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1.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 36(84): 7-11, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363431

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento endodóntico del primer premolar inferior, cuando presenta varios conductos o varias raíces puede ser un gran desafío. En el presente trabajo se describe un caso clínico de un paciente de sexo masculino de 60 años de edad que concurre al Servicio de Guardia de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad de Buenos Aires (FOUBA). Al examen clínico y radiográfico se descubre la presencia de dos trayectos fistulosos que corresponden a la misma pieza dentaria con diagnóstico de absceso alveolar crónico. Concluimos que el operador debe realizar un minucioso diagnóstico, y analizar y conocer las diferentes configuraciones anatómicas para tratarlas adecuadamente, aumentando así las probabilidades de éxito del tratamiento (AU)


Endodontic treatment of the first lower premolar when it has multiple ducts or multiple roots can be a challenge. This paper describes a clinical case of a 60-year-old male patient who attends the on-call service of the School of Dentistry of the University of Buenos Aires (FOUBA). Upon clinical and radiographic examination, the presence of two sinusal tracts that corresponded to the same dental piece with a diagnosis of chronic alveolar abscess was discovered. We conclude that the operator must carry out a thorough diagnosis and analyze and understand the different anatomical configurations in order to properly treat them, thus increasing the probability of treatment success (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Periapical Abscess , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Argentina , Root Canal Therapy , Schools, Dental , Clinical Diagnosis , Chronic Disease
2.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 26(2): e2119187, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249699

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: A side effect observed in cases treated with extractions is the instability of orthodontic space closure. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of gingival invagination, presence of third molars and facial pattern, on the stability of orthodontic space-closure in the maxillary arch. Methods: Ninety-nine subjects (41 male and 58 female) with Class I malocclusion treated with four premolars extraction were evaluated. Extraction sites reopening and gingival invaginations were evaluated in scanned dental models in the posttreatment and 1-year posttreatment stages (mean age 16.1 years). Third molars presence was evaluated at 1-year posttreatment panoramic radiographs, and the facial pattern (SN.GoGn) was evaluated in the initial lateral headfilms. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the influence of the aforementioned independent variables on the frequency of extraction space reopening. Results: Space reopening was observed in 20.20% of the subjects 1-year post-debonding. Gingival invaginations were present in 25.73% of quadrants after debonding and in 22.80% 1-year posttreatment. The mean pre-treatment SN.GoGn was 35.64 degrees (SD=5.26). No significant influence was observed of the three independent variables on the instability of extraction site closure. Conclusions: The presence of gingival invaginations, third molars and facial growth pattern do not seem to influence maxillary extraction sites reopening.


RESUMO Introdução: Um efeito colateral observado nos casos tratados com extrações é a instabilidade do fechamento ortodôntico do espaço. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar a influência da invaginação gengival, da presença de terceiros molares e do padrão facial na estabilidade do fechamento ortodôntico dos locais de extração na arcada superior. Métodos: Noventa e nove indivíduos (41 homens e 58 mulheres) com má oclusão de Classe I tratados com extração de quatro pré-molares foram avaliados. A reabertura dos locais de extração e as invaginações gengivais foram avaliadas nos modelos dentários digitalizados nos estágios pós-tratamento e um ano pós-tratamento (idade média de 16,1 anos). A presença dos terceiros molares foi avaliada em radiografias panorâmicas de um ano pós-tratamento, e o padrão facial (SN.GoGn) foi avaliado nas radiografias laterais iniciais. Análise de regressão logística múltipla foi utilizada para estimar a influência das variáveis independentes citadas na frequência de reabertura do espaço de extração. Resultados: A reabertura do espaço foi observada em 20,20% dos sujeitos um ano após a remoção do aparelho. Invaginações gengivais estiveram presentes em 25,73% dos quadrantes após a remoção do aparelho e em 22,80% após um ano pós-tratamento. O SN.GoGn pré-tratamento médio foi de 35,64 graus (DP = 5,26). Não foi observada influência significativa das três variáveis independentes sobre a instabilidade do fechamento do local de extração. Conclusões: A presença de invaginações gengivais, terceiros molares e padrão de crescimento facial não parece influenciar na reabertura dos locais de extração maxilar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Tooth Extraction , Malocclusion, Angle Class I , Tooth Extraction/adverse effects , Bicuspid/surgery , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Orthodontic Space Closure , Malocclusion, Angle Class I/therapy , Malocclusion, Angle Class I/diagnostic imaging , Maxilla/surgery , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1266-1270, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134435

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The root canal system of the maxillary first premolar (MFP), present a high rate of variation, especially at apical level. This complicates the action of antiseptic solutions and endodontic instruments at this level. The object of this in vivo study was to analyse by Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) the radicular and canalicular morphology of MFP in a Chilean sub-population. We carried out a cross sectional, descriptive and observational in vivo study with CBCT examinations of 70 MFP, both left and right. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics (mean (M), standard deviation (SD), with a confidence interval of 95 %), and one-factor ANOVA was used to relate the sections observed. Tooth 1.4 presented one root in 64.86 % of cases and two roots in 35.15 %. Tooth 2.4 presented one root in 66.67 % of cases and two roots in 33.33 %. The frequency of one and two canals was observed to be 30 % and 70% respectively. The walls with the smallest cementodentinal thickness were the mesial (1.11±0.55) and distal (1.08±0.52). The thickest dentinal wall was the palatine (2.07±1.29), followed by the buccal (1.6±1.0). No statistical differences between males and females were found in the thickness of the root wall, nor in the location of the premolar in the maxilla (p>0.05). In conclusion, the root morphology of the MFP is highly variable. Care must be taken not to over-instrument the proximal walls to avoid perforations or fractures. CBCT has proved to be a useful and effective diagnostic tool for in vivo study of dental morphology.


