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1.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(4): 1-12, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348221

ABSTRACT

Uno de los métodos más universales empleados para predecir el ancho mesiodistal de caninos y premolares no erupcionados es el diseñado por el Dr. Edison Moyers, quien tomando como referencia la población anglosajona creó tablas de percentiles para estimar dichos valores en maxilar y mandíbula. Durante la última década varios investigadores han descubierto que, al aplicarlo en diversas poblaciones, existen diferencias significativas entre las predicciones y los valores reales. En Cuba, el método de Moyers es muy utilizado al 50% de probabilidades para la predicción en ambos sexos, pero existen pocos reportes de estudios que validen su confiablidad y los que existen utilizan muestras pequeñas de pacientes. Es por ello por lo que el objetivo de esta investigación es determinar la aplicabilidad del método de Moyers al 50% de probabilidades para la estimación del diámetro mesiodistal de caninos y premolares en pacientes de 12-18 años. Se desarrolló un estudio descriptivo y transversal desde julio de 2019 hasta febrero de 2020 con una población de 125 pacientes, 62 del sexo femenino y 63 del masculino, de entre 12 y 18 años de Cuba. Se efectuaron las mediciones de los anchos mesiodistales de los incisivos inferiores, todos los caninos y premolares. Se realizaron distribuciones de frecuencia a las variables estudiadas y los resultados se presentaron en tablas estadísticas. Para comprobar la existencia de diferencias significativas se utilizó la prueba estadística t-Student. Los resultados principales obtenidos fueron que el método de Moyers tiende a subestimar los valores para el sexo femenino entre los 0,4-0,5 mm, y para el sexo masculino entre los 0,6-0,7 mm, siendo esta diferencia significativa para los hombres. Se concluye que el método de Moyers no puede ser aplicado en la población estudiada para la predicción del ancho mesiodistal de caninos y premolares


One of the most universal methods used to predict the mesiodistal width of non-erupted canines and premolars is the one designed by Dr. Edison Moyers, an American orthodontist who, taking the Anglo-Saxon population as a reference, created percentile tables to estimate these values in the maxilla and mandible. During the last decade, several researchers have discovered that, when applied to various populations, there are significant differences between predictions and actual values. In Cuba, it is widely used at a 50% probability for prediction in both sexes, but there are few reports of studies that validate its reliability and those that do exist use small samples of patients. For this reason, the objective of this research is to determine the applicability of the Moyers method at 50% probabilities for estimating the mesiodistal diameter of canines and premolars in patients 12-18 years of age. A descriptive and cross-sectional study was developed from July 2019 to February 2020 with a population of 125 patients, 62 females and 63 males, between 12 and 18 years old from Cuba. Measurements were made of the mesiodistal widths of the lower incisors, all the canines and premolars. Frequency distributions were made to the variables studied and the results were presented in statistical tables. To verify the existence of significant differences, the statistical t-Student test was used. The main results obtained were that the Moyers method tends to underestimate the values for the female sex between 0.4-0.5 mm, and for the male sex between 0.6 and 0.7 mm, this difference being significant for men. It is concluded that the Moyers method cannot be applied in the population studied for the prediction of the mesiodistal width of canines and premolars


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Cuspid/anatomy & histology , Odontometry , Cuba
2.
Rev. ADM ; 78(4): 215-220, jul.-ago. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292866

ABSTRACT

En este informe de caso clínico se muestra el tratamiento exitoso de un paciente con anodoncia parcial de órganos dentales 13 y 23 debido a que fueron extraídos por presentar impactación y mal pronóstico de tracción. En este artículo se presenta un paciente masculino de 29 años clase I esquelética con un perfil convexo, maloclusión de clase III, overjet disminuido, ausencia de guías funcionales, discrepancia oseodentaria positiva en arcada superior y negativa en arcada inferior. El tratamiento se realizó con extracciones de los órganos dentales 34 y 44 para nivelar las discrepancias óseo dentarias interarcadas, se llevó a cabo mediante un cierre de espacios recíproco por medio de cadenas elásticas para ambas arcadas, con lo que se logró crear un overjet y overbite adecuados. La creación de las guías caninas funcionales se consiguió mediante el cambio de morfología de los órganos dentales 14 y 24, los cuales fueron llevados a la posición de los caninos ausentes. El tiempo total de tratamiento para este paciente fue de 24 meses. Se realizaron ameloplastias positivas, la aplicación de agregados de resina para mejorar la funcionalidad y proveer salud articular. Se sugiere que ante casos de anodoncia de caninos en la arcada superior, un tratamiento favorable se puede llevar a cabo mediante el cierre de espacios, la caracterización morfológica de los caninos ausentes mediante ameloplastias positivas en premolares (AU)


This case report shows the successful treatment of a patient with partial anodontia of dental organs 13 and 23 because they have been extracted due to present impactation and poor traction prognosis. This article presents a 29-year-old male class I skeletal patient with convex profile, class III malocclusion, overjet reduction, absence of functional guidance, positive bone-teeth discrepancy in the upper arch and negative in the lower arch. The treatment was carried out with the extractions of the dental organs 34 and 44 for correcting oral dental discrepancies between upper and lower arches; it was done using reciprocal closing of spaces by using elastic chains for both arches in order to achieve a suitable overjet and overbite. The creation of the canine guides was achieved by changing the morphology of the dental organs 14 and 24, which were taken to the position of the absent canines. The total treatment timing for this patient was 24 months. Positive ameloplasties were performed by application of resin aggregates to improve functionality and provide joint health. A favorable treatment for these kinds of cases of canine anodontics in the upper arch is carried out by closing spaces and the morphological characterization of the absent canines by positive in-premolar ameloplasties (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tooth Extraction/methods , Bicuspid , Cuspid/surgery , Dental Enamel/surgery , Anodontia/therapy , Schools, Dental , Tooth Movement Techniques/methods , Orthodontic Brackets , Orthodontic Retainers , Orthodontic Space Closure , Esthetics, Dental , Malocclusion, Angle Class III/therapy , Maxilla , Mexico
3.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 9(2): e055, abr.-jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1254594

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: El propósito de este estudio fue comparar la precisión de los localizadores electrónicos apicales Propex Pixi y Raypex 6 en la determinación de la longitud de trabajo de piezas dentarias con perforaciones simuladas a diferentes niveles del conducto radicular. Materiales y Métodos: Se utilizaron 36 premolares inferiores unirradiculares con un conducto, divididos aleatoriamente en tres grupos de 12 piezas dentarias cada uno. En el primer grupo, se realizaron dos perforaciones simuladas que fueron a nivel medio y a nivel apical; en el segundo grupo, se realizó una perforación simulada a nivel cervical, y en el tercer grupo, se realizó una perforación simulada a nivel apical. Se emplearon dos localizadores electrónicos apicales Propex Pixi y Raypex 6. La longitud real del conducto fue medida con un calibrador Vernier digital. Se aplicó estadística descriptiva y estadística inferencial con la prueba de Friedman a un nivel de confianza del 95%. Resultados: Al comparar la precisión de las longitudes obtenidas por los localizadores electrónicos apicales Propex Pixi y Raypex 6 en premolares inferiores con perforaciones simuladas a nivel medio y apical, premolares inferiores con perforación simulada a nivel cervical y premolares inferiores con perforación simulada a nivel apical, se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la longitud real del conducto, p < 0,001, p = 0,008 y p = 0,006, respectivamente. Conclusiones: El localizador electrónico apical Propex Pixi (Dentsply Maillefer, Alemania) presentó mayor precisión en la determinación de la longitud real del conducto en piezas dentarias con perforaciones simuladas a diferentes niveles del conducto radicular. (AU)


