Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 4 de 4
Gut and Liver ; : 196-204, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123191


BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the expression of CXC motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) in the tissues of patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma (hilar-CCA) and to investigate the cell proliferation and frequency of neural invasion (NI) influenced by RNAi-mediated CXCR4 silencing. METHODS: An immunohistochemical technique was used to detect the expression of CXCR4 in 41 clinical tissues, including hilar-CCA, cholangitis, and normal bile duct tissues. The effects of small interference RNA (siRNA)-mediated CXCR4 silencing were detected in the hilar-CCA cell line QBC939. Cell proliferation was determined by MTT. Expression of CXCR4 was monitored by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis. The NI ability of hilar-CCA cells was evaluated using a perineural cell and hilar-CCA cell coculture migration assay. RESULTS: The expression of CXCR4 was significantly induced in clinical hilar-CCA tissue. There was a positive correlation between the expression of CXCR4 and lymph node metastasis/NI in hilar-CCA patients (p<0.05). Silencing of CXCR4 in tumor cell lines by siRNA led to significantly decreased NI (p<0.05) and slightly decreased cell proliferation. CONCLUSIONS: CXCR4 is likely correlated with clinical recurrence of hilar-CCA. CXCR4 is involved in the invasion and proliferation of human hilar-CCA cell line QBC939, indicating that CXCR4 could be a promising therapeutic target for hilar-CCA.

Aged , Bile Duct Neoplasms/metabolism , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cholangiocarcinoma/metabolism , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/metabolism , RNA Interference/physiology , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Receptors, CXCR4/antagonists & inhibitors , Tumor Cells, Cultured
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 45(7): 617-624, July 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-639458


Many patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC) have a poor prognosis. Snail, a transcription factor and E-cadherin repressor, is a novel prognostic factor in many cancers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between snail and E-cadherin protein expression and the prognostic significance of snail expression in HC. We examined the protein expression of snail and E-cadherin in HC tissues from 47 patients (22 males and 25 females, mean age 61.2 years) using immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR. Proliferation rate was also evaluated in the same cases by the MIB1 index. High, low and negative snail protein expression was recorded in 18 (38%), 17 (36%), and 12 (26%) cases, respectively, and 40.4% (19/47) cases showed reduced E-cadherin protein expression in HC samples. No significant correlation was found between snail and E-cadherin protein expression levels (P = 0.056). No significant correlation was found between snail protein expression levels and gender, age, tumor grade, vascular or perineural invasion, nodal metastasis and invasion, or proliferative index. Cancer samples with positive snail protein expression were associated with poor survival compared with the negative expresser groups. Kaplan-Meier curves comparing different snail protein expression levels to survival showed highly significant separation (P < 0.0001, log-rank test). With multivariate analysis, only snail protein expression among all parameters was found to influence survival (P = 0.0003). We suggest that snail expression levels can predict poor survival regardless of pathological features and tumor proliferation. Immunohistochemical detection of snail protein expression levels in routine sections may provide the first biological prognostic marker.

Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bile Duct Neoplasms/metabolism , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/metabolism , Cholangiocarcinoma/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Bile Duct Neoplasms/mortality , Bile Duct Neoplasms/pathology , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/pathology , Cadherins/metabolism , Cholangiocarcinoma/mortality , Cholangiocarcinoma/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-179696


BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatolithiasis is a common disease in East Asia and presents as a histological feature of proliferative glands containing mucin. 5-10% of hepatolithiasis is known to be associated with cholangiocarcinoma. Recent studies reported that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) could be activated through heparin binding- EGF cleavage by metalloproteinases. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) which digest the extracellular matrix are required for cancer cell invasion and the expression of MMP-9 is known to be increased in cholangiocarcinoma. However, there has been few studies on the expressions and roles of EGFR and MMP in hepatolithiasis. This study was performed to clarify and compare the expressions of EGFR, erbB2 and MMP-9 in hepatolithiasis and cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS: Surgically resected liver tissues with hepatolithiasis (n=14), cholangiocarcinoma (n=20) and trauma (n=2 as controls) were included. The expressions of EGFR, erbB2 and MMP-9 in tissue samples were examined by immunohistochemistry using respective monoclonal antibodies. RESULTS: In traumatic livers, the expressions of EGFR, erbB2 and MMP-9 were all negative. The expression of EGFR was increased in hepatolithiasis group (79%, 11/14) compared with cholangiocarcinoma group (25%, 5/20) (p0.05). CONCLUSIONS: EGFR expression appears to be the dominant component in periductular hyperplasia of hepatolithiasis and MMP-9 is upregulated not only in cholangiocarcinoma but also in hepatolithiasis. This study suggests that EGFR and MMP-9 are associated with cholangiocarcinoma and hepatolithiasis.

Adult , Bile Duct Neoplasms/metabolism , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic , Cholangiocarcinoma/metabolism , English Abstract , Female , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/analysis , Humans , Lithiasis/metabolism , Liver Diseases/metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , ErbB Receptors/analysis , Receptor, ErbB-2/analysis , Up-Regulation