RESUMEN: El sistema de canal radicular del primer premolar maxilar (MFP) presenta una alta tasa de variación, especialmente a nivel apical. Esto complica la acción de las soluciones antisépticas y los instrumentos endodónticos a este nivel. El objetivo de este estudio in vivo fue analizar mediante tomografía computarizada de haz cónico (CBCT) la morfología radicular y canalicular de la MFP en una subpoblación chilena. Realizamos un estudio transversal, descriptivo y observacional in vivo con exámenes CBCT de 70 MFP, tanto a la izquierda como a la derecha. Los datos se analizaron mediante estadística descriptiva (media (M), desviación estándar (DE), con un intervalo de confianza del 95 %) y se utilizó ANOVA de un factor para relacionar las secciones observadas. El diente 1.4 presentó una raíz en el 64,86% de los casos y dos raíces en el 35,15 %. El diente 2.4 presentó una raíz en el 66,67 % de los casos y dos raíces en el 33,33 %. Se observó que la frecuencia de uno y dos canales era del 30 % y 70%, respectivamente. Las paredes con el espesor cementodentinal más pequeño fueron mesial (1,11 ± 0,55) y distal (1,08 ± 0,52). La pared dentinaria más gruesa fue la palatina (2,07 ± 1,29), seguida de la vestibular (1,6 ± 1,0). No se encontraron diferencias estadísticas entre machos y hembras en el grosor de la pared de la raíz, ni en la ubicación del premolar en el maxilar (p> 0,05). En conclusión, la morfología de la raíz de la MFP es muy variable. Se debe tener cuidado de no sobre-instrumentar las paredes proximales para evitar perforaciones o fracturas. CBCT ha demostrado ser una herramienta de diagnóstico útil y efectiva para el estudio in vivo de la morfología dental.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Confidence Intervals , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Analysis of Variance , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Maxilla/anatomy & histology
4.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(5): 516-522, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132339

ABSTRACT

Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) in measuring radicular dentin thickness focused on intraradicular post placement planning treatment. Ten single-rooted human premolars were selected. The teeth were divided into three segments (cervical, middle and apical). The coronal face of the apical and middle sections was selected for the dentin thickness assessment; which was measured from the external root surface to the root canal wall, on the buccal, lingual, mesial, and distal surfaces of each tooth. In situ anatomical measurement was the reference standard, and the corresponding axial CBCT imaging were evaluated by the i-CAT software. The one-way ANOVA test and the Bonferroni post hoc test were applied to compare the groups (p>0.05). CBCT imaging measurements (p=0.003) overestimated the radicular dentin thickness compared to the reference standard. Descriptive analysis showed that the greatest difference between the reference standard and the tomographic measurement means were 0.20 mm. One-way ANOVA test found the statistical significant difference among group's measurements. Bonferroni correction demonstrated statistically significant difference only related lingual surface for the CBCT imaging measurements. CBCT imaging measurements overestimated the radicular dentin thickness. However, the measurement difference was clinically acceptable.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a precisão da Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico (TCFC) na mensuração da espessura da dentina radicular no planejamento de tratamento envolvendo a cimentação de pinos intrarradiculares. Dez pré-molares humanos unirradiculares foram selecionados. Os dentes foram divididos em três segmentos (cervical, médio e apical). A face coronal dos terços apical e médio foi selecionada para a avaliação da espessura da dentina; que foi medida a partir da superfície externa da raiz até a parede do canal radicular, nas superfícies vestibular, lingual, mesial e distal de cada dente. A medida anatômica in situ foi o padrão de referência, e a imagem de TCFC axial correspondente foi avaliada pelo software i-CAT. O teste de 1-fator ANOVA e o teste post hoc de Bonferroni foram aplicados para comparar os grupos (p>0,05). As medidas de imagem da TCFC (p=0,003) superestimaram a espessura da dentina radicular em comparação a referência padrão. A análise descritiva mostrou que a maior diferença entre a referência padrão e a medida tomográfica foi de 0,20 mm. O teste ANOVA encontrou a diferença de significância estatística entre as medidas do grupo. A correção de Bonferroni demonstrou diferença estatisticamente significante apenas relacionada às medidas de imagem da TCFC. A medida de imagem da TCFC superestimou a espessura da dentina radicular. No entanto, a diferença de medição foi clinicamente aceitável.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Root Canal Therapy , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Dental Pulp Cavity , Dentin/diagnostic imaging
5.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(2): 63-67, mayo-ago. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121413

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Presentar un caso clínico de dos premolares inferiores con perforación radicular iatrogénica obturadas con Biodentine. Caso clínico: Una paciente de 54 años de edad fue derivada para realizar el tratamiento endodóntico en las piezas dentarias 44 y 45. Los exámenes clínico y radiográfico revelaron la presencia de perforaciones radiculares, cuya localización fue confirmada por medio de una tomografía computarizada de haz cónico. Luego de la desinfección y la instrumentación de los conductos radiculares, ambas perforaciones fueron selladas con Biodentine. Finalmente, los conductos fueron obturados, y las cavidades de acceso, restauradas con resina compuesta. Una semana después los dientes se encontraban asintomáticos y sin tumefacción. La paciente fue controlada nuevamente a los 20 meses postratamiento. Al examen clínico, ambos dientes estaban asintomáticos y funcionales. No hubo signos de infección, inflamación o sensibilidad a la percusión y la palpación. Las imágenes radiográficas y tomográficas revelaron espacio periodontal y cortical ósea normales. Conclusión: En el presente caso clínico, el Biodentine resultó un material adecuado para la obturación de perforaciones radiculares de origen iatrogénico ubicadas en la unión de los tercios medio y coronal (AU)


Aim: To present a clinical case of two lower premolars with iatrogenic root perforations in which both defects were repaired with Biodentine. Clinical case: A healthy 54-year old female was referred for endodontic treatment of teeth number 44 and 45. Clinical and radiographic examination revealed the presence of root perforations whose buccal localization was confirmed by a cone beam computed tomography scan. After the root canals were instrumented, both perforations were filled with Biodentine. The canals were obturated and the endodontic accesses were restored. A week later, the teeth were asymptomatic and without the presence of swelling. The patient was recalled 20-months after treatment and both teeth were asymptomatic and functional with no signs of infection, inflammation or sensitivity to percussion and palpation. Radiograph and cone beam computed tomography images showed a normal periodontal width and an intact lamina dura. Conclusion: Based on the outocome of this clinical case, Biodentine was an adequate material to repair iatrogenic root perforations (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Root Canal Filling Materials/therapeutic use , Silicate Cement/therapeutic use , Tooth Root/injuries , Iatrogenic Disease , Root Canal Therapy , Signs and Symptoms , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 959-964, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012381