Objective: The purpose of the study was to compare the precision of the Propex Pixi and Raypex 6 electronic apical locators in determining the working length of teeth with simulated perforations at different levels of the root canal. Materials and Methods: 36 uniradicular lower premolars were used with a canal randomly divided into three groups of 12 teeth each. In the first group two simulated perforations were made at the middle and apical level. In the second group a simulated cervical perforation was made, and in the third group a simulated perforation was performed at the apical level. Two electronic apical locators Propex Pixi and Raypex 6 were used, and the real length of the canal was measured with a digital Vernier caliper. Descriptive and inferential statistics were applied with the Friedman test at a confidence level of 95%. Results: When comparing the precision of the lengths obtained by the Propex Pixi and Raypex 6 apical electronic locators, statistically significant differences were found in the real length of the canal (p= 0.006) between simulated perforation of lower premolars at the cervical (p<0.001) and the apical level (p=0.008), Conclusion: The Propex Pixi apical electronic locator (Dentsply Maillefer - Germany) presented greater precision in the determination of the real canal length in teeth with simulated perforations at different levels of the root canal. (AU)


Subject(s)
Bicuspid , Tooth Apex , Alginates , Endodontics
4.
Rev. ADM ; 78(3): 135-141, mayo-jun. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254493

ABSTRACT

Se presentan los casos de fracturas verticales sintomáticos que ameritaron la extracción de las órganos dentales afectados en un periodo de cinco meses durante la pandemia por COVID-19 en la ciudad de Chihuahua, México. Material y métodos: Se recolectaron 26 muestras para el estudio, proporcionadas por los cirujanos dentistas integrantes del Grupo de Egresados de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Autónoma de Chihuahua. Resultados: Los resultados muestran diferencias a lo reportado previamente respecto al tipo de diente involucrado, sexo de los pacientes, restauraciones coronales y tratamientos endodóncicos previos. Conclusiones: Se puede suponer que las modificaciones en el estilo de vida de la población, sumadas a la angustia permanente, pueden ser factores que contribuyen a las fracturas dentales (AU)


There are cases of symptomatic vertical fractures that warranted the extraction of affected teeth are presented, over a period of five months during the COVID-19 pandemic in Chihuahua City, Mexico. Material and methods: 26 samples were collected for the study, provided by the dentist who were members of the Graduate Group of the Faculty of Dentistry of the Autonomous University of Chihuahua. Results: The results show differences from what was previously reported regarding the type of tooth involved, sex of patients, coronal restorations and previous endodontic treatments. Conclusions: It can be assumed that changes in the lifestyle of the population, added to permanent distress, may be factors to preserve dental fractures (AU)


Subject(s)
Tooth Fractures/epidemiology , Tooth Root/injuries , Coronavirus Infections , COVID-19 , Root Canal Therapy/statistics & numerical data , Schools, Dental , Bicuspid , Dental Fissures/epidemiology , Photomicrography , Statistical Analysis , Post and Core Technique/statistics & numerical data , Tooth Crown/injuries , Dental Restoration, Permanent/statistics & numerical data , Age and Sex Distribution , Mexico/epidemiology , Molar
5.
Rev. ADM ; 78(3): 149-154, mayo-jun. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254699

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las alternativas de tratamiento de órganos dentales con gran destrucción en su estructura varían, no sólo por el material de restauración, sino también por el valor económico y estético. Dentro de las alternativas existe: corona convencional, endocorona cuyo objetivo principal es la elaboración de una restauradora que evita la colocación de postes intraconducto y endocorona con ausencia de una pared axial (EPA) que se realiza cuando una pared, mesial, distal, vestibular o palatina está ausente. Objetivo: Verificar si la endocorona EPA se comporta de igual manera que las coronas convencionales y endocoronas al medir su resistencia ante fuerzas de tracción. Material y métodos: Treinta premolares fueron tratados endodóncicamente, 10 fueron preparados para recibir una corona convencional (grupo A), 10 para endocorona (grupo B) y 10 para endocorona EPA (grupo C). Se realizaron fuerzas de tracción para obtener el valor máximo en el cual las coronas fallaron. Se realizó una prueba ANOVA para comparar los resultados. Resultados: Al someter a los tres tipos de coronas a fuerzas de tracción los resultados obtenidos fueron: 3.04 ± 0.55 MPa para la corona, 7.08 ± 1.6 MPa para la endocorona y 6.17 ± 1.12 MPa para la endocorona EPA. Conclusiones: No existió diferencia significativa entre la endocorona (7.08 MPa) y la EPA (6.17 MPa), convirtiéndose en una alternativa de tratamiento con buen pronóstico en la práctica diaria (AU)


Introduction: The alternatives of treatment of tooth with excessive wear vary not only by the restoration material but also by the economic and aesthetic value. Among the alternatives there is: conventional crown, endocrown whose main objective is the elaboration of a restorative that avoids the placement of intraconducting posts and endocrown without one axial wall (EPA) that is done when a wall; mesial, distal, vestibular or palatal is absent. Objective: To verify if the (EPA) behaves in the same way as the conventional crown and endocrown when measuring its resistance to tensile strength. Material and methods: 30 premolars were treated endodontically, ten were prepared to receive a conventional crown, 10 for endocrown and 10 for EPA. Tensile strength were performed to obtain the maximum value at which the crowns failed, an ANOVA test was performed to compare the results. Results: When the three types of crowns were subjected to tensile strength, the results obtained were; 3.04 ± 0.55 MPa for the crown, 7.08 ± 1.6 MPa for the endocrown and 6.17 ± 1.12 MPa for the EPA endocrown. Conclusions: There was no significant difference between the endocrown (7.08 MPa) and EPA endocrown (6.17 MPa) becoming an alternative treatment with good prognosis in daily practice (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tensile Strength , Tooth, Nonvital/therapy , Crowns , Prognosis , Bicuspid , Ceramics , Statistical Analysis , Analysis of Variance , Cementation/methods
6.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 1-10, jun. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284418

