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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927849

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and the potential roles of long non-coding RNA(lncRNA)cancer susceptibility candidate 2(CASC2)and imprinted gene H19 in extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma(ECC). Methods Four samples from patients with ECC were collected for high-throughput sequencing which was conducted to reveal the transcriptomic profiles of lncRNA CASC2 and H19.Bioinformatics tools were employed to predict the potential roles of the two genes.Another 22 ECC tissue samples and the cholangiocarcinoma cell lines(RBE,QBC939,HuH-28,and HuCCT1)with different degrees of differentiation were selected for validation.The para-carcinoma tissue and normal human intrahepatic biliary epithelial cell(HIBEC)were used as the control groups.The expression levels of lncRNA CASC2 and H19 in carcinoma tissue,para-carcinoma tissue,and cell lines were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR).The correlation analysis was carried out for the clinical indicators of patients with the expression levels of the target genes. Results The two target genes showed significantly different expression between carcinoma tissue and para-carcinoma tissue(all P<0.05).Specifically,CASC2 had higher expression level in the carcinoma tissue than in the para-carcinoma tissue(t=1.262,P=0.025),whereas the expression of H19 showed an opposite trend(t=1.285,P=0.005).The expression levels of CASC2 in QBC939(t=8.114,P=0.015)and HuH-28(t=9.202,P=0.012)cells were significantly higher than that in the control group.The expression levels of H19 were significantly lower in RBE(t=-10.244,P<0.001),QBC939(t=-10.476,P<0.001),HuH-28(t=-19.798,P<0.001),and HuCCT1(t=-16.193,P=0.004)cells than in the control group.Bioinformatics analysis showed that CASC2 was mainly involved in the metabolic process and H19 in the development of multicellular organisms.Both CASC2 and H19 were related to catalytic activity.The expression level of lncRNA CASC2 was correlated with pathological differentiation(χ 2=6.222,P=0.022)and lymph node metastasis(χ2=5.455,P=0.020),and that of lncRNA H19 with pathological differentiation(χ2=1.174,P=0.029)and tumor size(χ2=-0.507,P=0.037). Conclusions In the case of ECC,lncRNA CASC2 and H19 have transcription disorders.lncRNA CASC2 is generally up-regulated in the carcinoma tissue,while H19 is down-regulated.Both genes have the potential to become new molecular markers for ECC.


Subject(s)
Bile Duct Neoplasms/genetics , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/metabolism , Cholangiocarcinoma/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics
3.
Gut and Liver ; : 196-204, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-123191

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the expression of CXC motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) in the tissues of patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma (hilar-CCA) and to investigate the cell proliferation and frequency of neural invasion (NI) influenced by RNAi-mediated CXCR4 silencing. METHODS: An immunohistochemical technique was used to detect the expression of CXCR4 in 41 clinical tissues, including hilar-CCA, cholangitis, and normal bile duct tissues. The effects of small interference RNA (siRNA)-mediated CXCR4 silencing were detected in the hilar-CCA cell line QBC939. Cell proliferation was determined by MTT. Expression of CXCR4 was monitored by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis. The NI ability of hilar-CCA cells was evaluated using a perineural cell and hilar-CCA cell coculture migration assay. RESULTS: The expression of CXCR4 was significantly induced in clinical hilar-CCA tissue. There was a positive correlation between the expression of CXCR4 and lymph node metastasis/NI in hilar-CCA patients (p<0.05). Silencing of CXCR4 in tumor cell lines by siRNA led to significantly decreased NI (p<0.05) and slightly decreased cell proliferation. CONCLUSIONS: CXCR4 is likely correlated with clinical recurrence of hilar-CCA. CXCR4 is involved in the invasion and proliferation of human hilar-CCA cell line QBC939, indicating that CXCR4 could be a promising therapeutic target for hilar-CCA.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bile Duct Neoplasms/metabolism , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cholangiocarcinoma/metabolism , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/metabolism , RNA Interference/physiology , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Receptors, CXCR4/antagonists & inhibitors , Tumor Cells, Cultured
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 45(7): 617-624, July 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-639458

ABSTRACT

Many patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC) have a poor prognosis. Snail, a transcription factor and E-cadherin repressor, is a novel prognostic factor in many cancers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between snail and E-cadherin protein expression and the prognostic significance of snail expression in HC. We examined the protein expression of snail and E-cadherin in HC tissues from 47 patients (22 males and 25 females, mean age 61.2 years) using immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR. Proliferation rate was also evaluated in the same cases by the MIB1 index. High, low and negative snail protein expression was recorded in 18 (38%), 17 (36%), and 12 (26%) cases, respectively, and 40.4% (19/47) cases showed reduced E-cadherin protein expression in HC samples. No significant correlation was found between snail and E-cadherin protein expression levels (P = 0.056). No significant correlation was found between snail protein expression levels and gender, age, tumor grade, vascular or perineural invasion, nodal metastasis and invasion, or proliferative index. Cancer samples with positive snail protein expression were associated with poor survival compared with the negative expresser groups. Kaplan-Meier curves comparing different snail protein expression levels to survival showed highly significant separation (P < 0.0001, log-rank test). With multivariate analysis, only snail protein expression among all parameters was found to influence survival (P = 0.0003). We suggest that snail expression levels can predict poor survival regardless of pathological features and tumor proliferation. Immunohistochemical detection of snail protein expression levels in routine sections may provide the first biological prognostic marker.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bile Duct Neoplasms/metabolism , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/metabolism , Cholangiocarcinoma/metabolism , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Bile Duct Neoplasms/mortality , Bile Duct Neoplasms/pathology , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/pathology , Cadherins/metabolism , Cholangiocarcinoma/mortality , Cholangiocarcinoma/pathology , Immunohistochemistry , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
5.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 1994 Oct; 31(5): 407-12
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-27297

ABSTRACT

Following our earlier observations that curcumin and capsaicin are antilithogenic in mice and hamsters, attempts were now made to understand the manner in which these spice principles were acting. For this purpose, the hepatic biles of rats fed a control, lithogenic, and lithogenic diet supplemented with curcumin or capsaicin were subjected to gel filtration chromatography (sepharose-4B-Cl) and the LMW protein fractions were tested for their ability to influence cholesterol crystal growth in model bile. The LMW protein fraction from the lithogenic group bile shortened the nucleation time and increased the crystal growth rate and final crystal concentration. But with the LMW protein fractions from the biles of rats on the lithogenic group supplemented with curcumin or capsaicin, the nucleation times were prolonged and the crystal growth rates and final crystal concentrations were decreased. The LMW fractions were further purified into three different sugar specific proteins by affinity chromatography. A higher proportion of LMW proteins from the lithogenic group bile was bound to Con-A whereas higher proportions of LMW proteins from the groups fed with curcumin and capsaicin were respectively bound to wheat germ agglutinin and Helix pomatia lectin. The Con-A bound fraction obtained from the lithogenic group showed a pro-nucleating effect. In contrast, the WGA-bound fraction obtained from curcumin group or the Helix pomatia lectin bound fraction obtained from capsaicin group showed a potent antinucleating activity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile/metabolism , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic/metabolism , Capsaicin/pharmacology , Cholesterol/chemistry , Crystallization , Curcumin/pharmacology , Male , Models, Biological , Proteins/metabolism , Rats
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