ABSTRACT

La estimación de la edad es uno de los procedimientos más importantes para la identificación humana. Cameriere et al. propusieron un método para estimación de edad evaluando la relación área pulpa/diente utilizando radiografías dentales, basado en la aposición de dentina secundaria. El objetivo de este estudio, fue desarrollar modelos de regresión lineal para la estimación de la edad, mediante la relación de área pulpa/diente en caninos y premolares mandibulares utilizando ortopantomografías (OPGs) en una población chilena de individuos adultos de edad y sexo conocidos. Se analizaron 162 OPGs digitales (67 hombres y 95 mujeres) mediante el programa ImageJ, con el fin de medir las áreas señaladas. Mediante análisis de regresión, se estudiaron las posibles interacciones entre la edad, sexo y relación de área pulpa/diente. Esta relación disminuyó regularmente con la edad y varió de 0,03 a 0,6 para premolares y 0,04 a 0,6 para caninos respectivamente. El mejor modelo de estimación de edad fue para la relación del canino inferior izquierdo obteniendo un coeficiente de determinación de R2=8,7 %. La media de error absoluto, con un intervalo de confianza del 95 %, osciló entre 5,6 y 5,72 años. El análisis de ANCOVA no mostró diferencias significativas entre hombres y mujeres para la estimación de edad, al igual que para ambos lados de la cavidad oral. Según los resultados obtenidos, la relación de área pulpa/diente es una metodología fiable para la estimación de la edad en adultos. Sin embargo, los resultados demuestran que, en casos reales, es necesario contar con métodos adicionales de estimación ya que, al menos en la muestra analizada, el ajuste indicado por los coeficientes de determinación demostró falta de certeza en las estimaciones etarias producidas por los modelos de regresión lineal.


Age estimation is one of the most important procedures for human identification. Cameriere et al. proposed a method for age estimation based on the analysis of the pulp/tooth ratio by using dental x-rays, based on the apposition of secondary dentine. The objective of this study was to develop linear regression models for age estimation, by means of the pulp/tooth ratio of mandibular canines and premolars using orthopantomographies (OPGs) in a Chilean population of adults of known age and sex. We analyzed 162 digital OPGs (67 men and 95 women) through ImageJ software, in order to measure these areas. By means of regression analysis, the possible interactions between age, sex and pulp / tooth ratio were studied. This relationship decreased regularly with age and ranged from 0.03 to 0.6 for premolars and 0.04 to 0.6 for canines, respectively. The best model of age estimation was for the relation of the lower left canine, obtaining a coefficient of determination of R2=8.7 %. The mean absolute error, with a confidence interval of 95 %, ranged between 5.6 and 5.72 years. The ANCOVA analysis showed no significant differences between men and women for age estimation, as well as for both sides of the oral cavity. According to the results, the pulp/tooth ratio is a reliable methodology for estimating age in adults. However, the results showed that, in actual cases, it is necessary to use additional estimation methods since, at least in the sample analyzed, the adjustment indicated by coefficients of determination showed uncertainty in age estimation produced by the linear regression models.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Panoramic , Cuspid/anatomy & histology , Cuspid/diagnostic imaging , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Age Determination by Teeth , Linear Models , Chile , Analysis of Variance , Forensic Dentistry
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(3): 1079-1084, Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012399

ABSTRACT

The maxillary sinus floor location and the buccal bone plate are factors to be considered in the long-term success with implant treatments mainly in the premolar region. the aim of this study was to establish morphometric characteristics of the buccal cortical bone (BCB) thickness of maxillary premolars and its relation to maxillary sinus floor through CBCT. In this study 350 first and second maxillary premolars were analyzed from 110 CBCT images and the buccal cortical bone (BCB) was measured in a coronal view at the major axis level of each premolar. In addition, in 200 first and second maxillary premolars CBCT images were measured the distance from premolar apex to maxillary sinus floor (MSF) in both frontal and sagittal plane. The type of relationship between the apex and MSF was classified according to Ok et al. (2014). The second premolar was observed with higher values of BCB (p<0.001). In first premolar, higher values were observed in the male sex (p>0.05). In second premolar, only significantly higher values were observed in the male sex in MA-MB-MC (p>0.05). Regarding to MSF and its relation to premolar roots, it was observed that 10 % of the sample was classified as type I, 19 % as type II, 55.5 % as type III and 15.5 % as type IV. The BCB of the upper premolar region is thicker in the apical region and decreases toward the coronal region. Almost 50 % of apex of second premolars are closely and risky related MSF (Type I and II).


La localización del piso del seno maxilar (PSM) y la tabla ósea vestibular (TOV) son factores a considerar en el éxito a largo plazo de los tratamientos de implante dental en la región premolar. El objetivo de este estudio fue establecer características morfométricas del grosor de la TOV en los premolares maxilares y su relación con el PSM a través de CBCT. Se analizaron 350 primeros y segundos premolares en 110 CBCT y la TOV fue medida en vista coronal en el eje axial mayor de cada premolar. Además en 200 primeros y segundos premolares maxilares se midió la distancia desde el ápice del diente hasta el PSM en el plano sagital y frontal. El tipo de relación entre el ápice y el PSM se clasificó según Ok et al. (2014). El Segundo premolar obtuvo los mayores valores de grosor de TOV (p<0.001). En primeros premolares se observaron valores altos en el género masculino (p>0.05). En segundos premolares solo se encontraron valores significativamente altos en el género masculino en MA-MB-MC (p>0.05). En la relación con el PSM y ápices de raíces de premolares, el 10% de la muestra se clasificó como tipo I, el 19% como tipo II, el 55,5% como tipo III y el 15.5% como tipo IV. En conclusión la TOV de la región premolares superior es más grueso en la zona apical, decreciendo hacia la zona coronal. Alrededor del 50% de los ápices de raíces de premolares maxilares están cercanas y en relación de riesgo con el PSM (tipo I y II).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Organ Size , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Maxillary Sinus/anatomy & histology
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(4): 1216-1221, Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975685

ABSTRACT

A successful endodontic treatment requires knowledge of the internal configuration of dental root canals. Most of the people who live in Yucatan are of Maya origin, characterized by a Mongoloid dental pattern. Because of their ethnicity, variations are expected. The purpose of this investigation is to assess the morphological characteristics and variability of this population. One hundred and five extracted first mandibular premolars of Mexican Maya population were analyzed; the sample was obtained from the Oral Surgery Clinic in the School of Dentistry at the Autonomous University of Yucatan with written informed consent. Analyses were performed by means of Cone Beam Computed Tomography. Vertucci´s Type I was the most prevalent configuration with 51.4 %, but 41 cases (39.1 %) presented a radicular groove and a C-shaped canal configuration. Overall, we documented 1, 2, 3, and 4 root canals. Mandibular first premolars are very variable in the Yucatecan population. The variability and frequency of C-shape is similar to mandibular second molars confirming the importance of the ethnic background for the endodontic treatments.