ABSTRACT

El método Tanaka-Johnston es utilizado mundialmente para predecir el diámetro de caninos y premolares no erupcionados por la conveniencia de no necesitar tablas ni radiografías para su uso. Sin embargo, durante los últimos años investigadores de varios países han demostrado que al ser utilizado en una población diferente para la que fue diseñado, puede sobrestimar o subestimar los valores. En Cuba, donde el patrón facial de la población difiere del ideal para este método, ha sido muy empleado, pero prácticamente no existen estudios donde se valide la confiabilidad o exactitud de las predicciones de este. Por tanto, el objetivo de esta investigación es determinar la aplicabilidad del método Tanaka-Johnston para la estimación del diámetro mesiodistal de caninos y premolares en pacientes de 12-18 años. Se desarrolló un estudio descriptivo y transversal desde junio de 2019 hasta enero de 2020 con una población de 140 pacientes de ambos sexos de entre 12 y 18 años de Cuba. Se efectuaron las mediciones de los anchos mesiodistales de los incisivos inferiores, todos los caninos y premolares. Se realizaron distribuciones de frecuencia a las variables estudiadas y los resultados se presentaron en tablas estadísticas. Para comprobar la existencia de diferencias significativas se utilizó la prueba estadística t-Student. Los resultados principales obtenidos fueron que el método Tanaka-Johnston tiende a sobrestimar los valores para el sexo femenino y subestimarlos para el masculino, ambos entre los 0,2 y 0,3 mm, pero esta diferencia no resulta significativa. Se concluye que el método Tanaka-Johnston puede ser aplicado en la población estudiada para la predicción del ancho mesiodistal de caninos y premolares no erupcionados.


The Tanaka-Johnston method is used worldwide to predict the diameter of canines and premolars not erupted for the convenience of not needing boards or x-rays for use. However, in recent years researchers from several countries have shown that when used in a different population for which it was designed, it can overestimate or underestimate the values. In Cuba, where the facial pattern of the population differs from the ideal for this method, it has been highly used, but there are very few studies where the reliability or accuracy of the predictions of the same is validated. Therefore, the objective of this research is to determine the applicability of the Tanaka-Johnston method for estimating the mesiodistal diameter of canines and premolars in patients aged 12-18 years. A descriptive and cross-cutting study was conducted from June 2019 to January 2020 with a population of 140 patients of both sexes between 12 and 18 years of age from Cuba. Measurements were made of the mesiodistal widths of the lower incisors, all canines, and premolars. Frequency distributions were made to the variables studied and the results were presented in statistical tables. The t-Student statistical test was used to verify significant differences. The main results obtained were that the Tanaka-Johnston method tends to overestimate the values for the female sex and underestimate them for the male, both between 0,2 and 0,3 mm, but this difference is not significant. It is concluded that the Tanaka-Johnston method can be applied in the population studied for the prediction of the mesiodistal width of unerupted canines and premolars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Cuspid/anatomy & histology , Odontometry/methods , Tooth, Unerupted/anatomy & histology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sex Distribution , Cuba , Dental Arch/anatomy & histology
7.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 109(1): 9-19, ene.-abr. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1255416

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Estimar y comparar la eficacia de diferentes técnicas de obturación para impedir el flujo de colorante a través de los conductos laterales. Materiales y métodos: Se emplearon 50 premolares inferiores extraídos y conservados en formol neutro al 5% hasta el momento de su uso, a los cuales se les realizaron conductos laterales artificiales. Una vez instrumentados los conductos principales, los dientes fueron divididos al azar en 5 grupos (n=10) para ser obturados con cuatro técnicas distintas: A) System B + inyección de gutapercha termoplástica del sistema Elements, Extruder; B) obturadores de Thermafil, ProTaper Universal; C) técnica híbrida y D) obturación con inyección de gutapercha termoplástica del sistema Elements, Extruder. Inmersos en tinta china y diafanizadas las raíces, se evaluó la longitud de penetración de la tinta en los conductos laterales. Se empleó el análisis de la varianza para detectar diferencias significativas (P<0,05) entre los niveles medios de penetración del colorante según las técnicas de obturación y las zonas del diente, y se efectuaron pruebas de rango múltiple (HSD de Tukey) para realizar comparaciones dos a dos, manteniendo fija la tasa de error por familia. Resultados: A la técnica B le correspondió el valor medio más bajo (30,63%) de penetración de tinta china. Los valores medios más elevados (54,52% y 51,74%) correspondieron a las técnicas A y C, respectivamente. Conclusión: Ninguna de las técnicas de obturación del conducto radicular empleadas ha sido capaz de impedir la filtración del colorante en los conductos laterales (AU)


Aim: To estimate and compare the different obturation techniques to avoid the flow of colorant through lateral canals. Materials and methods: 50 extracted lower premolars preserved in 5% neutral formol until the moment of use, had artificial lateral canals made. Once canals were instrumented, the teeth were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=10) to be filled with four different techniques: A) System B + injection of thermoplastic gutta-percha, Elements system, Extruder; B) Thermafil, ProTaper Universal obturators; C) hybrid technique, and D) injection of thermoplastic gutta-percha, Elements system, Extruder. Having immersed the premolars in India ink and diaphanized the roots, the penetration length of the India ink inside the canals was assessed. Analysis of variance was used to detect significant differences (P<0.05) between the mean levels of dye penetration according to the filling techniques and tooth areas, and multiple range tests (Tukey's HSD) were performed for two-to-two comparisons, keeping the error rate per family fixed. Results: Technique B had the lowest mean value (30.63%) of penetration. The highest mean values (54.52% and 51.74%) corresponded to techniques A and C, respectively. Conclusion: No obturation technique of the root canal used was able to avoid filtration of colourant in the lateral canals (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Obturation , Dental Leakage/diagnosis , Gutta-Percha , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Transillumination/methods , Statistical Analysis , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology
8.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 7(1): 14-29, jan. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1147542

ABSTRACT

Introdução:Técnicas para extração dentária vêm sendo aperfeiçoadas objetivando um procedimento que diminua o esforço profissional, o tempo cirúrgicoeamenize as dores e os processos inflamatórios. Neste sentido os extratores minimamente traumáticos,com a exodontia vertical, propõem-se a preservar o osso alveolar e proporcionar uma recuperação mais rápida e confortável para o paciente. Objetivo:Avaliar a efetividade do kit para extração minimamente traumática da Maximus® (Contagem, Minas Gerais, Brasil) na exodontia de raízes residuais de incisivos, caninos e pré-molares unirradiculares. Metodologia:Trata-se de um ensaio clínico, prospectivo e analítico. Os pacientes foram operados utilizando o dispositivo, sendo avaliados os dados demográficos, tempo cirúrgico, dor e conforto após a cirurgia, bem como o grau de satisfação profissional com o uso do dispositivo. Para verificar diferenças significativas foi utilizado o teste de Mann-Whitney e a busca de associações foi realizada com o Exato de Fisher. Para todos os testes foi estabelecida uma significância com p<0,05.Resultados:Quarenta elementos foram removidos, o tempo cirúrgico foi em média 16,28 minutos, níveis de dor e conforto imediatamente após a cirurgia se mantiveram baixos (p<0,0001), e o grau de satisfação profissional se manteve alto (p<0,0001). A taxa de sucesso do dispositivo foi de 93,3% para os elementosincisivos e 20% para os elementos caninos e pré-molares (p<0,0001).Conclusões:A eficácia do extrator é determinada pelo tamanho da superfície radicular cobertas com fibras periodontais e a localização do dente. No entanto pode ser bem indicada no planejamento de reabilitações implantosuportadas em região anterior de maxila e mandíbula (AU).


