johnston method for estimating the mesiodistal diameter of canines and premolars in patients aged 12-18 years. A descriptive and cross-cutting study was conducted from June 2019 to January 2020 with a population of 140 patients of both sexes between 12 and 18 years of age from Cuba. Measurements were made of the mesiodistal widths of the lower incisors, all canines, and premolars. Frequency distributions were made to the variables studied and the results were presented in statistical tables. The t-Student statistical test was used to verify significant differences. The main results obtained were that the Tanaka-Johnston method tends to overestimate the values for the female sex and underestimate them for the male, both between 0,2 and 0,3 mm, but this difference is not significant. It is concluded that the Tanaka-Johnston method can be applied in the population studied for the prediction of the mesiodistal width of unerupted canines and premolars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Cuspid/anatomy & histology , Odontometry/methods , Tooth, Unerupted/anatomy & histology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sex Distribution , Cuba , Dental Arch/anatomy & histology
20.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 9-19, ene.-abr. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1255416

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Estimar y comparar la eficacia de diferentes técnicas de obturación para impedir el flujo de colorante a través de los conductos laterales. Materiales y métodos: Se emplearon 50 premolares inferiores extraídos y conservados en formol neutro al 5% hasta el momento de su uso, a los cuales se les realizaron conductos laterales artificiales. Una vez instrumentados los conductos principales, los dientes fueron divididos al azar en 5 grupos (n=10) para ser obturados con cuatro técnicas distintas: A) System B + inyección de gutapercha termoplástica del sistema Elements, Extruder; B) obturadores de Thermafil, ProTaper Universal; C) técnica híbrida y D) obturación con inyección de gutapercha termoplástica del sistema Elements, Extruder. Inmersos en tinta china y diafanizadas las raíces, se evaluó la longitud de penetración de la tinta en los conductos laterales. Se empleó el análisis de la varianza para detectar diferencias significativas (P<0,05) entre los niveles medios de penetración del colorante según las técnicas de obturación y las zonas del diente, y se efectuaron pruebas de rango múltiple (HSD de Tukey) para realizar comparaciones dos a dos, manteniendo fija la tasa de error por familia. Resultados: A la técnica B le correspondió el valor medio más bajo (30,63%) de penetración de tinta china. Los valores medios más elevados (54,52% y 51,74%) correspondieron a las técnicas A y C, respectivamente. Conclusión: Ninguna de las técnicas de obturación del conducto radicular empleadas ha sido capaz de impedir la filtración del colorante en los conductos laterales (AU)


Aim: To estimate and compare the different obturation techniques to avoid the flow of colorant through lateral canals. Materials and methods: 50 extracted lower premolars preserved in 5% neutral formol until the moment of use, had artificial lateral canals made. Once canals were instrumented, the teeth were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=10) to be filled with four different techniques: A) System B + injection of thermoplastic gutta-percha, Elements system, Extruder; B) Thermafil, ProTaper Universal obturators; C) hybrid technique, and D) injection of thermoplastic gutta-percha, Elements system, Extruder. Having immersed the premolars in India ink and diaphanized the roots, the penetration length of the India ink inside the canals was assessed. Analysis of variance was used to detect significant differences (P<0.05) between the mean levels of dye penetration according to the filling techniques and tooth areas, and multiple range tests (Tukey's HSD) were performed for two-to-two comparisons, keeping the error rate per family fixed. Results: Technique B had the lowest mean value (30.63%) of penetration. The highest mean values (54.52% and 51.74%) corresponded to techniques A and C, respectively. Conclusion: No obturation technique of the root canal used was able to avoid filtration of colourant in the lateral canals (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Obturation , Dental Leakage/diagnosis , Gutta-Percha , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Transillumination/methods , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology
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