El éxito en el tratamiento endodóntico requiere el conocimiento profundo de la configuración interna del sistema de conductos radiculares. La mayoría de las personas que viven en Yucatán son de origen Maya y poseen el patron dental Mongoloide; por lo tanto, se esperan variaciones debido a su etnicidad. El propósito de esta investigación fue evaluar las características morfológicas y la variabilidad del conducto radicular en la población yucateca. Se analizaron ciento cinco primeros premolars mandibulares extraídos de pacientes provenientes de una muestra Maya mexicana; la muestra fue obtenida de la Clínica de Cirugía Oral de la Facultad de Odontología de la Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán. Con consentimiendo informado escrito. Se utilizaron Tomografías Computarizadas para el análisis de la muestra. La configuración más prevalente fue la Tipo I de Vertucci con 51,4 %. Sin embargo, 41 de 105 casos (39,1 %) presentaron un surco radicular y la configuración en forma de "C". Se documentaron casos con 1, 2, 3 y 4 conductos radiculares. Los primeros premolares mandibulares de la población Yucateca son muy variables. La variabilidad y frecuencia de conductos en forma de "C" concuerda con estudios realizados en segundos molars mandibulares en esta zona confirmando la importancia del origen étnico de las poblaciones para los tratamientos endodónticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Indians, North American , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Mandible/anatomy & histology , Mexico
9.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 7(8): 356-362, nov. 30, 2018. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121069

ABSTRACT

Objectives: to establish the frequency of the various types of direct contacts of the root apices with the wall of the mandibular canal and to determine gender differences in number of such contacts in a selected belarusian population using cone beam computed tomography. methodology: one hundred and two cone beam computed tomography scans were analyzed to classify the types of contact and three-dimensional relationship between the mandibular teeth and the mandibular canal. results: the direct contact between the teeth and the mandibular canal was observed in 63.7 percent of patients. overall 300 roots of 189 teeth were in direct contact with the mandibular canal: 9.3 percent were second premolars, 14.7 percent were first molars, 33.8 percent were second molars and 50.0 percent were third molars. there were no statistically significant differences in the number of teeth with direct contact with the mandibular canal between males and females. conclusion: the direct contact of the root apices with the mandibular canal was most often found in the second and third molars. the root apices of the third molars had the greatest variability of location relatively to the mandibular canal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Tooth Root/anatomy & histology , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Mandible/anatomy & histology , Molar/anatomy & histology , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Sex Factors , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Molar/diagnostic imaging
10.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(5): 82-92, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975014

ABSTRACT

Abstract The esthetic benefits are among the main goals of orthodontic treatment; therefore, tooth extractions have been avoided as a protocol for orthodontic treatment because they may impair the facial profile. The present article discusses aspects as the magnitude and response of soft tissue profile due to changes in incisor positioning, and the effect of different sequences of premolar extraction. One case report illustrates the subject, with favorable and stable esthetic and occlusal outcomes five years after orthodontic treatment with extraction of second premolars.


Resumo Os benefícios estéticos estão entre os principais objetivos do tratamento ortodôntico. Por isso, as extrações dentárias têm sido evitadas como protocolo de tratamento ortodôntico, pois podem prejudicar o perfil facial. No presente artigo, serão discutidos aspectos como a magnitude da resposta do perfil de tecidos moles em decorrência das mudanças na posição dos incisivos e os efeitos de diferentes sequências de extrações de pré-molares. Um caso clínico ilustrará o tema, com resultados estéticos e oclusais favoráveis e estáveis cinco anos após o tratamento ortodôntico com extrações de segundos pré-molares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Tooth Extraction/adverse effects , Bicuspid/surgery , Face/anatomy & histology , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Panoramic , Cephalometry , Photography, Dental , Esthetics, Dental , Malocclusion, Angle Class I/surgery
11.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 7(3): 94-97, mar. 28, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1120592

ABSTRACT

Objective: to determine the prevalence of hypercementosis in a Saudi Arabian population. material and methods: a total of 642 CBCT scans from patients comprising 4471 teeth were incorporated in the study sample. all teeth were analyzed for the presence of hypercementosis in sagittal, axial and coronal plains by two qualified and experienced observers. the characteristics of the involved tooth in terms of gender, jaw and location were recorded from the CBCT scans. the obtained data were statistically analyzed using SPSS 21.0. the reliability of measurements was evaluated by kappa statistics. results: out of total 642 subjects hypercementosis was observed in 31 patients (4.82 percent) and 43 teeth (0.96 percent). Eight (2.68 percent) maxillary 1st molars, 6 (1.88 percent) mandibular 1st molars, 5 (1.46 percent) maxillary second molars, 7 (1.95 percent) mandibular 2nd molars, 9 (4.76 percent) maxillary 3rd molars and 8 (3.58 percent) mandibular 3rd molars were observed to have hypercementosis. among males, 4.76 percent were affected with hypercementosis as compared to 4.86 percent of females (p=0.97). likewise, no significant difference in the occurrence of hypercementosis was observed between maxillary and mandibular arches or between sides (p>0.05). conclusion: the prevalence of hypercementosis in a Saudi population was found to be 4.82 percent with respect to patients and 0.96 percent with respect to teeth. No significant propensity for gender, jaw and arch side was noted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypercementosis/epidemiology , Hypercementosis/diagnostic imaging , Saudi Arabia/epidemiology , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Incisor/diagnostic imaging , Mandible , Maxilla , Molar/diagnostic imaging
12.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 7(9): 442-446, ene. 2, 2018. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121166