Introduction:Techniques for tooth extraction have been improvedaiming at a procedure that reduces professional effort, surgical time, pain and inflammatory processes. In this sense, minimally traumatic extractors with vertical extraction, propose to preserve the alveolar bone and provide a faster and more comfortablerecovery for the patient. Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of the Maximus® Minimally Traumatic Extraction Kit (Contagem, Minas Gerais, Brasil) in the extraction of uniradicular residual roots from incisors, canines and premolars.Methodology:Thisis a clinical, prospective and analytical trial. Patients were operated on using the device, and demographic data, surgical time, pain and comfort after surgery were evaluated, as well as the degree of professional satisfaction with the use of the device.To verify significant differences, the Mann-Whitney test was used and the search for associations was performed with Fisher's exact test. For all tests, significance was set at p<0.05.Results:Forty elements were removed, surgical time averaged 16.28 minutes, levels of pain and comfort immediately after surgery remained low (p<0.0001), and the degree of job satisfaction remained high (p<0.0001). The success rate of the device was 93.3% for the incisor elements and 20% for the canine and premolar elements (p<0.0001).Conclusions:The effectiveness of the extractor is determined by the size of the root surface covered with periodontal fibers and the location of the tooth. However, can be well indicated in planning implanted rehabilitation in the anterior region of the maxilla and mandible (AU).


Introducción: Se han mejorado las técnicas de extracciónde dientescon el objetivo de un procedimiento que reduzca el esfuerzo profesional, el tiempo quirúrgico, el dolor y los procesos inflamatorios. En este sentido, los extractores mínimamente traumáticos con extracción vertical tienen como objetivo preservar el hueso alveolar y proporcionar una recuperación más rápida y cómoda para el paciente. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad del Kit de Extracción Mínimamente Traumática Maximus® (Contagem, Minas Gerais, Brasil) en la extracción de raíces residuales de incisivos, caninos y premolares uniradiculares. Metodología: Es un ensayo clínico, prospectivo y analítico. Los pacientes fueron intervenidos con el dispositivo y se evaluaron datos demográficos, tiempo quirúrgico, dolor y comodidad después de la cirugía, así como el grado de satisfacción laboral con el uso del dispositivo. Para verificar diferencias significativas se utilizó la prueba de Mann-Whitney y la búsqueda de asociaciones se realizó mediante la prueba exacta de Fisher. Para todas las pruebas, la significancia se estableció en p <0,05. Resultados:Se retiraron cuarenta ítems, el tiempo quirúrgico promedió 16,28 minutos, los niveles de dolor y comodidad inmediatamente después de la cirugía permanecieron bajos (p<0,0001) y el grado de satisfacción laboral se mantuvo alto (p<0,0001). La tasa de éxito del dispositivo fue del 93,3% para los elementos incisivos y del 20% para los elementos caninos y premolares (p<0,0001).Conclusiones: La efectividad del extractor está determinada por el tamaño de la superficie radicular cubierta por fibras periodontales y la ubicación del diente. Sin embargo, puede resultar muy adecuado para planificar la rehabilitación con implantes en la región anterior del maxilar y la mandíbula (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgery, Oral , Tissue Preservation , Tooth Extraction/instrumentation , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/instrumentation , Alveolar Process/surgery , Bicuspid , Effectiveness , Brazil , Efficacy , Prospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Cuspid , Incisor
9.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(82): 35-42, 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1291352

ABSTRACT

En los últimos años resulta de elección la utilización de postes de fib ra en la rehabilitación de piezas endodónticamente tratadas. La adhesión entre poste, agente cementante y dentina radicular permitiría lograr una retención de la estructura dentro de las paredes del conducto. El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la resistencia adhesiva en los tercios cervical, medio y apical, entre la dentina del conducto radicular y el cemento adhesivo utilizado en la cementación de postes de fibra. Se utilizaron 30 premolares inferiores uniradiculares humanos, recientemente extraídos, se realizaron los tratamientos endodónticos, se desobturaron y realizaron las preparaciones con la fresa conformadora número 3 para la cementación de postes White Post DC especial número 3 con cemento Paracore utilizando el protocolo adhesivo del mismo sistema. Las muestras fueron incluidas en acrílico cristal, cortadas en forma perpendicular al eje mayor de la pieza con una máquina de corte y por último se procedió a medir los valores de adhesión de los postes a la superficie interna de los conductos en los tres tercios con la prueba push-out mediante una máquina de ensayo universal. Los resultados arrojaron que las resistencias (media +- DE, MPa) en los tercios cervical, medio y apical, fueron 8,74 +- 3,12, 9,38 +- 2,29 y 11,11 +- 2,95, respectivamente. En el tercio apical se registró mayor resistencia. Considerando las limitaciones de esta investigación, se puede concluir que la cementación de postes de fibra con cementos resinosos, presenta mayores valores en el tercio apical y menores en el tercio cervical del conducto radicular con técnica de Push-out (AU)


Subject(s)
Tensile Strength , Post and Core Technique , Flexural Strength , Bicuspid , Statistical Analysis , Cementation/methods , Dentin-Bonding Agents , Tooth Cervix , Dental Pulp Cavity , Fibric Acids
10.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(1): 1-6, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1145511