ABSTRACT

El tratamiento endodóntico debe considerar que los dientes presentan una morfología del sistema de canales radiculares con alta variabilidad y complejidad. por lo tanto, el conocimiento acabado de la anatomía radicular y la planificación del procedimiento utilizando sistemas imagenológicos previos a la realización del tratamiento endodóntico, como la tomografía computarizada 3D (CBTC), mejoran el pronóstico, aumentando las probabilidades de éxito. el objetivo de este reporte es mostrar la secuencia de una resolución clínica de un primer premolar inferior (diente 4.4) con una anatomía compleja, utilizando el CBTC tanto en el diagnóstico como en la planificación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Root/ultrastructure , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Bicuspid/ultrastructure , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Dental Pulp Cavity/ultrastructure
13.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 23(1): 46-55, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-891123

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: This study aimed at evaluating whether changes in the insertion angle is a determining factor in the positioning of the miniscrews body in a region with larger interradicular space in the posterior maxilla. Methods: Analysis of 60 posterior maxillary quadrants were made using images obtained by means of cone-beam computed tomographic image (CBCT), with 0.076-mm voxel, which presented a real miniscrew inserted in the mesial region of the maxillary first molars, serving as reference point for the placement of the virtual miniscrews. Measurements of the distances between roots were made in three points on the body of the virtual miniscrews (A, B and C), at four different angulations, 70o, 60o, 50o and 40o (T1 to T4), in relation to the long axis of the second premolar. This evaluation was made in four groups, selected in accordance with the disposition of the roots of the second premolars and first molars: Group 1 (all types of roots), Group 2 (convergent roots), Group 3 (divergent roots) and Group 4 (parallel roots). Results: There were no statistically significant differences in the measurements of points A, B and C, at the different angles (70o, 60o, 50o and 40o) and in the different groups (p > 0.05). Conclusions: Changes in the insertion angle is not a determinant factor in the positioning of miniscrews body in regions with larger interradicular space in posterior maxilla.


RESUMO Objetivo: o presente estudo objetivou avaliar se alterações no ângulo de inserção do miniparafuso são um fator decisivo para a adaptação do corpo do parafuso em áreas com espaço inter-radicular aumentado, na região posterior da maxila. Métodos: foram realizadas análises em 60 quadrantes maxilares posteriores, a partir de imagens obtidas por tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico (TCFC), com voxel de 0,076 mm, as quais apresentavam um miniparafuso real inserido na região mesial dos primeiros molares superiores, utilizado como ponto de referência para a inserção de miniparafusos virtuais. As distâncias inter-radiculares foram mensuradas utilizando-se três pontos marcados no corpo dos miniparafusos virtuais (A, B e C), inseridos com quatro angulações diferentes (70°, 60°, 50° e 40°) (T1 a T4) em relação ao longo eixo do segundo pré-molar. A avaliação foi realizada em quatro grupos, selecionados de acordo com a disposição das raízes dos segundos pré-molares e primeiros molares: Grupo 1 - contendo todos os tipos de raízes; Grupo 2 - raízes convergentes; Grupo 3 - raízes divergentes; e Grupo 4 - raízes paralelas. Resultados: não houve diferença estatisticamente significativa entre as medidas dos pontos A, B e C nas diferentes angulações (70°, 60°, 50° e 40°) ou entre os grupos (p > 0,05). Conclusões: alterações no ângulo de inserção dos miniparafusos não são um fator decisivo para a adaptação do corpo do parafuso, em áreas com espaço inter-radicular aumentado entre primeiro molar e segundo pré-molar superiores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bone Screws , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures/methods , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Orthodontic Appliances, Fixed , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures/instrumentation , Molar/diagnostic imaging
14.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 22(1): 23-31, Jan.-Feb. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840208

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A bone is an anatomic structure in constant remodeling, with different, mutant and wonderfully inconstant designs. With every new and immediate functional demand, there are changes in cortical thickness, trabecular bone density and also in direction and size of trabeculae. Bones' non-stopping search is for adjusting to the functions induced by forces and movements required by a certain life style. Conventional orthodontic planning or with temporary anchorage based on bone remodeling takes into consideration the spaces that are - or may be - occupied by the teeth, in the formation of a functional and esthetic dental arch for the patient. In case it is necessary to extract a tooth and the options are the third molars, partially or totally unerupted, and teeth that belong to other dental groups, obviousness recommends - due to mouth anatomy and physiology, as well as pathologic reasons - extracting the third molars, due to of the several reasons described in the present study.


RESUMO O osso é uma estrutura anatômica em constante remodelação, com designs diferentes, mutantes e maravilhosamente inconstantes. A cada nova e imediata demanda funcional, mudam a espessura das corticais, a densidade do trabeculado, a direção e o tamanho das trabéculas. A busca incessante do osso é para se adequar às funções induzidas pelas forças e movimentos decorrentes do modo de viver. O planejamento ortodôntico convencional ou com ancoragem transitória baseada na remodelação óssea leva em consideração os espaços que os dentes ocupam, ou podem ocupar, na formação de uma arcada dentária funcional e estética para o paciente. Se for necessário extrair algum dente e houver a opção entre os terceiros molares, parcial ou totalmente não irrompidos, e os dentes de outros grupos dentários, a obviedade recomenda - por conta da anatomia e fisiologia bucal, assim como por razões patológicas - optar pela extração dos dentes do siso, pelos várias motivos que serão descritos no presente trabalho.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Extraction , Bicuspid/surgery , Bone Remodeling , Maxilla/physiology , Molar, Third/surgery , Orthodontics/methods , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Dental , Orthodontic Anchorage Procedures , Maxilla/diagnostic imaging , Molar, Third/diagnostic imaging
15.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2016. 62 p. ilus.
Thesis in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-947880

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desse estudo foi analisar, por meio do Método de Elementos Finitos, a distribuição de tensões na estrutura dentária, no ligamento periodontal (LP) e no osso alveolar em um modelo tridimensional do canino (23), primeiro (24) e segundo pré-molares superiores (25) submetidos à ação de cargas axiais e oblíquas. Além disso, objetivou-se avaliar a influência do ponto de contato proximal na distribuição das tensões no modelo de três dentes (M1), comparado a um modelo unitário do 24 (M2). As propriedades mecânicas bem como as condições de contorno e carregamento foram determinadas no programa de elementos finitos Ansys®. Cargas axiais e oblíquas foram aplicadas nas seguintes simulações: C1) Carga axial nos contatos A e B no dente 24; C2) Contato excêntrico no dente 24; C3) Carga oblíqua de 45N, com inclinação de 45o no contato A do dente 24; C4) Carga oblíqua de 45N, com inclinação de 45o no contato B do dente 24; C5) Cargas axiais simultâneas, de 70N na ponta de cúspide do dente 23, 90N nos contatos A e B do dente 24 e de 105N nos contaos A e B do dente 25. Para estimar a possibilidade de falha no esmalte, as tensões máximas principais foram analisadas e deformações máximas e mínimas principais foram analisadas no LP e no osso alveolar, sendo que ambos foram comparados a valores encontrados em outros estudos com metodologia similar. Em C1, a distribuição de tensões foi mais favorável para as estruturas dente-LP-osso, com picos de tensões semelhantes em M1 e M2. Em C2, tensões deslocaramse para apical, devido ao contato entre os dentes 24 e 23 em M1; os picos de tensões foram maiores em M1 do que em M2 no esmalte e no osso e o inverso ocorreu na dentina e no LP. Em C3, tensões de tração concentraram-se na região cervical do esmalte e na furca do dente 24; os picos das tensões no esmalte, osso e LP foram menores em M1 comparado a M2, mas na dentina ocorreu o contrário (M1>M2). Em C4, ocorreu o maior pico de tensão de tração no esmalte, tensões de tração concentraram-se na furca do dente 24; esmalte e dentina comportaram-se de forma similar (M1>M2) e osso e LP também (M1˂M2). Em C5, tensões de tração se concentraram no osso alveolar do dente 23. Os contatos proximais em M1 permitiram a distribuição das tensões de forma mais homogênea para o LP e osso que em M2. Exceto em C1, a distribuição de tensões no esmalte cervical, na dentina, no LP e no osso alveolar diferiram em um modelo unitário comparado a um de três dentes, devido à presença dos contatos proximais.


The direction, type and magnitude of loads on the oclusal surface and also the characteristics of the support structures determines the stress distribution. The aim of this study was to analyze, by the finite element method, the stress distribution on the first superior premolar, in a tridimensional (3D) model subjected to various types of loadings considering the enamel anisotropic or isotropic. The geometric modeling was performed based on a computed tomography (CT) scan. The mechanical properties as well as the loading conditions determined by the Abaqus® finite element program. Axial and oblique loads were applied on the occlusal surface of the first superior premolar in the following conditions: I) 30N axial load applied simultaneously on the occlusal contacts A and B and in the mesial marginal ridge, totaling 90N; II) 90N axial load in the mesial longitudinal edge of the lingual cusp, simulating eccentric contact; III) 45N oblique load with a 45o inclination on theocclusal contact A; IV) 45N oblique load with a 45o inclination on the occlusal contact B. To estimate the possibility of failure in the simulated structures, the maximum principal stress were analyzed and compared to known tensile strength values of the tissues studied. The results showed compression stress on the side in which the load was applied and tensile stress on the opposite side. Tensile stress concentrates mainly in the cervical region of the tooth and in the alveolar insertion bone. Anisotropic models revealed areas of tensile stress concentration smaller than the isotropic models. It was concluded that the isotropic 3D models were suitable for analyzing the stress distribution in teeth, because they are less complex models to build and produced similar results compared to the anisotropic models. The cervical enamel seems to be more susceptible to fracture because of the largest stress concentration on this area, associated with its composition and anatomical characteristics


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tensile Strength , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/statistics & numerical data , Finite Element Analysis/statistics & numerical data , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/statistics & numerical data , Dental Occlusion , Anisotropy
16.
Int. j. morphol ; 33(2): 476-482, jun. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-755498

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo fue describir el grado y orientación de la curvatura radicular en premolares mandibulares, e identificar el tercio radicular en el que la curvatura se origina, mediante el uso de radiografías panorámicas y morfometría lineal. También se detectó la prevalencia de curvaturas radiculares excesivas o dilaceraciones. Se desarrolló un estudio de corte transversal y la muestra consistió en 477 radiografías panorámicas digitales tomadas durante el año 2014 en un centro radiográfico universitario. Se aplicaron criterios de exclusión tanto para radiografías como para los dientes y de esta manera se incorporaron al estudio 118 radiografías (76 mujeres y 42 hombres) y un total de 294 premolares. A partir del análisis de las muestras, se registró el grado y orientación de curvaturas (mesial o distal), el tercio radicular en el que la curvatura se originó y la prevalencia de dilaceraciones. De los dientes curvados, el ángulo promedio de la curvatura fue de 19,68°. Se encontró que 12,24% de los premolares tienen curvatura con orientación mesial, 58,84% tienen orientación distal y 28,92% son rectos. Del total de curvaturas, el 0,48% se originaron en el tercio cervical, 27,27% en el tercio medio y 72,25% en el tercio apical. Una asociación estadísticamente significativa fue encontrada entre el tipo de diente y la orientación de la curvatura (p= 0,025) y entre el tercio del diente en que se originó la curvatura y la orientación de ésta (p= 0,000). Respecto a los premolares mandibulares, tienen curvaturas radiculares en el 72,09% (ángulo promedio: 13,9°). La mayoría de las curvaturas se originaron en el tercio apical (72,25%). La prevalencia de las dilaceraciones fue de 0% o 30,27%, según distintos criterios. A partir de los resultados obtenidos en nuestra investigación consideramos que el conocimiento de la anatomía radicular de los dientes es de importancia antes de la ejecución de procedimientos en endodoncia, ortodoncia y otras áreas, para realizar una planificación adecuada de estas prácticas odontológicas.