ABSTRACT

Objective: The present study aimed to assess theinfluence of vibration effect on microshear bond strength (µSBS) of flowable composite to enamel. Material and Methods: Sixty non-cariousextracted human premolar teeth were collected and randomly divided into six groups (n = 10) after being trimmed to produce a smooth flat surface: Flowable composites [Wave (SDI), Wave HV (SDI) and Grandioflow (Voco)] were used as bonding agents without or with vibration using an ultrasonic scaler (Mini Piezon, EMS, Switzerland). Composite resin, with an internal diameter of 0.7mm and height of 1mm, was cured on the substrate. The specimens' µSBS was tested by a microtensile tester (Bisco, USA) at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. The bond strength values were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and post hoc Tukey test (p < 0.05). Results:Vibrationdid not lead to any significant difference in the µSBS values of Wave, Wave HV, and Grandio Flow µSBS values (P=0.690, P=1.000 and P=0.947, respectively). No significant difference was found between flowable composites in terms of micro shear bond strength to enamel (p > 0.05). Conclusions: The application of ultrasonicvibration might not be advantageous in terms of improving the shear bond strength of flowable composites to enamel. (AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a influência de microcisalhamento com efeito de vibração na resistência de união (µSBS) de compósito fluido ao esmalte. Material e Métodos: Sessenta dentes pré-molares humanos extraídos não cariados foram coletados e divididos aleatoriamente em seis grupos (n = 10) após serem desgastados para produzir uma superfície lisa e plana: Compósitos fluidos [Wave (SDI), Wave HV (SDI) e Grandioflow (Voco)] foram usados como agentes adesivos sem e com vibração através de um aparelho ultrassônico (Mini Piezon, EMS, Switzerland). Uma resina composta, com diâmetro interno de 0,7 mm e peso de 1 mm, foi polimerizada no substrato. Os espécimes de µSBS foram submetidos a teste de microtração (Bisco, USA) em uma velocidade de 0.5 mm/min. Os valores de resistência adesiva foram analisados através de testes de ANOVA a um critério e de Tukey post hoc (p < 0.05). Resultados: A vibração não levou a nenhuma diferença significativa nos valores de µSBS entre Wave, Wave HV, e Grandio Flow (P=0.690, P=1.000 e P=0.947, respectivamente). Não foi encontrada nenhuma diferença significativa entre os compósitos fluidos quanto à resistência de união ao esmalte quando sob microcisalhamento (p >0.05). Conclusões: A aplicação de vibração ultrassônica pode não ser vantajosa para uma melhora na resistência adesiva de compósitos fluidos ao esmalte frente a cisalhamento. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Vibration , Bicuspid , Composite Resins , Dental Enamel
11.
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(3): 1-10, 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1282057

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze mechanical and thermal stresses of hybrid ceramic and lithium disilicate based ceramic of CAD/CAM inlays using 3D Finite element analysis. Material and Methods:A three dimensions finite element model of permanent maxillary premolar designed according to standard anatomy with class II cavity preparation for inlay restored with two different ceramic materials: 1- Hybrid ceramic (Vita Enamic), 2- Lithium disilicate based ceramic (IPS e.max CAD). Totally six runs were performed on the model as: One loading case for each restorative material was tested in stress analysis; seven points of loading with 140N vertically applied at palatal cusp tip and cusp slop, marginal ridges and central fossa while the models base was fixed as a boundary condition in the two cases. Two thermal analysis cases were performed for each restoration material by applying 5ºC and 55ºC on the crown surface including the restoration surface. Results:The results of all structures were separated from the rest of the model to analyze the magnitude of stress in each component. For each group, maximum stresses on restorative materials, cement, enamel, and dentin were evaluated separately. Both ceramic materials generated similar stress distribution patterns for all groups when a total occlusal load of 140 N was applied. Conclusion: Thermal fluctuations of temperature have a great influence on the stresses induced on both restoration and tooth structure. IPS e.max CAD produced more favorable stresses on the tooth structure than Vita Enamic. (AU)


Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o estresse mecânico e térmico de inlays de cerâmica hibrida e a base de dissilicato de lítio através da análise em 3D de elementos finitos. Material e Métodos: Foi realizado o design de um modelo de três dimensões em elementos finitos de um pré-molar superior de acordo com os padrões anatômicos de um preparo de cavidade classe II para restauração de inlay em dois tipos de cerâmicas diferentes: 1 Cerâmica hibrida (Vita Enamic), 2 ­ Cerâmica a base de dissilicato de lítio (IPS e.max CAD). No total, seis execuções foram realizadas no modelo como: Uma carga para cada material restaurador foi testado para análise de tensão; sete pontos de carga com 140N foi aplicado verticalmente na ponta da cúspide palatina, saliência da cúspide, cristas marginais e fossa central enquanto a base do modelo foi fixada como uma condição de limite nos dois casos. Duas análises térmicas foram realizadas para cada material de restauração, aplicando 5ºC e 55ºC na superfície da coroa, incluindo a superfície da restauração. Resultados: Os resultados de todas as estruturas foram separados do resto do modelo para analisar a magnitude do estresse de cada componente. Para cada grupo, o máximo de estresse nos materiais restauradores, cemento, esmalte e dentina foram avaliados separadamente. Padrões similares de distribuição de estresse foram gerados em todos os grupos para ambos os materiais cerâmicos, quando a carga oclusal de 140 N foi aplicada. Conclusão: As variações térmicas de temperatura têm uma grande influência nas tensões induzidas na restauração e na estrutura dentária. IPS e.max CAD produziu tensões mais favoráveis na estrutura dentária do que o Vita Enamic (AU)


Subject(s)
Bicuspid , Finite Element Analysis , Dental Cavity Preparation , Dental Cementum , Dental Enamel , Dentin
12.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(2): e2119187, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249699

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: A side effect observed in cases treated with extractions is the instability of orthodontic space closure. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of gingival invagination, presence of third molars and facial pattern, on the stability of orthodontic space-closure in the maxillary arch. Methods: Ninety-nine subjects (41 male and 58 female) with Class I malocclusion treated with four premolars extraction were evaluated. Extraction sites reopening and gingival invaginations were evaluated in scanned dental models in the posttreatment and 1-year posttreatment stages (mean age 16.1 years). Third molars presence was evaluated at 1-year posttreatment panoramic radiographs, and the facial pattern (SN.GoGn) was evaluated in the initial lateral headfilms. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the influence of the aforementioned independent variables on the frequency of extraction space reopening. Results: Space reopening was observed in 20.20% of the subjects 1-year post-debonding. Gingival invaginations were present in 25.73% of quadrants after debonding and in 22.80% 1-year posttreatment. The mean pre-treatment SN.GoGn was 35.64 degrees (SD=5.26). No significant influence was observed of the three independent variables on the instability of extraction site closure. Conclusions: The presence of gingival invaginations, third molars and facial growth pattern do not seem to influence maxillary extraction sites reopening.


RESUMO Introdução: Um efeito colateral observado nos casos tratados com extrações é a instabilidade do fechamento ortodôntico do espaço. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar a influência da invaginação gengival, da presença de terceiros molares e do padrão facial na estabilidade do fechamento ortodôntico dos locais de extração na arcada superior. Métodos: Noventa e nove indivíduos (41 homens e 58 mulheres) com má oclusão de Classe I tratados com extração de quatro pré-molares foram avaliados. A reabertura dos locais de extração e as invaginações gengivais foram avaliadas nos modelos dentários digitalizados nos estágios pós-tratamento e um ano pós-tratamento (idade média de 16,1 anos). A presença dos terceiros molares foi avaliada em radiografias panorâmicas de um ano pós-tratamento, e o padrão facial (SN.GoGn) foi avaliado nas radiografias laterais iniciais. Análise de regressão logística múltipla foi utilizada para estimar a influência das variáveis independentes citadas na frequência de reabertura do espaço de extração. Resultados: A reabertura do espaço foi observada em 20,20% dos sujeitos um ano após a remoção do aparelho. Invaginações gengivais estiveram presentes em 25,73% dos quadrantes após a remoção do aparelho e em 22,80% após um ano pós-tratamento. O SN.GoGn pré-tratamento médio foi de 35,64 graus (DP = 5,26). Não foi observada influência significativa das três variáveis independentes sobre a instabilidade do fechamento do local de extração. Conclusões: A presença de invaginações gengivais, terceiros molares e padrão de crescimento facial não parece influenciar na reabertura dos locais de extração maxilar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Tooth Extraction , Malocclusion, Angle Class I , Tooth Extraction/adverse effects , Bicuspid/surgery , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Orthodontic Space Closure , Malocclusion, Angle Class I/therapy , Malocclusion, Angle Class I/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/surgery , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
13.
J. appl. oral sci ; 29: e20200734, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1180800