The aim of this study was to describe the degree and orientation of root curvature in mandibular premolars and to identify the radicular third in which the curvature originates, using digital panoramic radiographs and linear morphometry. We also aimed to detect the prevalence of excessive root curvatures or dilacerations. A cross-sectional study was developed and were included 477 digital panoramic radiographs taken during 2014 at a university radiologic center. Exclusion criteria were applied to both radiographs and teeth, so that, 118 radiographs (76 women, 42 men) and a total of 294 premolars were included in the study. From the analysis of the samples, we registered the degree of curvature, the curvature orientation (distal or mesial), the part of the root in which the curvature originates, and the prevalence of dilacerations. In curved teeth, the average angle of the curvature was 19.68°. It was found that 12.24% of the premolars have mesial orientation curves, 58.84% have distal orientation curves, and 28.92% were straight. Of the total number of curvatures, 0.48% originated in the radicular cervical third, 27.27% in the middle third, and 72.25% in the apical third. A statistically significant association was found between tooth type and orientation of the curvature (p= 0.025) and between the tooth third in which the curvature originates and the orientation of the curvature (p= 0.000). In respect to mandibular premolars, 72.09% have root curvatures (average angle: 13.9°). Most curvatures originate in the apical third (72.25%). The prevalence of dilacerations was 0% to 30.27% according to different criteria. From the results of our research we believe that knowledge of the anatomy of the tooth root is important before performing procedures in endodontics, orthodontics and other areas, for a proper planning of these dental practices.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Panoramic , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Mandible/anatomy & histology , Tooth Root/anatomy & histology
17.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 20(3): 50-57, May-Jun/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751404

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to compare dentoalveolar changes in mandibular arch, regarding transversal measures and buccal bone thickness, in patients undergoing the initial phase of orthodontic treatment with self-ligating or conventional bracket systems. METHODS: A sample of 25 patients requiring orthodontic treatment was assessed based on the bracket type. Group 1 comprised 13 patients bonded with 0.022-in self-ligating brackets (SLB). Group 2 included 12 patients bonded with 0.022-in conventional brackets (CLB). Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans and a 3D program (Dolphin) assessed changes in transversal width of buccal bone (TWBB) and buccal bone thickness (BBT) before (T1) and 7 months after treatment onset (T2). Measurements on dental casts were performed using a digital caliper. Differences between and within groups were analyzed by Student's t-test; Pearson correlation coefficient was also calculated. RESULTS: Significant mandibular expansion was observed for both groups; however, no significant differences were found between groups. There was significant decrease in mandibular buccal bone thickness and transversal width of buccal bone in both groups. There was no significant correlation between buccal bone thickness and dental arch expansion. CONCLUSIONS: There were no significant differences between self-ligating brackets and conventional brackets systems regarding mandibular arch expansion and changes in buccal bone thickness or transversal width of buccal bone. .


OBJETIVO: o objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar as alterações dentoalveolares transversais e a espessura óssea da arcada inferior em pacientes submetidos ao tratamento ortodôntico utilizando sistemas de braquetes autoligáveis ou convencionais. MÉTODOS: uma amostra de 25 pacientes requerendo tratamento ortodôntico foi recrutada com base no tipo de braquete. No Grupo 1, 13 pacientes foram tratados com braquetes autoligáveis (SLB, slot 0,022"); o Grupo 2 incluiu 12 pacientes, nos quais foram colados braquetes convencionais (CLB, slot 0,022"). Utilizou-se tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico e um programa 3D (Dolphin) para avaliar as alterações pré-tratamento (T1) e 7 meses após o início desse (T2). As medições em modelos de gesso foram realizadas com o auxílio de um paquímetro digital. As diferenças intergrupos, bem como intragrupo, foram analisadas por meio de teste t de Student. Além disso, o coeficiente de correlação de Pearson foi utilizado. RESULTADOS: alterações dentoalveolares significativas foram observadas em ambos os grupos. Entretanto, não houve diferenças significativas entre os grupos. Houve uma diminuição da espessura óssea na região posterior e das medidas transversais em ambos os grupos. Não houve uma correlação significativa entre a espessura óssea posterior e a expansão da arcada dentária, em nenhum dos dois sistemas de braquetes utilizados. CONCLUSÕES: comparando-se o uso dos aparelhos autoligáveis e convencionais, concluiu-se que não houve diferenças dentoalveolares significativas quanto à expansão da arcada inferior e quanto à espessura óssea posterior. .


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Tooth/pathology , Orthodontic Brackets/classification , Orthodontic Appliance Design , Dental Arch/pathology , Models, Dental , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Mandible/pathology , Orthodontic Wires , Tooth/diagnostic imaging , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Cephalometry/methods , Prospective Studies , Tooth Crown/diagnostic imaging , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Dental Arch/diagnostic imaging , Malocclusion, Angle Class I/therapy , Mandible/diagnostic imaging , Molar/diagnostic imaging
18.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 52(1): 0-0, ene.-mar. 2015. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-749605

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: determinar la relación entre la localización del foramen apical, el ápice anatómico y el ápice radiográfico en premolares maxilares. Método: estudio descriptivo, transversal. La muestra fue de 106 dientes premolares maxilares con los ápices maduros y recién extraídos. El muestreo fue no probabilístico por criterio. Se seleccionaron los dientes según los criterios de inclusión y exclusión, se hicieron aperturas de acceso y tomas radiográficas, se midió la distancia del foramen apical y el ápice anatómico a través del microscopio óptico con la visualización del instrumento y una reglilla milimetrada. Para el análisis de la información se utilizaron pruebas de estadística descriptiva y el test Chi2. Se asumió un límite de decisión de 0,05. Resultados: en el 67 por ciento de los premolares evaluados el ápice radiográfico se encontró en posición apical y en el 50 por ciento de estos el ápice anatómico se encontró en esa misma posición. El foramen apical, con relación al ápice anatómico, se encontró en el 51 por ciento. En 30 dientes coincidió la posición del foramen y el ápice anatómico en apical y 11 dientes presentan una posición apical del ápice anatómico y en distal el foramen apical. En cuanto a la relación de la posición del ápice anatómico y el ápice radiográfico, 48 de los dientes evaluados coincidieron en apical y 19 en distal con un valor p < 0,05. Conclusiones: de acuerdo con los datos obtenidos en el presente estudio se puede afirmar que existe relación entre la posición del ápice anatómico y el foramen apical lo que debe ser tomado en cuenta por el odontólogo durante la determinación de la longitud de trabajo en dientes premolares maxilares(AU)