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To compare tooth movement rate and histological responses with three different force magnitude designs under osteoperforation in rabbit models. Methodology 48 rabbits were divided into three groups: Group A, Group B, and Group C, with traction force of 50 g, 100 g, 150 g, respectively. Osteoperforation was performed at the mesial of the right mandibular first premolar, the left side was not affected. One mini-screw was inserted into bones between two central incisors. Coil springs were fixed to the first premolars and the mini-screw. Tooth movement distance was calculated, and immunohistochemical staining of PCNA, OCN, VEGF, and TGF-β1 was analyzed. Results The tooth movement distance on the surgical side was larger than the control side in all groups (P<0.01). No significant intergroup difference was observed for the surgical side in tooth movement distance among the three groups (P>0.05). For the control side, tooth movement distance in Group A was significantly smaller than Groups B and C (P<0.001); no significant difference in tooth movement distance between Group B and Group C was observed (P>0.05). On the tension area of the moving premolar, labeling of PCNA, OCN, VEGF and TGF-β1 were confirmed in alveolar bone and periodontal ligament in all groups. PCNA, OCN, VEGF and TGF-β1 on the surgical side was larger than the control side in all groups (P<0.001). Conclusion Osteoperforation could accelerate orthodontic tooth movement rate in rabbits. Fast osteoperforation-assisted tooth movement in rabbits was achieve with light 50 g traction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Periodontal Ligament , Tooth Movement Techniques , Rabbits , Bicuspid
14.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(83): 49-56, 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343547

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar distancia cortical/piso de seno maxilar y ápices de primeros premolares superiores, su asociación con sexo y grupo etario. Se midieron 100 premolares superiores, registrándose la distancia ápices/cortical piso del seno, frecuencia de intrusión apical en seno, relación con sexo y grupo etario. Se utilizó prueba de rangos con signos Wilcoxon y prueba Shapiro-Wilk, con modificaciones. Se estimaró método de Wilson. Se utilizó prueba Chi-cuadrado. Se encontró diferencia significativa (Wilcoxon: p<0,05) en distancia máxima a cortical y no la hubo en distancias mínimas a cortical (Wilcoxon: p=0,41). Hubo distribución heterogénea según clasificación de Kwak (Chi-cuadrado=203,8; gl=4; p<0,05): tipo I más representado (77% IC95; 68% a 84%), tipo V menos frecuente (4%; IC95: 2% a 10%). Hubo asociación signficativa entre tipología y sexo (Chi-cuadrado012,48; gl=4; p<0,05). Ambos sexos tipo I más representado, mujeres tipo II menos representado (3%). Se encontró asociación significativa entre tipología y grupo etario (Chi-cuadrado=42,47; gl=20; p<0,05): todos los grupos, tipo I más representado (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Bicuspid , Tooth Apex , Maxillary Sinus , Argentina , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistical Analysis , Age and Sex Distribution , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
15.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(6): 49-58, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1154049

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Invasive cervical resorption (ICR) is a relatively rare type of ERR (External Root Resorption), in which a localized resorption begins in the cervical area of the tooth, below the epithelial junction and above the ridge crest. Objective: Describe the clinical case of an 11-year-old boy with no dental trauma history, presenting moderate crowding and ectopic eruption of the maxillary right central incisor. He had been undergoing orthodontic treatment elsewhere, and his family was dissatisfied with the results. Description: A new treatment was indicated, which included rapid maxillary expansion followed by extraction of four premolars. During routine panoramic evaluation, a radiolucid image was detected and a periapical radiograph was requested. At this point, an ICR of the maxillary right central incisor was found. The treatment was cautiously finalized and despite the use of light forces, central incisor was severally compromised by ICR and was therefore extracted. Conclusion: This clinical example discusses the importance of routine radiographs for the early diagnoses of ICR.


RESUMO Introdução: A reabsorção cervical invasiva (RCI) é um tipo relativamente raro de reabsorção radicular externa (RRE), no qual uma reabsorção localizada começa na região cervical do dente, abaixo da junção epitelial e acima da crista marginal. Objetivo: Descrever o caso clínico de um menino com 11 anos de idade, sem histórico de trauma dentário, apresentando apinhamento moderado e erupção ectópica do incisivo central superior. Ele realizava tratamento ortodôntico em outro local, mas sua família estava insatisfeita com os resultados. Descrição: Foi iniciado um novo tratamento, que incluiu a expansão rápida da maxila, seguida pela extração de quatro pré-molares. Durante a avaliação de rotina da radiografia panorâmica, uma imagem radiolúcida foi detectada, e uma radiografia periapical da região foi solicitada, sendo encontrada uma RCI no incisivo central superior direito. O tratamento foi finalizado com cautela e, apesar do uso de forças leves, o incisivo central estava seriamente comprometido pela RCI e, portanto, precisou ser extraído. Conclusão: Esse exemplo clínico discute a importância das radiografias de rotina para o diagnóstico precoce da RCI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Root Resorption , Incisor , Root Resorption/etiology , Root Resorption/diagnostic imaging , Bicuspid , Cuspid , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
16.
Dent. press endod ; 10(3): 69-74, Sept-Dec.2020. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1348002

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Avaliar três protocolos de irrigação final para remoção de detritos e material obturador de istmos simulados. Métodos: Setenta e oito pré-molares foram preparados com o sistema WaveOne Gold 45.05. Os dentes foram seccionados longitudinalmente e um istmo padronizado foi confeccionado no terço apical. Seis raízes foram utilizadas como controle negativo. Os espécimes foram randomizados em dois grupos principais (n=36). Trinta e seis raízes tiveram o istmo preenchido com detritos e as outras trinta e seis raízes foram obturadas com guta-percha e cimento endodôntico, por meio da técnica híbrida de Tagger. Cada grupo foi dividido em três subgrupos (n=12), de acordo com o protocolo de irrigação final: Easy Clean; irrigação ultrassônica passiva (PUI); e XP Clean. A ativação do NaOCl 2,5% pelo Easy Clean foi realizada em três ciclos de vinte segundos; e pelo XP Clean, por um minuto em movimento reciprocante e contínuo, respectivamente. No grupo PUI, o irrigante foi ativado em três períodos de vinte segundos. Resultados: Não foi encontrada associação entre os escores de remoção de detritos e os protocolos de irrigação (p=0,165). Foi observada associação entre os escores de remoção do material obturador e os protocolos de irrigação final (p<0,05). Conclusões: Os protocolos de irrigação final foram efetivos para a remoção de detritos, mas não para remoção de material obturador de istmos no terço apical (AU).