Objective: to determine the relationship between the location of the apical foramen and the anatomic and radiographic apex in maxillary premolars. Method: a descriptive study. Samples were 106 maxillary premolars with mature apices and freshly extracted. The sampling was not probabilistic criterion. Teeth were selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, access openings were made and radiographs, we measured the distance from the apical foramen and anatomic apex through the optical microscope instrument display and a slide millimeter. For data analysis tests were used descriptive statistics and the Chi2 test. Statistical significance level was set at p < 0.05. Results: it was found that the radiographic apex was 67 percent in an apical position, also, the anatomic apex by 50 percent in the same position. The apical foramen was found in 51 percent compared to the anatomic apex. 30 teeth matched the position of the foramen and anatomical apex and 11 apical teeth have an apical position of the distal anatomic apex and apical foramen. As for the relationship of the position of the anatomical apex 48 and radiographic apex of the teeth coincide evaluated in the distal apical and 19 with a p < 0.05. Conclusion: according to data obtained in this study, we can say there is a relationship between the anatomical position of the apex and apical foramen which must be taken into account by the dentistry and the specialist during establishing the length of work in bicuspid teeth(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Tooth Apex/physiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
19.
Int. j. morphol ; 32(2): 493-498, jun. 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-714299

ABSTRACT

Las imágenes obtenidas por Tomografía Computarizada Cone-Beam (TCCB) permiten determinar las relaciones de estructuras anatómicas tridimensionalmente y superar limitaciones de la radiografía convencional. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir las características morfométricas de la zona anterior del maxilar y su relación con los dientes canino y premolares mediante exámenes de TCCB. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo sobre 50 imágenes de TCCB siguiendo una sistemática de observación tridimensional se ubicaron puntos anatómicos entre dientes y paredes del seno maxilar, y se trazaron tangentes para su medición. Se calculo la Media y DE para cada parámetro, y la normalidad de la distribución se comprobó mediante la prueba de Kolmogorov-Smirnov. Los datos fueron comparados con la prueba ANOVA, con una valor p < 0,05 como significativo. El análisis de la relación entre los dientes y la pared anterior del seno maxilar, mostró que en un 80% de los casos se relacionó con el canino y 20% con el primer premolar. La menor altura entre el reborde alveolar y la pared inferior del seno maxilar se observó a nivel del segundo premolar con 13,54±0,30 mm en el lado derecho y 14,65± 0,30 mm en el izquierdo. Se registraron diferencias significativas en relación a las mediciones morfométricas y la variable rango etáreo. Los datos obtenidos en este estudio complementan las características morfométricas de la zona anterior del maxilar, lo que permite ejecutar tratamientos de implantes bajo una base morfológica científica y minimizando al máximo los riesgos de fracaso o daño a las estructuras anatómicas relacionadas.


The images obtained by Cone -Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) allow the determination of three-dimensional relationships of anatomical structures and overcome limitations of conventional radiography. The aim of this study was to describe the morphometric characteristics of the anterior maxilla and its relation to canine and premolars by CBCT exams. A descriptive study on 50 CBCT images was made, following a systematic observation of three-dimensional anatomical points between teeth and maxillary sinus walls, they were located and plotted tangent for measurement. The Mean and SD was calculated for each parameter, and the normality of distribution was tested by Kolmogorov -Smirnov test. Data were compared by ANOVA test, with a p value <0.05 as significant. The analysis of the relationship between the teeth and the anterior wall of the maxillary sinus, showed that in 80% of cases are associated with the canine and in 20% to first molar. The lower height between the alveolar ridge and the inferior wall of the maxillary sinus was observed at the second premolar with 13.54±0.30 mm on the right side and 14.65±0.30 mm on the left. Significant differences were recorded in relation to morphometric measurements and age range variable. The data obtained in this study complement the morphometric characteristics of the anterior maxilla, allowing implant treatments in a scientific morphological basis and minimizing the level of risk of failure or damage to the anatomical structures related.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Cuspid/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Maxillary Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Bicuspid/anatomy & histology , Confidence Intervals , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cuspid/anatomy & histology , Maxillary Sinus/anatomy & histology
20.
Int. j. morphol ; 31(1): 338-344, mar. 2013. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-676177

ABSTRACT

Irregular root configurations which often challenge the requirements of successful root canal treatments are always misleading doctors to incorrect clinical judgments and treatment planning. In this article we describe a rare case of CBCT C-shaped mandibular premolar with a huge area of invagination measuring 6 mm ´ 3 mm, which we termed a "radicular rift valley" from a 76-year-old man. Considering the complex process of differential diagnosis, the overall status of disease condition and the will of the patient we proposed five treatment plans and finally conservatively chose plan B composed of both RCT and periapical scaling. A related literature review is also added into this article to describe the whole situation of root invagination, to stress the importance of the vigilance of diagnosis and to provide reference views for future similar diseases.


Las configuraciones radiculares irregulares que a menudo desafían las exigencias de un tratamiento de canal radicular exitoso, son siempre engañosas llevando al especialista a juicios clínicos y planificación de tratamientos erróneos. En este artículo se describe, en un hombre de 76 años de edad, un raro caso de un premolar mandibular que mediante CBCT se observa la forma de C con un área enorme de invaginación midiendo 6 mm x 3 mm, lo que hemos denominado un "Rift valley radicular ". Teniendo en cuenta el complejo proceso de diagnóstico diferencial, el estado general de enfermedad y la voluntad del paciente, se propusieron cinco planes de tratamiento y, finalmente, se eligió el plan B conservador compuesto por el tratamiento del canal radicular y tratamiento periapical. Una revisión de la literatura relacionada se añade en este artículo para describir las situación de invaginación radicular, haciendo hincapié en la importancia del diagnóstico y para proporcionar referencias para enfermedades similares futuras.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Tooth Root/abnormalities , Bicuspid/abnormalities , Root Canal Therapy , Tooth Root/surgery , Tooth Root/diagnostic imaging , Bicuspid/surgery , Bicuspid/diagnostic imaging , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography
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