This study aimed to assess three final irrigation protocols on debris and filling removal from simulated irregularities. Methods: Seventy-eight mandibular premolars were prepared with WaveOne Gold system 45.05, splitted longitudinally, and a standardized groove was performed in the apical portion of the canals. Six roots served as negative control. The roots were randomly divided into two main groups (n = 36). The grooves were filled with dentin debris in thirty six roots. The others thirty-six were filled with gutta-percha and endodontic sealer using Tagger hybrid technique. Each main group was then divided into three groups (n = 12) according to the final irrigation protocol: Easy Clean, passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI), and XP Clean. In Easy Clean 2.5% NaOCl activation was performed for 3 cycles of 20 seconds and XP Clean for one minute under reciprocating and continuous rotary motion and continuous rotary motion, respectively. In the PUI group, the irrigant was activated in three periods of 20 seconds. Results: No association was found among the scores of debris removal and the irrigation protocols (p = .165). An association was observed among the filling material removal scores and irrigation protocols (p< .05). Conclusion: Easy Clean, PUI and XP Clean were effective for dentin debris removal, but did not for filling material from artificial grooves in the apical third (AU).


Subject(s)
Bicuspid , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Efficacy , Lifting
17.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(6): 490-499, dic. 31, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178945

ABSTRACT

Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of dentin surface treatment with 37% phosphoric acid or 17% ethylenedia-minetetraacetic acid (EDTA) before Internal Bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide using the walking bleach technique. Material and Methods: This experimental in vitro study used 66 human premolars extracted for orthodontic reasons, which were debrided, endodontically prepared, and pigmented with chromogens derived from blood decomposition. The samples were randomly divided into three groups (n=22). Group A: bleaching agent without dentin conditioning; group B: bleaching agent in dentin conditioned with phosphoric acid 37%; group C: bleaching agent in dentin conditioned with 17% EDTA. 4 applications of bleaching agent were used with a separation of 4 days between each session. The initial color (baseline) and after each application was determined by spectrophotometry, recording the CIE L*a*b* values and the total color variation between the initial parameters and the different evaluation times. Results: Data were statistically analyzed with the Wilcoxon test. This showed statistically significant differences for the total variation of the color between the study groups, with the control group in no case inferior to the rest. Conclusion: The application of 37% phosphoric acid increased the effectiveness of the bleaching agent when compared to 17% EDTA. However, these did not increase the effectiveness compared to the application of the bleaching agent without a previous dentin surface treatment.


Introducción: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el efecto del tratamiento de superficie dentinaria con ácido fosfórico al 37% o EDTA al 17% previo al blanqueamiento Interno con peróxido de hidrógeno al 35% por medio de la técnica Walking Bleach. Material y Métodos:Para este estudio experimental in vitro, se utilizaron 66 premolares humanos extraídos por indicación ortodóncica, los cuales fueron desbridados, preparados endodónticamente, y pigmentados con cromógenos derivados de la descomposición sanguínea. Las muestras fueron divididas aleatoriamente en 3 grupos (n=22). Grupo A: agente blanqueador sin acondicionamiento dentinario, grupo B: agente blanqueador en dentina acondicionada con ácido fosfórico 37% y grupo C: agente blanqueador en dentina acondicionada con EDTA 17%. Se utilizaron 4 aplicaciones de agente blanqueador con una separación de 4 días entre cada sesión. El color inicial (baseline) y tras cada aplicación fue determinado mediante espectrofotometría, registrando los valores CIE L*a*b* y la variación total de color entre los parámetros iniciales y los diferentes tiempos de evaluación. Resultados: Los datos fueron analizados estadísticamente con la prueba de Wilcoxon, arrojando diferencias estadísticamente significativas para la variación total del color entre los grupos de estudio, siendo en ningún caso el grupo control inferior al resto. Conclusión: La aplicación de ácido fosfórico al 37% aumenta la eficacia del agente blanqueador al compararlo con el EDTA 17%, sin embargo, no aumentan la eficacia respecto a la aplicación del agente blanqueador sin un tratamiento de superficie dentinaria previo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Color , Dental Enamel/chemistry , Dentin/chemistry , Hydrogen Peroxide/chemistry , Spectrophotometry , Bicuspid , In Vitro Techniques , Chile , Epidemiology, Experimental
18.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1266-1270, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134435

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The root canal system of the maxillary first premolar (MFP), present a high rate of variation, especially at apical level. This complicates the action of antiseptic solutions and endodontic instruments at this level. The object of this in vivo study was to analyse by Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) the radicular and canalicular morphology of MFP in a Chilean sub-population. We carried out a cross sectional, descriptive and observational in vivo study with CBCT examinations of 70 MFP, both left and right. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics (mean (M), standard deviation (SD), with a confidence interval of 95 %), and one-factor ANOVA was used to relate the sections observed. Tooth 1.4 presented one root in 64.86 % of cases and two roots in 35.15 %. Tooth 2.4 presented one root in 66.67 % of cases and two roots in 33.33 %. The frequency of one and two canals was observed to be 30 % and 70% respectively. The walls with the smallest cementodentinal thickness were the mesial (1.11±0.55) and distal (1.08±0.52). The thickest dentinal wall was the palatine (2.07±1.29), followed by the buccal (1.6±1.0). No statistical differences between males and females were found in the thickness of the root wall, nor in the location of the premolar in the maxilla (p>0.05). In conclusion, the root morphology of the MFP is highly variable. Care must be taken not to over-instrument the proximal walls to avoid perforations or fractures. CBCT has proved to be a useful and effective diagnostic tool for in vivo study of dental morphology.


RESUMEN: El sistema de canal radicular del primer premolar maxilar (MFP) presenta una alta tasa de variación, especialmente a nivel apical. Esto complica la acción de las soluciones antisépticas y los instrumentos endodónticos a este nivel. El objetivo de este estudio in vivo fue analizar mediante tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (CBCT) la morfología radicular y canalicular de la MFP en una subpoblación chilena. Realizamos un estudio transversal, descriptivo y observacional in vivo con exámenes CBCT de 70 MFP, tanto a la izquierda como a la derecha. Los datos se analizaron mediante estadística descriptiva (media (M), desviación estándar (DE), con un intervalo de confianza del 95 %) y se utilizó ANOVA de un factor para relacionar las secciones observadas. El diente 1.4 presentó una raíz en el 64,86% de los casos y dos raíces en el 35,15 %. El diente 2.4 presentó una raíz en el 66,67 % de los casos y dos raíces en el 33,33 %. Se observó que la frecuencia de uno y dos canales era del 30 % y 70%, respectivamente. Las paredes con el espesor cementodentinal más pequeño fueron mesial (1,11 ± 0,55) y distal (1,08 ± 0,52). La pared dentinaria más gruesa fue la palatina (2,07 ± 1,29), seguida de la vestibular (1,6 ± 1,0). No se encontraron diferencias estadísticas entre machos y hembras en el grosor de la pared de la raíz, ni en la ubicación del premolar en el maxilar (p> 0,05). En conclusión, la morfología de la raíz de la MFP es muy variable. Se debe tener cuidado de no sobre-instrumentar las paredes proximales para evitar perforaciones o fracturas. CBCT ha demostrado ser una herramienta de diagnóstico útil y efectiva para el estudio in vivo de la morfología dental.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Confidence Intervals , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Analysis of Variance , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Maxilla/anatomy & histology
19.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(5): 414-422, oct. 31, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179033

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Two important factors in dental prosthesis are making an accurate impression and producing a suitable cast which represents the exact relationship between prepared tooth and oral structures. This study, aimed to investigate the effects of different combinations of impression and pouring materials on marginal and internal adaptation of premolar zirconia crowns. Material and Methods: Forty maxillary premolars were prepared considering round shoulder finish line. The impressions were made either by additional (Panasil) or condensation (Speedex) silicon, and poured by two different types of gypsum materials (Siladent or GC gypsum) (N=10). Zirconia crowns were fabricated using a CAD-CAM system. The crowns were cemented, and the samples were cut in bucco-lingual direction. Marginal and internal gaps were measured by stereomicroscope (×25). Results: The mean marginal gaps for Pansil-Siladent, Panasil-GC, Speedex-Siladent, and Speedex-GC were 141 µm, 143 µm, 131 µm, and 137 µm respectively. The internal gaps were 334 µm, 292 µm, 278 µm, and 257 µm respectively. The independent T-Student test showed no significant differences in average marginal or internal gap among various impression and gypsum materials or their interactions (p>0.05). Two-way ANOVA test showed no significant differences in maximum marginal or internal gap among various impression and gypsum materials and their interactions (p>0.05). Conclusion: The present study revealed no statistically significant difference in marginal/internal gap among crowns prepared using different combinations of impression-pouring materials evaluated.


Introducción: Dos factores importantes en la prótesis dental son hacer una impresión precisa y la producción de un modelo adecuado que represente la relación exacta entre el diente preparado y las estructuras orales. Este estudio, tuvo como objetivo investigar los efectos de diferentes combinaciones de materiales de impresión y vertido sobre la adaptación marginal e interna de coronas de zirconio premolar. Material y Métodos: Se prepararon cuarenta premolares maxilares considerando la línea de meta del hombro redondo. Las impresiones se realizaron con silicio adicional (Panasil) o de condensación (Speedex) y se vertieron con dos tipos diferentes de materiales de yeso (yeso Siladent o GC) (N = 10). Las coronas de zirconio se fabricaron utilizando el sistema CAD-CAM. Las coronas se cementaron y las muestras se cortaron en dirección buco-lingual. La brecha marginal e interna se midió con estereomicroscopio (×25). Resultados: Las brechas marginales medias para Pansil-Siladent, Panasil-GC, Speedex-Siladent y Speedex-GC fueron de 141µm, 143µm, 131µm y 137µm, respectivamente. Las brechas internas fueron 334µm, 292µm, 278µm y 257µm, respectivamente. La prueba de T-Student independiente no mostró diferencias significativas en la brecha marginal o interna promedio entre varios materiales de impresión y yeso o sus interacciones (p>0.05). La prueba ANOVA bidireccional no mostró diferencias significativas en el espacio marginal o interno máximo entre varios materiales de yeso y de impresión y sus interacciones (p>0.05). Conclusión: El presente estudio no reveló diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la brecha marginal/interna entre las coronas preparadas con diferentes combinaciones de materiales de impresión y vertido evaluados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Prosthesis/methods , Crowns , Dental Impression Materials , Zirconium/chemistry , Bicuspid , Calcium Sulfate , Computer-Aided Design , Dental Cements , Dental Restoration, Permanent
20.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 25(5): 24-29, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1133693

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The present study aimed at comparing the external lateral root resorption (ELRR) and external apical root resorption (EARR) between teeth moved through the atrophic edentulous ridge and those undergoing the usual orthodontic movement. Methods: Fifty-four premolars were evaluated, where 27 of them had been moved toward the edentulous ridge (Group 1) and 27 from the same patient, had not been translated, which comprised the control group (Group 2). ELRR was evaluated by 0-3 scores and EARR was evaluated by 0-4 scores, before and after movement. Measurements were compared by Kruskal-Wallis and Student-Newman-Keuls tests. Results: ELRR increased statistically only in the Group 1 (p< 0.05). After orthodontic treatment, it was observed that almost 56% (n = 15) of teeth in Group 1 presented scores 2 and 3, while Group 2 presented scores 2 and 3 in about 11% (n= 3) of the teeth. EARR increased in both groups after orthodontic movement, however, statistically analyses showed no significant differences between groups (p> 0.05). Conclusions: Orthodontic movement into the atrophic edentulous ridge is subject to a greater lateral external root resorption.


RESUMO Objetivo: O presente estudo teve como objetivo comparar a reabsorção radicular lateral externa (RRLE) e a reabsorção radicular apical externa (RRAE) em dentes movimentados sobre o rebordo edêntulo atrófico e naqueles submetidos à movimentação ortodôntica usual. Métodos: Foram avaliados 54 pré-molares, sendo 27 deles movimentados em direção ao rebordo edêntulo (Grupo 1) e 27 (dos mesmos pacientes) não transladados, que compuseram o grupo controle (Grupo 2). A RRLE foi avaliada por meio de escores de 0 a 3, e a RRAE foi avaliada por meio de escores de 0 a 4, antes e depois do tratamento. As medidas foram comparadas por meio dos testes de Kruskal-Wallis e de Student-Newman-Keuls. Resultados: O escore da RRLE aumentou estatisticamente apenas no Grupo 1 (p< 0,05). Após o tratamento ortodôntico, observou-se que quase 56% (n = 15) dos dentes do Grupo 1 apresentaram escores 2 e 3, enquanto o Grupo 2 apresentou escores 2 e 3 em cerca de 11% (n = 3) dos dentes. O escore da RRAE aumentou em ambos os grupos após a movimentação ortodôntica; entretanto, as análises estatísticas não mostraram diferenças significativas entre os grupos (p> 0,05). Conclusões: Dentes submetidos à movimentação ortodôntica sobre rebordo edêntulo atrófico estão sujeitos a uma maior reabsorção radicular externa lateral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Resorption , Bicuspid , Root Resorption/etiology , Root Resorption/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Movement Techniques
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